Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Geographic Locations: The continents and countries situated on those continents; the UNITED STATES and each of the constituent states arranged by region; CANADA and each of its provinces; AUSTRALIA and each of its states; the major bodies of water and major islands on both hemispheres; and selected major cities.Historical Geographic Locations: Countries known in remote history (as BYZANTIUM) or former names of countries reflecting political changes in the 19th or 20th century (as GERMANY, EAST).Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.United StatesGeographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Americas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.Tamaricaceae: A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Cyprus: An island republic in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Nicosia. It was colonized by the Phoenicians and ancient Greeks and ruled successively by the Assyrian, Persian, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires. It was under various countries from the 12th to the 20th century but became independent in 1960. The name comes from the Greek Kupros, probably representing the Sumerian kabar or gabar, copper, famous in historic times for its copper mines. The cypress tree is also named after the island. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p308 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p134)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.EuropeDemography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.IndiaMolecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.ChileDNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.FloridaEvolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.North AmericaCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique: Technique that utilizes low-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with single primers of arbitrary sequence to generate strain-specific arrays of anonymous DNA fragments. RAPD technique may be used to determine taxonomic identity, assess kinship relationships, analyze mixed genome samples, and create specific probes.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).AfricaEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.IsraelAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis: The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.South AmericaRural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Great BritainGenome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.CaliforniaBacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.ScotlandHaplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Multilocus Sequence Typing: Direct nucleotide sequencing of gene fragments from multiple housekeeping genes for the purpose of phylogenetic analysis, organism identification, and typing of species, strain, serovar, or other distinguishable phylogenetic level.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.MexicoBrazilFish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Virulence Factors: Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.JapanReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Blotting, Southern: A method (first developed by E.M. Southern) for detection of DNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).TaiwanEnvironmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Helicobacter pylori: A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.EnglandModels, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Helicobacter Infections: Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Orientation: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Sound Localization: Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Saccades: An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.

*  Supply Options
application and geographic location. Industrial gases are ... Supply Options. APDirect MyAccount Contact Us Customer Support. Air Products Worldwide. Argentina. Open Mobile Menu Open Global Sites Menu Company Company Overview. News Center. Sustainability. Technology Partnerships. Company History 2014 Sustainability Report. Products Products Overview. Gases. Chemicals. Services and Solutions. Air Products offers fully-integrated hydrogen fueling stations Air Products Mobile Applications Already know what product you need. Industries Industries Overview. Select An Industry: Adhesives / Sealants / Composites. Fine/Specialty Chemicals. Petrochemicals. Bioenergy. SmartFuel Hydrogen Energy. Liquefied Natural Gas LNG. Oil/Gas Production. Petroleum Refining. Power. Flat Panel Displays TFT/LCD. Food / Beverage. Glass / Minerals. Graphic Arts. Industrial / Institutional Cleaning. Leisure / Recreation. Iron/Steel Production. Non-ferrous Production. Mining. Pharmaceuticals / Biotechnology. Aerospace. Automotive. Marine...
http://airproducts.com/products/Gases/Nitrogen/industry/product-list/petroleum-refining-applications/~/link.aspx?_id=1F3939C764954227AE655B062B5789FF&_z=z
*  Darkroom classes Boston or Community Darkroom
Discussion. Geographic Location. Darkroom classes Boston or ... Join Date Nov 2012 Location Chicago Shooter 35mm Posts 286. ... Darkroom classes Boston or Community Darkroom. Network - APUG.ORG. DPUG.ORG. Hybridphoto.com - Terms of Service. Privacy Policy. Contact Us. Members: 76,949 Posts: 1,695,619 Online: 895. Forum. Today's Posts. Subscribed Threads. My Threads. My Posts. Mark Forums Read. Blogs. Gallery. Portfolios. Articles. Classifieds. Support Us. Mobile. Advanced Search. Forum. APUG English Forums. Geographic Location. Darkroom classes Boston or Community Darkroom. Enter the Gallery. Recent Classifieds. 35mm 1:2.8 for Exakta Bayonet Author: Clicker 66 view s. RB67 Pro SD and lenses priced Author: Greenbergst 148 view s. FS: Leitz and Kodak Projector Author: Fixcinater 88 view s. Olympus Pen F FT Correction Le Author: Fixcinater 81 view s. 1 Case Large Nitrile Gloves Author: Dan Quan 93 view s. Recent Articles. Benchtop Photolithography for Author: Mustafa Umut Sarac 234 view s. Leica Lens Glass ...
http://apug.org/forums/forum49/117128-darkroom-classes-boston-community-darkroom.html
*  Researchers Call for Providers to 'Embrace' Social Media in Prevention, Management of Childhood O
gender, ethnicity, geographic location, and socioeconomic status...
http://apta.org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2012/8/9/EncourageWalking/?blogid=10737418615&id=10737428670
*  Claire Smith posing in dance costume , 15 Mt Kemble Avenue, 11/5/1936, Morristown, NJ :: The Curtis
Frederick Curtiss. Geographic Location Morristown, Morris County, NJ ... Claire Smith posing in dance costume , 15 Mt Kemble Avenue, 11/5/1936, Morristown, NJ :: The Curtiss Photograph Collection. Skip to main content. Our Collections About The Curtiss Collection Browse Morristown & Morris Township Library Advanced Search Tips. Log in. . Help. Search. Advanced Search. Find results with:. error div Add another field. Searching collections:. Frederick Curtiss Photograph Collection. Add or remove collections. The Curtiss Photograph Collection Claire Smith posing in dance costume , 15 Mt Kemble Avenue, 11/5/1936, Morristown, NJ. Reference URL Share. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document. To embed this object, paste this HTML in website. Claire Smith posing in dance costume , 15 Mt Kemble Avenue, 11/5/1936, Morristown, NJ. View Description. Download. small 250x250 max medium 500x500 max Large Extra Large large > 500x500 Full Resolution. Print. Loading content ... Description Title Claire...
http://cdm16100.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15387coll4/id/657/rec/31
*  Salvation Army volunteers, 2/22/1935, Morristown, NJ :: The Curtiss Photograph Collection
Frederick Curtiss. Geographic Location Morristown, Morris County, NJ ... Salvation Army volunteers, 2/22/1935, Morristown, NJ :: The Curtiss Photograph Collection. Skip to main content. Our Collections About The Curtiss Collection Browse Morristown & Morris Township Library Advanced Search Tips. Log in. . Help. Search. Advanced Search. Find results with:. error div Add another field. Searching collections:. Frederick Curtiss Photograph Collection. Add or remove collections. The Curtiss Photograph Collection Salvation Army volunteers, 2/22/1935, Morristown, NJ. Reference URL Share. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document. To embed this object, paste this HTML in website. Salvation Army volunteers, 2/22/1935, Morristown, NJ. View Description. small 250x250 max medium 500x500 max Large Extra Large large > 500x500 Full Resolution. Print. Loading content ... Description Title Salvation Army volunteers , 2/22/1935 , Morristown , NJ. Subjects Businesses Charities Children Clubs Group Portrai...
http://cdm16100.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15387coll4/id/643/rec/32
*  .. Members .. Appointment/Locations ..
Appointment/Locations. Our Provider Network is geographically located to ensure you won’t have ... Many of these locations are open 7 days a week and offer ... Members At GVS we value our members. We are dedicated to providing the best eyecare for you and your family. Our experienced Provider Network of optical experts will provide you with:. Superior professional services, patient care and on-time delivery. Exclusive Designer Eyewear Collection featuring more than 800 frames. All of our lenses comply with the regulations of the American National Standards Institute ANSI for ophthalmic prescription lenses. All of our Network Providers are strictly monitored to maintain the highest standards required by GVS for product quality, professional services pricing, and on-time delivery. Appointment/Locations. Our Provider Network is geographically located to ensure you won’t have to travel far to receive the best eyecare. Close. Schedule your appointment and review your Full Benefits Summary for your plan an...
http://generalvision.com/members/
*  Photographic potential of Dungeness, Kent?
Discussion. Geographic Location. Photographic potential of ... Join Date Dec 2003 Location London, England Shooter Multi Format ... Photographic potential of Dungeness, Kent. Network - APUG.ORG. My Posts. Gallery. Support Us. Mobile. Advanced Search. APUG English Forums. Photographic potential of Dungeness, Kent. Leica 50mm Summicron V4 Author: nanthor 199 view s. FS: Darkroom Clear Out - Time Author: bjsmith7474 280 view s. Benchtop Photolithography for Author: Mustafa Umut Sarac 238 view s. Leica Lens Glass Tint, Anomalo Author: Mustafa Umut Sarac 468 view s. Michelangelo - Sistine Chapel Author: Mustafa Umut Sarac 469 view s. Wet Plate Collodion Silver Iod Author: Mustafa Umut Sarac 325 view s. Thread: Photographic potential of Dungeness, Kent. jrong. Join Date Dec 2003 Location London, England Shooter Multi Format Posts 125 Images. I guess I should really ask Leon who lives in Kent, but I'll post it here anyway.... I was wondering about the potential in Dungeness, Kent as a photographic destination. Ji...
http://apug.org/forums/forum49/7060-photographic-potential-dungeness-kent.html
*  Sunburn Expert Blog - Mayo Clinic
Health System locations. Request Appointment. Diseases and...
http://mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sunburn/expert-blog/con-20031065
*  Mastectomy Multimedia - Mayo Clinic
Health System locations. Request Appointment. Tests and...
http://mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/mastectomy/multimedia/prc-20012749
*  Centre for Geographical Analysis
... home expertise services projects courses contact contact details tel fax projects current projects completed projects wind turbine viewsheds completed automated land cover use mapping for stellenbosch and george completed independant accuracy assessment land cover in the kavango zambezi completed land cover mapping of the berg river catchment western cape completed transfrontier conservation in south africa completed table mountain national park visitor and user survey december to november completed photogrammetry for land cover change detection completed the development of an object oriented technique for land cover change detection completed cape land use expert system clues development completed growth potential of towns in the western cape completed western cape digital elevation model nd edition development completed news new website coming soon read more new short course read more cga short course schedule read more centre for geographical analysis all rights reserved designed by snowball...
http://academic.sun.ac.za/cga/projects/
*  STDistance (geography Data Type)
STDistance geography Data Type. By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Developer Network Developer Network Developer Sign in MSDN subscriptions. http://www.facebook.com/microsoftdeveloper. Data. Visual Studio. MSDN subscription access. Office resources. SharePoint Server 2013 resources. SQL Server 2014 Express resources. Windows Server 2012 resources. Programs. Startups. Microsoft Imagine. Microsoft Student Partners. Forums. MSDN Subscriptions. Community. Forums. Blogs. Channel 9. Dev centers. geography Transact-SQL. geography Data Type Method Reference. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. Collapse the table of content Expand the table of content. STDistance geography Data Type. SQL Server 2012. SQL Server 2008 R2. SQL Server 2008. Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview Returns ...
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/library/bb933808.aspx
*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20830/lot/90/?page_lots=21
*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20830/lot/90/?page_lots=5
*  Geography | UW-Milwaukee
Geography. UW-Milwaukee. PAWS. Email. Discover UWM. Student Life. For Faculty and Staff. For Alumni. Request Info. Apply. Give to UWM. PAWS. Email. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee College of Letters & Science Geography Powerful Ideas. Undergraduate. Major. Geographical Information Track. Urban Track. Environmental Track. Physical Systems Track. Globalization Development Track. Minor in Geography. Minor in GIS. Apply to UWM. Courses Offered. Undergraduate Advising. Declaration of Major Procedures. Graduate. MA/MS, MA/MLIS, PhD Programs. PhD in Geography. PhD Degrees Awarded by the Department. MA/MS in Geography. MA/MLIS Coordinated Degree Program. Master s Degrees Awarded by the Department. Graduate GIS Certificate. Courses Offered. Application Procedures. Mary Jo Read Awards. Graduate Handbook Forms. Alumni Information. Faculty. Adjunct and Affiliated Faculty. Graduate Students. Physical Geography. Human Geography. GIS/Remote Sensing. American Geographical Society Library. Geography News Student Spotlight: ...
http://uwm.edu/geography/
*  USGS: Science Topics: science programs
... USGS Home Contact USGS Search USGS. Science Topics. Maps, Imagery, and Publications Hazards Newsroom Education Jobs Partnerships Library About USGS Podcasts/RSS. Science programs Broadly organized scientific research and monitoring activities. Citizen science programs 2 items. Interagency programs 47 items. Interdisciplinary programs 6 items. Partnerships 38 items. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program GAM conducts studies about land surface change, environmental and human health, fire and urban ecology, and natural hazards to help decision-makers in land-use planning and land management. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program current studies. Links to current Geographic Analysis and Monitoring GAM studies. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire perimeters, 2008. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire support. Description of the Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC project, online maps of current wildland fi...
http://usgs.gov/science/science.php?term=1761&b=50&n=10
*  Urban Modelling (Hardback) - Routledge
Geography. Urban Studies. For the Press. Urban Modelling. The history of urban modelling can be seen as the development of submodels which, in more ambitious projects, are then combined into comprehensive models. Rapkin, Urban Traffic: A Function of Land Use Columbia University Press, 1954. J D Carroll, Spatial Interaction and the Urban-Metropolitan Regional Description, Papers, Regional Science Association, 1955, 1, 1 14. A G Wilson, A Statistical Theory of Spatial Distribution Models, Transportation Research, 1967, 1, 253 69. H Stevens, A Model for the Distribution of Residential Activity in an Urban Area, Journal of Regional Science, 1960, 2, 21 36. B Winsten, Studies in the Economics of Transportation Yale University Press, 1956, pp. Mackie, The Calibration of Gravity, Entropy and Related Models of Spatial Interaction, Environment and Planning, 1972, 4, 205 33. G Wilson, Explorations and Syntheses of Linear Programming and Spatial Interaction Models of Residential Location, Geographical Analysis, 1974, 6,...
https://routledge.com/products/9780415694605
*  Health geography
... Image:HAV prevalence 2005.png 'Health geography' is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Overview History of health geography Areas of study Geographies of disease and ill health. Geography of health care provision. Mobility and Disease Tracking. Health geographers See also References External links. The study of health geography has been influenced by re positioning of medical geography within the field of social geography due to a shift from a medical model to a social model in healthcare, which advocates for the redefinition of health and health care away from prevention and treatment of illness only to one of promoting well-being in general. Under this model, some previous illnesses e.g., mental ill health are recognized as behavior disturbances only, and other types of medicine e.g., complementary or alternative medicine and traditional medicine are studied by the medicine researchers, sometimes with the aid of healt...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_geography
*  Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. 2012
Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Metadata also available as - - - Frequently anticipated questions:. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. How were the data generated, processed, and modified. How can I download or order the data. Who wrote the metadata. What does this data set describe. Title: Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Complexities within near-reef waters are likely the norm and we seek to better model the primary controls on near-reef carbonate chemistry. Hendee, James C., 20130808, Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. West Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 East Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 North Bounding Coordinate: 20.9 South Bounding Coordinate: 20.9. How d...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/aoat_cheeca_rocks_watervelocity_2012.html
*  Amazon's vulnerability to climate change heightened by deforestation and man-made dispersal barrier
... s - Feeley - 2012 - Global Change Biology - Wiley Online Library. Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in About Cookies. Remove maintenance message. Skip to main content. Log in / Register. Advertisement. Go to old article view. Advertisement. Global Change Biology Explore this journal. Explore this journal Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest. Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest Next article in issue: Tidal freshwater forest accretion does not keep pace with sea level rise. Next article in issue: Tidal fre...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract?wol1URL=/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract&globalMessage=0®ionCode=US-VA&identityKey=55457ba5-f3df-41ea-8fe4-b44d50893d8b
*  Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope (delta 13C, delta 18O) Data for 1893 to 1994
Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. What does this data set describe. Title: Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994 Abstract: 101 year stable isotope record from P. lobata, core 4B, Clipperton Atoll, eastern Pacific. Sampling at annual and 12/year resolution, files clipperton.4B.iso.txt and clipperton.4B.iso.12yr.txt. 25 year stable isotope record, spanning 1994 to 1970, from cores 3C and 2B, Clipperton Atoll, as shown in Linsley et al 1999. Files clipperton.2B.iso.txt and clipperton.3C.iso.txt. Linsley, B.K., Ren, L., Dunbar, R.B., and Howe, S.S., 200009, Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994: Wo...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/paleoclimatology_clipperton_4b_2000.html
*  Population geography
... thumb px map of world population density in population geography is a division of human geography it is the study of the ways in which spatial variations in the distribution composition migration and growth of populations are related to the nature of places population geography involves demography in a geographical perspective it focuses on the characteristics of population distributions that change in a spatial context examples can be shown through population density maps a few types of maps that show the spatial layout of population are choropleth isoline and dot maps population geography studies demographic phenomena natality mortality growth rates etc through both space and time increase or decrease in population numbers the movements and mobility of populations occupational structure the way in which places in turn react to population phenomena e g immigration research topics of other geographic sub disciplines such as settlement geography have also a population geographic dimension grouping of peop...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_geography
*  Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig - Kashmir Times
... Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Creation of new Administrative Units, a paper exercise. Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig. JAMMU, Jan 13:Alleging that State Government is hell-bent to create confusion and want to sow the seeds of animosity amoung people with in districts, Peoples Democratic Party Monday said that Cabinet Sub-Committee constituted for examining the creation of new Administrative Units is a mockery and the decisions that would be taken in this regard would be solely ‘paper exercise’. Even the portion of recommendations made by the earlier Biloeria committee should be put in public domain. PDP would want to make it clear that any lopsided, manipulative, injudicious or politically oriented creation of administrative units will not only take away the advantage that the ruling party desires to get out of this last hour poll gimmick, but will also create immense anger among the public who will feel deprived of the ...
http://kashmirtimes.in/newsdet.aspx?q=28293
*  Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Geography and Environment" and Year
Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012 - ePrints Soton. Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012. Alegana, Victor, Wright, J.A., Petrina, Uusiku, Noor, Abdisalan, Snow, Robert and Atkinson, Peter M. International Journal of Health Geographics, 11, 6, 6-. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-11-6., Lemey, Philippe, Tatem, Andrew J. doi:10.1093/molbev/msr320. PMID:22319149. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.027. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 8, 757-770. doi:10.1002/jqs.2561. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 398 pp. Battarbee, Richard, Simpson, Gavin, Shilland, Ewan, Flower, Roger, Kreiser, Annette, Yang, Hong and Clarke, Gina. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.10.024. In Press., Tatem, A.J. doi:10.1017/S0950268811002032. PMID:22009033. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 487 pp. doi:10.1007/s10640-011-9535-1. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.33.6.796. University of Southamp...
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/view/divisions/uos2011-F8-WR/2012.html
*  Flashcards about McDougal Littell Voc
... Login with Facebook or... Username. Password. Reset Password Free Sign Up. Query. Search. Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers. Remove ads Home. Geography. McDougal Littell Voc. Don't know 0 Know 0 remaining cards 0. Save retry show Answer first auto play. fix restart shuffle help Speak Pause 0:01. To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key. To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box. You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box. You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center. Pass complete. "Know" box contains:. Time elapsed:. Retries:. retry the cards in the incorrect box restart all cards. Flashcards. Matching. Hangman. Crossword. Type In. Quiz. Test. StudyStack. Study Table. B...
http://studystack.com/flashcard-904836
*  Sewallis Shirley (MP)
Sewallis Shirley MP. Sewallis Shirley MP. 'Sewallis Evelyn Shirley' DL, JP 15 July 1844 – 7 March 1904, was a British politician. Background and education Political career Dog breeding Family Death See also References. Background and education. A member of the Shirley family headed by the Earl Ferrers, Shirley was the son of Evelyn Shirley and Mary Clara Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edmund Lechmere, 2nd Baronet. His paternal grandfather was Evelyn Philip Shirley. 1 Shirley was born at the family's English estate of Ettington Park near Stratford-upon-Avon. He was educated at Eton before matriculating to Christ Church, Oxford in 1864, though he did not take a degree. 3 Political career. Shirley's family had a long connection with County Monaghan in Ireland, and they owned a large estate at Lough Fea, Carrickmacross. Shirley entered Parliament for Monaghan a seat previously held by both his father and grandfather on 17 November 1868,. Although heavily involved in local affairs as initially guided by his father, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewallis_Shirley_(MP)
*  CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction From OpenWetWare CH391L/S12 Revision as of 15:45, 13 February 2012 by Jared Ellefson Talk. 1 What is Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. 1.1 Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes 1.1.1 Methods of Inferring Ancient Sequences 1.1.2 Gene Synthesis 1.1.3 Testing Ancestral Variants. 1.2 Examples of Ancestral Sequence Reconstructions 1.2.1 Evolution of Coral Pigments 1.2.2 Inferring the Paleoenvironment of ancient Earth. What is Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. Sequence Reconstruction Example. Sequences from extant species of the desired common ancestral gene and outgroup genes are aligned. The ancestral gene is inferred based on evolutionary models typically maximum parsimony or maximum likelihood. Ancestral genes are cloned and tested for function. Methods of Inferring Ancient ...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&oldid=583945
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. ==Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes==...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=677463&oldid=677462
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 19:53, 24 February 2013 view source Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs → Evolution of Coral Pigments ← Previous diff. Revision as of 19:55, 24 February 2013 view source Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs → Evolution of Coral Pigments Next diff →. Line 30:. Line 30:. One example of ancestral sequence reconstruction was done by the Matz group currently residing at the University of Texas at Austin. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red cite #Ugalde /cite. The details of the evolution of fluorescent color in the GFP superfamily was not fully understand. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. One example of ancestral sequence reconstruction was done by the Matz group currently residing at the University of Texas at Austin. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wav...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=678933&oldid=678932
*  Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001)
branching order of bacterial phyla gupta branching order of bacterial phyla gupta bacterial phyla there are several models of the branching order of bacterial phyla one of these was proposed in by gupta based on conserved indels or protein termed protein signatures an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels however they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla one feature of the cladogram obtained with this method is the clustering of cell wall morphology with some exceptions from monoderms to transitional diderms to traditional diderms in the cladogram below yellow pseudopeptidoglycan monoderms gram variable red thick peptidoglycan monoderms gram positive blue thin peptidoglycan diderms gram negative green atypical see note in parethesis cladex style width auto bar gold archaea cladex bar crimson firmicutes cladex bar crimson actinobacteria see also branching order of bacterial phyla woese branching order ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branching_order_of_bacterial_phyla_(Gupta,_2001)
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. Sequences for the common ancestor nodes were synthesized and tested for their activity. The common ancestor to all the superfamily had a green emission peak. The more recent common ancestor of Green/Red had two emission peaks; a strong green peak and a smaller red peak. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. Sequences for the common ancestor nodes were synthesized and tested for their activity. The common ancestor to all the superfamily had a green emission peak. The more recent common ancestor of Green/Red had two emission peaks; a strong green peak and a smaller red peak. 1.2 Examples of Ancestral Sequence Reconstructions 1.2.1 Evolution of Coral Pigments 1.2.2 Inferring the...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=678913&oldid=678912
*  The FASTML Server - Server for computing Maximum Likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction
the fastml server server for computing maximum likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction home overview gallery source code citing credits old version the fastml server server for computing maximum likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction type your multiple sequence alignment msa fasta format only or upload your multiple sequence alignment msa file sequences type amino acids nucleotides codons type your phylogenetic tree optional newick format only or upload phylogenetic tree file newick format only model of substitution jtt default lg mtrev for mitochondrial proteins cprev for chloroplasts proteins wag dayhoff jc model jukes and cantor t model tamura hky model hasegawa kishino and yano gtr generalised time reversible yang for codon sequences empiricodon for codon sequences please enter your email address optional your email address will be used to update you the moment the results are ready load an example advanced options phylogenetic tree method maximum likelihood ml neighbor joining optimize branch ...
http://fastml.tau.ac.il/
*  Comparison of Protein Sequences: BLAST searching and Phylogenetic Tree Construction
... Inquiry-based Integrated Instructional Units Comparison of Protein Sequences: BLAST searching and Phylogenetic Tree Construction. It accompanies several weeks of wet lab work in which students clone cDNAs encoding Cytochrome P450 1A CYP1A from animals primarily fish collected locally and exposed to pollution compounds that induce expression of the enzyme. In this exercise, students perform BLAST searches of reported CYP1A sequences and construct phylogenetic trees using CYP1A amino acid sequences from various vertebrate species, especially those with multiple CYP1A paralogs. Thus, evolutionary analysis of CYP1A sequences from many species provides an opportunity to explore the number and timing of gene duplications during vertebrate evolution. Three short readings about gene duplication in evolution and phylogenetic analysis are provided at least one week prior to class. These readings complement earlier readings that specifically concern the cloning and evolutionary analysis of CYP1A genes in fish. Mate...
http://serc.carleton.edu/genomics/units/19100.html
*  Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. From OpenWetWare. Talk:CH391L/S13 Revision as of 00:02, 24 February 2013 by Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs. diff ←Older revision. Current revision diff. Newer revision→ diff. Jump to: navigation, search. Gabriel Wu 16:59, 18 February 2013 EST : Remove the cost and methods of gene synthesis or just reference the dna assembly section we've already gone over. Expand the codon optimization section unless this fits better in somewhere else. Gabriel Wu 16:59, 18 February 2013 EST : How does Pauling's proposal for ancestral gene construction relate to the actual discovery of DNA structure. Benjamin Gilman 13:21, 21 February 2013 EST : The Pauling and Zuckerkandl paper came out when the only protein sequence information we had came from limited peptide sequencing methods like Edman degradation N-terminal sequencing. You might add something about the shift to using DNA or RNA sequences to infer protein sequence once techniques like Maxam-Gilbert and Sanger sequenc...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&direction=prev&oldid=678776
*  Ancestral reconstruction
'Ancestral Reconstruction' also known as 'Character Mapping' or 'Character Optimization' is a method in evolutionary biology by which one can attempt to understand the phenotypic and genetic states of organisms that lived millions of years ago. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum likelihood. They are: maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and the Bayesian Inference. Maximum parsimony is the method that came about first. Maximum likelihood accounts for what we know about the likelihood of various events, which is that they are not all equal. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum likelihood. The main difference between this and maximum parsimony is that the maximum likelihood test accounts for the fact that not all events are equally likely to happen. When this is the case, maximum parsimony may actually be more accurate because it is more willing to make large, unlikely leaps than maximum likelihood is. Maximum likelihood has been shown to be quite reliable in reconstructing character states however it does no...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestral_reconstruction
*  Viral phylodynamics
... Due to the impact that transmission dynamics and selection can have on viral genetic variation, viral phylogenies can therefore be used to investigate important epidemiological, immunological, and evolutionary processes, such as epidemic spread,. Methods Coalescent theory and phylodynamics. Examples Phylodynamics of Influenza. Phylodynamics of HIV. The clustering of taxa on a viral phylogeny will be affected by host population structure see figure 2 Viruses within similar hosts, such as hosts that reside in the same geographic region, are expected to be more closely related genetically if transmission occurs more commonly between them. For example, an application to HIV sequences within infected hosts showed that viral substitution rates dropped to effectively zero following the initiation of antiretroviral drug therapy. If the population size N t changes over time, the coalescent rate \lambda n t will also be a function of time. derived this rate for a time-varying population size under the assumption o...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viral_phylodynamics
*  Diagnostic characters from Consortium of mx users. - Encyclopedia of Life
... Diagnostic characters. 2011, by Lewis L. Deitz and Matthew S. Wallace. Add to a collection. Diagnostic characters. Distance from eye to base of forewing usually greater than half eye width exceptions: Deiroderes and many Nicomiinae. Pronotum usually produced posteriorly over scutellum exceptions: Endoiastinae, Nicomiinae, Deiroderes, Abelus, and Hemicentrus, often also with anterior, lateral, or dorsal projections. Forewings with vein M fused with Cu basally share common stem; exceptions: some Nicomia and some Smiliinae. Prothoracic trochanter and femur not fused. Male abdominal segment IX usually with lateral plates discrete from pygofer exceptions: fused to pygofer in few members of various tribes; lateral plates absent in Anchistrotus and some Stegaspidini. Female pygofer not strongly produced posteroventrally. Nymph with abdominal tergum IX forming sheath around segment X, anal opening dorsal or posterior. Latest updates. No one has provided updates yet. Learn how to contribute. Add a new comment. Yo...
http://eol.org/data_objects/12685167
*  Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew | QUT ePrints
Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew. Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew Statistics dashboard. Review. Book Chapter Phillips, Matthew J. Penny, David 2010 Mammalian phylogeny., Phillips, Matthew J. PLoS ONE, 10 5, e0125723., Carrano, Matthew T. Systematic Biology. Phillips, Matthew J., Gibb, Gillian C. 2014 Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, and habitat preference evolution of marsupials. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 31 9, pp., Phillips, Matthew J. Phillips, Matthew J., Gibb, Gillian,. Bunce, Michael 2013 Inferring kangaroo phylogeny from incongruent nuclear and mitochondrial genes. PLoS ONE, 8 2, pp. Phillips, Matthew J. Current Biology, 23 14, R603-R605., Phillips, Matthew J. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59 3, pp., Phillips, Matthew J. 2010 Evolutionary relationships and divergence times among the native rats of Australia. 2009 The evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeography. 2009 Accounting for calibration uncertainty in phylogenetic estimation of evo...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/view/person/Phillips,_Matthew.html
*  Wiegmann Lab: Current Research
Insect Molecular Systematics at NCSU. phylogenetic relationships and testing hypotheses about the evolution and diversification of insects. A major component of these studies is uncovering patterns and processes of DNA sequence evolution and using these to improve interpretation of morphological and developmental evolutionary pathways. Molecular Phylogenetics of Diptera: FLYTREE - NSF - Assembling the Tree of Life project on Diptera a Collaborative Research Effort in Dipteran Phylogenetics. The need for new, large, comprehensive datasets for Diptera phylogeny motivates our collaborative, National Science Foundation funded, Assembling the Tree of Life ATOL project-- FLYTREE. Within this study, we are assembling multiple phylogenetic data sets to simultaneously assess dipteran phylogenetic relationships and the information content of specific character systems. For example, we will compare large by character data sets 1st tier; 45 taxa; 15-20 genes and mt genomes to those with increased numbers of taxa by taxa ...
http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/b/bwiegman/public_html/labweb/currentresearch.html
*  Talk:CH391L/S13/DirectedProteinEvolution - OpenWetWare
Gabriel Wu Talk. *' ] 21:45, 21 February 2013 EST ':It would be nice if you added literature examples of Directed Evolution of Proteins for each approach as done in the Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction or take a similar approach. *' ] 21:45, 21 February 2013 EST ':It would be nice if you added literature examples of Directed Evolution of Proteins for each approach as done in the Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction or take a similar approach. + *' ] 15:33, 2 March 2013 EST ':It would be nice to put some numbers on the typical plasmid screening in 'E. + ****' ] 14:03, 4 March 2013 EST ': This is an interesting point. *' ] 04:13, 27 February 2013 EST ':I thought it'd be nice to have a section explaining fitness landscapes and moving through sequence space. *' ] 04:13, 27 February 2013 EST ':I thought it'd be nice to have a section explaining fitness landscapes and moving through sequence space. It's true that many times the selection will result in being trapped in a local optima, but other times the selection wi...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Talk:CH391L/S13/DirectedProteinEvolution&diff=680636&oldid=680003
*  Systematics
thumb|400px|A comparison of phylogenetic and phenetic concepts Biological '''systematics''' is the study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present, and the relationships among living things through time. Phylogenetic trees of species and higher taxa are used to study the evolution of traits e.g., anatomical or molecular characteristics and the distribution of organisms biogeography. Systematics, in other words, is used to understand the evolutionary history of life on Earth. Definition and relation with taxonomy Taxonomic characters See also References Notes. Definition and relation with taxonomy. Europeans tend to use the terms "systematics" and "biosystematics" for the field of the study of biodiversity as a whole, whereas North Americans tend to use "taxonomy" more frequently. Taxonomic characters. Molecular characters. Immunological distance Electrophoretic differences Amino acid sequences of proteins DNA hybridization DNA and RNA sequences Restriction endonuclease analyses Other molec...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systematics
*  Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" - EEBedia
Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" From EEBedia. Chris Simon. Chris Simon. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Lab%208.%20Kasey%20Pregler%20MiniPresentation%2012April12.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 8. Kasey Pregler MiniPresentation 12April12.pdf. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Lab%208.%20Kasey%20Pregler%20MiniPresentation%2012April12.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 8. Kasey Pregler MiniPresentation 12April12.pdf. Instructor: Chris Simon, Biopharm 305D, 6-4640, chris.simon@uconn.edu Graduate Assistant: Chris Owen, Biopharm 325A, christopher.l.owen@uconn.edu ; 6-3947. Readings: will be posted as PDF’s. Lectures will examine some of the most serious problems in evolutionary tree construction: nucleotide bias, alignment, homoplasy, among-site rate variation, taxon sampling, long branches, big trees, heterogeneous rates of evolution among branches, covarion shifts. Syllabus Molecular Systematics rev 28 Mar 12.pdf Assignment 1. How molecules evo...
http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/eebedia/index.php?title=Molecular_Systematics_Spring_2012&diff=21831&oldid=21782
*  Molecular phylogenetics
'Molecular phylogenetics ' is the branch of phylogeny that analyses hereditary molecular differences, mainly in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships. History of molecular phylogenetics Techniques and applications Theoretical background Limitations of molecular systematics See also Notes and references Further reading External links. A comprehensive step-by-step protocol on constructing phylogenetic tree, including DNA/Amino Acid contiguous sequence assembly, multiple sequence alignment, model-test testing best-fitting substitution models and phylogeny reconstruction using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference, is available at Nature Protocol Bast, F. These have been replaced in recent times largely by DNA sequencing, which produces the exact sequences of nucleotides or 'bases' in either DNA or RNA segments extracted using different techniques. In a molecular systematic analysis, the haplotypes are determined for a defined area of genetic material ; a substantial s...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_phylogenetics
*  CH391L/S13/DNA Computing - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S13/DNA Computing From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 11:55, 1 April 2013 view source Dwight Tyler Fields Talk. contribs m New page: Hello world. ← Previous diff. Revision as of 12:03, 1 April 2013 view source Dwight Tyler Fields Talk. contribs m Next diff →. Line 1:. Line 1:. - Hello world. + ] ]. + =Introduction=. + Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. It enables scientists to synthesize biomolecules from extinct organisms. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. + ]. + + ==Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes==. + # Sequences from extan...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/DNA_Computing&diff=687401&oldid=687389
*  Phylogenetic Classification ( Real World ) | Biology | CK-12 Foundation
Phylogenetic Classification Real World. Help. Help. You are viewing an older version of this Concept. Go to the latest version. Phylogenetic Classification. Practice Phylogenetic Classification Practice. 0% Practice Now. Evolution. Resources. Published. Cows Gone Wild. The "cows" you see are Aurochs Bos primigenius. They are the species of bovine that humans domesticated to form our modern day cows. Looking at the cave paintings of aurochs, you may get the sense that they were a bit different than our domesticated cattle. The characteristics which made aurochs successful in the wild were not the characteristics that humans thought were most useful. For example, packing on lots of meat may be a great trait in a cow for a cattle rancher, but if that meat hampers mobility, then it can make a cow an easy target to predators. This is one of the differences between artificial selection and natural selection. However, it does not take 600 years for noticeable changes to appear in bred species once the artificial sel...
http://ck12.org/biology/Phylogenetic-Classification/rwa/21st-Century-Auroch/r8/
*  Filosofía, especie y sistemática
Host structure of the Phylogeny of West Nile Virus WNV: Does it shape the spatiotemporal structure. Methods Sequence Data: All the available sequences of complete genome of WNV, with collection times, and geographic locations 453 sequences, from 25 countries, and 79 hosts species were retrieved from GenBank. Phylogeny inferred using a Maximum likelihood analysis of 53 sequences. Phylogeny with Host structure for WNV. Just Testudines present a different resutl, where the non-nuclear and nuclear partitions had the lowest values Fig. Estimating Evolutionary Rates and Times to the last Common Ancestor DEV-2, using partitions vs complete coding region. Several studies have been aimed at understanding the epidemiology of DENV, rates and dates of evolution, and selection pressure in its different genes and genotypes Rico-hesse Rico-hesse, 1990; Rico-Hesse et al., 1997; S. The objectives of this study were to infer the time to the Most recent common ancestor MRCA of the DENV2 genotypes, and estimate the evolutionary ...
http://elecsist.blogspot.com/
*  PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. | Broad Institute of MIT and
PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. Recent Broad Publications Inherited CHST11/MIR3922 deletion is associated with a novel recessive syndrome presenting with skeletal malformation and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Ferritinophagy via NCOA4 is required for erythropoiesis and is regulated by iron dependent HERC2-mediated proteolysis. Read More / View Supplemental ...
https://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad3822
*  Phylogenomics
It is a group of techniques within the larger fields of phylogenetics and genomics. Phylogenomics draws information by comparing entire genomes, or at least large portions of genomes. 1 Phylogenetics compares and analyzes the sequences of single genes, or a small number of genes, as well as many other types of data. Prediction of gene function Establishment and clarification of evolutionary relationships Gene family evolution Prediction and retracing lateral gene transfer. Prediction of Gene Function Prediction and Retracing Lateral Gene Transfer Gene family evolution Establishment of Evolutionary Relationships Databases See also References. Before the use of phylogenomic techniques, predicting gene function was done primarily by comparing the gene sequence with the sequences of genes with known functions. 3 This prediction was based on the fact that this organism has a gene for which the sequence is highly similar to genes from other species in the "MutS" gene family which included many known to be involved ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phylogenomics
*  Wikiomics:RNA phylogenetics - OpenWetWare
... Wikiomics:RNA phylogenetics From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 17:04, 3 March 2008 view source Torsten Waldminghaus Talk. contribs added tags ← Previous diff. Current revision 05:34, 20 October 2009 view source Albert Vilella Talk. contribs adding rnasalsa. One intermediate revision not shown. Line 16:. Line 16:. * Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny. Allows secondary structure models. * Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny. Allows secondary structure models. * Designed specifically for use with RNA sequences that have a conserved secondary structure, e.g., rRNA and tRNA. Substitution models of sequence evolution that consider pairs of sites rather than single sites are implemented in this package along with standard nucleotides substitution models used nowadays. When a RNA molecule with a secondary structure is used in conjunction with a RNA substitution model, PHASE requires a structure-based alignment of the sequences with the consensus secondary structure ...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Wikiomics:RNA_phylogenetics&diff=360520&oldid=189099
*  Polyphyly
Image:Monophyly, paraphyly, polyphyly.png File:Phylogenetic-Groups.svg|thumbnail|300px|Phylogenetic groups: A monophyletic taxon in yellow, the group of "reptiles and birds" contains a common ancestor and all of its descendants. A paraphyletic taxon in cyan, the reptiles contains its most recent common ancestor, but does not contain all the descendants of that ancestor. A polyphyletic in red, the group of all warm-blooded animals taxon does not contain the most recent common ancestor of all its members. A 'polyphyletic' Greek for "of many races" group is characterized by one or more homoplasies : phenotype s which have converged or reverted so as to appear to be the same but which have not been inherited from common ancestors. For example, warm-bloodedness evolved separately in the ancestors of mammals and the ancestors of birds 1. Researchers concerned more with ecology than with systematics may take polyphyletic groups as legitimate subject matter; the similarities in activity within the fungus group ' Alte...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyphyly
*  Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" - EEBedia
Chris Simon. Chris Simon. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/EEB%205350%20Lab%209.%20Minipresentation%20RT-PCR%20Brigette.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 9. Minipresentation RT-PCR Brigette.pdf. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/EEB%205350%20Lab%209.%20Minipresentation%20RT-PCR%20Brigette.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 9. Minipresentation RT-PCR Brigette.pdf. Combining Data/Comparing Trees. + + :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Comparing%20Trees%20Combining%20Data%20Readings%202012.pdf}}Comparing Trees Combining Data Readings 2012.pdf. + + Reading for next week: :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Simon%2C%20Buckley%2C%20Frati%2C%20Stewart%2C%20Beckenbach%202006%20AREES%20%26%20supplement.pdf}}Simon, Buckley, Frati, Stewart, Beckenbach 2006 AREES supplement.pdf. Lectures will examine some of the most serious problems in evolutionary tree construction: nucleotide bias, alignment, homoplasy, among-site rate variation, ...
http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/eebedia/index.php?title=Molecular_Systematics_Spring_2012&diff=21847&oldid=21846
*  Darwin's Evolutionary Tree 'Annihilated' | The Institute for Creation Research
Darwin s Evolutionary Tree Annihilated. Timely news related to creation and evolution. Life Sciences. Problems with Evolution. Evidence for Creation. Evidence for Truth. Evidence from Science. Apologetics Articles. ICR Store. Darwin's Evolutionary Tree 'Annihilated' by Brian Thomas, M.S. * Resources. Life Sciences Resources. Problems with Evolution. In 1837, Charles Darwin drew his first evolutionary tree in his B notebook, with the words I think scrawled above it, to illustrate his idea that all of today s species arose from a single common ancestor. But the poor fit of gene sequence data is forcing scientists to abandon the tree. A non-Darwinian evolutionary view has been offered, but this proposition is actually just the old Hopeful Monster with a twist. 3 Darwin s tree illustrated a long macroevolutionary past that never happened. 4 Finally, evolutionary biologists seem to be catching up with creation biologists. 5 Michael Syvanen, co-editor of Horizontal Gene Transfer 1998 and a medical biochemist at the...
http://icr.org/articles/view/4404/295/
*  Phylogenetic profiling
... 'Phylogenetic profiling' is a bioinformatics technique in which the joint presence or joint absence of two traits across large numbers of species is used to infer a meaningful biological connection, such as involvement of two different proteins in the same biological pathway. Along with examination of conserved synteny, conserved operon structure, or "Rosetta Stone" domain fusions, comparing phylogenetic profiles is a designated a "post-homology" technique, in that the computation essential to this method begins after it is determined which proteins are homologous to which. A number of these techniques were developed by David Eisenberg and colleagues; phylogenetic profile comparison was introduced in 1999 by Pellegrini, 'et al.' Pellegrini M, Marcotte EM, Thompson MJ, Eisenberg D, Yeates TO. Method Theory Advances and Challenges Notes. For a given protein family, its presence or absence in each genome in the original formulation is represented by 1 present and 0 absent. The large number of complete genom...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phylogenetic_profiling
*  Structural Biochemistry/Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction
... - Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Structural Biochemistry/Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. 1 Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. Learning how protein sequence determines structure and function as well as learning the processes that generated the diverse structures and functions of extant proteins requires knowledge of the distribution of structures and functions through the multidimensional space of possible protein sequences. The outcomes of that massive experiment are preserved in the sequences, structures, and functions of modern-day protein families. Evolutionary analysis of these families can provide key insights into the nature of protein sequence space and the determinants of protein structure and function. Horizontal and Vertical Analysis. One way to study protein families is to identify candidate amino acid differences betwe...
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Analyzing_protein_structure_and_function_using_ancestral_gene_reconstruction
*  Patrocladogram
2 " and is used exclusively to determine the amount of divergence of a characteristic from a common ancestor. This means that cladistic and patristic distances are combined to construct a new tree using various phenetic algorithms. 3 The purpose of the patrocladogram in biological classification is to form a hypothesis about which evolutionary processes are actually involved before making a taxonomic decision. 4 Patrocladograms are based on biostatistics that include but are not limited to: parsimony, distance matrix, likelihood method s, and Bayesian probability. Some examples of genomically related data that can be used as inputs for these methods are: molecular sequences, whole genome sequences, gene frequencies, restriction site s, distance matrices, unique characters, mutations such as SNPs, and mitochondrial genome data. Cautions with patrocladogram usage Programs for patrocladogram analysis PATRISTIC. RAMI. Further reading References External links. Cautions with patrocladogram usage. Patrocladograms a...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrocladogram
*  SMART: DUF1866 domain taxonomic distribution
smart duf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with duf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing duf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DUF1866
*  SMART: DUF3700 domain taxonomic distribution
smart duf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with duf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing duf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DUF3700
*  SMART: PTPc motif domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with PTPc motif domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing PTPc motif domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PTPc_motif
*  SMART: HOX domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with HOX domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing HOX domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=HOX
*  SMART: Citrate ly lig domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with Citrate ly lig domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing Citrate ly lig domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Citrate_ly_lig
*  SMART: Catalase domain taxonomic distribution
smart catalase domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with catalase domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing catalase domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Catalase
*  SMART: LRR RI domain taxonomic distribution
smart lrr ri domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with lrr ri domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing lrr ri domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=LRR_RI
*  SMART: Fib alpha domain taxonomic distribution
smart fib alpha domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with fib alpha domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing fib alpha domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Fib_alpha
*  SMART: Frataxin Cyay domain taxonomic distribution
smart frataxin cyay domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with frataxin cyay domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing frataxin cyay domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Frataxin_Cyay
*  SMART: Integrin B tail domain taxonomic distribution
smart integrin b tail domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with integrin b tail domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing integrin b tail domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Integrin_B_tail
*  SMART: BMC domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with BMC domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing BMC domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=BMC
*  SMART: GA domain taxonomic distribution
smart ga domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ga domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ga domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GA
*  SMART: ELK domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with ELK domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ELK domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ELK
*  SMART: SEC14 domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with SEC14 domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing SEC14 domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=SEC14
*  SMART: CP12 domain taxonomic distribution
smart cp domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with cp domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing cp domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CP12
*  SMART: NH domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with NH domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing NH domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NH
*  SMART: DM13 domain taxonomic distribution
smart dm domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dm domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dm domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DM13
*  SMART: LY domain taxonomic distribution
smart ly domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ly domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ly domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=LY
*  SMART: zf-AD domain taxonomic distribution
smart zf ad domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with zf ad domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing zf ad domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=zf-AD
*  SMART: AWS domain taxonomic distribution
smart aws domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with aws domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing aws domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=AWS
*  SMART: Amelin domain taxonomic distribution
smart amelin domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with amelin domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing amelin domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Amelin
*  SMART: Ami 3 domain taxonomic distribution
smart ami domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ami domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ami domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Ami_3
*  SMART: CLH domain taxonomic distribution
smart clh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with clh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing clh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CLH
*  SMART: CVNH domain taxonomic distribution
smart cvnh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with cvnh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing cvnh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CVNH
*  SMART: Cache 2 domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with Cache 2 domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing Cache 2 domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Cache_2
*  SMART: ChSh domain taxonomic distribution
smart chsh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with chsh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing chsh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ChSh
*  SMART: DAX domain taxonomic distribution
smart dax domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dax domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dax domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DAX
*  SMART: DEFSN domain taxonomic distribution
smart defsn domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with defsn domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing defsn domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DEFSN
*  SMART: DSHCT domain taxonomic distribution
smart dshct domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dshct domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dshct domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DSHCT
*  SMART: DSPc domain taxonomic distribution
smart dspc domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dspc domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dspc domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DSPc
*  SMART: EPEND domain taxonomic distribution
smart epend domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with epend domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing epend domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=EPEND
*  SMART: GPS domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with GPS domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing GPS domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GPS
*  SMART: GYR domain taxonomic distribution
smart gyr domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with gyr domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing gyr domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GYR
*  SMART: HALZ domain taxonomic distribution
smart halz domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with halz domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing halz domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=HALZ
*  SMART: LNS2 domain taxonomic distribution
smart lns domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with lns domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing lns domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=LNS2
*  SMART: MltA domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with MltA domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing MltA domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=MltA
*  SMART: MutL C domain taxonomic distribution
smart mutl c domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with mutl c domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing mutl c domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=MutL_C
*  SMART: NMU domain taxonomic distribution
smart nmu domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nmu domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nmu domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NMU
*  SMART: NRF domain taxonomic distribution
smart nrf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nrf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nrf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NRF
*  SMART: NurA domain taxonomic distribution
smart nura domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nura domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nura domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NurA
*  SMART: PA14 domain taxonomic distribution
smart pa domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with pa domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing pa domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PA14
*  SMART: PMEI domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with PMEI domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing PMEI domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PMEI
*  SMART: ParB domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with ParB domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ParB domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ParB
*  SMART: RPEL domain taxonomic distribution
smart rpel domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with rpel domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing rpel domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=RPEL
*  SMART: RasGAP domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with RasGAP domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing RasGAP domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=RasGAP
*  SMART: VRR NUC domain taxonomic distribution
smart vrr nuc domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with vrr nuc domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing vrr nuc domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=VRR_NUC

Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Genetic variation: right|thumbDNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Coles PhillipsList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,List of geographic information systems software: GIS software encompasses a broad range of applications which involve the use of a combination of digital maps and georeferenced data. GIS software can be sorted into different categories.Tamarix aphylla: Tamarix aphylla is the largest known species of Tamarix (height: to18 metres—60 ft) . The species has a variety of common names, including Athel pine, Athel tree, Athel tamarisk, and saltcedar.Thermal cyclerMiss Asia Pacific 2005Cyprus Mines CorporationSymmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Panmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.GA²LENFour Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Amplified fragment length polymorphismTamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityWater supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.List of tallest buildings in Chile: This is a list of the 10 tallest buildings in Chile including buildings that are under construction.Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis: Amplified rDNA (Ribosomal DNA) Restriction Analysis is the extension of the technique of RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) to the gene encoding the small (16s) ribosomal subunit of bacteria. The technique involves an enzymatic amplification using primers directed at the conserved regions at the ends of the 16s gene, followed by digestion using tetracutter Restriction enzymes.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightPulsenet: PulseNet is a network run by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which brings together public health and food regulatory agency laboratories around the United States.http://www.Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation Department: The Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation Department is an agency of the government of Miami-Dade County, Florida. It has its headquarters in the Gladeview census-designated place in an unincorporated area.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Australian National BL classAmerican Medical Student AssociationCanadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.RAPD: RAPD (pronounced "rapid") stands for 'Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA'. It is a type of PCR reaction, but the segments of DNA that are amplified are random.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Community Fingerprinting: Community fingerprinting refers to a set of molecular biology techniques that can be used to quickly profile the diversity of a microbial community. Rather than directly identifying or counting individual cells in an environmental sample, these techniques show how many variants of a gene are present.Microsatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.MIM Pan-African Malaria Conference 2009EcosystemBritish Columbia Medical Journal: The British Columbia Medical Journal is a peer-reviewed general medical journal covering scientific research, review articles, and updates on contemporary clinical practices written by British Columbian physicians or focused on topics likely to be of interest to them, such as columns from the BC Centre for Disease Control and the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia. Although it is published by the British Columbia Medical Association (BCMA), it maintains distance from the BCMA in order to encourage open debate.Vietnamese New ZealanderHaplogroup L0 (mtDNA)Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingTel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (commonly referred to as Ichilov Hospital) is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel, and its metropolitan area. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Gene polymorphismIncidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Utiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Deep chlorophyll maximum: A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is not always present--sometimes there is more chlorophyll at the surface than at any greater depth--but it is a common feature of most aquatic ecosystems.List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Infinite alleles model: The infinite alleles model is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutations. The Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura and American geneticist James F.Fecal coliform: A fecal coliform (British: faecal coliform) is a facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, gram-negative, non-sporulating bacterium. Coliform bacteria generally originate in the intestines of warm-blooded animals.San Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.Exogenous bacteria: Exogenous bacteria are microorganisms introduced to closed biological systems from the external world. They exist in aquatic and terrestrial environments, as well as the atmosphere.Ferric uptake regulator family: In molecular biology, the ferric uptake regulator (FUR) family of proteins includes metal ion uptake regulator proteins. These are responsible for controlling the intracellular concentration of iron in many bacteria.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.Dundee Royal Infirmary: Dundee Royal Infirmary, often shortened to DRI, was a major teaching hospital in Dundee, Scotland. Until the opening of Ninewells Hospital in 1974, Dundee Royal Infirmary was Dundee’s main hospital.Fungicide use in the United States: A more accurate title for this page would be "Common plant pathogens to food crops in the United States".Colt Crag Reservoir: Colt Crag Reservoir is a relatively shallow reservoir in Northumberland, England adjacent to the A68 road, and north of Corbridge. The A68 road at this point runs along the course of Dere Street, a Roman road.BacitracinHyperparameter: In Bayesian statistics, a hyperparameter is a parameter of a prior distribution; the term is used to distinguish them from parameters of the model for the underlying system under analysis.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Beef cattle: Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle is known as beef.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.