Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Consumer Product SafetyFishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Cesium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.Legislation, Veterinary: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Methylmercury Compounds: Organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Eggs: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Mercury PoisoningFood Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Dioxins: Chlorinated hydrocarbons containing heteroatoms that are present as contaminants of herbicides. Dioxins are carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic. They have been banned from use by the FDA.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Soil Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.Food Hypersensitivity: Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Mercury: A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.Nitrogen Isotopes: Stable nitrogen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element nitrogen, but differ in atomic weight. N-15 is a stable nitrogen isotope.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Fast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated: Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Seafood: Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Food, Genetically Modified: Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Immunoglobulin Light Chains: Polypeptide chains, consisting of 211 to 217 amino acid residues and having a molecular weight of approximately 22 kDa. There are two major types of light chains, kappa and lambda. Two Ig light chains and two Ig heavy chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS) make one immunoglobulin molecule.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains: The largest of polypeptide chains comprising immunoglobulins. They contain 450 to 600 amino acid residues per chain, and have molecular weights of 51-72 kDa.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform: A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Food, Preserved: Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Campylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Campylobacter jejuni: A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Myosin Heavy Chains: The larger subunits of MYOSINS. The heavy chains have a molecular weight of about 230 kDa and each heavy chain is usually associated with a dissimilar pair of MYOSIN LIGHT CHAINS. The heavy chains possess actin-binding and ATPase activity.Cadmium: An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Myosin Light Chains: The smaller subunits of MYOSINS that bind near the head groups of MYOSIN HEAVY CHAINS. The myosin light chains have a molecular weight of about 20 KDa and there are usually one essential and one regulatory pair of light chains associated with each heavy chain. Many myosin light chains that bind calcium are considered "calmodulin-like" proteins.Functional Food: Components of the usual diet that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrients. Examples of functional foods include soy, nuts, chocolate, and cranberries (From NCCAM Backgrounder, March 2004, p3).Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Soy Foods: Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Food Assistance: Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Staphylococcal Food Poisoning: Poisoning by staphylococcal toxins present in contaminated food.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Food, Organic: Food that is grown or manufactured in accordance with nationally regulated production standards that include restrictions on the use of pesticides, non-organic fertilizers, genetic engineering, growth hormones, irradiation, antibiotics, and non-organic ingredients.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Food Service, Hospital: Hospital department that manages and supervises the dietary program in accordance with the patients' requirements.Myosins: A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Food Quality: Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.RestaurantsTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains: One of the types of light chains of the immunoglobulins with a molecular weight of approximately 22 kDa.

*  Study names top five unhealthy kids' meals offered by fast food chains - + KSHB.com
offered by fast food chains - + KSHB.com. KSHB Weather. ... Community Calendar. Food. Youtube Channel. Watch 41 Action News ... offered by fast food chains NBC News 5:06 AM, Jun 12, 2012 6...
http://kshb.com/news/health/study-names-top-five-unhealthy-kids-meals-offered-by-fast-food-chains
*  Should You Believe the Health Hype at Your Favorite Fast Food Chain?
Add These 7 Foods to Your Diet Now. Healthy Recipes. ... additives from its food by the end of 2016; numerous chains ... of these major fast food chains, don't abandon your smart-eating...
http://everydayhealth.com/news/should-you-believe-health-hype-at-your-favorite-fast-food-chain/
*  House of Lords - Science and Technology - Written Evidence
issue concerns food-borne pathogens and addresses the ... of both food and non-food pathways to the burden of ... of different food and non-food pathways hinders progress...
http://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200203/ldselect/ldsctech/138/138w08.htm
*  fiber glass mat - ALFA ROMEO GIULIETTA (940) - Partsalvadi logodkGroupukfiShapei-cari-carti-timedele
ceramic grease chains grease compressed air spray condensers...
http://alvadi.ee/en/carparts/alfa-romeo/giulietta-2010/fiber-glass-mat/
*  Top Web Models - Select your most alluring top model and see how hot her body is! – TopWebModels.c
Top Web Models - Select your most alluring top model and see how hot her body is. TopWebModels.com. Top Web Models Select your most alluring top model and see how hot her body is. TopWebModels.com. HOME. Sample Page. rss feed. 2012 10.09 Top Web Models Videos Category: Web Model / Tags: no tag / Add Comment. top web models videos. Zoey didn t waste any time with the slow soft kind of sucking most girls do; this kinky chick got right into the deep throat action and just does not stop. She knows what we like; watching her on top web models videos keep shoving more and more of that dangerously large dick further and further down her tight, 18 year old throat. Gag on it Zoey. You know that s hot. What a champ. Even through the gagging she keeps going. Nothing is going to stop this cum loving cutie. There is no doubt that Zoey is one firecracker that is HOT!!. Her tight young body and tits the size of beach balls bring on a stiffee. Zoey loves to get that super-sized, rock hard rod in between those big boys and ge...
http://topwebmodels.wasnior.com/
*  Unraveling the structure of soil food webs
... TU. ULB. News. Service. Recherche. Subjects. Collections. A-Z. Contact. TU Darmstadt. ULB tuprints. Home. Publishing. Search. Search in tufind. Search in tuprints. How to search. Browse. Browse by newly added publicatoins. Browse by Year. Browse by Subject. Browse by Division. Browse by Author. Browse by Type of publication. Login. Create Account. Unraveling the structure of soil food webs. Haubert, Dominique : Unraveling the structure of soil food webs. TU Darmstadt, 2006 Preview. PDF haubert diss.pdf Available under Simple publication rights for ULB. Download 1MB. Preview. Item Type: Ph.D. Thesis. Title: Unraveling the structure of soil food webs. Language: English. Abstract: In this work available methods for soil food web analysis were studied and new methods were evaluated. Soil biota consist of more species than the biota of any other environment on earth, however, despite their importance they are the least understood. Indirect methods are needed to get insight into soil food webs, because of the ...
http://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/712/
*  Are Grasshoppers Primary Consumers In Food Chain?
are grasshoppers primary consumers in food chain isfaq com home about are grasshoppers primary consumers in food chain primary consumers in food chain answer primary consumers are those creatures who fed on plants be it grass leaves or anything it can be that a living entity which is a primary consumer can also be a secondary or tertiary consumer as grasshoppers eats grass and live on it they are primary consumers resolved questions what is the de broglie wavelength for the earth m kg can anyone help me with this i got e but that seem to be the wrong answer the de broglie wavelength h p nbsp h x nbs p n bsp p momentum m v so the explain the role of expectations surrounded by inertial inflation i am an executive blurter why you might ask does inflation have such strong inertia or momentum the answer is that most prices and wages are set with an eye to future monetary conditions when prices and wages are rising rapidly and are expected to what is the function of the vocal cords in the human body the function of...
http://isfaq.com/science/30808.html
*  Lipids as markers for trophic relationships in the polar marine food web - ePIC
... Browse. Author. Year. Platform. Organizations. Programs. Research Networks. Type. Search. Simple. Advanced. About. About. Policies. Citation Guide. Login. Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung. Imprint. Contact. OAI. RSS 2.0. EPIC.awi.de. Home. Browse. Author. Year. Platform. Organizations. Programs. Research Networks. Type. Search. Simple. Advanced. About. About. Policies. Citation Guide. Login Login. Lipids as markers for trophic relationships in the polar marine food web. Edit Item. HTML Citation ASCII Citation EndNote BibTeX MODS OpenURL ContextObject in Span MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core EndNote Simple Metadata. General Information: Citation: Kattner, G. 2006 : Lipids as markers for trophic relationships in the polar marine food web, Instituto Antártico Argentino IAA, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, 15 Nov. 2006, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Cite this page as: hdl: 10013/epic.26298 Contact Email: Gerhard.Kattner@awi.de Related Data:. Further Details: Item ...
http://epic.awi.de/16357/
*  Marine Food Web - Forams - Students - Ocean World
... Forams. Forams. Why are Forams Important. Marine Food Web Plants and animals must have organic carbon to survive. Just like humans, plants and animals in the ocean require organic carbon. Species that make their own organic carbon are called primary producers. In most parts of the ocean, primary producers are marine plants, typically algae. They live in the sunlit portions of the ocean and use energy from the sun to convert inorganic carbon into organic carbon. Marine food web for the Arctic. Phytoplankton are eaten by the zooplankton, who are in turn eaten by fish, on up to large marine mammals. Organic carbon that settles to the sea floor is usually consumed by marine organisms there. Phytoplankton, benthic plants or bacteria use energy from the sun to convert inorganic CO 2 and water to organic carbon and free oxygen. During chemosynthesis, bacteria use chemical energy stored in methane, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia rather than light energy to convert inorganic CO 2 to organic carbon. Chemosynthetic r...
http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/students/forams/forams_marine_food_web.htm
*  .. Drawing a trophic network (part 2) .. Draw a trophic network with n levels
Tagged with: trophic network. Draw a trophic network with n levels. I published a short function to draw trophic networks with several levels, with links going from level n+1 to level n only. Tagged with: trophic network. install.packages 'ReadImages' This packages provides the read.jpeg function, that we will use to read a jpeg file containing our graph :. For the first pair, we will know the x position, and for the second pair, the y position. calpoints - locator n=4,type='p',pch=4,col='blue',lwd=2 We can see the current value of the calibration points :. as.data.frame calpoints x y 1 139.66429 73.8975 2 336.38388 73.8975 3 58.72237 167.0254 4 58.72237 328.1680. data - locator type='p',pch=1,col='red',lwd=1.2,cex=1.2 After clicking all the points, you should have the following graph :. Our data are, so far :. as.data.frame data x y 1 104.8285 78.08303 2 138.6397 114.70636 3 171.4263 119.93826 4 205.2375 266.43158 5 238.0241 267.47796 6 270.8107 275.84901 7 302.5727 282.12729 8 336.3839 298.86939 9 370.1951 ...
https://rdataviz.wordpress.com/
*  Export: 6.3a - Food chains & Food webs: Interactions of Life | Quizlet
Export: 6.3a - Food chains Food webs: Interactions of Life. Quizlet. . Quizlet. . .  Create a Study Set. Log In .  Log In with Google.  Log In with Facebook. Keep me logged in. Forgot password. Log In. Forgot password. Sign Up.  Google Sign In Give us Feedback. Choose Type Question / Need Help Suggestion Bug Report Just Saying Thanks Other Comment / Feedback. 6.3a - Food chains Food webs: Interactions of Life Export. Custom. Custom. 000 000 km from Earth Glucose A simple sugar Photosynthesis carbon dioxide + water -- glucose + oxygen Autotroph An organism that produces their own food Producer Another word for autotroph Hetrotroph An organism that doesn t produce its own food Consumer Another word for heterotroph Primary Animals that eat plants are called consumers Herbivore Another word for a primary consumer Secondary Animals that eat primary consumers are called consumers Carnivore Another word for a secondary consumer Omni...
https://quizlet.com/475935/export
*  Microbial food web
... the microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbe s in aquatic environments these microbes include viruses bacteria algae heterotrophic protists such as ciliates and flagellates in aquatic environments microbes constitute the base of the food web single celled photosynthetic organisms such as diatoms and cyanobacteria are generally the most important primary producers in the open ocean many of these cells especially cyanobacteria are too small to be captured and consumed by small crustaceans and planktonic larva e instead these cells are consumed by phagotrophic protists which are readily consumed by larger organisms viruses can infect and break open bacterial cells and to a lesser extent planktonic algae a k a phytoplankton therefore viruses in the microbial food web act to reduce the population of bacteria and by lysing bacterial cells release particulate and dissolved organic carbon doc doc may also be released into the environment by algal cells one of the reasons phytopla...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microbial_food_web
*  Biomagnification
thumb|In biomagnification the concentration of the persistent toxins crosses increase higher up the food chain. Persistence – where the substance can't be broken down by environmental processes Food chain energetics – where the substance concentration increases progressively as it moves up a food chain Low or non-existent rate of internal degradation or excretion of the substance – often due to water-insolubility. Biological magnification often refers to the process whereby certain substances such as pesticides or heavy metals move up the food chain, work their way into rivers or lakes, and are eaten by aquatic organisms such as fish, which in turn are eaten by large birds, animals or humans. Bioaccumulants are substances that increase in concentration in living organisms as they take in 'contaminated air, water, or food' because the substances are very slowly metabolized or excreted. Processes Current status Substances that biomagnify Novel organic substances. 'Bioaccumulation' occurs 'within' a trophic leve...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomagnification
*  Patent US7029493 - Stent with enhanced crossability - Google Patents
US4856516 Jan 9, 1989 Aug 15, 1989 Cordis Corporation Endovascular stent apparatus and method. US5135536 Feb 5, 1991 Aug 4, 1992 Cordis Corporation Endovascular stent and method. US7794491 Jul 30, 2004 Sep 14, 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure and delivery system. US7815672 Sep 29, 2004 Oct 19, 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure. US7842078 Jul 30, 2004 Nov 30, 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure and delivery system. US7842079 Sep 29, 2004 Nov 30, 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure and delivery system. US7846196 Jul 30, 2004 Dec 7, 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure. US7887577 Jul 30, 2004 Feb 15, 2011 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterp...
http://google.com/patents/US7029493?ie=ISO-8859-1&dq=system for measuring web traffic
*  Terrestrial ecosystem
The availability of light is greater in terrestrial ecosystems tan in aquatic ecosystems because the atmosphere is more transparent in land than in water. Those gases include carbon dioxide that serves as a substrate for photosynthesis, oxygen that serves as a substrate in aerobic respiration, and nitrogen that serves as a substrate for nitrogen fixation. Terrestrial environments are segmented into a subterranean portion from which most water and ions are obtained, and an atmospheric portion from which gases are obtained and where the physical energy of light is transformed into the organic energy of carbon-carbon bonds through the process of photosynthesis. Major plant taxa in terrestrial ecosystems are members of the division ' Magnoliophyta ' flowering plants, of which there are about 275,000 species, and the division ' Pinophyta ' conifers, of which there are about 500 species. They also have traits that provide body support in the atmosphere, a much less buoyant medium than water, and other traits that r...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_ecosystem
*  Food webs aren't cute or cuddly | Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Food webs aren t cute or cuddly. Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies. Skip to main content. Search form. Search. Secondary menu. Events for Educators for Students Newsroom Make a Difference. Main menu. Home What We Do Science Program Discover Ecology Trails Campus Who We Are DONATE NOW. Newsroom. Food webs aren t cute or cuddly. Sunday, December 2, 2012 from Poughkeepsie Journal. Dr. David L. Strayer. Related. Food Webs. Everybody seems to know about food webs these days — how primary producers capture the energy of the sun, and pass it along to consumers and then on to predators — but I’m not sure that most people really understand what food webs are about. Food webs are not like the pleasant diagrams you see with cute little mice and clever foxes happily playing their roles in nature’s balance. They’re the scariest places that you can imagine. Here’s a scenario showing how food webs really work:. “It was my turn to go for groceries, which I suppose was only fair — the Thompsons had given me Brandon’s good b...
http://caryinstitute.org/newsroom/food-webs-arent-cute-or-cuddly?page=0%2525252C4%25252C2%252C4%2C4
*  Food chain hierarchy Synonyms, Food chain hierarchy Antonyms | Thesaurus.com
Food chain hierarchy Synonyms, Food chain hierarchy Antonyms. Thesaurus.com. Dictionary.com. Word of the Day Translate Games Blog. Apps. Favorites. Log Out Log In. Dictionary.com. Thesaurus.com. My Account Log Out Log In. Try Our Apps. synonyms. definitions synonyms translations. Follow @dictionarycom. follow Dictionary.com. - + My Synonyms 0. food chain hierarchy. star. see definition of food chain hierarchy.  . Font size. X Aa. Aa. Aa. Aa. Aa. show. all noun. as in food pyramid. prev next. RDA. Relevance. Relevance ranks synonyms and suggests the best matches based on how closely a synonym’s sense matches the sense you selected. A-Z. Complexity. Complexity sorts synonyms based on their difficulty. Adjust it higher to choose from words that are more complex. - + Length. Length ranks your synonyms based on character count. - + lists blocks. Common. Common words appear frequently in written and spoken language across many genres from radio to academic journals. Informal. Informal words should be reserved f...
http://thesaurus.com/browse/food chain hierarchy
*  Advection Dispersion Model
... Advection-Dispersion Model. In order to study the impact of organic matter and nutrient loading on food web dynamics, a 1-D, tidally averaged, advection-dispersion model was developed. D x, t is dispersion coefficient m 2 d -1. Dispersion Coefficient and Area The dispersion coefficient as a function of location and river discharge has been estimated in the Parker River-Plum Island Sound Estuary, MA, from both dye studies and salinity transects. Parameters in a function used to model the dispersion coefficient were then adjusted so that the dye distribution was accurately reproduced by the advection-dispersion model. Under steady state conditions, the dispersion coefficient can be estimated from the following equation. salt and q t is volumetric flow rate. Consequently, the dispersion coefficient can be estimated from salinity profiles. From salinity profiles during different river discharge regimes, we have obtained the following equation to describe dispersion m 2 s -1 in the Plum Island Estuary see fig...
http://eco37.mbl.edu/adv_disp.htm
*  Pascual Lab Research
Research in my lab is primarily on infectious diseases whose dynamics are environmentally driven, such as cholera and malaria, for example on the role of climate variability and climate change. We are also interested in the interplay of ecological and evolutionary dynamics in infectious diseases, and the related questions of the origin and consequences of pathogen diversity. A second main theme in the lab is on ecological networks of species interactions, known as food webs. In food webs, the nodes are the species and the links represent interactions between species. We are exploring patterns in the structure of these large networks, as well as models that can generate these structures and help us understand their biological basis. We are interested in the relationship between structure and dynamics in food webs, with the goal of better understanding what underlies the stability of ecological communities. Both infectious diseases and food webs are examples of complex ecological systems. They are both systems ...
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pascual/research.html
*  Bacteria in the Food Chain
... Over the last century many changes to methods of food production have taken place. Bacteria, microscopic in size, are vital participants in the process of food through the chain from soil to plants to the consuming animals and back to the soil. Over some decades of practice the changes in food production have had the effect of decreasing the populations of beneficial bacteria in our food supply and producing new strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. And frequently, bacteria will gain a defense against an antibiotic by taking up resistance genes from other bacterial cells in the vicinity. Scientific American Changes that have affected bacteria in the human food chain:. Bacteria need dead organic matter to live and multiply and they travel through the food chain to us from the soil so if the soil is depleted this continues up the food chain. Plants: In agriculture, antibiotics are applied as aerosols to acres of fruit trees, for controlling or preventing bacterial infections. Antibiotics in the Food Ch...
http://grainfieldsaustralia.com/US/lactobacillus_research/lactobacillus_food_chain.shtml
*  Patente US8128679 - Flexible stent with torque-absorbing connectors - Google Patentes
US4776337 26 Jun 1986 11 Oct 1988 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft. US5102417 28 Mar 1988 7 Abr 1992 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft. US5723003 16 Ene 1996 3 Mar 1998 Ultrasonic Sensing And Monitoring Systems Expandable graft assembly and method of use. US6190403 13 Nov 1998 20 Feb 2001 Cordis Corporation Low profile radiopaque stent with increased longitudinal flexibility and radial rigidity. US6273913 16 Abr 1998 14 Ago 2001 Cordis Corporation Modified stent useful for delivery of drugs along stent strut. US20040193250 22 Dic 2003 30 Sep 2004 Jomed Gmbh Methods and apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure. US20050004650 30 Jul 2004 6 Ene 2005 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Methods and apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure and delivery system. US20050004651...
http://google.es/patents/US8128679?dq=flatulence
*  Detritivore
'Detritivores', also known as 'detritophages', 'detritus feeders', 'detritus eaters', or 'saprophages', are heterotroph s that obtain nutrient s by consuming detritus decomposing plant and animal parts as well as feces. They should be distinguished from other decomposer s, such as many species of bacteria, fungi and protist s, which are unable to ingest discrete lumps of matter, but instead live by absorbing and metabolizing on a molecular scale saprotrophic nutrition. However, the terms 'detritivore' and 'decomposer' are often used interchangeably. They can live on any soil with an organic component, including marine ecosystems, where they are termed interchangeably with bottom feeder s. Scavenger s are typically not thought to be detritivores, as they generally eat large quantities of organic matter, but both detritivores and scavengers are specific cases of consumer-resource systems. The eating of wood, whether live or dead, is known as xylophagy. Τhe activity of animals feeding only on dead wood is called...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detritivore
*  Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
. Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. Skip to main content. Other Publications. Philosophical Transactions B Proceedings B Biology Letters Open Biology Philosophical Transactions A Proceedings A Royal Society Open Science Interface Interface Focus Notes and Records Biographical Memoirs. Search for this keyword. Advanced. Home Content. Latest issue All content Subject collections Special features Podcasts Information for. Authors Reviewers Readers Institutions The media About us. About the journal Editorial board Author benefits Policies Citation metrics Publication times Open access Sign up. Subscribe eTOC alerts Keyword alerts RSS feeds Newsletters Submit. Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone Hendrik J. T Hoving, Bruce H. Robison Published 11 October 2012. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1357. Hendrik J. T Hoving Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA Find this author on Google Schol...
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/279/1747/4559.short
*  ANSTO Publications Online: Browsing APO
... Publications Online. Search APO. Advanced Search. ANSTO Publications Online. Browsing by Author Saintilan, N. Showing results 7 to 19 of 19 previous. Issue Date Title Author s 30-Oct-2010 Effect of acidification on elemental and isotopic compositions of sediment organic matter and macro-invertebrate muscle tissues in food web research. Mazumder, D ; Iles, J ; Kelleway, J ; Kobayashi, T ; Knowles, L ; Saintilan, N ; Hollins, S. 11-May-2010 Environmental flow water and aquatic consumer food web structure: temporal aspects. Iles, J ; Kobayashi, T ; Knowles, L ; Saintilan, N ; Mazumder, D. 28-May-2010 Fine-scale variability in the dietary sources of grazing invertebrates in a temperate Australian saltmarsh. Saintilan, N ; Mazumder, D. 9-Aug-2010 Food webs in freshwater floodplain wetlands inundated with environmental flows during drought conditions. Mazumder, D ; Johansen, M ; Saintilan, N ; Iles, J ; Knowles, L ; Kobayashi, T ; Wen, L. Iles, J ; Kelleway, J ; Kobayashi, T ; Mazumder, D ; Knowles, L ; Pridde...
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Saintilan, N&starts_with=E
*  In the Water Under the Sea: The UnderWater Food Chain
... skip to main. skip to sidebar. In the Water Under the Sea. THIS IS AN ECOLOGY BLOG!!. The Underwater Food Web. Monday, April 26, 2010. The UnderWater Food Chain. Two Examples of a UnderWater food chain. Algae ---> Sea Urchin ---> Sea Otter ---> Bacteria Plankton ---> Shrimp ---> Harp Seal ---> fungi. The very beginning Energy Source Right before the producer, comes something else. Yet, it provides energy for the producer. The one thing that gives to producers also known as the sun. You may not have known, but the sun is very inportant when it comes to food webs. If there were no sun, there would probably be no producer and it would DEFINATELY ruin the food chain. But, right after the energy source, the sun, are the producers who starts it all. It provides one of the most important things in order for the producer to stay independent and stay on its own. Producer Start It All Producers are very independent, and a very important part of the food chain. As part of a food chain or food web, the producer take...
http://puffyblowfish.blogspot.com/2010/04/underwater-food-chain.html
*  Patente US4743252 - Composite grafts - Google Patentes
US7198675 30 Sep 2003 3 Abr 2007 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems Stent mandrel fixture and method for selectively coating surfaces of a stent. US7815763 19 Dic 2005 19 Oct 2010 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Porous membranes for medical implants and methods of manufacture. US7887577 30 Jul 2004 15 Feb 2011 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure. US8303645 3 Sep 2010 6 Nov 2012 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Methods and apparatus for a stent having an expandable web structure. US20040131755 * 15 Dic 2003 8 Jul 2004 Sheng-Ping Zhong Coating dispensing system and method using a solenoid head for coating medical devices. US20050004658 * 30 Jul 2004 6 Ene 2005 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Methods and apparatus for a drug-coated stent having an expandable web structure. US20050004662 * 30 Jul 2004 6 Ene 2005 Abbott Laboratories Vascular Enterprises Limited Methods and apparatus for a drug-coate...
http://google.es/patents/US4743252?dq=flatulence
*  The Coming Starvation in America [Archive] - Club Conspiracy Forums
Wickstrom Antechamber.net 10-3-5 The government of the United States, by Law was to always maintain a three year mixed- grain survival storage for every man, woman, and child in the United States. Remember, there was enough grain in storage, paid for by the American tax-payer, to last the masses inside the United States for three full years, if need be. claimed that there was enough food in ware-house storage to last every man, woman and child in the cities a 3 day supply and a 5 day supply for every man, woman, and child in the countryside, should a great national emergency occur. stopped measuring for days in reserve of food for every man, woman, and child in the United States because the amount of food in storage in the United States dropped under a 1 day food supply for every man, woman, and child in the United States. started to measure in individual pounds as to how much food was in the food-chain per person in the United States as per 300 million people. In 2003, there was 77 pounds of food per person ...
http://clubconspiracy.com/forum/archive/index.php/t-1580.html
*  Bradford Science Center: Flow of Matter and ENERGY Photosynthesis-7TH GRADE
... Flow of Matter and ENERGY Photosynthesis-7TH GRADE. c Investigate and describe the processes that enable plants to use the energy from light to make sugars food from carbon dioxide and water. Carbon cycle Nitrogen cycle Food chains and food webs. Assignment=Please copy this graphic organizer and complete it in your journal from the reading above. As animals breathe in oxygen they release carbon dioxide into the air. Assignment=Please copy this graphic organizer and complete it in your journal from the reading above. Nitrogen cycle. Assignment=Please copy this graphic organizer and complete it in your journal from the reading above. Assignment=Please explain in your journal what soil respiration is. Assignment=Please copy this graphic organizer and complete it in your journal from the reading abov e. Assignment= Explain in your journal how nitrogen is fixed by soil bacteria. Understanding the Food Chain/ Food Web Food Chains/ Food Webs are what. Food Web. Food Chain. A ssignment=Please copy this graphic o...
http://bradfordsciencecenter.blogspot.com/2011/02/flow-of-matter-and-energy.html
*  .. The 100 Most Cited NCEAS Publications
Ecosystem function, services, and threats to functions/services: fishing, agriculture, invasive species effects, substantial focus on marine systems, drivers of primary production, frag- mentation effects, disturbance regimes and consequences. Nature, 387 6630 , 253-260. Ecography, 22 1 , 5-12. Bioscience, 50 7 , 571-584. Journal of Ecology, 90 3 , 480-494. Nature, 418 6898 , 671-677. Quarterly Review of Biology, 78 4 , 419-433. Trends in Ecology Evolution, 19 1 , 46-53. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42 2 , 208-217. Bioscience, 56 12 , 987-996. 2007 Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 10 12 , 1135-1142. 1999 The relationship between productivity and species richness. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 30, 257-300. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 343-366. Ecology, 82 9 , 2381-2396. 2001 Scale and species richness: towards a general, hierarchical theory of species diversity. Ecology, 84 1...
http://treas.nceas.ucsb.edu/gen-info/the-100-most-cited-nceas-publications/
*  .. Home
home bob sanders is an ecologist who studies planktonic organisms in marine and fresh waters â his research emphasis is on protists algae and protozoa and their trophic interactions â he has received research funding to study feeding ecology and remineralization of nutrients by protists the ecological importance and physiology of mixotrophic phytoplankton and ciliates the utilization of protozoa as food sources for zooplankton the bioavailability of dissolved organic nitrogen don the role of don doc in eutrophication and the effects of cdom and ultraviolet radiation onâ food web structure â he has interests in the ecology of protists from polar regions and has had nsf funding to investigate mixotrophy and kleptoplasty in the southern ocean other research conducted in the lab has involved pcbs in saltwater terrapins algal symbionts of salamanders during development and the effect of temperature and ph changes on the symbiotic relationship between dinoflagellates and marine hydroids a short cv...
http://sites.temple.edu/bobsanders/
*  ANSTO Publications Online: Browsing APO
... Publications Online. Search APO. Advanced Search. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My APO authorized users. Edit Profile. About DSpace. ANSTO Publications Online. Browsing by Author Saintilan, N. or enter first few letters:. Sort by: submit date issue date title In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 12 to 19 of 19 previous. Issue Date Title Author s 11-May-2010 Isotopic and modelling studies of food web structure in wet and dry conditions, Yanga wetlands NSW, Australia. Mazumder, D ; Johansen, M ; Saintilan, N ; Iles, J ; Knowles, L ; Kobayashi, Y ; Wen, L. Saintilan, N ; Hossain, K ; Mazumder, D. 1-May-2011 Longitudinal spatial variation in ecological conditions in an in-channel floodplain river system during flow pulses Kobayashi, T ; Ryder, DS ; Ralph, TJ ; Mazumder, D ; Saintilan, N ; Iles, J ; Kno...
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/browse?type=author&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=Saintilan, N&starts_with=I
*  .. Tag Archives: trophic cascade .. Biotic simplification and ecological reorganization .. Eliminat
Tag Archives: trophic cascade Regime Shifts, Reorganization Biotic simplification and ecological reorganization September 21, 2011. Garry Peterson. Leave a comment. From a powerful review paper in Science on the Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth DOI: 10.1126/science.1205106 James A. Estes and many other ecological stars documents the strong role of apex consumers i.e. big herbivores like elephants and top predators e.g. wolves. Fig. 4 Examples of the indirect effects of apex consumers and top-down forcing on diverse ecosystem processes, including wildfires 30 ; disease 35 ; composition of atmosphere 37, soil 47, and fresh water 49 ; invadability by exotic species 55 ; and species diversity 60. Interaction web linkages by which these processes are connected to apex consumers are shown in the center. Magnitude of effect is shown in graphs on right. Blue bars are data from systems containing the apex consumer;brown bars are data from systems lacking the apex consumer. Data replotted from original sources cited...
http://rs.resalliance.org/tag/trophic-cascade/
*  Human Activity
... These notes will be updated this summer. MCQ. Bookmarks. Account. About. Logout. Home. Unit 1. Unit 2. Module 5. Module 7. Resources. Forum. Contact Us. BYA5 SECTION 14.10 Human activity can impose far-reaching effects on an ecosystem. There is a potential conflict of interest between production and conservation. Deforestation. Clearing of forests for agriculture or buildings; cleared areas may be mined for mineral ores; timber obtained may be used for paper, charcoal, furniture, building material Reduces transpiration, rainfall, humidity Increases risk of fire. Increases velocity of rain reaching the soil Soil erosion / leaching of ions. Reduces biodiversity More extreme environment / abiotic factors increase / unstable ecosystem Change in micro climate / levels of light / temp / humidity Loss of niches/habitats and complex food webs Animals move away/higher death rate/extinction. Lower biomass and productivity per hectare. Effect on Nitrogen Cycle. Growth in human population is increasing the demand fo...
http://biologyguide.net/bya5/bya5-14-10.htm
*  Filzbach - Microsoft Research
... Filzbach was developed by Drew Purves and Vassily Lyutsarev, within the Computational Science Lab at Microsoft Research, Cambridge. Drew Purves. Smith, Inferring the temperature dependence of population parameters: the effects of experimental design and inference algorithm, in Ecology and Evolution, 1 October 2014. Mark C Vanderwel, Vassily S Lyutsarev, and Drew W Purves, Climate-related variation in mortality and recruitment determine regional forest-type distributions, in Global Ecology and Biogeography, Wiley, 4 June 2013. Mark C Vanderwel, David A Coomes, and Drew W Purves, Quantifying variation in forest disturbance, and its effects on aboveground biomass dynamics, across the eastern United States, in Global Change Biology, Wiley, January 2013. Vanderwel, Vassily Lyutsarev, Stephen Emmott, and Drew W. Purves, How stand productivity results from size- and competition-dependent growth and mortality, in PLoS ONE, vol. e1002144, PLoS, 13 October 2011. Timothy Paine, Toby R Marthews, Deborah R Vogt, Drew...
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/filzbach/
*  Decomposer
'Decomposers' are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so they carry out the natural process of decomposition. Like herbivores and predator s, decomposers are heterotrophic, meaning that they use organic substrates to get their energy, carbon and nutrients for growth and development. While the terms decomposer and detritivore are often interchangeably used, however, detritivores must digest dead matter via internal processes while decomposers can break down cells of other organisms using biochemical reactions without need for internal digestion. Thus, invertebrates such as earthworms, woodlice, and sea cucumbers are detritivores, not decomposers, in the technical sense, since they must ingest nutrients and are unable to absorb them externally. Bacteria Fungi See also References. Bacteria. Bacteria. Bacteria are important decomposers; they are widely distributed and can break down just about any type of organic matter. 1 and the bacteria on Earth may form a biomass that exceeds th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposer
*  Trophic
... from ancient greek τροφικός trophikos pertaining to food or nourishment may refer to in ecology trophic cascade trophic dynamics trophic egg trophic level trophic level index trophic mutualism trophic network trophic pyramid trophic state index trophic species trophic web in mathematics trophic function in medicine and physiology trophic factor trophic hormone trophic ulcer see also tropic disambiguation...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trophic
*  Articles Added on November 29, 2012
Our aim was to compare growth and infection rate between these two treatment strategies. Food allergy prevalence: new possibilities for therapy and prevention. Food allergy is an important clinical problem of increasing prevalence worldwide. Immunoglobulin E IgE -mediated allergic responses are the most widely recognized form of food allergy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 expression in fibrotic lesion in mdx mice. Free-breathing dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI of the abdomen and chest using a radial ... High molecular weight MW -glucan is associated with high solution viscosity, which is in turn associated with lower glycemic responses. Objective The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of fluconazole use in an adult intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab has been recently approved for clinical use to treat HER2-expressing advanced gastric cancer, and anti-HER2-targeting therapy has become a promising option for gastric cancer. E...
http://biomedsearch.com/added/20121129-p11.html
*  Primary producers
... image the leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants primary producers are organisms in an ecosystem that produce biomass from inorganic compounds autotroph s in almost all cases these are photosynthetically active organisms plants cyanobacteria and a number of other unicellular organisms see article on photosynthesis however there are examples of archea unicellular organisms that produce biomass from the oxidation of inorganic chemical compounds chemoautotroph s in hydrothermal vent s in the deep ocean fungi and other organisms that gain their biomass from oxidizing organic materials are called decomposer s and are not primary producers however lichens located in tundra climates are an exceptional example of a primary producer that by mutualistic symbiosis combine photosynthesis by algae or additionally nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria with the protection of a decomposer fungus see also primary production references external links category ecosystems...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_producers
*  nschmitt | Quizlet
nschmitt. Quizlet. . Quizlet. . .  Create a Study Set. Log In .  Log In with Google.  Log In with Facebook. or. Keep me logged in. Forgot password. Log In. Forgot password. Sign Up.  Google Sign In Give us Feedback. If you re having trouble, want to report a bug, provide a suggestion, or just want to say hello please fill out the form below. Choose Type Question / Need Help Suggestion Bug Report Just Saying Thanks Other Comment / Feedback. What is your email. What is 1 + 3. Send Message. nschmitt. Terms Entered 1,151 terms. Signed Up 7 years ago. Created. Studied. Folders. Classes. nschmitt has created 46 sets.  Latest Alphabetical. Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads. . In March 2015. Genetics 16 terms . by nschmitt. Sexual Asexual Reproduction Prep Sheet 15 terms. by nschmitt. Genetics Prep Sheet 14 terms. by nschmitt. In February 2015. emt final 197 terms. by nschmitt. EMT MOD5 - Chapter 19 Respiratory Emergencies 42 terms. by ...
https://quizlet.com/nschmitt
*  Now Foods Supplements product listing - Shop lowest prices for Brand Supplements
Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Brand > Now Foods > Supplements Supplements Alphabetical Product List 7-Keto 100 Mg by Now Foods 7-Keto 25 Mg by Now Foods Acacia Fiber by Now Foods Acai Powder Organic by Now Foods Aloe Vera Gels by Now Foods Amino Complete by Now Foods Artichoke Extract 450 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 10 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 4 Mg by Now Foods Beef Gelatin Hydrolyzed 550 Mg by Now Foods Beta Sitosterol Plant Sterols by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 100% Pure Powder by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 750 Mg by Now Foods Biotin 5,000 Mcg by Now Foods Blood Pressure Health by Now Foods Brain Elevate by Now Foods Brewer's Yeast 650 Mg by Now Foods Calcium Hydroxyapatite Caps by Now Foods Caprylic Acid 600 Mg by Now Foods Coconut Oil Virgin 1,000 Mg by Now Foods CoQ10 100 Mg with Hawthorn by Now Foods CoQ10 60 Mg with Omega-3 Fish Oil by Now Foods Curcumin Phytosome by Now Foods Cycle Comfort by Now Foods DHA-500 by Now Foods D-Mannose Powder by Now Foods Dopa Mucuna by Now Foods Elderberry Liquid 500 Mg by No...
http://nutritionexpress.com/now foods/supplements
*  Now Foods Supplements product listing - Shop lowest prices for Brand Supplements
Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Brand > Now Foods > Supplements Supplements Alphabetical Product List 7-Keto 100 Mg by Now Foods 7-Keto 25 Mg by Now Foods Acacia Fiber by Now Foods Acai Powder Organic by Now Foods Aloe Vera Gels by Now Foods Amino Complete by Now Foods Artichoke Extract 450 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 10 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 4 Mg by Now Foods Beef Gelatin Hydrolyzed 550 Mg by Now Foods Beta Sitosterol Plant Sterols by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 100% Pure Powder by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 750 Mg by Now Foods Biotin 5,000 Mcg by Now Foods Blood Pressure Health by Now Foods Brain Elevate by Now Foods Brewer's Yeast 650 Mg by Now Foods Calcium Hydroxyapatite Caps by Now Foods Caprylic Acid 600 Mg by Now Foods Coconut Oil Virgin 1,000 Mg by Now Foods CoQ10 100 Mg with Hawthorn by Now Foods CoQ10 60 Mg with Omega-3 Fish Oil by Now Foods Curcumin Phytosome by Now Foods Cycle Comfort by Now Foods DHA-500 by Now Foods D-Mannose Powder by Now Foods Dopa Mucuna by Now Foods Elderberry Liquid 500 Mg by No...
http://nutritionexpress.com/now foods/supplements/now coq10 100 mg with hawthorn 90 capsules.aspx
*  Now Foods Supplements product listing - Shop lowest prices for Brand Supplements
Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Brand > Now Foods > Supplements Supplements Alphabetical Product List 7-Keto 100 Mg by Now Foods 7-Keto 25 Mg by Now Foods Acacia Fiber by Now Foods Acai Powder Organic by Now Foods Aloe Vera Gels by Now Foods Amino Complete by Now Foods Artichoke Extract 450 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 10 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 4 Mg by Now Foods Beef Gelatin Hydrolyzed 550 Mg by Now Foods Beta Sitosterol Plant Sterols by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 100% Pure Powder by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 750 Mg by Now Foods Biotin 5,000 Mcg by Now Foods Blood Pressure Health by Now Foods Brain Elevate by Now Foods Brewer's Yeast 650 Mg by Now Foods Calcium Hydroxyapatite Caps by Now Foods Caprylic Acid 600 Mg by Now Foods Coconut Oil Virgin 1,000 Mg by Now Foods CoQ10 100 Mg with Hawthorn by Now Foods CoQ10 60 Mg with Omega-3 Fish Oil by Now Foods Curcumin Phytosome by Now Foods Cycle Comfort by Now Foods DHA-500 by Now Foods D-Mannose Powder by Now Foods Dopa Mucuna by Now Foods Elderberry Liquid 500 Mg by No...
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*  Now Foods Supplements product listing - Shop lowest prices for Brand Supplements
Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Brand > Now Foods > Supplements Supplements Alphabetical Product List 7-Keto 100 Mg by Now Foods 7-Keto 25 Mg by Now Foods Acacia Fiber by Now Foods Acai Powder Organic by Now Foods Aloe Vera Gels by Now Foods Amino Complete by Now Foods Artichoke Extract 450 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 10 Mg by Now Foods Astaxanthin 4 Mg by Now Foods Beef Gelatin Hydrolyzed 550 Mg by Now Foods Beta Sitosterol Plant Sterols by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 100% Pure Powder by Now Foods Beta-Alanine 750 Mg by Now Foods Biotin 5,000 Mcg by Now Foods Blood Pressure Health by Now Foods Brain Elevate by Now Foods Brewer's Yeast 650 Mg by Now Foods Calcium Hydroxyapatite Caps by Now Foods Caprylic Acid 600 Mg by Now Foods Coconut Oil Virgin 1,000 Mg by Now Foods CoQ10 100 Mg with Hawthorn by Now Foods CoQ10 60 Mg with Omega-3 Fish Oil by Now Foods Curcumin Phytosome by Now Foods Cycle Comfort by Now Foods DHA-500 by Now Foods D-Mannose Powder by Now Foods Dopa Mucuna by Now Foods Elderberry Liquid 500 Mg by No...
http://nutritionexpress.com/now foods/supplements/now gaba 500 mg 100 capsules.aspx
*  Top Paw® Pet Food Can Cover | Storage & Scoops | PetSmart
Top Paw® Pet Food Can Cover. Storage & Scoops. PetSmart. shop. PetPerks. Store Locator. Welcome to PetSmart. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Supplies Training. Bowls Feeders. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Toys. Featured Shops. New Puppy Center. Featured Shops. Halloween Shop. Food Center. Puppy Center. Sale. Dog. Cat. Cat. View all. Food Health. Food. Supplies Training. Bowls Feeders. Books. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Toys. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Halloween Shop. Food Center. Sale. Fish. Fish. View all. Food Care. Food. Saltwater Aquarium Care. Water Care Conditioning. Supplies. Books. Free Shipping on Orders of $49+ or Free Store Pickup where available Learn more. Make sure your dog's or cat's canned food remains fresh with this can cover. Seal and store your pet's food to keep it fresh longer with the Top Paw Pet Food Can Cover. The cover is made from silicone for durability, and is sized to fit 3 different can sizes to ensure your dog's or cat'...
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*  Prison Planet.com » Ethanol Mandates Plague Developing Countries With Rising Food Prices
Prison Planet.com Ethanol Mandates Plague Developing Countries With Rising Food Prices. Home Alex Jones Radio Show Listening Info. Social Alex Jones Twitter. Alex Jones Facebook. News Science And Technology Ethanol Mandates Plague Developing Countries With Rising Food Prices. oil production, prompted by government mandates that require the use of biofuel in gasoline, is escalating the price of corn while plaguing poor countries with rising food prices. Critics worldwide are now questioning the federal government’s ethanol mandates, as the use of American-produced corn for biofuel has added more than $6.5 billion to the food import bills of developing countries, particularly in North Africa and Central America. Corn Ethanol Expansion, indicates that federal requirements that mandate the inclusion of ethanol in gasoline have imposed a significant burden on corn-importing countries. Higher corn prices have had a direct impact on the food-import bills of developing countries, many of which have become heavily dep...
http://prisonplanet.com/ethanol-mandates-plague-developing-countries-with-rising-food-prices.html
*  “What Do Rising Food Prices Mean?” | DipNote
“What Do Rising Food Prices Mean?”. Menu toggle. Search toggle. Search toggle. Search. Stories. Socials. “What Do Rising Food Prices Mean?”. February 23, 2011. Hormats serves as Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs. The United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization released figures this month showing that global food prices have risen 41 percent since June, primarily due to a combination of bad weather and an increase in global demand. In response to that crisis, the international community, led by the G-8, committed to increase focus on food security and reverse the decade-long decline in assistance for agricultural development. Global food security is a top priority for the United States. We are closely watching food prices and their impact on the poor, we are coordinating closely with other governments and international organizations, and we are taking steps to achieve long-term sustainable solutions to food insecurity. World food prices have been increasing over the ...
http://blogs.state.gov/stories/2011/02/23/what-do-rising-food-prices-mean?page=0,1632
*  Changes in food expenditures, 1969--73: findings from the retirement history study.
... BioMedSearch. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Document Detail. Changes in food expenditures, 1969--73: findings from the retirement history study. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 684554 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. From 1969 to 1973, average expenditures for food at home reported by Retirement History Study respondents increased by almost the same proportion--30 percent--as did the food component of the consumer price index. Changes in these expenditures were not very responsive to changes in income, but income had greater power in explaining total food expenditures. The analysis was based largely on a regression technique that identifies the factors most important in explaining the variation in food expenditures. Size of household was the most important predictor of both the total level of household food expenditures and the per person level. With size of household and income taken into account, a number of socioeconomic variables--including race, sex, age, morale, healt...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Changes-in-food-expenditures-1969/684554.html
*  Whisker City® Pet Food Can Cover | Storage & Scoops | PetSmart
Whisker City® Pet Food Can Cover. PetSmart. PetPerks. Store Locator. Welcome to PetSmart. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Supplies Training. Bowls Feeders. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Featured Shops. New Puppy Center. Featured Shops. Food Center. Puppy Center. Sale. Dog. Cat. Cat. View all. Food Health. Food. Supplies Training. Bowls Feeders. Books. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. Fish. Fish. View all. Food Care. Food. Water Care Conditioning. Supplies. Books. Free Shipping on Orders of $49+ or Free Store Pickup where available Learn more. Delivery of Your Item s The delivery date of your order depends on when the order leaves our warehouse, the destination address for the item and the shipping method. An Estimated Delivery Date is a calculation of several factors, including item availability, processing time in our warehouse, the shipping method you select and the shipping destination. Make sure your pet's ...
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*  NunatsiaqOnline 2013-03-04: COMMENTARY: What really happened to food costs under Nutrition North?
NunatsiaqOnline 2013-03-04: COMMENTARY: What really happened to food costs under Nutrition North. COMMENTARY: Around the Arctic March 04, 2013 - 8:00 am What really happened to food costs under Nutrition North. "Cheerleaders for this program have been using smoke and mirrors in the way food cost information is collected" SPECIAL TO NUNATSIAQ NEWS This graph shows that by September 2011, the cost of a revised northern food basket had spiked dramatically. By September 2012, the cost fell to a level comparable to 2010, but only because AAND pumped more money into the program and raised subsidies to a point that exceeded those used in the food mail program. FRED HILL AND MICHAEL FITZGERALD In May 2010, the Government of Canada announced that the Food Mail Program would be replaced by Nutrition North Canada and that the new program would make healthy food more accessible and affordable to Canadians living in isolated Northern communities. Since late 2011, claims that Nutrition North Canada subsidies are reducing t...
http://nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674what_really_happened_to_food_costs_under_nutrition_north/
*  GSFA Online Food Categories
... GSFA Online. Food Categories. The Codex GSFA's food category system is hierarchical and applies to all foodstuffs, including those in which no food additives are permitted. The system includes a description of the foods covered by each food category, as well as relevant food additive provisions. Click on a category below to view its description and relevant food additive provisions. Food categories marked with this symbol may contain one or more subcategories listed in the Annex to Table 3. Table 3 provisions therefore apply only to some, but not all of the subcategories of the indicated category. Table 3 provisions do not apply to categories marked with this symbol as they are listed in the Annex to Table 3. Expand All - Click to show the entire food category hierarchy on one page for printing or online reference. Click + to expand the list and view foods under a category. Food Category. Dairy products and analogues, excluding products of category 02.0. Cereals and cereal products, derived from cereal g...
http://codexalimentarius.net/gsfaonline/foods/index.html?id=181
*  Sinus and Food: How Food Can Affect the Sinuses
... Site Map. About. mysinustory.com. Sinus Congestion. Pressure Relief. Colds Flu. Mucus Color. Mucus Color. Green Mucus. Yellow Mucus. Sinus and Food: How Food Can Affect the Sinuses. H aving sinus pressure, drainage or just plain excessive mucus. Have you wonder how some of the foods you eat may be impacting your sinus issues. These are questions many people have been asking which deserve an answer. Mucus and Food There is such thing as a "good kind of mucus." It is produced to help our respiratory organs carry on their work efficiently. This kind of mucus is being produced all the time by the membranes lining the sinus cavity. Yet when it becomes excessive it is annoying and we wish to do something about it. At this point some begin to think about the possible connection between mucus and food. From the outset we can say: The connection is more real and verifiable than many realize. The excessive mucus can irritate the sinus cavity and nasal cavity and cause infection in those organs' membranes, especial...
http://mysinustory.com/sinusandfood.html
*  GSFA Online Food Categories
... GSFA Online. Updated up to the 38 th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission 2015. Food Categories. The Codex GSFA's food category system is hierarchical and applies to all foodstuffs, including those in which no food additives are permitted. The system includes a description of the foods covered by each food category, as well as relevant food additive provisions. The food categories are not intended for labeling purposes. Click on a category below to view its description and relevant food additive provisions. Food categories marked with this symbol may contain one or more subcategories listed in the Annex to Table 3. Table 3 provisions therefore apply only to some, but not all of the subcategories of the indicated category. Table 3 provisions do not apply to categories marked with this symbol as they are listed in the Annex to Table 3. Expand All - Click to show the entire food category hierarchy on one page for printing or online reference. Complete list may take a while to download on slower conn...
http://codexalimentarius.net/gsfaonline/foods/index.html?id=51&collapse=59
*  John Lott's Website: New Op-ed up at Fox News: Ethanol Mandates Cause Rising Food Prices
... John Lott's Website. Welcome. Follow me on twitter at @johnrlottjr. Please e-mail questions to johnrlott@crimeresearch.org. 4/28/2008 New Op-ed up at Fox News: Ethanol Mandates Cause Rising Food Prices. You can read the new piece here : Food prices are rising worldwide. Some nations, such as Egypt and Cameroon, are facing riots as the prices for basic food stuffs rise. Other countries from India to Cambodia have banned food exports to try and keep prices low and reduce voter anger. In the U.S., the Wall Street Journal last week gave advice normally associated with survivalists warning about the end of civilization. Readers were warned to start hoarding non-perishables "Dried pasta, rice, cereals, and cans of everything from tuna fish to fruit and vegetables". But in case anyone missed the seriousness of the message, the Journal went so far as to give the extra advice that: "You should also save money by buying them in bulk." Not all food prices are soaring, however. Food and beverages as a group aren’t r...
http://johnrlott.blogspot.com/2008/04/new-op-ed-up-at-fox-news-ethanol.html
*  Retail food prices rise in first quarter of 2008 | [primary-term] content from Delta Farm Press
Retail food prices rise in first quarter of 2008. Home Cotton Soybeans Corn Rice Wheat Peanuts Livestock Markets Government Management Equipment Weather. Home > Retail food prices rise in first quarter of 2008 Retail food prices rise in first quarter of 2008 Apr 1, 2008 Delta Farm Press. retail food prices at the supermarket increased in the first quarter of 2008, according to the latest American Farm Bureau Federation Market Basket Survey. A 5-pound bag of flour showed the largest retail price increase, up 69 cents to $2.39. Other items that increased in price were: cheddar cheese, up 61 cents to $4.71 per pound; corn oil, up 58 cents to $3.01 per 32-ounce bottle; a dozen large eggs, up 55 cents to $2.16; vegetable oil, up 38 cents to $2.63 per 32-ounce bottle; mayonnaise, up 22 cents to $3.14 for a 32-ounce jar; Russet potatoes, up 18 cents to $2.47 for a 5-pound bag; a 20-ounce loaf of white bread, up 16 cents to $1.78; apples, up 13 cents to $1.40 per pound; whole fryer chickens, up 9 cents to $1.37 p...
http://deltafarmpress.com/retail-food-prices-rise-first-quarter-2008
*  .. Food Pyramid Illustrates How Foods Rise In Toxicity As They Become More Processed .. Udo’s Cho
Food Pyramid Illustrates How Foods Rise In Toxicity As They Become More Processed By Waking Times September 13, 2013. Food Pyramid Illustrates How Foods Rise In Toxicity As They Become More Processed. Mae Chan, Prevent Disease Waking Times. A food processing pyramid designed by Udo Erasmus perfectly illustrates how processed foods rise in toxicity and potential health dangers as we move from the bottom, based on raw foods, to the top of the pyramid based on hydrogenated, superheated toxic foods which promote disease. Approximately 70% of all calories in the western diet come from a combination of the following four foods: wheat, dairy, soy  and corn  – assuming, that is, we exclude calories from sugar. Then there’s dairy. Actually, with the exception of sugar, soy and wheat are the two most destructive nutrients affecting weight and health in the entire world. As we move away from raw foods and progress to ultra processed foods, shelf life increases and so does disease. 1st Level – RAW FOODS. The base ...
http://wakingtimes.com/2013/09/13/food-pyramid-illustrates-foods-rise-toxicity-become-processed/
*  Buy NOW Foods Food Products and Save | Page 3
Buy NOW Foods Food Products and Save. Favorites. Help. web vitamins. Live Healthy. Look Healthy. Free Shipping over $49.*. 1 800 919 9122 Live Chat. Since 1997 Brand Index :. All Products. Vitamins. Supplements. Targeted Formulas. Health & Personal Care. Diet, Nutritional Foods & Exercise. Teas & Accessories. Herbs. Children's Products. Baby Care. Homeopathy. Pet Products. My Favorites. Sign up for health news and exclusive discounts. Your cart is empty. - full-screen cart -. Customer Reviews. Featured Brands Nature's Way. Country Life. Ortho Molecular Products. Jarrow Formulas. Born Free. NOW Foods. Montague's Brands. Category. Diet, Nutritional Foods & Exercise 131. Health & Personal Care 2. Herbs 3. Targeted Formulas 5. Vitamins & Supplements 9. Brand. NOW Foods 4. NOW Foods Food Products 167. Bag 54. Food 131. Powder 26. Syrup 4. Tablet 1. VegiCap 1. Dietary Need. Dairy Free 6. Gluten Free 35. Kosher 22. Organic 21. Vegetarian 47. . NOW Foods Food Products In:. All Products. Order By Product Name Brand Na...
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*  Types of food poisoning - A guide to Food poisoning
... Types of food poisoning. Food poisoning is caused by food and water which has become infected by bacteria, or viruses, parasites or toxins. This results in different types of food poisoning although they share the same symptoms, for example abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. So what are the most common types of food poisoning. Chicken food poisoning appears to be the most well known type of food poisoning but there are several others which are discussed within this section of the guide. Chicken food poisoning. Beef food poisoning. Pork food poisoning. Fish food poisoning. Bacterial food poisoning. Viral food poisoning. Parasites. Toxins The bacterial and viral food poisoning sections contain individual subsections which discuss these in more detail. For example, there is a subsection about E coli bacteria. Chicken, beef, pork and fish food poisoning are all caused by different strains of bacteria. However, fish can also be infected by parasites or toxins found within seawater which build up inside. ...
http://medic8.com/healthguide/food-poisoning/types-of-food-poisoning.html
*  5000 Plus Food Facts | Belly Bytes
5000 Plus Food Facts. Belly Bytes. Home > 5000 Plus Food Facts. Recipes. Beef Recipes Beverage Recipes Bread Recipes Breakfast Recipes Cake Recipes Chicken Recipes Chocolate Citrus Recipes Cookies Bars Desserts Sweets MUCH More... Fab Foods. Acai Berry Acerola Almonds Apricots Artichokes Arugula Asparagus Avocados Bananas Barley Beans SO MUCH MORE... Food Facts. Bytes 'n Busters. Belly Bytes. Belly Busters. Fat Busters. Belly Bytes. 5000 Plus Food Facts. Food Categories and Specific Foods. Below we have the categorized food facts on the left and the specific foods on the right. Tons of food facts, tidbits, history, etc. Beverage Facts Bread and Muffin Facts Cake, Pie and Cookie Facts Cheese Facts. Chewing the Fat Facts Coffee and Tea Facts. Consumer Awareness Food Facts. Dairy Food Facts Food Additive Facts. Fast Food Facts Fat Facts Food Canning Facts Food Safety Facts Fowl Food Facts Freshwater Fish Food Facts Frosting and Topping Food Facts. Frozen Food Facts Grain Food Facts. Pasta Shapes. Herb and Sp...
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*  Healthy food no more costly than junk food, government finds – USATODAY.com
... USA TODAY. Healthy food no more costly than junk food, government finds. Reprints Permissions. Contrary to popular belief, many healthy foods are no more expensive than junk food, according to a large new government analysis. "Price is not a good excuse" for not eating a nutritious diet, says Andrea Carlson, who studies food prices and food consumption with an emphasis on healthy diets. "Price is not a good excuse" for not eating a nutritious diet, says Andrea Carlson, who studies food prices and food consumption with an emphasis on healthy diets. "We have all heard that eating a healthy diet is expensive, and people have used that as an excuse for not eating a healthy diet, … but healthy foods do not necessarily cost more than less healthy foods," says Andrea Carlson, an economist and co-author of the report from the U.S. Some of the least expensive foods and beverages by portion size:. Carlson and and her colleague Elizabeth Frazão gathered national pricing data on more than 4,000 foods and then ranked...
http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/health/story/2012-05-17/healthy-food-cost-USDA/55018070/1
*  Food | Toddler Tip of the Day
Tags: food. Category: food. Leave a comment. Tags: eating out with toddler, food. Category: food. Leave a comment. Tags: food, Parenting, toddler. Category: food. Leave a comment. Tags: food, Parenting, safety, toddler. Category: danger, food, safety. Leave a comment. Tags: baby, clean up, food, Parenting, toddler. Category: baby, food, toddler. Leave a comment. Eating out with toddlers. Tags: eating out, family, food, Parenting, toddler. Category: food, Parenting. Leave a comment. Milk for babies, toddlers and kids. Best choice of milk for children after age 1 is whole milk. Tags: diet, food, Parenting, toddler. Category: diet, food. Leave a comment. Emotional attachment to food. Toddlers develop an emotional attachment to food. Do not overfeed your toddler with snackfoods and other unhealthy foods. Tags: diet, emotional attachment, food, toddler. Category: diet, food, toddler. Leave a comment. Tags: dessert, food, temperament, toddler. Category: food, temperment. Leave a comment. Tags: diet, food. Category:...
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*  How Food is Converted to Energy in our body
... Menu. Home. Education. SCIENCE. Biology. Analysis-Assay. Biotechnology. Physics. Chemistry. Careers. Scholarships. Study Skills. About. Store. How Food is Converted to Energy in our Body. Food is a vital necessity for us to live and of course we all of us strive to achieve our food everyday. But why food is necessary. because we are hungry. Ya of-course and why we are hungry is because it is a bodies call to replenish or restore the reserve food inside body as it is ready to use it for supply of energy. So what we ate previously gives us energy now and what we eat now gives us energy in the next requirement of the body. But body has a very alert mechanism to use the food resources very scarcely so as to survive in times we don t provide it with food. When we eat food, it releases into the blood the reserve supply of glucose in the liver to provide energy to the body. But in case we don t have food, it releases very scarcely and hence we feel weak and lethargic. freedigitalphotos.net: dane. But how food i...
http://rajaha.com/food-converted-energy-body/
*  US food prices increasing sharply
Miss Philicia Member. Posts: 24,793 celebrity poster, faker poser. Re: US food prices increasing sharply Reply #4 on: March 09, 2008, 12:26:08 PM. Re: US food prices increasing sharply Reply #5 on: March 09, 2008, 12:46:46 PM. Re: US food prices increasing sharply Reply #6 on: March 09, 2008, 01:00:55 PM. Re: US food prices increasing sharply Reply #7 on: March 09, 2008, 01:08:58 PM. Re: US food prices increasing sharply Reply #9 on: March 09, 2008, 01:15:25 PM. Logged 5/06 VL 1M+, CD4 22, 5%, pneumonia, thrush -- O2 support 2 months, 6/06 +Kaletra/Truvada 9/06 VL 3959 CD4 297 13.5% 12/06 VL 400 CD4 350 15.2% +Pravachol 2007 VL 400, 70, 50 CD4 408-729 16.0% -19.7% 2008 VL UD CD4 468 - 538 16.7% - 24.6% Osteoporosis 11/08 doubled Pravachol, +Calcium/D 02/09 VL 100 CD4 616 23.7% 03/09 VL 130 5/09 VL 100 CD4 540 28.4% +Actonel osteoporosis 7/09 VL 130 8/09 new regimen Isentress/Epzicom 9/09 VL UD CD4 621 32.7% 11/09 VL UD CD4 607 26.4% swap Isentress for Prezista/Norvir 12/09 liver and muscle issues VL 50 2010 V...
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*  Food Poisoning as related to Nutrition
... Home > Treatments > N > Nutrition Products. Food Poisoning. Nutrition. Treatments. Nutrition. Food Poisoning. Nutrition. Foodborne illness or food poisoning is caused by consuming food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. To give the body proper nutrition, a person has to eat and drink enough of the foods that contain key nutrients. Food Poisoning as related to Nutrition. Food Poisoning: Facts on Remedies for Treatment Food poisoning is an illness caused by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with viruses, bacteria, toxins, parasites, or chemicals. Food Poisoning Symptoms and Treatment - MedicineNet Food poisoning is a food borne disease. Food Poisoning - definition of Food Poisoning by … Food Poisoning Definition. Food poisoning is a general term for health problems arising from eating contaminated food. Food may be contaminated by bacteria, viruses ... Food Poisoning Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - When … In the majority of individuals with mild to modera...
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*  .. Food Fun & News .. Popular in Food Fun & News .. Watch This .. Top Topics .. 13 Foods Worth Tryi
Food. Food Fun News. 13 Foods Worth Trying at a Greek Restaurant. Accessories for the Perfect Lunch. Lunch Outside the Box: Pack the Perfect Meal. Calorie Count of Your 10 Favorite Fair Foods. One of the best parts of heading to your county or state fairs is the amazing food selection. Popular in Food Fun News. 5 Foods You’re Spoiling By Putting In the Refrigerator. 10 Ordinary Kitchen Tools and Their Brilliant Uses You Never Thought Of. Ice Cube Tray Hacks: 9 Genius Ways You Never Thought to Use Them. Spend Less Money on Groceries: 19 Tricks Frugal Shoppers Use. Skip the Greens: 6 Healthy and Trendy Black Foods. 5 Tips to Reduce Food Waste. 5 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Food Safety. More than 3,000 … Read More. 3 Eating Habits to Minimize Your Ecological Footprint. Here are 7 tips on how to keep your … Read More. Quick Tips for Planning the Perfect Dinner Party. Dinner Party Tip #1: Don’t get too creative. Poison Ivy Remedies Knock-Knock Jokes How to Lose Weight Ant Repellant Apple Cider Vinegar D...
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*  Dog & Puppy Food Reviews of 2014 & 2015 at Review Centre
Dog Puppy Food Reviews of 2014 2015 at Review Centre. Dog Puppy Food. Introduction At Review Centre we provide you with dog food reviews written by dog owners themselves so that you can compare the various brands of pet food such as Pedigree, Frolic and Bakers. Once you have made your purchases, write some dog food reviews of your own so that your experience can be of help to other consumers in choosing the best dog foods. Refine Your Search Please select Brand see more Pedigree. Bakers. Asda. Eukanuba. Iams. Nutrience. Wagg. Butchers. Chappie. James Wellbeloved. Laughing Dog. Pets at Home. Purina. Skinners. Tesco. Arden. Benningtons. Dick Van Pattern. Flint River Ranch. Frolic. Hi Life. Kong. OrganiPets. Pal. Pascoes. Squires & Beaumont. Vitalin. Other. Minimum Star Rating. View results with any rating. Sort by. Date Added: Ascending Date Added: Descending Alphabetical: Ascending Alphabetical: Descending Last Reviewed: Latest First Last Reviewed: Earliest First Star Rating: High to Low Star Rating: Low to Hi...
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*  Manufacturer price pressures continue, FAO food price index rises
... Your browser is blocking javascript. This might limit your experience on this website. SUBSCRIBE. FREE NEWSLETTER. Breaking News on Food & Beverage Development - Europe US edition. Asian edition. News Science Market Trends Business Policy VIEWS. Site Archive October 2015 September 2015 Previous months. Sectors Bakery Beverage Confectionery Dairy Healthy foods Prepared foods Snacks. Trends Marketing Organics GM food Sugar and health Sustainable sourcing Food prices Natural and clean label Sugar, salt and fat reduction. Multimedia Videos Audios Galleries Online Events. Ingredients Carbohydrates and fibres sugar, starches Cereals and bakery preparations Chocolate and confectionery ingredients Cultures, enzymes, yeast Dairy-based ingredients Emulsifiers, stabilisers, hydrocolloids. Fats & oils Flavours and colours Food labelling Food safety Fruit, vegetable, nut ingredients Health and nutritional ingredients. Meat, fish and savoury ingredients Preservatives and acidulants Proteins, non-dairy Sweeteners inten...
http://foodnavigator.com/Market-Trends/Manufacturer-price-pressures-continue-as-FAO-food-price-index-rises
*  Stanford forum on how food policies affect our nation’s obesity rates posted online | Scope Blog
Stanford forum on how food policies affect our nation’s obesity rates posted online. Scope Blog. Published by Stanford Medicine. Health Policy, Nutrition, Obesity, Public Health, Stanford News, Videos. Stanford forum on how food policies affect our nation’s obesity rates posted online Lia Steakley on December 13th, 2012. 3 Comments. Two weeks ago, the Stanford Health Policy Forum hosted an event examining the reasons why we get fat and how different diet trends and food policies affect our nation’s obesity rates. The forum featured a conversation between science writer Gary Taubes and Christopher Gardner, PhD, director of Nutrition Studies at the Stanford Prevention Research Center. During the discussion, Paul Costello, the medical school’s chief communications officer, talked to Taubes and Gardner about Americans misconceptions about food, diet and nutrition, the driving forces behind the obesity surge of the late-80s and the path to a healthier, leaner lifestyle. Previously: Forum to focus on how food polic...
http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2012/12/13/stanford-forum-on-how-food-policies-affect-our-nations-obesity-rates-posted-online/
*  Find the fridge: spoiled foods cost business a fortune | The Northern Daily Leader
Find the fridge: spoiled foods cost business a fortune. The Northern Daily Leader. . Weather. Your 4-day local weather forecast. Tuesday October 6, 2015. Life Style. Larger / Smaller. Night Mode. Find the fridge: spoiled foods cost business a fortune By Adrian Lowe Jan. 23, 2013, 11:13 a.m. Tweet. Print Story. Unless you would like a date with the porcelain, put your lunch in the fridge. Find the fridge: spoiled foods cost business a fortune. Uncool ... Could your lunch be a health hazard. Tweet Facebook. of. ╳. exit. Unless you would like a date with the porcelain, put your lunch in the fridge. That's the advice from the Food Safety Information Council, which warns that many Australians fail to follow simple instructions to avoid food poisoning. But employers appear to need to help out - a recent council survey found that many of the office workers who don't use the fridge for their lunch believe that it's more an incubator for food disasters than a way to keep food clean and cool. The annual survey o...
http://northerndailyleader.com.au/story/1253210/find-the-fridge-spoiled-foods-cost-business-a-fortune/?cs=24
*  Tate & Lyle - Speciality Food Ingredients
Tate Lyle - Speciality Food Ingredients. SUBSCRIBE. FREE NEWSLETTER. Breaking News on Supplements & Nutrition - Europe US edition. Sectors Supplements Botanicals Functional foods Whole foods. Dairy Baked goods, snacks & sweets Beverages Sports Nutrition. Energy Eye health Gut/digestive health Healthy ageing Immune support Inflammation Maternal & infant health. Men's Health Oral/Gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Jobs Food Jobs - Europe. Food Jobs - USA. Food Jobs - UK. Tate & Lyle - Speciality Food Ingredients. Tate Lyle - Sweeteners, Texturants, Health and Wellness Ingredients Tate Lyle is a global provider of ingredients and innovative solutions to the food, beverage and other industries. Maternal infant health. Respiratory health. Skin health. Weight management. Women's health. Sports nutrition. Oral/Gum health. FoodNavigator.com Food & Beverage Development - Europe FoodNavigator-USA.com Food & Beverage Development - North America FoodNavigator-Asia...
http://nutraingredients.com/Ingredients/Fibers-carbohydrates/Tate-Lyle-Food-Ingredients
*  Sending food to the US
... Industry foodsafety.govt.nz Consumer foodsmart.govt.nz MPI mpi.govt.nz Biosecurity biosecurity.govt.nz. MPI Food Safety Food safety. Foodborne illnesses. High risk foods. Hunting, collecting, fishing homekill. What's in our food. Allergies intolerances. Overview. Specific food allergens. Identifying allergens in food. Food intolerances. Overview. Animal diseases. Overview. Specific animal diseases. Bringing food into/out of NZ. Overview. Bringing in food to sell. Bringing in food for yourself. Taking food to the EU. Sending food to the US. Taking food to and from the Pacific islands. Taking NZ honey overseas. Consumer eLibrary. Advanced search. Pregnant women People with low immunity People with babies toddlers People with children Older people M ori, Pacific other cultures Teachers Ordering resources. Bringing food into/out of NZ: Overview. Bringing in food to sell. Bringing in food for yourself. Taking food to and from the Pacific islands. Sending food to the US. Taking food to the EU. Taking NZ honey ...
http://foodsmart.govt.nz/bringing-food-in-out-of-nz/USA/
*  Vegsoc Approved
Any Food - Baby Food Food - Bakery Sundries Food - Beers, Lagers and Ciders Food - Biscuits Food - Bread Products Food - Burgers Food - Butters and Spreads Food - Cakes Food - Cereals Food - Cheese Food - Cheese Alternatives Food - Cold Drinks Food - Confectionery - General Food - Confectionery - Special food - confectionery - Special Food - Confectionery - Special Food - Convenience Foods Food - Crisps and Snack Biscuits Food - Dairy Ingredients Food - Dairy Products Food - Desserts Food - Drinks - Sundry Food - Eggs Food - Fats & Oils Food - Flavours & Flavour Enhancers Food - Fromage Frais & Yoghurts Food - Fruit Food - Gums, Starches & Stabilisers Food - Hot Drinks Food - Imported Food & Drink Food - Ingredients - Bakery Food - Ingredients - Sundry Food - Meat Alternatives Food - Milk & Cream Food - Other Snacks Food - Pasta and Rice Food - Pastries Food - Preserves & Spreads Food - Pulses Food - Sauces Food - Sausages - Vegetarian Food - Snack-not Crisps etc Food - Soup Food - Soya Milk Food - Speciality...
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*  Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss | WGAL Home - WGAL Home
Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss. WGAL Home - WGAL Home. Back To Mobile Site Back To Mobile Site. Manage Subscriptions Log Out. Log In. Alerts Mobile Submit a Tip. Advertisement. News. boston marathon. Weather. Live Radar. Health. Green Pages. u local. On TV. Community. Brain Busters. Community. Marketplace. Food. Get Coupons. Ad Profit Seminar. Premier Bridal Event 2013. Legal Center. Gas Up And Go. Local Pros. Gas Up And Go. Contests. NOWCAST. Watch WGAL News 8 Live. Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss Published 1:58 PM EST Dec 04, 2013. NEXT STORY Arrest made in morning homicide in Manheim Township. Text Size:. A Small Text. A Medium Text. A Large Text. iStock Photos. iStock. By Mayo Clinic News Network Related. How to avoid the freshman 15. Foods that fight breast cancer. How to dress for fall workouts. Staying active during, after cancer... Memory loss: 7 tips to improve your... Taking white bread and white potatoes, as well as white rice and white pasta, out of...
http://wgal.com/cutting-back-on-4-white-foods-can-help-with-weight-loss/23288634
*  Energy Has More Impact On Food Prices Than Ethanol » Market to Market » Iowa Public Television
Energy Has More Impact On Food Prices Than Ethanol Market to Market Iowa Public Television. Iowa Public Television Skip to main content. Energy Has More Impact On Food Prices Than Ethanol posted on April 17, 2009. According to the report, ethanol was responsible for a mere eight-tenths of one percent of last year's 5.1 percent increase in retail food prices. Closer examination of the data revealed energy costs, which were on their way to record highs, were more to blame for higher food prices between April 2007 and April 2008. Tom Buis, CEO, Growth Energy: "The rapid increase in food prices was not a result of ethanol or farm commodity prices." Tom Buis, CEO, Growth Energy: "I think the facts speak for themselves. You know, food prices, and many of the big companies, had record quarterly profits during that period." Other groups joining to proclaim that farmers were ready to produce the corn necessary to satisfy America's food, feed, and fuel needs were the National Farmers Union, the National Corn Growers As...
http://iptv.org/mtom/story.cfm/lead/4431/mtom_20090417_3433_lead2
*  Food Premises and Food Complaints • Test Valley Borough Council
Food Premises and Food Complaints Test Valley Borough Council. Members' area. relaxed dark. Test Valley Borough Council. About the council. Food Safety Food Premises and Food Complaints. Starting up a New Food Business Export Certificates Food Alerts Food Hygiene Training Food Premises Approval Food Premises Registration Food Safety Inspections Food Sampling Food Premises and Food Complaints National Food Hygiene Rating Scheme. Food Premises and Food Complaints. If you have a problem with an item of food you have purchased in the Test Valley Borough, you can tell us and we will look into it. If possible, place the food item in an unused polythene food bag and keep it somewhere safe such as a fridge or freezer. A copy of the Food and Food Premises Complaints Policy can be downloaded below. a Information we will need from you: your full name; your full address including your postcode; your home telephone number and a number which we can contact you on during normal office hours if this is different; your email ...
http://testvalley.gov.uk/business/licensingandregulation/foodsafety/making-food-complaint/?displaypref=3
*  .. All About Nutrition .. Seven Best and Seven Worst Foods for Health and Lon
All About Nutrition. Pin It. Seven Best and Seven Worst Foods for Health and Longevity. Dr. Joel Fuhrman on eating for your health in the long term. Because food has the power to heal, my patients often ask me for my top list of healthy food – the anti-oxidant foods, heart healthy foods, and nutritious foods that are central to the Eat To Live program. These high nutrient foods, consumed regularly, will contribute to your health and longevity. What you eat — now and when you were growing up — dramatically affects the state of your health. The effect is cumulative, influencing everything from the amount of energy you have or lack, to your emotional state, medical condition, and ultimately longevity. Top Seven Foods for Good Health and Longevity. Black raspberries Strawberries Blueberries Flax Seeds Green Leafy Vegetables Tomatoes Broccoli sprouts. The healthy and nutritious foods are high antioxidant foods, primarily fruits and vegetables. I selected these healthy foods because they contain the most powerful p...
http://goldsgym.com/article/seven-best-and-seven-worst-foods-for-health-and-longevity/
*  Food Poisoning
... What Is Food Poisoning. Do I Have Food Poisoning. What Will the Doctor Do. How to Fight the Germs. No one put poison in your food, but bacteria probably grew in the food in the fridge and those bacteria made you sick. What Is Food Poisoning. Food poisoning comes from eating foods that contain germs like bad bacteria or toxins, which are poisonous substances. Bacteria are all around us, so mild cases of food poisoning are common. You may have had mild food poisoning with diarrhea and an upset stomach but your mom or dad just called it a stomach bug or stomach virus. Bacteria are all around us, including in food, and sometimes they can be good for us. It's confusing, but one thing is for sure the bacteria in the rotten leftovers weren't the good-for-you kind. Foods from animals, raw foods, and unwashed vegetables all can contain germs that cause food poisoning. coli say: EE KOLE-eye To avoid food poisoning, people need to prepare, cook, and store foods properly. have an upset stomach called nausea , say: N...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=CookChildrensHospital&lic=403&cat_id=20080&article_set=22037&ps=304
*  Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss | Healthy Living - WISN Home
Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss. Healthy Living - WISN Home. Back To Mobile Site Back To Mobile Site. Manage Subscriptions Log Out. Log In. Alerts Mobile Submit a Tip. Follow. Advertisement. News. Pope Benedict XVI Resignation Papal Election. Wisconsin News. boston marathon. Weather. Allergy Report. u local. On TV. Community. Politics. Election Results. Community. WaterWatch. Marketplace. Get Coupons. Sunday Gardener. Sunday Gardener. A-List. Legal Center. Contests. Trips on a Tank. A-List. Home. / Healthy Living. Cutting back on 4 white foods can help with weight loss Published 8:40 AM CST Dec 09, 2013. Tweet. NEXT STORY Horny Goat Pub to close at end of the week. Text Size:. A Small Text. A Medium Text. A Large Text. iStock Photos. iStock. By Mayo Clinic News Network Related. How to avoid the freshman 15. Foods that fight breast cancer. How to dress for fall workouts. Staying active during, after cancer... Memory loss: 7 tips to improve your... Taking white bread and white potatoes, ...
http://wisn.com/healthy-living/cutting-back-on-4-white-foods-can-help-with-weight-loss/23391802
*  Calories in Wegmans - Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend | Nutrition and Health Facts
Calories in Wegmans - Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend. Calories in Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend. Wondering how many calories are in Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend. Manufactured by Wegmans. Add to Log Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend. Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend A Grade 35 Calories. Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend Calories and Health Benefits. GOOD POINTS No saturated fat No cholesterol High in calcium Very high in dietary fiber Very high in vitamin A High in vitamin C. Get Nutritional Facts and the Health Benefits for Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Blend. Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Rainbow Salad - Cleaned and Cut Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Sherbet - Rainbow Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Italian Blend - Organic Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Salad - French Blend Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Salad - Fresh American Blend Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Blueberry Nut Blend Wegmans Food You Feel Good About Special Blends - Grilled Vegetables ...
http://caloriecount.com/calories-wegmans-food-you-feel-good-i270765
*  Fine Foods & Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. S.p.A.
Fine Foods amp; Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. SUBSCRIBE. Sectors Supplements Botanicals Functional foods Whole foods. Dairy Baked goods, snacks & sweets Beverages Sports Nutrition. Men's Health Oral/Gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Ingredients Antioxidants/carotenoids Botanicals & Herbals Dairy-based ingredients Dosage forms & delivery formats Fibers & carbohydrates. Minerals Nutricosmetics Omega-3s & Nutritional oils Polyphenols Probiotics and prebiotics. Jobs Food Jobs - Europe. Food Jobs - USA. Food Jobs - UK. Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Last but not least Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Main technology at Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Today Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Dairy-based ingredients. Omega-3s Nutritional oils. Soy-based ingredients. FoodNavigator.com Food & Beverage Development - Europe FoodNavigator-USA.com Food & Beverage Development - North America FoodNavigator-Asia.com Food, Beverage & Supplement Development - Asia Pacifi...
http://nutraingredients.com/Health/Cognitive-function/Fine-Foods-amp-Pharmaceuticals-N.T.M.-S.p.A
*  What Do Specific Foods Do?
What Do Specific Foods Do. Published on Taking Charge of Your Health Wellbeing http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu Home. Explore Healing Practices. Food As Medicine What Do Specific Foods Do. What Do Specific Foods Do. What Do Specific Foods Do. Related Pages How Does Diet Impact Health. The Mediterranean Diet. Interview with Mimi Guarneri. Heart Disease. Diabetes. Cancer. No. Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food. - Hippocrates 460-377 BC You need only to view the movie Super Size Me to understand how foods impact the body. In the movie, the director Morgan Spurlock chronicles the adverse health outcomes he experienced from eating nothing but fast food for several weeks. He not only gained weight, he experienced alarming metabolic changes that put him at risk for heart disease., diabetes., and hypertension. Spurlock was eating foods that gave his body the wrong messages. For instance, in just a few weeks, the excessive amounts of saturated and trans-fatty acids in the fast food diet led t...
http://takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/print/423?quicktabs_2=1
*  Pickles & Pickling - Food Facts - Food Reference
... FoodReference.com since 1999 Food Articles, News Features Section. Share. Home. Food Articles. Food Trivia. Today In Food History. Food Timeline. Videos. Recipes Cooking Tips. Food Quotes. Who's Who. Food Trivia Quizzes. Crosswords. Food Poems Free Magazines. Recipe Contests. Culinary Schools. Gourmet Tours. Food Festivals. You are here. Home. Food Articles. Cooking Methods, Specific Pickles Pickling Next. CULINARY SCHOOLS and COOKING CLASSES From Amateur Basic Cooking Classes to Professional Chef Training Degrees - More than 1,000 schools classes listed for all 50 States, Online and Worldwide. PICKLES PICKLING See Also: Pickle Trivia - Pickle Lovers - Pickle Quotes. Pickled or Pickling. Any food can be pickled, but a PICKLE used as a NOUN refers to a pickled CUCUMBER. There are pickled vegetables of all types, as well as various pickled fish, etc. Pickling is one of the oldest methods of preserving foods. Pickling is the preserving of food in an acid usually vinegar, and it is this acid environment ...
http://foodreference.com/html/artpickles.html
*  my baby is 8 months old..what kind of solid foods can i give him? help | BabyCenter
my baby is 8 months old..what kind of solid foods can i give him? help. BabyCenter. COMMUNITY. BLOG. PRODUCTS & GEAR. MISSION MOTHERHOOD. Community Home. COMMUNITY. Mom Answers. Shop. Answer a question Ask a question. advertisement. Getting Pregnant Pregnancy Baby Baby Schedules Baby Bathing & Body Care Breastfeeding Childcare Crying & Colic Baby Diapering & Bottom Care Formula Feeding Your Newborn Baby Premature Babies Baby Sleep Solids & Finger Foods Your Postpartum Health Activities & Play Behavior Baby Development Special Situations Diapering Products On the Go Products Activities & Play Products Baby Care Products Nursery Products Feeding Products For Mom Health & Safety Products Toddler Preschooler Big Kid Children's Health You & Your Family. Question. my baby is 8 months old..what kind of solid foods can i give him? help. Report question. Mom Answers. Sort by: best answers. most recent answers. 1 - 1 of 1 answers. but always make sure you feed him just a bit not too much for his little tummy....
http://babycenter.com/400_my-baby-is-8-months-old-what-kind-of-solid-foods-can-i-give_9251950_377.bc
*  .. How City Food can Bridge the Urban-Rural Divide .. Trackbacks
You are here: Home / local food / How City Food can Bridge the Urban-Rural Divide How City Food can Bridge the Urban-Rural Divide. November 22, 2011 By. Dilya Niezova. 1 Comment. Tweet. It’s a given that better food habits can help cure what ails individual bodies that are overweight or undernourished, but what if better food habits on the part of city governments can just as effectively help cure what ails the body politic. Our current urban-rural divide needs to be addressed if we want to truly move towards sustainable food growing practices. . It’s a tall order, but I’m inspired to try it because of this month’s election results in my neck of the woods, Ontario. Though north of the U.S. border, Ontario is not far geographically or culturally from many northern and U.S. states; indeed, my home town of Toronto is closer to more cities and people in the US than any city in the US. Just as you can count on Canucks to occupy Bay Street shortly after Yanks occupy Wall Street, you can also count on the fa...
http://wayneroberts.ca/archives/768/comment-page-1
*  Food Poisoning
... What Is Food Poisoning. What Causes Food Poisoning. Common Food Poisoning Germs. Most of the time, doctors use "food poisoning" to describe an illness that comes on quickly after eating contaminated food. When people need medical treatment for food poisoning, it's often because of dehydration. When people eat or drink something that's contaminated with germs, they can get sick with food poisoning. Often, people get food poisoning from animal-based foods like meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products, and seafood. But unwashed fruits, vegetables, and other raw foods also can get contaminated and make people sick. Foods can become infected with bacteria if they're stored at the wrong temperature or kept too long. These bacteria usually get into foods when they come into contact with animal feces. E coli bacteria, too, typically get into food or water when they come into contact with animal feces. Listeria bacteria also can contaminate fruits and vegetables, although that's less common. As with other kinds of bac...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=American_Academy_of_Family_Physicians&lic=44&cat_id=20174&article_set=84626&tracking=T_RelatedArticle
*  Iams® Naturals Adult Dog Food | Dry Food | PetSmart
Iams® Naturals Adult Dog Food. Dry Food. PetSmart. PetPerks. Store Locator. Welcome to PetSmart. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Vitamins Wellness. Supplies Training. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Vitamins Wellness. Supplies Training. Grooming Supplies. Pet Memorials. Stain Odor Removers. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. Fish. Fish. View all. Food Care. Food. Free Shipping on Orders of $49+ or Free Store Pickup where available Learn more. Serve your pooch the fresh flavors of the farm with this Iams Grain-Free Naturals Chicken & Garden Pea Dog Food, which is made with high-quality protein from farm-raised chicken and farm-grown fruits and vegetables for a tasty meal. Features: Made with high-quality protein and farm-grown fruits and veggies to provide a wholesome meal; contains no grains, chicken by-product meal, corn, wheat, soy or artificial preservatives, colors or flavors; vita...
http://petsmart.com/food-health/dry-food/iams-naturals-adult-dog-food-zid36-20937/cat-36-catid-100032?var_id=36-20937
*  The Effects of Relative Food Prices on Obesity -- Evidence from China: 1991-2006
... NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH. The Effects of Relative Food Prices on Obesity -- Evidence from China: 1991-2006. NBER Working Paper No. This paper explores the effects of relative food prices on body weight and body fat over time in China. While we find that decreases in the price of energy-dense foods have consistently led to elevated body fat, this price effect does not always hold for body weight. In addition, food prices and subsidies could be used to encourage healthier food consumption patterns and to curb obesity. The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this. You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email. w15096 Food Prices and the Dynamics of Body Weight. w19143 Food Prices and Body Fatness among Youths. National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900 ; email: info@nber.org. Working Papers & Publications. Working Papers. AUTHOR OR TITLE SEARCH OF WORKING PAPERS. This Week's Wo...
http://nber.org/papers/w15720
*  .. Four simple steps to prevent food poisoning
7 · 11. 2013. Four simple steps to prevent food poisoning. Summer means picnics, buffets, barbecues and outdoor parties – and an increased risk of food poisoning. Getting sick from improperly prepared or stored food is more common and more serious than you might realize. In the United States, food poisoning sends more than 100,000 people to the hospital each year, and it can have long-term health consequences. Common symptoms include abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, joint/back aches and fatigue. It is important to make sure that food served at picnics, buffets, barbeques and parties is safe. Four simple steps can help to protect you and your family and friends from food poisoning:. Clean it:. Wash hands with soap and water before preparing or eating food. Wash kitchen surfaces, cutting boards and utensils with soap and hot water. Wash all raw fruits and vegetables. Separate it:. Don’t allow juices from meat, seafood, poultry or eggs to drip on other foods. Use a separate cutting board and knife for raw me...
http://childrensmn.org/Blog/KidsHealth/2013/07/four-simple-steps-to-prevent-food-poisoning/
*  Food Premises and Food Complaints • Test Valley Borough Council
Food Premises and Food Complaints Test Valley Borough Council. Skip. Members' area. Accessibility default. relaxed light. dark. relaxed dark. Test Valley Borough Council. Residents. Businesses. About the council. Search. GO. A to Z of Council Services: A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. #. Business. Licensing Regulation. Food Safety Food Premises and Food Complaints. Starting up a New Food Business Export Certificates Food Alerts Food Hygiene Training Food Premises Approval Food Premises Registration Food Safety Inspections Food Sampling Food Premises and Food Complaints National Food Hygiene Rating Scheme. Food Premises and Food Complaints. If you have a problem with an item of food you have purchased in the Test Valley Borough, you can tell us and we will look into it. If possible, place the food item in an unused polythene food bag and keep it somewhere safe such as a fridge or freezer. We can then arrange for one of the team to collect the item from you for inves...
http://testvalley.gov.uk/business/licensingandregulation/foodsafety/making-food-complaint/?displaypref=2
*  Nonfood Compounds - Publications - NSF International
... Aerospace Automotive Building Products and Interiors Chemical Consumer Products Dietary Supplements Food Safety and Quality Medical Devices Pharma Biotech Plastics Sustainability and Environment Water and Wastewater. Product Certification Management Systems Lab and Testing Services Standards and Publications Auditing and Inspection Consulting. Training for Regulators Advocacy World Health Organization WHO Working With NSF NSF Certification NSF Standards Academia Key Related Organizations Regulatory and Public Health Expertise Certification Enforcement Actions Related Content. Consumer Resources What Is NSF Certification. About the Scrub Club® Training Education Dietary Supplements Training Food Safety and Quality Training Management Systems Registration Training Medical Devices Training Pharma Biotech Training Water and Wastewater Training All Other Sectors About NSF. Newsroom. News Releases NSF in the News Events Product/Services News NSF Experts Consumer News Newsletters Related Content. Newsroom. News...
http://nsf.org/index.php/newsroom/publications/category/nonfood-compounds?date=07-2012
*  Nonfood Compounds - Publications - NSF International
... Aerospace Automotive Building Products and Interiors Chemical Consumer Products Dietary Supplements Food Safety and Quality Medical Devices Pharma Biotech Plastics Sustainability and Environment Water and Wastewater. Product Certification Management Systems Lab and Testing Services Standards and Publications Auditing and Inspection Consulting. Training for Regulators Advocacy World Health Organization WHO Working With NSF NSF Certification NSF Standards Academia Key Related Organizations Regulatory and Public Health Expertise Certification Enforcement Actions Related Content. Consumer Resources What Is NSF Certification. About the Scrub Club® Training Education Dietary Supplements Training Food Safety and Quality Training Management Systems Registration Training Medical Devices Training Pharma Biotech Training Water and Wastewater Training All Other Sectors About NSF. Newsroom. News Releases NSF in the News Events Product/Services News NSF Experts Consumer News Newsletters Related Content. Newsroom. News...
http://nsf.org/index.php/newsroom/publications/category/nonfood-compounds?date=09-2013
*  Nonfood Compounds - Publications - NSF International
... Aerospace Automotive Building Products and Interiors Chemical Consumer Products Dietary Supplements Food Safety and Quality Medical Devices Pharma Biotech Plastics Sustainability and Environment Water and Wastewater. Product Certification Management Systems Lab and Testing Services Standards and Publications Auditing and Inspection Consulting. Training for Regulators Advocacy World Health Organization WHO Working With NSF NSF Certification NSF Standards Academia Key Related Organizations Regulatory and Public Health Expertise Certification Enforcement Actions Related Content. Consumer Resources What Is NSF Certification. About the Scrub Club® Training Education Dietary Supplements Training Food Safety and Quality Training Management Systems Registration Training Medical Devices Training Pharma Biotech Training Water and Wastewater Training All Other Sectors About NSF. Newsroom. News Releases NSF in the News Events Product/Services News NSF Experts Consumer News Newsletters Related Content. Newsroom. News...
http://nsf.org/index.php/newsroom/publications/category/nonfood-compounds?date=12-2012
*  Food Poisoning
... Common Food Poisoning Germs. After eating germ-infected food, a person can develop sudden and severe symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea. When people need medical treatment for food poisoning, it's often because of dehydration, which is the most common serious complication of food poisoning. Often, people get food poisoning from animal-based foods like meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products, and seafood. But unwashed fruits, vegetables, and other raw foods also can get contaminated and make someone sick. Water that is used to grow food can become infected with animal or human feces poop. Foods can become infected with bacteria if they're stored at the wrong temperature or kept too long. These bacteria usually get into foods when they come into contact with animal feces. E coli bacteria, too, usually get into food or water when they come into contact with animal feces. These bacteria are mostly found in unpasteurized dairy products, smoked seafood, and processed meats like hot dogs and luncheon meats. Lister...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=CookChildrens&lic=403&cat_id=20028&article_set=84622&tracking=P_RelatedArticle
*  Why are processed foods cheaper than fresh foods? - Eating & Society - Sharecare
Why are processed foods cheaper than fresh foods. - Eating & Society - Sharecare. Topics. Question Eating and Society Why are processed foods cheaper than fresh foods. Topics. Diet Nutrition. Eating and Society. Why are processed foods cheaper than fresh foods. Processed foods do tend to be less expensive than most fresh foods. In addition, lean meats and fish, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables, are highly perishable items, and there's a cost involved in delivering them unsullied to your table or cafeteria tray. Fresh, wholesome foods are not intrinsically more expensive to produce. Therefore, our government subsidizes crops that provide these food-like products corn, soybeans, and wheat so that they become very cheap to purchase and the most profitable for farmers to grow. Find out more about this book: The Dorm Room Diet: The 10-Step Program for Creating a Healthy Lifestyle Plan That Really Works Buy book. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Give These Junk Food Faves a He...
https://sharecare.com/health/eating-and-society/why-processed-foods-cheaper-fresh
*  Eukanuba® Excel Premium Adult Dog Food | Dry Food | PetSmart
Eukanuba® Excel Premium Adult Dog Food. PetSmart. PetPerks. Store Locator. Welcome to PetSmart. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Grooming Supplies. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. Dog. View all. Food Health. Food. Grooming Supplies. Featured Shops. Featured Shops. Food Center. Sale. View all. Food Care. Food. Free Shipping on Orders of $49+ or Free Store Pickup where available Learn more. An Estimated Delivery Date is a calculation of several factors, including item availability, processing time in our warehouse, the shipping method you select and the shipping destination. Packed with the delicious flavor of salmon, this Eukanuba Excel Adult Salmon Premium Dog Food is sure to cater to your canine's cravings, while providing an optimal source of the animal proteins that help support lean muscles. Features: Animal proteins from salmon help support lean muscles; formulated to promote skin and coat health, strong and healthy teeth and a strong immune system; made without corn or chicken by-pro...
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*  Fine Foods & Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. S.p.A.-SIC-Food-2013
Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. SUBSCRIBE. Sectors Supplements Botanicals Functional foods Whole foods. Dairy Baked goods, snacks & sweets Beverages Sports Nutrition. Trends Health claims Omega-3 Probiotics Financial plays Botanicals Phood. Men's Health Oral/Gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Ingredients Antioxidants/carotenoids Botanicals & Herbals Dairy-based ingredients Dosage forms & delivery formats Fibers & carbohydrates. Minerals Nutricosmetics Omega-3s & Nutritional oils Polyphenols Probiotics and prebiotics. Jobs Food Jobs - Europe. Food Jobs - USA. Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Last but not least Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Main technology at Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Today Fine Foods Pharmaceuticals N.T.M. Dairy-based ingredients. Omega-3s Nutritional oils. FoodNavigator.com Food & Beverage Development - Europe FoodNavigator-USA.com Food & Beverage Development - North America FoodNavigator-Asia.com Food, Beverage & Supple...
http://nutraingredients.com/Health/Bone-joint-health/Fine-Foods-amp-Pharmaceuticals-N.T.M.-S.p.A
*  .. Food Justice discussion generates local campaign idea .. Like this: .. Related
Food Justice discussion generates local campaign idea. tags: Bloom Collective, Food Justice, local food system, Our Kitchen Table. Yesterday, a group a people gathered at Garfield Park, near the South East Farmers Market, to discussion the idea of Food Justice. People talked about some local efforts with food justice, the work of Our Kitchen Table, the treatment of migrant workers, CSA’s, food co-ops and ways to target or dismantle the local agribusiness system. One local idea that was discussed would be a campaign to investigate the existing food contract that the Grand Rapids Public Schools GRPS have and then develop a campaign to have the food served in the schools be local and organic. This food system is extremely unsustainable, relies on massive government subsidies, fossil fuels, pesticides and migrant labor. Agribusiness usually engages in mono-cropping and often relies on migrant labor, which is highly exploitative. Food Distributors – Food distributors sometimes are just involved in transporting...
http://griid.org/2012/07/15/food-justice-discussion-generates-local-campaign-idea/
*  .. Makanan Sehat .. Healthy Foods – Exactly about Nutrients To Makanan Sehat Eat! .. Post navigat
April 23, 2013 by curapik1. Makanan Sehat Healthy Foods – Exactly about Nutrients To Makanan Sehat Eat. Are you aware that our society is within the midst of the health Makanan Sehat craze. However you turn there may be details about being healthier. Maintaining a healthy diet foods is obviously one of the best approaches to improve your health. In case people hear those two words they visualize boring, bland foods which might be widely accessible as a natural food co-op. Although healthy food are things that you have eaten virtually every day, sometimes just prepared in different ways. Healthy foods as well as diet regime is pleasing both to Cara Menurunkan Berat Badan the palate and plate. However one must bear in mind sensible food is that the closer food is to its natural Makanan Sehat state the healthier it’s to suit your needs. Firstly you will start varying your eating routine to more healthy foods by Makanan Sehat cutting down on the amount of prepared foods you eat. Prepackaged foods contain preserva...
https://caramemperbesarotot.wordpress.com/2013/04/23/makanan-sehat/
*  Health Benefits of Raw & Fermented Foods | Food Renegade
Health Benefits of Raw Fermented Foods. Food Renegade. . Get a FREE copy of my report The 7 Most Shocking Things the Health Food Industry Will Never Tell You + my newsletter AND special health deals. YES. SEND IT TO ME. Food Renegade challenging politically correct nutrition. HOME. RECIPES. SHOPPING GUIDE. BASICS. Real Milk. Real Meat. Real Eggs. Fermented Raw. Real Food. REBEL. Eating Real Food On A Budget. Newbie Tips. Healthy Foods: What To Buy. BOOKS CLASSES. ABOUT. Disclosure. Comments. Privacy Policy. CONTACT Health Benefits of Raw Fermented Foods by. Kristen Michaelis. 15 Comments. Affiliate Disclosure. She sat across the table from me enviously eyeing my salad. I d really love some vegetables right now, she said. We started talking about her diet the typical diet of the typical American. I told her that 60-80% of the diet of traditional people groups isn t cooked. Oh, she interrupted, I bet I don t cook 60% of the food I eat. She missed my point. She was talking about sandwiches and cold breakfast cer...
http://foodrenegade.com/health-benefits-of-raw-fermented-foods/
*  Food Poisoning
... About Vidant. No one put poison in your food, but bacteria probably grew in the food in the fridge and those bacteria made you sick. Food poisoning comes from eating foods that contain germs like bad bacteria or toxins, which are poisonous substances. You may have had mild food poisoning with diarrhea and an upset stomach but your mom or dad just called it a stomach bug or stomach virus. Bacteria are all around us, including in food, and sometimes they can be good for us. Foods from animals, raw foods, and unwashed vegetables all can contain germs that cause food poisoning. coli say: EE KOLE-eye To avoid food poisoning, people need to prepare, cook, and store foods properly. have an upset stomach called nausea, say: NAW-zee-uh have stomach cramps have diarrhea say: dye-uh-REE-uh, which may contain blood have a fever Sometimes feeling sick from food poisoning shows up within hours of eating the bad food. With mild cases of food poisoning, you will not feel sick for very long and will soon be feeling fine ...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=Vidant_Medical_Center&lic=203&cat_id=20080&article_set=22037&ps=304
*  .. Examples Of Genetically Modified Food Products & Crops .. Stay Updated: .. Latest From GMO: .. Y
Home » GMO » Examples Of Genetically Modified Food Products Crops. Examples Of Genetically Modified Food Products Crops. Processed foods are normally measured examples of genetically modified food because they contain genetically modified ingredients. It is hard to compile a list of foods that contain genetically modified ingredients all the same when purchasing products if you see the following ingredients are included then the processed food will be measured a genetically modified food. Examples of such genetically modified food or rather ingredients utilized in processed food include Corn, which has been developed to resist pests therefore it is consequential to look out for genetically modified corn in oils, drinks, snacks etc, likewise Canola commonly used to create margarine additionally oils, or even cotton seed oil similarly used in snacks, fried furthermore baked goods. Other examples of genetically modified food includes dairy products statistics have proven that 22% of US cows are injected with bov...
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Microbial food web: The microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists (such as ciliates and flagellates).Banquet Foods: Banquet Foods is a subsidiary of ConAgra Foods that sells various food products, including frozen pre-made entrées, meals, and desserts.SAFE FOODSFood desert: A food desert is a geographic area where affordable and nutritious food is difficult to obtain, particularly for those without access to an automobile.USDA Defines Food Deserts | American Nutrition Association Some research links food deserts to diet-related health problems and health disparities in affected populations, but this phenomenon has been disputed.Hungarian Food Safety Office: The Hungarian Food Safety Office (HFSO) was established as the Hungarian partner institution of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2003 in conformity with the EU requirements. One of its priority aims is to assess the health risks derived from food and indirectly from feed, to liaise with international and Hungarian authorities, and to communicate with the public on food safety issues.Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response ActConsumer Product Safety Act: The Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) was enacted in 1972 by the United States Congress. The act established the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent agency of the United States federal government and defined its basic authority.Baltic sculpin: The Baltic sculpinBaltic sculpin (Cottus microstomus) at EOL (Cottus microstomus) is a species of sculpin, a European freshwater fish in the Cottidae family. It is widespread in the Dniester drainage (Black Sea basin), Odra and Vistula drainages (southern Baltic basin), most likely extending further east to Gulf of Finland.Health claims on food labels: Health claims on food labels are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition. For example, it is claimed by the manufacturers of oat cereals that oat bran can reduce cholesterol, which will lower the chances of developing serious heart conditions.Global Energy and Water Cycle ExperimentTropical Asia: Through a crop-based biodiversity, natural resources and animals (birds, fruits, and forests), Tropical Asia is economically and physiogeographically rich. There are 16 countries of Tropical Asia ranging in size from around 610 km² (Singapore) to 3,000,000 km² (India).Intraguild predation: Intraguild predation, or IGP, is the killing and eating of potential competitors. This interaction represents a combination of predation and competition, because both species rely on the same prey resources and also benefit from preying upon one another.Foresight (psychology): Foresight is the ability to predict, or the action of predicting, what will happen or what is needed in the future. Studies suggest that much of human daily thought is directed towards potential future events.BrachiopodMethylmercuryWhite meat: White meat or light meat refers to the lighter-colored meat of poultry as contrasted with dark meat. In a more general sense, white meat may also refer to any lighter-colored meat, as contrasted with red meats like beef and some types of game.Forced molting: Induced molting (or forced molting) is the practice by the commercial egg industry of artificially provoking a complete flock of hens to molt simultaneously. This is usually achieved by withdrawal of feed for 7-14 days.Jet aeratorsThermal cyclerBologna sausageCastleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds: Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are by-products of various industrial processes, and are commonly regarded as highly toxic compounds that are environmental pollutants and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They include:List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Elimination diet: An elimination diet is a method of identifying foods that an individual cannot consume without adverse effects. Adverse effects may be due to food allergy, food intolerance, other physiological mechanisms (such as metabolic or toxins), or a combination of these.PyromorphiteSpatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.EcosystemMercury(II) reductase: Mercury(II) reductase (), commonly known as MerA, is an oxidoreductase enzyme and flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of Hg2+ to Hg0. Mercury(II) reductase is found in the cytoplasm of many eubacteria in both aerobic and anaerobic environments and the serves the purpose of converting toxic mercury ions into its relatively inert elemental form.Isotopic signature: An isotopic signature (also isotopic fingerprint) is a ratio of non-radiogenic 'stable isotopes', stable radiogenic isotopes, or unstable radioactive isotopes of particular elements in an investigated material. The ratios of isotopes in a sample material are measured by isotope ratio mass spectrometry.Health food storeCriticism of fast foodCompensatory growth (organism): Compensatory growth, known as catch-up growth and compensatory gain, is an accelerated growth of an organism following a period of slowed development, particularly as a result of nutrient deprivation. The growth may be with respect to weight or length (or height in humans).Micronutrient Fortification Programs: The 2002 farm bill (P.L.SeaChoice: SeaChoice is a program of Sustainable Seafood Canada that uses the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch recommendations to raise consumer awareness about the importance of buying seafood from sustainable sources. It is best known for publishing consumer guides for responsible seafood purchasing.Cambrian–Ordovician extinction eventAgracetus: The Agracetus Campus of Monsanto Company is the world's largest soybean transformation laboratory. It has over 21,700 employees worldwide, and an annual revenue of USD$11.Phytoextraction process: Phytoextraction is a subprocess of phytoremediation in which plants remove dangerous elements or compounds from soil or water, most usually heavy metals, metals that have a high density and may be toxic to organisms even at relatively low concentrations.http://www.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.School meal programs in the United States: School meal programs in the United States provide school meals freely, or at a subsidized price, to the children of low income families. These free or reduced meals have the potential to increase household food security, which can improve children's health and expand their educational opportunities.Immunoglobulin light chainMatrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Immunoglobulin heavy chainBismuth sulfite agar: Bismuth sulfite agar is a type of agar media used to isolate Salmonella species. It uses glucose as a primary source of carbon.Transmissible spongiform encephalopathyBulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Beneful: Beneful is a brand of dog food products by Nestle Purina Petcare that includes wet dog food, dry dog food and dog treats. As of 2012, it was the fourth most popular dog food brand, generating more than $1.Anoxic event: Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia develops - euxinia refers to anoxic waters that contain hydrogen sulfide.E350 (food additive): E350 is an EU recognised food additive. It comes in two forms,Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Beef cattle: Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle is known as beef.PRX-07034: PRX-07034 is a selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist. It has cognition and memory-enhancing properties and potently decreases food intake and body weight in rodents.Restricted isometry property: In linear algebra, the restricted isometry property characterizes matrices which are nearly orthonormal, at least when operating on sparse vectors. The concept was introduced by Emmanuel Candès and Terence TaoE.Coles PhillipsIontocaineOxymonad: The Oxymonads are a group of flagellated protozoa found exclusively in the intestines of termites and other wood-eating insects. Along with the similar parabasalid flagellates, they harbor the symbiotic bacteria that are responsible for breaking down cellulose.CampylobacteriosisCampylobacter jejuni: Campylobacter jejuni is a species of bacterium commonly found in animal feces. It is curved, helical-shaped, non-spore forming, Gram-negative, and microaerophilic.MYH7: MYH7 is a gene encoding a myosin heavy chain beta (MHC-β) isoform (slow twitch) expressed primarily in the heart, but also in skeletal muscles (type I fibers). This isoform is distinct from the fast isoform of cardiac myosin heavy chain, MYH6, referred to as MHC-α.Cadmium acetateDry matter: The dry matter (or otherwise known as dry weight) is a measurement of the mass of something when completely dried.International Baby Food Action Network: The International Baby Food Action Network, IBFAN, consists of public interest groups working around the world to reduce infant and young child morbidity and mortality. IBFAN aims to improve the health and well-being of babies and young children, their mothers and their families through the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding and optimal infant feeding practices.Chicken as biological research model: Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and their eggs have been used extensively as research models throughout the history of biology. Today they continue to serve as an important model for normal human biology as well as pathological disease processes.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.Subtherapeutic antibiotic use in swine: Antibiotics are commonly used in commercial swine production in the United States and around the world. They are used for disease treatment, disease prevention and control, and growth promotion.Functional food: A functional food is a food given an additional [(often one related to health-promotion or disease prevention) by adding new ingredients or more of existing ingredients.[http://www4.Charlotte Canning, Countess Canning: Charlotte Canning, Countess Canning (31 March 1817–18 November 1861), one of the most prolific women artists in India, was the wife of Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning. Two portfolios in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London contain some three hundred and fifty watercolours by her, the result of four major tours in India.Yellow soybean paste: Yellow soybean paste is a fermented paste] made from yellow [[soybeans, salt, and water; wheat flour, though not formerly used, is often used as an additional ingredient in the modern day, and potassium sorbate may also be used as a preservative. Yellow soybean paste is produced in China and is used primarily in Beijing cuisine and other cuisines of northern China.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Master StrokeCaramel: Caramel ( or ) is a beige to dark-brown confectionery product made by heating a variety of sugars. It can be used as a flavoring in puddings and desserts, as a filling in bonbons, or as a topping for ice cream and custard.Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Resistome: The resistome is a proposed expression by Gerard D. Wright for the collection of all the antibiotic resistance genes and their precursors in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria.Timeline of agriculture and food technology: ==Paleolithic==List of countries by food energy intake: Food consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets. However the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depending on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, e.BacitracinSmoothie King: Smoothie King (A hangover you don't deserve)}}Direct Benefit Transfer: Direct Benefit Transfer or DBT is an attempt to change the mechanism of transferring subsidies launched by Government of India on 1 January 2013. This program aims to transfer subsidies directly to the people through their bank accounts.

(1/1057) Radionuclides in the lichen-caribou-human food chain near uranium mining operations in northern Saskatchewan, Canada.

The richest uranium ore bodies ever discovered (Cigar Lake and McArthur River) are presently under development in northeastern Saskatchewan. This subarctic region is also home to several operating uranium mines and aboriginal communities, partly dependent upon caribou for subsistence. Because of concerns over mining impacts and the efficient transfer of airborne radionuclides through the lichen-caribou-human food chain, radionuclides were analyzed in tissues from 18 barren-ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus). Radionuclides included uranium (U), radium (226Ra), lead (210Pb), and polonium (210Po) from the uranium decay series; the fission product (137Cs) from fallout; and naturally occurring potassium (40K). Natural background radiation doses average 2-4 mSv/year from cosmic rays, external gamma rays, radon inhalation, and ingestion of food items. The ingestion of 210Po and 137Cs when caribou are consumed adds to these background doses. The dose increment was 0.85 mSv/year for adults who consumed 100 g of caribou meat per day and up to 1.7 mSv/year if one liver and 10 kidneys per year were also consumed. We discuss the cancer risk from these doses. Concentration ratios (CRs), relating caribou tissues to lichens or rumen (stomach) contents, were calculated to estimate food chain transfer. The CRs for caribou muscle ranged from 1 to 16% for U, 6 to 25% for 226Ra, 1 to 2% for 210Pb, 6 to 26% for 210Po, 260 to 370% for 137Cs, and 76 to 130% for 40K, with 137Cs biomagnifying by a factor of 3-4. These CRs are useful in predicting caribou meat concentrations from the lichens, measured in monitoring programs, for the future evaluation of uranium mining impacts on this critical food chain.  (+info)

(2/1057) Natural (13)C abundance reveals trophic status of fungi and host-origin of carbon in mycorrhizal fungi in mixed forests.

Fungi play crucial roles in the biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems, most notably as saprophytes decomposing organic matter and as mycorrhizal fungi enhancing plant nutrient uptake. However, a recurrent problem in fungal ecology is to establish the trophic status of species in the field. Our interpretations and conclusions are too often based on extrapolations from laboratory microcosm experiments or on anecdotal field evidence. Here, we used natural variations in stable carbon isotope ratios (delta(13)C) as an approach to distinguish between fungal decomposers and symbiotic mycorrhizal fungal species in the rich sporocarp flora (our sample contains 135 species) of temperate forests. We also demonstrated that host-specific mycorrhizal fungi that receive C from overstorey or understorey tree species differ in their delta(13)C. The many promiscuous mycorrhizal fungi, associated with and connecting several tree hosts, were calculated to receive 57-100% of their C from overstorey trees. Thus, overstorey trees also support, partly or wholly, the nutrient-absorbing mycelia of their alleged competitors, the understorey trees.  (+info)

(3/1057) Unanswered questions in ecology.

This is very much a personal view of what I think are some of the most important unanswered questions in ecology. That is, these are the questions that I expect will be high on the research agenda over the coming century. The list is organized hierarchically, beginning with questions at the level of individual populations, and progressing through interacting populations to entire communities or ecosystems. I will try to guess both at possible advances in basic knowledge and at potential applications. The only thing that is certain about this view of the future is that much of it will surely turn out to be wrong, and many of the most interesting future developments will be quite unforeseen.  (+info)

(4/1057) The chemical defense ecology of marine unicellular plankton: constraints, mechanisms, and impacts.

The activities of unicellular microbes dominate the ecology of the marine environment, but the chemical signals that determine behavioral interactions are poorly known. In particular, chemical signals between microbial predators and prey contribute to food selection or avoidance and to defense, factors that probably affect trophic structure and such large-scale features as algal blooms. Using defense as an example, I consider physical constraints on the transmission of chemical information, and strategies and mechanisms that microbes might use to send chemical signals. Chemical signals in a low Re, viscosity-dominated physical environment are transferred by molecular diffusion and laminar advection, and may be perceived at nanomolar levels or lower. Events that occur on small temporal and physical scales in the "near-field" of prey are likely to play a role in cell-cell interactions. On the basis of cost-benefit optimization and the need for rapid activation, I suggest that microbial defense system strategies might be highly dynamic. These strategies include compartmented and activated reactions, utilizing both pulsed release of dissolved signals and contact-activated signals at the cell surface. Bioluminescence and extrusome discharge are two visible manifestations of rapidly activated microbial defenses that may serve as models for other chemical reactions as yet undetected due to the technical problems of measuring transient chemical gradients around single cells. As an example, I detail an algal dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) cleavage reaction that appears to deter protozoan feeding and explore it as a possible model for a rapidly activated, short-range chemical defense system. Although the exploration of chemical interactions among planktonic microbes is in its infancy, ecological models from macroorganisms provide useful hints of the complexity likely to be found.  (+info)

(5/1057) Ecological basis of extinction risk in birds: habitat loss versus human persecution and introduced predators.

Understanding the ecological mechanisms that underlie extinction is fundamental to conservation. It is well established that not all taxa are equally vulnerable to extinction, but the reasons for these differences are poorly understood. This may be, in part, because different taxa are threatened by different mechanisms. Theoretically, sources of extinction risk that perturb the balance between fecundity and longevity, such as human persecution and introduced predators, should be particularly hazardous for taxa that have slow rates of population growth. In contrast, sources of extinction risk that reduce niche availability, such as habitat loss, should represent a particular threat to taxa that are ecologically specialized. Here we test these predictions by using a phylogenetic comparative method and a database on 95 families of birds. As theory predicts, extinction risk incurred through persecution and introduced predators is associated with large body size and long generation time but is not associated with degree of specialization, whereas extinction risk incurred through habitat loss is associated with habitat specialization and small body size but not with generation time. These results demonstrate the importance of considering separately the multiple mechanisms that underlie contemporary patterns of extinction. They also reveal why it has previously proven so difficult to identify simple ecological correlates of overall extinction risk.  (+info)

(6/1057) Reciprocal subsidies: dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs.

Mutual trophic interactions between contiguous habitats have remained poorly understood despite their potential significance for community maintenance in ecological landscapes. In a deciduous forest and stream ecotone, aquatic insect emergence peaked around spring, when terrestrial invertebrate biomass was low. In contrast, terrestrial invertebrate input to the stream occurred primarily during summer, when aquatic invertebrate biomass was nearly at its lowest. Such reciprocal, across-habitat prey flux alternately subsidized both forest birds and stream fishes, accounting for 25.6% and 44.0% of the annual total energy budget of the bird and fish assemblages, respectively. Seasonal contrasts between allochthonous prey supply and in situ prey biomass determine the importance of reciprocal subsidies.  (+info)

(7/1057) Biogenic carbon cycling in the upper ocean: effects of microbial respiration.

Food-web processes are important controls of oceanic biogenic carbon flux and ocean-atmosphere carbon dioxide exchange. Two key controlling parameters are the growth efficiencies of the principal trophic components and the rate of carbon remineralization. We report that bacterial growth efficiency is an inverse function of temperature. This relationship permits bacterial respiration in the euphotic zone to be computed from temperature and bacterial production. Using the temperature-growth efficiency relationship, we show that bacterial respiration generally accounts for most community respiration. This implies that a larger fraction of assimilated carbon is respired at low than at high latitudes, so a greater proportion of production can be exported in polar than in tropical regions. Because bacterial production is also a function of temperature, it should be possible to compute euphotic zone heterotrophic respiration at large scales using remotely sensed information.  (+info)

(8/1057) Surprising findings following a Belgian food contamination with polychlorobiphenyls and dioxins.

We found that 12.1% of Belgian export meat samples from chicken or pork, unrelated to the PCB/dioxin crisis from 1999, contained more than 50 ng polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)/g fat and that 6.5% of samples contain more than 20 ng/g fat for the sum of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) and its metabolites. Part of this background contamination stems from imported animal feed ingredients (fish flour and grains), sometimes contaminated by recent use of DDT, as can be deduced from the ratio between DDT and its main metabolite, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE). However, after comparing PCB concentrations in fish flour and grains with those found in meat, we suggest that the high concentrations stem from recycled fat. This is the first paper describing background concentrations of PCBs in animal meat from Belgium.  (+info)


food chain?


i want to know about food chain, food web, and food pyramid
and illustrate picture if you can.
i am not intruding you to illustrate pictures
but, the answer which has picture will be best answer
and please do not use difficult word.i am a korean
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Most animals are part of more than one food chain and eat more than one kind of food in order to meet their food and energy requirements. These interconnected food chains form a food web.

Here's a link to examples of both a food chain (marine) and food web:
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.srd.gov.ab.ca/fishwildlife/wildlifeinalberta/watchablewildlife/invertebrates/images/invert_chains_1.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.srd.gov.ab.ca/fishwildlife/wildlifeinalberta/watchablewildlife/invertebrates/foodchains.aspx&h=432&w=450&sz=21&hl=en&start=8&um=1&tbnid=_MPeEU1USzonvM:&tbnh=122&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfood%2Bchain%2Bexamples%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN

The food pyramid is entirely different.  It's a nutrition guide created by the USDA. Released in 1992, the food pyramid suggested how much of each food category one should eat each day.  Here's an illustration of the food pyramid:
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.diabetesdiabeticdiet.com/images/food_pyramid.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.diabetesdiabeticdiet.com/food_pyramid.htm&h=392&w=493&sz=44&hl=en&start=16&um=1&tbnid=GM435a7b2g1Y_M:&tbnh=103&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfood%2Bpyramid%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN
.


Food chain?


What is the lonest food chain in the world that doesn't contain humans or repition?
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Because of the nature of food chains, five links is about all you get. At the lowest level you have plants that convert sunlight and water into sugars and oxygen. Because of biologic inefficiencies in attaining and converting these nutrients, not to mention side trips that consume energy like sex and internet surfing, it takes 10 units of prey for each unit of predator. At the top of the chain, size limitations imposed by gravity or water pressure define an upper boundary in size. So in the end, five levels is about all you get.
The term food chain is kind of out-dated though since generally most animals are eating all sorts of living things from plants to animals with no sense of hierarchical boundary. Even apex predators like Ted Nugent will occasionally eat vegetable matter.


Food Chain?


Why is it common to find short food chains than to find long food chains?
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I could have swore I just answered this...twice...

The higher up you go in a food chain, the less energy is received from the food. This is because, each level, about 90% of the energy is lost as heat. So, when there's an organism way up high at the top of a really long food chain, it will get hardly any energy at all and waste more energy obtaining its food than it gets consuming it.

Basically, long food chains are less effective and really not helpful for the organisms at the top. However, shorter ones allow each organism to receive more energy from the food it consumes. Of course, the more useful food chain (the shorter one) will then be more common.

This is why there is really usually only three (maybe four) levels in a food chain.


Is the McDonald's food chain the best America can offer? Who can compete with the McDonald's "restaurants"?


McDonald's production costs are probably the LEAST of any restaurant--even lower than the H&H (Horn & Hardart's), which used to serve great food for the money, which is probably why the H&H was superseded by the more profitable and less expensive chain, McDonald's! The burger places put the H&H's out of business, and the best survivor of these burger places is McDonald's. WHY CAN'T U.S. CATERERS COME UP WITH A BETTER SOLUTION THAN McDONALD'S? Is America still the greatest country in the world as reflected by its restaurants?
H&H's hamburgers were REAL MEAT AND NO FILLER! Okay, so they had a bit of gristle, but they were really tasty! And what has become of Tasty Cakes and Pies (from Philly)...the old days were much better when FOOD WAS FOOD! And how dare you talk of burger restaurants--what concerns me is the American CULTURE! America should be a shining example to the REST OF THE WORLD!
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who knows,,,but mcdonalds is gooooood


what green powdery substance may have been found in a drinking straw at a fast-food chain?


while taking a drink from a fast food chain, a powdery green substance was consumed instead of a drink. restaurant insists it was compacted in the straw and are conducting their own tests as to its origin. any ideas?
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Could be a form of mold...


What in the food chain area needs to change to avoid obesity in our land?


We need more nutricious, healthy food. We need to stop purchasing over processed food, which do not contain nutrins anymore. What do we need to do to tell factories and food companies to bring us back to health?
I do grow my own garden. When purchasing food, I read the lables. If something contains to much sugar, I just do not purchase it. 
I also make sure that every summer, I have my own healthy stash of veggies in my garden. I also eat less red meat. Therefore, more protein. 
I have stopped eating chunck food and sweet's and snacks. 
Instead of chocolate, I have a jar of the good German Nutella in my cupboard.
If I get the urge for chocolate, than I have a piece of bagel with Nutella on it. Its a great exchange.
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Actually, it should be the other way around. It's not the factories problem that americans are fat, it's Americans. There is no reason to not cook your own meals or head to subway instead of mcdonalds if you feel like eating out. Many resteraunts do offer healthier choices if you learn to select different food choices.

If americans start saying "no" to fast food, then fast food will cease to exist because they won' have business. The reason they are so popular is because so many people want it. It's our problem to fix, not theirs.


What is a good nationwhide chain restaurant that has good gluten free vegetarian food?


I have Celiac, and waited for a long time to become a vegetarian, because I was worried that I would have nothing to eat, since I can't have gluten either. Now I'm taking the plunge! What restaurants have good food with my dietary restrictions? Nationwide chains or in Colorado.
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Olive Garden has one thing on their menu that is both gluten free and vegetarian--penne pasta with marinara(they use rice pasta, be sure to ask for the gluten free menu, and specify that you need gluten free) their salads are gluten free assuming you say NO croutons and I dont know for sure about the dressing. I know it has parmesan, so I dont eat it. But I did ask for olive oil/vinegar which works fine.

If you have a P.F Changs around they have some gluten free/vegetarian menu items
Red Robin has a gluten free menu too. I have had the rice bowl(I asked for no butter) and steamed veggies with no reaction.


If toxins accumulate the higher up a food chain you go, do humans absorb the toxins from livestock they eat?


Like in the wild food chains can be extensieve, whilst we eat herbivores, but the herbivores (unless organic) are raised on an unnatural diet and are given antibiotics and hormones which would accumulate in muscle and fatty tissue. So are we just slowly making ourselves sick by eating lots of regularly?

Additionally fish too, esp carnivorous ones which are loaded with heavy metals.
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Not really, what you are thinking of is called bioaccumulation. This is where contaminants which cannot be metabolised are stored in fatty tissues. However hormones are metabolised otherwise they wouldn't do anything. Hormones are chemical messengers and they trigger a response from specific tissues. So these will all have been broken down. Antibiotics, I'm not so sure. There may be elements of the antibiotic which are left over which may be stored. I know there is evidence of the antibiotic use in cattle accumulating in soils and flowing into nearby waterways but that is because they excrete them. 

Animals which are exposed to high levels of environmental contaminants should not be eaten. These include predatory fishes, sharks etc which are high in toxins like PCBs and heavy metals like lead and mercury.