Information Theory: An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.Entropy: The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Nonlinear Dynamics: The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Gene Regulatory Networks: Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

*  Inferring the parameters of the neutral theory of biodiversity using...
Supporting Information Table S1 Summary statistics, and their correlations with the ... Article Information. DOI. 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01280.x*View/save citation ... Appendix S3 Compatibility with neutral theory of the imbalance levels of 2,000 published ... the parameters of the neutral theory of biodiversity using phylogenetic information and ......
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01280.x/abstract?globalMessage=0
*  Information theory argument - Iron Chariots Wiki
Information Theory is a legitimate scientific theory that is used to find Intelligent ... detect the [[pattern]]. Information Theory is a legitimate scientific [[theory]] that is ... Information Theory is a legitimate scientific [[theory]] that is used to find [[ ... Information Theory is ONLY applied in espionage and analysis of signals received by the ......
http://wiki.ironchariots.org/index.php?title=Information_Theory_Argument&diff=20907&oldid=11967
*  Information theory argument - Iron Chariots Wiki
Information Theory is a legitimate scientific theory that is used to find Intelligent ... The Information Theory Argument Is Tautological If it could be shown that a self- ... The Information Theory Argument is a type of semantics argument often claimed to be a ... Rocks Contain Information If we agree to the premise that information is an inherent ......
http://wiki.ironchariots.org/index.php?title=Information_Theory_Argument&diff=14185&oldid=14184
*  "Information Technology In Innovation Activity Of The Firm: Theory And " by...
Dong, John Qi; Karhade, Prasanna; Rai, Arun; and Xu, Sean Xin, "Information Technology In ... Innovation Activity Of The Firm: Theory And Synthesis" (2013). ECIS 2013 Completed ......
http://aisel.aisnet.org/ecis2013_cr/76/
*  JOPX on Collaboration, Cloud and CRM: Big Bang Theory and Information...
Big Bang Theory and Information Management Part 3 - The mobile exigency *Big Bang Theory ... Big Bang Theory and Information Management Part 1 - Introduction *Big Bang Theory and ... Big Bang Theory and Information Management Part 5 - The shutterfly effect *Big Bang ... and Information Management Part 4 - The SharePoint Paradox * ......
http://jopx.blogspot.com/2010/11/big-bang-theory-and-information.html
*  Spinuzzi: CFP: Special issue of Information Systems Journal on Activity Theory...
CFP: Special issue of Information Systems Journal on Activity Theory in IS Research ... 4. Blend Activity Theory with complimentary contemporary social theories.. 5. Expand ... 2. Offer new contributions to Activity Theory, for instance extending Activity Theory or ... As you may know, the Information Systems Journal is a strong journal in this area, and AT ......
http://spinuzzi.blogspot.com/2015/01/cfp-special-issue-of-information.html
*  Consumer Empowerment in Healthcare Information Exchange: An Investigation Using...
A theory is generated which can aid practitioners in developing and implementing ... Medicine $x Information technology.. Medical records $x Management. Medical Records ... A careful review of the literature shows that there is no existing theory of consumer ... consumer, empowerment, medical records, health records, Technology, medical information. ......
http://libres.uncg.edu/ir/uncg/listing.aspx?id=390
*  Information for "Azor Ahai/Theories" - A Wiki of Ice and Fire
Basic information. Display title. Azor Ahai/Theories. Default sort key. Azor Ahai/ ......
http://awoiaf.westeros.org/index.php?title=Azor_Ahai/Theories&action=info
*  Entropy and Information Theory - Books
Category: Information Theory Post navigation. ← Learning to Rank for Information ... Elements of Information Theory. Algebraic Methods II: Theory, Tools and Applications ( ... fifteenth session of the Chinese Institute of Electronics, Information Theory and The ... Eleventh Five-Year Plan materials Power Enterprise Information theory and application( ......
http://aroundthetownsigns.com/books/entropy-and-information-theory
*  Scott Arciszewski's Blog - Information Theory
Blog Posts by Scott Arciszewski in the Information Theory category. ... August 1, 2014 8:45 PM • Cryptography, Information Theory, Information Securty, Security ... Information Theory. Threat Modeling the Integrity of a Package Signing Implementation. ... Information Securty (15). Information Theory (3). Innovation (3). Java (0). Javascript (0 ......
http://s.arciszewski.me/blog/information-theory
*  Index of information theory articles
... this is a list of information theory topics by wikipedia page a mathematical theory of communication algorithmic information theory arithmetic coding channel capacity communication theory of secrecy systems conditional entropy conditional quantum entropy confusion and diffusion cross entropy data compression entropic uncertainty hirchman uncertainty entropy encoding entropy information theory fisher information hick s law huffman coding information bottleneck method information theoretic security information theory joint entropy kullback leibler divergence lossless compression negentropy noisy channel coding theorem shannon s theorem principle of maximum entropy quantum information science range encoding redundancy information theory rényi entropy self information shannon hartley theorem category information theory information theory topics...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_of_information_theory_articles
*  Gambling and information theory
... It is no surprise, therefore, that information theory has applications to games of chance. Kelly Betting Side information. Kelly Betting. Kelly criterion. 'Kelly betting' or 'proportional betting' is an application of information theory to investing and gambling. P X|I \big \} \\ & = \mathbb{E} Y \{D {\mathrm{KL}}\big P X|\textrm{side\ information\ } Y \. where 'Y' is the side information, 'X' is the outcome of the betable event, and 'I' is the state of the bookmaker's knowledge. We certainly do not want to bet all our money on that horse just upon a rumor: that informer may be betting on another horse, and may be spreading rumors just so he can get better odds himself. This way we can determine exactly how reliable our informer is, and place our bets precisely to maximize the expected logarithm of our capital according to the Kelly criterion. Doubling rate in gambling on a horse race is Thomas M. where there are m horses, the probability of the i th horse winning being p i, the proportion of wealth bet ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gambling_and_information_theory
*  An information-theoretic analysis on the interactions of variables in combinatorial optimization pro
... blems. BioMedSearch. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Document Detail. An information-theoretic analysis on the interactions of variables in combinatorial optimization problems. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 17535138 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. In optimization problems, the contribution of a variable to fitness often depends on the states of other variables. This phenomenon is referred to as epistasis or linkage. In this paper, we show that a new theory of epistasis can be established on the basis of Shannon's information theory. From this, we derive a new epistasis measure called entropic epistasis and some theoretical results. We also provide experimental results verifying the measure and showing how it can be used for designing efficient evolutionary algorithms. Dong-Il Seo; Byung-Ro Moon. Related Documents :. 2796748 - The access of relevant information for solving problems. 21869218 - Solving satisfiability with less searching. 2064288 - The diagnosis of acute abdom...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/information-theoretic-analysis-interactions-variables/17535138.html
*  Constraint (information theory)
constraint information theory constraint information theory constraint in information theory refers to the degree of statistical dependence between or among variables garner garner w r uncertainty and structure as psychological concepts john wiley sons new york provides a thorough discussion of various forms of constraint internal constraint external constraint total constraint with application to pattern recognition and psychology see also mutual information total correlation interaction information references category information theory...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constraint_(information_theory)
*  Phys.org - information theory
... Home information theory. News tagged with information theory. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Small entropy changes allow quantum measurements to be nearly reversed. Phys.org —In 1975, Swedish physicist Göran Lindblad developed a theorem that describes the change in entropy that occurs during a quantum measurement. Today, this theorem is a foundational component of quantum information ... Sep 30, 2015 in Quantum Physics. report. 1170 3. With a little help from robotic, researchers investigate the communications behind swarming. Living in groups affords several benefits for animals, including better feeding opportunities and reduced risks from predators—situations in which critical information is transmitted nonverbally throughout the group. While ... Feb 10, 2015 in Plants & Animals. 16 0. Is glass a true solid. Does glass ever stop flowing. Researchers at the Un...
http://phys.org/tags/information theory/
*  .. Section: Thermodynamics .. Section: Information Theory .. Section: Astrophysics and Cosmology ..
Section: Thermodynamics Exploring the Second Law of Thermodynamics Editor: Milivoje Kostic Selected Papers from 13th Joint European Thermodynamics Conference Editors: Michel Feidt, Daniel Tondeur, Jean-Noël Jaubert, Romain Privat Section: Information Theory Applications of Information Theory in the Geosciences Editor: Benjamin Ruddell Recent Advances in Information Theory Application to Physiological Signals Editor: Raúl Alcaraz Martínez Recent Advances in Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics and Its Application Editor: Giorgio Sonnino Section: Astrophysics and Cosmology Black Hole Thermodynamics II Editor: David Kubiznak Section: Quantum Information Entanglement Entropy Editor: Gerardo Adesso Entropy in Quantum Gravity and Quantum Cosmology Editor: Remo Garattini Section: Complexity Computational Complexity Editors: J. Tenreiro Machado, António M. Lopes Not assigned to a section Applications of Fisher Information in Sciences Editor: Takuya Yamano Beyond I.I.D. Wilde, Andreas Winter Complex and Fractional Dy...
http://mdpi.com/journal/ajax/forthcoming-special-issues/entropy
*  .. information theory .. Bell Labs Created Our Digital World. What They Teach Us about Innovation.
Browse:. Home / information theory. information theory. Bell Labs Created Our Digital World. What They Teach Us about Innovation. By Hutch Carpenter on April 16, 2012. What do these following crucial, society-altering innovations have in common. Transistors Silicon-based semiconductors Mobile communication Lasers Solar cells UNIX operating system Information theory link They all have origins in the amazing Idea Factory, AT T’s Bell Labs. I’ve had a chance to learn about Bell Labs via Jon Gertner’s new book, The Idea Factory: Bell Labs and. Posted in Featured Posts, Trends Concepts. Tagged bell labs, geek, information theory, innovation, mba, semiconductors....
https://cloudave.com/tag/information-theory/
*  Vošvrda | Institute of Information Theory and Automation
vošvrda institute of information theory and automation institute of information theory and automation czech english home about us home research education people structure kybernetika journal bulletin ces utia life activities seminars library computer centre information intranet login mail access reservation of gym verso prof ing miloslav vošvrda csc position head of the department department econometrics e research interests economic dynamics under uncertainty publications at utia list email www home page phone fax room address pod vodárenskou věží cz praha czech republic current ph d students ivanková kristýna krtek jiří maršal aleš stráský josef voříšek jan zahradník petr ph d graduates baxa jaromír vácha lukáš baruník jozef šedivá blanka list of projects financial distortions and macroeconomic performance...
http://utia.cas.cz/people/vosvrda
*  Information theory argument - Iron Chariots Wiki
... Information theory argument. 2.1 The Information Theory Argument Is Tautological 2.2 Information Is A Label 2.3 Rocks Contain Information 2.4 Static vs. Since all known codes are known to have been created by intelligent minds and there are no known codes which are created by natural processes, the rational conclusion to draw is that an intelligent designer created DNA. If it could be shown that a self-replicating phenomenon which may take a form other than DNA that undergoes random mutation and non-random natural selection without the intervention of intelligent beings, then the whole argument is revealed to be nothing more than a tautology rather than anything resembling a theory. If this particular phenomenon happens to have the behavior of building and folding proteins that form what we label a living organism, and the way this phenomenon attained its form and composition is easily explained by the Theory of Evolution and the Theory of Abiogenesis, then it becomes clear that the word "information" is...
http://wiki.ironchariots.org/index.php?title=Information_Theory_Argument&oldid=10652
*  Information theory argument - Iron Chariots Wiki
... Information theory argument. 2.1 The Information Theory Argument Is Tautological 2.2 Information Is A Label 2.3 Rocks Contain Information 2.4 Static vs. Since all known codes are known to have been created by intelligent minds and there are no known codes which are created by natural processes, the rational conclusion to draw is that an intelligent designer created DNA. If it could be shown that a self-replicating phenomenon which may take a form other than DNA that undergoes random mutation and non-random natural selection without the intervention of intelligent beings, then the whole argument is revealed to be nothing more than a tautology rather than anything resembling a theory. If this particular phenomenon happens to have the behavior of building and folding proteins that form what we label a living organism, and the way this phenomenon attained its form and composition is easily explained by the Theory of Evolution and the Theory of Abiogenesis, then it becomes clear that the word "information" is...
http://wiki.ironchariots.org/index.php?title=Information_Theory_Argument&oldid=10658
*  Nuclear Safety | Institute of Information Theory and Automation
Nuclear Safety. Institute of Information Theory and Automation. Institute of Information Theory and Automation Czech English. Home › Applications. Adaptive Systems About News Research Applications. Advisory system Urban Traffic Control Nuclear Safety Medicine Drive control Skoda auto Bayesian soft sensor Software tools Publications Education Contact. Intranet Login Mail access Reservation of Gym Verso. Nuclear Safety. Assessment of radiological impact of accidental and normal radioactive releases on population. Application of multi-pathway transport model for regulation of normal atmospheric radioactive discharges from nuclear facilities. Advance from deterministic assessment of radiological consequences of radioactive releases into atmosphere toward the probabilistic approach. Adaptation of techniques enables progress from former deterministic calculations towards the generation of probabilistic answers on assessment questions. Uncertainties of input parameters are taking into account and their propagation t...
http://utia.cas.cz/AS/applications/nuclearsafe
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Title. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Bodyanskiy, Yevgeniy". Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2009 The Cascade Neo-Fuzzy Architecture and its Online Learning Algorithm Bodyanskiy, Yevgeniy ; Viktorov, Yevgen Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2008 The Cascade Orthogonal Neural Network Bodyanskiy, Yevgeniy ; Dolotov, Artem ; Pliss, Iryna ; Viktorov, Yevgen Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2007 Double-Wavelet Neuron Based on Analytical Activation Functions Bodyanskiy, Yevgeniy ; Lamonova, Nataliya ; Vynokurova, Olena Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2008 General Regression N...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Bodyanskiy, Yevgeniy&starts_with=B
*  Q-ESSENCE | QUROPE
QIPC Q-ESSENCE. A 83, 013811 2011 http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevA.83.013811. QIPC Q-ESSENCE. 106, 020401 2011 http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.020401. 04.10.+s Entanglement in spin models/oscillator chains QIPC 03.05.+c Characterization and classification of entanglement Q-ESSENCE Quantum Computation 03.10.+m Entanglement measures Quantum Information Theory. Efficient quantum state tomography Mon, 2011-02-14 17:47 - Q-Essence Coordinator. 25.40.+t Automated state and process tomography QIPC Q-ESSENCE Highlight Quantum Information Theory Quantum Metrology, Sensing and Imaging. Entanglement consumption of instantaneous nonlocal quantum measurements Mon, 2011-02-14 17:33 - Q-Essence Coordinator. QIPC Q-ESSENCE 03.10.+m Entanglement measures Quantum Information Theory 03.50.+b Bound entanglement 04.70.+m Multi-particle/multi-photon entanglement. Reference: Phys. URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.200501. QIPC 03.05.+c Characterization and classification of entanglement Q-...
http://qurope.eu/category/projects/ips/q-essence?page=26
*  An Information-Theoretic Approach to Sensor Resource Management for Situational Assessment | SBIR.go
An Information-Theoretic Approach to Sensor Resource Management for Situational Assessment. SBIR.gov. SBIR. The SBIR Program SBIR Mission and Program Goals SBIR Participation Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business SBIR Policy Directive SBIR/STTR Inter-agency Policy Committee: Fueling Small Business Innovation Reports Annual Report Transmittal Letters STTR. The STTR Program STTR Mission and Program Goals STTR Participating Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business STTR Policy Directive Tibbetts Awards and Hall of Fame. Recognizing Excellence SBIR Hall of Fame Tibbetts Awards Roland Tibbetts SBIR Tibbetts Award Eligibility Selection Process Recent Awards Award Ceremonies FAST Partnership Program. Open Future Closed Solicitation Listing Health-Related Funding Awards. News SBIR Pulse Success Stories SBA Blog SBA Newsletter OSTP Events. Events Webinars Calendar SBIR Road Tour National SBIR/STTR Conference SBIR/STTR Innovation Summit Resources. General ...
https://sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/336035
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Mintchev, Martin". Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 5 of 5. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2005 Classification of Biomedical Signals using the Dynamics of the False Nearest Neighbours DFNN Algorithm Newton Price, Charles ; J. de Sobral Cintra, Renato ; T. Westwick, David ; Mintchev, Martin Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2007 Manometry-Based Cough Identification Algorithm Hogan, Jennifer ; Mintchev, Martin Institute of Infor...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Mintchev, Martin&starts_with=X
*  information theory - Entropy of a Finite State Transducer - Mathematics Stack Exchange
... Mathematics Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Mathematics Questions. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. Entropy of a Finite State Transducer. Theorem 7 in Shannon's seminal paper A Mathematical Theory of Communication states: "The output of a finite state transducer driven by a finite state statistical source is a finite state statistical source, with entropy per unit time less than or equal to that of the input. Here is the included proof: Let $\alpha$ represent the state of the source, which produces a sequence of symbols $x i$; and let $\beta$ be the state of the transducer, which produces, in its output, blocks of symbols $y j$. The entropy of the output can be calculated as the weighted sum over the states. If we sum first on $\beta$ each resulting term is less than or equal to the corresponding term for $\alpha$, hence th...
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/81826/entropy-of-a-finite-state-transducer
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Subject "education". Showing results 4 to 23 of 23 previous. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 31-May-2013 Computer Mathematics for Motivated Students Karakoleva, Stefka ; Georgiev, Ivan Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Association for the Development of the Information Society. To 9 Karakoleva, Stefka Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Association for the Development of the Information Society. 2005 Educational Model of Computer as a Base for Informatics Learning Eremin, Evgeny Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2007 Mobile Communication Technology as a Tool of Educational Process Bondarenko, Victor Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 28-May-2015 A Model of a Diagnostic Test for Controlling the Results of a Computer Based Education in Applied Mathematics at the University of Ruse Kar...
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*  Entropy | Special Issue : Information Theory Applied to Communications and Networking
Entropy. Special Issue : Information Theory Applied to Communications and Networking. Submit to Entropy Login Register. MDPI. Journals A-Z. Information & Guidelines. For Authors. For Reviewers. For Editors. For Librarians. Open Access Policy. About. Editorial Process. Title / Keyword. Journal. all Actuators Administrative Sciences Aerospace Agriculture Agronomy Algorithms Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Batteries Behavioral Sciences Beverages Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings C Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Data Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fermentation Fibers Fishes Fluids Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Gels Genes Geosciences Geriatrics Healthcare Horticulturae Humanities Hydrology Infor...
http://mdpi.com/journal/entropy/special_issues/information_theory
*  最小描述長度 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书
透過上述的程式碼與機率分佈之間的相似點,最小描述長度原理和 機率論 及 統計學 是有很密切的關連。這使得有些研究員將最小描述長度看成等同於 Baysian inference 。模型的代碼長度和模型及資的料代碼長度則分別相當於Baysian架構中的 prior probability 和 marginal likelihood 。這觀點可用David MacKay的 Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms 中的例子來說明。(見下面鏈結)然而,當用Bayesian機器建造有效率 最小描述長度 程式碼有用時,最小描述長度 架構也包含其它非Bayesian的程式碼。一個例子是Shtarkov的'normalized maximum likelihood code',在目前 最小描述長度 理論中扮演一個核心角色。但不等於Bayesian推論。更進一步,Rissanen強調,對於 真實 資料產生過程,我們應該 不做假設 :實務上,一個model class在傳統上是真實的減化,所以不包含任何客觀角度都為真的程式碼或機率分佈,根據 最小描述長度 哲學,如果Bayesian方法是基於對某於可能的資料產生過會導致不好結果的不安全的priors,我們應該除去。從 最小描述長度 的觀點來看,可接受的priors,通常傾向所謂的 objvective Bayesian 分析;然而,其動機通常是不同的. Minimum Description Length on the Web ,by the University of Helsinki. Homepage of Jorma Rissanen ,containing lecture notes and other recent material on MDL. Homepage of Peter Grünwald ,containing his very good tutorial on MDL. , Advances in Minimum Description Length: Theory and Applications ,M.I.T. On-line textbook: Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms ,by David MacKa...
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/最小描述長度
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Prokoshev, Ilya". Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 4 of 4. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2005 The Distributed System of Databases on Properties of Inorganic Substances and Materials Kiselyova, Nadezhda ; Dudarev, Victor ; Prokoshev, Ilya ; Khorbenko, Valentin ; Stolyarenko, Andrey ; Murat, Dmitriy ; Zemskov, Victor Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2006 The Information-analytical System for Diagnostics of Aircraft Navigation ...
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*  Oral-History:Paul Green - ETHW
Oral-History:Paul Green. About Paul Green. Paul Green. At IBM he worked on speech recognition, peer decentralized networking, an the all-optical IBM 9729 network, using fiber optic technology 1987-96. He has had significant involvement in the IEEE Information Theory Society and the IEEE Communications Society throughout his career, particularly in the latter. PAUL GREEN: An Interview Conducted by David Hochfelder, IEEE History Center, 15 October 1999. Paul Green, an oral history conducted in 1999 by David Hochfelder, IEEE History Center, Hoboken, NJ, USA. Paul Green. Hochfelder:. Green. Green:. Audio File MP3 Audio Play 373 - green - clip 1.mp3. Hochfelder:. Green:. Hochfelder:. Green:. Give people a little bit more bandwidth and they’ll find something for which that bandwidth is not nearly enough. Now, of course, as anyone who looks at telecommunication landscape knows, wavelength division multiplexing the “all-optical network” is one of the big buzzwords of communications today because of the great demand f...
http://ethw.org/Oral-History:Paul_Green
*  Cheung–Marks theorem
... In information theory, the 'Cheung Marks theorem', J.L. Brown and S.D.Cabrera, "On well-posedness of the Papoulis generalized sampling expansion," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, May 1991 Volume: 38, Issue 5, pp. Marks II, specifies conditions K.F. J Marks II, "Ill-posed sampling theorems", IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, vol. where restoration of a signal by the sampling theorem can become ill-posed. It offers conditions whereby "reconstruction error with unbounded variance when a bounded variance noise is added to the samples." D. Seidner, "Vector sampling expansion," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing. In the sampling theorem, the uncertainty of the interpolation as measured by noise variance is the same as the uncertainty of the sample data when the noise is i.i.d. Bracewell, 'The Fourier Transform and Its Applications,' McGraw Hill 1968 In his classic 1948 paper founding information theory, Claude Shannon offered the following generalization of the sampling theorem: Claude ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheung–Marks_theorem
*  Coding Theory Linear Block Codes | RM.com ®
Coding Theory Linear Block Codes. Coding Theory Linear Block Codes A selection of articles related to coding theory linear block codes. Original articles from our library related to the Coding Theory Linear Block Codes. See Table of Contents for further available material downloadable resources on Coding Theory Linear Block Codes. Parapsychology >> Hypnosis Question the Premises of Society and Science Question the ultimate validity of the basic premises of society, in particular, scientific theory. Religion & Philosophy >> Philosophy OBE, Understandability & Memory Download Problems The mind boggles at the potential complexities of interdimensional subtle-body relationships and energetic conflicts created during OBE; most especially during wake-induced OBE. Astral Projection >> Out of Body Experiences Coding Theory Linear Block Codes is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Coding Theory Linear Block Codes books and related discu...
http://realmagick.com/coding-theory-linear-block-codes/
*  Notes on Information
... For an introduction to information theory, see Wikipedia's articles on cybernetics and information theory, Peter A. Corning's Control Information: The Missing Element in Norbert Wiener's Cybernetic Paradigm., and Neil Savage's Information Theory after Shannon This last link requires login to NU's library portal. Words have symbolic meanings and emotional connotations in addition to the explicit meaning that they denote. We filter information through perceptions and cultural categories. According to the Canadian environmental magazine Elements, people who live in the Artic have 31 words for snow. S National Snow and Ice Data Center also has more than 31 snow terms in English. Most of us don't see that much difference in snow. Formal computerized information lacks some of the behavioral, symbolic, and tactile complexity of information based on real experience, as in the case of digital frogs for biology students to learn dissection from. Search engines like Google 1999 view have become increasingly importa...
http://ccs.neu.edu/home/perrolle/topics/information/information.html
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author prokoshev ilya jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of previous issue date title author s publisher the information analytical system for diagnostics of aircraft navigation units prokoshev ilya suminov vyacheslav institute of information theories and applications foi ithea integration principles of russian and japanese databases on inorganic materials kiselyova nadezhda iwata shuichi dudarev victor prokoshev ilya khorbenko valentin zemskov victor institute of information theories and applications foi ithea parametric identif...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Prokoshev, Ilya&starts_with=I
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author satyr victoria jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s publisher experience of development and application of expert systems for economic macroparameters forecasting and operation voloshyn alexey satyr victoria institute of information theories and applications foi ithea forecasting problems for economic macroparameters voloshyn oleksiy satyr victoria institute of information theories and applications foi ithea the inflation index prognosis based on the method of decision marking tree voloshyn alexe...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Satyr, Victoria&offset=0
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author satyr victoria jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s publisher experience of development and application of expert systems for economic macroparameters forecasting ...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Satyr, Victoria&starts_with=N
*  Communication theory
... 'Communication theory' is a field of information theory and mathematics that studies the technical process of information. A Mathematical Theory of Communication. The fundamental problem of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another point." Claude Shannon 1916-2001. The main landmark event that opened the way to the development of communication theory was the publication of an article by Claude Shannon in the ' Bell System Technical Journal ' in July and October 1948 under the title " A Mathematical Theory of Communication ". Shannon developed information entropy as a measure for the uncertainty in a message while essentially inventing the field of information theory. 6 ' Source ': Shannon calls this element the "information source", which "produces a message or sequence of messages to be communicated to the receiving terminal." 'Sender': Shannon calls this element the "transmitter", which "operates on the message in some way to produce...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_theory
*  Information source (mathematics)
information source mathematics information source mathematics in mathematics an information source is a sequence of random variable s ranging over a finite alphabet having a stationary distribution the uncertainty or entropy rate of an information source is defined as h bold x lim n to infty h x n x x dots x n where x x dots x n is the sequence of random variables defining the information source and h x n x x dots x n is the conditional information entropy of the sequence of random variables equivalently one has h bold x lim n to infty frac h x x dots x n x n n see also markov information source asymptotic equipartition property references robert b ash information theory dover publications isbn category information theory category stochastic processes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_source_(mathematics)
*  .. Category: .. Tags:
Added by Darren Kitchen on December 9, 2010 This time on the show Shannon joins us “in studio” to go over a little signal sampling. Jenn has just the emulator for the Nintendo DS-less, and Jason kicks off a series on programming using the QT SDK. Download HD Download MP4 Download XviD Download WMV. Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem Segment Descirption HTML : Keith writes in asking about the Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem and Darren gives a basic overview of human hearing, vocals, compact disc frequency and why the maximum frequency of an 8000Hz telephone signal is only 4000Hz. Segment Keywords Comma separated : nyquist, nyquist-shannon, nyquist shannon, shannon, harry nyquist, claude shannon, information theory, telecommunications, telephony, signal processing, sampling, pulse code modulation, pulse amplitude modulation, bandlimit, sinusoidal, oversampling, fourier transform. Nintendo DS Emulation Colors. Jenn Cutter joins us to talk about the no$gba emulator and her favorite community rom – Colors. QT Progr...
http://hak5.org/episodes/episode-817
*  .. Machine Learning – Decision Trees and Entropy .. Decision Trees .. Building the Tree .. Share
In machine learning, it can be desirable to come up with meaningful if-then rules in order to predict what will occur in the future. If one knows more information about a particular event that is about to occur then one can be more certain of what that event will be. Information Theory developed by Claude Shannon 1948 defines this value of uncertainty as entropy, a probability-based measure used to calculate the amount of uncertainty. For example, if an event has a 50/50 probability, the entropy is 1. maketree featurelist, examples  returns tree { BASE CASE: if featurelist is empty, or entropy = 0 return an empty tree with leaf = majority answer in examples. RECURSION: find the feature X with the largest information gain, list subset = remove X from the featurelist. create an empty tree T for each possible value ‘x’ of feature X data subset = get all examples where X = ‘x’ t = maketree list subset, data subset add t as a new sub-branch to T endfor. A newfeaturelist and a newdata subset are created which ar...
https://computersciencesource.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/year-2-machine-learning-decision-trees-and-entropy/
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by subject wavelet jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s publisher content based image retrieval for computer tomography images using wavelet descriptors petrov miroslav ins...
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*  Junction tree representations for linear block codes - CaltechAUTHORS
Junction tree representations for linear block codes - CaltechAUTHORS. Simple Search. Advanced Search. Simple Deposit. Advanced Deposit. Junction tree representations for linear block codes. and Xu, Meina 1998 Junction tree representations for linear block codes. In: 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory. ISBN 0-7803-5000-6 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20111222-140131828 Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below. Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20111222-140131828 Abstract We introduce a combinatorial representation for linear block codes, called the junction tree representation, which generalizes the notion of code trellis. We first present an algorithm for finding a minimum complexity junction tree. We then show by example that the minimum complexity junction tree can be less complex than the minimal trellis. Item Type: Book Section. Related URLs:. URL URL Type Description http://dx.doi.org/1...
http://authors.library.caltech.edu/28575/
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author zaychenko yurii jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s publisher the analysis and optimization of survivability of mpls networks mossavari mohammadreza zaychenko yurii institute of information theories and applications foi ithea optimization of the investment portfolio in the conditions of uncertainty zaychenko yurii esfandiyarfard maliheh institute of information theories and applications foi ithea showing results to of dspace software copyright the dspace foundation feedback...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Zaychenko, Yurii&starts_with=R
*  Biological information--new perspectives : proceedings of a symposium held May 31 through June 3, 20
Session One - Information Theory and Biology: Introductory Comments R J Marks II -- Biological Information - What is it. Results from Numerical Simulation J R Baumgardner, W H Brewer and J C Sanford -- Computational Evolution Experiments Reveal a Net Loss of Genetic Information Despite Selection C W Nelson, and J C Sanford -- Information Loss: Potential for Accelerating Natural Genetic Attenuation of RNA Viruses W H Brewer, F D Smith and J C Sanford -- DNA.EXE: A Sequence Comparison Between the Human Genome and Computer Program Code J Seaman -- Biocybernetics and Biosemiosis D Johnson -- Session Three - Theoretical Molecular Biology: Introductory Comments M J Behe -- An Ode to the Code: Evidence for Fine-Tuning in the Standard Codon Table J C Macosko, J C and A M Smelser -- A New Model of Intracellular Communication Based on Coherent, High-Frequency Vibrations in Biomolecules Dent L -- Getting There First: An Evolutionary Rate Advantage for Adaptive Loss-of-Function Mutations M J Behe -- The Membrane Code: A ...
http://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/10185080
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Visotska, Elena". Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 3 to 4 of 4 previous. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2008 Groud of Model for the Generalized Criterion Forming at Differential Diagnostics of Dermatological Diseases Bykh, Anatoly ; Visotska, Elena ; Kozina, Olga ; Tikhonova, Anna ; Porvan, Andrey ; Zhook, Alexander Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2008 Research of Influence of Medication Preparations on the Process of Renewal of ...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Visotska, Elena&starts_with=B
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author visotska elena jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of previous issue date title author s publisher groud of model for the generalized criterion forming at differential diagnostics of dermatological diseases bykh anatoly visotska elena kozina olga tikhonova anna porvan andrey zhook alexander institute of information theories and applications foi ithea research of influence of medication preparations on the process of renewal of the broken equilibrium of man organism on the doctor of phytotherapy workstation bykh anatoliy vis...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Visotska, Elena&starts_with=E
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author visotska elena jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of previous issue date title author s publisher groud of model for the generalized criterion forming at differential diagnostics of dermatological diseases bykh anatoly visotska elena kozina olga tikhonova anna porvan andrey zhook alexander institute of information theories and applications foi ithea research of influence of medication preparations on the process of renewal of the broken equilibrium of man organism on the doctor of phytotherapy workstation bykh anatoliy vis...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Visotska, Elena&starts_with=F
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Ciocoiu, Laura". Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 2 of 2. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2004 Multi-agent Systems in the Harvest Prognosis Ciocoiu, Laura ; Paraschiv, Cristian ; Barbu, Dragoş Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2008 Web Interfaces Destined for People with Disabilities Ciocoiu, Laura ; Petre, Ionus ; Smada, Dragos ; Nicolau, Dragos Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. Showing results 1 to...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Ciocoiu, Laura&offset=0
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics. Browsing by Author "Ciocoiu, Laura". Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 2 of 2. Issue Date Title Author s Publisher 2004 Multi-agent Systems in the Harvest Prognosis Ciocoiu, Laura ; Paraschiv, Cristian ; Barbu, Dragoş Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. 2008 Web Interfaces Destined for People with Disabilities Ciocoiu, Laura ; Petre, Ionus ; Smada, Dragos ; Nicolau, Dragos Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA. Showing results 1 to...
http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Ciocoiu, Laura&starts_with=H
*  BulDML at Institute of Mathematics and Informatics: Browsing DSpace
buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace buldml at institute of mathematics and informatics browsing by author ciocoiu laura jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by submit date issue date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s publisher multi agent systems in the harvest prognosis ciocoiu laura paraschiv cristian barbu dragoş institute of information theories and applications foi ithea web interfaces destined for people with disabilities ciocoiu laura petre ionus smada dragos nicolau dragos institute of information theories and applications foi ithea showing results to of dspace software copyright the dspace foundation feedback...
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*  ETIS publications
Display: Publication list Image gallery BibTex format XML CNRS format. Display the complete list 794 publications 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15. Publications in 2010. Journal papers. Assimi, C. Poulliat, I. Fijalkow IEEE Transactions on Communications - march 2010. Gaussier, N. Quoy, Ph. Gaussier Journal of Behavioral Robotics - 2010. A novel V-line Radon transform and its imaging applications M. Nguyen, T.T. Truong, H. Zaidi International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, Special issue on Mathematical methods for Images and Surfaces, Volume 2010, page 11 pp - 2010. Nguyen, T.T. Gaussier , M. Quoy, J.-P. Conference papers. Quoy, Ph. Vasic Information Theory and Applications workshop 2010 - February 2010. Compton scattering emission imaging based on the V-line Radon transform and its simulation R. Nguyen, T.T. Truong European Simulation and Modelling 2010 - september 2010. Nguyen, T.T. Truong European Simulation and Modeling 2010 - 2010. A novel V-line Radon transform and its imaging applications M. Truong,...
http://publi-etis.ensea.fr/
*  .. New Book Models the Emergence of Human Pathogens .. Rate this: .. Share this: .. Like this: ..
The Origin of Specious ». New Book Models the Emergence of Human Pathogens. Farming Human Pathogens: Ecological Resilience and Evolutionary Process introduces a cutting-edge formalism based on the asymptotic limit theorems of information theory to describe how punctuated shifts in mesoscale ecosystems can entrain patterns of gene expression and organismal evolution. The development is applied to several infectious diseases that have evolved in response to the world as humans have made it. Many pathogens emerging from underneath epidemiological control are ‘farmed’ in the metaphorical sense, as the evolution of drug resistant HIV makes clear, but some, like avian influenza, emerge quite literally as the result of new practices in industrial farming. Effective disease control in the 21st Century must necessarily involve broad economic and social reform for reasons embedded in the basics of pathogen evolution. The book is aimed at graduate students and researchers working in computational biology and mathematica...
https://farmingpathogens.wordpress.com/2009/02/16/new_book/
*  IEEE Xplore Abstract - A Network Coding Approa
... ch to Loss Tomography. IEEE.org IEEE Xplore Digital Library. IEEE-SA. IEEE Spectrum. Personal Sign In. Personal Sign In. Username. Password. Sign In Forgot Username or Password. Search Alerts. Purchase History. Search History. Get Help. About IEEE Xplore. Terms of Use. Author Search. Publication Search. Advanced Search Other Search Options. Citation Search. Search Alerts. Search History. Information Theory, IEEE Tran ... Volume:59 Issue:3. A Network Coding Approach to Loss Tomography. Username. Password. Forgot Username/Password. Forgot Institutional Username/Password. Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing. IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses. Learn more about: IEEE membership IEEE Xplore subscriptions. No additional formats available for this document. Already Purchased. 4 Author s Sattari, P. ...
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&arnumber=6397615&contentType=Journals & Magazines
*  John A. Smolin
... 'John A. Smolin' born 1967 is an American physicist and Fellow of the American Physical Society at IBM 's Thomas J. Watson Research Center. Smolin is best known for his work in quantum information theory, where, with collaborators, he introduced several important techniques, Bennett, Charles H.; DiVincenzo, David P.; Smolin, John A.; Wooters, William K. 1996, "Mixed State Entanglement and Quantum Error Correction", Phys. Rev. A 54: 3824-3851. including entanglement distillation, for quantum error-correction and the faithful transmission of quantum information through noisy quantum channel s, as well as for entanglement-assisted transmission of classical information. He helped elucidate the complex relations between classical and quantum capacities of various channels D.P. DiVincenzo, P.W. Shor, and J. A Smolin, "Quantum-channel capacity for very noisy channels", Phys. Rev. A, 1717 1999 as well as phenomena such as data hiding and data unlocking that have no analog in classical information theory. Togethe...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_A._Smolin
*  .. Beauty in the abstract .. Selenite against mesothelioma – mechanism of action explained .. B
Life, Science. Permalink Posted by evolvingideas. Our latest paper is now freely available online as a fully formatted pdf from the Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research. Interestingly, mesothelioma cells come in two kinds – epithelioid and sarcomatoid. We have previously found that selenite is particularly effective against sarcomatoid cells, and that it is able to induce apoptosis, the “suicide program” of the cancer cells. In this paper, we studied the apoptosis mechanisms in both epithelioid and sarcomatoid cells, to see if there were any differences that could explain why sarcomatoid cells are more sensitive. Selenite caused the activation of a number of apoptosis signaling molecules. There was a difference between sarcomatoid and epithelioid cells in the activation of two proteins in the so-called Bcl-family. We hope that selenite will become a useful drug for the treatment of mesothelioma in the future. Phenotype-dependent apoptosis signalling in mesothelioma cells after selenite e...
https://evolvingideas.wordpress.com/2009/07/
*  information transmission analysis
... To : Multiple recipients of list AUDITORY AUDITORY@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Subject : information transmission analysis From : MITCHELL Sommers msommers@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Date : Mon, 4 May 1998 20:29:06 +0000 Comments : Authenticated sender is msommers@mail.artsci.wustl.edu Reply-to : msommers@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Sender : Research in auditory perception AUDITORY@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Would anyone have information about software to perform an information transmission analysis based on consonant confusion matrices. Essentially, I'm looking for software that would take as input consonant confusion matrices and compute an information transmission analysis. Any suggestions would be appreciated Mitch Sommers Mitchell S. Sommers,Ph.D. Dept. of Psychology Washington University Campus Box 1125 St. Louis, MO 63130. Prev by Date: Tomatis method. Next by Date: Re: information transmission analysis. Previous by thread: Tomatis method. Next by thread: Re: information transmission analysis. Index es :. Date Thread....
http://auditory.org/mhonarc/1998/msg00175.html
*  The Comp-bio April 1997 Archive by author
... Comp-bio April 1997 Archives by author Messages sorted by:. Starting: Sun Apr 6 10:44:29 EST 1997 Ending: Mon Apr 28 14:47:42 EST 1997 Messages: 59. ecological experiments. Julio Cesar Voltolini ib - biz 7575 Resources about comparison of RNA secondary structures Cedric CHAUVE DEA 95-96 Update on posting delays BIOSCI Administrator BIOSCI/bionet miniFAQ Fundraiser BIOSCI Administrator BIOSCI/bionet miniFAQ Fundraiser BIOSCI Administrator ecological experiments. Gordon Alford Integrated Michaelis-Menten equation Athel Mathematical Descrption of a Microorganism Athel Proceedings of Crystallographic Computing 7 Philip Bourne MitoProt II 1.0 for predicting mitochondrial and chloroplastic proteins Manuel G. Claros Solaris 2.x on a Pentium. Marcus Dormanns CFPs Hawaii, Complexity and information-theoretic approaches to biology David L Dowe CFPs Hawaii, Complexity and information-theoretic approaches to biology David L Dowe Protein visualization/editing tools James Foster Solaris 2.x on a Pentium. Albert Gold G...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/comp-bio/1997-April/author.html
*  Hirschman
... or hirschmann may refer to people hirschman albert o hirschman german american economist herbert hirschman television producer and director isidore isaac hirschman jr american mathematician jack hirschman born american poet and social activist hirschmann carl anton wilhelm hirschmann dutch banker and general secretary of fifa maria anne hirschmann american teacher richard hirschmann inventor of the banana connector and founder of the richard hirschmann gmbh co company see also herfindahl hirschman index a measure of the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition among them hirschman cycle attempts to describe cycles in american political power hirschman uncertainty in quantum mechanics information theory and fourier analysis the entropic uncertainty or hirschman uncertainty is the sum of the temporal and spectral shannon entropies herschmann...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirschman
*  Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems
... is a paper published in by claude shannon discussing cryptography from the viewpoint of information theory it is one of the foundational treatments arguably the foundational treatment of modern cryptography it is also a proof that all theoretically unbreakable ciphers must have the same requirements as the one time pad shannon published an earlier version of this research in the classified report a mathematical theory of cryptography memorandum mm sept bell laboratories shannon communication theory of secrecy systems p this classified report also precedes the publication of his a mathematical theory of communication which appeared in see also references notes external links see also confusion and diffusion product cipher one time pad references shannon claude communication theory of secrecy systems bell system technical journal vol page notes external links category history of cryptography category cryptography publications category in science category works category in science category works category ma...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_Theory_of_Secrecy_Systems
*  Limiting density of discrete points
... in information theory the limiting density of discrete points is an adjustment to the formula of claude shannon for differential entropy it was formulated by edwin thompson jaynes to address defects in the initial definition of differential entropy definition shannon originally wrote down the following formula for the entropy of a continuous distribution known as differential entropy h x int p x log p x dx unlike shannon s formula for the discrete entropy however this is not the result of any derivation shannon simply replaced the summation symbol in the discrete version with an integral and it turns out to lack many of the properties that make the discrete entropy a useful measure of uncertainty in particular it is not invariant under a change of variables and can even become negative jaynes argued that the formula for the continuous entropy should be derived by taking the limit of increasingly dense discrete distributions suppose that we have a set of n discrete points x i such that in the limit n to i...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limiting_density_of_discrete_points
*  Uncertainty coefficient
... In statistics, the 'uncertainty coefficient', also called 'proficiency', 'entropy coefficient' or 'Theil's U', is a measure of nominal association. Definition Variations See also References External links. Definition. Suppose we have samples of two discrete random variables, 'X' and 'Y'. By constructing the joint distribution,, from which we can calculate the conditional distributions, {{math|1='P' 'X'Y' 'x' and {{math|1='P' 'Y'X 'y', and calculating the various entropies, we can determine the degree of association between the two variables. The entropy of a single distribution is given as:. 2 : H X = -\sum x P X x \log P X x,. while the conditional entropy is given as:. : H X|Y = -\sum {x,~y} P {X,Y} x,~y \log P {X|Y} x|y. The uncertainty coefficient 3. or proficiency. is defined as:. and tells us: given 'Y', what fraction of the bits of 'X' can we predict. The above expression makes clear that the uncertainty coefficient is a normalised mutual information 'I X;Y '. In this case we can think of 'X' as c...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncertainty_coefficient
*  Sony QUALIA 004 SXRD video projector Page 3 | Sound & Vision
Sony QUALIA 004 SXRD video projector Page 3. All Flat Panels. All Projectors. 3D Projectors. AV Receivers. Blu-ray Players. 3D Blu-ray Players. Other Gear. Custom Install. Video Processors. Blu-ray Movies. 3D Blu-ray Movies. Flat Panels. Projectors. AV Receivers. Processors & Amps. Blu-ray Players. Projectors. Blu-ray Players. AV Receivers. HDTV Setup. Projector Setup. AV Receiver Setup. Blu-ray Setup. Custom Install How To. Tech 101. How We Test. HDTV Tech. Projector Tech. 3DTV Tech. AV Receiver Tech. Speaker Tech. The Custom settings can be adjusted in the user menu, the others only in the service menu. "Reality," to me, suggests avoiding such features, so I choose not to fiddle with it, instead letting the QUALIA switch automatically between DDE Film a film mode said to deal properly with 3:2 pulldown and DDE Progressive for video-originated material. But he's spent many hours watching the best video projectors available, including the highly tuned, 9-inch-CRT projectors produced by Reference Imaging and A...
http://soundandvision.com/content/sony-qualia-004-sxrd-video-projector-page-3
*  Random bit generation
... random bits who is involved bruce hillyer markus jakobsson ari juels liddy shriver what have we done we have developed a way to generate random bits using magnetic disks thus any standard computer can be used to generate random bits we have also developed a way to generate random bits from a stationary source where can you read more about it our papers how to turn loaded dice into fair coins ari juels markus jakobsson elizabeth shriver bruce k hillyer in the ieee transactions on information theory may pages volume number abstract a practical secure physical random bit generator markus jakobsson elizabeth shriver bruce k hillyer ari juels in the proceedings of the fifth acm conference on computer and communications security november ps pdf our talks talk presented at ccs november supporting data for the ccs paper this probably won t make any sense unless you have read the paper application level read timings and index pulse timings that we used to determine the correlation coefficent supporting a causel l...
http://cs.nyu.edu/~shriver/bell-labs/random.html
*  Who said that size matters? Dipeptide catalyzes...
You are the content you publish Get Started for FREE Sign up with Facebook. Sign up with Twitter I don't have a Facebook or a Twitter account Need content for your business. Created by Davide De Lucrezia. Scooped by Davide De Lucrezia onto Origin of Life: Emergence, Self-organization and Evolution. Scoop.it. more... Sign up to comment. A system-centered perspective on the origin and evolution of Life on Earth Curated by Davide De Lucrezia. Scooped by Davide De Lucrezia. Scoop.it. From www .pnas .org -. We can say that prebiotic ecology is a situation of systems chemistry from an early Earth, and we make the assumption that what would emerge from such a milieu is supramolecular selection—a situation in which certain assemblies of molecules are selected by the environment over others. Davide De Lucrezia's insight: ...in turn the necessity to handle oxygen and its potentially toxic derivates such as radicals may have led to the evolution of aerobic respiration...Life is a network of unpredictable responses. Davi...
http://scoop.it/t/origin-of-life-and-evolution/p/3995183028/2013/01/18/who-said-that-size-matters-dipeptide-catalyzes-rna-oligomerization
*  Computer Laboratory – Course material 2009–10: Software Engineering
Skip over navigation  |  Access key help | | | Computer Laboratory Course material 2009–10   Computer Laboratory  >  Teaching  >  Course material 2009–10  >  Software Engineering Additional Topics Advanced Category Theory in Computer Science Advanced Computer Design Advanced Graphics Advanced Systems Topics Advanced Topics in Computer Systems Advanced Topics in Concurrency Advanced Topics in Programming Languages Algorithms I Algorithms II An Algebraic Approach to Internet Routing Artificial Intelligence I Artificial Intelligence II Automated Reasoning Basic Rewriting Theory Bioinformatics Building an Internet Router Business Studies Categorical Logic Category Theory for Computer Science Chip Multiprocessors Comparative Architectures Compiler Construction Complexity Theory Computation Theory Computer Design Computer Graphics and Image Processing Computer Vision Concepts in Programming Languages Concurrent and Distributed Sys...
http://cl.cam.ac.uk/teaching/0910/SWEng/
*  Ideal observer analysis
... 'Ideal observer analysis' is a method for investigating how information is processed in a perceptual system. It is also a basic principle that guides modern research in perception. The 'ideal observer' is a theoretical system that performs a specific task in an optimal way. If there is uncertainty in the task, then perfect performance is impossible and the ideal observer will make errors. 'Ideal performance' is the theoretical upper limit of performance. It is theoretically impossible for a real system to perform better than ideal. Typically, real systems are only capable of sub-ideal performance. Definition Sequential ideal observer analysis Natural and pseudo-natural tasks Notes. 6 slightly reworded : The central concept in ideal observer analysis is the 'ideal observer', a theoretical device that performs a given task in an optimal fashion given the available information and some specified constraints. 'Ideal observer analysis' involves determining the performance of the ideal observer in a given task...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideal_observer_analysis
*  .. Dr Adam Barrett
Dr Adam Barrett EPSRC Research Fellow Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science. Department of Informatics. University of Sussex. Address: Department of Informatics, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QJ, UK. Office : Chichester I, 158 first floor Tel : +44 - 0 1273 - 872664 adam.barrett at sussex dot ac dot uk. My research makes use of mathematical methods to attempt to understand what is distinct about the particular neural structures, dynamics and functions that give rise to conscious experience. More specifically, inspired by Integrated Information Theory, a major focus of my work is on the development of potential measures of conscious level that quantify the extent to which neural dynamics simultaneously generate and integrate information. In other words, I work on modelling and developing our mathematical understanding of neural complexity, as well as deriving statistical techniques for applying abstract measures based on this concept to neuroimaging data. A key component of this involves deve...
http://users.sussex.ac.uk/~abb22/
*  Neurobot » 2010 » September
Neurobot 2010 September. Read the rest of this entry. Read the rest of this entry. The classic Tenenbaum s paper that introduces ISOMAP, a manifold learning approach featuring non-linear dimensionality reduction. Read the rest of this entry. September 2010. April. March. February. ▶ 2014 November. September. August. June. March. February. ▶ 2013 November. October. August. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2012 December. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2011 December. September. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2010 December. November. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2009 December. November. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2008 December. November. October. September. August. Supporters The Dana Foundation FENS: Federation of European Neuroscience Societies IBRO: International Brain Research Organization IEEE EMBS: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society I...
http://neurobot.bio.auth.gr/2010/09/
*  Neurobot » Neurodebian
Neurobot Neurodebian. Neurodebian the Debian Neuroscience Repository. The Neurodebian repository provides mostly neuroscience-related packages to be used on Debian systems or Debian-derivatives like Ubuntu. October 2015. April. March. February. ▶ 2014 November. September. August. June. March. February. ▶ 2013 November. October. August. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2012 December. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2011 December. September. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2010 December. November. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2009 December. November. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. February. January. ▶ 2008 December. November. October. September. August. July. June. April. March. Supporters The Dana Foundation FENS: Federation of European Neuroscience Societies IBRO: International Brain Research Organization IEEE EMBS: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society INCF: Intern...
http://neurobot.bio.auth.gr/neurodebian-repository/
*  Perplexity
In information theory, 'perplexity' is a measurement of how well a probability distribution or probability model predicts a sample. Perplexity of a probability distribution Perplexity of a probability model Perplexity per word References. The perplexity of a discrete probability distribution 'p' is defined as. Perplexity of a random variable 'X' may be defined as the perplexity of the distribution over its possible values 'x'. In the special case where 'p' models a fair 'k'-sided die a uniform distribution over 'k' discrete events, its perplexity is 'k'. A random variable with perplexity 'k' has the same uncertainty as a fair 'k'-sided die, and one is said to be "'k'-ways perplexed" about the value of the random variable. Unless it is a fair 'k'-sided die, more than 'k' values will be possible, but the overall uncertainty is no greater because some of these values will have probability greater than 1/'k', decreasing the overall value while summing. A model of an unknown probability distribution 'p', may be pr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perplexity
*  .. The Spontaneous Creation of New Information: An Interview with James Kent about his new book, Ps
What is Psychedelic Information Theory. How does PIT describe psychedelic action. PIT proposes that psychedelics alter wave patterns of consciousness by creating a tiny tremor in the pump house that vibrates the entire structure. Can you describe what you mean when you say the brain is a resonant oscillator. When two oscillators near each other are vibrating near the same frequency they begin to have overlapping wave patterns, or interference patterns, that can be modeled in terms of complimentary synchrony, harmony, phase differentials, and so on. Harmonic and resonant feedback are at the center of all self-stabilizing oscillating systems, or self-oscillators. So applying the dynamics of resonant oscillators and harmonic interference to human perception and expanded states of consciousness is not a radical or fringe idea, it is a natural extension of existing physical theory. Drugs affect all circuits. It is inaccurate to say that drugs can activate new circuits, but it is accurate to say that drugs can crea...
http://hplusmagazine.com/2010/11/14/spontaneous-creation-new-information-interview-james-kent-about-his-new-book-psychedeli/
*  Perimeter Institute
... About Research Training Outreach People Events Video Library News Support PI Search form Search. Calendar. Primary tabs List View List View Month active tab. Week Week Day Year. January 2013. 8 11:00am SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Fifth forces and new particles from dark energy. 8 2:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Worldsheet form factors in AdS/CFT. 8 3:30pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Field-induced thermal transport in BEC antiferromagnets. 10 1:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. New transport properties of holographic superfluids. 14 4:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Exotic topological order from quantum fractal code. 15 11:00am SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Parameterizing dark sector perturbations. 15 1:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Boosted Multijet Resonances and New Color-Flow Variables. 15 2:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Superhorizon fluctuations in de Sitter and cosmological spacetimes. 16 2:00pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. Einstein s gravity versus String Gravity. 17 2:30pm SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR. The black hole information paradox and its resolution. 18 1:00pm SCIENT...
http://perimeterinstitute.ca/calendar/month/2013-01
*  Richard Kozick || Electrical & Computer Engineering || Bucknell University
Richard Kozick |. Electrical Computer Engineering |. Bucknell University. Bucknell University A-Z Directory Search. I'm looking for … Admissions Info Info for Families Info for Visitors Student Resources Faculty/Staff Resources Alumni Resources Ways to Give. Admissions Info Info for Families Info for Visitors Student Resources Faculty/Staff Resources Alumni Resources Ways to Give Places I've Been. Info for parents families. Faculty/Staff resources. Alumni resources. Ways to give to Bucknell. Admissions Info. Info for Families. Student Resources. Faculty/Staff Resources. Alumni Resources. Admissions Info. Info for Families. Student Resources. Faculty/Staff Resources. Alumni Resources. Richard Kozick Professor In this Section Electrical Computer Engineering Faculty and Staff Curricula Facilities and Resources. I am a professor at Bucknell because I love teaching and research. in Electrical Engineering, Bucknell University, 1986 M.S. in Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, 1988 Ph.D. in Electrical Engine...
http://bucknell.edu/academics/college-of-engineering/academic-departments/electrical-engineering/faculty-and-staff/richard-kozick.html
*  Ideal tasks
... arise during task analysis ideal tasks are different from real tasks they are ideals in the plato nic sense of a circle being an ideal whereas a drawn circle is flawed and real the study of theoretically best or mathematically ideal tasks green swets has been the basis of the branch of stimulus control in psychology called psychophysics as well as being part of artificial intelligence e g goel chandrasekaran such studies include the instantiation of such ideal tasks in the real world the notion of the ideal task has also played an important role in information theory tasks are defined as sequences of contingencies each presenting stimuli and requiring an action or a sequence of actions to occur in some non arbitrary fashion these contingencies may not only provide stimuli that require the discrimination of relations among actions and events but among task actions themselves again task actions e are actions that are required to complete tasks properties of tasks usually the stimuli or the relationship amo...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideal_tasks
*  haqu/huffman · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 2. Star. 2. Fork. 3. haqu. / huffman. Code Issues. Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. . HTTPS or. . Subversion. Download ZIP. Huffman coding algorithm. 4 commits. 1 branch. 0 releases. Fetching contributors C++ 100.0%. C++. Branch: master. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. master. Nothing to show. Nothing to show. huffman. / example updated. latest commit 6a2c8612be. haqu authored Jul 10, 2010. Permalink. Failed to load latest commit information. Makefile. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. README.md. example updated. Jul 10, 2010. huffman. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. huffman.exe. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. huffman.sln. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. huffman.vcproj. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. input.txt. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. main.cpp. initial commit. Jul 10, 2010. README.md. Huffman Coding Algorithm. $ ./huffman Huffman coding algorithm by ...
https://github.com/haqu/huffman
*  Scale-free ideal gas
scale free ideal gas scale free ideal gas the scale free ideal gas sfig is a physical model assuming a collection of non interacting elements with an stochastic proportional growth it is the scale invariant version of an ideal gas some cases of city population electoral results and cites to scientific journals can be approximately considered scale free ideal gases in a one dimensional discrete model with size parameter k where k and k m are the minimum and maximum allowed sizes respectively and v dk dt is the growth the bulk probability density function f k v of a scale free ideal gas follows f k v frac n omega k frac exp left sqrt pi sigma w where n is the total number of elements ω ln k k m is the logaritmic volume of the system overline w langle v k rangle is the mean relative growth and sigma w is the standard deviation of the relative growth the entropy equation of state is s n kappa left ln frac omega n frac sqrt pi sigma w h frac right where kappa is a constant that accounts for dimensionality and h m ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scale-free_ideal_gas
*  Darwin's God: Abusing Science
http://www.bentham.org/open/tocsj/articles/V004/14TOCSJ.pdf Reply Delete. I think that will give Bill a lot of insight into people who really don't understand what modeling is all about. http://bio-complexity.org/ojs/index.php/main/article/view/BIO-C.2010.2/BIO-C.2010.2 This is another ID standard that can be verified or falsified: Stephen Meyer Functional Proteins And Information For Body Plans video http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4050681 Reply Delete. Random changes to pseudogenes are not distributed randomly in different species, but exhibit a nested hierarchy that matches the nested hierarchy derived by other means. November 10, 2010 at 5:40 AM Zachriel: Can we learn anything about saltwater in nature by mixing salt in water. http://bioscience.bio-mirror.cn/2009/v14/af/3426/3426.pdf http://www.us.net/life/index.htm The Sheer Lack Of Evidence For Macro Evolution - William Lane Craig - video http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4023134 Reply Delete. But the reality is much more complex.,,, So what we re finding...
http://darwins-god.blogspot.com/2010/11/abusing-science.html
*  Value of information
'Value of information' VOI or VoI is the amount a decision maker would be willing to pay for information prior to making a decision. Consider the decision situation with one decision, for example deciding on a 'Vacation Activity'; and one uncertainty, for example what will the 'Weather Condition' be. :* The Value of perfect information on 'Weather Condition' captures the value of being able to know 'Weather Condition' even before making the 'Vacation Activity' decision. It is quantified as the highest price the decision-maker is willing to pay for being able to know 'Weather Condition' before making the 'Vacation Activity' decision. :*The Value of imperfect information on 'Weather Condition', however, captures the value of being able to know the outcome of another related uncertainty, e.g., 'Weather Forecast', instead of 'Weather Condition' itself before making 'Vacation Activity' decision. It is quantified as the highest price the decision-maker is willing to pay for being able to know 'Weather Forecast' bef...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Value_of_information
*  max benzene volume: Topics by National Library of Energy
97055-97044 Revision C May 2007 Ion Max and Ion Max-S E-Print Network. #12 Max -Planck-Institut fr biologische Kybernetik Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics E-Print Network., and Nihat Ay Preprint no.: 60 2013 #12;#12;Information-driven intrinsic motivation in reinforcement learning Keyan Zahedi1, Georg Martius1, and Nihat Ay1,2 1 Information Theory of Cognitive Systems, Max Planck Max -Planck-Institut fur Mathematik E-Print Network. information by Nils Bertschinger, Johannes Rauh, Eckehard Olbrich, J¨urgen Jost, and Nihat Ay Preprint no1, J¨urgen Jost1,2, Nihat Ay1,2 1 Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig Max PlanckInstitut fur Mathematik E-Print Network. stochastic interaction in directed acyclic networks revised version: March 2002 by Nihat Ay Preprint no.: 54 2001 #12; #12; Locality of Global Stochastic Interaction in Directed Acyclic Networks Nihat Ay Max Max -Planck-Institut fur Mathematik E-Print Network. Universal Approximation in Embodied Systems by Guido Mont´uf...
http://osti.gov/nle/topicpages/m/max benzene volume.html
*  .. Category: ‘Junk DNA’ .. Can designs be functional but selectively neutral or deleterious?
Category: ‘Junk DNA’. Can designs be functional but selectively neutral or deleterious. April 24, 2014. Posted by scordova. under. 'Junk DNA', News. 15 Comments. Can designs be selectively neutral and even deleterious but still functional. Yes. As Allen Orr said: selection can wreck their exquisite engineering just as surely as it built it. An optic nerve with little or no eye is most assuredly not the sort of design one expects on an engineer’s blueprint, but we find it. Y chromosome arose independently twice at same time, 180 mya. April 24, 2014. Posted by News. under. 'Junk DNA', Convergent evolution, News. 7 Comments. Just an accident. Junk DNA files: Genes on the Y chromosome a must for male survival. April 24, 2014. Posted by News. under. 'Junk DNA', Intelligent Design, News. 6 Comments. The Y chromosome had been reprieved earlier from its status as a vestige about to disappear, but this is newish. If most molecular evolution is non-Darwinian, how can codon bias and duon codes evolve. April 23, 2014. Po...
http://uncommondescent.com/category/junk-dna/page/3/
*  Studia
... scientiarum mathematicarum hungarica a quarterly of the hungarian academy of sciences hu issn studia scientiarum mathematicarum hungarica publishes original research papers on various fields of mathematics e g algebra approximation theory combinatorics differential equations functional analysis geometry information theory numerical methods probability and mathematical statistics statistical physics articles on applications may also be accepted submission our manuscript submission procedure has been automatized you can use the internet based editorial manager system we would like to ask you to use it when you submit a manuscript to our journal take its advantages and enjoy its new features if any difficulty appears during the automated submission please send an e mail to studia renyi hu and we will try our best to overcome the difficulty manuscripts submitted as hardcopies or by e mail or any other way has been processed in truely exceptional cases only information f...
http://renyi.hu/studia_main.html
*  Main Page - SIAG-IS
... Main Page. From SIAG-IS. Jump to: navigation, search. SIAG on Imaging Science. Contents. 1 Research Focus 2 Featured Image 3 Joining the Imaging Science SIAG 4 Mailing List 5 SIAG/IS Conference 6 SIAM Imaging Science Prize 7 SIAG/IS Newsletter 8 Links to courses related to imaging science 9 Elected officers for 2014-15 10 Old SIAG/IS website. Research Focus. In recent decades, the analysis of 2D and 3D images and video has become vital to many areas of science, medicine, engineering, manufacturing and entertainment. Typical objectives include image formation, compression, reconstruction, restoration, registration, motion recovery, tracking, feature extraction and semantic interpretation. Moreover, recent developments in the technology of imaging have also contributed to the explosive growth in the highly interdisciplinary field of "imaging science," generating new mathematical problems which cut across disciplines. At the same time, increasingly sophisticated mathematical, statistical, and computational ...
http://wiki.siam.org/siag-is/index.php/Main_Page
*  Dr. Sam Efromovich
dr sam efromovich an elected fellow of the asa american statistical association and of the ims institute of mathematical statistics associate editor of methodology and computing in applied probability past associate editor of annals of statistics and coordinating editor of journal of statistical planning and inference research interests include biostatistics information theory optimization theoretical and applied probability statistical inference nonparametric curve estimation sequential estimation time series analysis multivariate regression signal processing image reconstruction statistical learning wavetets and multiwavelets statistics of finance and actuarial science professor sam efromovich department of mathematical sciences university of texas at dallas richardson tx office fo f e mail efrom utdallas edu t eaching courses for fall semester stat probability stat statistical inference i office hours mw by appointment r esearch publications c urriculum v itae professional book follow this link for softwar...
http://utdallas.edu/~sxe062000/
*  Findings: - Everything2.com
Here's the stuff we found when you searched for "Anathema comes ever to mind when thinking of you". Anathema comes ever to mind when thinking of you. Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind. I don't mind it when authors take their time For when you and your shiftless friends are thinking about seeing a movie My body is a toaster when it comes to sleep When it all comes together When Employers Come A-Courtin' It's not worth thinking about. The first bear I ever saw The Road Goes Ever On evers user Seven opening lines if he would ever look me in the eye Your shoulder is the most comfortable thing I've ever slept on Electric Minds I just bought real estate in your mind Losing your mind a little each time How the inside of the mind would look from a purely abstract point of view you should pay rent in my mind Mind Candy user Subconscious mind and self hypnosis Newman's Own Suicide Mind Eraser flying mind user mind body vibration A Theory of the Mind, Using Dynamical Triangulation and Information Theory A different...
http://everything2.com/title/Anathema comes ever to mind when thinking of you
*  c - Have you dealt with space hardening? - Programmers Stack Exchange
- Programmers Stack Exchange. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Programmers Questions. Unanswered. Programmers Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional programmers interested in conceptual questions about software development. up vote 57 down vote favorite 7. For instance, I've read though I can't find the article any longer that some core parts of the Mars rovers did not use dynamic memory allocation, in fact it was forbidden. I've also read that old fashioned core memory may be preferable in space. c memory share. improve this question. migrated from stackoverflow.com Jun 9 '11 at 2:30 This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers. Feb 25 '09 at 10:32. user1249 Jun 9 '11 at 10:07. show 1 more comment. 11 Answers 11 active oldest votes. up vote 47 down vote accepted. Space software will always have both software and hardware watchdog timers. Every space system I’ve worked on was a ...
http://programmers.stackexchange.com/questions/82648/have-you-dealt-with-space-hardening/82659
*  Facts & other stubborn things: On what Coase offers and what he doesn't offer
Thursday, December 20, 2012. On what Coase offers and what he doesn't offer. The problem comes in, I think, when Coase is treated not as a way of filling in Walras, but instead treated as a counter-argument to Pigou .". I would add that just because Coase is right, that doesn't mean that Walras is wrong. Walras is great. You see this with information theory too. If you want to talk about fundamental uncertainty that's all well and good. December 20, 2012 at 6:45 PM Coase's great contribution was to elucidate on the nature of transaction costs. December 20, 2012 at 7:31 PM Wasn't it Coase himself who argued against Pigou in The Problem of Social Cost. Coase issue with regard to climate change damage costs. I guess it's just a carbon tax, too, but not one estimated from marginal damage costs and therefore not a Pigou tax. December 20, 2012 at 7:34 PM Um, sorry for the youtube link - I wanted to link to the Coase paper wrong tab. 1 day ago. Paul Krugman. 1 day ago. 1 day ago. TaxVox: the Tax Policy C...
http://factsandotherstubbornthings.blogspot.com/2012/12/on-what-coase-offers-and-what-he-doesnt.html
*  Mirrors Mirrored: Is that all there is?
Mirrors Mirrored: Is that all there is. MIRRORS MIRRORED: IS THAT ALL THERE IS. Yair Neuman. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel yneuman@bgumail.bgu.ac.il © This paper may not be reproduced without the permission of the author. ABSTRACT Recursive-hierarchical systems are multi-level systems that constitute their systemic closure through recursion. Their unique systemic nature has been ignored for years, causing confusion about their activity. In semiotics, for example, the logic of signification has fallen prey to the post-modernists’ “hall of mirrors,” which fails to grasp the logic of in-between that underlies recursive-hierarchical systems. My aim in this paper is to illustrate the logic of in-between by “deconstructing” the post-modernists’ hall of mirrors and the phenomenon of mirroring. . 1. WEAVER’S BLIND SPOT. In 1948, Warren Weaver, one of the proud fathers of information theory, drew a typological distinction between two kinds of systems, which he discussed in terms of problems We...
http://see.library.utoronto.ca/SEED/Vol4-1/Neuman.htm
*  Drexel University - Event Details View - New Approaches to Understanding Human Disease and Develo
... pment. Drexel University - Comprehensive, integrated academics enhanced by co-operative education, technology, and research opportunities. Drexel University. Quick Links. Academic Calendars. Directions and Maps. Giving to Drexel. Health Disability Services. Housing. Information Technology IRT. Jobs at Drexel. Libraries. Public Safety. SRC/Financial Aid. Student Financial Services. Virtual Tour. Site Map. Go. Home Submit Events Categories Department Calendars Other Calendars. Events. Categories. All. All Categories. Academic Events. Arts, Culture, & Entertainment. Athletics, Sports, & Recreation. Community Service. Co-op & Career Development. Dates & Deadlines. Diversity & Inclusion. Health & Wellness. Meetings & Conferences. Professional Development. Special Events. Student Life & Organizations. Sustainability & the Environment. All Categories. Display Format:. Select Category View Date/Time View. Event Details. Go Back. New Approaches to Understanding Human Disease and Development. Start Date: 11/16/2012...
http://events.drexel.edu/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=2237&information_id=7425
*  CODEC Acceleration
... describes computer hardware that offloads the computationally intensive compression or decompression this allows for instance a mobile phone to decode what would generally be a very difficult and expensive video to decode it with no stuttering and using less battery life than un accelerated decoding would have taken and similar acceleration is used on a broad variety of other appliances and computers for similar reasons what could take a general purpose processor watt s to decode on a general purpose processor could take w on a general purpose gpu and even less on a dedicated hardware codec video codec acceleration video codec acceleration is where video usually including audio as well encoding and decoding is accelerated in hardware audio codec acceleration audio codec acceleration is where audio encoding and decoding is accelerated in hardware see also idct motion compensation dct quantization variable length code information theory entropy directx video acceleration high definition video processor int...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CODEC_Acceleration
*  Representative time use data and new harmonised calibration of the American Heritage Time Use Data
... AHTUD 1965-1999 - Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Create Account Representative time use data and new harmonised calibration of the American Heritage Time Use Data AHTUD 1965-1999. Merz, Joachim and Stolze, Henning 2008 : Representative time use data and new harmonised calibration of the American Heritage Time Use Data AHTUD 1965-1999. Original Title: Representative time use data and new harmonised calibration of the American Heritage Time Use Data AHTUD 1965-1999. Keywords: Representative time use data, calibration adjustment re-weighting of microdata, information theory, minimum information loss principle, American Heritage Time Use Data AHTUD, ADJUST program package. Z - Other Special Topics Z0 - General J - Labor and Demographic Economics J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply J - Labor and Demographic Economics J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor J29 - Other J - Labor and Demographic Economics J1 - Demographic Economics J11 - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and ...
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11651/
*  Joan Vaccaro
... is a physicist at griffith university and a former student of david pegg physicist her work in quantum physics includes quantum phase s m barnett and j a vaccaro crc press nonclassical states of light coherent laser excitation of atomic gases cold atomic gases stochastic schrödinger equations and quantum information theory she is a member of the and a fellow of the institute of physics external links category australian physicists category births category living people category griffith university faculty...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Vaccaro
*  Grey relational analysis
... uses a specific concept of information it defines situations with no information as black and those with perfect information as white however neither of these idealized situations ever occurs in real world problem s in fact situations between these extremes are described as being grey hazy or fuzzy therefore a grey system means that a system in which part of information is known and part of information is unknown with this definition information quantity and quality form a continuum from a total lack of information to complete information from black through grey to white since uncertainty always exists one is always somewhere in the middle somewhere between the extremes somewhere in the grey area grey analysis then comes to a clear set of statements about system solution s at one extreme no solution can be defined for a system with no information at the other extreme a system with perfect information has a unique solution in the middle grey systems will give a variety of available solutions grey analysis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_relational_analysis
*  Daylight>Cheminformatics
daylight cheminformatics more information theory manual tutorials smiles tm s implified m olecular i nput l ine e ntry s ystem smiles tm as a simple yet comprehensive chemical language in which molecules and reactions can be specified using ascii characters representing atom and bond symbols smiles tm contains the same information as is found in an extended connection table but with several advantages a smiles tm string is human understandable very compact and if canonicalized represents a unique string that can be used as a universal identifier for a specific chemical structure in addition a chemically correct and comprehensible depiction can be made from any smiles tm string symbolizing either a molecule or reaction smiles tm development was initiated by david weininger in the late s using the concept of a graph with nodes as atoms and edges as bonds to represent a molecule parentheses are used to indicate branching points and numeric labels designate ring connection points the basic smiles tm grammar also ...
http://daylight.com/smiles/index.html
*  FW: [AUDITORY] mp3 and the perceptual coding
FW: mp3 and the perceptual coding. FW: mp3 and the perceptual coding. To : AUDITORY@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Subject : FW: mp3 and the perceptual coding From : James Johnston James.Johnston@xxxxxxx Date : Thu, 25 Mar 2010 12:25:16 -0700 Accept-language : en-US Acceptlanguage : en-US Approved-by : James.Johnston@xxxxxxx Delivery-date : Thu Mar 25 15:37:11 2010 List-archive : http://lists.mcgill.ca/scripts/wa.exe?LIST=AUDITORY List-help : http://lists.mcgill.ca/scripts/wa.exe?LIST=AUDITORY , mailto:LISTSERV@LISTS.MCGILL.CA?body=INFO AUDITORY List-owner : mailto:AUDITORY-request@LISTS.MCGILL.CA List-subscribe : mailto:AUDITORY-subscribe-request@LISTS.MCGILL.CA List-unsubscribe : mailto:AUDITORY-unsubscribe-request@LISTS.MCGILL.CA Reply-to : James Johnston James.Johnston@xxxxxxx Sender : AUDITORY - Research in Auditory Perception AUDITORY@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Thread-index : AcrMITWfWfgiUujWTzOsyLsiwWv92AADzF2gAAgbmnA= Thread-topic : mp3 and the perceptual coding. Well, I'm sorry that Engineers are engineers, but you might try ...
http://auditory.org/mhonarc/2010/msg00283.html
*  1210: I'm So Random - explain xkcd
... I'm So Random. Hairy walks up to Black Hat, utters a nonsense phrase and them proclaims that he is "so random". Black Hat's "random" numbers are actually quoted from the first lines of A Million Random Digits with 100,000 Normal Deviates making it both "officially random", but also essentially not. A side note is that "Monkey tacos" is a phrase which contains two trochees. Hairy: MONKEY TACOS. I'm so random. Black Hat: 100973253376520135863467354 876809590911739292749453754 204805648947429624805240372 063610402002291665084226895 319645093032320902560159533 476435080336069901902529093. -- Charlesisbozo talk 08:54, 10 May 2013 UTC. Truly random sequences have far more identical neighbours than sequences that seem random to us. We are pattern forming machines Boxy talk 11:10, 10 May 2013 UTC This is Black Hat. Unless Black Hat /Randall has been so ub3r-1447 as choose such 'randomness' as to encode something into the derivative data. tbc talk 16:32, 11 May 2013 UTC if you count antewhacks, then zwoddery apha...
http://explainxkcd.com/wiki/index.php?title=I'm_So_Random
*  Shannon's Story | Seattle Children’s Hospital
Shannon's Story. Seattle Children’s Hospital. Skip to nav Skip to content. 4800 Sand Point Way NE Seattle WA 98105. 206-987-2000, 866-987-2000 toll-free. Smaller Font Size. Larger Font Size. Clinics and Programs. All Clinics and Programs. Conditions A-Z. Classes and Community. All Classes. Community Programs. Safety and Wellness. Safety Resources. Wellness Resources. Ways to Help. Donate. Events Calendar. Story Project. Story Project Shannon's Story. Shannon's Story By Shannon Tell us your story. In February of 1991 I was diagnosed with type I diabetes and rushed to Children's Hospital ER late at night. Patrick Mahoney, the nurses, and the excellent care I received during my week long stay for my diabetes has stayed with me for the past 16 years. Not only is my diabetes in excellent control, but my favorite nurse Barbara, who also had diabetes, has inspired me to want to become a nurse to this day. Burns during my hospitalization as well. I continued my care in Endocrinology for my diabetes until I was to...
https://seattlechildrens.org/Story-Project/Submissions/Shannon-s-Story/
*  Schedule
... fall schedule time thursdays am place graduate lounge mcs nd floor recent colloquium announcements date speaker paper parminder chhabra pisa automatic extraction of traffic signatures by p chhabra a john and h saran appeared in networking nikos laoutaris the breakdown of the object placement problem walking the path form np hard to a closed form solution n laoutaris submitted vijay erramilli pocket switched networks is that a packet in your pocket or are you just happy to see me james scott ben hui christophe diot presented at seminar on delay tolerant networking dagstuhl nahur fonseca an information theoretic approach to network monitoring and measurement yong liu don towsley tao ye jean bolot appeared in imc hany morcos modeling epidemic information dissemination on mobile devices with finite buffers christoph lindemann oliver p waldhorst appeared at acm sigmetrics paul barford toward self directed network intrusion detection and prevention paul barford et al kanishka gupta network anomography yin zhan...
http://cs.bu.edu/groups/nrg/schedule/fall05_schedule.html
*  COUNTRYCHICK33's SparkPage - Shannon's Journey
... Start. my Nutrition. my Fitness. Other Goals. SparkStreaks. Reports. SparkMail. my SparkPoints. Web Search. Articles & Videos Home. Nutrition. Fitness. Motivation. Health & Wellness. Health A-Z. Arthritis. Cold Flu. Depression. Diabetes. GERD Heartburn. Healthy Heart. High Blood Pressure. High Cholesterol. Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS. Pain Management. Seasonal Allergies. Sleep. Weight Loss. Pregnancy & Family. Videos. Instant Inspiration. Lifestyle Centers. Beauty & Style. Brides To-Be. Family Wellness. Gardening. Healthy Home. Pet Health. Senior Health. More. SparkRecipes.com. The SparkPeople Blog. Community Home. Message Boards. SparkTeams. Challenge Central. SparkPages. Member Blogs. SparkStories. Friend Feed. COUNTRYCHICK33. 19,863 SparkPoints. SparkFriends. SparkTeams. Favorites. I have 0 pics in my gallery. Awards. See All Awards. Shannon's Journey I am 34 and though I joined spark people awhile ago, I never really stuck with it. It is a pain to keep track of everything but it is my goal to track ...
http://sparkpeople.com/mypage.asp?id=COUNTRYCHICK33
*  HEPROW, Unfolding of pulse height spectra using Bayes theorem and maximum entropy method
... Data Bank. Computer program services. Computer Programs NEA-1666 HEPROW. last modified: 01-OCT-2004. catalog. categories. new. search. NEA-1666 HEPROW. HEPROW, Unfolding of pulse height spectra using Bayes theorem and maximum entropy method. NAME, COMPUTER, PROBLEM, SOLUTION, CPU, STATUS, REFERENCES, LANGUAGE, OPERATING SYSTEM, AUTHOR, MATERIAL, CATEGORIES. 1 NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM HEPROW. 2 COMPUTERS To submit a request, click below on the link of the version you wish to order. Rules for end-users are available here. Program name Package id Status Status date HEPROW NEA-1666/02 Tested 01-OCT-2004. Machines used:. Package ID Orig. computer Test computer NEA-1666/02 IBM PC,PC Windows ALPHA/AXP,IBM PC,Linux-based PC,HP W.S. 3 DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION HEPROW unfolds pulse height spectra for use in spectral neutron or photon fluence determination. HEPROW consists of the following programs: UMSPHW transforms a file containing a measured pulse-height to a file in HEPRO format. RSPGW carries o...
http://oecd-nea.org/tools/abstract/detail/nea-1666

Index of information theory articles: This is a list of information theory topics, by Wikipedia page.Conditional quantum entropy: The conditional quantum entropy is an entropy measure used in quantum information theory. It is a generalization of the conditional entropy of classical information theory.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Interval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
PSI Protein Classifier: PSI Protein Classifier is a program generalizing the results of both successive and independent iterations of the PSI-BLAST program. PSI Protein Classifier determines belonging of the found by PSI-BLAST proteins to the known families.Nonlinear system: In physics and other sciences, a nonlinear system, in contrast to a linear system, is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle – meaning that the output of a nonlinear system is not directly proportional to the input.Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Biological network: A biological network is any network that applies to biological systems. A network is any system with sub-units that are linked into a whole, such as species units linked into a whole food web.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==

(1/326) The importance of a picture archiving and communications system (PACS) manager for large-scale PACS installations.

Installing a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) is a massive undertaking for any radiology department. Facilities making a successful transition to digital systems are finding that a PACS manager helps guide the way and offers a heightened return on the investment. The PACS manager fills a pivotal role in a multiyear, phased PACS installation. PACS managers navigate a facility through the complex sea of issues surrounding a PACS installation by coordinating the efforts of the vendor, radiology staff, hospital administration, and the information technology group. They are involved in the process from the purchase decision through the design and implementation phases. They can help administrators justify a PACS, purchase and shape the request for proposal (RFP) process before a vendor is even chosen. Once a supplier has been selected, the PACS manager works closely with the vendor and facility staff to determine the best equipment configuration for his or her facility, and makes certain that all deadlines are met during the planning and installation phase. The PACS manager also ensures that the infrastructure and backbone of the facility are ready for installation of the equipment. PACS managers also help the radiology staff gain acceptance of the technology by serving as teachers, troubleshooters, and the primary point-of-contact for all PACS issues. This session will demonstrate the value of a PACS manager, as well as point out ways to determine the manager's responsibilities. By the end of the session, participants will be able to describe the role of a PACS manager as it relates to departmental operation and in partnership with equipment vendors, justify a full-time position for a PACS manager, and identify the qualifications of candidates for the position of PACS manager.  (+info)

(2/326) Away with words: commentary on the Atlan-Cohen essay 'Immune information, self-organization and meaning'.

Drawing on metaphors from linguistics and information theory, Atlan and Cohen challenge us to take a very different view of the immune system, one that engages in constant chatter among the constituents and allows the immune system to arrive at a decision about what to, and not to, destroy. Our commentary responds to this challenge and points out many logical biological flaws in their view. We seem to agree that specificity is important, and that there is some kind of somatic selection process at work to distinguish self from non-self. Our analysis of models depends on the basis of how self and non-self are separated. There are only two possibilities, time or space; and space-based models are all but ruled out. There are two major kinds of time-based model, one based on the time taken for an organism to develop from embryo to adult, the other based on the time taken for a cell to differentiate from one state to another. With so many ambiguities in the metaphors and so little attention to mechanism, the Atlan and Cohen challenge is, we suspect, based on time measured in cell differentiation units. They also make the common mistake of assuming repertoires that are transcendental in size (>10(10)), making it impossible to have a functional immune system in animals smaller than a rabbit--a feature that does not instill confidence in the biological relevance of such models.  (+info)

(3/326) Splice-site mutations in atherosclerosis candidate genes: relating individual information to phenotype.

BACKGROUND: Nucleotide variants in several genes for lipid and methionine metabolism influence the risk of premature atherosclerosis. Ten percent of single nucleotide substitutions in these genes involve mRNA splice sites. The effects of some of these changes on splicing and on phenotypic severity are not inherently obvious. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using an information theory-based model, we measured the individual information content (R(i), in bits) of splice sites adjacent to 289 mutations (including 31 splice-site mutations) in the atherosclerosis candidate genes APOAII, APOB, APOCII, APOE, CBS, CETP, LCAT, LIPA, LDLR, and LPL. The predictions of information analysis were then corroborated by published mRNA analyses. The R(i) values of mutant sites were consistent with either complete (n=17) or partial (n=8) inactivation of these sites. Seven mutations were predicted to activate cryptic splice sites. Predicted inactive mutant sites were associated with either "average" or "severe" dyslipidemia and commensurate reductions in protein levels or activity, whereas mutations expected to exhibit residual splicing had average or "mild" effects on lipid and protein expression. CONCLUSIONS: Information analysis of splice-junction variants in atherosclerosis candidate genes distinguishes inactive from leaky splice sites and identifies activated cryptic sites. Predicted changes in splicing were related to phenotypic severity.  (+info)

(4/326) Exploring the UMLS: a rough sets based theoretical framework.

The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) [1] has a unique and leading position in the evolution of thesauri and metathesauri. Features that set it apart are: its composition from more than fifty component health care vocabularies; the sophisticated UMLS ontology linking the Metathesaurus with structures such as the Semantic Network and the SPECIALIST lexicon; and the high level of social collaboration invested in its construction and growth. It is our thesis that in order to successfully harness such a complex vocabulary for text retrieval we need sophisticated methods derived from a deeper understanding of the UMLS system. Thus we propose a theoretical framework based on the theory of rough sets, that supports the systematic and exploratory investigation of the UMLS Metathesaurus for text retrieval. Our goal is to make it more feasible for individuals such as patients and health care professionals to access relevant information at the point of need.  (+info)

(5/326) Influences of the Unified Service Action Model on the HL7 Reference Information Model.

Modeling information for the electronic medical record (EMR) builds on a century of study on information and its relationship to cost and quality improvement. An initiative to examine the focus of cost and quality improvement and its relationship to information modeling resulted in the development of the Unified Service Action Model of healthcare processes, which focuses on the action as the center of cost accounting, quality accounting and privacy management. The application of this model to the HL7 Reference Information Model produced a simplification of the HL7 model at the cost of increased reliance on vocabulary terms for actions.  (+info)

(6/326) Diagnosis of myocardial infarction: integration of serum markers and clinical descriptors using information theory.

OBJECTIVE: We examine the use of information theory applied to a single cardiac troponin T (cTnT) (first generation monoclonal; Boehringer Mannheim Corp., Indianapolis, Indiana) used with the character of chest pain, electrocardiography (ECG) and serial ECG changes in the evaluation of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We combined a single measure of cTnT (blinded to the investigators) with a creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) measurement to discover the best decision value for this test in a study of 293 consecutive patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms warranting exclusion of AMI. METHODS: The decision value for determining whether cTnT is positive or negative was determined independently of the final diagnosis by examining the information in the cTnT and CKMB data. Using information theory, an autocorrelation matrix with a one-to-one pairing of the CKMB and troponin T was constructed. The effective information, also known as Kullback entropy, assigned the values for troponin T and for CKMB that have the lowest frequency of misclassification error. The Kullback entropy is determined by subtracting the data entropy from the maximum entropy of the data set in which the information has been destroyed. The assignment of the optimum decision values was made independently of the clinical diagnoses without the construction of a receiver-operator characteristic curve (ROC). The final diagnosis of AMI was independently determined by the clinicians and entered into the medical record. RESULTS: The decision value for cTnT was 0.1 ng/ml as determined by the the information in the data. The method was validated within the same study by mapping the results so obtained into the diagnoses obtained independently by the clinicians using all of the methods at their disposal. The cTnT was different in AMI (n = 60) compared with non-AMI patients (n = 233) (2.08 +/- 0.21 vs. 0.07 +/- 0.10; p < .0001). CONCLUSION: Information theory provides a strong framework and methodology for determining the decision value for cTnT which minimizes misclassification errors at 0.1 ng/ml. The result has a strong correlation with other features in detecting AMI in patients presenting with chest pain.  (+info)

(7/326) The labile brain. II. Transients, complexity and selection.

The successive expression of neuronal transients is related to dynamic correlations and, as shown in this paper, to dynamic instability. Dynamic instability is a form of complexity, typical of neuronal systems, which may be crucial for adaptive brain function from two perspectives. The first is from the point of view of neuronal selection and self-organizing systems: if selective mechanisms underpin the emergence of adaptive neuronal responses then dynamic instability is, itself, necessarily adaptive. This is because dynamic instability is the source of diversity on which selection acts and is therefore subject to selective pressure. In short, the emergence of order, through selection, depends almost paradoxically on the instabilities that characterize the diversity of brain dynamics. The second perspective is provided by information theory.  (+info)

(8/326) The labile brain. III. Transients and spatio-temporal receptive fields.

In this paper we consider an approach to neuronal transients that is predicated on the information they contain. This perspective is provided by information theory, in particular the principle of maximum information transfer. It is illustrated here in application to visually evoked neuronal transients. The receptive fields that ensue concur with those observed in the real brain, predicting, almost exactly, functional segregation of the sort seen in the visual system. This information theoretical perspective can be reconciled with a selectionist stance by noting that a high mutual information among neuronal systems and the environment has, itself, adaptive value and will be subject to selective pressure, at any level one cares to consider.  (+info)


Where can I find information on a normal balanced diet?


With so much emphasis on all of the different diets for losing weight (low carb/no carb, low fat/high fiber, high protein, low protein), I was wondering whatever happened to the normal daily requirements and the food pyramid theory?  Does anyone know where I can find some guidance on how to just eat a well balanced, healthy diet without having to load up on one specific food group or cut out an entire food group?  Just a normal, balanced diet?

Thank you for any information you can send my way.
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http://choosediet.blogspot.com/...


Where can I find more information about the relationship between Microchimerism and Multiple Sclerosis?


I'd like to know more about the theory of pregnancy, stem cells, and multiple sclerosis.
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What is Microchimerism?


i need to find information that supports my theory that mental health and physical health are connected...?


i'm preparing for my final paper in my Mental Health & Well-Being class (yeah...i know, it's only October - hey! i like to stay ahead of the curve) & we all have to choose a topic. my final paper will focus on the corelation between diet and anxiety disorders and cognitive abilities in children & adolescents.

i need web sites, books, journal articles...ANYTHING that supports my theory that poor diet not only leads to poor cognitive function, but exacerbates any mental health issues.
this is difficult, you all have wonderful answers!
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I could only give you personal experience. I will check up on your other answers for I would like to find more out myself.


Information on upper lip lifting plastic surgery?


Have any of you done the upper lip lifting surgery?(they shorten the distance between the upper lip and the nose by lifting the upper lip,giving it also a fuller look)  I'm 24 but I think that would work for me. But I don't know how successful this is. I've never heard anybody done this. I googled it and there was a few sites concerning to this.I thought maybe it is still a theory?
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I guess you think of surgery because it's more permanent than injection which last 6 months or so

LIP LIFT SURGERY = make sure you get a good doctor or you will end up with permanent funny lips

FULLER LIPS = you can also enhance them by collagen injection, Restylane 

I think surgery sound save more money long term but I think same as face lift meaning hard to fix it (if you compare to filler injection)... I google and think it's ok if YOU HAVE A REALLY GOOD DOCTOR

good luck


Aren't you worried about disclosing confidential information?


I was surprised to read how many people use their cell phones as their only phone.  I'm curious, when you call a bank, or somewhere where you'll be disclosing confidential information, do you do it from your cell?

I worry about stuff like satellites and picked-up signals.  Then again, I suffer from conspiracy theories.  But I do remember a world with crossed wires and party lines.  Are cell phones safe?  Do I watch too many FBI shows?
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Yes! I do worry. But only if I hear a click. If I hear some kinda click I usually say, "Something came up and I gotta call you back later."

Usually, I get freaked out thinking my neighbors might be listening to mine and my sisters hour long phone call we have every day. lol 
They would only hear gossipy type stuff about what's going on in the schools and what her teenage daughter has told her lately about so and so and how we need to do more yoga cus my azs is starting to droop. But STILL. That's PRIVATE. Maybe people shouldn't eavesdrop. :)

You know what's REALLY odd, though? My bank called a few days ago to confirm my account number because she thought someone tried to use my number in NYC. I have protection against fraud, though. Anyway.. I said to her "I have to call you back at the bank, I can't take your word for it that you are actually working for Chase." Then I laughed. When I called her back she said "I never actually thought about it that way." Wow!


Is a bilingual child's brain holding more information?


If they have double the vocabulary does that mean more of their brain is being used? 

Does that in theory make them "smarter"? since they have double the "knowledge"?
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I have never thought of it that way. Does that mean I am twice as smart as my partner?


Why didn’t the Germ Theory develop earlier? Was the Greek teaching of “Humors” to blame?


The Greek theory that an imbalance of humors caused disease delayed investigation into other causes. Is there a record of anyone publicly doubting this theory and presenting new theories before the advent of the Germ Theory?
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Well, it wasn't until Antonie van Leeuwenhoek used the the microscope that people even knew about germs, so it's not even applicable until at least the 1670s. But then, the Germ Theory didn't really take off until Louis Pasteur in the 1860s, which is 200 years after.

However, I'm not sure exactly why it took 200 years. You might look into the contemporary reactions to Ignaz Semmelweis, the Hungarian doctor who pioneered doctor handwashing to lower the incidents of fever in childbirths. Also, I think part of the problem was that though the germ theory of disease was more correct by its inception, it had a lot of problems with it in its early conception, so in that way doctors were in some ways justified in being a little resistant to it.


What are the inherent flaws in the scientific theory of ADHD which cause so many people to deny its existence?


Hello.

I notice there are many well-educated, well-respected people who will express contempt at the notion of "Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity Disorder". 

Why is it exactly that this scientific theory is not very well accepted? 

And why is it also widely believed, that in the cases where it does actually exist, it is not as severe as it is made out to be?

I am wondering what are the key factors in the theory of ADHD which turn educated people, including those qualified to diagnose neurological disorders, away from believing in it?
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dude. i totally hear you and i wonder this myself

people who deny its existence are retards and scientologists