Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Genetic Structures: The biological objects that contain genetic information and that are involved in transmitting genetically encoded traits from one organism to another.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Reproductive Isolation: Mechanisms that prevent different populations from exchanging genes (GENE FLOW), resulting in or maintaining GENETIC SPECIATION. It can either prevent mating to take place or ensure that any offspring produced is either inviable or sterile, thereby preventing further REPRODUCTION.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Genetic Drift: The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis: The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.GibraltarEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Sympatry: In evolutionary theory, overlapping geographic distribution of diverging species. In sympatric GENETIC SPECIATION, genetic diversion occurs without geographic separation.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Atlantic OceanAfrica, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Pulsatile Flow: Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Seed Dispersal: The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Lecythidaceae: A plant family of the order Lecythidales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Pinus: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Central AmericaPolymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Eagles: Large members of the FALCONIFORMES order of birds, family Accipitridae, most especially the genera Aquila, Haliaeetus, Harpia, and Circaetus. They are characterized by their powerful talons, which carry long, curved, pointed claws and by their opposable hindtoe.Fraxinus: A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain secoiridoid glucosides.Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.DNA, Chloroplast: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.Ranunculus: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains protoanemonin, anemonin, and ranunculin.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.South AmericaCrops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Organic Agriculture: Systems of agriculture which adhere to nationally regulated standards that restrict the use of pesticides, non-organic fertilizers, genetic engineering, growth hormones, irradiation, antibiotics, and non-organic ANIMAL FEED.Mediterranean SeaPacific OceanEcology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Genealogy and HeraldryPopulation: The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.EuropePan paniscus: The pygmy chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. Its common name is Bonobo, which was once considered a separate genus by some; others considered it a subspecies of PAN TROGLODYTES. Its range is confined to the forests of the central Zaire basin. Despite its name, it is often of equal size to P. troglodytes.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Mimulus: A plant genus of the family Phrymaceae. Members contain 6-geranylflavanones and mimulone.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Sorbus: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE.Caves: Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.Y Chromosome: The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.EcuadorMeliaceae: The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Islands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.Campanulaceae: A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class MagnoliopsidaHerbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Adaptation, Biological: Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Fucus: A genus of BROWN ALGAE in the family Fucaceae. It is found in temperate, marine intertidal areas along rocky coasts and is a source of ALGINATES. Some species of Fucus are referred to as KELP.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Brassica rapa: A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.LizardsAdaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Acanthaceae: A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.Arabis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. Member species are ornamentals grown for their numerous small white, yellow, pink, or purplish flowers.Agrostis: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Namibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Principal Component Analysis: Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.Albizzia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains julibroside (triterpenoid saponins).Cactaceae: The cactus plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. Cacti are succulent perennial plants well adapted to dry regions.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Optic Flow: The continuous visual field seen by a subject through space and time.Fagus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Abies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.

*  BCRP9 Gene - GeneCards | BCRP9 Pseudogene
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*  RNU6-622P Gene - GeneCards | RNU6-622P Pseudogene
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*  Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog
,000 years ago with gene flow continuing until 30,000 to 40,000 ... as a result of gene-flow within the last 4000 years. Labels...
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*  SNORD115-41 Gene - GeneCards | SNORD115-41 RNA Gene
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*  DEPDC7 Gene - GeneCards | DEPD7 Protein | DEPD7 Antibody
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*  FAM90A25P Gene - GeneCards | FAM90A25P Pseudogene
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*  SNX8 Gene - GeneCards | SNX8 Protein | SNX8 Antibody
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*  IRF3 Gene - GeneCards | IRF3 Protein | IRF3 Antibody
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*  MTTFY Gene - GeneCards
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*  RN7SKP128 Gene - GeneCards | RN7SKP128 Pseudogene
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*  Program in Medical and Population Genetics | Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard
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*  Population Genetics, Oxford University Partner on Biomarkers for in MI, Diabetes, Metabolic Disea
... se. Analysis of the RNA-Seq and SCA Publication Landscape. FDA Nominee Driven by "Data, Data, Data". Tissue-Specific Molecular Biomarker Signatures of Type 2 Diabetes. More GEN Exclusives ». Analysis of the RNA-Seq and SCA Publication Landscape. FDA Nominee Driven by "Data, Data, Data". Tissue-Specific Molecular Biomarker Signatures of Type 2 Diabetes. More GEN Exclusives ». Market & Tech Analysis. Jobs. GEN Exclusives More. Analysis of the RNA-Seq and SCA Publication Landscape RNA-Seq and SCA Could Have a... GEN News Highlights More » Jun 18, 2012 Population Genetics, Oxford University Partner on Biomarkers for in MI, Diabetes, Metabolic Disease Page 1 of 1 Population Genetics is teaming up with University of Oxford scientists on a series of studies to identify genetic variation associated with myocardial infarction, diabetes, and metabolic diseases. Under terms of the agreement the university will have access to Population Genetics GenomePooling and Reflex technologies. One of the first two studies betw...
http://genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/population-genetics-oxford-university-partner-on-biomarkers-for-in-mi-diabetes-metabolic-dise/81246909/?kwrd=Diabetes
*  Population Genetics, Oxford University Partner on Biomarkers for in MI, Diabetes, Metabolic Disea
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http://genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/population-genetics-oxford-university-partner-on-biomarkers-for-in-mi-diabetes-metabolic-dise/81246909/?kwrd=Molecular Biology
*  Pelipper #279 (Water Bird Pokemon) - Pokedex :: PokeDream
Pelipper #279 Water Bird Pokemon - Pokedex :: PokeDream. Main. Pokedex. Games. Pokemon X/Y. Other. View all Pokemon. Home. About. Forums. Old News. Pokemon List. Dex iPhone App. Pokemon X/Y. Black/White. Diamond/Pearl / Platinum. Ruby/Sapphire / Emerald. More ». Museum. Fan Art. Fan Fics. Lyrics. Anime. TCG. InfoCenter. Fun Stuff. Minccino. 69 visitors online. Pelipper #279. Sections. General Evolutions Breeding Locations Abilities Level-up Moves TMs/HMs Egg Moves Stats Images Flavor Text. Generations. 3rd RSE. 4th DPPl. 5th BW. 6th XY. More Pokemon. #001 - #151. #152 - #251. #252 - #386. #387 - #493. #494 - #649. #650 - #718 Random. #278 Wingull #280 Ralts. Pelipper #279 - Water Bird Pokemon. types. gender 50.0% 50.0%. height 4'11. 1.2 m. weight 61.7 lb. 28.0 kg. generation 3rd Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald National: #279. Hoenn: #028. Sinnoh: #120. 279. Family. #278 - Wingull. #279 - Pelipper Lv. 25. Breeding. Egg Groups Steps to Hatch. Water 1. Flying. 5,100. Locations. Where to catch Pelipper in Pokemon Ruby, S...
http://pokedream.com/pokedex/pokemon/pelipper?gen=3
*  Panmixia
... 'Panmixia' or panmixis means 'random mating'. "Panmixia: Random mating within a breeding population.". 1 In genetics, 'random mating' involves the mating of individuals regardless of any physical, genetic, or social preference. In other words, the mating between two organisms is not influenced by any environmental, hereditary, or social interaction. Hence, potential mates have an equal chance of being selected. Random mating is a factor assumed in the Hardy-Weinberg principle and is distinct from lack of natural selection : in viability selection for instance, selection occurs 'before' mating. Description Panmictic Species See also References. To signify the importance of this, imagine several different finite populations of the same species for example: a grazing herbivore, isolated from each other by some physical characteristic of the environment dense forest areas separating grazing lands. As time progresses, natural selection and genetic drift will slowly move each population toward genetic differen...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panmixia
*  Demographic history
... Historical population of the world Asia India. Early modern Europe See also References Further reading Ancient. North America. Historical population of the world. European population reached a peak growth rate of 10 per thousand per year in the second half of the 19th century. Demography of India. Ancient India in 300 BC may have had a population in the range 100–140 million. Anatole Romaniuk, "Glimpses of Indian Historical Demography." Canadian Studies in Population 40.3-4 2014 : 248-251. Ira Klein, "Population growth and mortality in British India: Part II: The demographic revolution," 'Indian Economic Social History Review' 1990 27#1 pp 33-63 doi: 10.1177/001946469002700102. Early modern Europe. Historical demography, Methodology and sources Demographic history of Poland Demographic history of Scotland Demographics of Italy Since 1900 Classical demography, Ancient world Medieval demography Early modern demography Paleodemography Prehistoric demography. 'Population and History' 1976. N "Mortality and f...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_history
*  use the schema migration model to create a new record · rails/rails@f3f8f0e · GitHub
use the schema migration model to create a new record rails rails f f f e github skip to content sign up sign in this repository explore features enterprise pricing watch star fork rails rails code issues pull requests pulse graphs https clone url subversion checkout url you can clone with https or subversion download zip permalink browse files use the schema migration model to create a new record loading branch information commit f f f eb bf f c f b ca parent c b f tenderlove authored jan unified split showing changed file with addition and deletions xf xf xf xf xf activerecord lib active record migration rb show notes view xf xf xf xf xf activerecord lib active record migration rb def record version state after migrating version base connection delete stmt else migrated versions push version sort stmt table compile insert table version to s base connection insert stmt activerecord schemamigration create version version to s end end toggle all file notes comments on commit f f f e please sign in to comment s...
https://github.com/rails/rails/commit/f3f8f0eb310bf8384f334c19943f9b15430402ca
*  .. Anna Di Rienzo, PhD .. Research Summary .. Education:
anna di rienzo phd research summary my research interests deal with the characterization of genetic variation in humans the elucidation of the forces shaping and maintaining this variation and the integration of knowledge from evolutionary and disease mapping studies to help dissect the genetic bases of common diseases and variable drug response the recent availability of large scale human variation data has allowed the detection of signals of natural selection on a genome scale and the delineation of the most important selective pressures that acted in humans at the same time high throughput genotyping platforms applied to disease association studies hold great promise for the identification of new susceptibility variants for common diseases a major theme of the work done in my lab is to link these areas of inquiry and to place the study of common disease phenotypes within a rigorous population genetics framework to complement the above genome wide efforts we perform detailed studies of single genes or group...
http://kovlerdiabetescenter.org/bios/anna-di-rienzo/
*  Overlapping generations
... in population genetics refers to mating systems where more than one breeding generation is present at any one time humans are an example of overlapping generations many annual plants have discrete generations and are not overlapping category population genetics...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overlapping_generations
*  Limited genetic diversity of the Tasmanian Tiger sheds light on species’ geographic isolation | Th
Limited genetic diversity of the Tasmanian Tiger sheds light on species’ geographic isolation. The Melbourne Newsroom. Search form Search. The Melbourne Newsroom. MEDIA RELEASES UP CLOSE VISIONS VOICE STUDIO. Department of Defense funds Australian research into inflammatory bowel disease. Loneliness, severe mental illness behind frequent calls to crisis helplines. University of Melbourne remains #1 in Australia. Close Ocean scientists look into the past to predict Australia’s climate future. Doctors reduce risk-taking behaviour in teens and young people. Leading University of Melbourne researchers honoured by NHMRC. More media releases. Weeds girdle the globe: The marauding march of invasive plant species. Superdiversity: Policy challenges in an age of unprecedented migration. Wild and domestic: A cultural history of human-animal relations. Close Innovation with purpose: Organizations creating and delivering social value. Disciples of the interdisciplinary: Researchers crossing boundaries to unleash creativit...
http://newsroom.melbourne.edu/news/n-794
*  Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. | Br
Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. Recent Broad Publications A non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism associated with multiple sclerosis risk affects the EVI5 interactome. Read More / View Supplemental Materials An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Somatic mutation in single human neu...
http://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad5949
*  evolution - Features in individuals causing high population variation - Biology Stack Exchange
... Biology. Biology Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Biology Questions. Sign up. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. Features in individuals causing high population variation. As I understand it, a population with high variation is something sought after, since it makes the population better equipped to face a dynamic environment. Then, I guess features in an individual which causes it's population's variation to be high, should be selected for high mutation rate, other features.. With genetic difference within reason, perhaps a norm for a proffered genetic difference between individuals. evolution share. edited Jun 19 '12 at 7:58. Assuming a population lives in a highly dynamic environment and mutation is the only source introducing variation. Some in the population has genes that code for a slow mutation rate and the others have has gen...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/2678/features-in-individuals-causing-high-population-variation
*  Genetic variation
... right|thumb thumb|Darwin's finches or Galapagos finches. 2011 : Genetics of populations. F 1999 : The genetics of human populations. 1970 : Populations, species, and evolution – An abridgment of Animal species and evolution. 1970 : Genetics of the evolutionary process. Genetic variation among individuals within a population can be identified at a variety of levels. It is possible to identify genetic variation from observations of phenotypic variation in either quantitative traits traits that vary continuously and are coded for by many genes, e.g., leg length in dogs or discrete traits traits that fall into discrete categories and are coded for by one or a few genes e.g., white, pink, red petal color in certain flowers. Genetic variation will result in phenotypic variation if variation in the order of nucleotides in the DNA sequence results in a difference in the order of amino acid s in proteins coded by that DNA sequence, and if the resultant differences in amino acid sequence influence the shape, and t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_variation
*  PLOS Genetics: Lessons from Model Organisms: Phenotypic Robustness and Missing Heritability in Compl
... ex Disease. PLOS Genetics. Other Article Types. Manuscript Review and Publication. Editorial and Peer Review Process. Reviewer Guidelines. Article-Level Metrics. View. Sum of PLOS and PubMed Central page views and downloads. Open Access Review. Lessons from Model Organisms: Phenotypic Robustness and Missing Heritability in Complex Disease. Published: November 15, 2012 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041. Article. In diverse model organisms, phenotypic robustness differs among individuals, and those with decreased robustness show increased penetrance of mutations and express previously cryptic genetic variation. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041 Editor: Susan M. The funders had no role in the preparation of the article. By their nature, rare variants are difficult to detect and to associate with phenotype using statistics. An alternative view posits that cryptic genetic variation accounts for a substantial fraction of disease-associated risk. In contrast, in individuals with decreased overall phenotypic robus...
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041
*  How illness-linked genetic variation affects neurons in the developing brain - Medical News Today
... . For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. MNT - Hourly Medical News Since 2003. Sign in. News by email. Signing up is FREE, FAST and SIMPLE. Begin by entering your email address below. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Tailored for the health areas that matter to you. Daily or weekly emails with only the content you want. Sign me up. We value your privacy. Learn more about our commitment to protecting your privacy. A - B. Sign up for our newsletter Prefer your news delivered by email. Abortion. Acid Reflux / GERD. Addiction. ADHD / ADD. Aid / Disasters. Alcohol / Illegal Drugs. Allergy. Alternative Medicine Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Irritable-Bowel Syndrome. IT / Internet / E-mail Litigation. Liver Disease / Hepatitis. Lung Cancer. Lupus. Lymphology / Lymphedema. Lymphoma / Leukemia. M - O. Sign up for our newsletter Prefer your news delivered by emai...
http://medicalnewstoday.com/releases/281179.php
*  Exit Survey
Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. E Apply concepts of human diversity and global health care in nursing practice. E Apply concepts of human divers...
https://surveymonkey.com/r/?sm=xQkE+lZNTQMoMM165yakCg==
*  Medical Xpress - genetic variation
... Home genetic variation. News tagged with genetic variation. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. Related topics: genes · genome · nature genetics · human genetics · gene variant. Neuroscience. Genetics. Genetic variants associated with major depressive disorder have been identified. Medical Xpress —A very large team of researchers made up mostly of members in China and calling itself the CONVERGE consortium, has identified two genetic variants that appear to be associated with major depressive disorder ... Overweight and Obesity. Largest ever genome-wide study strengthens genetic link to obesity. Their findings, part of the largest genome-wide ... Genetics. Thousands of never-before-seen human genome variations uncovered. Thousands of never-before-seen genetic variants in the human genome have been uncovered using a new genome sequencing technology. Genetics. GIANT study reveals giant number of genes linked to height. The study, ... Genetics. Genetics. Common gene variants account for most genetic risk for autism. Mo...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/genetic variation/sort/rank/all/
*  Conservation and the Genetics of Populations 2nd Edition | 9780470671450 | eCampus.com
Conservation and the Genetics of Populations 2nd Edition. Waits, Estimation of effective population size in Yellowstone grizzly bears, 134 8 Natural selection, 136 8.1 Fitness, 138 8.2 Single locus with two alleles, 138 8.3 Multiple alleles, 144 8.4 Frequency-dependent selection, 147 8.5 Natural selection in small populations, 149 8.6 Natural selection and conservation, 151 Guest Box 8: Paul A. Tucker, Genetic population structure and conservation of fisher in western North America, 185 10 Multiple loci, 187 10.1 Gametic disequilibrium, 188 10.2 Small population size, 192 10.3 Natural selection, 192 10.4 Population subdivision, 196 10.5 Hybridization, 196 10.6 Estimation of gametic disequilibrium, 199 10.7 Multiple loci and conservation, 200 Guest Box 10: Robin S. Waples, Estimation of effective population size using gametic disequilibrium, 203 11 Quantitative genetics, 205 11.1 Heritability, 206 11.2 Selection on quantitative traits, 212 11.3 Finding genes underlying quantitative traits, 217 11.4 Loss of qua...
http://ecampus.com/conservation-genetics-populations-2nd/bk/9780470671450
*  Contrasting patterns of transposable-element insertion polymorphism and nucleotide diversity in auto
BioMedSearch Home Advanced Search Tools Search Tutorial Login | Create Free Account Document Detail Contrasting patterns of transposable-element insertion polymorphism and nucleotide diversity in autotetraploid and allotetraploid Arabidopsis species. MedLine Citation: PMID: 18493073 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE Abstract/OtherAbstract: It has been hypothesized that polyploidy permits the proliferation of transposable elements, due to both the masking of deleterious recessive mutations and the breakdown of host silencing mechanisms. We investigated the patterns of insertion polymorphism of an Ac-like transposable element and nucleotide diversity at 18 gene fragments in the allotetraploid Arabidopsis suecica and the autotetraploid A. arenosa. All identified insertions were fixed in A. suecica, and many were clearly inherited from the parental species A. thaliana or A. arenosa. These results are inconsistent with a rapid increase in transposition associated with hybrid breakdown but support the evidence from nucleo...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Contrasting-patterns-transposable-element-insertion/18493073.html
*  Deciphering molecular circuits from genetic variation underlying transcriptional responsiveness to s
... timuli. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications Deciphering molecular circuits from genetic variation underlying transcriptional responsiveness to stimuli. Recent Broad Publications Inherited CHST11/MIR3922 deletion is associated with a novel recessive syndrome presenting with skeletal malformation and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Ferritinophagy via NCOA4 is required for erythropoiesis and is regulated by iron dependent HERC2-mediated proteolysis. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Orthogonal g...
http://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad4694
*  Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammator... : Annals of Surgery
... Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. Annals of Surgery Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammator... A A You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you... If you have access to this article through your institution, you can view this article in. Annals of Surgery: June 2013 - Volume 257 - Issue 6 - p 1096–1102 doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318275b7e5 Original Articles. Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammatory Pathway Genes Among Patients With Resected and Unresected Pancreatic Cancer Reid-Lombardo, Kaye M. Export. Source Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammatory Pathway Genes Among Patients With Resected and Unresected Pancreatic Cancer Annals of Surgery. Email to a Colleague. Login Login with your LWW Journals username and password...
http://journals.lww.com/annalsofsurgery/Abstract/2013/06000/Survival_Is_Associated_With_Genetic_Variation_in.17.aspx
*  .. Tag: children .. Maternal Connections .. SNPwatch: Genetic Variations May Impact Risk of Hearin
Tag: children. May 7, 2014. Maternal Connections 7 comments Published by 23andMe under 23andMe Research. It’s no surprise that we inherit almost all of our traits from our parents, but 23andMe researchers found that more of those traits come from our mothers than our fathers. So as we near Mother’s Day we thought we’d highlight some of these findings and give you a few more reasons to thank your mom. It ... Read more. Tags: children, dimples, Family Inheritance, fathers, inherited traits, maternal line, mother's day, parents, photic sneeze, research, traits. November 10, 2009. SNPwatch: Genetic Variations May Impact Risk of Hearing Loss in Children Receiving Common Chemotherapy Drug 0 comments Published by ErinC under SNPWatch. Cisplatin, a cancer chemotherapy drug first approved by the FDA in 1978, revolutionized the treatment of many types of cancer. Despite its effectiveness, in many cases doctors are forced to reduce the drug's dose, or abandon it altogether, due to serious side effects on patients...
http://blog.23andme.com/tag/children/
*  Genetic distance
... is a measure of the genetic divergence between species or between populations within a species populations with many similar alleles have small genetic distances this indicates that they are closely related and have a recent common ancestor genetic distance is useful for reconstructing the history of populations for example evidence from genetic distance suggests that african and eurasian people diverged about years ago genetic distance is also used for understanding the origin of biodiversity for example the genetic distances between different breeds of domesticated animals are often investigated in order to determine which breeds should be protected to maintain genetic diversity ruane j a critical review of the value of genetic distance studies in conservation of animal genetic resources journal of animal breeding and genetics chicago biological foundation measures of genetic distance reynolds weir and cockerham s genetic distance in this measure was published by john reynolds b s weir and c clark cock...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_distance
*  LabName:Alcazar - OpenWetWare
... LabName:Alcazar From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 18:09, 21 December 2013 view source Ruben Alcazar Talk. Revision as of 18:16, 21 December 2013 view source Ruben Alcazar Talk. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 6. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 6. br. br. - 'Plant-Environment Interactions' br br. + 'Plant-Environment Interactions' br. + font face= calibri style= color:#C0C0C0 font size= 4. + br. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 4. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 4. br. br. 'Advance in Knowledge. 'Advance in Knowledge. - We're interested in genetics of natural variation, population genetics and molecular biology. We're currently studying immune receptor gene variation and its involvement in the evolvement of incompatibilities between wild populations, from a molecular and evolutionary perspective. + We're interested in genetics of natural variation, population genetics and molec...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=LabName:Alcazar&diff=762495&oldid=762494
*  Researchers link 11 genetic variations to type 2 diabetes
... April 1, 2008 Researchers link 11 genetic variations to type 2 diabetes April 1, 2008 Mathematicians at Michigan Technological University have developed powerful new tools for winnowing out the genes behind some of humanity’s most intractable diseases. With another, they have isolated 11 variations within genes—called single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs or “snips”—associated with type 2 diabetes. “With chronic, complex diseases like Parkinson’s, diabetes and ALS, multiple genes are involved,” said Qiuying Sha, an assistant professor of mathematical sciences. With complex inherited conditions, including type 2 diabetes, single genes may precipitate the disease on their own, while other genes cause disease when they act together. To test their model on real data, Sha’s team analyzed genes from over 1,000 people in the United Kingdom, half with type 2 diabetes and half without. But getting the genetic data to work on is not. Sep 19, 2015. Sep 16, 2015. Sep 15, 2015. Sep 05, 2015. Sep 03, 2015. More from M...
http://phys.org/news/2008-04-link-genetic-variations-diabetes.html
*  additive genetic variance definition
... genes proteins definitions models developmental models general concepts contribute corrections links protocols home a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z additive genetic variance definition search for glossary word glossary def textbooks protocols images tools forum pubmed links press releases biology glossary search by everythingbio com genetic variance associated with the average effects of substituting one allele for another a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z genes proteins definitions models developmental models general concepts contribute corrections links protocols home website created and maintained by mark lefers and the holmgren lab last updated july...
http://groups.molbiosci.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-A/additive_genetic_variance.html
*  .. Category: Health and Traits .. It’s Not Genes or Environment, It’s Genes AND Environm
It’s Not Genes or Environment, It’s Genes AND Environment 0 comments Published by ErinC under Health and Traits. Tags: disease risk, environment, risk assessment. SNPwatch: Researchers Find First SNPs Linked To Common Type of Leukemia 1 comment Published by ErinC under Health and Traits, SNPWatch. SNPwatch gives you the latest news about research linking various traits and conditions to individual genetic variations. These studies are exciting because they offer a glimpse into how genetics may affect our bodies and health; but in most cases, more work is needed before this research can provide ... SNPwatch gives you the latest news about research linking various traits and conditions to individual genetic variations. These studies are exciting because they offer a glimpse into how genetics may affect our bodies and health; but in most cases, more work is needed before this research can provide ... SNPwatch: Too Short, Too Fast – A Genetic Variation Associated with Telomere Length 2 comments Published by...
http://blog.23andme.com/category/health-traits/page/18/
*  www.genomebiology.com - Table 1
www genomebiology com table table genetic diversity in continental groups and populations nind s sp θ π π h π hap het tajima s d p continent india africa europe east asia population brahmin gih irula mala madiga yadava lwk yri ceu tsi chb chd jpt nind number of individuals s number of segregating sites sp number of private segregating sites θ estimated theta n e u from s π nucleotide diversity h observed heterozygosity hap het averaged haplotype diversity over ten kb windows tajima s d tajima s d p p value for tajima s d test confidence intervals of θ and π are shown in parentheses xing et al genome biology r doi gb r...
http://genomebiology.com/2010/11/11/R113/table/T1
*  The Firing Line Forums - View Single Post - Arisaka 99
the firing line forums view single post arisaka thread arisaka view single post february am tikirocker senior member join date may location nsw australia posts might as well bung mine up series type kokura australian battle capture bring back mum is intact has bipod aa sights cleaning rod and dust cover bolt is a mismatch but that s normal for a battle capture bring back since bolts went in one pile and rifles in another bore is excellent and bayonet is a rare variant type kokura i ve keept mine in the exact condition she was found in ww time capsule tiki the lee enfield forums http www surplusrifleforum com viewforum php f surplus rifle forums http www surplusrifleforum com index php last edited by tikirocker february at am tikirocker view public profile find more posts by tikirocker page generated in seconds with queries...
http://thefiringline.com/forums/showpost.php?p=5406975&postcount=5
*  Selenium Speciation and Analysis
Trace Arsenic Analysis Arsenic Speciation Analysis Arsenic Speciation in Rice Arsenic Speciation in Clams Arsenic Speciation in Algae Arsenic Speciatin in Kelp Arsenic Speciation in Milk Arsenic Speciation in Soil Arsenic Speciation in Plants Arsenic Speciation of FGD Influent Arsenic Speciation in Constructed Wetlands Arsenic Speciation in Agricultural Runoff Arsenic Speciation in Groundwater Arsenic Speciation in Lake and River Water Arsenic Speciation in Poultry Litter Arsenic Speciation in Blood Serum Arsenic Speciation in Urine Arsenic Speciation in Brain Matter Arsenic Speciation in Nutraceuticals. Trace Selenium Analysis Selenium Speciation Analysis Selenium Speciation in FGD Wastewater Selenium Speciation in yeast Selenium Speciation of Fish eggs Selenium Speciation of Soil Selenium Speciation of Blood Serum Selenium Speciation of Urine Selenium Speciation of Agricultural Runoff Selenium Speciation of Oil Refinery Wastewater. Trace Total Mercury Analysis Mercury Speciation of River Water Mercury Speci...
http://appliedspeciation.com/Selenium-Speciation-Analysis.html
*  Defintion of spcies. | The Rational Response Squad
A definition of species from my textbook Evolution - Third Edition By Matt Ridley Species: An important classificatory category, which can be variously defined by the biological species concept, ecological species concept, phenetic species concept, and recognition species concept. Login or register to post comments. I can see why the Biological I can see why the Biological Species Concept is the most widely used by biologists studying vertebrates and everyday people's own classification, concidering most people hardly ever concider invertebrates regularly. And I'm pretty sure the Phenetic Species Concept refers to classification of based on the phenotype, valuable amongst dividing organisms without breeding genepools, and were the only way to differenciate between species at that level would be phenotype characteristics. My question is: What is the Ecological Species Concept and the Recognition Species Concept? The RSC sounds a lot like the PSC.. Login or register to post comments. That is to say that...
http://rationalresponders.com/forum/yellow_number_five/evolution_of_life/6947
*  Origin of Species | CK-12 Foundation
The Origin of Species The creation of a new species is called speciation. Natural selection causes beneficial heritable traits to become more common in a population and unfavorable heritable traits to become less common. Natural selection causes evolution of a species as these beneficial traits become more common within a population. Geographic Isolation Allopatric speciation happens when groups from the same species are geographically isolated for long periods. Isolation without Physical Separation Sympatric speciation occurs when groups from the same species stop mating because of something other than physical or geographic separation. Vocabulary allopatric speciation : A new species is formed when groups from the same species are geographically isolated for long periods of time. natural selection : The process by which organisms with traits that better enable them to adapt to their environment will tend to survive and reproduce in greater numbers, causing beneficial heritable traits to become more common i...
http://ck12.org/book/CK-12-Life-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/r3/section/4.10/
*  Trace metals in the open oceans: speciation modelling based on humic type ligands - NERC Open Rese
... arch Archive. nerc.ac.uk. Help. Contact us. Browse. Search. Statistics. NERC Staff Login. Trace metals in the open oceans: speciation modelling based on humic type ligands. Tools Tools Tools. RDF+XML BibTeX RDF+N-Triples JSON RefWorks Dublin Core Simple Metadata Refer METS Simple Metadata iShare HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote Dublin Core iShare OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Reference Manager RDF+N3 Multiline CSV. 2011 Trace metals in the open oceans: speciation modelling based on humic type ligands. Official URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=EN11004 Abstract/Summary The speciation of trace metals in the oceans is typically explained by invoking the concept of metal binding to specific organic ligands, but a lack of detailed knowledge about the ligands has impeded the formulation of comprehensive models to predict speciation chemistry. The aim of our study was to shed further light on the possible role of humic-type ligands in trace metal complexa...
http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/14561/
*  Short Course - Speciation Analyses for Environmental, Nutrition and Industrial Applications
... Course Information. Course Title: Speciation Analyses for Environmental, Nutrition and Industrial Applications. Categories: 1 - Atomic Spectroscopy 2 - Environmental Analysis 3 - Food 4 - Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry 5 - Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry 6 - Quality/Regulatory/Compliance 7 - Sample Preparation 8 - Bioanalytical 9 - Fuels 10 - Energy 11 - Separation Sciences. Course Description. Metal speciation is gaining increasing importance in a wide variety of fields, for example, clinical, environmental, nutritional, industrial, and geochemical applications. The aim of this course is to detail the status of metal speciation analysis and will consist of the following topics: a. b Current status of metal species determination strategies elemental speciation c. e Description of analytical speciation procedures using examples from environment, nutrition and industrial applications. The gathering of this plethora of information will provide an insight to critical stages of metal speciation ...
https://ca.pittcon.org/Technical Program/tpabstra12.nsf/SCoursesByCat/5B250581E19EF657852578C7004B5A5A?opendocument
*  RTI International - PM2.5 Chemical Speciation
... Laboratory Chemistry Services. Testing Analytical Services. Air Filter Air Cleaner Testing. PM 2.5 Chemical Speciation. Lab Testing & Quality Standards Development. Testing Analytical Services. PM2.5 Chemical Speciation U.S. The RTI Difference As the national leader for PM2.5 chemical speciation studies, RTI was selected as EPA's sole contractor for the chemical speciation of PM2.5 filter sample analysis for the nationwide network of monitoring sites. Our staff specialize in coordinating with field operators and data handlers to maintain a set sampling schedule, while protecting sample integrity during shipment and data integrity during analysis. Services In support of states, tribal councils, and commercial consulting and engineering firms, we offer chemical speciation of 2.5 particles and related gases, gravimetric analysis, and quality assurance services. Chemical Speciation Site selection for PM2.5 monitoring Installation and calibration of speciation samplers Data management and analysis: data e...
http://rti.org/page.cfm?obj=75EFE49B-5770-49B6-96C1FD74829F60FE
*  8 Weeks Out.com • View topic - Questions about metabolism slowdown
8 Weeks Out.com View topic - Questions about metabolism slowdown. Ultimate MMA Conditioning. Nutrition Supplementation. Questions about metabolism slowdown. 5 posts Page 1 of 1. Questions about metabolism slowdown by Simplify. Sat Jan 15, 2011 11:27 pm I have questions regarding to fat loss for both educational purpose and application : To create calorie deficit, increasing activity while eating at maintenance is superior to eating less while maintain the activity level because the former won't trigger the starvation response metabolism slowdown by hormones systems leptin, ghrelin, insulin, peptide YY, SNS, thyroid... Will eating at least 100g/day carbs more if exercising while creating a small calorie deficit by either increasing activity or eating less will prevent the metaboslim slowdown. Simplify. Posts: 3 Joined: Fri Jan 14, 2011 10:28 am. Re: Questions about metabolism slowdown by lylemcd. Posts: 671 Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 7:08 am. Private message. Re: Questions about metabolism slowdown by Simplify. ...
http://8weeksout.com/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=1040&p=8359
*  HSB-2 p53
hsb p hsb p david aldridge aldridge at petermac unimelb edu au mon mar est previous message intracellular calcium next message speciation help required messages sorted by does anybody know the p status of the human cell line hsb thanks previous message intracellular calcium next message speciation help required messages sorted by more information about the cellbiol mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/cellbiol/1996-March/004156.html
*  Microsatellite instability at chromosome 8p in non-small cell lung cancer is associated with lymph
... node metastasis and squamous differentiation - University of Regensburg Publication Server. Microsatellite instability at chromosome 8p in non-small cell lung cancer is associated with lymph node metastasis and squamous differentiation. and Zieglmeier, Ulrike and Foerster, Julia and Merk, Johannes and Blaszyk, Hagen and Pfeifer, Michael and Hofstaedter, Ferdinand and Hartmann, Arndt 2003 Microsatellite instability at chromosome 8p in non-small cell lung cancer is associated with lymph node metastasis and squamous differentiation. We studied the frequency of microsatellite instability MSI and loss of heterozygosity LOH at chromosome 8p in early stage non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC of 47 patients with stage I or II disease 25 squamous cell carcinomas and 22 adenocarcinomas. We studied the frequency of microsatellite instability MSI and loss of heterozygosity LOH at chromosome 8p in early stage non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC of 47 patients with stage I or II disease 25 squamous cell carcinomas and 22 ad...
http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/15427/
*  ARS | Publication request: HIGHLY POLYMORPHIC MICROSATELLITE DNA MARKERS FOR U.S. SUGARCANE GERMPLAS
ARS. Publication request: HIGHLY POLYMORPHIC MICROSATELLITE DNA MARKERS FOR U.S. SUGARCANE GERMPLASM EVALUATION AND VARIETY FINGERPRINTING ARS : Research. ARS Home. About ARS. International Programs. Related Topics Programs and Projects. ARS National Programs. ARS Office of International Research Programs. ARS Office of International Research Programs Regional Contacts. Title: HIGHLY POLYMORPHIC MICROSATELLITE DNA MARKERS FOR U.S. SUGARCANE GERMPLASM EVALUATION AND VARIETY FINGERPRINTING Authors. Submitted to: Plant and Animal Genome Conference Publication Type: Abstract Only Publication Acceptance Date: September 30, 2004 Publication Date: January 15, 2005 Citation: Pan, Y.B., Comstock, J.C., Scheffler, B.E. Highly Polymorphic Microsatellite DNA Markers for U.S. Sugarcane Germplasm Evaluation and Variety Fingerprinting. Technical Abstract: Sugarcane breeding programs can be enhanced by the utilization of a diverse group of DNA markers to genetically characterize parental lines and the progeny that are produc...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=170454
*  Genetic variability and efficiency of DNA microsatellite markers for paternity testing in horse bree
... ds from the Brazilian Marajó archipelago. . . . Services on Demand Article. English pdf. English epdf. Article in xml format. Article references. How to cite this article Curriculum ScienTI. Automatic translation. Send this article by e-mail Indicators. Cited by SciELO. Access statistics. Related links. Cited by Google. Similars in SciELO. Similars in Google. uBio. Share. More More. Permalink. Genetics and Molecular Biology On-line version ISSN 1678-4685 Genet. Mol. Biol. vol.31 no.1 São Paulo 2008 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572008000100014 ANIMAL GENETICS SHORT COMMUNICATION. Genetic variability and efficiency of DNA microsatellite markers for paternity testing in horse breeds from the Brazilian Maraj archipelago. S vio P. Reis, Evonnildo C. Gon alves; Artur Silva; Maria P.C. Schneider Laborat rio de Polimorfismo de DNA, Departamento de Gen tica, Universidade Federal do Par, Bel m, PA, Brazil Send correspondence to. ABSTRACT In this study, 15 microsatellite DNA loci used in comparative tests by th...
http://scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000100014&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Microsatellite DNA marker mapping of bovine chromosome 1 for QTL affecting birth weight and prewean
... ing growth in Japanese Black Cattle Wagyu - Library Open Repository. Library. Staff. Search UTAS. Study with UTAS I am a: Future Student Domestic. Library. Research at UTAS Research Our Research. Community. UTAS Community Community Alumni Friends. Giving to UTAS. About UTAS. About UTAS Our University Council. Library. News, Events Publications News. Repository Home. Library Home. Statistics. Browse. Login. Library Open Repository. Microsatellite DNA marker mapping of bovine chromosome 1 for QTL affecting birth weight and preweaning growth in Japanese Black Cattle Wagyu. Download Statistics Download Statistics Download Statistics. Downloads. Malau-Aduli, AEO and Niibayashi, T and Kojima, T and Oshima, K and Mizoguchi, Y and Sugimoto, Y and Komatsu, M 2003 Microsatellite DNA marker mapping of bovine chromosome 1 for QTL affecting birth weight and preweaning growth in Japanese Black Cattle Wagyu. In: Association for the Advancement of Animal Breeding and Genetics Conference, 7 July 2003, Melbourne. PDF Malau...
http://eprints.utas.edu.au/2977/
*  ARS | Publication request: Imputation of microsatellite allele from dense SNP genotypes for parentag
Publication request: Imputation of microsatellite allele from dense SNP genotypes for parentage verification ARS : Research. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Title: Imputation of microsatellite allele from dense SNP genotypes for parentage verification Authors. Imputation of Microsatellite Allele from Dense SNP Genotypes for Parentage Verification. Interpretive Summary: Microsatellites are the current international molecular marker standard for genomically determining parental verification in livestock species. There is industry interest in using Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms SNP instead of microsatellites as they are easier to automate for genotyping, have a lower error rate, and can have a lower producer cost. Using data from USA dairy breeds, we have devised a simple and economical method to impute microsatellite alleles within a breed from phased SNP genotypes, using existing technology. Implementation of this method will allow dairy producers in the USA and worldwide to quickly transition...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=280079
*  Microsatellite
Structures and Locations Mutation mechanism Biological effects of microsatellite mutations Effects on proteins. Analysis of microsatellites Amplification. thumb|right|DNA strand slippage during replication of an STR locus. 7 Thus, slippage changes in repetitive DNA are three orders of magnitude more common than point mutations in other parts of the genome. 8 Most slippage results in a change of just one repeat unit, and slippage rates vary for different repeat unit sizes, and within different species. Others are located in regulatory or even coding DNA - microsatellite mutations in such cases can lead to phenotypic changes and diseases. Length changes in other triplet repeats are linked to more than 40 neurological diseases in humans. Analysis of microsatellites. Microsatellites can be amplified for identification by the polymerase chain reaction PCR process, using the unique sequences of flanking regions as primers. Once the potentially useful microsatellites are determined, the flanking sequences can be use...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsatellite
*  Microsatellite instability
... Microsatellites are repeated sequences of DNA. While all researchers agree that microsatellites are repeat sequences, the lengths of the sequences remain in question. In a broad sense, MSI results from the inability of the mismatch repair MMR proteins to fix a DNA replication error. However, when the MMR proteins do not function normally, as in the case of MSI, this loop results in frame-shift mutations, either through insertions or deletions, yielding non-functioning proteins. 5 Researchers have shown that oxidative damage yields frame-shift mutations, thus yielding MSI, but they have yet to agree on a precise mechanism.. Microsatellite instability may result in colon cancer, gastric cancer, endometrium cancer, ovarian cancer, hepatobiliary tract cancer, urinary tract cancer, brain cancer, and skin cancers. MSI is most prevalent as the cause of colon cancers. MSI-H tumors contributing to colorectal cancer exhibit less metastasis than other derived colorectal cancer. Like MSI, VPS is linked to gastric an...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsatellite_instability
*  .. hMLH1 Gene Promoter Methylation is the Major Cause of Microsatellite Instability in Gastric Canc
hMLH1 Gene Promoter Methylation is the Major Cause of Microsatellite Instability in Gastric Cancer. Malfalda Pinto Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto;. Mutation of DNA mismatch repair genes has rarely been documented in sporadic gastric carcinoma with microsatellite instability MIN 1. In sporadic colorectal carcinoma, as well as in sporadic gastric carcinoma, hMLH1 promoter methylation associated with protein loss is found in the majority of MIN cases 2,3,4. We searched for microsatellite instability in a series of 152 thoroughly studied cases of sporadic gastric carcinoma with 5 or 6 microsatellite loci and/or BAT26, using polymerase chain reaction and electrophoresis. Thirty-five cases 23.0% were positive for MIN. We analyzed 21 tumors, randomly selected from the series referred above, stratified into 14 MIN positive MIN+ and 7 MIN negative MIN-, for mutations in the repeat sequences of TGFßRII, BAX and IGFIIR genes, and for hMLH1 promoter methylation. Mutations in TGFßRI...
http://geneimprint.com/utilities/abstract-ajax.php?page=1999-dublin&id=1156793471&height=500&width=680
*  Microsatellite - Psychology Wiki
... Wikia. Skip to Content Skip to Wiki Navigation Skip to Site Navigation. Psychology Wiki Navigation On the Wiki. Edit this Page. Edit. These markers often present high levels of inter- and intra-specific polymorphism, particularly when tandem repeats number ten or greater. Once the potentially useful microsatellites are determined removing non-useful ones such as those with random inserts within the repeat region, the flanking sequences can be used to design oligonucleotide primers which will amplify the specific microsatellite repeat in a PCR reaction. Random microsatellite primers can be developed by cloning random segments of DNA from the focal species. Microsatellites developed for particular species can often be applied to closely related species, but the percentage of loci that successfully amplify may decrease with increasing genetic distance. Point mutation in the primer annealing sites in such species may lead to the occurrence of ‘ null alleles ’, where microsatellites fail to amplify in PCR ass...
http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Microsatellite
*  Replication error phenotype
... the positive replication error phenotype rer defines a subgroup of tumors that have been documented well in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer hnpcc more recently this phenotype also has been described in breast carcinoma and is a predictor of metastases http cat inist fr amodele affichen cpsidt category oncology...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Replication_error_phenotype
*  Microsatellite probes
... lo wing ip anthony alo at b hkstar com thu mar est previous message microsatellite probes next message www site for consultants contract labs service providers messages sorted by kevin o donnell odonnell at sasa gov uk wrote can anyone suggest a supplier of microsatellite probes ideally biotin labelled how about oncor dr anthony w i lo mb chb b med sc tel medical officer fax chemical pathology dept of pathology pager princess margaret hospital e mail anthony lo at cuhk hk lai king hill kowloon hong kong http www hkstar com alo previous message microsatellite probes next message www site for consultants contract labs service providers messages sorted by more information about the diagnost mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/diagnost/1996-March/000660.html
*  News & Opinion Articles | The Scientist Magazine®| Page 576
News & Opinion Articles. The Scientist Magazine. Page 576. The Scientist Sign In or Register. Advertisement. The Scientist. News & Opinion. News & Opinion Covering the life sciences inside and out. Most Recent Leprosy locus By Jonathan Weitzman jonathanweitzman@hotmail.com. April 6, 2001. There appears to be a genetic contribution to the susceptibility to leprosy, and high concordance rates have been observed amongst monozygotic Indian twins. In the April Nature Genetics, Siddiqui et al. report the identification of a major susceptibility locus for leprosy Nature Genetics 2001, 27:439-441. They performed a genome-wide scan of 245 independent affected sibpairs from Southern India, using 396 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers. Only one region showed a MLS maximum lod scor 0 Comments. Why eating bacteria is good for you By Tudor Toma ttoma@mail.dntis.ro. April 6, 2001. GG given prenatally to mothers with a family history of atopy and postnatally for 6 months to their infants reduced the frequency of atopy...
http://the-scientist.com/?articles.list/categoryNo/2901/pageNo/576/
*  sequencing PCR products rich in GT microsatellite sequence
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/diagnost/1995-July/000182.html
*  Centre for Geographical Analysis
... home expertise services projects courses contact contact details tel fax projects current projects completed projects wind turbine viewsheds completed automated land cover use mapping for stellenbosch and george completed independant accuracy assessment land cover in the kavango zambezi completed land cover mapping of the berg river catchment western cape completed transfrontier conservation in south africa completed table mountain national park visitor and user survey december to november completed photogrammetry for land cover change detection completed the development of an object oriented technique for land cover change detection completed cape land use expert system clues development completed growth potential of towns in the western cape completed western cape digital elevation model nd edition development completed news new website coming soon read more new short course read more cga short course schedule read more centre for geographical analysis all rights reserved designed by snowball...
http://academic.sun.ac.za/cga/projects/
*  STDistance (geography Data Type)
STDistance geography Data Type. By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Developer Network Developer Network Developer Sign in MSDN subscriptions. http://www.facebook.com/microsoftdeveloper. Data. Visual Studio. MSDN subscription access. Office resources. SharePoint Server 2013 resources. SQL Server 2014 Express resources. Windows Server 2012 resources. Programs. Startups. Microsoft Imagine. Microsoft Student Partners. Forums. MSDN Subscriptions. Community. Forums. Blogs. Channel 9. Dev centers. geography Transact-SQL. geography Data Type Method Reference. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. Collapse the table of content Expand the table of content. STDistance geography Data Type. SQL Server 2012. SQL Server 2008 R2. SQL Server 2008. Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview Returns ...
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/library/bb933808.aspx
*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20830/lot/90/?page_lots=21
*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20830/lot/90/?page_lots=5
*  Geography | UW-Milwaukee
Geography. UW-Milwaukee. PAWS. Email. Discover UWM. Student Life. For Faculty and Staff. For Alumni. Request Info. Apply. Give to UWM. PAWS. Email. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee College of Letters & Science Geography Powerful Ideas. Undergraduate. Major. Geographical Information Track. Urban Track. Environmental Track. Physical Systems Track. Globalization Development Track. Minor in Geography. Minor in GIS. Apply to UWM. Courses Offered. Undergraduate Advising. Declaration of Major Procedures. Graduate. MA/MS, MA/MLIS, PhD Programs. PhD in Geography. PhD Degrees Awarded by the Department. MA/MS in Geography. MA/MLIS Coordinated Degree Program. Master s Degrees Awarded by the Department. Graduate GIS Certificate. Courses Offered. Application Procedures. Mary Jo Read Awards. Graduate Handbook Forms. Alumni Information. Faculty. Adjunct and Affiliated Faculty. Graduate Students. Physical Geography. Human Geography. GIS/Remote Sensing. American Geographical Society Library. Geography News Student Spotlight: ...
http://uwm.edu/geography/
*  USGS: Science Topics: science programs
... USGS Home Contact USGS Search USGS. Science Topics. Maps, Imagery, and Publications Hazards Newsroom Education Jobs Partnerships Library About USGS Podcasts/RSS. Science programs Broadly organized scientific research and monitoring activities. Citizen science programs 2 items. Interagency programs 47 items. Interdisciplinary programs 6 items. Partnerships 38 items. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program GAM conducts studies about land surface change, environmental and human health, fire and urban ecology, and natural hazards to help decision-makers in land-use planning and land management. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program current studies. Links to current Geographic Analysis and Monitoring GAM studies. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire perimeters, 2008. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire support. Description of the Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC project, online maps of current wildland fi...
http://usgs.gov/science/science.php?term=1761&b=50&n=10
*  Urban Modelling (Hardback) - Routledge
Geography. Urban Studies. For the Press. Urban Modelling. The history of urban modelling can be seen as the development of submodels which, in more ambitious projects, are then combined into comprehensive models. Rapkin, Urban Traffic: A Function of Land Use Columbia University Press, 1954. J D Carroll, Spatial Interaction and the Urban-Metropolitan Regional Description, Papers, Regional Science Association, 1955, 1, 1 14. A G Wilson, A Statistical Theory of Spatial Distribution Models, Transportation Research, 1967, 1, 253 69. H Stevens, A Model for the Distribution of Residential Activity in an Urban Area, Journal of Regional Science, 1960, 2, 21 36. B Winsten, Studies in the Economics of Transportation Yale University Press, 1956, pp. Mackie, The Calibration of Gravity, Entropy and Related Models of Spatial Interaction, Environment and Planning, 1972, 4, 205 33. G Wilson, Explorations and Syntheses of Linear Programming and Spatial Interaction Models of Residential Location, Geographical Analysis, 1974, 6,...
https://routledge.com/products/9780415694605
*  Health geography
... Image:HAV prevalence 2005.png 'Health geography' is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Overview History of health geography Areas of study Geographies of disease and ill health. Geography of health care provision. Mobility and Disease Tracking. Health geographers See also References External links. The study of health geography has been influenced by re positioning of medical geography within the field of social geography due to a shift from a medical model to a social model in healthcare, which advocates for the redefinition of health and health care away from prevention and treatment of illness only to one of promoting well-being in general. Under this model, some previous illnesses e.g., mental ill health are recognized as behavior disturbances only, and other types of medicine e.g., complementary or alternative medicine and traditional medicine are studied by the medicine researchers, sometimes with the aid of healt...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_geography
*  Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. 2012
Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Metadata also available as - - - Frequently anticipated questions:. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. How were the data generated, processed, and modified. How can I download or order the data. Who wrote the metadata. What does this data set describe. Title: Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Complexities within near-reef waters are likely the norm and we seek to better model the primary controls on near-reef carbonate chemistry. Hendee, James C., 20130808, Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. West Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 East Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 North Bounding Coordinate: 20.9 South Bounding Coordinate: 20.9. How d...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/aoat_cheeca_rocks_watervelocity_2012.html
*  Amazon's vulnerability to climate change heightened by deforestation and man-made dispersal barrier
... s - Feeley - 2012 - Global Change Biology - Wiley Online Library. Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in About Cookies. Remove maintenance message. Skip to main content. Log in / Register. Advertisement. Go to old article view. Advertisement. Global Change Biology Explore this journal. Explore this journal Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest. Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest Next article in issue: Tidal freshwater forest accretion does not keep pace with sea level rise. Next article in issue: Tidal fre...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract?wol1URL=/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract&globalMessage=0®ionCode=US-VA&identityKey=55457ba5-f3df-41ea-8fe4-b44d50893d8b
*  Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope (delta 13C, delta 18O) Data for 1893 to 1994
Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. What does this data set describe. Title: Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994 Abstract: 101 year stable isotope record from P. lobata, core 4B, Clipperton Atoll, eastern Pacific. Sampling at annual and 12/year resolution, files clipperton.4B.iso.txt and clipperton.4B.iso.12yr.txt. 25 year stable isotope record, spanning 1994 to 1970, from cores 3C and 2B, Clipperton Atoll, as shown in Linsley et al 1999. Files clipperton.2B.iso.txt and clipperton.3C.iso.txt. Linsley, B.K., Ren, L., Dunbar, R.B., and Howe, S.S., 200009, Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994: Wo...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/paleoclimatology_clipperton_4b_2000.html
*  Population geography
... thumb px map of world population density in population geography is a division of human geography it is the study of the ways in which spatial variations in the distribution composition migration and growth of populations are related to the nature of places population geography involves demography in a geographical perspective it focuses on the characteristics of population distributions that change in a spatial context examples can be shown through population density maps a few types of maps that show the spatial layout of population are choropleth isoline and dot maps population geography studies demographic phenomena natality mortality growth rates etc through both space and time increase or decrease in population numbers the movements and mobility of populations occupational structure the way in which places in turn react to population phenomena e g immigration research topics of other geographic sub disciplines such as settlement geography have also a population geographic dimension grouping of peop...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_geography
*  Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig - Kashmir Times
... Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Creation of new Administrative Units, a paper exercise. Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig. JAMMU, Jan 13:Alleging that State Government is hell-bent to create confusion and want to sow the seeds of animosity amoung people with in districts, Peoples Democratic Party Monday said that Cabinet Sub-Committee constituted for examining the creation of new Administrative Units is a mockery and the decisions that would be taken in this regard would be solely ‘paper exercise’. Even the portion of recommendations made by the earlier Biloeria committee should be put in public domain. PDP would want to make it clear that any lopsided, manipulative, injudicious or politically oriented creation of administrative units will not only take away the advantage that the ruling party desires to get out of this last hour poll gimmick, but will also create immense anger among the public who will feel deprived of the ...
http://kashmirtimes.in/newsdet.aspx?q=28293
*  Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Geography and Environment" and Year
Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012 - ePrints Soton. Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012. Alegana, Victor, Wright, J.A., Petrina, Uusiku, Noor, Abdisalan, Snow, Robert and Atkinson, Peter M. International Journal of Health Geographics, 11, 6, 6-. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-11-6., Lemey, Philippe, Tatem, Andrew J. doi:10.1093/molbev/msr320. PMID:22319149. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.027. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 8, 757-770. doi:10.1002/jqs.2561. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 398 pp. Battarbee, Richard, Simpson, Gavin, Shilland, Ewan, Flower, Roger, Kreiser, Annette, Yang, Hong and Clarke, Gina. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.10.024. In Press., Tatem, A.J. doi:10.1017/S0950268811002032. PMID:22009033. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 487 pp. doi:10.1007/s10640-011-9535-1. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.33.6.796. University of Southamp...
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/view/divisions/uos2011-F8-WR/2012.html
*  Flashcards about McDougal Littell Voc
... Login with Facebook or... Username. Password. Reset Password Free Sign Up. Query. Search. Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers. Remove ads Home. Geography. McDougal Littell Voc. Don't know 0 Know 0 remaining cards 0. Save retry show Answer first auto play. fix restart shuffle help Speak Pause 0:01. To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key. To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box. You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box. You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center. Pass complete. "Know" box contains:. Time elapsed:. Retries:. retry the cards in the incorrect box restart all cards. Flashcards. Matching. Hangman. Crossword. Type In. Quiz. Test. StudyStack. Study Table. B...
http://studystack.com/flashcard-904836
*  Study finds popular muscle-boosting supplement does not increase blood flow
... August 10, 2011 Study finds popular muscle-boosting supplement does not increase blood flow August 10, 2011 A Baylor University study has found that a popular nutritional supplement that is marketed to lead to greater muscle strength through increasing blood flow to the muscle does not increase blood flow as claimed on the bottle. In recent years, various nutritional supplements have been developed containing arginine-alpha-ketoglutarate AAKG , which is alleged to increase nitric oxide production thereby resulting in "vasodilation," the widening of blood vessels and increased blood flow to the muscles. The AAKG supplement-enhanced blood flow to working muscles during resistance exercise is alleged to provide increased muscle strength than just exercise alone. The Baylor researchers studied the effects in 24 men of seven days of AAKG supplementation using the nutritional supplement NO2 PlatinumTM on arterial blood flow in the arms after a single bout of resistance exercise. The results showed that seven d...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-08-popular-muscle-boosting-supplement-blood.html
*  Adrenergic Agents
Alpha 1, Alpha 2, Beta 1 and Beta 2. The prominent effects of epinephrine are exerted on the HEART, VASCULATURE and other SMOOTH MUSCLES. Cardiac Effects. increased heart rate. Cutaneous blood flow is markedly reduced alpha 1 adrenergic receptor. Renal blood flow is reduced by as much as 40% alpha 1 adrenergic receptor. Skeletal muscle blood flow can be increased or decreased alpha 1 or beta 2 adrenergic receptor. Cardiovascular Effects of Epinephrine. Systolic Pressure. Diastolic Pressure. Mean Pressure. Heart Rate. Cardiac Output. Total Peripheral Resistance. Systolic pressure INCREASES due to increased cardiac output. beta 1 adrenergic receptor. Diastolic pressure DECREASES due to dilation of skeletal muscle vasculature. beta 2 adrenergic receptor. Total peripheral resistance DECREASES due to the effect of epinephrine on beta 2 adrenergic receptors of skeletal muscle vasculature. total blood flow in skeletal muscle vasculature is 5-6x that of the skin and mucosa. Alpha 1, Alpha 2 and Beta 1. Norepinephrine...
http://angelfire.com/md3/medstudsanonymous/medsubweb/adrenergic.htm
*  Acute Local Blood Flow Regulation
... 'Acute local blood flow regulation' refers to the rapid control of arterial vasomotion usually based on the metabolic needs of the surrounding cells. Although cardiac output may remain the same, blood flow to individual cells is chiefly dependent on the cells' need for nutrients. For example, during exercise such as running, the metabolic needs of the active leg skeletal muscle s increase significantly. Therefore, during exercise more blood will flow to-and-from the muscle than it will in inactive tissue, such as the hand muscles. More blood flow would also result in a higher concentration of nutrients. They include 'the vasodilator theory' and the 'oxygen lack theory'. Vasodilator Theory. According to this theory, the greater the rate of metabolism or the less availability of oxygen or other nutrients to a tissue, the greater the rate of formation of 'vasodilator metabolite s' in the tissue cells. For example, experiments have shown that amounts of both adenosine and lactic acid tend to increase signifi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_Local_Blood_Flow_Regulation
*  blood flow - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for blood flow
... Full Site. Communities Health Tools Information My MedHelp Login or. General Health Diet and Fitness. Heart Heart Disease. Heart Rhythm. Pregnancy 18 - 24 years old. Android Apps. iPhone and iPad Apps. Diet and Fitness. Heart Disease. blood flow Information, Symptoms, Treatments and Resources. Posts on blood flow 26. Blood flow restriction in section of penis - Men's Health Community - Jan 23, 2015 I have a section of my penis that does not fill with blood to the same degree during a semi... Treatment: Poor blood flow out of the penis and other questions - Urology Community - Apr 09, 2012 Well, I went to a urologist, today. baby aspirin - TTC Over 40 Community - Feb 08, 2012 I have noticed that when I start taking baby aspirin my ovulation day goes from around day ... Throat mass w/ blood flow - Thyroid Disorders Community - Jan 17, 2012 My sister has a swelling on her throat. She had a blood test which showed no thyroid proble... Blood Flow block - Neurology Community - Jul 31, 2011 When i sleep i ...
http://medhelp.org/tags/show/33838/blood-flow
*  Ethernet flow control
... 'Ethernet flow control' is a mechanism for temporarily stopping the transmission of data on Ethernet family computer network s. The first flow control mechanism, the 'PAUSE frame', was defined by the 'IEEE 802.3x' standard. The follow-on 'priority-based flow control', as defined in the 'IEEE 802.1Qbb' standard, provides a link-level flow control mechanism that can be controlled independently for each Class of Service CoS, as defined by IEEE P802.1p. Priority flow control. See also References External links. Flow control can be implemented at the data link layer. A sending station computer or network switch may be transmitting data faster than the other end of the link can accept it. The first flow control mechanism, the PAUSE frame, was defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE task force that defined full duplex Ethernet link segments. When a station wishes to pause the other end of a link, it sends a PAUSE frame to either the unique 48- bit destination address of the this li...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethernet_flow_control
*  New Test Helps Decide if Heart Patient Needs Stent - RxList
... Pill Identifier. Technique That Measures Blood Flow Aids Stent Placement By Charlene Laino WebMD Health News Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD Aug. 28, 2012 Munich, Germany -- A technique that measures blood flow through clogged arteries can better tell which heart patients need angioplasty and stenting to open clogged heart arteries, researchers say. In a large study, patients for whom FFR revealed restricted blood flow through clogged heart arteries fared better if they had angioplasty plus stenting than patients who took medication. For people with clogged heart arteries whose blood flow was not restricted on FFR, however, medication was just as effective as stenting, says researcher Bernard De Bruyne, MD, PhD, of the Cardiovascular Center Onze-Lieve-Vrouw Kliniek in Aalst, Belgium. The trial showed that people with stable heart disease who got drug treatment were no more likely to die or to have a heart attack than those who also underwent angioplasty with stents. COURAGE relied solely on traditional test...
http://rxlist.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=161913
*  BIO 219: MAP #9 - Blood Flow and the Control of BP Flashcards - Cram.com
... Chinese, Pinyin Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Traditional English French German Italian Japanese Japanese, Romaji Korean Math / Symbols Russian Spanish. Related Flashcards BIO 219: MAP #9 - Blood Flow and the ... BIO 219: MAP #9 - Blood Flow and the Control of BP. Bio 219: Map #9 - Blood Flow And The Control Of Bp by. shinglypanda, May 2012 Subjects: 219 bio blood bp control flow physiology Click to Rate Hated It. Shuffle Toggle On Toggle Off Alphabetize Toggle On Toggle Off Front First Toggle On Toggle Off Both Sides Toggle On Toggle Off Read Toggle On Toggle Off. blood pressure. The colloid osmotic pressure in the capillary is caused by . proteins in the blood. If blood pressure is increased at the arterial baroreceptors, what would happen with the activity level of the parasympathetic nervous system PNS and sympathetic nervous system SNS. Each of the following would cause an increase in blood pressure except . If a person has a blood pressure of 120/90, his mean arterial pressure wo...
http://cram.com/flashcards/bio-219-map-9-blood-flow-and-the-control-of-bp-2183369
*  Flow control structure
... a flow control structure is a device that alters the flow of water in a stream drainage channel or pipe as a group these are passive structure s since they operate without intervention under different amounts of water flow and their impact changes based on the quantity of water available this includes weir s flow splitter s and proprietary design devices that are used for stormwater management and in combined sewer s metropolitan council st paul mn urban small sites best management practice manual flow control structures are known to have existed for thousands of years some built by the chinese have been in continuous use for over years the chinese used these structures to divert water to irrigate fields and to actually deposit silt in specific areas so that the channels were not blocked by silt build up structures like this required yearly maintenance to remove the accumulated silt more modern structures add to these basic principles in hawaii there are numerous flow control structures that have been bu...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flow_control_structure
*  Flow Control and traffic optimization | Velocity Reviews
Flow Control and traffic optimization. Velocity Reviews. Velocity Reviews Home. Forums. Flow Control and traffic optimization Discussion in 'Cisco' started by Rahan, Aug 4, 2006. input flow-control is unsupported output flow-control is unsupported. In this case, what happen if flow control is enabled on NIC interface of the workstation connected to the switch. Is it possible to say that if the interface of the switch don t use Flow Control so i need to disabled it on the workstation. Rahan, Aug 4, 2006. It takes just 2 minutes to sign up and it's free. Sign Up Now. Flow-Based traffic shaping / policing with MS Terminal Server Josh, May 28, 2004, in forum: Cisco. Views: 797 Josh. Incompatible Flow-Control on router switch. Christoph Gartmann, Dec 21, 2005, in forum: Cisco. Views: 7,612 Christoph Gartmann. high-to-low security traffic flow PL, May 27, 2006, in forum: Cisco. Flow control and multicast or broadcast traffic Rahan, Aug 7, 2006, in forum: Cisco. Views: 1,025 Rahan. Aug 7, 2006. Traffic Does Not Flow...
http://velocityreviews.com/threads/flow-control-and-traffic-optimization.362459/
*  Problem amtetcher SNF 2009-05-07 15:57:06: No SF6 flow
problem amtetcher snf no sf flow problem amtetcher snf no sf flow ahryciw at snf stanford edu ahryciw at snf stanford edu thu may pdt next message comment amtetcher snf update no sf messages sorted by a new recipe i am trying uses sccm o and sccm sf the oxygen flow stabilised quickly during the wait flow segment of the process but the sf flow did not rise above zero causing a flow time out alarm the sf valve appears to be open behind the tool is there a trick to using sf in amtetcher next message comment amtetcher snf update no sf messages sorted by more information about the amtetcher pcs mailing list...
http://snf.stanford.edu/pipermail/amtetcher-pcs/2009-May/002133.html
*  Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment
... the stratospheric aerosol and gas experiment sage is a series of remote sensing satellite instruments used to study the chemical composition of earth s atmosphere specifically sage has been used to study the earth s ozone layer and aerosols at the troposphere through the stratosphere the sage instruments use solar occultation measurement technique to determine chemical concentrations in the atmosphere solar occultation measurement technique measures sunlight through the atmosphere and ratios that measurement with a sunlight measurement without atmospheric attenuation this is achieved by observing sunrises and sunsets during a satellite orbit physically the sage instruments measure ultraviolet visible energy and this is converted via algorithms to determine chemical concentrations sage data has been used to study the atmospheres aerosols ozone water vapor and other trace gases history there has been series of sage instruments sage i flew on the explorer satellite sage ii flew on the earth radiation budget...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratospheric_Aerosol_and_Gas_Experiment
*  Effect of one or more co-morbid conditions on diagnostic accuracy of coronary flow velocity reserve
... for detecting significant left anterior descending coronary stenosis. BioMedSearch. Home. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Effect of one or more co-morbid conditions on diagnostic accuracy of coronary flow velocity reserve for detecting significant left anterior descending coronary stenosis. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 16162619 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of one or multiple co-morbid conditions on the diagnostic accuracy of coronary flow velocity reserve CFVR in a heterogeneous patient population. METHODS: CFVR was measured in the left anterior descending coronary artery LAD by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography TTDE in 318 consecutive patients before elective coronary angiography. CFVR was calculated as the average peak diastolic velocity during intravenous ATP infusion divided by baseline flow velocity. All patients underwent coronary angiography within 48 hours. Significant LAD stenosis wa...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Effect-one-more-co-morbid/16162619.html
*  Patente US5243976 - Tricuspid flow synchronized cardiac electrotherapy system with blood flow ... -
The flow velocity measurement employs a Doppler ultrasonic transducer which is mounted on a cardiac pacing lead in spaced relation to a pacing electrode at a distal end of the lead. 4 A system according to claim 1 wherein the flow velocity measurement means comprises an ultrasonic transducer. 5 A system according to claim 4 wherein the flow velocity measurement means includes a Doppler means for sending and receiving ultrasonic signals from the ultrasonic transducer for measuring blood flow velocity by Doppler measurements. A system according to claim 1 wherein said control means has means for detecting a peak of a flow velocity wave corresponding to atrial contraction and for providing a pacing signal synchronous with said flow velocity wave. A system according to claim 1 wherein said control means includes means for ventricular pacing synchronous with a blood velocity atrial filling wave, and wherein said ventricular pacing maintains a physiologic atrio-ventricular delay. A system according to claim 1 where...
http://google.es/patents/US5243976?dq=flatulence
*  Patent US7186219 - Calibration of a doppler velocimeter for stroke volume determination - Google Pat
simultaneously determining a reference systolic velocity integral SVI CAL by Doppler velocimetry;. 5 The method of claim 4, wherein, prior to determining said reference stroke volume SV REF and said reference systolic velocity integral SVI CAL, a a catheter comprising a device for performing Doppler velocimetry by obtaining Doppler signals is inserted into the subject's esophagus,. 8 A method of monitoring the cardiac output CO of a subject's heart, comprising: determining the stroke volume SV of the subject's heart by using the method according to claim 1 ;. A system for monitoring the stroke volume SV of a subject's heart at different times, comprising: a reference device for determining a reference stroke volume SV REF by using a first method different from Doppler velocimetry;. a Doppler velocimeter for determining reference systolic velocity integral SVI REF and systolic velocity integral SVI at different times; and. A system for monitoring the stroke volume SV of a subject's heart at different times, co...
http://google.com/patents/US7186219?ie=ISO-8859-1&dq=6,232,546
*  Effects of closed immersion filtered water flow velocity on the ablation threshold of bisphenol A p
... olycarbonate during excimer laser machining - The Lincoln Repository. Effects of closed immersion filtered water flow velocity on the ablation threshold of bisphenol A polycarbonate during excimer laser machining. Keywords: KrF excimer laser, Ablation Threshold, Liquid Immersion, Flow Velocity, Plume Distortion. Subjects: H Engineering H680 Optoelectronic Engineering F Physical Sciences F361 Laser Physics H Engineering H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering H Engineering H300 Mechanical Engineering. Dowding, Colin and Lawrence, Jonathan and Holmes, Andrew 2010 Effects of closed immersion filtered water flow velocity on the ablation threshold of bisphenol A polycarbonate during excimer laser machining. Effects of closed immersion filtered water flow velocity on the ablation threshold of bisphenol A polycarbonate during excimer laser machining. PDF Effects_of_closed_immersion_filtered_water_flow_velocity_on_the_ablation_threshold_of_bisphenol_A_polycarbonate_during_excimer_laser_machining..pdf - Whol...
http://eprints.lincoln.ac.uk/4030/
*  Vascular Doppler | Fetus Dopplers
Fetus Dopplers. ABI Dopplers. Biopsy Forceps. Dopplers-Non ABI. Doppler-ABI. Exam Tables. Nicolet Imex Dopplers Summit Dopplers Huntleigh Dopplex Dopplers Newman Dopplers. Huntleigh Sonicaid FD1 Rate Display Doppler with 2MHz Probe HNT FD1 $649.99. Huntleigh Sonicaid FD3 Rate Display Doppler with 3MHz Probe HNT FD3 $649.99. Nicolet Imex Elite 100 Fetal Vascular Doppler Nicolet Imex Elite 100 $389.99. Nicolet Imex Elite 200 Fetal Vascular Doppler with display Nicolet Imex Elite 200 $540.00. Nicolet Imex Pocket Dop II Doppler Nicolet Imex Pocket Dop II Doppler $609.99. Nicolet Imex Pocket Dop III Doppler System Nicolet Imex Pocket Dop III Doppler System $729.99. Nicolet Imex Dop CT Plus Doppler System Nicolet Imex Dop CT Plus Doppler System $709.99. Nicolet Imex FreeDop Doppler System Nicolet Imex FreeDop Doppler System $1459.99. Nicolet Imex VersaLab LE or SE Doppler System Nicolet Imex VersaLab $2291.99. Summit Lifedop L150 Doppler with Non-Digital Display Summit Lifedop L150 Doppler $419.99. Summit Lifedop L...
http://mohawkmedicalmall.com/vascular-doppler-fetal-doppler/
*  Flow Velocity Calculator - heat sinks
... Sales, Service, Tech, Design Quote Sample Requests Design Assistance Find a Sales Associate Authorized Distributors Manufacturing Sales Reps Global Manufacturing Shop Aavid. Extrusions Board Level BGA Mounting Pads Max Clips Extrusion Fans Gap Filler Interface Material. Aavid - The worldwide leader in thermal management solutions. North American Extrusions European Extrusions Max Clip System Liquid Cold Plates Chillers - Liquid Cooling System Hydrosink Heat Pipe Assemblies Bonded Fin Folded Fin Forced Convection Coolers HDDC Air Movers. Gap Fillers Thermal Greases Thermal Adhesives Epoxies Attachement Tape Insulating Hardware Insulating Pads Films Non-Insulating Pads Films Phase Change Attachment Methods. PC Board Mounting Semiconductor Tape Accessories. Small Diameter Heat Pipe Large Diameter Heat Pipe Liquid Cooled. Flow Velocity Calculator Performance Factor Table Length Correction Considerations Temperature Correction Considerations Reading a Thermal Performance Graph Thermal Resistance Tool for Bond...
http://aavid.com/product-group/extrusions-na/flowcalc
*  Wet gas
The amount of hydrocarbons present in the liquid phase of the wet gas extracted depends on the reservoir temperature and pressure conditions, which change over time as the gas and liquid are removed. 'Superficial gas velocity' is the gas velocity if there were no liquid present in the wet gas flow. In wet gas flows the gas velocity is higher due to a reduction in the pipe area caused by the presence of the liquid. 'Superficial liquid velocity' is the liquid velocity if there were no gas present in the wet gas flow. 'GVF – Gas volume fraction' is the ratio of the gas volumetric flow rate to the total volumetric flow rate. 'LVF – Liquid volume fraction' is the ratio of the liquid volumetric flow rate to the total volumetric flow rate. 'Lockhart–Martinelli parameter'. 39–48 Gas is compressible and the density changes significantly with changes in pressure. If the pressure of a wet gas system increases, the density of the gas will increase but the density of the liquid will not change. This parameter can be calcu...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wet_gas
*  Superficial velocity
... or superficial flow velocity in engineering of multiphase flow s and flows in porous media is a hypothetical artificial flow velocity calculated as if the given phase or fluid were the only one flowing or present in a given cross sectional area other phases particles the skeleton of the porous medium etc present in the channel are disregarded superficial velocity is used in many engineering equations because it is the value which is usually readily known and unambiguous whereas real velocity is often variable from place to place its mean not readily available in complex flow systems and subject to assumptions superficial velocity can be expressed as u s frac q a where u s superficial velocity of a given phase m s q volume flow rate of the phase m s a cross sectional area m using the concept of porosity the dependence between the advection velocity and the superficial velocity can be expressed as for one dimensional flow u s phi u where phi is porosity dimensionless u is the advection velocity m s the loc...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superficial_velocity
*  Planar Doppler velocimetry
... 'Planar Doppler Velocimetry' PDV, also referred to as Doppler Global Velocimetry DGV, determines flow velocity across a plane by measuring the Doppler shift in frequency of light scattered by particles contained in the flow. Equipment Strengths Weaknesses References External links. Up to now, a typical one-component PDV instrument utilizes a pulsed injection-seeded Nd:YAG laser, one or two scientific grade CCD cameras and a molecular iodine filter as shown in Figure 1. The laser is used to illuminate a plane of the flow with narrow spectral linewidth light. Although PDV requires particles to scatter light, individual particles do not need to be imaged thus allowing the use of much smaller seed particles and making the measurements less sensitive to particle seed density. Unlike PIV, PDV requires only a single image of the flow field. For each component of velocity, two images signal and reference are required, which typically necessitates two cameras. To obtain all three components of velocity, therefore...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planar_Doppler_velocimetry
*  Laminar flow reactor
... A 'laminar flow reactor' 'LFR' is a type of chemical reactor that uses laminar flow to control reaction rate, and/or reaction distribution. Overview Means of Analyzing Reactants in LFR Flow Velocity in LFR Residence Time Distribution RTD Characteristics Research References External links See also. One feature of the LFR is that the residence time The time interval during which the chemicals stay in the reactor of the chemicals in the reactor can be varied by either changing the distance between the reactant input point and the point at which the product/sample is taken, or by adjusting the velocity of the gas/fluid. Flow Velocity in LFR. Fluids or gases with controlled velocity pass through a laminar flow reactor in a fashion of laminar flow. Compared to turbulent flow, laminar flow tends to have a lower velocity and is generally at a lower Reynolds number. Therefore the flow velocity of a turbulent flow on one cross section is often assumed to be constant, or "flat". For the fluid/gas moving in an LFR, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laminar_flow_reactor
*  Wave velocity
... is a wave property which may refer to phase velocity the velocity at which a wave phase propagates at a certain frequency pulse wave velocity the velocity at which a pulse travels through a medium usually applied to arteries as a measure of arterial stiffness group velocity the propagation velocity for the envelope of wave groups and often of wave energy different from the phase velocity for dispersive waves signal velocity the velocity at which a wave carries information front velocity the velocity at which the first rise of a pulse above zero moves forward...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wave_velocity
*  Front velocity
... in physics front velocity is the speed at which the first rise of a pulse above zero moves forward in mathematics it is used to describe the velocity of a propagating front in the solution of hyperbolic partial differential equation various velocities associated with propagation of a disturbance are several different velocities for definiteness consider an amplitude modulated electromagnetic carrier wave the phase velocity is the speed of the underlying carrier wave the group velocity is the speed of the modulation or envelope initially it was thought that the group velocity coincided with the speed at which information traveled however it turns out that this speed can exceed the speed of light in some circumstances causing confusion by an apparent conflict with the theory of relativity that observation led to consideration of what constitutes a signal by definition a signal involves new information or an element of surprise that cannot be predicted from the wave motion at an earlier time one possible fo...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Front_velocity
*  Selle Italia SLR Kit Carbonio & Carbonio Flow
... Selle Italia SLR Kit Carbonio Show all items from Selle Italia. SLR Kit Carbonio Flow Image: black Weight: 120 g Rails: Carbonio Oval 7X9.6 mm Size: 131 275mm Use: Road/Offroad Lorica cover. SLR Kit Carbonio Image: white Weight: 125 g Rails: Carbonio Oval 7X9.6 mm Size: 131 275mm Use: Road/Offroad Lorica cover. Rate this product Unfortunately, there isn't any review yet. Be the first one and share your experiences with thousands of other riders. Customers who viewed this also viewed:. Selle Italia SLR Kit Carbonio Flow. Selle Italia SLR Kit Carbonio. Selle Italia SLR Tekno normal. Selle Italia SLR XC Flow. from 136.90. 3 versions Click to choose. 3 versions Click to choose. Flow black 196.90 IN STOCK Flow white 192.90 IN STOCK white 141.90 ready for sending in 1-3 days. Please chose version Flow black 20220 MPN: 3327213 Year: 2014 EAN: 8030282425798 196.90. IN STOCK. Flow white 20219 MPN: 3327214 Year: 2014 EAN: 8030282425804 192.90. IN STOCK. white 20217 TOPSELLER MPN: 3327212 Year: 2014 EAN: 8030282425...
http://starbike.com/en/selle-italia-slr-kit-carbonio/
*  Hybrid inviability
1974 proposes two hypotheses to explain the relatively faster evolution of hybrid inviability in mammals: the Regulatory and the Immunological Hypotheses. 1974 suggests, “mammals that can hybridize with each other differ only slightly at the protein level, whereas frogs that differ substantially in protein sequence hybridize readily.” This analysis suggests that gene divergence is not the only determinate of hybridization in mammals, birds, or frogs. The Regulatory Hypotheses specifically attributes hybrid inviability in mammals, birds, and frogs to differences in gene regulation. It proposes that hybrid inviability evolved faster in mammalian taxa because mammals have accumulated significantly more changes in regulatory systems than birds or frogs, and it suggests that organisms with distinctly different systems of gene regulation may not produce viable hybrids. Both the regulatory genes of the sperm and egg contribute to the expression of other protein-coding genes in the zygote; if certain regulatory genes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_inviability

Panmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.Genetic variation: right|thumbMicrosatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Ethernet flow control: Ethernet flow control is a mechanism for temporarily stopping the transmission of data on Ethernet family computer networks. The first flow control mechanism, the PAUSE frame, was defined by the IEEE 802.Superficial velocity: Superficial velocity (or superficial flow velocity), in engineering of multiphase flows and flows in porous media, is a hypothetical (artificial) flow velocity calculated as if the given phase or fluid were the only one flowing or present in a given cross sectional area. Other phases, particles, the skeleton of the porous medium, etc.Hybrid inviability: Hybrid inviability is a post-zygotic barrier, which reduces a hybrid's capacity to mature into a healthy, fit adult.Hybrid inviability.Haplogroup L0 (mtDNA)Geolocation software: In computing, geolocation software is used to deduce the geolocation (geographic location) of another party. For example, on the Internet, one geolocation approach is to identify the subject party's IP address, then determine what country (including down to the city and post/ZIP code level), organization, or user the IP address has been assigned to, and finally, determine that party's location.Flow cytometry: In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them by an electronic detection apparatus. It allows simultaneous multiparametric analysis of the physical and chemical characteristics of up to thousands of particles per second.Genetic structure: Genetic structure refers to any pattern in the genetic makeup of individuals within a population.Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Microevolution: Microevolution is the change in allele frequencies that occur over time within a population.Microevolution: What is microevolution?Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.PollenGene pool: The gene pool is the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species.Gibraltar MuseumEcosystemMolecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Selection (relational algebra): In relational algebra, a selection (sometimes called a restriction to avoid confusion with SQL's use of SELECT) is a unary operation written asReproductive toxicity: Reproductive toxicity is a hazard associated with some chemical substances, that they will interfere in some way with normal reproduction; such substances are called reprotoxic. It includes adverse effects on sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as developmental toxicity in the offspring.F1 hybrid: An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types. F1 hybrids are used in genetics, and in selective breeding, where it may appear as F1 crossbreed.In Memory of Celtic Frost: In Memory of... Celtic Frost is a Celtic Frost tribute album released in 1996.List of rivers in Western Sahara: This is a list of rivers in Western Sahara. This list is arranged north to south by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Monarch Butterfly Biosphere ReserveThreshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.Biological dispersalInbreeding depression: Inbreeding depression is the reduced biological fitness in a given population as a result of inbreeding, or breeding of related individuals. Population biological fitness refers to its ability to survive and reproduce itself.Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.Lecythis ollaria: Lecythis ollaria is a species of treeBotryosphaeria corticola: Bot canker of oak is a disease on stems, branches and twigs of oak trees in Europe and North America. The casual agent of Bot canker of oak is the fungus Botryosphaeria corticola .Infinite alleles model: The infinite alleles model is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutations. The Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura and American geneticist James F.Hyperparameter: In Bayesian statistics, a hyperparameter is a parameter of a prior distribution; the term is used to distinguish them from parameters of the model for the underlying system under analysis.Pinus pinasterTomato seed oil: Tomato seed oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of tomatoes.Athletics at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean GamesGene polymorphismAquila ItalianaFraxinus latifolia: Fraxinus latifolia (Oregon ash) is a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western North America. The Oregon ash is dioecious.Makonde language: millionRanunculus abortivus: Ranunculus abortivus is a species of flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Its common names include littleleaf buttercup, small-flower crowfoot,Ranunculus abortivus.Natural Park of El FondoUtiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Organic farming and biodiversity: The effect of organic farming has been a subject of interest for researchers. Theory suggests that organic farming practices, which exclude the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, would be beneficial for biodiversity, and this has proven true.List of drainage basins by area: The list of drainage basins by area identifies basins (also known as watersheds or catchments), sorted by area, which drain to oceans, mediterranean seas, rivers, lakes and other water bodies. All basins larger than are included as well as selected smaller basins.Ecosystem of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre: The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG) is the largest contiguous ecosystem on earth. In oceanography, a subtropical gyre is a ring-like system of ocean currents rotating clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere caused by the Coriolis Effect.Spatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.Atomic heraldry: Atomic heraldry is heraldry characterised by the appearance of charges including the atom or showing the motion of parts of the atom; more loosely, it may describe heraldry in which atoms or the component parts thereof are represented through a combination of other charges. Obviously, this is a late development in heraldry.GA²LENRaiganj Wildlife SanctuarySkylark launch tower: A Skylark tower is a tower used for the launch of earlier versions of Skylark rockets. As Skylark rockets have no guidance system and accelerate slowly, they require a safe launch tower with a height of at least 24 metres with a guidance system.Decoding methods: In coding theory, decoding is the process of translating received messages into codewords of a given code. There have been many common methods of mapping messages to codewords.Bungonia Caves: Bungonia Caves is the name given to a series of caves near the city of Goulburn, New South Wales Australia.PCDHY: PCDH11Y is a gene unique to human males which competes with FOXP2 for the title of the "language gene." PCDH11Y is the gene for making Protocadherin 11Y, a protein that guides the development of nerve cells.Smoking in Ecuador: Smoking in Ecuador is more common among men and younger people. More than half of Ecuadorian smokers desire to quit.Trichilia catigua: Trichilia catigua is a flowering plant species in the genus Trichilia.Lake MarathonCerebral blood flow: Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is the blood supply to the brain in a given period of time.Tolias C and Sgouros S.Mountaineer Wind Energy Center: Mountaineer Wind Energy Center is a wind farm on Backbone Mountain in Preston and Tucker counties in the U.S.Pyrites Island: Pyrites Island () is the largest of three small islands lying northeast of Gam Point and forming the east side of Esther Harbor, off the north coast of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands. In 1913–14, the rocky extremity of Gam Point and the adjoining islands to the northwest and southeast were named Esther, Pyritis (sic) or Pyritic Islands by Scottish geologist David Ferguson, who reported they were composed of pyrites and vein quartz.Triodanis perfoliata: Triodanis perfoliata, the Clasping Venus's Looking Glass, is a flowering plant belonging to the family Campanulaceae. It is an annual herb native to North and South America, the natural range extending from Canada to Argentina.List of varieties of genetically modified maize: This is a partial list of varieties of maize that have been modified.Coronary perfusion pressure: Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) refers to the pressure gradient that drives coronary blood pressure, meaning the difference between the diastolic aortic pressure and the right atrial diastolic pressure. It is a term used mainly in research concerning cardiac arrest.Coles PhillipsFucophlorethol AJournal of Rheology: Journal of Rheology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing original (primary) research on all aspects of rheology, the study of those properties of materials which determine their response to mechanical force. It is published bimonthly by the Society of Rheology through the American Institute of Physics.Tokay gecko: The tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) is a nocturnal arboreal gecko, ranging from northeast India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, throughout Southeast Asia, Philippines to Indonesia and western New Guinea. Its native habitat is rainforest trees and cliffs, and it also frequently adapts to rural human habitations, roaming walls and ceilings at night in search of insect prey.Maladaptation: A maladaptation () is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful, in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful. All organisms, from bacteria to humans, display maladaptive and adaptive traits.

(1/998) Speciation and gene flow between snails of opposite chirality.

Left-right asymmetry in snails is intriguing because individuals of opposite chirality are either unable to mate or can only mate with difficulty, so could be reproductively isolated from each other. We have therefore investigated chiral evolution in the Japanese land snail genus Euhadra to understand whether changes in chirality have promoted speciation. In particular, we aimed to understand the effect of the maternal inheritance of chirality on reproductive isolation and gene flow. We found that the mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of Euhadra is consistent with a single, relatively ancient evolution of sinistral species and suggests either recent "single-gene speciation" or gene flow between chiral morphs that are unable to mate. To clarify the conditions under which new chiral morphs might evolve and whether single-gene speciation can occur, we developed a mathematical model that is relevant to any maternal-effect gene. The model shows that reproductive character displacement can promote the evolution of new chiral morphs, tending to counteract the positive frequency-dependent selection that would otherwise drive the more common chiral morph to fixation. This therefore suggests a general mechanism as to how chiral variation arises in snails. In populations that contain both chiral morphs, two different situations are then possible. In the first, gene flow is substantial between morphs even without interchiral mating, because of the maternal inheritance of chirality. In the second, reproductive isolation is possible but unstable, and will also lead to gene flow if intrachiral matings occasionally produce offspring with the opposite chirality. Together, the results imply that speciation by chiral reversal is only meaningful in the context of a complex biogeographical process, and so must usually involve other factors. In order to understand the roles of reproductive character displacement and gene flow in the chiral evolution of Euhadra, it will be necessary to investigate populations in which both chiral morphs coexist.  (+info)

(2/998) Macrogeographic population structure of the tsetse fly, Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae).

Tsetse flies are confined to sub-Saharan Africa where they occupy discontinuous habitats. In anticipation of area-wide control programmes, estimates of gene flow among tsetse populations are necessary. Genetic diversities were partitioned at eight microsatellite loci and five mitochondrial loci in 21 Glossina pallidipes Austin populations. At microsatellite loci, Nei's unbiased gene diversity averaged over loci was 0.659 and the total number of alleles was 214, only four of which were shared among all populations. The mean number of alleles per locus was 26.8. Random mating was observed within but not among populations (fixation index FST=0.18) and 81% of the genetic variance was within populations. Thirty-nine mitochondrial variants were detected. Mitochondrial diversities in populations varied from 0 to 0.85 and averaged 0.42, and FST=0.51. High levels of genetic differentiation were characteristic, extending even to subpopulations separated by tens and hundreds of kilometres, and indicating low rates of gene flow.  (+info)

(3/998) Gene flow and hybridisation in a mixed oak forest (Quercus pyrenaica Willd. and Quercus petraea (Matts.) Liebl.) in central Spain.

Oaks are long-standing models for the study of gene flow and hybridisation. Temperate (Quercus petraea) and sub-Mediterranean (Quercus pyrenaica) oaks coexist in central Spain, showing remarkable differences in population size and structure. Q. petraea has a scattered distribution in central Spain, where it is at one of the southernmost limits of its range, and forms low-density stands; in contrast, Q. pyrenaica is widespread in the region. We selected a mixed population of the two species ( approximately 13 ha, 176 adults and 96 saplings) to compare the patterns of gene flow within each species and the extent of introgression between them. Using five nuclear microsatellite markers, we performed a parentage analysis and found considerable immigration from outside the stand ( approximately 38% for Q. petraea and approximately 34% for Q. pyrenaica), and estimated average seed-dispersal distances of 42 and 14 m for Q. petraea and Q. pyrenaica, respectively. Introgression between species was also estimated using our microsatellite battery. First, we developed a multivariate discriminant approach and, second, we compared our results with a widely used clustering method (STRUCTURE). Both analyses were consistent with a low level of introgression between Q. petraea and Q. pyrenaica. Indeed, only 15 adult trees, approximately 8.5%, were identified as putative hybrids when both methods of analysis were combined. Hybrids may be most common in contact zones due merely to physical proximity.  (+info)

(4/998) Effect of gene flow on spatial genetic structure in the riparian canopy tree Cercidiphyllum japonicum revealed by microsatellite analysis.

Few studies have analyzed pollen and seed movements at local scale, and genetic differentiation among populations covering the geographic distribution range of a species. We carried out such a study on Cercidiphyllum japonicum; a dioecious broad-leaved tree of cool-temperate riparian forest in Japan. We made direct measurement of pollen and seed movements in a site, genetic structure at the local scale, and genetic differentiation between populations covering the Japanese Archipelago. Parentage analysis of seedlings within a 20-ha study site indicated that at least 28.8% of seedlings were fertilized by pollen from trees outside the study site. The average pollination distance within the study site was 129 m, with a maximum of 666 m. The genotypes of 30% of seedlings were incompatible with those of the nearest female tree, and the maximum seed dispersal distance within the study site was over 300 m. Thus, long-distance gene dispersal is common in this species. The correlation between genetic relatedness and spatial distance among adult trees within the population was not significant, indicating an absence of fine-scale genetic structure perhaps caused by high levels of pollen flow and overlapping seed shadows. Six populations sampled throughout the distribution of C. japonicum in Japan showed significant isolation-by-distance but low levels of genetic differentiation (F(ST) = 0.043), also indicating long-distance gene flow in C. japonicum. Long-distance gene flow had a strong influence on the genetic structure at different spatial scales, and contributes to the maintenance of genetic diversity in C. japonicum.  (+info)

(5/998) Evidence for a one-allele assortative mating locus.

Theoretical models have shown that speciation with gene flow can occur readily via a "one-allele mechanism," where the spread of the same allele within both of two diverging species reduces their subsequent hybridization. Here we present direct genetic evidence for such an allele in Drosophila pseudoobscura. Alleles conferring high or low assortative mating in D. pseudoobscura produce the same effects when inserted into D. persimilis. This observation suggests that the type of genetic variation that is most conducive to controversial modes of speciation with gene flow, such as reinforcement or sympatric speciation, is present in nature.  (+info)

(6/998) Genetic structure of Anopheles gambiae populations on islands in northwestern Lake Victoria, Uganda.

BACKGROUND: Alternative means of malaria control are urgently needed. Evaluating the effectiveness of measures that involve genetic manipulation of vector populations will be facilitated by identifying small, genetically isolated vector populations. The study was designed to use variation in microsatellite markers to look at genetic structure across four Lake Victoria islands and two surrounding mainland populations and for evidence of any restriction to free gene flow. METHODS: Four Islands (from 20-50 km apart) and two surrounding mainland populations (96 km apart) were studied. Samples of indoor resting adult mosquitoes, collected over two consecutive years, were genotyped at microsatellite loci distributed broadly throughout the genome and analysed for genetic structure, effective migration (Nem) and effective population size (Ne). RESULTS: Ne estimates showed island populations to consist of smaller demes compared to the mainland ones. Most populations were significantly differentiated geographically, and from one year to the other. Average geographic pair-wise FST ranged from 0.014-0.105 and several pairs of populations had Ne m < 3. The loci showed broad heterogeneity at capturing or estimating population differences. CONCLUSION: These island populations are significantly genetically differentiated. Differences reoccurred over the study period, between the two mainland populations and between each other. This appears to be the product of their separation by water, dynamics of small populations and local adaptation. With further characterisation these islands could become possible sites for applying measures evaluating effectiveness of control by genetic manipulation.  (+info)

(7/998) Phylogeographic history and gene flow among giant Galapagos tortoises on southern Isabela Island.

Volcanic islands represent excellent models with which to study the effect of vicariance on colonization and dispersal, particularly when the evolution of genetic diversity mirrors the sequence of geological events that led to island formation. Phylogeographic inference, however, can be particularly challenging for recent dispersal events within islands, where the antagonistic effects of land bridge formation and vicariance can affect movements of organisms with limited dispersal ability. We investigated levels of genetic divergence and recovered signatures of dispersal events for 631 Galapagos giant tortoises across the volcanoes of Sierra Negra and Cerro Azul on the island of Isabela. These volcanoes are among the most recent formations in the Galapagos (<0.7 million years), and previous studies based on genetic and morphological data could not recover a consistent pattern of lineage sorting. We integrated nested clade analysis of mitochondrial DNA control region sequences, to infer historical patterns of colonization, and a novel Bayesian multilocus genotyping method for recovering evidence of recent migration across volcanoes using eleven microsatellite loci. These genetic studies illuminate taxonomic distinctions as well as provide guidance to possible repatriation programs aimed at countering the rapid population declines of these spectacular animals.  (+info)

(8/998) Effective seed dispersal across a fragmented landscape.

The role of seed dispersal in maintaining genetic connectivity among forest fragments has largely been ignored because gene flow by pollen is expected to predominate. By using genealogical reconstruction, we investigated gene flow after establishment of seeds in a wind-pollinated, wind-dispersed tree. Our data show that seed dispersal is the main vector of gene flow among remnants and that long-distance dispersal is common across a chronically fragmented landscape. The relative importance of seed-mediated gene flow may have been underemphasized in other fragmented systems, and diagnosing the response of forest trees to current anthropogenic disturbances requires the assessment of phenomena after establishment.  (+info)


Is gene flow evident when it comes to diseases and pathogens?


i need examples of gene flow and diseases. as many as possible
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No, it's not always evident.


What is the mechanism whereby the faulty Cystic Fibrosis gene causes production of thick mucus?


I have to draw a flow chart illustrating this. I looked on google for a long time but could not find much information. (It's for Biology 12)
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As I understand it, it is primarily caused by an over absorption of liquid in the lungs into the lungs tissues. Not sure if the high sodium / low chloride content contributes to the viscosity or not. Pulmonary therapies add moisture and medications into the lungs to help liquefy the mucus so it can be expelled. This helps clean the lungs of foreign material as well as the buildup of mucus. Vigorous shaking/vibrating or percussion's to the lungs also help the mucus to liquefy for expulsion.
Regards
EZ


How long can a gene be passed down to a person?


It's a little complex, but what I mean is for example, 1000 years ago one of your ancestors had a specific gene for really huge feet or something. After years and years of their descendants reproducing with diverse people or whatever, is it possible that after 1000 years of reproducing, that the gene will still be carried in one of their decendants today? That SAME gene?
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Yes. If it is autosomal dominant.


How does gene therapy help a cystic fibrosis sufferer?


How does gene therapy help a cystic fibrosis sufferer?

Also :

what 2 reasons may genetic testing be carried out when a couple are undergoing IVF treatment?
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Gene therapy aims to effectively replace a faulty gene. So in Cystic Fibrosis it would replace the gene (or genes) which causes the problem and hopefully make the patient much better. As for IVF some tests are done to check for chromosomal abnormalities like Down's Syndrome and other genetic problems.


What sets off the autoimmune gene that per my doctor can cause different diseases and many forms?


I have Rheumatoid Arthritis, my brother has Psorisis and I have a sister with Diabetes.  My dad had gout, is this where the gene originated from and what sets this gene off?  I was in an accident and was diagnosed not long after with RA.
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It is still under investigation. Although, scientists have found an unexpected genetic link among three common autoimmune diseases: "psoriasis", "rheumatoid arthritis" and systemic lupus erythematosus.

The findings, being reported recently in the journal Nature Genetics, have no immediate practical effect. But by identifying a cellular path through which the three diseases are touched off, they may help biologists design new treatments.

Psoriasis affects 2 percent of Americans; rheumatoid arthritis, up to 1 percent; and systemic lupus -- which attacks the joints and can cause severe inflammation -- one-twentieth of 1 percent.

The link among the three diseases involves a PROTEIN that helps the thymus GLAND train cells of the immune system. Autoimmune diseases are caused when such cells mistakenly attack the body's own tissues.

The protein, Runx-1, controls the activity of various genes by binding to a nearby site on the DNA of the chromosomes. Last year, scientists at the University of Uppsala in Sweden reported that many patients with systemic lupus had an altered Runx-1 binding site on Chromosome 2, meaning that the Runx-1 protein could not properly control the gene next to the binding site.


How many generations can a dwarf gene be carried if you marry normal height people?


If your parents are dwarves but you came out normal and marry normal and have normal kids, the dwarf gene is still in your kids.  If your kids and generations later continue to marry and birth normal, is the dwarf gene completely wiped out?  Or can it still pop up in a child hundreds of years later?
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Yes it can pop up.  We also see the dwarf gene being expressed as simply much shorter than average height.  In other words, you could be a tall guy with a dwarf gene, and even if the mother of your child is a six foot tall woman from a family of six foot tall women, you could have a 4'7" daughter or a 5'1" son....taller than a dwarf but still showing the gene a bit.


How dominate is the Asian gene in a biracial baby?


Most Asian-white couple's I've seen have babies that look full blooded Asian. I know that the Asian gene is supposed to be extremely dominate, but how dominate is it? Can the couple have a baby that has asian features, but got curly hair from the white parents? Or does the baby either have to look full Asian or full white? Is there some sort of in-between?
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The asian gene????  Do you really think there is one gene that makes a person asian?


What is the difference between a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation?


Is a neural tube deffect a chromosomal mutation or a gene mutation?  What is the difference between the two types of mutations?
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A gene mutation is a permanent change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. Mutations range in size from a single DNA building block (DNA base) to a large segment of a chromosome.

A chromosomal mutation is a mutation  involving a long segment of DNA, it is a any change in the structure or arrangement of the chromosomes. These mutations can involve deletions, insertions, or inversions of sections of DNA. In some cases, deleted sections may attach to other chromosomes, disrupting both the chromosomes that loses the DNA and the one that gains it.It is  also referred to as a chromosomal rearrangement


Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common birth defects of the brain and spinal cord that include anencephaly and spina bifida (meningomyelocele). Deficiency of the vitamin folic acid raises the risk of NTDs, as does mutation of a gene for an enzyme that processes folic acid. The mutation is called the C677T.People with two copies of the T mutation are two and a half times as likely to have a NTD as people with two copies of the normal gene. Now it has been found that people with just one copy of the T gene are also at increased risk for an NTD. They are one and a half times more likely to have a NTD than people with two copies of the normal gene.

There is evidence that some mothers of infants with Down's syndrome have abnormal metabolism of folate and methyl, as well as mutations in folate genes, which are features that are also seen in neural-tube defects (NTD).