Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Cost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Direct Service Costs: Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Cost Allocation: The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Employer Health Costs: That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Great BritainPublic Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Quality-Adjusted Life Years: A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.EnglandDental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Social Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Holistic Health: Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.BrazilSocial Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.IndiaEthnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.National Health Insurance, United States

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http://commonwealthfund.org/publications/press-releases/2009/jul/private-and-public-insurance-choices
*  The cost of retiree health care in Massachusetts cities and towns | The Wicked...
Due in part to rising health care costs and retirees living longer, the estimated long-term costs ... The cost of retiree health care in Massachusetts cities and towns. 2012 June 27 ... runaway increases in the cost of health care.. Keep checking back here for more stories as our ... tags: benefits, budget, government, health care, Massachusetts, politics, public employees, ......
http://blogs.wickedlocal.com/blog/2012/06/27/the-cost-of-retiree-health-care-in-massachusetts-cities-and-towns/
*  The Fraser Institute: Health Care in Canada Costs Typical Canadian Family More...
11,786 for public health care insurance.And what about the cost of health care insurance among ... 37,239 for public health care insurance.Finally, between 2004 and 2014, the cost of health care ... The Price of Public Health Care Insurance, helps Canadians better understand health care costs and ... Moreover, general government revenue-not a dedicated tax-bankrolls health care, while health care ......
http://web2.sys-con.com/node/3116202
*  Maine needs transparency so residents can shop for lowest-cost, highest-quality...
It makes common sense that we should also be informed shoppers for our health care. Why shouldn't ... It is a small step down the road to containing the costs of our runaway health care industry for ... Maine needs transparency so residents can shop for lowest-cost, highest-quality health care. * ... It is an important step that will allow us to decrease the cost of health care in Maine, ......
http://bangordailynews.com/2014/04/17/opinion/contributors/maine-needs-transparency-so-residents-can-shop-for-lowest-cost-highest-quality-health-care/?ref=comments
*  BMC Health Services Research | Full text | Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs
BMC Health Services Research. Full text. Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs in children -- results from two German birth cohorts, GINIplus and LISAplus. biomedcentral.com/bmchealthservres/article/10.1186/1472/6963/12/344 Bottom,Top BioMed Central. Journals. Gateways. 1.71 Search this journal BioMed Central for. Go. Advanced search Home. Articles. Authors. Reviewers. About this journal. My BMC Health Services Research. Top. Abstract. Background. Methods. Results. Discussion. Conclusions. Competing interests. Authors’ contributions. Authors’ info... Acknowledgements. References. Pre-publication history. BMC Health Services Research Utilization, expenditure, economics and financing systems. Volume 12. Viewing options Abstract. Full text. PDF 322KB. Associated material PubMed record. Article metrics. Open Badges. Readers' comments. Pre-publication history. Related literature Cited by. Google blog search Other articles by authors on Google Scholar. Batscheider A. Zakrzewska S. Heinrich J. Te...
http://biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/12/344/
*  Federal Register | Medicare Program; Hospital Conditions of Participation: Requirements for Approval
Crosswalk of Transplant Center Final Rule, Part 121, OPTN Policies and Bylaws Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate for Submitting Significant Changes to CMS Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Notify Dialysis Facilities of Their Patients' Waiting List Status Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Develop an Agreement Between a Transplant Center and an OPO Concerning Organ Recovery and Organ Allocation Total Burden Hours and Total Cost Estimate for Notifying Patients on a Center's Waiting List of a Transplant Center's Loss of Medicare Approval Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost for a Transplant Center To Apply for Medicare Approval Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost for Transplant Centers Seeking Re-Entry Into the Medicare Program After Loss of Medicare Approval Summary of PRA Requirements for Transplant Centers TCs in the First Year of This Final Rule Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Notify Di...
https://federalregister.gov/articles/2007/03/30/07-1435/medicare-program-hospital-conditions-of-participation-requirements-for-approval-and-re-approval-of
*  Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs. Date: June 10, 2009 Source: Emory University Summary: Screening adults for diabetes could result in significant cost-savings for health-care systems compared to the costs of not screening individuals at all. Screening adults for diabetes could result in significant cost-savings for health care systems compared to the costs of not screening individuals at all. "We found that projected health system costs for screening and either treatment would be less than costs for no screening," says Phillips. "Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs." ScienceDaily. Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs. "Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs." ScienceDaily. RELATED TOPICS. Health Medicine. Health Medicine News October 4, 2015. read more. read more. read more. read more. New Information On Type 2 Diabetes Predicting Risk of Non-Familial Breast Cancer Blood Transfusions: ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090607102508.htm
*  Healthcare Transparency Now — household healthcare costs
Healthcare Transparency Now household healthcare costs. household healthcare costs. Aon/Hewitt healthcare costs businesses CDHP comobidities lost work days Compass Healthcare Advisers Connecticut Health Enhancement Plan Connecticut Health Enhancement Program consumer directed health plans cost of medical care cost of medical tests deductible disease management Don Berwick family health insurance HDHPs healthcare healthcare co-pays healthcare competition healthcare costs healthcare cost transparency healthcare price variation healthcare reference pricing health competition high deductibles hospital household healthcare costs Indiana Kaiser Kaiser Employer Health Benefits Survey Massachusetts healthcare reform medical drug costs Mitch Daniels New Hampshire healthcare Nick Vailas obesity and healthcare costs obesity and lost work days Paul Ginsburg Premiums price transparency shopping spending tiered provider networks transparency value based insurance design VBID workers. From Kaiser survey: employers don’t thi...
http://healthcaretransparencynow.com/tag/household-healthcare-costs/
*  Exchanges Will Raise U.S. Health-Care Costs - Bloomberg
Health-Care Costs - Bloomberg. Health-Care Costs. The new health-insurance exchanges will work just fine -- in the sense that all government health-care programs work: Many people will ultimately become dependent on them for coverage. Rather than compete aggressively for customers, insurers can use exchanges to informally divide the market among themselves at high premiums. Only those Americans who don’t get insurance at work and who have income that puts them between 100 percent 138 percent in Medicaid expansion states and 400 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for exchange subsidies. A family of four at 138 percent of the poverty level $32,499 has its premium capped at 3.29 percent of income or $1,071. So, if the cost of a silver plan is $10,000, the subsidy for this family is $8,929. A family at 400 percent of the poverty level $94,200 has to pay up to 9.5 percent of its income for a plan, or $8,949. So the insurer can simply price a silver plan as high as possible, and then adjust the premi...
http://bloomberg.com/news/print/2013-10-06/exchanges-will-raise-u-s-health-care-costs.html
*  Rising Medical Costs In Euros Stock Image - Image: 8829921
 Rising Medical Costs In Euros Stock Image - Image: 8829921. International. Email us. Phone: +1 615-771-5611. Sign up for free or. Username. Password. Sign in. Stock Images. Stock Footage. Free Images. Designers area. Contributors area. Resources. Photo map. Blogs. Prices and download plans. Abstract. Animals. Arts & Architecture. Business. Editorial. Holidays. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Illustrations & Clipart. Web Design Graphics. Technology. Travel. More. Abstract. Animals. 2D 3D Animation. Arts & Architecture. Business. Editorial. Holidays. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Video Production Elements. Technology. Travel. More. Abstract. Animals. Arts & Architecture. Business. Illustrations & Clipart. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Technology. Travel. Web Design Graphics. More. All Content. Photos. Illustrations. Videos. only vector/RAW. Photos, Illustrations. Your download plan was renewed. Congratulations and thank you for your business. Read more. Payment Manag...
http://dreamstime.com/stock-image-rising-medical-costs-euros-image8829921
*  .. A breakdown of healthcare costs… .. Like this:
A New Federal Health Plan…Really. ↓ Jump to Comments A breakdown of healthcare costs… If cost is one of the largest if not the largest issues facing healthcare not to speak of access or quality yet, then that’s where one should start–understanding the cost. Any cost distribution is a snapshot, a point in time view, of the cost picture. We have to look at various snapshots over time to get a better understanding of that issue. There are many ways to draw up a pie chart of cost distribution–by who pays the bill insurer, employer, government, individual, by what the money is spent on interventions, counseling, equipment, hospital room and board, pharmaceuticals, by diagnoses of illness cancer, diabetes, accident, heart disease, by preventative smoking induced, accident induced, stress induced or non-preventative illness, or by a value chain analysis prevention, diagnosis, prep, intervention, rehab. A good data model for healthcare is clearly a major obstacle to really being able to analyze cost. See http://e-pat...
https://understandinghealthcare.wordpress.com/2009/03/31/a-breakdown-of-healthcare-costs/
*  Ask.com - What's Your Question?
Ask.com - What's Your Question. askLogo. Answers. Images. Videos. News. Talk to us. Your input helps us improve Ask.com for the millions of people who use us every day. How would you rate Ask.com. Please provide rating before submitting your feedback. How can we make Ask.com better for you. Please provide feedback before submitting your response. If you'd like a response, please provide your name and email address below. Thanks for the feedback. Related Search. Average Cost to Replace a Roof. Average Cost to Paint a Room. Average Cost of Childbirth. Average Cost of College Education. Average Cost of Living in the United States. Consumer Rating for Replacement Windows. Average Cost to Paint a House. Average Cost of Vinyl Siding a House. Average Cost of Food Per Month. Average Cost of Braces for Teeth. Average Cost of Groceries Per Person. Best Replacement Window. Web Results. The Average Cost of Window Replacement. Probably one of the most repeatedly delayed projects of homeowners, window replacement conju...
http://ask.com/web?q=Average Cost to Replace Windows&oo=2602&o=0&l=dir&qsrc=3139&gc=1&qo=popularsearches
*  Smoking employees cost $6,000 a year more, study finds - Vitals
... Smoking employees cost $6,000 a year more, study finds. A new study calculates that smokers cost their employers $6,000 more a year than nonsmokers. Many studies have shown that smokers cost the health care system more and that they cost health insurers more. Because many companies self-insure meaning they pay for health care costs even if a health insurance company manages the benefits for them that means smokers cost their employers more. But no one study put all these costs together, Berman says. So Berman and colleagues with expertise in economics took a look at as many of the studies as they could find studies on health care costs and so-called presenteeism when people are at work but not putting in full effort. They looked at studies that calculated the cost of taking more sick days, and the cost of smoke breaks, and, finally, the costs of benefits of not having to pay pensions to employees who die prematurely. They looked at the lowest possible costs for people taking smoke breaks just eight minut...
http://vitals.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/06/03/18728224-smoking-employees-cost-6000-a-year-more-study-finds?lite
*  humira cost - MedHelp
... Communities Health Tools Information My MedHelp Login or. Heart Heart Disease. Heart Disease. Humira cost. humira. Any side effects. Read More. Did you realize the cost of humira treatment. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. His insurance will not cover the high cost of Enbrel or Humira. There has got to be insurance that will cover this for him. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. I am on Endocort steroid with a LOT less side effects than prednisone, Pentassa, Depression meds, Trammadol pain, percocet pain, azathioprine 75mg. Read More. THEN i will have to break the cost of all of this to him as well. My concern is what am I going to do now that my husband is retired and my health insurance won't cover the cost. 29, 2009 - Rheumatoid arthritis patients who take the biologic drugs Remicade, Humira, and Enbrel do not appear to have an increased risk for developing cancer in the first few years of use, researchers in Sweden report. The stress of the unrelieved pain and costs and lack of th...
http://healthquestions.medhelp.org/humira-cost
*  Costs of smoking during pregnancy: development of the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable
... Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC software -- Melvin et al. Costs of smoking during pregnancy: development of the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC software Cathy L Melvin a,. Next Section Abstract The development and availability is described of new, user friendly software, the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC, that will allow states and other entities to estimate pregnancy related, smoking attributable costs for their population. Next Section Methods MCHSAMMEC, as now constructed, performs a prevalence based analysis of smoking attributable mortality and costs of infant neonatal care. In our estimates of neonatal costs, or SAFs, exposure includes only active maternal smoking throughout pregnancy. IMPACT MEASURES: INFANT MORTALITY Traditionally, derivation of an SAF is based on the following formula, which uses relative risk estimates for smoking related conditio...
http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/9/suppl_3/iii12.long
*  Comparison of Informal Care Time and Costs in Different Age-Related Dementias: A Review : Table 3
comparison of informal care time and costs in different age related dementias a review table table informal time and costs in institutionalized patients disease study x x mild x x moderate x moderate to severe x severe x x total unit costs informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs x max et al x x x ns x x x ns ns x rice et al ad hux et al x x x ns ns ns ns x schnaider beeri et al x allegri et al ns not specified percent of tc percentage of total costs unit costs valuation of one hour of informal caregiving all costs are in usd informal care time per week informal costs per year unit cost unit cost of one hour of informal care ad alzheimer disease...
http://hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/852368/tab3/
*  Economics - TheBody.com
... . Advertisement. 0 Email. Print-Friendly. Glossary. Economics By Sherry Glied 1998 Standard economic analysis treats illness as imposing two kinds of costs on society: the direct cost of caring for the ill and preventing further illness and the indirect costs of human assets lost through morbidity and mortality. Economic research examines both the magnitude of these costs and their distribution among members of society. These estimates are then used to assess the effects of disease on the vitality of the economy and to measure the cost-effectiveness of programs of disease prevention and treatment. HIV/AIDS infection is a very costly disease in an economic sense. Although the direct costs are similar to those of other serious illnesses, the indirect costs are greater because HIV affects predominantly working-age adults. The high direct and indirect costs suggest that the HIV epidemic may pose a threat to the economic well-being of severely affected regions. The direct costs of illness comprise costs of me...
http://thebody.com/content/art14012.html
*  Introduction to the Costs of Cancer Care
... home navigating cancer care financial considerations introduction to the costs of cancer care printed october from http www cancer net navigating cancer care financial considerations introduction costs cancer care introduction to the costs of cancer care this section has been reviewed and approved by the cancer net editorial board a cancer diagnosis can be expensive it is often a big source of stress and anxiety for people with cancer and their families in addition to treatment costs many people find they have extra unplanned expenses related to their care for some people these additional costs stop them from following or completing their cancer treatment plan this can put their health at risk and may lead to higher costs in the future in this section you will learn how to identify the medical and non medical costs of cancer care talk about managing or lowering these costs with members of your health care team find tools information and resources that will help you better plan costs before during and aft...
http://cancer.net/print/24919
*  Questions tagged with cost - Dogster Answers
... Follow @dogster Follow @dogster Google +1. Dogster. Dogster Obsessions: The Starter Kit for Dogs by Wildebeest. Dogster Obsessions: The Dog Desk Caddy by Vacavaliente. Dog Breeds Puppies Foods Treats. Health Care Behavior Training Dog Grooming. Answers. Community. Answers. See the Dogs. Answers Home Questions tagged with cost - Dogster Answers Find a tag:. He is 7 wks and since I know he will need 3 rounds of parvo-distemper, I'd prefer a low cost ASKED BY Kairi on 12/9/14 TAGGED vaccines, low, cost IN Puppies. 0 ANSWERS. Member Since 11/03/2013. How much does your Great Dane cost monthly. I am a dog groomer and have had lots of experience with large dogs, and ASKED BY Member 1197475 on 11/3/13 TAGGED greatdane, cost, monthlycost, toys, food IN Great Dane. 0 ANSWERS. ASKED BY Kairi on 12/5/12 TAGGED puppy, breeder, sitting, services, low, cost, volunteers IN Bringing Your Pet Home. 0 ANSWERS. Member Since 06/19/2012. I have a 12.5 pound dog what is a cute costume pattern for Halloween. ASKED BY Member 11...
http://dogster.com/answers/tag/cost
*  A/I :: A/I Infrastructure Costs
a i a i infrastructure costs a i about us services help howtos friends donate it en es de fr pt cat my account how much does it costs to keep everything running we thought it fair for the people who support our work with their donations every year to know how much the autistici org inventati org infrastructure costs costs can be split up in two main chapters connectivity costs for each node of the a i infrastructure and maintaining costs covering hardware costs server replacements and only exceptionally travel costs for those who wind up fixing the impeding disaster connectivity per year latitanza euro espatrio euro contumacia euro rivolta euro sommossa euro dissenso euro arbitrio euro evasione euro tunnel vpn other services banking costs per year about euro administration per year domain name registration accounting etc about euro maintanance per year hardware server travel costs legal expenses emergencies about euro total circa euro per year this means that every year we spend more or less euros for the sur...
http://autistici.org/cat/who/costs.html
*  A/I :: A/I Infrastructure Costs
a i a i infrastructure costs a i wer sind wir dienste hilfe howto links spenden it en es de fr pt cat my account how much does it costs to keep everything running we thought it fair for the people who support our work with their donations every year to know how much the autistici org inventati org infrastructure costs costs can be split up in two main chapters connectivity costs for each node of the a i infrastructure and maintaining costs covering hardware costs server replacements and only exceptionally travel costs for those who wind up fixing the impeding disaster connectivity per year latitanza euro espatrio euro contumacia euro rivolta euro sommossa euro dissenso euro arbitrio euro evasione euro tunnel vpn other services banking costs per year about euro administration per year domain name registration accounting etc about euro maintanance per year hardware server travel costs legal expenses emergencies about euro total circa euro per year this means that every year we spend more or less euros for the s...
http://autistici.org/de/who/costs.html
*  .. Smoking, health care costs, and imprisoning drug users because they cost us money to imprison ..
Smoking, health care costs, and imprisoning drug users because they cost us money to imprison October 27, 2011 in Alcohol and other drugs, Health economics. No comments. Earlier this week I posted an article on the Globe’s Economy Lab blog on lifestyle and health care costs. Here’s a little more exposition on a couple of key points, phrased a little more formally. The article is about the extremely common claim that people with healthy lifestyles save the health care system money, basically the argument: `You can kill yourself with cigarettes if you want, but not with my tax dollars.’ I’ll use smoking as my example so I don’t have to keep saying “unhealthy lifestyle,” while recognizing that of course different behaviors will have different effects on health care utilization. There are at least two important objections to that argument. The first is the argument I gave in the Globe: it’s not so obvious that the a given person will consume more health care during their lifetime if they smoke than if they don’t ...
http://chrisauld.com/2011/10/27/smoking-health-care-costs-and-imprisoning-drug-users-because-they-cost-us-money-to-imprison/
*  Repros Therapeutics Inc (RPRX) Cost of Goods Sold
Repros Therapeutics Inc RPRX Cost of Goods Sold. FREE Trial. Ben Graham Net-Net. High Short Interest. Dividend Stocks. Download Financial Data. Download Guru Portfolios. Download Stock PDFs. Download Insider Data. Data Coverage. Complete Stock List. Gurus Portfolios. Market. Market Valuation Economic Data. Buffett Assets Allocation. GuruFocus Research. This feature is only available for Premium Members, please sign up for GuruFocus Premium Membership. 2015 Repros Therapeutics Inc's cost of goods sold for the three months ended in Jun. Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin. Repros Therapeutics Inc's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Jun. Definition Cost of goods sold COGS refers to the Inventory costs of those goods a business has sold during a particular period. Repros Therapeutics Inc Cost of Goods Sold for the trailing twelve months TTM ended in Jun. Explanation Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross M...
http://gurufocus.com/term/COGS/RPRX/Cost+of+Goods+Sold/Repros+Therapeutics%2C+Inc
*  Canon Repair Costs - FM Forums
... Join Upload & Sell. Join Upload & Sell. bigbluebear Offline Upload & Sell : On. p.1 #1 Canon Repair Costs. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." Charge was $219. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." Charge was $269. Jul 11, 2013 at 09:11 PM. p.1 #2 Canon Repair Costs. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." $219 plus shipping. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:05 PM. bigbluebear Offline Upload & Sell : On. p.1 #3 Canon Repair Costs. I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than lenses even though the bodies are more expensive. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:08 PM. p.1 #4 Canon Repair Costs. bigbluebear wrote : I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than lenses even though the bodies are more expensive. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:21 PM. p.1 #5 Canon Repair Costs. bigbluebear wrote : I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than l...
http://fredmiranda.com/forum/topic/1226319
*  Thomas Kratzer is the purchasing manager for the headquarters
... 2nd Grade. 3rd Grade. 4th Grade. 5th Grade. 6th Grade. 7th Grade. 8th Grade. 9th Grade. 10th Grade. 11th Grade. 12th Grade. Thomas Kratzer is the purchasing manager for the headquarters of a large insurance company chain with a central inventory operation. The cost of each unit is $100.00, and the inventory carrying cost is $10.00 per unit per year. The average ordering cost is $30.00 per order. It takes about 5 days for an order to arrive, and demand for 1 week is 120 units this is a corporate operation, there are 250 working days per year. b What is the average inventory if the EOQ is used. c What is the optimal number of orders per year. d What is the optimal number of days in between any two orders. e What is the annual cost of ordering and holding and holding inventory. f What is the total annual inventory cost, including cost of the 6,000 units. b What is the average inventory if the EOQ is used. Average inventory level = Order Quantity/2 = 189.74 /2 = 94.87 Average Inventory level =94.87 units. c ...
http://jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1284985151
*  The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand - American Chemical Society
. The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand - American Chemical Society. Your browser is looking a little out of date... To get the best possible experience using our website, we recommend that you upgrade to latest version of this browser or install another web browser. See our Browser Support/Compatibility page for supported browsers list. Don't show this again. Skip Navigation. Toggle navigation. Links to other American Chemical Society websites:. ACS. Publications. C EN. CAS. . ACS Home. Meetings. Careers. Membership & Networks. Education. Advocacy. Funding & Awards. News. About ACS. You are here:. American Chemical Society. News. Press Pacs. 2011. ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: May 11, 2011. The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: Wed May 11 16:42:03 EDT 2011 The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand. “ The Next Generation in Genome Sequencing ” Chemical & Engineering News. Advances in tec...
http://acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2011/acs-presspac-may-11-2011/the-1000-genome-may-cost-100000-to-understand.html
*  lugged frame material cost?
lugged frame material cost. lugged frame material cost. 02-08-11, 01:09 AM evil lies lugged frame material cost. This is probably a little ambitious for me, but what is the average cost of a simply designed lugged frame not including components. Will this be sufficient for brazing the frame together. Thanks, Brandon 02-08-11, 02:55 AM NoReg Cutting torch is a different animal. A cutting torch has sorta a rose head with a centrally mounted oxygen port such that after the material reaches the melting point the head is switched to oxygen with the fuel essentially being the steel itself. I don't know what a base kit of stuff costs, but you can find kits at Nova. Tube only kits are like 80, you could braze those together. I buy as I go, and don't build with lugs. 02-08-11, 06:44 AM Doug Fattic The students in my framebuilding classes pay on average about $400 for frame materials if they use all investment cast parts and standard True Temper or some other brand of tubing. It is possible to reduce this cost if you l...
http://bikeforums.net/framebuilders/712198-lugged-frame-material-cost-print.html
*  Nonpatentable drugs and the cost of our ignorance - ResearchGate
Furthermore, vari- ous studies12–15 though not all of them 16have indicated that blood concentrations of DHA and other n-3 fatty acids are lower in patients with Alzheimer’s-related dementia. Studies of omega-3 fatty acids would cost a fraction of what is spent on pallia- tive drugs for Alzheimer’s. or its licensors Commentary DOI:10.1503/cmaj.050663 Frédéric Calon Nonpatentable drugs and the cost of our ignorance Page 2 Americans experience osteoporotic fractures each year, with an annual cost of nearly US$14 billion in health care alone ignoring lost income and other indirect costs .25,26A 400-UI vitamin D and 1000-mg calcium supplement, which has been shown to reduce the risk of fracture by at least 15%,27,28costs less than Can$200/patient/yr.29This example, like possibly that of n-3 fatty acids in Alzheimer’s disease, suggests that some perhaps many nonpatentable drugs can reduce phar- macy and other health care costs. DOI:10.1503/cmaj.060484 In the References section on page 484,1 listings 12–18 are out ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/7300072_Nonpatentable_drugs_and_the_cost_of_our_ignorance
*  .. Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost .. Follow Us .. .. Quick Links ..
Home / 2007 / January / Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost. Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost. Most operating facilities in today’s marketplace are aware of the effects that cavitation has on mechanical pump reliability. If, however, we were to look at the total cost of ownership for a cavitating pump, including its reduced efficiency and subsequent higher utility costs, we would see that this daily operating expense mounts up to a huge waste of both energy and money. A specified margin for Net Positive Suction Head Required NPSHR and a range for Suction Specific Speed will be specified in their engineering guides. Keep in mind that the design goal of a pump manufacturer is to design a pump that meets the broadest range of operating conditions possible rather than designing a pump to meet your specific hydraulic needs. A manufacturer’s certified performance curve will list the NPSHR for the pump. Rather, it is the point at which cavitation is significant ...
http://maintenancetechnology.com/2007/01/utilities-manager-cavitation-is-increasing-your-utility-cost/
*  EoP Character Calc Sheet - Google Sheets
... JavaScript isn't enabled in your browser, so this file can't be opened. EoP Character Calc Sheet. The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser. Conditional formatting... Conditional formatting... Accessibility. Still loading... A B C D E F G H I J K L M 1 *** VERY IMPORTANT *** -- Only edit light grey fields with black writing!!!!. 2 http://bit.ly/skMcIX -- Tech Calculator, requires Java FOR NEW PEOPLE: You start with 300 points to spend on hero characters The tables on the left, a flagship Tables on the right and an army Use the Java calculator, it's the easiest thing to use for it, less maths for you to do. Edit the light gray fields with the stats/values you want, the black fields right beside those will tell you how much that will cost, and the blue fields at the bottom give you the total cost of all stats combined. You do need a flagship though. 3 Desired Amount Cost Point Value Amount Notes. Ship Stats Value 1-10 Cost. 4 Health 150 6 1 2...
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/17Z0LxQy5RSynNqEjb-xX7p9NpQprYdi3Pm4bL2MhKPc/edit?authkey=CMORtL0B&hl=en&authkey=CMORtL0B
*  Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review | PhotographyBLOG
Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review. Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review March 6, 2014. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD is a telephoto zoom lens for Canon, Nikon and Sony full-frame and APS-C DSLR cameras. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III Build quality is very good, despite Tamron traditionally offering lenses at the cheaper end of the market. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens alongside the Canon EOS 5D Mk III Side of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens Front of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens Rear of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens The zoom ring is generously wide and...
http://photographyblog.com/reviews/tamron_sp_150_600mm_f5_6_3_di_vc_usd_review/
*  Cost Calculator | Can Stop Smoking
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*  Stratified Automotive Controls
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*  Caregiverlist Cost of Senior Care in the U.S.A. - CaregiverList.com
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http://caregiverlist.com/CompareCostsofNursingHomes.aspx
*  Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012 – A study of 2011 costs
... TZ Minerals International TZMI is pleased to announce the release of the newly formatted edition of the Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012. In 2011, the industry weighted average R/C ratio has increased to 1.89, the highest ever since TZMI started tracking titanium feedstock industry competitiveness. PRWEB October 07, 2012 TZ Minerals International TZMI is pleased to announce the release of the newly formatted edition of the Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012. This year, TZMI has reformatted the annual Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study to include never before released information and analysis on comparative operating costs in the global titanium feedstock industry. The Study covers in depth analysis of operating costs at 25 titanium feedstock operations throughout the world, with an updated industry cost curve. Mineral production operations Mineral production costs Ilmenite beneficiation costs Total cash costs of production This analysis and i...
http://prweb.com/releases/prweb2012/10/prweb9982976.htm
*  Torches and consumables | Hypertherm
Torches and consumables. Hypertherm. Quick find: select product Handheld and automated air plasma Powermax30 AIR. Duramax series torches. Technology upgrades RT80 torch. Duramax torch upgrades. Genuine Hypertherm Accessories Fiber laser HyIntensity HFL010. HyIntensity HFL015. HyIntensity HFL020. HyIntensity HFL030. Mechanized plasma HyPerformance plasma HPR800XD. HPR400XD. HPR260XD. HPR130XD. Technology upgrades HyPerformance XD. Duramax torch upgrades. Waterjet systems HyPrecision 150D. HyPrecision 100D. HyPrecision 75S. HyPrecision 60S. HyPrecision 50S. HyPrecision 50. HyPrecision 30. HyPrecision 15. Downloads library. Contact us. Xnet access. Login name Password If you do not have a login name, you may register for an account to access Hypertherm's Xnet. Where to buy. Torches and consumables. Hypertherm plasma consumables. Centricut consumables. AccuStream waterjet consumables. Service. Operator and service manuals. Torches and consumables. Where to service. Hypertherm Cutting Institute. Training workshops...
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*  Products - Welding Consumables - Pipe Welding Electrodes
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*  Centricut consumables | Hypertherm
Centricut consumables. Hypertherm. Quick find: select product Handheld and automated air plasma Powermax30 AIR. Powermax45. Powermax65. Powermax85. Powermax105. Powermax125. Duramax series torches. Technology upgrades RT80 torch. Duramax torch upgrades. Powermax1000/1250/1650. Powermax600/800/900. Genuine Hypertherm Accessories Fiber laser HyIntensity HFL010. HyIntensity HFL015. HyIntensity HFL020. HyIntensity HFL030. CO 2 laser LR2075. Mechanized plasma HyPerformance plasma HPR800XD. HPR400XD. HPR260XD. HPR130XD. LongLife air and oxygen plasma MAXPRO200. Technology upgrades HyPerformance XD. Duramax torch upgrades. Powermax1000/1250/1650. Powermax600/800/900. Waterjet systems HyPrecision 150D. HyPrecision 100D. HyPrecision 75S. HyPrecision 60S. HyPrecision 50S. HyPrecision 50. HyPrecision 30. HyPrecision 15. Downloads library. Contact us. Xnet access. Login. Login name Password If you do not have a login name, you may register for an account to access Hypertherm's Xnet. Automated cutting. Genuine Hypertherm ...
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*  Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia (PDF Download Avail
Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia. Marc Steinberg. Marc Steinberg Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Message author. Remove suggestion. J M Williams. J M Williams. Remove suggestion. Douglas Ziedonis. Douglas Ziedonis University of Massachusetts Medical School Message author. Remove suggestion. Tobacco control. Impact Factor: 5.93. 07/2004; 13 2 :206. Source: PubMed. Download full-text. Full-text DOI:. Available from: Marc Steinberg, Dec 30, 2014. Page 1 Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia Individuals with schizophrenia are more likely to smoke than those with other Axis I disorders1and are 10 times more likely to have ever smoked daily than individuals...
http://researchgate.net/publication/8530399_Financial_implications_of_cigarette_smoking_among_individuals_with_schizophrenia
*  MCH Research Program > Funded Projects > (SDAS) Access, quality and financial implications of the tr
MCH Research Program Funded Projects SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism. Funded Projects SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism Funded Projects Search. Show all types Autism Intervention Research Network AYAH-RN Bridging the Word Gap RN Earmark Grant HCT-RN Home Visiting Research Network MCH Research Network R40 Autism Longitudinal Data Project R40 Autism Multiyear R40 Autism SDAS R40 MCH Policy R40 Multiyear R40 SDAS R62 Home Visiting. Thomas, PhD Research Associate CB:7590 725 Martin L King Jr Blvd Chapel Hill, NC 275997590 Phone: 919 966-3387 Email: kathleen thomas@unc.edu Age Early Childhood 3-5 years Middle Childhood 6-11 years Adolescence 12-18 years Young Adulthood 19-25 years Abstract A growing foundation of evidence indicates that families of children with autism experience problems of access, financial b...
http://mchb.hrsa.gov/research/project_info.asp?ID=190
*  Consumables, Buy Car Consumables, Screws, Connectors | GSF Car Parts
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*  City Council eAgenda - 05/23/06 - ePacket
Financial Implications: See report Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 4. Financial Implications : None Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 5. Financial Implications: Measure B Paratransit Fund - $182,359 Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 14. Contract: Street Rehabilitation FY 2006 Phase 3 Project PDF, 274 KB From: City Manager Recommendation: Adopt a Resolution 1 approving plans and specifications for the Street Rehabilitation FY 2006 Phase 3 Project, 06-10125-C; 2 accepting the bid of Gallagher Burk, Inc.; and 3 authorizing the City Manager to execute a contract and any amendments, extensions or other change orders until completion of the project in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, in an amount not to exceed $701,423 for the period of 120 calendar days from June 26, 2006 through October 23, 2006. Financial Implications: General Fund - $20,000 Contact: Linda Maio, Councilmember District 1, 981-7110; Dona Spring, Councilmember, District 4, 981-7140 ; Laurie Capitel...
http://ci.berkeley.ca.us/citycouncil/2006citycouncil/packet/052306/05-23a.htm
*  Product Index
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*  .. Obesity Has Financial Implications .. Photos .. Videos .. Big Implications In Dividend Proposal
Health Care. Health Care. get grbj. 40 Under Forty 2014 Meet Grand Rapids Business Journal's 2014 "40 Under Forty" honorees and prepare to be inspired. Home Obesity Has Financial Implications Obesity Has Financial Implications October 12, 2004 By Mark Sanchez. GRAND RAPIDS — In setting out to do something about obesity and the associated high costs, a grassroots coalition in Grand Rapids wants to go well beyond merely promoting healthy lifestyles, good nutrition and wellness. The goal of Project Takeoff's organizers is to reverse the growing overweight and obesity incidence rates locally that not only have implications for the health of people but also financial consequences for everybody. Another 19.6 percent of adults said they were obese, according to a Kent County Healthy Department survey, up from 17 percent in 1993. The obesity incidence rate was higher for African Americans in Kent County — 28.3 percent. Nationally, medical expenditures alone directly related to obesity and being overweight are as high...
http://grbj.com/articles/64381
*  Infrared and CO2 Laser Optics, Mirrors, Cutting Lens, Focus Lens, Nozzles and Consumables. Plasma,
Infrared and CO2 Laser Optics, Mirrors, Cutting Lens, Focus Lens, Nozzles and Consumables. LOM SHIPS WORLDWIDE MATERIALS OPTICAL-SOLAR INFRARED, IMAGING LASER OPTICS LASER NOZZLES CONSUMABLES LASER MEASUREMENT TIG, MIG WELDING AND PLASMA CONSUMABLES. Mirrors, Output Coupler PRs Rear Mirror TRs Replacement Service, Zero Phase Shift Phase Retarder Mirrors Solvent Dispensers, Ultra Lens Wipes Nozzles, Breakaway Bars, Ceramic Nozzle Holders, Locking Nuts, Teflon Covers, Ultra Lenses, Resonator Fold Mirrors and Phase Lock. for technical information on Ultra-Lenses and UltraMaxR mirrors. Ultra-Lenses available for Amada, AdigeSala, Bystronic, Cincinnati, FinnPower, Koike, LaserDyne, LVD, Mazak, Mitsubishi, NTC, Prima, Strippit, Tanaka, Trumpf and more... Mirrors Gold Coated Mirrors Trumpf ® Laser Consumables Resonator Optics. Lowest prices on high performance and reliable gold mirrors for Amada, AdigeSala, Bystronic, Cincinnati, FinnPower, Koike, LaserDyne, LVD, Mazak, Mitsubishi, NTC, Prima, Strippit, Tanaka, Trum...
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*  Life-cycle cost analysis
life cycle cost analysis life cycle cost analysis life cycle cost analysis lcca is a tool to determine the most cost effective option among different competing alternatives to purchase own operate maintain and finally dispose of an object or process when each is equally appropriate to be implemented on technical grounds for example for a highway pavement in addition to the initial construction cost lcca takes into account all the user costs e g reduced capacity at work zones and agency costs related to future activities including future periodic maintenance and rehabilitation all the costs are usually discounted and total to a present day value known as net present value npv this example can be generalized on any type of material product or system in order to perform a lcca scoping is critical what aspects are to be included and what not if the scope becomes too large the tool may become impractical to use and of limited ability to help in decision making and consideration of alternatives if the scope is too ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_cost_analysis
*  Pavement life-cycle cost analysis
... In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation DoT introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional deterministic approach did not consider the variability of inputs. Since 1995, United States Congress has been expressing an interest in LCCA and it is now required for projects exceeding $25 million. The DoT aims at establishing best practices rather than rigid rules for NPV computation. One of the approaches of Net Present Value NPV analysis is to incorporate an inflation premium and a project risk premium into the discount rate i. i = risk free rate + risk premium of the project + risk premium of inflation. Each cash flow CF is represented in nominal dollars. The DoT however stipulates another NPV approach: the premiums must be incorporated in each of the individual projected cash flows. Real dollar CF = nominal dollar CF + risk premium...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavement_life-cycle_cost_analysis
*  Consumables - TheFabricator.com - Page 5
... HOME. Technologies. Aluminum Welding. Arc Welding. Assembly and Joining. Automation and Robotics. Bending. CAD/CAM Software. Consumables. Cutting and Weld Prep. Finishing. Folding Hydroforming. Laser Cutting. Laser Welding. Machining. Materials Handling. Metals/Materials. Oxyfuel Cutting. Plasma Cutting. Power Tools. Punching and Other Holemaking Roll Forming. Safety. Sawing. Shearing. Shop Management. Stamping. Testing and Measuring. Tube and Pipe Fabrication. Tube and Pipe Production. Waterjet Cutting. Industry Directory. Search the Directory. Equipment Buyers Guides. Product Showcase. Glossary. Directory Registration. Publications. FAB 40. Subscriptions. Advanced Search. . Consumables The devil is in the details, especially when it comes to welding processes. This technology area has information on consumables, including cutting tips, electrodes and wire, spatter prevention compounds, temporary purge dams, and welding torch components. Filter Content -- All Content -- Articles Blog Posts Events News P...
http://thefabricator.com/?page=5&category=consumables
*  Eppendorf AG Video Features Dr Andrew Holts Work on Bioactive Leachates From Plastic Consumables
... Post Jobs. News By Subject. Search News. Get Our FREE Industry eNewsletter email:. Eppendorf AG Video Features Dr Andrew Holt 's Work on Bioactive Leachates From Plastic Consumables. Andrew Holt and his group from the University of Alberta, Canada, described how chemicals used as manufacturing additives can substantially inhibit enzymatic assays and binding studies by leaching into samples from plastic consumables. Holt's results clearly show that using pipette tips and microcentrifuge tubes from manufacturers that can confirm the absence of critical production additives leads to experimental results which are much more reliable and reproducible. Eppendorf high quality consumables are manufactured only from virgin polypropylene certified free of plasticizers, biocides or other unwanted additives which could leach into buffers and solvents, leading to false positive or false negative results in bioassays. Our material also complies with the FDA requirements for olefin polymers.' Launched via the Eppendorf...
http://biospace.com/News/eppendorf-ag-video-features-dr-andrew-holts-work/242615
*  A Cost Analysis of Windows Vista Content Protection
... . Free Republic Browse. Search. General/Chat Topics. Post Article. Skip to comments. A Cost Analysis of Windows Vista Content Protection University of Auckland Department of Computer Science 23 December 2006. Peter Gutmann Posted on 12/23/2006 5:51:48 PM PST by. IncPen. Executive Summary Windows Vista includes an extensive reworking of core OS elements in order to provide content protection for so-called premium content, typically HD data from Blu-Ray and HD-DVD sources. Providing this protection incurs considerable costs in terms of system performance, system stability, technical support overhead, and hardware and software cost. These issues affect not only users of Vista but the entire PC industry, since the effects of the protection measures extend to cover all hardware and software that will ever come into contact with Vista, even if it's not used directly with Vista for example hardware in a Macintosh computer or on a Linux server. This document analyses the cost involved in Vista's content protecti...
http://freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1757910/posts?page=42
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011710
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*  ASTM A930 - 03 Standard Practice for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Corrugated Metal Pipe Used for Culv
... erts, Storm Sewers, and Other Buried Conduits. Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Standards Products. You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. This document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. Stay on Page Continue to Compass. ASTM A930-03 Standard Practice for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Corrugated Metal Pipe Used for Culverts, Storm Sewers, and Other Buried Conduits SUPERSEDED click for Active standard.   Format Pages Price  . PDF 5 $52.80   ADD TO CART. Active view current version of standard. Other Historical Standards ASTM License Agreement More A05.17 Standards Related Products. 1. Scope 1.1 This practice covers a procedure for using life-cycle cost LCC analysis techniques to evaluate alternative drainage system designs using corrugated metal pipe that satisfies the same functional requirements. 1.2 The LCC technique measures the present value of all relevant costs of installing, operating, and maintaining alternativ...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/A930-03.htm
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 72292
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*  Consumables
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*  Welding Consumables – MIG, TIG Welding Consumables & Plasma Cutter Accessories - Eastwood
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011992
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10010056
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*  Intermec Consumables E23222
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Intermec Consumables E23222. Our Price : $1,164.21. Product Code: E23222. Qty:. Description. INTERMEC MEDIA, CONSUMABLES, INDELIBLE POLYESTER TAG, THERMAL TRANSFER, 4" X 2", 3" CORE, 8.38" OD, 2823 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 8 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Magtek MSR 21073104. Our Price : $159.96. Add. Dymo Consumables 45019. Our Price : $24.79. Add. EverFocus Video EZVF325NH. Our Price : $419.12. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H...
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*  Shopko expands offering of private brand consumables
... click to print email this close shopko expands offering of private brand consumables by green bay wis shopko has expanded its line of private brand consumable products with the introduction of approximately new items the new products are available in stores now and include primarily health and beauty products and cleaning products we know that our customers are looking for quality and value and shopko brand products consistently deliver on both fronts we test all of our products against the national brand equivalent to assure that our product quality meets or exceeds that of the national brand said tom abbott shopko svp product development general merchandise manager consumables our research has found that shopko brand products are as good as or better than the national brands but at a fraction of the price which is a welcome benefit to our customers in this economy customers appreciate that they are getting the high quality products they desire while enjoying the savings that our private brand offers sh...
http://retailingtoday.com/print/309316?ad=products
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 800274-305
zebra technologies consumables nbsp nbsp my account view cart contact us shop brands shop products specials access control audio video burglar alarms intrusion cctv surveillance fire alarms gadgets electronics home automation locks networking ip phones intercoms tools hardware wire cable shop brands dvr cctv cctv shop brands shop brands act tester adt pulse cameras accessories glow in the dark exit signs honeywell ip cameras lynx touch chrome ibt tester lynx touch home shop brands b holdings zebra technologies consumables our price product code qty description zebra consumables z select t paper label thermal transfer x core od labels per roll perforated rolls per case priced per case you may also be interested in bematech kitchen display systems rs our price add ic realtime video cameras icr smoke our price add datamax o neil consumables our price add...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 72284
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 72284. Our Price : $172.24. Product Code: 72284. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-SELECT 4000T PAPER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 3" X 1", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 5180 LABELS PER ROLL, NOT PERFORATED, 6 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... GeoVision Accessories 84-IOB04-100. Our Price : $124.00. Add. Datamax-O'Neil Consumables 490967. Our Price : $124.40. Add....
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*  3M Medical Device & Components : Product Catalog US: Optical Laboratory Consumables
... Skip to Primary Navigation Skip to Site Navigation Skip to Main Content All 3M.com Site Map. Search. United States. All 3M Products. Newsroom. About 3M. 3M Medical Device Components Stick to Skin. Microfluidic Solutions. Optical. About Us. Support. Contact Us. United States. All 3M Products. Medical Device & Components. Products Directory Product Catalog. Medical Device Components. Optical Laboratory Consumables Optical Laboratory Consumables. Search Products. SDS Search. Email Print Share. Close Share Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Digg Stumble Upon Delicious. Reddit Linked In. Email a friend Your Email: Your Name: Friends Email: Message optional Privacy Policy. Narrow by: Edging Yes Categories Optical Laboratory Consumables Product Type Anti-Slip Discs. No selections available. 3M Anti-Slip Discs Newer hydrophobic and super hydrophobic lenses often create real challenges during the edging process. These slippery or "non-stick" surfaces need special considerations. 3M has developed a special anti-sl...
http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/Medical-Devices-WW/Home/Products/Product-Catalog/?N=5005859 6269 5005497&rt=c3
*  Miller ICE-40 C/T Torch Consumables Kit for sale (222940) - Buy at WeldingSuppliesfromIOC.com, based
Miller ICE-40 C/T Torch Consumables Kit for sale 222940 - Buy at WeldingSuppliesfromIOC.com, based in Indianapolis, IN. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Default Store View Mobile Store. Help/FAQ. Compare. My Wishlist. Blog. My Cart 0 - $0.00. View My Cart. My Cart. You have no items in your shopping cart. 866-854-7380. Search. All. All Welding. Cutting & Plasma. Guns & Torches. Accessories. Consumables. Brand. Welding. MIG Welders. TIG Welders. Stick Welders. Engine Drive Welders. Multi Process Welders. Spot Welders. MIG TIG Parts. Cutting Plasma. Welding Cutting Outfits. Cutting Torches. Cutting Accessories. Fittings. Heating. Regulators. Plasma Cutters. Plasma Accessories. Carbon Arc Gouging. Filler Metals. Wire. Stick Electrode. TIG Rod. Guns Torches. Guns. MIG Guns. Spool Guns. Push Pull Guns. Torches. TIG Torches. Cutting Torches. Jackets, Gloves, Aprons, Sleeves. Jackets. Welding Gloves. Sleeve...
http://weldingsuppliesfromioc.com/review/product/list/id/631/brand/brand/miller.html
*  Elemental Analysis Consumables & Accessories | PerkinElmer
Elemental Analysis Consumables & Accessories. PerkinElmer. Certificate of Analysis. Consumables. Reagents. Products. Assays Reagents. Alpha Technology. Clinical Diagnostics Reagents. Clinical MSMS Reagents. Cytogenetic Diagnostic Products. Cytogenetic Research Only Products. In Vivo Imaging Reagents. Maternal Fetal Health Reagents. Newborn Screening Reagents. Consumables & Accessories. Biological Sample Collection. Chromatography Systems. Elemental Analysis. Food Test Kits. Integrated Solutions. Labeling & Detection. Liquid Handling. Live Cell Imaging. Microplates. Molecular Spectrometers. Newborn Screening Systems. Preclinical In Vivo Imaging Accessories. Prenatal Screening Systems. Sample Preparation. Thermal Analysis. Instruments. Automation & Liquid Handling. Chromatography Systems. Elemental Analysis. High Content Screening. In Vivo Imaging & Analysis. Molecular Spectroscopy. Newborn Screening Systems. Plate Instruments. Prenatal Screening Systems. Quantitative Pathology Imaging & Analysis. Scintillation...
http://perkinelmer.com/catalog/category/id/elemental analysis consumables
*  Cost comparison
... - [ Date Index ][ Thread Index ][ Author Index ]. Cost comparison. Subject : Cost comparison From : Estes Wayne-W10191 W10191@xxxxxxxxxxxx Date : Tue, 17 Dec 2002 15:28:50 -0600. Don Woodward wrote: A more apples to apples comparison would be to bundle UniTrac radio tuning and rotor automation at $260 with the G5500 - with UniTrac you don't need Yaesu's GS-232 - so $525 + $260 = $785. Wayne replies: Several "plug and play" rotor control solutions are much cheaper than UniTrac. In Germany, there are the HalloSat and WinRotor32 that both cost less than $100. That is a complete and extremely compact hardware interface with driver software that plugs into a parallel port on your computer, and to the DIN connector on the G-5500. For radio tuning, several satellite tracking programs support Doppler tuning using only a $5 serial cable. I'm using a HalloSat interface that seems to work quite well. The only "problem" is that all the documentation is in German. That's not much of a problem after you've run the aut...
http://amsat.org/amsat/archive/amsat-bb/200212/msg00401.html
*  Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User & Industry - Global Forecast
Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User Industry - Global Forecast to 2018. Home. Categories. About Us. FAQs. Charity. Contact Us. Advanced Search. 1-800-526-8630 U.S. TOLL FREE. 1-917-300-0470 EAST COAST U.S. +353-1-416-8900 REST OF WORLD. HOME. CATEGORIES. ABOUT US. FAQs. CONTACT US. LOGIN / REGISTER. USD $ EUR. GBP. ▼ USD $. USD $. EUR. GBP. 0 CHECKOUT. SEARCH. ADVANCED SEARCH. Price From: EUR 4302 USD 4,650 GBP 3,175. View Pricing You are here:. Home. Categories. Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare. Biotechnology. Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User Industry - Global Forecast to 2018 ID: 2670161 October 2013 Region: Global 407 Pages Markets and Markets. DESCRIPTION. TABLE OF CONTENTS. SUMMARY. COMPANIES MENTIONED. FORMATS / FAQ. 1 of 5 FEATURED COMPANIES AB Sciex, Llc Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc Jasco, Inc Novasep Holding SAS Perkinelmer, Inc Shimadzu Corporation. MORE. LOGIN FOR FREE SAMPLE. PRINTER FRIENDLY. PRINTABLE PDF BR...
http://researchandmarkets.com/research/7z22jw/chromatography
*  Consumables : Rural King
... Rural King. Careers. Store Locator. FREE SHIPPING* ORDERS $149+ View Details. Items that are oversized, on sale/special price, or liquids/chemicals are excluded from the free shipping promotion. View Current Ad. Customer Service. Rural King Credit Card. Security Privacy. Careers. Return Policy. Store Locator. Your Cart 0. Close Recently added item s You have no items in your shopping cart. Domestics /. Consumables. Consumables Items 1-12 of 34 Show Me. Price. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Low Bed Overbed Table, 13081 $174.99. Add to Cart. Add to Cart. BATHROOM SAFETY SOLUTION $172.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Deluxe, International Grade, Adjustable Length Suction Cup Grab Bars Small, 13063L $178.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, K. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Deluxe, International Grade, Adjustable Length Suction Cup Grab Bars Small, 13063S $162.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, U-Sling for Floor Lifts without Padded Head Support Large, 13225L $161.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Half Length Bed Rail Tool F...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10004443-6
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10004443-6. Our Price : $359.35. Product Code: 10004443-6. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, ORANGE Z-BAND DIRECT POLYPROPYLENE WRISTBAND, DIRECT THERMAL, 1" X 11", 1" CORE, 5" OD, PERFORATED, 200 WRISTBANDS PER ROLL, 6 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Triplett HandHeld Meters 3251. Our Price : $32.20. Add. Triplett Speciatly Solutions 2010. Our Price : $1,525.20. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H449...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10000293
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10000293. Our Price : $144.63. Product Code: 10000293. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-PERFORM 2000D PAPER LABEL, DIRECT THERMAL, 4" X 3", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 2000 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Intermec Intermec Accessories 761. Our Price : $843.20. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3274. Our Price : $52.04. Add. HID Global Printers 51702. Our Price : $3,470.76. Add. Triplett Tim...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 18943
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 18943. Our Price : $565.54. Product Code: 18943. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-ULTIMATE 3000T POLYESTER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 2" X 0.5", 1" CORE, 5" OD, 4550 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 8 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Intermec Intermec Accessories 761. Our Price : $843.20. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3274. Our Price : $52.04. Add. HID Global Printers 51702. Our Price : $3,470.76. Add. Triplett ...
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*  Consumables : Rural King
... JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Rural King. Checkout. Gift Cards. Careers. Store Locator. My Account. ORDER BY PHONE: 1-800-561-1752 7AM - 5PM CST 7 Days a Week. GO. SPECIAL SALES & COUPONS. Subscribe to receive members-only deals in your email. FREE SHIPPING* ORDERS $149+ View Details. Items that are oversized, on sale/special price, or liquids/chemicals are excluded from the free shipping promotion. Click the button for more details. Search:. Search. Trending Now. Current Ad. View Current Ad. Request Current Ad to Be E-Mailed. Help Center. Contact Us. Track Order. Customer Service. Submit Your Rebate. Rural King Credit Card. Security Privacy. Shipping Info. Careers. Return Policy. Store Locator. Your Cart 0. Close Recently added item s You have no items in your shopping cart. Home /. Domestics /. Consumables. Consumables Items 49-60 of 161 Show Me. 12. 24. 36. per page Page:. Previous. 3. 4 5...
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*  Goldendaze-ginnie: The 99% pay the real cost of OVERHEAD …
... Wednesday, February 15, 2012 The 99% pay the real cost of OVERHEAD …. “OVERHEAD is an accounting term that refers to all costs not including or related to direct labor, materials, or administration costs.” definition by Investopedia Well I can understand that and it really doesn’t bother me when it concerns things like the grossly over the top atrium at the Trump Tower in NY City, pictured here. The people that visit there know that everything will cost a fortune and evidently they don’t mind paying it. I doubt if many are part of the 99%. What DOES bother me is when it comes to the medical profession. I went directly from the ER to the operating room and then to a week’s rehab so it was about three weeks before I saw my orthopedic surgeon at his office. The entry alone was as large as a ballroom and the vaulted ceilings rose above a 2nd floor of Staff offices. Why do we need these ornate trappings in our medical offices. Correct me if I’m wrong but I can’t help but think that the major cost of all this ...
http://goldendaze-ginnie.blogspot.com/2012/02/99-pay-real-cost-of-overhead.html
*  Shandong Weigao Group Share Price Target - 1066 HKG HongKong Chart Analysis
... NASDAQ usa. As on 2nd Dec 2016 1066 Share Price closed @ 5.15 and we RECOMMEND Buy for LONG-TERM with Stoploss of 4.88 & Sell for SHORT-TERM with Stoploss of 5.18 we also expect STOCK to react on Following IMPORTANT LEVELS. Shandong Weigao Group HKG HongKong Symbol : 1066 Sector : Healthcare And Other Stocks in Same Sector. Interactive Technical Analysis Chart Shandong Weigao Group 1066 HKG HongKong Java support must be enabled in order to display FnCharts. 1066 Business Profile Shandong Weigao Group Medical Polymer Company Limited is engaged in the research and development, production, and sale of medical devices under the Jierui and Wego Ortho brands in the People’s Republic of China and internationally. The company operates through Single Use Medical Device Products, Orthopaedic Products, and Blood Purification Products divisions. It offers single use medical consumables and materials, which include infusion sets, syringes, blood bags and blood component segregator consumables, blood sampling consumab...
http://bazaartrend.com/hkg-hongkong/1066-share-price
*  Rev Panam Salud Publica vol.10 issue6; Abstract: S1020-4989200100120
Ongoing health management control by cost monitoring through tracer indicators. To determine the operational cost of a hospital's surgical unit, compare those results with standards, and determine the incidence of the costs; to produce an effective methodology for this purpose that can be applied to all kinds of medical units using any low-cost widely available computer database system, with that methodology being utilized for ongoing management control. Of the 817 patients who underwent diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in that unit during the year, we selected the 154 of them who were hospitalized and required surgical or instrumental procedures. Direct and indirect costs were assessed in order to study their contribution to total cost. The largest portion of total cost, both real and standard, was based on the "bed-day" variable. Of this bed-day cost for all tracer events, 51.2% was due to an indirect cost of "social hospitalization" keeping patients hospitalized for such reasons as transportation diffi...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1020-49892001001200006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Product Index
...   . Shop Brands. Shop Products. Access Control. Audio / Video. CCTV / Surveillance. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Product Index. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 8007CAN. ThermaMark Media 8009. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 800999-005R. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 800999-023R. Intermec Intermec Accessories 805-638-001. Intermec Intermec Accessories 805-836-001. Triplett Speciatly Solutions 8050. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 8060. Star Micronics Consumables 80900300. Citizen Consumables 80910. Star Micronics Consumables 80980630. Star Micronics Consumables 80980981. Star Micronics Consumables 80981611. Hypercom Accessories 810003-007. Hypercom Cables 810162-021. Hypercom Cables 810327-007. Hypercom Cables 810349-001. Hypercom Cables 810371-001. Hypercom Cables 810371-012. Hypercom Cables 810375-001. H...
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*  Citizen Consumables PS428
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Citizen Consumables PS428. Our Price : $3.47. Product Code: PS428. Qty:. Description. THERMAMARK, .5" X 31' BLACK RIBBON, 6 PER PACKAGE, PRICED PER RIBBON, FOR CITIZEN IDP3535,3550, CBM750, IR-61B PRINTERS. You may also be interested in... Triplett Legacy 3018. Our Price : $168.60. Add. IMC Accessories 1008103. Our Price : $155.00. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H2280S-M. Our Price : $52.70. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3260. Our Price : $116.52. Add. HID Global Pri...
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*  Surplus Welding Supply, America's clearinghouse for manufacturer overruns of welding consumables.
... We are looking to to buy surplus overstock inventories of welding consumables. If you are interested in liquidating your overstock overruns please email your overstock list, or call 1-610-825-1250 and ask for the surplus purchasing manager. SWS is a America's welding consumable clearinghouse that specializes in selling large volume manufacturer closeout, liquidation, overstock and overruns of welding electrodes and wire at great savings. SWS has the products brands you need from an inventory of over 3 million pounds. Current offerings include the following: Thermal Arc 6011 3/32 10,000 lbs Cigweld 7014 3/32 5000 McKay Influx 309LT-1 .045 X 15 # spool 10,000 lbs National Standard Sil Bronze .035 x 30 # spool 10,000 lbs Sandvik 308LSI .045 X 33 # spool 15,000 lbs Aluminum Bronze A1 1/8 x 36" 500 lbs Aluminum Bronze A2 1/8 x 36" 500 lbs Harris 5356 1/16 x 36" 500 lbs 71T-GS 1/16 X spool Air Liquide 71T-1 .052 X 35# spool 20,000 lbs Lincoln 7018 7/32 10,000 lbs Lincoln 9018-B3 3/32 10,000 lbs 8018-B3L 1/8 10...
http://surplusweldingsupply.com/index.html
*  The real cost of beef-INSIDE Korea JoongAng Daily
... 중앙데일리. 페이스북. 트위터. MSN. 싸이 공감. . URL 줄이기 복사. URL 줄이기 레이어 닫기. dictionary. 프린트 메일로보내기 내블로그에 저장. 복사. URL 줄이기 레이어 닫기. The real cost of beef. Dec 01,2008. Large retail marts began to sell American beef in earnest from last weekend. It was a smooth start, to the extent that 50 tons of U.S. beef was sold on just the first day. In turn, Korean beef cattle and imported beef from Australia have been offered at reduced prices. As a result, customers are enjoying more advantages and a widening range of selection. However, we feel somewhat bitter about the situation when we consider the uproar the nation faced in the spring. The candlelight demonstrations against the resumption of U.S. beef imports showed that many people in this country lack scientific commonsense and chose to believe scurrilous stories instead. The demonstrations that began with a candlelight rally at Cheonggye Stream on May 2 this year were followed by another 100 such protests. The city center was paralyzed every night, and some people even tried ...
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2897964
*  Washing Up Liquid & Tablets | Cleaning Consumables | wilko.com
Washing Up Liquid & Tablets. Cleaning Consumables. wilko.com. Close. Your basket. Adding to Basket. Add to Basket. Garden. Garden. Whether you’re a garden guru or just love to potter, we have everything you need to make the most of your outdoor space this Summer. Shop All Garden. Shop Garden Savings. Shop All Offers. Shop All Collections. Wilko Life Blog. Sheds & Log Cabins. Log Cabins and Summerhouses. Shed & Fence Paint. View All Categories. Greenhouses & Accessories. View All Categories. View All Categories. Tools & Equipment. Hand Tools. Power Tools. Water Butts Accessories. Compost Bins & Incinerators. Gloves & Footwear. View All Categories. Seeds & Bulbs. Flower Seeds. Fruit & Vegetable Seeds. View All Categories. Lawn Food & Seed. View All Categories. Plant Food & Fertilisers. Insecticides & Pest Control. View All Categories. Outdoor Living. Outdoor Furniture. Garden Lighting. View All Categories. View All Categories. Wild Bird & Wildlife. View All Categories. . Home. Home Living. Looking for inspirati...
http://wilko.com/cleaning-consumables/dishwashing/icat/dishwashing?sort=price&parentCategoryRef=dishwashing&order=descend&q=*&setpagenum=2&perpage=12
*  Multi-Purpose Cleaners | Cleaning Consumables | wilko.com
Multi-Purpose Cleaners. Cleaning Consumables. wilko.com. Close. Your basket. Adding to Basket. Add to Basket. Garden. Garden. Whether you’re a garden guru or just love to potter, we have everything you need to make the most of your outdoor space this Summer. Shop All Garden. Shop Garden Savings. Shop All Offers. Shop All Collections. Wilko Life Blog. Sheds & Log Cabins. Log Cabins and Summerhouses. Shed & Fence Paint. View All Categories. Greenhouses & Accessories. View All Categories. View All Categories. Tools & Equipment. Hand Tools. Power Tools. Water Butts Accessories. Compost Bins & Incinerators. Gloves & Footwear. View All Categories. Seeds & Bulbs. Flower Seeds. Fruit & Vegetable Seeds. View All Categories. Lawn Food & Seed. View All Categories. Plant Food & Fertilisers. Insecticides & Pest Control. View All Categories. Outdoor Living. Outdoor Furniture. Garden Lighting. View All Categories. View All Categories. Wild Bird & Wildlife. View All Categories. . Home. Home Living. Looking for inspiration fo...
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*  Bargain Tools
... Shopping Cart 0 item s - £0.00. Welcome visitor you can login or create an account. Home. About Us. Secure Shopping. Delivery. Terms. Privacy Policy. Contact. My Account. Wishlist. Cart. Checkout. Categories Safety Footwear 16. - Blackrock™ Safety Footwear 16. Safety Footwear Offers 1. Clearance Tools 45. Hypertherm Plasma Cutters 26. - Powermax 30 1. - Powermax 45 2. - Powermax 65 1. - Powermax 85 1. - Powermax 105 1. - Powermax 30 Consumables 5. - Powermax 45 Consumables 5. - Powermax 65 Consumables 6. - Powermax 85 Consumables 7. - Powermax 105 Consumables 9. Lincoln Electric 3350 Viking Welding Helmets 5. Piher clamps 45. - Piher Maxipress Clamps 13. - Piher Piston Clamps 19. - Piher PAL Clamps 2. - Quick Piher 6. - Piher Magnetic Holders 3. - Piher Welders Angle Clamps 2. Esab Buddy Welders 2. Lincoln Electric MIG Welders 2. Engineering Tools 485. - Automotive 83. - Engineers 349. - Precision 48. - Welding 5. Hand Tools 309. - Craft 5. - Hammers 82. - Measuring 9. - Pliers 73. - Screwdrivers 122. Me...
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*  .. How Much Does Getting a Dog Really Cost? .. .. So a few weeks back we got a pupp
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*  Brakes - TR2-4A - Triumph - Shop by Model
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*  BS EN 439:1994
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*  MTA | news | Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program
Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program. MTA Capital Program. MTA Info. Budget Info. Capital Program Info. Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program. July 20th, 2011 We have announced plans to generate a total of $4 billion in savings for the current five-year Capital Program while maintaining the benefits of a program that protects the safety and reliability of trains and buses, expands the system and creates billions in economy activity across New York State. The savings measures are detailed in a new report, "Making Every Dollar Count: Capital Program". The program included a $2 billion cost reduction that was achieved by reducing rolling stock costs, shifting to a component-based station rehabilitation program, and sharing shop space across agencies. Today's announcement details a series of strategies that will allow us to save an additional $2 billion, reducing the cost of the program to $24.2 billion. Today I'm committing the MTA to doubling the savings we've achieved in our Capital Program to $...
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*  Sugar Tariffs Cost Americans $3.86 Billion in 2011 | www.bullfax.com
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*  .. Baking the Cake after 2015: Do the EFA Goals have the Right Ingredients? .. Share this: .. Rela
← Education in Conflict Emergencies in Light of the Post-2015 MDGS and EFA Agendas. It seems the discourse will now shift from enrolments to quality, and we risk in a few years finding that we are still poking the raw batter, only with a different toothpick. The first education target set by UNESCO in 1961 was for universal primary education in Africa by 1980. Neither is without significant opportunity costs. They are, in other words, poking the batter of the quality education cake. Although the EFA monitoring team and international institutions have constantly emphasized that EFA cannot be summarized by enrolments, it is enrolments and teacher recruitment that have had the primary focus and attention of the goals. We have recently seen a renewal of attention to quality in the EFA discourse, as the evidence has mounted of the ineffectiveness of pushing the enrolment acceleration beyond the capacity of countries to carry it out with any effectiveness in terms of learning. Implementing these metrics effectivel...
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*  2014 Lexus ES300h Review & Ratings | Automotive.com
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*  2014 Nissan NV2500 Consumer Reviews & Ratings | Automotive.com
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Pavement life-cycle cost analysis: In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional (deterministic) approach did not consider the variability of inputs.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Global Health Delivery ProjectHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Halfdan T. MahlerContraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) is a statistic used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by the difference in their effect.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Minati SenNortheast Community Health CentreDenplanMaternal Health Task ForceBasic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Implementation research: Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings. Often research projects focus on small scale pilot studies or laboratory based experiments, and assume that findings can be generalised to roll out into a practice based domain with few changes.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Standard evaluation frameworkIntegrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.Disease burden: Disease burden is the impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators. It is often quantified in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) or disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), both of which quantify the number of years lost due to disease (YLDs).Open Fuel Standard Coalition: The Open Fuel Standard Coalition is a bipartisan group in the United States actively working for passage of H.R.Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Health management system: The health management system (HMS) is an evolutionary medicine regulative process proposed by Nicholas Humphrey reprinted fromMental disorder

(1/4244) Development of the physical therapy outpatient satisfaction survey (PTOPS).

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purposes of this 3-phase study were (1) to identify the underlying components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and (2) to develop a test that would yield reliable and valid measurements of these components. SUBJECTS: Three samples, consisting of 177, 257, and 173 outpatients from 21 facilities, were used in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: In phase 1, principal component analyses (PCAs), reliability checks, and correlations with social desirability scales were used to reduce a pool of 98 items to 32 items. These analyses identified a 5-component model of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy. The phase 2 PCA, with a revised pool of 48 items, indicated that 4 components rather than 5 components represented the best model and resulted in the 34-item Physical Therapy Outpatient Satisfaction Survey (PTOPS). Factor analyses conducted with phase 2 and phase 3 data supported this conclusion and provided evidence for the internal validity of the PTOPS scores. The 4-component scales were labeled "Enhancers," "Detractors," "Location," and "Cost." Responses from subsamples of phase 3 subjects provided evidence for validity of scores in that the PTOPS components of "Enhancers," "Detractors," and "Cost" appeared to differentiate overtly satisfied patients from overtly dissatisfied patients. "Location" and "Enhancer" scores discriminated subjects with excellent attendance at scheduled physical therapy sessions from those with poor attendance. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: In this study, we identified components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and used them to develop a test that would yield valid and reliable measurements of these components.  (+info)

(2/4244) Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia: pattern of use and health care system costs.

BACKGROUND: The use of mammography for screening asymptomatic women has increased dramatically in the past decade. This report describes the changes that have occurred in the use of bilateral mammography in British Columbia since the provincial breast cancer screening program began in 1988. METHODS: Using province-wide databases from both the breast cancer screening program and the provincial health insurance plan in BC, the authors determined the number and costs of bilateral mammography services for women aged 40 years or older between Apr. 1, 1986, and Mar. 31, 1997. Unilateral mammography was excluded because it is used for investigating symptomatic disease and screening abnormalities, and for follow-up of women who have undergone mastectomy for cancer. RESULTS: As the provincial breast cancer screening program expanded from 1 site in 1988 to 23 in 1997, it provided an increasing proportion of the bilateral mammographic examinations carried out each year in BC. In fiscal year 1996/97, 65% of bilateral mammographic examinations were performed through the screening program. The cost per examination within the screening program dropped as volume increased. Thirty percent more bilateral mammography examinations were done in 1996/97 than in 1991/92, but health care system expenditures for these services increased by only 4% during the same period. In calendar year 1996, 21% of new breast cancers were diagnosed as a result of a screening program visit. INTERPRETATION: Substantial increases in health care expenditures have been avoided by shifting bilateral mammography services to the provincial screening program, which has a lower cost per screening visit.  (+info)

(3/4244) The economic burden of asthma: direct and indirect costs in Switzerland.

Asthma mortality increased in Switzerland between 1980 and 1994. This study aimed to assess the economic burden of asthma in this country. Chart reviews were conducted for the last five patients seen for asthma in physician practices in 1996 and 1997. Direct expenditures and indirect costs for asthma-related morbidity were determined. A total of 589 patient charts were completely analysed, including 117 children's charts, obtained from 120 office-based physicians. The annual direct medical costs were CHF 1,778 and the mean annual indirect costs were CHF 1,019 per patient for all patients. The total estimated cost of asthma in Switzerland in 1997 was nearly CHF 1,252 million. Direct medical expenditures approached CHF 762 million, or 61% of the total. In 1997, the indirect costs for asthma were estimated to have exceeded CHF 490 million. Of these costs CHF 123 million (25%) was associated with morbidity and nearly CHF 368 million (75%) was associated with looking after asthmatic patients who had to be cared for at home. This study provides evidence that asthma is a major healthcare cost factor in Switzerland, amounting to approximately CHF 1,200 million per year. The data suggest that cost savings can be achieved by improving primary care for asthma in an ambulatory setting.  (+info)

(4/4244) The cost of obesity in Canada.

BACKGROUND: Almost one-third of adult Canadians are at increased risk of disability, disease and premature death because of being obese. In order to allocate limited health care resources rationally, it is necessary to elucidate the economic burden of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct costs related to the treatment of and research into obesity in Canada in 1997. METHODS: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index of 27 or greater) in Canada was determined using data from the National Population Health Survey, 1994-1995. Ten comorbidities of obesity were identified from the medical literature. A population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated for each comorbidity with data from large cohort studies to determine the extent to which each comorbidity and its management costs were attributable to obesity. The direct cost of each comorbidity was determined using data from the Canadian Institute of Health Information (for direct expenditure categories) and from Health Canada (for the proportion of expenditure category attributable to the comorbidity). This prevalence-based approach identified the direct costs of hospital care, physician services, services of other health professionals, drugs, other health care and health research. For each comorbidity, the cost attributable to obesity was determined by multiplying the PAF by the total direct cost of the comorbidity. The overall impact of obesity was estimated as the sum of the PAF-weighted costs of treating the comorbidities. A sensitivity analysis was completed on both the estimated costs and the PAFs. RESULTS: The total direct cost of obesity in Canada in 1997 was estimated to be over $1.8 billion. This corresponded to 2.4% of the total health care expenditures for all diseases in Canada in 1997. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the total cost could be as high as $3.5 billion or as low as $829.4 million; this corresponded to 4.6% and 1.1% respectively of the total health care expenditures in 1997. When the contributions of the comorbidities to the total cost were considered, the 3 largest contributors were hypertension ($656.6 million), type 2 diabetes mellitus ($423.2 million) and coronary artery disease ($346.0 million). INTERPRETATION: A considerable proportion of health care dollars is devoted to the treatment and management of obesity-related comorbidities in Canada. Further research into the therapeutic benefits and cost-effectiveness of management strategies for obesity is required. It is anticipated that the prevention and treatment of obesity will have major positive effects on the overall cost of health care.  (+info)

(5/4244) The economic impact of Staphylococcus aureus infection in New York City hospitals.

We modeled estimates of the incidence, deaths, and direct medical costs of Staphylococcus aureus infections in hospitalized patients in the New York City metropolitan area in 1995 by using hospital discharge data collected by the New York State Department of Health and standard sources for the costs of health care. We also examined the relative impact of methicillin-resistant versus -sensitive strains of S. aureus and of community-acquired versus nosocomial infections. S. aureus-associated hospitalizations resulted in approximately twice the length of stay, deaths, and medical costs of typical hospitalizations; methicillin-resistant and -sensitive infections had similar direct medical costs, but resistant infections caused more deaths (21% versus 8%). Community-acquired and nosocomial infections had similar death rates, but community-acquired infections appeared to have increased direct medical costs per patient ($35,300 versus $28,800). The results of our study indicate that reducing the incidence of methicillin-resistant and -sensitive nosocomial infections would reduce the societal costs of S. aureus infection.  (+info)

(6/4244) Mixed signals: public policy and the future of health care R&D.

The incentives facing health care research and development (R&D) are influenced by the ambiguous signals sent by private and public insurance decisions affecting the use of, and payments for, existing technologies. Increasingly, that uncertainty is exacerbated by confusion over technologies' impact on health care costs, how costs are to be measured, and the social difficulty of determining medical "need" for purposes of insurance coverage. R&D executives appear to believe that "major" advances are more likely to win such coverage and thus to be profitable. The products that result, therefore, may make the current policy dilemma of cost containment versus service restriction more acute rather than less so. If the aim of policy is to cut costs, innovative remedies are necessary.  (+info)

(7/4244) Use of resources and costs of palliative care with parenteral fluids and analgesics in the home setting for patients with end-stage cancer.

BACKGROUND: In 1992 a home care technology project was started in which infusion therapy in the home setting was made available for patients with end-stage cancer. Beside aspects of feasibility and quality of life the resource utilization and costs of this transition was studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cost evaluation study, to determine the actual cost of managing patients with endstage cancer who require parenteral administration of fluid or analgesics in the home setting. A total of 128 patients were prospectively followed, with a detailed analysis of some aspects in a sample of 24 patients. RESULTS: The cost for each patient was found to be between $250.00 and $300.00 per day, half of which are for hospital charges, even with this active home care technology program. One-third of the costs can be attributed to primary health care activities, in particular those of the district nurses. A hypothetical control group (n = 25) was constructed based on current practice and chart review. Patients in this group would have cost around $750.00 per day. With a median treatment period of 16 days this means a saving of $8000.00 per patient. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that significant savings can be obtained by implementing programs transferring palliative care technology to the home setting.  (+info)

(8/4244) Breast cancer screening by mammography in Norway. Is it cost-effective?

BACKGROUND: Mammography screening is a promising method for improving prognosis in breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this economic analysis, data from the Norwegian Mammography Project (NMP), the National Health Administration (NMA) and the Norwegian Medical Association (NMA) were employed in a model for cost-effectiveness analysis. According to the annual report of the NMP for 1996, 60,147 women aged 50-69 years had been invited to a two-yearly mammographic screening programme 46,329 (77%) had been screened and 337 (0.7%) breast cancers had been revealed. The use of breast conserving surgery (BCS) was in this study estimated raised by 17% due to screening, the breast cancer mortality decreased by 30% and the number of life years saved per prevented breast cancer death was calculated 15 years. RESULTS: The cost per woman screened was calculated 75.4 Pounds, the cost per cancer detected 10.365 Pounds and the cost per life year (LY) saved 8.561 Pounds. A raised frequency of BCS, diagnosis and adjuvant chemotherapy brought two years forward, follow-up costs and costs/savings due to prevented breast cancer deaths were all included in the analysis. A sensitivity analysis documented mammography screening cost-effective in Norway when four to nine years are gained per prevented breast cancer death. CONCLUSION: Mammography screening in Norway looks cost-effective. Time has come to encourage national screening programmes.  (+info)


How can we reduce Health Care costs without Federal Insurance?


National Health care is a financial disaster waiting to happen, in my opinion.  Since we need a solution that the majority can agree upon, not just one mandated by one political party, what can we do to reduce health care costs other than a National Health care system.

The Federal Government is notoriously inefficient.  There must be a better way than letting them take over 10% of our economy!
----------

I agree with a lot of what Nemisis said, but I think I can simplify it even further.

Insurance is gambling.  How do we keep Casino's from getting more and more corrupt, like the insurance industry is?

Caps on profits.  If an insurance company had to pay out 90 cents of every dollar that it takes in, it would have to lower premiums.  Pass transparent billing, enforce contract law and anti-trust laws.  That is very important too, but if insurance companies were obligated to return a percentage of what they take in, not a percentage of net, but a percentage of each and every dollar they touch, health care costs would come down to a realistic level.

One law, enforce the others.  Done!


Is this happening to your health care costs at work?


Some corporations are putting employees on a sliding scale to cover health care costs for the lower paid employees.  So the health care costs for the higher paid employees are much higher while the same insurance is given to the lower paid employees at a lower cost to them.  Do you think this is fair?  My friend worked really hard to get a raise and found that 75% of it went toward covering health care for someone else because his raise put him in the higher bracket.
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I've never heard of this being done and I'm thinking that's not too fair.  Health care costs are high enough as it is and we work hard for our money - and why give someone a raise if you're only going to take most of it away to pay for someone else's insurance.  I'm sure those on the receiving end think it's fine, but honestly, I don't see it being too fair...those that are paid more have worked hard to get where they are.


Just how much money could be saved on health care costs if malpractice awards were controlled or limited?


I've heard that limiting legal fees and malpractice awards in medical awards cases is a large part of the high cost of medical coverage.  Just how much money (percentage wise) does this represent?  No one seems to know.  Doesn't it make sense to have the government reduce or limit malpractice fees and awards to reduce everyones health care costs? Couldn't we all write to our elected representatives in Washington and request this?  Maybe we could start a national petition.  Thanks for your answer.
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I don't know. I myself wonder how many lives would be saved if there was no malpractice by these highly intelligent doctors who have had many years of training  in medical school.


what are health care costs for healthy and unhealthy people?


i have debating classes and im trying to find evidence for health care costs. please list your bed where u got the info from. i need it.
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what are some reasons as to why the cost of health care should be lowered?


i'm doing some research on it.

also can you tell me some solutions to lowering health care costs.

thank you very much!!!
would creating more clinics help the health care situation.
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Healthcare costs are astronomical, and it's mainly due to the fact that doctors feel they are so above everyone else that they deserve the kind of money they make. 

For example, the last time my wife went into the hospital, they used a 5 inch Q-tip type thing on her, and we got a bill that had that on it, 26.00 for the qtip. Why? Because they know that they can charge whatever they want and people will have to pay it, or else skip going to the doctor which isn't feasable.

The other reason health care is so expensive is because of all the lawsuits against health care providers. People in the US are willing to sue for as much as they can, with or without a valid reason. Even if they lose, which a majority do, the cost in defending themselves drives the malpractice insurance up, which increases prices, which...blablabla, you get the idea. 

The reasonsthe costs should be lowered are kind of obvious... namely so that those of us who cannot afford insurance can still go to the hospital or the doctors without fear of having our credit ruined because we can't afford the bills. So that people with 4 or 5 kids can afford to keep their kids health whereas now, they have to sacrafice everything when a child is sick. 

The only way the healthcare costs will ever come down is if the government steps in and puts a stop to all these over-the-top charges. I recently had my appendix removed. The bill came out to be close to $5,000.00. I stayed in a room for 1 day, had 1 meal, and a 40 minute surgery without even being opened up, just 3 small slices in my belly and wands inserted to do the work. 40 minutes.  I can't honestly say that a night in a hotel (basically the same thing) and having some doc look through a scope for 40 minutes is worth 5K. There's no way.
But if I didn't have it done, I could have died. Hence, they can charge whatever they want. It's an unending cycle

***EDIT***

To the person above who said everyone should have to pay for insurance...

Think about it, then look at your last pay stub or your W2... see that thing that says Medicaid? We all DO pay for insurance, it's just not for ourselves.


How Much Does Health Care Cost Per Person?


how much does reasonable health care cost per person a month?
uh no i don't want to "really" buy health care. i'm only 14. this is for some home work that i have to do for school.
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What is the primary factor in health care expenditures?


What is the primary factor in health care expenditures; what steps need taken to slow rising health care costs?
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One of the most significant factors is the high costs of new medications and treatments for chronic diseases, and the exorbitant profits expected by drug companies.


What happens if one does not meet health care deductible within a year?


I'm still new to health care costs and plans. What happens if one does not meet the deductible within the year? Will interest add up? Will copayment increase for the next year? etc. etc....
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The insurance company pays their share for your medical services.  The deductible is the part of the bill they do not pay.  You are responsible to pay the deductible, or co-pay amount to the health care provider.  The insurance company does not police the deductible.

The health care provider will want some payments from you or they will eventually turn it over to a collection agency.  This still should not affect your insurance.