Raynaud Disease: An idiopathic vascular disorder characterized by bilateral Raynaud phenomenon, the abrupt onset of digital paleness or CYANOSIS in response to cold exposure or stress.No-Reflow Phenomenon: Markedly reduced or absent REPERFUSION in an infarct zone following the removal of an obstruction or constriction of an artery.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Shwartzman Phenomenon: Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Scleroderma, Systemic: A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Biological Phenomena: Biological processes, properties, and characteristics of the whole organism in human, animal, microorganisms, and plants, and of the biosphere.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Optical Illusions: An illusion of vision usually affecting spatial relations.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Physical Phenomena: The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Fingers: Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Vision, Entoptic: Visual sensation derived from sensory stimulation by objects or shadows inside the eye itself, such as floating vitreous fibers, tissues, or blood.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Mice, Inbred C57BLGene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Apoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Phantom Limb: Perception of painful and nonpainful phantom sensations that occur following the complete or partial loss of a limb. The majority of individuals with an amputated extremity will experience the impression that the limb is still present, and in many cases, painful. (From Neurol Clin 1998 Nov;16(4):919-36; Brain 1998 Sep;121(Pt 9):1603-30)Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.CREST Syndrome: A mild form of LIMITED SCLERODERMA, a multi-system disorder. Its features include symptoms of CALCINOSIS; RAYNAUD DISEASE; ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY DISORDERS; sclerodactyly, and TELANGIECTASIS. When the defect in esophageal function is not prominent, it is known as CRST syndrome.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Biochemical Phenomena: The chemical processes, enzymatic activities, and pathways of living things and related temporal, dimensional, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nonlinear Dynamics: The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Psychophysics: The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Connective Tissue Diseases: A heterogeneous group of disorders, some hereditary, others acquired, characterized by abnormal structure or function of one or more of the elements of connective tissue, i.e., collagen, elastin, or the mucopolysaccharides.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Drug Tolerance: Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Mice, Inbred BALB CAlleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Optical Phenomena: LIGHT, it's processes and properties, and the characteristics of materials interacting with it.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Microcirculation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.Periodicity: The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).Cell Communication: Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Hallucinations: Subjectively experienced sensations in the absence of an appropriate stimulus, but which are regarded by the individual as real. They may be of organic origin or associated with MENTAL DISORDERS.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Lymphocytes: White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Gene Silencing: Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Psychological Phenomena and Processes: Mechanisms and underlying psychological principles of mental processes and their applications.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Enzyme Inhibitors: Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Antigens: Substances that are recognized by the immune system and induce an immune reaction.Microscopy, Confocal: A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Microscopic Angioscopy: The noninvasive microscopic examination of the microcirculation, commonly done in the nailbed or conjunctiva. In addition to the capillaries themselves, observations can be made of passing blood cells or intravenously injected substances. This is not the same as endoscopic examination of blood vessels (ANGIOSCOPY).Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Genomic Imprinting: The variable phenotypic expression of a GENE depending on whether it is of paternal or maternal origin, which is a function of the DNA METHYLATION pattern. Imprinted regions are observed to be more methylated and less transcriptionally active. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Guinea Pigs: A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Chemical Phenomena: The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial: Exposure of myocardial tissue to brief, repeated periods of vascular occlusion in order to render the myocardium resistant to the deleterious effects of ISCHEMIA or REPERFUSION. The period of pre-exposure and the number of times the tissue is exposed to ischemia and reperfusion vary, the average being 3 to 5 minutes.Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous: Disappearance of a neoplasm or neoplastic state without the intervention of therapy.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.

*  n
physical phenomena photosynthesis...
http://cnshb.ru/cnshb/newpost/arttrn.asp?val=1139855
*  Esko Lab
of biological phenomena related to cell differentiation,...
http://eskolab.ucsd.edu/overview.shtml
*  Bertram, Satin, Pedersen, Luciani, Sherman, 2007 — Physiome Model Repository
, they build these phenomena into a mathematical model that combines ... respiration in metabolic oscillations of pancreatic islets,...
http://models.cellml.org/exposure/3b9a679bf4968478537a21fbd38007bb/view
*  Poor correlation between spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis and histopathology in melanoma a
, pathology Optical Phenomena Reproducibility of Results Skin...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Poor-correlation-between-spectrophotometric-intracutaneous/23296145.html
*  m x
physical phenomena energy metabolism...
http://cnshb.ru/cnshb/newpost/arttrn.asp?val=1321773
*  Respiratory metabolism of illuminated leaves depends on CO2 and O2 conditions.
to elucidate the metabolic rationale of respiration in the light. ... Plant Physiological Phenomena. 0/Carbon Isotopes; 124-38-9/Carbon...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Respiratory-metabolism-illuminated-leaves-depends/18184808.html
*  Body size, energy metabolism and lifespan | Journal of Experimental Biology
to ageing phenomena, since oxygen free radicals are formed...
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/208/9/1717.full
*  Hanchin-set | Wookieepedia | Fandom powered by Wikia
to describe the phenomena by which a portion of qina s surface ... sin bullets the phenomena of a hanchin set caused darkness over a...
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*  Dr Torsten Gaebel - The University of Sydney
and exploit quantum phenomena to create revolutionary new science and...
http://sydney.edu.au/science/people/torsten.gaebel.php
*  Biofeedback Therapy For Raynaud’s Disease Symptoms
Biofeedback Therapy For Raynaud s Disease Symptoms. The Raynaud s Association provide support and education to the millions of sufferers of Raynaud s Phenomenon. Home Frequently Asked Questions About Us About The Raynaud s Association. History Of The Raynaud s Association. Medical Advisory Board. Corporate Sponsors. Testimonials. Privacy Policy. Support Living With Raynaud s. Raynaud s Guide: The Cold Facts on Raynaud s. Raynaud s Blog. Raynaud s Association Newsletter. Helpful Links. Raynaud s Information Cards. Donate Now Search, Shop, Schmooze and Donate to Raynaud s. Raynaud s Association T-shirts. Raynaud s Association Car Clings. Raynaud s Info Cards. Join Benefits of Joining. Become A Member. Tell Us About You. Sponsors. Contact Us Tell Us About You. Marketplace Discuss Discussion Forums. Forums Archive. Biofeedback Therapy For Raynaud s Disease Symptoms August 30, 2010 by. Frostie. Leave a Comment Everyone has felt the discomfort associated with cold hands. But for individuals with Raynaud s Disease, ...
http://raynauds.org/2010/08/30/biofeedback-helps-alleviate-raynauds-disease-symptoms/
*  Raynaud's syndrome
 Raynaud's syndrome. For Medical Professionals. Navigation Locations. Health, Conditions Treatments. Medical Services. Customer Service. Family Health Manager. Home > Health, Conditions and Treatments > Health library. Health Guide Health Encyclopedia. Raynaud's syndrome What is it. Raynaud's ra-nods syndrome sin-drom is a problem with the way arteries carry blood to your fingers or toes. Smoking, some medicines, or chemicals you come in contact with may make you more likely to have Raynaud's syndrome. Sometimes it is not known what causes Raynaud's syndrome. Signs and Symptoms: With cold or stress, your fingers or toes may be pale and then turn blue or red. Medical Care: Blood tests and x-rays of your hands and feet may be done. Medicine may be needed to help open your blood vessels to get blood to your fingers and toes. You may also be given pain medicine. Herbs and Supplements: Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the ...
http://allinahealth.org/CCS/doc/Alternative_Medicine/48/20142.htm
*  .. Raynaud’s Disease .. Raynaud’s Disease And A Natural Drug Free Solution. .. What Causes Rayn
Raynaud’s Disease. By. Claire. on March 10, 2013 in. Raynaud’s Disease. . Raynaud’s Disease And A Natural Drug Free Solution. Before discussing natural cures for Raynaud’s disease, let’s talk about this disorder, causes, symptoms and key considerations among other things. Raynaud’s disease is a disorder of the blood vessels that supply blood to the skin. This condition causes the fingers, toes and occasionally the ears, nose, tongue, knees and nipples to feel cold and numb. A typical Raynaud’s attack occurs in stages and may appear as follows:. The part of the body first affected becomes white as a result of the reduction in blood supply ;. next, the appearance of a blue tinge occurs as oxygen becomes depleted in the area. It should be noted that while the above experience is considered typical, not every person with Raynaud’s disease experiences these changes nor do they happen in every attack. . What Causes Raynaud’s Disease. The origin of Raynaud’s disease remains unknown, which means although, some theori...
http://yourbodycanheal.com/raynaudsdisease.html
*  Raynaud's phenomenon - RightDiagnosis.com
... About Us Bookmark this page. HOME SYMPTOMS DISEASES DIAGNOSIS VIDEOS TOOLS COMMUNITY MISDIAGNOSIS DOCTORS HOSPITALS DRUGS. Raynaud's phenomenon: Introduction Introduction: Raynaud's phenomenon Deaths and Raynaud's phenomenon. Causes Causes of Raynaud's phenomenon Medications causing Raynaud's phenomenon. Symptom Checker: Raynaud's phenomenon. Common causes of Raynaud's phenomenon Diabetes-related causes of Raynaud's phenomenon. Treatments Treatments for Raynaud's phenomenon Misdiagnosis Misdiagnosis and Raynaud's phenomenon. Community Glossary. Assessment Questionnaire. Have a symptom. See what questions a doctor would ask. Choose... Rash Fever Pain Headache Fatigue Diarrhea All checklists. Next: Causes of Raynaud's phenomenon. Symptoms Raynaud's phenomenon. Raynaud's phenomenon. Intro Causes Treatment Symptom Checker Misdiagnosis Deaths Drugs Glossary. Raynaud's phenomenon: Raynaud's phenomenon: Introduction Causes 89 conditions Symptom Checker Misdiagnosis Deaths Treatments Drug causes 10 drugs Definit...
http://rightdiagnosis.com/sym/raynaud_s_phenomenon.htm
*  DermIS - Raynaud's Syndrome (information on the diagnosis)
DermIS - Raynaud's Syndrome information on the diagnosis. DOIA. PeDOIA. Information Modules. Organisations. User Input. Info. related PeDOIA Same page in PeDOIA differential diagnoses Chronic Polyarthritis 8 Cryoglobulinaemia 2 Raynaud's Disease 4 Acrocyanosis 1 Panarteritis Nodosa Kussmaul-Maier 15 Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 23 Progressive Systemic Scleroderma 51 Mixed Connective Tissue Disease 7 Dermatomyositis 55 related links Search www.google.com for 'Raynaud's Syndrome' MEDLINE MeSH Search OMIM. search string. by alphabet * a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z. by localization. Raynaud's Syndrome definition Paroxysmal pallor and coldness of the extremities, usually precipitated by cold, and followed by cyanosis and arterial hyperaemia. This phenomenon may be associated with many pathological conditions including vascular diseases arteriosclerosis, thrombangiitis obliterans etc., connective tissue diseases scleroderma, lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis etc., neurological disturbances,...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/en/25119/diagnose.htm
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon. Reynaud's syndrome treatment | Patient
Raynaud's Phenomenon. Wellbeing. Raynaud's Phenomenon. On this page What is Raynaud's phenomenon. What are the symptoms of Raynaud's. What treatments can help prevent Raynaud's symptoms. Medicines to open up the blood vessels are used in some cases. What is Raynaud's phenomenon. Raynaud's phenomenon, often just called Raynaud's, is a condition where the small blood vessels of the fingers become narrow constrict, most commonly when they are in a cool environment. What are the symptoms of Raynaud's. Only the fingers are affected in most cases. Primary Raynaud's - when the cause is not known In most cases there is no known cause more than 9 in 10 cases. Secondary Raynaud's - due to an underlying cause In less than 1 in 10 cases, there is an underlying cause. In secondary Raynaud's, symptoms may first begin in just one or two fingers on one hand. Certain medicines may also cause secondary Raynaud's as a side-effect see below. Although your hands and feet are the most important, symptoms are less likely to...
http://patient.info/health/raynauds-phenomenon
*  Raynaud’s disease
raynaud s disease sitemap history symptoms prevalence epidemiology raynauds treatment references history of raynauds maurice raynaud in medicine raynaud s phenomenon is a vasospastic disorder causing discoloration of the fingers toes and occasionally other areas this condition can also cause nails to become brittle with longitudinal ridges named for french physician maurice raynaud the phenomenon is believed to be the result of vasospasms that decrease blood supply to the respective regions emotional stress and cold are classic triggers of the phenomenon it comprises both raynaud s disease also known as primary raynaud s phenomenon where the phenomenon is idiopathic and raynaud s syndrome secondary raynaud s where it is caused by some other instigating factor measurement of hand temperature gradients is one tool used to distinguish between the primary and secondary forms it is possible for the primary form to progress to the secondary form in extreme cases the secondary form can progress to necrosis or gangre...
http://raynauds.biz/index.html
*  Norvasc User Reviews for Raynaud's Syndrome at Drugs.com
... All Consumer Professional Pill ID Interactions News FDA Alerts Approvals Pipeline Clinical Trials Care Notes Encyclopedia Dictionary Natural Products. Browse all medications:. Advanced Search. Drugs A-Z. Drugs by Condition. Generic Drugs. Natural Products. Drug Side Effects. Pregnancy Warnings. Advanced Search. News. Apps. High Blood Pressure. Norvasc. User Reviews for Norvasc The following information is NOT intended to endorse drugs or recommend therapy. --- all conditions --- Migraine Prevention 3 Angina 0 Heart Failure 0 Raynaud's Syndrome 3 High Blood Pressure 47 Coronary Artery Disease 0. Reviews for Norvasc to treat Raynaud's Syndrome "At first I got fantastic results. 27 users found this comment helpful. No Report as inappropriate. 34 users found this comment helpful. No Report as inappropriate. "I ve been taking 2.5mg for a month with great results and no side effects, until the weather got colder so the doctor increased dose to 5mg, partly because he wanted a better result to my high blood pres...
http://drugs.com/comments/amlodipine/norvasc-for-raynaud-s-syndrome.html
*  Raynaud’s disease
... Sitemap. History. Symptoms Prevalence Epidemiology Raynauds. Treatment References. History of Raynauds. Maurice Raynaud 1834–1881. In medicine, Raynaud's phenomenon is a vasospastic disorder causing discoloration of the fingers, toes, and occasionally other areas. This condition can also cause nails to become brittle with longitudinal ridges. Named for French physician Maurice Raynaud 1834–1881, the phenomenon is believed to be the result of vasospasms that decrease blood supply to the respective regions. Emotional stress and cold are classic triggers of the phenomenon. It comprises both Raynaud's disease also known as "Primary Raynaud's phenomenon" where the phenomenon is idiopathic, and Raynaud's syndrome secondary Raynaud's, where it is caused by some other instigating factor. Measurement of hand-temperature gradients is one tool used to distinguish between the primary and secondary forms. It is possible for the primary form to progress to the secondary form. In extreme cases, the secondary form can p...
http://raynauds.biz/
*  DermIS - Raynaud's Disease (information on the diagnosis)
DermIS - Raynaud's Disease information on the diagnosis. DOIA. PeDOIA. Information Modules. Organisations. User Input. Info. related DOIA Same page in DOIA differential diagnoses Cryoglobulinaemia 0 Raynaud's Syndrome 0 Acrocyanosis 0 Panarteritis Nodosa Kussmaul-Maier 0 Progressive Systemic Scleroderma 0 Dermatomyositis 8 related links Search www.google.com for 'Raynaud's Disease' MEDLINE MeSH Search OMIM. search string. by alphabet * a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z. by localization. Raynaud's Disease definition Paroxysmal pallor and coldness of the extremities, usually precipitated by cold, and followed by cyanosis and arterial hyperaemia may be a secondary phenomenon in a large number of underlying diseases. Raynaud’s disease is a term used to describe those cases where no other disease is found. It is much more common in women. synonyms Raynaud's Disease. UMLS Disease, Raynaud, Disease, Raynaud's, Raynaud Disease, RAYNAUDS DISEASE, Raynaud's Disease, Raynaud's disease /phenomenon, RAYN...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/en/25151/diagnosep.htm
*  Raynaud’s phenomenon | Adam Multimedia Encyclopedia | Maimonides Bone & Joint Center
Raynaud’s phenomenon. Adam Multimedia Encyclopedia. Orthopedic Conditions. Adam Multimedia Encyclopedia. Orthopedic Conditions. Adam Multimedia Encyclopedia. Raynaud’s phenomenon. Raynaud’s phenomenon. Definition Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition in which cold temperatures or strong emotions cause blood vessel spasms that block blood flow to the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. Causes Raynaud's phenomenon can be associated with other conditions. People with primary Raynaud's phenomenon no other cause or condition have problems in the same fingers on both sides, but they do not have very much pain. People with secondary Raynaud's phenomenon associated with other medical conditions are more likely to have pain in different fingers. Calling your health care provider Call your health care provider if: You have a history of Raynaud's phenomenon and the affected body part arm, hand, leg, foot, or other part becomes infected or develops a sore Your fingers change color and you do not know the cause Your fingers or t...
http://maimonidesmed.org/Orthopedics/AdamMultimediaEncyclopedia/1000412.aspx
*  PDE-5 Inhibitors for Treatment of Raynaud Phenomenon - NEJM Journal Watch
... Skip to main content. Subscribe. Renew. Create Account. Sign In. Subscribe. Renew. Create Account. Sign In. NEJM Journal Watch. Search. Main menu Home. Specialties Topics Specialties: Cardiology Dermatology Emergency Medicine Gastroenterology General Medicine HIV/AIDS Hospital Medicine Infectious Diseases Neurology Oncology and Hematology Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine Psychiatry Women’s Health. Topics: Aging / Geriatrics Allergy / Asthma Arthritis/Rheumatic Disease Breast Cancer Depression / Anxiety Diabetes GERD / Peptic Ulcers Gynecology Hepatitis Hypertension Lipid Management Nutrition / Obesity Osteoporosis/Bone Disease Pediatric Infections Pregnancy / Infertility Respiratory Infections Skin Cancer STDs Stroke Substance Abuse. Feeds. Sign in to Your Account Get help with sign in. Forgot Password. Login via Athens or your Institution. Already a print subscriber. Activate your online access. Read more about site access options. Subscribe. Renew. Create Account. Sign In. Feeds. PDE-5 Inhibitors for...
http://jwatch.org/na33578/2014/02/14/pde-5-inhibitors-treatment-raynaud-phenomenon
*  Raynaud's question & Derm - Raynaud's Syndrome Message Board - HealthBoards
Raynaud's question Derm - Raynaud's Syndrome Message Board - HealthBoards. It appears you have not yet Signed Up with our community. To Sign Up for free, please click here.... health boards health message boards. -->. Home. Health Centers. Anxiety More Coming Soon. Message Boards. Posting Policy. New Posts. Advanced Search. FAQ. Find a Board. Drug Talk. Blogs. Sign Up. login. User Name. Password. Remember Me. Register Forget Password. Blogs. Recent Entries. Best Entries. Best Blogs. Blog List. Search Blogs. Register FAQ Posting Policy Today's Posts Mark Boards Read Advanced Search Find A Board Site Map. Raynaud's Syndrome Message Board. HealthBoards. Heart-Vascular. Raynaud's Syndrome > Raynaud's question Derm. Subscribe To Raynaud's Syndrome. LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread. 07-23-2010, 07:42 AM # 1. Adita78. Junior Member female. Join Date: Jul 2010 Location: Florida Posts: 21. Raynaud's question Derm Hello All. I gave in and went to see my dermatologist's office yesterday. I consider myself lucky ...
http://healthboards.com/boards/raynauds-syndrome/759900-raynauds-question-derm.html
*  Raynaud's phenomenon
... Name = Raynaud's phenomenon. }} In medicine, 'Raynaud's ray-NOHZ Disease' or 'Raynaud's Phenomenon' is excessively reduced blood flow in response to cold or emotional stress, causing discoloration of the fingers, toes, and occasionally other areas. When the disorder's cause is idiopathic it is referred to as 'Raynaud's disease' also called 'Primary Raynaud's', If the syndrome is secondary to another disease such as systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or other connective tissue disorders, it is correctly referred to as 'Raynaud's Phenomenon' 'Secondary Raynaud's'. Chronic, recurrent cases of Raynaud phenomenon can result in atrophy of the skin, subcutaneous tissue s, and muscle. Secondary. Raynaud's disease, or "Primary Raynaud's", is diagnosed if the symptoms are ' idiopathic ', that is, if they occur by themselves and not in association with other diseases. Secondary. Patients with Secondary Raynaud's can also have symptoms related to their underlying diseases. It is important to distingui...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raynaud's_phenomenon
*  Who Is at Risk for Raynaud's? - NHLBI, NIH
Who Is at Risk for Raynaud s. - NHLBI, NIH. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Contact Us. Get Email Alerts. Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health Topics section only, or the News and Resources section. NHLBI Entire Site. NHLBI Entire Site. Health Topics. News Resources. Health Topics. Resources. Contact The Health Information Center. Resources. Research Resources. Clinical Trials. What Are Clinical Trials. NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Clinical Trial Websites. News Resources. NHLBI In the News. Email Alerts. About NHLBI. Contact Us. Health Information for the Public ». Health Topics ». Raynaud s » Who Is at Risk for Raynaud s. Causes Who Is at Risk Signs Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Living With Clinical Trials Links. Related Topics. SHARE this page from the NHLBI. BOOKMARK SHARE X. Share this page from the NHLBI on Blogger. Share this page from the NHLBI on Buzz. Share this page from the NHLBI on Delicious. Share this page fro...
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*  Raynaud's disease Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary
... English US. English UK. English US. The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English. Search. Recent and Recommended. English. Definition. English. Learners Dictionary. Essential British English. Essential American English. Grammar. English Grammar Today. English-Spanish. Spanish-English. English-French. French-English. English-German. German-English. English-Indonesian. Indonesian-English. English-Arabic. English-Catalan. English-Chinese Simplified. English-Chinese Traditional. English-Italian. English-Japanese. English-Korean. English-Malaysian. English-Thai. English-Turkish. English-Vietnamese. Definition of “Raynaud's disease” - English Dictionary. British. Definition of "Raynaud's disease" - British English Dictionary. See all translations. Raynaud's disease noun. uk. / ˈreɪ.nəʊz.dɪˌziːz / us / ˈreɪ.noʊz.dɪˌziːz /. also Raynaud's phenomenon. Email this entry. › a ​ disease that ​ affects the ​ flow of ​ blood in the ​ fingers, ​ toes, ​ ears, or ​ nose, and can make them ​ tu...
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/raynaud-s-disease?a=british
*  A little cheap helper for raynauds attacks - Raynaud's Syndrome Message Board - HealthBoards
... health boards health message boards. Message Boards. Posting Policy. New Posts. Advanced Search. FAQ. Find a Board. Blogs. Sign Up. User Name. Password. Register Forget Password. Blogs. Recent Entries. Best Entries. Best Blogs. Search Blogs. Register FAQ Posting Policy Today's Posts Mark Boards Read Advanced Search Find A Board Site Map. Raynaud's Syndrome Message Board. HealthBoards. Raynaud's Syndrome > A little cheap helper for raynauds attacks. Subscribe To Raynaud's Syndrome. LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread. Darydien. Join Date: Jan 2013 Location: Las Cruces Posts: 5. A little cheap helper for raynauds attacks 1 bag of rice and a tube sock makes an instant warmer... I empty the bag of rice into the sock till it's about 1/3 full... Be very careful how hot you get your heat sock. The Following User Says Thank You to Darydien For This Useful Post: luca689 01-15-2013. Join Date: Apr 2013 Location: Uk Posts: 16. Re: A little cheap helper for raynauds attacks That's great thanks for the info, I'm...
http://healthboards.com/boards/raynauds-syndrome/935394-little-cheap-helper-raynauds-attacks.html
*  So many questions
Systemic Lupus Talk General Forums. Welcome to the WeHaveLupus.com forums. View Profile. View Forum Posts. View Blog Entries. Reply With Quote. Saysusie. View Profile. View Forum Posts. View Blog Entries. Join Date Nov 2001 Location Victorville, California Posts 8,039 Blog Entries 10 Thanks 1,803 Thanked 1,041 Times in 669 Posts. :lol: 1 Raynaud's: Raynaud's phenomenon is a disorder that affects the blood vessels in the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. Raynaud's phenomenon can occur on its own, or it can be secondary to another condition such as scleroderma or lupus. For people who have Raynaud's phenomenon, this normal body response is intensified by the sudden spasmodic contractions of the small blood vessels arterioles that supply blood to the fingers and toes. People who have secondary Raynaud's phenomenon should talk to their doctors before exercising outdoors in cold weather. * Control stress--Because stress and emotional upsets may trigger an attack, particularly for people who have primary Raynaud's phe...
http://forum.wehavelupus.com/showthread.php?1175-Another-Newbie-Here&goto=nextoldest
*  Raynaud's phenomenon
... Definition Raynaud's phenomenon is a condition in which cold temperatures or strong emotions cause blood vessel spasms. This blocks blood flow to the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. Common causes are: Diseases of the arteries such as atherosclerosis and Buerger's disease Drugs that cause narrowing of arteries such as amphetamines, certain types of beta-blockers, some cancer drugs, certain drugs used for migraine headaches Arthritis and autoimmune conditions such as scleroderma , Sjogren syndrome , rheumatoid arthritis , and systemic lupus erythematosus Repeated injury or usage such as from typing, playing the piano, or heavy use of hand tools Smoking. This is called primary Raynaud's phenomenon. When blood flow returns, the area becomes red and then later returns to normal color. People with Raynaud's phenomenon that is due to other medical conditions are more likely to have pain or tingling in the fingers. Ulcers may form on the affected fingers if the attacks are very bad. Tests that may be done to conf...
http://symptomnav.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=101&pid=1&gid=000412
*  Calcinosis – Raynaud phenomenon – esophageal dysmotility – sclerodactyly – telangiectasia sy
calcinosis raynaud phenomenon esophageal dysmotility sclerodactyly telangiectasia syndrome calcinosis raynaud phenomenon esophageal dysmotility sclerodactyly telangiectasia syndrome redirect crest syndrome category connective tissue diseases...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcinosis_–_Raynaud_phenomenon_–_esophageal_dysmotility_–_sclerodactyly_–_telangiectasia_syndrome
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon | Largo Medical Center | Largo, FL
Raynaud's Phenomenon. Largo Medical Center. Largo, FL. H2U - health to you. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Medical Staff. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Information. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes Events. H2U - health to you. News World Report - Best Hospital Edition Quality standards and exclusive rankings earn Largo Medical Center a spot in the 2015 Best Hospital edition of U.S. Largo Medical Center @LargoMedical When should women begin having annual mammograms. Preliminary evidence supports the use of several natural supplements in the treatment of Raynaud s phenomenon. In a 17-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 35 people with Raynaud s, fish oil taken at a dose that provided a total of 3.96 g of EPA and 2.64 g of DHA daily reduced reaction to cold among those with primary Raynaud s disease, but did not seem to help those with Raynaud s caused by other illnesses. A...
http://largomedical.com/hl/?/21804/Raynaud-s-Disease
*  Calcinosis - Raynaud phenomenon - esophageal dysmotility - sclerodactyly - telangiectasia syndrome
calcinosis raynaud phenomenon esophageal dysmotility sclerodactyly telangiectasia syndrome calcinosis raynaud phenomenon esophageal dysmotility sclerodactyly telangiectasia syndrome redirect crest syndrome...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcinosis_-_Raynaud_phenomenon_-_esophageal_dysmotility_-_sclerodactyly_-_telangiectasia_syndrome
*  Raynaud's Syndrome - Health Library
... Home. > Health Education Library. > Information. Raynaud's Syndrome. Raynaud's Syndrome is a disorder of the blood vessels in your hands and feet. It occurs when small arteries of the arms/hands or legs/feet become sensitive to cold or emotional upset. This causes the arteries to constrict, or narrow, and reduces blood flow to the area. The color in the fingers or toes changes from white to bluish to red and this is not usually painful. There may be numbness and tingling. Sores on the skin ulcers can form. Symptoms are usually relieved by warming. HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS. Avoid exposure to cold. Keep your whole body warm and dry. Dress in layers. Wear mittens or gloves when handling ice or frozen food and when outdoors. Use holders for glasses or cans containing cold drinks. If possible, stay indoors during cold weather. Limit your use of caffeine. Switch to decaffeinated coffee, tea, and soda pop. Avoid chocolate. Avoid smoking or being around cigarette smoke. Smoke will make symptoms worse. Wear loose f...
http://sw.org/HealthLibrary?page=Raynaud's Syndrome
*  Northside Hospital - Raynaud’s phenomenonNorthside Hospital -
Northside Hospital - Raynaud’s phenomenon. Northside Hospital -. Medical Services. Classes Events. Maternity Classes. Raynaud’s phenomenon Definition Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition in which cold temperatures or strong emotions cause blood vessel spasms that block blood flow to the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. Causes Raynaud's phenomenon can be associated with other conditions. People with primary Raynaud's phenomenon no other cause or condition have problems in the same fingers on both sides, but they do not have very much pain. People with Raynaud's phenomenon associated with other medical conditions are more likely to have pain or tingling in different fingers. Treatment The following lifestyle changes may help people with Raynaud's phenomenon: Stop smoking Avoid caffeine Stop and avoid medications that cause tightening or spasms of the blood vessels Keep the body warm. Possible Complications Gangrene or skin ulcers may occur if an artery becomes completely blocked most likely to occur in people who ...
http://northside.com/HealthLibrary/?Path=HIE Multimedia\1\000412.htm
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon | Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point | Hudson, FL
Raynaud's Phenomenon. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... Preliminary evidence supports the use of several natural supplements in the treatment of Raynaud s phenomenon. In a 17-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 35 people with Raynaud s, fish oil taken at a dose that provided a total of 3.96 g of EPA and 2.64 g of DHA daily reduced reaction to cold among those with primary Raynaud s disease, but did not seem to help those with Raynau...
http://rmchealth.com/hl/?/21804/Raynaud’s-syndrome
*  Elevated serum homocysteine levels in paediatric patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon.
Elevated serum homocysteine levels in paediatric patients with primary Raynaud s phenomenon. BioMedSearch. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Elevated serum homocysteine levels in paediatric patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 22286653 Owner: NLM Status: Publisher. INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's phenomenon RP is a paroxysmal and recurrent acral ischemia resulting from an abnormal arterial vasospastic response to cold or emotional stress. Homocysteine, a sulphured amino acid, has been linked to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, thrombosis, and bone fragility. Homocysteine has been also linked to the pathogenesis of RP, as increased serum homocysteine S-homocysteine levels were observed in patients with RP. OBJECTIVE: As all publications concerning S-homocysteine in RP involved only adult patients, our aim was to evaluate S-homocysteine in children and adolescents with RP. METHODS: Nineteen patients two boys and 17 girls; mean ag...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Elevated-serum-homocysteine-levels-in/22286653.html
*  What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Raynaud's? - NHLBI, NIH
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Raynaud s. - NHLBI, NIH. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Contact Us. Get Email Alerts. Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health Topics section only, or the News and Resources section. NHLBI Entire Site. NHLBI Entire Site. Health Topics. News Resources. Health Topics. Resources. Contact The Health Information Center. Health Professionals. Resources. Research Resources. Clinical Trials. What Are Clinical Trials. NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Clinical Trial Websites. News Resources. NHLBI In the News. Email Alerts. About NHLBI. Contact Us. Health Information for the Public ». Health Topics ». Raynaud s » What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Raynaud s. Causes Who Is at Risk Signs Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Living With Clinical Trials Links. Related Topics. SHARE this page from the NHLBI. BOOKMARK SHARE X. Share this page from the NHLBI on Blogger. Share this page from the NHLBI on Buzz. Share this...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/raynaud/signs
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon Diagnosis - Diseases and Conditions - PDR Health
Raynaud's Phenomenon Diagnosis - Diseases and Conditions - PDR Health. Diseases & Conditions. Diseases and Conditions. Raynaud's Phenomenon Diagnosis. Raynaud's Phenomenon Diagnosis. The phenomenon is an exaggerated response to cold or other triggers, and eventually results in reduced blood flow to certain areas of the body. When Raynaud's phenomenon RP occurs as an isolated symptom, it is known as primary RP, or Raynaud's phenomenon, and tends to be harmless. Some patients with primary RP appear to respond to biofeedback, which is a technique whereby patients are trained to increased finger temperature in response to reinforcing signals. However, patients with secondary RP do not respond as well to biofeedback as those with primary RP. Conditioning exercises also help some patients. In this approach, the hands are repeatedly exposed to warm water while the rest of the body is exposed to cold temperatures. Over time, as the body begins to associate being cold with having warm hands, feeling cold may elici...
http://pdrhealth.com/diseases/raynauds-phenomenon/diagnosis
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Surgery | Blood Viscosity, Plasma Proteins, and Raynaud Syndrome
JAMA Network. JAMA Surgery. Blood Viscosity, Plasma Proteins, and Raynaud Syndrome. 0. . Institutional Sign In >. Sign in via Athens. Sign in via Shibboleth. Sign In. Create an Account. We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes. Retry. We were able to sign you in, but your subscription s could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes. Retry. There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue. Contact the AMA Service Center: Telephone: 1 800 262-2350 or 1 312 670-7827 * Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com. Error Message ...... The JAMA Network. Journals. JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association. JAMA Dermatology. JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. JAMA Internal Medicine. JAMA Neurology. JAMA Oncology. JAMA Ophthalmology. JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. JAMA Pediatrics. JAMA Psychiatry. JAMA Surgery. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry 1919-1959. Collections. Store. Physician Jobs. About Mobile. Search. Ad...
http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=581049
*  Raynaud’s Phenomenon
Raynaud s Phenomenon. About Arthritis. Understanding Arthritis Arthritis Types Where It Hurts. Tools & Resources Treatment Options Pain Management Arthritis Diet Exercise Comorbidities Your Health Care Life Stages. Walk to Cure Arthritis Jingle Bell Run / Walk JA Conference Bone Bash Dinners & Galas Healing Hands for Arthritis Bike Events Volunteer Search Events. About Arthritis Home Understanding Arthritis Arthritis Types Where It Hurts. Living With Arthritis Home Tools & Resources Treatment Options Pain Management Arthritis Diet Exercise Comorbidities Your Health Care Life Stages. Get Involved Home Walk to Cure Arthritis Jingle Bell Run / Walk JA Conference Bone Bash Dinners & Galas Healing Hands for Arthritis Bike Events Volunteer Search Events. Understanding Arthritis What Is Arthritis. Do I Have Arthritis. Where It Hurts Ankle Pain Ankle Anatomy Causes Diagnosis Treatment Ankle Care. Back Pain Back and Spine Anatomy Causes Diagnosis Treatment Back Care. Elbow Pain Elbow Anatomy Causes Diagnosis Treatment...
http://arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/raynauds-phenomenon/
*  A rare case of Raynaud’s vasculitis secondary to Hepatitis B vaccination: The induced auto-immune
... attack syndrome. Selvaraj. Case Reports in Internal Medicine. . Case Reports in Internal Medicine International Peer-Reviewed and Open Access Journal for the Internal Medicine Specialist. Journal Help. User. Username. Password. Remember me. Notifications. View. Subscribe / Unsubscribe. Journal Content Search. All Authors Title Abstract Index terms Full Text. Browse. By Issue. By Author. By Title. Other Journals. Font Size. Information. For Readers. For Authors. For Librarians. Home. About. Log In. Register. Search. Current. Archives. Announcements. ETHICAL GUIDELINES. Home. Vol 1, No 1 2014. Selvaraj. A rare case of Raynaud’s vasculitis secondary to Hepatitis B vaccination: The induced auto-immune attack syndrome. Vijairam Selvaraj, Owolabi Ogunneye, Tara Lagu, Stephen Ryzewicz. Abstract. Raynaud’s syndrome is a cutaneous vasculitis associated with a variety of underlying conditions such as connective tissue disorders, occupational exposures, drugs and very rarely vaccines. We report a case of Hepatitis ...
http://sciedu.ca/journal/index.php/crim/article/view/4014/0
*  Serge Raynaud de la Ferriere
... thumb 'Serge Raynaud de la Ferrière' 18 January 1916 27 December 1962 was a French Initiatic philosopher. He founded the Universal Great Brotherhood in 1948 in Caracas, Venezuela. The Life and Education The Universal Great Brotherhood Pilgrimage Titles and Honors End of Life References External links Further references. The Life and Education. 7 Serge Raynaud de la Ferrière presented a list of initiatic and academic titles and degrees to his disciples, most of which were never proved to be true. The Universal Great Brotherhood. He arrived at New York and established the first center for the Universal Great Brotherhood. Once the center for the Universal Great Brotherhood in Caracas was well established, Dr. He also established an Initiatic College, Esoteric Center, and Study Center free of charge, as well as a Meditation Center, and Yoga Institute together with Jose Manuel Estrada, co-founder. He established a center for the Universal Great Brotherhood in Algiers, Africa and registered the ' Universal Gre...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serge_Raynaud_de_la_Ferriere
*  Browsing FAS Scholarly Articles by Harvard-affiliated Author "Raynaud, Jean"
browsing fas scholarly articles by harvard affiliated author raynaud jean browsing fas scholarly articles by harvard affiliated author raynaud jean dspace manakin repository dash home faculty of arts and sciences fas scholarly articles browsing fas scholarly articles by harvard affiliated author login browsing fas scholarly articles by harvard affiliated author raynaud jean a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date title issue date order ascending descending results now showing items of synthesis and structure of solution stable one dimensional palladium wires campbell michael glenn powers david c raynaud jean graham michael j xie ping lee eunsung ritter tobias nature chemistry link to published version now showing items of search dash search dash this collection advanced search browse all of dash communities collections authors titles keywords harvard affiliated authors fas departments by issue date by submit date rss atom this collection authors title...
http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/2/browse?authority=4ce00c4f39573e197c6215d097fc4e49&type=harvardAuthor
*  Raynaud's disease - Mayo Clinic
... All Mayo Clinic Topics. Patient Care & Health Info. Healthy Lifestyle. Symptoms A-Z. Diseases & Conditions A-Z. Appointments. Patient & Visitor Guide. Patient Online Services. Quality Care Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. About Mayo Clinic. Meet the Staff Find a directory of doctors and departments at all Mayo Clinic campuses. Find Clinical Trials. Research and Clinical Trials See how Mayo Clinic research and clinical trials advance the science of medicine and improve patient care. Mayo Medical School. Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education. Mayo School of Health Sciences. Online Services for Referring Physicians. Professional Services Explore Mayo Clinic’s many resources and see jobs available for medical professionals. Products & Services. Healthy Living Program. Mayo Clinic Membership. Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Medical Products. Medical Laboratory Services. Continuing Education for Medical Professionals. Giving to Mayo Clinic. Give to Mayo Clinic Help set a new wor...
http://mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/raynauds-disease/basics/definition/con-20022916
*  Tulare CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions. Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Men's Health. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Tulare Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. The rheumatologist diagnoses and treats arthritis, back pain, muscle strains, common athletic injuries, etc. Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon facts Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale to blue to red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to cold. 1 Tulare Regional Medical Center 869 N Cherry St Tulare, California 93274 559 688-082. 11 Adventist Medical Center 372 W Cypress Ave Tulare, California 93654 559 638-815. * Provider Directory Terms of Use: The WebMD 'Provider D...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/tulare-ca_city.htm
*  Fayetteville NC Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions. Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Fayetteville Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon facts Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale to blue to red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to cold. 2 VA Medical Center 2300 Ramsey St Fayetteville, North Carolina 28301 910 488-212. 3 Cape Fear Valley Medical Center 1638 Owen Dr Fayetteville, North Carolina 28304 910 615-400. 9 Sampson Regional Medical Center 607 Beaman St Fayetteville, North Carolina 28328 910 592-851. * Provider Directory Terms of Use: The WebMD 'Provider Directory' is p...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/fayetteville-nc_city.htm
*  Bullhead City AZ Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Pet Health Slideshows. Oral Health Conditions. Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Pet Health Slideshows. Oral Health Conditions. Bullhead City Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Chinikhanwala Mohave Arthritis Associates 3003 Highway 95 Ste J100 Bullhead City, AZ 86442 928 704-5400 22 years experience 1 office location s. Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon facts Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale to blue to red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to cold. 2 Valley View Medical Center 5330 S Highway 95 Bullhead City, Arizona 86426 928 788-227. 3 Colorado River Medical Center 1401 Bailey Ave Bullhead City, Arizona 92363 760 326-453. 4 Kingman Regional Medical Center 3269 Stockton Hill Rd Bullhead City, Arizona 86409 928 757-210. * Provider Directory Terms of Use: The WebMD 'Provider Directory' ...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/bullhead-city-az_city.htm
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon | UW Health | Madis
Raynaud's Phenomenon. UW Health. Madison, WI. Skip to Content UW Health SMPH. American Family Children's Hospital Home. Online Services. Bill Pay. CarePages. Classes and Support Groups. Donate. Flowers and Gifts. Prescription Refill. Services. Clinics Hospitals. Search. Health Information. Raynaud's Phenomenon Skip to the navigation Raynaud's phenomenon is a condition in which some areas of the body, usually the fingers or toes, have an exaggerated response to cold temperature or emotional stress. Normally the body narrows constricts these blood vessels when the skin gets cold. Most cases of Raynaud's phenomenon have no known cause. Vibrations from power tools or drugs that affect blood flow such as nicotine, caffeine, and cold medicines that contain pseudoephedrine may also trigger Raynaud's phenomenon. Treatment for Raynaud's phenomenon focuses on preventing attacks by avoiding cold, stress, and other triggers. Author: Healthwise Staff Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine. Healthwise, Inc...
http://uwhealth.org/spanishhealth/topic/definition/¿qué-es-el-fenómeno-de-raynaud/str2161.html
*  Memphis TN Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions. Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Pet Health Slideshows. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Oral Health Conditions. Memphis Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Akhigbe Arthritis Group 6263 Poplar Ave Ste 503 Memphis, TN 38119 901 525-0278 17 years experience 2 office location s. Eden-Kilgour Arthritis Group 6263 Poplar Ave Ste 503 Memphis, TN 38119 901 525-0278 2 office location s. Adams Arthritis Group 6263 Poplar Ave Ste 503 Memphis, TN 38119 901 525-0278 2 office location s. Postlethwaite University Of Tennessee Rheumatology 956 Court Ave Ste G326 Memphis, TN 38103 901 448-5774 1 office location s. Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon facts Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/memphis-tn_city.htm
*  Hampton VA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Health Living. Health Living. Hampton Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Orlowski Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 1033 Champions Way Ste 100 Suffolk, VA 23435 757 483-2783 1 office location s. Mahajan Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 1033 Champions Way Ste 100 Suffolk, VA 23435 757 483-2783 1 office location s. Mansoor Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 1033 Champions Way Ste 100 Suffolk, VA 23435 757 483-2783 1 office location s. Clarkson Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 816 Greenbrier Cir Ste A Chesapeake, VA 23320 757 461-3400 1 office location s. Turkiewicz Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 816 Greenbrier Cir Ste A Chesapeake, VA 23320 757 461-3400 1 office location s. Lidman Center Arthritis Rheumatology Diseases 816 Greenbrier Cir Ste A Chesapeake, VA 23320 757 461-3400 1 office location s. Sherwood Arthritis Consultants Tidewater 933 First Colonial Rd Ste 100 Virginia Beach, VA 23454 757 491-7359 2...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/hampton-va_city.htm
*  Palm Coast FL Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Health Living. Palm Coast Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Kohen Allergy Asthma & Arthritis Center 709 N Clyde Morris Blvd Daytona Beach, FL 32114 386 252-1632 48 years experience 2 office location s. Tsai Arthritis Autoimmune & Allergy 1893 N Clyde Morris Blvd Ste 110 Daytona Beach, FL 32117 386 676-0307 34 years experience 1 office location s. Wiener Arthritis Autoimmune & Allergy 1893 N Clyde Morris Blvd Ste 110 Daytona Beach, FL 32117 386 676-0307 1 office location s. Tools Allergy Asthma & Arthritis Center 709 N Clyde Morris Blvd Daytona Beach, FL 32114 386 252-1632 1 office location s. Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon facts Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale to blue to red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to cold. 2 Flagler Hospital 400 Health Park Blvd Palm Coast, Florida 32086 904 829-515. 3 Flagler Psych...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/palm-coast-fl_city.htm
*  Fishers IN Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Arthritis. Health Living. Health Living. Fishers Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. PeGan Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 1 office location s. Hague Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 1 office location s. Smith Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 1 office location s. Wu Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 1 office location s. Lautzenheiser Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 1 office location s. Staley Rheumatology Associates PC 8902 N Meridian St Ste 210 Indianapolis, IN 46260 317 844-6444 2 office location s. James IU Health Physicians 550 University Blvd Ste 2180 Indianapolis, IN 46202 317 944-8660 2 office location s. Fife IU Health Physicians 550 University ...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/fishers-in_city.htm
*  Charlotte NC Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Health Living. Health Living. Charlotte Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Perkins Arthritis & Osteoporosis Consultants Of The Carolinas 1918 Randolph Rd Ste 600 Charlotte, NC 28207 704 342-0252 1 office location s. Maniloff Arthritis & Osteoporosis Consultants Of The Carolinas 1918 Randolph Rd Ste 600 Charlotte, NC 28207 704 342-0252 1 office location s. Seehorn Arthritis & Osteoporosis Consultants Of The Carolinas 1918 Randolph Rd Ste 600 Charlotte, NC 28207 704 342-0252 1 office location s. Kipnis Arthritis & Osteoporosis Consultants Of The Carolinas 1918 Randolph Rd Ste 600 Charlotte, NC 28207 704 342-0252 1 office location s. 21 Patrick Box Box Arthritis & Rheumatology Of The Carolinas 10502 Park Rd Ste 100 Charlotte, NC 28210 704 541-9092 1 office location s. Box Box Arthritis & Rheumatology Of The Carolinas 10502 Park Rd Ste 100 Charlotte, NC 28210 704 541-9092 1 office location s. 23 Ashton Chamblee Box Arthritis & Rheumatol...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/charlotte-nc_city.htm
*  Killeen TX Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Health Living. Health Living. Killeen Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Young Arthritis Consultants 2301 S Clear Creek Rd Ste 226 Killeen, TX 76549 254 628-5454 1 office location s. Moody Arthritis Consultants 2301 S Clear Creek Rd Ste 226 Killeen, TX 76549 254 628-5454 1 office location s. 6 Astrud Leyva Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0100 2 office location s. 7 Astrud Leyva Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0400 2 office location s. 8 Thomas Aabu Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0100 1 office location s. Baethge Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0100 2 office location s. Thomas Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0400 2 office location s. Clark Scott & White Clinic 1605 S 31st St Temple, TX 76508 254 215-0100 2 office location s. 13 Neal Shparago Scott & White Cli...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/killeen-tx_city.htm
*  Watsonville CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Health Living. Health Living. Watsonville Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Culver Palo Alto Medical Fdn Clin 2025 Soquel Ave Santa Cruz, CA 95062 831 423-4111 17 years experience 1 office location s. Petrocelli Palo Alto Medical Fdn Clin 2025 Soquel Ave Santa Cruz, CA 95062 831 423-4111 40 years experience 1 office location s. Lee Arthritis & Rheumatism Center 700 W Parr Ave Ste A Los Gatos, CA 95032 408 866-1135 11 years experience 1 office location s. Silcox Arthritis & Rheumatism Center 700 W Parr Ave Ste A Los Gatos, CA 95032 408 866-1135 53 years experience 1 office location s. 15 Sudhakar Tumuluri Arthritis & Rheumatism Center 700 W Parr Ave Ste A Los Gatos, CA 95032 408 866-1135 20 years experience 1 office location s. 16 Sangeetha Balasubramanian Arthritis & Rheumatism Center 700 W Parr Ave Ste A Los Gatos, CA 95032 408 866-1135 15 years experience 2 office location s. Lee Arthritis & Rheuma...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/watsonville-ca_city.htm
*  It Hurts : I Have Raynaud's Syndrome Story & Experience
... Home Search. . Home Groups Stories Questions People. Post Sign In. Username:. Password:. Keep me logged in. Not a member. Sign Up. Forgot your password or username. Not a member. Sign up now. This browser is out of date and will not support some of this site's functionality. For better site performance, please update your browser to the newest version:. Internet Explorer. Chrome. Firefox. Safari. I Have Raynaud s Syndrome. It Hurts This stupid Raynauds acts up in the cold weather making the blood vessels constrict stopping blood flow,The colors don't really hurt what hurts is when the feeling is coming back and the circulation starts again. That's when the pain comes .People say Oh well move away from the cold and wear gloves out. I wish. People who live where it's warm have the air conditioning on which causes the pain ; it's in the houses,at work,at the store,everywhere. Ever try to get something out of the freezer and it hurts so badly you drop it. Or carrying the gallon of milk into the house the col...
http://experienceproject.com/stories/Have-Raynauds-Syndrome/900855
*  .. On My Mind: Can We Talk? .. By and For Women: If Cold Temperatures Give You the Blues, You Migh
They are older than Bob and me and yet they were doing things I’ve mainly attributed to younger people who grew up with technology. And, don’t get me wrong – I LOVE technology and social media and being able to stay in touch, but I also value spending time with people and having real conversations. It’s something I’m convinced added to me missing out on so many things just because I was trying to stay connected to so many things. Let’s Talk – in the New York Times 09/27/15 :. Some of the most crucial conversations you will ever have will be with yourself. And, in the meantime, I’m working more on practicing the art of conversation and connection and relationship building – not that I will ever lose my email and social media connections because they are wonderful and help me stay connected when distance is a factor. October is Raynaud ’s Awareness Month, proclaimed by the Raynaud’s Association just as chillier temperatures take hold. Raynaud’s disease aka Raynaud’s phenomenon or syndr...
http://womantalklive.com/
*  Pierre Raynaud
... Research Topics conjunctivitis granuloma lymphoma necrosis head and neck neoplasms neutrophils biopsy inflammation nose neoplasms differential diagnosis adenocarcinoma paranasal sinus neoplasms syndrome pain foot diseases osteomalacia osteoclasts cell division. Publications Pierre Raynaud Service d Anatomie Pathologique, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Ann Pathol 25:87-93. 2005 Flora Poizat Service d anatomie et cytologie pathologique, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, CHU de Montpellier, 80, avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Ann Pathol 29:286-95. 2009 Flora Poizat Service d Anatomie et Cytologie Pathologiques, CH Gui de Chauliac, 80 rue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Ann Pathol 25:134-7. 2005 Heparanase influences expression and shedding of syndecan-1, and its expression by the bone marrow environment is a bad prognostic factor in multiple myeloma Karene Mahtouk Institute of Research in Biology, Centre Hospitalier U...
http://labome.org/expert/france/raynaud/pierre-raynaud-830007.html
*  Raynaud's phenomenon - Treatment - NHS Choices
... create an account. Your health, your choices. Stress, anxiety, depression information. NHS Health Check information. Healthy eating articles. NHS continuing care. All care and support topics Health news. Mental health news reports. Exercise your right to choice in the NHS Learn about patient choice now A E search. Depression search. Raynaud's phenomenon - Treatment Share: Save: Print: Print this page. Raynauds-phenomenon Clinical trials. Raynauds-phenomenon Community. Treating Raynaud's You can usually treat Raynaud's phenomenon yourself, although medication is sometimes necessary. If your secondary Raynaud’s may be a side effect of a medication, you may be asked to stop taking it, to see if your symptoms improve. Self-help The following advice is recommended for both primary and secondary Raynaud’s. Medication Nifedipine If your symptoms fail to improve, you may be prescribed nifedipine. The side effects should improve as your body gets used to the medicine, but tell your GP if you find ...
http://nhs.uk/Conditions/Raynauds-phenomenon/Pages/Treatment.aspx
*  Milwaukee WI Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Health Living. Health Living. Milwaukee Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Cohen Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 35 years experience 2 office location s. Pasha Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 14 years experience 2 office location s. Zastrow Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 2 office location s. Oelke Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 2 office location s. 9 Suhail Hameed Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 2 office location s. Kieffer Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 1 office location s. Kushi Rheumatology Disease Center 2500 W Layton Ave Ste 280 Milwaukee, WI 53221 414 351-4009 2 office...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/milwaukee-wi_city.htm
*  Anaheim CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Anaheim Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Kim Nicholas Y Kim MD 3010 W Orange Ave Ste 409 Anaheim, CA 92804 714 484-3781 27 years experience 2 office location s. Kim Young Rae Kim MD 3010 W Orange Ave Ste 409 Anaheim, CA 92804 714 484-3781 27 years experience 2 office location s. Shulman Childrens Hospital Orange County Rheumatology 1201 W La Veta Ave Orange, CA 92868 714 509-7983 1 office location s. Boon Childrens Hospital Orange County Rheumatology 1201 W La Veta Ave Orange, CA 92868 714 509-7983 1 office location s. Trinh Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 2 office location s. Hwang Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 5451 La Palma Ave Ste 25 La Palma, CA 90623 714 670-1340 1 office location s. 51 Youngwook Kim Young Rae Kim MD 3010 W Orange Ave Ste 409 Anaheim, CA 92804 714 484-3781 2 office location s. Chan Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 ...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/anaheim-ca_city.htm
*  Garden Grove CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Diseases Conditions. Arthritis. Garden Grove Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Dang David Dang MD 13872 Harbor Blvd Ste 1A Garden Grove, CA 92843 714 210-1300 17 years experience 2 office location s. Kim Nicholas Y Kim MD 3010 W Orange Ave Ste 409 Anaheim, CA 92804 714 484-3781 2 office location s. Kim Young Rae Kim MD 3010 W Orange Ave Ste 409 Anaheim, CA 92804 714 484-3781 2 office location s. Boon Childrens Hospital Orange County Rheumatology 1201 W La Veta Ave Orange, CA 92868 714 509-7983 1 office location s. Shulman Childrens Hospital Orange County Rheumatology 1201 W La Veta Ave Orange, CA 92868 714 509-7983 1 office location s. 22 Jackie Fritz Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 5451 La Palma Ave Ste 25 La Palma, CA 90623 714 670-1340 1 office location s. 25 Niloofar Farmani Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 5451 La Palma Ave Ste 25 La Palma, CA 90623 714 670-1340 1 office location s. Trinh Arthritis & Osteoporosi...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/garden-grove-ca_city.htm
*  Lakewood CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Lakewood Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. 3 Ivette Stickelmaier Prohealth Partners 5750 Downey Ave Ste 100 Lakewood, CA 90712 562 630-3105 28 years experience 1 office location s. 11 Nathaniel Neal Prohealth Partners 2840 Long Beach Blvd Ste 365 Long Beach, CA 90806 562 989-2374 1 office location s. Hwang Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 5451 La Palma Ave Ste 25 La Palma, CA 90623 714 670-1340 1 office location s. Trinh Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 2 office location s. Ho Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 711 W College St Ste 590 Los Angeles, CA 90012 213 621-9020 3 office location s. 47 Li Yang Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 1 office location s. Chan Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 1 office loca...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/lakewood-ca_city.htm
*  El Monte CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... El Monte Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. Hwang Jimmy H Hwang MD 223 N Garfield Ave Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 626 571-9806 2 office location s. Sandler Joseph I Sandler MD 2322 S Garfield Ave Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 722-5300 1 office location s. 14 Ramachandran Srinivasan Monterey Park Medical Center 941 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 101 Monterey Park, CA 91754 626 458-8401 2 office location s. Bustamante Monterey Park Medical Center 941 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 101 Monterey Park, CA 91754 626 458-8401 1 office location s. Ho Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 711 W College St Ste 590 Los Angeles, CA 90012 213 621-9020 3 office location s. Chan Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 1 office location s. 19 Li Yang Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 2063 S Atlantic Blvd Ste 300 Monterey Park, CA 91754 323 796-0170 1 office location s. Trinh Arthritis & Osteopor...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/el-monte-ca_city.htm
*  Burbank CA Rheumatologist Doctors - Raynaud's Phenomenon: Learn Facts, Symptoms, and Causes
... Burbank Rheumatologist Doctors for Raynaud's Phenomenon Type of Physician: Rheumatologist What is a Rheumatologist. 3 Eileen Breyde Facey Medical Group 191 S Buena Vista St Ste 340 Burbank, CA 91505 855 723-3005 1 office location s. Ross Gilbert N Ross MD 2625 W Alameda Ave Ste 518 Burbank, CA 91505 818 557-5556 1 office location s. Ho Arthritis & Osteoporosis Medical Center 711 W College St Ste 590 Los Angeles, CA 90012 213 621-9020 3 office location s. 69 Shylaja Rachabattula Huntington Medical Foundation 55 E California Blvd Ste 240 Pasadena, CA 91105 626 397-8323 1 office location s. Charles-Schoeman UCLA Santa Monica Bay Physicians 200 Ucla Medical Plz Los Angeles, CA 90095 310 825-2448 1 office location s. Singh UCLA Santa Monica Bay Physicians 200 Ucla Medical Plz Los Angeles, CA 90095 310 825-2448 1 office location s. Altman UCLA Santa Monica Bay Physicians 200 Ucla Medical Plz Los Angeles, CA 90095 310 825-2448 2 office location s. Clements UCLA Santa Monica Bay Physicians 200 Ucla Medical Plz L...
http://medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/burbank-ca_city.htm
*  Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's phenomenon
raynaud s disease and raynaud s phenomenon raynaud s disease and raynaud s phenomenon redirect raynaud s phenomenon...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raynaud's_disease_and_Raynaud's_phenomenon
*  Raynaud's Association Forums - Purple feet
... Raynaud's Association. Join Raynaud's Association Forums. FORUMS. Questions and Answer... Purple feet. Topic Title : Purple feet Topic Summary : Created On : 06/14/2010 04:32 PM. Topic Tools. 06/14/2010 04:32 PM. Lorgirl Posts: 1 Joined: 06/14/2010. I have been diagnosed with Raynauds. My whole foot tends to go purple even when I am not very cold. When I got up to walk somewhere, I looked at the bottom of my feet and they were totally white with small patches of red. My feet weren't cold, numb or painful. Top : Bottom. 06/14/2010 08:29 PM. Top : Bottom. 08/30/2010 06:07 PM. I was only DXed with Raynaud's a few days ago I took photos of my hands and showed the dr I was telling about my purple,red,black,white feet. my toes are always numb but sometimes they get so numb and tingle I can hardly walk If I take my shoe and socks off the top and the bottom of my big toe is very very white and the bottom of some toes are as well as my soles when as the white starts to go away I can see purple then black and some...
http://raynauds.org/support/forums/forum/messageview.cfm?catid=10&threadid=2463
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cardiovascular Disorders: Vascular Disorders: Raynaud's Phen
dmoz health conditions and diseases cardiovascular disorders vascular disorders raynaud s phenomenon follow dmoz about dmoz dmoz blog suggest url update listing become an editor report abuse spam help the entire directory only in vascular disorders raynaud s phenomenon description top health conditions and diseases cardiovascular disorders vascular disorders raynaud s phenomenon canadian centre for occupational health and safety questions and answers including symptoms causes testing prevention and treatments for raynauds phenomenon nhs choices raynaud s phenomenon provides information on this condition where there is reduced blood flow to the hands includes details of symptoms causes diagnosis treatment self help and complications the raynaud s association us based support group for sufferers of this condition understanding raynaud s phenomenon a detailed explanation of this disease from about com raynaud s phenomenon search on aol ask bing duckduckgo gigablast google ixquick yahoo yandex yippy volunteer to ...
http://dmoz.org/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Cardiovascular_Disorders/Vascular_Disorders/Raynaud's_Phenomenon/
*  Turner White Communications - Review of Clinical Signs Questions
... Past Issue Archives. Self-Assessment Questions. Review of Clinical Signs. Pediatric Rounds. Resident Grand Rounds. Article Archives. Pediatric Rounds. Resident Grand Rounds. Review of Clinical Signs. Site Map. Raynaud s Phenomenon. 1 Which of the following statements is true regarding Raynaud s phenomenon. Cyanosis is rarely present before Raynaud s phenomenon progresses The disease can affect the toes in as many as 75% of patients The disease is usually very painful in its initial stages If untreated, the disease can result in gangrene in some cases Laboratory testing is critical for diagnosing the disease Click here to compare your answer. 2 Which of the following statements is true regarding the pathogenesis of Raynaud s phenomenon. There is a decreased level of endothelin-1 in the blood There is a decreased level of factor VIII-von Willebrand factor antigen in the blood There is a decreased level of nitric oxide in the endothelium of the digital blood vessels There is an increased density of -adrener...
http://turner-white.com/rcs/sep01/rcs_sep01_raynaud.htm
*  Phenomenon, Raynaud's - NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
... Health Library Raynaud's Phenomenon What is Raynaud's phenomenon. Raynaud's can occur alone primary form or may occur with other diseases secondary form. The diseases most frequently associated with Raynaud's are autoimmune or connective tissue diseases, among others, such as: Systemic lupus erythematous lupus Scleroderma CREST syndrome a form of scleroderma involving c alcium skin deposits, R aynaud's phenomenon, e sophageal dysmotility, s clerodactyly, and t elangiectasias Buerger's disease Sjögren's syndrome Rheumatoid arthritis Occlusive vascular disease, such as atherosclerosis Polymyositis Blood disorders, such as Cryoglobulinemia Thyroid disorders Pulmonary hypertension What causes Raynaud's phenomenon. The following are the most common symptoms of Raynaud's phenomenon. Symptoms may include: A pattern of color changes in the fingers as follows: pale or white followed by blue then red when the hands are warmed; color changes are usually preceded by exposure to cold or emotional upset Hands may beco...
http://nyp.org/library/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=85&contentId=P00063&heading=Phenomenon, Raynaud's
*  Raynaud's phenomenon
... Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990. Patient Billing: 888-924-9200. Services. Patients & Visitors. Health Tools. Classes & Events. Donate & Volunteer. Physicians & Employees. Careers. Contact Us History Mission Locations & Directions Quality Reports Annual Reports Honors & Awards Community Health Needs Assessment Newsroom Brain & Spine Cancer Heart Maternity Orthopedics Pulmonary Sleep Medicine Urgent Care Women's Services All Services Locations & Directions Find a Physician Tour St. Luke's Patient & Visitor Information Contact Us Payment Options Financial Assistance Send a Card Mammogram Appointments My Personal Health. Spirit of Women Health Information & Tools Clinical Trials Health Risk Assessments Employer Programs - Passport to Wellness Classes & Events Spirit of Women Giving Opportunities Volunteer For Physicians Remote Access Medical Residency Information Pharmacy Residency Information Physician CPOE Training. Health Information. Raynaud's phenomenon Back. Raynaud's phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is ch...
http://stlukes-stl.com/health-content/health-ency-multimedia/2/17127.htm
*  Talking Digital Blood Pressure Monitor- Arm - Blood Pressure
... Shop Medical Supplies. Browse Online Store. Returning Customer Login. Find Senior Care. Home Care. Alzheimer's Care. Hospice Care. Independent Living. Assisted Living. Families. Relocate to Senior Housing. Paying for Senior Care. Order Home Care Supplies. Account Login. e-Store Categories Bathroom Safety. Daily Living Aids / Handicap. Diabetic Supplies. Health Monitoring / Scales. Walkers / Rollators / Canes. Personal Care. Senior Pet Supplies. Most Popular Blood Pressure Professional Blood Pressure Monitor Digital Blood Pressure Monitor - Auto Inflation Professional Blood Pressure Monitor. Your Account. Health Monitoring / Scales. Blood Pressure. Talking Digital Blood Pressure Monitor- Arm. Hypertension and getting an accurate blood pressure reading. Talking Digital Blood Pressure Monitor- Arm Bilingual voice guide prompts use and announces readings aloud. WHO indicator provides an instant comparison to the World Health Organization standards. Features irregular heartbeat indicator, 120-reading memory w...
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*  Pain in Fingertips | Med-Health.net
Pain in Fingertips. Med-Health.net. Med-Health.net. Health News Written by Medical Doctors. Home. Food & Nutrition. Miscellaneous. Brain & Neurology. Genetics. Mental Health. Men's Health. Addiction. Pregnancy. Health Conditions. Food & Nutrition. Miscellaneous. Brain & Neurology. Genetics. Mental Health. Men's Health. Addiction. Pregnancy. Children's Health. Cancer. Endocrine System. Women's Health. LEARN MORE. Similar Topics. Joint Pain Relief. Big Toe Joint Pain. Same Category. Coughing after Eating. Pain in Right Temple. Headache and Nausea. Why Am I Always Tired. Headache above Right Eye. Waking Up Sweating. Pain in Left Temple of Head. Waking Up with Headache. LEARN MORE. Home >. Undiagnosed Symptoms > Pain in Fingertips. Pain in Fingertips. There are many diseases, conditions and injuries that can cause pain in fingertips. Many times, this pain is caused by injuries to the hand – cuts, abrasions, dislocations and fractures. These obvious causes are not covered here. Instead, this article will look at m...
http://med-health.net/Pain-In-Fingertips.html
*  Links to Other Information About Raynaud's - NHLBI, NIH
Links to Other Information About Raynaud s - NHLBI, NIH. Skip Navigation. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Contact Us. Get Email Alerts. Font Size. Accessible Search Form. Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health Topics section only, or the News and Resources section. NHLBI Entire Site. NHLBI Entire Site. Health Topics. News Resources. Intramural Research. Public. Health Topics. Education Awareness. Resources. Contact The Health Information Center. Health Professionals. Systematic Evidence Reviews Clinical Practice Guidelines. Resources. Researchers. Research Resources. Clinical Trials. What Are Clinical Trials. Children Clinical Studies. NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Clinical Trial Websites. News Resources. NHLBI In the News. Email Alerts. About NHLBI. Contact Us. Health Information for the Public ». Health Topics ». Raynaud s » Links to Other Information About Raynaud s. Explore Raynaud's. Causes Who Is at Risk Signs Symptoms D...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/raynaud/links
*  Health Notes - Health Notes
... Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Raynaud’s Disease. Also indexed as: Raynaud Disease. Fingertips that feel tender or numb after being exposed to chilly temperatures may point to Raynaud’s disease. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful. Need to Know. About. Supplements. Related Topics. Find Great Recipe Ideas. Find Drug Interaction Information. Look Up Healthy Food Ideas. Fingertips that feel tender or numb after being exposed to chilly temperatures may point to Raynaud’s disease. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful. Fight back with fish oil Reduce the severity of blood vessel spasm by taking a daily supplement supplying 4 grams of eicosapentaenoic acid EPA for 6 to 12 weeks; after that, ask your healthcare provider to recommend an amount for long-term supplementation. Discover inositol hexaniacinate With a doctor's supervision, take 3 to 4 grams a day of this form of vitamin B3 to reduce arterial spasm and impro...
http://nutritionexpress.com/hn/health-condition/raynauds-disease/
*  .. Cold Hands Could Mean More Than Possibly Having A Warm Heart .. Megan Charles .. Delive
December 14, 2012 Cold Hands Could Mean More Than Possibly Having A Warm Heart Megan Charles. The old adage that cold hands mask a warm heart, thus correlating how nice a person is based on body temperature is a misconception. If you have ever experienced an abnormal change in skin tone or sensation of fingers and toes, going from white to blue cyanosis, or red, numb, throbbing, and tingling when briefly exposed to cold or while undergoing stress, you could be suffering from primary or secondary Raynaud’s syndrome, disease, condition, or can also be referred to as phenomenon. “Raynaud’s is a rare disorder that affects the arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to different parts of your body. The disorder is marked by brief episodes of vasospasm, which is a narrowing of the blood vessels. Vasospasm of the arteries reduces blood flow to the fingers and toes. Primary Raynaud’s is more common and tends to be less severe than secondary Raynaud’s.”. “Treatment of Raynaud’s disea...
http://inquisitr.com/437723/cold-hands-could-mean-more-than-possibly-having-a-warm-heart/
*  Universal Great Brotherhood
... thumb|marco|derecha|Universal Great Brotherhood Foundación Dr. Serge Raynaud de la Ferrière The 'Universal Great Brotherhood' is a cultural, non governmental, non religious, non profit, non sectarian organization. This organization was founded in Caracas, Venezuela by Serge Raynaud de la Ferriere and registered with the United Nations DPI Department of Public Information in 1949 in Algiers, Africa. The Universal Brotherhood was given special accreditation for 2000 by the NGO branch of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. According to that department, 'special consultative status is granted to NGOs which have a special competence in, and are concerned specifically with, only a few of the fields of activity covered by the ECOSOC'. Among the many goals of the Universal Brotherhood is the establishment of Tolerance, Truth, and Peace, while recognizing that the truth is not something exclusive but that every path, religion, philosophy, culture has a part of the truth. The Universal Br...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Great_Brotherhood
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon-Topic Overview
... Symptoms. Health Care Reform. Health A-Z. Arthritis. Pain Management. Featured Topics. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. Second Opinion: Read expert perspectives on popular health topics. Communities: Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. WebMD Pain Coach. Find Information About:. Check for Drug Interactions Drug Basics Safety. WebMD Pill Identifier Having trouble identifying your pills. WebMD My Medicine Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more. Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. FDA Approves Diet Pill Belviq. WebMD Mobile Drug Information App. Living Healthy. Featured Content. WebMD cuts through the hype to reveal the best kept secrets for healthy hair. Living Healthy Centers. Diet, Food Fitness. Diet Weight Management. Healthy Beauty. Living Well. Featured Topics. Family Pregnancy. Featured Content. Sign up to receive WebM...
http://webmd.com/arthritis/tc/raynauds-phenomenon-topic-overview
*  .. Science You Can Use: Could your blood pressure medication be causing breastfeeding pain? .. ..
Science You Can Use: Could your blood pressure medication be causing breastfeeding pain. who began taking the blood pressure medication Labetalol during her pregnancy for pregnancy induced hypertension. In this and her prior pregnancy, when she began the medication she developed symptoms of Raynaud’s vasospasm of the nipple, notably pain and color changes. While she had never been diagnosed with Raynaud’s, she reported that in cold temperatures her toes would turn white and that on very cold days she could have nipple pain. During her first pregnancy she began taking Labetalol late in her pregnancy and her nipples became “excruciatingly painful.” This was unrelated to cold weather as it was in the summer and she did not use air conditioning. She breastfed for five weeks and had pain while nursing until the medication was stopped. The same thing happened in the second pregnancy, and she breastfed for two days. What is Raynaud’s vasospasm of the nipple? It’s a sudden constriction of blood vess...
http://bestforbabes.org/science-you-can-use-could-your-blood-pressure-medication-be-causing-breastfeeding-pain/
*  Research
Division of rheumatology immunology Department of Medicine : Divisions : Rheumatology : Research. MCRC for Rheumatic Diseases in African Americans The Division of Rheumatology and Immunology has an internationally recognized multidisciplinary research program encompassing clinical, translational and basic research. One of our core research programs is the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center MCRC for Rheumatic Diseases in African Americans funded by the NIH. Our goal through the MCRC research projects and collaborations is to advance our understanding of the causes of rheumatic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, systemic sclerosis scleroderma, and other debilitating diseases that disproportionally affect African Americans. For more information about the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center visit our MCRC Home Page. This Center will build upon a strong foundation of clinical and translational research in two connective tissue diseases, scleroderma and lupus, conducted by investigato...
http://clinicaldepartments.musc.edu/medicine/divisions/rheumatology/research/index.htm
*  Raynaud's disease
raynaud s disease raynaud s disease redirect raynaud s phenomenon category vascular related cutaneous conditions...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raynaud's_disease
*  What to do about poor circulation in fingers | The Seattle Times
What to do about poor circulation in fingers. The Seattle Times. Skip to content. Menu. Menu. Local News Entertainment Business Tech Life Sports Opinion Shortcuts Nation World Comics Games Pacific NW Magazine Obituaries Travel Jobs Outdoors Shopping Photo Video Autos Corrections Homes. Log In. Subscribe. Health. Transportation Crime Local Politics Education Eastside Health Obituaries. Health. Transportation Crime Local Politics Education Eastside Health Obituaries. Health. Login. Subscribe. . Health. Wellness. What to do about poor circulation in fingers. Originally published February 24, 2008 at 12:00 am Updated February 21, 2008 at 4:18 pm. Q: Over the past 10 years, I have noticed that when it's cold out, my fingers get really cold and then turn white. Eventually, they get warm... By Astrid Pujari M.D. Q: Over the past 10 years, I have noticed that when it s cold out, my fingers get really cold and then turn white. Eventually, they get warm again, but it seems to take at least 15 minutes. It s been happeni...
http://seattletimes.com/health/what-to-do-about-poor-circulation-in-fingers/
*  .. A-Z Health Topics .. Vitamin B3 .. Supplement Forms/Alternate Names: .. Uses .. Requirements/Sou
Niacin Niacinamide Nicotinamide Inositol Hexaniacinate. However, each has its own particular effects when taken in high doses. A recent study suggests that niacinamide may also improve blood sugar control in type 2 adult-onset diabetes, but it did not use a double-blind design. Double-blind studies involving a total of about 400 individuals have found that inositol hexaniacinate can improve walking distance for people with intermittent claudication. 37-40 For example, in one study, 100 individuals were given either placebo or 4 g of inositol hexaniacinate daily. In a double-blind study, 72 people with arthritis were given either 3,000 mg daily of niacinamide in 6 equal doses or placebo for 12 weeks. Treatment effect of Niaspan, a controlled-release niacin, in patients with hypercholesterolemia: A placebo-controlled trial. Double blind trial of nicotinamide in recent-onset IDDM the IMDIAB III study. A double blind randomised placebo controlled trial of hexopal in primary Raynaud's disease. Treatment effect of...
http://centegra.org/a-z-health-topics/?chunkid=21769&lang=English&db=hlt
*  Quizzes - NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
... NewYork-Presbyterian. The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell. Access medical records from your hospital visits online with myNYP.org Find A Doctor. Clinical Services. Health Library. Research and Clinical Trials. For Patients and Visitors. For Professionals. . Request an Appointment. NYP Careers. Maps & Directions. Important Telephone Numbers. About Us. Ways to Give. . Home. Glossary of Medical Terms. Glosario de T rminos M dicos. Diseases and Conditions. Enfermedades y Afecciones. Tests and Procedures. Cirug as y Procedimientos. Interactive Media Library. Calculadoras. Ranked among America's Best Hospitals by U.S.News. More top doctors than any other hospital in the NY Metro area, according to New York Magazine. More top doctors than any hospital in the US. Multimedia Take the Raynaud’s Quiz Raynaud's disease or phenomenon is a disorder that affects a person’s blood vessels in the fingers, and sometimes the toes. Learn more about this disorder by taking this quiz. 1 If you have Raynaud's phenom...
http://nyp.org/multimedia/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=40&contentId=RaynaudsQuiz&subtopicId=8186&heading=Quizzes
*  Garret Ihler
... add edit you are here scientific experts usa texas a and m university ihler garret ihler research topics raynaud disease thermogenesis dehydroepiandrosterone triiodothyronine steroids clinical trials theoretical models garret ihler summary affiliation texas a and m university country usa publications oxo dhea and raynaud s phenomenon garret ihler department of medical biochemistry and medical genetics texas a and m college of medicine college station usa med hypotheses detail information publications oxo dhea and raynaud s phenomenon garret ihler department of medical biochemistry and medical genetics texas a and m college of medicine college station usa med hypotheses labome org all rights researved princeton new jersey usa last updated february...
http://labome.org/expert/usa/texas/ihler/garret-ihler-509522.html
*  Collapsed Colon??? - Ulcerative Colitis - HealingWell.com Forum
Collapsed Colon??. 123UC New Member. Date Joined Feb 2010 Total Posts : 17. Posted 2/21/2010 11:05 PM GMT -6. Back to Top. ElephantPipe Veteran Member. Date Joined Jun 2009 Total Posts : 1967. Posted 2/21/2010 11:09 PM GMT -6. 20yr old female diagnosed with UC mod-sev pancolitis in 2005 at age 15 125mg Azathioprine 1xday 500mg Vitamin C 1xday / 1000IU Vitamin D-3 1xday Arthritis in both knees Also: asthma, acid reflux, and Raynaud's Syndrome. Back to Top. 123UC New Member. Date Joined Feb 2010 Total Posts : 17. Posted 2/21/2010 11:16 PM GMT -6. Back to Top. subdued Veteran Member. Date Joined Dec 2008 Total Posts : 3231. Posted 2/22/2010 12:17 AM GMT -6. If you have a collapsed colon and abdominal pain, then you could have a small bowel obstruction. What works for me: Fecal transplantation, Probiotics, Anti-inflammatory foods, No HFCS, No crystalline fructose, No foods high in fructose, No artificial sweeteners, No pro-inflammatory foods when flaring, Vitamins, Lexapro for stress. Back to Top. 123UC New Membe...
http://healingwell.com/community/default.aspx?f=38&m=1726334
*  Qingdao Harmony International Trade Co., Ltd. - Endotracheal Tube,Digital Blood Pressure Meter
- Endotracheal Tube,Digital Blood Pressure Meter. On Alibaba On Site. Alibaba.com. Verified Supplier. Trading Company. Contact Details Experience: Established 2012. Performance:. Company Feedback. How do I set this. Product Categories. Company Overview. How do I set this. How do I set this. Contact Customer Service. How do I set this. Contact Supplier. Main Products:. Trading Company Shandong, China Mainland 2012 2 US$1 Million - US$2.5 Million Endotracheal Tube,Digital Blood Pressure Meter. How do I set this. Product Showcase. Cheapest finger pulse oximeter with CE H-218. 2015 cheapest sleep apnea H-239. FDA /CE Hospital Clinic Meidcal portable vein finder H-250. Insulin pump with 48 basal rates H... H-210 CE China cheap portable Infra... H-271 HOT SALE Advanced Delivery an... L01119 Handheld Veterinary Ultrasou... See all products in showcase. How do I set this. Main Categories. Clean room clog Veterinary ultrasound. Manikin Disposable Medical Products Medical Tube. Medical Bandage/Dressing/Cotton/Gauze. Me...
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*  Digital Blood Screens for Ovarian Cancer
... D'Adamo & The Blood Type Diet. Dr. D'Adamo. About Dr. D'Adamo. Dr. Contact. The Diets. Blood Type and Your Health. Personalized Nutrition. The Blood Type Diets. Blood Type A. Blood Type B. Blood Type O. The GenoType Diets. D'Adamo Bloggers. Natural Medicine Update From the staff of The D'Adamo Clinic. Contact. Aspirin Lowers Pancreatic Cancer Risk in Postmenopausal Women FDA Warns of COX-2 Inhibitor-Associated Allergic Reactions. Digital Blood Screens for Ovarian Cancer. STUDY: A new exam may help detect ovarian cancer earlier and improve the chances of survival JOURNAL: Journal of the National Cancer Institute AUTHORS: Dr. Yet, while there are mammographies to test for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer, there is still no standard screening exam for early detection of ovarian cancer. COMMENTARY: Doctors aren t making such grand claims yet with this new test, but they are heralding the new possibilities this test offers in picking up the cancer faster and getting patients treated earlier. I...
http://dadamo.com/B2blogs/blogs/blog6.php/2003/03/13/digital-blood-screens-for-ovarian-cancer
*  Raynaud's Phenomenon | Blake Medical Center | Bradenton, FL
Raynaud's Phenomenon. Blake Medical Center. Bradenton, FL. Skip to main content. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Find A Doctor. Doctor of the Year Ballot. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Breast Care Center. Burn Care Services. Cancer Care. Diabetes Management. Diagnostic Imaging & Radiology. Emergency Care. Heart & Valve Institute. Inpatient Rehabilitation. Joint Care Center. Orthopedics & Neurosciences. Robotic Surgery. Sleep Center. Spine Care. Stroke Center. Surgery. Trauma Center. Women's Health and Wellness. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Consult-A-Nurse®. Get Covered America™. H2U - health to you. Insurance Plans. Medical Records. Patient Information. Patient Portal. Pay Bill Online. Registration Information. Visitor Information. Virtual Tour. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Healthy Living Talk Show. Radiation Right. Self-Assessment Tools. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals For Professionals. Careers...
http://blakemedicalcenter.com/hl/?/21804/Raynaud-s-phenomenon
*  .. Ice .. Post navigation .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related
Ice. December 20, 2011. Hiking, Photography. Bear Mountain, Canon PowerShot S95, ice, Photography, Raynaud's syndrome. rwanderman. While hiking up Bear Mountain today we stopped a few times to take pictures of ice. As someone with Raynaud’s syndrome cold hands from a faulty thermostat it’s tough to take gloves off and take pictures on cold days. A solution for me is carrying hand warmers and more serious mittens for the times I get in trouble. I used both today and the problem abated quickly and we had a great hike. Share this:. Twitter Facebook Google Tumblr Email Reddit Pinterest. Like this:. Like Loading... Related. Post navigation. ← The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, again. Dave shooting on Guilder Pond →....
http://richardsnotes.org/2011/12/20/ice-2/
*  Reynolds syndrome
... is a rare secondary laminopathy consisting of the combination of primary biliary cirrhosis and progressive systemic sclerosis in some patients this syndrome has also been associated with sjögren s syndrome and hemolytic anemia typical clinical features include jaundice elevated blood levels of alkaline phosphatase calcinosis cutis telangiectasia s and pruritus this disease may cause white or yellow ish spots on the arms or legs the syndrome a special case of scleroderma is named after the american physician telfer b reynolds md who first described it he is also known for creating one of the world s first hepatology programs at the university of southern california it should not be confused with the more common raynaud s phenomenon references t b reynolds e k denison h d frank f l lieberman r l peters primary biliary cirrhosis with scleroderma raynaud s phenomenon and telangiectasia new syndrome american journal of medicine new york volker stadie johannes wohlrab wolfgang christian marsch the reynolds syn...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds_syndrome
*  Minerva Cardioangiologica - Minerva Medica - Journals
... JOURNALS. BOOKS. SERVICES. CONTACT US. ONLINE SUBMISSION English Italian Login Not yet registered. Journals. Minerva Cardioangiologica. YOUR ACCOUNT Update your registration details Modify your password YOUR ORDERS Order to be completed Completed orders SHOPPING BASKET. Items: 0 Total amount: 0,00 Order details and checkout HOW TO ORDER Journals Books YOUR SUBSCRIPTIONS Activate View Contact subscriptions department YOUR ARTICLES View ACCESSIBILITY Standard viewing Larger font Text only High-contrast layout. ISSUES AND ARTICLES MOST READ eTOC. MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA. ISSN 0026-4725. Online ISSN 1827-1618. Contact the journals department. Activate your subscription. View your subscription. ONLINE SUBMISSION. Most read articles over the last three weeks. Minerva Cardioangiologica 2014 April;62 2 :131-46 Efficacy and safety assessment of isolated ultrafiltration compared to intravenous diuretics for acutely decompensated heart failure: a systematic review with meta-analysis De Vecchis R., Esposito C., Ar...
http://minervamedica.it/en/journals/minerva-cardioangiologica/index.php
*  Cheap bystolic 5 mg 2.5 mg - Atlantic Drugs
all products. ABOUT SIDE EFFECTS. You may have an increased risk of side effects e.g., chest pain, irregular heartbeat. Warnings/Precautions Do not use Bystolic if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Bystolic; you have moderate to severe heart block, uncontrolled heart failure, shock caused by serious heart problems, very slow heartbeat, or very low blood pressure after a heart attack; you have asthma or Raynaud syndrome; you have severe liver problems; the patient is a child with diabetes or heart failure; you are taking mibefradil. Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you. Diabetes patients - Bystolic may hide signs of low blood sugar, such as a rapid heartbeat. Do not use Bystolic if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Bystolic; you have moderate to severe heart block, uncontrolled heart failure, shock caused by serious heart problems, very slow heartbeat, or very low blood pressure after a heart attack; you have asthma or Raynaud syndrome; you have severe l...
http://atlantic-drugs.net/products/bystolic.htm
*  China's selective syndrome | cpjobs.com
China s selective syndrome. Career Advice. Education & Training. Career Advice >. Featured Story > China s selective syndrome. China's selective syndrome. Recent research findings indicate that work-life balance is becoming a key issue in the Chinese workforce. These findings come from an online survey conducted late last year of more than 3,000 executives across six key industries in Hong Kong and the mainland, and show that talent, in a fast-evolving, high-octane economy, knows its own worth. We are seeing complex trends and interesting value changes among top talent in China, and it is not all about money, Raynaud says. And work-life balance, or happiness - not generally viewed as a key issue in the Chinese workplace before - is emerging as a real factor for management consideration. Any company that does not respond to these challenges will be starting behind in the race for talent, Raynaud says. will need to respond more to the aspirations of top talent and the interest, for example, in work-life balance...
http://cpjobs.com/hk/article/chinas-selective-syndrome
*  CoolSculpting Blood Supply Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips - RealSelf
... Warning: You do not have JavaScript enabled. Parts of this website will not display or function properly. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript. For Doctors Join Sign in. . Treatments. Video. Find a Doctor. Ask a Doctor. Write a Review. For Doctors. Sign In. Join. Search. Treatments. CoolSculpting. Q A. CoolSculpting Q A. Ask a doctor. Reviews 1442. Pictures 909. Videos 121. Q A 1049. Forum 66. Guides. Cost. Blood Supply + CoolSculpting. Narrow 2 questions by:. All - Before or After Before After. All - Gender female male. All - Weight 090-109 lbs 110-129 lbs 130-149 lbs 150-169 lbs 170-189 lbs 190-209 lbs 210-229 lbs. All - Body Area abdomen arms back belly belly button bra line flanks hips inner thighs lower abdomen lower abs outer thighs stomach thighs upper abs. Sort by:. Most visited. Recent. Answers. . How Does Zeltiq Coolsculpting Affect Cholesterol Levels in the Bloodstream. READ MORE. 13 answers. . Can I Get CoolSculpting if I Have Raynaud's Phenomenon. Should someone with Raynaud'...
http://realself.com/coolsculpting/answers/blood-supply
*  Migranal nasal : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD
Migranal nasal : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings Dosing - WebMD. Heart Disease. Taking Medications During Pregnancy. WebMD My Medicine Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more. Family Pregnancy. If you have never used this medication before and you have risk factors for heart disease see Precautions, you may need to be monitored for rare but serious side effects such as chest pain when you take the first dose. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details and for advice on how to time your doses of these medications. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: heart disease such as chest pain/angina, heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, blood circulation disease such as peripheral arterial disease, Raynaud's syndrome, a certain severe blood infection sepsis, bowel disease such as ischemic bowel syndrome, kidney disease, liver disease, headaches with unusual symptoms or cert...
http://webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-5527/migranal-nasl/details
*  Raynauld's syndrome
raynauld s syndrome raynauld s syndrome redirect raynaud s phenomenon...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raynauld's_syndrome
*  My doctor tells me I may have a probable MI but not to worry about it
... Jump to Navigation. Tuesday, October 6, 2015 Last Update: 6:45 AM EDT. Home Your Heart. How Your Heart Works Risks Benefits Coronary Artery Disease and Angina Chest Pain Myocardial Infarction. Palpitations Stroke Heart Failure Aneurysms Raynaud s. Diagnosis Treatment Questionnaires. Ask Dr. T. Ask Dr T Video Questions Chest Pain Your heart rhythm Cardiac Risks Other. Professionals Nutrition Ask a question CardiacHealth Survey Blog Archive. Heart Healthy Living. News Diet and nutrition Exercise. Recipes Cooking with Piet videos BMI. Professionals. News Risk Scores Therapy. Papers Surgical Anatomy. About Us Contact Us. My doctor tells me I may have a probable MI but not to worry about it. strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /mnt/stor2-wc1-dfw1/406765/406776/www.cardiachealth.org/web/content/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61. strict warning: Declaration of views plugin style default::options should be compatible with views object::options in /mnt/stor2-wc1-dfw1/406...
http://cardiachealth.org/ca-blog/my-doctor-tells-me-i-may-have-probable-mi-not-worry-about-it
*  ???? Online
online e mail mg mg mg mg mg mg mtc mdp raynaud e clinical study female c c knee c radiography glucocorticoids scintillation counting diagnosis radioisotope...
http://iatrotek.org/ioArt.asp?id=9873
*  Tour Signal
... was a proposed skyscraper in la défense and in puteaux france lebow arthur new york times april p excerpt a skyscraper that nouvel adapting a term from the artist brâncuși called the tour sans fins or endless tower conceived as a kind of minaret alongside the squat monumental grande arche de la défense the endless tower has taken on some of the mystique of mies van der rohe s unbuilt friedrichstrasse glass skyscraper of to obscure its lower end the tower was designed to sit within a crater its facade appearing to vanish in the sky changed as it rose from charcoal colored granite to paler stone then to aluminum and finally to glass that became increasingly reflective all to enhance the illusion of dematerialization design and development location outcome notes design and development medea and layetana were the developers with ateliers jean nouvel as architects location west gate was chosen as the location for the building in order to open the la défense district to the municipality of puteaux the project ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour_Signal
*  .. Shinn Estate – The Slow Flow .. Join our Mailing List
Home » Features » Shinn Estate – The Slow Flow Shinn Estate – The Slow Flow Posted by Barbara Shinn on Jun 1, 2010 in Features. Shinn Estate is in the first year of their organic certification process. Barbara Shinn shares her progress with us. May 1, 2010. In the coldest days of winter I dream of the spring sun warming the tops of my feet as I walk through the vineyard. I dream of a triumphant melody playing the song of explosive new growth. And I dream of sweat on my face and dirt on my legs. But now that it is May the real spring surrounds me. It is in fact not fast, it is the exact opposite. It is a slow flow. The pink buds on the vines have gently unfolded into soft green leaves allowing the rays of the sun to slather their surface like sweet butter. The birds sing a swirling chatter almost like a shy giggle while they savor the flavor of the first bug hatchings. The vines are timid, just beginning to show their personalities, as their canes and tendrils reach up, break their silence, and offer their inv...
http://organicwinejournal.com/index.php/2010/06/shinn-estate-the-slow-flow/

Tour SignalTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingMatrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Burst kinetics: Burst kinetics is a form of enzyme kinetics that refers to an initial high velocity of enzymatic turnover when adding enzyme to substrate. This initial period of high velocity product formation is referred to as the "Burst Phase".Coles PhillipsInterval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Silent mutation: Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent mutations can occur in non-coding regions (outside of genes or within introns), or they may occur within exons.Systemic sclerodermaSymmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Maladaptation: A maladaptation () is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful, in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful. All organisms, from bacteria to humans, display maladaptive and adaptive traits.Phenotype microarray: The phenotype microarray approach is a technology for high-throughput phenotyping of cells.Mechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.Permissive temperature: The permissive temperature is the temperature at which a temperature sensitive mutant gene product takes on a normal, functional phenotype.http://www.List of optical illusions: This is a list of optical illusions.Pouillet effect: In physics, the term Pouillet effect refers to an exothermic reaction that takes place when a liquid is added to a powder. It was first observed by Leslie in 1802 when dry sand was immersed in water.Mature messenger RNA: Mature messenger RNA, often abbreviated as mature mRNA is a eukaryotic RNA transcript that has been spliced and processed and is ready for translation in the course of protein synthesis. Unlike the eukaryotic RNA immediately after transcription known as precursor messenger RNA, it consists exclusively of exons, with all introns removed.Cold shock response: Cold shock response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, especially cold water.Concentration effect: In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. In simple terms, the higher the concentration of gas administered, the faster the alveolar concentration of that gas approaches the inspired concentration.Calcium signaling: Calcium ions are important for cellular signalling, as once they enter the cytosol of the cytoplasm they exert allosteric regulatory effects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction resulting from activation of ion channels or as a second messenger caused by indirect signal transduction pathways such as G protein-coupled receptors.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.HSD2 neurons: HSD2 neurons are a small group of neurons in the brainstem which are uniquely sensitive to the mineralocorticosteroid hormone aldosterone, through expression of HSD11B2. They are located within the caudal medulla oblongata, in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS).Five Fingers GroupList of strains of Escherichia coli: Escherichia coli is a well studied bacterium that was first identified by Theodor Escherich, after whom it was later named.Entoptic phenomena (archaeology): In archaeology, the term entoptic phenomena relates to visual experiences derived from within the eye or brain (as opposed to externally, as in normal vision). In this respect they differ slightly from the medical definition, which defines entoptic phenomena as only applying to sources within the eye, not the brain.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Cell membraneNew Zealand rabbitAlkaliphile: Alkaliphiles are a class of extremophilic microbes capable of survival in alkaline (pH roughly 8.5-11) environments, growing optimally around a pH of 10.Grow lightDNA condensation: DNA condensation refers to the process of compacting DNA molecules in vitro or in vivo. Mechanistic details of DNA packing are essential for its functioning in the process of gene regulation in living systems.Eukaryotic transcription: Eukaryotic transcription is the elaborate process that eukaryotic cells use to copy genetic information stored in DNA into units of RNA replica. Gene transcription occurs in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.Vibration white finger: Vibration white finger (VWF), also known as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) or dead finger,) is a secondary form of Raynaud's syndrome, an industrial injury triggered by continuous use of vibrating hand-held machinery. Use of the term "vibration white finger" has generally been superseded in professional usage by broader concept of HAVS, although it is still used by the general public.Fishpaper: Fish paper or fishpaper is a strong, flexible, fibrous dielectric paper. It resists moderate heat and mechanical injury, and is often used for wrapping coils and insulating stove-top parts.Gross pathology: Gross pathology refers to macroscopic manifestations of disease in organs, tissues, and body cavities. The term is commonly used by anatomical pathologists to refer to diagnostically useful findings made during the gross examination portion of surgical specimen processing or an autopsy.Proximity ligation assay: Proximity ligation assay (in situ PLA) is a technology that extends the capabilities of traditional immunoassays to include direct detection of proteins, protein interactions and modifications with high specificity and sensitivity. Protein targets can be readily detected and localized with single molecule resolution and objectively quantified in unmodified cells and tissues.Low-voltage electron microscope: Low-voltage electron microscope (LVEM) is an electron microscope which operates at accelerating voltages of a few kiloelectronvolts or less. While the low voltage electron microscopy technique will never replace conventional high voltage electron microscopes, it is quickly becoming appreciated for many different disciplines.Phantom painThermography: Infrared thermography (IRT), thermal imaging, and thermal video are examples of infrared imaging science. Thermographic cameras usually detect radiation in the long-infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum (roughly 9,000–14,000 nanometers or 9–14 µm) and produce images of that radiation, called thermograms.Doob decomposition theorem: In the theory of stochastic processes in discrete time, a part of the mathematical theory of probability, the Doob decomposition theorem gives a unique decomposition of every adapted and integrable stochastic process as the sum of a martingale and a predictable process (or "drift") starting at zero. The theorem was proved by and is named for Joseph L.Quantitative electroencephalography: Quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) is a field concerned with the numerical analysis of electroencephalography data and associated behavioral correlates.SclerodactylyOutline of water: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to water:Bill Parry (mathematician)Index of physics articles (J): The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.Nonlinear system: In physics and other sciences, a nonlinear system, in contrast to a linear system, is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle – meaning that the output of a nonlinear system is not directly proportional to the input.MinC: The MinC protein is one of three proteins encoded by the minB operon and which is required to generate pole to pole oscillations prior to bacterial cell division as a means of specifying the midzone of the cell. This function is achieved by preventing the formation of the divisome Z-ring around the poles.Eagle's minimal essential medium: Eagle's minimal essential medium (EMEM) is a cell culture medium developed by Harry Eagle that can be used to maintain cells in tissue culture.Ventricular action potentialErythrocrine: Erythrocrine describes red blood cell or erythrocyte for production and release of signaling molecules. The term “erythrocrine“ was coined by Song et al.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Auditory illusion: An auditory illusion is an illusion of hearing, the aural equivalent of an optical illusion: the listener hears either sounds which are not present in the stimulus, or "impossible" sounds.Liver sinusoid: A liver sinusoid is a type of sinusoidal blood vessel (with fenestrated, discontinuous endothelium) that serves as a location for the oxygen-rich blood from the hepatic artery and the nutrient-rich blood from the portal vein.SIU SOM Histology GIMediated transportKorte's law: In psychophysics, Korte's law, also known more completely as Korte's third law of apparent motion, is an observation relating the phenomenon of apparent motion to the distance and duration between two successively presented stimuli. It was originally proposed in 1915 by Adolf Korte.Cortical stimulation mapping: Cortical stimulation mapping (often shortened to CSM) is a type of electrocorticography that involves a physically invasive procedure and aims to localize the function of specific brain regions through direct electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex. It remains one of the earliest methods of analyzing the brain and has allowed researchers to study the relationship between cortical structure and systemic function.Arteriovenous oxygen difference: The arteriovenous oxygen difference, or a-vO2 diff, is the difference in the oxygen content of the blood between the arterial blood and the venous blood. It is an indication of how much oxygen is removed from the blood in capillaries as the blood circulates in the body.HyperintensityMass diffusivity: Diffusivity or diffusion coefficient is a proportionality constant between the molar flux due to molecular diffusion and the gradient in the concentration of the species (or the driving force for diffusion). Diffusivity is encountered in Fick's law and numerous other equations of physical chemistry.Reversal potential: In a biological membrane, the reversal potential (also known as the Nernst potential) of an ion is the membrane potential at which there is no net (overall) flow of that particular ion from one side of the membrane to the other. In the case of post-synaptic neurons, the reversal potential is the membrane potential at which a given neurotransmitter causes no net current flow of ions through that neurotransmitter receptor's ion channel.Glucose transporterOutline of biophysics: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to biophysics:Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.Standard enthalpy of formation: The standard enthalpy of formation or standard heat of formation of a compound is the change of enthalpy during the formation of 1 mole of the compound from its constituent elements, with all substances in their standard states at 1 atmosphere (1 atm or 101.3 kPa).Baby hamster kidney cell: Baby Hamster Kidney fibroblasts (aka BHK cells) are an adherent cell line used in molecular biology.Lattice protein: Lattice proteins are highly simplified computer models of proteins which are used to investigate protein folding.The Flash ChroniclesPrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Ferric uptake regulator family: In molecular biology, the ferric uptake regulator (FUR) family of proteins includes metal ion uptake regulator proteins. These are responsible for controlling the intracellular concentration of iron in many bacteria.Kennel club

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what is the difference between eye floaters and entoptic phenomena ?


Will anybody please tell me the difference between entoptic phenomena and eye floaters.

If possible please paste the links of the images that shows the difference.

Till now i am thinking that i have floaters. But while browsing, i found that my problem resembles entoptic phenomena.

Is there any cure for entoptic phenomena ? 

Please help me by replying.
thanks in advance.
----------

Entoptic phenomena usually refers to one being able to visualise white blood cells in the retinal blood vessels. The entoptic phenomenon is distinguished by the appearance of multiple, identical-looking bright dots that follow each other rapidly along the same path.

Eye floaters are bits of cellular debris that float around in the fluid of the eye. Floaters are variable in size and shape.

Check out these two links:

http://www.eye-floaters.com/floaters-entopticphenomenon.php

http://www.eye-floaters.com/floaters-whatarefloaters.php


How can I increase my metabolic rate?


Which exercise/fitness tips can you give me to increase my metabolic rate? Also if you can explain the science behind it, I would appreciate it.
----------

-Eat breakfast. You metabolism is slow in the morning becasue you have been fasting all night. Eating breakfast revs it up.
-Eat 5-6 small meals throughout the day. Same principal, when you go to long without eating your metabolism slows. Eat something at least every 3 hours.
-Build muscle through resistance training. The more muscle you have the higher your metabolic rate because muscle is active tissue and burns calories even at rest.
-Drink lots and lots of water. Being sufficiently hydrated makes you body carry out its metabolic processes more effiecintly.


Why is "metabolic tea" considered metabolic, and how or does it work?


I got this Mango Ceylon metabolic tea recently, and got curious about it but can't seem to find more information on it. What makes "metabolic tea" boost your metabolism? Does it really work? If it does, do you have to drink a certain amount before it does anything?

Just fyi, it tastes amazing so even if it doesn't do a thing it's still good tea. :)
----------

It could just be a sales "gimmic" to sell the tea.  Black currant tea and green tea can slightly raise the metabolism because of the effect it has on the body, so if the tea has green tea in it, this is maybe why they are calling it metabolic tea.  It increases heat in the body which slightly raises the metabolism.


What causes metabolic waste on an optic nerve?


After an eye examination last week, my doc told me that I have to come back for 2 more tests.  He said I have metabolic waste on an optic nerve.
I have tried looking it up on the internet, only to find explanations that I don't understand.  What is this condition called and can it cause blindness?  What other 2 tests do you think he is going to give me?
----------

Is he testing your for glaucoma?  That is usually what this symptom is an indicator of.  I provided a link with info about that condition below.


At what age does one experience the greatest drop in metabolic rate?


At what age does one experience the greatest drop in metabolic rate? In other words, at what age does one's metabolism slow down the most?
----------

At age 30. You start to lose about 2% of your muscle mass a year, which slows down your metabolism. The exercise plan below helps. You can do the work-out at home.


Whats the difference between Neurological muscle weakness and Metabolic muscular weakness?


I've been told that Neurological muscle weakness generally affects one part of the body while Metabolic weakness affects the whole body as in magnesium deficiencies and anemia.

Is this true
----------

Neurological muscle weakness is a symptom which may be defined as:- "decreased muscle strength compared to perceived effort"  In general,this type of problem preferentially affects some areas and not others.

Some conditions can ultimately deteriorate to severe lack of strength of the whole body (eg AIDP / Guillan Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis )  However at the initial stages of the condition, the condition will almost invariably affect some areas whilst "sparing" others.

Specifically, the metabolic diseases of muscle interfere with chemical reactions involved in drawing energy from food. Normally, fuel molecules derived from food must be broken down further inside each cell before they can be used by the cells' mitochondria to make the energy molecule ATP.

http://www.asktheneurologist.com/neurological-weakness.html
http://www.mdausa.org/publications/fa-metab-qa.html


Do you burn more calories a day than just your resting metabolic rate?


Is your resting metabolic rate measured assuming you're simply sitting on your ass all day and not moving? Or does it count in all the typical, walking (maybe running), moving and whatever other activities you might do all day? Or is the 'resting' part really mean just that? And if so then that means I burn a good deal more than just my resting metabolic rate?
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Some people burn a substantial amount over their BMR.. My BMR rate is about 1500, but, I actually burn over 3000 calories per day once I include my heavy stocking job.. If it's a gym day, I burn closer to 3500 calories.. 
Here's a basic calculator with some different common activities..
http://www.foodfit.com/ffplan/burner/default.asp
Of course, those aren't 100% accurate for everyone. If you have a slower metabolism from years of dieting or very low muscle mass then you will burn less..


How do you increase your metabolic rate withough exercising?


I recently had an accident and am not able to exercise. I may be out for 2-3 months, maybe longer. I was just wondering if there was any way that I could increase my metabolic rate.
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Eat more frequently and eat large volumes of less calorie dense foods. Drinking water will speed up your metabolic rate temporarily by 30% per 17oz. drank.