Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.HydrocarbonsGasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Fuel Oils: Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Cissus: A plant genus of the family VITACEAE. Cissus rufescence gum is considered comparable to TRAGACANTH.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Alkanes: The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Oil and Gas Fields: Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.Petrolatum: A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.Kerosene: A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.Gulf of Mexico: A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Mineral Oil: A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Lubricants: Compounds that provide LUBRICATION between surfaces in order to reduce FRICTION.Methanomicrobiaceae: A family of anaerobic METHANOMICROBIALES whose cells are coccoid to straight or slightly curved rods. There are six genera.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.InkBacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Energy-Generating Resources: Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Hydrocarbons, Acyclic: Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen where no carbon atoms join to form a ring structure.Hexanes: Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.Sulfur Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Neosartorya: A genus of ascomycetous fungi in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. Some species can cause opportunistic infections in humans, similar to its anamorph ASPERGILLUS.Octanes: Eight-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.

*  -::: WELCOME TO WAXBAZAAR.COM :::Also available Hydrocarbon Wax
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*  West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Dominican Republic of Liquified Petroleum Gases (Thousand Barrels)
of Liquified Petroleum Gases Thousand Barrels. . View ... of Liquified Petroleum Gases Thousand Barrels. Decade Year-0 ... Pages: Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports from Dominican Republic ... west coast padd imports from dominican republic of liquified petroleum gases thousand barrels view history monthly annual download data xls file west coast padd imports from dominican republic of liquified petroleum gases thousand barrels decade year year year year year year year year year year s no data reported not applicable na not available w withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data release date next release date referring pages liquefied petroleum gases imports from dominican republic west coast padd imports from dominican republic west coast padd liquefied petroleum gases imports...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n=PET&s=MLPIM_R50-NDR_1&f=A
*  Netherlands Antilles Coal Production by Year (Thousand Short Tons)
Oil. Liquefied Petroleum Gases. Other Petroleum Products. Dry ... Netherlands Antilles Coal Production by Year Thousand Short Tons. Home. Energy Netherlands Antilles Coal Production by Year. Product Crude Oil. Natural Gas Liquids. Motor Gasoline. Jet Fuel. Kerosene. Distillate Fuel Oil. Residual Fuel Oil. Liquefied Petroleum Gases. Other Petroleum Products. Dry Natural Gas. Coal. Ethanol Fuel. Biodiesel. Total Primary Energy. Electricity. Hydroelectric Power. Nuclear Electric Power. Other Electric Power. Graph Production. Consumption. Production & Consumption. Exports. Imports. Unit of Measure Thousand Short Tons. Tools Embed this graph: Preview. Languages English. Espa ol. Growth Rate. Loading... Source: United States Energy Information Administration Coal Definition: A readily combustible black or brownish-black rock whose composition, including inherent moisture, consists of more than 50 percent by weight and more than 70 percent by volume of carbonaceous material. It is formed from plant remains that ...
http://indexmundi.com/energy.aspx?country=an&product=coal&graph=production
*  FE Blog | Department of Energy
Services Home Petroleum Reserves. Petroleum Reserves Home ... Strategic Petroleum Reserve Heating Oil Reserve Gasoline ... Alaska’s National Petroleum Reserve. In the process, they’re ... FE Blog. Department of Energy. Office of Fossil Energy. Office of Fossil Energy. Services Home Petroleum Reserves. Petroleum Reserves Home Strategic Petroleum Reserve Heating Oil Reserve Gasoline Reserve Naval Reserves International Cooperation Natural Gas Regulation Advisory Committees Science Innovation. Science Innovation Home Clean Coal. Clean Coal Home Turbines Gasification Fuel Cells Hydrogen from Coal Coal to Liquids Major Demonstrations Crosscutting Research Carbon Capture and Storage. Carbon Capture and Storage Home Capture Storage Utilization MVA Regional Partnerships Oil Gas. About Us Home News Blog. News Blog Home FE Today Press Releases Techlines Blog Speeches and Testimony Organization Leadership Budget Laboratories Facilities History Benefits of Research Business Funding Opportunities ESS H Jobs Internsh...
http://energy.gov/fe/blog?page=6
*  U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Sources Uses. Petroleum Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, ... This Week in Petroleum. Weekly Petroleum Status Report. ... Petroleum Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Highlights This Week in Petroleum. Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report. Natural Gas Weekly Update. Analysis Projections Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, Congressional reports. Highlights Short-Term Energy Outlook. Annual Energy Outlook. International Energy Outlook. International International energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Units Calculators Use of Energy Energy & Environment Petroleum Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Electricity Hydropower Biofuels: Ethanol Biodiesel Wind Geothermal Solar Energy in Brief How much U.S. Petroleum Supply Monthly Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. Top Picks Gasoline and Diesel Fuel ...
http://eia.gov/index.cfm?tg=electricity
*  U.S. Net Imports from Lebanon of Fuel Ethanol (Thousand Barrels per Day)
of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S. Net Imports of ... u s net imports from lebanon of fuel ethanol thousand barrels per day view history monthly annual download data xls file no chart available u s net imports from lebanon of fuel ethanol thousand barrels per day year jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec no data reported not applicable na not available w withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data release date next release date referring pages lebanon net imports of crude oil and petroleum products into the u s net imports of fuel ethanol renewable into the u s by country...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n=PET&s=M_EPOOXE_IMN_NUS-NLE_MBBLD&f=M
*  United States Chemicals Industry Reports at RnR Market Research
United States Petroleum Paraffin Industry 2015 Market Research ... state of the Petroleum Paraffin industry. The report provides ... North America United States Chemicals Market Research Reports United States Chemicals Market Research Reports. United States Palmitic Acid Industry 2015 Market Research Report By QYResearch Group This is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Palmitic Acid industry. United States Petroleum Paraffin Industry 2015 Market Research Report By QYResearch Group This is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Petroleum Paraffin industry. United States Sodium Ferrocyanide Industry 2015 Market Research Report By QYResearch Group This is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Sodium Ferrocyanide industry. United States Low Profile Additives LPA Industry 2015 Market Research Report By QYResearch Group This is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Low Profile Additives LPA industry. United States A...
http://rnrmarketresearch.com/geo/United_States-chemicals-market-research-report.html
*  Morocco: Tourist arrivals on rise | Al Bawaba
five Arabs Gulf Petroleum says Kurdish oil reserves at least ... Morocco: Tourist arrivals on rise. Home Morocco: Tourist Arrivals On Rise. ALSO IN BUSINESS 1 - 5 OF 15 Is the GCC simply throwing money at the refugee crisis. UAE: Sheikh Mohammed launches Global Initiatives foundation with $273M annual budget Egypt: Siemens to power up $268M of electricity transmission stations US charges prominent Lebanese businessman with money laundering, narcotics trafficking Saudi s maid crisis continues as Mauritania stops flow of outgoing workers Qatar funds education for children of radical anti-Hezbollah cleric’s supporters: report Blast damages Egyptian power lines providing Gaza with electricity New Lebanese proposal to postpone retirement of army officers EU contributes $33 million to UN refugee agency for Palestinians Israeli airline Israir sued for discrimination against five Arabs Gulf Petroleum says Kurdish oil reserves at least double expected amount Saudi Arabia: Is tourism revenue the solution to tumbling o...
http://albawaba.com/business/morocco-tourist-arrivals-rise?quicktabs_accordion=1
*  Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge from Other PADDs of Distillate Fuel
of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and ... rocky mountain padd receipts by pipeline tanker and barge from other padds of distillate fuel oil greater than to ppm sulfur thousand barrels view history monthly annual download data xls file rocky mountain padd receipts by pipeline tanker and barge from other padds of distillate fuel oil greater than to ppm sulfur thousand barrels decade year year year year year year year year year year s s s s no data reported not applicable na not available w withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data release date next release date referring pages distillate fuel oil greater than to ppm sulfur receipts by pipeline tanker barge and rail between pad district rocky mountain padd distillate fuel oil greater than to ppm sulfur net receipts by pipeline tanker barge a rocky mountain padd receipts of crude oil and petroleum products by pipeline tanker barge and rail...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n=PET&s=MD1MX_R40-Z0P_1&f=A
*  North Dakota Propane All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day)
Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes ... north dakota propane all sales deliveries by prime supplier thousand gallons per day view history monthly annual download data xls file north dakota propane all sales deliveries by prime supplier thousand gallons per day decade year year year year year year year year year year s s s s no data reported not applicable na not available w withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data release date next release date referring pages north dakota prices sales volumes stocks north dakota prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products prime supplier sales volumes of propane consumer grade...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n=PET&s=C900020381&f=A
*  Description for 2911: Petroleum Refining
... Major Group 29: Petroleum Refining And Related Industries. Industry Group 291: Petroleum Refining. 2911 Petroleum Refining Establishments primarily engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, and lubricants, through fractionation or straight distillation of crude oil, redistillation of unfinished petroleum derivatives, cracking or other processes. Acid oil, produced in petroleum refineries Alkylates, produced in petroleum refineries Aromatic chemicals, made in petroleum refineries Asphalt and asphaltic materials: liquid and solid produced in Benzene, produced in petroleum refineries Butadiene, produced in petroleum refineries Butylene, produced in petroleum refineries Coke, petroleum produced in petroleum refineries Ethylene, produced in petroleum refineries Fractionation products of crude petroleum, produced in petroleum Gas, refinery or still oil produced in petroleum refineries Gases, liquefied petroleum produced in petroleum refineries Gasoline blending plants G...
https://osha.gov/pls/imis/sic_manual.display?id=627&tab=description
*  Crude Oil Catelogs & Crude Oil B2B Directory - www.twfta.com
Crude Oil Catelogs Crude Oil B2B Directory - www.twfta.com. - -. -. -. -. - Submit Your URL. Sign In. Join Now. Find buyer. Find Suppliers. Companies. Products. Company Products Buy Offers Sell Offers. 1. coconut crude oil. 2. by products light crude oil. 3. sell libya crude oil. 4. azebaijan urals crude oil. 5. Bonny light crude oil. 6. heavy crude oil. 7. light crude oil. 8. saudi light crude oil. Crude Oil Full List of Crude Oil Suppliers & Crude Oil manufacturers in European Global & USA Asian. Suppliers. oil. crude oil. BLCO.FLCO LIGHT CRUDE OIL FOR SALES. crude oil, low pour fuel oil, AGO,D2. DSHP7004-I Water Content Tester for Crude Oil. PLW Professional 1800rpm Crude Oil Horizontal Decanter Centrifuge For Separating Suspension. * Select All. * Cancel All. successoilandgas limited Nigeria. Product: We are a mandate/facilitators for seller’s and buyer’s to well known and reliable Oil Producing Company s in Nigeria and in Russia Federation with full corporate and legal responsibility under...,blco,lpfo,D...
http://twfta.com/suppliers/148405/crude-oil.htm
*  ParlInfo - Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment (National Regulator) Bill 2011
Purpose The purpose of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment National Regulator Bill 2011 the Bill is to improve regulation under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 OPGGS Act by: • extending the functions of the National Offshore Petroleum Safety NOPSA and renaming it the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority NOPSEMA • establishing a National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Titles Administrator to administer petroleum and greenhouse gas titles in offshore waters to replace the present Designated Authorities and • together the two new regulatory entities replace the present Designated Authorities while the roles and responsibilities of the Joint Authorities are maintained. 4492, viewed 30 June 2011, 4 Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment National Regulator Bill 2011 Warning: All viewers of this digest are advised to visit the disclaimer appearing at the end of this document. Explanatory Memorandum...
http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:"legislation/billsdgs/899376"
*  oil companies - Frequency
... Sign In Sign Up. About. Follow @OnFrequency. oil companies. 5d ago. Add. How much market cap have oil giants lost. oil companies 5d ago. How much market cap have oil giants lost. oil companies 6d ago. Oil market still struggling to find direction, now seeing a supply side decline. oil companies 1w ago. How Oil Companies Can Survive Price Drop. oil companies 1w ago. Oil: What Is Bank 'Redetermination'. oil companies 1w ago. UNTHINKABLE: Blasting the Arctic for oil. oil companies 3w ago. Disruptive Oil Futures. oil companies 3w ago. Dan Steffens: Low Oil Prices Stimulating Demand. oil companies 1mo ago. PIPELINE FEVER Official Video punk rock. oil companies 1mo ago. The Messenger. oil companies 1mo ago. Tracking the outlook of China's oil majors. oil companies 1mo ago. Dividend Cuts for Big Oil. oil companies 1mo ago. Kent Moors: OPEC Sovereign Wealth Funds Shorting Oil. oil companies 1mo ago. Robert Rapier: $50/Barrel Oil Not Sustainable. oil companies 1mo ago. Exxon Mobil and Chevron fall short. oil comp...
http://frequency.com/topic/oil companies?cid=5-28015
*  Petroleum refineries should improve margins: Petroleum Secy - Moneycontrol.com
Petroleum refineries should improve margins: Petroleum Secy - Moneycontrol.com. News. Sign in Register Feedback. News. News. Petroleum refineries should improve margins: Petroleum Secy. Inaugurating the 18th Refinery Technology Meet here, Petroleum Secretary Vivek Rae said the Union government had strengthened the public sector petroleum companies to achieve global standards. Petroleum refineries should improve margins: Petroleum Secy Inaugurating the 18th Refinery Technology Meet here, Petroleum Secretary Vivek Rae said the Union government had strengthened the public sector petroleum companies to achieve global standards. P etroleum refineries, both in the public and private sectors, should ensure pace setter performance for improving margins, reliability and efficiency, a top government official said today. Inaugurating the 18th Refinery Technology Meet here, Petroleum Secretary Vivek Rae said the Union government had strengthened the public sector petroleum companies to achieve global standards. "Petroleu...
http://moneycontrol.com/news/current-affairs/petroleum-refineries-should-improve-margins-petroleum-secy_987150.html
*  ATSDR - Toxicological Profile: Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH)
ATSDR - Toxicological Profile: Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry Search The CDC. Search Button. Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. For more information about this message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov. Toxic Substances Portal - Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH. Toxic Substances Portal Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH. ToxFAQs. Public Health Statement. Toxicological Profile. ... More Resources. Environmental Health Substances Map. Select a state: Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Commonwealth of Northern Marianas Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Guam Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nev...
http://atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/TP.asp?id=424&tid=75
*  National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority
... The 'National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority' 'NOPSEMA' is an Australia n government Statutory Agency regulating the:. health and safety structural integrity and environmental management. of all offshore petroleum facilities in Australian Commonwealth waters, and in coastal waters where State powers have been conferred. Work with the industry, workforce, stakeholders and other authorities to ensure the offshore petroleum industry properly controls all safety, integrity and environmental risks. Health and Safety - Relevant Legislation. The OHS regime for offshore petroleum operations is set out by Schedule 3 to the and its associated regulations for Commonwealth waters. The general OHS duty that relates to the operator of a facility is the requirement that the operator must take all reasonably practicable steps to ensure that a facility and its activities are safe and without risk to health. These operations are: diving operations or operations at a facility. The categori...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Offshore_Petroleum_Safety_and_Environmental_Management_Authority
*  Overview of Petroleum Product Poisoning: Petroleum Product Poisoning: Merck Veterinary Manual
... Petroleum Product Poisoning. Overview of Petroleum Product Poisoning. Petroleum Product Poisoning. Overview of Petroleum Product Poisoning. Petroleum Product Poisoning. 4 Overview of Petroleum Product Poisoning. Ingestion or inhalation of, or skin contact with, petroleum, petroleum condensate, gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, crude oil, or other hydrocarbon mixtures may cause illness and occasionally death in domestic and wild animals. Absorption is greater with highly volatile, lower molecular weight hydrocarbons eg, hexane, gasoline as well as aromatic hydrocarbons benzene, toluene because of greater lipid solubility. Crude oil and gasoline contain varying amounts of aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzene 2% 5% in gasoline , toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene. Comparative toxicity of petroleum hydrocarbons can be considered high oral LD 50 10 mL/kg, eg, acetone, benzene, carbon disulfide, diesel fuel, toluene, xylene , moderate oral LD 50 10 20 mL/kg, eg, diesel fuel, gasoline, heating oil, isopropano...
http://merckvetmanual.com/mvm/toxicology/petroleum_product_poisoning/overview_of_petroleum_product_poisoning.html
*  ASTM D95 - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Di
... stillation. ASTM D95 - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation Active Standard ASTM D95. Hardcopy shipping and handling 6 $44.00   ADD TO CART. 5.2 The amount of water as determined by this test method to the nearest 0.05 or 0.1 volume %, depending on the trap size used may be used to correct the volume involved in the custody transfer of petroleum products and bituminous materials. 1 Scope 1.1 This test method covers the determination of water in the range from 0 to 25 % volume in petroleum products, tars, and other bituminous materials by the distillation method. For crude oils, refer to Test Method D4006 API MPMS Chapter 10.2. ASTM Standards. D1796 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method Laboratory Procedure API MPMS Chapter 10.6. D4006 Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation API MPMS Chapter 10.2. D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products API MPMS Chapte...
http://astm.org/Standards/D95.htm
*  An In Silico Approach for Evaluating a Fraction-Based, Risk Assessment Method for Total Petroleum H
... ydrocarbon Mixtures. Abstract Both the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection MADEP and the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Criteria Working Group TPHCWG developed fraction-based approaches for assessing human health risks posed by total petroleum hydrocarbon TPH mixtures in the environment. Assessment of human health risks associated with petroleum-hydrocarbon-contaminated sites routinely begins with an analysis of “total petroleum hydrocarbons” TPHs. As previously mentioned, both the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection MADEP and the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Criteria Working Group TPHsCWG recommended a “fraction-based approach” for assessing human health risks associated with TPH exposures. These equivalent doses are summed, and the total equivalent dose is compared to a cancer slope factor for the index chemical i.e., benzo pyrene ; cancer risk for the fraction is estimated based on this comparison. Figure 2: Hierarchical cluster analysis based ...
http://hindawi.com/journals/jt/2012/410143/
*  Total petroleum hydrocarbon
... tph is a term used for any mixture of hydrocarbons that are found in crude oil there are several hundred of these compounds but not all occur in any one sample crude oil is used to make petroleum products which can contaminate the environment because there are so many different chemicals in crude oil and in other petroleum products it is not practical to measure each one separately however it is useful to measure the total amount of tph at a site chemicals that occur in tph include hexane benzene toluene xylenes naphthalene and fluorene other constituents of gasoline of jet fuel s of mineral oil s and of other petroleum products at agency for toxic substances and disease registry cdc petroleum hydrocarbon ranges are monitored at various levels depending on the state and testing site petroleum hydrocarbon ranges tph is the sum of vph and eph vph refers to volatile petroleum hydrocarbons vph also known as petrol range organics pro and includes hydrocarbons from c c eph refers to extractable petroleum hydro...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_petroleum_hydrocarbon
*  Petroleum Act
... is a stock short title used in the united kingdom for legislation relating to petroleum list the petroleum act c the petroleum royalties relief and continental shelf act c the petroleum act c the advance petroleum revenue tax act c the petroleum royalties relief act c the petroleum revenue tax act c the petroleum and submarine pipe lines act c the offshore petroleum development scotland act c the petroleum transfer of licences act geo edw c the petroleum production act geo c the petroleum consolidation act geo c the petroleum amendment act geo c the petroleum act geo c the petroleum production act geo c the petroleum act vict c the petroleum production act northern ireland c ni the petroleum transfer of licences act northern ireland c ni the petroleum consolidation act northern ireland c ni the petroleum acts to was the collective title of the following acts the short titles act section and schedule the petroleum act vict c the petroleum act vict c the petroleum hawkers act vict c see also list of short ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Act
*  AXAS - Stock quote for Abraxas Petroleum Corp - MSN Money
... News. Health Fitness. Food Drink. Abraxas Petroleum Corp. Reuters 5 days ago. The Street 5 days ago. Abraxas Petroleum Corporation AXAS. Key Executives for Abraxas Petroleum Corp., Several Non-Core Assets in North Dakota, Wyoming and Texas. Abraxas Petroleum affirms borrowing base, cuts production guidance. Abraxas Petroleum : Announces Upcoming Presentation. Shares of Abraxas Petroleum Fall to a New 52-Week Low. Financial News Network Online 5 days ago. Abraxas Petroleum Corp. Technical Updates on the Energy Sector - Abraxas Petroleum, Golar LNG, Green Plains, Gevo and Carrizo Oil Gas. Market Watch 9/25/2015. Abraxas Petroleum Corp. Technical Insight on Independent Oil and Gas Equities -- WPX Energy, Oasis Petroleum, Atlas Resource Partners, Abraxas Petroleum, and Warren Resources. Market Watch 9/21/2015. Watch for Continued Losses in Shares of Abraxas Petroleum AXAS. Financial News Network Online 9/18/2015. Analyst Recommendation for Abraxas Petroleum Corporation AXAS. Canaccord Genuity Cuts Abraxas Pe...
http://msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails?symbol=US:AXAS
*  Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants
... 'Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants' 'Author'. Industrial wastewaters. 'Media type'. ' Library of Congress Control Number. 'Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants' is a book about the composition and treatment of the various wastewater streams produced in the hydrocarbon processing industries i.e., oil refineries, petrochemical plants and natural gas processing plants. When it was published in 1967, it was the first book devoted to that subject. The book is notable for being the first technical publication of a method for the rigorous tray-by-tray design of steam distillation towers for removing hydrogen sulfide from oil refinery wastewaters. Such towers are commonly referred to as sour water strippers. The design method was also presented at a World Petroleum Congress Meeting shortly after the book was published. Beychok, M.R., 'The Design of Sour Water Strippers', Individual Paper 61, Proceedings of Seventh World Petroleum Congress, Mexico City, April 1967. The subje...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aqueous_Wastes_from_Petroleum_and_Petrochemical_Plants
*  Petroleum (disambiguation)
petroleum disambiguation petroleum disambiguation petroleum is a naturally occurring flammable hydrocarbon petroleum may also refer to petroleum coke petroleum engineering petroleum ether petroleum extraction petroleum licensing petroleum geochemistry petroleum geology the petroleum industry the petroleum institute petroleum jelly petroleum politics a petroleum product a petroleum reservoir liquefied petroleum gas strategic petroleum reserve place names petroleum indiana petroleum kentucky petroleum county montana petroleum west virginia arts petroleum a song by swedish band kent from their album jag är inte rädd för mörkret...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_(disambiguation)
*  Template:Canadian petroleum history
template canadian petroleum history template canadian petroleum history petroleum production in canada petroleum in canada file oil well jpg px center link alt this article is part of a series history of the petroleum industry in canada early history history of the petroleum industry in canada natural gas story of natural gas history of the petroleum industry in canada oil sands and heavy oil oil sands and heavy oil history of the petroleum industry in canada frontier exploration and development the frontiers history of the petroleum industry in canada natural gas liquids gas liquids resources and producers oil reserves in canada oil reserves canadian petroleum companies petroleum companies categories category oil fields of canada oil fields category oil refineries in canada oil refineries category oil companies of canada oil companies economy of canada energy policy of canada category canadian history navigational boxes petroleum history category templates generating adr microformats...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Canadian_petroleum_history
*  Petroleum in Indore - Grotal.com
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited in Indore. Petroleum Oil in Indore. Petroleum Product Dealers in Indore. MG Road Sunidhi Garden, Nemawar Road, Pin Code-452001, Indore Write Review/Query Petroleum, Petrol Pumps, Petroleum Products, HPCL, HPCL Diesel Pumps, HPCL Petrol Pumps. Write Review/Query Petroleum, Petrol Pumps, Petroleum Products, HPCL, HPCL Diesel Pumps, HPCL Petrol Pumps. Write Review/Query Petroleum, Petrol Pumps, HPCL, HPCL Diesel Pumps, HPCL Petrol Pumps, HPCL Fuel Pumps. Write Review/Query Petroleum, HPCL Fuel Pumps, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, Kimtee Brothers. Khandwa Road Grom Lamobodi, Pin Code-452001, Indore Write Review/Query Petroleum, HPCL Fuel Pumps, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, PC Auto Services. MG Road 281-282, Pin Code-452001, Indore 07312411286. Write Review/Query Petroleum, Oil Refinery Companies, Gas Production, Oil Companies, Offshore Oil Exploration Companies, Gas Exploration Companies. Write Review/Query Petroleum, Castrol Lubricant Dealers, Castro...
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*  buy C5 Petroleum Resin used for adhesives - high quality Man
C 5 Petroleum Resin used for Hot Melt Adhesive Port: tianjin FOB Price: US $ 1,256 - 1,654 / Metric Ton Minimum Order Quantity: 14 Metric Ton/Metric Tons Supply Ability: 3000 Metric Ton/Metric Tons per Year Payment Terms: L/C,T/T C5 Petroleum Resin Used For Hot Melt Adhesive, Find Complete Details about C5 Petroleum Resin Used For Hot Melt Adhesive,Resins,C5 Hydrogenation Petroleum Resin,Hydrocarbon Petroleum Resin from Adhesives Sealants for Transportation Supplier or Man. Petroleum Resin C 5 used in adhesive Port: Tianjin port FOB Price: US $ 1,900 - 2,100 / Metric Ton Minimum Order Quantity: 18 Metric Ton/Metric Tons Supply Ability: 10000 Metric Ton/Metric Tons per Year Payment Terms: L/C,T/T,Western Union Petroleum Resin C5 Used In Adhesive, Find Complete Details about Petroleum Resin C5 Used In Adhesive,Petroleum Resin C5,Petroleum Resin C5 C9,Petroleum Resin C5 Used For Adhesive from Polymer Supplier or Manufacturer-Yucheng Jinhe Industrial Co., Ltd. Petroleum Resin C9 used in adhesive State: Powder Coa...
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*  Petroleum Synonyms, Petroleum Antonyms | Thesaurus.com
Petroleum Synonyms, Petroleum Antonyms. Thesaurus.com. Dictionary.com. Word of the Day Translate Games Blog. Apps. Favorites. Log Out Log In. Dictionary.com. Thesaurus.com. My Account Log Out Log In. Try Our Apps. synonyms. definitions synonyms translations. Follow @dictionarycom. follow Dictionary.com. - + My Synonyms 0. petroleum. star. see definition of petroleum.  . Font size. X Aa. Aa. Aa. Aa. Aa. all noun. noun oil. prev next. crude oil. Relevance. Relevance ranks synonyms and suggests the best matches based on how closely a synonym’s sense matches the sense you selected. Complexity. Complexity sorts synonyms based on their difficulty. - + Length. Length ranks your synonyms based on character count. Common. Informal. Informal words should be reserved for casual, colloquial communication. noun oil. Synonyms for petroleum. noun oil. crude oil star. gasoline star. gas star. fuel star. natural gas star. petrol star. kerosene star. fossil fuel star. naphtha star. More words related to petroleum. black go...
http://thesaurus.com/browse/petroleum?qsrc=2446
*  Gasoline Petroleum, India Gasoline Petroleum Suppliers Directory on Alibaba.com
... Hi, My Alibaba. Message Center. My Favorites. Buy. Get Quotations Now. Manage Buying Requests. Manage Orders. Sell. Display New Products. Manage Products. Received RFQs. For Buyers. Source Products Suppliers. By Category. Get Quotations. Global Expo. Wholesale. Trade Services. Business Identity. Trade Assurance. Secure Payment. e-Credit Line. Inspection Service. Community. Trade Intelligence. Discussion Forums. Trade Answers. For Suppliers. Supplier Memberships. Learning Center. Training Center. AliSourcePro. Customer Service. I Am a Buyer. I Am a Supplier. I Am a New User. Submit a Dispute. Report IPR Infringement. Report Suspicious Behavior. Trade Assurance. About Alibaba Group. Alibaba.com. Categories. Get Quotations. Save 40% off your time to get quotes. Get Quotations Now. Advanced Search. Related Searches for gasoline petroleum :. k petroleum Suppliers petroleum d6 Suppliers so petroleum Suppliers al petroleum Suppliers petroleum tank Suppliers bc petroleum Suppliers petroleum paint Suppliers us pe...
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*  C9 Petroleum Resin Manufacture In Henan, C9 Petroleum Resin Manufacture In Henan Suppliers and Manuf
... acturers at Alibaba.com. Source Products Suppliers. For Suppliers. Help Center for Suppliers. resin. c9 petroleum resin manufacture in henan 8,119 Results. Minimum Order:. Compare. 1 Ton Min. Order. Contact Supplier. Tags: Resin. Hydrocarbon Resin. Petroleum Resin. Compare. C9 Aromatic Petroleum Resin for hot melt Thankyou Chem Henan Co., Ltd. US $1200-1600 1 Metric Ton Min. Order. Contact Supplier. Tags: C9 Aromatic Petroleum Resin Hot Melt. Compare. Adhesives Paint Ink Using petroleum resin C9 :120 Puyang Changyu Petroleum Resins Co., Ltd. US $1200-1600 1 Metric Ton Min. Order. Contact Supplier. Tags: Petroleum Resin C9 120. Aromatic Hydrocarbon Petroleum Resin C9. Petroleum Resin. Compare. US $1000-1300 1 Ton Min. Order. Contact Supplier. Tags: Powder Coating Polyester Resin. Alkyd Resin. Compare. best hydrocarbon resin chinese manufacturer petroleum resin ... US $600-2100 1 Ton Min. petroleum resin c5 for Road marking paint Zhengzhou Clean Chemical Co., Ltd. C9 Aromatic Hydrocarbon Petroleum Resins Pu...
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*  Environmental impact of the petroleum industry
... Image:Oil-spill.jpg The 'environmental impact of petroleum ' is often negative because it is toxic to almost all forms of life and its extraction fuels climate change. Climate change. Oil spills. Volatile organic compounds. Waste oil. Environmental issues with energy. 2 Benzene is present in both crude oil and gasoline and is known to cause leukaemia in humans. thumb|right|225px|Petroleum diesel exhaust from a truck When oil or petroleum distillates are burned see combustion, usually the combustion is not complete. Acid rain. Acid rain. thumb|right|Trees killed by acid rain, an unwanted side effect of burning petroleum High temperatures created by the combustion of petroleum cause nitrogen gas in the surrounding air to oxidize, creating nitrous oxide s. Acid rain causes many problems such as dead trees and acidified lakes with dead fish. Climate change. Humans burning large amounts of petroleum create large amounts of CO 2 carbon dioxide gas that traps heat in the Earth's atmosphere. Oil spills. Oil spil...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_petroleum_industry
*  RTI International - Environmental Research in the Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Industries: P
Environmental Research in the Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Industries: Projects Petroleum Refinery Risk and Technology Review Client USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Description Under this project, we supported EPA's risk and technology review of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants NESHAP for petroleum refineries 40 CFR 63 subparts CC and UUU. We identified advances in technology and practices for reducing emissions of HAP from a variety of emission sources including equipment leaks, storage vessels, wastewater collection and treatment, fluid catalytic cracking units, catalytic reforming units, delayed coking units, sulfur recovery plants, flares, and miscellaneous process vents. Emission Estimation Protocol for Petroleum Refineries Client USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Description To support the emission inventory information collection conducted as part of the Petroleum Refinery Risk and Technology Review, we provided support for the...
https://rti.org/page.cfm?obj=494EE5F8-5056-B100-0C79A0BC035F3E30
*  Petroleum Bulk Storage Program - Regulated Petroleum Products - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservat
... ion. Home » Chemical and Pollution Control » Bulk Storage » Forms and Instructions for the Bulk Storage Program » Petroleum Bulk Storage Program - Regulated Petroleum Products Skip to main navigation Petroleum Bulk Storage Program - Regulated Petroleum Products 1. Crude Oil and Crude Oil Fractions 2. Motor Fuels including Biofuel Blends 100% Biofuel Gasoline Diesel Fuel Jet Fuel Aviation Gasoline. 3 Fuel Oils/Heating Oils including Biofuel Blends 100% Biofuel. Distillate and Residual Oils heating oils # 2, 4, 5, 6 Kerosene heating oil #1 Clarified Oil Used Oil heating. Lubricating and Cutting Oils including synthetic forms. Motor Oil Gear and Spindle Oils Hydraulic Oil including Transmission Fluid and Turbine Oil Cutting Oil Petroleum Greases including axle, engine and gear greases. Oils Used as Building Materials Asphalt and Road Oils for example, Asphalt Cutback or Emulsions Form Oil. 6 Petroleum Spirits. 7 Mineral and Insulating Oils including synthetic forms Mineral Oil Insulating Oil including Dielec...
http://dec.ny.gov/chemical/93458.html
*  Indian Institute of Petroleum
An ISO 9001 certified institute, IIP develops processes and products for petroleum refining and petrochemical industries, training of personnel in oil and petrochemical industries, and assisting in formulation of standards for petroleum products. Development of processes for petroleum refining/petro chemicals/petroleum products, Application assistance to refineries in selection, and adoption of technologies and optimization of their unit operations, Evaluation of crudes and petroleum products, Technical services, Conduct techno-economic feasibility studies and market demand surveys of petroleum products, Train personnel of oil/petrochemical industry, Assistance to BIS in formulating standards for petroleum products. Applied research leading to the development of technologies, products and processes in the area of Petroleum refining, Petrochemicals, Speciality chemicals, IC engines, and Combustion. Petroleum Refining and catalysis Catalytic refining and catalysis Catalyst for refining process Separation proces...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institute_of_Petroleum
*  National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority
... the national offshore petroleum safety authority nopsa was the occupational health and safety ohs regulator for the australia n offshore petroleum industry between and the role of regulator has been transferred to nopsema the national offshore petroleum safety and environmental management authority from the first of january external links category commonwealth government agencies of australia category petroleum in australia category occupational safety and health organizations...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Offshore_Petroleum_Safety_Authority
*  Petroleum industry in Western Australia
... thumb|right|Western Australia's share of Australian gas reserves thumb|right|300px|Quarterly petroleum exploration expenditure $millions in Western Australia since 1994 The 'petroleum industry in Western Australia ' is the largest contributor to Australia's production of most petroleum products. Based largely on development of the reserves of the North West Shelf and other onshore hydrocarbon basins, the industry extracts crude oil, condensate and natural gas from petroleum reservoirs deep beneath the Earth's surface. 2 Natural gas is processed at plants located on islands off the WA coast and onshore, then transported by pipelines to gas users throughout the state. 65% From the North-West Shelf domestic gas plant near Dampier, operated by Woodside Petroleum, transporting gas via the Dampier to Bunbury Natural gas Pipeline DBNGP ; 30% From the Varanus Island facility operated by Apache Energy on behalf of a number of production joint ventures. There are currently four major natural gas transmission pipel...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_industry_in_Western_Australia
*  Petroleum refining processes
right|thumb|350px|Petroleum refinery in Anacortes, Washington, United States 'Petroleum refining processes' are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries also referred to as oil refineries to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas LPG, gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oil s. History Processing units used in refineries Auxiliary facilities required in refineries The crude oil distillation unit Flow diagram of a typical petroleum refinery Refining end-products Light distillates. 5 Prior to World War II in the early 1940s, most petroleum refineries in the United States consisted simply of crude oil distillation units often referred to as atmospheric crude oil distillation units. Processing units used in refineries. Crude Oil Distillation unit : Distills the incoming crude oil into various fractions for further processing in other units. Naphtha hydrotreater unit: Uses hydrogen to desulfurize the naphtha fracti...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_refining_processes
*  Evaluation of light crude oil for transformer application
... search dspace advanced search home browse communities amp nbsp collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace edit profile help about dspace english العربية king saud university repository king saud university academic publishing press journal of the king saud university engineering sciences please use this identifier to cite or link to this item http hdl handle net title evaluation of light crude oil for transformer application authors el sulaiman abdulaziz a ahmed abobakr s qureshi m iqbal alrashood khalid a ai huzeimi saad i keywords petroleum engineering light crude oil issue date publisher king saud university citation journal of king saud university engineering sciences abstract a sample of light distillate cut of crude oil of saudi origin has been solicited and evaluated to be adopted as insulating oil the sample was procured from a commercial local refinery the conduction current both quasi and burst gas liquid chromatography ir spectroscopy analysis and th...
http://repository.ksu.edu.sa/jspui/handle/123456789/1665
*  Midwest Petroleum Jobs - BusinessWeek
... Jobs by. Search for Jobs. what. Job Title, Skills, or Company. where. City, State, or ZIP. Midwest Petroleum jobs. Viewing 1 - 10 of 13 jobs. A P Mechanic - Lead. Emery Air - Rockford, IL. Company Description: Located near Chicago, premier Midwest provider for aircraft maintenance and repair, avionics and ... About the Company: Located near Chicago, premier Midwest provider for aircraft maintenance and repair, avionics... 16 days ago from ZipRecruiter. Auditor - Data Analytics Specialization. Marathon Petroleum - Findlay, OH. compliance reviews, and vendor audits for Marathon Petroleum Company, which includes refining, marketing ... operational flexibility to move crude oil, feedstocks and petroleum -related products efficiently through the company's... 30+ days ago from Marathon Petroleum Corp. Gbr Operator. Marathon Petroleum Company - Texas City, TX. Marathon Petroleum Corporation. Company Name: MARATHON PETROLEUM COMPANY. Location Name: MPC Galveston Bay ... Non-Exempt. Shift: Rotating Shift. Overvie...
http://jobs.businessweek.com/a/all-jobs/list/q-Midwest Petroleum/fex-3
*  Double Eagle Petroleum Company - NASDAQ:DBLE Earnings - Analyst Estimates - TheStreet
... Cramer's Best Stocks of 2015. Cramer's Best Stocks for 2015. Best Stocks for 2015. TheStreet TV. 03/12/14 - 07:35 PM EDT Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 01/06/14 - 02:10 PM EST Double Eagle Petroleum Series A Cumulative Preferred Stock About To Put More ... 12/16/13 - 03:18 PM EST Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 12/03/13 - 04:30 PM EST Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 09/05/13 - 11:00 AM EDT Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 03/13/13 - 08:25 PM EDT Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 12/11/12 - 06:37 PM EST Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 12/07/12 - 01:05 PM EST Double Eagle Petroleum Company Stock Downgraded DBLE. 10/02/12 - 11:44 AM EDT Double Eagle Petroleum Reports Cash Dividend On Its Series A Cumulative Prefe... 09/0...
http://thestreet.com/quote/DBLE/details/earnings-estimates.html
*  Research Institute of Petroleum Industry
... {{Multiple issues|}}. The 'Research Institute of Petroleum Industry', also known as 'NIOC-RIPI', often shortened to 'RIPI' fa پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت is a governmental research institute founded in 1959 in Tehran, Iran and is affiliated with National Iranian Oil Company. The institute is a major research institute in Iran and is the largest of its kind in the Middle East. Throughout the years from its establishment, RIPI underwent many transformations in its research and development activities and has become a major technology provider for Iran’s petroleum industry. History Human resource Sections See also References External links. The institute was established in 1959 with the name " NIOC bureau for development and research" fa اداره توسعه و تحقیقات شرکت ملی نفت ایران. After the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the organization was first renamed to "the Center for Research and Scientific Services" fa مرکز پژوهش و خدمات علمی and then in 1990 with a major rebuilding of missions, to the current name "Research Instit...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research_Institute_of_Petroleum_Industry
*  Bioremediation Capabilities of Oil-degrading Bacterial Consortia Isolated from Oil-contaminat
In these contaminated soil and seawater sites, the concentrations of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon TPH ranged between 45000-65000 ppm in soil and 25000-35000 ppm in seawater. The hydrocarbons were extracted from soil and water samples according to the EPA methods 8100 and 3510, respectively US EPA Method 8100, 1986 ; US EPA Method 3510, 1996. Total petroleum hydrocarbon levels in the soil and water samples: Initial concentrations of the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH expressed as ppm in the soil and seawater samples are indicated in Table 3, which revealed high levels of contamination in the selected sites. Figure 3 shows the level of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon TPH degradation by the microbial consortia constructed from bacterial isolates obtained from sampling sites number 9 Old Accident site 3, soil, 10 Jerash oil port 1, water, 11 Jerash oil port 2, water and 12 Jerash oil port 3, water. 1 a-d : Crude oil biodegradability by bacterial consortia collected from different sites, a Consortium 1, b Consortium ...
http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=biotech.2012.189.198
*  Petroleum industry
... The 'petroleum industry' include the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting often by oil tanker s and pipelines, and marketing petroleum products. History Natural history. Early history. History of the petroleum industry. Natural history. 1 Early history. In 1937 Pure Oil Company now part of Chevron Corporation and its partner Superior Oil Company now part of ExxonMobil Corporation used a fixed platform to develop a field in 14ft of water, one mile 1.6 km offshore of Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana., '"majors",' and '"independents" or "jobbers".' In recent years however, National Oil Companies NOC, as opposed to IOC, International Oil Companies have come to control the rights over the largest oil reserves; by this measure the top ten companies all are NOC. : Total energy output, including natural gas converted to bbl of oil for companies producing both. 'Processing/refining:' Processing and refining operations turn crude oil and gas into marketable products. Aux Sable Bridger Gro...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_industry
*  Petroleum Safety Authority Norway
... {{Infobox government agency agency name = Petroleum Safety Authority type =. nativename = Petroleumstilsynet nativename a =. logo = Petroleumstilsynet.png logo width =. logo caption = Petroleum Safety Authority logo picture =. The PSA was established on 1 January 2004 as an independent, governmental supervisory body, having formerly been part of the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. Responsibilities Activities References External links. The PSA has regulatory responsibility for safety, emergency preparedness and the working environment in the petroleum activities, including petroleum facilities and associated pipeline systems at Melkøya, Tjeldbergodden, Nyhamna, Kollsnes, Mongstad, Sture, Kårstø and Slagentangen, as well as any future, integrated petroleum facilities. The Norwegian government has assigned the Petroleum Safety Authority Norway the following tasks: :*The PSA shall, through its own supervision and through cooperation with other authorities in the HSE area, ensure that the petroleum activitie...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Safety_Authority_Norway
*  Petroleum demand up 1.3 percent in July (includes Monthly Statistical Report) | PressReleasePoint
Petroleum demand up 1.3 percent in July includes Monthly Statistical Report. Home › Petroleum demand up 1.3 percent in July includes Monthly Statistical Report. petroleum deliveries a measure of demand rose 1.3 percent from July 2013 to average nearly 19.3 million barrels per day last month. Production of gasoline in July averaged 9.9 million barrels per day, up by 6.6 percent from July 2013 to the highest July output on record and just 1.9 percent below the all-time record set in June. Exports of refined petroleum products were up by 1.3 percent from the prior year to average 3.9 million barrels per day, also a July record. News Source : Petroleum demand up 1.3 percent in July includes Monthly Statistical Report Search PR Sites Printer-friendly version PDF version. a href= http://www.pressreleasepoint.com/petroleum-demand-13-percent-july-includes-monthly-statistical-report class= active Petroleum demand up 1.3 percent in July includes Monthly Statistical Report /a. More User Press Releases EPA data show absu...
http://pressreleasepoint.com/petroleum-demand-13-percent-july-includes-monthly-statistical-report
*  Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons
... mirage phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons dspace manakin repository login intellectual repository at rajamangala university of technology phra nakhon faculty and institute คณะและสถาบ น institute of research and development research report view item javascript is disabled for your browser some features of this site may not work without it phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons สมตระก ล ขน ษฐา uri http repository rmutp ac th handle date abstract petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the environment is a public health concern as some compositions in petroleum hydrocarbons exert adverse effects on living organisms several methods have been used to reduce petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated sites among these methods phytoremediation is an effective and environmental friendly method to decontaminate petroleum hydrocarbons in soils plants use three mechanisms to remove petroleum hydrocarbons from the environment including phytodegradation phytoaccumulation and rhizodegradation description รายง...
http://repository.rmutp.ac.th/handle/123456789/772
*  Determination of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile aromatic compounds in so
... il and sediment samples. QUT ePrints. QUT Home Contact. Home Browse About Login. Determination of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile aromatic compounds in soil and sediment samples. Rauckyte, Teresa, Zak, Slawomir, Pawlak, Zenon,. 2010 Determination of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile aromatic compounds in soil and sediment samples. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 18 3, pp. Impact and interest: 7 citations in Scopus Search Google Scholar™. 7 citations in Web of Science®. Citation counts are sourced monthly from. Scopus and. Web of Science® citation databases. These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards. Citations counts from the. Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked G...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/43221/
*  Petroleum Industry Bill: Implications Of The UK Bribery Act - Pointblank News
Petroleum Industry Bill: Implications Of The UK Bribery Act - Pointblank News. Photo News Interviews Letters Press Releases Rejoinders Editorials Columns. Femi Fani-Kayode. Home News Special Reports. Articles Opinions. Photo News Interviews Letters Press Releases Rejoinders Editorials Columns Femi Fani-Kayode. Petroleum Industry Bill: Implications Of The UK Bribery Act. The Petroleum Industry Bill PIB is viewed by some as the stork in petroleum industry reform. For the PIB to attain its said objectives of promoting a viable and sustainable petroleum industry in Nigeria and hence national development, policymakers must take into consideration the UK Bribery Act. Also, the PIB allows the regulatory agencies, the Upstream Petroleum Inspectorate and the Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Agency, including the National Petroleum Assets Management Corporation to receive gifts or money, or other property from 3rd parties – sections 33 1 , 63 1 and 139 1. Gifts continue to rank high in transnational corporations concern...
http://pointblanknews.com/pbn/articles-opinions/petroleum-industry-bill-implications-of-the-uk-bribery-act/
*  UOP549 - 81 Sodium in Petroleum Distillates by Flame Emission, Using an Atomic Absorption Spectroph
uop sodium in petroleum distillates by flame emission using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer products and services standards publications standards products you are being redirected because this document is part of your astm compass subscription this document is part of your astm compass subscription stay on page continue to compass uop sodium in petroleum distillates by flame emission using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer superseded click for active standard nbsp format pages price nbsp pdf nbsp add to cart active view current version of standard other historical standards astm license agreement more standards related products scope this method is for determining sodium in petroleum distillate fractions no fuel oil and lighter over a concentration range of ppm to about wt sodium in samples may result for example from entrainment of aqueous droplets from a caustic washing operation or may be present as an oil soluble salt analyses can be made for a total sodium which includes suspended alkali plu...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/UOP549-81.htm
*  Petroleum in the United States
... The petroleum industry includes exploration for, production, processing refining, transportation, and marketing of natural gas and petroleum products. The leading oil-producing area in the United States in 2014 was Texas 3.17Moilbbl per day, followed by the federal zone of the Gulf of Mexico 1.40Moilbbl per day, followed by North Dakota 1.09Moilbbl per day and California 0.50Moilbbl per day. In 2014, petroleum and natural gas were the two largest sources of energy in the U.S., together providing 63 percent of the energy consumed oil provided 35 percent and gas 28 percent. US Energy Information Administration,, accessed 19 February 2010. In 2008 the United States consumed 19.5Moilbbl per day of petroleum products, of which 46 percent was gasoline, 20 percent diesel fuel and heating oil, and 10 percent liquefied petroleum gas. US Energy Information Administration,, accessed 19 February 2010. The United States oil industry is made up of thousands of companies, engaged in exploration and production, transpor...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_in_the_United_States
*  Petroleum Company in TX
... If you need Petroleum Company or Gasoline or even Oil Company in TX, look no further. www.hotfrog.com showcases more than 75 Petroleum Company businesses across TX. Future Petroleum Company Houston, TX. Susser Petroleum Company Houston, TX. Welcome to Susser Petroleum Company In our seventy years in business, we ve established a solid reputation for integrity, transparency and outstanding customer service this extends from our emplo. Star Of Texas Petroleum Company Houston, TX. Arabella Petroleum Company Midland, TX. comfortably, our greases make your machines operate smoothly and our lubricants make your ride less bumpy Our relationship with these people is really what makes CITGO different from other petroleum companies. comfortably, our greases make your machines operate smoothly and our lubricants make your ride less bumpy Our relationship with these people is really what makes CITGO different from other petroleum companies. comfortably, our greases make your machines operate smoothly and our lubrica...
http://hotfrog.com/find/Petroleum-Company/TX
*  Instrumentation in petrochemical industries
... 'Instrumentation in petrochemical industries' basically consists of flow meter s, pressure transmitter s, level sensors, temperature sensors, and analysis instrument s. Temperature Indicators Pressure Measurement Flow Meters Level Sensors Analysis Instruments See also References. Temperature Indicators. The measurement of temperature is a vital part of instrumentation in petrochemical industries. Platinum Resistance Temperature Detector s RTD's are often used for their excellent temperature response. Pressure Measurement. A Pressure to Current converter P/I converter. in petrochemical industries is used to measure the pressure developed by Liquified Petroleum Gas LPG, crude oil, petrol, and various other petroleum byproducts. Flow Meters. Level Sensors. Petroleum and natural gas industries need very accurate level measurement. Besides traditional technologies like differential pressure level meters, radar, magnetostrictive, and magnetic float are also used extensively. One of the problems with a signific...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrumentation_in_petrochemical_industries
*  Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals
... The 'Bongaigaon Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd.' 'BRPL' is a petroleum refinery company in India. As a result, BRPL became a subsidiary company of the Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., a Government owned corporation. Bina Refinery, Bina - A subsidiary of Agasod Refinary and Petrochemicals Limited, Bina M.P and BRPL, Assam. Gujarat Refinery, Vadodara Tamil Petrochemicals, Kanyakumari Himalaya Ethylene Refinery, Kalka Bombay National Refinery, West Mumbai Malwa Petrochemicals Refinery, North Indore Deccan Petrochemicals, Pune Junargarh Petro Refinery, Junargarh Indreshwar Refinery and Petrochemicals, Indore Western Petrochemicals Limited, Indore Patna Refinery, Patna Chhattisgarh State Refinery, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited, BRPL, Assam Eastern Refinery, Tripura. The company has a petrochemicals complex composed of a Xylene plant, dimethyle terephthalate DMT plant and a PSF plant. While commercial production of the refinery started in 1978 the other plants were commissi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bongaigaon_Refinery_and_Petrochemicals
*  Shell to expand Singapore petrochemical complex | Hydrocarbon Processing | April 2013
Shell to expand Singapore petrochemical complex. Hydrocarbon Processing. Events. Petrochemicals. Gas Processing /LNG. Refining. Your name: Please enter your name. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. Recipient email s : Please enter at least one recipients email address All email addresses must be valid. Shell to expand Singapore petrochemical complex 04.16.2013. Shell said the expansion will increase the plant's production capacity of alcohol ethoxylate. The investment comes at a time when the traditionally strong Asian petrochemical industry is seeing margins squeezed by a resurgence in investment in US petrochemical plants based on cheaper shale. Keywords: By JACOB GRONHOLT-PEDERSEN SINGAPORE -- Royal Dutch Shell on Tuesday announced plans to expand its petrochemical plant in Singapore to meet rising Asian demand for specialized chemicals used in detergents and personal care products. The investment comes at a time when the traditionally strong Asian petrochemic...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3191691/Rotating-Equipment/Shell-to-expand-Singapore-petrochemical-complex.html
*  GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) IN CRUDE OIL POLLUTION TREATMENT - Growth an
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE OF MAIZE Zea mays L. IN CRUDE OIL POLLUTION TREATMENT - Growth and development response of Zea mays were investigated at the University of Port Harcourt... January 1, 2010 GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE OF MAIZE Zea... GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE OF MAIZE Zea mays L. IN CRUDE OIL POLLUTION TREATMENT. Growth and development response of Zea mays were investigated at the University of Port Harcourt botanical garden. Crude oil pollution effects of direct spray on foliage or spill on soil on the growth changes and chlorophyll content of Z. There were significant p = 0.05 reductions in chlorophyll content in treatments with crude oil sprayed on foliage or spilled on the soil in comparison with the control. This study shows that crude oil pollution has adverse effects on growth and development of Z. KEY WORDS: Growth, development, response, crude oil treatment, maize Zea mays. Australian Journal of Crop Science February 1, 2015. mays to crude oil pollution treatment. Each bag was...
http://readperiodicals.com/201001/2307422901.html
*  Petroleum product
various grades of fuel oil and gasoline. These fuel s include or can be blended to give gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, heating oil, and heavier fuel oils. Heavier less volatile fractions can also be used to produce asphalt, tar, paraffin wax, lubricating and other heavy oils. Since petroleum often contains a few percent sulfur -containing molecules, elemental sulfur is also often produced as a petroleum product. Carbon, in the form of petroleum coke, and hydrogen may also be produced as petroleum products. Specialty and products Petroleum by-products Gallery References. Liquid fuels blending producing automotive and aviation grades of gasoline, kerosene, various aviation turbine fuels, and diesel fuels, adding dyes, detergents, antiknock additives, oxygenates, and anti-fungal compounds as required. Lubricant s produces light machine oils, motor oil s, and grease s, adding viscosity stabilizers as required, usually shipped in bulk to an offsite packaging plant. Paraffin wax, used in the packaging of frozen f...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_product
*  Professional Petroleum Data Management Association
... The Professional Petroleum Data Management Association 'PPDM Association' is a global, not-for-profit organization that works collaboratively within the petroleum industry to create and promote standards and best practices for data management. PPDM website., 'PPDM website', December, 2011, accessed December 2, 2011. The Association’s vision is the global adoption of data management standards and best practices throughout the upstream exploration and production petroleum industry. Continued development and support of the PPDM data model Standard or baseline definitions of essential terminology Best practices for developing a data governance strategy Education and training around data management standards Certification for E&P exploration and production data management professionals. PPDM and the Need to Organize Petroleum Data The Data Model Membership Product Development Process Improving Communication References External links. PPDM and the Need to Organize Petroleum Data. In 1991 the cooperative workgr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Professional_Petroleum_Data_Management_Association
*  Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association
... The 'Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association', known as APPEA, is an Australian industry association representing companies which explore and produce oil and gas in Australia. APPEA is a non-profit organisation. 1 The organisation was originally established in 1959 and previously used the acronym APEA. It is the peak national body representing the collective interests of the upstream oil and gas exploration and production industry. The Association has more than 80 full member companies that explore for and produce Australia’s oil and gas resources. APPEA also represents more than 250 associate member companies that provide a wide range of goods and services to the upstream oil and gas industry. APPEA members account for an estimated 98 per cent of the nation’s petroleum production. 2 APPEA works with Australia’s national, state and territory governments to ensure the country’s regulatory and commercial framework promotes investment and maximises the return to the Australia n industry ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Petroleum_Production_and_Exploration_Association
*  ASTM International - Training Courses - Crude Oil: Sampling, Testing, and Evaluation
Referenced Documents D 97 Pour Point of Petroleum Products D 287 API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products Hydrometer Method D 323 Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products Reid Method D 445 Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity D 473 Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method D 664 Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Method D 1298 Density, Relative Density Specific Gravity, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method D 2622 Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-ray Spectrometry D 2892 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum 15-Theoretical Plate Column D 3230 Salts in Crude Oil Electrometric Method D 3700 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder D 4006 Water in Crude Oil by Distillation D 4007 Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method Laboratory Procedure D 4057 Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Prod...
http://astm.org/TRAIN/filtrexx40.cgi?-P ID 51 traindetail.frm
*  Bills Search Results – o – Calendar date 04-08-2013 – Page 3 – Parliament of
Bills Search Results o Calendar date 04-08-2013 Page 3 Parliament of Australia. Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Safety Levies Amendment Bill 2010 Track. Explanatory Memorandum Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Legislation Amendment Miscellaneous Measures Bill 2010 Track. Explanatory Memorandum Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Amendment Bill 2010 Track. Explanatory Memorandum Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Safety Levies Amendment Bill 2010 Track. Explanatory Memorandum Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Legislation Amendment Miscellaneous Measures Bill 2010 Track. Date 29 Sep 2010 Chamber House of Representatives Status Act Portfolio Resources and Energy Summary Amends the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 in relation to: functions of the National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority; multiple titleholders of petroleum titles; strict liability offences; occupational health and safety duties of titleholders; and tran...
http://aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Bills_Legislation/Bills_Search_Results?page=3&ps=10&t=o&st=1&CalendarWidgetTarget=04-08-2013&tab=tab2b
*  "Brazil Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and
Brazil Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and. SBWire Sign Up. Login. Our Service. Plans & Pricing. Newsroom. Help. About. Fast Market Research Email Alerts. RSS. New Market Study: Brazil Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacity Forecasts New Materials research report from GlobalData is now available from Fast Market Research. Boston, MA -- SBWIRE -- 12/20/2012 -- GlobalData's report, "Brazil Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacity Forecasts" provides an in-depth coverage of Brazil petrochemicals industry. The report covers Brazil petrochemical complex details and presents installed capacity by process and technology. In addition, it presents petrochemicals demand and production forecasts, end use market share, price trends, trade balance data and company shares of the major petrochemicals producers in Brazil. The report classifies 24 petrochemical comm...
http://sbwire.com/press-releases/new-market-study-brazil-petrochemicals-industry-outlook-to-2016-market-size-company-share-price-trends-and-capacity-forecasts-186847.htm
*  crude oil production posts, articles, and infographics | The Energy Collective
The Energy Collective. About Social Media Today. The world's best thinkers on energy climate. The world's best thinkers on social media. The world's best thinkers on energy climate. Oil. Nuclear power. Grid. Smart grid. Energy security. crude oil production. Crude Oil Production Growth Helps Gulf Coast Imports June 22, 2015 by U.S. EIA: Today in Energy. Oil Production and Exports. In recent years, higher domestic production of light, tight crude oil has led to a reduction in crude oil imports. Certain types of crude oil have been affected more than others; for example, the increased economic availability of domestic light, tight crude oil has virtually eliminated Gulf Coast imports of light crude oil. Crude Oil Production are Predominantly Light Sweet Crude June 5, 2015 by U.S. EIA: Today in Energy. Sweet Crude Production. crude oil production has grown rapidly in recent years, primarily from light, sweet crude less dense, lower sulfur content from tight resource formations. EIA: Today in Energy. The Energy I...
http://theenergycollective.com/all/5546
*  Horsehead Nebula could be giant petroleum refinery (Wired UK)
Horsehead Nebula could be giant petroleum refinery Wired UK. Wired.co.uk. Science. Natural gas. Search Wired.co.uk. Magazine. Podcast. Wired Retail. More from Wired WIRED Video. Wired Weekender. Wired Consulting. Wired Insider. Wired Podcast. Magazine. Privacy Policy Cookie Statement. Terms Conditions. Contact Us. Cond Nast UK 2015. 6 issues for £9 + FREE iPad & iPhone editions Subscribe. 6 issues for £9 + FREE iPad & iPhone editions Subscribe. Horsehead Nebula could be giant petroleum refinery Science 26 November 12 by Philippa Warr. Shutterstock. Molecules discovered in the Horsehead Nebula hint that the region may function as a kind of gigantic, natural petroleum refinery. "We are seeing the operation of a natural refinery of petroleum on a giant scale," said Pety of the results. You can get an idea for just how giant the intergalactic hydrocarbon resource is thanks to astronomer Viviana Guzman, who adds that the nebula "contains 2 00 times more hydrocarbons than the total amount of water on Earth ". The d...
http://wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-11/26/interstellar-refinery
*  SPE Certified Petroleum Professional
... The Society of Petroleum Engineers has created a program whereby it certifies the competency of Petroleum Engineers. Certification and Professional Competency Petroleum Professional Certification Professional Competency Matrices Guide to Professional Conduct References. Certification and Professional Competency. Defining required knowledge for different areas of engineering, and offering an opportunity to demonstrate technical knowledge through examination are two of the ways that SPE accomplishes this. A SPE-certified petroleum professional is competent to provide reserves for oil and gas in accordance with the guidelines promulgated by the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Petroleum Professional Certification. While the United States, United Kingdom and some countries have Professional Engineer registration programs, many other countries do not. The Society of Petroleum Engineers developed a certification program for Petroleum Engineers to demonstrate their technical knowledge. The SPE certification prog...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPE_Certified_Petroleum_Professional
*  Health effects of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH)
Health effects of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH. Environmental Health. Health effects of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TPH Published: March 26, 2008, 11:26 pm. Environmental Health. However, it is useful to measure the total amount of all hydrocarbons found together in a particular sample of soil, water, or air. Exposure to TPH. Some TPH compounds are widely distributed by the blood throughout your body and quickly break down into less harmful chemicals. Most TPH compounds leave your body through urine or when you exhale air containing the compounds. Until more information is available, information about health effects of TPH must be based on specific compounds or petroleum products that have been studied. Some of the TPH compounds, particularly the smaller compounds such as benzene, toluene, and xylene which are present in gasoline , can affect the human central nervous system. Animal studies have shown effects on the lungs, central nervous system, liver, kidney, developing fetus, and reproductive system f...
http://eoearth.org/view/article/51cbedf87896bb431f69524a/
*  ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants | Hydrocarbon Processing | Dec
ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants. Hydrocarbon Processing. Events. Process Engineering. Gas Processing /LNG. Refining. Process Engineering. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants Copying and distributing are prohibited without permission of the publisher. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants 01.01.2013. HP News It includes a new ethylene steam cracker, two polyethylene plants, a polypropylene plant, a metallocene elastomers unit, an oxo-alcohol unit and an aromatics expansion. Keywords: ExxonMobil has commenced startup operations at one of the world's largest ethylene steam crackers, the centerpiece of the company's multi-billion dollar expansion project at its Singapore petrochemical complex, the company said on Tuesday. A new 220-megawatt cogeneration plant joins with the existing 140-megawatt cogeneration facility to power ExxonMobil's ...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3135575/Process-Engineering-Engineering-Design/ExxonMobil-commissions-Singapore-expansion-of-petrochemical-plants.html
*  ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants | Hydrocarbon Processing | Dec
ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants. Hydrocarbon Processing. Events. Gas Processing /LNG. Refining. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants Copying and distributing are prohibited without permission of the publisher. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants 01.01.2013. HP News It includes a new ethylene steam cracker, two polyethylene plants, a polypropylene plant, a metallocene elastomers unit, an oxo-alcohol unit and an aromatics expansion. Keywords: ExxonMobil has commenced startup operations at one of the world's largest ethylene steam crackers, the centerpiece of the company's multi-billion dollar expansion project at its Singapore petrochemical complex, the company said on Tuesday. A new 220-megawatt cogeneration plant joins with the existing 140-megawatt cogeneration facility to power ExxonMobil's expanded Singapore petrochemical complex. ...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3135575/Project-Management/ExxonMobil-commissions-Singapore-expansion-of-petrochemical-plants.html
*  PETCO to build distribution center in Braselton
... View Mobile Site. Contact Us. Subscribe to the Times. Gainesville, Ga. News. Sports. Life. Go North Georgia. Locally Owned. Community. Local. Ask The Times. More local stories. Obituaries. Business. Video. Viewpoint. Community columnists. Editorials. Letters to the editor. More viewpoint stories. Columnists. About The Times. Archives. Newspapers in Education. AP TOP STORIES. Strange news. NDN video. Kitchen inspections. Hall County rabies cases. times2go. Weather. Contests. Special projects. Broken Bonds: Hall County's foster care gap. Civil Rights: 50th anniversary of "I Have a Dream". Local. Business. PETCO to build distribution center in Braselton. TOP RECENT CONTENT. Area driving instructor dies following Friday car wreck. 9 proposals to improve downtown Gainesville. Junior League thrift sale begins with double-price event. Hospital D-Con Games. NATIONAL VIDEO. PETCO to build distribution center in Braselton. @gtimes. State officials announced Monday that PETCO, a pet products company, is locating a ...
http://gainesvilletimes.com/archives/4753/
*  Saudi firm lets contract for new petrochemical plant project - Save this page
... xfzsabuyvsucsfwe. Save Article Instructions Close Saudi firm lets contract for new petrochemical plant project. By OGJ editors HOUSTON, May 6 -- Gulf Farabi Petrochemicals Co. has named a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary as project manager to oversee development of a $250 million petrochemical plant in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia. The plant is slated to produce 120,000 tonnes/year of n-paraffin and 70,000 tonnes/year of linear alkylbenzene LAB. About 55,000 tonnes/year of n-paraffin will be dedicated to LAB production while the rest will be exported to Asia, Foster Wheeler said. The LAB production will be used for both domestic consumption and for export to the Middle East and Africa, Foster Wheeler added. The n-paraffins and LAB plant will utilize proprietary UOP LLC processes for use in adsorptive separation technology to extract n-paraffins from kerosine, producing purified n-olefins from the n-paraffins, and producing LAB. The Gulf Farabi Petrochemicals plant will be built adjacent to the Saudi Aramco Shel...
http://ogj.com/articles/2002/05/saudi-firm-lets-contract-for-new-petrochemical-plant-project._saveArticle.html
*  petroleum refining | Britannica.com
. petroleum refining. Britannica.com. Shop. School and Library Subscribers. JOIN. LOGIN. Activate Your Free Trial. Stories. quizzes. galleries. lists. Petroleum refining. Written by: A.L. Waddams. Read. View All Media 13. Table of Contents. Introduction. History. Distillation of kerosene and naphtha. Conversion to light fuels. Environmental concerns. Raw materials. Hydrocarbon chemistry. Types of crude oil. Conventional measurement systems. Basic refinery processes. Separation. Conversion. Purification. Petroleum products and their uses. Gases. Gasoline. Kerosene. Diesel oils. Fuel oils. Lubricating oils. Gear oils and greases. Other petroleum products. Petrochemicals. Olefins. Aromatics. Polymers. Inorganic chemicals. Refinery plant and facilities. Processing configurations. Off-sites. Bulk transportation. Petroleum refining,. petroleum refinery: Louisiana Keith Wood—Stone/Getty Images conversion of crude oil into useful products. History. Distillation of kerosene and naphtha. The refining of crude petroleum...
http://britannica.com/technology/petroleum-refining
*  Turnkey Projects - Eagle Welding & Petroleum Equipment
Turnkey Projects - Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment. Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment. Liquid Propane Plants. Refined Fuel Bulk Plants. Above Ground Fuel Tanks. AST SP001 Inspections. Used Propane Vessels. Used Fuel Tanks. Turnkey Projects. We can give you turnkey projects from fuel tanks, gauging, pumps, valving, loading arms and piping blasting, painting, concrete or lined containment diking, excavation and electrical. We can do a Turn-Key-Project or just furnish and install the petroleum equipment portion. Contact: Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment. Liquid Propane Plants. Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment Inc. can build and design liquid propane plants from one vessel to as many vessels as you need. We can do Turn-Key-Projects. Continue Reading. Above Ground Fuel Tanks. Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment, Inc. can furnish and Install above ground fuel tanks complete with fittings and pumps. Continue Reading. Eagle Welding Petroleum Equipment, Inc. can furnish and Install Earthen Dike Liners, Steel Dike Li...
http://eagleweldingmn.com/parts-equipment/used-vessels.html
*  Atlantic Petroleum (Faroe Islands)
Atlantic Petroleum Faroe Islands. Atlantic Petroleum Faroe Islands. name = Atlantic Petroleum P/F. image = Atlantic Petroleum office at Tinganes.jpg. image caption = Atlantic Petroleum head office. image size = 220px. location = Tórshavn, Faroe Islands. products = Oil and gas exploration and production. operating income = DKK 147.3 million 2010. assets = DKK 671.8 million end 2010. subsid = Atlantic Petroleum UK Limited Atlantic Petroleum Ireland Limited Atlantic Petroleum Norge AS Norway. 'Atlantic Petroleum' P/F is an oil and gas company situated in Tórshavn Faroe Islands and has technical offices located in London UK and Bergen Norway. It participates in exploration on the Faroese Continental Shelf, offshore Norway, Ireland, and United Kingdom. The company has production from three fields in the United Kingdom 's sector of the North Sea and also participates in development projects. History Operations References External links. Atlantic Petroleum was established in 1998 by 18 private Faroese investors. 2...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Petroleum_(Faroe_Islands)
*  South African Petroleum Industry Association
... sapia south african petroleum industry association was formed in july by six of south africa s leading petroleum refining and marketing companies namely bp sa pty ltd caltex oil sa pty ltd engen petroleum ltd shell sa pty ltd sasol limited total sa pty ltd zenex oil pty ltd no longer a member the stated goal of the organisation is to represent the interests of the petroleum refining and marketing industry in south africa the organisation s aim is to ensure that all interested parties clearly understand the contribution that this industry makes to the economic and social development of south africa zenex oil pty ltd has subsequently become part of engen petroleum ltd sasol ltd and tepco petroleum pty ltd joined the organisation in mossgas pty ltd was replaced by petrosa pty ltd in sapia is managed by a board with representation from each of the member companies the organisation s headquarters is situated in johannesburg with mr a avhaphani tshifularo as its current executive director the organisation s pr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_Petroleum_Industry_Association
*  Category:Founders of the petroleum industry
category founders of the petroleum industry category founders of the petroleum industry category history of the petroleum industry category people in the petroleum industry category th century businesspeople petroleum industry...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Founders_of_the_petroleum_industry
*  Seven Sisters (oil companies)
"'Seven Sisters'" was a term coined in the 1950s by businessman Enrico Mattei, then-head of the Italian state oil company Eni, to describe the seven oil companies which formed the "Consortium for Iran" cartel and dominated the global petroleum industry from the mid-1940s to the 1970s. The group comprised Anglo-Persian Oil Company ' now BP '; Gulf Oil, Standard Oil of California now Chevron, Texaco ' later merged with Chevron '; Royal Dutch Shell ; Standard Oil of New Jersey Esso/Exxon and Standard Oil Company of New York Socony ' d/b/a Mobil now part of ExxonMobil '. In 1951 Iran nationalized its oil industry, then controlled by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company now BP, and Iranian oil was subjected to an international embargo. 'Anglo-Persian Oil Company' United Kingdom :' This company subsequently became Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and then British Petroleum. ' Gulf Oil' United States :' In 1984 most of Gulf was acquired by SoCal and the enlarged SoCal entity became Chevron. 'Royal Dutch Shell' Netherlands/United ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Sisters_(oil_companies)
*  Petroleum Product Pricing Regulatory Agency
... the petroleum products pricing regulatory agency pppra is an agency of the government of nigeria established in to among other responsibilities monitor and regulate the supply and distribution and determine the prices of petroleum products in nigeria its headquarters is located in abuja nigeria the current executive secretary of the agency is farouk ahmed date previous chief executives are dr oluwole oluleye mr abiodun ibikunle engr goody chike egbuji and mr reginald stanley external links petroleum products pricing regulatory agency category petroleum in nigeria category government of nigeria category establishments in nigeria...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Product_Pricing_Regulatory_Agency
*  Oil workers at Amerada Petroleum Coproration's Joseph Rice 1 well, near Tioga, N.D. :: Photo Gallery
... - Images from the NDSU Institute for Regional Studies NDSU. Searching collections:. Photo Gallery - Images from the NDSU Institute for Regional Studies NDSU. Add or remove collections. Photo Gallery - Images from the NDSU Institute for Regional Studies NDSU Oil workers at Amerada Petroleum Coproration's Joseph Rice 1 well, near Tioga, N.D. Oil workers at Amerada Petroleum Coproration's Joseph Rice 1 well, near Tioga, N.D. Preview Image 250x250 max medium 500x500 max Large Extra Large large > 500x500 Full Resolution. Text Search... Four petroleum workers bolting down a valve at oil well. Description Title Oil workers at Amerada Petroleum Coproration s Joseph Rice 1 well, near Tioga, N.D. Description Four petroleum workers bolting down a valve at oil well. Ordering Information Consult: http://library.ndsu.edu/ndsuarchives/duplication-services. Subject LCTGM Petroleum workers Petroleum industry Oil wells Laborers Oil well drilling rigs. North Dakota United States Tioga N.D. Biography/History The Joseph Rice...
http://digitalhorizonsonline.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/uw/id/415
*  Turkey Refinery, Turkey Refinery Manufacturers and Suppliers on Alibaba.com
... My Favorites. I Am a Supplier. Related Searches for Turkey refinery :. small edible oil refineries palm oil refinery plant crude oil refinery. edible oil refinery plant energy petroleum oil refinery. Turkey. refinery. Gold Supplier. oil refinery , gold refinery , refinery equipment ,. portable refinery , oil mini refinery , petroleum refinery , salt refinery , sugar refinery , refinery process. Tags: Crude Oil-refinery-energy-oil Refinery. Unverified Supplier - American Oil Saver. Turkey Contact Details. Contact Supplier. Favorites. Compare. Tags: Mini Oil Refinery For Sale. Unverified Supplier - unipack of turkey. Turkey Contact Details. 0.0% Response Rate. Contact Supplier. Favorites. crude oil refinery plant is established technology in the desired tonnage in the region OIL REFINERY TECHNOLOGY-American Saver Since 1999 in the field of alternative energy sources has proven itself to be operati Chemical Composition: crude oil refinery Place of Origin: TR Model Number: 2009 Brand Name: American Oil Saver...
http://alibaba.com/countrysearch/TR/refinery.html
*  the Environmental and Energy Resources Library - Petroleum Refinery Initiative
... Skip Navigation. Search:. Home Browse Resources Get Recommendations Forums About Help Advanced Search. Petroleum Refinery Initiative. http://www.epa.gov/Compliance/resources/cases/civil/caa/oil/index.html. The initiative addresses four of the most significant compliance and enforcement concerns affecting the petroleum refining industry under the Clean Air Act. This article links to the settlements with the companies affected so far. It also provides a link to Enforcement Alerts and other Clean Air Act information. Cumulative Rating: not yet rated. Date Of Record Release 2006-01-23 14:31:46. Description The initiative addresses four of the most significant compliance and enforcement concerns affecting the petroleum refining industry under the Clean Air Act. This article links to the settlements with the companies affected so far. It also provides a link to Enforcement Alerts and other Clean Air Act information. Air Quality -- Laws and Regulations. Resource Type. Article/Journal Publication. Clean Air Act ...
http://eerl.org/index.php?P=FullRecord&ID=1665
*  Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Tanker, Pipeline, Barge and Rail between PAD Districts
... Movements by Tanker, Pipeline, Barge and Rail between PAD Districts. Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Components MGBC MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_ptb_a_EP00_TNR_mbbl_m.htm
*  Template:Petroleum industry in Ghana
template petroleum industry in ghana template petroleum industry in ghana navbox name petroleum industry in ghana state collapsed basestyle background gold title petroleum industry in ghana imageleft px outline map of ghana image px flag of ghana listclass hlist group ministry of energy list ghana national petroleum corporation tema oil refinery group oil fields and vessels list saltpond oil field jubilee oil field fpso kwame nkrumah mt bonsu group related list osagyefo barge category ghana templates ghana...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Petroleum_industry_in_Ghana
*  ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants | Hydrocarbon Processing | Dec
ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants. Hydrocarbon Processing. Events. Gas Processing /LNG. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants Copying and distributing are prohibited without permission of the publisher. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. Recipient email s : Please enter at least one recipients email address All email addresses must be valid. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants 01.01.2013. HP News It includes a new ethylene steam cracker, two polyethylene plants, a polypropylene plant, a metallocene elastomers unit, an oxo-alcohol unit and an aromatics expansion. Keywords: ExxonMobil has commenced startup operations at one of the world's largest ethylene steam crackers, the centerpiece of the company's multi-billion dollar expansion project at its Singapore petrochemical complex, the company said on Tuesday. It includes two new polyethylene plants, a polypropylene plant, a...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3135575/Latest-News/ExxonMobil-commissions-Singapore-expansion-of-petrochemical-plants.html
*  ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants | Hydrocarbon Processing | Dec
ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants. Hydrocarbon Processing. Events. Gas Processing /LNG. Refining. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants Copying and distributing are prohibited without permission of the publisher. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. Recipient email s : Please enter at least one recipients email address All email addresses must be valid. ExxonMobil commissions Singapore expansion of petrochemical plants 01.01.2013. HP News It includes a new ethylene steam cracker, two polyethylene plants, a polypropylene plant, a metallocene elastomers unit, an oxo-alcohol unit and an aromatics expansion. Keywords: ExxonMobil has commenced startup operations at one of the world's largest ethylene steam crackers, the centerpiece of the company's multi-billion dollar expansion project at its Singapore petrochemical complex, the company said on Tuesday. It includes two new polyethylene plants, a polypropylen...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3135575/Maintenance-and-Reliability-Corrosion/ExxonMobil-commissions-Singapore-expansion-of-petrochemical-plants.html
*  Oil and Gas Companies in India | Corporate Social Responsibility | Bharat Petroleum
Bharat Petroleum. BPCL LINKS. bpclaviation.in. bpclvts.in/BPCL. ebharatgas.com. About BPCL. Awards Accolades. BPCL Infoline. Awards Accolades. Bharat Petroleum For. Fuel Services. Lubricants. Bharatgas. View Archives. Gas. Feedback. SAP Training. Fuels Services. About Fuels Services. Bharatgas Bharat Petroleum’s flagship product Bharatgas has been dominating the LPG gas market since the past three decades reaching out to over 45 million homes. MAK Lubricants Bharat Petroleum understands the importance of the right lubricants in extending the life of vehicles, and offers a complete range of quality products across categories such as Automotive Engine Oils, Gear Oils, Transmission Oils and Specialty Oils. Aviation The history of Indian Civil Aviation is synonymous with the history of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Refineries Bharat Petroleum is the proud owner of multiple refinery units spread across Mumbai, Kochi, Numaligarh and Bina. Gas Bharat Petroleum has expanded its fuel portfolio to include natural g...
http://bharatpetroleum.in/(S(hzhsqi45wkudgkyypbsdjmjz))/index.aspx
*  All Standards Related to D2425
Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Middle Distillates High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Online: 05.03. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Aviation Fuels and Petroleum Distillates High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Online: 05.03. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types Analysis of Gas-Oil Saturates Fractions by High Ionizing Voltage Mass Spectrometry. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Online: 05.01. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Aromatic Types Analysis of Gas-Oil Aromatic Fractions by High Ionizing Voltage Mass Spectrometry. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Onli...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/RELATED/D2425_related.htm
*  Petroleum industry in Aberdeen
... the petroleum industry in aberdeen began with the discovery of significant oil deposit s in the north sea during the mid th century aberdeen became the centre of europe s petroleum industry with the largest heliport in the world and an important service ship harbour port serving offshore oil rig s aberdeen is often called the oil capital of europe the number of jobs created by the energy industry in and around aberdeen has been estimated at half a million today reserves are still flowing fast but it has been estimated that the north sea is nearing or has even surpassed its peak production rate as a result aberdeen is expected to have to redevelop itself as a research and development hub rather than a base for offshore drilling in order to remain home to the multi national companies that drive its economy there have been local political attempts to turn aberdeen s reputation as the oil capital of europe into the energy capital of europe as of despite declining north sea reserves aberdeen remained a major ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_industry_in_Aberdeen
*  Society of Petroleum Engineers
... The 'Society of Petroleum Engineers' SPE is a not-for-profit professional organization whose mission is to collect, disseminate, and exchange technical knowledge concerning the exploration, development and production of oil and gas resources and related technologies for the public benefit and to provide opportunities for professionals to enhance their technical and professional competence. To collect, disseminate and exchange technical knowledge concerning the exploration, development and production of oil and gas resources, and related technology for public benefit; and to provide opportunities for professionals to enhance their technical and professional competence. 1957: The Petroleum Branch of AIME becomes a full-fledged professional society - the Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME. 1979: The first Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference is held. American Petroleum Institute API American Rock Mechanics Association ARMA American Society of Safety Engineers ASSE BHR Group International Society ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Society_of_Petroleum_Engineers
*  Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products
Rocky Mountain PADD 4 Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products. This page uses JavaScipt. Please use Internet Explorer 3+ or Netscape Navigator 3+ Make sure that JavaScript is enabled in your browser. Product Supplied. Area:. U.S. East Coast PADD 1 Midwest PADD 2 Gulf Coast PADD 3 Rocky Mountain PADD 4 West Coast PADD 5. Period-Unit:. Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day. Download Series History. Definitions, Sources & Notes. Show Data By:. Product. Area. Feb-15 Mar-15 Apr-15 May-15 Jun-15 Jul-15 View History. Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products. Crude Oil. Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs. Pentanes Plus. 5 -1 -2 -5 1 -7 1981-2015. Liquefied Petroleum Gases. 56 7 27 19 20 1 1981-2015. Ethane/Ethylene. 15 -4 4 -2 -8 -3 1981-2015. Propane/Propylene. 48 21 26 21 28 14 1986-2015. Normal Butane/Butylene. 3 3 8 9 12 8 1986-2015. Isobutane/Isobutylene. Other Liquids. Unfinished Oils. Motor Gasoline Blend. Reformulated. Conventio...
http://eia.gov/dnav/pet/PET_CONS_PSUP_DC_R40_MBBLPD_M.htm
*  China Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacit
Sales and support: +44 20 8123 2220 (UK) +1 732 587 5005 (US) info@marketpublishers.com Business & Finance Retail Retail Consumer Goods Food & Beverage Industry Chemicals Organic Chemicals Alcohols Alkenes (Olefins) Ethers Organic Acids & Derivatives Aldehydes & Ketones Amines Halogenated Polymers Alkanes Benzene & Derivatives Isocyanates Inorganic Chemicals Alkali Inorganic Salts Non-Metallic Oxides Inorganic Acids Metal Oxides Chemical Company Reports Chemical Reports by CAS Number Composite Materials Oils & Lubricants IT & Technology Life Sciences Services About Faq Login/Register Market Reports Press-Releases Events About Us Terms & Conditions Customer FAQ Market Research Reports Chemicals & Petrochemicals China Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacity Forecasts Date: August 1, 2011 Pages: 281 Price: US$ 2,500.00 License [ ? ]: Single User Price - US$ 2,500.00 Site License Price - US$ 5,000.00 Enterprisewide Price (Global S...
https://marketpublishers.com/report/industry/chemicals_petrochemicals/china_petrochemicals_industry_outlook_to_2015_market_size_company_share_price_trends_n_capacity_forecasts.html
*  Petroleum Systems
Login Create Account Offices Tulsa Washington DC London Dubai Singapore Bogotå Lagos Divisions DPA EMD DEG PSGD Foundation Resources GIS Open Files Slides Videos Sitemap Menu Home Member Focus YoungPros Focus Students Focus Exploration Focus Environmental Focus Economics Focus About AAPG Overview Annual Reports Committees Honors and Awards Programs Affiliated Societies Leadership Executive Committee Officer Candidates Advisory Council House of Delegates (HoD) Sections Regions Divisions DPA EMD DEG PSGD Membership Types of Membership Member Associate Student Benefits and Services Comparison Chart Prospective Members Graduated Dues Recruitment Program Member Directory Petroleum Geology Petroleum through Time What Is Petroleum? Petroleum Exploration History Museums and Historical Sites World of Petroleum Oil and Gas Prices Careers in the Petroleum Industry Exploration Today U.S. Offshore Oil & Gas Resources Petroleum Technology Petroleum Products Tools of the Trade Refining and Chemicals Petroleum Chemistry Anat...
http://aapg.org/science/discipline/geochemistry-and-basin-modeling/petroleum-systems/currentpage/2
*  .. How Much Petroleum Enters Puget Sound In Stormwater? .. We are a community-supported resource an
How Much Petroleum Enters Puget Sound In Stormwater. This post is part of the research project: Stormwater Solutions: Curbing Toxic Runoff How much petroleum is there in the stormwater pollution that enters Puget Sound. The biggest doll is total toxic pollution. Inside that doll, and nearly as big, is oil grease. Total toxic pollution: 14 million pounds Oil grease pollution: 13 million pounds Petroleum pollution: 7.9 million pounds Petroleum is 58 percent of all toxic stormwater pollution. Total toxic pollution: 94 million pounds Oil grease pollution: 92 million pounds Petroleum pollution: 55 million pounds Petroleum is 58 percent of all toxic stormwater pollution. But let’s be clear about where the uncertainty lies: it’s about the total volume of stormwater pollution entering Puget Sound. What’s not uncertain—what we actually do know with some degree of precision—is that virtually all of the pollution is oil grease and that the lion’s share of oil grease is petroleum. In other words, petroleum representsÂ...
http://daily.sightline.org/2010/01/13/how-much-petroleum-enters-puget-sound/
*  ASTM International - Proficiency Testing Programs - Petroleum Products & Lubricants - Base Oil
ASTM International - Proficiency Testing Programs - Petroleum Products Lubricants - Base Oil. Products and Services / Proficiency Testing / Petroleum Products Lubricants / Base Oil. Sample amount distributed each test cycle: Approximately 1 gallon. Distribution of Samples. About ASTM International Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. ASTM s Base Oil Proficiency Testing Program provides laboratories with a statistical quality assurance SQA tool, enabling them to compare, improve, and maintain, a high level of performance in the use of ASTM methods with other laboratories worldwide. Samples, test instructions and data report forms are distributed electronically to each participant on the date samples are distributed. ASTM's Proficiency Test Program provides you with:. Base oils to be used in the program for each test cycle will involve different sources. DISTRIBUTION OF SAMPLES. Program registration fees include the cost of shipping the test samples to U.S. participants or, for international part...
http://astm.org/STATQA/Base_Oil.htm
*  Pipework at a petrochemical plant — Stock Photo © ekipaj #12698701
... 0 Live Chat. Our Plans Prices Photos. Vectors. Editorial. Videos. All Files. Photos. Vectors. Videos. Apply. 0 Forgot your password. Not Registered. Create an Account. Sign In Register an Account Sign In. Pipework at a petrochemical plant. Stock Image. Detail of pipework at a petrochemical plant for distributing the extracted petrochemical products after distillation Photo by ekipaj. Twitter. Facebook. Pinterest. Google Plus. Download Using: Subscription Plan. Pay-As-You-Go Credits. Resolution Size Size:. Inches. Cm. Price: Price. Credits. Subscription. S. 500 333, JPG Standard License 500 333 17.6 11.7 72 dpi 6.9" 4.6" 72 dpi 1. 1 Download. Re-Download. . M 1000 667, JPG Standard License 1000 667 8.5 5.6 300 dpi 3.3" 2.2" 300 dpi 4. 1 Download. Re-Download. . L 2000 1334, JPG Standard License 2000 1334 16.9 11.3 300 dpi 6.7" 4.4" 300 dpi 8. 1 Download. Re-Download. . XL. 3500 2334, JPG Standard License 3500 2334 29.6 19.8 300 dpi 11.7" 7.8" 300 dpi 12. 1 Download. Re-Download. . EL. 3500 2334, JPG Exten...
http://depositphotos.com/12698701/stock-photo-pipework-at-a-petrochemical-plant.html
*  Alfa Laval wins order to supply heat exchangers at US petrochemical plant | Hydrocarbon Processin
Alfa Laval wins order to supply heat exchangers at US petrochemical plant. Hydrocarbon Processing. Advanced Search Subject/Author Index Magazine. Events. Process Engineering. Gas Processing /LNG. Refining. Alfa Laval wins order to supply heat exchangers at US petrochemical plant Copying and distributing are prohibited without permission of the publisher. Your name: Please enter your name. Your email: Please enter your email address You must enter a valid email address. Recipient email s : Please enter at least one recipients email address All email addresses must be valid. Alfa Laval wins order to supply heat exchangers at US petrochemical plant 12.13.2013. The Alfa Laval OLMI heat exchangers will be used to increase the yield and recover energy in the production of ethylene, an important ingredient for the manufacturing of industrial chemicals and plastics products. Keywords: Heat transfer company Alfa Laval has won an order to supply its OLMI heat exchangers to a petrochemical plant in the US, the company a...
http://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/3289885/Rotating-Equipment-Motors/Alfa-Laval-wins-order-to-supply-heat-exchangers-at-US-petrochemical-plant.html
*  ASTM International - Proficiency Testing Programs - Petroleum Products & Lubricants - Automatic Tran
ASTM International - Proficiency Testing Programs - Petroleum Products Lubricants - Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF. Products and Services / Proficiency Testing / Petroleum Products Lubricants / Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF. Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF. Sample amount distributed each test cycle: Approximately 1 gallon. About ASTM International Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. ASTM s Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF Proficiency Testing Program provides laboratories with a statistical quality assurance SQA tool, enabling them to compare, improve, and maintain, a high level of performance in the use of ASTM methods with other laboratories worldwide. ASTM's Proficiency Test Program provides you with:. One gallon of automatic transmission fluid will be used in the program for each test cycle. Test samples are prepared and distributed for ASTM International by Clark Labs in Jefferson Hills, PA. Program registration fees include the cost of shipping the test samples to U.S. Ship through ...
http://astm.org/STATQA/ATF.htm
*  Work for an Oil Refinery | Types of Oil Refining Jobs
Work for an Oil Refinery. Types of Oil Refining Jobs. Work in the Global Oil Gas Industry. Jobs in Oil Gas Oilfield Jobs. Industry Overview Oil Field Careers. Names of Crude Oils. How Oil Rigs Work. Petroleum Products. Oil Pipeline Operations. World Oil Production. Oil Industry Careers. Oil Platform Pay Oil Industry Sectors Upstream Oil Jobs. Midstream Oil Jobs. Downstream Oil Jobs Common Jobs Oil Geologist Jobs. Petroleum Engineer Jobs. Types of Oil Jobs. Entry-Level Oil Jobs Oil Drilling Rig Jobs Roughneck Jobs. Driller Jobs. Toolpusher Jobs. Derrickhand Jobs. Rig Floorhand Jobs Petroleum Pipeline Jobs Pipeline Design Engineer Jobs. Pipeline Chief Engineer Jobs. Pipelaying Jobs. Pipeline Walker. Pipeliner Jobs. Pipeline Operations Jobs Petroleum Refinery Jobs Oil Refinery Work. Petrochemical Engineer Jobs. Mechanical Engineer Jobs. Refinery Journeyman Jobs Oil Sands Jobs Working Abroad in Canada. Alberta Oil Sands Jobs Oil Jobs in Alaska North Slope Alaska Jobs. Trans-Alaska Pipeline Jobs. Alaska Gas Pipeli...
http://oiljobs411.com/oil-refinery-jobs.html
*  Petroleum ether
TLV-TWA = 300 ppm 1370 mg/m 3 8 h TWA REL = 100 ppm 400 mg/m 3 10 h TWA PEL = 100 ppm 400 mg/m 3 8 h TWA IDLH = 1000 ppm }}. Section8={{Chembox Related OtherCompounds = Ligroin, Petroleum benzine, Petroleum spirit, Stoddard solvent, VM&P Naphtha, White spirit }}. }} 'Petroleum ether' is the petroleum fraction consisting of C₅ and C₆ hydrocarbon s and boiling in the range 35‒60 ℃; commonly used as a laboratory solvent. In the United States, laboratory grade aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents with boiling ranges as high as 100‒140 ℃ still appear to be called petroleum ether, rather than petroleum spirit. 6 Most of the unsaturated hydrocarbons may be removed by shaking two or three times with 10 % of the volume of concentrated sulphuric acid ; vigorous shaking is then continued with successive portions of a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate in 10 % sulphuric acid until the colour of the permanganate remains unchanged. Ligroin is assigned the CAS Registry Number 8032-32-4, which is also applied to many ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_ether
*  Your Petrochemical News | Major Expansion and Upgrade Project at Samsung Total Petrochemicals’ Com
Major Expansion and Upgrade Project at Samsung Total Petrochemicals’ Complex in Daesan, South Korea. Gulf Oil. Oil and Gas. Your Petrochemical News Member Profiles. Petrochemical News. Major Expansion and Upgrade Project at Samsung Total Petrochemicals’ Complex in Daesan, South Korea. Major Expansion and Upgrade Project at Samsung Total Petrochemicals’ Complex in Daesan, South Korea Monday, Jan 30, 2012. Total is consolidating its positions in petrochemicals in Asia with a new expansion and upgrading project for the Daesan complex in South Korea, which the Group owns with Samsung as part of the Samsung Total Petrochemicals 50/50 joint venture. With costs approaching $1.8 billion, the project calls for the construction of a second aromatics 1 unit and an ethylene-vinyl acetate EVA copolymer unit at the Daesan petrochemical complex. The new aromatics unit will have a production capacity of around 1 million metric tons of paraxylene and 420,000 metric tons of benzene per year and will be completed by September 2...
http://yourpetrochemicalnews.com/major expansion and upgrade project at samsung total petrochemicals’ complex in daesan, south korea_73592.html
*  Neill Gas - Gas Companies in Flowood, MS - Rankin County
... Flowood, MS. Gas Companies. 0 recently viewed Home Food Fun Shopping Savings Local Services Health Travel B2B. Gas Companies Neill Gas. 630 Highway 80 E Flowood, MS - Rankin County. About: Neill Gas was established in 1996, in Flowood - MS - Rankin County and is a business specialized in Gas Logs and Space Heaters. Neill Gas is listed in the categories Propane, Oil & Petroleum Products, Natural Gas Companies, Petroleum And Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers Except Bulk Stations And Terminals, Gas Natural & Propane Equipment, Gas Production &/Or Distribution, Petroleum And Petroleum Products Wholesalers, Except Bulk Stations And Terminals, Gas Utility Companies, Petroleum Products & Equipment and Propane Gas and offers Propane, Tanks, Water Heaters, Commercial Services, Installation, Installations, Rentals, Residential Services etc. Have you done business with Neill Gas. Categories: Propane, Oil Petroleum Products, Natural Gas Companies, Petroleum and Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers Except Bu...
http://go.hubbiz.com/Neill-Gas
*  Spirit Petroleum
... 'Spirit Petroleum' is an American petroleum brand created in 2002 by the Petroleum Marketers Oil Corporation, LLC. The corporation, which is majority-owned by the Petroleum Marketers Association of America PMAA, has been based in New Hope, Pennsylvania since 2004. Currently fuel stations in 32 states are flagged with the Spirit brand. History Supply Trademarks and Brand Image References External links. In early 2000, the Petroleum Marketers Association of America, a federation of 48 state and regional trade associations representing independent petroleum marketers jobber s across the United States, http://www.pmaa.org/aboutpmaa/ began exploring the possibility of establishing a for-profit LLC to own and manage a national petroleum brand. PMAA's goal was to increase brand access to independent petroleum marketers in the wake of industry mergers and consolidations that reduced the number of available brands in the late 1990s. http://www.csnews.com/top-story-business focus-catch the spirit-42190.html http:/...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirit_Petroleum
*  All Standards Related to D7096
Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oils—in Boiling Range from 100 °C to 735 °C by Gas Chromatography. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Online: 05.04. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography. Annual Book of ASTM Standards Online: 05.04. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters FAME in the Boiling Range from 100 to 615 C by Gas Chromatography. Developed By: Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 °C to 700 °C by Gas Chromatography. Annual Book...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/RELATED/D7096_related.htm
*  Identification Of Oil Pollution Sources Biology Essay
... Essay Writing Service. Dissertation Writing. Dissertation Writing Service. Identification Of Oil Pollution Sources Biology Essay. Identification Of Oil Pollution Sources Biology Essay. 17α H,21β H - norhopane and C31-C 35 homohopane were found to be abundant in Middle East crude oil and also can be found in some of the surface sediment samples in this study. The diagnostic ratio of 17α H,21β H - norhopane to 17α H,21β H - hopane C29/C30 and sum of 17α H,21β H -C31 homohopane to 17α H,21β H -C35 homohopane relative to 17α H,21β H -hopane ∑C31-C35/C30 that have been used as biomarker signatures in this study have identified those 6, 4 and 1 out of 30 surface sediment samples were originated from the USA, Middle East and Sumatera respectively which suggesting sea-based and land-based sources and thus significantly contribute to the oil pollution on that particular area. Keywords: Oil pollution sources; Biomarker; Hopane; South China Sea; Surface sediment. They were a surface sediment samples w...
http://ukessays.com/essays/biology/identification-of-oil-pollution-sources-biology-essay.php
*  Petroleum Center, Pennsylvania
... thumb|right|200px|Site of the former downtown of Petroleum Center, taken in 2009. 'Petroleum Center' is a populated place in Cornplanter Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States. In the 19th century the name was also spelled "'Petroleum Centre'". The town today is almost deserted. Geography History See also References External links. Geography. Petroleum Center is located at 41.516, -79.682, at an elevation of 1,070 feet above sea level, along the banks of Oil Creek. It is most easily found on local maps at the intersection of Petroleum Center Road and Russell Corners Road, within Oil Creek State Park, about 5 miles NNE of Oil City. Petroleum Center lies near the tracks of the Oil Creek and Titusville Railroad. History. thumb|left|200px|Main Street, Petroleum Center, in the 1800s. As the name implies, Petroleum Center was developed during the Pennsylvanian oil rush of the mid-19th century. The first well was drilled on the George Washington McClintock Farm in 1860. Soon a small community gre...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Center,_Pennsylvania
*  SAF Holland Opens Parts Distribution Center in Mexico - Construction & Demolition Recycling
SAF Holland Opens Parts Distribution Center in Mexico - Construction Demolition Recycling. September - October 2015 Subscribe. Advertise. Latest News. Equipment & Products. Media. Equipment & Products. Subscribe. Advertise Media Kit. Recycling Today Media Group Publications. Events. Recycling Today Media Group Events. Industry Events. Subscribe. SAF Holland Opens Parts Distribution Center in Mexico Company looks to capitalize on the growth in the aftermarket business in Mexico. SAF-Holland, Muskegon, Mich., a manufacturer of suspensions and fifth wheels, has opened a parts distribution center in Quetaro, Mexico. The new center is part of the company’s goal of expanding its global distribution and service network in the aftermarket business. The ribbon-cutting ceremony, held July 10, 2013, involved SAF-Holland officials, including Detlef Borghardt, CEO; Alexander Geis, president, aftermarket business unit; and Ken Hurst, executive vice president, powered vehicle business unit. The facility was developed to sat...
http://cdrecycler.com/article/SAF-Holland-Mexico-facility
*  Workers, Family and Friends Picket Outside Flint Processing and Distribution Center | MLive.c
Workers, Family and Friends Picket Outside Flint Processing and Distribution Center. MLive.com. Jobs. Find a Job. Post a Job. Find A Dealer. Place An Ad. Automotive News. Real Estate. Real Estate Home. Place An Ad. Rentals. Rentals Home. Place An Ad. Jobs. Real Estate. Rentals. Place An Ad. Ann Arbor. Bay City. Flint. Grand Rapids. Jackson. Kalamazoo. Muskegon. Saginaw. FIND SAVE. Bay City. Detroit / Ann Arbor. Flint. Grand Rapids. Kalamazoo / Battle Creek. Lansing / Jackson. Muskegon. Saginaw. Local Businesses. Find A Business. Food Dining. Entertainment. Real Estate. Claim Your Business. Place An Ad. Michigan. Ann Arbor Bay City Detroit Flint Grand Rapids Jackson Kalamazoo Lansing Muskegon Saginaw All Michigan. Sign in. MLive Ann Arbor Bay City Detroit Flint Grand Rapids Jackson Kalamazoo Lansing Muskegon Saginaw All Michigan. Satellite Search MLive. Sign in. News. News Follow us: Twitter Facebook RSS. Loading headlines. News Home. Featured Loading headlines. All News Topics. All News Forums. Opinion Newsle...
http://photos.mlive.com/flint-journal/2011/03/post_707.html
*  Petroleum Conservation Research Association
... The 'Petroleum Conservation Research Association' PCRA is an organization established in India in 1978, under the aegis of the Indian Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, engaged in promoting energy efficiency in various sectors of the economy. It helps the government in proposing policies and strategies aimed at reducing India's dependency on oil, in order both to save money and to reduce the environmental impact of oil use. Indias demand for petroleum products is increasing at a rate of approximately 3-4% per annum. 994 cr per annum is being burnt at traffic signals due to idling of vehicles at red lights. Energy efficiency measures to reduce by 2% India's use of petroleum products, worth Rs. 4 Lakh Crore s per annum, could save the country Rs. The PCRA is mandated to promote popular awareness of the importance of energy conservation. It cites an international acceptance that energy efficiency measures, like turning off car engines at traffic signals and driving at speeds of 45–50 km/h, could help mo...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Conservation_Research_Association
*  Tema Oil Refinery
... the tema oil refinery tor is the only crude oil refinery in ghana history capacity tor debts references history the refinery is in tema the most industrialized city in ghana it is km from accra the capital of ghana the refinery was first named the ghanaian italian petroleum company ghaip it was licensed as a private limited liability company in as a fully owned italy of refined petroleum products are used in the ghanaian economy the refinery s production reduces the cost of petroleum products imported into the country ghana started commercial production of crude oil in december the country s jubilee oil field produces the high grade sweet light oil the installation processes tonne of crude oil daily however tor was built to process lower grade crudes and cannot refine oil from the new local fields unless significant investment was made an engineer at the oil field said the costs of retrofitting required to cope with the higher grade oil approximately billion was prohibitive and that it was unlikely that ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tema_Oil_Refinery
*  1984 Romeoville petroleum refinery disaster
... {{multiple issues. On July 23, 1984, an explosion followed by a fire took place at a Union Oil petroleum refinery in Romeoville, Illinois, outside Chicago, killing 17 people and causing major property damage. Testing of the vessel segments began with non-destructive testing methods. iii Thickness measurements, made with a micrometer, showed that Courses 1 and 2 had wall thickness well within the allowances for pressure vessels. The cause of failure did not become clear until metallographic results were combined with stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement tests, followed by a fracture mechanics analysis. It appeared that an already existing crack had extended through more than 90% of the wall thickness and was about 800 mm in length. Further, it was determined that hydrogen embrittlement had reduced the fracture resistance of the steel by more than half. The vessel was fractured along a path that was weakened by extensive cracking adjacent to a repair weld joining a replacement section to th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984_Romeoville_petroleum_refinery_disaster
*  Petroleum Refinery Disaster at Chicago in 1984
petroleum refinery disaster at chicago in petroleum refinery disaster at chicago in redirect romeoville petroleum refinery disaster...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_Refinery_Disaster_at_Chicago_in_1984

National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority: The National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority (NOPSA) was the occupational health and safety (OHS) regulator for the Australian offshore petroleum industry between 2005 and 2011. The role of regulator has been transferred to NOPSEMA - the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority from the first of January 2012.Tidewater (marine services)Unified Command (Deepwater Horizon oil spill): The Unified Command provides Incident Command System/Unified Command (ICS) for coordinating response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.Unsaturated hydrocarbon: Unsaturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that have double or triple covalent bonds between adjacent carbon atoms. Those with at least one carbon to carbon double bond are called alkenes and those with at least one carbon to carbon triple bond are called alkynes.Gasoline gallon equivalent: Gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or gasoline-equivalent gallon (GEG) is the amount of alternative fuel it takes to equal the energy content of one liquid gallon of gasoline. GGE allows consumers to compare the energy content of competing fuels against a commonly known fuel—gasoline.Glen Davis Shale Oil Works: The Glen Davis Shale Oil Works was a shale oil extraction plant in Glen Davis, New South Wales, Australia which operated from 1940 until 1952 and was the last oil-shale operation in Australia until the Stuart Oil Shale Project in the late 1990s.Dewar benzeneCissus sicyoides: Cissus sicyoides, also known as Princess vine, Millionaire vine and Curtain Ivy, is evergreen perennial vine in the Vitaceae (Grapevine) family.PyromorphiteDodecaneBiodegradationHassi R'Mel gas field: The Hassi R'Mel Gas Field is the largest gas field in Algeria and one of the largest gas fields in the world. It is located in the vicinity of Hassi R'Mel village, south of Algiers.Petroleum jelly: Petroleum jelly, petrolatum, white petrolatum, soft paraffin or multi-hydrocarbon, CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons (with carbon numbers mainly higher than 25), originally promoted as a topical ointment for its healing properties.TridecanePhytomedicineLiquid paraffin (medicinal): Paraffin}}Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI): ৳ 238 Million http://www.aci-bd.Surgical lubricant: Surgical lubricants, or medical lubricants, are substances used by health care providers to provide lubrication and lessen discomfort to the patient during certain medical and surgical procedures such as vaginal or rectal examinations.Intramembrane protease: Intramembrane proteases (IMPs), also known as intermembrane-cleaving proteases (I-CLiPs), are enzymes that have the property of cleaving transmembrane domains of integral membrane proteins. All known intramembrane proteases are themselves integral membrane proteins with multiple transmembrane domains, and they have their active sites buried within the lipid bilayer of cellular membranes.In situ chemical oxidation: In situ chemical oxidation (ISCO), a form of advanced oxidation processes and advanced oxidation technology, is an environmental remediation technique used for soil and/or groundwater remediation to reduce the concentrations of targeted environmental contaminants to acceptable levels. ISCO is accomplished by injecting or otherwise introducing strong chemical oxidizers directly into the contaminated medium (soil or groundwater) to destroy chemical contaminants in place.AromaticityPacific ElectricGemmatimonadetes: The Gemmatimonadetes are a family of bacteria, given their own phylum (Gemmatimonadetes). This bacterium makes up about 2% of soil bacterial communities and has been identified as one of the top nine phyla found in soils; yet, there are currently only six cultured isolates.Phlogiston theory: The phlogiston theory is an obsolete scientific theory that postulated that a fire-like element called phlogiston is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion. The name comes from the Ancient Greek [phlogistón (burning up), from φλόξ] phlóx (flame).Soy ink: Soy ink is a kind of ink made from soybeans. As opposed to traditional petroleum-based ink, soy-based ink is more environmentally friendly, might provide more accurate colors, and makes it easier to recycle paper .Exogenous bacteria: Exogenous bacteria are microorganisms introduced to closed biological systems from the external world. They exist in aquatic and terrestrial environments, as well as the atmosphere.Benzo(k)fluorantheneIndustrial waste: Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills, and mining operations. It has existed since the start of the Industrial Revolution.Energy security of the People's Republic of China: Energy security of the People's Republic of China concerns the need for the People's Republic of China to guarantee itself and its industries long- term access to sufficient energy and raw materials. China has been endeavoring to sign international agreements and secure such supplies; its energy security involves the internal and foreign energy policy of China.Canadian Renewable Fuels Association: The Canadian Renewable Fuels Association (CRFA) is a non-profit organization in Canada, created in 1984. Its stated purpose is to "promote renewable fuels for transportation through consumer awareness and government liaison activities", and its membership includes "representatives from all levels of the ethanol and biodiesel industry", including agricultural associations and producers of ethanol and biodiesel.Supramolecular assembly: thumbnail|200px|An example of a supramolecular assembly reported by Atwood and coworkers in Science 2005, 309, 2037.HexaneCapravirineIndigenous peoples of SiberiaAsphaltene: Asphaltenes are molecular substances that are found in crude oil, along with resins, aromatic hydrocarbons, and saturates (i.e.Octane

(1/660) Anaerobic oxidation of o-xylene, m-xylene, and homologous alkylbenzenes by new types of sulfate-reducing bacteria.

Various alkylbenzenes were depleted during growth of an anaerobic, sulfate-reducing enrichment culture with crude oil as the only source of organic substrates. From this culture, two new types of mesophilic, rod-shaped sulfate-reducing bacteria, strains oXyS1 and mXyS1, were isolated with o-xylene and m-xylene, respectively, as organic substrates. Sequence analyses of 16S rRNA genes revealed that the isolates affiliated with known completely oxidizing sulfate-reducing bacteria of the delta subclass of the class Proteobacteria. Strain oXyS1 showed the highest similarities to Desulfobacterium cetonicum and Desulfosarcina variabilis (similarity values, 98.4 and 98.7%, respectively). Strain mXyS1 was less closely related to known species, the closest relative being Desulfococcus multivorans (similarity value, 86.9%). Complete mineralization of o-xylene and m-xylene was demonstrated in quantitative growth experiments. Strain oXyS1 was able to utilize toluene, o-ethyltoluene, benzoate, and o-methylbenzoate in addition to o-xylene. Strain mXyS1 oxidized toluene, m-ethyltoluene, m-isoproyltoluene, benzoate, and m-methylbenzoate in addition to m-xylene. Strain oXyS1 did not utilize m-alkyltoluenes, whereas strain mXyS1 did not utilize o-alkyltoluenes. Like the enrichment culture, both isolates grew anaerobically on crude oil with concomitant reduction of sulfate to sulfide.  (+info)

(2/660) Microbial desulfurization of organic sulfur compounds in petroleum.

Sulfur removal from petroleum is important from the standpoint of the global environment because the combustion of sulfur compounds leads to the production of sulfur oxides, which are the source of acid rain. As the regulations for sulfur in fuels become more stringent, the existing chemical desulfurizations are coming inadequate for the "deeper desulfurization" to produce lower-sulfur fuels without new and innovative processes. Biodesulfurization is rising as one of the candidates. Several microorganisms were found to desulfurize dibenzothiophene (DBT), a representative of the organic sulfur compounds in petroleum, forming a sulfur-free compound, 2-hydroxybiphenyl. They are promising as biocatalysts in the microbial desulfurization of petroleum because without assimilation of the carbon content, they remove only sulfur from the heterocyclic compounds which is refractory to conventional chemical desulfurization. Both enzymological and molecular genetic studies are now in progress for the purpose of obtaining improved desulfurization activity of organisms. The genes involved in the sulfur-specific DBT desulfurization were identified and the corresponding enzymes have been investigated. From the practical point of view, it has been proved that the microbial desulfurization proceeds in the presence of high concentrations of hydrocarbons, and more complicated DBT analogs are also desulfurized by the microorganisms. This review outlines the progress in the studies of the microbial desulfurization from the basic and practical point of view.  (+info)

(3/660) Potential effects of gas hydrate on human welfare.

For almost 30 years. serious interest has been directed toward natural gas hydrate, a crystalline solid composed of water and methane, as a potential (i) energy resource, (ii) factor in global climate change, and (iii) submarine geohazard. Although each of these issues can affect human welfare, only (iii) is considered to be of immediate importance. Assessments of gas hydrate as an energy resource have often been overly optimistic, based in part on its very high methane content and on its worldwide occurrence in continental margins. Although these attributes are attractive, geologic settings, reservoir properties, and phase-equilibria considerations diminish the energy resource potential of natural gas hydrate. The possible role of gas hydrate in global climate change has been often overstated. Although methane is a "greenhouse" gas in the atmosphere, much methane from dissociated gas hydrate may never reach the atmosphere, but rather may be converted to carbon dioxide and sequestered by the hydrosphere/biosphere before reaching the atmosphere. Thus, methane from gas hydrate may have little opportunity to affect global climate change. However, submarine geohazards (such as sediment instabilities and slope failures on local and regional scales, leading to debris flows, slumps, slides, and possible tsunamis) caused by gas-hydrate dissociation are of immediate and increasing importance as humankind moves to exploit seabed resources in ever-deepening waters of coastal oceans. The vulnerability of gas hydrate to temperature and sea level changes enhances the instability of deep-water oceanic sediments, and thus human activities and installations in this setting can be affected.  (+info)

(4/660) Effects of surfactant mixtures, including Corexit 9527, on bacterial oxidation of acetate and alkanes in crude oil.

Mixtures of nonionic and anionic surfactants, including Corexit 9527, were tested to determine their effects on bacterial oxidation of acetate and alkanes in crude oil by cells pregrown on these substrates. Corexit 9527 inhibited oxidation of the alkanes in crude oil by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus ATCC 31012, while Span 80, a Corexit 9527 constituent, markedly increased the oil oxidation rate. Another Corexit 9527 constituent, the negatively charged dioctyl sulfosuccinate (AOT), strongly reduced the oxidation rate. The combination of Span 80 and AOT increased the rate, but not as much as Span 80 alone increased it, which tentatively explained the negative effect of Corexit 9527. The results of acetate uptake and oxidation experiments indicated that the nonionic surfactants interacted with the acetate uptake system while the anionic surfactant interacted with the oxidation system of the bacteria. The overall effect of Corexit 9527 on alkane oxidation by A. calcoaceticus ATCC 31012 thus seems to be the sum of the independent effects of the individual surfactants in the surfactant mixture. When Rhodococcus sp. strain 094 was used, the alkane oxidation rate decreased to almost zero in the presence of a mixture of Tergitol 15-S-7 and AOT even though the Tergitol 15-S-7 surfactant increased the alkane oxidation rate and AOT did not affect it. This indicated that there was synergism between the two surfactants rather than an additive effect like that observed for A. calcoaceticus ATCC 31012.  (+info)

(5/660) Determination of tin, vanadium, iron, and molybdenum in various matrices by atomic absorption spectrometry using a simultaneous liquid-liquid extraction procedure.

An atomic-absorption spectrometric method is described for the determination of tin, vanadium, iron, and molybdenum in two certified reference materials, food samples, and petroleum crude. After treatment with acids, these elements are separated from matrix elements by simultaneous solvent extraction of 5,5'-methylenedisalicylohydroxamic acid complexes from HCl/NaClO4 solution into an isobutyl methyl ketone/tributyl phosphate solution. The detection limits range from 0.018 to 0.19 microg/mL (n = 3), and the relative standard deviations do not exceed 2.0% at levels of 0.5, 0.6, 2.0, and 7.0 microg/mL of Fe, Mo, V, and Sn, respectively. The method is selective and suffers only from interference by Zr(IV), Ti(IV), Th(IV), W(VI), PO4(3-), and F-.  (+info)

(6/660) Petroleum distillate solvents as risk factors for undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD).

Occupational solvent exposure may increase the risk of connective tissue disease (CTD). The objective of this case-control study was to investigate the relation between undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) and solvent exposure in Michigan and Ohio. Women were considered to have UCTD if they did not meet the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for any CTD but had at least two documented signs, symptoms, or laboratory abnormalities suggestive of a CTD. Detailed information on solvent exposure was ascertained from 205 cases, diagnosed between 1980 and 1992, and 2,095 population-based controls. Age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for all exposures. Among 16 self-reported occupational activities with potential solvent exposure, furniture refinishing (OR = 9.73, 95 percent CI 1.48-63.90), perfume, cosmetic, or drug manufacturing (OR = 7.71, 95 percent CI 2.24-26.56), rubber product manufacturing (OR = 4.70, 95 percent CI 1.75-12.61), work in a medical diagnostic or pathology laboratory (OR = 4.52, 95 percent CI 2.27-8.97), and painting or paint manufacturing (OR = 2.87, 95 percent CI 1.06-7.76) were significantly associated with UCTD. After expert review of self-reported exposure to ten specific solvents, paint thinners or removers (OR = 2.73, 95 percent CI 1.80-4.16) and mineral spirits (OR = 1.81, 95 percent CI 1.09-3.02) were associated with UCTD. These results suggest that exposure to petroleum distillates increases the risk of developing UCTD.  (+info)

(7/660) Marinobacter aquaeolei sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a Vietnamese oil-producing well.

Several strains of moderately halophilic and mesophilic bacteria were isolated at the head of an oil-producing well on an offshore platform in southern Vietnam. Cells were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and motile by means of a polar flagellum. Growth occurred at NaCl concentrations between 0 and 20%; the optimum was 5% NaCl. One strain, which was designated VT8T, could degrade n-hexadecane, pristane and some crude oil components. It grew anaerobically in the presence of nitrate on succinate, citrate or acetate, but not on glucose. Several organic acids and amino acids were utilized as sole carbon and energy sources. The major components of its cellular fatty acids were C12:0 3-OH, C16:1, omega 9c, C16:0 and C18:1 omega 9c. The DNA G + C content was 55.7 mol%. 16S rDNA sequence analysis indicated that strain VT8T was closely related to Marinobacter sp. strain CAB (99.8% similarity) and Marinobaster hydrocarbonoclasticus (99.4% similarity). Its antibiotic resistance, isoprenoid quinones and fatty acids were similar to those of Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus and Pseudomonas nautica. However, the whole-cell protein pattern of VT8T differed from that of other halophilic marine isolates, including P. nautica. DNA-DNA hybridization indicated that the level of relatedness to Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus was 65% and that to P. nautica was 75%. Further differences were apparent in Fourier-transformed IR spectra of cells and lipopolysaccharide composition. It is proposed that VT8T should be the type strain of a new species and should be named Marinobacter aquaeolei. P. nautica may have been misclassified, as suggested previously, and may also belong to the genus Marinobacter.  (+info)

(8/660) The role of dermal irritation in the skin tumor promoting activity of petroleum middle distillates.

Petroleum middle distillates (PMDs), a class of hydrocarbons which boil between 350-700 degrees F, are tumor promoters in mouse skin. The promotional activity is produced under conditions that also result in local changes, including chronic irritation and epidermal hyperplasia. The present study was conducted by comparing equal weekly doses of irritating and minimally or nonirritating test materials, to assess whether tumor promotion was a secondary response to these effects. Four PMDs, C10-C14 normal paraffins (NP), lightly refined paraffinic oil (LRPO), Jet Fuel A (JF), and steam-cracked gas oil (SCGO), were evaluated. Test materials were applied undiluted (2x/week) or as 28.6% (7x/week) or 50% (4x/week) concentrations in mineral oil for 52 weeks following initiation with dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA). When applied undiluted, all materials produced moderate irritation and significant increase in tumor incidence. When NP, LRPO, or JF were applied in mineral oil diluent, skin irritation was generally ameliorated and few, if any, tumors were produced. SCGO was irritating and produced a significant increase in tumor frequency when administered in mineral-oil diluent. These data indicate that the promotional activity of straight-run PMDs is likely related to chronic irritation at the application site and not to dose. Thus, when used appropriately in the absence of prolonged irritation, these materials should not present a tumorigenic hazard to humans.  (+info)


what does petroleum jelly do for the skin?


I have done a little research on petroleum jelly & I also read up that it can be goodfor your skin & also keep it looking young a lot of celebrities like eartha kitt & tyra banks claimed they used it, but I also read that petroleum jelly can also cause cancer is this true? I only like using natural products for my skin, I just want something natural to keep my skin soft & young petroleum jelly does keep my skin soft but are there other remedies?
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It makes your skin really oily so if you have dry skin i guess this is good. I personally use it on my lips it works as a great lip balm. Sometimes when i get a bad sunburn and it drys out my skin i use the petroleum for that also. Although I wouldnt coat myself in it like trya banks claims to do. And I doubt it causes cancer


How do you get petroleum jelly out of your hair?


A friend of mine had lice recently and her mom told her to put petroleum jelly in her hair to drown any lice and eggs in her hair.  Now she's having a hard time getting it out any suggestions?
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she could always try an anti-residue  shampoo (neutrogena has one) and wash her hair with it over and over until it comes out...or she could try laundry detergent, like gain or something. or even liquid dish soap would work, just make sure she conditioners her hair good after she gets it out.


Can petroleum and food coloring equal temproary hair gel that has color in it?


I want to tint my sister's hair blue and make it stay in a ponytail without it coming loose. I am looking for hair gel that adds color to hair but washes out easily. Can petroleum jelly do this for me? Does it cause harm or irritation at all?
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Food coloring is water based and petroleum jelly is petroleum based.
Oil and water don't mix.
Also petroleum jelly will NOT wash out.


Can pregnant women use petroleum jelly instead of regular lotion as a body moisturizer?


I have really dry flaky skin and have been using petroleum jelly as a body moisturizer instead of regular lotion. I'm now 9 weeks into my pregnancy and I'm still using petroleum jelly to moisturize my body. Will that have a bad effect on my baby?
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No, it's perfectly fine.


What brand of petroleum jelly do i need to make Chocolate Lipstick?


I want to make chocolate lipstick for a girl i know but i forgot what petroleum jelly to use in order to make it.. any help on what jelly to use would be fantastic!
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Any brand is fine.
There isn't a brand that is better then others. 
You can use petroleum jelly or vasaline. Works the same for me.


What are the risks of ingesting small levels of petroleum?


Long story short some one put the toothbrush I clean equipment with back in my jar. This toothbrush has been dipped in a petroleum product a few times. I just realized that I just brushed my mouth with it. What should I do?
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get a knew toothbrush


How do I get Petroleum Jelly out of my hair?


Hi,
   One of my friends thought that it would be funny to put petroleum jelly in my hair, and now I can't get it out.  I've washed it at least 15 times, and I've even put cornstarch in it.  How else can I get it out?
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Dish soap.

Lots of it.


What lip balm contains petroleum jelly or works the best?


I have been searching for many different lip balms that suit my lips. I heard that ones that have petroleum jelly in them work the best. 

Do you know of any that have that? Any recommendations for good lip balms? Also, do you know where I can buy Kiehl's Lip Balm #1?
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Vaseline is by far the best lip balm, aslong as you use a little amount so that it doesn't look too greasy, and it has petroleum jelly. 

You can but Kiehl's lip balm here:
http://www.kiehls.com/_us/_en/men/lip-balm-1.htm
http://www.ciao.co.uk/Kiehls_Lip_Balm_1__5109713
http://www.amazon.com/Kiehls-Lip-Balm-1/dp/B000XQK3ZI
http://www.mankind.co.uk/src/Google1Kiehls/Lip-Balm-1-SPF4-15ml-PRODKHSS2/
http://cgi.ebay.co.uk/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=360106212707&cguid=c1533b4011d0a0e20281fea1ffa5f9a5

Shops that stock Kiehl's lip balm are:
Kiehl's stores, store finder here: http://www.kiehls.com/_us/_en/stores/index.aspx?default=true

http://www.easylivingmagazine.com/Directory/Details.aspx?ID=786




Hope i've been of some help, good luck :)