Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Malaria, Cerebral: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)Malaria Vaccines: Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Plasmodium: A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Parasitemia: The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Mosquito Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Malaria, Avian: Any of a group of infections of fowl caused by protozoa of the genera PLASMODIUM, Leucocytozoon, and Haemoproteus. The life cycles of these parasites and the disease produced bears strong resemblance to those observed in human malaria.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Plasmodium berghei: A protozoan parasite of rodents transmitted by the mosquito Anopheles dureni.Antigens, Protozoan: Any part or derivative of any protozoan that elicits immunity; malaria (Plasmodium) and trypanosome antigens are presently the most frequently encountered.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Chloroquine: The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.Pyrimethamine: One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.Fluorenes: A family of diphenylenemethane derivatives.Sulfadoxine: A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Antibodies, Protozoan: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.Mali: A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Bedding and Linens: Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Anopheles gambiae: A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.Insecticide-Treated Bednets: Lightweight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester, nylon (polyamides), or other material impregnated with insecticide, having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby offering protection against insect bite and insect-borne diseases.AfricaQuinine: An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.Primaquine: An aminoquinoline that is given by mouth to produce a radical cure and prevent relapse of vivax and ovale malarias following treatment with a blood schizontocide. It has also been used to prevent transmission of falciparum malaria by those returning to areas where there is a potential for re-introduction of malaria. Adverse effects include anemias and GI disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopeia, 30th ed, p404)Plasmodium malariae: A protozoan parasite that occurs primarily in subtropical and temperate areas. It is the causal agent of quartan malaria. As the parasite grows it exhibits little ameboid activity.Plasmodium yoelii: A species of PLASMODIUM causing malaria in rodents.Mefloquine: A phospholipid-interacting antimalarial drug (ANTIMALARIALS). It is very effective against PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM with very few side effects.Plasmodium chabaudi: A protozoan parasite of rodents transmitted by the mosquito Anopheles stephensi.Sporozoites: The product of meiotic division of zygotes in parasitic protozoa comprising haploid cells. These infective cells invade the host and undergo asexual reproduction producing MEROZOITES (or other forms) and ultimately gametocytes.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Insect Bites and Stings: Bites and stings inflicted by insects.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Mosquito Nets: Free-standing or supported lightweight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester or other material, having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby protecting against INSECT BITES; INSECT STINGS, and insect-borne diseases.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Mozambique: A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.Gabon: A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.Senegal: A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.Disease Eradication: Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Amodiaquine: A 4-aminoquinoline compound with anti-inflammatory properties.Burkina Faso: A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.SesquiterpenesHost-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Diagnostic Tests, Routine: Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.Gambia: A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.Ethanolamines: AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the ETHANOLAMINE; (-NH2CH2CHOH) group and its derivatives.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Merozoite Surface Protein 1: A surface protein found on Plasmodium species which induces a T-cell response. The antigen is polymorphic, sharing amino acid sequence homology among PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; and PLASMODIUM YOELII.Plasmodium ovale: A species of protozoan parasite causing MALARIA. It is the rarest of the four species of PLASMODIUM infecting humans, but is common in West African countries and neighboring areas.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Parasite Load: Measure of the number of the PARASITES present in a host organism.Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Benin: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)Blood: The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.DDT: A polychlorinated pesticide that is resistant to destruction by light and oxidation. Its unusual stability has resulted in difficulties in residue removal from water, soil, and foodstuffs. This substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Pyrethrins: The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.Cameroon: A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.Topography, Medical: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.Plasmodium knowlesi: A protozoan parasite from Southeast Asia that causes monkey malaria. It is naturally acquired by man in Malaysia and can also be transmitted experimentally to humans.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Insecticide Resistance: The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.CambodiaChemoprevention: The use of chemical compounds to prevent the development of a specific disease.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Burundi: A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Permethrin: A pyrethroid insecticide commonly used in the treatment of LICE INFESTATIONS and SCABIES.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Vanuatu: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Port-Vila. It was called New Hebrides until 1980. It was discovered in 1606 by the Portuguese, forgotten for 160 years, then visited by Bougainville in 1768 and Captain Cook in 1774. It was under joint British and French administration from 1906 until it became independent in 1980 under the name of Vanuatu. The name is native, meaning our land. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p833 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p570)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Parasitic Sensitivity Tests: Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.French Guiana: A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Merozoites: Uninuclear cells or a stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. Merozoites, released from ruptured multinucleate SCHIZONTS, enter the blood stream and infect the ERYTHROCYTES.Zambia: A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Angola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.IndiaGenes, Protozoan: The functional hereditary units of protozoa.Equatorial Guinea: A republic in central Africa, bordering the Bay of Biafra, CAMEROON is to the north and GABON to the south. Its capital is Malabo.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Eritrea: A country of eastern Africa, west of the Red Sea, bordered west and northwest by SUDAN, and south by ETHIOPIA. Its capital is Asmara.ColombiaSri LankaGenome, Protozoan: The complete genetic complement contained in a set of CHROMOSOMES in a protozoan.VietnamCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Sickle Cell Trait: The condition of being heterozygous for hemoglobin S.Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Insect Repellents: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.Schizonts: Multinucleate cells or a stage in the development of sporozoan protozoa. It is exemplified by the life cycle of PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM in the MALARIA infection cycle.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Hemeproteins: Proteins that contain an iron-porphyrin, or heme, prosthetic group resembling that of hemoglobin. (From Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p480)Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Splenomegaly: Enlargement of the spleen.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Spatio-Temporal Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Oocysts: Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.LaosCote d'Ivoire: A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.Plasmodium gallinaceum: A protozoan parasite that causes avian malaria (MALARIA, AVIAN), primarily in chickens, and is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Maps as Topic: Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Trophozoites: Cells or feeding stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. In the malarial parasite, the trophozoite develops from the MEROZOITE and then splits into the SCHIZONT. Trophozoites that are left over from cell division can go on to form gametocytes.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Coinfection: Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.alpha-Thalassemia: A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the alpha chains of hemoglobin. The severity of this condition can vary from mild anemia to death, depending on the number of genes deleted.BrazilAzure Stains: PHENOTHIAZINES with an amino group at the 3-position that are green crystals or powder. They are used as biological stains.Rwanda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.VenezuelaGlucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A disease-producing enzyme deficiency subject to many variants, some of which cause a deficiency of GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE activity in erythrocytes, leading to hemolytic anemia.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Plasmodium cynomolgi: A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.

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Lecture: “Towards Malaria Elimination: Precedents, Antecedents, ... Lecture: “Towards Malaria Elimination: Precedents, Antecedents, ... Lecture: “Towards Malaria Elimination: Precedents, Antecedents,...
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*  The Future of the Swiss Engagement against Malaria — Medicus Mundi Schweiz
engagement against malaria medicus mundi schweiz ... engagement against malaria mission bildungszentrum ... basel swiss malaria group technical exchange event smg malaria remains an important public health...
http://medicusmundi.ch/de/news/nachrichten/sofosbuvir-gegen-hepatitis-c-ein-thema-der-globalen-gesundheit/veranstaltungen/the-future-of-the-swiss-engagement-against-malaria
*  In the News | MSF USA
HIV/AIDS Kala Azar Malaria Malnutrition Measles Meningitis Mental...
http://doctorswithoutborders.org/news-stories/press/in-the-news?id=6792&cat=press-coverage&ref=news-index&f[0]=sm_vid_Free_tags%3ALiving%20in%20Emergency
*  Hemoglobin A2 Research Products: Novus Biologicals
Neoplasms Neoplasms Malaria Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia disorder...
https://novusbio.com/common-name/hemoglobin-a2
*  rs2297520 - SNPedia
falciparum malaria in india...
http://snpedia.com/index.php/Rs2297520
*  How to draw Parasites
test and find a malaria plasmodium common koi parasites...
http://how.to-draw.co.uk/?s=Parasites
*  In the News | MSF USA
HIV/AIDS Kala Azar Malaria Malnutrition Measles Meningitis Mental...
http://doctorswithoutborders.org/news-stories/press/in-the-news?id=6642&cat=press-coverage&ref=news-index&f[0]=sm_vid_Free_tags%3Afertility
*  Malaria Causes
... Malaria Home. Health Topics. eMedTV Health Topics. Malaria Health Topics. Malaria Malaria Causes Malaria Symptoms Malaria Treatment Malaria Vaccine Malaria Cure Anopheles Hydroxychloroquine Quinine Malarone. Malaria Home Malaria Causes. Malaria Causes In the case of malaria, causes of the disease involve infection with parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. While there are more than 100 species of Plasmodium, only 4 of them can infect humans with malaria. What Causes Malaria. The cause of malaria is an infection with a malaria parasite. There are several types of malaria parasites, each belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Plasmodium Parasites. Only four species of Plasmodium infect humans in nature. Transmission of the Disease. While an infection with a Plasmodium parasite actually causes malaria, there is another important species in malaria transmission. Anopheles mosquitoes are important because they actually transmit Plasmodium to humans through a bite. No other types of mosquitoes are known to ...
http://malaria.emedtv.com/malaria/malaria-causes.html
*  MALARIA.com - How Many Types of Human Malaria?
MALARIA.com - How Many Types of Human Malaria. MALARIA.com. Malaria Research. Malaria Q A. / Malaria Q A. / How Many Types of Human Malaria. How Many Types of Human Malaria. How many types of malaria infect humans. There are four main types of malaria which infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae and P. P ovale additionally can be split into two sympatric sub-species, P. o wallikeri . Each of these five kinds has a subtly different life cycle which results in slight variations in symptoms and also in treatment. Additionally to the four species above, there are observations of a number of other Plasmodium species being able to infect humans, although much less frequently. The list of other species of Plasmodium that have been reported to infect humans sometimes only experimentally in the lab includes P. Filed Under: Malaria Q A Tagged With: Malaria Species, Non-human/Zoonotic Malaria, Plasmodium Falciparum, Plasmodium Knowlesi, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium Ovale, Plasmodium Vivax, Types of Malaria...
http://malaria.com/questions/types-human-malari
*  Malaria Treatment
... Home. eMedTV Home. Malaria Home. Switch To Mobile View. Health Topics. eMedTV Health Topics. Malaria Health Topics. Disease & Conditions. Tests & Procedures. Drugs & Supplements. Symptoms. Articles. eMedTV Articles. Malaria Articles. Videos. eMedTV Videos. Sign In. Site Map. Malaria Channel. Topics Medications. Anopheles Malaria Chloroquine Coartem Hydroxychloroquine Lariam Malarone Primaquine Quinine. Advertisement. Quicklinks. Malaria Malaria Causes Malaria Symptoms Malaria Treatment Malaria Vaccine Malaria Cure Anopheles Hydroxychloroquine Quinine Malarone. Related Channels. Ebola Rabies Tuberculosis Measles Mumps Polio. Advertisement. Tweet. Malaria Home Malaria Treatment. Malaria Treatment If treatment is delayed, malaria can be a severe, potentially fatal disease. Examples of medications used to treat the disease include chloroquine, mefloquine, doxycycline, and quinine. In some cases, treatment may also involve primaquine, a medication that is used to help prevent relapses of malaria. Malaria Trea...
http://malaria.emedtv.com/malaria/malaria-treatment.html
*  History of Malaria
... eMedTV Home. Malaria Home. Health Topics. eMedTV Health Topics. Malaria Health Topics. Symptoms. eMedTV Articles. Malaria Articles. eMedTV Videos. Malaria Malaria Causes Malaria Symptoms Malaria Treatment Malaria Vaccine Malaria Cure Anopheles Hydroxychloroquine Quinine Malarone. Malaria Home History of Malaria. History of Malaria Malaria was first mentioned over 4,000 years ago. Symptoms of malaria were described in ancient Chinese medical writings, and the disease was widely recognized in Greece by the fourth century BCE. The history of malaria, or a disease resembling malaria, goes back many thousands of years. In fact, symptoms of malaria were first described more than 4,000 years ago, and malaria has probably influenced human populations and human history to a great extent. Ancient History of Malaria 2700 BCE-340 CE. The symptoms of malaria were described in ancient Chinese medical writings. Information on Malaria. Written by/reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, ...
http://malaria.emedtv.com/malaria/history-of-malaria.html
*  Malaria Symptoms | Malaria Treatment | Malaria Test | Malaria Causes & Prevention | Malaria Medicine
Malaria Symptoms. Malaria Treatment. Malaria Causes & Prevention. Beauty Home remedies. Symptoms A-Z. Pregnancy Pregnancy week-by-week. Pregnancy. Pregnancy. Malaria. About Malaria Malaria is an infectious disease that is caused by mosquito-borne plasmodium parasite which infects the red blood cells. If untreated, it can lead to complications like jaundice, dehydration, anaemia, brain malaria, liver failure and kidney failure. Symptoms. Causes Malaria is an infectious disease that is caused by plasmodium parasite which infects the red blood cells and is characterized by fever, body ache, chills and sweating. Of the four species that cause malaria plasmodium vivax, plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium ovale, plasmodium malariae plasmodium falciparum is the most serious and can cause serious complications. The use of Chloroquine has led to the emergence of many Chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria cases. Very low BP leading to ‘shock’ Liver failure Kidney failure These symptoms can be more severe in pregnant f...
http://thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/malaria/001/
*  WHO | Malaria
WHO. Malaria. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Health topics. Malaria. Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines. Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with a...
http://unitaid@who.int/topics/malaria/en/
*  WHO | About the WHO Global Malaria Programme
About the WHO Global Malaria Programme. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. About the WHO Global Malaria Programme The WHO Global Malaria Programme GMP is responsible for the coordination of WHO's global efforts to control and eliminate malaria. A Malaria Policy Advisory Committee MPAC was established to provide independent advice to WHO with regard to policy recommendations for the control and elimination of malaria. The work of the Global Malaria Programme is currently supported in alphabetical order by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Canadian International Development Agency, the Government of Australia, the Government of Norway, the Government of Japan, the Government of the Russian Federation, the Government of the United Kingdom, and the United States Agency for International Development. Funding is also received through the Medicines for Malaria Venture, the Foundation for Innovative New D...
http://who.int/malaria/about_us/en/
*  Announcement: Rotary Club of Seattle and PATH partner on malaria control efforts - PATH
... Blog. PATH. Our work. Our impact and resources. Rotary Club of Seattle and PATH partner on malaria control efforts. New initiative builds on 100 years of service and remarkable progress in the fight against malaria. The Rotary Club of Seattle is partnering with PATH to launch a new initiative to support intensive malaria control efforts in Africa. Building on Rotary s local and national networks, the partnership will help strengthen the capacity of communities and national programs to ensure that insecticide-treated bednets and other important services are delivered to those who need them the most. Kent Campbell, director of PATH s malaria control programming, will provide the keynote address at the Rotary meeting in Seattle this Wednesday, June 10. Since 2005, PATH, through the Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa MACEPA project, has been working with Zambia and several other countries to rapidly scale up and sustain the impact of national malaria control programs. This dramatic success ...
http://path.org/news/press-room/395/
*  President's Malaria Initiative | C-Hub
President s Malaria Initiative. C-Hub. Page links Skip to main content. C-Hub. Facebook Twitter YouTube RSS. About FAQs Contact Us Feedback. Main menu Find Resources Add Resources Topics. Environmental Health Gender Equality HIV and AIDS Health Communication Infectious Diseases Maternal and Child Health MCH mHealth Non-Communicable Diseases NCDs Nutrition Sexual and Reproductive Health Cardiovascular Disease CVD Special Collections. President s Malaria Initiative Capacity Strengthening Tools for SBCC Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Community Blog. President s Malaria Initiative. 1 of 24. Strategic Framework for Malaria Communication at the Country Level: 2012-2017. Essential Malaria Actions for Ethiopian Families. Essential Malaria Action Guide for Kenyan Families. Essential Malaria Action Guide for DRC. Indoor Residual Spraying Materials for Zambia. Communication and Malaria Initiative in Tanzania COMMIT. Annie Anopheles Malaria Cartoons. 2007 Kenya Malaria Indicator Survey. NetMark: A Regional Partnersh...
http://c-hubonline.org/content/presidents-malaria-initiative
*  Home Testing and Malaria - RightDiagnosis.com
... HOME SYMPTOMS DISEASES DIAGNOSIS VIDEOS TOOLS COMMUNITY MISDIAGNOSIS DOCTORS HOSPITALS DRUGS. Malaria Introduction Malaria: Introduction Summary Overview: Malaria Types of Malaria. Symptoms Symptoms of Malaria. Diagnosis Diagnosis for Malaria Diagnostic Tests for Malaria Home Diagnostic Testing for Malaria. Misdiagnosis Misdiagnosis of Malaria. Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Malaria. Treatments Treatments for Malaria. Alternative Treatments for Malaria. Doctors and Medical Specialists for Malaria. Videos related to Malaria. Statistics Statistics about Malaria. Malaria Tests. Home Testing and Malaria. Intro Symptoms Types Causes Tests Prognosis Treatment Prevention Misdiagnosis. Contents Malaria: Introduction Tests for Malaria Symptoms of Malaria Diagnosis Alternative Diagnoses Misdiagnosis Complications. Home Diagnostic Testing. These home medical diagnostic tests may be relevant to Malaria :. Cold & Flu: Home Testing: Home Fever Tests Home Ear Infection Test Kits Home Flu Tests Home Strep A Tests....
http://rightdiagnosis.com/m/malaria/home-testing.htm
*  Malaria Cure
... Home. eMedTV Home. Malaria Home. Switch To Mobile View. Health Topics. eMedTV Health Topics. Malaria Health Topics. Disease & Conditions. Tests & Procedures. Drugs & Supplements. Symptoms. Articles. eMedTV Articles. Malaria Articles. Videos. eMedTV Videos. Sign In. Site Map. Malaria Channel. Topics Medications. Anopheles Malaria Chloroquine Coartem Hydroxychloroquine Lariam Malarone Primaquine Quinine. Advertisement. Quicklinks. Malaria Malaria Causes Malaria Symptoms Malaria Treatment Malaria Vaccine Malaria Cure Anopheles Hydroxychloroquine Quinine Malarone. Related Channels. Ebola Rabies Tuberculosis Measles Mumps Polio. Advertisement. Tweet. Malaria Home Malaria Cure. Malaria Cure There is medicine that may be used as to cure malaria if the disease is treated early enough. Examples of these medications include chloroquine, mefloquine, and quinine. These medicines work by killing the parasite that causes the disease. Of course, it's better to prevent the disease from developing in the first place. Pre...
http://malaria.emedtv.com/malaria/malaria-cure.html
*  Prevalence and Incidence of Malaria - RightDiagnosis.com
Prevalence and Incidence of Malaria. Prevalence and Incidence of Malaria. Contents Malaria: Introduction Symptoms Complications Misdiagnosis Statistics Incidence of Malaria Prevalence discussion about Malaria Incidence discussion about Malaria About prevalence and incidence of Malaria Malaria: Introduction. Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC Excerpt Although the disease was eradicated in the United States in the 1940s, about 1,000-1,400 cases of malaria are reported to CDC each year; almost all acquired during international travel. Source: excerpt from Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC Excerpt Each year in the United States, several cases 10 of malaria are acquired stateside, by congenital transmission, local mosquito-borne transmission, or by blood transfusion or organ transplantation. Source: excerpt from Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW Malaria incidence statistics ...
http://rightdiagnosis.com/m/malaria/prevalence.htm
*  Malaria Symptoms | RM.com ®
Malaria Symptoms. Malaria Symptoms A selection of articles related to malaria symptoms. Original articles from our library related to the Malaria Symptoms. Homeopathy - what's that. Body Mysteries >> Homeopathy Finding Proving Homeopathic Healing Properties The only way the healing properties of a homeopathic medicine can be discovered is by the system of provings. Body Mysteries >> Homeopathy S. Body Mysteries >> Homeopathy China officinalis/Cinchon This remedy is made from the Peruvian bark. Remedies >> Remedies C Survivalists' Guide for the New Millennium: Chapter 6 AS THE WORM TURNS Health and well being are part of the natural birthright of the human being. Philosophy >> Survivalists Guide for the New Millennium Tuberculinum -- Tuberculinum is made of pus from a tubercular abscess. Remedies >> Remedies T Apis mellifica Bee Poison. Remedies >> Remedies A Malaria Symptoms is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Malaria Sympto...
http://realmagick.com/malaria-symptoms
*  Publications | Malaria Elimination Group
Atlas of Malaria-Eliminating Countries By: UCSF Global Health Group in partnership with the Malaria Atlas Project. In collaboration with the Malaria Atlas Project MAP and with funding from the ExxonMobil Foundation, the Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco has developed a first-of-its kind Atlas of Malaria-Eliminating Countries. Download the Atlas of Malaria-Eliminating Countries, 2011. Atlas of the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network By: UCSF Global Health Group in partnership with the Malaria Atlas Project. Bringing further attention to the distribution of malaria across the Asia Pacific region, the Atlas of the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network spotlights the 11 Country Partners of the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network APMEN. In partnership with the Malaria Atlas Project MAP and with funding from Australian Agency for International Development AusAID and the ExxonMobil Foundation, the Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco develop...
http://malariaeliminationgroup.org/publications
*  WHO | Overview of malaria elimination
Data. Media centre. Countries. Programmes. Governance. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Malaria. Media centre. the reduction to zero of the incidence of malaria infection in a defined geographical area. Malaria eradication is defined as the permanent reduction to zero of the worldwide incidence of malaria infection caused by a particular malaria parasite species. At present, 9 of the 97 countries with ongoing malaria transmission are classified by WHO as being in the malaria elimination phase. The path towards malaria-free status is characterized by four distinct programme phases: control, pre-elimination, elimination and prevention of reintroduction. Each phase is defined by a set of specific programme interventions needed for prevention, treatment, surveillance, monitoring and evaluation and health systems strengthening. The main objective of malaria control is reducing malaria cases and deaths by providing access to preventive methods, diagnostic testing and treatment to t...
http://who.int/malaria/areas/elimination/overview/en/
*  Roll Back Malaria Partnership
... The 'Roll Back Malaria Partnership' 'RBM Partnership' is the global framework for coordinated action against malaria. It forges consensus among key actors in malaria control, harmonises action and mobilises resources to fight malaria in endemic countries. Gro Harlem Brundtland, under the initial leadership of Dr. David Nabarro, as a partnership between WHO, UNICEF, UNDP and the World Bank, in an effort to provide a coordinated global response to the disease. In 2006, the RBM Partnership was redesigned in a process known as the Change Initiative in order to strengthen RBM's capacity to respond efficiently to emerging challenges in global malaria control. In 2009, the RBM Partnership comprises hundreds of partners organized in eight constituencies, including malaria endemic countries, their bilateral and multilateral development partners, the private sector, nongovernmental and community-based organizations, foundations, and research and academic institutions. Through the RBM Partnership mechanisms, actors...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roll_Back_Malaria_Partnership
*  malaria: Introduction
... Site Map Help. Atlas. Dictionary. Encyclopedia. World News. People. Word Wise. Science. Math Money. Games Quizzes. Homework Center. Fact Monster Favorites. 2015 Calendar. The Fifty States. Geography. Most Populous Cities of the World. Country Profiles. Math Flashcards. The Tallest Buildings in the World. Reference Desk. Atlas. Dictionary. Encyclopedia. World News. People. Word Wise. Science. Math Money. Games Quizzes. Homework Center Fact Monster Favorites. 2015 Calendar. The Fifty States. Geography. Most Populous Cities of the World. Country Profiles. Math Flashcards. The Tallest Buildings in the World. Reference Desk. Atlas. Dictionary. Encyclopedia. malaria Introduction malaria, infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. The primary causative organism, Plasmodium falciparum, requires both the Anopheles mosquito and humans to complete its life cycle: sexual reproduction of the protozoan occurs in the mosquito; an immature form is then transmitted to th...
http://factmonster.com/encyclopedia/science/malaria.html
*  PATH Vaccine Resource Library: Malaria
PATH | VRL Home Resources Topics About Follow: Twitter | RSS Vaccine Resource Library Home Resources Topics About Search Malaria Every year, malaria kills hundreds of thousands of people, most of them young African children. Malaria can be controlled through the use of medicines, insecticides, and insecticide-treated screens and bednets, and can be treated with antimalarial drugs. Currently, there is no licensed vaccine against malaria; however, several vaccines are under development. View resources on malaria On the PATH website A swifter search for a malaria vaccine. Stopping malaria village by village . Malaria disease Among the various species of the malaria protozoan parasite, Plasmodium falciparum is the deadliest. Every year, P. falciparum malaria causes the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people, most of them sub-Saharan children younger than five years of age. Malaria also contributes to anemia in children and pregnant women, low birth weight, premature birth, and neurological damage. Hundreds of ...
http://path.org/vaccineresources/malaria.php
*  National Malaria Eradication Program
... In the United States, the 'National Malaria Eradication Program' NMEP was launched on 1 July 1947. This federal program — with state and local participation — had succeeded in eradicating malaria in the United States by 1951. thumb|320px|right|Endemic malaria in the United States, 1934-35. A national malaria eradication effort was originally proposed by Louis Laval Williams. The NMEP was directed by the federal Communicable Disease Center now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC The agency now called the CDC has had a welter of names over the years: Office of National Defense Malaria Control Activities 1942 ; Office of Malaria Control in War Areas 1942–1946 ; Communicable Disease Center 1946–1967 ; National Communicable Disease Center 1967–1970 ; Center for Disease Control 1970–1980 ; Centers for Disease Control 1980–1992 and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1992 to present. created in 1946 and based in Atlanta, Georgia. The Program had evolved from the Office of Malaria Contr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Malaria_Eradication_Program
*  WHO | World Malaria Report 2013
World Malaria Report 2013. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Governance. English. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. World Malaria Report 2013. The World Malaria Report 2013 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2012 report. It highlights the progress made towards global malaria targets set for 2015, and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination. Report without profiles pdf, 4.88Mb. Country profiles pdf, 4.05Mb. Annexes pdf, 2.31Mb. Factsheet on the World Malaria Report 2013. French. Spanish. English pdf, 60kb. French pdf, 53kb. Spanish pdf, 50kb. English pdf, 86kb. French pdf, 96kb...
http://who.int/malaria/publications/world_malaria_report_2013/en/
*  Malaria Education and Prevention - Video
... Metacafe. Web Originals. Music. Safe Search OFF Go Sign In. Malaria Education and Prevention By:. Video Recommendations. 06:20 High-Definition. 312 Views By Revision3 04:10. Malaria Prevention and Treatment Save Children'... 67 Views By UNICEF Malaria Education Programs 416-877-3570 Malaria... 6 Views By educationalmagicshow 02:08. Report Urges Control, Not Eradication of Malaria 19 Views By newsydotcom 01:57. Fungus Fights Malaria in Mosquitoes 31 Views By newsydotcom 01:57. Celtx Against Malaria Students Challenge 288 Views By CELTX1 01:57. Celtx Against Malaria Students Challenge 185 Views By zwiggi 07:16. 150 Views By ChangesInRhythm 4.Clooney Shock in Sudan Ho Contratto La Malaria 192 Views By Muzu 04:17. Scientists Engineer Malaria-proof Mosquitos 15 Views By CBS 01:34. 88 Views By CBS Anti-malaria Drug Used by U.S. 95 Views By Muzu 01:09. Malaria TV 556 Views By: Metacafe Affiliate U 02:24. UNICEF: Release of the First World Malaria Report 98 Views By: Metacafe Affiliate U 04:09. Kimchi Warrior Ep...
http://metacafe.com/watch/3173457/malaria_education_and_prevention/
*  Malaria Policy & Advocacy | Malaria No More
Malaria Policy & Advocacy. Malaria No More. Donate Malaria No More. The Solution. Our Impact. Advocacy. News. ADVOCACY. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. RALLYING POLITICAL LEADERS Strong political leadership – in both endemic and donor countries – is the key to funding, implementing, and tracking progress in the fight against malaria. MALARIA FUNDING. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. ADVOCACY NEWS. September, Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a lunch briefing on Capitol Hill highlighting the important work that the President s Malaria Initiative PMI and the Department of Defense are doing to save lives Share: . July, MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Share: . July, “The Story Of Malaria” Editors’ Breakfast Recognizing the role of media coverage as a key t...
https://malarianomore.org/advocacy/blog/?p=5543
*  Malaria Policy & Advocacy | Malaria No More
Malaria Policy & Advocacy. Malaria No More. Donate Malaria No More. The Solution. Our Impact. Advocacy. News. ADVOCACY. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. RALLYING POLITICAL LEADERS Strong political leadership – in both endemic and donor countries – is the key to funding, implementing, and tracking progress in the fight against malaria. MALARIA FUNDING. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. ADVOCACY NEWS. September , Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a lunch briefing on Capitol Hill highlighting the important work that the President s Malaria Initiative PMI and the Department of Defense are doing to save lives Share: . July , MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Share: . July , “The Story Of Malaria” Editors’ Breakfast Recognizing the role of media coverage as a ke...
https://malarianomore.org/advocacy/blog/?tag=american-interests-home-and-abroad
*  Malaria Policy & Advocacy | Malaria No More
Malaria Policy & Advocacy. Malaria No More. Donate Malaria No More. The Solution. Our Impact. Advocacy. News. ADVOCACY. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. RALLYING POLITICAL LEADERS Strong political leadership – in both endemic and donor countries – is the key to funding, implementing, and tracking progress in the fight against malaria. MALARIA FUNDING. MALARIA CHAMPIONS. ADVOCACY NEWS. September, Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a lunch briefing on Capitol Hill highlighting the important work that the President s Malaria Initiative PMI and the Department of Defense are doing to save lives Share: . July, MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Share: . July, “The Story Of Malaria” Editors’ Breakfast Recognizing the role of media coverage as a key t...
https://malarianomore.org/advocacy/blog/?tag=bill-frist
*  WHO | Malaria progress shows development aid for health works
Malaria progress shows development aid for health works. Malaria. Malaria progress shows development aid for health works Report shows dramatic scale-up of malaria control interventions in several countries, along with measurable reductions in malaria burden News release. The World Malaria Report 2009 found that the increase in international funding commitments US$ 1.7 billion in 2009 compared to US$ 730 million in 2006 had allowed a dramatic scale up of malaria control interventions in several countries, along with measurable reductions in malaria burden. Cautious optimism in the fight against malaria The WHO Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan described the findings in the report as cause for cautious optimism and said "While much remains to be done, the data presented here clearly suggest that the tremendous increase in funding for malaria control is resulting in the rapid scale up of today's control tools. More than one-third of the 108 malarious countries 9 African countries and 29 outside of Africa docum...
http://who.int/malaria/world_malaria_report_2009/development_aid_working_20091215/en/
*  Research - Population at Risk of Malaria
... Site Map. Home Data & Research Research Author Profile Population at Risk of Malaria. Site Tools. Site Map. Population at Risk of Malaria. Most malaria cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the Global Malaria Report published by the World Health Organization WHO, malaria was present in 106 countries and territories in 2010; and there were 216 million estimated cases of malaria and nearly 0.7 million deaths - mostly among children living in Africa. In this research, we have estimated current population exposed to malaria - by country. In our computation, we have made the geographical distinction of areas with high, medium, low prevalence "endemicity" of malaria in each country based on the Global malaria atlas compiled by the Malaria Atlas Project MAP of the Oxford University. The data are based on 24,492 parasite rate surveys Plasmodiumfalciparum. The MAP study employs a new cartographic technique for deriving global clinical burden estimates of Plasmodium falciparum malaria for 2007. http://ww...
http://econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/0,,contentMDK:23305014~menuPK:64214916~pagePK:64214825~piPK:64214943~theSitePK:469382,00.html
*  Malaria - Concord Hospital - Concord, NH
... Skip to Content. 603 225-2711. I am looking for. About. Classes Events. News. Careers. Patient CONNECT. Menu. Main Navigation Find A Doctor. Care Treatment. Locations. Patients Visitors. Wellness. Healthcare Professionals. You are here: Home. Wellness. Health Library. Malaria. Jump to Section Links. Browse and register for related classes. Life Cycle of Malaria Parasites. Malaria Skip to the navigation Topic Overview What is malaria. Malaria is a serious disease that causes a high fever and chills. You can get it from a bite by an infected mosquito. Malaria is rare in the United States. It is most often found in Africa, Southern Asia, Central America, and South America. What causes malaria. Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito infected with parasites. In very rare cases, people can get malaria if they come into contact with infected blood. You cannot get malaria just by being near a person who has the disease. What are the symptoms. Most malaria infections cause symptoms like the flu, such as a hi...
http://concordhospital.org/wellness-resources/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=hw119119
*  CDC - Malaria - Malaria Worldwide - CDC's Global Malaria Activities
... Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options. CDC's Global Malaria Activities. Agency for International Development USAID, International Red Cross, and Expanded Program on Immunization; and through work directly with Ministries of Health in malaria-endemic countries, as well as local disease prevention and control partners e.g., the national malaria control program, the reproductive health program responsible for maternal health, the child health program. CDC has several international cooperative agreements to address pertinent research questions and to implement prevention programs. In particular, CDC and USAID jointly implement the President’s Malaria Initiative PMI, an initiative that aims to halve malaria deaths in 15 selected African countries. President’s Malaria Initiative The President’s Malaria Initiative PMI is a U.S. CDC and the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID jointly implement the i...
http://cdc.gov/malaria/malaria_worldwide/cdc_activities/index.html
*  2006 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 084.6 : Malaria unspecified
... Home > 2006 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Infectious And Parasitic Diseases 001-139 > Rickettsioses And Other Arthropod-Borne Diseases 080-088 > Malaria 084-. 2006 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 084.6. ICD-9-CM 084.6 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 084.6 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code or codes. You are viewing the 2006 version of ICD-9-CM 084.6. More recent version s of ICD-9-CM 084.6 : 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015. Convert to ICD-10-CM : 084.6 converts directly to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM B54 Unspecified malaria. Disease Synonyms Malaria Malaria in childbirth Malaria in pregnancy Malarial fever Maternal malaria during pregnancy Maternal malaria during pregnancy - baby delivered Maternal malaria in pregnancy, after childbirth Postpartum malaria. malarial see also Malaria 084.6. malaria...
http://icd9data.com/2006/Volume1/001-139/080-088/084/084.6.htm
*  Malaria: Healthwise Medical Information on eMedicineHealth
... Topics A-Z. Slideshow Pictures. Image Gallery. Medications. Medical Dictionary. Privacy. Site Map October 3, 2015 Like Us. infections a-z list. malaria article. malaria healthwise article. Malaria. Slideshow: Common Dental Problems and Procedures. Slideshow: 10 Secrets to Brighter, Whiter Teeth. Symptoms. Treatment Overview. Home Treatment. Medications. Other Treatment. Other Places To Get Help. What is malaria. Malaria is a serious disease that causes a high fever and chills. You can get it from a bite by an infected mosquito. What causes malaria. Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito infected with parasites. In very rare cases, people can get malaria if they come into contact with infected blood. You cannot get malaria just by being near a person who has the disease. What are the symptoms. Most malaria infections cause symptoms like the flu, such as a high fever, chills, and muscle pain. Your doctor will order a blood test to check for the malaria parasite in your blood. Get medical help right aw...
http://emedicinehealth.com/malaria-health/article_em.htm
*  Medical Xpress - malaria transmission
... Home malaria transmission. News tagged with malaria transmission. 1 week. 1 week. 1 month. 1 week. 1 month. Related topics: malaria · mosquitoes · malaria parasite. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Scientists determine alternative insecticide dramatically reduces malaria transmission. Indoor spraying with the insecticide bendiocarb has dramatically decreased malaria transmission in many parts of Benin, new evidence that insecticides remain a potent weapon for fighting malaria in Africa despite the rapid ... Scientists engineer mosquito immune system to fight malaria. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute have demonstrated that the Anopheles mosquito's innate immune system could be genetically engineered to block the transmission of malaria-causing parasites to humans. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Climate-change effects on malaria risk. A new study suggests that climate change, driven by greenhouse-gas emissions and land-use changes, will cause pa...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/malaria transmission/sort/popular/all/
*  News | Malaria No More | Page 1
Advocacy. News Help End Malaria Deaths. Categories. Advocacy. Malaria Policy. Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted on Capitol Hill On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a lunch briefing on Capitol Hill highlighting the important work that the President s Malaria Initiative PMI and the Department of Defense are doing to save lives Read more. September 29, 2015 Share: . . . . Categories: Advocacy. September 8, 2015 Share: . . . . Categories: Advocacy. MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Read more. July 27, 2015 Share: . . . . Categories: Advocacy, malaria elimination, Malaria Treatments, Mosquito Nets, Video. July 20, 2015 Share: . . . . Categories: Advocacy. Th...
https://malarianomore.org/news/updates/global-fund-approves-547-malaria
*  Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half | 88.9 KETR
Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half. NPR News. NPR News. Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half By. In the world's first large field trial of an experimental malaria vaccine, several thousand young children who got three doses had about 55 percent less risk of getting the disease over a year than those who got a control vaccine against rabies or meningitis. Christian Louqc, who's leading the final-phase clinical trial at 11 sites across Africa, tells Shots that among several thousand children who got "control" vaccines, there were 1,500 cases of malaria — more than one episode per child in the following year. But for every 1,000 children who got the experimental malaria vaccine, there were only 750 cases of malaria. Considering only life-threatening malaria, there were 20 cases among every 1,000 children who got the study vaccine, compared to 40 cases per 1,000 children who got vaccines for other diseases. Researchers say adverse reactions occurred equally among ch...
http://ketr.org/post/experimental-malaria-vaccine-slashes-infection-risk-half
*  Scientists race to eliminate malaria as 'wonder drug' loses its powers - CNN.com
... Part of complete coverage on Vital Signs. Scientists race to eliminate malaria as 'wonder drug' loses its powers. updated 9:55 AM EDT, Tue March 25, 2014. Shoklo Malaria Research Unit is on the frontline of the battle against malaria in Southeast Asia. Medics in the area have relied on the drug artemisinin to treat malaria -- but now there are signs that malaria in the area is becoming resistant to the drug. Nick White, chairman of the Mahidol--Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, says bed nets may not be effective at preventing malaria in parts of Southeast Aisa: "The mosquitoes here bite early in the evening. Shoklo Malaria Research Unit. Shoklo Malaria Research Unit. Shoklo Malaria Research Unit. Shoklo Malaria Research Unit. Drug resistance. Artemisinin was a "wonder drug" in fight against malaria Malaria in Southeast Asia showing signs of Artemisinin resistance Fears that resistant malaria could spread around the world Researchers say malaria must be completely wiped out to stop spread. When Nost...
http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/25/health/scientists-eliminate-malaria/index.html?iid=article_sidebar
*  Malaria cases reach 40-year high in U.S. | Vaccine News
Malaria cases reach 40-year high in U.S. Vaccine News. MONDAY, OCTOBER 5, 2015. News. News All news. Missouri. North Carolina. North Dakota. South Carolina. South Dakota. Virginia. Home 2014 February. Malaria cases reach 40-year high in U.S. Published on Tuesday, Feb 4, 2014 @ 2:00pm by Vaccine News Reports. The number of malaria cases reported in the U.S. malaria cases. There were 1,925 reported cases of malaria in the U.S. in 2011, which represented a 14 percent increase from 2010 and a 48 percent increase from 2008. The majority of the infections occurred among persons who traveled to regions with ongoing malaria infection. The CDC said that imported malaria can reintroduce malaria into regions where the disease is not endemic if environmental conditions are present to support the lifecycle of the malaria parasite. Mateusz Plucinski, the epidemic intelligence service officer for the malaria branch of the CDC's Center for Global Health, spoke during the malaria-based clinical outreach and communication acti...
http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/stories/510535959-malaria-cases-reach-40-year-high-in-u-s
*  Malaria Home Page
... Home. eMedTV Home. Malaria Home. Switch To Mobile View. Health Topics. eMedTV Health Topics. Malaria Health Topics. Disease & Conditions. Tests & Procedures. Drugs & Supplements. Symptoms. Articles. eMedTV Articles. Malaria Articles. Videos. eMedTV Videos. Sign In. Site Map. Malaria Channel. Topics Medications. Anopheles Malaria Chloroquine Coartem Hydroxychloroquine Lariam Malarone Primaquine Quinine. Advertisement. Quicklinks. Malaria Malaria Causes Malaria Symptoms Malaria Treatment Malaria Vaccine Malaria Cure Anopheles Hydroxychloroquine Quinine Malarone. Related Channels. Ebola Rabies Tuberculosis Measles Mumps Polio. Advertisement. Featured Malaria Articles History of Malaria Malaria Transmission Anopheles. Advertisement. Tools & Services. Use eMedTV's tools and services to receive up-to-date health information, tips, answers, and more. Our free DiscountRx savings card can help you and your family save money on your prescriptions. This card is accepted at all major chain pharmacies, nationwide. Ge...
http://malaria.emedtv.com/
*  Malaria No More
... Donate Malaria No More. Donate. The Challenge. The Solution. Our Impact. Advocacy. News. Support the life-saving work of Malaria No More. Donate Now. Follow @MalariaNoMore. Latest News September 29, 2015 Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a Share: . September 8, 2015 Congressional Staff Visit Epicenter of Drug Malaria No More recently led a Congressional staff delegation trip to Thailand and Myanmar with officials from the offices of Share: . July 27, 2015 MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Share: . July 13, 2015 The Gates Foundation Highlights PMI’s The Gates Foundation recently posted a blog applauding PMI s work to end malaria. July 6, 2015 MDG Final Report: Malaria Target Surpassed Today, Secretary-General Ban Ki...
https://malarianomore.org/node/1072
*  Malaria No More
... Donate Malaria No More. Donate. The Challenge. The Solution. Our Impact. Advocacy. News. Support the life-saving work of Malaria No More. Donate Now. Follow @MalariaNoMore. Latest News September 29, 2015 Malaria’s Impact on the War Fighter Highlighted On September 18th, Malaria No More, in conjunction with the Senate Caucus on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases, hosted a Share: . September 8, 2015 Congressional Staff Visit Epicenter of Drug Malaria No More recently led a Congressional staff delegation trip to Thailand and Myanmar with officials from the offices of Share: . July 27, 2015 MNM s Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera Watch MNM's Joshua Blumenfeld on Al Jazeera America News Daily, as he discusses the latest developments on the malaria vaccine. Share: . July 13, 2015 The Gates Foundation Highlights PMI’s The Gates Foundation recently posted a blog applauding PMI s work to end malaria. July 6, 2015 MDG Final Report: Malaria Target Surpassed Today, Secretary-General Ban Ki...
https://malarianomore.org/node/37
*  Video: Sara Hjalmarsson rapporterar fr n Batil 6 8 2012 ~ Frequency
... Sign In Sign Up. Follow @OnFrequency. Guide. Message sent. Check your Phone. malaria. 1d ago. Top New. Add. Sara Hjalmarsson rapporterar från Batil 6/8-2012. malaria 3y ago. Malaria eradication in the past, present, and future. malaria 1d ago. Malaria in Cambodia. malaria 2d ago. Grow Hope Appeal. malaria 3d ago. Genetic resistance to malaria. malaria 3d ago. Lab Report: Dr Alexis Nzila - an African Scientist doing African Science. malaria 4d ago. Malaria in Peru: Stealing childhood. malaria 4d ago. Nanopartikel gegen Malaria - Erreger in die Falle gelockt. malaria 5d ago. Dr. Colin Sutherland LSHTM Is Artemisinin-resistant malaria coming to Africa any day soon. malaria 5d ago. Malaria No More CEO Touts Progress in Malaria Fight. malaria 6d ago. The Week in Review – 26 September 2015. malaria 6d ago. Scientists link famine weed to malaria. malaria 1w ago. malaria 1w ago. Stephen Curry and Stephen Colbert Talk Nothing But Nets & Fighting Malaria. malaria 1w ago. malaria 1w ago. Présentation de la chimio p...
http://frequency.com/video/sara-hjalmarsson-rapporterar-frn-batil/56244103/-/5-3045
*  Announcement: Many countries poised to end malaria - PATH
... Blog. Newsroom. Publications. Jobs. Contact us. PATH. Driving transformative innovation to save lives. Our work. Our impact and resources. Donate now ». Announcement. Many countries poised to end malaria. Nearly a third of affected countries may be malaria-free within ten years. About a third of countries affected by malaria are on track to eliminate the disease within the next decade, according to a new report from the Roll Back Malaria RBM Partnership. Eliminating Malaria: Learning From the Past, Looking Ahead analyzes national data on malaria worldwide and finds impressive gains. Nine more countries are preparing to move toward nationwide elimination of the disease. The report, the eighth in the Progress Impact series published by RBM, was authored by the World Health Organization s Global Malaria Programme and released Monday, October 17, 2011 at the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation's Malaria Forum 2011 in Seattle, Washington. PATH is a member of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, and our Malaria Contro...
http://path.org/news/press-room/222/
*  Global Malaria Action Plan
... 'Global Malaria Action Plan' GMAP. is the first single comprehensive blueprint for global malaria control and elimination. It outlines strategies, costs, goals and timelines designed to build on the trajectory of recent successes in malaria control, moving towards full malaria control and beyond in countries across the globe. The GMAP was developed by the Roll Back Malaria RBM Partnership and endorsed at the 2008 MDG Malaria Summit on September 25, 2008, in New York,. The GMAP presents i a comprehensive overview of the global malaria landscape, ii an evidence-based approach to deliver effective prevention and treatment to all people at risk and iii an estimate of the annual funding needs to achieve the goals of the RBM Partnership for 2010, 2015 and beyond. Achieve universal coverage, as recently called for by the UN Secretary-General, for all populations at risk with locally appropriate interventions for prevention and case management by 2010 and sustain universal coverage until local field research sug...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Malaria_Action_Plan
*  .. Malaria cases rising in UK .. Mission .. Top health news sections .. Search Health Newstrack ..
Malaria cases rising in UK. Over the past 20 years, cases of imported falciparum malaria in the UK have significantly increased due to rise in the numbers of UK residents travelling to malaria endemic areas, combined with a failure to use prevention measures. In 1987, there were 5120 reported cases of the potentially fatal faliciparum malaria, increasing to 6753 in 2002. These findings highlight the urgent need for health messages and services targeted at travellers from migrant groups visiting friends and family abroad, say the authors. Malaria acquired in one of the 150 countries where it is endemic and then imported into non-endemic countries accounts for a significant proportion of largely preventable disease and death in Europe every year. Dr Adrian Smith and colleagues from the Health Protection Agency’s Malaria Reference Laboratory, present the latest trends in malaria in the UK between 1987 and 2006, using data from the Malaria Reference Laboratory, involving 39 300 confirmed cases of malaria. 64.5% o...
http://healthnewstrack.com/malaria-cases-rising-in-uk_580/
*  Preventive measures urged to reduce malaria burden
... Sunday, October 04, 2015. NATIONAL. ISLAMABAD. PUNJAB. SINDH. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Balochistan. Gilgit Baltistan. Azad Jammu & Kashmir. SPORT. ENTERTAINMENT. EDITORIAL. OPINION. LETTERS. CARTOONS. TODAY'S NEWS. Preventive measures urged to reduce malaria burden. ISLAMABAD: The health experts on Wednesday said that increased malaria prevention and control measures were essential to reduce the menace of malaria from the country.They pointed out that malaria was a life threatening disease, caused by parasites that were transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes, particularly in the high-risk season. They added that the non-immune travelers from the malaria free areas are very vulnerable to the disease when they get infected. He said that malaria was an acute febrile illness, adding that the symptoms appear after seven days or more, usually 10 to 15 days after the infective mosquito bite. If not treated within 24 hours, the malaria can progress to severe illness often leading to death, he ...
http://dailytimes.com.pk/islamabad/28-Aug-2014/preventive-measures-urged-to-reduce-malaria-burden
*  .. Malaria Prevention & Mosquito Net Distribution
. Malaria Prevention Mosquito Net Distribution. Malaria is a serious problem in the Chogoria community. From data collected in 2011 and 2012, 65% of people had had malaria in the past year. We conduct malaria education trainings about preventing, testing, treatment, and protecting vulnerable populations with our loan groups, at community outreach events, in schools, and at churches and schools. Then we distribute long-lasting insecticide treated mosquito nets for everyone in the household of the trainee. To ensure that the nets are being utilized and have not been sold or given to other people, we conduct a home health visit, usually within 3 months of the distribution. In evaluations 6 months after this malaria intervention, only 25% of the population has experienced malaria, representing a 40% drop in malaria incidence. Health educator, Lennah Mwende, and Global Public Health Fellow, Natasha Abadilla, distribute mosquito nets at a primary school while their teacher looks on. During 2010, the Public Health...
http://villagehopecore.org/public-health-program/activities/malaria-prevention-mosquito-net-distribution/
*  Global Malaria News | MalariaWorld
Forum Guidelines Rules Weblogs. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Study: Locus-specific DNA variants provide protection against malaria - Vaccine News Daily Malaria News Feeds - October 3, 2015 - 00:39. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Scientists Identify Genes That Protect African Children From Developing Malaria - Tech Times Malaria News Feeds - October 2, 2015 - 11:30. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Categories: News General. Genes that protect African children from developing malaria identified Science Daily - Malaria - October 1, 2015 - 13:47 Variations in DNA at a specific location or 'locus' on the genome that protect African children from developing severe malaria, in some cases nearly halving a child's chance of developing the life-threatening disease, have been identified in the largest genetic association study of ...
http://malariaworld.org/aggregator/
*  World Malaria Day - Pageant News 19 April 2012
... PAGEANT - Education is the future. World Malaria Day - 25 April 2012. home page Please enable JavaScript to use all the features in this website. home. news. World Malaria Day. Each year, 25 April is designated as World Malaria Day, so now is a good time to review the progress being made towards the elimination of malaria, and in particular Pageant's small part in helping to combat this killer disease. There are about 216 million cases of malaria world-wide each year, leading to around 655 thousand deaths. The fight against malaria means that the map showing countries where malaria is endemic has been shrinking for the past decade. In Africa deaths have been cut by one third in the last decade. There are Millennium Development Goals, which aim to achieve near-zero deaths in malaria-endemic countries by 2015. The great worry now is the emergence of drug resistant strains of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, which if unchecked could lead to untreatable malaria, and a reversal of the gains made so...
http://pageant.org.uk/news120419.htm
*  News - Malaria | Health24
News - Malaria. Health24. advertisement. Win R100 000 cash with News24. News. Fitness. Sex. Natural health. Heart. Diabetes. Win. Newsletters. Medical. Diabetes. Heart. Lifestyle. Fitness. Sex. Healthy You. Natural Health. All Lifestyle. Diabetes. Skin. In some cases, having a specific genetic variation almost halves a child's risk of developing a life-threatening case of malaria. Global malaria control is one of the great public health success stories of this century with malaria deaths worldwide have fallen by 60 percent since 2000. » Join Body Talk » Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Five facts you need to know about malaria. The building of over 80 new dams across sub-Saharan Africa is expected to cause over one million cases of malaria this year with people living near these dams at the greatest risk. According to GlaxoSmithKline, the world's first malaria vaccine will gradually be introduced in Africa after being approved by drugs regulators. Scientists have discovered a highly potent compound - ...
http://health24.com/Medical/Malaria/News
*  CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment (United States)
CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis Treatment United States. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options. Malaria Diagnosis Treatment in the United States. As a national reference center for malaria diagnosis, CDC provides diagnostic and technical assistance on malaria diagnosis. CDC provides reference microscopic diagnosis and other specialized tests such as serology, PCR, and drug-resistance testing. More on: Malaria Diagnosis in the United States Treatment Treatment of malaria depends on many factors including disease severity, the species of malaria parasite causing the infection and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. More on: Malaria Treatment in the United States Malaria Hotline CDC provides, on a 24-hour basis, consultations for clinicians needing guidance on diagnosis, management of malaria cases, access to antimalarial medication, or urgent issues related to adverse antimalarial drug reactio...
http://cdc.gov/Malaria/diagnosis_treatment/
*  World Malaria Day
... 'World Malaria Day' 'WMD' is an international observance commemorated every year on 25 April and recognizes global efforts to control malaria. World Health Organization, In 2012, malaria caused an estimated 627,000 deaths, mostly among African children. World Health Organization,. Africa Malaria Day began in 2001, one year after the historic 'Abuja Declaration' African Summit on Roll Back Malaria, Abuja, 25 April 2000. Events marking World Malaria Day 2014 in Nigeria included a demonstration of anti-malarial bed net s, testing and distribution of anti-malarial drugs, seminars on progress in combating and controlling malaria, and the inclusion of African footballers in the campaign to combat malaria. Abuja, 11 April 2014. thumb|President Bush addresses Americans in The White House Rose Garden about the issues of malaria April 25 was designated as 'Malaria Awareness Day' in 2007 by President George W. Bush, who called on Americans to join in on the goal to eradicate malaria on the African continent. Presid...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Malaria_Day
*  WHO | United against malaria - roll back malaria partnership welcomes Youssou N'Dour & world musicia
WHO. United against malaria - roll back malaria partnership welcomes Youssou N'Dour & world musicians to the European stage. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Media centre. Menu. Media centre News News releases Previous years. Statements Previous years. Notes for the media Previous years. Events Official WHO health days Meetings and consultations 2014. Fact sheets Features Commentaries Multimedia Contacts. United against malaria - roll back malaria partnership welcomes Youssou N'Dour & world musicians to the European stage 6 October 2005. Geneva - Malaria is in the spotlight of the music world for the second time this year. Following his spectacular AFRICA LIVE: The Roll Back Malar...
http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2005/pr_concert/en/
*  Malaria parasitaemia in relation to HIV status and vitamin A supplementation among pre-school childr
... ... Malaria parasitaemia in relation to HIV status and vitamin A supplementation among pre-school children. To examine the effect of vitamin A supplementation on malaria parasitaemia in children. Methods: We studied the cross-sectional associations between HIV status and malaria parasitaemia among 546 children 6–60 months of age who participated in a double-blind, randomized clinical trial of vitamin A supplementation. Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals CI were estimated for the presence of malaria parasites at baseline by HIV status in uni- and multivariate models that adjusted for sociodemographic and environmental variables. Among children with malaria, correlates of high parasite loads were identified. Next, we examined the effect of vitamin A supplementation on the risk of malaria parasitaemia and high parasite density at 4–8 months of the first dose in a subset of children. Results: The prevalence of malaria parasitaemia was 11.4% among HIV-infected children, compared with 27.6% among u...
http://popline.org/node/195247
*  Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - Opening Comments | The Synaptic Leap
Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - Opening Comments. The Synaptic Leap Open Source Biomedical Research. Current Projects Research Tools RSS news feeds Community Posts Schisto Research. Current Projects Research Tools RSS news feeds Community Posts Toxoplasma Research. Current Projects Research Tools Community Posts Tuberculosis Research. Current Projects Research Tools RSS news feeds Community Posts General Open Research. Current Projects Research Tools RSS news feeds Community Posts. You are here: You are here Home » Malaria Research Community » Current Projects for Malaria » Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - February 2012 - Why. Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - Opening Comments. Opening remarks at the Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria meeting at The University of Sydney, February 24th 2012. ‹ Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - February 2012 - Why. up Open Source Drug Discovery for Malaria Meeting - Session 1, Part 1, Mary O Kane ›. Malaria Rese...
http://thesynapticleap.org/node/391
*  Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half | KANW
Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half. KANW. skip to main content. Site Menu. Donate. Menu. Home. Support. Pledge Online. Program Underwriting. Wills and Bequests. Vehicle Donation. Schedule. Programs. Events. Music Store. Inside KANW. ISDN Studio Services. Program Guide. HD2 Program Guide. PSA Policy. Facilities and Coverage Area. Publications. History. On Air Staff. CPB Compliance. Contact. Contact Us. Facebook. Twitter. Search. Menu. Home. Support. Pledge Online. Program Underwriting. Wills and Bequests. Vehicle Donation. Schedule. Programs. Events. Music Store. Inside KANW. ISDN Studio Services. Program Guide. HD2 Program Guide. PSA Policy. Facilities and Coverage Area. Publications. History. On Air Staff. CPB Compliance. Contact. Contact Us. Facebook. Twitter. Search. Listen Live KANW FM. Business, Underwriting Membership: 505 242-7163. Experimental Malaria Vaccine Slashes Infection Risk By Half By. Richard Knox. Oct 18, 2011 Share Twitter Facebook Google+ Email. Originally publishe...
http://kanw.com/post/experimental-malaria-vaccine-slashes-infection-risk-half
*  Malaria - Infections - Merck Manuals Consumer Version
... View The Professional Version For doctors and medical students. Consumer Version. Infections. Go to the Professional Version A free medical reference in everyday language. Infections. Malaria is infection of red blood cells with one of five species of Plasmodium, a protozoan. Various antimalarial drugs are used to treat and to prevent infection which drug is used depends on the malaria species causing the infection, the likelihood of drug resistance in the area where the infection was acquired, and the drug's side effects and cost. Drugs to prevent malaria Drugs should be taken to prevent malaria during travel in areas where it is prevalent. Thus, doctors advise pregnant women not to travel to areas where Plasmodium species are resistant to this drug. Primaquine is another alternative for prevention, primarily for people traveling to areas where malaria is mainly due to Plasmodium vivax. Primaquine is also used to prevent recurring attacks of symptoms in travelers who are taking other antimalarial drugs ...
http://merckmanuals.com/home/infections/parasitic-infections/malaria
*  .. What to Do if You Think You Have Malaria .. Some pages you might find helpful:
Home » Traveler's Toolkit » What to Do if You Think You Have Malaria What to Do if You Think You Have Malaria. You have a fever, chills, you’re sweating, you’re exhausted, and maybe you’ve even got a headache and some muscular aches and pains…. Malaria can be decisively present even though you might not have all the textbook symptoms. To complicate matters it is often ambiguous to start with, and your prophylaxis might be hindering its full expression. Some other disease may be adding its symptoms to confuse you and worse, you may be confused by the disease. If you have malaria, this is so serious that worries over side effects from long-term use of the malaria drugs become minor. You knock back the large dose of chloroquine, or the stand-by course of mefloquine, or whatever it is you’re using, and head for or have yourself conveyed to a hospital or local doctor, urgently. The high dose of mefloquine might make you hallucinate or worse – but a malaria-induced fevered delerium definitely will, and it could als...
http://toolkit.bootsnall.com/health-travel-guide/malaria/i-dont-feel-so-good.html
*  Immunity to malaria | Malaria
Immunity to malaria. Malaria. We use cookies on this website. By continuing to use this site without changing your cookie settings, you agree that you are happy to accept our cookies and for us to access these on your device. Find out more about how we use cookies and how to change your cookie settings. Continue. Wellcome Trust websites. Home. Parasite. Mosquito. People. Control. Wellcome Trust and malaria. Resources. . Home. People. Background. Immunity to malaria. People News Features Background. Immunity to malaria 11/8/04. By Caroline Cross The human body's defences against infection with malaria fall, in general terms, into natural innate resistance and acquired immunity. Natural defence mechanisms or innate factors against malaria are most apparent in populations continually exposed to malaria parasites. For example, inherited conditions such as sickle cell anaemia and beta-thalassaemia, which cause deformities in red blood cells and are common in people from malarious regions, make it more difficul...
http://malaria.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTD023885.html
*  Malaria vaccine 'by 2015' - ITV News
Malaria vaccine 'by 2015' - ITV News. ITV. Malaria vaccine 'by 2015'. The world's first vaccine against malaria could be less than two years away after a successful trial by a British drug makers GlaxoSmithKline. Share Tweet Plus Reddit. ITV Report. 10:39 pm, Tue 08 Oct 2013. The world's first vaccine against malaria could be less than two years away after a successful trial. 4:05 pm, Tue 08 Oct 2013. Read: Malaria vaccine 'by 2015'. GlaxoSmithKline. Share Tweet Plus Reddit. 11:37 am, Tue 08 Oct 2013. Oxfam: Any malaria vaccine must be affordable for poor. A new potential vaccine for malaria will only have an impact if it is made affordable to people in poor countries, Oxfam's health policy adviser Anna Marriott has warned. Read: Malaria vaccine 'could be less than two years away'. He added: Given the huge disease burden of malaria among African children, we cannot ignore what these latest results tell us about the potential for RTS,S to have a measurable and s...
http://itv.com/news/story/2013-10-08/malaria-vaccine-hope/
*  CDC - Malaria - References and Resources - Interactive Training - Public Health Case Study 2
... Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options. Malaria. Public Health Case Study 2: Malaria in Pennsylvania. In this case of malaria the major risk factor given for malaria was the blood transfusion. Donors who have been implicated as infection sources in transfusion-transmitted malaria cases often have had undetectable levels of parasitemia; therefore, antibody detection has been the method of choice to identify infected donors in CDC investigations of transfusion-transmitted malaria cases. In the United States, prevention of transfusion-transmitted malaria largely depends on careful questioning of prospective donors to defer those at increased risk for malaria. Summary of guidelines of the Food and Drug Administration and American Association of Blood Banks for deferral of blood donors at increased risk for malaria Defer blood donation for 1 year Travelers who are residents of nonmalarious areas who have been...
http://cdc.gov/malaria/references_resources/interactive_training/ph-2/index.html
*  .. Malaria Youth Summit: Nairobi .. World Malaria Day 2011 .. Footballers vs. Malaria .. What do yo
Malaria Youth Summit: Nairobi July 19th, 2011. 1 comment On Wednesday 14th July the Me and My Net team held a Malaria Youth Summit in Nairobi. Students came up with this Communiqué and presented it to attending Commonwealth High Commissioners, malaria and education NGO representatives and malaria health experts. If you’d like to have your say in the global fight against malaria, be sure to enter the Me and My Net competition. Click here for all the info. Bookmark on Delicious Digg this post Recommend on Facebook share via Reddit Share with Stumblers Tweet about it Subscribe to the comments on this post. Tags :. Communiqué, Malaria, Mosquito Nets, Nairobi, Youth Summit Categories :. World Malaria Day 2011 April 27th, 2011. Monday 25th April was World Malaria Day. Celebrated every year, and instituted by the World Health Assembly at its 60th session in 2007, this day commemorates the world’s efforts to control malaria. Half of the world’s population was at risk from malaria in 2009, so this goal is ambitious...
http://meandmy.net/news-views/what-do-you-think/
*  CDC - Malaria - Features - Online CE Module
... Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options. Search The CDC. For more information about this message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov. Online CE Module: Malaria 101 for Health Care Providers. Online CE Module: Malaria 101 for Health Care Providers The Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria is pleased to announce its newly available Continuing Medical Education CME and Continuing Nursing Education CNE module "Malaria 101 for Health Care Providers." Malaria, caused by different species of the protozoan parasite Plasmodium, is found worldwide. This approximately one hour course, accredited for 1.0 hours of CME credit and 1.0 hours of CNE credit, is designed give you the basic knowledge necessary for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of malaria. More on: Malaria CE For more information on malaria, including references for drugs used in the prevention and treatment of malaria, visit CDC’s Malaria ...
http://cdc.gov/malaria/features/cme.html
*  .. USF malaria research showcased on Capitol Hill .. Blog .. Featured Slideshow .. Awards & Accol
USF malaria research showcased on Capitol Hill Written by Anne DeLotto Baier · April 26, 2012 @ 11:57 am · Filed under College of Public Health, Curing Malaria, Research. Six years ago USF had no researchers working on malaria.  Today, more than 60 faculty members, staff and students are tackling major challenges needed to end malaria, a preventable and treatable mosquito-borne disease that killed more than 650,000 people last year — overwhelmingly children in sub-Saharan Africa. That accomplishment didn’t escape the notice of the Malaria Policy Center in Washington, DC.  The center invited Dennis Kyle, PhD, professor of global health in the USF College of Public Health, to showcase USF’s malaria research at a Capitol Hill expo attended by legislators, Congressional staff, and members of the global health community on World Malaria Day April 25. Dr. Kyle was among 20 top malaria researchers from  U.S. companies, universities and research institutions brought together to highlight domestic innovat...
http://hscweb3.hsc.usf.edu/blog/2012/04/26/usf-malaria-research-showcased-on-capitol-hill/
*  .. Making Malaria History Blog View Categories View: Blog View: Events View: Un
Making Malaria History Blog. View Categories. View: Blog View: Events View: Uncategorized. Lessons from the malaria fight can inform sustainable development Acknowledging the link between disease and poverty is more important than ever. Read more. Remembering Alan Magill, a leader and friend in the fight to end malaria Gates Foundation Malaria Program leader was a trailblazer and visionary in the fight to end malaria. Read more. Read more. Zambia. When Mosquitoes Laugh at Insecticides Insecticide resistance is a rapidly growing threat to malaria control and elimination programs. Research by ISGlobal in the Manhiça district of Mozambique will help the country use insecticides more effectively. Read more. Insecticide resistance, ISGlobal, Mozambique. In this interview, they explain how monitoring mosquito populations can support malaria elimination. Read more. Community health workers, Interview, Zambia. Evidence for advocacy: a resource for the latest in malaria elimination The Evidence for Advocacy manual is...
http://makingmalariahistory.org/blog-news/
*  asymptomatic malaria | MalariaWorld
asymptomatic malaria. MalariaWorld. Last week ... MESA News News Sources Forum. Forum Guidelines Rules Weblogs. E-interviews Expert Weblogs Member Weblogs Events. MIM2013 Durban Jobs Donate. MW Journal - Authors instructions - Terms conditions - About MWJ Articles News - MESA News - News Sources Forum - Forum Guidelines Rules Weblogs - E-interviews - Expert Weblogs - Member Weblogs Events - J20 Jerusalem Conf. - MIM2013 Durban Jobs Donate. You are here Home » asymptomatic malaria. asymptomatic malaria. Open Access. Hepatitis B Infection Is Associated with Asymptomatic Malaria in the Brazilian Amazon June 1, 2011 - 08:01 -- Patrick Sampao. Country: Brazilian Amazon. Medical Condition: asymptomatic malaria hepatitis B. Read more about Open Access. Hepatitis B Infection Is Associated with Asymptomatic Malaria in the Brazilian Amazon. Open Access. Exploring the relationship between chronic undernutrition and asymptomatic malaria in Ghanaian children February 2, 2010 - 21:17 -- Ingeborg van Schayk. Medical Conditi...
http://malariaworld.org/category/medical-condition/medical-condition-350
*  Africa Fighting Malaria
... Search. Search. Toggle navigation. Home. Who We Are. Mission. Board & Staff. Funding. Annual Reports. Contact Us. What We Do. Editorials. Research Papers. Testimony. Letters. Media Coverage. Success Stories. Malaria. Prevention. Indoor Residual Spraying. Insecticide Treated Nets. Other Methods. Treatment. ACTs & Other Drugs. Malaria in Pregnancy. Co-Infection. Research. Insecticide Research. Drug Research. Vaccine Trials. Initiatives. Malarial Countries. Taxes & Tariffs. Regional Initiatives. Ministries of Health. Ministries of Finance. Donor Programs. Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB & Malaria. Roll Back Malaria Partnership. World Health Organization. World Bank. UN Children's Fund. US Agency for International Development. Private Sector. Companies, Foundations & PPPs. Non-Governmental Organizations. Commodity Manufacturers. Advocate. Drug Safety. Public Health Insecticides. Campaigns. Become An Advocate. Press Releases. Events. Support AFM. FAQs. Previous. Next. ARTICLE. View All. Most Recent. Patent poli...
http://fightingmalaria.org/index.html
*  Malaria
... Healthy living. Children's health. Travel health. Wellbeing. Diseases and conditions A - Z. Health services. Health services guide. Newsletters. StayQuit - 90-day stop smoking programme. Travel health. Travel health Health centre. Travel health. Medicines Medicines for travel problems. Discussion Travel health. News Latest travel health news. Advertisement. Home / Travel health / Travel health facts. Malaria. What is malaria. Malaria is a potentially fatal tropical disease that's caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium. The infected person may have feverish attacks, influenza-like symptoms, tiredness, diarrhoea or a whole range of other symptoms. There are four different types of malaria parasite: Plasmodium falciparum is the cause of fatal malaria, while Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae cause more benign types of malaria. In man, the parasite travels to the liver via the blood and then out into the bloodstream again, where it invades the red blood corpuscles the cells which ca...
http://netdoctor.co.uk/travel/diseases/malaria_disease.htm
*  Why Ending Malaria May Be More About Backhoes Than Bed Nets | WVTF
WVTF. WVTF. Morning Edition. Morning Classics. WVTF. Fewer people are dying now from the mosquito-borne disease than at any other time in history. It wasn't getting people to sleep under insecticide-treated bed nets, or getting better medications to people who do get infected — two major tactics used to control malaria today in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. Instead, the parasite left the U.S., in large part, because the government destroyed mosquito breeding grounds. Large-scale drainage projects aren't central to most malaria control programs in Africa and Asia today. Fewer people are dying from the disease now than any time in history, but some say even more could be done by replicating the malaria eradication methods used in the American South a long time ago. NPR's Jason Beaubien begins his report with what's being done today in Africa. JASON BEAUBIEN, BYLINE: A new report from the World Health Organization chronicles a steady decline both in malaria cases and deaths. BEAUBIEN: Despite this optim...
http://wvtf.org/post/why-ending-malaria-may-be-more-about-backhoes-bed-nets
*  WHO | Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria
Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. English. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria May 2011. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. Publication details. Number of pages : 108 Publication date : 2011 Languages : English, French ISBN : 978 92 4 150112 5. Downloads Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria pdf, 3.18Mb French version. Overview This manual, designed as a practical 12-step checklist, provides guidance on the selection and procurement of quality rapid diagnostic...
http://who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/9789241501125/en/
*  WHO | Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria
Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. English. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria May 2011. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. Publication details. Number of pages : 108 Publication date : 2011 Languages : English, French ISBN : 978 92 4 150112 5. Downloads Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria pdf, 3.18Mb French version. Overview This manual, designed as a practical 12-step checklist, provides guidance on the selection and procurement of quality rapid diagnostic...
http://who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/9789241501125/en/
*  Environment influences ability of bacterium to block malaria transmission | EurekAlert! Science News
Environment influences ability of bacterium to block malaria transmission. EurekAlert. Science News. News. Breaking News. Science Business News. EurekAlert!中文版. Breaking News. Science Business News. EurekAlert. About EurekAlert. The environment significantly influences whether or not a certain bacterium will block mosquitoes from transmitting malaria, according to researchers at Penn State. "Bacteria in the genus Wolbachia represent a promising new tool for controlling malaria due to their demonstrated ability to block the development of the pathogen within Anopheles mosquitoes -- the mosquitoes that are responsible for the transmission of malaria parasites in many parts of the world," said Courtney Murdock, postdoctoral researcher, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics and Department of Entomology, Penn State. In this study, we investigated the ability of Wolbachia to block transmission of malaria -- Plasmodium -- parasites across variable environmental conditions, which are more reflective of conditions in...
http://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/ps-eia021314.php
*  WHO | Drug resistance could set back malaria control success
Drug resistance could set back malaria control success. Drug resistance could set back malaria control success US$ 22.5 million grant from Gates Foundation to contain malaria parasites resistant to artemisinin News release. GENEVA - WHO today said that the emergence of parasites resistant to artemisinin at the Thai-Cambodia border could seriously undermine the success of the global malaria control efforts. With a US$ 22.5 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO will endeavour to contain artemisinin-resistant malaria parasites before they spread. WHO will work in collaboration with several key partners including the National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control of the Cambodian Ministry of Health, Bureau of Vector-Borne Disease of the Thai Ministry of Public Health, Faculty of Tropical Medicine of Mahidol University Bangkok, Institut Pasteur Cambodia, Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Bangkok and the Malaria Consortium. Resistance along the Thai-Cambodia bor...
http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2009/malaria_drug_resistance_20090225/en/
*  WHO | World Malaria Report 2011
WHO. World Malaria Report 2011. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Menu. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. World Malaria Report 2011. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. More... Print. Authors : WHO. Publication details. Publication date : 2011 Languages : English ISBN : 978 924 156440 3. Downloads World Malaria Report 2011 pdf, 17.63Mb View all related documents Summary version in French. Overview The World Malaria Report 2011 summarizes information received from 106 malaria-endemic countries and a range of other sources. It analyses prevention and control measu...
http://who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/9789241564403/en/
*  New fund promises low-cost malaria treatment
... Medicine Health. April 19, 2009 New fund promises low-cost malaria treatment April 19, 2009 AP -- A $225 million fund to provide low-price anti-malaria medicine around the world was launched in the Norwegian capital Friday to fight a disease that kills 2,000 children a day. New drug combinations have been developed to treat strains of malaria that have become resistant to the old remedies, but they cost 10 to 40 times more and are available to only 20 percent of those with the disease, according to a statement from the new body, the Affordable Medicines Facility for Malaria. The Affordable Medicines Facility for Malaria was launched by Roll-Back Malaria, a public-private partnership that includes UNICEF, the World Bank, the governments of Norway, the Netherlands and Britain, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Clinton Foundation. Explore further: Gates: $258 million for malaria research. Sep 19, 2015. Sep 16, 2015. Sep 15, 2015. Sep 05, 2015. Sep 03, 2015. More from Medical Sciences. Related S...
http://phys.org/news/2009-04-fund-low-cost-malaria-treatment.html
*  Malaria parasite goes bananas before sex: new study
... Cell & Microbiology. February 14, 2012 Malaria parasite goes bananas before sex: new study February 14, 2012. PhysOrg.com -- New research from the University of Melbourne shows how the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum changes into a banana shape before sexual reproduction, a finding that could provide targets for vaccine or drug development and may explain how the parasite evades the human immune system. Dr Dixon said the new study solves a 130-year old mystery, revealing how the most deadly of human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum performs its shape-shifting. In 1880 the banana or crescent shape of the malaria parasite was first seen in the blood of a patient. Using a 3D microscope technique, we reveal that malaria uses a scaffold of special proteins to form a banana shape before sexual reproduction, said Dr Dixon. When in its banana shape, the malaria parasite is passed from a human host to a mosquito where it reproduces in the mosquito gut. Explore further: Protein plays key role in tra...
http://phys.org/news/2012-02-malaria-parasite-bananas-sex.html
*  New Study Shows Continued Progress Against Malaria | Impatient Optimists
New Study Shows Continued Progress Against Malaria. Impatient Optimists. Sign up to receive updates from the Gates Foundation Sign Up Privacy Policy. Impatient Optimists. Impatient Optimists. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Impatient Optimists. Family Planning. Malaria. Christopher Elias 14. Melinda French Gates 114. Bill Gates 76. New Study Shows Continued Progress Against Malaria Deborah Lacy February 03, 2012. While a new study from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation IHME today shows more malaria deaths than previous estimates, both the IHME paper and the WHO Global Malaria Report show that malaria deaths have decreased in the last five years. This post from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria is a good example of our partner's perspective on this issue. While young children still make up the majority of malaria deaths, adult deaths are much higher than formerly believed. The implications for global health investments are clear. Given that significantly more people are dyi...
http://impatientoptimists.org/Posts/2012/02/New-Study-Shows-Continued-Progress-Against-Malaria
*  WHO | The role of laboratory diagnosis to support malaria disease management. Focus on the use of ra
WHO. The role of laboratory diagnosis to support malaria disease management. Focus on the use of rapid diagnostic tests in areas of high transmission archived. ARCHIVED PUBLICATION This publication contains guidance that is out of date. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Malaria. Menu. Malaria Areas of work Data and statistics Document centre Malaria Policy Advisory Committee Information for travellers Media centre About us. The role of laboratory diagnosis to support malaria disease management. Focus on the use of rapid diagnostic tests in areas of high transmission archived April 2006. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. More... Print. Authors : WHO. Publicatio...
http://who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/who_htm_mal_2006_1111/en/
*  Q&A with PATH: An update on malaria | GlobalPost
Q&A with PATH: An update on malaria. GlobalPost. Global Pulse. Global Pulse. Politics. Living. Health. Nicola Pardy. on Nov 15, 2012 @ 4:32 PM. Nov 15, 2012 @ 4:32 PM Published. Q&A with PATH: An update on malaria. Dr. Kent Campbell, director of the Malaria Control Program at PATH. Dr. Kent Campbell is the director of the Malaria Control Program at PATH, which is focused on developing evidence-based national malaria control programs in Africa. From 2004 through 2008, he served as the program director for the MACEPA Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa program at PATH. He has more than 30 years of leadership experience in malaria control and international public health, and he was recently awarded the Le Prince Medal from the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. He spoke with GlobalPost about achievements in the fight against malaria and what is needed to bring transmission to zero. Q: How long have you been working with malaria in global health. A: I’ve been working in global hea...
http://globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/global-pulse/qa-path-update-malaria
*  Malaria prevention in Africa | NetsforLife Africa
Malaria prevention in Africa. NetsforLife Africa. In Focus Building a Cadre of Social Behavior Change Communication SBCC Trainers With a desire to have a profound impact on global challenges, Tara and Louis Rossi began researching locally-based NGOs. Their research led the couple to NetsforLife, Episcopal Relief Development s program partnership working to prevent malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. Frequently Asked Questions Focus - Which Millennium Development Goals is NetsforLife addressing. In keeping with the goal of holistic development programming, NetsforLife addresses several MDGs. MDG #4 Reduction in Child Mortality, MDG #5 Maternal Health, MDG # 6 - Combat HIV/AIDs, Malaria, and other diseases, and MDG #8 Developing Global Partnerships for Development. Learn about Malaria in Africa Give a Net. Donate Now. Fighting Malaria in Africa. Join us in the fight against malaria in Africa. Site Map 2011 Episcopal Relief Development. NetsforLife® is a partnership program of Episcopal Relief & Development, a nonpro...
http://netsforlife.com/
*  Blog examines global malaria funding
... Health A-Z. Drugs A-Z. Medical News 'Tweets'. Health. Blog examines global malaria funding Published on February 1, 2013 at 8:24 AM. In a post in his Malaria Matters blog, Bill Brieger, a professor in the health systems program of the department of international health at Johns Hopkins University, examines donor funding for global health and asks whether funding for malaria has hit a plateau. For malaria we are likely to be plateauing at levels that are only half of what is needed annually to move countries into the pre-elimination phase, Brieger writes, citing an article published in Aidspan's Global Fund Observer last week, and details the findings of a donor funding report released this month by the Kaiser Family Foundation 1/30. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Healthcare News Tags: Health Care, Health Syste...
http://news-medical.net/news/20130201/Blog-examines-global-malaria-funding.aspx
*  Safaris in Malaria free areas - Waterberg Travel Forum
... Try your search again. Hotels. Try your search again. See all hotels. Members Online. Top Members. Travel Questions Answers. Travel Answers. Waterberg. Waterberg Travel Answers change location. Try your search again. Report Abuse. Safaris in Malaria free areas by darrmont. Mar 26, 2008 at 10:58 AM. I am planning a Safari trip to South Africa but wish to go a Malaria free area convenient to Johannesburg and some research has indicated that the Waterberg area may be a good choice. I would like to hear from anyone who has had a Safari in this area, I am concerned to establish if the area is actually malaria free and if the wildlife is good in the area and if there are particular issues in going to the area. Also what is the best way to get from Johannesburg airport to the Waterberg area. Answer. Quote & Answer. 7 Answers Report Abuse. THE WISDOM OF DAO by DAO. Mar 26, 2008 at 1:02 PM Malaria can be curable if detected at an early date. Anti-malarial medication is not fatal. One member on VT died of Malaria....
http://forum.virtualtourist.com/Waterberg-2148741-5-3411478/Safaris-in-Malaria-free-areas.html
*  Now, mosquitoes that do not cause malaria - Rediff.com India News
... rediff.com. Rediff News. News Business Movies Sports Get Ahead rediff NewsApp. NewsApp Free Read news as it happens Available on. Sign in. Create a Rediffmail account. Rediff News All News. Rediff.com. News Now, mosquitoes that do not cause malaria. Now, mosquitoes that do not cause malaria. July 17, 2010 18:29 IST. When Sir Ronald Ross, a British Raj army surgeon working in Hyderabad, proved in 1897 that mosquitoes could transmit malaria, it promised a new era in humanity's battle with the devastating disease. But today, over 110 years later, malaria still infects hundreds of millions of people and causes over 1 million deaths per year, despite prevention methods like mosquito eradication and personal use of insecticide and mosquito nets, thanks to the imperviousness of the blood-sucking insect. So if we can't stop mosquitoes, what can we do. Build new malaria-proof ones. That's exactly what researchers at the University of Arizona in the US have done, in creating the first genetically modified mosquito...
http://news.rediff.com/report/2010/jul/17/now-mosquitoes-that-do-not-cause-malaria.htm
*  Some WHO-approved malaria drugs fall short: study
... July 10, 2012 Some WHO-approved malaria drugs fall short: study July 10, 2012 Up to eight percent of malaria drugs approved by the World Health Organization or other regulators do not contain the right dose and may fuel resistance, researchers said Tuesday. Poorly made or fake medications are a major problem worldwide, particularly as signs emerge of growing resistance to artemisinin, the frontline treatment for malaria, a disease the UN's World Health Organization WHO says killed 655,000 people in 2010. Eight were found to be significantly under-dosed in artemisinin, or had less than 75 percent of the main component of the drug, the study authors said. "The reason is they have well over 50 percent of the active ingredient but under 75 percent," he said, adding that most counterfeits have very little or no active ingredient in them. A separate study that spanned 2,652 essential drugs -- including medicines for malaria, tuberculosis and bacterial infections -- found that the failure rate among WHO-approve...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-07-who-approved-malaria-drugs-fall-short.html
*  WHO | Malaria deaths are down but progress remains fragile
. WHO. Malaria deaths are down but progress remains fragile. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Media centre. Menu. Media centre News News releases Previous years. Statements Previous years. Notes for the media Previous years. Events Official WHO health days Meetings and consultations 2014. Fact sheets Features Commentaries Multimedia Contacts. Malaria deaths are down but progress remains fragile News release. 13 December 2011. Geneva - Malaria mortality rates have fallen by more than 25% globally since 2000, and by 33% in the WHO African Region, according to the World malaria report 2011, issued today by WHO. This is the result of a significant scaling-up of malaria prevention and...
http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2011/malaria_report_20111213/en/
*  PLOS Collections: Quantifying the Number of Pregnancies at Risk of Malaria in 2007: A Demographic St
View. Sum of PLOS and PubMed Central page views and downloads. Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article. Published: January 26, 2010 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000221. Article. We derived global estimates of the number of women who became pregnant in 2007 in areas with Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax transmission. vivax transmission resulting in 82.6 million live births. falciparum transmission, 54.7 million occurred in areas with stable transmission and 30.6 million in areas with unstable transmission clinical incidence 1 per 10,000 population/year ; 92.9 million occurred in areas with P. vivax transmission, 53.0 million of which occurred in areas in which P. vivax transmission only. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000221 Academic Editor: Nicholas M. However, although the World Health Organization recently estimated that more than 30 million African women living in malaria endemic areas become pregnant and are at risk for malaria each year, there are no comprehensive and contemporary estimates of the number o...
http://journals.plos.org/ploscollections/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1000221
*  Thick and Thin Blood Smears for Malaria - Mary Greeley Medical Center
... About Mary Greeley. Health Library. Thick and Thin Blood Smears for Malaria. Health Library Thick and Thin Blood Smears for Malaria. Thick and Thin Blood Smears for Malaria. Exam Overview Doctors use thick and thin blood smears to determine whether you have malaria. If one test is negative and no parasites are found, you will have repeated blood smears every 8 hours for a couple of days to confirm that there is no malaria infection. Thick and thin blood smears will let doctors know the percentage of red blood cells that are infected parasite density and what type of parasites are present. Often there are few parasites in the blood at the time the test is done. Thin blood smears helps doctors discover what species of malaria is causing the infection. Why It Is Done To date, microscopic examination of thick and thin blood smears is the easiest and most reliable test for malaria. Results Results of thick and thin blood smears may show: Normal No parasites are present in red blood cells. Abnormal Parasites a...
https://mgmc.org/wellness/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=hw118744
*  Forcing Versus Feedback: Epidemic Malaria and Monsoon Rains in Northwest India - ResearchGate
... For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article Forcing Versus Feedback: Epidemic Malaria and Monsoon Rains in Northwest India. Karina Laneri. Karina Laneri. Remove suggestion. Anindya Bhadra. Anindya Bhadra. Remove suggestion. Edward L Ionides. Edward L Ionides University of Michigan Message author. Remove suggestion. Menno Bouma. Menno Bouma London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Message author. Remove suggestion. Ramesh C Dhiman. Ramesh C Dhiman Indian Council of Medical Research Message author. Remove suggestion. Rajpal S Yadav. Rajpal S Yadav. Remove suggestion. Imperial College London, United Kingdom PLoS Computational Biology. Impact Factor: 4.62. 09/2010; 6 9 :e1000898. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000898 Source: PubMed. ABSTRACT Malaria epidemics in regions with seasonal windows of transmission can vary greatly in size from year to year. A central question has been whether these int...
http://researchgate.net/publication/46170833_Forcing_Versus_Feedback_Epidemic_Malaria_and_Monsoon_Rains_in_Northwest_India
*  The President's Malaria Initiative Is Saving Lives
... Tonight, President Bush Will Discuss How The President's Malaria Initiative PMI Is Saving Lives. President Bush announced the President's Malaria Initiative PMI in June 2005. A five-year, $1.2 billion program, PMI challenges the private sector to join the U.S. PMI's goal is to cut malaria's mortality rate by 50 percent in these target countries, freeing the citizens of these African nations from the grip of this debilitating disease. In 2007, 30 million more will receive lifesaving medicines, sprays, and bed nets as the program expands. In early 2006, PMI and the Global Fund collaborated to distribute more than 230,000 insecticide-treated bed nets to the people of Zanzibar. Developments From The White House Summit On Malaria At The President And Mrs. Bush's White House Summit On Malaria On December 14, 2006, The President: Launched The Malaria Communities Program. The President's Malaria Initiative PMI launched the Malaria Communities Program, a $30 million initiative to build independent, sustainable ma...
http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/stateoftheunion/2007/initiatives/print/malaria.html
*  WHO sets new goal in fight against malaria | SanDiegoUnionTribune.com
WHO sets new goal in fight against malaria. . . . News +. Health. Chargers. Padres. Chargers stadium. Business +. Real Estate. News. Business. nepal Health officials hope to virtually eliminate malaria deaths in the next few years - despite having failed to meet an earlier goal of cutting the disease's incidence in half by 2010. In a report released Tuesday by the World Health Organization, experts said they only managed to reduce malaria by 17 percent since 2000. Last year, there were about 216 million cases of malaria worldwide, with about 81 percent of those in Africa, mostly in children under five. Robert Newman, director of WHO's malaria program, said it is disappointing not to have reduced malaria by 50 percent by last year. "It is unacceptable that people continue to die from malaria for lack of a $5 bed net, a 50 cent diagnostic test and a $1 anti-malarial treatment," Newman said in an email. "I understand why people want these big, audacious targets, but it may undermine malar...
http://sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2011/dec/14/who-sets-new-goal-in-fight-against-malaria/
*  Research - Population at Risk of Malaria
... Home. Site Map. Index. FAQs. Contact Us. About Countries Data Research Learning News Projects Operations Publications Topics. Search. Research All. Home Data & Research Research Population at Risk of Malaria. . About Us. Publications & Reports. Announcements. Feature Articles. Programs. Software and Tools. Researchers. FAQs. Newsletter. Site Tools. Site Map. Contact Us. Population at Risk of Malaria. Authors: Susmita Dasgupta, Brian Blankespoor, Abdelaziz Lagnaoui and Subhendu Roy. Web Address:. Environment and Energy Research. Report Number:. wps6203. Citation:. "Heath costs and benefits of DDT use in malaria control and prevention" S. Dasgupta, B. Blankespoor, A. Lagnaoui and S. Roy World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6203, September 2012 Malaria poses a risk to approximately 3.3 billion people or approximately half of the world's population. Most malaria cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Asia, Latin America, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe are also affected. According ...
http://econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/0,,contentMDK:23305014~pagePK:64214825~piPK:64214943~theSitePK:469382,00.html
*  WHO | World malaria report 2013 shows major progress in fight against malaria, calls for sustained f
World malaria report 2013 shows major progress in fight against malaria, calls for sustained financing. Media centre. Countries. Media centre. Media centre News News releases Previous years. Notes for the media Previous years. World malaria report 2013 shows major progress in fight against malaria, calls for sustained financing News release. Juba - Global efforts to control and eliminate malaria have saved an estimated 3.3 million lives since 2000, reducing malaria mortality rates by 45% globally and by 49% in Africa, according to the "World malaria report 2013" published by WHO. Over the same period, malaria mortality rates in children in Africa were reduced by an estimated 54%. An estimated 3.4 billion people continue to be at risk of malaria, mostly in Africa and south-east Asia. "Our collective efforts are not only ending the needless suffering of millions, but are helping families thrive and adding billions of dollars to economies that nations can use in other ways.” Global funding gap International fund...
http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/world-malaria-report-20131211/en/
*  Medical Xpress - malaria drug
... Home malaria drug. News tagged with malaria drug. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics: malaria. Medications. Factfile on Nobel anti-malaria drug artemisin. Today's frontline drug to fight malaria, artemisinin has a history going back many centuries, for it traces its past to ancient Chinese medicine. 20 hours ago 8 0. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Latest study looks at alternative therapies to prevent malaria in pregnancy. Researchers at LSTM, working with colleagues of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention CDC in Kenya and USA, and from the Kenya Medical Research Institution have found that a new drug may be more effective at preventing ... Sep 29, 2015 4 0. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Bill Gates and UN say malaria could be eradicated by 2040. Malaria could be wiped out by 2040, despite the lack of an effective vaccine, previous faile...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/malaria drug/sort/date/all/
*  CDC - Malaria - People With Malaria Speak - More Than Just "Jet Lag"
CDC - Malaria - People With Malaria Speak - More Than Just Jet Lag. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options. More Than Just 'Jet Lag'. Kelly had to be admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit and she was started on intravenous treatment for severe malaria: IV quinidine and doxycycline. The team consulted the CDC's malaria treatment guidelines available at: http://cdc.gov/malaria/diagnosis treatment/index.html and the infectious diseases fellow called CDC's malaria hotline for clinicians 770-488-7788 from Monday through Friday, 9am 5pm or 770-488-7100 on nights and weekends. Over the course of the next critical hours, the consulting clinician at CDC helped guide the treatment and care that the hospital team was providing to Kelly. About 24 hours after Kelly was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit, doctors specializing in blood diseases prepared her for an exchange transfusion, whereby her...
http://cdc.gov/malaria/stories/morethanjetlag.html
*  Time to Become Negative of Three Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Malaria - Full Text View - ClinicalTrial
... s.gov. Time to Become Negative of Three Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Malaria The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently. Objective: The objective of this study is to estimate the proportion of positive tests in patients successfully treated for malaria smear negative at different time points in time after treatment, for three rapid diagnostic tests: SD Bioline Malaria Antigen P.f. Official Title: Time to Become Negative of Three Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Malaria in Children Under 5 Years of Age. Primary Outcome Measures: To estimate the proportion of positive tests in patients successfully treated for malaria smear negative at different time points after treatment, for three rapid diagnostic tests: two HRP2 test and one pLDH test. Detailed Description: The study population will be patients under 5 years of age who attend the consultation service of one health centre of Mbarara municipality low transmission setting and one health centre in Kazo sub...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01325974?recr=Open&cond="Malaria"&rank=9
*  MiP - Malaria in Pregnancy Consortium
... Prevention Africa. Quality assurance of drugs used in clinical trials: proposal for adapting guidelines February 2015. Plasmodium falciparum dihydropteroate synthetase-A581G mutation reduces effectiveness of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine preventive therapy in Malawian pregnant women January 2015. Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy with Mefloquine in HIV-Negative Women: A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial. Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy with Mefloquine in HIV-Infected Women Receiving Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis: A Multicenter Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial September 2014. Intermittent preventative treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy with Mefloquine in HIV-Negative Women: A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial September 2014. Effectiveness of Antenatal Clinics to Deliver Intermittent Preventive Treatment and Insecticide Treated Nets for the Control of Malaria in Pregnancy in Kenya June 2013. Intermittent Preventive Therapy for Malaria During Pregnancy...
http://mip-consortium.org/
*  Multi-level strategy to fight malaria launched by UN development arm and partners
... The United Nations and a coalition of partners today launched a comprehensive approach to fighting malaria, a disease which – despite tremendous advances – still kills an estimated 660,000 people each year and poses a major challenge to development. With the participation of world leaders gathered in New York for the 68th General Assembly, the Roll Back Malaria Partnership RBM and the UN Development Programme UNDP launched the Multisectoral Action Framework for Malaria, which calls for greater coordinated action among different development sectors to tackle the disease, which exacts its deadliest toll in sub-Saharan Africa. The Framework identifies actions to address the social and environmental determinants of malaria, and calls for current malaria strategies to be complemented by a broader development approach, according to a UNDP news release. According to UNDP, stronger global health partnerships and greater funding in recent years have already resulted in unprecedented progress, with a 25 per cent d...
http://unric.org/en/latest-un-buzz/28707-multi-level-strategy-to-fight-malaria-launched-by-un-development-arm-and-partners
*  The Durango Herald 11/11/2012 | Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown
The Durango Herald 11/11/2012. Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown. HERALD. The Durango Herald. Health. Health. Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown. Keywords: Health, Print. Tweet Associated Press file photo A study on a new vaccine for malaria shows it is only 30 percent effective. Two children stricken down with malaria rest at the local hospital in Walikale, Congo. Associated Press file photo A study on a new vaccine for malaria shows it is only 30 percent effective. Two children stricken down with malaria rest at the local hospital in Walikale, Congo. According to details released Friday, the three-shot regimen reduced malaria cases by about 30 percent in infants aged 6 to 12 weeks, the target age for immunization. There has never been an effective vaccine against a parasite. In 2006, a group of experts led by the World Health Organization said a malaria vaccine should cut the risk of severe disease and death by at least half and should last longer than one year. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes and kills mo...
http://durangoherald.com/article/20121111/LIFESTYLE04/121119927/0/Lifestyle03/Malaria-vaccine-for-kids-a-letdown
*  The Durango Herald 11/11/2012 | Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown
The Durango Herald 11/11/2012. Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown. HERALD. The Durango Herald. Health. Health. Malaria vaccine for kids a letdown. Keywords: Health, Print. Tweet Associated Press file photo A study on a new vaccine for malaria shows it is only 30 percent effective. Two children stricken down with malaria rest at the local hospital in Walikale, Congo. Associated Press file photo A study on a new vaccine for malaria shows it is only 30 percent effective. Two children stricken down with malaria rest at the local hospital in Walikale, Congo. According to details released Friday, the three-shot regimen reduced malaria cases by about 30 percent in infants aged 6 to 12 weeks, the target age for immunization. There has never been an effective vaccine against a parasite. In 2006, a group of experts led by the World Health Organization said a malaria vaccine should cut the risk of severe disease and death by at least half and should last longer than one year. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes and kills mo...
http://durangoherald.com/article/20121111/LIFESTYLE04/121119927/0/lifestyle/Malaria-vaccine-for-kids-a-letdown
*  *Reflective Disequilibrium*: Cancer vs malaria: burden, treatment spending, R&D spending, R&D result
... s. Cancer vs malaria: burden, treatment spending, R&D spending, R&D results. Summary: I compare the burden, treatment spending, and R D spending for cancer and malaria worldwide. Cancer causes somewhat more than twice the DALY burden of malaria, but has almost 14 times the global R D budget per DALY, and almost 60 times the global treatment budget per DALY. I was a bit surprised by the choice of cancer, rather than one of the diseases of the global poor its focus in recommendations so far, which reminded me to drag out some old notes comparing the global funding pictures for cancer and malaria. Cancer vs malaria, in disease burden, treatment spending, and R D spending Examining the Global Burden of Disease website's visualization tools, in 2010 cancer was estimated to account 7.6% of global DALYs, with malaria accounting for 3.33%. Combining a report on global cancer burden and spending with a report on malaria R D and one on malaria treatment and prevention I get the values in the following table:. The G...
http://reflectivedisequilibrium.blogspot.com/2014/01/cancer-vs-malaria-burden-treatment.html
*  Lab will pay to infect people with malaria
... March 6, 2008 Lab will pay to infect people with malaria March 6, 2008 Scientists in Seattle plan to pay people to catch malaria in order to test the safety and efficacy of new vaccines. The Seattle Biomedical Research Institute and the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative are collaborating to build a Human Challenge Center at SBRI to test new interventions against the deadly malaria parasite. "This center will allow us to greatly increase our ability to evaluate whether a new vaccine formulation should advance to testing in clinical trials in malaria-endemic populations," Dr. The laboratory's Malaria Clinical Trials Center will be one of only a handful of facilities of its kind in the world. Volunteers inoculated with a malaria vaccine candidate will be deliberately infected with malaria through the bite of malaria-infected mosquitoes to assess whether or not the candidate vaccine can prevent or delay malaria infection. The Seattle Times said the strain of malaria used in the testing is a cloned strain that ...
http://phys.org/news/2008-03-lab-infect-people-malaria.html
*  World Malaria Day 2013: Simple Interventions Save Lives | Jhpiego
World Malaria Day 2013: Simple Interventions Save Lives. Jhpiego. Our History Leadership Board of Advisors Partners Careers Our Experts. Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Family Planning and Reproductive Health Cervical Cancer Prevention and Treatment Infection Prevention and Control HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care and Treatment Malaria Prevention and Treatment Gender Innovations ICT4D Urban Health and Communities Tuberculosis TB. Where We Work Resources. Learning Opportunities Technical Program Resources Trainer Educator Resources Info Sheets. Jhpost Archive Multimedia Press Releases Alumni Connection Archive. Home World Malaria Day 2013: Simple Interventions Save Lives World Malaria Day 2013: Simple Interventions Save Lives. What is Malaria. Malaria, an infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes, is one of the most serious public health problems globally. Every year, there are 247 million cases of malaria worldwide and nearly 800,000 deaths; 90% of these cases occur in Africa. Pregnant women and their newborn ...
http://jhpiego.org/en/content/world-malaria-day-2013-simple-interventions-save-lives
*  Fake Malaria Drugs Fuel Rise Of Drug-Resistant Disease | WVXU
Fake Malaria Drugs Fuel Rise Of Drug-Resistant Disease. Myanmar has the highest level of malaria transmission in Southeast Asia, and it has been flooded with phony malaria drugs. In Myanmar, malaria drugs and many other medications are sold openly without a prescription in markets and small shops. Proux says counterfeiters are playing with people's lives by selling useless medicines. He says shoddy and counterfeit medications have been a major problem for at least 10 years, and they're responsible for reducing the efficacy of malaria drugs throughout Southeast Asia. "It's impossible to know the exact scale of the problem of fake anti-malarials," he says. Even if they're worthless against malaria, these phony drugs can generate millions of dollars for organized criminals. Yet global efforts to attack the counterfeit malaria drug trade remain weak. Bate says part of the problem is that malaria mainly affects people in developing nations where pharmaceutical regulation is weak. And efforts to attack the counterf...
http://wvxu.org/post/fake-malaria-drugs-fuel-rise-drug-resistant-disease

Roll Back Malaria Partnership: The Roll Back Malaria Partnership (RBM Partnership) is the global framework for coordinated action against malaria. It forges consensus among key actors in malaria control, harmonises action and mobilises resources to fight malaria in endemic countries.Pregnancy-associated malaria: Pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) or placental malaria is a presentation of the common illness that is particularly life-threatening to both mother and developing fetus. PAM is caused primarily by infection with Plasmodium falciparum, the most dangerous of the four species of malaria-causing parasites that infect humans.Plasmodium vinckei: Plasmodium vinckei is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Vinckeia.Anopheles culicifacies: Anopheles culicifacies (sensu lato) is one of the major vectors of malaria on the Indian Subcontinent. It has been reported to be a species complex consisting of five sibling species which have been provisionally designated as species A, B, C, D, and E.Parasitemia: Parasitemia is the quantitative content of parasites in the blood. It is used as a measurement of parasite load in the organism and an indication of the degree of an active parasitic infection.Avian malaria: Avian malaria is a parasitic disease of birds.Microneme: Micronemes are cellular organs, or organelles, possessed by Apicomplexa protozoans that are restricted to the apical third of the protozoan body. They are surrounded by a typical unit membrane.Theodor Bilharz Research Institute: The Theodor Bilharz Research Institute is located in Giza, Egypt.Kenya Pipeline CompanyChloroquineBenzo(a)fluoreneIntermittent preventive therapy: Intermittent preventive therapy or intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is a public health intervention aimed at treating and preventing malaria episodes in infants (IPTi), children (IPTc), schoolchildren (IPTsc) and pregnant women (IPTp). The intervention builds on two tested malaria control strategies: a) to clear existing parasites (treatment effect seen in mass drug administrations) and b) to prevent new infections (prophylaxis).Insecticide: An insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.Carte Jaune: The Carte Jaune or Yellow Card is an international certificate of vaccination (ICV). It is issued by the World Health Organisation.Federal institutions of Tanzania: This is a list of the federal institutions of Tanzania.Papa MaliTSOM: Through-Focus Scanning Optical Microscopy (TSOM) is an imaging method that produces nanometer-scale three-dimensional measurement sensitivity using a conventional bright-field optical microscope. TSOM has been introduced and maintained by Ravikiran Attotahttp://www.Psorophora howardiiVestergaard FrandsenMIM Pan-African Malaria Conference 2009Quinine total synthesis: 400px|right|quinine carbon atom numbering scheme left and asymmetric centers rightHealth in Ghana: Health in Ghana includes the healthcare systems on prevention, care and treatment of diseases and other maladies.PrimaquinePlasmodium yoelii: Plasmodium yoelii is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Vinckeia.MefloquineSaglin: Saglin is a protein produced by the salivary glands of mosquitoes. It is thought that this protein allows the malarial sporozoite to bind to the salivary glands, allowing invasion.Erythrocrine: Erythrocrine describes red blood cell or erythrocyte for production and release of signaling molecules. The term “erythrocrine“ was coined by Song et al.Insect sting allergy: Insect sting allergy is the term commonly given to the allergic response of an animal in response to the bite or sting of an insect. Typically, insects which generate allergic responses are either stinging insects (wasps, bees, hornets and ants) or biting insects (mosquitoes, ticks).Stichosome: Stichosome (from Greek stichos (στίχος) = row; soma (σῶµα) = body) is a multicellular organ that is very prominent in some stages of nematodes and consists of a longitudinal series of glandular unicellular cells (stichocytes) arranged in a row along the oesophagus that form the posterior esophageal glands. It opens into the esophageal lumen and apparently functions as a secretory gland and storage organ.Four Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Drug Resource Enhancement against Aids and Malnutrition: DREAM (short for "Drug Resources Enhancement against Aids and Malnutrition", formerly "Drug Resource Enhancement against AIDS in Mozambique") is an AIDS therapy program promoted by the Christian Community of Sant'Egidio. It is designed to give access to free ARV treatment with generic HAART drugs to the poor in Africa on a large scale: So far, 5,000 people are receiving ARV treatment, especially in Mozambique, but the program is being built up also in other countries: Malawi, Guinea, Tanzania and others.Mining in Gabon: Gabon was the richest of the former French Equatorial African colonies in known mineral deposits. In addition to oil, which accounted for 80% of the country’s exports in 2004, Gabon was a world leader in manganese.Healthcare in Senegal: Healthcare in Senegal is a center topic of discourse in understanding the wellbeing and vitality of the Senagelese people. According to 2001 data, 54% of the population is below the poverty line, which has implications on people's wellbeing.Agriculture in Papua New Guinea: Agriculture in Papua New Guinea has a more than 7,000 years old history. Currently around 85% of Papua New Guinea's population lives from semi-subsistence agriculture.Makerere University School of MedicineAmodiaquineRail transport in Burkina Faso: There are 622 kilometres of gauge railway in Burkina Faso which run from Kaya to the border with Côte d'Ivoire. As of June 2014 Sitarail operates a passenger train three times a week along the route from Ouagadougou to Abidjan.Sesquiterpene lactone: Sesquiterpene lactones are a class of chemical compounds; they are sesquiterpenoids (built from three isoprene units) and contain a lactone ring, hence the name. They are found in many plants and can cause allergic reactions and toxicity if overdosed, particularly in grazing livestock.AnemiaRiver Gambia National ParkPhosphorylethanolamineWat Chiang ManMerozoite surface protein: Merozoite surface proteins are both integral and peripheral membrane protein molecules found on the surface of a merozoite.Plasmodium ovale wallikeri: Plasmodium ovale wallikeri is a subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes tertian malaria in humans. It was described in 2010 when it was realised that Plasmodium ovale was in fact two distinct species - Plasmodium ovale curtisi and Plasmodium ovale wallikeri - which are morphologically identical.Ditch: A ditch is a small to moderate depression created to channel water. A ditch can be used for drainage, to drain water from low-lying areas, alongside roadways or fields, or to channel water from a more distant source for plant irrigation.Villitis of unknown etiology: Villitis of unknown etiology, abbreviated VUE, is an inflammatory process that involves the chorionic villi (villitis) whose cause (etiology) is not known. VUE is associated with recurrent miscarriage and intrauterine growth restriction, and recurs in subsequent pregnancies.The Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down: "The Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down" is a narrative song from the Walt Disney musical film featurette, Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day. The song is also incorporated into the 1977 musical film The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh which is an amalgamation of three Winnie-the-Pooh featurettes including "Blustery Day".Karonga District: right|115px|Location of Karonga District in MalawiMineral industry of Benin: The mineral industry, which is limited to the production of cement, clay, gold, sand, and gravel, does not play a significant role in the Benin's economy.Omayra Bermúdez-Lugo.DDT in New Zealand: The use of DDT in New Zealand was banned in 1989 due to negative environmental impacts.Rabbit feverPyrethroid: A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).Cameroon–China relations: China and Cameroon established bilateral relations on March 26, 1971. Cameroon is an adherent to the One China Policy.Russell J. Howard: Russell J. Howard is an Australian-born scientist, CEO and entrepreneur.Transport in South Sudan: == Highways ==Nigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre: Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) is a wildlife centre located roughly by road south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The centre was established in 1995 and with an area of over 6,000 acres of protected regenerating forest, this is the largest zoo in Cambodia.TricinHealth in Burundi: Following independence, the World Health Organization (WHO) assisted in the organization of public health services and the training of sanitarians and public health nurses for Burundi. Students from Burundi received medical training at universities in France and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Addis Ababa Fistula HospitalHealth geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Indonesia Trading Company: Indonesia Trading Company or ITC, known in Indonesia as PT Perusahaan Perdagangan Indonesia (Persero) or PPI, is the only Indonesian state-owned trading house. Its business is in export, import and distribution.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightPermethrinInfrastructure Lifecycle Management: Infrastructure Lifecycle Management (ILM) is a term coined by the real estate sector. It covers the management of all core processes around planning, construction, operation, maintenance and commercialization of buildings or property.Transport in Vanuatu: Vanuatu's undeveloped road system, with fewer than 100 miles of paved roads, consists mostly of dirt tracks suitable only for four-wheel-drive vehicles.The Peace Corps Welcomes You to Vanuatu.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Cultural entomology

(1/6719) Can anything be done to maintain the effectiveness of pyrethroid-impregnated bednets against malaria vectors?

Pyrethroid-treated bednets are the most promising available method of controlling malaria in the tropical world. Every effort should be made to find methods of responding to, or preventing, the emergence of pyrethroid resistance in the Anopheles vectors. Some cases of such resistance are known, notably in An. gambiae in West Africa where the kdr type of resistance has been selected, probably because of the use of pyrethroids on cotton. Because pyrethroids are irritant to mosquitoes, laboratory studies on the impact of, and selection for, resistance need to be conducted with free-flying mosquitoes in conditions that are as realistic as possible. Such studies are beginning to suggest that, although there is cross-resistance to all pyrethroids, some treatments are less likely to select for resistance than others are. Organophosphate, carbamate and phenyl pyrazole insecticides have been tested as alternative treatments for nets or curtains. Attempts have been made to mix an insect growth regulator and a pyrethroid on netting to sterilize pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes that are not killed after contact with the netting. There seems to be no easy solution to the problem of pyrethroid resistance management, but further research is urgently needed.  (+info)

(2/6719) gammadelta T cells contribute to control of chronic parasitemia in Plasmodium chabaudi infections in mice.

During a primary infection of mice with Plasmodium chabaudi, gammadelta T cells are stimulated and their expansion coincides with recovery from the acute phase of infection in normal mice or with chronic infections in B cell-deficient mice (mu-MT). To determine whether the large gammadelta T cell pool observed in female B cell-deficient mice is responsible for controlling the chronic infection, studies were done using double-knockout mice deficient in both B and gammadelta cells (mu-MT x delta-/-TCR) and in gammadelta T cell-depleted mu-MT mice. In both types of gammadelta T cell-deficient mice, the early parasitemia following the peak of infection was exacerbated, and the chronic parasitemia was maintained at significantly higher levels in the absence of gammadelta T cells. The majority of gammadelta T cells in C57BL/6 and mu-MT mice responding to infection belonged predominantly to a single family of gammadelta T cells with TCR composed of Vgamma2Vdelta4 chains and which produced IFN-gamma rather than IL-4.  (+info)

(3/6719) Immunization of mice with DNA-based Pfs25 elicits potent malaria transmission-blocking antibodies.

Immunological intervention, in addition to vector control and malaria chemotherapy, will be needed to stop the resurgence of malaria, a disease with a devastating impact on the health of 300 to 500 million people annually. We have pursued a vaccination strategy, based on DNA immunization in mice with genes encoding two antigens present on the sexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum, Pfs25 and Pfg27, to induce biologically important antibodies that can block development of the parasite in the Anopheles mosquito and thus transmission of the disease. DNA encoding Pfs25 when administered by the intramuscular route, either alone or with DNA encoding Pfg27, had the most potent transmission-blocking effects, resulting in up to a 97% decrease in oocyst numbers in mosquito midguts and a 75% decrease in rate of infection. Immunization with DNA encoding a Pfg27-Pfs25 fusion protein was less effective and DNA encoding Pfg27 elicited antibodies in sera that had only modest effects on the infectivity of the parasite. These results show for the first time that DNA vaccination can result in potent transmission-blocking antibodies in mice and suggest that the Pfs25 gene should be included as part of a multicomponent DNA vaccine.  (+info)

(4/6719) Antimalarial activities of various 9-phenanthrenemethanols with special attention to WR-122,455 and WR-171,669.

Pilot appraisals of the activities of 16 specially selected 9-phenanthrenemethanols against acute infections with Plasmodium falciparum in owl monkeys showed that all were more active than the reference compound, WR-33,063. WR-122,455, the most active derivative, and WR-171,669, ranked sixth, were selected for study in human volunteers. To assist this undertaking, appraisals of both compounds in owl monkeys infected with various strains of P. falciparum were expanded. These assessments showed: (i) that WR-122,455 was four times as active as chloroquine against infections with chloroquine-sensitive strains and that WR-171,669 equalled chloroquine in activity; (ii) that these compounds were fully active against infections with strains resistant to chloroquine, pyrimethamine, or quinine, or to all three standard drugs; (iii) that the activity of WR-122,455 was a function of total dose, single doses being as effective as the same amounts delivered in three or seven daily fractions; and (iv) that a single dose of WR-122,455 conferred extended, although only partial, protection against challenges with trophozoites. Complementary experiments in rhesus monkeys inoculated with sporozoites of P. cynomolgi showed that the activity of WR-122,455 was limited to blood schizonts and did not extend to early or late tissue schizonts. These evaluations were compatible with the results of preliminary studies of the activities of WR-122,455 and WR-171,669 in human volunteers.  (+info)

(5/6719) Antimalarial activities of various 4-pyridinemethanols with special attention to WR-172,435 and WR-180,409.

Pilot appraisals of the activities of 10 specially selected 2,6-substituted-4-pyridinemethanols against acute Plasmodium falciparum infections in owl monkeys identified three derivatives that were two to three times as active as chloroquine against infections with a 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strain and, at the same doses, were equally effective against infections with a strain fully resistant to treatment with maximally tolerated doses of chloroquine, quinine, and pyrimethamine. Two of these derivatives, WR-172,435 and WR-180,409, deemed worthy of evaluation in human volunteers, were studied in greater depth in owl monkeys infected with either the multidrug-resistant Smith strain of P. falciparum or the pyrimethamine-resistant Palo Alto strain of P. vivax. These studies showed (i) that at the same total oral dose, 3-day and 7-day treatment schedules were equally effective and slightly superior to a single-dose schedule; (ii) that WR-172,435 was slightly more active than WR-180,409 in each treatment regimen; (iii) that intravenous delivery of WR-180,409 phosphate was feasible and effective; (iv) that both compounds effected control of parasitemia more rapidly than any standard or newly discovered antimalarial drug; and (v) that WR-172,435 and WR-180,409 had therapeutic indexes at least four to eight times those exhibited by chloroquine in infections with 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strains, indexes retained by these pyridinemethanols against infections with various drug-resistant strains.  (+info)

(6/6719) Suppression of lymphocyte transformation by plasma from owl monkeys acutely infected with Plasmodium falciparum.

Plasma collected from owl monkeys during the acute phase of Plasmodium falciparum infection was shown to adversely affect several in vitro responses which are considered to be correlates of cell-mediated immune functions of normal monkeys. In the presence of acute-phase plasma, response of normal monkey peripheral blood lymphocytes to stimulation with phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, and pokeweed mitogen was severely reduced, as was the ability of peripheral blood lymphocytes to respond to allogenic and xenogenic histocompatible antigens. The transformation response of peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal humans to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A was also suppressed. Since acute-phase plasma was not cytotoxic for peripheral blood lymphocytes, decreased responsiveness did not result from cell destruction. Acute-phase plasma appears to block initial steps in lymphocyte transformation.  (+info)

(7/6719) Evaluating the community education programme of an insecticide-treated bed net trial on the Kenyan coast.

Increased interest in the potential contribution of insecticide-impregnated bed nets (ITBN) to malaria control has led to research efforts to determine the impact and sustainability of ITBN programmes in differing environments. There is a need to develop effective, feasible educational strategies that will both inform and motivate community members, and thus maximize the correct usage of ITBN. This is especially true in communities where indigenous usage of bed nets is low. This paper describes the educational component of a randomized controlled community intervention trial of ITBN, with childhood malaria morbidity as an outcome. The educational approach and messages for the ITBN trial were developed from anthropological survey data collected 4 years before the trial, and from community surveys conducted by project researchers. Low levels of understanding amongst mothers of the aetiological link between mosquitos and malaria led to the exclusion of the term 'malaria' from the initial educational messages promoting the use of ITBN. Appropriate individuals within the existing district health care structure were trained as community educators in the project. These educators conducted intensive teaching in the community through public meetings and group teaching in the first 6 months of the trial. The impact of these initial activities was assessed through interviews with a random sample of 100 mothers and 50 household heads. This allowed the identification of messages which had not been well understood and further educational methods were chosen to address the areas pinpointed. The community assessment also demonstrated that, in 1994, over 90% of mothers understood a protective role for bed nets against malaria and the ITBN education messages were changed to take account of this. The school programme was evaluated through determining outreach (the number of households accessed), changes in participant children's knowledge, post-teaching assessment of mothers' knowledge and discussions with parent-teacher associations. It was shown that 40% of intervention homes with children in the target group were accessed, participant children learned the educational messages well (scores increased from a pre-teaching mean of 59% to a post-teaching mean of 92%) and a high level of awareness of the ITBN trial was achieved in these homes (75%). However, specific messages of the education programmed were not well transferred to the home (30%). The discussion emphasises the need for allocation of adequate resources for education in programmes dependent on achieving a change in community practices. We also describe the value of ongoing communication between programme planners and a target population in maximizing the effectiveness of messages and methods used.  (+info)

(8/6719) Implementing a nationwide insecticide-impregnated bednet programme in The Gambia.

Earlier studies in The Gambia suggested that the use of impregnated bednets might prove to be a useful malaria control strategy. Based on the results of these studies, in 1992 the Government of The Gambia was encouraged to initiate a National Impregnated Bednet Programme (NIBP) as part of the National Malaria Control Programme Strategy. This paper describes the implementation process/procedure of the NIBP. Evaluation results showed that, overall, 83% of the bednets surveyed has been impregnated, and 77% of children under the age of five years and 78% of women of childbearing age were reported to be sleeping under impregnated bednets.  (+info)


malaria?????


is malaria a very serious disease to get nowadays?my big bro got it and he is at his college hospital unable to come home.will he be ok ?i hope they look after him well!
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Malaria is a common tropical disease and affects a vast majority of population in many developing countries.

The malaria that is dangerous is the one that affects very young children or is not detected early enough (i.e. till the person becomes delirious and his brain has been affected - known as brain fever), or is caused by one of the strains - Plasmodium falciparum, which is resistent to many common types of anti-malarial tablets.

If he has already been diagnosed and has started the treatment, and did not reach very serious or critical stage before he was diagnosed, you can be assured that he is fine and he will recover very rapidly.  Even in the severest cases, the fatality is relatively small (when you compare with other killer diseases) and is less than 20%.  If your brother is in US, it does not surprise me that he has been hospitalized, as they would like to keep him under observation during the treatment and also ensure that he does not become a cause for transmitting the disease to others in the community through the mosquitos.  It is also possible that he may be having falciparum malaria, for which it is best to give medication under observation and ensure that he is responding to the medicines, for some of which there is reported resistence.

Active malaria infection with P. Falciparum is a medical emergency requiring hospitalization. Infection with P. vivax, P. ovale or P. malariae can often be treated as outpatients. Treatment of malaria involves supportive measures as well as specific antimalarial drugs. When properly treated, someone with malaria can be completely cured.

Since malarial parasite affects blood cells, he is bound to feel weak for a while and with good nutrition and rest, he will recover fully and will not have anything to worry about.


Malaria.................................................?


Cheryl Cole has Malaria:
http://uk.tv.yahoo.com/news-extra/article/22914/cheryl-cole-treated-in-hospital-for-malaria.html

Do you think she'll be okay?

How serious is Malaria?
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malaria is caused by female anophylous mosquito. medications like quinine sulfate given by mouth , intravenous or intramuscular.


What happened to malaria in the American colonies?


I tell my students that early colonists in the Chesapeake suffered from malaria. One asked me why we don't have malaria anymore. Ideas?
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Quinine, from the bark of South American Cinchona trees, protected millions of people from malaria in colonial times, enabling exploration and colonization in areas otherwise habitable but for this deadly disease. When administered promptly, quinine has the ability to halt malaria symptoms in just a few days (Garrett, 1994). Qunine has significantly affected the earth's population, for better or worse, by greatly reducing malaria's ability to control populations, especially in cities where large numbers of people were in constant close contact with each other.  Before quinine was introduced to India in the 1850s, malaria was killing 1.3% of the population annually. Quinine has allowed India's population to grow to 700 million, whereas without it, India's population would be about 7 times less (Hobhouse, 1986).  Populations of natives from western Africa had a high frequency of sickle cell anemia, which has deleterious symptoms, but had the great benefit of rendering afflicted persons largely immune to malaria. For many centuries, blacks from western Africa were preffered slaves because they could work in areas where other people would contract malaria, an


Is it possible to have Malaria for 3 months and a low grade fever?


I have been running a fever for about 3 months.
and I have nearly all the symptoms of malaria but my fever is never super high its anywhere from 99 to 100.8 might have been 100.9 before.

there are times I feel almost normal then always get worse again,
is it possible to have malaria this time and it be mild?
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If you have been exposed to mosquitoes, it is possible. You need to go for a blood test to find out if you have the malaria virus.


How has Malaria effected the net growth in Africa over the last 50 years?


How has Malaria effected the net growth in Africa over the last 50 years?
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Probably not too much because malaria is easily treated.  Many people in africa take anti-malarials when they develop fever.


Malaria, How long after a mosquito has bitten someone with malaria does it take to spread the parasite?


E.G. If a mozzie bite you and you had malaria then how long would the parasite have to incubate in the mozzie before it bite me and I got malaria. Thanks Chris
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First the right type of mosquito must bite you.It is the anopheles mosquito not just any muzzle.After that it bites some one else and will transmit the germs it got from you into some one else body.The germs will spread fast and within 48 hours the person so bitten will become ill.


What parts of the body does malaria affect?


I am working on a project about malaria at school, and I need to know exactly what parts of the body it affects and the reason for why it affects these parts. Thanks.
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The fundamental problem in malaria is the damage to the blood cells which in turn can damage other organs in the body including  kidneys, spleen, liver, brain etc See sources below for additional information.


What is the life cycle of Malaria and where is it controlled?


What is the life cycle of Malaria and where is it controlled?
Use a specific example to demonstrate how knowledge of a pathogenic (i.e. disease-causing) Protist's life cycle can be used to control its spread.
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