Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Drainage, Sanitary: A system of artificial or natural drains, generally used for the disposal of liquid wastes.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Harmful Algal Bloom: An algal bloom where the algae produce powerful toxins that can kill fish, birds, and mammals, and ultimately cause illness in humans. The harmful bloom can also cause oxygen depletion in the water due to the death and decomposition of non-toxic algae species.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Seaweed: Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Climatic Processes: Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.Zosteraceae: A plant family of the order Najadales, subclass ALISMATIDAE, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). This is a group of perennial aquatic herbs with basal leaves.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Nitrosomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative nitrifying bacteria, in the order Nitrosomonadales, class BETAPROTEOBACTERIA.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Animal DiseasesRivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

*  Environmental impact of the EPSPEX system. Part 1: Life cycle assessment of...
... eutrophication and use of finite resources. Four weighting methods have also been used in ... eutrophication and use of finite resources. Four weighting methods have also been used in ... eutrophication and use of finite resources. Four weighting methods have also been used in ... eutrophication and use of finite resources. Four weighting methods have also been used in ......
http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/publication/11564-environmental-impact-of-the-epspex-system-part-1-life-cycle-assessment-of-polystyrene-insulated-dist
*  Archived 2015 topics: Common Pochard (Aythya ferina) - uplist from Least...
... mainly because of eutrophication of the lakes, which determine the changes of water ... that although the species might be expected to benefit from a reduction in eutrophication ......
http://birdlife.org/globally-threatened-bird-forums/2015/07/common-pochard-aythya-ferina-uplist-from-least-concern-to-near-threatened-or-vulnerable/
*  Small Things Considered: Parasites, Predators, and Piggyback Rides
... eutrophication, increased stratification) increase or decrease that number? ......
http://schaechter.asmblog.org/schaechter/2016/08/parasites-predators-and-piggyback-rides.html
*  Around the world, environmental laws are under attack in all sorts of ways
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2017/06/around-world-environmental-laws-are.html
*  Industrialised societies driving climate change 170 times faster than the...
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2017/02/industrialised-societies-driving.html
*  Reservoirs are underappreciated source of greenhouse gases
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2016/11/reservoirs-are-underappreciated-source.html
*  New estimate of ocean heat finds more warming - "The planet is warming quite a...
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2017/03/new-estimate-of-ocean-heat-finds-more.html
*  Deep oceans face starvation by end of century - "The rate of change underway in...
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2017/03/deep-oceans-face-starvation-by-end-of.html
*  Africa national parks hit by mammal declines
eutrophication ( 150 ) * extinction ( 705 ) * famine ( 311 ) * finan ( 1 ) * financial ......
http://desdemonadespair.net/2010/07/africa-national-parks-hit-by-mammal.html
*  EnB] 100 Mock MCQ Questions on Science Tech, Environment and Biodiversity -...
Eutrophication is the enrichment of surface waters with plant nutrients.. *Eutrophication ... C- read impacts of eutrophication in http://www.fao.org/docrep/w2598e/w2598e06.htm ......
http://mrunal.org/2013/05/enb-100-mock-mcq-questions-on-science-tech-environment-and-biodiversity.html/comment-page-3
*  Phosphorus in lakes - Eutrophication indicators in lakes
... European Topic Centres ETCs. Air pollution and Climate Change mitigation ACM. Inland, Coastal and Marine waters ICM. Follow us. Twitter. Facebook. Contact EEA staff. Contact the web team. The EEA Web CMS works best with following browsers: Google Chrome recommended. Data and maps. Indicators. About EEA. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. Data and maps /. Indicators /. Phosphorus in lakes - Eutrophication indicators in lakes. Phosphorus in lakes - Eutrophication indicators in lakes. This content has been archived on 03 Mar 2015, reason: Other New version data-and-maps/indicators/nutrients-in-transitional-coastal-and-3/assessment was published Assessment made on 01 May 2004. Policy issue: Is the condition regarding eutrophication of Europe's lakes improving. Key assessment During the past few decades there has been a gradual reduction in phosphorus concentrations in many European lakes. Discharges of urban wastewater have been a major source of pollution by phosphorus, but as purification has impr...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/phosphorus-in-lakes-eutrophication-indicators
*  Eutrophication: causes and effects
... My India. Eutrophication: causes and effects. Let us know about eutrophication, its cause and effects. Introduction: The typical definition of eutrophication is 'decrease in the levels of oxygen in the water bodies due to effects of excessive use of chemical fertilisers.' This statement clearly tells us all about the cause of the problem of eutrophication. Cause of eutrophication: The main cause of eutrophication is synthetic fertilisers. Synthetic fertilisers will indirectly decrease the level of oxygen in the water body. It happens in the following manner: When synthetic fertilisers are used to fertilise the soil on the agricultural land, they usually remain in the soil and keep on showing their fertilising effect for a long time. So the extra amount of the synthetic fertilisers that is put into the soil by the farmers remains in the soil. Whenever heavy rain occurs, this extra synthetic fertiliser in the soil is washed away by the rain water and is deposited into local water bodies. When this extra sy...
http://indiastudychannel.com/resources/154298-Eutrophication-causes-effects.aspx
*  中大機構典藏-博碩士論文 92336014 詳細資訊
台灣水庫水質優養化最適指標之探討 A Statistical Analysis of Aquatic Eutriphication Index to the Taiwan Reservoirs. Abstract The objective of this study is to develop an optimal aquatic eutrophication index for the reservoirs in Taiwan. Traditionally, the eutrophication index was used on the basis of the foreign assessment. However, environmental diversities generally lead to an error eutrophication assessment. In order to establish an optimal index for Taiwan, we collect the data from nine reservoirs on North, Central and South of Taiwan to determine the index. In addition, the samples from Pao-Shan reservoirs are analyzed to further demonstrate the obtained results. Both single and complex parameters are applied to elucidate the eutrophication conditions. The results are reported using a multivariate statistical analysis Principal Component Analysis and Factor Analysis based on a single eutrophication index and complex eutrophication index. NEI and HEI are similar to Carlson trophic state index. However, the less change in t...
http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw:88/thesis/view_etd.asp?URN=92336014
*  Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Eutrophication
... Eutrophication. thumb|200px|How eutrophication works in an estuary edit Very good diagram to illustrate Eutrophication, an excellent trace from Lycaon. G 05:51, 12 December 2006 UTC ' weak support edit 1' - Visually appealing, except for the big blodge of uniform brown sea floor - I'm also not sure to what I should be most paying attention - or what eutrophication is, as the word does not appear in the image. By comparison, less than 2 seconds for its image page to load, and 6 unparalyzed seconds to load the 3k x 2x full size Manarola nomination below Debivort 06:08, 12 December 2006 UTC :::Yea, it takes a while to open. -- Dschwen 07:30, 12 December 2006 UTC. Debivort 08:56, 12 December 2006 UTC. G 11:45, 12 December 2006 UTC. It doesn't matter people, in 5 years firefox will be far improved and so will people's computers. C ' 14:35, 13 December 2006 UTC. Alvesgaspar 08:42, 12 December 2006 UTC 'Weak support'. Talk 15:14, 12 December 2006 UTC 'Support' per nomination. Talk 10:22, 13 December 2006 UTC 'W...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Featured_picture_candidates/Eutrophication
*  Return to Neverland: Shifting Baselines Affect Eutrophication Restoration Targets - Springer
... Estuaries and Coasts January 2009, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 29-36 First online: 30 October 2008 Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time. Return to Neverland : Shifting Baselines Affect Eutrophication Restoration Targets. Duarte. Conley. Affiliated with National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Marine Ecology, Aarhus University. Keywords Eutrophication Baselines Global change Nutrients. About This Journal. Share Share this content on Facebook Share this content on Twitter Share this content on LinkedIn. In Climate change 2007: The physical science basis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Challenges and opportunities for science in reducing nutrient over-enrichment of coastal ecosystems. Estuaries 25: 886–900. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02804914. CrossRef. The management of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Science 277: 509–515. doi: 10.​1126/​science.​277.​5325.​509. CrossRef. Carstensen, J., D.J. Conley, J.H. CrossRef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 210:...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12237-008-9111-2
*  Nutrient Criteria Recommendations for Eutrophication Management of New Mexico Reservoirs
... View Item. UNM Academic and Scholarly Communications. Water Resources. Water Resources Professional Project Report. View Item. UNM Academic and Scholarly Communications. Water Resources. Water Resources Professional Project Report View Item. Nutrient Criteria Recommendations for Eutrophication Management of New Mexico Reservoirs. Show full item record. Nutrient%20Criteria%20Recommendations%20for%20Eutrophication%20Management%20of%20New%20Mexico%20Reservoirs.pdf 16.34Mb. Nutrient Criteria Recommendations for Eutrophication Management of New Mexico Reservoirs. Eutrophication Watershed management practices New Mexico reservoirs Nitrogen concentrations Phosphorus Phytoplankton Secchi depth State of New Mexico Standards for Interstate and Intrastate Surface Waters. This pr~ject seeks to determine the validity of using these USEP A recommendations in the State of New Mexico to replace the State's current narrative nutrient criteria. This project will also offer nutrient criteria recommendations for four criter...
http://repository.unm.edu/handle/1928/9233
*  Research Project for the 2011 Alaska Region National Ocean Sciences Bowl | Alaska Ocean Sciences Bow
Kotlik, AK 99620 Abstract We probed into environmental problems and issues that have caused damages to oceanic life, such as red tides, algal blooms and eutrophication something we never heard before that massively kills marine organisms. The consequences of eutrophication are red tides, algal bloom, water turbidity and death of dominant species. Our villages, Kotlik and Sheldon Point are apparently experiencing eutrophic conditions of the Yukon River draining down to the Bering Sea, which is our main source of subsistence. Algae blooms, seen in a July 2005 satellite image Figure 1, have created the world's largest dead zones in the Baltic Sea. Figure 2 Fact 6 : Severe algal blooms can change the seawater to various colors, often called "red tides". Figure 3 What is eutrophication. Figure 6 The Continuous Cycle of Nitrogen The atmosphere is about 78% nitrogen gas, but, out of that 78%, many of the organisms are unable to be used in this kind of form. The nitrogen cycle figure 7 is a complex process with four ...
http://seagrant.uaf.edu/nosb/papers/2011/kotlik-sea-ice.php
*  Introducing the Dairy Industry's First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUES
Introducing the Dairy Industry s First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST s Proven ILLUMINATE Services. Hoards Dairyman. Introducing the Dairy Industry s First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST s Proven ILLUMINATE Services. Introducing the Dairy Industry's First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST's Proven ILLUMINATE Services. NUTRIQUEST is pleased to introduce its ILLUMINATE Services to the dairy industry. ILLUMINATE offers a database of DDGS nutrient loadings from over 140 ethanol plants in the United States to accurately estimate nutritional value and economics allowing dairy producers to select the highest value sources, maximize use and improve performance and profitability in their herds. “Due to the wide variation among ethanol plants a DDGS feeding rate of 3lb/hd/day has the ability to produce variation in milk production of over 2 lb/head/day” said Dr. While ILLUMINATE services for dairy is new, the ILLUMINATE service...
http://hoards.com/IB_NutriQuest-database-DDGS?mini=calendar%2F2013-08
*  Introducing the Dairy Industry's First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUES
Introducing the Dairy Industry s First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST s Proven ILLUMINATE Services. Hoards Dairyman. Introducing the Dairy Industry s First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST s Proven ILLUMINATE Services. Introducing the Dairy Industry's First Database of DDGS Nutrient Loadings, an Expansion of NUTRIQUEST's Proven ILLUMINATE Services. NUTRIQUEST is pleased to introduce its ILLUMINATE Services to the dairy industry. ILLUMINATE offers a database of DDGS nutrient loadings from over 140 ethanol plants in the United States to accurately estimate nutritional value and economics allowing dairy producers to select the highest value sources, maximize use and improve performance and profitability in their herds. “Due to the wide variation among ethanol plants a DDGS feeding rate of 3lb/hd/day has the ability to produce variation in milk production of over 2 lb/head/day” said Dr. While ILLUMINATE services for dairy is new, the ILLUMINATE service...
http://hoards.com/IB_NutriQuest-database-DDGS?mini=calendar%2F2013-11
*  Eutrophication control in river-systems: an application of INCA-P to the River Lugg - CentAUR
... . University of Reading CentAUR: Central Archive at the University of Reading. Accessibility navigation Eutrophication control in river-systems: an application of INCA-P to the River Lugg. Tools Tools Tools. Wordle Link RDF+XML BibTeX RIOXX2 XML RDF+N-Triples JSON Dublin Core Atom Simple Metadata Refer METS HTML Citation with IDs HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core Reference Manager RDF+N3. Wade, A. J, Butterfield, D., Griffiths, T. and. Whitehead, P. 2007 Eutrophication control in river-systems: an application of INCA-P to the River Lugg. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 11 1. pp. 584-600. ISSN 1027-5606 Full text not archived in this repository. Abstract/Summary The Integrated Catchments model of Phosphorus dynamics INCA-P was applied to the River Lugg to determine the key factors controlling delivery of phosphorus to the main channel and to quantify the relative contribution of diffuse and point sources to t...
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/4199/
*  Critical loads database and average accumulated exceedances
... Air pollution and Climate Change mitigation ACM. Data and maps. About EEA. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. Data and maps /. Datasets /. Critical loads database and average accumulated exceedances. Critical loads database and average accumulated exceedances PDF. Report on Critical Thresholds and Target Loads for Air Pollutant Impac ... EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright. Used in indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone version 1. The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of acidification, eutrophication and ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment. The risk is estimated by reference to the 'critical ...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/critical-loads-database-and-average-accumulated-exceedances
*  Eutrophication
1, ISBN 0-88864-484-1 One example is the "bloom" or great increase of phytoplankton in a water body as a response to increased levels of nutrients. Sources of high nutrient runoff Point sources. Nonpoint sources. Phosphorus is a necessary nutrient for plants to live, and is the limiting factor for plant growth in many freshwater ecosystems. Lakes and rivers. The concentration of algae and the trophic state of lakes correspond well to phosphorus levels in water. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. In aquatic ecosystems, species such as algae experience a population increase called an algal bloom. 'Nonpoint sources' Runoff from agriculture/irrigation Runoff from pasture and range Urban runoff from unsewered areas Septic tank leachate Runoff from construction sites >20,000 m² Runoff from abandoned mines Atmospheric deposition over a water surface Other land activities generating contaminants. There are two common sources of nutrients and organic matter: point and nonpoint sources. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eutrophication
*  Choking Coastal Waters | World Resources Institute
Choking Coastal Waters. Publications Maps Data. Charts Graphs Data Sets Data Visualizations Maps Presentations Videos Blog News Events About. Choking Coastal Waters. Choking Coastal Waters by. Of these, 169 are documented hypoxic areas, 233 are areas of concern and 13 are systems in recovery. The effects of nutrient pollution in coastal waters may include excessive growth of algae, including harmful algae species that can cause fish kills and shellfish poisoning in humans; reduced species diversity and dominance of gelatinous organisms such as jellyfish; damage to coral reefs; and formation of oxygen-depleted "dead zones." The map shows three categories: Documented hypoxic areas - Areas with scientific evidence that hypoxia was caused, at least in part, by an overabundance of nitrogen and phosphorus. Areas of concern - Systems that exhibit effects of eutrophication, including elevated nitrogen and phosphorus levels, elevated chlorophyll a levels, harmful algal blooms, changes in the benthic community, damage ...
http://wri.org/blog/2008/01/choking-coastal-waters
*  Richard Vollenweider
... richard albert vollenweider june in zürich switzerland january in burlington ontario canada was a notable limnologist richard vollenweider wrote several widely cited academic works about lake eutrophication management his pioneering work included a technical report from which related inputs of total phosphorus to chlorophyll a concentrations a common proxy measure of algal bloom intensity his findings thereby laid the ground for predicting expected environmental effects on the secchi depth and algal bloom intensity from phosphorus abatement e g in sewage treatment plant s he also played an important role in restoring several eutrophicated lakes such as the great lakes of north america richard vollenweider was awarded the tyler environmental prize the naumann thiennemann medal by sil the global roll of honor by unep and the premio internationale cervia for his advise on eutrophication in the adriatic sea italy weblinks references boavida m j l richard a vollenweider in memoriam limnetica i ii http www lim...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Vollenweider
*  Vesijärvi
... {{Infobox lake name = Vesijärvi image = Lahti lake-night.jpg caption = Vesijärvi at night image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = coords = |location = Päijänne Tavastia |lake type = inflow = outflow = catchment = basin countries = Finland |length = 25km width = area = 107.57km2 depth = 6m max-depth = 42m volume = 484e6m3 shore = 181km elevation = 81.4m islands = cities = Asikkala, Lahti |reference =. thumb|View from harbour thumb|Road that separates Pikku-Vesijärvi from Vesijärvi. 'Vesijärvi' is a lake of 111km2 near Lahti in southern Finland. It suffered severe effects of eutrophication in the 1960s and a restoration programme began in the 1970s. The Enonselkä Basin is a part of Vesijärvi. The name of the lake means 'The Water Lake'. Cyanobacteria Bloom Remediation In popular culture See also References External links. Cyanobacteria Bloom Remediation. Ecologists used cyanobacteria blooms as an alternative to using chemical treatments. Lake Vesijärvi was polluted by city sewage and industrial wastewater ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesijärvi
*  Wasser und Umwelt - Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ - Forschen für die Umwelt
... Kontakt. Ausschreibungen Vergaben. Impressum/Datenschutz. Glossar. Sitemap. Forschen für die Umwelt. English. . Start Forschung Fachbereiche Presse Veranstaltungen Karriere Service Über uns. Veranstaltungen Vorträge Wasser und Umwelt. Start. Forschung. Fachbereiche. Presse. Veranstaltungen. Helmholtz Environmental Lecture. Antimony 2015. Vorträge. Wasser und Umwelt. Programm. Archiv. Chemicals in the Environment. UFZ-Kolloquium. Leipziger Umweltstammtisch. Messen und Ausstellungen. Karriere. Service. Über uns. UFZ-Seminar "Wasser und Umwelt" Montag, 22. Juni 2015, 15.00Uhr Seminarraum, Brückstraße 3a, 39114 Magdeburg. Xiangzhen Kong Netherlands Institute of Ecology Wageningen NIOO-KNAW, Department of Aquatic Ecology. Regime shifts in a large shallow lake: integrating paleolimnological and modelling evidences Regime shifts in shallow lake ecosystems driven by anthropogenic activities are well-documented, for which nutrient loading is generally considered as the major stressor. Synergetic effects of hydrol...
http://ufz.de/index.php?de=21147
*  Planning and Management of Lakes and Reservoirs: An Integrated Approach to EutrophicationIETC homepa
Approaches to Solution of Eutrophication The causes and consequences of eutrophication of lakes and water reservoirs are discussed in detail in Chapter 1 of this publication. Treating human waste is the basis of urban sanitation, and the inability to do this starts the vicious circle of water problems and sanitation measures. An overall look at the world reveals regional differences in how people manage human waste, provide for sanitation, and deal with local water quality. In the Arabic/Iranian/Islamic cultural sphere, people follow the teachings of Islam by observing the principle of discarding human wastes. In accordance with the Koran, people dispose of their excrement by washing it away and purifying with water. It is the only one of the World's four major civilizations that has reused human wastes, which was at first used to feed pigs, then later actively used as a fertilizer. While this is an effective way to prevent further contamination of rivers and lakes, it is now difficult in urban areas. Further...
http://unep.or.jp/ietc/Publications/techpublications/TechPub-11/2-4.asp
*  Exceedance of critical loads for eutrophication due to the deposition of nutrient nitrogen in 201
... 0. Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. Even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it. Toggle navigation. Personal tools. Networks. Networks. Eionet. Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies EPA network. Partnerships beyond Eionet PBE. Shared Environmental Information System SEIS. European Topic Centres ETCs. Air pollution and Climate Change mitigation ACM. Biological Diversity BD. Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation CCA. Inland, Coastal and Marine waters ICM. Urban, Land and Soil systems ULS. Waste and Materials in a Green Economy WMGE. More networks. EU partners International cooperation. Subscriptions. Mobile. Contact us. EEA homepage in your language. Log in. Subscriptions. Sign up to receive our reports print and/or electronic and quarterly e-newsletter. Follow us. Twitter. Facebook. YouTube channel. RSS Feeds. More. . Mobile apps. Write to us For the public: Ask your question. For media and journalists: Press...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/exceedance-of-critical-loads-for-eutrophication-due-to-the-deposition-of-nutrient-nitrogen-in-2010/sendto_form
*  .. Beautiful Day .. Share this:
previous post next post beautiful day posted on september by richard masoner tweet pin it my wife and i spent a nice three day weekend now we re back in the real world of natural disasters in the southeast fires in texas global financial meltdown and all the rest at least we still have our bikes we saw many many bikes all around lake tahoe along with buses equipped with bike racks though automobiles are the favored transportation mode i also saw several keep tahoe blue stickers on suvs tahoe s amazing water clarity has decreased substantially since scientists began measuring it in the s historically plant growth was limited by low nitrogen levels this is no longer the case today over half of the lake s nitrogen input comes through atmospheric diffusion of nitrogen oxides which is generated by car truck and boats engines in other words one of the larger contributors to cloudy water in tahoe is all of those suvs with keep tahoe blue bumper stickers a...
http://cyclelicio.us/2011/lake-tahoe-nitrogen/
*  Global Experiments to Solve Ecological Problems | Minnesota Supercomputing Institute
Global Experiments to Solve Ecological Problems. Getting Started Help & Documentation Services Proposal Support Systems News & Events Research @ MSI About. Getting Started Services Systems Research Help & Documentation News & Events About Proposal Support System Status. HPC Interactive HPC Consultation Portals and Databases Data Storage Proposal Support Systems. HPC Interactive HPC Data Storage Specialized Hardware News & Events. MSI News Events Research @ MSI. MSI PIs MSI Research Research Spotlights DIgest About. Global Experiments to Solve Ecological Problems. In aquatic ecosystems, eutrophication can result in a “bloom” of algae as a result of nitrates or phosphates being washed into the system from a fertilized field. An international collaborative of scientists have developed the Nutrient Network, or NutNet http://nutnet.org, which includes researchers at more than 75 sites across North and South America, Europe, Australia, Asia, and Africa to understand the impacts of nutrient additions on global grass...
https://msi.umn.edu/content/global-experiments-solve-ecological-problems
*  Suzanne Loropetalum - Shrubs
Plant Type: Shrub Temp / Zone: Zone 7A 0° to 5° F, Zone 7B 5° to 10° F, Zone 8A 10° to 15° F, Zone 8B 15° to 20° F, Zone 9A 20° to 25° F, Zone 9B 25° to 30° F, Zone 10A 30° to 35° F Sun Exposure: Full / Mostly Sun, Morning Sun / Evening Shade, Morning Shade / Evening Sun Soil Type: Clay, Loam, Sand, Silt Soil Drainage: Well Drained, Moderately Drained Water Needs: Average, Low Level of Care: Average Growth Rates: Fast, Moderate Flower Color: Pink Attracts: Visual Attention Foliage Color: Burgundy, Dark Green, Medium Green Average Width: 6' to 8' Average Height: 6' to 8' Season of Color: Early Spring Blooms, Fall Foliage, Spring Blooms, Spring Foliage, Summer Foliage, Winter Foliage Resistant To: Deer Resistant, Disease, Drought, Heat, Insect, Mildew Landscape Uses: Accent, Background, Buffer / Screens, Entryway, Espalier, Foundation, Garden Pond, Hedges, Landscape Beds, Median Strips, Outdoor Living Areas, Shrub Border, Small Groups, Tree Form Shrub, Woo...
http://gardenality.com/Plants/1932/Shrubs/Suzanne-Loropetalum.html
*  Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden
... thumb the kleiner jasmunder bodden with lietzow in the background thumb location of the kleiner jasmunder bodden the kleiner jasmunder bodden belongs to the north rügen bodden and is a water body on the southern edge of the baltic sea in the german state of mecklenburg vorpommern it is a bodden a type of lagoon that occurs in northern europe especially on the coast of pomerania it is around seven kilometres long and five kilometres acrosss at its widest point but in places it is considerably narrower it has an area of square kilometres the lagoon is bounded to the north by the jasmund peninsula to the east by the spit of the schmale heide and to the south by the main body of the island of rügen the muttland to the northwest near lietzow it is linked to the großer jasmunder bodden by a ditch and sluice gate the two bodden were first separated in by the construction of an embankment that now carries the b federal road and the stralsund sassnitz railway this embankment turned the bodden more or less into a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleiner_Jasmunder_Bodden
*  Estonia had a record drug year 2012 :: The Baltic Course | Baltic States news & analytics
Estonia had a record drug year 2012 :: The Baltic Course. Baltic States news & analytics. Baltic States news & analytics Monday, 05.10.2015, 00:17 Estonia had a record drug year 2012 BC, Tallinn, 21.01.2013. The Estonian police confiscated in 2012 a record amount of narcotic substances and criminal incomes but more drug-related deaths at streets took place than before, LETA/Postimees writes. 160 people died last year because of causes connected to narcotic substances. This gives Estonia the top position among European Union states in regard to drug-related deaths in ratio to population figures – in Estonia, eight times more people die a year because of drugs than in EU on average. In the year 2001, 38 people died of drug overdoses in Estonia. Polls show that young people experimenting with amphetamine has fallen in recent years, cannabis use has stabilized and the number of injecting drug addicts has fallen too. Last year, law enforcement confiscated more fentanyl, the favourite substance of injecting drug ad...
http://baltic-course.com/eng/markets_and_companies/?doc=69000
*  Heart Disease in the Baltic States: A Perspective
... Beginning around the post-World War II era, the incidence and mortality associated with coronary artery disease demonstrated a rapid and progressive rise in the United States and the Western World. This epidemic reached its highest level in the late 1960's with a reversal of this trend since that time where the age-adjusted overall mortality due to coronary artery disease declined by over 20 per cent in the United States between 1968 and 1976. Age-adjusted death rates for ischemic heart disease by color and sex: United States, 1950-1976. 3 Although the Soviet Union does not report its statistics completely to the World Health Organization and its data is relatively scanty internationally, it is felt that once vital statistics have been examined See Figure 2, coronary artery disease accounts as the primary cause for the rising death rates within the Soviet Union. CRUDE DEATH RATES IN THE SOVIET UNION FROM 1960 to 1977 4. al, found that the large citites within the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic and the...
http://lituanus.org/1982_4/82_4_01.htm
*  1 st Conference of the Connections Project "Joining the Dots: criminal justice, treatment and harm r
1 st Conference of the Connections Project Joining the Dots: criminal justice, treatment and harm reduction. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States Search. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Baltic States. Central Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. UNODC Baltic States. Pharmacological treatment of opioid dependence. 1 st Conference of the Connections Project "Joining the Dots: criminal justice, treatment and harm reduction". UNODC Project Office for the Baltic States supported participation of Baltic delegation at the 1 st Conference of the Connections Project "Joining the Dots: criminal justice, treatment and harm reduction". Prisoners with opioid dependence also have a possibility to participate in the methadone maintenance therapy MMT which is available not only in...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/news/2009/IIq/connections-conference-joining-the-dots.html
*  Region | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Transport SO2 emissions Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. baltic21 ba-trans-accid3 x Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Sprat - sampling area Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. Industrial CO2 emissions Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. BSR industrial energy consumption, renewable and non-renewable Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. Herring - sampling are...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/tag/region
*  Fish | GRID-Arendal - Maps & Graphics library
Cod, age 1 - landings and fishing mortality Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. Cod, age 1 - landings and fishing mortality Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. Cod, age 1 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. Cod, age 1 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000. baltic21 ba-fish-cod6 x Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 10 Mar 2006 - by Philipp...
http://grida.no/graphicslib/tag/fish?p=2
*  Linas Tadas Karosas
... REDIRECT Tadas Karosas 'Tadas Karosas' born 1963 in Vilnius is a businessman, serial entrepreneur, the founder and developer of e-commerce enterprises,the owner of holding company "LTk Capital", the founder and owner of restaurants chain "Čili Holdings". Career Business career References External links. Since then he has been involved in a variety of business ventures in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Spain, Finland, South Africa, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Romania. Tadas Karosas is the owner of "LTk Capital" holding established in 2001, which concentrates in e-commerce business. In 2008 invested in e-shop „pigu.lt“ - which became leader e-commerce in Lithuania;. Later it was invested in other e-shops: „dlb.lv“ in Latvia, „dlb.ee“ in Estonia, „dlb.fi“ in Finland. Tadas Karosas is the founder, owner and Member of the Board of "Čili Holdings" - the largest restaurant chain in the Baltic states. Since the beginning 130 restaurant were opened mostly in Baltic States, few in Ukraine, Poland,...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linas_Tadas_Karosas
*  Tadas Karosas
... 'Tadas Karosas' born 1963 in Vilnius is a businessman, serial entrepreneur, the founder and developer of e-commerce enterprises,the owner of holding company "LTk Capital", the founder and owner of restaurants chain "Čili Holdings". Career Business career References External links. Since then he has been involved in a variety of business ventures in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Spain, Finland, South Africa, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Romania. Business career. Tadas Karosas is the owner of "LTk Capital" holding established in 2001, which concentrates in e-commerce business. The holding "LTk Capital" manages:. Later it was invested in other e-shops: „dlb.lv“ in Latvia, „dlb.ee“ in Estonia, „dlb.fi“ in Finland. Tadas Karosas is the founder, owner and Member of the Board of "Čili Holdings" - the largest restaurant chain in the Baltic states. Since the beginning 130 restaurant were opened mostly in Baltic States, few in Ukraine, Poland, Romania. In 2014 the restaurant in Spain was opened. I...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadas_Karosas
*  Daugavgrivas prison / 2010
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2010/Daugavgrivas.html
*  Liepājas cietums / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2008/liepajacietums.html
*  Druskininkai / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Euro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2009/Druskininkai.html
*  Koalicija „Galiu gyventi“ / 2011
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Baltic States. Central Asia. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. South Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Injecting drug use. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. News. Prison settings. Project information. "Pharmacotherapy with methadone and needle and syringe exchange programme advocacy". Project goal and objectives Advocacy of pharmacotherapy with methadone and needle and syringe exchange programmes. Project objectives: To increase awareness and knowledge, and to change negative attitudes towards pharmacotherapy and needle and syringe programmes among those groups media, church, general society ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2011/koalicija_proj.html
*  International conference "Drug use tendencies: Facts and decisions"
International conference Drug use tendencies: Facts and decisions. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Natio...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/news/2009/IVq/conference-drug-use-tendencies.html
*  Šķirotavas cietums / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Eur...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2009/skirotava_proj.html
*  Kuldīgas novada pašvaldības aģentūra „Sociālais dienests” / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Eur...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2007/kuldiga_proj.html
*  Pašvaldības aģentūra „Jūrmalas sociālās aprūpes centrs” / 2010
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Eur...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2010/Jurmala_proj.html
*  Valsts probācijas dienests / 2011
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Eur...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2011/probacija_proj.html
*  Panevėžio pataisos namai / 2011
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Euro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2011/panevezys_proj.html
*  Pasitikėjimas / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Euro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2009/Pasitikejimas.html
*  Presentation of the Methadone Maintenance Protocol
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Euro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/news/2009/IIq/presentation-MM-protocol.html
*  Klaipėdos psichikos sveikatos centras / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2007/KPSC.html
*  Pusiaukelis / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2007/Pusiaukelis.html
*  Tavo drugys / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2007/TavoDrugys.html
*  Vilties svyturys / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2007/ViltiesSvyturys.html
*  Šilutės PSPC / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2008/SilutesPSPC_proj.html
*  Vilties svyturys / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2008/ViltiesSvyturys.html
*  UAB "Žemaitijos PSC" / 2008
UAB Žemaitijos PSC / 2008. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Fiel...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2008/ZemaitijosPSC.html
*  UAB "Žemaitijos PSC" / 2008
UAB Žemaitijos PSC / 2008. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Fiel...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2008/ZemaitijosPSC_proj.html
*  Demetra / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2009/Demetra.html
*  Socialinių rizikų prevencijos centras / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/grants/lithuania/2009/SRPC_proj.html
*  Presentation of the Methadone Maintenance Protocol
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/news/2009/IIq/presentation-MM-protocol.html
*  Lietuvos areštinių medicinos personalas aptarė naują gydymo metadonu tęstinumo tvarką
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/news/2010/IIq/training_arrest_houses.html
*  Biedrība DIA+LOGS / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2007/dialogs_proj.html
*  Talsu pilsētas dome / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2007/talsu.html
*  Tuberkulozes un plaušu slimību valsts aģentūra / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2007/tpsva.html
*  Biedrība „Apziņas ekoloģija” / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2008/apzinasekologija_proj.html
*  HIV.LV / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2009/hivlv_proj.html
*  Šķirotavas cietums / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2009/skirotava.html
*  Vīnē noslēgusies starptautiskā AIDS konference
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. Goodwill Ambassadors. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. Treatnet. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Euro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/news/2010/IIIq/AIDS2010.html
*  HIV.LV / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Regional Office - Thailand. South Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. Map of Field Offices. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Injecting drug use. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. Contact us. News. Prison settings. Project information. Project goal and objectives Provide consultative services in HIV/AI...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2009/hivlv_proj.html
*  Biedrība „Vecāki Jūrmalai” / 2007
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Regional Office - Thailand. South Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Injecting drug use. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. Contact us. News. Prison settings. Project information. "Increase level of education about HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care, and promote increased access to HIV prevention and care services for in...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2007/vecakijurmalai_proj.html
*  Biedrība „Vecāki Jūrmalai” / 2007
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean. Brasil and Southern Cone...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2007/vecakijurmalai.html
*  Iļģuciema cietums / 2009
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2009/ilguciema.html
*  KRIS / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean. Brasil and Southern Cone....
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2009/KRIS.html
*  Kauno tardymo izoliatorius / 2011
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Library. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2011/kti.html
*  Information and communication technology industry
... Medical Devices & Services Transport & Logistics Electronics and laser industry Metal and plastic processing, machinery and equipment manufacturing industry Biotechnology Chemicals & Plastics Renewable energy and wastewater treatment Higher education Wood and wood product manufacturing industry Textile & Clothing Food Construction Tourism Printing Research & Development Furniture industry Paper. Recommended Links Contacts. Recommended Links Contacts. Recommended Links Contacts. Home > Business Sectors > Information and communication technology industry Companies. Information and communication technology industry Lithuania has the largest ICT industry in the Baltic States with an outstanding potential both for local as well as foreign expanding businesses. 13 out of the 20 largest IT companies in the Baltic States are based in Lithuania. The Lithuanian GetJar, being the world s first multi-platform mobile application download provider from 2005 and now the world s second largest mobile application store w...
http://enterpriselithuania.com/en/sectors/ict/
*  Four Lithuanian organizations receive UNODC grants
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Central America and the Caribbean. South Asia. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. Grants. Prison settings. Four Lithuanian organizations receive UNODC grants. In March 2010, four Lithuanian organizations were awarded with UNODC grants for implementation of HIV/AIDS prevention projects:. Lithuanian Red Cross Society Visaginas Committee project "HIV/AIDS prevention and care among injecting drug users IDU's in Visaginas"; Alytus policlinic Mental Health Center project "Establishment of a cabinet for ...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/news/2010/Iq/grants_Lithuania.html
*  Pozityvus gyvenimas / 2008
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. La...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2008/PozityvusGyvenimas.html
*  National Institute for Health Development / 2009
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States Search. About UNODC. International days and campaigns. Post 2015 Development Agenda. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean. Bra...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/estonia/2009/NIHD.html
*  NGO Estonian Network of PLWH / 2011
... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States Search. About UNODC. Evaluation. International days and campaigns. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. South Eastern Europe. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin Amer...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/estonia/2011/EHPV.html
*  Commission Européenne - COMMUNIQUES DE PRESSE Daily News
... Commission Européenne. Commission Européenne Daily News. Commission clears acquisition of Gondola by Cinven The European Commission has granted clearance under the EU Merger Regulation to the acquisition of sole control of Gondola Holdings plc Gondola of the UK by Cinven Limited also of the UK. Ban on imports of live captive birds prolonged A European Commission proposal to prolong, for three months, the EU ban on all imports of live captive birds was endorsed by the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health on 1 st December. The ban, which was first adopted in October 2005 as part of EU preventative measures against avian influenza, will remain in place until 31 March 2007. Given the global avian influenza situation, it was deemed necessary to keep the current import ban in place until these new protection measures are in place. The opportunities and challenges of rail transport in a changing economic and social environment: this was the main topic of discussion at the "Mobility in the Euro...
http://europa.eu/rapid/midday-express-04-12-2006.htm?locale=fr
*  VšĮ Alytaus poliklinika Psichikos sveikatos centras / 2010
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. Annual Report. Procurement. Publications. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. UNODC Youth Initiative. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Baltic States. Central Asia. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Regional Office - Thailand. South Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. Liaison Office - Brussels. Liaison Office - New York. Map of Field Offices. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Injecting drug use. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. Project reports. Contact us. News. Publications. Prison settings. Pro...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2010/alytus_proj.html
*  Cēsu P/A „Sociālo pakalpojumu un sociālās palīdzības aģentūra”/ 2008
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States latviešu valoda. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Baltic States. Central Asia. West and Central Africa. Regional Office - Thailand. South Asia. Regional Office for South Asia. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Injecting drug use. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. Prison settings. Project information. Project goal and objectives The main goals of the project are: To initiate the addiction prevention program in Cesis; To initiate the addiction prevention program in Cesis by opening the addiction prevention centre. Results Opened HIV prevention centre and recruited professional consultant on HIV/AIDS prevention issues. Distributed 550 questionnaires and made a study about use and deviance of addictive substances in Cesis; developed an addiction prevention programme according to results of the study. Increased the number...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/latvia/2008/cesu_proj.html
*  Druskininkai / 2007
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. Baltic States. Central Asia. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. South Asia. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. News. Project information. "Assurance of HIV/AIDS preventive services for IDUs and their family members in Druskininkai". Project goal and objectives The main aim of the project is to assure the availability of HIV/AIDS prevention services for IDUs and their family members in Druskininkai municipality. Project goals are: To improve the quality of provided harm reduction services. To increase the accessibility and awareness of the harm reduction services in Druskininkai for IDUs, their family members and key stakeholders. To renovate the premises for the harm reduction services for IDUs population and counselling services for family members in Druskininkai. Results The low-threshold rendered anonymous,...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2007/Druskininkai_proj.html
*  Vectors of importance to animal health in the Nordic Baltic region - DTU Orbit
... Home Search. Publication types. UMV Statistics. Most downloaded publications. Statistics. ‹ Back to search result. Vectors of importance to animal health in the Nordic Baltic region: Present situation and posible future trends. Publication : Research › Article in proceedings – Annual report year: 2009. By the same authors. Battling Bluetongue and Schmallenberg virus: Local scale behavior of transmitting vectors. Publication : Research › Sound/Visual production digital – Annual report year: 2015. Prevalence, risk factors and spatial analysis of infections with liver flukes in Danish cattle herds. Publication : Research - peer-review › Conference abstract for conference – Annual report year: 2015. Prevalence, risk factors and spatial analysis of liver fluke infections in Danish cattle herds. Publication : Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2015. Publication : Research - peer-review › Book – Annual report year: 2015. Establishment of the West Nile virus vector, Culex modestus, in...
http://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/vectors-of-importance-to-animal-health-in-the-nordic-baltic-region(f01212a8-15cd-42af-8623-da3eff5ba43e).html
*  Wikipedia:Mediation Cabal/Cases/2007-04-29 Occupation of Baltic states
Blank 21:18, 5 July 2007 UTC. Vecrumba 23:52, 5 July 2007 UTC ::::P.S. Vecrumba 23:57, 5 July 2007 UTC. Blank regarding 'Why is it so hard to just list both views in the article?' Why have you ignored the fact that on the date you have posted the question, on July 5 both viewpoints, including the minority viewpoint were listed in the article. Thanks!-- Termer 02:13, 23 July 2007 UTC. Claims of Soviet Occupation/incorporation into USSR de jure not recognized Denials of Soviet Occupation/incorporation into USSR de jure recognized. Vecrumba 01:46, 10 July 2007 UTC. Blank 12:24, 10 July 2007 UTC. Vecrumba 13:46, 10 July 2007 UTC. And since the current article lists both viewpoints from both sources, there is nothing to meditate about since the content policies of WP including NPOV are maintained and I suggest ending this meaningless debate and concentrate on editing WP according to sources available.thanks!-- Termer 02:00, 23 July 2007 UTC. 19, 1940, the Russian Federation, legal successor state of the USSR, deni...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Mediation_Cabal/Cases/2007-04-29_Occupation_of_Baltic_states
*  Port of Hamburg Reports Growth for Container
... Traffic. In the first six months of 2003 the other ports achieved an average handling increase of 5.8 percent. In the first six months a total volume of 51.3 million tons of seaborne cargo was loaded and unloaded at the Port of Hamburg's cargo handling terminals. While bulk cargo handling increased by a negligible 0.7 percent, the 11.5 percent increase in LCL turnover brought a volume gain of 3.3 million tons. Overall container traffic in this area ­ a particularly important one for Hamburg ­ increased by a clear 21.4 percent in the first half of the year. North American traffic on an upswing ­ high growth-rates in South American traffic After the slight decreases in business on the North American East Coast and Canadian trading routes were recorded in the first quarter of 2003, more cargo was handled in the second quarter than in the same period last year. In the first half of 2003 Hamburg's North American container turnover increased by 0.8 percent. Hamburg expands its position as Europe's main port fo...
http://marinelink.com/news/article/325021.aspx
*  WWF - Publications from or about the Baltic Sea region
... The WWF is run at a local level by the following offices... WWF Global. Adria. Argentina. Armenia. Austria. Australia. Belgium. Bhutan. Bolivia. Borneo. Brasil. Bulgaria. Cambodia. Canada. Caucasus. Central America. Chile. China. Colombia. Croatia. Denmark. Ecuador. European Policy Office. Finland. France. Germany. Greater Mekong. Greece. Guianas. Hong Kong. Hungary. India. Indonesia. Italy. Japan. Korea. Laos. Madagascar. Malaysia. Mediterranean. Mexico. Mongolia. Mozambique. Nepal. Netherlands. New Zealand. Norway. Pakistan. Papua New Guinea. Paraguay. Peru. Philippines. Poland. Portugal. Romania. Russia. Senegal. Serbia. Slovenia. Singapore. South Africa. South Pacific. Spain. Suriname. Sweden. Switzerland. Tanzania. Thailand. Turkey. Ukraine. United Arab Emirates. United Kingdom. United States. Vietnam. español. Menu. Home. WWF. Jobs. Contact. History. Quick facts. Governance. WWF Offices & Associates. What We Do. Global Initiatives. Priority Species. Priority Places. Reducing Impacts. How We Do This...
http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/baltic/publications/index.cfm?uPage=2&src=footer
*  Daughter of Latvian refugees receives top technological award at White House :: The Baltic Course |
Daughter of Latvian refugees receives top technological award at White House :: The Baltic Course. Baltic States news & analytics. Education and Science, Latvia, Press-release, Technology, USA International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Wednesday, 07.10.2015, 01:43 Daughter of Latvian refugees receives top technological award at White House BC, Riga, 14.10.2009. Print version. Esther Sans, the daughter of political refugees from Latvia, went off to kindergarten five decades ago in Ohio barely knowing any English – but now she knows better than anyone how to power the human heart when Mother Nature isn't quite up to it, reported BC the Latvian Institute. Esther Sans Takeuchi. And that discovery led Sans – now Esther Sans Takeuchi – to the White House on Wednesday, where President Obama presented the University at Buffalo professor the nation's top award for technological achievement. Obama honoured Takeuchi for inventing the battery that powers many of the world's implanted medical devices,...
http://baltic-course.com/eng/education/?doc=19329
*  HIV.LV / 2009
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States English. Search. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Employment opportunities. Evaluation. Funding and partnerships. International days and campaigns. Leadership. Quick Links. United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking. Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols CTOP/COP Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Europe and West/Central Asia. Iran, Islamic Republic of. Russian Federation. Africa and Middle East Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean. Brasil and Southern Cone. Central America and the Caribbean. Peru and Ecuador. Southeast Asia and the Paci...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lv/grants/latvia/2009/hivlv.html
*  .. Discovery Channel: WiFi coverage in Tallinn is impressive .. Russian politician: Baltic States
In April the exports of goods record-breaking Posted on June 26, 2008 by Brilliant Fixer Ltd According to Statistics Estonia, in April 2008 the value of the exports of goods in current prices was 12.2 billion kroons, which is the largest Estonia’s exports of goods during the past decade. Compared to April of the previous year, the nominal increase of exports was 1.8 billion kroons or by 18%. The imports of goods were 15.8 billion kroons, which was 0.2 billion kroons or 2% bigger compared to April 2007. In April 2008 the share of the EU countries was 69% and the share of CIS countries accounted for 18% of the total exports in the previous year 70% and 11%, respectively. Compared to the same month of the previous year, the exports of goods to the EU countries increased by 1.1 billion kroons 15%, and the exports to CIS countries by 0.3 billion kroons 27%. In total imports the share of the EU countries was 82% and that of CIS countries 13% in the previous year 77% and 16%, respectively. In exports the nominal i...
https://brilliantfixer.wordpress.com/2008/06/
*  Prison settings
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States Search. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. Prison settings. UNODC Baltic States. UNODC is the custodian of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners and assists countries in implementing international standards and United Nations resolutions that demand that all inmates have the right to receive health care, including HIV prevention and care, without discrimination and equivalent to those available in the community. Worldwide, the levels of HIV infection among prison populations tend to be much higher than in the population outside prisons. Even in many countries where HIV prevalence in the community as a whole is low, it is a serious health threat for prison populations, and presents significant challenges for prison and public health authorities and national governments. This situation is often accompanied and exacerbated by high rates of other infectious diseases such as hepatitis and tub...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/lt/topics/prison-settings.html
*  جامعهَ بين المللي خدمات درمان مصرف مواد مخدر در تهران ر
دفتر مقابله با مواد مخدر و جرم سازمان ملل متحد Islamic Republic of Iran English. Home. About UNODC. Annual Report. Funding and partnerships. International days and campaigns. UNODC Strategy. Contact UNODC. Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ. Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND. Global Youth Network. IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26 June. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. International Narcotics Control Board INCB. World Drug Report. United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties. United Nations system website locator. Field Offices. Europe and West/Central Asia. Afghanistan. Baltic States. Central Asia. Iran, Islamic Republic of. Russian Federation. South Eastern Europe. Africa Eastern Africa. Middle East and North Africa. Southern Africa. West and Central Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean. Brasil and Southern Cone. Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. Peru and Ecuador...
http://unodc.org/islamicrepublicofiran/fa/the-international-community-reviews-drug-treatment-services.html
*  Mažeikių PSC / 2008
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Baltic States lietuvių kalba. About UNODC. Contact UNODC. International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December. HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Care. UNODC Baltic States. About the project. Project information. "HIV/AIDS prevention and care among injecting drug users in Mažeikiai City and region". Project goal and objectives The main goal of the project is to stop and reduce HIV/AIDS epidemic among injecting drug users, to expand the HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment services, to establish sustainable pharmacotherapy cabinet in the premises of JSC "Mažeikių psichinės sveikatos centras". To build staff capacities, to share best practices, to consult with HIV/AIDS prevention and care specialists from Vilnius Centre for Addictive Disorders, JSC "Žemaitijos psichikos sveikatos centras", etc. Results Implementing the project a cabinet for provision of pharmacotherapy was established and adjusted in the premises JSC "Mažeikių psichinės sveikatos centras". Pharmacotherapy cl...
http://unodc.org/balticstates/en/grants/lithuania/2008/MazeikiuPSC_proj.html
*  British Pop/Indie Pop-Rock group - Listen to music
... SoundCloud. JavaScript is disabled You need to enable JavaScript to use SoundCloud Show me how to enable it. British Pop/Indie Pop-Rock. This group want to show a communauty of artist who create some originals songs. A community which the British Pop-Rock and the Indie are the bigger influences. Help me for share this page, and share your favorites songs here. The track approved is automatic but please, respect the style. Bye. Tracks I'll Never Let Her Go Brand New Track by Darren Mcgrath. published on 2015/09/17 18:15:55 +0000 Project 8 - 9:29:15, 4.54 PM by Corkbush Field Mutiny. published on 2015/09/30 00:06:48 +0000 Dog Chews For Shoes by the low countries. published on 2015/09/30 13:27:43 +0000 Boxes Radio Edit by The Baltic States. published on 2014/10/07 11:00:23 +0000 Release by The Baltic States. published on 2015/05/27 21:31:20 +0000 TRIGGER HAPPY by Temple Velocity. published on 2015/06/09 06:54:30 +0000 The Flood - PLEASE HELP AND DONATE TO SOUTH CAROLINA FLOOD DISASTER by HappyTom. publ...
https://soundcloud.com/groups/british-pop-indie-pop-rock
*  Baltic Manure Business Opportunities : Policy news
... Project results and recommendations 16 December 2013 In this very final phase we have gathered the main results and recommendations from the research, the business involvement and the project recommendations in a nice magazine. Sustainable Use of Phosphorus 16 December 2013 Baltic Manure has given a contribution to the European Commission Consultative Communication on the Sustainable Use of Phosphorus. Welcome to A Greener Agriculture for a Bluer Baltic Sea 2012 12 April 2012 The major forum for networking and exchange of knowledge, experiences and ideas around the Baltic Sea. Summary from the conference A Greener Agriculture for a Bluer Baltic Sea 2011 23 March 2012 Baltic Manure, Baltic Compass and Baltic Deal showed the way for 187 guests from the region at the conference A greener Agriculture for a bluer Baltic Sea held in S nga-S by, near Stockholm at 2-3 November 2011. 23 November 2011 - summary from bee hive discussions at Greener Agriculture for a Bluer Baltic Sea Conference in S nga- S by, 2011 ...
http://balticmanure.eu/en/policy_forum/policy_news/
*  Ticks challenge climate theory
... Home. June 8, 2007 Ticks challenge climate theory June 8, 2007 As key players in the spread of disease ticks aren’t exactly man’s best friend but, according to Oxford University scientists, they may offer a vital clue that climate change is not to blame for an upsurge in many human diseases. Ticks spread Lyme disease throughout Europe and Tick-Borne Encephalitis from Eastern France, through Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden and Eastern Europe including the Baltic States. The common assumption is that upsurges in such diseases in these regions are mainly due to climate change but new research published in PloS ONE contradicts this view. The scientists focused on Tick-Borne Encephalitis TBE because, unlike Lyme disease, there are reliable records for TBE infection in the Baltic region dating back to 1970. These records show that, from 1992 to 1993, cases of TBE infection markedly increased in Estonia 64 per cent, Latvia 175 per cent and Lithuania 1065 per cent. The team then compared these records with...
http://phys.org/news/2007-06-climate-theory.html
*  Gotland pony
... 'Gotland pony' or 'Gotland russ' is an old Swedish pony breed. Gotland ponies are claimed to descend from Tarpan s that lived on the small island of Gotland that is on the South-Eastern coast of Sweden right after the last ice age. The Gotland pony is the only breed of pony native to Sweden. The Öland horse from the neighbouring island of Öland was a close relative of the Gotland, but went extinct in the early 20th century. Characteristics History Uses References Further reading External links. Common colors include bay, chestnut, black, buckskin, and palomino, but all colors except for dun, grey, and pinto, are allowed. The name 'russ' comes from a now obsolete word 'ross', which means a riding horse or a charger Salmenpohja, M: "Russ-yhdistys 20 vuotta" ’The 20th Anniversary of the Russ Association, 'Satulassa', 1995/15. and it is linked etymologically to the English word 'horse' in Old High German this word appeared as 'hros', and in English a metathesis has switched the places of the /r/ and the /o/,...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotland_pony
*  Baltic University Programme
... the baltic university programme bup is a network of about universities and other institutes of higher education in the baltic sea region it is coordinated by the baltic university programme secretariat a part of the uppsala centre for sustainable development at uppsala university sweden the participating universities are located within or partly within the baltic sea drainage basin including belarus denmark estonia finland germany latvia lithuania poland russia and sweden countries near the basin are also represented czech republic norway slovakia and ukraine the programme established in creates and coordinates undergraduate and master level courses at its participating institutions and sponsors joint research projects focusing on sustainable development in the region it is governed by an international board footnotes references category baltic states category education in europe...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltic_University_Programme

Eutrophication: Eutrophication (Greek: eutrophia—healthy, adequate nutrition, development; ) or more precisely hypertrophication, is the ecosystem's response to the addition of artificial or natural nutrients, mainly phosphates, through detergents, fertilizers, or sewage, to an aquatic system.Schindler, David and Vallentyne, John R.Tadas Karosas: Tadas Karosas (born 1963 in Vilnius) is a businessman, serial entrepreneur, the founder and developer of e-commerce enterprises,the owner of holding company "LTk Capital", the founder and owner of restaurants chain "Čili Holdings".PhytoplanktonCHyM – Cetemps Hydrological Model: CHyM (Cetemps Hydrological Model) is a distributed grid-based hydrological model developed by Cetemps Center of Excellence at the University of L'Aquila.Salt lake: Salt Lake (Disambiguation)}}Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Anoxic event: Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia develops - euxinia refers to anoxic waters that contain hydrogen sulfide.EcosystemPhosphorus deficiency: Phosphorus deficiency is a plant disorder associated with insufficient supply of phosphorus. Phosphorus refers here to salts of phosphates (PO43−), monohydrogen phosphate (HPO42−), and dihydrogen phosphate (H2PO4−).Heterosigma akashiwo: Heterosigma akashiwo is a microscopic alga of the class Raphidophyceae. It is a swimming marine alga that episodically forms toxic surface aggregations known as harmful algal bloom.United States regulation of point source water pollution: Point source water pollution comes from discrete conveyances and alters the chemical, biological, and physical characteristics of water. It is largely regulated by the Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972.Appropriation (By Any Other Name): June 13, 2005Water quality law: Water quality laws govern the release of pollutants into water resources, including surface water, ground water, and stored drinking water. Some water quality laws, such as drinking water regulations, may be designed solely with reference to human health.Nitrogen deficiencySeaweed farming: Seaweed farming is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed. In its simplest form, it consists of the management of naturally found batches.Organic fertilizer: Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal matter, human excreta or vegetable matter. (e.Climate change feedback: Climate change feedback is important in the understanding of global warming because feedback processes may amplify or diminish the effect of each climate forcing, and so play an important part in determining the climate sensitivity and future climate state. Feedback in general is the process in which changing one quantity changes a second quantity, and the change in the second quantity in turn changes the first.Labyrinthula: Labyrinthula is a genus of heterokont, comprising ten species.Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Hydraulic action: Hydraulic action is erosion that occurs when the motion of water against a rock surface produces mechanical weathering. Most generally, it is the ability of moving water (flowing or waves) to dislodge and transport rock particles.Nankai Trough gas hydrate site: Nankai Methane Hydrate Site (or Japanese Methane Hydrate R&D Program at Nankai, Nankai Trough Methane Hydrate Site) is located in the Nankai Trough, Japan.Evolution in Variable EnvironmentWhite band disease: White band disease is a coral disease that affects acroporid corals and is distinguishable by the white band of dead coral tissue that it forms. The disease completely destroys the coral tissue of Caribbean acroporid corals, specifically elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) and staghorn coral (A.Deep chlorophyll maximum: A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is not always present--sometimes there is more chlorophyll at the surface than at any greater depth--but it is a common feature of most aquatic ecosystems.Plum Island Animal Disease Center: Plum Island Animal Disease Center of New York (PIADCNY) is a United States federal research facility dedicated to the study of animal diseases. It is part of the DHS Directorate for Science and Technology.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Oxymonad: The Oxymonads are a group of flagellated protozoa found exclusively in the intestines of termites and other wood-eating insects. Along with the similar parabasalid flagellates, they harbor the symbiotic bacteria that are responsible for breaking down cellulose.Fecal coliform: A fecal coliform (British: faecal coliform) is a facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, gram-negative, non-sporulating bacterium. Coliform bacteria generally originate in the intestines of warm-blooded animals.Microbial food web: The microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists (such as ciliates and flagellates).Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Meramec Conservation AreaIndex of soil-related articles: This is an index of articles relating to soil.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Climate change in the United Kingdom: Climate change in the United Kingdom has been a subject of protests and controversies, and various policies have been developed to mitigate its effects. It is estimated to demand at least 80-85% emission reductions in the EU during 2008-2050 with reductions as soon as technically possible.Threshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.Public water systemSpatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.Outline of water: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to water:Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.

(1/248) Dynamics of bacterial community composition and activity during a mesocosm diatom bloom.

Bacterial community composition, enzymatic activities, and carbon dynamics were examined during diatom blooms in four 200-liter laboratory seawater mesocosms. The objective was to determine whether the dramatic shifts in growth rates and ectoenzyme activities, which are commonly observed during the course of phytoplankton blooms and their subsequent demise, could result from shifts in bacterial community composition. Nutrient enrichment of metazoan-free seawater resulted in diatom blooms dominated by a Thalassiosira sp., which peaked 9 days after enrichment ( approximately 24 microg of chlorophyll a liter(-1)). At this time bacterial abundance abruptly decreased from 2.8 x 10(6) to 0.75 x 10(6) ml(-1), and an analysis of bacterial community composition, by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments, revealed the disappearance of three dominant phylotypes. Increased viral and flagellate abundances suggested that both lysis and grazing could have played a role in the observed phylotype-specific mortality. Subsequently, new phylotypes appeared and bacterial production, abundance, and enzyme activities shifted from being predominantly associated with the <1.0-microm size fraction towards the >1.0-microm size fraction, indicating a pronounced microbial colonization of particles. Sequencing of DGGE bands suggested that the observed rapid and extensive colonization of particulate matter was mainly by specialized alpha-Proteobacteria- and Cytophagales-related phylotypes. These particle-associated bacteria had high growth rates as well as high cell-specific aminopeptidase, beta-glucosidase, and lipase activities. Rate measurements as well as bacterial population dynamics were almost identical among the mesocosms indicating that the observed bacterial community dynamics were systematic and repeatable responses to the manipulated conditions.  (+info)

(2/248) Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change.

During the next 50 years, which is likely to be the final period of rapid agricultural expansion, demand for food by a wealthier and 50% larger global population will be a major driver of global environmental change. Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 10(9) hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to agriculture by 2050. This would be accompanied by 2.4- to 2.7-fold increases in nitrogen- and phosphorus-driven eutrophication of terrestrial, freshwater, and near-shore marine ecosystems, and comparable increases in pesticide use. This eutrophication and habitat destruction would cause unprecedented ecosystem simplification, loss of ecosystem services, and species extinctions. Significant scientific advances and regulatory, technological, and policy changes are needed to control the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion.  (+info)

(3/248) Possible estuary-associated syndrome: symptoms, vision, and treatment.

The human illness designated as possible estuarine-associated syndrome (PEAS) by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been associated with exposure to estuaries inhabited by toxin-forming dinoflagellates, including members of the fish-killing toxic Pfiesteria complex (TPC), Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae. Humans may be exposed through direct contact with estuarine water or by inhalation of aerosolized or volatilized toxin(s). The five cases reported here demonstrate the full spectrum of symptoms experienced during acute and chronic stages of this suspected neurotoxin-mediated illness. The nonspecific symptoms most commonly reported are cough, secretory diarrhea, headache, fatigue, memory impairment, rash, difficulty in concentrating, light sensitivity, burning skin upon water contact, muscle ache, and abdominal pain. Less frequently encountered symptoms are upper airway obstruction, shortness of breath, confusion, red or tearing eyes, weakness, and vertigo. Some patients experience as few as four of these symptoms. The discovery that an indicator of visual pattern-detection ability, visual contrast sensitivity (VCS), is sharply reduced in affected individuals has provided an objective indicator that is useful in diagnosing and monitoring PEAS. VCS deficits are present in both acute and chronic PEAS, and VCS recovers during cholestyramine treatment coincident with symptom abatement. Although PEAS cannot yet be definitively associated with TPC exposure, resolution with cholestyramine treatment suggests a neurotoxin-mediated illness.  (+info)

(4/248) Pfiesteria-related educational products and information resources available to the public, health officials, and researchers.

Public and political concerns about Pfiesteria from 1997 to the present vastly exceed the attention given to other harmful algal bloom (HAB) issues in the United States. To some extent, the intense focus on Pfiesteria has served to increase attention on HABs in general. Given the strong and continuing public, political, and research interests in Pfiesteria piscicida Steidinger & Burkholder and related organisms, there is a clear need for information and resources of many different types. This article provides information on Pfiesteria-related educational products and information resources available to the general public, health officials, and researchers. These resources are compiled into five categories: reports; website resources; state outreach and communication programs; fact sheets; and training manuals and documentaries. Over the last few years there has been rapid expansion in the amount of Pfiesteria-related information available, particularly on the Internet, and it is scattered among many different sources.  (+info)

(5/248) The role of nutrient loading and eutrophication in estuarine ecology.

Eutrophication is a process that can be defined as an increase in the rate of supply of organic matter (OM) to an ecosystem. We provide a general overview of the major features driving estuarine eutrophication and outline some of the consequences of that process. The main chemical constituent of OM is carbon (C), and therefore rates of eutrophication are expressed in units of C per area per unit time. OM occurs in both particulate and dissolved forms. Allochthonous OM originates outside the estuary, whereas autochthonous OM is generated within the system, mostly by primary producers or by benthic regeneration of OM. The supply rates of limiting nutrients regulate phytoplankton productivity that contributes to inputs of autochthonous OM. The trophic status of an estuary is often based on eutrophication rates and can be categorized as oligotrophic (<100 g C m(-2) y(-1), mesotrophic (100-300 g C m(-2) y(-1), eutrophic (300-500 g C m(-2) y(-1), or hypertrophic (>500 g C m(-2) y(-1). Ecosystem responses to eutrophication depend on both export rates (flushing, microbially mediated losses through respiration, and denitrification) and recycling/regeneration rates within the estuary. The mitigation of the effects of eutrophication involves the regulation of inorganic nutrient (primarily N and P) inputs into receiving waters. Appropriately scaled and parameterized nutrient and hydrologic controls are the only realistic options for controlling phytoplankton blooms, algal toxicity, and other symptoms of eutrophication in estuarine ecosystems.  (+info)

(6/248) State monitoring activities related to Pfiesteria-like organisms.

In response to potential threats to human health and fish populations, six states along the east coast of the United States initiated monitoring programs related to Pfiesteria-like organisms in 1998. These actions were taken in the wake of toxic outbreaks of Pfiesteria piscicida Steidinger & Burkholder in Maryland during 1997 and previous outbreaks in North Carolina. The monitoring programs have two major purposes. The first, rapid response, is to ensure public safety by responding immediately to conditions that may indicate the presence of Pfiesteria or related organisms in a toxic state. The second, comprehensive assessment, is to provide a more complete understanding of where Pfiesteria-like organisms may become a threat, to understand what factors may stimulate their growth and toxicity, and to evaluate the impacts of these organisms upon fish and other aquatic life. In states where human health studies are being conducted, the data from both types of monitoring are used to provide information on environmental exposure. The three elements included in each monitoring program are identification of Pfiesteria-like organisms, water quality measurements, and assessments of fish health. Identification of Pfiesteria-like organisms is a particularly difficult element of the monitoring programs, as these small species cannot be definitively identified using light microscopy; newly applied molecular techniques, however, are starting to provide alternatives to traditional methods. State monitoring programs also offer many opportunities for collaborations with research initiatives targeting both environmental and human health issues related to Pfiesteria-like organisms.  (+info)

(7/248) Field ecology of toxic Pfiesteria complex species and a conservative analysis of their role in estuarine fish kills.

Within the past decade, toxic Pfiesteria outbreaks have been documented in poorly flushed, eutrophic areas of the largest and second largest estuaries on the U.S. mainland. Here we summarize a decadal field effort in fish kill assessment, encompassing kills related to Pfiesteria (49 major kills in North Carolina estuaries since 1991 and 4 in Maryland estuaries in 1997) and to other factors such as low oxygen stress (79 major fish kills in North Carolina estuaries). The laboratory and field data considered in developing our protocols are described, including toxic Pfiesteria behavior, environmental conditions conducive to toxic Pfiesteria activity, and impacts of toxic clonal Pfiesteria on fish health. We outline the steps of the standardized fish bioassay procedure that has been used since 1991 to diagnose whether actively toxic Pfiesteria was present during estuarine fish kills. Detailed data are given for a 1998 toxic Pfiesteria outbreak in the Neuse Estuary in North Carolina to illustrate of the full suite of diagnostic steps completed. We demonstrate that our conservative approach in implicating toxic Pfiesteria involvement in fish kills has biased in favor of causes other than Pfiesteria. Data are summarized from experiments that have shown stimulation of toxic Pfiesteria strains by nutrient (N, P) enrichment, supporting field observations of highest abundance of toxic strains in eutrophic estuaries. On the basis of a decade of research on toxic Pfiesteria, we present a conceptual model of the seasonal dynamics of toxic strains as affected by changing food resources and weather patterns. We also recommend protocols and research approaches that will strengthen the science of fish kill assessment related to Pfiesteria and/or other causative factors.  (+info)

(8/248) History and timing of human impact on Lake Victoria, East Africa.

Lake Victoria, the largest tropical lake in the world, suffers from severe eutrophication and the probable extinction of up to half of its 500+ species of endemic cichlid fishes. The continuing degradation of Lake Victoria's ecological functions has serious long-term consequences for the ecosystem services it provides, and may threaten social welfare in the countries bordering its shores. Evaluation of recent ecological changes in the context of aquatic food-web alterations, catchment disturbance and natural ecosystem variability has been hampered by the scarcity of historical monitoring data. Here, we present high-resolution palaeolimnological data, which show that increases in phytoplankton production developed from the 1930s onwards, which parallels human-population growth and agricultural activity in the Lake Victoria drainage basin. Dominance of bloom-forming cyanobacteria since the late 1980s coincided with a relative decline in diatom growth, which can be attributed to the seasonal depletion of dissolved silica resulting from 50 years of enhanced diatom growth and burial. Eutrophication-induced loss of deep-water oxygen started in the early 1960s, and may have contributed to the 1980s collapse of indigenous fish stocks by eliminating suitable habitat for certain deep-water cichlids. Conservation of Lake Victoria as a functioning ecosystem is contingent upon large-scale implementation of improved land-use practices.  (+info)


How is human waste disposed of through sanitary waste?


Sewage 
Water-carried wastes, in either solution or suspension, that flow away from a community. Also known as wastewater flows, sewage is the used water supply of the community. It is more than 99.9% pure water and is characterized by its volume or rate of flow, its physical condition, its chemical constituents, and the bacteriological organisms that it contains. Depending on their origin, wastewaters can be classed as sanitary, commercial, industrial, or surface runoff.

The spent water from residences and institutions, carrying body wastes, ablution water, food preparation wastes, laundry wastes, and other waste products of normal living, are classed as domestic or sanitary sewage. Liquid-carried wastes from stores and service establishments serving the immediate community, termed commercial wastes, are included in the sanitary or domestic sewage category if their characteristics are similar to household flows. Wastes that result from an industrial process or the production or manufacture of goods are classed as industrial wastes. Their flows and strengths are usually more varied, intense, and concentrated than those of sanitary sewage. Surface runoff, also known as storm flow or overland flow, is that portion of precipitation that runs rapidly over the ground surface to a defined channel. Precipitation absorbs gases and particulates from the atmosphere, dissolves and leaches materials from vegetation and soil, suspends matter from the land, washes spills and debris from urban streets and highways, and carries all these pollutants as wastes in its flow to a collection point. Discharges are classified as point-source when they emanate from a pipe outfall, or non-point-source when they are diffused and come from agriculture or unchanneled urban land drainage runoff. 

Wastewaters from all of these sources may carry pathogenic organisms that can transmit disease to humans and other animals; contain organic matter that can cause odor and nuisance problems; hold nutrients that may cause eutrophication of receiving water bodies; and may contain hazardous or toxic materials. Proper collection and safe, nuisance-free disposal of the liquid wastes of a community are legally recognized as a necessity in an urbanized, industrialized society.


What is healthier fish or whole grains?


Well look at it this way, when things happen in water like pollutants and eutrophication, the fish are effected. Also when there are invader species that also effects the fish. Like fish can live with mercury in their system, and when we eat it we get mercury posioning. But with grains, they aren't as easily effected, and when they are there is no possible way of eating the grain.


Vegetarians do you think it's wrong to kill cattle?


Just wondering if some of you guys think that it is wrong to kill cattle and other animals and that is why you are vegetarians.
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Vegetarian and vegan lifestyles are chosen for a variety of reasons -- often, a combination of multiple reasons.

Ethical vegetarianism, as you describe, is based on a respect for animal welfare, including the breeding, confinement, treatment, and slaughter of food animals.

Health vegetarianism is the reduction or elimination of animal products from the diet to reverse, or to reduce the risk of certain chronic illnesses, such as high blood pressure.  It might also be part of a lifelong weight management plan.  The DASH diet, for example, recommends at least two meatless meals per week.

Environmental vegetarianism is concerned with the environmental impacts of food animal production, and the production of feed for those animals.  Specifically, global climate change, land use (deforestation), local air pollution, water eutrophication, occupational hazards to food production workers, and emerging microbial hazards such as antibiotic resistance and viral recombination.

Economic vegetarianism is the simplest to understand: many people in the world opt for veggies instead of meat because it's significantly cheaper, calorie for calorie, to reduce or eliminate animal products from the diet.

Religious vegetarianism is required or encouraged by various religions and religious sects.  Even the major religions put limitations on meat consumption, either certain types of meat, or eating meat on certain days.

And, of course, there are people who just don't like the taste of meat.  I had an ex-roommate like that.  He thought ground beef was a terrible way to ruin a perfectly good taco.


what causes eutrophication? what are its consequences? and you may even suggest ways to prevent it?please....


This is caused when there is an increase in  the chemical nutrients in the ecosystem. The activities of humans have led to an increase in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans all over the world. If the problem is untreated then the quality of the water is affected and the bio diversity or variety or life forms is also affected. When eutrophication is part of the natural process it is part of the ageing processes of water.When bodies of water first form they are low in nutrients and as streams feed the water they carry nutrients which encourage plant s and other species to flourish. Over time a layer of sediment will develop and this will result in the water becoming a bog or marsh as the sediment displaces the water and the species in that area gradually change. When eutrophication is down to humans fertilisers and manure from farms are the main culprits. When these enter the water supply there is a massive increase in algae and plant life, known as algae bloom. The oxygen is depleted causing the plant and animal life to suffocate  and create a dead zone. The accumulated  dead plant and animal life eventually changes a deep lake into a shallow one and finally into a swamp before it becomes dry land. Dead zones are a big problem the gulf of mexico has a dead zonelarger than new jersey. Water that is experiencing eutrophication can be identified by its colour which will be bright red or green because of the algae blooms and are a sign of a serious problem. Many countries are working with scientists to prevent this problem with farms being expected to monitor and control their fertiliser and manure with fines being imposed if acceptable levels are breached.


why shouldent cut down forets?


is it a bad thing that were cutting down rain forets?????
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Because plants in forests undergo a process called "photosynthesis". It turns carbon dioxide back into oxygen in the atmosphere that we can breathe. Breathing is important. Trees hold soil together which prevents erosion, which prevents excess sediments from building up in watersheds. Over eutrophication of watersheds leads to the decline of the entire ecosystem from trophic level one all the way to the top. In other words everything in the area begins to die. I can't even begin to explain all the other reasons why deforestation harms the world.


what can you talk about nutrients?


Nutrients are chemical elements and compounds found in the environment that plants and animals need to grow and survive. For water-quality investigations the various forms of nitrogen and phosphorus are the nutrients of interest. The forms include nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, organic nitrogen (in the form of plant material or other organic compounds), and phosphates (orthophosphate and others). Nitrate is the most common form of nitrogen and phosphates are the most common forms of phosphorus found in natural waters. High concentrations of nutrients in water bodies can potentially cause eutrophication and hypoxia


What is it that makes human fecal matter (poop) so bad in the environment?


What specifically is bad in human waste that is so bad. Animals poop all over the woods and no one seems to care?

I am looking for alternative ways to treat it like composting etc. 

I wonder about boiling, would boiling for 5 mins etc render it safe for use in a garden or mixed in soil?

How long would it take for 1 person to fill a steel pot 5 gallons of just poop then be able to boil it safe? it would seem if you don't pee in it you'd be able to use it quite awhile before it fills up and needs to be decontaminated...

so what specifically in human poop is bad?
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It's not, in itself, bad for the environment. 

But it may be harmful to other people because it may contain viruses, disease-causing bacteria, or parasites. (Keep in mind that the number of species of bacteria that actually cause diseases is less than 300, while there may be thousands or tens of thousands of different species of bacteria that live your intestines, 99% of which are not harmful.) I think humans instinctively find feces to be disgusting for this reason. It's an evolved adaptation that keeps us from contracting diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, dysentery or hepatitis for example. Note that these diseases historically affected people that lived in crowded areas without adequate sewage systems.

Urine is sterile and shouldn't need treatment. On the other hand, your neighbors might look at you funny if you started urinating in jars and using it for fertilizer. I've read that in some areas people are using human waste to produce biogas (methane) to use for heating or running generators. There are laws in most areas regarding the disposal of human waste, so simply trying to compost it would probably be illegal.  Septic tanks usually have a leaching system consisting of a series of underground pipes with holes drilled. The pipes are set in trenches and surrounded by a few inches of gravel, then buried with topsoil. 

In terms of environmental problems...... Large amounts of sewage may be harmful to waterways because they cause overgrowth of single-celled algae, basically because they over-fertilize the water. The algae turn the water murky and opaque, compete with each other, and eventually choke each other out and die in large numbers. Then bacteria decompose the dead algae and that consumes all the oxygen in the water, causing so-called "dead zones". These areas become devoid of fish, shellfish, plants, insects, and other complex life and only single celled bacteria that cause decomposition can survive there. This is known as "eutrophication" which literally means "overgrowth." However this is most commonly caused by fertilizer runoff from farms, not by sewage. 

For example, there are several large areas in the Gulf of Mexico where excess nutrients from the Mississippi river has caused eutrophication.