Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Blood Group Antigens: Sets of cell surface antigens located on BLOOD CELLS. They are usually membrane GLYCOPROTEINS or GLYCOLIPIDS that are antigenically distinguished by their carbohydrate moieties.Paternity: Establishing the father relationship of a man and a child.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genes, Recessive: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.Heterozygote Detection: Identification of genetic carriers for a given trait.Consanguinity: The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.Electrophoresis, Starch Gel: Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.Homozygote: An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.Phosphoglucomutase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of alpha D-glucose 1-phosphate to alpha D-glucose 6-phosphate. EC 5.4.2.2.Genes, Dominant: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)EsterasesEthnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Gaucher Disease: An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Haptoglobins: Plasma glycoproteins that form a stable complex with hemoglobin to aid the recycling of heme iron. They are encoded in man by a gene on the short arm of chromosome 16.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.HLA Antigens: Antigens determined by leukocyte loci found on chromosome 6, the major histocompatibility loci in humans. They are polypeptides or glycoproteins found on most nucleated cells and platelets, determine tissue types for transplantation, and are associated with certain diseases.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Enzymes: Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Nuclear Family: A family composed of spouses and their children.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Lod Score: The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for "logarithmic odds."JapanErythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.

*  The HLA-C*04:01/KIR2DS4 gene combination and human leukocyte antigen alleles...
01/KIR2DS4 gene combination and human leukocyte antigen alleles with high population frequency ... 01/KIR2DS4 gene combination and human leukocyte antigen alleles with high population frequency ... These results highlight the impact of population allele frequency on viral control and identify a ... HLA and KIR-typed and analysed for potential differences in single-allele frequencies and allele ......
http://upcommons.upc.edu/handle/2117/81169
*  Evolution and the Genetics of Populations. A Treatise in Three Volumes. Volume...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ......
http://jmg.bmj.com/content/7/4/427.1
*  Institute of Cancer Research Repository - Low frequency of somatic mutations...
Low frequency of somatic mutations in the FH/multiple cutaneous leiomyomatosis gene in sporadic ... Low frequency of somatic mutations in the FH/multiple cutaneous leiomyomatosis gene in sporadic ... Low frequency of somatic mutations in the FH/multiple cutaneous leiomyomatosis gene in sporadic ... Germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase gene at 1q43 predispose to dominantly inherited skin ......
http://publications.icr.ac.uk/1129/
*  Eugene Ray Architect: BIOTRONIC ENERGY prototypes- provide high frequency...
gene ray, lajolla. california. ,eugene ray, mfa, architect,. ,professor emeritus, sdsu,. ... This site is both a dynamic blog of the thoughts of Eugene Ray, as well as a site for scholars and ... EUGENE RAY ARTIST=ARCHITECT =PROFESSOR is how my o.... *EGYPTIAN RADIANT BIOTRONICS incredible ... Thank you for your interest in the work of Eugene Ray. Please subscribe to the blog to follow via e ......
http://eugenerayarchitect.blogspot.com/2012/11/biotronic-energy-prototypes-provide.html
*  Rainfall-driven sex-ratio genes in African buffalo suggested by correlations...
... genes in African buffalo suggested by correlations between Y-chromosomal haplotype frequencies and ... genes in African buffalo suggested by correlations between Y-chromosomal haplotype frequencies and ......
http://vetmed.oregonstate.edu/publications/rainfall-driven-sex-ratio-genes-african-buffalo-suggested-correlations-between-y-chromo
*  UMD-DYSF, a novel locus specific database for the compilation and interactive...
Phenotypic study in 40 patients with dysferlin gene mutations: high frequency of atypical ... The Human Gene Mutation Database (professional release 2010.4) which collects all known gene ... Evaluated carrier frequency. Reference. *. Mutations are described using the official nomenclature ... A new locus-specific database (LSDB) for mutations in the TGFBR2 gene: UMD-TGFBR2. Hum Mutat 29:33- ......
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/humu.22015/full
*  Tong Sun<...
Frequency rule mining for effective protein-protein interaction inference from gene expression and ... Sun, T., Zhang, Z.Y. and Grattan, K.T.V. (2001). Frequency-domain fluorescence based fiber optic ... Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature ... A generalized 2D FDTD model for photonic crystal fibers with frequency dependent media. Optical and ......
http://city.ac.uk/people/academics/tong-sun
*  THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HLA-DR, -DQ GENES AND SUSCEPTIBILITY... : Epidemiology
The frequencies of HLA-DR and -DQ genes, maternal sensitization, sIgE , 100 IU/ml, and cIgE ≥ 0.35 ... Home , September 2005 - Volume 16 - Issue 5 , THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HLA-DR, -DQ GENES AND ... THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HLA-DR, -DQ GENES AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ATOPY IN A BIRTH COHORT. Lin, Y C ... Our aim is to determine the association between HLA-DR and -DQ genes and susceptibility to atopy in ......
http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Fulltext/2005/09000/THE_ASSOCIATION_BETWEEN_HLA_DR,__DQ_GENES_AND.196.aspx
*  Overexpression of activin A in stage IV colorectal cancer | Gut
1997) Frequency of Smad gene mutations in human cancers. Cancer Res 57:2578-2580. ... exhibit mutations in the Smad4 gene and in mismatch repair genes.6 ... 1992) α-inhibin is a tumor suppressor gene with gonadal specificity in mice. Nature 360:313-319. ... 1998) HNPCC associated with germline mutation in the TGF-beta type II receptor gene. Nat Genet 19: ......
http://gut.bmj.com/content/49/3/409
*  A third locus for dominant optic atrophy on chromosome 22q | Journal of Medical...
8 All allele frequencies were available from the CEPH database. The gene frequency was estimated to ... Candidate genes study. Three know genes-OSBP2, HSC20, and HSPC051-which encode the oxysterol ... To date, 73 known genes and as many predicted genes are contained in this interval. Screening of ... Seventy three known genes and as many predicted genes are reported to lie in this interval. Several ......
http://jmg.bmj.com/content/42/1/e1
*  PFDS: Contiguous US
-based precipitation frequency estimates with 90% confidence intervals in. 2-day - - - - - - - - - -. 3-day - - - - - - - - - -. 4-day - - - - - - - - - -. 7-day - - - - - - - - - -. 10-day - - - - - - - - - -. 20-day - - - - - - - - - -. 30-day - - - - - - - - - -. 45-day - - - - - - - - - -. 60-day - - - - - - - - - -. 1 Precipitation frequency PF estimates in this table are based on frequency analysis of. Please refer to NOAA Atlas 14 document for more information. Estimates from the table in csv format: precipitation frequency estimates upper bounds lower bounds all. Duration: 5-min 10-min 15-min 30-min 60-min 2-hr 3-hr 6-hr 12-hr 24-hr 2-day 3-day 4-day 7-day 10-day 20-day 30-day 45-day 60-day. PF in GIS format Spatially interpolated precipitation frequency estimates with upper and lower bounds of the 90% confidence interval area available in GIS compatible format ascii file. duration: 5-minute 10-minute 15-minute 30-minute 60-minute 2-hour 3-hour 6-hour 12-hour 24-hour 2-day 3-day 4-day 7-day 10-day 20-...
http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/hdsc/pfds/pfds_map_cont.html?bkmrk=ar
*  PFDS: Contiguous US
-based precipitation frequency estimates with 90% confidence intervals in. 2-day - - - - - - - - - -. 3-day - - - - - - - - - -. 4-day - - - - - - - - - -. 7-day - - - - - - - - - -. 10-day - - - - - - - - - -. 20-day - - - - - - - - - -. 30-day - - - - - - - - - -. 45-day - - - - - - - - - -. 60-day - - - - - - - - - -. 1 Precipitation frequency PF estimates in this table are based on frequency analysis of. Please refer to NOAA Atlas 14 document for more information. Estimates from the table in csv format: precipitation frequency estimates upper bounds lower bounds all. Duration: 5-min 10-min 15-min 30-min 60-min 2-hr 3-hr 6-hr 12-hr 24-hr 2-day 3-day 4-day 7-day 10-day 20-day 30-day 45-day 60-day. PF in GIS format Spatially interpolated precipitation frequency estimates with upper and lower bounds of the 90% confidence interval area available in GIS compatible format ascii file. duration: 5-minute 10-minute 15-minute 30-minute 60-minute 2-hour 3-hour 6-hour 12-hour 24-hour 2-day 3-day 4-day 7-day 10-day 20-...
http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/hdsc/pfds/pfds_map_cont.html?bkmrk=ut
*  Announcements - GOV.UK
... Skip to main content. GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies. GOV.UK. Search. Search. Menu. Departments. Worldwide. How government works. Get involved. Policies. Publications. Consultations. Statistics. Announcements. Announcements. You can use the filters to show only results that match your interests. Filter announcements. Contains. Announcement type All announcement types Fatality notices Government responses News stories Press releases Speeches Statements. Policy area All policy areas. Arts and culture Borders and immigration Business and enterprise Children and young people Climate change Community and society Consumer rights and issues Crime and policing Defence and armed forces Employment Energy Environment Equality, rights and citizenship Europe Financial services Food and farming Foreign affairs Further education and skills Government efficiency, transparency and accountability Government spending Higher education Housing International aid and development Law a...
https://gov.uk/government/announcements?keywords=&announcement_type_option=all&topics[]=all&departments[]=all&world_locations[]=estonia
*  Error
... Search. Members. Rules. Portal. Welcome Guest. Daytime Royalty. Follow @DaytimeRoyalty. Hello, soap fans -- and welcome to Daytime Royalty! For those unfamiliar, we are an uncensored community for fans and lovers of the daytime genre. We have a no-holds-barred atmosphere in regards to the shows, writers, actors etc. but we do not allow member bashing in any form. You're currently viewing our forum as a guest. This means you are limited to certain areas of the board and there are some features you can't use. If you join our community, you'll be able to access member-only sections, and use many member-only features such as customizing your profile, sending personal messages, and voting in polls. Registration is simple, fast, and completely free. Join our community! If you're already a member, please log in to your account to access all of our features. Username:. Password:. Log In. Error: You do not have permission to reply to a topic in this forum. Error Code: 12004:1180302. Choose...
http://daytimeroyaltyonline.com/post/?mode=2&type=2&f=10048&t=8778157&p=8938735&qhash=0f9d0c6cec0bf6eb955b58d2a509b711
*  myo51 (SPBC2D10.14c) | www.pombase.org
Term ID Term Name Evidence With/From Reference Count GO:0003779 actin binding IEA UniProtKB-KW:KW-0009 GO REF:0000037 38. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002060 viable vegetative cell population 3815. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting fus1 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting rng8 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000003 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000003 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting rng8 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting myo52 Microscopy myo51. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy myo51. Term ID Term Name Evidence G...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPBC2D10.14c
*  uge1 (SPBC365.14c) | www.pombase.org
Null PECO:0000015 PMID:23950735. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay uge1. Null PECO:0000137, PECO:0000005 PMID:19264558. Cell growth assay uge1. Null PECO:0000137 PMID:25483073. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay uge1. Null PECO:0000137, PECO:0000005 PMID:19264558. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay uge1. Null PECO:0000137, PECO:0000005 PMID:22252817. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000002 Cell growth assay uge1. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000001 Cell growth assay uge1. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay uge1. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression ...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPBC365.14c
*  Infinite alleles model
... The 'infinite alleles model' is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutation s. Crow 1964 introduced the 'infinite alleles model', an attempt to determine for a finite diploid population what proportion of loci would be homozygous. This was, in part, motivated by assertions by other geneticists that more than 50 percent of ' Drosophila ' loci were heterozygous, a claim they initially doubted. In order to answer this question they assumed first, that there were a large enough number of alleles so that any mutation would lead to a different allele that is the probability of back mutation to the original allele would be low enough to be negligible ; and second, that the mutations would result in a number of different outcomes from neutral to deleterious. If the effective population is large, then a large number of alleles can be maintained. However, this result only holds for the 'neutral' case, and is not necessarily true for the case when some alleles are subject to selection, i.e. In the case of...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infinite_alleles_model
*  fps1 (SPAC6F12.13c) | www.pombase.org
fps1 SPAC6F12.13c. Report an error. fps1. Ontology Graph Report an error. Term ID Term Name Evidence With/From Reference Count GO:0004161 dimethylallyltranstransferase activity ISO SGD:S000003703 PMID:17596513 1. Ontology Graph Report an error. Term ID Term Name Evidence With/From Reference Count GO:0006696 ergosterol biosynthetic process ISO SGD:S000003703 PMID:17596513 45. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002061 inviable vegetative cell population 1443. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy fps1. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0001042 inviable after spore germination, single or double cell division 105. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Genes Allele Expression. Cell growth assay fps1 fps1+ Overexpression PECO:0000004 PMID:17596513. Cell growth assay fps1 fps1+ Overexpression PECO:0000005 PMID:17596513. Term ID Term Nam...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPAC6F12.13c
*  nse1 (SPCC550.05) | www.pombase.org
Cell growth assay Y264A, L265A Not specified PECO:0000005 PMID:21364888. Cell growth assay Y264A, L265A Not specified PECO:0000004 PMID:21364888. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0000082 decreased cell population growth at high temperature 142. Cell growth assay Y264A, L265A Not specified PECO:0000005 PMID:21364888. Cell growth assay Y264A, L265A Not specified PECO:0000004 PMID:21364888. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Cell growth assay nse1-1 Not specified PECO:0000126, PECO:0000102 PMID:25002536. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting nse4 and nse1 Wes...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPCC550.05
*  ctr6 (SPBC23G7.16) | www.pombase.org
ctr6 SPBC23G7.16. Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression. Cell growth assay ctr6+ Overexpression PECO:0000249 PMID:12244050. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression. Cell growth assay ctr6+ Overexpression PECO:0000250 PMID:12244050. viable vegetative cell population ctr6. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0000103 sensitive to copper 10. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression affecting ctr4 Transcript expression level evidence ctr6+ Overexpression. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy ctr6. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0003284 decreased copper import 3. FYPO:0003280 decreased RNA level during cellular response t...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPBC23G7.16
*  SPCC613.03 | www.pombase.org
Report an error. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression. Cell growth assay SPCC613.03. Null PECO:0000005, PECO:0000137 PMID:23173672. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000002 Cell growth assay SPCC613.03. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0000088 sensitive to hydroxyurea 538. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy SPCC613.03. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002177 viable vegetative cell with normal cell morphology 3095. GO:0000080 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000084 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000085 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPCC613.03
*  ImmPort: Immunology Database and Analysis Portal - MHC Allele Search
Reference Data / MHC Allele Search. The HLA alleles and the allele alignments data are obtained from IMGT/HLA database IMGT/HLA release version 3.10.0, October, 2012. Please refer the following publications for information regarding the IMGT/HLA database and the hla.allele.org database :. Locus * HLA-A HLA-B HLA-C HLA-DMA HLA-DMB HLA-DOA HLA-DOB HLA-DPA1 HLA-DPB1 HLA-DQA1 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DRA HLA-DRB1 HLA-DRB2 HLA-DRB3 HLA-DRB4 HLA-DRB5 HLA-DRB6 HLA-DRB7 HLA-DRB8 HLA-DRB9 HLA-E HLA-F HLA-G HLA-H HLA-J HLA-K HLA-L HLA-P HLA-V MICA MICB TAP1 TAP2. All Alleles All Alleles with G-CODE Group Code All Alleles with P-CODE Group Code All CWD Alleles. Allele Name IMGT Accession# G-CODE Group Code P-CODE Group Code Protein Sequence Transcript Sequence. All Types Structural Functional Sequence Alteration Structural - Complete protein Structural - Domain Structural - Secondary structure motif Structural - Cleaved peptide region Sequence Alteration - Single amino acid variation Sequence Alteration - Insertions and Deletions S...
https://immport.niaid.nih.gov/immportWeb/queryref/allele/displayQuery.do
*  JCSM - Comparison of BMI, AHI, and Apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE-ε4) Alleles among Sleep Apnea Pati
JCSM - Comparison of BMI, AHI, and Apolipoprotein E ε4 APOE-ε4 Alleles among Sleep Apnea Patients with Different Skeletal Classifications. 1, 2 Comparison of BMI, AHI, and Apolipoprotein E ε4 APOE-ε4 Alleles among Sleep Apnea Patients with Different Skeletal Classifications .397-402 Jason J. There was no association of the APOE - 4 allele with facial profile among these OSA patients. Comparison of BMI, AHI, and apolipoprotein E 4 APOE- 4 alleles among sleep apnea patients with different skeletal classifications. 12, 13 Thus one aim of this case-control study was to investigate whether genetic variations of the APOE gene, especially the presence of the APOE - 4 allele, are associated with OSA in Class II patients compared to non-Class II i.e., Class I or Class III OSA patients. Overall, the skeletal Class II OSA patients had a lower BMI than Class I and Class III patients, although on average they were still overweight Table 2. There was no statistical difference p = 0.7 in the number of individuals with no AP...
http://aasmnet.org/jcsm/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=29432
*  rps402 (SPBC21B10.10) | www.pombase.org
rps402 SPBC21B10.10. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay rps402. Null PECO:0000137, PECO:0000005 PMID:19264558. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression expressivity FYPO EXT:0000003 Cell growth assay rps402. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0001098 sensitive to 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide 159. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy rps402. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002177 viable vegetative cell with normal cell morphology 3095. GO:0000080 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000084 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000085 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000087 PECO:0000005, PECO:00...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPBC21B10.10
*  Deletion and Insertion Allele - Molecular Biology
deletion and insertion allele molecular biology biojob bioblog pubalert biotool bioproduct bioforum protocol home forum index home forum index home live discussion top new forum archives molecular biology deletion and insertion allele what are they jan visit this topic in live forum printer friendly version came across these terms but cannot find what they mean please can anyone give me simple explanation nabi nabi on jan pm said came across these terms but cannot find what they mean please can anyone give me simple explanation i am unable to find the reply can anyone suggest me any site where i can make my self familiar with basic terminologies in molecular biology like deletion allele nabi well it means what it says some alleles of genes are dues to short dna sequence insertion and deletions into an exon google this paper for an example a bp insertion deletion polymorphism of uncoupling protein in relation to obesity in tongans perneseblue thank u pernesblue had come across other papers telling about deleti...
http://protocol-online.org/biology-forums-2/posts/5940.html
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Table
www arthritis research com table table association of mica polymorphism within the second and combined first and second french caucasian family cohort nd french family cohort st nd french family cohort a all individuals without controlling for ld with hla drb minor allele a a frequency in cases controls a minor allele transmitted untransmitted transmission rate tdt p value b subgroup without hla drb risk alleles minor allele transmitted untransmitted transmission rate tdt p value c all individuals controlling for ld with hla drb by conditional logistic regression or ci b p value lrt c p value a controls are non transmitted alleles b odds ratio of transmission of minor allele versus transmission of major allele as determined in logistic regression c likelihood ratio test evaluating model including hla drb alleles s and s p and mica versus s and s p only for the hla drb locus allele l was used as reference effects of s and s p alleles are presented in the online supplement additional data file ci confidence int...
http://arthritis-research.com/content/11/3/R60/table/T2
*  rps2302 (SPBP4H10.13) | www.pombase.org
rps2302 SPBP4H10.13. Gene Expression Taxonomic Conservation Orthologs Interactions:. Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Term ID Term Name Evidence With/From Reference Count GO:0022627 cytosolic small ribosomal subunit ISO SGD:S000006336 GO REF:0000024 65. Ontology Graph Report an error. Null PECO:0000126, PECO:0000275, PECO:0000005 PMID:25452419. viable vegetative cell population rps2302. Null PECO:0000137, PECO:0000005 PMID:23697806. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0001234 slow vegetative cell population growth 329. Null PECO:0000126, PECO:0000275, PECO:0000005 PMID:25452419. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy rps2302. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002177 viable vegetative cell with normal cell morphology 3095. Protein Families and Domains Feature ID Da...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPBP4H10.13
*  There’s more to breeding Red and Whites than we thought | Hoards Dairyman
There’s more to breeding Red and Whites than we thought. Hoards Dairyman. There’s more to breeding Red and Whites than we thought. Hoard s Dairyman: There’s more to breeding Red and Whites than we thought. In addition to the traditional red carrier gene, Black-Red, wild type and dominant red have all entered the equation. with the black allele being dominant over the recessive red allele. Since both the male and female carry two copies of the recessive allele for red coat color, the coat color of the offspring will be red and white. breed a Red and White male or female two copies of the recessive gene to a black and white Holstein that carries the allele for red coat color one copy. The Red and White would always pass along the recessive red allele to its offspring while there would be a 50-50 chance the black and white parent who is a red carrier would pass on the red allele. hence a 50 percent chance for a red offspring. breed two red-carrier black and white Holsteins to one another. That is when the “wild-...
http://hoards.com/blog_breeding-Red-and-Whites?mini=calendar/2014-06
*  Dominance (genetics)
If 'AA' and 'aa' individuals homozygotes show different forms of some trait phenotypes, and 'Aa' individuals heterozygotes show the same phenotype as 'AA' individuals, then allele 'A' is said to 'dominate' or 'be dominant to' or 'show dominance to' allele 'a', and 'a' is said to 'be recessive to' 'A'. Another example occurs at the locus for the Beta-globin component of hemoglobin, where the three molecular phenotypes of 'Hb A /Hb A ', 'Hb A /Hb S ', and 'Hb S /Hb S ' are all distinguishable by protein electrophoresis. In a 'bb' plant, the flowers will be white, irrespective of the genotype of the other locus as 'AA', 'Aa', or 'aa'. For example, if 'p' is the frequency of allele 'A', and 'q' is the frequency of allele 'a' then the terms 'p' 2, 2'pq', and 'q' 2 are the frequencies of the genotypes 'AA', 'Aa' and 'aa' respectively. Now, if 'A' is completely dominant to 'a' then the frequency of the carrier genotype 'Aa' cannot be directly observed since it has the same traits as the homozygous genotype 'AA', how...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominance_(genetics)
*  Histocompatibility
'Histocompatibility', or tissue compatibility, is the property of having the same, or mostly the same, allele s of a set of gene s called human leukocyte antigen s HLA. On a populational level there is a great number of different alleles at each HLA loci on Chromosome 6 at 6p21.3 in humans. However on an individual level a person can only inherit two alleles for each HLA gene locus due to the limits of sexually reproductive meiosis. This creates a situation where a person's spread of HLA alleles or tissue types may or may not match another's. Histocompatibility is thus a measure of how similarly two people's HLA alleles or tissue types matches up. The more closely two people's HLA alleles match up, the less one's donor tissue graft will be rejected by the recipient's immune system. The gene products of HLA code for major histocompatibility complex MHC molecules, found in all vertebrate s. These genes are expressed on the surface of most tissues as self- antigen s, to which the immune system raises antibodies ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histocompatibility
*  Transvection (genetics)
Transvection genetics. Transvection genetics. 'Transvection' is an epigenetic phenomenon that results from an interaction between an allele on one chromosome and the corresponding allele on the homologous chromosome. Transvection can lead to either gene activation or repression. It can also occur between nonallelic regions of the genome as well as regions of the genome that are not transcribed. The first observation of mitotic i.e. non- meiotic chromosome pairing was discovered via microscopy in 1908 by Nettie Stevens. Lewis at Caltech discovered transvection at the bithorax complex in Drosophila in the 1950s. 2 Since then, transvection has been observed at a number of additional loci in Drosophila, including white, decapentaplegic, eyes absent, vestigial, and yellow. As stated by Ed Lewis, "Operationally, transvection is occurring if the phenotype of a given genotype can be altered solely by disruption of somatic or meiotic pairing. Such disruption can generally be accomplished by introduction of a heteroz...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transvection_(genetics)
*  NATSYNTHLETHALARA - Euresearch UNIL
... aller à la page d'accueil. aller à la page de contact. UNIL Accueil UNIL Actualit s UNIL Interne MyUNIL Les Facult s. Recherche européenne à l'UNIL. Recherche européenne à l'UNIL. Projets UNIL FP7. Projets UNIL FP7. Dissecting the molecular basis of deleterious genetic interactions involving naturally occurring alleles in Arabidopsis. Domaine: People IEF Acronyme: NATSYNTHLETHALARA Dur e: 01.05.2008 30.04.2010 Budget total: 178.731 EUR Budget UNIL: 178.731 EUR. Abstract Natural genetic variation within populations largely determines phenotypic variation and is increasingly recognized as a critical factor in such diverse contexts as crop productivity or human disease susceptibility. Whether a given allele confers a disease burden can depend on environmental factors, but also on the presence of particular alleles at other loci. Thus, natural allelic variants that by themselves are a priori not deleterious can have strong synthetic effects when combined. Despite their importance, the extent and nature of su...
http://unil.ch/euresearch/home/menuguid/projets-unil-fp7/people-marie-curie/natsynthlethalara.html
*  hem2 (SPAC1805.06c) | www.pombase.org
hem2 SPAC1805.06c. Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Ontology Graph Report an error. Term ID Term Name Evidence With/From Reference Count GO:0006783 heme biosynthetic process ISO SGD:S000003008 GO REF:0000024 13. Ontology Graph Report an error. Extensions Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Allele Expression penetrance FYPO EXT:0000001 Microscopy hem2. Term ID Term Name Evidence Genotype Condition Reference Count Alleles Expression FYPO:0002177 viable vegetative cell with normal cell morphology 3095. Help Quantitative Gene Expression Protein Level Molecules/Cell average Extension Condition Scale Evidence Reference 53296 during. GO:0000080 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000084 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000085 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:0000087 PECO:0000005, PECO:0000126 single cell mass spectrometry evidence PMID:24763107. GO:...
http://pombase.org/spombe/result/SPAC1805.06c
*  Myc MGI Mouse Gene Detail - MGI:97250 - myelocytomatosis oncogene
... HCOP human homology predictions: MYC Protein SuperFamily myc protein Gene Tree Myc. Human Diseases more Diseases 4 with Myc mouse models; 1 with human MYC associations. Burkitt Lymphoma; BL OMIM: 113970 View 5 models Mouse Models Human Disease Modeled: Burkitt Lymphoma; BL Allelic Composition Genetic Background Reference Phenotypes Tg IGL-MYC 3Hm /0. Breast Cancer OMIM: 114480 View 7 models Mouse Models Human Disease Modeled: Breast Cancer Allelic Composition Genetic Background Reference Phenotypes Tg MMTV-Myc WT13Jrn /0. Bin1 tm1Gcp / Bin1 tm2Gcp Tg MMTV-Myc 141-3Led /0 Tg Wap-cre 11738Mam /0. Hepatocellular Carcinoma OMIM: 114550 View 10 models Mouse Models Human Disease Modeled: Hepatocellular Carcinoma Allelic Composition Genetic Background Reference Phenotypes Tg HBVX*,-Myc #Skp / Tg HBVX*,-Myc #Skp. Pancreatic Cancer OMIM: 260350 View 4 models Mouse Models Human Disease Modeled: Pancreatic Cancer Allelic Composition Genetic Background Reference Phenotypes Tg Ela1-Myc 158Bri /0. Phenotype Overview B...
http://informatics.jax.org/marker/MGI:97250
*  Diseases and sex: The cocktail maintaining immune gene variation
... Sticklebacks show the same polymorphism of immune genes as humans and thus make excellent research models. In a study of sticklebacks, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Pl n, together with colleagues from the Helmholtz Center for Marine Research in Kiel, have now shown that reoccurring infectious diseases determine which individuals produce a particularly large number of offspring in a population, and which immune genes increase in frequency in the next host generation. With more than 1000 HLA immune gene versions called "alleles" present in the human population any two individuals are likely to differ and thus to be incompatible. This high variability in individuals' HLA alleles, called polymorphism, is exceptional. It has been suggested that MHC polymorphism is maintained in natural populations by diseases changing from one generation to the next and thus those individuals that happen to have the resistance MHC allele are healthy and thus have more offspring carrying...
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-diseases-sex-cocktail-immune-gene.html
*  www.malariajournal.com - Figure
... Resolution: standard / high Figure 3. TaqMan assays quantify alleles within DNA mixtures. Relative amounts of each allele within a mixture of known amounts of indicated DNA were determined to correspond to the quantity of input DNA in the mixture. The relative ratios of Dd2:HB3 shown as green dots in panel A; and ratios for Dd2:3D7 and VS/1:HB3 shown on the X-axis for panels B and C, respectively. The major red dots and minor allele blue dots calls for 32 pure parasite DNA samples which type with either one or the other allele are indicated in Panel A. Panels B and C show the CT threshold cycle for the relative ratios of the indicated DNA samples for the 06 000145472 and 13 000158614 assays respectively. The closed squares indicate amplification of the allele labeled with VIC ® dye and the open triangles indicate amplification of the allele labeled with FAM™. Daniels et al. Malaria Journal 2008 7 :223 doi:10.1186/1475-2875-7-223 Download authors' original image....
http://malariajournal.com/content/7/1/223/figure/F3
*  A1 allele
a allele a allele redirect list of a genes proteins or receptors...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A1_allele
*  Does Natural Selection Drive the Evolution of Cancer? | Wistar
Does Natural Selection Drive the Evolution of Cancer. Wistar. Postdoctoral Programs Predoctoral Programs High School Programs. Annual Biology Essay Contest Biomedical Research for High School Students Awards for Trainee Excellence Chemistry-Biology Interface Training Program Biomedical Technician Training Program Cancer Biology Graduate Program Support Wistar. Press Releases Gallery Glossary WHYY Annual Report Fact Sheets Focus Newsletter Contact Us Events. The Institute. The Institute. Wistar Today. Wistar Today. Wistar Wire. Events. Wistar Today. Press Releases Does Natural Selection Drive the Evolution of Cancer. Wistar Today. Press Releases Glossary Annual Report Gallery Fact Sheets E-Newsletter Focus Newsletter Podcast Contact Us Events Wistar Wire. Does Natural Selection Drive the Evolution of Cancer. Does Natural Selection Drive the Evolution of Cancer. Maley, Ph.D. “When you apply chemotherapy to a population of tumor cells, you’re quite likely to have a resistant mutant somewhere in that population o...
http://wistar.org/news-and-media/press-releases/does-natural-selection-drive-the-evolution-cancer
*  High Line Field Station - Sep 20, 2013 : NYC Parks
... NYC Resources 311 Office of the Mayor. NYC Parks. on Twitter. Official Website of the New York City Department of Parks Recreation. Accessibility Info. Español. View FAQs. Get email updates. Shop Parks. Contact us. Donate Now. Parks. Facilities. Events. Programs. Kids. Services. Greening. Opportunities. About. Email. Print. Translate this page. Tweet. Things to Do. Events Calendar High Line Field Station High Line Field Station Add to Calendar Outlook. Yahoo. Calendar. Google Calendar. iCal Friday, September 20, 2013 11:00 a.m. 7:00 p.m. This event repeats every week on Sunday, Friday and Saturday between 5/4/2013 and 9/29/2013. Please note: This event has already taken place. Please use the Search options on the right to find upcoming events. Whether it s your first walk or your hundredth visit, High Line Greeters help you discover a new side of the High Line. The High Line Field Station is a mobile information cart, staffed by High Line Greeters, a group of knowledgeable volunteers who answer your ques...
http://nycgovparks.org/events/2013/09/20/every-friday-saturday-and-sunday-high-line-field-station
*  Natural selection at work: a case study
... We can make a strong case that natural selection is operating, even if the details of that selection are not immediately apparent. Some species live only in deep water, and some only live much higher up the shore. A snail common on California shores Tegula funebralis, at right can be found in both ranges. In Southern California, Tegula live high up on the shore, while in Northern California, they live in deeper water. Researcher Michael Fawcett thought so and formulated a hypothesis to test. He found that predators, such as octopuses, starfish, and crabs, were more abundant in southern California than in northern California. Perhaps intense predation in the south selected for snails that lived higher up the shore, out of reach of many predators. In the north, selection might not have been as strong, so the snails were not selected to live high on the shore. He took northern and southern snails, released them in deep water and watched what happened. If predators were around, all the snails high-tailed it ...
http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/side_0_0/tegula_01
*  23. Theory of Index Selection
Theory of Index Selection. Theory of Index Selection. since 6 August 1998. Theory of Index Selection. General Theory Selection on a Linear Index Changes in G due to index selection The Smith-Hazel index Properties of the Smith-Hazel Index Other useful results Estimated, base, and Elston indices The Hayes-Hill transformation: detecting flaws in the estimated index `Bending'' and ``rounding'' corrections of the estimated index Extensions: Restricted, Desired-gains, and Nonlinear Indices Restricted indicies Desired-gains indicies Linear indices for nonlinear functions Summary Independent Culling, Tandem, and Multistage Index Selection Tandem selection Independent culling Selection of extremes Relative efficiencies of index selection, independent culling, and tandem selection. PDF versions of a recent draft of this chapter are available. Chapter 23 PDF file v. A Mathematica notebook that computes and plots the within- and between-generation changes in the phenotypic and genotypic values for a bivariate character ...
http://nitro.biosci.arizona.edu/zbook/volume_2/chapters/vol2_23.html
*  The Panda's Thumb: On the evolution of Irreducible Complexity
Arthur Hunt on May 10, 2007 9:18 PM Science Avenger on May 10, 2007 7:43 PM Richard Simons on May 10, 2007 7:28 PM GuyeFaux on May 10, 2007 7:00 PM GuyeFaux on May 10, 2007 6:43 PM CJO on May 10, 2007 4:03 PM Joe G on May 10, 2007 3:27 PM Joe G on May 10, 2007 3:20 PM CJO on May 10, 2007 1:50 PM GuyeFaux on May 10, 2007 1:43 PM. Arthur Hunt posted Entry 3087 on May 1, 2007 09:55 PM. I suspect that the argument will be made that this isn t natural selection at all, but was actually produced through intelligent intervention. The point is that even if the selection pressure was artificial this particular protein was not selected for. If artificial selection can cause new information, new proteins and new functions to arise, then natural selection could obviously do the same thing given enough time. Nature Review Genetics 4:865-875 2003 Genome Research 15:1421-1430 2005 PNAS 103:9935-9939 2006 PNAS 104:882-886 2007 Molecular Biology and Evolution 24 2 :457-464 2007 Gene 238:135-141 1999 Genetica 118:171-182 2003 ...
http://pandasthumb.org/archives/2007/05/on_the_evolutio_1.html
*  evolution - How does Artificial Selection work? - Biology Stack Exchange
evolution - How does Artificial Selection work. - Biology Stack Exchange. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Biology Questions. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. How does Artificial Selection work. As far as I know for evolution to work mutations are necessary. Mutations are the raw material on which natural selection works. But mutations are always completely random and human beings have no control over it.Then my question is how artificial selection works. Would it have been possible to domesticate dogs from wolves, if there would have been no mutations in wolves to begin with. evolution genetics ethnobiology share. artificial selection != evolution. Both natural selection and artificial selection require genetic variation in the underlying population to work. If you had no genetic variation then artificial selection would not be effective. answered Jun 10 '12 at 17:41. Would it have been possible...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/2567/how-does-artificial-selection-work/2570
*  .. Intelligent Design: The Origin of Biological Information and the Higher Taxonomic Categories ..
BIO-Complexity Journal. They further argue that we know more about the causes of ontogenesis, due to advances in molecular biology, molecular genetics and developmental biology, than we do about the causes of phylogenesis--the ultimate origination of new biological forms during the remote past. Yet Muller and Newman insist that population genetics, and thus evolutionary biology, has not identified a specifically causal explanation for the origin of true morphological novelty during the history of life. Instead, it will analyze whether the neo-Darwinian process of mutation and selection, or other processes of evolutionary change, can generate the form and information necessary to produce the animals that arise in the Cambrian. We must also ask about the origin of the �specified complexity,� as opposed to mere complexity, that characterizes the new genes, proteins, cell types and body plans that arose in the Cambrian explosion. In order to explain the origin of the Cambrian animals, one must account not onl...
http://discovery.org/a/2177
*  Fastest-evolving genes in humans and chimps revealed | New Scientist
Fastest-evolving genes in humans and chimps revealed. Email address. Fastest-evolving genes in humans and chimps revealed. The most comprehensive study to date exploring the genetic divergence of humans and chimpanzees has revealed that the genes most favoured by natural selection are those associated with immunity, tumour suppression, and programmed cell death. These genes show signs of positive natural selection in both branches of the evolutionary tree and are changing more swiftly than would be expected through random mutation alone. Research in 2003 revealed that genes involved with smell, hearing, digestion, long bone growth, and hairiness are undergoing positive natural selection in chimps and humans. The new study has found that the strongest evidence for selection is related to disease defence and apoptosis – or programmed cell death – which is linked to sperm production. Plague and HIV. Nielsen, a professor of bioinformatics, believes immune and defence genes are involved in an evolutionary arms rac...
https://newscientist.com/article/dn7335-fastest-evolving-genes-in-humans-and-chimps-revealed/
*  Index selection
... is a method of artificial selection in which several useful traits are selected simultaneously first each trait that is going to be selected is assigned a weight the importance of the trait i e if you were selecting for both height and the coat darkness in dogs if height were the more important of the two one would assign that a higher weighting for instance height s weighting could be ten and coat darkness could be one this weighting value is then multiplied by the observed value in each individual animal and then the score for each of the characteristics is summed for each individual this result is the index score and can be used to compare the worth of each organism being selected therefore only those with the highest index score are selected for breeding via artificial selection this method has advantages over other methods of artificial selection such as tandem selection in that you can select for traits simultaneously rather than sequentially thereby no useful traits are being excluded from selecti...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_selection
*  PLOS Computational Biology: Recombination Rate and Selection Strength in HIV Intra-patient Evolution
... . Advertisement. plos.org. create account. sign in. PLOS Computational Biology. Browse. Current Issue. Journal Archive. Collections. Publish. Submissions. Getting Started. Presubmission Inquiries. Submission Guidelines. Figures. Tables. Supporting Information. LaTeX. Other Article Types. Revising Your Manuscript. Submit Now. Policies. Best Practices in Research Reporting. Human Subjects Research. Animal Research. Competing Interests. Disclosure of Funding Sources. Content License. Data Availability. Materials and Software Sharing. Ethical Publishing Practice. Manuscript Review and Publication. Editorial and Peer Review Process. Reviewer Guidelines. Accepted Manuscripts. Corrections and Retractions. Comments. Article-Level Metrics. About. Journal Information. Editors-in-Chief. Editorial Board. Publishing Information. Publication Fees. Press and Media. Contact. Search Search. advanced search. Loading metrics Save. Total Mendeley and CiteULike bookmarks. Citation. Paper's citation count computed by Scopus. ...
http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000660
*  Selection (biology)
These pressures include natural selection, and, in eukaryotic cells that reproduce sexually, sexual selection. Certain phenotypic trait s characteristics of an organism —or, on a genetic level, allele s of genes —segregate within a population, where individuals with adaptive advantages or traits tend to succeeded more than their peers when they reproduce, and so contribute more offspring to the succeeding generation. Other subcategories of natural selection include ecological selection, stabilizing selection, disruptive selection and directional selection. Selective breeding can be seen in the breeding of dog s, and the domestication of farm animals and crop s, now commonly known as selective breeding. On each graph, the x-axis variable is the type of phenotypic trait and the y-axis variable is the amount of organisms. Group A is the original population and Group B is the population after selection. Graph 1 shows directional selection, in which a single extreme phenotype is favored. Graph 2 depicts stabilizin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selection_(biology)
*  .. Peer-Reviewed Article Critical of Darwinism by NAS Member, Evolution by Absence of Selection
recent molecular data supports the theory of mutation-driven evolution rather than neo-Darwinism. Cost of Natural Selection At this juncture, Kimura 1968a and King and Jukes 1969 formally proposed the neutral theory of molecular evolution. Kimura first computed the average number of nucleotide substitutions per mammalian genome 4 x 109 nt per year from data on amino acid substitutions in hemoglobins and a few other proteins and obtained about one substitution every 2 years. If we accept Haldane’s estimate, such a high rate of nucleotide substitution one substitution every 2 years cannot occur by natural selection alone, but if we assume that most substitutions are neutral or nearly neutral and are fixed by random genetic drift, any number of substitutions is possible as long as the substitution rate is lower than the mutation rate. For this reason, Kimura concluded that most nucleotide substitutions must be neutral or nearly neutral. They examined extensive amounts of molecular data on protein evolution and p...
http://uncommondescent.com/evolution/peer-reviewed-article-critical-of-darwinism-by-nas-member-evolution-by-absence-of-selection/
*  A Mathematical Theory of Natural and Artificial Selection
... is the title of a series of scientific paper s by the british population geneticist j b s haldane published between and haldane outlines the first mathematical models for many cases of evolution due to selection an important concept in the modern evolutionary synthesis overview the papers were published in ten parts over ten years in three different journals part year subtitle if applicable reference external links i transactions of the cambridge philosophical society springer science business media springer website ii the influence of partial self fertilisation inbreeding assortative mating and selective fertilisation on the composition of mendelian populations and on natural selection proceedings of the cambridge philosophical society john wiley sons wiley interscience website iii proceedings of the cambridge philosophical society iv proceedings of the cambridge philosophical society v selection and mutation proceedings of the cambridge philosophical society vi isolation proceedings of the cambridge ph...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Mathematical_Theory_of_Natural_and_Artificial_Selection
*  GEAR » Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs -- BackpackingLight.com Forums
GEAR Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs -- BackpackingLight.com Forums. GEAR Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs. Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs on 01/14/2009 17:00:08 MST. Granite Gear Meridian Vapor seems to be light with heavier bag features Latitude Vapor has a very very good review on here Trail Vapor seems to be very popular Osprey Talon 44 not durable but light Atmos 50 pretty heavy, hard to pack, but very comfortable. Re: Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs on 01/14/2009 17:09:47 MST. Edited by ashleyb on 01/14/2009 17:11:38 MST. Re: Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs on 01/14/2009 17:21:15 MST. Packs on 01/14/2009 18:00:23 MST. Re: Need help narrowing down my selection on 2-3lb packs on 01/14/2009 18:49:43 MST. Packs on 01/14/2009 18:56:47 MST. As I see it: Granite Gear Vapor Trail -- Good solid pack. Granite Gear Latitude -- Same frame as Vapor Trail but has a different loading system your choice as to whethe...
http://backpackinglight.com/cgi-bin/backpackinglight/forums/thread_display.html?forum_thread_id=17960
*  6 Animals Shaped By Artificial Selection into Beautiful Monsters
... Animals. 6 Animals Shaped By Artificial Selection into Beautiful Monsters. artificial selection. 7/11/14 3:00pm. Artificial selection, also known as selective breeding, is a nice way of saying that humans have guided the evolution of other animals until they become mutants. This incredible diversity was driven by artificial selection — these wild pigeons are the descendants of carefully-bred birds that escaped from captivity to roam our cities. But what is artificial selection doing to today's domesticated animals, which are still closely managed by human breeders. A few decades of intense artificial selection a bird with an essentially non-existent beak, bulging white eyes, and a tiny skull. Not only has the human hand shaped the appearance of this bird, but breeders have also selected for a tumbling behavior. This behavior causes the birds to flip over backwards while flying or attempting to fly, and seems to be tied to serotonin abnormalities in the birds, leading to what is essentially seizure scient...
http://io9.com/i-am-the-baaaaaaaah-1603709216
*  City Talk discusses the High Line and Delancey Underground | ArchDaily
City Talk discusses the High Line and Delancey Underground. ArchDaily. Brasil. México. ArchDaily. Broadcasting Architecture Worldwide. the world's most visited architecture website. About Contact Submit Advertise. Projects. Cultural Architecture. Educational Sports. Healthcare Architecture. Hospitality Interiors. Commercial Offices. Public Architecture. Refurbishment. Religious Architecture. Residential Architecture. Performing Arts Center. Concert House. Opera House. Dance Hall. Exhibition Center. Temporal Installations. Visitor Center. Youth Center. Science Center. Visual Arts Center. Interpretation Center. Cultural Center. Hyunam / IROJE Architects Planners. Cultural Architecture. Jianamani Visitor Center / TeamMinus. Cultural Architecture. Cultural Architecture. Day Care. Higher Education. Other Facilities. Student Hall. Dining Hall. Recreation Training. Fitness Club. Sports Field. Ski Center. Skatepark. Research Center. Schools. Elementary Middle School. High School. Stadiums. Football Stadium. Socce...
http://archdaily.com/197074/city-talk-discusses-the-high-line-and-delancey-underground/
*  .. Trackways show, animals 50 million years ago used Levy random walk to search for food
Home » Animal minds, News, stasis » Trackways show, animals 50 million years ago used Levy random walk to search for food. Trackways show, animals 50 million years ago used Levy random walk to search for food. Animal minds, News, stasis. Fossilized sea urchin tracks at Zumaia/Richard Twitchett, Trustees NHM. Further to: Salamander rule 1: Stroke ain’t broke, so don’t fix it – for 270 million years and don’t the salamanders just look like the type. Animals have used the same technique to search for food that’s in short supply for at least 50 million years, a University of Southampton-led study suggests. Researchers analysed fossilised sea urchin trails from northern Spain and found the tracks reflect a search pattern still used by a huge range of creatures today. The findings could explain why so many modern animals use the technique, and suggest the pattern may have an even more ancient origin. Actually, the findings don’t necessarily explain why modern animals use the technique. It could be natural selection...
http://uncommondescent.com/animal-minds/trackways-show-animals-50-million-years-ago-used-levy-random-walk-to-search-for-food/
*  Céline Dury · Causes
céline dury causes home search for join sign in home céline dury support campaigns supporting céline has supported campaigns pauline conboy wants to irish woman with down s syndrome denied right to travel please email enda kenny taoiseach at sign the petition supporters ludwig meier wants to show compassion and empathy for animals build a advanced culture of compassion and empathy for humans nonhumans earth and sign the petition supporters see all campaigns céline s activity céline dury and others signed the petition to save the mekong river s irrawaddy dolphin over year ago...
https://causes.com/profiles/186771200
*  Neuronal Group Selection theory
... bob mottram bob at whitestn demon co uk fri aug est previous message a nutrasweet story with lots of next message urgent nutrasweet methanol etc etc messages sorted by i am interested in gerald edelman s theory of neuronal group selection and would like to know if there has been any detailed information published regarding recent work especially the darwin or later simulation experiments i ve tried asking about his work on various comp ai newsgroups with little response other than references to material that i have already read neural darwinism the remenbered present bright air brilliant fire which are now some years old any help would be greatly appreciated thanks bob p s is the neurosciences institute on the www bob mottram the closer one looks at these performances of bob at whitestn demon co uk matter in living organisms the more impressive the show becomes max delbruck previous message a nutrasweet story with lots of next message urgent nutrasweet methanol etc etc messages sorted by more information...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/neur-sci/1995-August/019706.html
*  Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA) - Epidemiology and Natural Selection in Path
Institute for Mathematics and its Applications IMA - Epidemiology and Natural Selection in Pathogens with Intermediate Rate of Antigenic Change by Viggo Andreasen. Main navigation. Main content Go to the U of M home page OneStop myU. Search U of M Web sites. College of Science and Engineering. HOME. PROGRAMS/ACTIVITIES Annual Thematic Program PROGRAMS/ACTIVITIES Annual Thematic Program. Postdoctoral Fellowships. Hot Topics and Special. Abel Conferences. Public Lectures. New Directions. PI Programs. Industrial Programs. Seminars. Be an Organizer. Annual. Hot Topics. PI Summer. PI Conference. Applying to Participate. Talk abstract Epidemiology and Natural Selection in Pathogens with Intermediate Rate of Antigenic Change. June 7-18, 2004. Viggo Andreasen Department of Mathematics Roskilde University viggo@fatou.ruc.dk. Some pathogens change their antigenic properties at an intermediate rate in the sense that antigenes remain constant during a single infectious episode while antigenic change is fast enough that a...
http://ima.umn.edu/biology/wkshp_abstracts/andreasen1.html
*  MUTATION/SELECTION BALANCE
mutation selection balance mutation selection balance supposing there is selection against a deleterious allele eventually it will be lost from the population however new deleterious alleles arise by mutation this leads to a balance between what goes in mutation and what goes out selection s supposing we have a recessive deleterious allele a genotypes aa aa aa fitnesses s frequency before selection p pq q genotype freqs after selection p pq q s as before and the mutation rate is given as the loss rate of a when q is small see selection and the single gene the gain rate of a because so if mutation which produces a and selection which removes a are balanced we have an equilibrium gene frequency q between mutation and selection so that example tay sachs an autosomal recessive genetic disease in humans has a frequency q assuming random mating of about x assuming random mating therefore the frequency of the tay sachs allele q is about x tay sachs sufferers usually die within two years if this disease is at mutatio...
http://ucl.ac.uk/~ucbhdjm/courses/b242/OneGene/MutSel.html
*  Behe Responds to the Boston Review (Response to Publication): Behe, Michael
Behe Responds to the Boston Review Response to Publication : Behe, Michael. Allen Orr's discussion of Darwin's Black Box : Boston Review, Dec/Jan 97. Professor Orr has a mistaken notion of irreducible complexity. 46-47 to say that you must look at molecular systems to see if Darwinism can explain their development. Simply put, some systems are more complex than others, irreducibly so. 2 Coyne complains that if one biochemical pathway is explained by natural selection, intelligent design advocates can just move on to another, and so ID is not falsifiable. He does not, however, know how natural selection could have produced the clotting cascade. Many proteins of the clotting cascade are similar to each other, and similar to other non-cascade proteins, so they also appear to have arisen by some process of gene duplication. With the proteins of blood clotting, however, the task of adding proteins to the cascade appears to be horrendously problematic. He has confined his work to the question of what proteins appea...
http://arn.org/docs/behe/mb_brrespbr.htm
*  Negative selection
... may refer to in biology negative selection natural selection the selective removal of rare alleles that are deleterious negative selection artificial selection when negative rather than positive traits of a species are selected for in politics negative selection politics a process that occurs in rigid hierarchies most notably dictatorships in immunology negative selection immunology in which b cells and t cells that recognize mhc molecules bound to peptides of self origin or just mhc molecules with high affinity are deleted from the repertoire of immune cells...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_selection
*  Tandem selection
... is a method of artificial selection in which useful traits are selected for sequentially for instance one could select for both increased milk yield and increased milk fat content in cow s via tandem selection by first selecting those with the best of one trait say those that produce highest milk yield and then when that trait is at a satisfactory level by starting to select for those cows that produce milk with the greatest milk fat content instead however for cows to produce milk with greater fat content yield may have to go down due to perhaps limits of the cows metabolism so while you are selecting for cows which have increased milk fat content the yield of milk they are producing may also go down thus reversing the selection process previously performed to increase it therefore tandem selection has a major disadvantage to other major types of artificial selection for multiple traits such as culling and index selection as there is a tendency for the last trait to be lost as the next is being selected...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tandem_selection
*  Apologetics Press - God and the Laws of Science: Genetics vs. Evolution [Part 1]
Apologetics Press - God and the Laws of Science: Genetics vs. Existence of God. God and the Laws of Science: Genetics vs. God and the Laws of Science: Genetics vs. The first is that all life comes from life. So, there are creatures that are neither human nor non-human. One of those Hugo de Vries, a Dutch evolutionary botanist is credited with having discovered the existence of genetic mutations Hugo de Vries, 2013. Natural Selection and Neo-Darwinism As is implied by the title of Darwin s famous book i.e., The Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection ..., 1859, the fundamental premise of Darwinian evolution was originally natural selection. The problem is that Darwin believed natural selection could be the means by which his evolutionary theory could happen the mechanism that would accommodate the idea that all forms of life came about from previously existing, less complex life, starting with a single cell eons ago. Evolutionary paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould of Harvard University once explained, Th...
http://apologeticspress.com/apPubPage.aspx?pub=1&issue=1145&article=2220
*  Control - Natural selection
control natural selection band control usa album title natural selection catalogue con release date october format cd packaging digisleeve tracks running time file under power electronics description brand new album of this legendary power noise artist concrete abrasive songs consuming devastating sounds evolving mutating noise keep your aspirines at hand control is here to crush you to little pieces track list removal breaking the will natural selection destroying the senses the beauty of disease hunting ground contaminate disposal exterminate website http crionicmind org misanthrope pages index body html samples natural selection mb hunting ground mb...
http://eibonrecords.com/releases/Control_natural.htm
*  Negative selection (artificial selection)
negative selection artificial selection negative selection artificial selection redirect selective breeding...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_selection_(artificial_selection)
*  Direct Response Agency – Design and Copywriting Services
... Design Development Video Copywriting. DRA Results Looking for a competitive advantage in your vertical. Gain the edge with DRA. Read More. DRA Client Testimonials In order to become the best, you have to know how the best operate. DRA works hand-in-hand with dozens.. Read More. DRA News Direct Response Agency is thrilled to announce a partnership with world-class developer Kinkar Saha and Brian Hill. Read More. DRA Results Looking for a competitive advantage in your vertical? Gain the edge with DRA! DRA offers advertisers access to the world's most sought after designers, copywriters, developers, and video producers. Built for Direct Response Marketers, by Direct Response Marketers, DRA knows what it takes to gain full market yield on a campaign. In a nutshell, we make campaigns that convert higher on the front-end and guide our clients on how to maximize the data on the backend. As a results-driven agency, we seek to create award-winning creatives on every campaign we touch. Our core focus is on creatin...
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*  Sublime Forum • View topic - Mulit line selection acting up with soft line wrap
Sublime Forum View topic - Mulit line selection acting up with soft line wrap. Home Download Buy Blog Forum Support. Sublime Forum. Skip to content. Advanced search. FAQ. Register. Login. Mulit line selection acting up with soft line wrap. Post a reply. 1 post Page 1 of 1. Mulit line selection acting up with soft line wrap by arvid on Fri Feb 08, 2013 8:55 pm I'm having a really annoying issue with mull line selection which is awesome by the way together with soft wrapped lines. If I try to multi line select code like this at the start of the line Code: Select all class MyNiceClass { private myVar; public function giveMeText { return Lorem ipsum ullamco magna cupidatat cupidatat ullamco labore ut ut proident consequat proident ex fugiat culpa laboris ea quis exercitation culpa non ad Duis id in anim id non magna Excepteur qui in laboris dolore et reprehenderit quis anim in eu qui ex aliquip aliqua et irure voluptate ut consequat magna exercitation Excepteur do sit nulla velit enim cillum officia sed pariatur ...
http://sublimetext.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=11045
*  Items where Author is "Jess, Patricia Céline" - heiDOK
items where author is jess patricia céline heidok directly to content publishing search browse recent items open access jur issues login to heidok items where author is jess patricia céline go back a level export as bibtex dublin core ep xml endnote html citation json rdf n triples rdf n rdf xml reference manager atom rss rss group by item type no grouping number of items jess patricia céline einfluß pflanzlicher ernährung und vitamin c carotin und folsäure reicher nahrungsmittelgruppen auf das risiko des primären mammakarzinoms this list was generated on sun oct cest about faq contact imprint...
http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/volltextserver/view/creators/Jess=3APatricia_C=E9line=3A=3A.default.html
*  BimmerBoost - Audi offers 50 unit limited R8 Exclusive Selection Editions for the USA - Pointless sp
... ecial edition. Audi offers 50 unit limited R8 Exclusive Selection Editions for the USA - Pointless special edition. Audi offers 50 unit limited R8 Exclusive Selection Editions for the USA - Pointless special edition. Audi offers 50 unit limited R8 Exclusive Selection Editions for the USA - Pointless special edition. For the first time, Audi debuts a Daytona Gray matte exterior for the 2012 Exclusive Selection Edition R8 V8, complete with carbon fiber exterior splitter and diffuser, 19" titanium five-arm double spoke wheels, black grille surround, black exhaust finishers, R8 GT tail lamps, and red brake calipers. The 2012 Exclusive Selection Edition R8 V8 is equipped with a 4.2-liter FSI® V8 which generates 430 hp at 7,900 rpm, with 316 lb-ft of torque at 4,500 - 6,000 rpm. The 2012 Exclusive Selection Edition R8 V10 comes with a shimmering Ibis white exterior and Brilliant Black features – including the sideblade, exterior mirrors, and rear license plate surround – as well as R8 GT tail lamps and 19" bi-c...
http://bimmerboost.com/content.php?2652-Audi-offers-50-unit-limited-R8-Exclusive-Selection-Editions-for-the-USA-Pointless-special-edition
*  Sublime Forum • View topic - Column selection without drawing out marquee
Sublime Forum View topic - Column selection without drawing out marquee. Column selection without drawing out marquee. Column selection without drawing out marquee by EvilDragon on Thu Oct 10, 2013 2:28 pm Is there ANY way to do arbitrary column selection without the need to constantly hold the right mouse button when selecting columns. Posts: 13 Joined: Thu Oct 10, 2013 2:20 pm. Re: Column selection without drawing out marquee by iamntz on Thu Oct 10, 2013 2:42 pm Click on the scroll wheel. Re: Column selection without drawing out marquee by EvilDragon on Thu Oct 10, 2013 3:35 pm That's not it - that draws a marquee, so I have to hold the middle mouse button. The point that I was trying to show in the GIF is to draw a block selection WITHOUT holding any mouse buttons - just holding a modifier and two mouse clicks on starting and ending points. Posts: 13 Joined: Thu Oct 10, 2013 2:20 pm. Re: Column selection without drawing out marquee by qgates on Sun Oct 13, 2013 11:49 pm Perhaps this plugin will give you w...
http://sublimetext.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=55960
*  Monsters bred for vanity of man | Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education. World University Rankings By subject News About Student. Register. Password *. Join us for FREE. The e-mail address is not made public and will only be used if you wish to receive a new password or wish to receive certain news or notifications by e-mail. Password *. I agree to the terms and conditions * By clicking on the 'join us' button you agree to abide by the THE terms and conditions. World University Rankings news. Domestication allows humans to produce animals in colours and shapes that would never survive in the wild. And this is the nub of domestication - it allows humans to produce animals in colours and shapes that wouldn't make it in the wild. Clubs were established to allow animal breeders to show the products of their efforts. The notion of improving animals via selective breeding was so widely known that Charles Darwin used it as an accessible analogy for his notion of natural selection, fully aware that, by comparing animal breeders' selection and rejection of breeding ...
https://timeshighereducation.com/features/monsters-bred-for-vanity-of-man/178611.article
*  SNAIL'S TALES: Natural selection in the pot?
SNAIL'S TALES: Natural selection in the pot. skip to main. skip to sidebar. 23 January 2011. Natural selection in the pot. We have been growing these annual vinca plants for several years by bringing their pots inside at the onset of winter. But early yesterday morning, while the outside temperature was still below freezing, the pots were taken out to allow for a house renovation project to commence. When they were brought back in several hours later, it appeared that several of the plants in the largest pot had succumbed to the elements. But there were survivors. So, now the question is why some plants died and some survived. The distribution of the survivors suggests that location within the pot was irrelevant. Presumably, the plants were not genetically identical; some may have descended from one plant that was the original occupant of the pot and others from other original plants that occupied different, but nearby, pots incidentally, they do seed well. It is, therefore, possible that we witnessed a selec...
http://snailstales.blogspot.com/2011/01/natural-selection-in-pot.html
*  Since Darwinian times, has there been any striking/notable effects of evolution on humans? - Biology
- Biology Stack Exchange. Biology Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Biology Questions. Sign up. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. evolution share. improve this question. asked Oct 3 '12 at 16:41. add a comment. up vote 4 down vote. improve this answer. answered Oct 3 '12 at 17:06. But are epigenetic changes evolution. Alan Boyd Oct 3 '12 at 20:18. MCM Oct 4 '12 at 5:11. add a comment. up vote 4 down vote. If we assume that for humans a generation is approximately 20 years, that means that there have been between seven and eight generations since 1859. So, in answer to your question, not very different at all. When we talk about a species evolving or a species being different today than it was X years ago, we are referring to the species as a whole. If, after many, many more generations, this mutation has spread to the majority, or a significant percentage, of ...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/3771/since-darwinian-times-has-there-been-any-striking-notable-effects-of-evolution/3773
*  Selection (relational algebra)
Selection relational algebra. Selection relational algebra. In relational algebra, a 'selection' sometimes called a 'restriction' to avoid confusion with SQL 's use of SELECT is a unary operation written as \sigma {a \theta b} R or \sigma {a \theta v} R where:. a and b are attribute names \theta is a binary operation in the set \{\; \} v is a value constant R is a relation. The selection \sigma {a \theta b} R selects all those tuple s in R for which \theta holds between the a and the b attribute. The selection \sigma {a \theta v} R selects all those tuples in R for which \theta holds between the a attribute and the value v. For an example, consider the following tables where the first table gives the relation Person, the second table gives the result of \sigma {Age \ge 34} Person and the third table gives the result of \sigma {Age = Weight} Person. Person. \sigma {Age \ge 34} Person. \sigma {Age = Weight} Person. style="border: 1px solid black" width="33%". Weight. Harry. Sally. George. Helena. Peter. style...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selection_(relational_algebra)
*  Artificial selection
... redirect selective breeding...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_selection
*  Artificial selections
... redirect selective breeding...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_selections
*  evolution
9 points 1 - Definition of speciation 1 - Differences in populations 1 - Barriers occur various kinds 1 - Barriers prevent inbreeding 1 - Mutations responsible for differences 1 - Differences variations result in populations 1 - Genetic drift occurs in small populations 1 - Founder effect populations markedly different from parents 1 - Differential selection pressures environmental 1 - Adaptive radiation, divergence 1 - Hardy-Weinberg Assumptions how population size, random mating affects speciatio 1 - Polyploidy related to speciation 1 - Allopolyploidy two different species 1 - Sympatry 1 - Allopatry MAINTENANCE OF GENETIC ISOLATION max. PROBLEM formula 1 pt p2 + 2pq + q 2 = 1 relationship to genotypes WW Ww ww or W = p 1 pt w = q definition of all terms of equation calculation to frequency 25,000/100,000 = frequency ww = q2 1 pt = 0.25 or 1/4 or 25% allele frequencies 2 pts q = .25 = .5 = frequency of w 1 pt if no explanation formula 1 pt since p + q = 1 p = 1 - q = .5 frequency of W genotype frequencies p2...
http://csun.edu/science/biology/AP_biology/evolution.html
*  Dog Sweaters: Coats for Dogs | PetSmart
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*  Interactive Dog Toys: Rope, Balls & Plush Toys for Dogs | PetSmart
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http://petsmart.com/dog/toys/grreat-choice-flying-disc-dog-toy-zid36-10575/cat-36-catid-100118
*  Supplies & Training, Dog | PetSmart
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*  Dog Bowls, Feeders, & Dishes | PetSmart
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*  Dog Harnesses for Easier Training | PetSmart
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http://petsmart.com/sale/training-behavior/petsafe-easy-walk-dog-harness-zid36-9378/cat-36-catid-900267
*  Dog Bowls, Feeders, & Dishes | PetSmart
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http://petsmart.com/cat-36-catid-100010
*  Dog Sweaters: Coats for Dogs | PetSmart
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*  Dog Beds: Orthopedic & Heated Dog Beds | PetSmart
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*  Dog Beds: Orthopedic & Heated Dog Beds | PetSmart
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*  Dog Doors: Gates & Doors for Dogs | PetSmart
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*  Dog Placemats for Feeding | PetSmart
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*  .. Cost of maintenance and construction of design, neutral theory supports ID and/or creation
Home » 'Junk DNA', Genetics » Cost of maintenance and construction of design, neutral theory supports ID and/or creation. Cost of maintenance and construction of design, neutral theory supports ID and/or creation. 'Junk DNA', Genetics. When we spend money we have a limited budget to buy things. What Darwin and most Darwinists do not realize is that selection for individual traits likewise comes at cost. To select to maintain one part of the genome means that there is no budget to maintain another part of the genome. To select to construct new features of the genome means one must abandon the maintenance budget of another part. If an asexually reproducing species could only have one offspring, selection must necessarily be neutral because there is no reproductive excess, there is zero “money” to carry out selection. Now if an asexually reproducing species could have two offspring, it now has a little more “money” in the form of reproductive excess to select to maintain one trait that goes bad. But our selectio...
http://uncommondescent.com/genetics/cost-of-maintenance-and-construction-of-design-neutral-theory-supports-id-andor-creation/
*  Dog Training Supplies, Equipment & Training Products | PetSmart
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http://petsmart.com/cat-36-catid-100022
*  Dog Pens: Playpens for Puppies & Adult Dogs | PetSmart
PetSmart. PetPerks. Store Locator. Welcome to PetSmart. View all. Food Health. Food. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Featured Shops. New Puppy Center. Featured Shops. Food Center. Puppy Center. Sale. View all. Food Health. Food. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. View all. Food Care. Food. Sort By: Please Select Price: High to Low Price: Low to High Best Sellers New Arrivals Top Rated. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate through each selection. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate through each selection. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate through each selection. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate through each selection. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate through each selection. Press enter to continue; you can then use the up and down arrows to navigate t...
http://petsmart.com/supplies-training/exercise-pens/top-paw-expandable-dog-crate-zid36-19868/cat-36-catid-100107?var_id=36-19868
*  Wu-Tang Corp. - Official Site of the Wu-Tang Clan - View Single Post - "Ask My First Timbs" Q&A th
- Official Site of the Wu-Tang Clan - View Single Post - Ask My First Timbs Q A thread. Thread : Ask My First Timbs Q A thread View Single Post. There has been indeed been research on the issue of race and race morphology as a whole between races and cultures of various regions. The question of why blacks have bigger “bottoms” than whites and Asians has all to do with evolutionary concepts involving geographic adaptation, natural selection and sexual selection. Body size and type as u stated is indeed all dictated by environment but also via cultural ideals ie “sexual selection”. That rule being that the hotter the climate, the more increased the size and definition of body parts.. So purely from a biological standpoint, the first negroids were supremely adapted to their environment with darker skin, wider noses flatter noses that aid in cooling air before it reaches lungs and consequently oxygen molecules before they are carried away by blood, in addition and what ur question was all about the larger rump is...
http://wutang-corp.com/forum/showpost.php?p=352365&postcount=34
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go negative regulation of nucleotide catabolic process empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0030812
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go cellular response to chloroquine empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:1902350
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go low density lipoprotein particle receptor biosynthetic process empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0045713
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go protein n pi phosphohistidine sorbitol phosphotransferase system transporter activity empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0022856
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go positive regulation of cytokine secretion empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0050715
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go benzene containing compound metabolic process empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0042537
*  Selection
... your selection terms when the icon occurs next to a go term you can use it to add the term to this your selection basket the resulting collection of terms can then be used to create a go slim or to download annotations that contain these terms you can view your current selection of go terms below selection view selected terms go methane catabolic process empty go add to the selection in the textbox above and press...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/Selection?id=GO:0046188
*  https://www.ttuhsc.edu/Health.edu/(S(m0pwk0452wjdkz55sf1fay55))/about/other.aspx
... => https://www.ttuhsc.edu/Health.edu/(S(m0pwk0452wjdkz55sf1fay55))/about/1810;url=/Health.edu/(S(m0pwk0452wjdkz55sf1fay55))/SignOut.aspx?auto=true...
https://ttuhsc.edu/Health.edu/(S(m0pwk0452wjdkz55sf1fay55))/about/other.aspx
*  http://www.mzv.cz/jnp/en/about the ministry/selection procedure for the position of$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2014&month=7
... => http://www.mzv.cz/jnp/en/about the ministry/selection procedure for the position of$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2014&month=7...
http://mzv.cz/jnp/en/about_the_ministry/selection_procedure_for_the_position_of$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2014&month=7

Infinite alleles model: The infinite alleles model is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutations. The Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura and American geneticist James F.Selection (relational algebra): In relational algebra, a selection (sometimes called a restriction to avoid confusion with SQL's use of SELECT) is a unary operation written asLampreado: thumb | 250px | right | LampreadoPanmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.Gene polymorphismIndian blood group system: The Indian blood group system (In) is a classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigens that reside within the CD44 molecule that is expressed on the surface of blood cells. It is named so because 4% of the population in India possess it.Misattributed paternity: Misattributed paternity is the situation when a child’s putative father is not the child's biological father. Overall, the incidence of misattributed paternity ranges from about 1% to 2%, though it may be considerably higher in certain populations.Genetic variation: right|thumbOpsismodysplasiaJewish Community Council of Victoria: The Jewish Community Council of Victoria Inc (JCCV) is the peak representative body for Victorian Jewry, representing nearly 60 Jewish community organisations and over 52,000 Victorian Jews. The JCCV’s mission is to represent the Victorian Jewish community, the largest Jewish community in Australia, on all matters that affect its status, welfare and interests.Cousin couple: A cousin couple is a pair of cousins who are involved in a romantic or sexual relationship.Alpha-D-phosphohexomutase superfamily: The alpha-D-phosphohexomutases are a large enzyme superfamily, with members in all three domains of life. Enzymes from this superfamily are ubiquitous in organisms from E.Iridogoniodysgenesis, dominant type: Iridogoniodysgenesis, dominant type (type 1, IRID1) refers to a spectrum of diseases characterized by malformations of the irido-corneal angle of the anterior chamber of the eye. Iridogoniodysgenesis is the result of abnormal migration or terminal induction of neural crest cells.Genetic linkage: Genetic linkage is the tendency of alleles that are located close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction. Genes whose loci are nearer to each other are less likely to be separated onto different chromatids during chromosomal crossover, and are therefore said to be genetically linked.Phenotype microarray: The phenotype microarray approach is a technology for high-throughput phenotyping of cells.Negative probability: The probability of the outcome of an experiment is never negative, but quasiprobability distributions can be defined that allow a negative probability for some events. These distributions may apply to unobservable events or conditional probabilities.Bill Parry (mathematician)Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig-liver esterase: Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig liver esterase is the enantioselective conversion of an ester to a carboxylic acid through the action of the enzyme pig liver esterase (EC 3.1.Pedigree chart: A pedigree chart is a diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next,pedigree chart Genealogy Glossary - About.com, a part of The New York Times Company.Inbreeding depression: Inbreeding depression is the reduced biological fitness in a given population as a result of inbreeding, or breeding of related individuals. Population biological fitness refers to its ability to survive and reproduce itself.Haptoglobin: Haptoglobin (abbreviated as Hp) is the protein that in humans is encoded by the HP gene. In blood plasma, haptoglobin binds free hemoglobin (Hb) released from erythrocytes with low affinity and thereby inhibits its oxidative activity.Silent mutation: Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent mutations can occur in non-coding regions (outside of genes or within introns), or they may occur within exons.Chromosome regionsHLA B7-DR15-DQ6Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Enzyme Commission number: The Enzyme Commission number (EC number) is a numerical classification scheme for enzymes, based on the chemical reactions they catalyze.Amplified fragment length polymorphismThermal cyclerInterval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Niigata UniversityErythrocrine: Erythrocrine describes red blood cell or erythrocyte for production and release of signaling molecules. The term “erythrocrine“ was coined by Song et al.Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Coles PhillipsTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingVibration white finger: Vibration white finger (VWF), also known as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) or dead finger,) is a secondary form of Raynaud's syndrome, an industrial injury triggered by continuous use of vibrating hand-held machinery. Use of the term "vibration white finger" has generally been superseded in professional usage by broader concept of HAVS, although it is still used by the general public.

(1/13203) The Lewontin and Krakauer test on quantitative characters.

It is shown that LEWONTIN and KRAKAUER's test could also be applied to quantitative characters that do not show important dominance and epistatic genetic variances. The design of experiments for this purpose and the error of the estimation of F are discussed.  (+info)

(2/13203) Genetic heterogeneity within electrophoretic "alleles" of xanthine dehydrogenase in Drosophila pseudoobscura.

An experimental plan for an exhaustive determination of genic variation at structural gene loci is presented. In the initial steps of this program, 146 isochromosomal lines from 12 geographic populations of D. pseudoobscura were examined for allelic variation of xanthine dehydrogenase by the serial use of 4 different electrophoretic conditions and a head stability test. The 5 criteria revealed a total of 37 allelic classes out of the 146 genomes examined where only 6 had been previously revealed by the usual method of gel electrophoresis. This immense increase in genic variation also showed previously unsuspected population differences between the main part of the species distribution and the isolated population of Bogota population. The average heterozygosity at the Xdh locus is at least 72% in natural populations. This result, together with the very large number of alleles segregating and the pattern of allelic frequencies, has implications for theories of genetic polymorphism which are discussed.  (+info)

(3/13203) Polymorphism in a cyclic parthenogenetic species: Simocephalus serrulatus.

A survey of sixteen isozyme loci using electrophoretic techniques was conducted for three isolated natural populations and one laboratory population of the cyclic parthenogenetic species, Simocephalus serrulatus. The proportion of polymorphic loci (33%-60%) and the average number of heterozygous loci per individual (6%-23%) in the three natural populations were found to be comparable to those found in most sexually reproducing organisms. Detailed analyses were made for one of these populations using five polymorphic loci. The results indicated that (1) seasonal changes in genotypic frequencies took place, (2) apomicitic parthenogenesis does not lead to genetic homogeneity, and (3) marked gametic disequilibrium at these five loci was present in the population, indicating that selection acted on coadapted groups of genes.  (+info)

(4/13203) Testing for selective neutrality of electrophoretically detectable protein polymorphisms.

The statistical assessment of gene-frequency data on protein polymorphisms in natural populations remains a contentious issue. Here we formulate a test of whether polymorphisms detected by electrophoresis are in accordance with the stepwise, or charge-state, model of mutation in finite populations in the absence of selection. First, estimates of the model parameters are derived by minimizing chi-square deviations of the observed frequencies of genotypes with alleles (0,1,2...) units apart from their theoretical expected values. Then the remaining deviation is tested under the null hypothesis of neutrality. The procedure was found to be conservative for false rejections in simulation data. We applied the test to Ayala and Tracey 's data on 27 allozymic loci in six populations of Drosophila willistoni . About one-quarter of polymorphic loci showed significant departure from the neutral theory predictions in virtually all populations. A further quarter showed significant departure in some populations. The remaining data showed an acceptable fit to the charge state model. A predominating mode of selection was selection against alleles associated with extreme electrophoretic mobilities. The advantageous properties and the difficulties of the procedure are discussed.  (+info)

(5/13203) Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups.

OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups.  (+info)

(6/13203) Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease.

BACKGROUND: Cytokine gene variations are contributory factors in inflammatory pathology. Allele frequencies of interleukin (IL)-1 cluster genes [IL-1A(-889), IL-1B(-511), IL-1B(+3953), IL-1RN Intron 2 VNTR] and tissue necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha gene [TNFA(-308)] were measured in healthy blood donors (healthy control subjects), patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries (patient control subjects), single-vessel coronary disease (SVD), and those with multivessel coronary disease (MVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Five hundred fifty-six patients attending for coronary angiography in Sheffield were studied: 130 patient control subjects, 98 SVD, and 328 MVD. Significant associations were tested in an independent population (London) of 350: 57 SVD, 191 MVD, and 102 control subjects. IL-1RN*2 frequency in Sheffield patient control subjects was the same as in 827 healthy control subjects. IL-1RN*2 was significantly overrepresented in Sheffield SVD patients (34% vs 23% in patient control subjects); IL-1RN*2 homozygotes in the SVD population (chi2 carriage=8.490, 1 df, P=0.0036). This effect was present though not quite significant in the London population (P=0. 0603). A summary trend test of the IL-1RN SVD genotype data for Sheffield and London showed a significant association with *2 (P=0. 0024). No significant effect of genotype at IL-1RN was observed in the Sheffield or London MVD populations. Genotype distribution analysis comparing the SVD and MVD populations at IL-1RN showed a highly significant trend (P=0.0007) with the use of pooled data. No significant associations were seen for the other polymorphisms. CONCLUSIONS: IL-1RN*2 was significantly associated with SVD. A difference in genetic association between SVD and MVD was also apparent.  (+info)

(7/13203) Novel regions of allelic deletion on chromosome 18p in tumors of the lung, brain and breast.

Lung cancer is now the number one cause of cancer death for both men and women. An age-adjusted analysis over the past 25 years shows that in women specifically, lung cancer incidence is on the rise. It is estimated that 10-20 genetic events including the alteration of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes will have occurred by the time a lung tumor becomes clinically evident. In an effort to identify regions containing novel cancer genes, chromosome 18p11, a band not previously implicated in disease, was examined for loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In this study, 50 matched normal and NSCLC tumor samples were examined using six 18p11 and one 18q12.3 PCR-based polymorphic markers. In addition, LOH was examined in 29 glioblastoma pairs and 14 paired breast carcinomas. This analysis has revealed potentially two regions of LOH in 18p11 in up to 38% of the tumor samples examined. The regions of LOH identified included a 2 cm area between markers D18S59 and D18S476, and a more proximal, 25 cm region of intermediate frequency between D18S452 and D18S453. These results provide evidence for the presence of one or more potential tumor suppressor genes on the short arm of chromosome 18 which may be involved in NSCLC, brain tumors and possibly breast carcinomas as well.  (+info)

(8/13203) Genetic polymorphism and interethnic variability of plasma paroxonase activity.

A method for determining plasma paroxonase activity using an auto-analyser is described. Frequency distributions for British and Indian subjects show bimodality. A study of 40 British families confirms the presence of a genetic polymorphism with regard to plasma paroxonase activity. Two phenotypes can be defined, controlled by two alleles at one autosomal locus. The frequency of the low activity phenotype is less in the Indian population than in the British population. Malay, Chinese, and African subjects fail to show obvious bimodality.  (+info)


What is the Rate of Occurrence of Sickle Cell Disease( gene frequency, and mutation rate)?


What is the rate of occurrence for the disease Sickle Cell Anemia or Disease? Mutation Rate and gene frequency)? 
Also what is the mechanism for detecting heterozygotes or for prenatal screening for the disease?
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Every one of your questions could've been Googled by you.

"What is the rate of occurrence for the disease Sickle Cell Anemia or Disease?"  --  The occurrence rate is 25% if both parents are carriers, 50% if one parent has it and another parent is a carrier and 100% if both parents have it.   Roughly 1,000 infants are born, in the U.S., with it each year.

 "Mutation Rate and gene frequency)?"  --  The info above should tell you this.

"Also what is the mechanism for detecting heterozygotes or for prenatal screening for the disease?"  --  a) heterozygotes:   Routine neonatal screening by means of protein sequencing, DNA analysis and/or HPLC combined with electrospray mass spectrometry.  b) Potential parents who have a family history should be tested for the trait before pregnancy occurs or if one partner has the disease/is a carrier both are screened.


How does gene therapy help a cystic fibrosis sufferer?


How does gene therapy help a cystic fibrosis sufferer?

Also :

what 2 reasons may genetic testing be carried out when a couple are undergoing IVF treatment?
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Gene therapy aims to effectively replace a faulty gene. So in Cystic Fibrosis it would replace the gene (or genes) which causes the problem and hopefully make the patient much better. As for IVF some tests are done to check for chromosomal abnormalities like Down's Syndrome and other genetic problems.


Whats the difference between High frequency and Low frequency hearing loss?


I have hearing loss in my right ear (60%) and my army recruiter told me, if its High frequency hearing loss its a good chance that it would get Waived. I will have to go through MEPS and get cleared, But I would like to know before hand. So please be specific.
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Sound occurs over a wide spectrum of frequencies.  The human ear is sensitive to a frequency band withing that spectrum.  Since sounds occur at different frequencies, you will not be able to hear the sounds at the high end.  The frequency that dogs can hear covers a different range.  That is why a dog can respond to a human voice, but also to a silent dog whistle which is too high of a frequency for humans.  The most common frequency hearing loss for men is the same frequency that their wives speak.


How many generations can a dwarf gene be carried if you marry normal height people?


If your parents are dwarves but you came out normal and marry normal and have normal kids, the dwarf gene is still in your kids.  If your kids and generations later continue to marry and birth normal, is the dwarf gene completely wiped out?  Or can it still pop up in a child hundreds of years later?
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Yes it can pop up.  We also see the dwarf gene being expressed as simply much shorter than average height.  In other words, you could be a tall guy with a dwarf gene, and even if the mother of your child is a six foot tall woman from a family of six foot tall women, you could have a 4'7" daughter or a 5'1" son....taller than a dwarf but still showing the gene a bit.


How dominate is the Asian gene in a biracial baby?


Most Asian-white couple's I've seen have babies that look full blooded Asian. I know that the Asian gene is supposed to be extremely dominate, but how dominate is it? Can the couple have a baby that has asian features, but got curly hair from the white parents? Or does the baby either have to look full Asian or full white? Is there some sort of in-between?
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The asian gene????  Do you really think there is one gene that makes a person asian?


What is the frequency in hepatitis and how do you get the disease?


What is the frequency in hepatitis and how do you get it? how is it past down to a person? how do you prevent it.
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Hepatitis A, B, or C. Hepatitis C is the worst. My dad had it he passed away over a year ago. You can get it from having unprotected sex w/ an infected person. You can also get it from using drugs IV drugs after someone.You can get it from clean needles. If you are under 19yrs. old you can go to your nearest health department and get vaccinations. Hepatitis destroys your liver. I'm not to familiar w/ hept. A or B. I know you can get hept. A from not washing your hands. WebMd can tell you more.


What is the difference between a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation?


Is a neural tube deffect a chromosomal mutation or a gene mutation?  What is the difference between the two types of mutations?
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A gene mutation is a permanent change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. Mutations range in size from a single DNA building block (DNA base) to a large segment of a chromosome.

A chromosomal mutation is a mutation  involving a long segment of DNA, it is a any change in the structure or arrangement of the chromosomes. These mutations can involve deletions, insertions, or inversions of sections of DNA. In some cases, deleted sections may attach to other chromosomes, disrupting both the chromosomes that loses the DNA and the one that gains it.It is  also referred to as a chromosomal rearrangement


Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common birth defects of the brain and spinal cord that include anencephaly and spina bifida (meningomyelocele). Deficiency of the vitamin folic acid raises the risk of NTDs, as does mutation of a gene for an enzyme that processes folic acid. The mutation is called the C677T.People with two copies of the T mutation are two and a half times as likely to have a NTD as people with two copies of the normal gene. Now it has been found that people with just one copy of the T gene are also at increased risk for an NTD. They are one and a half times more likely to have a NTD than people with two copies of the normal gene.

There is evidence that some mothers of infants with Down's syndrome have abnormal metabolism of folate and methyl, as well as mutations in folate genes, which are features that are also seen in neural-tube defects (NTD).


What sets off the autoimmune gene that per my doctor can cause different diseases and many forms?


I have Rheumatoid Arthritis, my brother has Psorisis and I have a sister with Diabetes.  My dad had gout, is this where the gene originated from and what sets this gene off?  I was in an accident and was diagnosed not long after with RA.
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It is still under investigation. Although, scientists have found an unexpected genetic link among three common autoimmune diseases: "psoriasis", "rheumatoid arthritis" and systemic lupus erythematosus.

The findings, being reported recently in the journal Nature Genetics, have no immediate practical effect. But by identifying a cellular path through which the three diseases are touched off, they may help biologists design new treatments.

Psoriasis affects 2 percent of Americans; rheumatoid arthritis, up to 1 percent; and systemic lupus -- which attacks the joints and can cause severe inflammation -- one-twentieth of 1 percent.

The link among the three diseases involves a PROTEIN that helps the thymus GLAND train cells of the immune system. Autoimmune diseases are caused when such cells mistakenly attack the body's own tissues.

The protein, Runx-1, controls the activity of various genes by binding to a nearby site on the DNA of the chromosomes. Last year, scientists at the University of Uppsala in Sweden reported that many patients with systemic lupus had an altered Runx-1 binding site on Chromosome 2, meaning that the Runx-1 protein could not properly control the gene next to the binding site.