Orientation: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.Visual Cortex: Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Psychophysics: The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.Contrast Sensitivity: The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.Form Perception: The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Sensory Thresholds: The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.Anisotropy: A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Homosexuality, Female: Sexual attraction or relationship between females.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cell Polarity: Orientation of intracellular structures especially with respect to the apical and basolateral domains of the plasma membrane. Polarized cells must direct proteins from the Golgi apparatus to the appropriate domain since tight junctions prevent proteins from diffusing between the two domains.Optical Illusions: An illusion of vision usually affecting spatial relations.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Homing Behavior: Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).Visual Pathways: Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Microscopy, Polarization: Microscopy using polarized light in which phenomena due to the preferential orientation of optical properties with respect to the vibration plane of the polarized light are made visible and correlated parameters are made measurable.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Lipid Bilayers: Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Spindle Apparatus: A microtubule structure that forms during CELL DIVISION. It consists of two SPINDLE POLES, and sets of MICROTUBULES that may include the astral microtubules, the polar microtubules, and the kinetochore microtubules.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Bisexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Field Dependence-Independence: The ability to respond to segments of the perceptual experience rather than to the whole.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Sexuality: The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.Figural Aftereffect: A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular: NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Head Movements: Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Vision, Ocular: The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.Gravity Sensing: Process whereby a cell, bodily structure, or organism (animal or plant) receives or detects a gravity stimulus. Gravity sensing plays an important role in the directional growth and development of an organism (GRAVITROPISM).Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Vision Disparity: The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Color Perception: Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Vision, Monocular: Images seen by one eye.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Evoked Potentials, Visual: The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Heterosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Hydrogen Bonding: A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.Geniculate Bodies: Part of the DIENCEPHALON inferior to the caudal end of the dorsal THALAMUS. Includes the lateral geniculate body which relays visual impulses from the OPTIC TRACT to the calcarine cortex, and the medial geniculate body which relays auditory impulses from the lateral lemniscus to the AUDITORY CORTEX.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.X-Ray Diffraction: The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Fourier Analysis: Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Lighting: The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine: A synthetic phospholipid used in liposomes and lipid bilayers for the study of biological membranes.Birefringence: The property of nonisotropic media, such as crystals, whereby a single incident beam of light traverses the medium as two beams, each plane-polarized, the planes being at right angles to each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Microtubules: Slender, cylindrical filaments found in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells. They are composed of the protein TUBULIN and are influenced by TUBULIN MODULATORS.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Macaca fascicularis: A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Fluorescence Polarization: Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Magnetic Fields: Areas of attractive or repulsive force surrounding MAGNETS.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Differential Threshold: The smallest difference which can be discriminated between two stimuli or one which is barely above the threshold.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Vestibule, Labyrinth: An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared: A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.Fibrillar Collagens: A family of structurally related collagens that form the characteristic collagen fibril bundles seen in CONNECTIVE TISSUE.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular: A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.Ocular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Membranes, Artificial: Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Touch: Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Molecular Dynamics Simulation: A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Otolithic Membrane: A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Semicircular Canals: Three long canals (anterior, posterior, and lateral) of the bony labyrinth. They are set at right angles to each other and are situated posterosuperior to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth (VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH). The semicircular canals have five openings into the vestibule with one shared by the anterior and the posterior canals. Within the canals are the SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS.Static Electricity: The accumulation of an electric charge on a objectSize Perception: The sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fovea Centralis: An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Models, Structural: A representation, generally small in scale, to show the structure, construction, or appearance of something. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Solar System: The group of celestial bodies, including the EARTH, orbiting around and gravitationally bound by the sun. It includes eight planets, one minor planet, and 34 natural satellites, more than 1,000 observed comets, and thousands of lesser bodies known as MINOR PLANETS (asteroids) and METEOROIDS. (From Academic American Encyclopedia, 1983)DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Ligands: A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Homosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.Ferrets: Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.Amblyopia: A nonspecific term referring to impaired vision. Major subcategories include stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia and toxic amblyopia. Stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia is a developmental disorder of the visual cortex. A discrepancy between visual information received by the visual cortex from each eye results in abnormal cortical development. STRABISMUS and REFRACTIVE ERRORS may cause this condition. Toxic amblyopia is a disorder of the OPTIC NERVE which is associated with ALCOHOLISM, tobacco SMOKING, and other toxins and as an adverse effect of the use of some medications.Adaptation, Ocular: The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Dimerization: The process by which two molecules of the same chemical composition form a condensation product or polymer.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Optics and Photonics: A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Protein Structure, Quaternary: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape and arrangement of multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Catalytic Domain: The region of an enzyme that interacts with its substrate to cause the enzymatic reaction.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions: The thermodynamic interaction between a substance and WATER.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Microfibrils: Components of the extracellular matrix consisting primarily of fibrillin. They are essential for the integrity of elastic fibers.Macaca: A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.Rhodamines: A family of 3,6-di(substituted-amino)-9-benzoate derivatives of xanthene that are used as dyes and as indicators for various metals; also used as fluorescent tracers in histochemistry.RNA, Antisense: RNA molecules which hybridize to complementary sequences in either RNA or DNA altering the function of the latter. Endogenous antisense RNAs function as regulators of gene expression by a variety of mechanisms. Synthetic antisense RNAs are used to effect the functioning of specific genes for investigative or therapeutic purposes.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Spectrophotometry, Infrared: Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Electromagnetic Fields: Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.Moon: The natural satellite of the planet Earth. It includes the lunar cycles or phases, the lunar month, lunar landscapes, geography, and soil.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Spin Labels: Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Heme: The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Adsorption: The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Phosphatidylcholines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.Signal Detection, Psychological: Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Crystallography: The branch of science that deals with the geometric description of crystals and their internal arrangement. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Energy Transfer: The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Enhancer Elements, Genetic: Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.Neural Inhibition: The function of opposing or restraining the excitation of neurons or their target excitable cells.

*  Welcome to Smart kitchen
... welcome to smart kitchen smart kitchen equipments come from the famous dpr marquee who have a strong market presence in tamilnadu as sellers and distributors of popular brands of kitchen products in india since viz perlpet fns forks spoons sunflame appliances alltime plastics practical knowledge accumulated from years of discerning personal experience inspired its promoter a jose prakash to develop manufacture and launch a new line of high quality ultra utility small appliances for the modern kitchen these products were designed to optimize the cutting edge technological advantages that the west enjoyed ably supported by his entrepreneur father a jose prakash went on to realize his dream of emerging as a young manufacturer of high quality kitchen appliances oriented towards the health and well being of the modern indian at eminently affordable prices his usp was simple yet filled a long neglected niche excellent quality extended warranty efficient on site service co...
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*  Giving. Our mission is vital. So is your support | School of Medicine
... Giving. Our mission is vital. So is your support. School of Medicine. . Menu. Search. About Admissions Student Life Education Research News Events Giving Directory. Students Faculty Staff Alumni Emergency Safety This Site BU Medical All BU BU Maps BU Directory Google. Boston University School of Medicine. Search Students Faculty Staff Alumni Emergency Safety. Our mission is vital. So is your support When you give to BUSM, you support one of the world’s leading research-oriented medical schools. Give Now. When you give to BUSM, you support one of the world’s leading research-oriented medical schools. With your help, we can continue training tomorrow’s leaders in science and medicine and fostering cutting-edge research. BUSM is dedicated to the educational, intellectual, professional, and personal development of a diverse group of exceptional students, trainees, and faculty who are deeply committed to the study and practice of medicine, to biomedical research, and to public health. Learn more about how you ...
http://bumc.bu.edu/busm/giving/
*  Darling by Kylie Minogue Perfume at FragranceNet.com
... Darling by Kylie Minogue Perfume at FragranceNet.com Over 10 Million Orders Shipped. Become a FragranceNet.com VIP. /. 1,002,662. Sign In /. My Account /. Order Status /. Help. Become a FragranceNet.com VIP. /. Free Shipping in U.S. orders over $59.00. Currency. American Dollar. Canadian Dollar. British Pound. Australian Dollar. Euro. Japanese Yen. Swiss Franc. New Zealand Dollar. Norwegian Krone. Swedish Krona. Danish Krone. South African Rand. 0 items. Shop. 0 GO. Fragrances. Women's Perfume. Men's Cologne. Gift Sets. Best Sellers. New Arrivals. Skincare. Body. Eyes. Face. Feet. Hands & Nails. Lips. Neck. Sun. Supplements. Tools & Accessories. Makeup. Body. Eyes. Face. Lips. Makeup Palettes. Makeup Removal. Makeup Sets. Nails. Tools & Accessories. Haircare. Accessories. Conditioner. Hair Color. Hair Loss. Hair Treatments. Shampoo. Styling Products. Styling Tools. Aromatherapy. Candles. Boutiques. Best Sellers. New Arrivals. Gifts under $10. Gifts under $5. Variety Gift Sets. Perfume Samples. Unboxed/Tes...
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*  Jai Ose Perfume for Women by Guy Laroche
... Jai Ose Perfume for Women by Guy Laroche. FREE SHIPPING COUPON CODE F123. Women’s Perfume. View all Brands Sign In. Cart. Women's Perfume. Join Coupon List. Cart. Jai Ose Perfume By Guy Laroche for Women Jai Ose Perfume by Guy Laroche, Launched by the design house of guy laroche in 1977, jai ose is classified as a refined, subtle, oriental fragrance. Women’s Perfume List by Letter Women’s Perfume List by Letter. Read more about Guy Laroche More Guy Laroche fragrances for Women: Fidji , Clandestine , Jai Ose Baby , for Men: Drakkar Noir , Drakkar Essence , Horizon , Drakkar Dynamik , See all Guy Laroche products. Great smell 35 Long-lasting 23 Sensual 19 Draws compliments 17 Great value 16. Evening 20 Anytime 13 Special occasions 13 Signature fragrance 12 Daily use 10. Reviewer Profile: Classic style 29 , Natural style 8 , Adventurous style 4. Fragrance Type: Oriental/spicy 29 , Woody/earthy 20 , Floral 15 , Powdery 13 , Fresh/aquatic 5. Read complete review Jai O'se belongs to the great old school perfume...
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*  News Item - Communications Office - Trinity College Dublin
... News Item - Communications Office - Trinity College Dublin. Trinity College Dublin S earch TCD. Home News and Events Experts Directory About Trinity Filming and Photography in Trinity Trinity Noticeboard Staff Contact Us Local Access. Trinity Researchers Enjoy Clean Sweep in Science Communication Contest. Researchers answered a variety of science-oriented questions in the last-one-standing competition. Researchers from Trinity College Dublin won all four awards at Ireland’s science communication contest, ‘ I’m A Scientist Get Me Out Of Here ’. The online competition saw school students submit questions to panels of scientists who were divided into different categories based on their areas of expertise, before the students voted to keep their favourites in the running after they considered the answers they provided. There were two themed categories Space and Nanotechnology , and two general science categories called Helium and Lithium. Trinity scientists beat off their competition to claim top honours in a...
http://tcd.ie/Communications/news/news.php?headerID=3452&vs_date=2013-12-23
*  LMR1 EDRN Public Portal
Investigator Orientation will take place January 20–21, 2016 in ... Early Detection Research Network Biomarkers: the key to early detection. Division of Cancer Prevention. About EDRN. Biomarkers. Division of Cancer Prevention. Cancer Biomarkers Research Group. Biomarkers /. LMR1 Basics Aliases: This biomarker is also known as: lemur tyrosine kinase 1 , Lemur tyrosine kinase 1 , serine/threonine-protein kinase LMTK1 , CDK5-binding protein , AATYK1 , AATYK , AATK , KIAA0641 , p35-binding protein , LMTK1 , apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase , EC 2.7.11.1 , brain apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase , Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase , p35BP , Brain apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase ,. Datasets There are no datasets associated with this biomarker. Organs This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker. Stud...
http://edrn.nci.nih.gov/biomarkers/AATK
*  Search Results for t Hematology HCA Employee | Wesley Medical Center
Medical Student Orientation. Nursing & Allied Health Student Orientation. Trauma Outreach and Education. ... Search Results for t Hematology HCA Employee. Wesley Medical Center. 316 962-2000. Careers. Maps. Twitter Facebook YouTube. Vender Registration. Employer Relations. Maps & Directions. Wesley Friends. Hospital Leadership. Healthcare Insurance Marketplace Plans Include Wesley Medical Center. Contact Us. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors. Patient Bill of Rights. Video Library. Guest Services. Registration. Vendor Registration. Wesley Inn. Pre-Op Clinic. During & After Your Stay. Patient Portal. Baby Pictures. Bill Payment. Chapels and Chaplains. Guest Services. Health Insurance. Medical Records Request. Wesley Memorial Chapel. Email a Patient. Pharmacy Patient Safety. Registration. Patient Pricing Information. Our Services. Career Center. Jobs and Applications. Career Center. Human Resources Department. Physician Careers at Wesley. Professional Education. Medical Student Orientation. Nursing & All...
http://wesleymc.com/physicians/index.dot?lastName=t&filterHcaEmployed=Yes&filterSpecialty=haematology&filterSpecialty=haematology
*  Hagley Digital Archives
... DuPont Company. DuPont Magazine. du Pont collection of photographs on Longwood Gardens. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Workplace posters in the United States. Fight Or Buy Bonds Posters; War posters; Recruiting & enlistment; War bonds & funds; Text from image: "Fight or Buy Bonds -- Third Liberty Loan" Workplace posters in the United States. DuPont Magazine Periodicals; Chemical industry; Fashion industry; Textile industry; Plastics industry; Paint industry; Table of Contents: The 139th year; Camphor in U.S.A.; Knowing what you buy; Spring 1941 introduces a new silhouette; Continental divide tunnel; Mother's new little helper; Furniture finished in Fabrikoid; DuPont Magazine. DuPont Magazine Periodicals; Chemical industry; Explosives; Dynamite; Paint industry; Plastics industry; Textile industry; Automobile industry; Table of Contents: Industry looks for leaders; What's new in Fabrikoid; Building the Kittitas high line canal; Those who ride my read; Banding wild ducks at Carney's Point; Transparent ve...
http://cdm16038.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/search/field/descri/searchterm/Buy
*  DepressionTribe.com | Users- downey491 Profile
:. Christian. ORIENTATION:. Hopelessly in love. August 8, 2008. ... DepressionTribe.com. Users- downey491 Profile. Depression Tribe login home. health info. groups. browse. gallery. blogs. forums. polls. games. therapist blogs. sign up. find a therapist. OFFLINE. PROFILE GALLERY BLOGS FRIENDS FAVORITES MAIN PAGE. Downey491. My URL: http://www.depressiontribe.com/downey491. ADD TO FRIENDS SEND MESSAGE SEND TRIBE VIBE ADD TO FAVORITES INVITE TO GROUPS. JOB:. On Disability. SMOKE:. DRINK:. RELIGION:. Christian. ORIENTATION:. Hopelessly in love. August 8, 2008. STAR SIGN:. LAST LOGIN:. MY GALLERY. MY FRIENDS. OFFLINE. OFFLINE. OFFLINE. OFFLINE. On the surface I am a bubbly bright girl with the world at her feet but what lies beneath the surface is very different- that is why i have joined this website I want to make the surface my reality. Nothing I ever do is simple but I love my boyfriend and my faith often keeps me going. Although I'm shy I often find I'm an easy going person who loves to make friends. I'm on...
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*  SEQanswers - View Single Post - Roche/454 Titanium Amplicon sequencing?
sequencing in each orientation per amplicon robhall view public ... seqanswers view single post roche titanium amplicon sequencing thread roche titanium amplicon sequencing view single post am robhall junior member location seattle wa join date aug posts thanks kmcarr we can give that a try we are planning to multiplex and hoped to sequence from both directions at once but i believe roche does have a tech bulletin for designing multiplex adapters with titanium we just wouldn t be able to control how equally we are sequencing in each orientation per amplicon robhall view public profile send a private message to robhall find more posts by robhall...
http://seqanswers.com/forums/showpost.php?p=7829&postcount=5
*  Close Coupled Slurry Pumps Datasheets | IHS Engineering360
Close Coupled Slurry Pumps Datasheets. IHS Engineering360. SLURRY PUMPS. Other Slurry Pumps. Motor Features: Air Cooled Motor. 115V, Single Phase. 230V Single Phase. None, Pump Only. Pump Features: Adjustable Speed. Corrosion Resistant. Horizontal Orientation. Vertical Orientation. Traditional ANSI pumps are inherently weak in design, resulting in high maintenance cost and reduced reliability. Pump Features: CloseCoupled ; ContinuousDuty; Corrosion Resistant; ExplosionProof; FrameMounted; Horizontal. seepex pumps of product group T are used for high-consistency material with low degree of intrinsic flowability or none at all. Pump Features: AdjustableSpeed; CloseCoupled ; ContinuousDuty optional feature ; Corrosion Resistant; EndSuction; Horizontal; Level On / Off Control Device optional feature ; Multistage; Nonclog; Open Hopper. Pump Features: AdjustableSpeed; BeltDrive optional feature ; CloseCoupled optional feature ; FrameMounted; Horizontal. from IMO Pump Available in canned motor/pump configurations up...
http://globalspec.com/ds/5728/areaspec/features_close_coupled
*  Psych Central - Study explains spatial orientation differences between sexes
... Quizzes News Experts Ask the Therapist Blogs Experts Daily News Research Updates World of Psychology Research Resources Find a clinical Trial Resources Forums Support Groups Find Help Ask the Therapist Drugs Medications Find a Therapist Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Take a Quiz Mood Tracker Pro. Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. Study explains spatial orientation differences between sexes. A University of Toronto researcher has found that differences between men and women in determining spatial orientation may be the result of inner ear size. It found that giving the participants verbal instructions on how to determine their spatial orientation did not eliminate the differences between the sexes. In the study, Tremblay asked 24 people 11 males and 13 females to point a laser straight-ahead perpendicular to the body orientation while upright and when tilted 45 degrees backward. He found that althou...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2004-08/uot-ses080404.html
*  ORBi: Diarra Harona - Study of the effects of α-grain proportion, shape and orientation on the mech
orbi diarra harona study of the effects of α grain proportion shape and orientation on the mechanical behavior of ti by fe simulations o pen r epository and bi bliography bictel e popups other oa projects at the ulg submitter guide user guide legal guide tools box faq glossary help university of liège library network login you are here orbi detailled reference reference study of the effects of α grain proportion shape and orientation on the mechanical b document type scientific congresses and symposiums unpublished conference discipline s engineering computing technology materials science engineering to cite this reference http hdl handle net title study of the effects of α grain proportion shape and orientation on the mechanical behavior of ti by fe simulations language english author co author diarra harona gerday anne françoise ben bettaieb mohamed pascon frédéric duchene laurent habraken anne publication date peer reviewed yes audience international event name advances in materials and processing technolo...
http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/74315
*  Visual tilt effects
... thumb|right|250px|Fig.1 The tilt illusion demo thumb|right|250px|Fig.2 The stimuli used in the tilt aftereffect thumb|right|250px|Fig.3 A sample data of tilt biases as a function of relative orientations between the contextual stimuli and the test stimuli Due to the effect of a spatial context or temporal context, the perceived orientation of a test line or grating pattern can appear tilted away from its physical orientation. is the phenomenon that the perceived orientation of a test line or grating is altered by the presence of surrounding lines or grating with a different orientation spatial context; see Fig.1. Psychophysics experiments have shown that relative orientations between 0 deg and about 50 deg produce repulsion effects the test line or grating tends to rotate away from the contextual stimulus, which is known as the direct form of the tilt effect; but larger relative orientations up to 90 deg produce attraction effects the test line or grating tends to rotate towards the contextual stimulus, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_tilt_effects
*  Zazen introduction and orientation at New York Zendo | The Zen Studies Society
zazen introduction and orientation at new york zendo the zen studies society home on zen teisho teachings current newsletter past newsletters dai bosatsu zendo new york zendo events support us about us new york zendo offers zazen introduction to the public on thursday evenings newcomers to the temple must participate in one such session before joining the community for regular zazen practice or any other scheduled event the orientation covers the basics of zazen posture breathing and concentration additionally beginners will learn proper bowing chanting and walking meditation no prior experience is necessary for all thursday evening programs doors open at pm please arrive no later than pm latecomers will not be admitted services will end by pm a door contribution is requested no checks can be accepted all are welcome to attend and no reservations are necessary a quiet atmosphere with minimal distractions is essential to our practice loose fitting clothing and subdued colors are best please do not wear scented...
http://daibosatsu.org/zazen-intro-public-night.html
*  Why did half frame die?
Why did half frame die. Why did half frame die. 04-02-2012, 10:13 PM Oren Grad Quote: Originally Posted by jnanian. : its nice to be wrong thanks jon + grumpy old man at least we know half frame didn't die because of ... David 04-02-2012, 10:51 PM Richard S. rich815 Half frame lives!. http://www.bhphotovideo.com/bnh/cont...G A=details Q= 04-02-2012, 10:58 PM Bill Burk I started thinking maybe the Kodak Instamatic, Pocket Instamatic and Disc cameras took market share from the people who would have shot half-frame. Now I'm not saying it's wrong to make a camera with a natural portrait orientation. But if half-frame cameras had been made to comfortably shoot in horizontal orientation, it might have taken off. Think about it, nobody makes a vertically-oriented d camera... even though there's no mechanical constraint. 04-02-2012, 11:01 PM Richard S. rich815 Quote: Originally Posted by Bill Burk. I started thinking maybe the Kodak Instamatic, Pocket Instamatic and Disc cameras took market share from the people who ...
http://apug.org/forums/35mm-cameras-accessories/print-103935-why-did-half-frame-die-3.html
*  IDB - Orientation Center Newsletter Summer 2005
Orientation Newsletter. Orientation Center field trips are an integral part of the learning experience--honing those travel skills, gathering information and dealing with the public. Des Moines. Orientation Center, the school took a trip to see different programs for orientation of the blind. Therefore, I made good use of my travel time—sleeping. However, with these visual cues and since they are not required to wear sleep shades, it was not much of a challenge for the students to get around and certainly didn’t seem to provide much opportunity to practice blind travel skills. Even though we don’t like to wear them—they itch!—as students of Iowa’s Orientation Center we recognize that it is necessary to give students the opportunity to hone their blindness skills in order to develop the confidence they need to continue on with their dreams, knowing that they can accomplish their goals with or without vision. When we got to the Orientation classroom area itself we met only two staff members and two or three stu...
http://publications.iowa.gov/5401/2/OrientSummer2007.htm
*  Canon EOS 5
The 'Canon EOS 5' sold as the 'EOS A2' and 'A2e' in the USA is a semi-professional autofocus, autoexposure 35 mm SLR film camera. The 5/A2/A2e featured a built-in zoom flash, AF assist light, fast motor drives and several pre-set autoexposure modes. The camera was powered by a 6 volt lithium 2CR5 battery, or, with the optional Canon BP-5 Battery Pack, could be powered by D batteries attached to the belt of the user. The camera had many operational modes available, selected by the dial on the left-hand side of the camera. The Canon EOS 5/A2/A2e had three built-in metering mode s; Evaluative, center-weight average and spot. Although the EOS 5 had an optional vertical grip, the VG-10, the eye-controlled focussing feature only worked when the camera was held in horizontal orientation. thumb|left|Canon EOS A2 Autofocus SLR. The 5/A2/A2e has two dials to control exposure, one over the shutter button and one on the back of the camera. The dial above the shutter button will adjust the shutter speed in shutter priorit...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canon_EOS_5
*  Orientation imaging microscopy
... redirect electron backscatter diffraction...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientation_imaging_microscopy
*  Biomolecular Screening - The Online Scientific Community - News
Scientific Community. Furey, NIMH's Carlos Zarate, M.D., and colleagues, reported on their functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI study of a pre-treatment biomarker for the antidepressant response to scopolamine http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2006/nimh-researchers-discover-medications-antidepressant-potential.shtml, Jan. Imaging studies suggest that visual working memory performance can be enhanced by modulating acetylcholine-induced activity in the brain's visual processing area, called the visual cortex, when processing information that is important to the task. Since working memory performance can predict response to conventional antidepressants and ketamine, Furey and colleagues turned to a working memory task and imaging visual cortex activity as potential tools to identify a biomarker for scopolamine response. They reasoned that such patients would show aberrant visual cortex activity in response to negative emotional features of a working memory task. The strength of this response correlated ...
http://technologynetworks.com/HTS/news.aspx?id=148631
*  New Respect for Primary Visual Cortex
... Skip to main content. Advertisement. Bioscience Technology. Home. NEUROSCIENCE. GENOMICS. HEALTH. TECHNOLOGIES. Products. Product Directory. Product Release Submission Form. ANALYSIS INSTRUMENTS. ANIMALS and RELATED PRODUCTS. ANTIBODIES AND RELATED PRODUCTS. ASSAY INSTRUMENTATION. CELL BIOLOGY. CELL CULTURE. CHEMICALS AND BIOCHEMICALS. CHROMATOGRAPHY. COMPUTER HARDWARE SOFTWARE. CONTRACT RESEARCH, CONSULTING, EDUCATIONAL, TESTING SERVICES. DRUG DISCOVERY TECHNOLOGIES. ELECTROPHORESIS. FILTRATION. GASES, MATERIALS, STANDARDS. GENOMICS AND PROTEOMICS. INSTRUMENTATION. LAB AUTOMATION. LAB EQUIPMENT. LAB TOOLS. LABORATORY BUILDING AND DESIGN. METERS, MONITORS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL EQUIPMENT. MICROPLATE INSTRUMENTATION. MICROSCOPES, OPTICS, IMAGE ANALYSIS, LASERS, CAMERAS. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. SAFETY AND HYGIENE. SAMPLE PREP AND LIQUID HANDLING. SPECTROMETRY AND SPECTROSCOPY. Multimedia. Videos. Bioscience Technology This Week. Resources. Add Your Company. Articles. Blogs. Company Directory. Events. News. White P...
http://biosciencetechnology.com/news/2014/03/new-respect-primary-visual-cortex
*  Experience-Enabled Enhancement of Adult Visual Cortex Function
... Article Experience-Enabled Enhancement of Adult Visual Cortex Function. Robert M Douglas University of British Columbia - Vancouver Message author. Departments of Physiology and Biophysics and Ophthalmology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Burke Medical Research Institute, White Plains, New York, 10605, and Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5Z 3N9. Impact Factor: 6.34. ABSTRACT We previously reported in adult mice that visuomotor experience during monocular deprivation MD augmented enhancement of visual-cortex-dependent behavior through the non-deprived eye NDE during deprivation, and enabled enhanced function to persist after MD. The results indicate that visuomotor experience during adult MD leads to enduring enhancement of behavioral function, not simply by amplifying MD-induced changes in cortical OD, but through an independent process of increasing NDE drive in ipsilateral visual cortex. In Parkinson´s d...
http://researchgate.net/publication/236068364_Experience-Enabled_Enhancement_of_Adult_Visual_Cortex_Function
*  Visual cortex uses information gleaned from ears as well as eyes
... Health A-Z. Health. An interview with Heather Snyder, Ph.D. Visual cortex uses information gleaned from ears as well as eyes Published on May 26, 2014 at 1:00 AM. Scientists studying brain process involved in sight have found the visual cortex also uses information gleaned from the ears as well as the eyes when viewing the world. The study, published in the journal Current Biology , involved conducting five different experiments using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging fMRI to examine the activity in the early visual cortex in 10 volunteer subjects. Using a special algorithm that can identify unique patterns in brain activity, the researchers were able to discriminate between the different sounds being processed in early visual cortex activity. The researchers will explore more sounds to find out how precise predictive coding in the brain can be. Medical Science News. Medical Research News Tags: Autism , biology , Biotechnology , Brain , Cortex , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mental Health , Neuroscien...
http://news-medical.net/news/20140526/Visual-cortex-uses-information-gleaned-from-ears-as-well-as-eyes.aspx
*  Physical Limits to Spatial Resolution of Optical Recording: Clarifying the Spatial Structure of Cort
... ical Hypercolumns. OpenBU Physical Limits to Spatial Resolution of Optical Recording: Clarifying the Spatial Structure of Cortical Hypercolumns. Login. OpenBU → College of Arts and Sciences → Cognitive Neural Systems → CAS/CNS Technical Reports → View Item. Physical Limits to Spatial Resolution of Optical Recording: Clarifying the Spatial Structure of Cortical Hypercolumns. Polimeni, Jonathan ; Granquist-Fraser, Domhnull ; Wood, Richard ; Schwartz, Eric. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/2376. Neurons in macaque primary visual cortex are spatially arranged by their global topographic position and in at least three overlapping local modular systems: ocular dominance columns, orientation pinwheels, and cytochrome oxidase CO blobs. Individual neurons in the blobs are not tuned to orientation, and populations of neurons in the pinwheel center regions show weak orientation tuning, suggesting a close relation between pinwheel centers and CO blobs. However, this hypothesis has been challenged by a series of optica...
http://open.bu.edu/handle/2144/2376
*  NEURAL Coding: Scientist I – Analysis of Cholinergic Modulation in Visual Cortex job with Allen In
... stitute for Brain Science. Your jobs. NEURAL Coding: Scientist I – Analysis of Cholinergic Modulation in Visual Cortex. Allen Institute for Brain Science. Jobs. Scientist I - Analysis of cholinergic modulation in visual cortex. We are seeking a Scientist I to be an essential member of a team investigating the relationship between the structure of cortical circuits and their function and to provide such a link between structure and function is one of the missions of the Network Anatomy Project,. This project is an essential step to link cortical computation to the underlying circuit architecture, and thus it is also an essential step to other Mindscope deliverables. You will use light microcopy to probe neural activity and function in visual cortical areas, with the aim of understanding how cortical neurons are active during different phases of a behavioral cycle and what information this activity confers about the animal's visual world. • Determine how postsynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors excite...
http://jobs.newscientist.com/job/1401477398/neural-coding-scientist-i-analysis-of-cholinergic-modulation-in-visual-cortex/?TrackID=111
*  Scientists make brain signal discovery
Medical Xpress -- A Murdoch University scientist is closer to understanding why early brain development is so critical to mental health and function in the long term. Dr Sarah Etherington from the School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences studied rodents which have similar microcircuits in their brains to those found in humans to discover that there are important changes in the flow of information within a part of the brain known as the visual cortex, during very early development. If the flow of information in the visual cortex is changing dramatically when the brain is first exposed to the visual world, it will impact on the other developmental processes in this tissue, explained Dr Etherington. We are particularly interested in researching the development of the visual cortex because several debilitating human medical conditions, such as autism, involve specific deficiencies in the processing of visual information. Funding from the McCusker Charitable Foundation will help Dr Etherington, Dr Williams and...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-07-scientists-brain-discovery.html
*  Medical Xpress - visual system
... Home visual system. News tagged with visual system. 1 day. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Neuroscience. A study three years ago sparked a medical mystery when it revealed a part of the brain not found in any present-day anatomy textbooks. Sep 14, 2015 416 0. Psychology & Psychiatry. Sep 08, 2015 9 0. Neuroscience. Shapes, lines and movements are in the eye of the beholder. New thinking about how we perceive shapes, lines and movement suggests this information is first deciphered in the retina of the eye, rather than within the brain's visual cortex as previously thought. Neuroscience. Neuroscientists generally think of the front end of the human visual system as a simple light detection system: The patterns produced when light falls on the retina are relayed to the visual cortex at the rear of the brain, ... Neuroscience. Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich researchers have shown that virtual optical stimuli can lead to aftereffects that significantly ...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/visual system/
*  pinwheel search results - CNET
... facebook twitter. CNET. Reviews. Top Categories. CNET 100. Cameras. Car Tech. Laptops. Phones. Tablets. TVs. Wearable Tech. Deals. Forums. Popular Forums Computer Help. Laptops. Phones. Cameras. All Forums. News. Top Categories. Apple. Computers. Crave. Deals. Internet. Mobile. Security. Sci-Tech. Tech Industry. Video. Forums. Popular Forums Computer Help. Laptops. Phones. Cameras. All Forums. Video. Top Categories. Car Tech. CNET On Cars. CNET Top 5. CNET Update. News. Phones. Tablets. XCAR. CNET Podcasts. Top Categories. Computers. Internet. Mobile Apps. Phones. Security. Tablets. Forums. Wearable Tech. Games. Download Log In / Join. Log In to CNET. download Hypno: Pinwheel 3D The makers of HypnoPac one of the first and still the best Hypnotic visuals for the iPhone and iPod Touch have just taken hypnosis to the next... download Pinwheel Breathing Games Blow into the headset to spin the pinwheel and make stars fly around.Breathing games are based on a breathing technique called Pursed Lip Breathing... ...
http://cnet.com/search/?query=pinwheel
*  Multiplexing in the visual brain -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Multiplexing in the visual brain. First-time visualization of grating pattern motion across the brain surface. However, brain activity that signals both the grating's orientation and its motion simultaneously has not been detected so far. Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum. "Multiplexing in the visual brain." ScienceDaily. Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum. Multiplexing in the visual brain. Retrieved October 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110324104408.htm Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum. "Multiplexing in the visual brain." ScienceDaily. RELATED TOPICS. Health Medicine. Brain Tumor Nervous System Psychology Research Mind Brain. Health Medicine News October 5, 2015. Oct. read more. Oct. read more. Oct. The scientists identified a ... read more. Oct. read more. Oct. How a Molecular Motor Untangles Protein Racial Differences in Genes of Colon Cancer Babies Drug Withdrawal Syndrome Often Readmitted Breast Cancer: RNA Splicing Variations the ... 4, 2012 Training human volunt...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110324104408.htm
*  Matteo Carandini
... 'Matteo Carandini' born 1967 is a neuroscientist who studies the visual system. He received a PhD in Neural Science from New York University and continued as a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University. After holding positions in Zurich 1999–2002 and in San Francisco at the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute 2002–2008, he is currently a Professor at University College London. He studies the lateral geniculate nucleus and the visual cortex V1 as well as the activity of individual neurons and their intercommunication within the visual cortex, with a particular interest in the functions of the eye, thalamus, and the early visual areas of the cerebral cortex. Carandini conducts his research with the goal of contributing to the knowledge of how the brain processes visual information in the human brain and he works primarily with mice. Achievements. In the 1990s, working with David Heeger and J. Anthony Movshon he refined and provided evidence for Heeger's normalization model of V1 responses. 1 2. To...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matteo_Carandini
*  Center for Integrative Neuroscience and Neuroengineering - CINN
center for integrative neuroscience and neuroengineering cinn cinnr home our mission personnel their projects news events education neuroscience neuroengineering links iit home u of c home naoum issa department of neurobiology pharmacology and physiology the university of chicago nissa drugs bsd uchicago edu research interests we are interested in understanding how the sensory world is represented in the mammalian brain individual neurons in sensory areas are selectively responsive to specific aspects of world neurons in the visual cortex for example prefer certain orientations of edges and respond to specific spacing of dark and bright regions the process by which neuronal responses become selective is constrained by both genetically determined events and by the environment to which a young animal is exposed how these selective response properties develop become organized within a sensory area and how this organization contribute...
http://iit.edu/~cinn/Personnel/Issa.html
*  View Profile: Pinwheel1969 - Archery Forums 3DShoots.com
... You are Unregistered, please register to be able to read posts in all forums and participate in the discussion. HOME. FORUMS. WHAT'S NEW. FIND SHOOTS. Find Shoots. Add Shoots. Shoots Login. REGISTER CLUB. COMMUNITY. Groups. Albums. Member List. QUICK LINKS. Today's Posts. View Site Leaders. Who's Online. Help. SEARCH. Username:. Password:. Remember Me. Not a member. Register. Member List. Pinwheel1969. Hi folks. We have added a new Introduction forum, where new members can introduce themselves. We hope that everyone will stop by occasionally and say hi. Introductions Forum. Pinwheel1969. #1 THREAD KILLER. Home Page. Find latest posts. Find latest started threads. Mini Statistics Join Date 03-06-2005. Last Activity 08-08-2010 05:45 PM. Avatar. Recent Visitors The last 7 visitor s to this page were: aaronb10,. Bowtech 44,. CMG Chelsea,. J.C., Jerry Beavin,. jg-32,. texasrino. This page has had 2,801 visits. Tab Content. Pinwheel1969's Activity. About Me. Tab Content. All Pinwheel1969 Friends Photos. New Ac...
http://3dshoots.com/forums/member.php?336-Pinwheel1969&s=1400cf44368bc371e10987d58ad32aa5
*  Make Garden Pinwheels | Activity | Education.com
Make Garden Pinwheels. Activity. Education.com. Try Premium. As a Plus or Pro member, get unlimited access to: Over 15,000 Worksheets Over 300 Printable Workbooks Hundreds of Fun Games and Activities Get Started. Sign In. Already a member. Sign in Become a free basic member: Get free worksheets plus activities, articles, and science projects. Sign Up. Games. Worksheets. Workbooks. Activities. Lesson Plans. Science Projects. More. Log In. All Activities. Kindergarten Activities. Spring Activities. Make Garden Pinwheels. Make Garden Pinwheels. Collect This Activity. 2.8 based on 25 ratings. By. Korey Marquez. Updated on Sep 17, 2014. Collect This Activity. Many children have a natural inclination for gardening. After all, what could be more fun for kids than digging in the dirt. But once those seeds start growing, it can be pretty difficult to distinguish beteen the pumpkins and the zucchini, or to separate out the cilantro from the parsley. Help your child avoid confusion by crafting homemade garden-themed pin...
http://education.com/activity/article/make-pencil-pinwheel/
*  .. Render Transforms and Focus Visuals .. 6 Responses to “Render Transforms and Focus Visuals”
« Greetings from the Cloud. Time to Update Your Theme Files ». Render Transforms and Focus Visuals While cleaning out my inbox, I came across a few old emails that I missed during a recent crunchtime. I think one question merits a public albeit rather late reply, as I’ve seen it crop up in other scenarios in the past:. Hi Dr WPF When an element receives keyboard focus, it seems to get a dashed border indicating the focus by default. However, if I subsequently adjust the RenderTransform of the container, this keyboard-focus rectangle doesn’t move accordingly. Can you explain what’s happening, and possibly suggest solutions. Thanks David.  Hi David, The dotted line that you are seeing is called the “focus visual” for the control. If the keyboard is used to focus an element, then its focus visual will be rendered within the nearest parent adorner layer. More on that in a moment. Focus Visual Styles. Most controls simply use the default focus visual style which you’ve described in your email. All themes Aero...
http://drwpf.com/blog/2010/01/29/render-transforms-and-focus-visuals/
*  Visual Installer
... xeam. Visual Installer. Visual Installer. Visual Installer brings latest installation technology to you and your customers. Use Bronze edition for free. Patch Creator creates updates for your products using latest Windows Installer technology. Visual Installer. Visual Installer. Visual Installer brings latest installation technology to you and your customers. Visual Installer is a bootstrapper to build on top of them Integrated in Visual Studio Provides an end user experience you will not reach by using standard installers like InstallShield Extended UI and end user help features like IIS configuration, system check Easy to use: Add you existing MSI or setups - adjust configuration - done. Theme: Xeam, ThemeBase: BaseLight. Theme: Xeam, ThemeBase: BaseLightSmooth. Theme: Xeam, ThemeBase: BaseDark. Theme: Xeam, ThemeBase: BaseDarkSmooth. Theme: Purple, ThemeBase: BaseLight. Theme: Purple, ThemeBase: BaseLightSmooth. Theme: Purple, ThemeBase: BaseDark. Theme: Purple, ThemeBase: BaseDarkSmooth. Theme: Green...
http://xeam-solutions.com/products/visual-installer.html
*  @ The Singles Bar: Girls' Generation, "Visual Dreams" - Popdust
the singles bar girls generation visual dreams popdust exclusives photos videos features tv k pop the singles bar girls generation visual dreams posted on at pm related to reviews the popdust files girls generation the nine member k pop outfit girls generation also known as snsd which acronymizes their korean name sonyeo sidae is no stranger to putting its weight behind big brands they ve collectively and individually lent their image to brands like domino s pizza and clean and clear although there probably weren t any pizza face related synergies between those two campaigns their new track visual dreams is actually the result of their collaborating with computer chip giant intel and that bit of sponsorship s probably why core one of the few non korean words to be sung by the young ladies is repeated over and over again under the chorus language barriers aside something tells me this translation is a bit imperfect visual dreams is just a fun pop song with synths jigsawed in seemingly haphazardly yet completel...
http://popdust.com/2011/01/18/the-singles-bar-girls-generation-visual-dreams/
*  KnittingHelp.com Forum - View Single Post - Pinwheel or round Baby blanket
knittinghelp com forum view single post pinwheel or round baby blanket thread pinwheel or round baby blanket view single post pm ingrid moderator mod squad join date jun location pleasant valley ny posts thanks thanked times in posts starting a project in the round with so few stitches is difficult if you starting with only stitches you will have to divide your stitches onto the needles and start in the round on your next increase round it might be helpful to work flat for a few rows so that when you join you have some substance to work with you ll have to purl the ws rows and you ll have a little slit at the center of the work but that can be easily sewn up with the tail of your yarn trust the pattern time flies like an arrow but fruit flies like a banana hop aboard while we follow the cloud covered van of knitting harmony man woooo hedgehog ingridkh on ravelry ingrid view public profile send a private message to ingrid visit ingrid s homepage find more posts by ingrid...
http://knittinghelp.com/forum/showpost.php?p=1381388&postcount=3
*  Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption - Dhamma Wheel
... Theravāda Meditation. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption. 56 posts. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 464. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 5:45 am twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. Posts: 112. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 6:41 am marc108 wrote: twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. Posts: 537. Joined: Thu Sep 08, 2011 11:49 am Location: Neither Samsara nor Nirvana. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 11:19 am mikenz66 wrote: twelph wrote: I suppose my question would be, is there an issue with developing all of these types of concentration at once. Sun Aug 05, 2012 1:48 pm...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?p=199999
*  Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption - Page 2 - Dhamma Wheel
... Theravāda Meditation. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption. 56 posts. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 9:29 pm santa100 wrote: twelph wrote: I was just wondering how the monk in the sutta is able to experience this aspect of 4th jhana called the imperturbable while walking Are you sure the monk was walking instead of standing. Posts: 6010. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 5527. Joined: Mon Jan 31, 2011 6:58 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 9:54 pm santa100 wrote: Twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others. And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects one...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?p=200056
*  Bayesian analysis of the stimulus–response curve. - Lancaster EPrints
bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve lancaster eprints lancaster eprints home search browse by year browse by subject browse by department help login bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve ridall p g and henderson r h and pettitt a n bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve in motor unit number estimation mune and quantitative emg elsevier pp isbn full text not available from this repository abstract in this paper we present our bayesian method for carrying out motor unit number estimation mune using stimulus response data collected from surface electrophysiological recordings we formulate and justify our assumptions in ridall et al and base these on available scientific evidence as outlined in the previous paper the object of our methodology is to express the uncertainty about the number of motor units in a muscle in terms of a posterior distribution from studies taken over time th...
http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/34877/
*  TUM - New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input
... Direkt zum Inhalt springen. Technische Universität München Headerimage Zeichnung Headerfoto Slogan TUM for english language. You are not logged in. Login. . Support. Help. Documentation. Deutsch English. Advanced search. Spacer Portlet. Links Navigation Home mytum.de Home mytum.de. Mitarbeiter Mitarbeiter. Home mytum.de Home mytum.de. Sitemap MyTUM. Service Service. Sitemap. Media Press releases New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input Back to News Board. Browse in News. Watching a living brain in the act of seeing -- with single-synapse resolution New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input Dendrites of a nerve cell in brain appear like branches of a tree. Left: A patch clamp pipette injects fluorescent dye into the cell. 28.04.2010, Press releases. Pioneering a novel microscopy method, neuroscientist Arthur Konnerth and colleagues from the Technische Universität München TUM have shown that individual neurons carry out significant aspects of sensory pro...
http://portal.mytum.de/pressestelle/pressemitteilungen/news_article.2010-04-28.2970585700
*  gradient - Merging multiple paths in Illustrator CS6 - Graphic Design Stack Exchange
... Graphic Design. Graphic Design Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Graphic Design Questions. Graphic Design Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Graphic Design professionals, students, and enthusiasts. Merging multiple paths in Illustrator CS6. I've got multiple paths which, together, create a single sprite in Illustrator. Is there any other way to combine multiple paths to make them act as a single object, or apply a gradient to multiple paths as if they were a single object. adobe-illustrator gradient cs6 share. add a comment. Have you tried using compound paths. Select all of your paths that you'd like to combine, and select object - compound path - make. 6 add a comment. Try our newsletter Sign up for our newsletter and get our top new questions delivered to your inbox see an example. up vote -1 down vote. While Flash may help the OP please be advised he asked to do it in Illustrator. Flash doesn't help m...
http://graphicdesign.stackexchange.com/questions/11430/merging-multiple-paths-in-illustrator-cs6?answertab=oldest
*  Patent US6199298 - Vapor assisted rotary drying method and apparatus - Google Patents
A method for drying a semiconductor wafer initially having at least one surface wetted with rinsing fluid, comprising the steps of: placing the wafer in a rotor and orienting the at least one surface in a substantially vertical plane; rotating the wafer with the rotor at a first rotation speed; passing a saturated vapor over the wafer to condense the vapor into condensate on the surfaces of the wafer; rotating the wafer affixed to the rotor at a second rotation speed to remove the bulk of the condensate from the surfaces of the wafer; and passing a dry gas over the wafer. 2 The method of claim 1 wherein the saturated vapor is passed over the wafer before the wafer is accelerated up to the first rotation speed, the saturated vapor is passed over the wafer while the wafer is rotating at the first rotation speed, and the dry gas is passed over the wafer while the wafer rotates at the second rotation speed. 3 The method of claim 1 wherein the saturated vapor is passed over the wafer simultaneously with the rotati...
http://google.com.au/patents/US6199298
*  Patent US8080963 - Motor driving circuit and motor driving method - Google Patents
the motor driving circuit being connected to a system control end for receiving a pulse width modulation signal transmitted from the system control end, wherein the signal control unit comprises: a second filter device electrically connected with the system control end for converting the PWM signal into a DC signal;. 6 The motor driving circuit according to claim 1, wherein the detecting unit comprises: a rotation speed detecting device for detecting a rotation speed of the motor and generating a rotation speed feedback signal for output; and. wherein the comparing unit comprises: a comparing device for outputting a pulse width modulation PWM signal according to the detecting signal and the reference signal; and. The motor driving method according to claim 14, wherein the step of detecting the status of the motor so as to output the detecting signal comprises sub-steps of: detecting a rotation speed of the motor by a rotation speed detecting device so as to generate a rotation speed feedback signal for output...
http://google.com/patents/US8080963?dq=6,202,008
*  03 2003 Toyota Matrix Tie Rod End - Steering - AC Delco, Beck Arnley, CTR, First Equipment Quality,
... Mevotech, Moog, PartsMaster, TRW, Front Inner, Front Outer, Inner, Outer - PartsGeek. Home Online Catalog Brands Customer Service Track Order View Cart. Search. Search. Make/Model. Close X. Search by Make / Model. Choose Year: Choose Make: Choose Model:. Select Year Select Make Select Model. Toyota. Matrix. Steering. Tie Rod End. 2003 Toyota Matrix Tie Rod End. Change Part / Category Change Vehicle. Part Name Search. Power Steering Cooler. Power Steering Cooler Bracket. Power Steering Cooling Line. Power Steering Filter. Power Steering Fluid. Power Steering Oil Pressure Switch. Power Steering Pressure Hose. Power Steering Pressure Line Hose Assembly. Power Steering Pump. Power Steering Reservoir Cap. Power Steering Return Hose. Power Steering Return Line Hose Assembly. Power Steering Suction Hose. Steering Rack. Steering Rack Boot Kit. Tie Rod End. Tie Rod Nut. Change Category. Change Brand. AC Delco. Beck Arnley. CTR. First Equipment Quality. Mevotech. Moog. PartsMaster. TRW. Shop By Vehicle. Year Selec...
http://partsgeek.com/catalog/2003/toyota/matrix/steering/tie_rod_end.html
*  VizieR archives
... Portal Simbad VizieR Aladin X-Match Other Sesame name resolver Catalogue collection TAP VizieR Dictionary of nomenclature SimPlay Bibliography Contact us. Help. Access to Astronomical Catalogues. Click to display the menu. Search catalogue. Show categories Find. obsoleted in preparation catalog without ftp or VizieR link. Summary. ReadMe. VizieR. Browse. FTP. Tar. J/A+A/363/239 Lithium abundances in single giant stars De Medeiros+, 2000 Rotation and lithium in single giant stars. De Medeiros J.R., do Nascimento J.D.Jr, Sankarankutty S., Costa J.M., Maia M.R.G. Astron. Astrophys. 363, 239 2000 = 2000A&A...363..239D ADC Keywords : Stars, giant ; Abundances, peculiar ; Rotational velocities Keywords : stars: abundances - stars: evolution - stars: late-type - stars: rotation Abstract : In the present work, we study the link between rotation and lithium abundance in giant stars of luminosity class III, on the basis of a large sample of 309 single stars of spectral type F, G and K. We have found a trend for a ...
http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/Cat?J/A+A/363/239
*  Non-neutral plasmas
... Cryogenic pure ion plasmas have been used in studies of strongly coupled plasmas and. Non-neutral plasmas for which all species have the same sign of charge have exceptional confinement properties compared to neutral plasmas. They can be confined in a thermal equilibrium state using only static electric and magnetic fields, in a Penning trap configuration see Fig. O'Neil "Steady-State Confinement of Non-neutral Plasma by Rotating Electric Fields,"Phys. 39, 1333 1977 The body-centered-cubic structure of these plasma crystals has been observed by Bragg scattering in experiments on laser-cooled pure beryllium plasmas. J N Tan et al., "Observation of Long-Range Order in Trapped Ion Plasmas by Bragg Scattering", Phys. 1 Diagram of a non-neutral plasma confined in a Penning trap. Non-neutral plasmas with a single sign of charge can be confined for long periods of time using only static electric and magnetic fields. : \omega = \frac{\Omega c}{2} \pm\sqrt{{\Omega c} 2/4-q E r/{m r}},. Depending on the radial ele...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-neutral_plasmas
*  Beta Arietis
... {{Starbox image image =. {{Starbox astrometry radial v = -1.9 prop mo ra = +98.74 prop mo dec = -110.41 parallax = 54.74 p error = 0.75 parallax footnote = absmag v = }} {{Starbox visbin name = Beta Arietis B reference = period unitless =. axis unitless = {{Starbox detail component1 = A mass = radius =. luminosity = 23 temperature = 9,000 gravity = 4.0 metal fe = 0.16 rotational velocity = 73 age gyr = 0.3 component2 = B mass2 =. 'Beta Arietis' β Ari, β Arietis is a binary star system in the constellation Aries, marking the Ram's second horn. Etymology Properties References External links. 1 In Chinese, zh 婁宿 zh-Latn Lóu Su, meaning ' Bond asterism ', refers to an asterism consisting of β Arietis, γ Arietis and α Arietis. Consequently, β Arietis itself is known as zh 婁宿一 zh-Latn Lóu Su yī, en the First Star of Bond. This is a spectroscopic binary star system consisting of a pair of stars orbiting around each other with a separation that can not currently be resolved with a conventional telescope. The pri...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_Arietis
*  Eta Pegasi
... {{Starbox begin. name = Eta Pegasi. }} {{Starbox image image =. 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Pegasus constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of η Pegasi circled near the center }} {{Starbox observe. dec = {{DEC|+30|13|16.4822}}. constell = Pegasus }} {{Starbox character. class =. radial v = +4.3. prop mo ra = –100.06. prop mo dec = +15.46. parallax = 19.51. }} {{Starbox orbit. period unitless = 813 days. eccentricity = 0.183. }} {{Starbox detail. component1 = η Peg A. mass =. radius = 18. luminosity = 247. temperature = 5,450. rotational velocity = 1.4. rotation = 818. }} {{Starbox catalog. names = Matar, 44 Peg, FK5 857, HD 215182, HIP 112158, HR 8650, SAO 90734. 'Eta Pegasi' η Peg is a binary star in the constellation Pegasus. Based upon parallax measurements, the distance to this star is about 167ly. This system consists of a pair of stars in a binary orbit with a period of 813 days and an eccentricity of 0.183. The primary component is a bright gia...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Pegasi
*  Omicron Aquarii
... {{Starbox begin. name = Omicron Aquarii. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aquarius constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption = Location of ο Aquarii circled }} {{Starbox observe. dec = {{DEC|–02|09|19.3067}}. constell = Aquarius }} {{Starbox character. class = B7 IVe. variable = γ Cas }} {{Starbox astrometry. prop mo ra = +24.66. prop mo dec = –11.16. parallax = 7.49. absmag v = }} {{Starbox detail. luminosity =. rotational velocity = {{nowrap|282 ± 20}}. names=31 Aquarii, Kae Uh, BD –02 5681, FK5 3765, HD 209409, HIP 108874, HR 8402, SAO 145837. 'Omicron Aquarii' ο Aqr, ο Aquarii is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. It has the traditional star name 'Kae Uh', from the Chinese 蓋屋 Mandarin 'gàiwū ' "the roof". In Chinese, zh 蓋屋 zh-Latn Gài Wū, meaning ' Roofing ', refers to an asterism consisting of ο Aquarii and 32 Aquarii. Consequently, ο Aquarii itself is known as zh 蓋屋一 zh-Latn Gài Wū yī, en th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omicron_Aquarii
*  Computer fan control
... In computers, various types of computer fan s are used to provide adequate cooling, and different fan control mechanisms balance their cooling capacities and noise they generate. Linear voltage regulation. The common cooling fans used in computers use standardized connectors with two to four pins. Ground common ground Power nominally +12 V, though it may be variable depending on fan type and desired fan rotation speed Sense output from fan outputs a signal that pulses twice for each rotation of the fan as a pulse train, with the signal frequency proportional to the fan speed Control input a pulse-width modulation PWM input signal, which gives the ability to adjust the rotation speed on the fly without changing the input voltage delivered to the cooling fan. Cooling fans equipped with either two- or three-pin connectors are usually designed to accept a wide range of input voltages, which directly affects the rotation speed of the blades. Linear voltage regulation. A diode in series with the fan will reduc...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_fan_control
*  Epsilon Apodis
... {{Starbox begin. name = Epsilon Apodis. }} {{Starbox image image =. 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Apus constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption = Location of ε Apodis circled }} {{Starbox observe. dec = {{DEC|–80|06|32.2053}}. constell = Apus }} {{Starbox character. variable = γ Cas. }} {{Starbox astrometry. prop mo ra = –9.51. prop mo dec = –14.34. parallax = 5.06. parallax footnote =. absmag v = }} {{Starbox detail. mass =. radius = 3.9. luminosity = 1,614. temperature = 17,050. metal fe = –0.02. gravity = 4.18. rotational velocity = 255. age myr = {{nowrap|38.3 ± 4.4}}. }} {{Starbox catalog. 'Epsilon Apodis' ε Aps, ε Apodis is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Apus. Based upon a stellar classification of B3 V, this is a massive, B-type main sequence star that is generating energy through the fusion of hydrogen at its core. Epsilon Apodis has more than six times the mass of the Sun and nearly four times the Sun's radi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epsilon_Apodis
*  Mu Centauri
... {{Starbox begin. name=Mu Centauri. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Centaurus constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption = Location of μ Centauri circled }} {{Starbox observe. constell = Centaurus. dec = {{DEC|−42|28|25.4296}}. radial v = +9.1. prop mo ra = −24.25. prop mo dec = −18.64. parallax = 6.45. radius = {{nowrap|3.4 × 4.2}}. age myr = nowrap|19.8 ± 1.7. temperature = 22,410. rotational velocity = 194. 'Mu Centauri' μ Cen, μ Centauri is a third-magnitude star in the southern constellation of Centaurus. The spectrum of Mu Centauri matches a stellar classification of B2 IV-Ve. Mu Centauri is a pulsating variable star that has multiple non-radial cycles with a primary period of 0.503 days. Three other pulsation cycles have a similar period, while two have a shorter interval of about 0.28 days. Mu Centauri is classified as a Gamma Cassiopeiae type. variable star and its brightness varies from magnitude +2.75 to +3.25. This star is spinn...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mu_Centauri
*  Xi Andromedae
... {{Starbox begin. name=Xi Andromedae. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Andromeda constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of ξ Andromedae circled }} {{Starbox observe. dec={{DEC|+45|31|43.6003}}. appmag v=+4.90. constell= Andromeda }} {{Starbox character. class=K0 IIIb. variable=. }} {{Starbox astrometry. radial v=–12.59. prop mo ra=+31.45. prop mo dec=+8.83. parallax=15.21. parallax footnote=. absmag v=0.550. }} {{Starbox detail. mass=2.5. radius=10. luminosity=45.7. temperature=4,656. metal fe=+0.03. gravity=2.8. rotational velocity=0.0. }} {{Starbox catalog. names=Adhil, 46 Andromedae, BD +44 287, FK5 1035, HD 8207, HIP 6411, HR 390, SAO 37155. 'Xi Andromedae' ξ And, ξ Andromedae is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Andromeda. Johann Bayer labeled this star "ξ" in his ' Uranometria '. The star appeared in John Flamsteed 's ' Atlas Coelestis ', but was unlabeled. It was later designated as 46 Andromedae by Jérôme ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Andromedae
*  Beta Arae
... {{Starbox image image =. 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ara constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of β Arae circled }} {{Starbox observe epoch = J2000 ra = dec =. {{Starbox astrometry radial v = prop mo ra = 8.51 prop mo dec = 25.24 parallax = 5.05 p error = 0.64 parallax footnote = absmag v = }} {{Starbox detail mass = radius =. luminosity =. temperature = 4,582 gravity = 1.3 metal fe = +0.50 rotational velocity =. 'Beta Arae' β Ara, β Arae is the brightest star in the constellation Ara, with an apparent visual magnitude of 2.8. Parallax measurements place it at a distance of roughly 650ly from Earth. The spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of K3 Ib-IIa, with the luminosity class notation 'Ib-IIa' indicating that the star lies part way between a higher luminosity bright giant IIa and a lower luminosity supergiant Ib. This represents two of the evolutionary stages that a massive star passes through after it has exhausted the hydrogen...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_Arae
*  Gamma Gruis
... {{Starbox begin. name=Gamma Gruis. }} {{Starbox image image =. 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Grus constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of γ Gruis circled near the center }} {{Starbox observe. dec = {{DEC|–37|21|53.4790}}. constell = Grus }} {{Starbox character. class = B8 III. variable = }} {{Starbox astrometry. prop mo dec = –13.22. parallax = 15.45. parallax footnote =. luminosity =. temperature = 12,520. rotational velocity = 57. age gyr = }} {{Starbox catalog. 'Gamma Gruis' 'Gamma Gru', 'γ Gruis', 'γ Gru' is a star in the southern constellation of Grus. It is known as 'Al Dhanab', "the Tail of the constellation of the Southern Fish " and once belonged to the Ptolemaic constellation Piscis Austrinus. In Chinese, zh 敗臼 zh-Latn Bài Jiù, meaning ' Decayed Mortar ', refers to an asterism consisting of γ Gruis, λ Gruis, γ Piscis Austrini and 19 Piscis Austrini. Consequently, γ Gruis itself is known as zh 敗臼一 zh-Latn Bài Jiù yī, en the First Star of Dec...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_Gruis
*  Eta Scorpii
... {{Starbox begin. name = Eta Scorpii. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Scorpius constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of η Scorpii circled }} {{Starbox observe. epoch = J2000. constell = Scorpius. dec = {{DEC|–43|14|21.0905}}. }} {{Starbox character. class = F5 IV. variable = }} {{Starbox astrometry. radial v = –27.0. prop mo ra = +24.47. prop mo dec = –288.55. parallax = 44.39. p error = 0.16. parallax footnote =. }} {{Starbox detail. mass = 1.75. radius =. age gyr = 1.1. luminosity = 17.7. temperature = 6,519. rotational velocity = 150.0. }} {{Starbox catalog. 'Eta Scorpii' η Sco, η Scorpii is a star in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius. The distance to this star can be estimated using parallax measurements, yielding a value of 73.5ly with a 0.4% margin of error. The stellar classification of this star has undergone some revision over time, with the star being classified anywhere from an F-type main sequence star ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Scorpii
*  Olympus OM-D E-M5 4.2X Zoom Lens Kit (Black) 16-megapixel hybrid interchangeable-lens camera with
Olympus OM-D E-M5 4.2X Zoom Lens Kit Black 16-megapixel hybrid interchangeable-lens camera with 12-50mm zoom lens at Crutchfield.com. Cameras. Cameras. Home / Cameras / Digital Cameras / Mirrorless Cameras / Olympus OM-D E-M5 4.2X Zoom Lens Kit. Olympus OM-D E-M5 4.2X Zoom Lens Kit 16-megapixel hybrid interchangeable-lens camera with 12-50mm zoom lens Black Item #: 279EM550K 2 Reviews. Product Highlights: 16-megapixel effective recording Four Thirds-type Live MOS image sensor 17.3 x 13.0 mm five-axis in-body image stabilization provides shake and movement compensation for all attached lenses, even with rotational movements includes M.Zuiko MSC ED M.12-50mm f3.5-6.3 4.2X power zoom lens with an equivalent focal length of 24-100mm bundled external flash unit FL-LM2 is included 3" 610,000 dot tilting OLED Organic LED touchscreen with brightness and color temperature control high-resolution 1,440,000-dot electronic viewfinder with two-axis level gauge full-time live view mode for OLED screen and viewfinder lets y...
http://crutchfield.com/ISEO-rccbcspd/p_279EM550K/Olympus-OM-D-E-M5-4-2X-Zoom-Lens-Kit-Black.html
*  00 2000 Volvo V70 Tie Rod End - Steering - AC Delco, Beck Arnley, Karlyn, Mevotech, Moog, Nordic, Pa
... rtsMaster, TRW, Front Inner, Front Left Outer, Front Right Outer, Inner, Left Inner, Left Outer, Right Inner, Right Outer - PartsGeek. Home Online Catalog Brands Customer Service Track Order View Cart. Make/Model. Close X. Search by Make / Model. Choose Year: Choose Make: Choose Model:. Select Year Select Make Select Model. Volvo. Steering. Tie Rod End. 2000 Volvo V70 Tie Rod End. Change Part / Category Change Vehicle. Power Steering Cooler. Power Steering Cooler Bracket. Power Steering Cooling Line. Power Steering Filter. Power Steering Hose O-Ring. Power Steering Pressure Hose. Power Steering Pressure Hose Seal Ring. Power Steering Pump. Power Steering Reservoir. Power Steering Reservoir Cap. Power Steering Return Hose. Power Steering Suction Hose. Rack and Pinion Bellow. Steering Coupling. Steering Flex Disc. Steering Rack. Steering Rack Boot Kit. Steering Shaft Slip Joint. Tie Rod. Tie Rod End. Tie Rod End Kit. Change Category. Change Brand. Beck Arnley. Karlyn. Mevotech. Moog. Nordic. PartsMaster. TR...
http://partsgeek.com/catalog/2000/volvo/v70/steering/tie_rod_end.html
*  Patent US4591269 - Rotation rate measuring instrument - Google Patents
When the measuring instrument is at rest, the output signal of the optical-to-electrical transducer to which the two component beams are directed after emerging from the optical waveguide is the same for both phase differences between the component beams....
http://google.ca/patents/US4591269
*  1.1 Substitutions and Transformations
Next: 1.2 Cartesian Coordinates in the Plane Up: 1 Coordinate Systems in the Plane Previous: 1 Coordinate Systems in the Plane. Formulas for changes in coordinate systems can lead to confusion because for example moving the coordinate axes up has the same effect on equations as moving objects down while the axes stay fixed. Substitutions A substitution, or change of coordinates, relates the coordinates of a point in one coordinate system to those of the same point in a different coordinate system. For instance, suppose the primed coordinate system is obtained from the unprimed system by moving the axes up a distance d. The point P = a, b in the unprimed system, with equation x=a, y=b, has equation F x', y' = a, F x', y' = b in the new system. For instance, if C is the circle with equation x + y =1 and we are translating down by a distance d, the inverse transformation is x, y. Using transformations to perform changes of coordinates Usually, we will not give formulas of the form 1 for changes between two coord...
http://geom.uiuc.edu/docs/reference/CRC-formulas/node3.html
*  Doxanthrine
... is a synthetic compound which is a potent and selective full agonist for the dopamine d receptor doxanthrine has been shown to be orally active in producing contralateral rotation in the hydroxy dopamine rat model of parkinson s disease references category dopamine agonists category catechols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doxanthrine
*  Add the ability to disable horizontal and vertical axis lines. · inquus/g.raphael@66c331c · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 26. Star. 1. Fork. 461. inquus. / g.raphael. forked from DmitryBaranovskiy/g.raphael. Code Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. . HTTPS or. . Subversion. Download ZIP. Permalink. Browse files Add the ability to disable horizontal and vertical axis lines. Adds two axis options, noverticalline and nohorizontalline. Loading branch information ... commit 66c331cf24be4361f973504c30119c777874eb4b. 1 parent b75b562. Matt Farmer authored Apr 5, 2012. Unified. Split. Showing 1 changed file with 2 additions and 0 deletions. +2. −0.   . g.raphael.js. Show notes. View. 2   . g.raphael.js. @@ -828,6 +828,8 @@ Raphael.g = {. opts = opts |. {};. var path = type ==. | type ==. . : orientation == 1 |. orientation == 3. :,. + path = opts.noverticalline. orientation == 1 |. orientation == 3. : pa...
https://github.com/inquus/g.raphael/commit/66c331cf24be4361f973504c30119c777874eb4b
*  Spiritual Guidance: On rotations, and having a good time
MUST READ: Welcome to the new Engadget comments. Engadget. Menu Engadget. Guides. Engadget Live. tablets. Fitness. Digital media players. More Guides. Guides. If you Mind Sear when you pizza -- let's say Mind Flay -- you're gonna have a bad time. That includes popping Power Word: Shield when you need to, leaning on the movement-reducing ability of Mind Flay to keep enemies out of melee range, and using the Vampiric Touch then Mind Blast combo to proc Replenishment and restore your mana. My standard rotation is Vampiric Touch, Mind Blast, Devouring Plague, and then Mind Flay. If the group is moving through content quickly, don't even bother casting Shadow Word: Pain. Damage-over-time spells are only useful if the enemies are alive long enough for them to tick a couple times. Raid bosses and even heroic bosses can stay alive for a long period of time you know, in relative WoW terms. Devouring Plague: 1 with Improved Devouring Plague Vampiric Touch: 0.77 1.07 with the 2 piece tier 9 bonus Shadow Word: Pain: 0.58...
http://engadget.com/2010/02/03/spiritual-guidance-on-rotations-and-having-a-good-time/
*  41 G. Arae
g arae g arae starbox observe epoch j ra dec starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe gravity rotational velocity age starbox reference simbad hd aricns g arae or gj a is a binary star system in the constellation ara although often called just arae it is more accurate to call it g arae as the number is the gould designation flamsteed only covered the northern hemisphere the primary star in this system is a g type main sequence star with a stellar classification of g v it has about of the mass of the sun and of the sun s radius the fainter member of the pair has a peculiar spectrum that shows a deficiency in elements with a higher atomic number than helium no planetary companions have been detected in orbit around these stars the two stars share a highly elliptical orbit that takes several centuries to complete the estimates of the period range from to years and the average separation of the two sta...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/41_G._Arae
*  VizieR
... CfA VizieR. CADC VizieR. Cambridge UK VizieR. IUCAA VizieR. Beijing Ch VizieR. Looking for catalogs .. CDS portal VOTable VOTable bin-64 VOPlot XML + CSV Astrores FITS ascii Table FITS binary Table SkyCat-Compatible HTML Table HTML with Checkboxes Detailed results Tab-Separated-Values. -Separated-Values ; -Separated-Values ascii text/plain ascii table ascii - with Checkboxes ascii - 999'filled. J2000. CDS, France Tokyo, Japan CADC, Canada Cambridge, UK CFA/Harvard, USA UKIRT-Hawaii, USA IUCAA, India Beijing Obs., China SAAO., South Africa. ALL. J/ApJ/695/679. Stellar rotation in M35 Meibom+, 2009 ReadMe+ftp 2009ApJ...695..679M. J/ApJ/745/56. Upper Sco members rotational velocities Dahm+, 2012 ReadMe+ftp 2012ApJ...745...56D. J/ApJ/766/116. Hrivnak+, 2013 ReadMe+ftp 2013ApJ...766..116H timeSerie. J/ApJ/783/121. candidate members Gagne+, 2014 ReadMe+ftp 2014ApJ...783..121G. J/ApJ/798/73. BANYAN All-Sky Survey BASS catalog. V Nearby YMGs Gagne+, 2015 ReadMe+ftp 2015ApJ...798...73G. J/A+A/390/501. Millimetre ...
http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-2?-kw.cat=72460054
*  25 Aquarii
... {{Starbox begin. name = 25 Aquarii. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aquarius constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption = Location of 88 Aquarii circled }} {{Starbox observe. epoch = J2000. dec = {{DEC|+02|14|36.8173}}. appmag v = +5.09. constell = Aquarius }} {{Starbox character. class = K0 III. variable = }} {{Starbox astrometry. radial v =. prop mo ra = –29.55. prop mo dec = –83.22. parallax = 14.40. p error = 0.30. parallax footnote =. absmag v = }} {{Starbox detail. mass =. radius = 11. luminosity = 54. temperature = 4,721. metal fe = –0.17. gravity = 2.5. rotational velocity = 2.5. age myr = }} {{Starbox catalog. names = d Aqr, 25 Aqr, BD +01 4517, FK5 3729, HD 206067, HIP 106944, HR 8277, SAO 126965. '25 Aquarii' is the modern Flamsteed designation for a single star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. In the past it held the designation '6 Pegasi' and it is located near the border with the modern Pegasus constellation. Alth...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/25_Aquarii
*  Mu Pegasi
... starbox image image px alt diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the pegasus constellation and its surroundings px caption location of μ pegasi circled starbox observe epoch j ra dec starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature gravity metal fe rotational velocity rotation age gyr mu pegasi μ peg μ pegasi is a star in the northern constellation of pegasus it has the traditional name sadalbari which derives from the arabic term for luck star of the splendid one the apparent visual magnitude of this star is which is bright enough to be seen with the naked eye even on a moonlit night the distance to this star can be determined with parallax measurements which yields a value of ly the spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of g iii the luminosity class of iii means that it has exhausted the hydrogen fuel at its core and evolved into a giant star it is slightly more massive than the s...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mu_Pegasi
*  Nu Aurigae
... starbox begin name nu aurigae starbox image image px alt diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the auriga constellation and its surroundings px caption location of ν aurigae circled starbox observe epoch j ra dec dec appmag v constell auriga starbox character class r i v r b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe gravity rotational velocity age myr starbox catalog names aurigae ads bd fk hd hip hr sao nu aurigae ν aur ν aurigae is the bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of auriga it is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of and is approximately ly distant from the earth this is an evolved giant star with a stellar classification of g iii it is a red clump star which indicates that it is generating energy through the fusion of helium at its core the outer envelope has expanded to times the radius of the sun and cooled to ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nu_Aurigae
*  Zeta2 Antliae
zeta antliae zeta antliae starbox begin name zeta antliae starbox image image px alt diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the antlia constellation and its surroundings px caption location of ζ antliae circled starbox observe epoch j ra dec dec appmag v constell antlia starbox character class a iv b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe rotational velocity age myr starbox catalog names cd hd hip hr sao starbox reference simbad hd zeta antliae is the bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of antlia the air pump with an apparent visual magnitude of it is a relatively faint star that requires dark suburban skies for viewing with the naked eye parallax measurements show it to be located at a distance of roughly ly from earth the spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of a iv where the luminosity class of iv indicate that this is a subgian...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeta2_Antliae
*  Eta Aurigae
... {{Starbox begin. name=η Aurigae. }} {{Starbox image. image = 250px|alt=Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Auriga constellation and its surroundings. 12px. caption=Location of η Aurigae circled }} {{Starbox observe. dec = {{DEC|+41|14|04.1127}}. constell = Auriga }} {{Starbox character. prop mo dec = –67.87. parallax = 13.40. mass =. radius = {{nowrap|3.25 ± 0.18}}. temperature = nowrap|17,201 ± 173. rotational velocity = 95. 'Eta Aurigae' η Aur, η Aurigae is a star in the constellation Auriga. It has the traditional name 'Hoedus II' or 'Haedus II'. With an apparent visual magnitude of 3.18, it is visible to the naked eye. Based upon parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission, this star is approximately 243ly distant from the Earth. Eta Aurigae is a larger star than the Sun, with more than five times the Sun's mass and over three times the Sun's radius. The spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of B3 V, which is a B-type main sequence star that is generating...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Aurigae
*  Rho Aquarii
... starbox begin name rho aquarii starbox image image px alt diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the aquarius constellation and its surroundings px caption location of ρ aquarii circled starbox observe epoch j ra dec dec appmag v constell aquarius starbox character class b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe rotational velocity age gyr starbox catalog names aquarii bd hd hip hr sao rho aquarii ρ aqr ρ aquarii is the bayer designation for a binary star in the equatorial constellation of aquarius it is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of based upon parallax measurements made during the hipparcos mission this star is at a distance of roughly ly from earth this is a single lined spectroscopic binary with the presence of a companion being revealed by doppler shift s in the spectrum the primary is a giant star with a stellar classification of i...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rho_Aquarii
*  HR 3220
hr hr starbox begin name hr starbox observe epoch j ra dec dec appmag v constell carina starbox character class f vfe ch b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe rotation rotational velocity gravity age gyr starbox catalog names b carinae cp fk gl hd hip hr sao hr b car is a single lined spectroscopic binary in the constellation carina approximately light years from earth the primary is a f type main sequence star with an apparent magnitude of the secondary is most likely a helium white dwarf with times the mass of the sun mass transfer from the white dwarf progenitor has given the primary the spectral signature of a blue straggler that appears much younger than its actual age of about billion years references carinae b category carina constellation category f type main sequence stars...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HR_3220
*  HR 244
hr hr starbox begin name hr starbox observe epoch j constell cassiopeia ra dec dec appmag v starbox character class f v r i v r b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius gravity metal fe temperature nowrap luminosity nowrap rotational velocity age gyr starbox catalog names bd gj hd hip sao hr is a star in the constellation cassiopeia its apparent magnitude is located around pc distant it is a white main sequence star of spectral type f v a star that is currently fusing its core hydrogen references category cassiopeia constellation category f type main sequence stars...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HR_244
*  11 Aquarii
aquarii aquarii starbox observe epoch j constell aquarius ra dec starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius gravity luminosity temperature metal fe rotational velocity age gyr aquarii is a sunlike star g v in the constellation aquarius with an apparent magnitude is it is approximately ly from earth and is a main sequence star of spectral type g and luminosity class v compared to the sun this star has a higher abundance of elements more massive than helium this indicates it belongs to a class of stars called metal rich the star is about the same age as the sun but it has slightly more mass and has a larger radius references external links category aquarius constellation aquarii category g type main sequence stars...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/11_Aquarii
*  HD 156091
hd hd starbox begin name hd starbox observe epoch j ra dec dec appmag v nowrap constell ara starbox character class r i v r b v u b variable starbox astrometry radial v prop mo ra prop mo dec parallax p error parallax footnote absmag v starbox detail mass radius luminosity temperature metal fe rotational velocity age myr val starbox catalog names cd hd hip hr sao starbox reference simbad hd hd is a double star in the southern constellation of ara the primary is a sixth magnitude giant star with stronger than normal lines of carbon nitrogen and barium in its spectrum the companion is a th magnitude star at an angular separation of along a position angle of as of references external links category ara constellation category double stars category k type giants...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HD_156091
*  Pivot pin with gripper feature - AMBROSE JOSEPH V.
A swinging door assembly, comprising: a panel; a frame having a horizontal portion, the horizontal portion having an aperture therethrough; an elongated pivot pin vertically disposed through the aperture, the pivot pin being coupled to the panel such that the pivot pin and the panel rotate about a longitudinal axis of the pivot pin relative to the horizontal portion of the frame; a gripper feature located on a surface of the pivot pin, the gripper feature engages a corresponding surface on the panel such that when the panel is rotated, a resulting torsional force transferred to the pivot pin is spread over a contact area between the gripper feature and the surface on the panel; a torsional spring having two spring arms, the torsional spring being coaxially disposed around the pivot pin, wherein the torsional spring biases the panel into a position that is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the horizontal portion of the frame; a bent arm fixed to the pivot pin, the bent arm being positioned between the spring ...
http://freepatentsonline.com/8136207.html
*  ACP - Abstract - Spatial features of rain frequency change and pollution and associated aerosols
... Articles ACP. Full text search. Title and author search. Journal metrics IF 5.053. Science Citation Index. Phys., 11, 7715-7726, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/7715/2011/ doi:10.5194/acp-11-7715-2011 © Author s 2011. Spatial features of rain frequency change and pollution and associated aerosols Y. Li 2 1 Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, China 2 Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, USA 3 Department of Environmental Science, Wuhan University, China Received: 01 Feb 2011. Comparison between trends in rain frequency and in precipitation amount shows that the changes in precipitation are more due to changes in precipitation occurrence than in precipitation amount. The overall feature emerged from the region-by-region analyses is that there is an inverse relationship between the rain frequency and the pollution and associated aerosols at continental scale in spring. The change in rain frequency is associated with changes in pollution-produc...
http://atmos-chem-phys.net/11/7715/2011/acp-11-7715-2011.html
*  structural refinement using low temperature data
... aaron oakley s aarono at eduserv its unimelb edu au wed apr est previous message structural refinement using low temperature data next message structural refinement using low temperature data messages sorted by hi does anyone has experience of structural refinement using low temperature data i try to refine my protein structure with low temperature data but the r value is about which can t go down further without b value refinement low temperature structures often have lower b factors than the equivalent structures refined against room temp data if you are at r then you could try doing some b factor refinement individual restrained or group depending on the resolution of your data if you don t want to do group or individual b factor refinement yet you could try refining a single b factor for the entire structure using the group protocol with group not hydrogen also if you suspect that the data is anisotropic try compensating for this by refining an overall anisotropic temperature factor which will be app...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/x-plor/1996-April/000503.html
*  ChemFeeds - Tetrahedron Letters
... New Comments. ACS Comb Sci AdvSynthCatal ApplOrganometChem ChemCatChem CrystEngComm DaltonTrans EurJInorgChem EurJOrgChem HelvChimActa InorgChem J LabelledCompRad J NatProd J OrgChem J PhysOrgChem Macromolecules OrgBiomolChem OrgLett OrgProcessResDev Organometallics TetrahedronLett Multidisciplinary. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. 2 comments,. Up Votes. 1 comments,. Up Votes. 1 comments,. Up Votes. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. 1 comments,. Up Votes. 1 comments,. Up Vote. 1 comments,. Up Votes. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. 1 comments,. Up Vote. 1 comments,. Up Votes. 1 comments,. Up Vote. Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. f Tetrahedron Letters Saturday September 19th 2015. Tetrahedron...
http://chemfeeds.com/tetrahedronlett.php
*  Visualization of variable binding pockets on protein surfaces by probabilistic analysis of related
... structure sets - BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online. BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online. Visualization of variable binding pockets on protein surfaces by probabilistic analysis of related structure sets. 2012 Visualization of variable binding pockets on protein surfaces by probabilistic analysis of related structure sets. However, pocket prediction against single static structures may miss features of pockets that arise from proteins’ dynamic behaviour. In particular, ligand-binding conformations can be observed as transiently populated states of the apo protein, so it is possible to gain insight into ligand-bound forms by considering conformational variation in apo proteins. We show how Provar simplifies comparison of the outputs of different pocket prediction algorithms, of pockets across multiple simulated conformations and between homologous structures. We demonstrate the benefits of use of multiple structures for protein-ligand and protein-protein interface analysis...
http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/5657/
*  Computational Chemistry Highlights: Roaming-mediated isomerization in the photodissociation of nitro
... benzene. Computational Chemistry Highlights. Important recent papers in computational and theoretical chemistry A free resource for scientists run by scientists. Main Page About CCH Editorial Board Get CCH updates Computational Chemistry Daily. Tuesday, February 21, 2012. Roaming-mediated isomerization in the photodissociation of nitrobenzene. Herath, R. Reposted from Computational Organic Chemistry with permission. 3 The hydrogen atom roams over to the other side of the HCO fragment and then abstracts the second hydrogen atom to form H 2 and CO with the unusual signature of a hot H 2 molecule and CO in low rotational/vibrational states. The photodissociation of nitrobenzene is now suggested to also follow a roaming pathway. Near dissociation to phenyl radical and NO 2 can lead to a roaming process that eventually leads to recombination to form phenyl nitrite, which can then dissociate to the slow NO product. References 1 Herath, N.; Suits, A. G., "Roaming Radical Reactions," J. M.; Suits, A. D.; Suits, A...
http://compchemhighlights.org/2012/02/roaming-mediated-isomerization-in.html
*  Van der Waals surface
... van der Waals radii. The 'van der Waals surface' of a molecule is an abstract representation or model of that molecule, illustrating where, in very rough terms, a surface might reside for the molecule based on the hard cutoffs of van der Waals radii for individual atoms, and it represents a surface through which the molecule might be conceived as interacting with other molecules. were are the first widely used physical molecular models based on van der Waals radii, and allowed broad pedagogical and research use of a model showing the van der Waals surfaces of molecules. Van der Waals volume and van der Waals surface area Image:3D methane.PNG. In simplest case, for a spherical monoatomic gas, it is simply the computed surface area of a sphere of radius equal to the van der Waals radius of the gaseous atom: A {\rm w} = 4\pi r {\rm w} 2. It may be calculated for atoms if the van der Waals radius is known, and for molecules if its atoms radii and the inter-atomic distances and angles are known. van der Waals...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_der_Waals_surface
*  Molymod® molecular models biochemistry set (for teachers and lecturers) > Molecular model kits
Molymod® molecular models biochemistry set for teachers and lecturers Molecular model kits Main shop menu WebElements Ltd. Molymod® spare 1-hole hydrogen atoms : $3.53. Molymod® inorganic/organic molecular model set for teachers : $58.63. Molecular model kits - Molymod® molecular models biochemistry set for teachers and lecturers » Send To A Friend Molymod® molecular models biochemistry set for teachers and lecturers. The set includes some hydrogen atoms with two holes allowing the depiction of hydrogen bonding. Atoms 42 carbon atoms black, 4 holes, tetrahedral 24 carbon atoms black, 3 holes, trigonal 2 carbon atoms black, 2 holes, linear 12 nitrogen atoms blue, 4 holes, tetrahedral 12 nitrogen atoms blue, 3 holes, trigonal 10 nitrogen atom blue, 2 holes, angular 20 oxygen atoms red, 2 holes, angular 10 oxygen atoms red, 2 holes, linear 10 oxygen atoms red, 1 hole 100 hydrogen atoms white, 1 hole, molydome type 2 hydrogen atoms white, 2 holes, for H-bonding 2 sulfur atom yellow, 2 hole, angular 6 phosphorus a...
http://webelements.com/shop/product.php/73/molymod_molecular_models_biochemistry_set_for_teachers_and_lecturers/35f81474707e70a7447c1ca1e4c74d81
*  CHARMM
{{Infobox Software name = CHARMM logo = |screenshot = |caption = |developer = Martin Karplus, Accelrys |released = |latest release version = c39b1 latest release date =. 'CHARMM' 'Chemistry at HARvard Macromolecular Mechanics' is the name of a widely used set of force field s for molecular dynamics as well as the name for the molecular dynamics simulation and analysis package associated with them. The CHARMM Development Project involves a network of developers throughout the world working with Martin Karplus and his group at Harvard to develop and maintain the CHARMM program. CHARMM force fields CHARMM molecular dynamics program History of the program Running CHARMM Under Unix/Linux CHARMM and Volunteer Computing See also References External links. CHARMM force fields. The CHARMM force field s for proteins include: united-atom sometimes called "extended atom" CHARMM19,. 6 In the CHARMM22 protein force field, the atomic partial charges were derived from quantum chemical calculations of the interactions between...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CHARMM
*  Computational Chemistry Highlights: About CCH
... Computational Chemistry Highlights. Important recent papers in computational and theoretical chemistry A free resource for scientists run by scientists. Main Page About CCH Editorial Board Get CCH updates Computational Chemistry Daily. About CCH. What is CCH. CCH is a free overlay journal that identifies important contributions to the field of computational and theoretical chemistry published within the last 1-2 years. CCH is not affiliated with any publisher: it is a free resource run by scientists for scientists. How are CCH papers chosen. CCH editors typically choose the papers based on their own reading of the scientific literature, although there is also a mechanism for others to offer suggestions, and publish a link to the paper together with their own commentary. Can I submit suggestions to CCH. Yes, but CCH is under no obligation to use your suggestion or reply in any other way. There are three ways of submitting suggestions. The easiest way is to tweet to @CCHighlights. How to I cite a CCH entry...
http://compchemhighlights.org/p/about-cch.html
*  Quality assessment for molecular models - Proteopedia, life in 3D
... Quality assessment for molecular models From Proteopedia. Jump to: navigation, search Contents. 1 Crystallographic Models 2 NMR Models 3 Global vs. Local Quality 4 Improving Published Models 5 Further Reading 6 See Also 7 Content Donors 8 References and Websites. Crystallographic Models. About 88% of the molecular models published in the Protein Data Bank come from X-ray crystallography experiments. These crystallographic models vary widely in quality, and rarely they are grossly incorrect. or fraudulent see Retractions and Fraud. Generally, model quality is indicated by the resolution of the model, the R value, and especially the Free R. Useful information on model quality, including the Ramachandran plots, can be obtained from PDBReports. All-atom contact analysis. is a powerful newer method for finding and correcting errors in crystallographic models, made easy and convenient with the MolProbity Server. Generally, crystallographic models are reliable in most details when they have resolutions of 2.0 Å...
http://proteopedia.org/wiki/index.php/Quality_assessment_for_molecular_models
*  Deprecated services < EMBL-EBI
Deprecated services EMBL-EBI. Services Research Training Industry About us. PDBe services Deprecated services Deprecated services. Gene ontology browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on gene ontology. Enzyme browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on enzyme classification. Structure folds browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on structure folds in CATH database. Protein families browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on protein family data from Pfam database. Taxonomy browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on taxonomy data from NCBI taxonomy database. Compound browser The new searc...
http://ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/deprecated-services?GO=go:0016021
*  Deprecated services < EMBL-EBI
Deprecated services EMBL-EBI. Services Research Training Industry About us. PDBe services Deprecated services Deprecated services. Gene ontology browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on gene ontology. Enzyme browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on enzyme classification. Structure folds browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on structure folds in CATH database. Protein families browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on protein family data from Pfam database. Taxonomy browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on taxonomy data from NCBI taxonomy database. Compound browser The new searc...
http://ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/deprecated-services?ec=2.6.1.21
*  Deprecated services < EMBL-EBI
Deprecated services EMBL-EBI. Services Research Training Industry About us. PDBe services Deprecated services Deprecated services. Gene ontology browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on gene ontology. Enzyme browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on enzyme classification. Structure folds browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on structure folds in CATH database. Protein families browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on protein family data from Pfam database. Taxonomy browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on taxonomy data from NCBI taxonomy database. Compound browser The new searc...
http://ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/deprecated-services?ec=3.4.22.47
*  Deprecated services < EMBL-EBI
Deprecated services EMBL-EBI. Services Research Training Industry About us. PDBe services Deprecated services Deprecated services. Gene ontology browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on gene ontology. Enzyme browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on enzyme classification. Structure folds browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on structure folds in CATH database. Protein families browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on protein family data from Pfam database. Taxonomy browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on taxonomy data from NCBI taxonomy database. Compound browser The new searc...
http://ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/deprecated-services?pfam=PF02675
*  Deprecated services < EMBL-EBI
Deprecated services EMBL-EBI. Services Research Training Industry About us. PDBe services Deprecated services Deprecated services. Gene ontology browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on gene ontology. Enzyme browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on enzyme classification. Structure folds browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on structure folds in CATH database. Protein families browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on protein family data from Pfam database. Taxonomy browser The new search box at the top of the page Browse, list and analyse the structural knowledge embodied in the PDB based on taxonomy data from NCBI taxonomy database. Compound browser The new searc...
http://ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/deprecated-services?pfam=PF09141
*  Structure validation
... thumb|right|Structure validation concept: model of a protein each ball is an atom, and magnified region with electron density data and 3 bright flags for problems 'Macromolecular structure validation' is the process of evaluating reliability for 3-dimensional atomic models of large biological molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Data Validation. Model-to-Data Validation. Model-to-Data Validation. For Cryo-Electron Microscopy and Hybrid Methods Software and Websites. For SAXS Small-Angle X-ray Scattering For Computational Biology Software and Websites. Macromolecular crystallography was preceded by the older field of small-molecule x-ray crystallography for structures with less than a few hundred atoms. For a well-determined small-molecule structure the R-factor is nearly as small as the uncertainty in the experimental data well under 5%. 3 The first macromolecular validation software was developed around 1990, for proteins. For macromolecular structures, the atomic models are deposited in the Pr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structure_validation
*  Van der Waals radius
... Van der Waals volume Methods of determination Van der Waals equation of state. Van der Waals volume. The van der Waals volume may be calculated if the van der Waals radii and, for molecules, the inter-atomic distances and angles are known. The van der Waals volume of an atom or molecule may also be determined by experimental measurements on gases, notably from the van der Waals constant 'b', the polarizability 'α' or the molar refractivity 'A'. Van der Waals radii may be determined from the mechanical properties of gases the original method, from the critical point, from measurements of atomic spacing between pairs of unbonded atoms in crystal s or from measurements of electrical or optical properties the polarizability and the molar refractivity. Van der Waals radii calculated from the van der Waals constant s of some diatomic gases. The van der Waals constant 'b' volume can be used to calculate the van der Waals volume of an atom or molecule with experimental data derived from measurements on gases. He...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_der_Waals_radius
*  Patente US6440078 - Method and system of determining cardiac contractility - Google Patentes
2 The method of claim 1, wherein the calculation of step d utilizes a mathematical relationship where the value of said stroke volume is represented by the volume of a tetrahedron, the value of said preload is represented by a length of the base of the base triangle of said tetrahedron, the value of said afterload is represented by the height of the base triangle of said tetrahedron, and the value of said cardiac contractility is represented by the height of said tetrahedron. The measuring system of claim 9, wherein the calculation of step d utilizes a mathematical relationship where the value of said stroke volume is represented by the volume of a tetrahedron, the value of said preload is represented by a length of the base of the base triangle of said tetrahedron, the value of said afterload is represented by the height of the base triangle of said tetrahedron, and the value of said cardiac contractility is represented by the height of said tetrahedron. The measurement system of claim 14, wherein the calcul...
http://google.es/patents/US6440078
*  Protein structure prediction
... 'Protein structure prediction' is the prediction of the three-dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence — that is, the prediction of its folding and its secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure from its primary structure. The protein structure can be considered as a sequence of secondary structure elements, such as α helices and β sheets, which together constitute the overall three-dimensional configuration of the protein chain. Loops are regions of a protein chain that are 1 between α helices and β sheets, 2 of various lengths and three-dimensional configurations, and 3 on the surface of the structure. Proteins may be classified according to both structural and sequence similarity. blocks a conserved amino acid sequence pattern in a family of proteins. motif sequence context : a conserved pattern of amino acids that is found in two or more proteins. profile sequence context a scoring matrix that represents a multiple sequence alignment of a protein family. The profile is usual...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_structure_prediction
*  WiFi-NC : WiFi using narrow channels - Microsoft Research
... WiFi-NC : WiFi using narrow channels. The quest for higher data rates in WiFi is leading to the development of standards that make use of wide channels e.g., 40MHz in 802.11n and 80MHz in 802.11ac. We argue against this trend of using wider channels, and instead advocate that radios should communicate concurrently over multiple narrow channels for efficient and fair spectrum utilization. We propose WiFi-NC, a novel PHY-MAC design that allows radios to use WiFi over multiple narrow channels simultaneously. The trend of using wider channels in WiFi Shannon's rate sets the limit on the data rate in terms of bits/sec/Hz for a point to point link. As we achieve the limits of achievable data rates, in order to increase data rates, upcoming standards are proposing the use of wider channels. For example, 802.11 proposed 80 or 160MHz channels. MAC inefficieny due to constant overheads : Even though data rates increase with wider channels, constant overheads such as CSMA, preambles, ACKs etc. Incompatible coexiste...
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/wifinc/default.aspx
*  Helix bundle
A 'helix bundle' is a small protein fold composed of several alpha helices that are usually nearly parallel or antiparallel to each other. Three-helix bundles Four-helix bundles See also References External links. Three-helix bundles. Image:An example of the three-helix bundle fold, the headpiece domain from the protein villin as expressed in chicken s PDB ID 1QQV. Three-helix bundles are among the smallest and fastest known cooperatively folding structural domains. 1 The three-helix bundle in the villin headpiece domain is only 36 amino acid s long and is a common subject of study in molecular dynamics simulations because its microsecond -scale folding time is within the timescales accessible to simulation. The 40-residue HIV accessory protein has a very similar fold and has also been the subject of extensive study. 4 There is no general sequence motif associated with three-helix bundles, so they cannot necessarily be predicted from sequence alone. Three-helix bundles often occur in actin-binding protein s a...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helix_bundle
*  Reaction coordinate
... image diagram of a catalytic reaction showing the energy niveau depending on the reaction coordinate for a catalysed reaction the activation energy is lower in chemistry a reaction coordinate is an abstract one dimensional coordinate which represents progress along a reaction pathway it is usually a geometric parameter that changes during the conversion of one or more molecular entities in molecular dynamics simulations a reaction coordinate is called collective variable https www nyu edu classes tuckerman stat mechii lectures lecture node html these coordinates can sometimes represent a real coordinate system such as bond length bond angle although for more complex reactions especially this can be difficult and non geometric parameters are used e g bond order reaction coordinates are often plotted against free energy to demonstrate in some schematic form the potential energy profile an intersection of a potential energy surface associated to the reaction in the formalism of transition state theory the r...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reaction_coordinate
*  The Baker Laboratory
... Skip to Main Content Area. news research Members Past Members publications employment contact info Links. Siegel JB , Smith AL , Poust S , Wargacki AJ , Bar-Even A , Louw C , et al. Computational protein design enables a novel one-carbon assimilation pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Abstract Download: siegel15A.pdf 892.43 KB. Bergeron JR , Worrall LJ , De S , Sgourakis NG , Cheung AH , Lameignere E , et al. The modular structure of the inner-membrane ring component PrgK facilitates assembly of the type III secretion system basal body. Structure. Abstract Download: themodularstructure_Baker2015.pdf 3.44 MB. Park H , DiMaio F , Baker D. The origin of consistent protein structure refinement from structural averaging. Structure. Abstract Download: Park_Structure_2015.pdf 1.04 MB. Pearson AD , Mills JH , Song Y , Nasertorabi F , Han GW , Baker D , et al. Transition states. Trapping a transition state in a computationally designed protein bottle. Science. Abstract Download: Mills_Science_2015A.pdf 1.49 MB. Mor...
http://bakerlab.org/static/biblio/author/8/?page=1

Canon EOS 5Doxanthrine: Doxanthrine is a synthetic compound which is a potent and selective full agonist for the dopamine D1 receptor. Doxanthrine has been shown to be orally active in producing contralateral rotation in the 6-hydroxy-dopamine rat model of Parkinson's disease.Reaction coordinateKorte's law: In psychophysics, Korte's law, also known more completely as Korte's third law of apparent motion, is an observation relating the phenomenon of apparent motion to the distance and duration between two successively presented stimuli. It was originally proposed in 1915 by Adolf Korte.Coles PhillipsPercolation threshold: Percolation threshold is a mathematical concept related to percolation theory, which is the formation of long-range connectivity in random systems. Below the threshold a giant connected component does not exist; while above it, there exists a giant component of the order of system size.Fluorescence anisotropy: Fluorescence anisotropy is the phenomenon where the light emitted by a fluorophore has unequal intensities along different axes of polarization. Early pioneers in the field include Aleksander Jablonski, Gregorio Weber,Weber, G.Database of protein conformational diversity: The Database of protein conformational diversity (PCDB) is a database of diversity of protein tertiary structures within protein domains as determined by X-ray crystallography. Proteins are inherently flexible and this database collects information on this subject for use in molecular research.Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.Cats in the United States: Many different species of mammal can be classified as cats (felids) in the United States. These include domestic cat (both house cats and feral), of the species Felis catus; medium-sized wild cats from the genus Lynx; and big cats from the genera Puma and Panthera.Cell polarity: Polarity}}List of optical illusions: This is a list of optical illusions.DNA binding site: DNA binding sites are a type of binding site found in DNA where other molecules may bind. DNA binding sites are distinct from other binding sites in that (1) they are part of a DNA sequence (e.Cue stick: A cue stick (or simply cue, more specifically pool cue, snooker cue, or billiards cue), is an item of sporting equipment essential to the games of pool, snooker and carom billiards. It is used to strike a ball, usually the .Interval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Fujiyama (roller coaster)Phase problem: In physics the phase problem is the name given to the problem of loss of information concerning the phase that can occur when making a physical measurement. The name itself comes from the field of x-ray crystallography, where the phase problem has to be solved for the determination of a structure from diffraction data.Transmembrane domain: Transmembrane segment usually denotes a single transmembrane alpha helix of a transmembrane protein, also known as an integral protein.http://www.Neutron magnetic moment: The neutron magnetic moment is the intrinsic magnetic dipole moment of the neutron, symbol μn. Protons and neutrons, both nucleons, comprise the nucleus of atoms, and both nucleons behave as small magnets whose strengths are measured by their magnetic moments.Model lipid bilayer: A model lipid bilayer is any bilayer assembled in vitro, as opposed to the bilayer of natural cell membranes or covering various sub-cellular structures like the nucleus. A model bilayer can be made with either synthetic or natural lipids.Meridian (perimetry, visual field): Meridian (plural: "meridians") is used in perimetry and in specifying visual fields. According to IPS Perimetry Standards 1978 (2002): "Perimetry is the measurement of [an observer's] visual functions ...Spindle apparatus: In cell biology, the spindle apparatus refers to the subcellular structure of eukaryotic cells that separates chromosomes between daughter cells during cell division. It is also referred to as the mitotic spindle during mitosis, a process that produces genetically identical daughter cells, or the meiotic spindle during meiosis, a process that produces gametes with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Mechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.HSD2 neurons: HSD2 neurons are a small group of neurons in the brainstem which are uniquely sensitive to the mineralocorticosteroid hormone aldosterone, through expression of HSD11B2. They are located within the caudal medulla oblongata, in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS).Biological motion: Biological motion is a term used by social and cognitive neuroscientists to refer to the unique visual phenomenon of a moving, animate object. Often, the stimuli used in biological motion experiments are just a few moving dots that reflect the motion of some key joints of the moving organism.Binocular vision: Binocular vision is vision in which creatures having two eyes use them together. The word binocular comes from two Latin roots, bini for double, and oculus for eye.Proximity ligation assay: Proximity ligation assay (in situ PLA) is a technology that extends the capabilities of traditional immunoassays to include direct detection of proteins, protein interactions and modifications with high specificity and sensitivity. Protein targets can be readily detected and localized with single molecule resolution and objectively quantified in unmodified cells and tissues.Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame: Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame is the mechanism by which Mxy, the transverse component of the magnetization vector, exponentially decays towards its equilibrium value of zero, under the influence of a radio frequency (RF) field in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is characterized by the spin–lattice relaxation time constant in the rotating frame, T1ρ.FERM domain: In molecular biology, the FERM domain (F for 4.1 protein, E for ezrin, R for radixin and M for moesin) is a widespread protein module involved in localising proteins to the plasma membrane.Stereopsis: Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- [meaning "solid", and ὄψις] opsis, "appearance, [[visual perception|sight") is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Triparental mating: Triparental mating is a form of Bacterial conjugation where a conjugative plasmid present in one bacterial strain assists the transfer of a mobilizable plasmid present in a second bacterial strain into a third bacterial strain. Plasmids are introduced into bacteria for such purposes as transformation, cloning, or transposon mutagenesis.Outline of biophysics: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to biophysics:List of strains of Escherichia coli: Escherichia coli is a well studied bacterium that was first identified by Theodor Escherich, after whom it was later named.SHIFTCORSTO-nG basis sets: STO-nG basis sets are minimal basis sets, where n primitive Gaussian orbitals are fitted to a single Slater-type orbital (STO). n originally took the values 2 - 6.Volume rendering: 250px|thumb| A volume rendered cadaver head using view-aligned [[texture mapping and diffuse reflection]]Harmening High Flyer: The Harmening High Flyer is an American powered parachute that was designed and produced by Harmening's High Flyers of Genoa, Illinois.Cliche, Andre: Ultralight Aircraft Shopper's Guide 8th Edition, page D-7.Image fusion: In computer vision, Multisensor Image fusion is the process of combining relevant information from two or more images into a single image.Haghighat, M.Fall Heads Roll: Fall Heads Roll is an album by The Fall, released in 2005. It was recorded at Gracieland Studios in Rochdale, UK and Gigantic Studios in New York, NY.AmyloplastSilent mutation: Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent mutations can occur in non-coding regions (outside of genes or within introns), or they may occur within exons.Riding-like sittingVoluntary Parenthood League: The Voluntary Parenthood League (VPL) was an organization that advocated for contraception during the birth control movement in the United States. The VPL was founded in 1919 by Mary Dennett.Nucleic acid structure: Nucleic acid structure refers to the structure of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA. Chemically speaking, DNA and RNA are very similar.DNA condensation: DNA condensation refers to the process of compacting DNA molecules in vitro or in vivo. Mechanistic details of DNA packing are essential for its functioning in the process of gene regulation in living systems.Ice Ih: [showing details of an ice cube under magnification. Ice Ih is the form of ice commonly seen on Earth.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingBill Parry (mathematician)Powder diffraction: Powder diffraction is a scientific technique using X-ray, neutron, or electron diffraction on powder or microcrystalline samples for structural characterization of materials.B.Fourier operator: The Fourier operator is the kernel of the Fredholm integral of the first kind that defines the continuous Fourier transform.Plastic headlight restorationLigation-independent cloning: Ligation-independent cloning (LIC) is a form of molecular cloning that is able to be performed without the use of restriction endonucleases or DNA ligase. This allows genes that have restriction sites to be cloned without worry of chopping up the insert.Inyoite: BO)(OH)·4(HO)Microtubule: Microtubules ([+ tube] + [are a component of the [[cytoskeleton], found throughout the [[cytoplasm. These tubular polymers of tubulin can grow as long as 50 micrometres and are highly dynamic.Surface modification: Surface modification is the act of modifying the surface of a material by bringing physical, chemical or biological characteristics different from the ones originally found on the surface of a material.Nephtheis fascicularisGary H. Posner: Gary H. Posner (born c.Geolocation software: In computing, geolocation software is used to deduce the geolocation (geographic location) of another party. For example, on the Internet, one geolocation approach is to identify the subject party's IP address, then determine what country (including down to the city and post/ZIP code level), organization, or user the IP address has been assigned to, and finally, determine that party's location.Grow light

(1/3615) Subjective perception of body sway.

OBJECTIVES AND METHOD: The relation between body sway recorded through a stabilometric platform and the subjective report of steadiness was studied in 20 young and 20 elderly subjects and 20 neuropathic and 20 parkinsonian patients standing upright. The trials were performed under two stances (feet apart, feet together) and two visual conditions (eyes open, eyes closed). At the end of each trial, subjects scored their performance on a scale from 10 (complete steadiness) to 0 (fall). RESULTS: In all subjects, independently of the stance conditions, the larger the body sway the smaller the reported score. The function best fitting this relation was linear when sway was expressed on a logarithmic scale. The scoring reproducibility proved high both within and across subjects. Despite the different body sways and scores recorded under the different visual and postural conditions (eyes closed>eyes open, feet together>feet apart) in all groups of subjects and patients, the slopes of the relations between sway and score were broadly superimposable. In the normal subjects, the scores were slightly higher during eyes open than eyes closed trials for corresponding body sways. This was interpreted as a sign of perception of greater stability when vision was allowed. Parkinsonian patients swayed to a similar extent as normal subjects, and their scores were accordingly similar, both with eyes open and eyes closed. Neuropathic patients swayed to a larger extent than normal subjects, and their scores were matched appropriately. Although the slope of their relation with eyes closed was not different from that of normal subjects, with eyes open it was steeper and similar to that with eyes closed, suggesting that these patients did not feel more stable when they could take advantage of vision. CONCLUSIONS: The subjective evaluation of body sway, irrespective of stance condition, age, neuropathy, and basal ganglia disease, reflects the actual sway, and is inversely proportional to the logarithm of the sway value. The remarkable similarity of the relation between score and sway across the various groups of subjects with eyes closed indicates a common mode of sway evaluation, possibly based on integration of several sensory inputs. All groups except neuropathic patients seem to take advantage of the redundancy of the inputs. Basal ganglia integrity does not seem to have a role in the evaluation of sway.  (+info)

(2/3615) Optical imaging of functional domains in the cortex of the awake and behaving monkey.

As demonstrated by anatomical and physiological studies, the cerebral cortex consists of groups of cortical modules, each comprising populations of neurons with similar functional properties. This functional modularity exists in both sensory and association neocortices. However, the role of such cortical modules in perceptual and cognitive behavior is unknown. To aid in the examination of this issue we have applied the high spatial resolution optical imaging methodology to the study of awake, behaving animals. In this paper, we report the optical imaging of orientation domains and blob structures, approximately 100-200 micrometer in size, in visual cortex of the awake and behaving monkey. By overcoming the spatial limitations of other existing imaging methods, optical imaging will permit the study of a wide variety of cortical functions at the columnar level, including motor and cognitive functions traditionally studied with positron-emission tomography or functional MRI techniques.  (+info)

(3/3615) A theory of geometric constraints on neural activity for natural three-dimensional movement.

Although the orientation of an arm in space or the static view of an object may be represented by a population of neurons in complex ways, how these variables change with movement often follows simple linear rules, reflecting the underlying geometric constraints in the physical world. A theoretical analysis is presented for how such constraints affect the average firing rates of sensory and motor neurons during natural movements with low degrees of freedom, such as a limb movement and rigid object motion. When applied to nonrigid reaching arm movements, the linear theory accounts for cosine directional tuning with linear speed modulation, predicts a curl-free spatial distribution of preferred directions, and also explains why the instantaneous motion of the hand can be recovered from the neural population activity. For three-dimensional motion of a rigid object, the theory predicts that, to a first approximation, the response of a sensory neuron should have a preferred translational direction and a preferred rotation axis in space, both with cosine tuning functions modulated multiplicatively by speed and angular speed, respectively. Some known tuning properties of motion-sensitive neurons follow as special cases. Acceleration tuning and nonlinear speed modulation are considered in an extension of the linear theory. This general approach provides a principled method to derive mechanism-insensitive neuronal properties by exploiting the inherently low dimensionality of natural movements.  (+info)

(4/3615) Ultrasonic vocalizations elicit orienting and associative reactions in preweanling mice.

On postnatal days (PND) 12 and 13, 90 male Swiss CD-1 mice were tested for orientation to 3 intensities of recorded ultrasounds while climbing an inclined wire grid surface. Motor responses and vocalization to replayed ultrasounds (55-75 kHz) of 20-, 40-, and 60-dB SPL indicated an intensity dependence. In Experiment 2, 138 pups were exposed to either contingent or noncontingent pairings of recorded ultrasounds of 55-75 kHz, averaging 40 dB, and mild inescapable footshocks, or taped vocalizations or footshocks only on PND 12, 14, or 16. At PND 18, subjects were tested for passive avoidance following exposure to the taped ultrasounds only upon entry into the dark side of a black-white compartment. Results suggested only overall, nonspecific effects of pretreatment to elicit responses antagonistic to motor activity. In Experiment 3, 36 pups at PND 15 were tested for passive avoidance with the ultrasound recordings of 40- or 80-dB onset upon entry to the dark compartment; a third group had no ultrasound exposure. A significant intensity effect confirmed that the ultrasounds had prepotent properties.  (+info)

(5/3615) The physiological effects of monocular deprivation and their reversal in the monkey's visual cortex.

1. 1127 single units were recorded during oblique penetrations in area 17 of one normal, three monocularly deprived and four reverse sutured monkeys. 2. In all animals most cells outside layer IV c were orientation-selective, and preferred orientation usually shifted from cell to cell in a regular progressive sequence. 3. The presence in layer IV c of non-oriented, monocularly driven units, organized in alternating right-eye and left-eye 'stripes' (LeVay, Hubel & Wiesel, 1975) was confirmed. 4. Early monocular deprivation (2--5 1/2 weeks) caused a strong shift of ocular dominance towards the non-deprived eye. However, even outside layer IV c, neural background and some isolated cells could still be driven from the deprived eye in regularly spaced, narrow columnar regions. In layer IV c the non-deprived eye's stripes were almost three times wider, on average, than the deprived. 5. Later monocular deprivation (11--16 months) had no detectable influence on layer IV c but seemed to cause a small shift in ocular dominance outside IV c. Deprivation for 6 1/4 months in an adult had no such effect. 6. After early reverse suturing (at 5 1/2 weeks) the originally deprived eye gained dominance over cells outside layer IV c just as complete as that originally exercised by the eye that was first non-deprived. 7. The later reverse suturing was delayed, the less effective was recapture by the originally deprived eye. Reversal at 8 weeks led to roughly equal numbers of cells being dominated by each eye; fewer cells became dominated by the newly open eye after reverse suturing at 9 weeks and most of them were non-oriented; reversal at 38 1/2 weeks had no effect. 8. Binocular cells, though rare in reverse sutured animals, always had very similar preferred orientations in the two eyes. The columnar sequences of preferred orientation were not interrupted at the borders of ocular dominance columns. 9. Even within layer IV c there was evidence for re-expansion of physiologically determined ocular dominance stripes. After early reverse suture, stripes for the two eyes became roughly equal in width. Possible mechanisms for these changes are discussed.  (+info)

(6/3615) Macaque SEF neurons encode object-centered directions of eye movements regardless of the visual attributes of instructional cues.

Macaque SEF neurons encode object-centered directions of eye movements regardless of the visual attributes of instructional cues. Neurons in the supplementary eye field (SEF) of the macaque monkey exhibit object-centered direction selectivity in the context of a task in which a spot flashed on the right or left end of a sample bar instructs a monkey to make an eye movement to the right or left end of a target bar. To determine whether SEF neurons are selective for the location of the cue, as defined relative to the sample bar, or, alternatively, for the location of the target, as defined relative to the target bar, we carried out recording while monkeys performed a new task. In this task, the color of a cue-spot instructed the monkey to which end of the target bar an eye movement should be made (blue for the left end and yellow for the right end). Object-centered direction selectivity persisted under this condition, indicating that neurons are selective for the location of the target relative to the target bar. However, object-centered signals developed at a longer latency (by approximately 200 ms) when the instruction was conveyed by color than when it was conveyed by the location of a spot on a sample bar.  (+info)

(7/3615) Averaging and summation of influences on visually perceived eye level between two long lines differing in pitch or roll-tilt.

The presence of one or two long, dim, eccentrically-placed, parallel, pitched-from-vertical lines in darkness generates a systematic influence on the physical elevation that appears to correspond to eye level (VPEL). The influence of the line(s) in darkness is nearly as large as that produced by a complexly-structured, well-illuminated visual field (Matin L, Li W. Vis Res, 1994;34:311-330); oblique lines in a frontoparallel plane that strike the same projected orientations generate the same influences as those generated by pitched-from-vertical lines (Li W, Matin L. Perception, 1996;25:831-852). The two experiments described here examined the influence on the physical elevation of VPEL due to simultaneous viewing of two long lines of different pitch (Experiment 1) or two long lines of different obliquity in a frontoparallel plane (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 employed two long (66 degrees), simultaneously-presented, pitched-from-vertical lines in darkness on bilaterally symmetric locations at 25 degrees horizontal eccentricity, with each line at one of seven pitches in the range from -30 degrees to +30 degrees; VPELs were measured for all 49 possible pitch combinations. Experiment 2 was identically constructed, but employed oblique 2-line stimuli from a frontoparallel plane that struck the same projected orientations as did the pitched-from-vertical lines in Experiment 1. VPELs measured on four subjects in the two experiments were indistinguishable for corresponding conditions of pitch and obliquity. For a given pitch (obliquity) of one of the lines the elevation of VPEL increased linearly with the pitch (obliquity) of the second line. The VPEL for any 2-line combination is very close to the average of the VPELs for the two individual lines; a small amount of additive summation between the influences of the two lines was also found. Parallel and nonparallel 2-line stimuli appear to follow the same rules of combination. The results are clear in showing that the visual influence on VPEL is controlled by an opponent-process mechanism.  (+info)

(8/3615) The role of orientation flights on homing performance in honeybees.

Honeybees have long served as a model organism for investigating insect navigation. Bees, like many other nesting animals, primarily use learned visual features of the environment to guide their movement between the nest and foraging sites. Although much is known about the spatial information encoded in memory by experienced bees, the development of large-scale spatial memory in naive bees is not clearly understood. Past studies suggest that learning occurs during orientation flights taken before the start of foraging. We investigated what honeybees learn during their initial experience in a new landscape by examining the homing of bees displaced after a single orientation flight lasting only 5-10 min. Homing ability was assessed using vanishing bearings and homing speed. At release sites with a view of the landmarks immediately surrounding the hive, 'first-flight' bees, tested after their very first orientation flight, had faster homing rates than 'reorienting foragers', which had previous experience in a different site prior to their orientation flight in the test landscape. First-flight bees also had faster homing rates from these sites than did 'resident' bees with full experience of the terrain. At distant sites, resident bees returned to the hive more rapidly than reorienting or first-flight bees; however, in some cases, the reorienting bees were as successful as the resident bees. Vanishing bearings indicated that all three types of bees were oriented homewards when in the vicinity of landmarks near the hive. When bees were released out of sight of these landmarks, hence forcing them to rely on a route memory, the 'first-flight' bees were confused, the 'reorienting' bees chose the homeward direction except at the most distant site and the 'resident' bees were consistently oriented homewards.  (+info)


What's the difference between Orientation at Panera and Planet Bread?


I'm going to orientation at Panera, and I was just curious if there's a difference. Oh and where do I go when I go for orientation? Do I just ask someone, or is there a certain room? Thanks.
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Orientation at Panera should just be where you go into the cafe that you will be working at and fill out all of the documents needed to work for them with the manager. Just ask to speak to the manager when you get there. Make sure you bring your social security card and your ID. They need those to fill out the paper work. You will also receive your first week schedule, shirt, hat, apron, etc.
Planet Bread, is a class that is normally filled with associates that will be working at different cafe's in the market. You will learn about the history of Panera, what to expect while working at Panera, and you should also get a chance to taste products and learn a little about how they are made. The location typically varies. Your manager who does your orientation should also schedule you for Planet Bread and give you the time and location.


What should I wear to my orientation at Armani Exchange tomorrow, and what is it like?


I just got a job at Armani Exchange, and just wanted to know what the orientation is like and what I should wear. Thanks in advance!
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I don't know about how the orientation will be but you should dress professional. Honestly it's better to be overdressed than underdressed. If it's for Armani you will want to go sleek and sophisticated [but you should do that even if it were Goodwill]. Impressions are important especially if it is job related. 


How long is the abercrombie and fitch orientation?


I have orientation tomorrow at 10 and I need to be somewhere by 1, will i be able to make it? does any one know how long it is?
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Well I had a Hollister orientation and it was about an hour.


What do you do at a burger king orientation?


I have orientation at bk in a couple hours and was wondering what I was going to be doing there. This is my first job. Do I watch videos or fill out paperwork or both?
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Sit there and listen...as with any sort of orientation.  They may even show you around.


What should I wear on orientation day and the first day?


For orientation day I was just thinking about wearing a white v-neck, jean shorts and flip flops with a belt, really simple :D Is that okay?

First Day I'm kinda stuck.
I know I'm going to wear a hello kitty shirt.

But should I wear a skirt, shorts of skinny jeans?
And for shoes, yellow hightops, pink hightops or flip flops?
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for orientation, your oufit sounds really good. when i went to my orientation everyone was really casual. for the first day you should wear jean shorts with either pink hightops or flip flops (im not a big fan of the hello kitty shirt, but if you like it then you like it)


What do I bring to the Abercrombie kids orientation?


I got the call back from Abercrombie kids and my orientation is tomorrow. I talked to the manager and he did not say much except about my ID and ssn. Is there anything else that i need to bring?
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well like you said you have to bring your ID and your social security card and birth certificate. I have a orientation on sunday too and she said I have to wear navy blue converse and jeans and bring those paper works


Can I substitute black sneakers for black shoes at a job orientation?


I have a job orientation at Regals Theater and the manager said black shoes, black socks, and black pants. Would it be alright if I wore black sneakers instead?
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If you want to be practical wear sneakers that fit the "all black" category, working at a movie theater you are doomed to stand almost all day, but it's also an orientation so you might want to make a great impression. So my vote is either way.


What should I wear to my high school orientation?


I'm going to be a freshman and my orientation is this week. I want to 'dress to impress' and look approachable to other kids, so I can make some new friends. What do you recommend?
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I think its really important to be comfy at orientation. I helped run my schools freshman orientation this past year, and there was lots of walking around and sitting on the floor and such, so pants, jeans, shorts, or even rompers are probably your best bet rather than skirts or dresses (although if you have a friend or sibling who is older than you and did the same orientation, check with them to see what the activities are like at your school so you can judge if skirts will be okay or not). In terms of style, I think a colorful scarf, and maybe a few colorful friendship bracelets are really cute, and will stand out in a good way (you don't want to go too crazy with trends!).

 I made a set on Polyvore for you with an outfit that I think would be comfy and cute! I paired a tshirt with a little bit of lace in it (which is a big trend right now!) with a floral scarf, a couple friendship bracelets for a boho feel, and some oxford style shoes to transition the outfit from summery to a little more appropriate for fall. 

http://www.polyvore.com/cgi/set?id=36417377

Remember to stick to your personal style and to wear what you like. It'll be the first time you meet lots of your peers, so you dont want to dress in something that doesn't represent your personality. That being said, high school is a great time to change up your style a bit and experiment to find your personal style (for example, I dresses very preppy in junior high, but in high school I played around with some more bohemian and classic styles and ended up loving it!) 

Good luck, I hope this helped!