Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Cyanamide: A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the calcium salt, sometimes also referred to as cyanamide. The citrated calcium salt is used in the treatment of alcoholism.Drug Tolerance: Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Saccharin: Flavoring agent and non-nutritive sweetener.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Reflex, Righting: The instinctive tendency (or ability) to assume a normal position of the body in space when it has been displaced.Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Hydroxytryptophol: 5-Hydroxy-indole-3-ethanol.Receptors, GABA-A: Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and contain an integral membrane chloride channel. Each receptor is assembled as a pentamer from a pool of at least 19 different possible subunits. The receptors belong to a superfamily that share a common CYSTEINE loop.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Xylose

*  .. 4 Comments .. The Circle of Corn-based Ethanol.
of Corn-based Ethanol. It’s quite fun, for given values of “ ... of corn-based ethanol, as a substitute/supplement for ... containing 10% ethanol. This will supposedly decrease...
http://moelane.com/2011/04/03/the-circle-of-corn-based-ethanol/
*  Agrimoney.com | US ethanol output plunges at fastest pace on record
Agrimoney.com. US ethanol output plunges at fastest pace on ... record. US ethanol output falls at fastest pace on record ... US ethanol output fell at its fastest rate on ... Agrimoney.com. US ethanol output plunges at fastest pace on record. home. commodities. companies. markets. opinion. data. calendar. SUBSCRIBE. Wed 7 th Oct 2015. PRINTABLE VERSION. EMAIL TO A FRIEND. RSS FEEDS 18:44 UK, 15 th Jan 2014, by Agrimoney.com. US ethanol output falls at fastest pace on record. US ethanol output fell at its fastest rate on record as the so-called "polar vortex" swept through the country, bringing record low temperatures to some areas and clogging up logistics. US biofuel plants produced 868,000 barrels a day of ethanol last week - down 51,000 barrels a day on output the previous week, the biggest decline on records going back to 2010. . 'Rail network ground to a halt' "During the reported week, we had the polar vortex," said Jerrod Kitt, strategist for Linn Group, the Chicago-based broker. . The rail network...
http://agrimoney.com/news/us-ethanol-output-falls-at-fastest-pace-on-record--6666.html
*  Ethanol Producer Magazine – The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
Ethanol has a powerful defender in Bobby Likis ... shop for 41 years. Ethanol has a powerful defender in Bobby Likis ... myths surrounding ethanol, saying that in 41 years in the ... Ethanol Producer Magazine – The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production. HOME. MAGAZINE. CURRENT ISSUE. SEARCH ARCHIVES. ADVERTISING. BLOGS. THE SCOOP BLOG. E-NEWSLETTERS. ETHANOL WEEK. EVENTS. CONFERENCES. WEBINARS. PLANTS. PLANT LIST. ONLINE PLANT MAP. JOBS. SUBSCRIBE. STORE. NEW DIRECTORY. Follow us. . Operations. Markets. Feedstocks. Coproducts. Cellulosic. Business. Policy. Ethanol myth busting. Ethanol has a powerful defender in Bobby Likis. For 21 years, he's hosted a car-talk program, plus he's run an automotive repair shop for 41 years. By Susanne Retka Schill. December 10, 2012. Ethanol has a powerful defender in Bobby Likis. For 21 years, he s hosted a car-talk program, plus he s run an automotive repair shop for 41 years. In October, Bobby Likis Car Clinic live did several sessions at CARS 2012 in New Orleans...
http://ethanolproducer.com/blog/article/2012/12/ethanol-myth-busting
*  The Law of Unintended Consequences: How the U.S. Biofuel Tax Credit with a Mandate Subsidizes Oil Co
Has No Impact on Ethanol Consumption by Harry De Gorter, David R ... Has No Impact on Ethanol Consumption. Cornell University - ... no effect on the ethanol price and therefore does not help...
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1024525
*  Ethanol, Ethanol Everywhere, Time to Stop and Think | Blog | Tesla Motors
... Ethanol, Ethanol Everywhere, Time to Stop and Think. Blog. Tesla Motors. Tesla Motors Model S. Model X. Supercharger. Powerwall. Updates. Support. Find us. My Tesla. Blog. ZUR TESLA-COMMUNITY. REGISTRIEREN Einloggen. 6 September 2006. Ethanol, Ethanol Everywhere, Time to Stop and Think. Von Elon Musk,. Co-Founder CEO of Tesla Motors. TAGS:. Environment /. Editor's Note: As our Blog has taken off in popularity, we've come to realize the informal style of a blog isn't the most responsible place to convey something as important as our most up-to-date information on battery safety. Thanks in part to our conversations with you in the blog, we have released several updates to the website with many more details on battery safety -- an issue we take very seriously. Please check out the new whitepaper, new FAQ questions and safety page. Ethanol a.k.a. alcohol will certainly grow as a business and serve as a partial solution to our energy problem, particularly given that it is now taking the place of the gasoline a...
http://my.teslamotors.com/de_DE/node/3921
*  Write a question for Breckenridge Premium Vent-Free See-Thru Flush Gas Firebox - 36" - VFP-36SB2E-F
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*  SAP | Stock Trader's Cheat Sheet for SAP Ag
RBOB Natural Gas Ethanol Crude Oil Brent ICE Crude Oil WTI ICE...
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*  What's Old Is New: Pesticide-Free Crop Growing Techniques
is used for making ethanol for fuel—not food. 92.5 percent of US ... grown is used for ethanol. Allen is currently writing a book on ... What's Old Is New: Pesticide-Free Crop Growing Techniques. Loading Please Wait. A SPECIAL DISCOUNT... from me to YOU. Don't miss out – Sign up now. FREE SUBSCRIPTION to my daily newsletter. EXCLUSIVE OFFERS on my high-quality products. Call Toll Free: 877-985-2695. Follow Dr. Mercola. Health. Health Articles. Latest Health Articles. The Smoking Gun Media Failed to Address - Funds from Monsanto Hidden. October 7, 2015. Coke Is a Joke Influencing Science Just Like Politics October 7, 2015. Why So Many Additives in Our Food. October 7, 2015. Categories Aspartame. Cancer. Fluoride. Fructose/Sugar. GMO. Mercury Free Dentistry. Nutritional Typing. Vaccines. Vitamin D. See All Categories. Health Videos. Latest Health Videos. 10 Things You Didn't Know About Silver Fillings October 6, 2015. Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. Schurgers on Vitamin K October 5, 2015. Dr. Mercola Talks to Dr....
http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/04/06/organic-farming.aspx
*  User account | BEEF Magazine
Environment Ethanol. Nutrition. Feeding Systems Supplements ... User account. BEEF Magazine. . ' } //-->. About Us Contact Us Digital Editions Subscribe Advertise RSS Briefing Room. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content. BEEF Magazine. Search:. Register Log In. Display name or email address: *. Password: *. Remember me. Forgot Your Password. close. Beef Quality. Cattle Handling Animal Welfare Beef Quality Marketing/Product Promotion Beef Demand. Business. Estate Planning Industry Structure Management Pasture/Land Values People Products Disaster. Sectors. Seedstock Cow-Calf Stocker/Backgrounders Feedlots Processors Retail Foreign Trade Allied Industry. Health. Calving Weaning Vaccination Parasites Biosecurity BEEF Vet. Markets. Cattle Prices Grain Prices Marketing. Pasture Range. Grazing Systems Pasture Health. Government. Regulation Environment Ethanol. Nutrition. Feeding Systems Supplements Feed. Genetics. Breeding Systems Selection Tools. Advertisement. Log in Create new account Request new password. Please lo...
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*  Financial Portfolio, Watchlists, Investment Tracking | Reuters.com
Bought Pacific Ethanol Inc at 0.26 per share Mar 04, 2009. ... Financial Portfolio, Watchlists, Investment Tracking. Reuters.com. Business of Green. Create Portfolio. Create Watchlist. Help. All Portfolio Pages. All Portfolio Pages Community Portfolios. My Portfolios. My Watchlists. Holdings. Summary. Transactions. Comments 15. Followers 139. Follow this Portfolio. Shared on Mar 04, 2009. Community Rating ratings updated daily. 6 votes. Value Change 0.03%. Unrealized Gain/Loss 12.61%. Total Returns Today 0.03% 1.23% 1.05% 0.62%. versus Benchmark 1 Day 0.08% 5.55% 6.07% 1.19%. Benchmark DJIA. Strategy Establishing Strategy. Email Portfolio. ADD TAG. Manage My Tags Tags are categorized based on color. Red tags are yours and blue tags are community added hanu's Us port1 Green Verde renewable enregy Watch 001 Vestas REC Le Monde Vert something. Transactions All Transactions Buys Sells Buys to Cover Short Sells Bought Energy Conversion Devices Inc at 14.26 per share Mar 03, 2009. Bought First Solar Inc at 115.80 ...
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*  Autopsy: Jerry Brown Jr. blood alcohol level below legal limit at time of death | WOPULAR
Autopsy: Jerry Brown Jr. blood alcohol level below legal limit at time of death. Autopsy: Jerry Brown Jr. Blood Alcohol Level Below Legal Limit At Time Of Death. Autopsy: Jerry Brown Jr. blood alcohol level below legal limit at time of death. 1 2 3 4 NEXT Topics: autopsy jerry brown jr legal limit at time brown jr blood alcohol level blood alcohol level below legal alcohol level below legal limit limit at time of death. BING NEWS: Former Jacksonville Sharks player killed in Dallas crash was sober, autopsy finds DALLAS AP An autopsy has found that Dallas Cowboys practice squad player Jerry Brown Jr ... Autopsy: Cowboys Player Killed in Crash Was Sober An autopsy has found that Dallas Cowboys practice squad player Jerry Brown Jr. who was driving, had a blood alcohol level twice the legal limit when after the Dec. Autopsy: Jerry Brown Jr. blood alcohol level below legal limit at time of death Dallas Cowboys practice squad player Jerry Brown Jr. s blood alcohol level was below the legal driving limit around the t...
http://wopular.com/autopsy-jerry-brown-jr-blood-alcohol-level-below-legal-limit-time-death
*  What does "raised the ethanol level by a factor of 80" mean?
What does raised the ethanol level by a factor of 80 mean. What does raised the ethanol level by a factor of 80 mean. View Forum Posts. Thanks Given 0 Thanks Received 0 Likes Given 612 Likes Received 36. 26-Jan-2012, 12:06. What does raised the ethanol level by a factor of 80 mean. Supposed we have put a tablespoon of ethanol into a bowl of water, now we want to raise the ethanol level by a factor of 80, how many tablespoon of ethanol we have to put into the bowl. View Forum Posts. Member Type: Academic Native Language: English Home Country: Australia Current Location: Australia. 26-Jan-2012, 12:35. Re: What does raised the ethanol level by a factor of 80 mean. Originally Posted by NewHopeR. Supposed we have put a tablespoon of ethanol into a bowl of water, now we want to raise the ethanol level by a factor of 80, how many tablespoon of ethanol we have to put into the bowl. It means to raise the concentration of ethanol to 80 times its current level. View Forum Posts. Member Type: Interested in Language Nativ...
http://usingenglish.com/forum/threads/164347-What-does-quot-raised-the-ethanol-level-by-a-factor-of-80-quot-mean
*  Ethanol Markets in China - Research and Markets
USD $ EUR. Price From: EUR 3682 USD 4,000 GBP 2,721. ETHANOL INDUSTRY ASSESSMENTS China s Ethanol Production, Capacity and Demand China s Ethanol Key Producers Market Share of Key Domestic Ethanol Producers China s Ethanol Consumption by Market Major Foreign Investment in China IV. PRODUCTION AND DEMAND China s Ethanol Production and Demand China s Ethanol Output by Manufacturer China s Ethanol Consumption by Markets Ethanol Capacity by Manufacturers China s Ethanol Capacity and Expansion by Manufacturer China s Ethanol Import by Country China s Ethanol Export by Country V. ETHANOL PRODUCTION AND DEMAND Worldwide Ethanol Capacity by Region Ethanol Output, Capacity and Demand Ethanol Output Ethanol Demand China s Ethanol Consumption by Market Ethanol Capacity Ethanol Output and Demand Ethanol Capacity and Demand Ethanol Output and Export Rate Ethanol Net Import and Export Rate Ethanol Import Ethanol Demand Composition Ethanol Demand and Export Rate Ethanol Import by Country Ethanol Export by Country V. ETH...
http://researchandmarkets.com/reports/607397/ethanol_markets_in_china
*  .. Does Alcohol Affect Viagra .. Share This .. 0 Comments .. Categories .. Blogroll .. Meta
Does Alcohol Affect Viagra. Posted by admin on Oct 4, 2015 in Uncategorized. 0 comments. does alcohol affect viagra : this is because it is very therefore undergraduate, from centre, examination, simple, and often green compounds, to perform staggering people of the active diet in substances. Chitre has a 20th-century usage revealed agallito. Dining does rather modify to police or pharmacies removed for frequent procedures, barrier waste world, or fragmented effects also developing the advisory research. does alcohol affect viagra. The society is dissected by a teenage study largely related in the sea, that does cities in the prescription that include the non-existent century. does alcohol affect viagra. does alcohol affect viagra. does alcohol affect viagra. does alcohol affect viagra: increasingly in 1997, medical system effects were used that find when a journalism, astrologer, or automobile is going an charcoal along the sugar. does alcohol affect viagra. does alcohol affect viagra: by the western dentist...
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*  Newt Gingrich pocketed $300K+ consulting for ethanol group
... Register. Forum. FAQ. Mark Forums Read. View Site Leaders. Forum. Politics. Political News and Commentary. Newt Gingrich pocketed $300K+ consulting for ethanol group. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Thread: Newt Gingrich pocketed $300K+ consulting for ethanol group. Thread Tools Thread Tools. Display Display Linear Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. Newt Gingrich pocketed $300K+ consulting for ethanol group. View Forum Posts. Join Date Oct 2004 Posts 21,874. 04-26-2011, 12:29 PM. Newt Gingrich pocketed $300K+ consulting for ethanol group By KENDRA MARR. 4/25/11 5:46 PM EDT Updated: 4/26/11 8:57 AM EDT Newt Gingrich earned more than $300,000 consulting to a major ethanol lobbying group in 2009, according to the Center for Public Integrity. IRS filings show that Growth Energy, a coalition of ethanol producers, paid Gingrich’s consulting firm $312,500 – one of the group’s largest single expenditures that year. But a Growth Energy spokesman told the Center ...
http://conservativeunderground.com/forum505/showthread.php?39443-Financiers-Switch-to-GOP&goto=nextoldest
*  Betaine Treatment Attenuates Chronic Ethanol-Induced Hepatic Steatosis and Alterations to the Mitoch
Kharbanda et al. Group 1 was fed the control diet. Group 2 was fed the same diet as Group 1 except 1% w/v betaine was added to the diet. Group 3 was fed the ethanol diet, and Group 4 was fed the ethanol diet containing 1% w/v betaine. Livers from the rats fed ethanol for 4-5 weeks displayed micro- and macrovesicular steatosis; however, no steatosis was observed in livers of rats fed the betaine-supplemented ethanol diet Figure 1. Feeding rats a betaine-supplemented control or ethanol diet increased hepatic SAM levels 3- and 6-fold, respectively data not shown. SAH levels followed the same pattern as SAM in these two groups data not shown. Figure 3: Betaine prevents the chronic ethanol-dependent decrease in the hepatic SAM : SAH ratio. Liver CYP2E1 Activity and Protein Levels Chronic ethanol consumption induced a 10-fold increase in CYP2E1 activity Figure 5 a. A marginal, but statistically significant, decrease ~12% in both CYP2E1 protein and activity was observed in livers of...
http://hindawi.com/journals/ijh/2012/962183/
*  .. Category Archives: Cellulosic .. Iowa Gov, Lt Gov to Tour Cellulosic Ethanol PLant .. Think Tan
Quad County Corn Processors QCCP and Syngenta will host Iowa Gov. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in Cellulosic, Ethanol, Ethanol News, Syngenta. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in advance biofuels, AEC, Cellulosic, Ethanol, Ethanol News, Growth Energy, RFA, RFS. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in Cellulosic, EPA, Ethanol, Ethanol News, RFS. At the National Ethanol Conference last week, the Renewable Fuels Association RFA presented Quad County Corn Processors QCCP with the RFA 2015 Industry Award for the development of a process that led to the plant producing the very first gallons of cellulosic ethanol last year. Cellerate process technology is a collaborative effort between Syngenta and QCCP’s subsidiary company Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies LLC that QCCP licenses to other ethanol plants. I talked with Travis and Jack about what Cellerate can do for the industry as a whole and individual plants in this interview: Interview with Quad County Corn Processors and Syngenta. Facebook Twitter E...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/cellulosic/page/3/
*  Does corn ethanol affect food prices? | Farm Industry News Blog
Does corn ethanol affect food prices. Farm Industry News Blog. Farm Industry News. Tractors. Utility Tractors Row Crop Tractors Four-Wheel-Drive Tractors. Farm Vehicles. Home > Blogs > Farm Industry News Blog > Does corn ethanol affect food prices. Does corn ethanol affect food prices. 0 A new report from Iowa State University s ISU Center for Agricultural Rural Development CARD examines what impact ethanol subsidies have had on corn prices from 2005 to 2009. Does corn ethanol affect food prices. This is a question posed in a new report from Iowa State University s ISU Center for Agricultural Rural Development CARD. The authors says that rising corn prices in 2006 and 2007, followed by the 2008 spike, and dramatic drop in 2009 would have occurred without ethanol subsidies or even if corn ethanol production had not expanded. In The Impact of Ethanol and Ethanol Subsidies on Corn Prices: Revisiting History. While we cannot rerun history to see what corn prices would be like today without ethanol sub...
http://farmindustrynews.com/ethanol/does-corn-ethanol-affect-food-prices
*  .. QCCP-Syngenta Collaboration Produces Cellulosic Ethanol .. Post navigation
Post navigation ← Previous. Next →. QCCP-Syngenta Collaboration Produces Cellulosic Ethanol Posted on. July 14, 2014. by. Joanna Schroeder. Syngenta and Quad County Corn Processors QCCP are collaborating to produce cellulosic ethanol from corn kernels as well as to license the technology to other ethanol plants. The first-of-its-kind technology is known as Adding Cellulosic Ethanol and was developed by QCCP, who expects to produce one million gallons of cellulosic ethanol in 2014 and two million gallons in 2015. This breakthrough was made possible through the integration of Adding Cellulosic Ethanol technology at QCCP, a 35 million gallon per year capacity ethanol production facility. The introduction of the technology. will enable QCCP to increase ethanol yield per bushel by six percent, produce an additional two million gallons of cellulosic ethanol per year and realize a number of other important benefits including increased production of corn oil and distillers grains DDGs. Delayne Johnson, CEO of QCCP di...
http://energy.agwired.com/2014/07/14/qccp-syngenta-collaboration-produces-cellulosic-ethanol/
*  Commentary: Requiring use of imported ethanol is stupid | Ag Professional
Ag Professional. Webinars Facebook Link. Twitter Link. Instagram Link. RSS Index Link. Ag Professional. Facebook Link. Twitter Link. Instagram Link. RSS Index Link. Connect with us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. News Honeywell White Paper Subscribe AgPro University - Nufarm. There is no reason to alter the Renewable Fuel Standard RFS when the U.S. The problem seems to be that the federal RFS and the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard LCFS classify sugarcane ethanol production as being superior to corn ethanol in terms of causing less greenhouse gases GHG. So, even though sugarcane ethanol can cost more than U.S. The RFA has contested the Environmental Protection Agency’s GHG analysis of sugarcane ethanol production being much better than corn ethanol from day one of the RFS. As the RFA continues to request, let’s have the standard blend of ethanol in gasoline increased to 15 percent from the current 10 percent. corn ethanol in Brazil because of the price difference between its sugarcane ethanol and corn...
http://agprofessional.com/news/Commentary-Requiring-use-of-imported-ethanol-is-stupid-239477051.html?email=yes&cmntid=166163846
*  .. Category Archives: Ethanol News .. First Power by People Award at #ACE15 .. MO Lawmakers Suppor
Cindy Zimmerman. In honor of its successful photo campaign featuring the people of the ethanol industry, the American Coalition for Ethanol awarded its first “Power by People” award at last week’s annual meeting. 2015 ACE Annual Meeting Photos. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in ACE, ACE Ethanol Conference, Ethanol, Ethanol News. Cindy Zimmerman. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Cindy Zimmerman. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Cindy Zimmerman. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Cindy Zimmerman. The still new CEO of the National Corn Growers Association NCGA addressed the American Coalition for Ethanol ACE annual meeting last week with strong message that they stand behind the industry all the way. NCGA CEO Chris Novak at ACE Interview with NCGA CEO Chris Novak 2015 ACE Annual Meeting Photos. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in ACE, ACE Ethanol Conference, Audio, EPA, Ethanol, Ethanol News, NCGA. Listen to my interview with Eric Branstad here: Interview with Eric Branstad, America'...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/ethanol-news/page/3/
*  Ethanol fuel in the United States
... The target for ethanol production from cellulosic feedstocks was 16 billion US gallons a year. The corn ethanol target was 15 billion US gallons by 2015. Worldwatch Institute and Center for American Progress 2006. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 required use of 7.5e9USgal of renewable fuel by 2012, and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 raised the standard, to 36e9USgal of annual renewable fuel use by 2022. fuel ethanol production and imports 2000–2011. In 2010, CBO estimated that taxpayer costs to reduce gasoline consumption by one gallon were $1.78 for corn ethanol and $3.00 for cellulosic ethanol. ethanol fuel production and use is related to corn ethanol's energy balance and its social and environmental impacts. A team led by Searchinger from Princeton University concluded that once direct and indirect effect of land use changes ILUC are considered, both corn and cellulosic ethanol increased carbon emissions as compared to gasoline by 93 and 50 percent respectively. After the CARB's rulin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel_in_the_United_States
*  DailyTech - Study: Corn Ethanol Increases Global Warming, Grass Ethanol Fights It
... Auto Study: Corn Ethanol Increases Global Warming, Grass Ethanol Fights It Jason Mick. Not so green: corn ethanol reduces the soil carbon, increasing emissions and possibly contributing to warming. The top meter of soil holds more than three times the amount of carbon stored in either vegetation or the atmosphere, so if you do little things to change the amount of carbon in the soil it has a huge impact on the atmosphere and thus global warming." Corn ethanol increases emissions, according to the study, because corn must be constantly replanted, and replanting requires tilling the fields. Switchgrass, Miscanthus, and other fast-growing grasses, however, require no tilling and can grow wild, greatly increasing the soil's carbon and decreasing emissions. The study is significant, says Professor DeLucia as currently 20 percent of the U.S.'s corn crop goes to ethanol. He describes "so we began with the hypothesis that it might be good for soil carbon to put a perennial biofuel crop on the landscape instead o...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=13579&commentid=377230&threshhold=1&red=316
*  DailyTech - Study: Corn Ethanol Increases Global Warming, Grass Ethanol Fights It
... Auto Study: Corn Ethanol Increases Global Warming, Grass Ethanol Fights It Jason Mick. Not so green: corn ethanol reduces the soil carbon, increasing emissions and possibly contributing to warming. The top meter of soil holds more than three times the amount of carbon stored in either vegetation or the atmosphere, so if you do little things to change the amount of carbon in the soil it has a huge impact on the atmosphere and thus global warming." Corn ethanol increases emissions, according to the study, because corn must be constantly replanted, and replanting requires tilling the fields. Switchgrass, Miscanthus, and other fast-growing grasses, however, require no tilling and can grow wild, greatly increasing the soil's carbon and decreasing emissions. The study is significant, says Professor DeLucia as currently 20 percent of the U.S.'s corn crop goes to ethanol. He describes "so we began with the hypothesis that it might be good for soil carbon to put a perennial biofuel crop on the landscape instead o...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=13579&commentid=377895&threshhold=1&red=1543
*  .. Category Archives: Ethanol .. ARF Reacts to Hillary Clinton’s Ag, Energy Plan .. Clinton Voic
August 28, 2015. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Clinton Voices Support for Renewable Energy. August 27, 2015. Cindy Zimmerman. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in Audio, Energy, Ethanol, Ethanol News, Government, politics, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind. August 27, 2015. Cindy Zimmerman. American Coalition for Ethanol ACE president Ron Alverson of Dakota Energy surprised his friend Steve Roe with Little Sioux Corn Processors in Marcus, Iowa with this year’s President’s Award. ethanol industry. 2015 ACE Annual Meeting Photos. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in ACE, ACE Ethanol Conference, Ethanol, Ethanol News. First Power by People Award at #ACE15. Posted on. August 27, 2015. Cindy Zimmerman. In honor of its successful photo campaign featuring the people of the ethanol industry, the American Coalition for Ethanol awarded its first “Power by People” award at last week’s annual meeting. ACE Executive Director Brian Jennings said Husker Ag’s recent response to a Renewable Fuels Standard RFS public heari...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/ethanol/page/5/
*  Country Hedging
DTN Menu Group. Futures Markets. DTN Soybean Rust. DTN Ethanol. Futures Markets. Denatured Fuel Ethanol CBOT. Contract Sym Prev Open High Low Last Trade Chg Settle Last Update. ETHANOL Oct 15 @AC5V 1.575 1.615 1.615 1.611 1.612 0.040 1.615 12:20P Oct 05. ETHANOL Nov 15 @AC5X 1.540 1.557 1.594 1.557 1.580 0.040 1.589 3:08P Oct 05. ETHANOL Dec 15 @AC5Z 1.518 1.525 1.550 1.525 1.547 0.029 1.550 2:00P Oct 05. ETHANOL Jan 16 @AC6F 1.501. 1.495 0.032 1.533 1:16P Oct 05. ETHANOL Feb 16 @AC6G 1.500 1.530 1.530 1.530 1.530 0.032 1.532 1:16P Oct 05. ETHANOL Mar 16 @AC6H 1.507 1.525 1.525 1.525 1.525 0.032 1.539 1:16P Oct 05. ETHANOL Apr 16 @AC6J 1.522. ETHANOL May 16 @AC6K 1.522. ETHANOL Jun 16 @AC6M 1.508. ETHANOL Jul 16 @AC6N 1.505. 1.482 0.032 1.537 1:16P Oct 05. ETHANOL Aug 16 @AC6Q 1.498. ETHANOL Sep 16 @AC6U 1.493 1.520 1.520 1.520 1.520 0.027 1.525 3:13P Oct 05. ETHANOL Oct 16 @AC6V 1.491. ETHANOL Nov 16 @AC6X 1.491. 0.032 1.523 1:16P Oct 05. ETHANOL Dec 16 @AC6Z 1.472. ETHANOL Jan 17 @AC7F 1.472. 0.032 1.504 1:...
http://countryhedging.aghost.net/index.cfm?show=62&subtype=25
*  Ethanol mandate fight heating up | Government content from Western Farm Press
Ethanol mandate fight heating up. Government content from Western Farm Press. Advertisement. Home > Government > Ethanol mandate fight heating up Ethanol mandate fight heating up Aug 2, 2012. 2 What is in this article?: Ethanol mandate fight heating up Ethanol advocates. Ethanol advocates Ethanol industry advocates were quick to downplay the coalition s claims and encouraged the EPA to refuse the waiver request. The study showed that eliminating the RFS would reduce corn prices less than five percent. « Ethanol mandate fight heating up. I support a waiver of the ethanol mandate, voluntary use of ethanol in my gas. Federal ethanol policy increases Government motors oil use and Big oil profit. On petition to EPA to end ethanol mandate by meat producers, it does make sense that ending ethanol production will not result in a significant lowering of corn prices because excess corn has already been turned into ethanol, which of course is what the industry is saying, that there should be no need for concern ...
http://westernfarmpress.com/government/ethanol-mandate-fight-heating?page=2
*  Ethanol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ethanol From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Redirected from Ethyl alcohol Jump to: navigation, search "Drinking alcohol" redirects here. For information related to the consumption of alcohol, see Alcoholic beverage. DrugBank. / ˈ ɛ θ ə n ɒ l /, also commonly called ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts. The amount of ethanol in the body is typically quantified by blood alcohol content BAC, which is here taken as weight of ethanol per unit volume of blood. Alcohols fell into general disuse as more efficient rocket fuels were developed. Frequent drinking of alcoholic beverages has been shown to be a major contributing factor in cases of elevated blood levels of triglycerides. Pure ethanol and alcoholic beverages are heavily taxed as psychoactive drugs, but ethanol has many uses that do not involve consumption by humans. Alcohol Ethanol at The Periodic Table of Videos University of Notti...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethyl_alcohol
*  The Economic Feasibility of Ethanol Production from Sugar Crops - LSU AgCenter
Current production of ethanol around the world uses two primary feedstocks: grain crops primarily corn and wheat and sugar crops sugarcane, sugar beets or molasses. The United States produced 3.9 billion gallons of ethanol in 2005, up from 3.4 billion gallons in 2004. Since feedstock costs are a major cost item in producing ethanol, the relatively low market prices for sugar crops in many of these countries, compared to the United States, makes the production of ethanol from sugar crops economically feasible. average sugar recovery rates, one ton of sugarcane would be expected to yield 19.5 gallons of ethanol, and one ton of sugar beets would be expected to yield 24.8 gallons of ethanol. One ton of molasses, a byproduct of sugarcane and sugar beet processing, would yield about 69.4 gallons of ethanol. Using raw sugar as a feedstock, one ton would yield 135.4 gallons of ethanol, and refined sugar would yield 141 gallons. The cost of converting sugarcane into ethanol was estimated to be approximately $2.40 per ...
http://lsuagcenter.com/en/communications/publications/agmag/archive/2007/winter/the economic feasibility of ethanol production from sugar crops.htm
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Home. Auto. Gadgets. Hardware. Internet. IT. Science. Software. Blogs. Polls. Submit News. Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Print. 115 comment s - last by inperfectdarkn.. on Jan 17 at 9:00 AM. Recipient E-mail. Sender E-mail. Coskata Inc. grows many microbes in how, in its efforts to find natural bacteria that optimally produce ethanol. These little guys are the key to Coskata's new method. Its current generation features high efficiency, live in-gas in an aerobic environment, and reproduce naturally. A Coskata employee mans the ethanol reactor. Source: Coskata Inc. Tubing with selective membranes separates the reactor's output into pure water and pure ethanol. Source: Coskata Inc. GM and Coskata partner to bring transform the way ethanol is mass produced At the General Motors section of the North American International Auto Show NAIAS at Detroit, the biggest news wasn't cars -- it was fuel. GM unveiled and detailed its efforts ...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237180&threshhold=1&red=246
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Home. Auto. Gadgets. Hardware. Internet. IT. Science. Software. Blogs. Polls. Submit News. Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Print. 115 comment s - last by inperfectdarkn.. on Jan 17 at 9:00 AM. Recipient E-mail. Sender E-mail. Coskata Inc. grows many microbes in how, in its efforts to find natural bacteria that optimally produce ethanol. These little guys are the key to Coskata's new method. Its current generation features high efficiency, live in-gas in an aerobic environment, and reproduce naturally. A Coskata employee mans the ethanol reactor. Source: Coskata Inc. Tubing with selective membranes separates the reactor's output into pure water and pure ethanol. Source: Coskata Inc. GM and Coskata partner to bring transform the way ethanol is mass produced At the General Motors section of the North American International Auto Show NAIAS at Detroit, the biggest news wasn't cars -- it was fuel. GM unveiled and detailed its efforts ...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237361&threshhold=1&red=1424
*  USDA ERS - Cellulosic Ethanol From Crop Residue Is No Free Lunch?
USDA ERS - Cellulosic Ethanol From Crop Residue Is No Free Lunch. You are here: Home / Amber Waves / 2009 - December / Cellulosic Ethanol From Crop Residue Is No Free Lunch. Amber Waves. Amber Waves Home. About Amber Waves. Cellulosic Ethanol From Crop Residue Is No Free Lunch. by Scott Malcolm and Marcel Aillery. Crop residues from agricultural field crops represent a potential source of vegetative cellulosic matter to be used in ethanol production. Thus, the costs of shifting from production of corn-based ethanol to production of cellulosic ethanol from crop residues may offset the benefits. production of 15 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol and 3 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol in 2015 see “Full Throttle U.S. produced 12 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol and 6 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol from crop residue rather than the RFS target amounts. crop acreage would decline as cellulosic ethanol production displaces corn-based ethanol production. With cellulosic production displacing 3 bil...
http://ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2009-december/cellulosic-ethanol-from-crop-residue-is-no-free-lunch.aspx
*  IndyCar Runs Pure Ethanol In Test Session At Famed Daytona International Speedway
... Digital Journal. news. B2B News. alexander gustafsson. IndyCar Runs Pure Ethanol In Test Session At Famed Daytona International Speedway By Carolyn E. IndyCar Series goes green. Last week, the Indy Racing League ran a full test for the first time at the famed Daytona International Speedway. It was also the first time their 3.5-liter Honda Indy V-8 engines performed with 100-percent fuel grade ethanol. The ethanol fuel will be the only fuel that will will power their series cars this year. "This was a milestone week for ethanol and the IndyCar Series since every car at the test was running on 100 percent fuel-grade ethanol. The best thing about the test was that there wasn't a huge difference between how the cars were last year and how the cars were running the last couple of days,' said Scott Sharp, driver of the No. That is a huge credit to Honda, the IndyCar Series and ethanol for making sure that the transition to a renewable fuel source has been so smooth.". The IndyCar Series is the first and only i...
http://digitaljournal.com/article/107146
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Not too long ago it looked like the end of ethanol fuel, with advent of a hungry microbial hydrogen production research effort, which promised better efficiency than current ethanol production. The biggest current downside of current ethanol infrastructure is simply its source; current ethanol can only be produced using the chemical breakdown of sugar-laden crops, such as corn and sugar cane. experts agree that the amount of land needed to grow enough sugar crops to power the nation's vehicles would be prohibitive. Microbial hydrogen currently has ethanol trumped on this count, as it can use anything from crop waste to household table scraps as a source of hydrogen. Ethanol is down, but certainly not out. An advanced new approach, dubbed "cellulosic ethanol production," developed by Coskata Inc. The alternative energy auto market is not unfami...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237622&threshhold=1&red=1424
*  "AP Investigation: Corn-Based Ethanol Causes Environment Damage"
AP Investigation: Corn-Based Ethanol Causes Environment Damage. Published on SEJ http://www.sej.org Home "AP Investigation: Corn-Based Ethanol Causes Environment Damage" AP Investigation: Corn-Based Ethanol Causes Environment Damage. "Ethanol Push Has Reduced Conservation Land" AP. "7 Things To Know About Ethanol" AP. "AP: Ethanol Timeline" AP. "Ethanol Producers Fume Over Upcoming Wire Story" National Journal. "Ag Secretary Vilsack: ‘I Don’t Know’ Whether Ethanol Helps Climate" E2 Wire/The Hill. "Industry Takes Aim At AP Ethanol Investigation" AP. "AP Ethanol Story Causing Stir Before Release" Hoosier Ag Today. Box 2492 Jenkintown, PA 19046 Telephone: 215 884-8174 | FAX: 215 884-8175 Email: sej@sej.org. Source URL: http://www.sej.org/headlines/ap-investigation-corn-based-ethanol-causes-environment-damage Links: http://www.sej.org/headlines/ap-investigation-corn-based-ethanol-causes-environment-damage http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/12/ethanol-investigation n 4258796.html http://www.wiscnews.com/bdc/new...
http://sej.org/print/headlines/ap-investigation-corn-based-ethanol-causes-environment-damage
*  Ethanol fuel in Brazil
EPA designated Brazilian sugarcane ethanol as an advanced biofuel due to its 61% reduction of total life cycle greenhouse gas emissions, including direct indirect land use change emissions. In terms of energy equivalent, sugarcane ethanol represented 17.6% of the country's total energy consumption by the transport sector in 2008. of ethanol are expected to be produced in 2008/09 harvest year, with most of the production being destined for the internal market, and only 4.2 billion liters 1.1 billion gallons for exports, with an estimated 2.5 billion liters 660 million gallons destined for the US market. Brazilian ethanol fuel production in 2011 was 21.1 billion liters 5.6 billion U.S. liquid gallons, down from 26.2 billion liters 6.9 billion gallons in 2010,. This production price difference, though small, contributes to the competitiveness of the hydrated ethanol E100 used in Brazil, not only with regard to local gasoline prices but also as compared to other countries such as the United States and Sweden, tha...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel_in_Brazil
*  Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online | Ethanol content from Farm
Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Ethanol content from Farm Industry News. Farm Industry News. Home Crop Protection. Farm Equipment. Advertisement. Home > Bioenergy > Ethanol > Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online Biomass logistics Conversion technologies Capital needs Looking ahead. Advertisement. POET-DSM and DuPont Industrial Biosciences, or DIB, have been working with researchers from Iowa State University who have been monitoring how soil health is affected when corn stover is removed. DuPont has been working with Iowa farmers for the last four harvests, and POET-DSM is in its seventh harvest working with growers. Subscribe to Farm Industry News Now e-newsletter to get the latest news and more straight to your inbox twice weekly. Getting a new industry up and running from ...
http://farmindustrynews.com/ethanol/cellulosic-ethanol-industry-overcoming-barriers-bring-tech-online?page=2
*  EPA Wins Legal Battle Against Higher Ethanol Levels In Fuel
... Green Car Reports. News. The Week In Reverse October 3, 2015. VW’s Diesel Mess, Production Tesla Model X... Today in Car News October 2, 2015. Formula E Electric-Car Racing Raises The Power... Diesel Scandal Already Costing Volkswagen, Audi... More News. 2016 Chevrolet Volt First Drive: Plug-In Hybrid... 2015 Tesla Model S 70D: First Drive Of New... Green Car Guides More. Should I Buy A Used Chevy Volt Electric Car. Ten Used Hybrid Cars To Consider Steering Clear... Nissan Leaf Electric Car: Ultimate Guide, What... Electric. All Cars Electric More. October 2, 2015. October 2, 2015. October 2, 2015. News by Car Type See all new cars. HYBRID. ELECTRIC. CLEAN DIESEL. Popular Green Cars. 2016 Chevrolet Volt. Follow. Like Us on Facebook. News. Alt Fuels. EPA Wins Legal Battle Against Higher Ethanol Levels In Fuel. EPA Wins Legal Battle Against Higher Ethanol Levels In Fuel By. Corn Ethanol Pump Enlarge Photo The battle over the levels of ethanol in fuel may not have stopped just yet, but a decision by the U.S...
http://greencarreports.com/news/1078608_epa-wins-legal-battle-against-higher-ethanol-levels-in-fuel
*  .. Posts Tagged ‘blood alcohol level’ .. BAL
posts tagged blood alcohol level bal january rd when i was in medical school and during my medical internship it was axiomatic that we treated patients not laboratory values that axiom remains valid in todayâ s high tech medicine i find that sometimes my non psychiatric colleagues fail to appreciate the gravity of alcohol and sedative hypnotic withdrawal a syndrome that carries a high mortality risk and sometimes a patient can come into an er with alcohol on his breath and a high blood alcohol level bal and still be in impending delirium tremens dts a woman walked into our er yes she really walked she spoke coherently but was agitated her bal was the highest iâ ve ever seen within an hour she had a seizure and was in florid dts she had no other neurological abnormalities on physical exam or scan so with a bal that high she was actually in alcohol withdrawal she must have been routinely consuming a huge quantity of alcohol with a high level of dependence we treat patients not lab values alan j gelenberg m d ed...
http://btpnews.com/blog/?tag=blood-alcohol-level
*  Why is world going hungry? Blame ethanol | American Fuels
Why is world going hungry. Blame ethanol. February 29, 2008. Why is world going hungry. Blame ethanol. Ethanol, that's why. Full Article And the rest of the article goes on say that it is not only ethanol's fault, it is our fault. So it is not the world's quest for biofuels that is causing the problem it is our quest for biofuels alone that is at issue. Now, with supplies short and prices for the grain on world markets reaching 10-year highs of over $4 a bushel in February, farmers are being feted by government ministers who want more corn acres planted for food and energy. Higher prices benefits farmers around the world. As is often said, and something that I truly believe in, what is good for farmers is good for the local community. Labels: Ethanol, Food vs Fuel. August 1. July 1. June 1. January 1. December 1. November 1. July 3. June 1. April 17. March 28. February 13. January 26. December 18. November 3. June 1. January 3. November 2. July 1. March 1. February 2. January 2. July 5. June 17. April 20. Mar...
http://americanfuels.net/2008/02/why-is-world-going-hungry-blame-ethanol.html
*  CARPE DIEM: Ethanol: A Subsidy-Fueled Gold Mine
... CARPE DIEM Professor Mark J. Perry's Blog for Economics and Finance. Sunday, October 08, 2006 Ethanol: A Subsidy-Fueled Gold Mine. How do you make ethanol. By mixing corn with our tax dollars. From an article in the. St. Paul Pioneer Press :. The ethanol industry wasn't born, it was built, one government act at a time. During the 1970s energy crisis, turning corn into fuel seemed like a cool idea, but it wasn't economical. So the subsidies began. Then protection from foreign imports. During the 1980s farm crisis, Minnesota officials hoped ethanol could lead a rural revival and offered subsidies so generous that farmers could build ethanol plants practically for free. Still, ethanol struggled. So the 1990s brought laws encouraging ethanol use. Then laws requiring it. Then more laws, requiring more ethanol. Today, at long last, ethanol has entered its golden age, thanks to three decades of government subsidies and the more recent run-up of oil prices. But if ethanol's fortunes have dramatically changed, et...
http://mjperry.blogspot.com/2006/10/ethanol-subsidy-fueled-gold-mine.html
*  .. Category Archives: Ethanol .. Illinois Corn Working to Support #Ethanol, E15 .. Orrie Swayze Sa
Post navigation ← Older posts Newer posts → Illinois Corn Working to Support #Ethanol, E15 Posted on. September 14, 2015. They have been working with the American Lung Association and the Illinois Corn Marketing Board has allocated money to help with infrastructure through the Prime The Pump program. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in Agribusiness, Audio, E15, Ethanol, Renewable Energy. September 14, 2015. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in ACE Ethanol Conference, Audio, Education, Ethanol, Renewable Energy. September 14, 2015. Cindy Zimmerman. The Global Renewable Fuels Alliance GRFA has for several years argued that the price of oil and energy inputs are the single most influential drivers of food and commodity prices. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in Ethanol, Ethanol News, food and fuel, Food prices, International. Ethanol Report on Growing Biofuels Infrastructure Posted on. September 11, 2015. Cindy Zimmerman. Listen to this edition of the Ethanol Report here: Ethanol Report on Growing Bi...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/ethanol/page/3/
*  Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online | Ethanol content from Farm
Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Ethanol content from Farm Industry News. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content. Farm Industry News. Search:. Home Crop Protection. Farm Equipment. Precision Farming. Tractors. Utility Tractors Row Crop Tractors Four-Wheel-Drive Tractors. Advertisement. Home > Bioenergy > Ethanol > Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online. Cellulosic ethanol industry overcoming barriers to bring the tech online Biomass logistics Conversion technologies Capital needs Looking ahead. Companies are working out the details of harvesting cellulose without harming the soil. Biomass. Stover bales have value for cellulosic ethanol, but also for the soil from which they are harvested. Advertisement. Conversion technologies. The companies that will be producing cellulosic ethanol next year have already logged years of development. We started constructi...
http://farmindustrynews.com/ethanol/cellulosic-ethanol-industry-overcoming-barriers-bring-tech-online?page=3
*  .. Ask The Sietch – What Is Ethanol And How Do You Make It .. Post navigation .. About The Naib
Ethanol as a fuel:. It is a renewable fuel made from plants It is not a fossil-fuel: manufacturing it and burning it does not increase the greenhouse effect It provides high octane at low cost as an alternative to harmful fuel additives Ethanol blends can be used in all petrol engines without modifications Ethanol is biodegradable without harmful effects on the environment It significantly reduces harmful exhaust emissions Ethanol’s high oxygen content reduces carbon monoxide levels more than any other oxygenate: by 25-30%, according to the US EPA Ethanol blends dramatically reduce emissions of hydrocarbons, a major contributor to the depletion of the ozone layer High-level ethanol blends reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 20% Ethanol can reduce net carbon dioxide emissions by up to 100% on a full life-cycle basis High-level ethanol blends can reduce emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds VOCs by 30% or more VOCs are major sources of ground-level ozone formation As an octane enhancer, ethanol can cut e...
http://blog.thesietch.org/2007/03/07/diy-ethanol/
*  Biofuels, Ethanol Overview
... Ethanol Overview There are two types of ethanol produced in the United States – fermentation ethanol and synthetic ethanol. Fermentation ethanol or bioethanol is produced from corn or other biomass feedstocks and is by far the most common type of ethanol produced, accounting for more than 90% of all ethanol production. Fermentation ethanol is mainly produced for fuel, though a small share is used by the beverage industry and the industrial industry. Synthetic ethanol is produced from ethylene, a petroleum by-product, and is used mainly in industrial applications. A small amount of synthetic ethanol is exported to other countries. In 2009, more than 7.3 billion gasoline-equivalent gallons were added to gasoline in the United States to meet biofuel requirements and reduce air pollution. Ethanol is currently produced using a process similar to brewing beer where starch crops are converted into sugars, the sugars are fermented into ethanol, and the ethanol is then distilled into its final form. In many areas...
http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/biofuels/ethanol/Ethanol_Overview.shtml
*  Corn ethanol
... Corn is the main feedstock used for producing ethanol fuel in the United States. Production process Environmental and social issues Economic impact of corn ethanol. Production process. There are two main types of corn ethanol production: dry milling and wet milling. This is where the yeast is added and conversion from sugar to ethanol and carbon dioxide begins. The steeping liquor produced is concentrated and dried with the fiber and sold as corn gluten feed to in the livestock industry. The corn starch and remaining water can then be processed one of three ways: 1 fermented into ethanol, through a similar process as dry milling, 2 dried and sold as modified corn starch, or 3 made into corn syrup. The production of corn ethanol uses water in two ways – irrigation and processing. ethanol is produced from corn by the dry grind process.". The byproduct of this process is known as distiller's dried grains and solubles DDGS and is used wet or dry as animal feed.". Environmental and social issues. Ethanol fuel...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corn_ethanol
*  .. Beginning of the End of Corn Ethanol? .. An End to Ethanol Subsidies?
The Senate cast a deciding vote, 73-27 in repealing the 45 cent per gallon subsidy to refiners for blending gasoline with ethanol, and the 54 cent per gallon tariff on imported ethanol. Iowa State University released a study arguing that ethanol has helped suppress gasoline prices. It is of no surprise that supporters of the ethanol subsidy and tariff have embraced the study by Iowa State University with open arms and are using it to add weight to their position. Unfortunately for supporters of the ethanol subsidy, the Institute for Energy Research, released its own study debunking the arguments from Iowa State. While the Institute for Energy Research admits that removing the ethanol subsidy will result in a short-term spike in gasoline prices, they argue that in the long run consumers are better off without the ethanol subsidy–ideally the country would’ve been better off if the subsidy had never existed. Those who claim that removing the ethanol subsidy and tariff will increase gasoline prices also fail to a...
http://blog.acton.org/archives/tag/volumetric-ethanol-excise-tax-credit
*  .. Category Archives: American Ethanol .. American Ethanol “Top Gun” at Lake Ozark Shootout ..
Cindy Zimmerman. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in American Ethanol, Ethanol, Ethanol News, Racing. 3 American Ethanol Chevrolet will shed its green-and-black design for the first time in five years,” said Jon Holzfaster, chairman of the National Corn Growers Association NASCAR Advisory Committee and a farmer from Paxton, Nebraska. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Cindy Zimmerman. Mycogen Seeds and Richard Childress Racing RCR have unveiled a new paint scheme for the No. 3 Mycogen Seeds Chevrolet SS, which Austin Dillon will drive at the Brickyard 400 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series race on July 26. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in American Ethanol, corn, Ethanol, NASCAR. Cindy Zimmerman. American Ethanol is a partnership with NASCAR and all races are run on 15% ethanol-blended fuel. Facebook Twitter Email Print. Posted in American Ethanol, Ethanol, NASCAR. This item from the National Corn Growers Association says races in Michigan and St. The highlight in Michigan will be Aus...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/american-ethanol/
*  Ethanol industry no longer needs subsidies | Ethanol content from BEEF Magazine
Ethanol industry no longer needs subsidies. Ethanol content from BEEF Magazine. About Us Contact Us Digital Editions Subscribe Advertise RSS Briefing Room. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content. BEEF Magazine. Search:. Password: *. Beef Quality. Cattle Handling Animal Welfare Beef Quality Marketing/Product Promotion Beef Demand. Business. Sectors. Health. Markets. Cattle Prices Grain Prices Marketing. Pasture Range. Grazing Systems Pasture Health. Government. Regulation Environment Ethanol. Nutrition. Genetics. Advertisement. Home > Government > Ethanol > Ethanol industry no longer needs subsidies. Ethanol industry no longer needs subsidies. EMAIL. Tweet. The CEO of Omaha-based ethanol producer Green Plains Energy says the ethanol industry no longer needs the ethanol blender s tax credit and tariff to survive. Advertisement. The CEO of Omaha-based ethanol producer Green Plains Energy says the ethanol industry no longer needs the ethanol blender’s tax credit and tariff to survive. EMAIL. Tweet. Advert...
http://beefmagazine.com/ethanol/ethanol-industry-doesnt-need-subsidies-1101
*  Pallet Enterprise : Emerging Cellulosic Ethanol Industry Could Prove to Be Boon for Forestry
Corn-based ethanol, once seen as America’s solution to the oil shortage, has a new rival in cellulosic ethanol, which is derived from wood fiber. Not only would advances in cellulosic ethanol be a boon for consumers, but increased demand for wood fiber to produce cellulosic ethanol could revitalize the forest products industry. A handful of companies is forming the basis of an industry devoted to using wood and other biomass in the production of cellulosic ethanol. Mitch Mandich, CEO of Range Fuels, said his company’s thermo-chemical approach is “more like a bio-refinery.” Range Fuels will be more successful than some competitors because the company does not use an enzymatic process, said Mitch. “In the next four to five years the enzymatic approach might be commercially viable, but it could be four to five dollars per gallon to produce.” Range Fuels has broken ground on its first plant in Soperton, Ga. According to Zeachem’s Web site, its patented hybrid methodology, which combines thermo-chemical and bio-ch...
http://palletenterprise.com/view_article/2644
*  Penray Introduces New Penray Plus Ethanol Stabilizer - Counterman Magazine
... ‘I Can’t Find A Copy Of Counterman Magazine!’ Auto Parts Distributor Pleads Guilty to Manufacturing and Selling Pirated Mercedes-Benz Software All Girls Garage Co-Host Bogi Lateiner Partners With SKF In Online Video Series Keystone Automotive Operations To Open Two New Distribution Centers What Really Shapes the Customer Experience. Penray Introduces New Penray Plus Ethanol Stabilizer. Penray Introduces New Penray Plus Ethanol Stabilizer. contains as much as 10 percent ethanol. According to Penray, this new product brings several specific benefits to the motoring public: First, the Ethanol Stabilizer incorporates a special solvent to prevent the ethanol and gasoline from separating in the fuel in the tank. Without such a solvent the ethanol/water layer can corrode the inside of the fuel tank and degrade fuel lines, fuel injectors and other critical fuel system components. Second, an antioxidant in this new Penray Plus product prevents degradation of the fuel, which is important since ethanol-based fuels ...
http://counterman.com/penray-introduces-new-penray-plus-ethanol-stabilizer/
*  Ethanol Producer Magazine – The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
... MAGAZINE. PLANTS. PLANT LIST. Cellulosic. Fundamentally bullish on cellulosic ethanol. The multinationals may be looking at Brazil, but I am fundamentally bullish about homegrown, U.S. made cellulosic ethanol. Cobalt Technologies is the latest company to announce its second generation technology will be developed in Brazil. BP Biofuels canceled its Florida project, but says it will continue to develop its cellulosic technology. No cellulosic projects have been announced in Brazil, but the BP media spokesman pointed out it will continue its biobutanol joint venture, its UK project a wheat-based ethanol facility with multiple partners and its work in Brazil. They have several ethanol plants in Brazil. I m willing to bet that they re first deployment of cellulosic technology will be there. I ve also written in the past months about Blue Sugars formerly KL Energy and their work with Brazil oil company Petrobras to develop their technology for use in Petrobras ethanol production facilities, targeting bagasse ...
http://ethanolproducer.com/articles/9295/fundamentally-bullish-on-cellulosic-ethanol
*  Ethanol effect
The 'Ethanol Effect' refers to the unintended consequences of United States' reliance on the biofuel ethanol as a substitute for fossil fuels and as a quick-fix solution for America’s reliance on foreign oil in a post 9/11 world. The term was first coined, according to American Public Media’s Marketplace Radio, by a University of Iowa study in 2007. A recent University of Iowa study says the ethanol effect pushed up food prices by $14 billion last year. Environmental experts point to the fact that filling a 25USgal tank on an SUV with pure ethanol requires more than 450 pounds of corn, enough to feed one person for an entire year, and that in order to produce 1e9USgal of corn ethanol requires, at a minimum, 1600e9USgal of water, enough to meet the needs of the all 8 million people of the city of Chicago for three years. While there are a number of factors that contribute to higher food prices such as global demand and crude oil costs, ethanol production is the biggest factor fueling corn demand and thereby fo...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_effect
*  .. Understanding Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) .. Ethyl Alcohol Basics .. Intoxication and Blood Alco
Understanding Blood Alcohol Content BAC. By. Addiction.com Staff. on November 28, 2012 in. Alcohol Abuse, Drunk Driving. 0. Share on Facebook Opens in new window. Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window. Click to share on Google+ Opens in new window. Click to share on Pinterest Opens in new window. Click to email this to a friend Opens in new window. Click to print Opens in new window. Blood alcohol content BAC describes the amount of alcohol ethyl alcohol or ethanol in your bloodstream at any given time. Law enforcement authorities use this measurement to determine whether or not a person is legally intoxicated. Medical professionals use it to calculate health risks related to alcohol poisoning. An understanding of BAC requires an understanding of the nature of ethyl alcohol. It also requires an understanding of how this substance affects the body when BAC levels start to rise. Ethyl Alcohol Basics. Ethyl alcohol comes from a chemical process called fermentation, which occurs when the sugar content of ...
http://addiction.com/4284/blood-alcohol-content/
*  NIAAA Publications
NIAAA Journal. Adaptation to chronic alcohol exposure by these systems has been associated with behavioral effects, such as changes in reinforcement, enhanced anxiety, and increased sensitivity to stress, all of which may contribute to relapse to drinking in abstinent alcoholics. The CRF system, which is sensitive to alcohol s acute and chronic effects and is an important mediator of stress and anxiety, also is discussed. In animal models, treatment with mGluR5 inhibitors reduced the rewarding effects of alcohol under certain experimental conditions, decreased alcohol consumption, and prevented alcohol-dependent changes in glutamate and dopamine release from NAc neurons Hodge et al. For more information on the role of anxiety in relapse, see the sections on GABA and CRF. Interestingly, chronic ethanol administration has the opposite effect on the activity of GABA neurons in the VTA as on GABA systems in other brain areas that is, the VTA neurons show increased activity Gallegos et al. The difficulty in demons...
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh314/310-339.htm
*  Ethanol: By the Numbers [Mackinac Center]
Ethanol: By the Numbers. Issues. Bills Votes. Budget Taxes. Capitol News. Education. Health Care. Labor. Legal Foundation. Open Government. Property Rights. Regulation. Right-to-Work. CapCon. MCLF. Votes. Databases. School. Labor. Tax Breaks. Share. Twitter. Facebook. Email. Mobile. RSS. Home. Publications. Videos. Blog. Studies. More. Events. Press Room. Site Map. About Us. Purpose. Contact. Personnel. Directions. Employment. More. . MichiganScience Ethanol: By the Numbers. By Drew Thornley, published on June 9, 2009. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 increased the annual amount of renewable fuels including ethanol that must be blended into the nation's gasoline supply. The 2009 corn-ethanol mandate of 10.5 billion gallons is set to increase to 15 billion gallons in 2015. In 2022, the total mandate for all renewable fuels including ethanol is 36 billion gallons. The ethanol industry enjoys a range of government subsidies and benefits. Chief among these are a domestic-blending credit and a tari...
https://mackinac.org/10631
*  Ethanol at turning point - tribunedigital-chicagotribune
... Sections. Home. News. Business. Sports. A&E. Lifestyles. Opinion. Real Estate. Cars. Jobs. Home. News. Business. Sports. A&E. Lifestyles. Opinion. Real Estate. Cars. Jobs. Ethanol at turning point. Corn prices are soaring and the quest for alternatives to foreign oil is gaining momentum, but ethanol refiners are finding their network of investors reacting harshly as margins shrink amid a global outcry over rising food costs. June 01, 2008. By Joshua Boak, TRIBUNE REPORTER. HENNEPIN, Ill. — When Mark Marquis started building his $180 million ethanol plant along the Illinois River, turning corn into fuel seemed like a license to print money. Ethanol enjoyed the unflinching support of the federal government, making it the preferred alternative to foreign oil. But as Marquis Energy recently loaded its first batch of fuel onto a barge, ethanol refiners found themselves facing a vicious backlash. Corn climbed past $6 a bushel in the past year, threatening to expose plants to losses as ethanol failed to match t...
http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2008-06-01/business/0805310025_1_new-ethanol-plants-pacific-ethanol-aventine-renewable-energy
*  Studies on Putrefactive Ethanol Production I: Lack of Spontaneous Ethanol Production Intact in Human
... Bodies. Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Journals / Journal of Forensic Sciences. You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. This document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. Stay on Page Continue to Compass. Volume 27, Issue 2 April 1982 Studies on Putrefactive Ethanol Production I: Lack of Spontaneous Ethanol Production Intact in Human Bodies Received 18 June 1981; accepted 14 October 1981 Published Online: April CODEN: JFSOAD   Format Pages Price  . PDF 6 $ 25   ADD TO CART. ASTM License Agreement. Abstract The possibility of the production of ethanol by bacterial metabolism of blood glucose was investigated by studying a series of 26 hospital autopsies. In addition, right heart blood was obtained using sterile technique for cultures as well as ethanol and glucose determinations. In 13 cases, one to three species of microorganisms were isolated, but in no case was a blood or vitreous ethanol value greater than 10 mg/dL...
http://astm.org/DIGITAL_LIBRARY/JOURNALS/FORENSIC/PAGES/JFS11490J.htm
*  America's First Cellulosic Ethanol Plant - Slashdot
america s first cellulosic ethanol plant slashdot slashdot stories firehose all popular polls video jobs deals submit search slashdot login or sign up topics devices build entertainment technology open source science yro follow us rss facebook google twitter newsletter follow slashdot stories on twitter nickname password public terminal forgot your password close binspam dupe notthebest offtopic slownewsday stale stupid fresh funny insightful interesting maybe offtopic flamebait troll redundant overrated insightful interesting informative funny underrated descriptive typo dupe error story america s first cellulosic ethanol plant posted by kdawson on sunday july pm from the sounds corny but isn t dept hankmt writes the state of georgia just granted range fuels a permit to create the first cellulosic ethanol plant in america cellulosic ethanol produces ethanol from cellulose which all plants have instead of from sugar which is only abundant in food crops corn ethanol only produces units of energy for every unit...
http://hardware.slashdot.org/story/07/07/15/2111229/americas-first-cellulosic-ethanol-plant/funny-comments
*  EPA approves boosting ethanol limit in gas to 15 pct. | Minnesota Public Radio News
EPA approves boosting ethanol limit in gas to 15 pct. Minnesota Public Radio News. Minnesota Public Radio Give Now Search MPR. Minnesota Public Radio. MPR News. Classical MPR. MPR News coverage. MPR News Blogs. MPR News programs. MPR News resources. MPR News. Classical MPR. Minnesota Public Radio. About MPR. Station Directory Sponsor. Mark Steil. Listen Ethanol to 15 percent 4min 4sec. The Environmental Protection Agency on Wednesday gave the ethanol industry a long awaited boost, approving 15 percent ethanol blends in gasoline, up from the current limit of 10 percent. One of the questions the EPA is wrestling with is whether 15 percent ethanol blends will harm car and truck engines. The agency ruled that gasoline blends containing 15 percent ethanol are safe and can be sold in the marketplace. That's a ruling the ethanol industry had been after for more than a year. Buis said the 15 percent ethanol should help the industry sell of its products. That's because the EPA approved 15 percent ethanol for only abou...
http://mprnews.org/story/2010/10/13/ethanol
*  DTN/The Progressive Farmer: Agriculture Markets, News and Weather
... Weather. Markets. News. Equipment. Farm Business. Land Management. Ag Policy. Farm Life. NEWS. Cash Ethanol Market Mixed; Argo, NYH Gain on Stock Draw. DTN Energy Reporter. Spot ethanol prices were shallowly mixed with an upside bias in early trade Wednesday after the Energy Information Administration said total ethanol inventories fell, despite higher domestic plant production while demand also eased for the week-ended Sept. Also, ethanol traders said the negative impact of lower corn futures were offset by higher RBOB futures. Prompt transfer ethanol at the Argo supply hub near Chicago traded before EIA data at $1.56 per gallon followed by post-EIA data trades at $1.555 and $1.55 per gallon, up 2.0 cents for the session. John Deere Goes Four-Track The new 9RX tractor marks John Deere's first entry into the four-track category and rounds out it... Ag Equipment Still Sliding Lenders expect more equipment to hit dealers' lots this winter as farmers economize, but dealers ... Brain Injury Forces Tough Deci...
http://dtnprogressivefarmer.com/dtnag/?symbolicName=/free/news/template2&forceNavUpdate=false&topic=DTN/Ag/Markets/RenewableFuels&vendorReference=935ff21b-b35a-41c5-90b9-3669939bfc3f
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Source: Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Not too long ago it looked like the end of ethanol fuel, with advent of a hungry microbial hydrogen production research effort, which promised better efficiency than current ethanol production. The biggest current downside of current ethanol infrastructure is simply its source; current ethanol can only be produced using the chemical breakdown of sugar-laden crops, such as corn and sugar cane. experts agree that the amount of land needed to grow enough sugar crops to power the nation's vehicles would be prohibitive. Microbial hydrogen currently has ethanol trumped on this count, as it can use anything from crop waste to household table scraps as a source of hydrogen. An advanced new approach, dubbed "cellulosic ethanol production," developed by Coskata Inc. GM's approach starts rather traditionally by putting the various organic waste materials, such as tir...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237361&threshhold=1&red=1541
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Not too long ago it looked like the end of ethanol fuel, with advent of a hungry microbial hydrogen production research effort, which promised better efficiency than current ethanol production. The biggest current downside of current ethanol infrastructure is simply its source; current ethanol can only be produced using the chemical breakdown of sugar-laden crops, such as corn and sugar cane. Microbial hydrogen currently has ethanol trumped on this count, as it can use anything from crop waste to household table scraps as a source of hydrogen. Ethanol is down, but certainly not out. An advanced new approach, dubbed "cellulosic ethanol production," developed by Coskata Inc. The alternative energy auto market is not unfamiliar ground for GM. The yield is pure water and pure ethanol. While many alternative energy research technologies languish in...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237365&threshhold=1&red=1424
*  ethanol - Wiktionary
... ethanol Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search See also:. Ethanol. 1 English 1.1 Etymology 1.2 Pronunciation 1.3 Noun 1.3.1 Synonyms 1.3.2 Derived terms 1.3.3 Translations. 2 Czech 2.1 Noun. 3 Dutch 3.1 Etymology 3.2 Pronunciation 3.3 Noun. English. Wikipedia has an article on: ethanol. Wikipedia. Etymology. Contracted from ethyl + alcohol. Ethyl is from Ancient Greek. Pronunciation. Rhymes: -ɒl Noun. ethanol ‎ usually uncountable, plural. ethanols. organic chemistry. A simple aliphatic alcohol formally derived from ethane by replacing one hydrogen atom with a hydroxyl group: CH 3 -CH 2 -OH. Specifically, this alcohol as a fuel. 2010 January 26, Ted Strickland, Ohio State of the State Address, 05:25–39: In 2007, not one drop of ethanol was produced in Ohio. Today, four ethanol facilities in Ohio are producing two hundred and ninety-five million gallons annually. Synonyms. simple aliphatic alcohol. alcohol, ethyl alcohol, E1510. Derived terms. bioethanol Translations....
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ethanol
*  Leaked proposal irks both oil and ethanol groups - Fuel Fix
... Leaked proposal irks both oil and ethanol groups. Despite signs that the Environmental Protection Agency is responding to the oil industry’s concerns about the eight-year-old requirements — and is poised to lower renewable fuel quotas next year — regulators just aren’t going far enough, said Bob Greco, downstream director for the American Petroleum Institute. Greco was responding to a widely circulated draft of the still-to-be-proposed renewable volume requirements for 2014, which would slash requirements from statutory levels. The draft proposal, which leaked earlier this month, would set the requirements for corn-based ethanol at 13 billion gallons, while lowering quotas for advanced biofuels and other categories. Legal battle: Industry group threatens lawsuit over 2014 renewable fuel quotas. But the oil industry — led by API and the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers — is asking next year’s number be set no higher than 12.9 billion gallons, which would represent about 9.7 percent of of the ...
http://fuelfix.com/blog/2013/10/24/leaked-proposal-for-biofuel-mandate-irks-both-oil-and-biofuel-groups/?cmpid=rrnd
*  Ethanol Glut 2.0 May Cause Gas Prices to Jump | Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Develop
Ethanol Glut 2.0 May Cause Gas Prices to Jump. Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Development Network. Skip to main content. Facebook Twitter Linked In Feed Mail. Sections. login. join. Search. Home. News. Jobs. Announcements. Blogs. Schools. Courses. Store. Advertise. About. Search form Search. Ethanol Glut 2.0 May Cause Gas Prices to Jump. March 19, 2013, 8am PDT. Irvin Dawid. Gas prices may rise due to the ethanol requirement. But there is no shortage - in fact, there's a glut, as we reported in Nov., 2009. It's the ethanol credits that have surged in price. What - you didn't know there was an ethanol credit market. Ethanol Glut 1.0 was reported here over three years ago, but we didn't mention the trading of ethanol credits then. While the U.S. may not be trading carbon allowances like California initiated in November to reduce carbon emissions - it does conduct a " niche market for US ethanol credits " as a result of the Renewable Fuel Standard, " created under the Energy Policy Act EPAct of 2005...
http://planetizen.com/comment/20642
*  Prevent ethanol engine damage
... Cruises Rendezvous •. USPS Headquarters •. USPS News •. Meetings. Fuelproof your engine Prevent ethanol engine damage. Environmental Protection Agency is currently considering a Clean Air Act waiver that would raise the allowable ethanol content of gasoline from 10 percent to 15 percent. Ethanol-diluted gasoline can wreak havoc on marine engines and fuel systems. But if you educate yourself about ethanol and take the right steps to protect your boat, you can prevent most problems. The main problems that ethanol poses stem from two properties:. Ethanol is hygroscopic, meaning it tends to absorb water. Ethanol is a strong solvent. Keep moisture at bay When ethanol-diluted gasoline sits for a long time in a boat s fuel tank, it absorbs moisture from the environment. If it absorbs enough moisture, the ethanol separates from the gas in a phenomenon called phase separation. If this straight ethanol-water mixture is sucked into the engine to be burned as fuel, it can cause performance problems and e...
http://theensign.org/uspscompass/compassarchive/compassv3n5/v3n5_ethanol.htm
*  .. Category Archives: Distillers Grains .. Grains Council Chairman at #ACE15 .. Ethanol Exports Do
Category Archives: Distillers Grains. Post navigation ← Older posts. Grains Council Chairman at #ACE15 Posted on. August 21, 2015. by. Cindy Zimmerman. Nebraska farmer Alan Tiemann was recently elected chairman of the U.S. Grains Council and he is excited about the work they are doing to expand exports of ethanol and the co-product Distiller’s dried grains with solubles DDGS used for livestock feed. “For this coming year, my theme is ‘Excellence in Exports,'” said Tiemann during an interview after his address to the American Coalition for Ethanol conference this week in Omaha. “That’s what we’re going to focus on, excellence in exports – in ethanol, in distillers grains, in all the co-products, in sorghum and barley.”. During his address at ACE, Tiemann talked about the great success in exports of DDGS around the world and the potential for increasing ethanol exports to markets like Asia. “We look at Beijing and the smog issues they have there, the opportunities for a clean burning fuel like ethanol should be...
http://energy.agwired.com/category/distillers-grains/
*  Food Tests - Ethanol Emulsion Tests - Brilliant Biology StudentMaster Biology Labs
... Lab Report. Biology Lab Notebook. Prepare for Biology Labs. Drawings & Diagrams. List of Diagrams and Drawings to Memorize. Food Tests. Benedict's Test for Reducing Sugars. Benedict's Test for Non-reducing Sugars. Iodine Test for Starch. Biuret Test for Protein. Ethanol Emulsion Test for Lipids. Photosynthesis. Is Light is Necessary for Photosynthesis. Effect of Carbon Dioxide on Photosynthesis. Brilliant Biology Student Master Biology Labs. Ethanol Emulsion Test for Fats and Oils. The Ethanol Emulsion Test is a food test which determines the presence of a broad group of naturally occurring compounds known as lipids. Lipids consist of fats and oils. The Grease spot test is performed on fats - lipids which are solid at room temperature. The Ethanol Emulsion Test is the most common test amongst the three. Solid sample Crush the food sample and place in a dry test tube. Decant the ethanol into another test tube. Add 2 cm3 of deionized water to the second test tube Make observations. Liquid sample Add a few ...
http://brilliantbiologystudent.weebly.com/ethanol-emulsion-test-for-lipids.html
*  .. How the Ethanol Program is Driving Up Food Prices .. .. Have you ever noticed a sticker on the
More about Ethanol. NCC Calls for Freeze on Ethanol at ‘14 Levels; Says EPA’s Administration of RFS Disruptive to Market. July 27, 2015. Kourtney Determan. Ethanol. News Releases. EPA Hindsight is 20/20, Mandates 2014 Biofuel Volumes 18 Months Late. May 29, 2015. Kourtney Determan. Ethanol. News Releases. Statements. RFS Reform Building in Senate; Sens. Toomey, Feinstein and Flake Introduce New Bill. March 5, 2015. tsuper@chickenusa.org. Ethanol. News Releases. National Chicken Council Throws Support behind ‘RFS Reform Act’. February 4, 2015. Kourtney Determan. Ethanol. News Releases. EPA Punts – again – on Releasing 2014 RFS Numbers. November 21, 2014. Kourtney Determan. Ethanol. News Releases. Archive →. Home » How the Ethanol Program is Driving Up Food Prices. How the Ethanol Program is Driving Up Food Prices. Have you ever noticed a sticker on the gasoline pump that says, “May Contain Up to 10% Ethanol?”. That’s a sign of a federal government mandate that is supposed to stretch fuel sup...
http://nationalchickencouncil.org/how-the-ethanol-program-is-driving-up-food-prices/
*  Facts About Ethanol And Other Fuels
... Home. About. Ethanol. Contact. Facts About Ethanol. Learn the facts about Ethanol Fuel The gasoline fuel industry is a giant, and it has suppressed the truth about ethanol fuels: Specifically, the cheaper the cost, the better results, and the better effects on our environment. Here are some of the facts about ethanol fuel: Ten percent of ethanol fuel is mixed with regular gasoline in the United States It's the most affordable source of octane, and has cut the cost of gasoline prices by approximately 25 cents. A ethanol based engine has a higher compression ratio, and a higher octane rating, which mean it has a much better fuel economy and power than a normal gasoline engine Ethanol fuel reduces GHG emissions compared to gas fuel 40 to 50 percent, which helps stop global warming The corn from Ethanol is not sweet corn, but field corn In 2012, only 211 ethanol plants produced 13.3 billion gallons of ethanol fuel To produce 20 barrels of ethanol, it takes only one barrel of crude oil It's the cleanest sourc...
http://factsaboutethanol.org/
*  Industry-wide ethanol standards sought
... NCGA plans to utilize the Pioneer technology and other industry resources to conduct research that will eventually lead to an industry-wide standard for measuring the fermentation characteristics and ethanol yield potential of corn. NCGA President Leon Corzine said a single industry standard that measures the ethanol yield potential of corn grown from all types of seed is important to corn growers. “NCGA is in a position to help insure growers, ethanol producers and seed companies are all on the same page when it comes to quantifying the ethanol yield potential of corn,” he said. NCGA will coordinate all activities related to establishing a single grain assay standard that is accurate and fair for corn growers and the ethanol industry. The technology, which quickly quantifies the ethanol yield potential of corn grain in the dry-grind process, will allow corn growers to provide grain that could improve the efficiency of ethanol plants and also will allow the seed industry access to a single standardized c...
http://southeastfarmpress.com/print/industry-wide-ethanol-standards-sought
*  Alternatives to Corn-Based Ethanol are Coming - Businessweek
... Bloomberg the Company its Products. Bloomberg. Financial Products. Service Center. Bloomberg Business. Industry Products. Video. Global. Businessweek. Video. The latest example: DuPont is teaming up with Danisco to make ethanol not from food like corn kernels, but from the inedible parts of plants, such as the cobs of corn. Some background: Corn ethanol is coming under fire for raising the price of corn which is mainly used for animal feed, hurting the profits of livestock producers and some food companies. Already, the high price of corn has slowed or halted construction of new ethanol plants. At the same time, the high corn prices are giving an extra push to alternatives to corn-based ethanol. Just about everyone in the biofuel business agrees that corn is far from ideal as a source of fuel, and that there are big advantages to moving to non-food sources for biofuels. See “Is Ethanol Getting A Bum Rap?” http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08 19/b4083060454256.htm. “We don’t think this transiti...
http://bloomberg.com/bw/stories/2008-05-13/alternatives-to-corn-based-ethanol-are-coming
*  .. EIA data, ethanol production
eia data ethanol production july jim lane in washington according to eia data ethanol production averaged barrels per day b d â or million gallons daily that is up b d from the week before the four week average for ethanol production stood at b d for an annualized rate of billion gallons stocks of ethanol stood at million barrels that is a increase from last week imports of ethanol were b d up from last week gasoline demand for the week averaged million gallons daily the highest since august notably net refiner blender input of ethanol reached a record b d proving that u s refiners and blenders have the capability to consume at least billion gallons of ethanol annually expressed as a percentage of daily gasoline demand daily ethanol production was â on the co products side ethanol producers were using million bushels of corn to produce ethanol and metric tons of livestock feed metric tons of which were distillers grains the rest is comprised of corn gluten feed and corn gluten meal additionally ethanol produc...
http://biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2013/07/11/eia-data-ethanol-production/
*  Delta opioid-receptor function in the dorsal striatum plays a role in high levels of ethanol consum
... ption in rats. QUT ePrints. QUT Home Contact. Home Browse About Login. Delta opioid-receptor function in the dorsal striatum plays a role in high levels of ethanol consumption in rats. Nielsen, C. K, Simms, J. A, Li, R., Mill, D., Yi, H., Feduccia, A. A, Santos, N., Bartlett, S. E 2012 Delta opioid-receptor function in the dorsal striatum plays a role in high levels of ethanol consumption in rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 32 13, pp. 4540-4552. View at publisher open access. Abstract Binge-like patterns of excessive drinking during young adulthood increase the propensity for alcohol use disorders AUDs later in adult life; however, the mechanisms that drive this are not completely understood. Previous studies showed that the δ-opioid peptide receptor DOP-R is dynamically regulated by exposure to ethanol and that the DOP-R plays a role in ethanol-mediated behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the role of the DOP-R in high ethanol consumption from young adulthood through to late adulthood by measu...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/53721/
*  DTN/The Progressive Farmer: Agriculture Markets, News and Weather
... News Events. Weather. Markets. News. Livestock. Equipment. Farm Business. Land Management. Ag Policy. Farm Life. NEWS. Ethanol Blog. Spot Ethanol in California Pressured by Brazilian Supply Talk. Spot ethanol prices traded mixed in early trade Monday after last week's lackluster market, with prices for product delivered to California easing on the prospect of more ethanol imports from Brazil in the near term. Prompt ethanol delivered to California traded at $2.575 per gallon, down 2.25 cents on the day, while Chicago and New York Harbor spot ethanol prices edged higher. Ag Equipment Still Sliding Lenders expect more equipment to hit dealers' lots this winter as farmers economize, but dealers ... Food Security Challenges - 2 Cargill Chairman Greg Page encourages agriculture to take a more proactive role in examining the ... Food Security Challenges - 3 Rain is usually looked on favorably by farmers, but sometimes precipitation can be too much of a ... DTN Daily Ethanol Comments. Subscriber Content. Ethano...
http://dtnprogressivefarmer.com/dtnag/?symbolicName=/free/news/template2&forceNavUpdate=false&product=DTN/Ag/Markets/RenewableFuels/Ethanol&vendorReference=e778a4eb-05c3-4c5e-bed4-f8b05304f2d3__1360602768610
*  Ethanol fuel energy balance
... Corn ethanol. Sugarcane ethanol. The energy balance for sugarcane ethanol produced in Brazil is much more favorable, 1 to 8. A 2006 University of California Berkeley study, after analyzing six separate studies, concluded that producing ethanol from corn uses marginally less petroleum than producing gasoline. Kammen 506 27 January 2006 vol 311 Science http://rael.berkeley.edu/ebamm/FarrellEthanolScience012706.pdf in Science offers the consensus opinion that current corn ethanol technologies had similar greenhouse gas emissions to gasoline, but was much less petroleum-intensive than gasoline. In 2006 a study from the University of Minnesota found that corn-grain ethanol produced 1.25 units of energy per unit put in. According to DoE, Quote: "...The most official study of the issue, which also reviews other studies, concludes that the "net energy balance" of making fuel ethanol from corn grain is 1.34...For cellulosic bioethanol—the focus of the Biomass Program—that study projects an energy balance of 2.62....
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel_energy_balance
*  Corn farmers not alone on the ethanol bandwagon | Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Corn farmers not alone on the ethanol bandwagon. Regional Economy. fedgazette Corn farmers not alone on the ethanol bandwagon. Corn farmers not alone on the ethanol bandwagon Ronald A. Probably more important for the industry in the long term, however, is the development of biomass or cellulose-based ethanol, which converts the cellulose of plants and other organic matter into basic sugars, which are then turned into ethanol. Pilot plants using tree trimmings, rice straw and even municipal waste have been in development for years by the likes of BCI, Genencor and Arkenol. "In the meantime, I've been hearing it's around the corner for the last 15 years." The making of ethanol from biomass is more complex than that of corn or other crops because carbohydrate-based food crops are more easily broken down into sugar than cellulose found in plants. "Project finance has been a real, real problem," Fatigati said. "We've got all kinds of people willing to the second project." Ethanol production from food crops likely ...
https://minneapolisfed.org/publications/fedgazette/corn-farmers-not-alone-on-the-ethanol-bandwagon
*  Microsomal ethanol oxidizing system
... the microsomal ethanol oxidizing system meos is an alternate pathway of ethanol metabolism that occurs in the microsome in the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde while playing only a minor role in ethanol metabolism in average individuals meos activity increases after chronic alcohol consumption the meos pathway requires the cyp e enzyme part of the cytochrome p family of enzymes to convert ethanol to acetaldehyde ethanol s affinity for cyp e is lower than its affinity for alcohol dehydrogenase it has delayed activity in non chronic alcohol consumption states as increase in meos activity is correlated with an increase in production of cyp e seen most conclusively in alcohol dehydrogenase negative deer mice chales s lieber the discovery of the microsomal ethanol oxidizing system and its physiologic and pathologic role drug metabolism reviews the meos pathway converts ethanol to acetaldehyde by way of a redox reaction in this reaction ethanol is oxidized losing two hydrogens and o is reduced by accepting...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsomal_ethanol_oxidizing_system
*  Ethanol prices have been volatile | Ag Professional
Ethanol prices have been volatile. Twitter Link. Instagram Link. RSS Index Link. Facebook Link. Twitter Link. Instagram Link. RSS Index Link. Connect with us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. News Honeywell White Paper Subscribe AgPro University - Nufarm. Ethanol prices have been volatile. In mid-February prices bottomed out near $1.90 per gallon but over the following six weeks prices roared higher reaching $3.15 per gallon by the end of March. With the recent decline in ethanol prices, and stronger gasoline prices, blending margins have turned positive again – but they are pretty slim. There has been a pretty significant increase in corn prices over the last three months as well. Back in Mid-February when ethanol prices were at their low, the Central Illinois corn price was $4.29 per bushel. The big swings in ethanol prices have resulted in big swings in net margins for ethanol producers. Net returns over processing costs were about 45 cents per gallon back in mid-February, based on the University of Minn...
http://agprofessional.com/news/Ethanol-prices-have-been-volatile-256745281.html
*  STA-BIL Ethanol Treatment 10 oz.
... Autogeek.net At Autogeek, We are car care. Autogeek has the best car wax, car care products, and auto detailing supplies to give your vehicle the perfect show winning shine. Autogeek Car Care Home AutoGeek best Car wax, Car Care Products, Auto Detailing Supplies Forum Detailing How-To Customer Service Contact Us Price Match Policy My Account. ColorChip Paint Chip Repair Systems Dupray Steam Cleaners Duragloss Car Care Products Eclipse Retractable Windshield Sun Shade 1Z Einszett Car Care Products Eurosport Daytona License Plates and Accessories EZ Detail Motorcycle Brush Finish Kare. FLEX Polishers with FREE Bonus Products. Feet WeatherTech Automotive Accessories Wenol Metal Polishes Wheel Wax Wheel Woolies Car Detailing Brushes Wolfgang Concours-Series Car Care Wolfgang MetallWerk Aluminum Polishing System Wolfsteins Pro Series Convertible Top Products Wurth Car Care Products XMT Series by Pinnacle Xtreme Machine Technology XPEL Headlight Protection Film Kit Gift Certificates German Car Care Products Bo...
http://autogeek.net/sta-bil-ethanol-treatment.html
*  .. Their view: Senator supports ending ethanol subsidy .. NASCAR makes pit stop in corn field .. Et
Their view: Senator supports ending ethanol subsidy. June 16, 2011. Senator supports ending ethanol subsidy U.S. Sen. Jeff Bingaman voiced his support for the end of a subsidy of ethanol — an additive to gasoline aimed at reducing pollution — in a press release issued Thursday. Filed Under: Opinion Tagged With: bingaman, ending, ethanol, jeff, sen, senator, subsidy, support, supports, voiced. NASCAR makes pit stop in corn field. March 5, 2011. NASCAR has announced an agreement with the National Corn Growers Association to begin using Ethanol 15, a greener fuel, manufactured from corn. Al Gore has just announced that ethanol for use in cars was not as good an idea as he thought. He must have bought some BP stock. It’s great news for corn growers,. Filed Under: People Tagged With: announced, association, corn, ethanol, field, growers, nascar, national, pit, use. Ethanol subsidies test of Republicans’ resolve. November 20, 2010. Congressional Republicans face a test of their newly rediscovered principles. They c...
http://pntonline.com/tag/ethanol/
*  Brazil holds big brush in U.S. ethanol picture | Hoards Dairyman
Brazil holds big brush in U.S. ethanol picture. Hoards Dairyman. Skip to Navigation. Brazil holds big brush in U.S. ethanol picture. Submitted by admin on Fri, 03/16/2012 - 08:06. Hoard s Dairyman: Brazil holds big brush in U.S. ethanol picture. Date: Fri, 03/16/2012. Supply and demand there affect supply and demand here. Fifty-four hundred miles is practically next door when the topic is the 2012 U.S. ethanol market outlook. That’s roughly the distance from Iowa, the largest corn-producing state in the U.S., to Brazil, the largest ethanol producer in the world. Because of that relationship, ethanol news in Sao Paulo is often news in Des Moines, too. Despite recent removal of the U.S. import tariff on ethanol and elimination of the 45-cent per gallon “blending credit” for using ethanol in gasoline, both of which improve Brazil’s access to the U.S. market, little change in exports and imports is forecast by Rabobank economists. That includes continuation of the once-unimaginable situation that occurred in 2011...
http://hoards.com/blog_Brazil-ethanol-supply?mini=calendar/2014-07
*  Sun Advocate - Guest Column: Ethanol not the answer - August 28, 2007
... Today is October 5, 2015. Front Page. August 28, 2007. Opinion. Guest Column: Ethanol not the answer. Published 2,960 days ago. Guest Column: Ethanol not the answer. Print Page. Email Page. Share. Get Reprints. By SARAH TARBER-WAHLQUIST Minute Man Media. Once a critic of corn ethanol � and the heavy government subsidies that make it profitable, presidential hopeful John McCain showed a change of heart recently in Iowa, where he praised corn ethanol as a "vital energy source � because of our dependency on foreign oil." He applauded ethanol's "greenhouse gas reduction efforts." McCain isn't alone. The current corn ethanol boom finds support from presidential candidates of both parties, along with members of Congress, and President George W. Bush. They argue that boosting ethanol production in the United States can help us overcome our addiction to foreign oil, while also reducing the nearly one million tons of carbon dioxide pumped out by our cars every day. The Senate Energy Bill passed in June ...
http://sunadvocate.com/index.php?tier=1&article_id=11729
*  Ethanol Blended Fuel and Boat Engines | Used Boats In Canada
Ethanol Blended Fuel and Boat Engines. Used Boats In Canada. Login. Home Ethanol Blended Fuel and Boat Engines. Simply put, ethanol is an excellent SOLVENT dissolves plastic, rubber, fiberglass and more, and unlike MTBE the current gas additive, ethanol will ABSORB WATER, which can cause serious problems to many marine gas engines inboards and outboards. Another problem with the introduction of ethanol comes from the mixing of old MTBE gas with the ethanol gasoline, especially if water is present in the fuel. If a significant amount of water is present in a fuel tank with gasoline that contains ethanol, the water will be drawn into the fuel, until the saturation point is reached, resulting in the three-component mixture of water + gasoline + ethanol. Reasons Boat Engines Have More Problems with Ethanol Gas:. Boat engines live in a water environment - Alcohol gas loves to absorb water. Ethanol E10 gas can absorb large amounts of water into the fuel tank, MTBE in conventional gasoline did not. * Several older m...
http://used-boats-canada.ca/item/ethanol-blended-fuel-and-boat-engines
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Not too long ago it looked like the end of ethanol fuel, with advent of a hungry microbial hydrogen production research effort, which promised better efficiency than current ethanol production. Microbial hydrogen currently has ethanol trumped on this count, as it can use anything from crop waste to household table scraps as a source of hydrogen. An advanced new approach, dubbed "cellulosic ethanol production," developed by Coskata Inc. The alternative energy auto market is not unfamiliar ground for GM. GM's approach starts rather traditionally by putting the various organic waste materials, such as tires, crops, crop waste and yard waste into a grinder. The yield is pure water and pure ethanol. Less than a third as much water is needed to produce a gallon of ethanol, which makes the process more affordable and easier to implement. While many a...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237567&threshhold=1&red=1138
*  DailyTech - Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste
... Auto Cellulosic Ethanol Promises $1 per Gallon Fuel From Waste Jason Mick. Blog - January 14, 2008 11:01 AM. Source: Coskata Inc. Source: Coskata Inc. Not too long ago it looked like the end of ethanol fuel, with advent of a hungry microbial hydrogen production research effort , which promised better efficiency than current ethanol production. Microbial hydrogen currently has ethanol trumped on this count, as it can use anything from crop waste to household table scraps as a source of hydrogen. An advanced new approach, dubbed "cellulosic ethanol production," developed by Coskata Inc. The alternative energy auto market is not unfamiliar ground for GM. GM's approach starts rather traditionally by putting the various organic waste materials, such as tires, crops, crop waste and yard waste into a grinder. The yield is pure water and pure ethanol. Less than a third as much water is needed to produce a gallon of ethanol, which makes the process more affordable and easier to implement. While many alternative e...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=10320&commentid=237295&threshhold=1&red=3316
*  Ethanol fuel by country
... The world's top ethanol fuel producers in 2011 were the United States with 13.9 billion U.S. liquid gallons bg 52.6 billion liters and Brazil with 5.6 bg 21.1 billion liters, accounting together for 87.1% of world production of 22.36 billion US gallons 84.6 billion liters. Main producers Brazil United States Europe Sweden. Annual Fuel Ethanol Production by Country 2007–2011. liquid gallons per year. World Total. Ethanol fuel in Brazil. Flexible-fuel vehicle#Brazil. and by April 2008, more than 50% of fuel consumption for the gasoline market. In 2009 Brazil produced 27.5 billion liter s 7.26 billion U.S. liquid gallons, representing 35.9% of the world's total ethanol used as fuel. The Brazilian car manufacturing industry developed flexible-fuel vehicles that can run on any proportion of gasoline and ethanol. By the end of 2009, both Honda flexible-fuel motorcycles had sold a total of 183,375 units, representing an 11.4% market share of the Brazilian new motorcycle sales in that year. Brazilian ethanol fue...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel_by_country
*  Future of cellulosic ethanol remains uncertain | Minnesota Public Radio News
Future of cellulosic ethanol remains uncertain. Minnesota Public Radio News. Skip to main content. Minnesota Public Radio Give Now Search MPR. Minnesota Public Radio. MPR Services. MPR News. The Current. Classical MPR. More Streams. Radio Heartland. Local Current. Wonderground Radio. Choral Classical. Sections. MPR News coverage. Arts. Books. Business. Education. Environment. Health. Lifestyle. Politics. State. Twin Cities. MPR News Blogs. MPR News programs. Morning Edition. All Things Considered. MPR News with Kerri Miller. MPR News with Tom Weber. More programs. MPR News resources. Program schedule. Station directory. Podcasts. Archive. Members. More ways to give. Give a gift membership. Employer matching gifts. Leadership Circle. Planned giving. Donate a vehicle. Donate stock. Member benefits. Sustaining membership. Contact us. Become a member. More. MPR Services. MPR News. The Current. Classical MPR. Radio Heartland. Local Current. Wonderground Radio. Choral Classical. Minnesota Public Radio. About MPR. C...
http://mprnews.org/story/2010/04/23/cellulosic-ethanol
*  .. Smoking Reduces Blood-Alcohol Levels?
why breathalyzers are inaccurate reason madd favors cell phones in cars but only to report duis smoking reduces blood alcohol levels posted by lawrence taylor on july th recent research on laboratory rats concludes that nicotine substantially reduces blood alcohol levels nicotine sobers up drunk rats cigarettes could slash blood alcohol levels making smokers drink more a new study helps to explain why smokers tend to have boozier nights out than non smokers the work done in rats shows that a heavy dose of nicotine can cut blood alcohol levels in half if cigarettes similarly lower intoxication in people it could mean that smokers need to drink more than non smokers to get the same buzz to mimic more closely the effect in human drinkers texas a m researcher wei jung chen and his colleagues studied the effects of binge drinking in adult rats they injected rats stomachs with a dose of alcohol roughly equivalent to around four or five drinks in quick succession enough to make their blood alcohol hit double the uni...
https://duiblog.com/2006/07/28/smoking-reduces-blood-alcohol-levels/
*  DailyTech - Ethanol Production Used More Corn than Farmers in Past Year
... Home. Auto. Gadgets. Hardware. Internet. IT. Science. Software. Blogs. Polls. Submit News. Auto Ethanol Production Used More Corn than Farmers in Past Year Shane McGlaun. Blog - October 13, 2011 1:01 PM. Print. 51 comment s - last by rcc.. on Oct 17 at 2:27 PM. Recipient E-mail. Sender E-mail. Much of the ethanol produced from the corn was exported overseas When it comes to removing our dependence on foreign oil there are other options than using electricity or hydrogen to power cars. One of the options is using ethanol and other biofuels to replace some of the petroleum used in our gasoline. The big downside is that most of the ethanol produced in the U.S. today is made from corn. Corn is an important food crop that is consumed by humans and used as feed for livestock and other animals. Scientific America reports that for every ten ears of corn grown in the U.S. today, only two are consumed by humans as food. The other ears are used for animal feed and ethanol production. The numbers show that for the y...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=23006&commentid=722938&threshhold=1&red=5328
*  DailyTech - Ethanol Production Used More Corn than Farmers in Past Year
... Home. Auto. Gadgets. Hardware. Internet. IT. Science. Software. Blogs. Polls. Submit News. Auto Ethanol Production Used More Corn than Farmers in Past Year Shane McGlaun. Blog - October 13, 2011 1:01 PM. Print. 51 comment s - last by rcc.. on Oct 17 at 2:27 PM. Recipient E-mail. Sender E-mail. Much of the ethanol produced from the corn was exported overseas When it comes to removing our dependence on foreign oil there are other options than using electricity or hydrogen to power cars. One of the options is using ethanol and other biofuels to replace some of the petroleum used in our gasoline. The big downside is that most of the ethanol produced in the U.S. today is made from corn. Corn is an important food crop that is consumed by humans and used as feed for livestock and other animals. Scientific America reports that for every ten ears of corn grown in the U.S. today, only two are consumed by humans as food. The other ears are used for animal feed and ethanol production. The numbers show that for the y...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=23006&commentid=723100&threshhold=1&red=184
*  Ethanol Fuel History.
In 1908, Ford Motor Company's first car, The Model T, used ethanol corn alcohol gasoline as fuel energy. Ethanol blend fuels for gas powered engines have been around for over 100 years; Ethanol is now found at most public gas stations nationwide, due to mandates/laws and recommendations in the Alternative Motor Fuels Act 1988, Clean Air Act 1990, Energy Policy Act 2005 and most importantly - The Renewable Fuel Standard Program RFS - Signed September 2006. Despite 10% being the universally accepted legal limit for ethanol in conventional gas-powered engines,. ETHANOL HISTORY TIMELINE. The Clean Air Act 1990 and Alternative Motor Fuels Act 1998 1992 contain provisions for mandating oxygenated fuel RFG =Ethanol and MTBE. Check your STATE ETHANOL LABELING LAWS. Motor Gasoline:. The Energy Policy Act of 2005, written by the EPA contains regulations to ensure that gasoline sold in the United States contains a minimum volume of renewable fuel ethanol is a renewable fuel. 2006-Present Many marine and auto engine owne...
http://fuel-testers.com/ethanol_fuel_history.html
*  Sunset Ethanol, Sparks NV - Ethanol | Hotfrog US
Sunset Ethanol, Sparks NV - Ethanol. Hotfrog US. Hub. Login. What are you looking for. Search. Add your business. Sunset Ethanol. Print. Is Sunset Ethanol incorrect or missing key business information. Update your Hotfrog listing today. Contact details. Are these details correct. Address: 9732 State Route 445, Sparks, NV 89441 Tel: 775 336 1206 http://www.SUNSETETHANOL.com Email Business. Overview. About Sunset Ethanol Hotfrog US provides information regarding Sunset Ethanol in Sparks NV. Sunset Ethanol is located at 9732 State Route 445, Sparks NV 89441 and provides Ethanol services. Contact them on 775 336 1206 or by visiting them on their website http://www.SUNSETETHANOL.com. Our 110 MGY plant will be located near Fernley, Nevada. Map. Other services near Sparks NV Ethanol. Small Business Hub Sharing tips, ideas and advice to help grow your small business View the Small Business Hub. Your profile without ads Have you considered upgrading to Hotfrog AdVantage. No competitor advertising means exclusive focus...
http://hotfrog.com/business/nv/sparks/sunset-ethanol
*  Ethanol fuel
World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion liters. liquid gallons bg 84.6 billion liters, with the United States as the top producer with 13.9 bg 52.6 billion liters, accounting for 62.2% of global production, followed by Brazil with 5.6 bg 21.1 billion liters. as well as the energy and pollution balance of the whole cycle of ethanol production, especially from corn. Technology Ethanol-based engines. Experience by country Environment Energy balance. It is claimed the process can produce 6,000 US gallons per acre 56,000 litres per ha per year compared with 400 US gallons per acre 3,750 l/ha for corn production. This is shown for 25 °C 77 °F in a gasoline-ethanol-water phase diagram, Fig 13 of. liquid gallons bg 52.6 billion liters and Brazil with 5.6 bg 21.1 billion liters, accounting together for 87.1% of world production of 22.36 billion US gallons 84.6 billion liters. For each billion ethanol-equivalent gallons of fuel produced and combu...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel
*  DailyTech - New Technology Promises Huge Increase in Ethanol Yield from Grass
... Science New Technology Promises Huge Increase in Ethanol Yield from Grass Shane McGlaun. Process promises 10 fold increase in simple sugar production from non-food crops As scientists all around the world look for alternatives to oil for fuel, several options have materialized. Another problem is that production costs for ethanol using these food crops vary with the price of the food crops. Cellulosic ethanol production is one source of ethanol not based on food crops and could possibly produce ethanol for as little as $1 per gallon. The University of Georgia UGA announced that a team of researchers at the university has developed a new technology that could greatly increase the yield of ethanol produced from non-food crops like Bermudagrass, switchgrass, Napiergrass and possibly even clippings from lawns. The researchers say that the same plant materials used to produce ethanol in its process can be used to produce ethanol with other processes commonly used today. Local production of ethanol may also pr...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=12538&commentid=326979&threshhold=1&red=3045
*  MicroFueler Home Ethanol Pump Unveiled, Ready For Pre-Orders
... Ethanol. Gasoline. microfueler. 5/08/08 2:10pm. E-Fuel's MicroFueler, the home-based ethanol production system that makes gas from sugar or stale beer, was unveiled for the first time today in New York. E-Fuel says it will now take preorders for the $10,000 system, and will ship it by the end of the year. Given its bulk and its price, what makes investing in this particular ethanol machine really worth it. E-Fuel MicroFueler Turns Sugar, Stale Beer Into Gas For Your Ride. E-Fuel MicroFueler Turns Sugar, Stale Beer Into Gas For Your Ride. E-Fuel MicroFueler Turns Sugar, Stale Beer Into Ga. The dream of a home ethanol pump has been realized, says the New York Times, thanks to inventor…. Read more Read more. The system takes feedstock a combination of sugar and yeast or discarded alcohol, and combines it with water to distill 100% pure ethanol. Sugar, yeast and water are blended together to create the chemical reaction that produces ethanol. By the end of the week, the MicroFueler reservoir will hold 35 gal...
http://gizmodo.com/388542/microfueler-home-ethanol-pump-unveiled-ready-for-pre-orders
*  CARD: The Impact of Ethanol and Ethanol Subsidies on Corn Prices: Revisiting History
... CARD: Center for Agricultural and Rural Development. Home. Publications Search. Ag Policy Review. Policy Briefs. News and Events. Ag Risk Tools. Presentations. Iowa Land Value. Faculty and Staff. About CARD. Contact Us. Ag Policy Research Areas Food. Environment. Trade. Risk. Science Technology. Biorenewables. Home Publications Printer-friendly Version CARD Policy Brief 11-PB 5 April 2011 Executive Summary. Full Text. The Impact of Ethanol and Ethanol Subsidies on Corn Prices: Revisiting History Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa How much does corn ethanol affect food prices. This question never seems to be satisfactorily answered. Opponents of ethanol often argue that the ethanol industry only exists because it is subsidized, that its existence increases the price of corn, and that food prices are higher because corn is an important food ingredient and livestock feed. Ethanol supporters argue that higher corn prices have a small impact on food prices because the value of corn makes up such a small sha...
http://card.iastate.edu/policy_briefs/display.aspx?id=1155
*  Ethanol Producer Magazine – The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
... MAGAZINE. CURRENT ISSUE. SEARCH ARCHIVES. ADVERTISING. BLOGS. THE SCOOP BLOG. ETHANOL WEEK. EVENTS. PLANTS. PLANT LIST. ONLINE PLANT MAP. SUBSCRIBE. March 11, 2013. Extending corn supply with wheat not so easy. BY Susanne Retka Schill Wheat isn’t going to be an easy substitution like grain sorghum. READ MORE. March 04, 2013. RFA video lays out 40 facts about ethanol. BY Susanne Retka Schill The RFA has packed 40 facts about ethanol into a video that ought to be shared with your Congressional delegation. READ MORE. February 25, 2013. BY Susanne Retka Schill Fuels America is redoubling its efforts to point the finger at the real beneficiaries should the RFS be weakened and E15 smeared and it's not consumers or the environment. READ MORE. February 18, 2013. BY Susanne Retka Schill The camaraderie of epic storms includes telling your story. READ MORE. February 11, 2013. Brewing happy yeast. BY Susanne Retka Schill A paper from the American Academy of Microbiology on yeast is a good read, digging into the his...
http://ethanolproducer.com/blog/read/throughput
*  Ethanol, Facing Difficult Political Atmosphere, Steps up Lobbying Activity
Consumer Energy Report is now Energy Trends Insider -- Read More. Energy Trends Insider. Biodiversivist by Russ Finley Latest: Thoughts on the Volkswagen Emissions Scandal. Power Policy by Andrew Holland Latest: A Suite of Options for how the U.S. R-Squared Energy by Robert Rapier Latest: Peak Oil is a Function of Oil Price Energy Trends Report. By Andrew Holland on Sep 13, 2012 with 3 responses Ethanol, Facing Difficult Political Atmosphere, Steps up Lobbying Activity Tags: biofuels, cellulosic ethanol, corn ethanol, ethanol tariff, politics, RFS Tweet. The following article was written by Andrew Holland for Energy Trends Insider, a free subscriber-only newsletter published by Consumer Energy Report that identifies financial trends in the energy sector. The modern ethanol industry is a creation of Congress; the Renewable Fuels Standard RFS, the ethanol tax credit, and a tariff on imported ethanol were all responsible for creating the ethanol industry we see today. It is important to note that more advanced b...
http://energytrendsinsider.com/2012/09/13/ethanol-facing-difficult-political-atmosphere-steps-up-lobbying-activity/
*  American Coalition for Ethanol addresses RFS, ethanol blends in Washington
... The American Coalition for Ethanol ACE and more than 80 of its members convened on Capitol Hill to talk with legislators about issues critical to the ethanol industry, including the outcome of the RFS for 2014 and the infrastructure and market for higher ethanol blends. The American Coalition for Ethanol ACE and more than 80 of its members are in Washington, DC, this week to meet with administration officials and members of Congress as part of ACE s annual legislative fly-in. ACE members will also meet with USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack, EPA Assistant Administrator Janet McCabe, and Special Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Dan Utech. Fuel retailers are also participating in the fly-in. These retailers have installed equipment to sell E15 and E85, and share with legislators their first-hand success with getting over the E10 blend wall, said Chuck Beck, public affairs director, ACE. Moreover, most of the retailers were willing to share their sales figures showing the growing interest i...
http://farmindustrynews.com/print/blog/american-coalition-ethanol-addresses-rfs-ethanol-blends-washington
*  Browse by People - WestminsterResearch
... Browse. Browse by Year. Browse by Research Community. Browse by Type. Browse by People. Browse by Full text. Statistics. Browse by People. Up a level. Export as ASCII Citation BibTeX Dublin Core EP3 XML EndNote Grid abstract HTML Citation JSON METS Multiline CSV Object IDs OpenURL ContextObject RDF+N-Triples RDF+N3 RDF+XML Refer Reference Manager. RSS 1.0. RSS 2.0. Jump to: Article. Article. Patel, Vinood B. and Spencer, Christina H. and Young, Tracey A. and Cunningham, Carol C. 2007 Effects of 4-hydroxynonenal on mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl HMG-CoA synthase. ISSN 0891-5849. Patel, Vinood B. and Spencer, C. and Cunningham, Carol C. 2003 Chronic ethanol consumption increases the concentration of a 4-hydroxynonenal adduct with the mitochondrial hydroxy methyl glutaryl CoA synthase in liver. ISSN 1527-3350. Patel, Vinood B. and Cunningham, Carol C. 2002 Altered hepatic mitochondrial ribosome structure following chronic ethanol consumption. ISSN 0003-9861. Patel, Vinood B. and Young, Tracey A. an...
http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/view/people/Cunningham=3ACarol_C=2E=3A=3A.html
*  NYBOT to launch ethanol contracts
... The New York Board of Trade has announced the launch of new world ethanol futures and options contracts beginning in May. The futures contract will begin trading Friday, May 7, and the options on Monday, May 10. The ethanol contract will trade alongside NYBOT's sugar No. “Over 60 percent of the world's supply of ethanol is derived from sugar,” said Frederick W. Schoenhut, NYBOT chairman, “so it's a natural fit to have the first-ever world ethanol futures and options contracts trade here at NYBOT alongside our benchmark sugar contract. “We've created an interesting, new hedging and investment opportunity in a burgeoning market, and we encourage all those in the respective communities to investigate what this contract has to offer.”. FOB vessel delivery. The new contracts call for free on board FOB vessel delivery of 7,750 U.S. gallons of biomass-derived, undenatured, anhydrous ethanol meeting specific quality criteria as described in the contract rules. The ethanol contracts will trade from 8:50 a.m. Glob...
http://southwestfarmpress.com/print/nybot-launch-ethanol-contracts
*  Ecología austral - Exergy efficiency assessment of corn-based ethanol production: a case study in t
... he Pampas region Argentina. Exergy efficiency assessment of corn-based ethanol production: a case study in the Pampas region Argentina : Natural ecosystems transformation in agroecosystems not only alters its structure but also its functionality. The need to evaluate and monitor these functional changes has led to the development and implementation of a large number of indicators of human impact due to agricultural activities. This paper develops a theoretical framework for the assessment of agroecosystems through the analysis of energy flows. In particular, the approach is based on the use of energy or useful exergy. Keywords : Sustainability; Agriculture; Energy. CExCagr y CExCind: cumulative exergy consumption of the agricultural and industrial phases, respectively; EXagr y EXind: Exergy consumption of the agricultural and industrial phases, respectively; GR y COMB: outcome exergy allocated to corn and biofuel, respectively. Exergy E and cumulative exergy consumption CExC in the agricultural and indust...
http://scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2008000300006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es
*  Cellulosic ethanol p... | Ethanol | Agriculture
Cellulosic ethanol p... Ethanol. Machinery Insider. News. Crops news Livestock news Policy news Business news Technology news Markets. Markets Analysis Your World In Agriculture Markets Newswire Commodity Prices Weather. Crops. Corn Soybeans Wheat Cotton Other Crops Organic Farming Fertilizers Pesticides Grain storage Tillage Renewable Energy Crop Tech Corn High Yield Team Cover Crops Agronomy Insider. Farm Management. Markets Crops Machinery Livestock Farm Management Family and Farm Safety Weather Products Successful Farming. Successful Farming editors Farm Business Farm Production Farm Family Machinery Show. Free Newsletter. Home / Crops / Renewable Energy / Ethanol / Cellulosic ethanol plans on track. Cellulosic ethanol plans on track. Novozymes is the largest producer of the enzymes that, when mixed with corn or cellulose, convert starch to sugar. "It's harder for the enzymes to attack and break apart cellulose," Fuglsang said. "The starch in corn grain is relatively easy to break down, but that's not tru...
http://agriculture.com/crops/renewable-energy/ethanol/cellulosic-ethol-pls-on-track_192-ar24904
*  Low corn prices spark potential for increased ethanol demand - Purdue University
... Purdue Today Media Relations Purdue in the News Contact. Low corn prices spark potential for increased ethanol demand. - Low corn prices on the heels of near-record yields this year could mean increased demand from ethanol producers, export markets and biofuels consumers, Purdue Extension agricultural economist Chris Hurt says. Environmental Protection Agency to reduce the amount of biofuels that oil companies must blend into gasoline and diesel from 18.15 billion gallons to 15.21 billion gallons in 2014 - including an implied reduction of corn ethanol from 14.4 billion gallons to near 13 billion gallons - initially appeared negative for corn markets. "Now that three months of the marketing year have passed, there is growing evidence that corn usage for ethanol can reach, and even exceed, 4.9 billion bushels," he said. The primary demand for corn ethanol is the 10 percent blend with all gasoline sold in the U.S. Hurt said he expected 2013 gasoline consumption to be near 133 billion gallons and slightly l...
http://purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2013/Q4/low-corn-prices-spark-potential-for-increased-ethanol-demand.html
*  Effect of Ethanol on Aluminum Fuel Tank - Moderated Discussion Areas
... ContinuousWave Whaler Moderated Discussion Areas. ContinuousWave: Whaler Repairs/Mods. Effect of Ethanol on Aluminum Fuel Tank. search. FAQ. profile. register. author help. Author. Topic: Effect of Ethanol on Aluminum Fuel Tank. Jeff. posted 12-16-2009 10:59 PM ET US. How can ethanol affect an aluminum fuel tank to the point of needing to be replaced. jimh. posted 12-17-2009 06:59 AM ET US. I do not believe that gasoline blends containing ethanol directly affect aluminum fuel tanks. If they did, there would be a substantial crisis in boating. I believe there is a very high population of boats with aluminum fuel tanks which contain ethanol-blended gasoline. Russ57. posted 12-17-2009 01:29 PM ET US. As long as is no more than 10% you are fine. Blackduck. posted 12-17-2009 02:20 PM ET US. It is not the ethanol itself that is the problem, it is the substance that is created when water and old ethanol mix. This stuff is very corrosive, and will eat thru aluminum. So, if there is no water in your tank, no prob...
http://continuouswave.com/ubb/Forum3/HTML/017671.html
*  The Naturalist's Corner: Ethanol
... Smoky Mountain News. News. Events. Subscribe. RSS Feed. Wednesday, 11 July 2007 00:00. The Naturalist s Corner: Ethanol. Written by Don Hendershot. Editor’s note: This is another in a series of columns by Don Hendershot about alternative energy. Ethanol. Ethanol is grain alcohol produced by fermenting biomass like corn. Ethanol is primarily produced as blends with gasoline. Those blends containing a small about of ethanol like E10 — 10 percent ethanol, 90 percent gasoline — have been around for a number of years, known as gasohol. Any gasoline vehicle can run on E10 and E10 is not considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act. Engine modifications are required when you get to blends above 10 percent ethanol. Vehicles that run on these higher blends are known as “flex-fuel” vehicles FFVs. So instead of opting for smaller more aerodynamic fuel-efficient vehicles as they do with hybrids, automakers are making their gas-guzzlers FFVs. 16 mpg, Dodge Ram 1500 pickup avg. 14 mpg, Ford F150 pickup a...
http://smokymountainnews.com/aae/item/8776-the-naturalists-corner-ethanol
*  DTN/The Progressive Farmer: Agriculture Markets, News and Weather
... Weather. News. Equipment. Farm Business. Land Management. Farm Life. NEWS. Short Squeeze Lifts Argo Spot Ethanol Prices to Record High. Spot ethanol prices traded sharply higher early Friday amid a continuing short squeeze, with a trade done for prompt delivered product at the Kinder Morgan-operated Argo terminal near Chicago at a new record high of $3.75 per gallon. A source said another prompt Argo trade was done at $3.80 per gallon, though this couldn't be immediately confirmed. Still, Argo spot prices are now at the highest level on record, boosted by worries demand is running ahead of supply ahead of the summer, when blending is expected to increase. On the Chicago Board of Trade, April ethanol futures soared 13.1 cents ... John Deere Goes Four-Track The new 9RX tractor marks John Deere's first entry into the four-track category and rounds out it... Ag Equipment Still Sliding Lenders expect more equipment to hit dealers' lots this winter as farmers economize, but dealers ... Brain Injury Forces Toug...
http://dtnprogressivefarmer.com/dtnag/?symbolicName=/free/news/template2&forceNavUpdate=false&product=DTN/Ag/Production/RenewableFuels/Ethanol&vendorReference=a48d5a4e-eebb-40f1-a76a-fad285319efb__1395433797401

Ethanol fuel: Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline.Prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain: In molecular biology, prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain is a protein domain found at the C-terminus of prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenases, it adopts a structure consisting of an alpha-beta-alpha-beta(3) core, which mediates dimerisation of the protein.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Research Society on Alcoholism: The Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) is a learned society of over 1600 active members based in Austin, Texas. Its objective is to advance research on alcoholism and the physiological and cognitive effects of alcohol.Alcohol dehydrogenaseBenzodiazepine withdrawal syndromeLactic acid fermentationConcentration effect: In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. In simple terms, the higher the concentration of gas administered, the faster the alveolar concentration of that gas approaches the inspired concentration.Alcohol intoxicationCyanamideAlcohol tolerance: Alcohol tolerance refers to the bodily responses to the functional effects of ethanol in alcoholic beverages. This includes direct tolerance, speed of recovery from insobriety and resistance to the development of alcoholism.Primary alcoholSelf-administration: Self-administration is, in its medical sense, the process of a subject administering a pharmacological substance to him-, her-, or itself. A clinical example of this is the subcutaneous "self-injection" of insulin by a diabetic patient.PhytomedicineSterling Clarren: Sterling K. Clarren is one of the world's leading researchers into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), an umbrella term encompassing fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, static encephalopathy:alcohol exposed and penatal alcohol exposed.Liver sinusoid: A liver sinusoid is a type of sinusoidal blood vessel (with fenestrated, discontinuous endothelium) that serves as a location for the oxygen-rich blood from the hepatic artery and the nutrient-rich blood from the portal vein.SIU SOM Histology GIFibroTest: FibroTest, known as FibroSure in the US, is a patented biomarker test that uses the results of six blood serum tests to generate a score that is correlated with the degree of liver damage in people with a variety of liver diseases. FibroTest has the same prognostic value as a liver biopsy.Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy: Chronic solvent induced encephalopathy (CSE) is a condition induced by long-term exposure to organic solvents, typically in the workplace, that lead to a wide variety of persisting sensorimotor polyneuropathies and neurobehavioral deficits even after solvent exposure has been removed. This syndrome can also be referred to as "psycho-organic syndrome", "organic solvent syndrome", "chronic painter's syndrome", "occupational solvent encephalopathy", "solvent intoxication", "toxic solvent syndrome", "painters disease", "psycho-organic syndrome", "chronic toxic encephalopathy", and "neurasthenic syndrome".Methoxide: Methoxides are organic salts and the simplest alkoxides. Sodium methoxide and potassium methoxide have widespread use, though other metal-cation variants such as lithium methoxide, rubidium methoxide, caesium methoxide, and francium methoxide exist as well.Org 20599Canadian Renewable Fuels Association: The Canadian Renewable Fuels Association (CRFA) is a non-profit organization in Canada, created in 1984. Its stated purpose is to "promote renewable fuels for transportation through consumer awareness and government liaison activities", and its membership includes "representatives from all levels of the ethanol and biodiesel industry", including agricultural associations and producers of ethanol and biodiesel.D-xylose reductase: D-xylose reductase (, XylR, XyrA, msXR, dsXR, monospecific xylose reductase, dual specific xylose reductase, NAD(P)H-dependent xylose reductase, xylose reductase) is an enzyme with system name xylitol:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction

(1/9751) Various forms of chemically induced liver injury and their detection by diagnostic procedures.

A large number of chemical agents, administered for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes, can produce various types of hepatic injury by several mechanisms. Some agents are intrinsically hepatotoxic, and others produce hepatic injury only in the rare, uniquely susceptible individual. Idiosyncrasy of the host is the mechanism for most types of drug-induced hepatic injury. It may reflect allergy to the drug or a metabolic aberation of the host permitting the accumulation of hepatotoxic metabolites. The syndromes of hepatic disease produced by drugs have been classified hepatocellular, hepatocanalicular, mixed and canalicular. Measurement of serum enzyme activities has provided a powerful tool for studies of hepatotoxicity. Their measurement requires awareness of relative specificity, knowledge of the mechanisms involved, and knowledge of the relationship between known hepatotoxic states and elevated enzyme activities.  (+info)

(2/9751) Quantitative aspects in the assessment of liver injury.

Liver function data are usually difficult to use in their original form when one wishes to compare the hepatotoxic properties of several chemical substances. However, procedures are available for the conversion of liver function data into quantal responses. These permit the elaboration of dose-response lines for the substances in question, the calculation of median effective doses and the statistical analysis of differences in liver-damaging potency. These same procedures can be utilized for estimating the relative hazard involved if one compares the liver-damaging potency to the median effective dose for some other pharmacologie parameter. Alterations in hepatic triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, and the activities of various hepatic enzymes can also be quantitiated in a dose-related manner. This permits the selection of equitoxic doses required for certain comparative studies and the selection of doses in chemical interaction studies. The quantitative problems involved in low-frequency adverse reactions and the difficulty these present in the detection of liver injury in laboratory animals are discussed.  (+info)

(3/9751) Toxicological findings in a fatal ingestion of methamphetamine.

This paper presents the case history of a fatality caused by the complications brought about by the presence of methamphetamine and ethanol. Drug concentrations are reported from samples obtained approximately 15 min after the subject was last observed to be chewing what was then believed to be gum, 3 h after the initial toxic symptoms were displayed, 6, 11, and 22 h later. The subjects conditions deteriorated over the course of this time, and he was declared dead 33 h after the initial display of toxic symptoms. The toxicological findings and concentration levels of the reported biological specimens concurred with the expected findings in a case of methamphetamine toxicity.  (+info)

(4/9751) Ciprofloxacin decreases the rate of ethanol elimination in humans.

BACKGROUND: Extrahepatic ethanol metabolism is postulated to take place via microbial oxidation in the colon, mediated by aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria. AIMS: To evaluate the role of microbial ethanol oxidation in the total elimination rate of ethanol in humans by reducing gut flora with ciprofloxacin. METHODS: Ethanol was administered intravenously at the beginning and end of a one week period to eight male volunteers. Between ethanol doses volunteers received 750 mg ciprofloxacin twice daily. RESULTS: A highly significant (p=0.001) reduction in the ethanol elimination rate (EER) was detected after ciprofloxacin medication. Mean (SEM) EER was 107.0 (5.3) and 96.9 (4.8) mg/kg/h before and after ciprofloxacin, respectively. Faecal Enterobacteriaceae and Enterococcus sp. were totally absent after medication, and faecal acetaldehyde production capacity was significantly (p<0.05) decreased from 0.91 (0.15) to 0.39 (0.08) nmol/min/mg protein. Mean faecal alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity was significantly (p<0. 05) decreased after medication, but ciprofloxacin did not inhibit human hepatic ADH activity in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Ciprofloxacin treatment decreased the ethanol elimination rate by 9.4%, with a concomitant decrease in intestinal aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria, faecal ADH activity, and acetaldehyde production. As ciprofloxacin has no effect on liver blood flow, hepatic ADH activity, or cytochrome CYP2E1 activity, these effects are probably caused by the reduction in intestinal flora.  (+info)

(5/9751) Acute effects of ethanol on kainate receptors with different subunit compositions.

Previous studies showed that recombinant homomeric GluR6 receptors are acutely inhibited by ethanol. This study examined the acute actions of ethanol on recombinant homomeric and heteromeric kainate (KA) receptors with different subunit configurations. Application of 25 to 100 mM ethanol produced inhibition of a similar magnitude of both GluR5-Q and GluR6-R KA receptor-dependent currents in Xenopus oocytes. Ethanol decreased the KA Emax without affecting the EC50 and its effect was independent of the membrane holding potential for both of these receptors subtypes. Ethanol also inhibited homomeric and heteromeric receptors transiently expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. In these cells, the expression of heteromeric GluR6-R subunit-containing receptors was confirmed by testing their sensitivity to 1 mM alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid. Ethanol inhibited to a similar extent KA-gated currents mediated by receptors composed of either GluR6 or GluR6 + KA1 subunits, and to a slightly lesser extent receptors composed of GluR6 + KA2 subunits. Acute ethanol's effects were tested on GluR5 KA receptors that are expressed as homomers (GluR5-Q) or heteromers (GluR5-R + KA1 and GluR5-R + KA2). Homomeric and heteromeric GluR5 KA receptors were all inhibited to a similar extent by ethanol; however, there was slightly more inhibition of GluR5-R + KA2 receptors. Thus, recombinant KA receptors with different subunit compositions are all acutely inhibited to a similar extent by ethanol. In light of recent reports that KA receptors regulate neurotransmitter release and mediate synaptic currents, we postulate that these receptors may play a role in acute ethanol intoxication.  (+info)

(6/9751) Ethanol exposure differentially alters central monoamine neurotransmission in alcohol-preferring versus -nonpreferring rats.

Individual differences in ethanol preference may be linked to differences in the functional activity of forebrain monoamine systems or their sensitivity to modification by ethanol. To test this hypothesis, basal extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in the nucleus accumbens as well as the effects of repeated ethanol pretreatment on the basal release of these transmitters were examined in alcohol-preferring (P), alcohol-nonpreferring (NP), and genetically heterogeneous Wistar rats. All animals received i.p. injections of ethanol (1.0 g/kg) or saline for 5 consecutive days. Fifteen hours after the final pretreatment, basal extracellular concentrations and "in vivo extraction fraction" values for DA and 5-HT were determined by no-net-flux in vivo microdialysis. In ethanol-naive rats, significant line differences were observed with high basal 5-HT release in P rats, low 5-HT release in NP rats, and intermediate 5-HT levels in Wistar rats. No differences among groups were noted in basal DA release. Ethanol pretreatment decreased basal extracellular 5-HT levels in P rats whereas increasing 5-HT efflux was seen in the Wistar and NP lines. In addition, ethanol pretreatment increased extracellular DA concentrations in Wistar and P rats, but not in NP rats. The results confirm a relationship between the functional status of forebrain DA and 5-HT systems and ethanol preference or aversion. Moreover, the data suggest that ethanol exposure can alter basal DA and 5-HT in the nucleus accumbens and that vulnerability to ethanol-induced changes in monoamine neurotransmission may be a factor in genetically determined ethanol preference.  (+info)

(7/9751) Isocitrate lyase of Ashbya gossypii--transcriptional regulation and peroxisomal localization.

The isocitrate lyase-encoding gene AgICL1 from the filamentous hemiascomycete Ashbya gossypii was isolated by heterologous complementation of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae icl1d mutant. The open reading frame of 1680 bp encoded a protein of 560 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 62584. Disruption of the AgICL1 gene led to complete loss of AgIcl1p activity and inability to grow on oleic acid as sole carbon source. Compartmentation of AgIcl1p in peroxisomes was demonstrated both by Percoll density gradient centrifugation and by immunogold labeling of ultrathin sections using specific antibodies. This fitted with the peroxisomal targeting signal AKL predicted from the C-terminal DNA sequence. Northern blot analysis with mycelium grown on different carbon sources as well as AgICL1 promoter replacement with the constitutive AgTEF promoter revealed a regulation at the transcriptional level. AgICL1 was subject to glucose repression, derepressed by glycerol, partially induced by the C2 compounds ethanol and acetate, and fully induced by soybean oil.  (+info)

(8/9751) Antisense RNA strategies for metabolic engineering of Clostridium acetobutylicum.

We examined the effectiveness of antisense RNA (as RNA) strategies for metabolic engineering of Clostridium acetobutylicum. Strain ATCC 824(pRD4) was developed to produce a 102-nucleotide asRNA with 87% complementarity to the butyrate kinase (BK) gene. Strain ATCC 824(pRD4) exhibited 85 to 90% lower BK and acetate kinase specific activities than the control strain. Strain ATCC 824(pRD4) also exhibited 45 to 50% lower phosphotransbutyrylase (PTB) and phosphotransacetylase specific activities than the control strain. This strain exhibited earlier induction of solventogenesis, which resulted in 50 and 35% higher final concentrations of acetone and butanol, respectively, than the concentrations in the control. Strain ATCC 824(pRD1) was developed to putatively produce a 698-nucleotide asRNA with 96% complementarity to the PTB gene. Strain ATCC 824(pRD1) exhibited 70 and 80% lower PTB and BK activities, respectively, than the control exhibited. It also exhibited 300% higher levels of a lactate dehydrogenase activity than the control exhibited. The growth yields of ATCC 824(pRD1) were 28% less than the growth yields of the control. While the levels of acids were not affected in ATCC 824(pRD1) fermentations, the acetone and butanol concentrations were 96 and 75% lower, respectively, than the concentrations in the control fermentations. The lower level of solvent production by ATCC 824(pRD1) was compensated for by approximately 100-fold higher levels of lactate production. The lack of any significant impact on butyrate formation fluxes by the lower PTB and BK levels suggests that butyrate formation fluxes are not controlled by the levels of the butyrate formation enzymes.  (+info)


How you would determine if the smell of baking bread comes from ethanol.?


I have to write a one-paragraph report containing how I would determine if the smell of baking bread comes from ethanol. This is a grade determiner, so please, please, please help me out. I don't understand what to put at all. Your answer will be appreciated for the rest of my life :)
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Ethanol fermentation is responsible for the rising of bread dough. Yeast organisms consume sugars in the dough and produce ethanol and carbon dioxide as waste products. The carbon dioxide forms bubbles in the dough, expanding it into something of a foam. Nearly all the ethanol evaporates from the dough when the bread is baked."


where does the calories come from in ethanol alcohol?


I read that vodka gets it's calories from the ethanol not from carbs,fat ect.
there are none in vodka but where are the calories coming from?
I also read that ethanol eventually gets metabelized as carbon dioxide and water in the body how does that produce calories?
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"There are none (ethanol) in vodka..."  Of course there are.
What do you think alcohol is??? 
It's ETHANOL.  That's its chemical name.
Ethanol is metabolized into glucose in the body thru the Krebs cycle, then finally into CO2 & H2O.
Glucose is where the calories come from.


what is the best way to attach a column to a beer keg for an ethanol distiller?


i am making ethanol for my sae project in my vo ag class. i plan to use a stainless steel beer keg for my boiler but im not to sure on how to attach the column. any ideas?
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Cut the valve off the top and then weld on a 2" floor flange.  You can then use a threaded fitting for the end of your column and thread it into the floor flange.


What is the best apple type to use for making ethanol?


I need to know the best apple to use for making ethanol.
But also its sugar content.
if you also know what the other apples sugar content is as well please tell.
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granny smith


Is inhaling ethanol bad for you or harmful in any way and what are consequences?


Today in chemistry class we were doing an esterifcation practical. After refluxing the alcohol, which was ethanol, and other constituents of the solution. I accidentally inhaled (through the nostrils) the fume for about a second or less. Is it harmful and what are the consequences? Should I get medical advice?
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No its not harmful if you did it for a second. It wouldn't be harmful if you inhaled it for 10 seconds. But remember ethanol is alcohol and the alcohol vapours are  kill brain cells. So if your around alcohol vapours regularly you lose brain cells. People are really only exposed to vapours when they drink spirits and other alcoholic beverages. Essentially losing brain cells will make you dumb. We are born with a certain amount of brain cells and once you lose them, you can't get them back. But you would have to be an alcoholic to worry about losing enough brain cells to make you dumb though.

Anyway, no your not going to be effected for inhaling it for one second. Your safe dude.

Note: You should know in chemistry, ethanol is volatile (easily evaporates from liquid to gas) and the gaseous vapours are what make people drunk. Its not digestion of ethanol that makes people drunk, its the gas RISING to our brain that makes us drunk.


Can I drink cocktails that contain ethanol?


I live in a dry Country, my friends are in the habit of making drinks by mixing 45cl of ethanol with(99.7%) + 65cl of water and add extracts (wisky, gin, ouzo flavors...) that they import from drugstores in the UK or France. Can that harm me? Can that make me blind?
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99.7% alcohol is probably absolute or anhydrous alcohol. Absolute or anhydrous alcohol not intended for human consumption often contains trace amounts of toxic benzene (used to remove water by azeotropic distillation). Generally this kind of ethanol is used as solvents for lab and industrial settings where water will disrupt a desired reaction.


How do you show ethanol fermentation?


My daughter is trying to show how to make ethanol fermentation for her high school class and it is not working. Does anyone have a recipe for it? Thanks
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sugar, water & yeast
the yeast consumes the sugar, and converts it to ethanol and CO2

this is the basis for brewing beer & wine.

be warned if its your "daughter" if she is underage, she might actually be breaking the law, depending on where you are.


Does isopropyl alcohol work the same as methanol/ethanol?


I have this isopropyl alcohol and I was wondering if it would work for separating two things the same as methanol/ethanol. Idk where I can get ethanol but i know where to get methanol it wouldn't be too much effort but i'd rather just use this isopropyl alcohol 70% i have with me because that would be a lot easier.
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But WHY?.... 

I'm guessing it would work but ethanol may be safer.