Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood. (from http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth accessed 08/2012)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.BaltimoreAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.United StatesCognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Patient Dropouts: Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.EnglandAdolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Juvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Great BritainDementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Personality Development: Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.WisconsinLife Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.SwedenGeriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Father-Child Relations: Interaction between the father and the child.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Friends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.DenmarkRisk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.BangladeshEpidemiologic Research Design: The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)ChicagoLanguage Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Human Development: Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.Affective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Infant Behavior: Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Schools: Educational institutions.FinlandCardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.MarylandTwins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Social Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.Social Control, Informal: Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.

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http://finaidstudy.org/Login.aspx?ReturnUrl=/conferencedocs/presentations/Gaulke Wisconsin Scholars Longitudinal Study Conference 2012.pdf
*  Online Communication, Compulsive Internet Use, and Psychosocial Well-Being...
A Longitudinal Study. Author(s): Eijnden, R.J.J.M. van den ; Meerkerk, G.J.; Vermulst, A. ......
*  January 2011 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - Contributor Index : Epidemiology
Health Effect of Arsenic Longitudinal Study-Recent Findings. Ahsan, Habibul; Chen, Yu; ... Findings From the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study.... Parvez, Faruque; Chen ... A Gene Environment Study of Mercury in The Michigan Dental Association Cohort. Wang, Yi; ... A Gene Environment Study of Mercury in The Michigan Dental Association Cohort. Wang, Yi; ......
*  Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002/12) Third Follow-Up Field Test...
... student performance and tagged Education Longitudinal Study, Education Longitudinal Study ... Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002/12) Third Follow-Up Field Test Report. ... Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002/12) Third Follow-Up Field Test Report. ... Longitudinal Study, National Center for Education Statistics, NCES, US Department of ......
*  The China longitudinal ageing study: overview of the demographic, psychosocial...
AIMS: The Chinese Longitudinal Ageing Study has been developed to better understand the ... The China longitudinal ageing study: overview of the demographic, psychosocial and ... The China longitudinal ageing study: overview of the demographic, psychosocial and ... The China longitudinal ageing study: overview of the demographic, psychosocial and ......
*  Using an Accelerated Longitudinal Design to Study Outcomes for Children Who Are...
Using an Accelerated Longitudinal Design to Study Outcomes for Children Who Are Hard of ... Using an Accelerated Longitudinal Design to Study Outcomes for Children Who Are Hard of ... Using an Accelerated Longitudinal Design to Study Outcomes for Children Who Are Hard of ... That's a problem with a longitudinal study: It takes a very long time to get to the end ......
*  Longitudinal comparison of depression, coping, and turnover among NHS and private sector staff ca
longitudinal comparison of depression coping and turnover among nhs and private sector staff caring for people with dementia eprints newcastle university home browse search latest additions website stats policies faq about open access longitudinal comparison of depression coping and turnover among nhs and private sector staff caring for people with dementia lookup nu author s dr maria margallo lana dr katharina reichelt professor john o brien dr clive ballard author s margallo lana m reichelt k hayes p lee l fossey j o brien j ballard c publication type article journal british medical journal year volume issue pages issn print issn electronic full text is available for this publication full text file publisher bmj group url http dx doi org bmj doi bmj actions share newcastle university library ne hq united kingdom tel ...
*  Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer [Conference Abstract] | QUT
Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer. QUT ePrints. QUT Home Contact. Home Browse About Login. Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Milne, Jillian, Battistutta, Diana, Newman, Beth M., Hayes, Sandi 2009 Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer. In Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Gold Coast Convention Centre, Gold Coast, Queensland, A236-A237. Abstract PDF 21kB Accepted Version. View at publisher. Abstract Introduction: Weight gain is a common concern following breast cancer and has been associated with negative health outcomes. As such, prevention of weight gain is of clinical interest. This work describes weight change between 6- and 18-months following a breast cancer diagnosis and explores the personal, treatment and behavioural characteristics associated with gains in weight. Methods: Body mass index was objectively assessed, at three-monthly intervals, on a population...
*  CERA | Full text | PopMod: a longitudinal population model with two interacting disease states
cera full text popmod a longitudinal population model with two interacting disease states resource allocation com article bottom top biomed central journals gateways search cera biomed central for go advanced search home articles authors reviewers about this journal my cera top abstract introduction describing st disease inter modelling mec output interp discussion authors contributions conflict of i acknowledgements references cost effectiveness and resource allocation volume viewing options abstract full text pdf kb associated material pubmed record article metrics open badges readers comments related literature cited by google blog search other articles by authors on google scholar lauer ja röhrich k wirth h charette c gribble s murray cjl on pubmed lauer ja röhrich k wirth h charette c gribble s murray cjl related articles pages on google on google scholar on pubmed tools download references download xml order reprints post a comment download to papers mendeley download to papers mendeley share this artic...
*  Examining the Steps-Per-Day Trajectories of Cardiac Rehabili... : Journal of Cardiopulmonary Reha
Examining the Steps-Per-Day Trajectories of Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients: A LATENT CLASS GROWTH ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVE Blanchard, Chris M. Unfortunately, very little is known about the steps-per-day trajectories of these patients and whether the demographic, clinical, and CR program characteristics are similar for these trajectories. RESULTS: Latent class growth analyses showed that 3 classes of patients emerged that were termed nonadherers averaged ∼3112 steps per day at the end of CR and remained stable up to 9 months after CR, significant decliners averaged ∼7010 steps per day at the end of CR and steadily declined after CR, and optimal adherers averaged ∼10 700 steps per day and remained stable after CR. 8 To date, 3 studies during CR have shown that patients average 8658 steps per day on CR days and 5364 steps per day on non-CR days, 9–11 whereas patients averaged 6749 steps per day 6 months after CR. The first purpose of this study was to examine the steps-per-day growth trajectories of CR patients fro...
*  Longitudinal Observational Study of Severe Asthma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... Skip to Main Content. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies:. Advanced Search. Help. Studies by Topic. Glossary. Find Studies. Basic Search. Advanced Search. See Studies by Topic. See Studies on Map. How to Search. How to Use Search Results. How to Find Results of Studies. How to Read a Study Record. About Clinical Studies. Learn About Clinical Studies. Other Sites About Clinical Studies. Glossary of Common Site Terms. Submit Studies. Why Should I Register and Submit Results. FDAAA 801 Requirements. How to Apply for an Account. How to Register Your Study. How to Edit Your Study Record. How to Submit Your Results. Frequently Asked Questions. Support Materials. Training Materials. Resources. Selected Publications. Clinical Alerts and Advisories. RSS Feeds. Trends, Charts, and Maps. Downloading Content for Analysis. About This Site. ClinicalTrials.gov Background. About the Results Database. History, Policies, and Laws. Media/Press Re...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01780142?term=heart block&recr=Open&fund=01&rank=19
*  Wave equation analysis
... is a numerical method of analysis for the behavior of driven foundation piles it predicts the pile capacity versus blow count relationship bearing graph and pile driving stress the model mathematically represents the pile driving hammer and all its accessories ram cap and cap block as well as the pile as a series of lumped masses and springs in a one dimensional analysis the soil response for each pile segment is modeled as viscoelastic plastic the method was first developed in the s by e a smith of the raymond pile driving company wave equation analysis of piles has seen many improvements since the s such as including a thermodynamic diesel hammer model and residual stress commercial software packages such as allwave pdp and grlweap are now available to perform the analysis one of the principal uses of this method is the performance of a driveability analysis to select the parameters for safe pile installation including recommendations on cushion stiffness hammer stroke and other driving system paramete...
*  Publications Search Results
... Skip to Main Content. Toggle navigation. National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging. Search Holdings. Analyze Data Online. Deposit Data. Publications. Help. NIA Supported Studies. NIA Funded Centers. Filter Results Result Type Studies 9,432. Publications 20. Variables 4,515,933. Pub. Year. from. to. Pub. Type. Journal Article 18. Conference Proceedings 2. Journal. Journal of Aging and Health 2. Ageing International 1. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research 1. Annals of Epidemiology 1. Australasian Journal on Ageing 1. view all. Author. Luszcz, Mary A. 5 Anstey, Kaarin J. 4 Andrews, G. 3 Giles, Lynne C. 3 Andrews, G.R. 2 view all. Study. Australian Longitudinal Study of Aging, Wave 6: 20. Australian Longitudinal Study of Aging, Waves 1-5 18. Indonesian Family Life Survey, 1993 1. view all. Export Results. RIS. CSV. EndNote XML max. 500. study: Australian Longitudinal Study of Aging, Wave 6:. Publications Search Results Your query returned 20 citations. Results 1 - 20 Per page:. 25 50 100. Sort by:. ...
*  ERA-AGE2 - Browse Research and Funding Centres
Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Antioxidant systems, hemostatic factors, hemorheology and incidence of cardiovascular diseases in the elderly population. Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing:Epidemiologic longitudinal study in geriatric people of senile alterations of nervous, cardiovascular, metabolic-endocrine system and of not-self sufficiency. Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing:Epidemiological and longitudinal study about the changes of the nervous system, the cardiovascular apparatus, the endocrine and metabolic functions and their related pathological findings. Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing:Information system on elderly population and elderly population projections. Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing:Longitudinal study of the endocrine metabolic functions and the nervous and cardiovascular functions. Italian Longitudinal Study of Ageing:Longitudinal study on the neurologic, endocrin metabolic cardiovascular system in the quality of life and prevention of risk factors and loss of self su...
*  Merikangas KR, Zhang H, Avenevoli S, Acharyya S, Neuenschwander M, Angst J. Longitudinal trajectorie
... s of depression and anxiety in a prospective community study: the Zurich Cohort Study. Longitudinal trajectories of depression and anxiety in a prospective community study: the Zurich Cohort Study. "Because of similar pathophysiological effects on the brain, depression, including vascular depression, can also be triggered by certain chronic medical disorders associated with chronic inflammatory processes, such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease CHD, stroke, and neurodegenerative courses, including Parkinson's disease PD and dementia. Therefore, exploring depression risk factors beyond those that are well documented, including hypertension, diabetes, CHD, stroke, PD, and dementia, is necessary. Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder but not panic disorder at age 15 years increase the risk of depression at 18 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children ALSPAC cohort study. We hypothesized that GAD but not PD symptoms at the age of 15 years are associated with depression...
*  avon temsilci girişi - (12)
avon temsilci girişi - 12. Web Images Video News. Web Images Video News. Web Images Video News. Related searches for: avon temsilci girişi. Avon Avon Coupons Avon Cosmetics Avon. Avon Battery Avon Boats Avon Brookies Avon Coupons. Web. Avon Temsilci Girişi , Avon giriş Sayfası, Avon Temsilci Giriş Sayfası, Avon Temsilci , Avon Bayi Girişi , Avone Web Sitesi, Avone Katalogları. avon temsilci girişi Archives - Avon Catalogs 2015 www.avoncatalog.eu/tag/avon-temsilci-girisi We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Temsilci Girişi @temsilcigirisi. Twitter https://twitter.com/temsilcigirisi The latest Tweets from Temsilci Girişi @temsilcigirisi. avon temsilci girişi Archives - Page 2 of 3 - Avon Catalogs 2015 www.avoncatalog.eu/tag/avon-temsilci-girisi/page/2 avon temsilci girişi Archive. AVON KATALOĞU 2014/8 HINDI. AVON KATALOĞU 2014/7 HINDI. Avon Sipariş Temsilci Girişi - AvonSiparisim - Blogcu.com avonsiparisim.blogcu.com/…paris-temsilci-girisi/..... Avon -katalogu.blogcu.com...
http://search.snap.do/?q=avon temsilci girişi&category=Web
*  re: st: repeated (sic) longitudinal analysis
re: st: repeated sic longitudinal analysis. Stata: Data Analysis and Statistical Software. Notice: On March 31, it was announced that Statalist is moving from an email list to a forum. The old list will shut down on April 23, and its replacement, statalist.org is already up and running. re: st: repeated sic longitudinal analysis. From. Airey, David C. david.airey@Vanderbilt.Edu. To. statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu. statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu. Subject. re: st: repeated sic longitudinal analysis. Date. Wed, 8 Sep 2010 15:12:10 -0500. I think -xtgee- only allows one level of repeated measures data, not more. If you have multilevel data, you need to use mixed models, such as -xtmixed-. -Dave Dear all, I am analysing the following study : - healthy subjects are eating a meal ad libitum and the quantity of food number of forks for example is recorded every minute : energy, glucids, lipids and proteins - the meal is repeated 3 times in 2-4 weeks : once fasted meal 0 and twice not fasted meals 1 2. Usually I use x...
*  Young adult (psychology)
Young adult psychology. Young adult psychology. The young adult stage in human development precedes middle adulthood. Time co-ordinates Health Early adulthood Age 30 transition Settling down Midlife transition See also References External links. Some have suggested that, after ' 'Pre-adulthood'...in the first 20 years or so...the second era, 'Early Adulthood', lasts from about age 17 to 45...the adult era of greatest energy and abundance and of greatest contradiction and stress.' Levinson, "Conception" p. 291–3 Within that framework, 'the 'Early Adult Transition' 17–22 is a developmental bridge between pre-adulthood and early adulthood', Levinson, "Conception" p. Young/prime adulthood can be considered the healthiest time of life Zastrow/Kirst-Ashman, p. Mortality statistics among men and women level off during the late twenties and thirties, due in part to good health and less risk-taking behavior. 7 Early adulthood. 227 The danger is that in 'the second era, 'Early Adulthood'...we must make crucially impo...
*  Teen fighting impacts IQ - Atheist Nexus
... Sign Up. Sign In. Site Rules. Nexus FAQ. Facebook Rules. Contact Nexus. Groups. All Groups. Sort By Most Active. Sort By Most Members. Sort By Recent Activity. Videos. All Videos. Get Active. Chat. Photos. Videos. Teen fighting impacts IQ Posted by Ruth Anthony-Gardner on July 30, 2013 at 3:54pm in Parenting Little Heathens. Back to Parenting Little Heathens Discussions. Injuries from Teen Fighting Deal a Blow to IQ. Adolescent boys who are hurt in just two physical fights suffer a loss in IQ that is roughly equivalent to missing an entire year of school. A new Florida State University study has found that adolescent boys who are hurt in just two physical fights suffer a loss in IQ that is roughly equivalent to missing an entire year of school. Girls experience a similar loss of IQ after only a single fighting-related injury. Tags: adolescent fights Like 0 members like this. Facebook. RSS. Welcome to Atheist Nexus Sign Up or Sign In Or sign in with:. Support Atheist Nexus. ky replied to Dyslexic s DOG's ...
*  An Abundance of Katherines
... 'An Abundance of Katherines' is a young adult novel by John Green. After only dating Katherines his whole life, Colin finally breaks the streak by dating Lindsey Lee Wells who he met on his road trip with Hassan. Colin spends his time striving to be unique, but with Lindsey's help, ends up coming to the realization that he is "not-unique in the very best way possible." 'Hassan Harbish' - Hassan Harbish is Colin's lazy, funny, and a tad overweight best, and only, friend. 'Lindsey Lee Wells' - Lindsey Lee Wells meets Colin and Hassan on their road trip in Gutshot, Tennessee. When we first meet Lindsey in the novel, she is dating TOC The Other Colin which is how she notices that she changes around each person and is never truly herself, until she starts hanging around Colin Singleton. Colin Singleton is a child prodigy who is fearing he will not grow to become an adult prodigy. After being dumped by his girlfriend, Katherine XIX, Colin is looking for his “missing piece,” longing to feel whole, and longing t...
*  Storm (Angler novel)
Storm Angler novel. Storm Angler novel. Storm finds the Global Union, and particularly its American component, in chaos. Now the Markless are forcing them to confront what they really believe about the government and its leaders—Chancellor Cylis, the head of the Global Union; and General Lamson, who oversees the American Union. His best friend, Erin Arbitor, is dying from a manufactured disease called Project Trumpet. Lily opposes both Lamson and Cylis, but Connor presents the most immediate threat against her plans to undermine the government. Logan Langly: A thirteen-year-old at the center of the Markless protests. Logan escaped from his Pledge and broke into Acheron in order to find his older sister, Lilly, only to find that she did not want to be rescued. Lily Langly: An eighteen-year-old military officer. Also Logan’s older sister, Lily flunked her Pledge and was taken to the prison/military complex of Acheron. Erin Arbitor: Logan’s Marked best friend. Hailey Phoenix: A thirteen-year-old who is one of ...
*  The One O'Clock Chop
the one o clock chop the one o clock chop the one o clock chop is a young adult novel by written by ralph fletcher first published in background plot summary explanation of the novel s title the one o clock chop is a daily breeze that suddenly moves across the bay where matt lives roughening up the smooth surface dan says the old salts say you can set your watch by it reception publishers weekly in their review said fletcher turns a coming of age story into a rich affecting read suzanne gordon reviewing for the school library journal said plenty of universal teen fascinations and concerns exist for those readers willing to enter matt s world and give themselves over to this smoothly paced and competently written novel kirkus reviews said fletcher s insight into matt and his boat dreams fly off the page with a solid resonance that will make this a quick light summer beach read james blasingame in his review for the journal of adolescent adult literacy said that the author captures that tumultuous time period i...
*  Airhead (novel)
Airhead novel. Airhead novel. 'Airhead' is a young-adult novel by Meg Cabot. The book is about a teenage girl whose life is forever changed by the tragic accident that leaves her taking the identity of a supermodel, Nikki Howard. In an earlier Meg Cabot book, 'The Princess Diaries, Volume II: Princess in the Spotlight', the protagonist, Mia, ponders which body she would like if her brain had to be transplanted, apropos the 1986 TV movie 'Who is Julia?' imdb.com. Emerson "Em" Watts accompanies her sister, Frida, and her best friend, Christopher, to a Stark Megastore opening in SoHo, which is attended by teen supermodel Nikki Howard and British musician Gabriel Luna, who Frida hopes to meet. Em saves her sister from being hit by the falling plasma screen, but takes the hit herself. She finds out she is in Nikki's body when she is kidnapped by Lulu Collins, Nikki's roommate, and Brandon Stark, her on-again, off-again boyfriend and heir to the Stark fortune. Em tries to remember the events that led to her curre...
*  Speak (Anderson novel)
Speak Anderson novel. Speak Anderson novel. 'Speak', published in 1999, is Laurie Halse Anderson 's young adult novel that tells the story of high school student Melinda Sordino. Additionally, Anderson employs intertextual symbol ism in the narrative, incorporating fairy tale imagery, Hawthorne's ' The Scarlet Letter ', and Maya Angelou, to further represent Melinda's trauma. Censorship. 'Speak' is written for young adults and high school students. Barbara Tannert-Smith calls 'Speak' a trauma narrative. Similarly, Don Latham sees 'Speak' as a " coming-out " story. Another theme in the novel is identity. Some see 'Speak' as a story of recovery. Anderson superimposed the fragmented trauma plot-line upon this linear high school narrative, making the narrative more believable. Barbara Tannert-Smith refers to 'Speak' as a "postmodern revisionary fairy tale" for its use of fairy tale imagery. The novel received several awards and honors, including the 2000 Golden Kite Award and the 2000 ALA Best Books For Young A...
*  Girl (novel)
girl novel girl novel girl is a novel written by blake nelson the book chronicles teen girl andrea marr s exploration of the northwest music scene at the height of the grunge revolution it was made into a film of the same name starring dominique swain portia de rossi and selma blair in portions of the novel first appeared in sassy magazine two more installments of the girl series are available on amazon kindle plot summary andrea marr begins high school as an ordinary suburban teen when her friend cybil meets a mysterious and charismatic musician downtown both girls begin a journey through the pacific northwest indie rock music scene of the s publisher this book was originally published by touchstone simon schuster in september it was re issued by simon pulse as a young adult title in a sequel to girl dream school was published by figment the third installment of the girl series the city wants you alone is available exclusively on amazon kindle external links category novels category american young adult nove...
*  What Jamie Saw
... is a novel by carolyn coman having fled to a family friend s hillside trailer after his mother s boyfriend van tried to throw his baby sister nin against a wall nine year old jamie beauville finds himself living an existence full of uncertainty and fear he will do anything to protect nin and continue to live he is living in if van comes back everything will tailspin down in his life down to no return in the novel won a newbery honor and was among the finalists for the national book award references category novels category newbery honor winning works category american young adult novels...
*  Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules
... 'Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules' is a satirical realistic fiction novel by American author and cartoonist Jeff Kinney, based on the FunBrain.com version. It is the sequel to ' Diary of a Wimpy Kid ', followed by ' The Last Straw '. A film of the same name was released on March 25, 2011. 3 Plot Sequels Adaptations References. Later, it is clear that Greg and Rodrick are always broke, so Mom starts a "Mom Bucks" to get Greg and Rodrick to get along with each other. Rodrick later pretends to have the flu, and after Mom and Dad leave the house, he calls every friend he knows, and has a party. A month later, Greg notices Rowley has play money identical to that of "Mom Bucks" and takes it home to put under his mattress. Unfortunately, Mom finds out about the stolen Mom Bucks when Rodrick tries to cash in the lot and she confiscates all of Greg's Mom Bucks, including his real ones. The story ends with Greg helping Rodrick with his science project for school called Do Plants Sneeze?, because he feels sorry ...
*  Running on Empty (Hardy Boys novel)
running on empty hardy boys novel running on empty hardy boys novel running on empty is the th young adult novel in the long running and successful hardy boys casebook series for boys written by franklin w dixon it was first published by simon pulse in in it the hardy boys investigate the disappearance of their friend chet morton and go undercover plot introduction thieves hot wire and steal chet morton s prize corvette but when he tries to catch those responsible he gets kidnapped himself in response the brothers frank and joe go in chase of chet s kidnappers the two brothers attempt to join the gangs to get leads on chet and uncover a chopshop ring with the camaros caddys and corvettes the hardys are putting themselves on the line footnotes category novels category american young adult novels category the hardy boys books...
*  Tonight, by Sea
tonight by sea tonight by sea multiple issues thumb book cover tonight by sea is a young adult novel written by frances temple published in it is set in haiti after the overthrow of liberal president jean bertrand aristide in plot summary this is a story about a family s dramatic escape from haiti by sea which also shows the political and economic issues involved paulie lives in haiti with her grann and her uncle the village coffin maker who has turned his skills to boat building to escape the brutality and starvation that has taken over his homeland paulie and other neighbors help with the clandestine project building the boat seek life seek life that s what paulie s uncle says they must do but to seek life safety and freedom paulie and her family have to leave haiti the only home that paulie has ever known since forever paulie has run in and out of the little houses nestled under the palms smelling cocoa bread and playing on the beach with her best friend karyl but now the little houses are gone their wood ...
*  Behind the Curtain
... 'Behind The Curtain' is the second book in the Echo Falls mystery series by best selling crime novelist Peter Abrahams. Ingrid lives in a small community called Echo Falls. Throughout the next few days Ingrid notices other weird things occurring like her brother starts getting more buff but has strange pimples on his back, and her soccer coach getting switched with another very odd coach, Julia LeCaine. Ingrid starts to try to find out what is happening and in the mist of it, on a random day when she is outside going to the MathFest, she gets kidnapped. Throughout the book Ingrid has to face many mysterious and scary situations to find out what is happening. Guided by her hero, Sherlock Holmes, it's not going to be easy for this 13-year-old. She soon realizes that the new coach, Julia LeCaine, was the one who kidnapped her for money. After she escapes the kidnapping, which happened on the MathFest, a day she was told to show up for she was one of the contestants, barely anyone believes her, and if they d...
*  The Wonderful Worlds of Wally McDoogle
... 'The Wonderful Worlds of Wally McDoogle' is a book series written by American Christian author Bill Myers. Plot Order Author Publication. Plot. The series is about a seventh grade thirteen-year-old named Wally McDoogle who is a bit of a klutz. Wally's best friends are Opera and Wall Street. Opera is a boy, loves potato chips, and can't live without opera, hence the name. Wally does many crazy things such as become a secret agent in My Life as a Screaming Skydiver, become the sewage director for his hometown in My Life as Polluted Pond Scum, scuba dive in My Life as a Torpedo Test Target, dance as the Sugar Plum Fairy in The Nutcracker in My Life as a Blundering Ballerina, travel through time in My Life as a Toasted Time Traveler, and stars in two movies in My Life as Alien Monster Bait and My Life as a Bigfoot Breathmint. Order. The order of publication: My Life as a Smashed Burrito With Extra Hot Sauce, My Life as Alien Monster Bait, My Life as a Broken Bungee Cord, My Life as Crocodile Junk Food, My Li...
*  Shaken (Left Behind: The Kids)
shaken left behind the kids shaken left behind the kids shaken is written by jerry b jenkins and tim lahaye bestselling christian authors it covers books of the left behind the kids series which tells about the years before the glorious appearing of christ it is book seven of the twelve book series plot summary in this novel judd thompson jr and lionel washington find out from their friend sam goldberg that nada ameer judd s girlfriend has been taken into custody at a global community jail in an attempt to free her and her family they run into a gc guard and he shoots nada before he can shoot again he is killed by invisible horsemen that can release poisonous gases into the air judd is devastated by nada s death sam s father who was not a christian also dies from the horsemen of terror the new plague from god at the same time nicolae carpathia the antichrist travels to the wailing wall in israel to kill the two witnesses eli and moishe when he has done the deed the christians are disgusted back in illinois th...
*  As Long as We Both Shall Live
... two novels is a young adult book by lurlene mcdaniel published in october it consists of two previously published novels till death do us part and for better for worse forever characters april lancaster is an year old whose life has changed drastically due to her ill health mark gianni is a year old who never lets anything get in the way of his goal to become a race car driver despite having lived with cystic fibrosis his whole life brandon benedict is a bitter eccentric graduate student see also till death do us part for better for worse forever references category novels category american romance novels category american young adult novels category st century american novels...
*  Almost Lost
... multiple issues almost lost the true story of an anonymous teenager s life is a young adult novel by beatrice sparks cited as non fiction by her but with no viable sources to suggest that the story the characters or the narrator are in any way factual almost lost tells the story of sammy a runaway teenager who dabbles in rap the occult and drugs and is turned into a happy wholesome teen by attending therapy with sparks reception almost lost was criticized by the majority of reviewers most agreed that the theme was fairly positive but that the events described by the book seemed fake the school library journal stated that it is hard to imagine that the troubled teenager described in the beginning could change so dramatically so quickly and cure his father s cocaine habit recover from depression and restore his parents marriage external links category books category american young adult novels category works published anonymously category works by beatrice sparks...
*  Fever, 1793
fever fever redirect laurie halse anderson historical novels category novels by laurie halse anderson category in fiction category novels category st century american novels category american historical novels category american young adult novels category novels set in philadelphia pennsylvania...
*  Things Not Seen
... name = Things Not Seen author = Andrew Clements. 'Things Not Seen' is a 2000 first-person novel written by Andrew Clements and his third novel after ' Frindle ' and ' The Landry News '. The book was originally released in 2000 by Philomel Books, an imprint of Penguin Group, but was re-released in 2006 as a platinum edition by Puffin. This book was followed by two sequels, ' Things Hoped For ' and ' Things That Are '. Plot Main characters Awards See also External links References. Robert Phillips, known by his nickname "Bobby", wakes up one day to find that he can no longer see himself. After his parents are gone, Bobby heads to the library, bundled up to conceal his secret invisible self, and after a brief walk around, he hurriedly leaves, bumping into a girl. After they leave Bobby goes to the hospital to see his parents. When he gets there he takes off his clothes so he can be invisible and goes to find his parents. He can only find his Mom. He goes naked this time, and stumbles upon the blind girl in ...
*  Tom Swift and His Motor Boat
... or the rivals of lake carlopa is volume in the original tom swift novel series published by grosset dunlap plot summary tom swift s father a world famous scientist has been robbed of one of his greatest inventions and it s up to tom to bring the criminals to justice without getting himself killed in the process unfortunately tom himself quickly becomes a target of the rogues anger when he unknowingly buys a boat in which they had hidden a stolen diamond tom must use every bit of his wit to keep himself ahead of the gang of hardened felons inventions innovation tom purchased a used two cylinder family cruiser lake boat at auction with the intention of customizing it the model he purchased would have been from between the years and was twenty one feet in length among his modifications were ignition system water pump oil system spark plugs and fuel tank in the end the cruiser s two stroke engine was able to outpace the three cylinder engine of his nemesis andy foger barton smith tom s father was perfecting ...
*  An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant St
... aphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds - Lancaster EPrints. Lancaster EPrints Home. Search. Browse by Year. Browse by Subject. Browse by Department. Help. Login. An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. Ormerod, Anthony D. and Shah, Amjad A. J and Li, Hong and Benjamin, Nigel and Ferguson, Gail P. and Leifert, Carlo 2011 An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. BMC Research Notes, 4. ISSN 1756-0500 Preview. PDF - Published Version Available under License Creative Commons Attribution. Preview. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-458 Abstract Background Endogenous nitric oxide NO kills bacteria and other organisms as part of the innate immune response. We demonstrated eradication of MRSA carriage from wounds using a topical formulation of citric acid 4.5% and sodium nitr...
*  The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based stu
... dy in the UK. The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based study in the UK. Health care cost does not interfere with population selection as it is free at the point of access in the UK National Health Service NHS. vi A full search was carried out in all practices at the end of the observation period by examining all the population's 100 230 primary care notes. The neurological disorders ascertained are tabulated giving age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates per 100 000 per annum common conditions in Table 3, intermediate conditions in Table 4, unusual conditions in Table 5, a breakdown of serious CNS infections in Table 6 and single incident diagnoses in Table 7. Lifetime prevalence per 1000 persons is also given common diagnoses in Table 8, less frequent diagnoses of the CNS in Table 9, and the peripheral nervous system in Table 10. Age-specific incidence rates for stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease are given in Table 11. Conditions Lifetime preval...
*  Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies:. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery This study has been completed. Sponsor: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation Information provided by: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182688 First received: August 16, 2010 Last updated: NA Last verified: October 2009 History: No changes posted. PCT supports early diagnosis and clinical decision making.This is a prospective single center study designed to assess the normal change in PCT levels following major surgery and the utilization of PCT regarding the diagnosis of infection and the response to treatment, following major cardiac surgery. Official Title: Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery. Further study details as provided by Tampa Bay Heart Foundation:. Detailed Description: Inclusion Criteria: Elective CABG + / - Aortic / Mitral valve patients Off pump and on pump cases Ex...
*  Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... : Journal of Computer Assisted To
... mography. . Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. Home. January/February 2014 - Volume 38 - Issue 1. Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... Previous Ab...
*  Edgar Filing: ACORDA THERAPEUTICS INC - Form 10-Q
We believe that sales of Zanaflex Capsules will constitute a significant portion of our total revenue for the foreseeable future. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $10.5 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $7.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006. Research and Development Research and development expenses for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, were $4.0 million as compared to $3.0 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of 11. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $19.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $11.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006. Other Income Expense Other income was $210,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 compared to other expense of $332,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of approximately $542,000 or 163%. On December 23, ...
*  www.biomedcentral.com - Table
www biomedcentral com table table criteria of high moderate and low study quality mainly according to quadas high small risk of bias prospective study design particular emphasis on the following adequately described patients constituting a representative and clinically relevant sample quadas items the index test should not form part of the reference standard item evaluators should be masked to results of index test and reference test items the tests should be described in sufficient detail to permit replication items sample size diagnostic accuracy presented as sensitivity and specificity moderate moderate risk of bias prospective study design since no prospective studies based on digital mammography could be identified scanned analogue images were accepted otherwise the same criteria as for high quality were required low high risk of selection and or verification bias retrospective study design selected or enriched samples azavedo et al azavedo et al bmc medical imaging doi...
*  Correlations between clinical activity, endoscopic severity, and biological parameters in colonic or
correlations between clinical activity endoscopic severity and biological parameters in colonic or ileocolonic crohn s disease a prospective multicentre study of cases the groupe d etudes thérapeutiques des affections inflammatoires digestives...
*  www.nutritionj.com - Table
... Table 4. Glucose metabolism parameters. NGLCD. LFD. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. FPG mg/dl. 104.1 ± 27.9. 96.9 ± 19.7. −7.2 ± 11.2. 103.7 ± 29.2. 96.5 ± 19.1. −7.2 ± 13.1*. FPI μU/ml. 14.2 11.5-21.8. 9.1 6.2-16.9. −7.6 ± 11.5*. 12.8 8.7-18.8. 9.15 6.06-17.08. −5.2 ± 9.2*. HOMA-IR. 3.33 2.3-5.9. 1.99 1.45-4.04. −2.4 ± 4.1 *. 3.06 1.93-5.11. 2.04 1.3-4.4. −1.8 ± 3.9*. C Peptide ng/ml. 2.31 2.01-2.8. 2.34 2.08-2.9. −0.03-0.2 **. 2.4 2.07-2.97. 2.41 2.1-3.1. −0.002 ± 0.2***. HbA1c %. 5.7 ± 0.7. 5.6 ± 0.7. −0.11 ± 0.3 *. 5.6 ± 0.5. 5.5 ± 0.5. −0.09 ± 0.2*. Values are means ± SD; for variables abnormally distributed we used median ± interquartile ranges 25th and 75th percentiles. All p 0.05 for difference between groups at baseline and 12 months; *, p 0.05 for mean change baseline, 12 months; **, p = 0.295; ***, p = 0.925. NGLCD normoglucidic low-calorie diet, LFD low-fat diet, FPG fasting plasma glucose, FPI fasting plasma insulin, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of...
*  Griffith University | Griffith Research Online | Statistics for "Aging-related changes in myocardial
Griffith University. Griffith Research Online. Statistics for "Aging-related changes in myocardial purine metabolism and ischemic tolerance". Standard Version. Navigation trail. Griffith Research Online. Griffith Research Online Statistics. Statistics for "Aging-related changes in myocardial purine metabolism and ischemic tolerance". Local Navigation. Griffith Research Online. Browse by Titles. Browse by Authors. Browse by Publication Year. Browse by Research Centre. Browse by Issue Date. GRO Statistics. Copyright. About Griffith Research. External Resources. SPARC. Statistics for "Aging-related changes in myocardial purine metabolism and ischemic tolerance". Aging-related changes in myocardial purine metabolism and ischemic tolerance. Willems, Laura;Garnham, Bronwyn Gaye;Headrick, John Patrick. Wednesday, April 7, 2004. Statistics are for the period between Thursday, February 1, 2007 and Monday, October 5, 2015. Set a new date range. January Febuary March April May June July August September October November...
*  Age-related defects in B lymphopoiesis underlie the myeloid dominance of adult leukemia. | Californi
Age-related defects in B lymphopoiesis underlie the myeloid dominance of adult leukemia. Stem Cell Key Terms Creating New Types of Stem Cells Accelerating Research Toward Cures California: The Leader in Stem Cell Research From Lab Bench to Clinic Bedside Myths and Misconceptions About Stem Cell Research Stem Cell Tourism The Power of Stem Cells From Lab Bench to Clinic Bedside. Grantee publications Age-related defects in B lymphopoiesis underlie the myeloid dominance of adult leukemia. Age-related defects in B lymphopoiesis underlie the myeloid dominance of adult leukemia. This report demonstrates that age-related defects in lymphopoiesis underlie the myeloid dominance of adult leukemia. Using a murine model of chronic myeloid leukemia, an adult-onset malignancy that arises from transformation of hematopoietic stem cells by the BCR-ABL P210 oncogene, we demonstrate that young bone marrow BM cells that were transformed with BCR-ABL P210 initiated both a myeloproliferative disorder MPD and B-lymphoid leukemia, ...
*  Young Heart Lyrics by Gary Numan
... Lyrics Depot. Lyrics. Gary Numan Lyrics. Young Heart Lyrics. Lyrics Depot is your source of lyrics to Young Heart by Gary Numan. Please check back for more Gary Numan lyrics. Young Heart Lyrics Artist: Gary Numan Album: Metal Rhythm. I'm a hero in a book I'm a picture on your wall I'm on the TV I'm arrogant, seen it all I'm a distraction Like a hideous new disease I'm in the papers But that's not really me Young heart Give me something I can do I'm a decision I'm a morning filled with shame I'm a perversion But I don't know it's name In a car On the floor Up against the wall With a friend or two Someone to watch it all Young heart Everyone does it here Young heart Does your mother know what you've seen. Young heart Everyone does it here Young heart Does your mother know where you've been. What are you gonna do. What are you gonna do now. I don't believe in it I don't believe in it What are you gonna say. What are you gonna say now. I don't believe in it I don't believe in it What are you gonna feel. What...
*  Aerobic fitness is associated with hippocampal volume in elderly humans. | ALZFORUM
Aerobic fitness is associated with hippocampal volume in elderly humans. ALZFORUM. Jump to the Navigation Menu. Login to My AlzForum. Jump to the Search form. Paper. Tools. Email. Share. How would you like to share. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Back to the Top. Erickson KI, Prakash RS, Voss MW, Chaddock L, Hu L, Morris KS, White SM, Wójcicki TR, McAuley E, Kramer AF. Aerobic fitness is associated with hippocampal volume in elderly humans. Hippocampus. 2009 Oct;19 10 :1030-9. PubMed. Recommends. Please login to recommend the paper. Comments. Comments on this Paper. No Available Comments. Make a Comment. To make a comment you must login or register. This paper appears in the following:. News. Get Moving—Walking Enlarges Hippocampus, Preserves Memory in Seniors 4 Feb 2011. Enter your keywords. LOGIN HOME About Us Newsletter. NEWS. All News Conference Coverage. WEBINARS. All Webinars. Databases. AlzBiomarker AlzPedia AlzRisk Antibodies Brain Banks Genetics. AlzGene HEX Mutations. Protocols Research Models Therapeut...
*  Decreased α-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid of aged individuals and subjects with Parkinson’s di
... sease. - Lancaster EPrints. Lancaster EPrints Home. Browse by Year. Decreased α-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid of aged individuals and subjects with Parkinson’s disease. Tokuda, Takahiko and Salem, Sultan A. and Allsop, David and Mizuno, Toshiki and Nakagawa, Masanori and Qureshi, Mohamed M. and El-Agnaf, Omar 2006 Decreased α-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid of aged individuals and subjects with Parkinson’s disease. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 349 1. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.08.024 Abstract There is ample biochemical, pathological, and genetic evidence that the metabolism of -synuclein -syn plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease PD. To examine whether quantification of -syn in cerebrospinal fluid CSF is potentially informative in the diagnosis of PD, we developed a specific ELISA system and measured the concentration of -syn in CSF from 33 patients with PD diagnosed according to UK PD Society Brain Bank criteria and 38 control s...
*  Aging-associated diseases
... An 'aging-associated disease' is a disease that is most often seen with increasing frequency with increasing senescence. Age-associated diseases are to be distinguished from the aging process itself because all adult animals age, save for a few rare exceptions, but not all adult animals experience all age-associated diseases. "Aging-associated disease" is used here to mean "diseases of the elderly". Examples of aging-associated diseases are atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, cataracts, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and Alzheimer's disease. The incidence of all of these diseases increases rapidly with aging increases exponentially with age, in the case of cancer. File:Age Specific SEER Incidence Rates 2003-2007.svg|thumb|Age-Specific SEER Incidence Rates, 2003-2007. Victims of Werner's syndrome suffer from osteoporosis, cataracts and cardiovascular disease, but not neurodegeneration or Alzheimer's disease. Victims of Down syndrome suffer type 2 diabetes and Alzhei...
*  Mature Adult Savory Chicken Entrée - Canned
... Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Savory Chicken Entr e Your cat will love the taste of Science Diet Mature Adult Savory Chicken Entr e cat food with its soft, smooth texture. It has precisely balanced nutrition to sustain kidney and vital organ health. Benefit Nutrient How It Works Promotes kidney health Phosphorus Controlled levels of phosphorus help maintain kidney health for mature cats. Easy to digest High quality ingredients Ensures appropriate nutrient absorption to keep your cat fit and healthy. Additional Info Minced varieties are cooked in savory juices for great taste with a soft, "p t " texture that's easy to serve. Hill's Science Diet cat foods are made with high quality ingredients that provide an ideal combination of nutrients for superior overall health. Our 150 veterinarians, PhD nutritionists and scientists ensure that over 50 nutrients in Hill's Science Diet cat foods work together and fall precisely within appropriate ranges, avoiding nutrient excesses and deficiencies that can impact ...
*  Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Active Longevity - Free Shipping
... Wag.com. 0 $0.00 View Cart. wag. Pets Wag.com. Food & Treats. Feeding Accessories. Health & Wellness. Cleaning & Odor Control. Clothing & Accessories. Food & Treats. Health & Wellness. Feeding Accessories. Shop All Cat. Hill's Science Diet Active Longevity Feline Mature Adult Hill's Science Diet Active Longevity Feline Mature Adult can provide the ideal combination of nutrients for your mature cat's health. Hill's Science Diet Active Longevity Feline Mature Adult Helps improve your pet's overall organ health Contains lean proteins for lean muscle mass development Can be easily digested by your pet Available in a variety of dry formulas and great flavors This product can provide the recommended balanced diet for your pet to help promote health and longevity. A Closer Look: Hill's Science Diet Active Longevity Feline Mature Adult also contains Carnitine which can help to develop lean muscles and can keep your pet fit and healthy. Product Notes Popularity: #119 in Dry Food View All Hill's Science Diet. Comm...
*  Impact of Smoking on Cognitive Decline in Early Old Age
... Article Impact of Smoking on Cognitive Decline in Early Old Age. Impact Factor: 14.48. Recent ex-smokers had greater decline in executive function -0.08, while the decline in long-term ex-smokers was similar to that among never smokers. Methods Elders with a lifetime history of smoking smokers; n = 50; 75 ± 5 years of age; 34 ± 28 pack-years; approximately 12% were actively smoking at the time of study were compared to never-smokers n = 61; 76 ± 6 years of age on CSF iPF2α-III and 8,12, iso-iPF2α-VI F2-isoprostanes levels. In smokers only, higher 8,12, iso-iPF2α-VI concentration was associated with smaller hippocampal volume, and greater iPF2α-III level was related to greater pack years. Conclusions This is the first study to demonstrate that a history of cigarette smoking in cognitively-normal elders was associated with significantly elevated CSF F2-isoprostane levels and greater age-related increases in F2-isoprostane levels, and that higher F2-isoprostane levels in smokers were related to smaller hipp...
*  Mature Adult Gourmet Chicken Entrée - Canned
... Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Gourmet Chicken Entr e Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Gourmet Chicken Entr e dog food has precisely balanced nutrition to sustain mobility and muscle mass. Contains high quality lean proteins to sustain lean muscle. Promotes ideal body weight and healthy vital organs and is easy to digest. Key Benefits Recommended For: Mature adult dogs, age 7 years and older. Not Recommended For: Puppies, pregnant or nursing dogs. Benefit Nutrient How It Works Lean muscle and ideal body weight High quality lean proteins Protein is the building block for lean muscle and helps maintain ideal body condition. Healthy heart and vital organs Sodium and Phosphorus Controlled levels of sodium and phosphorus help maintain kidney and heart health. Easy to digest High quality ingredients Ensures optimal nutrient absorption to keep you dog fit and healthy. Other Products to Consider Science Diet pet food is available in a variety of dry formulas for your mature dog's unique needs and canned formul...
*  Mature Adult Gourmet Beef Entrée - Canned
mature adult gourmet beef entrée canned hill s science diet mature adult gourmet beef entr e hill s science diet mature adult gourmet beef entr e dog food has precisely balanced nutrition to sustain mobility and muscle mass contains high quality lean proteins to sustain lean muscle promotes ideal body weight healthy vital organs and is easy to digest key benefits recommended for mature adult dogs age years and older not recommended for puppies pregnant or nursing dogs benefit nutrient how it works lean muscle and ideal body weight high quality lean proteins protein is the building block for lean muscle and helps maintain ideal body condition healthy heart and vital organs sodium and phosphorus controlled levels of sodium and phosphorus help maintain kidney and heart health easy to digest high quality ingredients ensures optimal nutrient absorption to keep your dog fit and healthy other products to consider science diet pet food is available in a variety of dry formulas for your mature dog s unique needs and c...
*  Brain circuitry loss may be a very early sign of cognitive decline in healthy elderly people
... UC Davis Health System. UC Davis. Giving to UC Davis Health System. Brain circuitry loss may be a very early ... UC Davis Health System. UC Davis Health System. Brain circuitry loss may be a very early sign of cognitive decline in healthy elderly people. The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia, a study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center has found. This could be a very early and useful marker for future incipient decline, said Evan Fletcher, the study s lead author and a project scientist with the UC Davis Alzheimer s Disease Center. Although hippocampal measures have been studied much more deeply in relation to cognitive decline, our direct comparison between fornix and hippocampus measures suggests that fornix properties have a superior ability to identify incipient cognitive decline among healthy i...
*  questions about mitochondrial theory of aging
... jubjub jubjub at jubjub com sun jan est previous message questions about mitochondrial theory of aging next message inbreeding and human longevity messages sorted by thanks for the answers aubrey jubjub previous message questions about mitochondrial theory of aging next message inbreeding and human longevity messages sorted by more information about the ageing mailing list...
*  Amazon befriends young ones with its kids content on KindlesAmazon befriends young ones with its ki
Amazon befriends young ones with its kids content on Kindles Amazon befriends young ones with its kids content on Kindles. Magazine. NEWS, October 2, 2015 Influential Leadership- Gandhi who inspired Obama, Steve Jobs, Modi, and more NEWS, October 1, 2015 Starbucks Rolls Out Mobile Order and Pay Service in UK NEWS, October 1, 2015 Microsoft and Google resolve long-running patent fight over phones and Xbox. C-Suite, October 2, 2015 Influential Leadership- Gandhi who inspired Obama, Steve Jobs, Modi, and more C-Suite, October 1, 2015 Investment Banker, Breaking into the Wall Street Success C-Suite, September 29, 2015 The Periapt for a Remarkable Leadership, Authenticity at Workplace. Magazine. Influential Leadership- Gandhi who inspired Obama, Steve Jobs, Modi, and more Starbucks Rolls Out Mobile Order and Pay Service in UK Microsoft and Google resolve long-running patent fight over phones and Xbox Investment Banker, Breaking into the Wall Street Success Fructose and Sugary Beverages can increase the risk of Hea...
*  Measuring and interpreting the efficacy of nutraceutical interventions for age-related cognitive dec
... line. Search Swinburne Research Bank. Nutraceutical interventions. List of Titles Measuring and interpreting the efficacy of nutraceutical interventions for age-related cognitive decline. Title Measuring and interpreting the efficacy of nutraceutical interventions for age-related cognitive decline Author s. Pipingas, Andrew ; Camfield, David Abstract The world's population is aging rapidly, with the proportion of the population over 60 growing at a rate of around 2% per annum in the developed world. In response to the reality of an aging population, there has been increased research focus in recent years on the development of effective interventions that may ameliorate the declines in cognitive ability. Age-related reductions in the brain's gray matter are due to a number of factors including neuron apoptosis, neuron shrinkage, and lowered numbers of synapses; whereas reductions in white matter may be attributed in part to large age-related decreases in the length of myelinated axons. During aging the bra...
http://researchbank.swinburne.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/swin:27736?expert=dateNormalized:2013*&f0=creator:"Camfield, David"&f1=subject:"Nutraceutical interventions"
*  lescharts.com - Noisettes - Wild Young Hearts
... Connexion. S'inscrire. Retenir le mot de passe. RECHERCHE Singles Albums Forum. . CLASSEMENTS. LES MEILLEURS. RECHERCHE. REVIEWS. LIENS. DERNIÈRES REVIEWS. Elle King Ex's & Oh's S Florent Brack Cold Heart Blues S Ivy Levan Who Can You Trust S The Velvet Underground And Nico All Tomorrow's Parties S Renate Kern Happy Heart S 0 reviews aujourd'hui 3864831 reviews au total 50 dernières reviews. FORUM. CHARTS DES VENTES 1966 2 CHARTS DES VENTES DES ANNEES 60 CHARTS DES VENTES 1966 Charts mondiaux exotiques Charts Hebdos 1963. CHAT. Personne n'est dans le chat maintenant. Please log on or create a new account to join the chat. ACCUEIL. FORUM. CONTACT. NOISETTES - WILD YOUNG HEARTS ALBUM. Entrée: 20/06/2009 Position 126. Dernière semaine: 05/09/2009 Position 173. Top: 126 1 sem. Semaines: 9. Place dans le classement général: 7609 262 points. Année: 2009. Dans d'autres pays: ch Top: 86 / sem.: 1. at Top: 71 / sem.: 3. fr Top: 126 / sem.: 9. be Top: 60 / sem.: 8 Vl. CD Vertigo / Mercury 2705594 eu. TRACKS. 22/05...
http://lescharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Noisettes&titel=Wild Young Hearts&cat=a
*  Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Savory Stew with Chicken & Vegetables Canned Dog Food, 12.8-oz, cas
... e of 12. Help. We're here to help 24 hours a day. Order Status. Shipping Info. Your Account. Your Account. Address Book. shop for your. shop by brand. shop by categories. Dry Food. Wet Food. shop by top brands. shop by categories. shop by top brands. shop by categories. Collars. shop by top brands. shop by categories. Veterinary Diets. Vitamins Supplements. shop by top brands. Hill's Prescription Diet. Toys. shop by categories. Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Savory Stew with Chicken & Vegetables Canned Dog Food, 12.8-oz, case of 12. Product Description Hill's Science Diet Mature Adult Savory Stew with Chicken Vegetables is a delicious way to provide precisely balanced nutrition that enhances the overall health and well-being of your older dog. Been feeding my dogs Science Diet for years...never had any problems...great when you can get it at a very good price... One in particular seems to have problems with other senior foods, even beef stew of same brand. Rated 5 out of 5 by Rebecca63 Very easy to serv...
*  Age-Related Left Ventricular Remodeling and Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Multi-E
... thnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Age-Related Left Ventricular Remodeling and Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Susan Cheng, M.D., 1, 2 Verônica R. Methods and Results We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging MRI to examine age-related differences in LV structure and function in 5004 participants without overt cardiovascular disease when enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; 1099 participants received additional strain analyses by MRI tagging. Increased mass-to-volume ratio conferred a significant risk for total cardiovascular events; this trend was strongest among younger <65 years, HR 3.69 versus older ≥65 years, HR 1.68 individuals with the highest compared to lowest mass-to-volume ratio quintile P interaction =0.013. Therefore, we used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to examine age-related differences in LV structure and function among 5004 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis who had ...
*  Age-related Differences in the Course of the Acute Phase Sym... : The Pediatric Infectious Diseas
... e Journal. Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Affiliated Societies. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. September 2013 - Volume 32 - Issue 9. Age-related Differences in the Course of the Acut...
*  Re: SX50 Mini-Review Take "2A" - Continued Discussion of DRC: Canon PowerShot Talk Forum: Digital Ph
Re: SX50 Mini-Review Take 2A - Continued Discussion of DRC: Canon PowerShot Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review. Log in / Register. News. Reviews. Features. Buying Guide. Sample Images. Videos. Cameras. Lenses. Phones. Printers. Forums. Galleries. Challenges. Forum index. Canon PowerShot Talk Change forum SX50 Mini-Review Take 2A - Continued Discussion of DRC Started Nov 20, 2012. Discussions thread. Shop cameras lenses ▾. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Flat view. MarioV. Veteran Member. Posts: 5,418. Gear list. Like. Re: SX50 Mini-Review Take 2A - Continued Discussion of DRC In reply to VisionLight, Nov 20, 2012. Well written and illustrated. Nicely done, Vision. Have you tried the 200% and 400% highlight options. Would have been interesting to see their effect on the walking giants. MarioV's gear list: MarioV's gear list Nikon Coolpix P900. Canon PowerShot G3 X. Nikon D5200. Sigma 17-50mm F2.8 EX DC OS HSM. Reply Reply with quote. Complain. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unre...
*  About us
Institute of Healthy Ageing. Jorge Ivan Castillo Quan on Anti-Ageing research 'Anti-Ageing: Health or Beauty?' A guest blog by Jorge Ivan Castillo Quan, written for the 2015 Write About Research Competition. http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/…/2…/07/07/anti-ageing-health-beauty/ More... Talks from Gems Lab at International C. Institute of Healthy Ageing hosts BSRA Annual Meeting The 65th British Society for Research on Ageing Annual Meeting took place at the Institute of Healthy Ageing on July 1st-2nd 2015. They also included several speakers from the IHA: Lazaros Foukas, who described how ageing can be slowed down in mice by reducing PI3 kinase signalling, Cathy Slack whose talk was awarded the Korenchevsky Prize spoke about how Ras signalling controls fruitfly ageing, and David Gems who gave a welcome address, including a discussion of “The ageing-disease false dichotomy”. The Institute of Healthy Ageing Director: Prof Dame Linda Partridge, DBE, FRS, FRSE, FMedSci is an interdisciplinary centre of excellence for resea...
*  Aging brain
... DNA damage. Changes in memory. Genetic changes Epigenetic age analysis of different brain regions Delaying the effects of aging "Super Agers". Oxidative stress. DNA damage. They further found that the promoter sequences of these particular genes accumulated oxidative DNA damage, including 8-OHdG, with age see DNA damage theory of aging. An overwhelming number of studies have reported age-related changes in dopamine synthesis, binding site s, and number of receptors. Postmortem studies also show that the number of D 1 and D 2 receptors decline with age in both the caudate nucleus and the putamen, although the ratio of these receptors did not show age-related changes. Postmortem studies on humans have indicated decreased binding capacities of serotonin and a decrease in the number of S 1 receptors in the frontal cortex and hippocampus as well as a decrease in affinity in the putamen. Studies have shown older subjects to have lower glutamate concentration in the motor cortex compared to younger subjects A s...
*  GDF11protein rejueventates aged brains and muscles in mice - boing - Boing Boing BBS
... GDF11protein rejueventates aged brains and muscles in mice. boing. 2014-05-05 15:34:06 UTC. 2014-05-05 15:56:17 UTC. I for one welcome our immortal mouse overlords. 2014-05-05 15:57:40 UTC. 2014-05-05 16:15:09 UTC. Or blood. 2014-05-05 16:19:06 UTC. 2014-05-05 16:22:11 UTC. 2014-05-05 16:34:51 UTC. James Mason. 2014-05-05 16:54:24 UTC. #8 I would guess that regulation of this gene will have to do with exercise, lack of exposure to anti-oxidants over time, etc. - whatever it is currently WAYYYYY underpriced. 2014-05-05 17:50:11 UTC. #9 Novus is selling an antibody against the GDF11 antigen ...this won't be useful to anyone as a health supplement. 2014-05-05 18:06:09 UTC. 2014-05-05 18:51:20 UTC. 2014-05-05 19:20:07 UTC. And in all likelihood, only human GDF11 will be recognized by its human receptors and function as intended, so homologs from other mammals probably won't work. 2014-05-05 19:59:05 UTC. smut clyde. 2014-05-05 21:58:35 UTC. James Mason:. I would guess that regulation of this gene will have t...
*  I zoi mou oli
... greek η ζωή μου όλη is a well known song of stelios kazantzidis the lyrics are written by akis panou greek άκης πάνου who is also the composer of the song the title i zoi mou oli can be translated in english as my entire life stelios kazantzidis interviewed by giorgos lianis stated that even if it was difficult to make a choice between his songs considered i zoi mou oli as one of his finest songs lyrics my entire life is a responsibility it takes everything from me it gives nothing my entire life is a furnace in which i have fallen and cooks me slowly my entire life a foolery my only property my entire life is a self sacrifice which has neither meaning nor purpose my entire life is a cigarette which i don t appreciate yet i smoke and when it becomes a dogend i ll offer it to death when the time comes for me to meet him singer stelios kazantzidis songwriter akis panou composer akis panou external links category stelios kazantzidis songs category greek songs...
*  .. Anti-Aging Solutions: Too Much Emphasis on Looks? .. Leave a Reply .. Sign up for Focus on Aging
Anti-Aging Solutions: Too Much Emphasis on Looks. Posted on September 26, 2011 by Marla + - Elder Care Marketing, Healthy Aging. Cosmetic Surgeon at work. It’s no secret that the Baby Boomer generation is getting older. As an economically powerful demographic, the Boomers command the attention of researchers, manufacturers, and marketers. As this large consumer group continues to face the prospect of aging, various industries have focused much effort on selling anti-aging products. The U.S. market for anti-aging products is over $80 billion annually. Included in that category are a broad array of products and services, ranging from medicines to diet plans to vitamins to surgery. The anti-aging market even has its own professional association: the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine. A quick glance at some of the anti-aging advertisements reveals that these anti-aging solutions are designed to make people look younger, rather than to live longer. One particular trend is the upswing in cosmetic surgery a...
*  .. The Young ones .. Post navigation .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related
Post navigation. ← Previous. Next →. The Young ones. Posted on. March 9, 2012. by. genealyn. I only have one Young in my pedigree so far, but hope to find more. Margaret Young born about 1812 in Seghill  in Northumberland is my 3x great grandmother. Share this:. Email Print. More. Share on Tumblr. Pocket. Like this:. Like Loading... Related. This entry was posted in Finding forefathers and tagged Margaret Young, Northumberland, postaday, Seghill, Young by genealyn. Bookmark the permalink....
*  .. The Young ones .. Post navigation .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related
Post navigation. ← Previous. Next →. The Young ones. Posted on. March 9, 2012. by. genealyn. I only have one Young in my pedigree so far, but hope to find more. Margaret Young born about 1812 in Seghill  in Northumberland is my 3x great grandmother. Share this:. Email Print. More. Share on Tumblr. Pocket. Like this:. Like Loading... Related. This entry was posted in Finding forefathers and tagged Margaret Young, Northumberland, postaday, Seghill, Young by genealyn. Bookmark the permalink....
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... Changes related to "Law:Title 2. Health. Subtitle D. Prevention, Control, And Reports Of Diseases from Chapter 98. Chronic Kidney Disease Task Force Texas " From Law Delta recentchangeslinked-backlink Jump to: navigation, search. This is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page or to members of a specified category. Pages on your watchlist are bold. Recent changes options Show last 50. 100. 250. 500 changes in last 1. 3. 7. 14. 30 days Hide minor edits. Show bots. Hide anonymous users. Hide logged-in users. Hide my edits Show new changes starting from 02:45, 7 October 2015 Namespace:. all Main Talk User User talk Law Delta Law Delta talk File File talk MediaWiki MediaWiki talk Template Template talk Help Help talk Category Category talk Poll Poll talk Thread Thread talk Summary Summary talk Laws Laws talk Law Law talk Law poll Law poll talk Bills Bills talk Bill Bill talk Bill poll Bill poll talk Invert selection. Page name: Show changes to pages linked to the given page inst...
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related changes law delta changes related to law title health subtitle d prevention control and reports of diseases from chapter arthritis control and prevention texas from law delta recentchangeslinked backlink jump to navigation search this is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page or to members of a specified category pages on your watchlist are bold recent changes options show last changes in last days hide minor edits show bots hide anonymous users hide logged in users hide my edits show new changes starting from october namespace all main talk user user talk law delta law delta talk file file talk mediawiki mediawiki talk template template talk help help talk category category talk poll poll talk thread thread talk summary summary talk laws laws talk law law talk law poll law poll talk bills bills talk bill bill talk bill poll bill poll talk invert selection page name show changes to pages linked to the given page instead recentchanges label legend no changes on linked pag...
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*  The Best Time to Get Accidentally Pregnant is When You're Young and Carefree
The Best Time to Get Accidentally Pregnant is When You're Young and Carefree....
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Old Codger with Courtney T. Edison:...
*  Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Child
... ren - American Academy of Sleep Medicine AASM. SLEEP 2014. Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children. A study in the June 1 issue of the journal SLEEP found that waist circumference and body mass index BMI are consistent, independent risk factors for all severity levels of sleep disordered breathing SDB in children, suggesting that as with adult SDB, metabolic factors are important risk factors for childhood SDB. Results indicate that BMI and waist circumference, but not neck circumference, were significant and strong predictors of SDB at all severity levels primary snoring, mild SDB and moderate SDB. Nasal anatomic factors such as chronic sinusitis, rhinitis and nasal drain were significant predictors of mild SDB; minority status was associated with primary snoring and mild SDB. Overall, 1.2 percent of children had moderate SDB an apnea/hypopnea index of five or more breathing pauses per hour of sleep, 25 percent had mild SDB AHI of at least one ...
*  New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered | dailyRx
New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. dailyRx. New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. Alzheimer's disease risk higher for people with high blood levels of ceramide. dailyRx News Looking for biomarkers of Alzheimer s disease AD may lead scientists to new treatments. Recent research discovered a new biomarker for AD ceramides in the blood. High levels of ceramides may mean higher risk of AD. The test looked at levels of ceramide in the blood. Researchers placed the women into categories based on the level of ceramide in their blood test low, middle and high levels of ceramide. Then they followed the women for up to nine years after the initial blood test and looked for how many women developed dementia or AD. Women with low levels of ceramide were eight times less likely to develop AD than those with the middle level of cermide. They were 10 times less likely to develop AD than women with the high level of ceramide. The researchers concluded that this easy, low-cost blood test could help in early detection...
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Comparison of Novel Risk Markers for Improvement in Cardiovascular Risk Ass
Context Risk markers including coronary artery calcium, carotid intima–media thickness, ankle-brachial index, brachial flow–mediated dilation, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein CRP , and family history of coronary heart disease CHD have been reported to improve on the Framingham Risk Score FRS for prediction of CHD, but there are no direct comparisons of these markers for risk prediction in a single cohort. Objective We compared improvement in prediction of incident CHD/cardiovascular disease CVD of these 6 risk markers within intermediate-risk participants FRS 5%- 20% in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis MESA. Conclusions Coronary artery calcium, ankle-brachial index, high-sensitivity CRP, and family history were independent predictors of incident CHD/CVD in intermediate-risk individuals. Risk markers that have shown promise in improving risk discrimination include carotid intima–media thickness CIMT , coronary artery calcium CAC scores, brachial flow–mediated dilation FMD , ankle-brachial index AB...
The STTR Program STTR Mission and Program Goals STTR Participating Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business STTR Policy Directive Tibbetts Awards and Hall of Fame. PROGRAM/PHASE AWARD AMOUNT $ NUMBER OF AWARDS SBIR Phase I $499,560.00 6 SBIR Phase II $1,325,815.00 2. SBIR Phase I 1999 Department of Health and Human Services N/A Amount: $99,930.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2000 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $0.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2001 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $602,471.00 N/A. SBIR Phase II 2001 Department of Health and Human Services SECRETED PROTEIN FROM ADIPOCYTES AND PREADIPOCYTES Amount: $99,820.00 DESCRIPTION provided by applicant : Obesity is a well-established risk factor for a number of diseases, including type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. SBIR Phase I 2002 Department of Health and Human Services New Agents That Inhibi...
*  WHO | Biological risk factors and hazards
WHO. Biological risk factors and hazards. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Occupational health. Menu Occupational health. Topics. Activities. Collaborating centres network. Publications. Regions and partners. Links. . Biological risk factors and hazards Related sites Protecting health-care workers - preventing needlestick injuries tool kit. Joint WHO/ILO guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis PEP to prevent HIV infection. HIV/AIDS site. Stop TB. Tuberculosis and HIV. AIRBORNE - A journey into the challenges and solutions to stopping MDR-TB and XDR-TB. SARS site. Injection safety pdf, 81kb. Guiding principles to ensure injection device security pdf, 99kb. Injection safety - SIGN. ...
*  Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk - NHLBI, NIH
... NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk. TABLE OF CONTENTS. Background Review of Previous Recommendations Subclinical CVD and the Framingham Risk Score Subclinical Disease Testing: Study Design Review of Subclinical Disease Measures Clinical Screening Algorithms Population Considerations Interventions Outcomes Recommendations and Remaining Issues References Working Group Roster Planning Group Roster. The objective of the Working Group was to provide advice to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute about research that is currently needed to inform clinical guidelines for the use of subclinical cardiovascular disease testing to identify persons at high risk for CVD and to target intervention. that is, a 10-year risk for coronary heart disease of 6-20%. Back to Table of Contents. Persons at intermediate risk have the greatest likelihood of having their estimated risk altered by subclinical disease testing. Coronary calc...
*  The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary hear
... t disease and stroke events - DRO. Home. Library. DRO home. . You are not logged in. Submit research. Contact DRO. DRO. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events Vartiainen, Erkki, Laatikainen, Tiina, Philpot, Benjamin, Janus, Edward, Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie and Dunbar, James 2011, The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events, Medical journal of Australia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 10-15. Attached Files. Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads. Title. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events. Author s. Vartiainen, Erkki Laatikainen, Tiina Philpot, Benjamin Janus, Edward Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie Dunbar, James. Journal name. Medical journal of Australia. Volume number. 194. Issue number. 1. Start page. 10. End page. 15. Publisher. Australasian Medical Publi...
*  .. .. Health Library .. Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases .. Primary risk factors for chronic dis
Health Care Home / Health Information / Library / Diseases Conditions / Adult Health Library /. At the top of the CDC's list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle. Sticking to a heart-healthy diet. Following an appropriate exercise program. Eliminate all tobacco products. As soon as you stop smoking, your body begins to heal itself from the devastating effects of tobacco. Adhere to a heart-healthy diet. One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following:. The food plate can help you eat a variety of foods while encouraging the right amount of calories and fat. To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 and to determine the appropriate dietary recommendations for your age, sex, and physical activity level, visit the Online Resources page for the links to the ChooseMyPlate.gov and 2010 Dietary Guidelines sites. M...
*  Other possible heart disease risk factors | womenshealth.gov
Other possible heart disease risk factors. womenshealth.gov. A project of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health Skip Navigation. Skip top navigation Home. A-Z Health Topics. ePublications. News. About Us. Contact Us. Text size. Print. Skip left navigation Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease and stroke prevention. Heart disease: Know your risk. Heart disease risk factors you can control. Heart disease risk factors you can't control. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Stroke: Know your risk. Signs of a heart attack. Signs of a stroke. Government in action on heart health and stroke. Heart Health and Stroke in Spanish en español. Subscribe to Heart Health and Stroke email updates. Enter email address. Submit. . Home. Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease: Know your risk Heart Health and Stroke. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Related information Depression fact sheet. Stress and your health fact sheet. Depression, stress, and anxiety. Not enough sleep. L...
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*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. What are risk factors for heart disease. Learn what conditions and behaviors might put you at risk. The Heart Truth. Posted: 11:16 AM EST Dec 29, 2011. Updated: 11:46 AM EST Jan 13, 2010. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. They can also increase the chances that an existing disease will get worse. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. High blood pressure. High blood cholesterol. Being physically inactive. Having a family history of early heart disease. Age 55 or older for women. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. For women, age becomes a risk factor at 55. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to d...
*  Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in São Paulo, Brazil - Full
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02055651 First received: January 24, 2014 Last updated: July 1, 2015 Last verified: July 2015 History of Changes. Objective: Evaluate Bayer employees' cardiovascular health according to the AHA definition and the acceptance to engage in lifestyle change programs. If the employee accepts to participate, after providing a written informed consent, he will be evaluated according to the AHA cardiovascular health metrics. After medical evaluation, employees will receive a printed feedback with their cardiovascular health score and will be referred to indicated lifestyle change programs healthy weight, smoking cessation, diabetes control, high blood pressure control, dyslipi...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02055651?term="High Blood Pressure"&lup_s=01/29/2014&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14

Notorious (novel)QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.William Donald SchaeferAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingDavid Rees Griffiths: David Rees Griffiths (November 6, 1882 – December 17, 1953), also known by his bardic name of Amanwy, was a Welsh poet, and an older brother of politician Jim Griffiths.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a short-term decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Tumor progression: Tumor progression is the third and last phase in tumor development. This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the tumor cells.Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Cognitive skill: Cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human’s ability to process to (thoughts) that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals. Cognition mainly refers to things like memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, understanding of written material.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Mothers TalkStressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).HyperintensityParent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Spermaturia: Spermaturia is a human disease characterized by the presence of sperm in the urine.Pedersen, J.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Texas Juvenile Justice Department: The Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) is a state agency in Texas, headquartered in the Braker H Complex in Austin.Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Waterladder pumpHyperthymic temperament: Hyperthymic temperament, or hyperthymia, from Greek hyper ("over", meaning here excessive) + θυμός ("spirited"), is a proposed personality type characterized by an excessively positive disposition similar to, but more stable than, the hypomania of bipolar disorder.Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale: The Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale (BADLS) is a 20-item questionnaire designed to measure the ability of someone with dementia to carry out daily activities such as dressing, preparing food and using transport.Classification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Familial British dementia: Familial British dementia is a form of dementia. It was first reported by Cecil Charles Worster-Drought in 1933 and is therefore also known as Worster-Drought syndrome.Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Australian National BL classEvolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Substance-related disorderWisconsin Senate, District 4: The 4th District of the Wisconsin Senate is located in Southern Wisconsin, and is composed of parts of Milwaukee County.District MapClimate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Conscientiousness: Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant. Conscientiousness implies a desire to do a task well.Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Epidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.

(1/19822) Effect of growth hormone treatment on adult height of children with idiopathic short stature. Genentech Collaborative Group.

BACKGROUND: Short-term administration of growth hormone to children with idiopathic short stature results in increases in growth rate and standard-deviation scores for height. However, the effect of long-term growth hormone therapy on adult height in these children is unknown. METHODS: We studied 121 children with idiopathic short stature, all of whom had an initial height below the third percentile, low growth rates, and maximal stimulated serum concentrations of growth hormone of at least 10 microg per liter. The children were treated with growth hormone (0.3 mg per kilogram of body weight per week) for 2 to 10 years. Eighty of these children have reached adult height, with a bone age of at least 16 years in the boys and at least 14 years in the girls, and pubertal stage 4 or 5. The difference between the predicted adult height before treatment and achieved adult height was compared with the corresponding difference in three untreated normal or short-statured control groups. RESULTS: In the 80 children who have reached adult height, growth hormone treatment increased the mean standard-deviation score for height (number of standard deviations from the mean height for chronologic age) from -2.7 to -1.4. The mean (+/-SD) difference between predicted adult height before treatment and achieved adult height was +5.0+/-5.1 cm for boys and +5.9+/-5.2 cm for girls. The difference between predicted and achieved adult height among treated boys was 9.2 cm greater than the corresponding difference among untreated boys with initial standard-deviation scores of less than -2, and the difference among treated girls was 5.7 cm greater than the difference among untreated girls. CONCLUSION: Long-term administration of growth hormone to children with idiopathic short stature can increase adult height to a level above the predicted adult height and above the adult height of untreated historical control children.  (+info)

(2/19822) Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation.  (+info)

(3/19822) Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health.  (+info)

(4/19822) Carotenoid intakes, assessed by dietary questionnaire, are associated with plasma carotenoid concentrations in an elderly population.

High intakes of fruits and vegetables and of carotenoids are associated with a lower risk for a variety of chronic diseases. It is therefore important to test the validity of dietary questionnaires that assess these intakes. We compared intakes of five carotenoids, as calculated from responses to the Willett 126-item food-frequency questionnaire, with corresponding biochemical measures. Subjects included 346 women and 201 men, aged 67-93 y, in the Framingham Heart Study. Unadjusted correlations were higher among women than men as follows: alpha-carotene 0.33 and 0.18, beta-carotene, 0.36 and 0.25; beta-cryptoxanthin, 0.44 and 0.32; lycopene, 0.35 and 0.21; and lutein + zeaxanthin, 0.27 and 0.10, respectively. Adjustment for age, energy intake, body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), plasma cholesterol concentrations and smoking reduced the gender differences, respectively, to the following: alpha-carotene 0.30 and 0.28; beta-carotene, 0.34 and 0.31; beta-cryptoxanthin, 0.45 and 0.36; lycopene, 0.36 and 0.31; and lutein + zeaxanthin, 0.24 and 0.14. Plots of adjusted mean plasma carotenoid concentration by quintile of respective carotenoid intake show apparent greater responsiveness among women, compared with men, to dietary intake of alpha- and beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin, but similar blood-diet relationships for lycopene and lutein + zeaxanthin. Reported daily intake of fruits and vegetables correlated most strongly with plasma beta-cryptoxanthin and beta-carotene among women and with plasma alpha- and beta-carotene among men. With the exception of lutein + zeaxanthin, this dietary questionnaire does provide reasonable rankings of carotenoid status among elderly subjects, with the strongest correlations for beta-cryptoxanthin. Appropriate adjustment of confounders is necessary to clarify these associations among men.  (+info)

(5/19822) Obstructive uropathy and hydronephrosis in male KK-Ay mice: a report of cases.

Uropathy associated with hydronephrosis was observed frequently in our male KK-Ay mouse colony during a long-term study of diabetes. The lesion occurred in 24 of the 31 KK-Ay male mice and accounted for the greatest number of spontaneous deaths among them. It was observed after 4 months of age and involved about hard plugs of altered seminal material resembling the seminal vesicle secretion. The plugs became impacted in the urethral bulb and the bladder. The penile anatomy, with its flexure, pressure on the urethra from the bulbocavernosus muscle, and the characteristic ability of the seminal fluid to easily coagulate to form the vaginal plug may have contributed to the lesion. Correlation between development of the uropathy and diabetes has not been established.  (+info)

(6/19822) Measurement of striatal D2 dopamine receptor density and affinity with [11C]-raclopride in vivo: a test-retest analysis.

Subacute and long-term stability of measurements of D2 dopamine receptor density (Bmax), affinity (Kd) was studied with positron emission tomography in eight healthy male volunteers. [11C]-Raclopride and the transient equilibrium method were used to measure D2 receptor characteristics. The interval between measurements (scan pairs) was 3 to 7 weeks (subacute) for four subjects and 6 to 11 months (long-term) for four subjects. A test-retest analysis of quantitative measurements of D2 receptor Bmax and Kd was compared with that done on binding potential (BP, Bmax/Kd) measures. In addition, the effect of error in defining the transient equilibrium time (tmax) in the parameter estimation procedure was explored with simulations. The subacute test-retest indicates good reproducibility of D2 receptor density, affinity, and BP ratio measurements with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.90, 0.96, and 0.86, respectively. The variability of the measurements after 6 to 11 months was slightly higher than that seen in a subacute testing for Kd and more clearly so for binding potential and Bmax. The absolute variability in Bmax (14.5%) measurements was consistently higher than that of Kd (8.4%) or BP (7.9%) both in subacute and long-term measurements. Simulations indicated that the Bmax and Kd estimation procedure is more sensitive to error in the tmax than that for the BP. The results indicate a good overall stability of the equilibrium method with [11C]raclopride for measuring dopamine D2 receptor binding characteristics in the striatum. The BP approach is more stable than Kd and especially Bmax measurements. Error in defining the tmax in particular in the low specific radioactivity scan may be one source of greater variability in Bmax versus BP. However, a higher intraindividual variability in measurements of the D2 receptor Bmax also may include a component of continuous regulation of this parameter over time. These methodologic aspects should be considered in the design and interpretation of longitudinal studies on D2 dopamine receptor characteristics with [11C]-raclopride.  (+info)

(7/19822) New-onset sustained ventricular tachycardia after cardiac surgery.

BACKGROUND: The de novo occurrence of sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) after CABG has been described, but the incidence, mortality rate, long-term follow-up, and mechanism are not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective study enrolled consecutive patients undergoing CABG at a single institution. Patients were followed up for the development of sustained VT, and a detailed analysis of clinical, angiographic, and surgical variables associated with the occurrence of VT was performed. A total of 382 patients participated, and 12 patients (3.1%) experienced >/=1 episode of sustained VT 4.1+/-4.8 days after CABG. In 11 of 12 patients, no postoperative complication explained the VT; 1 patient had a perioperative myocardial infarction. The in-hospital mortality rate was 25%. Patients with VT were more likely to have prior myocardial infarction (92% versus 50%, P<0.01), severe congestive heart failure (56% versus 21%, P<0.01), and ejection fraction <0.40 (70% versus 29%, P<0.01). When all 3 factors were present, the risk of VT was 30%, a 14-fold increase. Patients with VT had more noncollateralized totally occluded vessels on angiogram (1.4+/-0.97 versus 0.54+/-0.7, P<0.01), a bypass graft across a noncollateralized occluded vessel (1.50+/-1.0 versus 0.42+/-0.62, P<0.01), and a bypass graft across a noncollateralized occluded vessel to an infarct zone (1.50+/-1.0 versus 0.17+/-0.38, P<0.01). By multivariate analysis, the number of bypass grafts across a noncollateralized occluded vessel to an infarct zone was the only independent factor predicting VT. CONCLUSIONS: The first presentation of sustained monomorphic VT in the recovery period after CABG is uncommon, but the incidence is high in specific clinical subsets. Placement of a bypass graft across a noncollateralized total occlusion in a vessel supplying an infarct zone was strongly and independently associated with the development of VT.  (+info)

(8/19822) Septicemia in dialysis patients: incidence, risk factors, and prognosis.

BACKGROUND: Infection is second to cardiovascular disease as a cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and septicemia causes a majority of these infectious deaths. To identify patients at high risk and to characterize modifiable risk factors for septicemia, we examined the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis for septicemia in a large, representative group of U.S. dialysis patients. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of incident ESRD patients in the case-mix study of the U.S. Renal Data System with seven years of follow-up from hospitalization and death records. Poisson regression was used to examine independent risk factors for hospital-managed septicemia. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the independent effect of septicemia on all-cause mortality and on death from septicemia. Separate analyses were performed for patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD). RESULTS: Over seven years of follow-up, 11.7% of 4005 HD patients and 9.4% of 913 PD patients had at least one episode of septicemia. Older age and diabetes were independent risk factors for septicemia in all patients. Among HD patients, low serum albumin, temporary vascular access, and dialyzer reuse were also associated with increased risk. Among PD patients, white race and having no health insurance at dialysis initiation were also risk factors. Patients with septicemia had twice the risk of death from any cause and a fivefold to ninefold increased risk of death from septicemia. CONCLUSIONS: Septicemia, which carries a marked increased risk of death, occurs frequently in patients on PD as well as HD. Early referral to a nephrologist, improving nutrition, and avoiding temporary vascular access may decrease the incidence of septicemia. Further study of how race, insurance status, and dialyzer reuse can contribute to the risk of septicemia among ESRD patients is indicated.  (+info)

What does longitudinal study mean in pschology?

Answer; Here again, introduce what it is then give examples of longitudinal
studies. Include here, why they are used in relation to language development
and intelligence in humans and the innate and reinforcement theories. Also
the comparisons with non-human primates

A longitudinal study is a correlational research study that involves observations of the same items over long periods of time, often many decades. Longitudinal studies are often used in psychology to study developmental trends across the life span. The reason for this is that unlike cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies track the same people, and therefore the differences observed in those people are less likely to be the result of cultural differences across generations. Longitudinal studies are also used in medicine to uncover predictors of certain diseases.

Because longitudinal studies are observational, in the sense that they observe the state of the world without manipulating it, it has been argued that they may have less power to detect causal relationships than do experiments. But because of the repeated observation at the individual level, they have more power than cross-sectional observational studies, by virtue of being able to exclude time-invariant unobserved individual differences, and by virtue of observing the temporal order of events.

Types of longitudinal studies include cohort studies and panel studies. Cohort studies sample a cohort, defined as a group experiencing some event (typically birth) in a selected time period, and studying them at intervals through time. Panel studies sample a cross-section, and survey it at (usually regular) intervals.

what is "lip seam" in reference to something on the human body?

it is some measurement taken in a study  of 268 men from Harvard in 1938. The reference can be found in " the Atlantic" journal of June 2009. It was a longitudinal study of these men's lives for 72 years.

I only could find something about old bottles 
They had a lip seam and you can tell the age of the bottle by it
Sorry:did not find anything regarding the human body
Best is to read those studies i guess

As a mother of four, how can I overcome the negative effects of family size on educational performance?

""Although the inverse relationship between the number of siblings and children's educational performance has been well established, explanations for this relationship remain primitive. One explanation, resource dilution, posits that parents have finite levels of resources (time, energy, money, etc.) and that these resources are diluted among children as sibship size increases. I provide a more rigorous investigation of the dilution model than previous studies, testing its implications with a sample of 24,599 eighth graders from the 1988 [U.S.] National Education Longitudinal Study. My analyses support the resource dilution model in three ways."



But come on... there must be something parents of numerous kids can do to counteract this negative effect!

Maintain and provide the same "nuturing environment" for the 4 kids, just as you would for the 1.  It will require a lot more commitment from the parents because of the extra attention seekers, but isn't that what we signed up for as parents in large families?

What studies show boys with unisex names are unhappier or have more problems?

More than a few times here and on other message boards I've seen people state that "studies" show that boys with unisex names are unhappier, cause more trouble, resent their parents etc. But no one ever points to such "studies". Do they really exist or do people just make it up based on what they believe?

I can't imagine there are too many such studies. Back in the late 40's and early 50's some what I consider girls names were very popular for boys and my husband has one of them. I can't say it has affected him at all.

How do studies of physicians, nurse and police help us to study the effects of sleep deprivation?

How do studies of physicians, nurse and police help us to study the effects of sleep deprivation?

because they work long hours, and sometimes only get a few hours of sleep. if i'm reading this question correctly.

What studies have been done which have confirmed a breast cancer and abortion link?

No offense intended, but I am only interested in studies - not opinions or debates. I am specifically interested in studies which regard the link as existent, as I have already found articles disproving the link.

The largest, and probably the most reliable study on this topic was done during the 1990s in Denmark, a country with very detailed medical records on all its citizens. In that study, all Danish women born between 1935 and 1978 (a total of 1.5 million women) were linked with the National Registry of Induced Abortions and with the Danish Cancer Registry. So all information about their abortions and their breast cancer came from registries, was very complete, and was not influenced by recall bias. 

After adjusting for known breast cancer risk factors, the researchers found that induced abortion(s) had no overall effect on the risk of breast cancer. The size of this study and the manner in which it was done provides good evidence that induced abortion does not affect a woman's risk of developing breast cancer.

Another large, prospective study was reported on by Harvard researchers in 2007. This study included more than 100,000 women who were between the ages of 29 and 46 at the start of the study in 1993. These women were followed until 2003. Again, because they were asked about childbirths and abortions at the start of the study, recall bias was unlikely to be a problem. After adjusting for known breast cancer risk factors, the researchers found no link between either spontaneous or induced abortions and breast cancer.

The California Teachers Study also reported on more than 100,000 women in 2008. Researchers asked the women in 1995 about past induced and spontaneous abortions. While the women were being followed in the study, more than 3,300 developed invasive breast cancer. There was no difference in breast cancer risk between the group who had either spontaneous or induced abortions and those who had not had an abortion.

In February 2003, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a workshop of more than 100 of the world's leading experts who study pregnancy and breast cancer risk. The experts reviewed human and animal studies that looked at the link between pregnancy and breast cancer risk, including studies of induced and spontaneous abortions. Some of their findings were: 

•Breast cancer risk is increased for a short time after a full-term pregnancy (that is, a pregnancy that results in the birth of a living child).
•Induced abortion is not linked to an increase in breast cancer risk.
•Spontaneous abortion is not linked to an increase in breast cancer risk.
The level of scientific evidence for these findings was considered to be "well established" (the highest level).

Sorry, we here on the cancer board aren't big into spreading falsehoods and nonsense, especially if we've had cancer ourselves.

What exactly is the difference between social studies and history?

A university that I am looking at requires two years of social studies. I took World History CP freshman year, then US AP 1 and 2 sophomore and junior year. Will those qualify as social studies credits?

They're basically the same terms. Those are both social studies credits I'm pretty sure, but we wouldn't know. The only way you could be sure is to look those courses up in your Program of Studies. But I'm pretty sure that those count as history/social studies credits.

Is chiropractic treatment mostly placebo? Are there studies to prove the theory of subluxation?

I have seen studies that shown benefits for low back pain. But it seems that it is only marginally better than conventional medicine. So could it be a placebo effect? Also, is the diagnosis of a short leg substantial or of clinical value?

Good question, but needs a little bit of refining.

Is chiro treatment placebo?  Treatment for what? Back pain or something visceral, ie. diabetes, cancer, heart disease?   

The fact is that chiropractic does work for some things, ie. back pain, neck pain, etc.  There is not alot of evidence that it works other conditions.  I can refer you to a very recent study that recommends chiropractic for acute back pain over other treatments. 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society
 Roger Chou, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Vincenza Snow, MD; Donald Casey, MD, MPH, MBA; J. Thomas Cross, Jr, MD, MPH; Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD; Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS, for the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians and the American College of Physicians/American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel* 

2 October 2007 | Volume 147 Issue 7 | Pages 478-491

Recommendation  #7: ...clinicians should consider the addition of nonpharmacologic therapy with proven benefits—for acute low back pain, spinal manipulation;

Spinal manipulation was also recommended for chronic back pain as well.  Spinal manipulation is largely done by chiropractors (>90%) and has been shown to be safer than over the counter medication.

This study was done by MD's, not DC's (chiropractors) so it is a rather unbiased look at what Dr's should do for back pain based on the research. 

 It is not a study on subluxation however.  That is a topic that is very broad and the simple answer to your question about the theory of subluxation is yes and no.  There are certainly plenty of very plausible theories and studies as to how the function and global position of the spine affect the nervous system and how the increased sympathetic activity affects the end organs.  This type of research is being done and is very promising I believe.  Check out the work of Harrison at idealspine.com.   He is a DC, PhD, etc. etc.  I think he has degrees in math and engineering as well.  He is a published author, he has been published in Spine a few times.  Spine is the most prestigious peer reviewed journal in this area.

Anyway, Harrison does alot of interesting things and shows that there is an Ideal spinal model (published in Spine) and that when the spine is at variance with the normal (just like there are norms for BP, Temp, etc.) there are ill effects on the body such as accelerated arthritis or DDD, pain, and possible even visceral effects (via the effect on the Symp NS).  

Good luck in your search for the answers, the more you learn the more you dont know and the more you need to find out.

Why do you ask btw?

ps.  Short leg length is very real, despite what your local naysayer may tell you.  Lay on a bed and have someone else check for you, check them.  Its pretty apprent and you dont have to be scientific to see it.  An Xray can also help.

 If you have a short leg (I do) you may either have a functional problem of the SI joint, an anatomical short leg, either the tibia or the femur may be shorter than the other leg, or some other problem like excessive pronation of the foot.  Short legs exist just like short arms, deviated septums, bad teeth,  unequal foot or hand size, or unequal breast size.  

The question is whether or not it is of clincical value.  That is a difficult thing to say.  If your house was not level would that be important to you?  If your tires are out of alignment is that important to you?  It all depends by how much and what is causing it.  It is a hard thing to say over the internet.  You can buy a really cheap heel lift and try it out see if it helps.  I have a short leg and it doesnt bother me at all.  I may not be sensitive to the effects, who knows.

Remember: only beautiful people dont have short legs!  Maybe you dont have a short leg, you might just have one long leg.