*  The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect - Figures et Tables
The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect - Figures et Tables. Langues: ... Next. The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect: ... is absorbed by greenhouse gases which radiate heat back down to ... The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect - Figures et Tables. Langues: Français Accueil. Dossiers. Faits saillants de rapports récents. Résumés UE. About us. Liste de A à Z. Thèmes. A propos des publications. Dépliants. Vidéos. Glossaire. Accueil » Changement climatique dans l'Arctique » Figures et Tables. . Next. The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect: Most of the heat energy emitted from the surface is absorbed by greenhouse gases which radiate heat back down to warm the lower atmosphere and the surface. Increasing the concentrations of greenhouse gases increases the warming of the surface and slows the loss of heat energy to space. Source : ACIA. Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment 2004, Context: Global Climate Change, p.2 Publication apparentée :. Changement climat...
http://greenfacts.org/fr/changement-climatique-arctique/figtableboxes/earth-greenhouse-effect.htm
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Climate Middle 6-8 Greenhouse Gases Resources and Tools. - Remove ... 6-8. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. This ... System. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. Greenhouse Effect 6 Apply Greenhouse Effect filter...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/middle-6-8-119/search-subjects/greenhouse-gases-8377
*  | NASA Wavelength Digital Library
Climate Systems ; Greenhouse Effect ; Systems Interactions ; ... interactions ; Greenhouse gas ; Planetary climate ; Feedback ... radiation ; Greenhouse gases ; Simulation ; Energy Budget ;...
http://nasawavelength.org/resource-search?qq=&facetSort=1&topicsSubjects=Earth and space science:Solar system&learningTime=2 to 4 hours&materialsCost=Free
*  Topic Guide: Paleoclimate
s energy balance. Greenhouse effect. . Resources:. World Wide Web...
http://earthednet.org/Ocean_Materials/Mini_Studies/PaleoClimate/Paleoclimate.html
*  Brands
Contact Us. Effects. Standout Stompbox. New Arrivals. B ... Pedals. Multi-Effects. Noise Reduction. Octave Pedals. ... Analog Alien. ARC Effects. Bearfoot FX. Black Arts Toneworks...
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*  This is a crisis, Ban tells Doha - Carbon News
Related Topics: Greenhouse Effect. Kyoto. United Nations. Login...
http://carbonnews.co.nz/story.asp?storyID=6508
*  Greenhouse effect
... . Toggle navigation. Sign Up. Sign In. HELP. study guides. lesson plans. bios. essays. homework help. Sign In. Share:. Get Greenhouse effect from Amazon.com. Greenhouse effect Summary. Everything you need to understand or teach Greenhouse effect. Download the Study Guide. 1 Student Essay 6 Encyclopedia Articles ...and more. Study Pack. The Greenhouse effect Study Pack contains:. Encyclopedia Articles 6. Greenhouse Gases and Greenhouse Effect. 2,964 words, approx. 10 pages. Greenhouse Gases and Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is the physical mechanism by which the atmosphere helps to maintain Earth's surface temperature within a range comfortable for organ... Read more. Greenhouse Effect. 965 words, approx. 4 pages. Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect, the cause of global warming, is an unprecedented, and possibly irreversible, environmental condition in which damaging human-produced gases build up and trap h... Read more. Greenhouse Effect. 953 words, approx. 4 pages. Green...
http://bookrags.com/Greenhouse_effect/
*  Greenhouse Effect -- Car Pollution
... The Good Air Lady talks about what you breathe indoors and out. Ways to Prevent Car Pollution. Main. Effects of car pollution. Greenhouse Effect -- Car Pollution. Are Mt. Kilimanjaro's glaciers melting because of the greenhouse effect or car pollution. It's hard to say, but it sure makes sense that they play a roll in the changing climate we see around the world. Part of the problem with this discussion is that we don't really understand all the ramifications of the greenhouse effect or nature's cycles, so we don't really know how connected the various environmental issues are that we are observing. But, the greenhouse effect is definitely connected to car pollution, so care needs to be taken to keep air quality from getting worse. The greenhouse effect and car pollution are greatly connected. Many people understand that car pollution has a large impact upon the environment, but the correlation between this type of pollution and the greenhouse effect is sometimes not be as widely known. This knowledge is...
http://thegoodairlady.com/greenhouse_effect_car_pollution_000239.html
*  Greenhouse Effect ( Read ) | Earth Science | CK-12 Foundation
Earth Science. Greenhouse Effect. Greenhouse gases trap heat and cause the atmosphere to warm; human actions increase greenhouse gas content in the atmosphere. Earth Science. Greenhouse Effect. How does the atmosphere resemble a greenhouse. A greenhouse traps heat. Similar to a greenhouse, greenhouse gases in the atmosphere keep Earth warm. The Greenhouse Effect. When sunlight heats Earth’s surface, some of the heat radiates back into the atmosphere. Some of this heat is absorbed by gases in the atmosphere. This is the greenhouse effect, and it helps to keep Earth warm. The greenhouse effect allows Earth to have temperatures that can support life. Gases that absorb heat in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases. Human actions have increased the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere Figure below. The warming of the atmosphere is because of insulation by greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases are the component of the atmosphere that moderate Earth’s temperatures. Greenhouse Gases. Greenhouse gases includ...
http://ck12.org/earth-science/Greenhouse-Effect/lesson/Greenhouse-Effect-Basic/
*  Greenhouse Effect | CK-12 Foundation
Greenhouse Effect. CK-12 Foundation meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/". iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-WVB47G" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden" /iframe. Dismiss. See what's new this school year. Donate. Help. Join. Sign In. Dashboard. Groups. Library. Browse. Search. Help. Donate. Join. Sign In. Greenhouse Effect. Greenhouse gases trap heat and cause the atmosphere to warm; human actions increase greenhouse gas content in the atmosphere. Earth Science. Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate. ... ... Featured Content. READ. Greenhouse Effect. Explains the greenhouse effect and how humans affect the greenhouse gas level. VIDEO. Atmospheric Radiation. Looks at the movement of energy through the atmosphere. 0%. Practice. Practice questions. CK-12 Content. Community Contributed. All Content. At Grade. All Levels. Basic. At Grade. Levels are CK-12's student achievement levels. Basic Students matched to this level have a partial mastery of prerequisi...
http://ck12.org/earth-science/Greenhouse-Effect/?difficulty=at grade&by=ck12
*  Greenhouse Effect Facts
... Environmental Facts. Top Environmental Issues. Environment Global Warming. Environmental Air Pollution. Water Pollution Facts. Environment Pollution. How To Stop Water Pollution. Stopping Air Pollution. Pollution and Global Warming. Global Warming Issues. How to Stop Air Pollution. Greenhouse Effect Facts. Recent Environmental Issues. Air Pollution Facts. Stopping Water Pollution. Important Environmental Issues. Pollution Issues. Global Warming Statistics. Global Environmental Problems. Greenhouse Effect Facts. Getting the Right Greenhouse Effect Facts When most people hear the term “greenhouse effect”, they tend to associate it to global warming. The term “greenhouse effect” refers to the warming effect brought about by greenhouse gases. Here are some of the common greenhouse effect facts. Many people believe that greenhouse gases are artificially produced by the industrial process. While the human industrial process may indeed be contributing to the large amount of greenhouse gases, these gases are als...
http://topenvironmentalissues.com/greenhouse-effect-facts.shtml
*  How does the greenhouse effect work? | CCS | Climate change | Discovering Geology | British Geologic
Discovering geology Discovering geology Climate change. Carbon capture storage. Carbon capture and storage. There are two components in the greenhouse effect a natural one caused by the amounts of greenhouse gases naturally found in the atmosphere and a man-made one caused by the amounts of greenhouse gases that man adds to the atmosphere as a result of his activities. What causes the man-made greenhouse effect. Man-made greenhouse gases. Which gases cause the greenhouse effect. The gases that contribute most to the Earth’s greenhouse effect are: water vapour, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane and ozone. In descending order, the gases that contribute most to the Earth’s greenhouse effect are: water vapour H 2 O, carbon dioxide CO 2, nitrous oxide N 2 O, methane CH 4 and ozone O 3. In terms of the amount of heat they can absorb and re-radiate known as their global warming potential or GWP, methane is 23 times more effective and nitrous oxide is 296 times more effective than carbon dioxide. However, there ...
http://bgs.ac.uk/discoveringGeology/climateChange/ccs/greenhouseEffect.html
*  The IPCC explains... The Greenhouse Effect | Climate System | Cause and Effect
In the industrial era, human activities have added greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, primarily through the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests... The two most abundant gases in the atmosphere, nitrogen comprising 78% of the dry atmosphere and oxygen comprising 21%, exert almost no greenhouse effect. In the humid equatorial regions, where there is so much water vapour in the air that the greenhouse effect is very large, adding a small additional amount of CO2 or water vapour has only a small direct impact on downward infrared radiation. However, in the cold, dry polar regions, the effect of a small increase in CO2 or water vapour is much greater. The same is true for the cold, dry upper atmosphere where a small increase in water vapour has a greater influence on the greenhouse effect than the same change in water vapour would have near the surface. In the industrial era, human activities have added greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, primarily through the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of f...
http://co2now.org/Know-the-Changing-Climate/Climate-System/ipcc-faq-greenhouse-effect.html
*  greenhouse effect | netl.doe.gov
greenhouse effect. Energy Analysis. Non-Fossil Energy Research. Newsroom Business. Licensing Technology Transfer. Site Support. Energy Analysis. Non-Fossil Energy Research. Funding Opportunities. Licensing & Technology Transfer. Site Support. Unsolicited Proposals. greenhouse effect. What is the greenhouse effect. Greenhouse Effect. The greenhouse effect is used to describe the phenomenon whereby the Earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence of gases, such as carbon dioxide CO2, methane CH4, and water vapor H2O, in the atmosphere that allow incoming sunlight to pass through but absorb heat radiated back from the Earth's surface, resulting in higher temperatures. The greenhouse effect gets its name from what actually happens in a greenhouse. In a greenhouse, short wavelength visible sunlight shines through the glass panes and warms the air and the plants inside. The radiation emitted from the heated objects is of longer wavelength and is unable to pass through the glass barrier, maintain...
http://netl.doe.gov/research/coal/carbon-storage/Carbon-Storage-FAQs/greenhouse-effect
*  Kyoto Protocol
... Contact. Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Amendment to Annex B 2006. Kyoto Protocol Bodies. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto Protocol. Targets for the first commitment period The targets for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol cover emissions of the six main greenhouse gases, namely: Carbon dioxide CO2 ; Methane CH4 ; Nitrous oxide N2O ; Hydrofluorocarbons HFCs ; Perfluorocarbons PFCs ; and Sulphur hexafluoride SF6 The maximum amount of emissions measured as the equivalent in carbon dioxide that a Party may emit over a commitment period in order to comply with its emissions target is known as a Party s assigned amount. The individual targets for Annex I Parties are listed in the Kyoto Protocol's Annex B. Kyoto Protocol Reference Manual on Accounting of Emissions and Assigned Amounts Countries included ...
http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/3145.php?plus=j
*  Kyoto Protocol
... Contact. Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Amendment to Annex B 2006. Kyoto Protocol Bodies. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto Protocol. Targets for the first commitment period The targets for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol cover emissions of the six main greenhouse gases, namely: Carbon dioxide CO2 ; Methane CH4 ; Nitrous oxide N2O ; Hydrofluorocarbons HFCs ; Perfluorocarbons PFCs ; and Sulphur hexafluoride SF6 The maximum amount of emissions measured as the equivalent in carbon dioxide that a Party may emit over a commitment period in order to comply with its emissions target is known as a Party s assigned amount. The individual targets for Annex I Parties are listed in the Kyoto Protocol's Annex B. Kyoto Protocol Reference Manual on Accounting of Emissions and Assigned Amounts Countries included ...
https://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/3145.php
*  File:Greenhouse Effect.png - Global Warming Art
... File:Greenhouse Effect.png From Global Warming Art. Instead, the Earth's atmosphere recycles heat coming from the surface and delivers an additional 324 W/m 2, which results in an average surface temperature of roughly +14 °C. Of the surface heat captured by the atmosphere, more than 75% can be attributed to the action of greenhouse gases that absorb thermal radiation emitted by the Earth's surface. The atmosphere in turn transfers the energy it receives both into space 38% and back to the Earth's surface 62%, where the amount transferred in each direction depends on the thermal and density structure of the atmosphere. This process by which energy is recycled in the atmosphere to warm the Earth's surface is known as the greenhouse effect and is an essential piece of Earth's climate. Under stable conditions, the total amount of energy entering the system from solar radiation will exactly balance the amount being radiated into space, thus allowing the Earth maintain a constant average temperature over time...
http://ns0.robertrohde.com/wiki/File:Greenhouse_Effect_png
*  Competition of AO regime changes and anthropogenic greenhouse gases and aerosol changes in Arctic
... climate projections - ePIC. Browse. Author. Year. Platform. Organizations. Programs. Research Networks. Type. Search. Simple. Advanced. About. About. Policies. Citation Guide. Login. Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung. Imprint. Contact. OAI. RSS 2.0. EPIC.awi.de. Home. Browse. Author. Year. Platform. Organizations. Programs. Research Networks. Type. Search. Simple. Advanced. About. About. Policies. Citation Guide. Login Login. Competition of AO regime changes and anthropogenic greenhouse gases and aerosol changes in Arctic climate projections. Edit Item. HTML Citation ASCII Citation EndNote BibTeX MODS OpenURL ContextObject in Span MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core EndNote Simple Metadata. General Information: Citation: Dethloff, K. , Rinke, A. , Dorn, W. and Handorf, D. 2004 : Competition of AO regime changes and anthropogenic greenhouse gases and aerosol changes in Arctic climate projections , International Miniconference at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbi...
http://epic.awi.de/10046/
*  Water vapor accounts for a whopping 90% or more of Earth's greenhouse effect! CO2 very minor player
Water vapor accounts for a whopping 90% or more of Earth's greenhouse effect. CO2 very minor player. . Free Republic Browse. Search. News/Activism Topics. Post Article. Skip to comments. Water vapor accounts for a whopping 90% or more of Earth's greenhouse effect. CO2 very minor player several sources Posted on 02/15/2010 5:52:36 AM PST by. ETL. Three article excerpts... From JunkScience.com: So, greenhouse is all about carbon dioxide, right. Wrong. The most important players on the greenhouse stage are water vapor and clouds. Carbon dioxide has been increased to about 0.038% of the atmosphere possibly from about 0.028% pre-Industrial Revolution while water in its various forms ranges from 0% to 4% of the atmosphere and its properties vary by what form it is in and even at what altitude it is found in the atmosphere. In simple terms the bulk of Earth's greenhouse effect is due to water vapor by virtue of its abundance. Water accounts for about 90% of the Earth's greenhouse effect -- perhaps 70% is due...
http://freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2451661/posts?page=47
*  The Greenhouse Effect: Why is the Earth's Surface So Much Warmer than the Earth as Seen from Space?
The Greenhouse Effect: Why is the Earth s Surface So Much Warmer than the Earth as Seen from Space. Activities Created at CLEAN Workshops The Greenhouse Effect: Why is the Earth s Surface So Much Warmer than the Earth as Seen from Space. The Greenhouse Effect: Why is the Earth s Surface So Much Warmer than the Earth as Seen from Space. Students should be able to do the following: Explain how the greenhouse effect works, in terms of several basic physical principles applied to long-term, global average energy budgets for the atmosphere and the earth s surface. Explain why adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere unbalances the energy budgets for the atmosphere and the earth s surface and leads to global warming. In this activity Microsoft Word 2007 .docx 283kB Jun15 11, students, working in small groups, respond to a series of questions asking them to analyze a diagram of the long-term, global average energy budgets for the atmosphere and the earth s surface below. Finally, they are asked to apply the same pr...
http://cleanet.org/clean/community/activities/c5.html
*  Research in Response to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
... Change. Presentations. Contact. Adaptation. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Kyoto Protocol. Science. Adaptation. Methods. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Secretariat. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. & Financial Matters Art. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Transport & Bunker Fuels Joint Implementation Kyoto Mechanisms LULUCF Methods and Science Policies & Measures REDD Research/Systematic Observat. Review Methodological Work Single Projects Third IPCC Assessment Report Transfer of Technologies. Research in Response to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Agenda 20 kB Presentations IPCC, Mr. Ogunlade Davidson: Climate change mitigation: Research need...
http://unfccc.int/meetings/archive/items/2953.php?minus=j
*  Global warming | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases The graph shows Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases have several anthropogenic sources inc... 06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. 06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions The graphic shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995, with projections to 2020. 06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. CO2 air emissions by sources in 1995 The graph shows CO2 air emissions from selected countries by various sources in 1995. 13 ...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/tag/global-warming
*  The Greenhouse Effect 1
the greenhouse effect return to creating an earth system ii creating an earth system ii the greenhouse effect greenhouse is good in the absence of an atmosphere earth s surface temperature would be about c or f which is way too cold for life earth is habitable because of the greenhouse effect a slightly inaccurate term for the heating of earth s atmosphere due to the presence of greenhouse gases such as water vapor carbon dioxide co methanes ch and nitrous oxide n greenhouse gases have just the right molecular structure to absorb infrared radiation that the earth emits it re emits most of that infrared energy in all directions warming the atmosphere to its comfortable average temperature of c f so the greenhouse effect is a good thing in a real greenhouse it s warmer inside because the structure prevents cooler outside air from mixing with the warmer air inside the greenhouse but an enhanced greenhouse effect can lead to global warming image courtesy epa to learn more go to page return to creating an earth sy...
http://ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/dynamic/session5/sess5_greenhouse.htm
*  Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/The Greenhouse Effect
... The Greenhouse Effect. thumb|250px|'Original' - This diagram shows how the Earth's greenhouse effect works, how it penetrates it, and the watts information. Reason An easy-to-read diagram with good gradient and blur effects. Articles this image appears in Greenhouse effect, Greenhouse gases Creator ZooFari. 'Support as nominator' --' Zoo. Fari ' 20:33, 23 January 2009 UTC 'Oppose'. Too verbose. Just indicate energy at appropriate arrows, and give a legend or labels to identify IR vs. broad spectrum. Papa Lima Whiskey. talk 02:16, 24 January 2009 UTC 'Comment' Where are irradiance numbers coming from. I can't see any references in the image or in the article. Noodle snacks talk 03:17, 24 January 2009 UTC The incoming 'solar' radiation or energy is 343 Watts per m 2. So basically the numbers come from the sun's solar energy, starting at what is coming through the atmosphere, which is described as "incoming". ' Zoo. Fari ' 03:35, 24 January 2009 UTC Yeah, my point is essentially. You need to state where the...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Featured_picture_candidates/The_Greenhouse_Effect
*  CO2 air emissions by sources in 1995 | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Towards an environmentally sustainable Nordic Region Author: Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal Description: The graph shows CO2 air emissions from selected countries by various sources in 1995. Climate 568, Global warming 102, Land 168, Air 38, Fossil fuel 27 Environmental policy responses This graphic shows the general responses to the need for policy from region to region around the world. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996 The graphic shows electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. By Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Relative importance given to environmental issues The graphic shows relative i...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/detail/co2-air-emissions-by-sources-in-1995_7012
*  Environmental trends Nordic countries ( I ) | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Environmental trends Nordic countries I. Environmental trends Nordic countries I. Towards an environmentally sustainable Nordic Region Author: Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal Description: The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries I. Climate 568, Ozone layer depletion 2, Ozone 122, Ozone layer 4, Pollution 219 Emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, Finland The graph shows Finnish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1980 to 1996 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. By Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions The graphic shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995, with projections to 2020. By Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according ...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/detail/environmental-trends-nordic-countries-i_7b24
*  Sources | Climate Change | US EPA
Climate Change. Climate Change. Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview. Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Economic Sector in 2013 Total Emissions in 2013 = 6,673 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent. Human activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over the last 150 years. The largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation. This annual report estimates the total national greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with human activities across the United States. The primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States are: Electricity production 31% of 2013 greenhouse gas emissions - Electricity production generates the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambr...
http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources.html
*  IPCC Second Assessment Report
... The 'Second Assessment Report' SAR of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC, published in 1996, is an assessment of the then available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change. The Second Assessment Report, titled 'Climate Change 1995', consists of reports from each of the three Working Groups, and a Synthesis Report:, p. Report of Working Group I: 'The Science of Climate Change'. Working Group I subsequently characterized its reports in the First and Second Assessments as progressing from an understanding that the greenhouse effect is well understood, greenhouse gases are increasing due largely to human activity, and therefore should lead to significant global warming though lack of understanding limited specific regional predictions, to a greater understanding despite continuing uncertainties that global warming continues and is most likely due to human activity, and that very substantial cuts in emissions would be required to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations. Tak...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPCC_Second_Assessment_Report
*  Iceland emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections | GRID-Arendal - Map
Iceland emissions of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, N2O 1990 and 2010 projections. Iceland emissions of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, N2O 1990 and 2010 projections. COP 5 Emission graphics Author: Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal Description: Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. Climate 568, Greenhouse effect 58, Energy 167, Industry 119, Information 132 Estonia emissions of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, N2O 1990 and 2010 projections Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Projection of global average temperatures Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Global and selected annex 1 countries emissions of greenh...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/detail/iceland-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases-co2-ch4-n2o-1990-and-2010-projections_90db
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions
... Home greenhouse gas emissions. News tagged with greenhouse gas emissions. 1 week. 1 month. 1 week. 1 month. 1 week. 1 month. climate change · greenhouse gases · carbon emissions · greenhouse gas · global warming. Sep 29, 2015 in Energy & Green Tech. Sep 28, 2015 in Environment. World headed for 2.7 Celsius warming: analysis. Earth is on track for average warming of 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100, higher than the UN target, said an analysis Thursday of country pledges for curbing climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions. Oct 01, 2015 in Environment. Carbon cut pledges 'still not enough to cap warming to 2 degrees'. Earth is on track for average warming of 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100, outstripping the UN target, said an analysis Thursday of country pledges for curbing climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions. Oct 01, 2015 in Environment. Greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gases are gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range. Common greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosph...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gas emissions/sort/popular/1w/
*  Phys.org - kyoto protocol
... Home kyoto protocol. News tagged with kyoto protocol. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics:. carbon emissions · climate change · greenhouse gas emissions · greenhouse gases · global warming. Global climate agreements could be counterproductive. International climate agreements like the Kyoto Protocol may discourage much-needed investment in renewable energy sources, and hence be counterprodutive, according to new research. Oct 05, 2015 in Environment. 29 1. Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC or FCCC, an international environmental treaty with the goal of achieving "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system." The Kyoto Protocol establishes legally binding commit...
http://phys.org/tags/kyoto protocol/sort/popular/1d/
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions(... continued page 10)
Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions ... Home greenhouse gas emissions. News tagged with greenhouse gas emissions. climate change · greenhouse gases · carbon emissions · greenhouse gas · global warming. Jun 02, 2015 in Environment. Six energy companies call for carbon pricing. Six leading oil and gas companies Monday called on governments to put into place a carbon pricing system, saying this would be the most effective way of cutting the emission of greenhouse gases. Jun 01, 2015 in Environment. May 26, 2015 in Energy & Green Tech. May 20, 2015 in Energy & Green Tech. Solar energy holds the best potential for meeting humanity's future long-term energy needs while cutting greenhouse gas emissions—but to realize this potential will require increased emphasis on developing lower-cost technologies ... May 06, 2015 in Energy & Green Tech. Japan eyeing 26% greenhouse gas cut: officials. Japan is planning to pledge a 26 percent cut in its greenhouse gas emissions from 2013 levels, ahead of a global summit on climate...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gas emissions/sort/rank/all/page10.html
*  IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports - Yahoo Weather
... ⚙ Help. Help. . IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports. . . . . Countries tallying their total greenhouse gas emissions can now get a better estimate thanks to two new reports adopted this week by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at a meeting in Batumi, Georgia. One report improves the total greenhouse gas inventory for countries participating in the Kyoto Protocol, the international treaty to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The other report is a more accurate assessment of gases emitted and absorbed by wetlands. The reports will help countries improve their greenhouse gas emissions inventories, Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, vice chair of the IPCC, said today Oct. 18 at a news conference announcing the final reports. "To mitigate climate change means to know well where the emissions of greenhouse gases come from and also how natural systems absorb some of them," Van Ypersele said. Under the Kyoto Protocol, developed countries report thei...
https://weather.yahoo.com/ipcc-green-lights-kyoto-protocol-wetlands-reports-203715063.html?.tsrc=sun?_devicefull
*  IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports - Yahoo Weather
... ⚙ Help. Help. . IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports. . . . . Countries tallying their total greenhouse gas emissions can now get a better estimate thanks to two new reports adopted this week by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at a meeting in Batumi, Georgia. One report improves the total greenhouse gas inventory for countries participating in the Kyoto Protocol, the international treaty to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The other report is a more accurate assessment of gases emitted and absorbed by wetlands. The reports will help countries improve their greenhouse gas emissions inventories, Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, vice chair of the IPCC, said today Oct. 18 at a news conference announcing the final reports. "To mitigate climate change means to know well where the emissions of greenhouse gases come from and also how natural systems absorb some of them," Van Ypersele said. Under the Kyoto Protocol, developed countries report thei...
https://weather.yahoo.com/ipcc-green-lights-kyoto-protocol-wetlands-reports-203715063.html?.tsrc=yahoo
*  The Importance of the Greenhouse Effect | Science - Opposing Views
Climate Weather. Climate Weather. Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images. One of the factors that affects the world's environmental conditions is the greenhouse effect. Climate scientists often blame the greenhouse effect for contributing to Earth's environmental woes, but it has a vital positive effect on the planet as well. The greenhouse effect refers to the ability of the atmosphere to trap the sun s heat, increasing the temperature of the planet. When the sun s energy reaches Earth, the atmosphere absorbs some of it on the way down, and then absorbs more when that energy reflects back off the surface during the day. The denser the atmosphere, and the higher the concentration of energy-holding molecules like water vapor and carbon dioxide, the more energy the atmosphere can trap. Without the greenhouse effect, the temperature of the planet would be similar to conditions experienced on the moon. On the lunar surface, with no atmosphere to mediate temperature swings, the surface can reach 134 degrees C...
http://science.opposingviews.com/importance-greenhouse-effect-3535.html
*  Training course for review under the Kyoto Protocol
National Systems mandatory for all review experts This course covers guidelines for review of national systems under Article 5, paragraph 1, of the Kyoto Protocol and related parts of guidelines under Articles 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol B. Modalities for the accounting of assigned amounts under Article 7.4 mandatory for lead reviewers and experts reviewing national registries and information on assigned amounts This course provides guidance for members of ERTs reviewing information provided in the Initial Report, the calculation of the assigned amount pursuant to Article 3, paragraphs 7 and 8, of the Kyoto Protocol, the commitment period reserve, and the national registries for conformity with the modalities for the accounting of assigned amounts under Article 7, paragraph 4. D Review of national registries and information on assigned amounts mandatory for lead reviewers, generalists and experts reviewing national registries and information on assigned amounts, recommended to all review experts This course...
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/training_for_review_of_annex_i_parties/items/2766.php?black=j
*  Energy and non-energy related greenhouse gas emissions
... /. Energy and non-energy related greenhouse gas emissions. Energy and non-energy related greenhouse gas emissions. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. Available at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/national-emissions-reported-to-the-unfccc-and-to-the-eu-greenhouse-gas-monitoring-mechanism-5. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. Available at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/national-emissions-reported-to-the-unfccc-and-to-the-eu-greenhouse-gas-monitoring-mechanism-5. Greenhouse gas emissions Kyoto gases per country combustion and non-combustion emissions, 2008. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. Available at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/national-emissions-reported-to-the-unfccc-and-to-the-eu-greenhouse-gas-monitoring-mechanism-5. Greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism Decision No 280/2004/EC of the Eur...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/specification.2010-08-09.2026605593/assessment-1
*  Manicore - Does economic growth "create" greenhouse effect?
Manicore - Does economic growth create greenhouse effect. Aller directement au contenu de la page sans parcourir les menus Aller directement au menu general Aller directement au menu de documentation Manicore. Version fran aise. Site map. Contact. References. Jobs. Carbon Inventory. Organization. Audits and reviews. Specifications. Watch. Modelizations. Market surveys. Project management and assistance. Negociations. Who am I. Associates. Leisure. About this site. A couple of elements. Mailing list. Mailing list : Subscribe. Other mail exchanges. Availability on the phone. Reproduction of pages. Updates. Documentation. Greenhouse effect. Physical aspects. What is the greenhouse effect. Why is it said that the earth is warming up. Has this warming up started already. Is climate change something different from the hole in the ozone layer. Is man the only cause of climate change. Are weather and climate the same thing. Greenhouse gases : what are they. What gases are greenhouse gases. How much do they contribute...
http://manicore.com/anglais/documentation_a/greenhouse/growth.html
*  IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports
... Follow. . TECH. HEALTH. PLANET EARTH. SPACE. STRANGE NEWS. ANIMALS. HISTORY. HUMAN NATURE. SHOP. TECH. HEALTH. PLANET EARTH. SPACE. STRANGE NEWS. ANIMALS. HISTORY. HUMAN NATURE. SHOP. TRENDING: Wearable Tech // Archaeology // Military & Spy Tech // 3D Printing // OurAmazingPlanet // Best Fitness Trackers // Human Origins. IPCC Green-Lights Kyoto Protocol, Wetlands Reports. By Becky Oskin, Staff Writer. October 18, 2013 03:04pm ET. An image of the Earth taken by the Russian weather satellite Elektro-L No.1. Credit: NTsOMZ. View full size image. Countries tallying their total greenhouse gas emissions can now get a better estimate thanks to two new reports adopted this week by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at a meeting in Batumi, Georgia. One report improves the total greenhouse gas inventory for countries participating in the Kyoto Protocol, the international treaty to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The other report is a more accurate assessment of gases emitted and absorbed by wetlands. T...
http://livescience.com/40544-ipcc-approves-kyoto-wetland-reports.html
*  atmospheric science - What experiments prove the greenhouse effect? - Physics Stack Exchange
atmospheric science - What experiments prove the greenhouse effect. - Physics Stack Exchange. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Physics Questions. Physics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for active researchers, academics and students of physics. atmospheric-science share. cite. improve this question. I don't have time for a full answer right now, but in short: The greenhouse effect is a very basic result of thermodynamics and the measured absorption spectra of various atmospheric gases. 5 Answers 5 active oldest votes. up vote 6 down vote. share. cite. improve this answer. answered May 30 '12 at 10:34. When I say "greenhouse effect" in this context, I'm referring to the radiative trapping of heat by absorption of outgoing radiation by gases. The increase in the effect due to increasing concentration of a greenhouse gas is due to effective broadening of absorption bands, which leads to definable predictions about how the radiative forcing changes, wh...
http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/29200/what-experiments-prove-the-greenhouse-effect/38390
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions(... continued page 7)
Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions ... Home greenhouse gas emissions. News tagged with greenhouse gas emissions. climate change · greenhouse gases · carbon emissions · greenhouse gas · global warming. Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria produce large amounts of nitrous oxide. Inconspicuous creatures surprise with a property that is important for our climate: Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria release large quantities of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide N2O, also known as laughing gas, and low ... Jul 15, 2015 in Environment. Large-scale organic farming operations, based on a review of almost a decade of data from 49 states, are not reducing greenhouse gas emissions, says a University of Oregon researcher. Jul 14, 2015 in Environment. Jul 13, 2015 in Energy & Green Tech. Academics and economists called Friday for a price on carbon and an end to fossil fuel subsidies to help curb rampant greenhouse gas emissions harming Earth's climate system. Jul 10, 2015 in Environment. Jul 09, 2015 in Environment. Jul 07, 2015...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gas emissions/page7.html
*  .. Goddard’s world .. COMMENT ON “FALSIFICATION OF THE ATMOSPHERIC CO2 GREENHOUSE EFFECTS WITHI
← Older posts. Newer posts →. Posted on. 152 comments. The blog Watts up with That is famous for its attempt to reinvent climate physics on Earth, and now they want to reinvent astrophysics as well. Steve Goddard, a frequent poster at WUWT, now has a couple of posts here and here as well as write ups by Lubos Motl, about how the extreme temperatures on Venus are not caused by the greenhouse effect, but rather the 90 bar atmospheric pressure on Venus. Continue reading →. 152 Comments. Posted in Uncategorized. COMMENT ON “FALSIFICATION OF THE ATMOSPHERIC CO2 GREENHOUSE EFFECTS WITHIN THE FRAME OF PHYSICS”. Posted on. 37 comments. 37 Comments. Posted in Uncategorized. Global Warming Maps/Graphs. Posted on. 25 comments. I now want to update that page with even better and a larger number images which are relevant to climate change. Hopefully this can serve as a good reference for those who want some images relevant to global warming. I also recommend the site http://www.globalwarmingart.com. Continue reading →. 25...
https://chriscolose.wordpress.com/page/2/
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
NOAA Climate.gov. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate 2 c Greenhouse effect Resources and Tools. - Remove 2 c Greenhouse effect filter 2 c Greenhouse effect. Greenhouse Effect. The Greenhouse Effect. In this activity, students learn about the relationship between greenhouse gases and global warming through a simple teacher demo or hands-on lab activity. Carbon Cycle Animation. Carbon Cycle. This activity from NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory introduces students to the current scientific understanding of the greenhouse effect and the carbon cycle. By studying carbon cycle science in a visual and interactive manner, the activity provides students with a conceptual framework with which to address the challenges of a changing climate. Climate System 28 Apply Climate System filter. Causes of Climate Change 10 Apply Causes of Climate Change filter. Measuring and Modeling Climate 9 Apply Measur...
https://climate.gov/teaching/literacy/2-c-greenhouse-effect
*  Registry systems under the Kyoto Protocol
... CDM. Documents & Decisions. Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto Protocol. Registry systems under the Kyoto Protocol. Two types of registry are being implemented: Governments of the 38 Annex B Parties are implementing national registries, containing accounts within which units are held in the name of the government or in the name of legal entities authorized by the government to hold and trade units. The UNFCCC secretariat, under the authority of the CDM Executive Board, has implemented the CDM registry for issuing CDM credits and distributing them to national registries. Accounts in the CDM registry are held only by CDM project participants, as the registry does not accept emissions trading between accounts. After the Kyoto commitment period is finished, the end status of the unit holdings for each Annex B Party will be compared with the Party s emissions over the commitment period in order to assess whether it has complied with its emission target under the Kyoto Protocol. EU emission...
http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/registry_systems/items/2723.php?normal=j
*  Kyoto Protocol
... Text Size. +. -. Text Colour. . Print. Share. Glossary. FAQ. Contact. Español. Français. Home. CDM. JI. CC:iNet. TT:Clear. NEWSROOM Get News on the Latest Climate Action NEGOTIATIONS. Meetings. Documents & Decisions. Bodies. FOCUS. INDC Portal. Overview. Adaptation. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Technology. PROCESS. Essential Background. Kyoto Protocol. Cooperation & Support. Science. Adaptation. National Reports. GHG Data. Methods. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Parties & Observers. Press. Secretariat. KEY STEPS. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. Bali Road Map. Cancun Agreements. Durban Outcomes. Doha Climate Gateway. Warsaw Outcomes. Issues Quickfinder:. Please choose Activities Implemented Jointly Admin. & Financial Matters Art. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Org. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Fi...
http://unfccc.int/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/background/items/1351.php
*  Kyoto Protocol
... Text Size. +. -. Text Colour. . Print. Share. Glossary. FAQ. Contact. Español. Français. Home. CDM. JI. CC:iNet. TT:Clear. NEWSROOM Get News on the Latest Climate Action NEGOTIATIONS. Meetings. Documents & Decisions. Bodies. FOCUS. INDC Portal. Overview. Adaptation. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Technology. PROCESS. Essential Background. Kyoto Protocol. Cooperation & Support. Science. Adaptation. National Reports. GHG Data. Methods. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Parties & Observers. Press. Secretariat. KEY STEPS. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. Bali Road Map. Cancun Agreements. Durban Outcomes. Doha Climate Gateway. Warsaw Outcomes. Issues Quickfinder:. Please choose Activities Implemented Jointly Admin. & Financial Matters Art. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Org. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Fi...
http://unfccc.int/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/background/items/1351.php?plus=j
*  Biodiesel Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Biodiesel Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Date: November 30, 2007 Source: CSIRO Australia Summary: Using pure biodiesel or blending biodiesel with standard fuel could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, according to a new report. Biodiesel has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector. Biodiesel has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector. A CSIRO report released November 27 confirms that using pure biodiesel or blending biodiesel with standard fuel could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector. The results of this study show biodiesel has the potential to reduce emissions from the transport industry, which is the third largest producer of greenhouse gases in Australia, behind stationary energy generation and agriculture, Dr Beer said. "Biodiesel Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions." ScienceDaily. Biodiesel Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. "...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071127101930.htm
*  11
Climate Change Collection 11. Climate Change Theme: Greenhouse Effect Sponsoring Organization: UCAR Intended use: Non-computer activity Intended audience: Educator and Learners URL: http://www.ucar.edu/learn/1 3 2 13t.htm Average Review Ratings Poor to Excellent, 1-5 scale :. Description: This activity has students use a model to investigate factors in greenhouse heating and cooling. As a result of this activity students will be able to identify at least three factors affecting the heat-trapping ability of a greenhouse, explain the factors important in the atmosphere s heat trapping ability, and understand the influence of albedo on earth s temperature. Comments: Provides mostly-accurate information about the greenhouse effect and a hands-on activity about albedo. Learning goals of the exercise are misleading: albedo does not affect the heat trapping ability of a greenhouse the concentrations of greenhouse gases do that. There can be feedbacks between the greenhouse effect and albedo, and albedo can itself in...
http://serc.carleton.edu/climatechange/11.html
*  Status of credentials of States Parties to the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol
... Text Size. Text Colour. Contact. CDM. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Kyoto Protocol. Science. Adaptation. Methods. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Parties & Observers. Secretariat. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Transport & Bunker Fuels Joint Implementation Kyoto Mechanisms LULUCF Methods and Science Policies & Measures REDD Research/Systematic Observat. Status of credentials of States Parties to the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol. In accordance with rule 19 of the draft rules of procedure being applied FCCC/CP/1996/2, the credentials of representatives of Parties, as well as the names of alternate representatives and advisers, shall be submitted to th...
http://unfccc.int/meetings/warsaw_nov_2013/items/7930.php?normal=j
*  Rio+20 : Greenhouse gas emissions inventory: First experiences
... Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform Welcome to the United Nations. My Dashboard. Member States. Major Groups. Rio+20 Voluntary Commitments. Partnerships at Rio+20. Green economy. Rio+20 Issues Briefs. Rio+20 Information Notes. Green economy policies, practices and initiatives. Member States. United Nations & IGOs. Major Groups. United Nations. Division for Sustainable Development. Rio+20 website in Portuguese. Greenhouse gas emissions inventory: First experiences - A greenhouse gas inventory serves as a tool to quantify and weigh greenhouse gas emissions GHG. The Municipality of Montevideo prepared and presented the results of their first greenhouse gas emissions inventory in June 2010. Information Location: Montevideo, Uruguay Sectors: Sustainable energy: access, efficiency and renewables; Natural Disaster Preparedness and Climate Change Adaptation;. Greenhouse gas emissions inventory: First experiences A greenhouse gas inventory serves as a tool to quantify and weigh greenhouse gas emissions GHG...
http://uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&type=99&nr=208&menu=20
*  Greenhouse Effect
. Greenhouse Effect. Reproduced, with permission, from: Schneider, S. H 1989. The greenhouse effect: Science and policy. Science 243: 771-81. The Greenhouse Effect: Science and Policy. STEPHEN H. SCHNEIDER. Global warming from the increase in greenhouse gases has become a major scientific and political issue during the past decade. That infrared radiation is trapped by greenhouse gases and particles in a planetary atmosphere and that the atmospheric CO2 level has increased by some 25 percent since 1850 because of fossil fuel combustion and land use largely deforestation are not controversial; levels of other trace greenhouse gases such as methane and chlorofluorocarbons have increased by even larger factors. Estimates of present and future effects, however, have significant uncertainties. There have also recently been controversial claims that a global warming signal has been detected. Results from most recent climatic models suggest that global average surface temperatures will increase by some 2deg. to 6deg...
http://ciesin.org/docs/003-074/003-074.html
*  KYOTO PROTOCOL
... Text Size. +. -. Text Colour. . Print. Share. Glossary. FAQ. Contact. Español. Français. Home. CDM. JI. CC:iNet. TT:Clear. NEWSROOM Get News on the Latest Climate Action NEGOTIATIONS. Meetings. Documents & Decisions. Bodies. FOCUS. INDC Portal. Overview. Adaptation. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Technology. PROCESS. Essential Background. Kyoto Protocol. Cooperation & Support. Science. Adaptation. National Reports. GHG Data. Methods. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Parties & Observers. Press. Secretariat. KEY STEPS. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. Bali Road Map. Cancun Agreements. Durban Outcomes. Doha Climate Gateway. Warsaw Outcomes. Issues Quickfinder:. Please choose Activities Implemented Jointly Admin. & Financial Matters Art. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Org. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Fi...
http://unfccc.int/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/items/1678.php?plus=j
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gas(... continued page 7)
Phys.org - greenhouse gas ... Home greenhouse gas. News tagged with greenhouse gas. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. carbon dioxide · climate change · greenhouse gas emissions · global warming · greenhouse gases. In the transition to a low-carbon energy system, how can society use increasing supplies of natural gas to minimize greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, boost economies and strengthen energy security. Japan pledges climate change aid to Pacific island nations. Japan pledged Saturday 55 billion yen $450 million in aid to Pacific island nations that are battling rising sea levels and natural calamities as a result of global warming. EPA proposes tougher fuel-efficiency standards for trucks. The Obama administration on Friday proposed tough new standards to improve fuel efficiency and reduce carbon dioxide pollution from trucks and vans, the latest move by President Barack Obama to address global warming. Japan eyeing 26% greenhouse gas cut: officials. Japan is planning to pledge a 26 percent cut in it...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gas/sort/popular/all/page7.html
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gases
... Home greenhouse gases. News tagged with greenhouse gases. sort by:. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. climate change · carbon dioxide · greenhouse gas emissions · climate · global warming. New technique could make cement manufacturing carbon-neutral. Concrete surrounds us in our cities and stretches across the land in a vast network of highways. Sep 28, 2015 in Engineering. Greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gases are gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. Common greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere include water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. In our solar system, the atmospheres of Venus, Mars and Titan also contain gases that cause greenhouse effects. Greenhouse gases greatly affect the temperature of the Earth; without them, Earth's surface would be on average about 33 C 59 F colder th...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gases/sort/rank/1w/
*  Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States
... right|thumb|350px|Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide versus Time thumb|US greenhouse gas emissions by gas thumb|US greenhouse gas emissions by source thumb|300px|US energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2012 were 12% below the peak levels of 2007. thumb|350px|Carbon Dioxide Emissions by country thumb|350px|Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the U.S. Climate change in the United States. the Department of Energy projected United States' greenhouse gas GHG emissions from the US energy industry to drop 28 percent from its 2007 value by 2030, due to the recession and the hydraulic fracturing boom in natural gas which reduced the release of carbon dioxide into the Earth's atmosphere. 6 2007 Reporting requirement Reduction target Strategy and measures to address climate change Near-term measures. EPA Clean Energy Programs - Green Power Partnership. Climate VISION Voluntary Innovative Sector Initiatives: Opportunities Now Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Under 1605 b : Authorized under Section 1605 b of the Energy ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas_emissions_by_the_United_States
*  Greenhouse gas emission trends
In the EU-15, 2010 GHG emissions increased by 2.1 % compared to 2009 – an increase of 78.5 Mt CO 2 eq in absolute values. This implies that EU‑15 greenhouse gas emissions were approximately 10.6 % below the 1990 level in 2010 or 11 % below the base-year level. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism provided by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism provided by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC. National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism provided by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC. Absolute change of GHG emissions by sector in the EU-27, 2009 - 2010 and total GHG emissions by sector in the EU-27, 2010. Note: Absolute change of GHG emissions by sector in the EU-27, 2009 - 2010 and total GHG emissions by sector in the EU-27, 2010 Data source:. ...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/greenhouse-gas-emission-trends/greenhouse-gas-emission-trends-assessment-4
*  .. Adding up the Greenhouse Effect: Attributing the contributions .. Like this: .. Related
Similar to the dirty laundry pile, greenhouse gases exhibit complex spectral overlap primarily by water vapor and clouds, and in second by water vapor and CO2. What’s more, if you removed two agents together say water vapor + CO2 the effect would be different than if you remove CO2, put it back, remove water vapor and put it back, and then record the sum of those two effects ignoring feedbacks such as water vapor dependence on temperature. The authors define the change in this long wave flux reduction as their metric for the greenhouse effect, and add various gases individually to a greenhouse-free atmosphere or remove them individually from the modern well, 1980 greenhouse atmosphere. First off, water vapor accounts for 39% of the net LW absorption if removed so taking out the vapor would make the longwave absorption go down to about 60% of its present value, and 62% if acting alone; in that order, clouds make up 15 and 36% and CO2, 14 and 25%. Once you include feedbacks, removing CO2 from the current atmosp...
https://chriscolose.wordpress.com/2010/08/27/adding-up-the-greenhouse-effect-attributing-the-contributions/
*  .. Archive for June, 2009 .. EPA Endangerment Finding: My Submitted Comments .. Ice Ages or 20th Ce
1.2 Natural Cloud Variations Might Have Caused ?Global Warming. If feedbacks in the climate system are indeed negative rather than positive, not only does this mean anthropogenic global warming might well be lost in the noise of natural climate variability, it also means that CO2 emissions have been insufficient to cause most of the warming seen in the past 50 years or so. EF-18896.2: Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations. Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic GHG concentrations. Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations. Simply put, climate sensitivity depends upon whether clouds and other elements of the climate system respon...
http://drroyspencer.com/2009/06/
*  Coral bleaching - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Great Barrier Reef. Biologists from the University of Queensland observed the first mass bleaching event for Hawaiian coral reefs in 2014, and attributed it to The Blob. This gives researchers hope that with rising temperatures due to global warming, coral reefs will develop tolerance for different species of symbiotic algae that are resistant to high temperature, and can live within the reefs. "Climate change, coral bleaching and the future of the world's coral reefs" PDF. The Coral Reef Era: From Discovery to Decline: A history of scientific investigation from 1600 to the Anthropocene Epoch, James Bowen, Springer, Jan 6, 2015, ISBN 978-3-319-07478-8, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-07479-5 a. "Effects of herbicides diuron and atrazine on corals of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia" PDF. Climate Change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability:...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coral_bleaching
*  Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-th
... irds Skip to main content Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-thirds University of Reading Show access keys. University of Reading cookie policy We use cookies on reading.ac.uk to improve your experience. University of Reading. Reading home > News and Events. Press Releases Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-thirds. Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-thirds. Release Date 13 January 2013 Tough limits on global emissions of greenhouse gases could avoid 20% to 65% of the damaging effects of climate change by 2100, according to new research led by the University of Reading's Walker Institute and published today in Nature Climate Change. Limiting emissions also has the effect of delaying climate change impacts by many decades. Professor Nigel Arnell, Walker Institute Director, University of Reading, said: "Our research clearly identif...
https://reading.ac.uk/news-and-events/releases/PR482917.aspx
*  Study Bolsters Greenhouse Effect Theory, Solves Ice Age Mystery
... January 27, 2005 in / Critics who dismiss the importance of greenhouse gases as a cause of climate change lost one piece of ammunition this week. In a new study, scientists found further evidence of the role that greenhouse gases have played in Earth’s climate. In Thursday’s issue of the journal Geology, Ohio State University scientists report that a long-ago ice age occurred 10 million years earlier than once thought. The answer: This particular ice age didn’t begin when CO2 was at its peak -- it began 10 million years earlier, when CO2 levels were at a low. “Our results are consistent with the notion that CO2 concentrations drive climate.” Saltzman and doctoral student Seth Young found that large deposits of quartz sand in Nevada and two sites in Europe -- Norway and Estonia -- formed around the same time, 440 million years ago. The scientists suspect that the sand formed when water levels fell low enough to expose quartz rock, so that wind and rain could weather the rock into sand. The fact that the d...
http://phys.org/print2844.html
*  IPCC First Assessment Report
... The 'First Assessment Report' 'FAR' of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC was completed in 1990. Working Group I: Scientific Assessment of Climate Change, edited by J.T. Ephraums Working Group II: Impacts Assessment of Climate Change, edited by W.J. We are certain of the following: there is a natural greenhouse effect...; emissions resulting from human activities are substantially increasing the atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gases: CO 2, methane, CFCs and nitrous oxide. The main greenhouse gas, water vapour, will increase in response to global warming and further enhance it. Based on current models, we predict: under increase of global mean temperature during the century of about 0.3 o C per decade with an uncertainty range of 0.2 to 0.5 o C per decade ; this is greater than that seen over the past 10,000 years; under other ... Our judgement is that: global mean surface air temperature has increased by 0.3 to 0.6 o C over the last 100 years...; The size of this warming is b...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPCC_First_Assessment_Report
*  Kyoto protocol, projected 2010 target status | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Kyoto protocol, projected 2010 target status. Vital Climate Change Graphics Update. Kyoto protocol, projected 20 ... Kyoto protocol, projected 2010 target status. Kyoto protocol, projected 2010 target status File type Download Size Language .jpg Download 104 kb -. Vital Climate Change Graphics Update Author: Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal Description: According to the projections each country has sent to the UNFCCC Secretariat, 14 countries will reach their targets in 2010. Some of the countries that had reached their targets in 2002 will increase their emissions between 2002-2010, while others like Germany will decrease and reach their target in 2010. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Temperature trends and projections The global average surface temperature has increased over the 20th century by about 0.6 degrees Celsius. This increase in temperature is likely to have been the largest for any century in the last 1000 years. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. By Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GR...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/detail/kyoto-protocol-projected-2010-target-status_15c7
*  Changes related to "Category:Greenhouse effect" - Global Warming Art
changes related to category greenhouse effect global warming art changes related to category greenhouse effect from global warming art category greenhouse effect this is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page or to members of a specified category pages on your watchlist are bold recent changes options show last changes in last days hide minor edits show bots hide anonymous users hide logged in users hide my edits show new changes starting from october namespace all main talk user user talk global warming art global warming art talk file file talk mediawiki mediawiki talk template template talk help help talk category category talk reference reference talk invert selection page name show changes to pages linked to the given page instead no changes on linked pages during the given period retrieved from http globalwarmingart com wiki special recentchangeslinked about gwart general description who s using our images copyright status information for republishers contact information s...
http://globalwarmingart.com/index.php?title=Special:RecentChangesLinked&limit=50&target=Category:Greenhouse_effect
*  Changes related to "Greenhouse effect" - Global Warming Art
changes related to greenhouse effect global warming art changes related to greenhouse effect from global warming art greenhouse effect this is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page or to members of a specified category pages on your watchlist are bold recent changes options show last changes in last days hide minor edits show bots hide anonymous users hide logged in users hide my edits show new changes starting from october namespace all main talk user user talk global warming art global warming art talk file file talk mediawiki mediawiki talk template template talk help help talk category category talk reference reference talk invert selection page name show changes to pages linked to the given page instead retrieved from http www globalwarmingart com wiki special recentchangeslinked about gwart general description who s using our images copyright status information for republishers contact information site support what s new description of changes gallery of new images recent...
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*  Free Greenhouse Essays and Papers
... Search Essays. Free Essays Unrated Essays Better Essays Stronger Essays Powerful Essays Term Papers Research Papers. :: 10 Works Cited. Strong Essays. Unrated Essays. Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect - Global Warming is due to the greenhouse effect. Powerful Essays. Better Essays. Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases - Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases The earth’s climate is predicted to change because human activities are altering the chemical composition of the atmosphere through the buildup of greenhouse gases –– primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Better Essays. :: 9 Works Cited. Better Essays. FREE Essays. :: 3 Works Cited. Powerful Essays. :: 49 Works Cited. Strong Essays. Because of those sources that produce greenhouse gases, the greenhouse gases have impact the climate change to wildlife and natural system in Australia. :: 7 Works Cited. FREE Essays. Air pollution and greenhouse gases are the two immediate causes of global warming and climate change. Global Warming: Th...
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*  numbers greenhouse gas: Topics by National Library of Energy
... Toggle navigation. Topics by National Library of Energy HOME. ABOUT. COMMUNICATIONS. FAQS. HELP. SITE MAP. FEEDBACK/CONTACT US. Sample records for numbers greenhouse gas. 1 2. 3. 4. 5. . Navigating the Numbers : Greenhouse Gas Data and International... Open Energy Info EERE. the Numbers : Greenhouse Gas Data and International Climate Policy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Navigating the Numbers : Greenhouse Gas Data and... Greenhouse Gas Emissions Minnesota Broader source: Energy.gov. This statute sets goals for the reduction of statewide greenhouse gas emissions by at least 15 percent by 2015, 30 percent by 2025, and 80 percent by 2050, calculated relative to 2005 levels. These... Greenhouse Gas Basics Broader source: Energy.gov. Greenhouse gases are trace gases in the lower atmosphere that trap heat through a natural process called the " greenhouse effect." greenhouse gas inve green developmen E-Print Network Collins, Gary S. greenhouse gas inve green developmen energy conser...
http://osti.gov/nle/topicpages/n/numbers greenhouse gas.html
*  What is Kyoto Protocol and what is its significance?
What is Kyoto Protocol and what is its significance. Environment Environmental Basics Environmental History. Climate Change Global Warming. Environmental Pollution. Green House Gases. Save Animals and Wildlife. What is Kyoto Protocol and what is its significance. by Keshav Saini February 7, 2011. What is Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto protocol is the treaty signed between 191 developed and developing countries as of october 2010 to reduce the emission of green house gases into the atmosphere. In December 1997, a group of 160 nations met at Kyoto, Japan to frame a treaty which could address the problem of global warming to a global platform and that could act as deterrent for signing nations to pollute the environment. In the 1980s, scientific evidences confirmed the rapid rate of global warming and environmental pollution that was caused due to uncontrolled emission of green house gases into the atmosphere specially carbon dioxide. After that Japan signed the treaty. With the 2002 passing, 70 countries had already sig...
http://environmentabout.com/474/what-is-kyoto-protocol-and-what-is-its-significance
*  PhET Simulation: The Greenhouse Effect Feature Summary
phet simulation the greenhouse effect feature summary skip to page content login register archives browse fyi about home detail page feature summary phet simulation the greenhouse effect feature summary type physics at home title phet simulation the greenhouse effect description security note once you have clicked on the simulation link below be sure to read the java security advisory before running the simulation to do that click the read now button on the yellow band near the top of the phet page investigate climate change with this phet simulation you ll see how greenhouse gases keep earth much warmer than it would be without them this feature was updated on may featured may may all rights reserved contact physics to go brought to you by the aps aapt and nsf nsdl a member of the compadre digital library about physics to go terms privacy faq sitemap browse the compadre collections psrc physics front physics to go osp psrc physport per central phystec advanced labs astronomy center physics source quantum exc...
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*  Anthropogenic influence. The enhanced greenhouse effect. | GRID-Arendal - Publications - Vital Cl
Anthropogenic influence. The enhanced greenhouse effect. GRID-Arendal - Publications - Vital Climate Graphics Africa. GRID-Arendal Menu. Home. About. Programmes. Activities. Graphics. Photos. Publications. News. Search. Publications. Vital Climate Graphics ... Anthropogenic influenc ... Vital Climate Graphics Africa Table of contents. Previous. Next. Foreword Introduction Credits Temperature curves global last 1000 years, 140 years and Africa last 100 years. Linear trends in warm and cold days temperature and rainfall for Zimbabwe Increasing temperatures have led to the melting of mountain glaciers on Africa's major mountains. El Niño-Southern Oscillation ENSO phenomenon ENSO impact on Southern Africa Increasing temperatures are a threat to coral reefs Land Use Change is resulting in rapid loss of forests and excessive fragmentation: Deforestation in Cote d'Ivoire case study Natural disasters affect most of Africa. What is the green house effect. Anthropogenic influence. The enhanced greenhouse effect. The IP...
http://grida.no/publications/vg/africa/page/3111.aspx
*  Greenhouse Gas Emissions Companies and Suppliers for Aerospace & Air Transport industry in Chile on
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Companies and Suppliers for Aerospace Air Transport industry in Chile on environmental. SIGN IN TO XPRT Email. Air Climate Water Wastewater Soil Groundwater Waste Recycling Environmental Management Health Safety Energy Renewables Monitoring Testing Solutions Solutions. Products Products. Software Software. Training Training. Applications Applications. Companies Companies. Latest Latest. News News. Events Events. Jobs Jobs. Publications Publications. Articles Articles. Journals Journals. Downloads Downloads. Xprts Xprts. / Companies /. Chile / greenhouse gas emissions ... greenhouse gas emissions Companies in Chile Serving Chile. Near Chile. Keyword: greenhouse gas emissions. Industry: Aerospace Air Transport. Read more. Contact now / Request quote. Read more. Contact now / Request quote. GHG Accounting Services based in Vancouver, BRITISH COLUMBIA CANADA GHG Accounting Services Ltd. “GHG Accounting” provides specialized carbon and sustainability consulting and greenhouse gas accountin...
http://environmental-expert.com/companies/keyword-greenhouse-gas-emissions-10916/location-chile/industry-served-aerospace-air-transport
*  Anti-Money Laundering Risk Assessment Report - LexisNexis
... LexisNexis Risk Solutions Careers Contact Us. - Health Care. Health Care Ensure appropriate access to health care, carry out health and disease management programs, and proactively reduce health care fraud. Risk Anti-Money Laundering Risk Assessment Report. Anti-Money Laundering Risk Assessment Report A snapshot summary of a financial institution's BSA/AML risk built from dynamic, index-based attributes The LexisNexis Anti-Money Laundering Risk Assessment Report delivers a concise summary of a financial institution's Bank Secrecy Act BSA /Anti-Money Laundering AML risk for the entire customer base or a specified segment of the total customer population. This report helps automate the process of gathering BSA/AML risk data for the entire institution to support more efficient risk assessments and risk reporting. The LexisNexis Anti-Money Laundering Risk Assessment Report gives you the power to better understand the BSA/AML risk exposure of your entire portfolio, a segment of your portfolio or an individual...
http://lexisnexis.com/risk/products/financial/anti-money-laundering-risk-assessment-report.aspx
*  CLIMATE CHANGE: Uncertain Future of Kyoto Protocol Alarms Green Groups | COP17 CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATE CHANGE: Uncertain Future of Kyoto Protocol Alarms Green Groups. COP17 CLIMATE CHANGE DURBAN 2011. Home. About Contact Newsletter Archives. Columns Features Interviews Podcasts Multimedia Community Media Espa ol Fran ais. Portuguese. CLIMATE CHANGE: Uncertain Future of Kyoto Protocol Alarms Green Groups Posted on 04 April 2011 by admin By Marwaan Macan-Markar. BANGKOK, Apr 4, 2011 IPS With just seven months to go before a pivotal U.N. climate change summit in South Africa, green groups are raising the alarm here about the future of the Kyoto Protocol, the world’s only international treaty that mandates most industrialised nations to cut their environment polluting greenhouse gases GHG to save the planet from overheating. Talks on the future of the Kyoto Protocol are becoming more urgent, Meena Raman, a senior policy advisor at Friends of the Earth International, a global green lobby, told IPS. Parties have been mandated under the protocol to negotiate a second and subsequent round. The worry stems from...
http://ips.org/TV/cop17/climate-change-uncertain-future-of-kyoto-protocol-alarms-green-groups/
*  U.S. GAO - Climate Change Science: High Quality Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data are a Cornerstone of P
... rograms to Address Climate Change. Skip Navigation Advanced Search. Reports Testimonies. Bid Protests Appropriations Law. Key Issues. About GAO. Careers. Multimedia. Resources. For Congress. For Journalists. For Auditors. For Federal Managers. For Researchers. Center for Audit Excellence. Climate Change Science: High Quality Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data are a Cornerstone of Programs to Address Climate Change GAO-09-423T: Published: Feb 24, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2009. Highlights. View Report PDF, 15 pages. Share This:. Additional Materials: Highlights Page:. PDF, 1 page Full Report:. PDF, 15 pages. Accessible Text:. HTML text file Contact: John B. Stephenson 202 512-6225 contact@gao.gov. Office of Public Affairs 202 512-4800 youngc1@gao.gov. Elevated levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the resulting effects on the earth's climate could have significant impacts in the United States and internationally. Potential impacts include a change in sea levels, ecosystems, and ice cover. The ...
http://gao.gov/products/GAO-09-423T
*  Limits on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Positive Long-term Effect on Climate Change - The Green Opti
... mistic. The Green Optimistic - alternative energy news, environmental awareness. Green Energy. Strict Limits on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Positive Long-term Effect on Climate Change Leigh Hutchens. If global temperatures continue to increase by up to 4 degrees, as expected without intervention, and steps are not taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, extreme heat waves will become the new norm – devastating areas from the United States to the Middle East. While reducing greenhouse gas emissions won’t eliminate climate change, strict limitations will reduce adverse effects by many decades and may, in fact, lesson their intensity. Addressing Climate Change: Power Producers Balk at Carbon Dioxide Limits. Tags: climate change Climate Change emissions limits Greenhouse Gas Emissions Nature Climate Change Comments. Browse all categories Browse all categories Select Category Biofuels Biodiesel Biogas Ethanol Environment Climate Change Green News Green Policy Pollution Recycling Sustainable Food Video Exot...
http://greenoptimistic.com/strict-limits-on-greenhouse-gas-emissions-have-positive-long-term-effect-on-climate-change-20130115/
*  George W. Bush: Letter to Members of the Senate on the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
2016 Election Documents. 2012 Election Documents. 2008 Election Documents. 2004 Election Documents. 1960 Election Documents. View Public Papers by Month and Year. INCLUDE election campaign documents. INCLUDE documents from the Office of the Press Secretary INCLUDE election campaign documents. You can search the Public Papers in two ways: 1. Search by Keyword and Year You can search by keyword and choose the range of years within your search by filling out the boxes under Search the Public Papers. 2 View by Month and/or Year Select the month and/or year you would like information about and press View Public Papers. Bush: Letter to Members of the Senate on the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change. Letter to Members of the Senate on the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change March 13, 2001. Dear : Thank you for your letter of March 6, 2001, asking for the Administration's views on global climate change, in particular the Kyoto Protocol and efforts to regulate carbon dioxide under the Clean Air Act. Consistent w...
http://presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=45811
*  .. US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Fallen Nearly 7 Percent Below 2005 Levels .. Tracking trends in
April 16, 2013 ↔ 1 comment US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Fallen Nearly 7 Percent Below 2005 Levels. Share Tweet + 1 Mail. Anthropogenic US greenhouse gas emissions GHG amounted to a CO2-equivalent 6,702.3 million metric tons in 2011, down 1.6 percent from 2010 and 6.9 percent below 2005 levels. Longer term, US GHG emissions have increased at an annual average rate of 0.4 percent since 1990, according to the Environmental Protection Agency’s EPA 18th annual US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks Inventory report, which was released April 15. A decrease in the carbon intensity of fuels used in electricity generation due to increased use of natural gas as opposed to coal, a “significant increase in hydropower” generation, and “relatively mild winter conditions, especially in the South Atlantic Region of the US” were the main factors underlying the drop in national GHG emissions in 2011, according to the EPA’s “The Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2011.”. Longer term trends...
http://globalwarmingisreal.com/2013/04/16/us-greenhouse-gas-emissions-have-fallen-nearly-7-below-2005-levels/
*  The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago - Springer
... The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago. Ruddiman. Affiliated with Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia. 1 Cyclic variations in CO 2 andCH 4 driven by Earth-orbital changes during the last 350,000 years predict decreases throughout the Holocene, but the CO 2 trend began ananomalous increase 8000 years ago, and the CH 4 trend did so 5000 years ago. Share Share this content on Facebook Share this content on Twitter Share this content on LinkedIn. Related Content. Blunier, T., Chappellaz, J., Schwander, J., Stauffer, J., and Raynaud, D.: 1995, ‘Variations in Atmospheric Methane Concentration during the Holocene Epoch’, Nature 374, 46. E.: 1991, Disease and History, Dorsett Press, NY. London, B 275, 143. Chappellaz, J., Barnola, J.–M., Raynaud, D., Korotkevitch, Y. S., and Lorius, C.: 1990, ‘Atmospheric CH4 Record over the Last Climatic Cycle Revealed by the Vostok Ice Core’, Nature 345, 127. J.: 1992, ‘Climate Forcing by Anthropogenic Aerosols’, Science 255, 423...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:CLIM.0000004577.17928.fa
*  More maize ethanol may boost greenhouse gas emissions | EurekAlert! Science News
More maize ethanol may boost greenhouse gas emissions. EurekAlert. Science News. News. Breaking News. Science Business News. EurekAlert!中文版. Climate Change. Breaking News. Science Business News. EurekAlert. US National Science Foundation. About EurekAlert. Help / FAQ. Public Release: 11-Mar-2010 More maize ethanol may boost greenhouse gas emissions New economic analysis confirms that maize-based biofuel is unlikely to reduce global production of carbon dioxide American Institute of Biological Sciences. In the March issue of BioScience, researchers present a sophisticated new analysis of the effects of boosting use of maize-derived ethanol on greenhouse gas emissions. The analysis combines ecological data with a global economic commodity and trade model to project the effects of US maize ethanol production on carbon dioxide emissions resulting from land-use changes in 18 regions across the globe. The researchers' main conclusion is stark: these indirect, market-mediated effects on greenhouse gas emissions "are...
http://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-03/aiob-mme030910.php
*  A Greenhouse Effect Analogy - American Chemical Society
... ACS Climate Science Toolkit. Climate Science Narratives. ACS Climate Science Toolkit. Nowadays we hear a lot about the “greenhouse effect” because the Earth is warm and it is some gases in the air greenhouse gases that are responsible for keeping the Earth warm and suitable for life as we know it. Energy from sunlight is the source of the warmth in a greenhouse, because the sunlight can pass right through the transparent enclosure. Energy from sunlight is also the source of the warmth on Earth, because the atmosphere is pretty transparent to sunlight. A different analogy is the atmosphere acting like a blanket. The blanket represents the atmospheric layer of greenhouse gases. You will finally reach a balance where the energy leaving the blanket is equal to the energy you produce and your skin will remain at a constant temperature, just like the surface of the Earth. Among the Earth’s blanket of greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide is the one you probably hear about most often, because it is increasing in the...
http://acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/climatesciencenarratives/a-greenhouse-effect-analogy.html
*  What is the Kyoto Protocol?
What is the Kyoto Protocol. Climate change and global warming FAQ. What is the Kyoto Protocol. Carbon, climate change global warming news Latest headlines: October - Climate Change Migration "Cultural Genocide" - Corporations Waking Up To Climate Change Threat - India Vows Significant Carbon Emissions Intensity Reduction - Shell CEO Supports A Carbon Price - Indonesian Fires' Massive Emissions Legacy - Consensus Among Non-Climate Scientists. The Pope - Australia's Climate Council Turns 2 - Fossil fuel Divestment Push Hits USD 2.6 Trillion - Deniers No Longer By Name Anyway - Big Companies' Big Renewable Energy Commitments - Climate Change Damages Bill Could Be Higher Than Thought More From September Global warming news archive. What is the Kyoto Protocol. The reason for the lengthy timespan between the terms of agreement being settled upon and the protocol being engaged was due to terms of Kyoto requiring at least 55 parties to ratify the agreement and for the total of those parties emissions to be at least 5...
http://carbonify.com/articles/kyoto-protocol.htm
*  Kyoto Protocols Clean Development Mechanism Marks 5,000th Project
... - UNEP. Climate Change. Most Popular Keynote Address by UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner at the Opening of the 15th Session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment AMCEN. Remarks by UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development. Kyoto Protocols Clean Development Mechanism Marks 5,000th Project Thu, Nov 15, 2012. Abeer Ibrahim: Egyptian Brick Factory GHG Reduction Project CDM Project 0834 Bonn Germany , 15 November 2012 - The Kyoto Protocol s clean development mechanism CDM , the international market-based tool that incentivizes greenhouse gas emission reduction projects in developing countries, has registered its 5,000th project. Further Resources Los Cocos Wind Farm Project Clean Development Mechanism Loan Scheme Clean Development Mechanism United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNEP and Climate Change. This is just the latest in a long line of impressive achievements made by th...
http://unep.org/NEWSCENTRE/Default.aspx?DocumentID=2698&ArticleID=9330&l=en
*  The Science
Feeling the Heat: Climate Science and the Basis of the Convention. On 27 September 2013, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC released the Working Group 1 contribution to its Fifth Assessment Report AR5, which looks at the science of climate change. There are some basic well-established links: The concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth s atmosphere is directly linked to the average global temperature on Earth; The concentration has been rising steadily, and mean global temperatures along with it, since the time of the Industrial Revolution; and The most abundant greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, is the product of burning fossil fuels. For the first time, Working Group 1 could provide a comprehensive assessment of sea level rise, and its causes, over the past few decades. Thanks to the IPCC, this is what we know: From 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85 C. From 1901 to 2010, the global average sea level rose by 19 cm as oceans expanded due to warming and ice melted...
https://unfccc.int/essential_background/the_science/items/6064txt.php?minus=j
*  Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Could Prevent Premature Deaths - Yahoo Weather
... Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Could Prevent Premature Deaths. Reducing the flow of the greenhouse gases that spur global warming could prevent up to 3 million premature deaths annually by the year 2100, a new study suggests. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat, helping warm the globe. However, most of this previous work has treated any mortality from air pollution as a near-term and local effect, generally not further analyzing how air pollutants can drift across national borders, long-term changes in human populations or the indirect effects of climate change on air quality, said researcher Jason West, an atmospheric scientist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The researchers found that aggressively reducing greenhouse gas emissions could help prevent 300,000 to 700,000 premature deaths annually by the year 2030, two-thirds of which would be in China. "We found reducing greenhouse gases could lead to a pretty striking reduction in air pollutants, and thus a pretty sig...
https://weather.yahoo.com/reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-could-prevent-premature-deaths-192241358.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 2 d Biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases / Carbon cycle 2 c Greenhouse effect Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 7 Results for. - Remove 2 d Biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases / Carbon cycle filter 2 d Biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases / Carbon cycle. - Remove 2 c Greenhouse effect filter 2 c Greenhouse effect. Fulltext search. Carbon Cycle Animation. This animation depicts the carbon cycle in a fashion that...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/2-d-biogeochemical-cycles-greenhouse-gases-carbon-cycle-3413/search-climateliteracy/2-c-greenhouse-effect-3405?keywords=
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gases(... continued page 12)
Phys.org - greenhouse gases ... Home greenhouse gases. News tagged with greenhouse gases. climate change · carbon dioxide · greenhouse gas emissions · climate · global warming. Jun 04, 2014 in Environment. Climate engineering can't erase climate change. Jun 02, 2014 in Environment. Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in the earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere. 'Obama wants to force coal plants to reduce emissions'. US President Barack Obama wants to force coal energy plants to reduce emissions and pay for greenhouse gases they do emit through a cap and trade system, the New York Times said Thursday. Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have crossed a new threshold, the UN's weather agency said Monday, highlighting the urgency of curbing manmade, climate-altering greenhouse gases. If we had a second Earth, we could experiment with its atmosphere to see how increased levels of greenhouse ga...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gases/sort/date/all/page12.html
*  Press Releases & Advisories 2006
Press Releases Advisories 2006. Contact. Español. Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Press Releases & Advisories. Secretariat. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Press Releases & Advisories. Press Releases Advisories 2006. 2001 Date Press Releases. 17 Nov 2006 Spirit of Nairobi prevails as United Nations Climate Change Conference successfully concludes with decisions to support developing countries 150 kB. fre 177 kB. rus 186 kB. spa 150 kB. 15 Nov 2006 UN Secretary-General announces Nairobi Framework to help developing countries participate in the Kyoto Protocol 50 kB esp 143 kB. fre 164 kB. rus 177 kB. ger 140 kB. 6 Nov 2006 Nairobi United Nations Climate Change Conference opens with warning that climate change may be most serious threat ever to face humankind 131 kB. 5 Nov 2006 Africa s Acute Vulnerability to Climate Change Underlined in New Repor...
http://unfccc.int/press/press_releases_advisories/items/3644.php
*  new ADLIB record details
Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Secretariat. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. Transport & Bunker Fuels Joint Implementation Kyoto Mechanisms LULUCF Methods and Science Policies & Measures REDD Research/Systematic Observat. Full library record Symbol FCCC/SBI/2011/INF.2 Title Compilation and synthesis of supplementary information incorporated in fifth national communications submitted in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol. Secretariat Full versions EN Text preview EN Abstract This document contains a compilation and synthesis of supplementary information incorporated in the fifth national communications submitted to the secretariat by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol. It provides information on a range of issues relating to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, such as: national systems and registries under the Kyoto Protocol; policies...
http://unfccc.int/documentation/documents/advanced_search/items/6911.php?priref=600006270
*  Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting | San Diego Gas & Electric
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting. San Diego Gas Electric. Solar Electric Vehicles Smart Grid Preservation Properties About Us Rebates. Benefits Getting Started with Solar Ways to Save After Solar Installation Net Energy Metering NEM. What is NEM. Benefits FAQ Billing Information. Excess Generation Billing FAQ Understanding Your NEM Statement Apply for NEM. Less than 30kW Greater than 30kW Apply for NEM - Requirements Apply for NEM - Resources Have Questions. FAQ EV Resources. Benefits Getting Started with Solar Ways to Save After Solar Installation Net Energy Metering NEM. What is NEM. Benefits FAQ Billing Information. Excess Generation Billing FAQ Understanding Your NEM Statement Apply for NEM. Less than 30kW Greater than 30kW Apply for NEM - Requirements Apply for NEM - Resources Have Questions. FAQ EV Resources. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting SDG E has been an early leader in greenhouse gas GHG emissions reporting. We supported the development of GHG reporting industry protocols early on and began vo...
http://sdge.com/clean-energy/environmental-compliance/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reporting
*  Centre for Science and EnvironmentEU peeved as CoP-8 draft does not mention Kyoto Protocol | Centre
Centre for Science and Environment EU peeved as CoP-8 draft does not mention Kyoto Protocol. Centre for Science and Environment. ABOUT CSE Who we are. Take a Bus Air Quality and Public Health Public Transport and Mobility Climate and Transport Vehicle Technology and Fuel Be the change. Water Management. Urban water. Research Capacity Building. CSE GIZ support to National Urban Sanitation policy CCBP NURM. Research Capacity Building Team. Rain Water Harvesting Decentralilsed Waste Water Management including Septage Management Green Building Water Management River Pollution Wetland Conservation. Key Resource Centre. Capacity Building Team. Green Rating Project Community Support Environment Impact Assessment Mining and Environment Regulator Programme. Environment Education. Anil Agarwal Environment Training Institute. CSE Laboratory Pesticide regulations Pesticides in bottled water Pesticides in soft drinks Pesticide residues in blood Endosulfan Bhopal. Climate Change. Media. Anil Agarwal media fellowships Media...
http://mailto:sharmila@cseindia.org/node/3049
*  Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Different Light-Duty Vehicle and Fuel Pathways: A Synthesis
lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from different light duty vehicle and fuel pathways a synthesis of recent research published on center for climate and energy solutions http www c es org home printer friendly lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from different light duty vehicle and fuel pathways a synthesis of recent research lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from different light duty vehicle and fuel pathways a synthesis of recent research july by nick nigro and shelley jiang download the full report pdf transitioning to a cleaner fleet of advanced vehicles powered by electricity hydrogen and advanced biofuels or petroleum products can yield a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and petroleum consumption a meaningful assessment of the comparative merits of these alternate fuel pathways requires a solid understanding of their technological potential to reduce emissions available studies evaluating full lifecycle emissions rely on various assumptions of that potential and yield a wide range of ...
http://c2es.org/print/publications/lifecycle-greenhouse-gas-emissions-different-light-duty-vehicle-fuel-pathways-synthesis
*  Greenhouse gas inventory
... Unlike some other air emission inventories, greenhouse gas inventories include not only emissions from source categories, but also removals by carbon sink s. All Annex I countries are required to report annual emissions and sinks of greenhouse gases under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC National governments that are Parties to the UNFCCC and/or the Kyoto Protocol are required to submit annual inventories of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from sources and removals from sinks. The Kyoto Protocol includes additional requirements for national inventory systems, inventory reporting, and annual inventory review for determining compliance with Articles 5 and 8 of the Protocol. ISO 14064 Local Government Operations Protocol See also Sources Further reading. The ISO 14064 standards provide governments, businesses, regions and other organisations with an integrated set of tools for programs aimed at measuring, quantifying and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Local Gov...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas_inventory
*  AWG In-session workshop on means to reach emission reduction targets
... Contact. CDM. JI. Overview. Climate Finance. Mitigation. Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto Protocol Bodies. GHG Data. Land Use and Climate Change. Gender and Climate Change. Parties & Observers. Secretariat. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. 5/7/8 Kyoto Protocol Brazilian Proposal Capacity Building Clean Development Mechanism Co-operation with intl. Compliance Education & Outreach Emissions Trading Fast-Start Finance Financial Mechanism Greenhouse Gases Inventories Interactions with Ozone Layer Intl. Transport & Bunker Fuels Joint Implementation Kyoto Mechanisms LULUCF Methods and Science Policies & Measures REDD Research/Systematic Observat. Kyoto Protocol. AWG In-session workshop on means to reach emission reduction targets. Bangkok, 1-3 April 2008 The Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol, at its resumed fourth session, requested the secretariat to organize, under the guidance of the Chair of the ...
http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/4336.php?minus=j
*  EUR-Lex - l28044 - EN - EUR-Lex
... Access to European Union law EUR-Lex Access to European Union law. About EUR-Lex. EU law and publications. EUR-Lex EUR-Lex - l28044 - EN. Official Journal. Direct access to the Official Journal. EU law and related documents. National law. My EUR-Lex. Mechanism for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions. Mechanism for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions The European Union established a new mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions so as to be able to evaluate more accurately and more regularly the progress made in reducing emissions with a view to complying with the Community's commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. ACT Decision 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol. SUMMARY The Decision establishes a mechanism designed to: monitor, in the Member States, all anthropogen...
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LV/TXT/?uri=URISERV:l28044
*  Information | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Canada emissions of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, N2O 1990 and 2010 projections Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. Poland emissions of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, N2O 1990 and 2010 projections Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. United States of America, greenhouse gas emissions COP7 This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC for the 7th Conference of the Parties COP-7 to the Conve... Lithuania, greenhouse gas emissions COP7 This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC for the 7th Conference of the Parties COP-7 to the Conve... Norway, greenhouse gas emissions COP7 This set of graphics has been...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/tag/information?p=5
*  Greenhouse (disambiguation)
greenhouse disambiguation greenhouse disambiguation greenhouse may refer to greenhouse an indoor covered place where plants are grown and cultivated greenhouse effect the effects on a planet when greenhouse gases cloud the atmosphere greenhouse and icehouse earth periods when the greenhouse effect is dominant or absent greenhouse effect judicial drift postulated effect whereby conservative supreme court justices drift liberal for favorable press greenhouse debt the measure to which an entity exceeds its permitted greenhouse footprint people music other see also people greenhouse surname music greenhouse leo kottke album an album by leo kottke released in greenhouse brotherhood of man album a album by brotherhood of man greenhouse yellowjackets album greenhouse music a record label greenhouse software a technology company that provides a recruiting software as a service greenhouse studios a music recording facility in vancouver canada greenhouse music group also known as greenhouse effect an american hip hop d...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_(disambiguation)
*  New web-based tool details greenhouse gas emissions for 6,700 facilities nationwide - American Chemi
... cal Society. Your browser is looking a little out of date... Links to other American Chemical Society websites:. ACS. ACS Home. News. About ACS. American Chemical Society. News. Press Pacs. ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: February 1, 2012. New web-based tool details greenhouse gas emissions for 6,700 facilities nationwide. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: Wed Feb 01 15:42:03 EST 2012 New web-based tool details greenhouse gas emissions for 6,700 facilities nationwide. “ Mapping Greenhouse Gases ” Chemical & Engineering News. For the first time, people around the U.S. can get answers to that question instantly with a new online interactive tool — the topic of an article in the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News C&EN, the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, the world’s largest scientific society. Environmental Protection Agency EPA, gives people the power to analyze greenhouse gas emissions from 6,700 electric power-generating stations, chemical pla...
http://acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2012/acs-presspac-february-1-2012/new-web-based-tool-details-greenhouse-gas-emissions-for-6700-facilities-nationwide.html
*  Release of Final Second Priority Substances List Assessment Report on Three Aluminum Salts
... Chemical Substances www.chemicalsubstances.gc.ca. Skip to content. Skip to institutional links Common menu bar links Fran ais Home Contact Us Help Search Canada.ca. Home. Canada's Actions on Chemicals. Risk Assessment Release of a draft Second Priority Substances List assessment report on three aluminum salts Institutional links Main Menu Canada's approach on chemicals. Chemicals Management Plan. Micro-organisms. The Challenge. Petroleum Substances. The Substance Groupings Initiative. Fact Sheets Frequently Asked Questions. Stay Connected Latest News. Subscribe. Explore... Glossary. Accountability Proactive Disclosure. Release of Final Second Priority Substances List Assessment Report on Three Aluminum Salts Help on accessing alternative formats, such as Portable Document Format PDF, Microsoft Word and PowerPoint PPT files, can be obtained in the alternate format help section. Release of Final Second Priority Substances List Assessment Report. Background. Release of Final Second Priority Substances List ...
http://chemicalsubstanceschimiques.gc.ca/about-apropos/assess-eval/alum_salts-sels-eng.php
*  Study Bolsters Greenhouse Effect Theory, Solves Ice Age Mystery
... OSU News Research Archive Search an archive of past research stories. STUDY BOLSTERS GREENHOUSE EFFECT THEORY, SOLVES ICE AGE MYSTERY COLUMBUS, Ohio Critics who dismiss the importance of greenhouse gases as a cause of climate change lost one piece of ammunition this week. In a new study, scientists found further evidence of the role that greenhouse gases have played in Earth s climate. In Thursday s issue of the journal Geology, Ohio State University scientists report that a long-ago ice age occurred 10 million years earlier than once thought. Taken together, the evidence suggests that the ice began to build up some 10 million years earlier than when volcanoes began pumping the atmosphere full of the CO2 that ended the Ordovician ice age. For Saltzman, the find solves a long-standing mystery. The answer: This particular ice age didn t begin when CO2 was at its peak -- it began 10 million years earlier, when CO2 levels were at a low. The scientists suspect that the sand formed when water levels fell low e...
http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/earlyice.htm
*  Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions(... continued page 15)
Phys.org - greenhouse gas emissions ... continued page 15. Home greenhouse gas emissions. News tagged with greenhouse gas emissions. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics:. climate change · greenhouse gases · carbon emissions · greenhouse gas · global warming. Eggs and chicken instead of beef reap major climate gains. Beef on our plates is one of the biggest climate villains, but that does not mean we have to adopt a vegan diet to reach climate goals. Research results from Chalmers University of Technology show that adopting a diet in ... Apr 01, 2015 in Environment. 49 6. Researchers see drop in methane emissions from natural gas local distribution systems. A team led by Washington State University researchers has found that methane emissions from local natural gas distribution systems in cities and towns throughout the U.S. have decreased in the past 20 yea...
http://phys.org/tags/greenhouse gas emissions/sort/date/all/page15.html
*  Exponent Staff Author Paper on Characterization & Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Search
Exponent Staff Author Paper on Characterization & Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. News. Exponent. Please note: Your browser must be set to enable JavaScript to take full advantage of all the features of www.exponent.com. News. Search Results Exponent Staff Author Paper on Characterization & Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Exponent Staff Author Paper on Characterization & Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions News. Christopher Buehler, PhD, PE from Exponent's Houston office, and Rengie Chan, PhD from Exponent's Bellevue office have published a paper entitled “Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Characterization and Management” that appears in the current September issue of Hydrocarbon Processing HP in the Special Report on Refining Developments. Abstract: Recent developments in US climate change legislation and regulation of greenhouse gases GHGs are encouraging refiners to take a serious look at the GHG emissions from their facilities, and to explore strategies to reduce their GHG footprints. The refini...
http://exponent.com/Exponent-Staff-Author-Paper-on-Characterization--Management-of-Greenhouse-Gas-Emissions-09-15-2009/
*  Annex I Greenhouse Gas Inventories
... Climate Finance. Kyoto Protocol. Reporting and review for Annex I Parties. Training for review of Annex I Parties. National Communications Annex I. National Communications Non-Annex I. GHG Inventories Annex I. Inventory Review Reports. Accounting, Reporting & Review under the Kyoto Protocol. The Convention. Kyoto Protocol. 2.3/3.14 Kyoto Protocol Art. 4.8 Convention Art. 4.9 Convention Art. GHG Inventories Annex I. Annex I Greenhouse Gas Inventories. The objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas GHG concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent and reduce dangerous human-induced interference with the climate system. In accordance with Articles 4 and 12 of the Convention and the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties COP, Annex I Parties to the Convention submit to the secretariat national greenhouse gas inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled ...
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/items/2715.php?plus=j
*  Climate Change And Permafrost Thaw Alter Greenhouse Gas Emissions In Northern Wetlands
... Thawing permafrost in the peatlands of boreal forests in North America. What this means for ecosystems and humans residing in the North remains of the most pressing issues in the climate change arena." Working closely with researchers from Southern Illinois University, Villanova University and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Turetsky, assistant professor of crop and soil sciences and fisheries and wildlife, found that permafrost degradation has complex impacts on greenhouse gas fluxes from northern wetlands. "What will happen to peatlands when climate change disrupts these frozen layers, or perhaps more importantly what will happen to all of that stored carbon in peat, have remained big questions for us." Their results were surprising.Turetsky and her colleagues studied areas affected by permafrost degradation across a large region of Canada. However, the report also cautions that this flooding associated with collapsing permafrost also increases methane emissions.Methane is an important greenh...
http://terradaily.com/reports/Climate_Change_And_Permafrost_Thaw_Alter_Greenhouse_Gas_Emissions_In_Northern_Wetlands_999.html
*  Phys.org - carbon emissions(... continued page 5)
Phys.org - carbon emissions ... Home carbon emissions. News tagged with carbon emissions. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. climate change · greenhouse gas emissions · greenhouse gases · kyoto protocol · energy. Along the muddy banks of the Pamunkey River in Virginia's New Kent County, Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have built an irrigation system that is allowing them to simulate the potential effects of climate change ... Jul 28, 2015 in Environment. The 11 percent decrease in climate change-causing carbon dioxide emissions in the U.S. Jul 21, 2015 in Environment. Jul 21, 2015 in Environment. Researchers examine energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in almond production. Jul 20, 2015 in Environment. Jul 20, 2015 in Environment. Jul 20, 2015 in Environment. Jul 16, 2015 in Environment. Jul 15, 2015 in Environment. Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria produce large amounts of nitrous oxide. Inconspicuous creatures surprise with a property that is important for our climate: Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria...
http://phys.org/tags/carbon emissions/page5.html
*  Psych Central - Study bolsters greenhouse effect theory, solves ice age mystery
... Quizzes News Experts Ask the Therapist Blogs Experts Daily News Research Updates World of Psychology Research Resources Find a clinical Trial Resources Forums Support Groups Find Help Ask the Therapist Drugs Medications Find a Therapist Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Take a Quiz Mood Tracker Pro. Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. Study bolsters greenhouse effect theory, solves ice age mystery. In a new study, scientists found further evidence of the role that greenhouse gases have played in Earth's climate. In Thursday's issue of the journal Geology, Ohio State University scientists report that a long-ago ice age occurred 10 million years earlier than once thought. The answer: This particular ice age didn't begin when CO2 was at its peak -- it began 10 million years earlier, when CO2 levels were at a low. The fact that the deposits were found in three different sites suggests that sea levels may ha...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2005-01/osu-sbg012605.html

(1/614) Long-term trend toward earlier breeding in an American bird: a response to global warming?

In regions with severe winters, global warming may be expected to cause earlier onset of breeding in most animals, yet no documentation of such a trend exists in North America. In a study of marked individuals of the Mexican jay (Aphelocoma ultramarina) in southeastern Arizona, from 1971 to 1998, the mean Julian date of first clutch in the population declined significantly by 10.1 days. The date of the first nest in the population also became earlier, by 10.8 days. These changes were associated with significant trends toward increased monthly minimum temperatures on the study area, traits that are associated with the onset of breeding in this population. Significant trends from 1971 to 1997 toward warmer minimum temperatures in the months before and during the initiation of breeding were observed. These trends parallel changes in minimum temperatures and community composition in a recent study of grassland ecology in the western United States. Together, they suggest that more attention should be given to the possible ecological importance of global change in minimum temperatures.  (+info)

(2/614) Volatile anaesthetics and the atmosphere: atmospheric lifetimes and atmospheric effects of halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, desflurane and sevoflurane.

The atmospheric lifetimes of the halogenated anaesthetics halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, desflurane and sevoflurane with respect to reaction with the hydroxyl radical (OH.) and UV photolysis have been determined from observations of OH. reaction kinetics and UV absorption spectra. Rate coefficients for the reaction with OH radicals for all halogenated anaesthetics investigated ranged from 0.44 to 2.7 x 10(-14) cm3 molec-1 s-1. Halothane, enflurane and isoflurane showed distinct UV absorption in the range 200-350 nm. In contrast, no absorption in this wavelength range was detected for desflurane or sevoflurane. The total atmospheric lifetimes, as derived from both OH. reactivity and photolysis, were 4.0-21.4 yr. It has been calculated that up to 20% of anaesthetics enter the stratosphere. As a result of chlorine and bromine content, the ozone depletion potential (ODP) relative to chlorofluorocarbon CFC-11 varies between 0 and 1.56, leading to a contribution to the total ozone depletion in the stratosphere of approximately 1% for halothane and 0.02% for enflurane and isoflurane. Estimates of the greenhouse warming potential (GWP) relative to CFC-12 yield values of 0.02-0.14, resulting in a relative contribution to global warming of all volatile anaesthetics of approximately 0.03%. The stratospheric impact of halothane, isoflurane and enflurane and their influence on ozone depletion is of increasing importance because of decreasing chlorofluorocarbons globally. However, the influence of volatile anaesthetics on greenhouse warming is small.  (+info)

(3/614) Global climate change.

Most of the last 100,000 years or longer has been characterized by large, abrupt, regional-to-global climate changes. Agriculture and industry have developed during anomalously stable climatic conditions. New, high-resolution analyses of sediment cores using multiproxy and physically based transfer functions allow increasingly confident interpretation of these past changes as having been caused by "band jumps" between modes of operation of the climate system. Recurrence of such band jumps is possible and might be affected by human activities.  (+info)

(4/614) Nonglacial rapid climate events: past and future.

The paleoclimate record makes it clear that rapid climate shifts of the 20th century are only a subset of possible climate system behavior that might occur in the absence of glacial conditions, and that climatic surprises could be a challenge for society even in the absence of significant greenhouse warming.  (+info)

(5/614) Sensitivity and rapidity of vegetational response to abrupt climate change.

Rapid climate change characterizes numerous terrestrial sediment records during and since the last glaciation. Vegetational response is best expressed in terrestrial records near ecotones, where sensitivity to climate change is greatest, and response times are as short as decades.  (+info)

(6/614) The potential health impacts of climate variability and change for the United States: executive summary of the report of the health sector of the U.S. National Assessment.

We examined the potential impacts of climate variability and change on human health as part of a congressionally mandated study of climate change in the United States. Our author team, comprising experts from academia, government, and the private sector, was selected by the federal interagency U.S. Global Change Research Program, and this report stems from our first 18 months of work. For this assessment we used a set of assumptions and/or projections of future climates developed for all participants in the National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. We identified five categories of health outcomes that are most likely to be affected by climate change because they are associated with weather and/or climate variables: temperature-related morbidity and mortality; health effects of extreme weather events (storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, and precipitation extremes); air-pollution-related health effects; water- and foodborne diseases; and vector- and rodent-borne diseases. We concluded that the levels of uncertainty preclude any definitive statement on the direction of potential future change for each of these health outcomes, although we developed some hypotheses. Although we mainly addressed adverse health outcomes, we identified some positive health outcomes, notably reduced cold-weather mortality, which has not been extensively examined. We found that at present most of the U.S. population is protected against adverse health outcomes associated with weather and/or climate, although certain demographic and geographic populations are at increased risk. We concluded that vigilance in the maintenance and improvement of public health systems and their responsiveness to changing climate conditions and to identified vulnerable subpopulations should help to protect the U.S. population from any adverse health outcomes of projected climate change.  (+info)

(7/614) Molecular analyses of novel methanotrophic communities in forest soil that oxidize atmospheric methane.

Forest and other upland soils are important sinks for atmospheric CH(4), consuming 20 to 60 Tg of CH(4) per year. Consumption of atmospheric CH(4) by soil is a microbiological process. However, little is known about the methanotrophic bacterial community in forest soils. We measured vertical profiles of atmospheric CH(4) oxidation rates in a German forest soil and characterized the methanotrophic populations by PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) with primer sets targeting the pmoA gene, coding for the alpha subunit of the particulate methane monooxygenase, and the small-subunit rRNA gene (SSU rDNA) of all life. The forest soil was a sink for atmospheric CH(4) in situ and in vitro at all times. In winter, atmospheric CH(4) was oxidized in a well-defined subsurface soil layer (6 to 14 cm deep), whereas in summer, the complete soil core was active (0 cm to 26 cm deep). The content of total extractable DNA was about 10-fold higher in summer than in winter. It decreased with soil depth (0 to 28 cm deep) from about 40 to 1 microg DNA per g (dry weight) of soil. The PCR product concentration of SSU rDNA of all life was constant both in winter and in summer. However, the PCR product concentration of pmoA changed with depth and season. pmoA was detected only in soil layers with active CH(4) oxidation, i.e., 6 to 16 cm deep in winter and throughout the soil core in summer. The same methanotrophic populations were present in winter and summer. Layers with high CH(4) consumption rates also exhibited more bands of pmoA in DGGE, indicating that high CH(4) oxidation activity was positively correlated with the number of methanotrophic populations present. The pmoA sequences derived from excised DGGE bands were only distantly related to those of known methanotrophs, indicating the existence of unknown methanotrophs involved in atmospheric CH(4) consumption.  (+info)

(8/614) Economic incentives for rain forest conservation across scales.

Globally, tropical deforestation releases 20 to 30% of anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Conserving forests could reduce emissions, but the cost-effectiveness of this mechanism for mitigation depends on the associated opportunity costs. We estimated these costs from local, national, and global perspectives using a case study from Madagascar. Conservation generated significant benefits over logging and agriculture locally and globally. Nationally, however, financial benefits from industrial logging were larger than conservation benefits. Such differing economic signals across scales may exacerbate tropical deforestation. The Kyoto Protocol could potentially overcome this obstacle to conservation by creating markets for protection of tropical forests to mitigate climate change.  (+info)


Can you help this student with a survey about fast food and taxes? Feel free to add additional comments.?


1. What is your age and state of residence (only)?
2. How often do you eat fast food? Why?
3. How often do you use the drive-thru to order your fast food and why?
4. How much automotive idle time do you estimate you use at the drive-thru?
5. How do you currently feel about environmental issues, and do you think the idle emissions from automobiles contribute emissions to the greenhouse effect, if you believe the greenhouse effect is a dilemma?
6. Is the drive-thru a major/minor convienence to your life and why?
7. Would you consider paying a nominal tax for use of the drive- thru each visit, if you knew the nominal tax would be used for state environmental iniatives?
8. Would you be willing to pay a $0.15 service tax for usage of the drive-thru, if the tax funded research for alternative fuel? Why, or why not?
9. What is the maximum amount you would consider for a drive-thru service tax?
10. How do you feel this might affect your lifestyle?
(Thank you from a very greatful student. :)
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1. What is your age and state of residence (only)?  46 y/o. Calif
2. How often do you eat fast food? Why?  Once every other week - Subway 6" turkey on wheat with everything
3. How often do you use the drive-thru to order your fast food and why?  I don't anymore.  Have changed by eating habits since May. Trying to be healthier.
4. How much automotive idle time do you estimate you use at the drive-thru? None
5. How do you currently feel about environmental issues, and do you think the idle emissions from automobiles contribute emissions to the greenhouse effect, if you believe the greenhouse effect is a dilemma? It's terrible.
6. Is the drive-thru a major/minor convienence to your life and why? It's a convenience.  Saves time parking and waiting in the restaurant.
7. Would you consider paying a nominal tax for use of the drive- thru each visit, if you knew the nominal tax would be used for state environmental iniatives? Yes
8. Would you be willing to pay a $0.15 service tax for usage of the drive-thru, if the tax funded research for alternative fuel? Why, or why not? Yes - as long as it's a comprehensive plan.  Not only alternative fuel vehicles but the ability to "fuel" them.
9. What is the maximum amount you would consider for a drive-thru service tax?  Very small . =<$0.15
10. How do you feel this might affect your lifestyle? It wouldn't. I would still go to a drive through if I wanted to.


would you support a ban on dihydrogen monoxide?


it contributes to global warming, is a major ingredient in acid rain, causes metals to rust more quickly, and has been found in cancerous tumors. The chemical also contributes to the greenhouse effect and to erosion of our natural landscapes. It's even in food. Sounds pretty dangerous. do you think the government should ban it? and would you be glad if they did?
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No, because dihydrogen monoxide is water. The prefix Di means two in latin, so two hydrogen atoms. and monoxide is another word used for things with oxygen bonded to it. so two hydrogens and an oxygen. water!


would you support a ban on dihydrogen monoxide?


this chemical contributes to global warming, is a major ingredient in acid rain, causes metals to rust more quickly, and has been found in cancerous tumors. The chemical also contributes to the greenhouse effect and to erosion of our natural landscapes. It's even in food. Sounds pretty dangerous. do you think the government should ban this? and would you be glad if they did?
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I am not sure but our country better haul in going green because most of this crap we should have done during Jimmy carter's presidency


Are Vegans the cause for Global Warming?


Think about it, they eat plants, plants take CO2 out of the atmospher, CO2 causes the greenhouse effect aka global warming whereas people eat cows, cows fart methane gas, methane gas causes the greenhouse effect and eating them makes their numbers lower.
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No vegans are not the cause of global warning. Air polution from factories and exhaust from cars are some of the causes.


What effect does drinking absinthe have on you?


I drank absinthe last night but not the real stuff it was just 45% from Tesco's. The effect was unlike any other alcoholic drink I've had; I went really sleepy and then I got really depressed and sobbed uncontrolably for a solid half an hour! I had horrible visions going through my head of stuff that had got me down through my life. This morning I have no hangover, no headache o'r anything! Usually I am violently sick the morning after drinking.
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None watsoever except the alcoholic effect.
It's a myth that absinthe is or ever was hallucinogenic, as extensive tests on surviving 19th century bottles have proven again and again. Thujone, the infamous suposedly "hallucinogenic" substance is not under those concentrations. Furthermore, to become hallucinogenic you had to ingest an enourmous ammount, pounds, of wormwood. You would die of a blownup stomach or from it's toxicity before you saw pink elephants...
Besides, in the process of distillation thujone almost disappears completely.
Please enjoy absinthe for what is is:

An exquisite distillate, grape alcohol distilled with up to 9 different herbs, the main one is not even wormwood but green anis. In this very slow and complex distillation process (of up to 18 hours) all the subtle flavours of the herbs combine and produce a drink that is more complex in tasting than the very best of the red wines. THAT is why absinthe is excellent, not because of it's FALSE hallucinogenic properties.

And please be aware of what absinthe IS NOT:

- cheap vodka with wormwood leaves soaked in it, probably the origin of yet another myth, that absinthe tastes terrible, no wonder, this sorry excuse for a beverage tastes horrible because wormwood contains one of the most bitter and foul tasting substances in Nature. Don't do this and don't frink this, it's not absinthe.

- "absinths" from the Czech Republic: nothing but cheap low grade alcohol artificially coloured and flavoured, dirt cheap to make, sold for a fortune mainly to americans that think they're buying the ultimate trip. 
Furthermore, these czech producers are the ones responsible for the perpetuation of the "hallucinogenic" myth, they sell more if they're able to maintain the "forbidden" aura...


So, please, try and get a good french or escpecially swiss absinthe and enjoy it always dilluted with water, no less than 2 parts of water to one of absinthe.
NEVER do that stupid gimmick of the burning sugar, you'll ruin all the subtle flavours, that is just a commerciall trick invented by the czechs in the 1990's, no one ever drank absinthe that way in the 19th century.

Cheers


What kind of effect does food have on your emotional state?


I imagine foods have an effect on the chemical balance in your brain, like chocolate increases serotoninn, making you happier temporarily. Expand on that idea. Also what foods should you eat more of and what should you stay away from to stay maintainably happy/positive?
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The cleaner I eat, the cleaner I feel overall. Nothing makes me feel better than fresh fruit. I don't know if there's anything to it chemically, but there's definitely something to it mentally. :) 
Fruit, veggies, water...anything that purifies my body seems to purify my spirit as well. I think the reverse can also be said for food such as fast food burgers and deep-fried fries. They weigh you down physically and that has to have an effect mentally.


How big of a beneficial effect does exercise have on the brain? Can the results be drastic?


How much of a effect does any type of exercise, ranging from jogging to weightlifting, have on the brain?
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huge effect, makes you feel better, look better, more confident, live longer... should i continue?


Whats the effect of Benzodiazepines on Dopamine etc, is sedation and amnesia just start up symptoms?


How do benzos like Ativan Xanax et al effect Dopamine and other neurotransmitters? Also is sedation and amnesia just start up symptoms?
I am starting on Ativan 0.5 mg 3 times blog with 15 mg Lexapro taper.
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This question is very involved and technical. I suggest you do a Yahoo! web search on Ativan, Xanax and Benzodiazapines in general to find out the details of their method of action. Wikipedia has good summaries and has details of their chemistry, method of action and side effects.

Good luck!