Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Luminescent Measurements: Techniques used for determining the values of photometric parameters of light resulting from LUMINESCENCE.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Lung Volume Measurements: Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Spectrometry, Fluorescence: Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Dimensional Measurement Accuracy: The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Transducers: Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Scattering, Radiation: The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Transducers, Pressure: Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.Weights and Measures: Measuring and weighing systems and processes.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Lasers: An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.Biometry: The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.Indicator Dilution Techniques: Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Optics and Photonics: A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.Fluorescence: The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Interferometry: Measurement of distances or movements by means of the phenomena caused by the interference of two rays of light (optical interferometry) or of sound (acoustic interferometry).Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Photometry: Measurement of the various properties of light.Biosensing Techniques: Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Thermodilution: Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.Nuchal Translucency Measurement: A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.Blood Volume Determination: Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Thermometers: Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)Blood Pressure Monitors: Devices for continuously measuring and displaying the arterial blood pressure.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Oximetry: The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Blood Specimen Collection: The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.Plethysmography, Impedance: Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)Radiometry: The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.Radioimmunoassay: Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Refractometry: Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Optical Fibers: Thin strands of transparent material, usually glass, that are used for transmitting light waves over long distances.Ultrasonics: A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Fluorometry: An analytical method for detecting and measuring FLUORESCENCE in compounds or targets such as cells, proteins, or nucleotides, or targets previously labeled with FLUORESCENCE AGENTS.Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared: A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Tonometry, Ocular: Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Blood Chemical Analysis: An examination of chemicals in the blood.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.

*  Educational Measurement and Research Theses and Dissertations | University of...
Due to a restructuring of the College of Education, new Educational Measurement and ... A Comparison of Educational "Value-Added" Methodologies for Classifying Teacher ......
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*  Reliability of expert interpretation of retinal photographs for the diagnosis...
Educational and Psychological Measurements 1973;33:613-19.. OpenUrl. *↵ Fleiss J L, ... In: Health measurement scales. A practical guide to their development and use. Oxford: ... is due to true variation between assessors and measurement error. Approximate confidence ......
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*  Chia-Chiang Wang | UB Graduate School of Education
Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology. Address:. 413 Baldy Hall. Phone:. 716-645 ... Tests and measurement. Medical(bio) and psychosocial aspects of disability. Bio. ... Counseling, School and Educational Psychology (CSEP). *Course Descriptions. *Degree ... Educational Background. *Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Center for Healthcare Studies, ......
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*  http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102821/00001
Educational and Psychological. Measurement, 1967, 27:1025-1039.. Streufert, S., & Fromkin ... educational institutions (Bryer & Wagner, 1963; Cascio & Bass, 1976;. Corsini, 1966; ......
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*  Assessment Repository | Society of Clinical Psychology
Educational and Psychological Measurement, 44(4), 1045-1049.. Abusive Behavior Inventory ... National Institutes of Health Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System ( ... Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples ......
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This serves as a great educational tool for students as well.". Kavanaugh and Johnson ... The investigators plan to compare their data with wind measurements made elsewhere in ... to become a model for the demonstration of energy efficiencies and an educational tool ......
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*  M.A. in Art Education | Frostic School of Art | Western Michigan University
ED 6000Fundamentals of Measurement and Evaluation in Education (3 hours). *ED 6360 ... EDT 5030 Educational Technology Academy: Special Topics in Education (3 hours). *EDT 5400 ... EDT 5410 Introduction to Educational Technology (3 hours). *EDT 5420 Teaching with ......
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*  Xiufeng Liu | UB Graduate School of Education
Wei, S., Liu, X., & Jia, Y. (2014). Using Rasch measurement to validate the measurement ... Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(5), 1089-1102. [Article]. Huffman, K., Perin ... In Liu X. and W. Boone (Eds.). Application of Rasch measurement in science education. JAM ... Liu, X. (2010). Using and developing measurement instruments in science education: A ......
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*  Know&Pol : Knowledge and policy
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*  Airflow obstruction and metabolic syndrome: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study ...
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*  Dermatology MCQ 009 - Medical MCQs For PG Preparation
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*  RE: [css3-background] box-shadow spread Multiple Choice Question from Brian Manthos on 2010-06-10 (w
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*  Guidelines for Comprehensive Examination in M.S. in Clinical-Counseling Psychology - Valdosta State
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*  Patente US5861076 - Method for making multi-layer circuit boards - Google Patentes
An aqueous reducing solution for treating a black oxide-coated copper surface comprising sodium metabisulfite and sodium sulfide wherein said sodium metabisulfite is present in a concentration between about 25 gm/L and about 100 gm/L and said sodium sulfide is present in a concentration between about 0.08 gm/L and about 1.0 gm/L. For pure nickel electrolytic deposition, preferred plating bath formulations comprise aqueous solutions containing between about 200 gm and about 300 gm of nickel sulfamate, preferably about 250 gm; between about 5 gm and about 10 gm of nickel chloride, preferably about 7.5 gm; between about 20 gm and about 40 gm boric acid, preferably about 30 gm; and between about 0.5 gm and about 2 gm of sodium lauryl sulfate, preferably about 1 gm, per liter of solution. Aqueous plating bath formulations for nickel-zinc alloy electrolytic deposition suitable for use in the present invention comprise between about 10 gm and about 30 gm of nickel sulfate, preferably about 20 gm; between about 50 an...
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*  Comprehensive Examination - New York, NY Dentist 10016
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*  Faculty evaluation of assessment papers procedures
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*  Surgery OSCEs Exam
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*  Pediatric OSCE Exams
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*  Mcqs Of Prometric Exams | imarksweb.net
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*  NUR2 701 Comprehensive Examination (1 credit) | 2012–2013 Programs, Courses and University Regulat
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*  Silent Spring Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium
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*  CIPET JEE 2015 Entrance Exam | CIPET 2015 Eligibility |
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*  Mechanical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for competative exams and Answers for f
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*  Exam Nerves Affects Students' Immune Defense -- ScienceDaily
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*  Half of Paradise Quiz from Eight Week Quiz F | BookRags.com
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*  Drug Written Test - ProProfs Quiz
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*  .. Final Skill Test: The Silver Trophy Mystery .. Advanced Skill Test: The Case of the Burgled Bonu
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*  The Double Helix Quiz from Four Week Quiz B | BookRags.com
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*  The Crucible Quiz from Eight Week Quiz F | BookRags.com
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*  Ethan Frome Quiz from Four Week Quiz A | BookRags.com
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*  Obstetrics Mcqs Postgraduation entrance preparation: 21 - OCPs - contraindications - absolute and re
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*  Schismatrix Plus Multiple Choice Test Questions
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*  Pedro Paramo Multiple Choice Test Questions
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*  The Iliad Multiple Choice Test Questions
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*  College of Health & Human Sciences Four Year Degree Paths - NIU - Office of Student Academic Success
College of Health Human Sciences Four Year Degree Paths - NIU - Office of Student Academic Success. NIU Homepage. Northern Illinois University Office of Student Academic Success Division of Academic Affairs. Menu A-Z. Calendar. Directory. Home A-Z. Blackboard. Calendar. Directory. MyNIU. NIU Today. Future Students. MAP-Works. Four Year Degree Paths. OSAS Workshops. Student Success Specialists. Next Steps. Resources Links. Current Students. MAP-Works. Four Year Degree Paths. OSAS Workshops. Student Success Specialists. Northern Lights Ambassadors. Next Steps. Resources Links. Early Alert Referral System. Student Success Collaborative. Student Success Specialists. OSAS Workshops. OSAS Programs. Resources Links. Families. MAP-Works. Student Success Specialists. OSAS Workshops. OSAS Programs. Next Steps. Resources Links. Four Year Degree Paths. About Us. Four Year Degree Paths. Business. Education. Engineering Engineering Technology. Health Human Sciences. Liberal Arts Sciences. Visual Performing Arts. Archived C...
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*  College of Health & Human Sciences Four Year Degree Paths - NIU - Office of Student Academic Success
College of Health Human Sciences Four Year Degree Paths - NIU - Office of Student Academic Success. NIU Homepage. Northern Illinois University Office of Student Academic Success Division of Academic Affairs. Menu A-Z. Calendar. Directory. Home A-Z. Blackboard. Calendar. Directory. MyNIU. NIU Today. Future Students. MAP-Works. Four Year Degree Paths. OSAS Workshops. Student Success Specialists. Next Steps. Resources Links. Current Students. MAP-Works. Four Year Degree Paths. OSAS Workshops. Student Success Specialists. Northern Lights Ambassadors. Next Steps. Resources Links. Early Alert Referral System. Student Success Collaborative. Student Success Specialists. OSAS Workshops. OSAS Programs. Resources Links. Families. MAP-Works. Student Success Specialists. OSAS Workshops. OSAS Programs. Next Steps. Resources Links. Four Year Degree Paths. About Us. Four Year Degree Paths. Business. Education. Engineering Engineering Technology. Health Human Sciences. Liberal Arts Sciences. Visual Performing Arts. Archived C...
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*  Anna in the Tropics Test | Final Test - Easy
Anna in the Tropics Test. Final Test - Easy. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. lesson plans. homework help. Sign In. Get Anna in the Tropics from Amazon.com. View the Study Pack. Lesson Plans. Order our Anna in the Tropics Lesson Plans. Lesson Calendar. Daily Lessons. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Worksheets and Evaluation Forms Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. Reading Assignment Sheet. Writing Evaluation Form. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generator. Order our Anna in the Tropics Lesson Plans. Anna in the Tropics Test. Final Test - Easy Nilo Cruz. This set of Lesson Plans consists of appro...
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*  Sarah Kane: Complete Plays Test | Final Test - Easy
Sarah Kane: Complete Plays Test. Final Test - Easy. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. lesson plans. homework help. Sign In. Get Sarah Kane: Complete Plays from Amazon.com. View the Study Pack. Lesson Plans. Order our Sarah Kane: Complete Plays Lesson Plans. Character Descriptions. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Worksheets and Evaluation Forms Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generator. Order our Sarah Kane: Complete Plays Lesson Plans. Sarah Kane: Complete Plays Test. Final Test - Easy Sarah Kane. This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 125 pages of t...
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*  Competitive Exams Quiz: General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions
... Competitive Exams Quiz. Saturday, February 5, 2011. General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions. 1.Which of the following metals has the highest density. A Iron B. Mercury C. Osmium D. Lead E. Silver Ans: E. 2.In which year Azad Hind Fauj formed A. 1942 B. 1943 C. 1944 D. 1945 E. 1941 Ans: B. 3.The centre of the Sankrit University in Kerala A. Thiruvananthapuram B. Kottayam C. Kochi D. Kalady E. Kozhikode Ans: D. 4.Where is the tomb of Kumaran Asan built. A Kayikkara B. Varkala C. Kanyakumari D. Kalady E. Pallana Ans: E. 5.The first Chief Minister of the Travancore Cochin State was: A. Pattom Thanupillai B. T.K Narayanapillai C. T.M Varghese D. C Kesavan E. A.J John Ans: B. 6.Which is placed considered as the cultural capital of Kerala. A Thiruvananthapuram B. Kottayam C. Kozhikode D. Ernakulam E. Thrissur Ans: E. 7.At which place was the International sports stadium constructed in Kerala. A Thiruvananthapuram B. Kottayam C. Kochi D. Kollam E. Kozhikode Ans: C. 8.The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre is situa...
http://competitiveexamsquiz.blogspot.com/2011/02/general-knowledge-multiple-choice.html
*  ielts-simon.com: April 2012
... ielts-simon.com Daily Lessons with Simon, ex-IELTS examiner. Websites ielts-simon home IELTS in Manchester ielts-simon on Facebook Teacher training ielts-simon on YouTube ielts-simon on Vimeo Simon's video course. Information About IELTS-Simon. Recent exam questions 1. Recent exam questions 2. Recent exam questions 3. Recent exam questions 4. Recent exam questions 5. Recent exam questions 6. Recent exam questions 7. Recent exam questions 8. Recent exam questions 9. Simon's IELTS eBook. Extra Simon's ebook Essay Correction NEW: Simon's video course Study in the UK. Categories About the exam. IELTS General Writing. IELTS Listening. IELTS Reading. IELTS Speaking. IELTS Writing Task 1. IELTS Writing Task 2. Questions/Advice. Vocabulary/Grammar See More. Search. Subscribe to this blog's feed. Archives October 2015. September 2015. August 2015. July 2015. June 2015. May 2015. April 2015. March 2015. February 2015. January 2015. March 2012. Main. May 2012. Monday, April 30, 2012 IELTS Reading: choose the best s...
http://ielts-simon.com/ielts-help-and-english-pr/2012/04/index.html
*  Diagnostic and Formative Assessment
... Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience. The Functions of Assessment Diagnostic and Formative Assessment Explore Teaching Examples. Diagnostic and Formative Assessment. Diagnostic Pre-Assessments. Diagnostic assessments also known as pre-assessments provide instructors with information about student s prior knowledge and misconceptions before beginning a learning activity. A diagnostic pre-assessment given after the Coriolis effect activity but before the Ocean current activity will provide an opportunity to determine if students remember the concepts they need. Summative assessments of the previous learning activity. Formative Assessments. Formative assessments take place during a learning activity to provide the instructor with information regarding how well the learning objectives of a given learning activity are being met. The value of formative assessment is pointed out by Black and William 1998 paper Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment Phi Delta Kappan, Octob...
http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/assessment/formative.html
*  Guidelines for Answering Multiple-Choice Questions | Activity | Education.com
Guidelines for Answering Multiple-Choice Questions. Activity. Education.com. As a Plus or Pro member, get unlimited access to: Over 15,000 Worksheets Over 300 Printable Workbooks Hundreds of Fun Games and Activities Get Started. Sign In. Sign in Become a free basic member: Get free worksheets plus activities, articles, and science projects. Sign Up. Games. Worksheets. Workbooks. Activities. Lesson Plans. Science Projects. All Activities. High School Activities. Guidelines for Answering Multiple-Choice Questions. Guidelines for Answering Multiple-Choice Questions. Does your teen get a anxious over multiple-choice test questions, b overwhelmed by the different options, c confused by ambiguous wording, or d all of the above. Multiple-choice test questions can be confusing. When you read through the test, pick out questions that you find easy - i.e. a Higher proportion of nitrogen These two options are the pair of opposite answers b. All of the above * Although this guide focuses on examining multiple-choice scie...
http://education.com/activity/article/Multiple_Choice_high/
*  PassGuide 9L0-009 Exam Questions, Apple 9L0-009 Practice Test, Apple 9L0-009 Study Guides
... Help. Contact us. My Account. Login. Vendors. ISC 2. Adobe. Apple. Avaya. CheckPoint. Cisco. Citrix. CIW. Comptia. Ec-council. EMC. EXIN. IBM. Juniper. Microsoft. Netapp. Oracle. PMI. Red Hat. RSA. SAP. Symantec. Tibco. Veritas. Vmware. Certifications. A+. Account manage. Advanced Video. CCDP. CCIE. CCIE Routing a. CCNA. CCNA Routing a. CCNA Security. CCNA Wireless. CCNP. CCNP Routing a. CISSP Certific. Cisco Speciali. MCSA: Windows. MCSE. MCSE: Business. MCSE: Communic. MCSE: Data Pla. MCSE: Desktop. MCSE: Messagin. MCSE: Private. MCSE: Server I. MCSE: SharePoi. Oracle Databas. Security+. VCP6-DCV. Bundles. FAQ. Partner Program. TESTED DAILY 6-Oct. Shopping Cart 0 Item s, $0.00. 100% Success Guarantee. or get your full money back. Details. Home // Apple // ACMT // 9L0-009. Apple 9L0-009 Exam Questions Answers. Macintosh Service Certification Exam Exam 9L0-009 Questions Answers 70 Questions Last Update : Sep 09, 2015 Real 9L0-009 exam questions with answers Instant 9L0-009 download Updated frequently - f...
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*  Out of Africa Short Essay - Answer Key | BookRags.com
Out of Africa Short Essay - Answer Key. BookRags.com. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. lesson plans. homework help. Sign In. View the Study Pack. Lesson Plans. Order our Out of Africa Lesson Plans. Daily Lessons. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Worksheets and Evaluation Forms Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. Reading Assignment Sheet. Writing Evaluation Form. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generator. Order our Out of Africa Lesson Plans. Out of Africa Short Essay - Answer Key Karen Blixen. This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 147 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and othe...
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*  Fever Pitch Daily Lesson Calendar
... . Toggle navigation. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. study guides. lesson plans. bios. essays. homework help. Sign In. Share:. Get Fever Pitch from Amazon.com. View the Study Pack. Lesson Plans. Order our Fever Pitch Lesson Plans. . Introduction. Lesson Calendar. Chapter Abstracts. Character Descriptions. Object Descriptions. Daily Lessons. Fun Activities. Essay Topics. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Worksheets and Evaluation Forms Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. Reading Assignment Sheet. Writing Evaluation Form. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generator. Order our Fever Pitch Lesson P...
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*  .. AP Biology Practice Test .. AP Biology Multiple Choice Questions ..
AP Biology Practice Test. AP Biology Multiple Choice Questions. Question 1. Question 1 Explanation:. Question 2. Question 2 Explanation:. Question 3. Question 3 Explanation:. Question 4. Question 4 Explanation:. Question 5. Question 5 Explanation:. Question 6. Question 6 Explanation:. Question 7. Question 7 Explanation:. Question 8. Which step of cellular respiration will generate ATP regardless of whether oxygen is present or not. Question 8 Explanation:. However, the reason that plants appear green to us it because they reflect green. This plant had been unable to utilize photosynthesis because all of the green light was reflected. Then each cell will be ready to divide as they will have the correct amount of DNA. A nondisjunction is the failure of chromosomes to separate properly in anaphase. When the chromosomes fail to separate properly there will be an incorrect number of chromosomes in the resulting gametes. Two plants with pink flowers are mated in a genetic cross. The F1 progeny ratio is: 1 red: 2 ...
http://highschooltestprep.com/ap/biology/
*  Jesus' Son: Stories Lesson Plans for Teachers | BookRags.com
jesus son stories lesson plans for teachers bookrags com toggle navigation sign up sign in help study guides lesson plans bios essays homework help sign in share get jesus son stories from amazon com view the study pack lesson plans order our jesus son stories lesson plans introduction lesson calendar chapter abstracts character descriptions object descriptions daily lessons fun activities essay topics short essay questions short essay questions key multiple choice multiple choice key short answer questions short answer questions key worksheets and evaluation forms oral reading evaluation sheet reading assignment sheet writing evaluation form quizzes one week quiz a two week quiz a four week quiz a four week quiz b eight week quiz a eight week quiz b eight week quiz c eight week quiz d eight week quiz e eight week quiz f eight week quiz g tests mid book test easy final test easy mid book test medium final test medium mid book test hard final test hard quiz test generator order our jesus son stories lesson pla...
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*  I Heard the Owl Call My Name Character Descriptions for Teachers
... . Toggle navigation. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. study guides. lesson plans. bios. essays. homework help. Sign In. Share:. Get I Heard the Owl Call My Name from Amazon.com. View the Study Pack. Lesson Plans. Order our I Heard the Owl Call My Name Lesson Plans. . Introduction. Lesson Calendar. Chapter Abstracts. Character Descriptions. Object Descriptions. Daily Lessons. Fun Activities. Essay Topics. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Worksheets and Evaluation Forms Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. Reading Assignment Sheet. Writing Evaluation Form. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generat...
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*  USMLE Forums - NBME 7 and 13 Prediction
usmle forums nbme and prediction usmle forums http www usmle forums com usmle step forum http www usmle forums com usmle step forum nbme and prediction http www usmle forums com usmle step forum nbme prediction html hopefedina am nbme and prediction hi guys i took nbme more than weeks ago and nbme today after full immersion studying i scored in nbme and in nbme this morning both online i know that i m not doing bad but i am a little surprised because i am not improving at all i m aiming for would be a dream for me but i want to be sure that i ll pass my exam i d like to improve a little is it possible in weeks any advices another nbme which dr jd am hi hopefedina actually i have a same situation took nbme before weeks and got then took uwsa and got i will take nbme within few days people are saying that nbme is new and its kind of real exam try that one for these weeks i am going to read just fa and notes which i made from uworld i hope we all do well all times are gmt the time now is am usmle other trade mar...
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*  Practice Multiple Choice Questions
... CRIMINAL PROCEDURE I - PROFESSOR SUNI MULTIPLE CHOICE PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1. Paul Princi, the principal at a local public high school, heard a rumor that Susie Senior was using drugs. Based on this information, he ordered a drug test of Susie. The school nurse conducted the test and Susie tested positive for cocaine. Based on this information, Princi conducted a search of Susie’s locker and cocaine was found. Susie was suspended from school and is being prosecuted for possession of a controlled substance. Susie’s attorney has moved to suppress any evidence resulting from the drug test and the locker search at Susie’s criminal trial. Which if any of the following statements are correct. I The drug testing of Susie did not violate the Fourth Amendment because suspicionless drug testing of high school students is permissible. II. The evidence obtained from the drug test and locker searches will not be suppressed at Susie’s trial because they were seized by school personnel and not the police. III. The search...
http://www1.law.umkc.edu/suni/Criminal_Procedure_I/Exams/Practice_Multiple_Choice_Questions.htm
*  Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley Short Answer Test - Answer Key | BookRags.com
Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley Short Answer Test - Answer Key. BookRags.com. Sign Up Sign In. HELP. lesson plans. homework help. Sign In. Get Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley from Amazon.com. Lesson Plans. Order our Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley Lesson Plans. Daily Lessons. Short Essay Questions. Short Essay Questions Key. Multiple Choice. Multiple Choice Key. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. + Quizzes One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz A. Eight Week Quiz B. Eight Week Quiz C. Eight Week Quiz D. Eight Week Quiz E. Eight Week Quiz F. Eight Week Quiz G. + Tests Mid-Book Test - Easy. Final Test - Easy. Mid-Book Test - Medium. Final Test - Medium. Mid-Book Test - Hard. Final Test - Hard. Quiz/Test Generator. Order our Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley Lesson Plans. Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley Short Answer Test - Answer Key Timothy White. This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 124 pages of tests, essay qu...
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*  nu admission exam question answer 2013 2014 science group | Rukhaiyar's Corner | Search Results | Ar
nu admission exam question answer 2013 2014 science group. Rukhaiyar s Corner. Article on JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MBA, IIM, GD, Group Discussion, IIT, IIT JEE, AIEEE, NIT. Rukhaiyar s Corner. Search Results for: nu admission exam question answer 2013 2014 science group New Pattern: What is JEE. Abhishek Rukhaiyar. Confusion Among Aspirants about JEE The whole structure of the two major engineering entrance exam in India changed in the year 2013. Education. All India Engineering Entrance Examination, Central Board of Secondary Education, Entrance examination, Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination, Ministry of Human Resource Development India, National Institutes of Technology. How to Prepare for JEE Mains After Appearing for 12th Board January 20, 2013 September 21, 2014. Abhishek Rukhaiyar. My point in all this is to get the knowledge of every portion of the syllabus before board exam. After board, just prepare for the question type asked in JEE both Main Advanced. Education. All India Eng...
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*  Final examination (disambiguation)
final examination disambiguation final examination disambiguation final examination or final exam can refer to an academic final examination final exam slasher film final examination film film directed by fred olen ray final exam the outer limits an episode of the outer limits final exam teen titans an episode of teen titans final exam album seventh album by loudon wainwright iii final exam a surgeon s reflections on mortality a book by pauline chen...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_examination_(disambiguation)
*  UMD: Grading
umd grading campuses duluth crookston morris rochester twin cities other locations go to the umd home page myu email search for websites and people online g rading grading protection of student grade information duluth grading information submit final grades check deadlines this link will become active monday of the last week of instruction for a class grade submission reports information updated daily at a m instructions for exporting files for web grade entry condensed instructions for grading final grade entry pdf final grade entry for rotc graduates pdf final grades from egradebook pdf final grades from moodle pdf tutorial for submitting grades via the web pdf tutorial for uploading computer files to the web grading system grade support grade change tutorial pdf system available times system available a m to a m mon sat and p m a m sun about umd admissions academics campus life athletics arts culture newly admitted students current students faculty staff alumni parents family community university drive du...
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*  Quality Matters at FSU
Faculty Center For Teaching Learning. Services Instructional Design Instructional Technology Small Group Instructional Diagnosis Catalog of Sessions. Grants and Funding Professional Development Incentives PDI Timme Travel Grant Travel Block Grant Focus on Student Success. Schedule to be determined by interested participants Option 1: Tuesdays, 8:30 – 10 AM, FLITE 108 1/29, 2/5, 2/12, 2/26, 3/5, 3/19 and 3/26 - OR - Option 2: Mondays, 3 – 4:30 PM, FLITE 108 2/4, 2/11, 2/18, 2/25, 3/4, 3/18, and 3/25 This faculty learning community is part of the University goals to “become a demonstrable center of excellence in educational quality and student learning” Strategic Goal 1. Your experience in this faculty learning community will be built around the Quality Matters QM Rubric, which offers eight general standards for high-quality design in online and blended courses. This FLC will enable you to design an online or blended course that meets QM standards, and to use the QM rubric to evaluate your course. All faculty -...
http://ferris.edu/HTMLS/academics/center/events/2013spring/quality.htm
*  Principles of assessment - WikiEducator
... 1.1.1 PURPOSE OF ASSESSMENT 1.1.2 Advantages and disadvantages 1.1.3 Appropriate use 1.1.4 Advantages and disadvantages 1.1.5 Appropriate use 1.1.6 Advantages and disadvantages 1.1.7 Appropriate use 1.1.8 VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY 1.1.9 REFERENCING 1.1.10 CONSTRUCTION QUALITY. The construction quality of assessment items. To ensure useful assessment, the assessment items must be constructed to an appropriate quality. Summative assessment is for progression and/or external purposes, given at the end of a course and designed to judge the students' overall performance. Formativge assessment is most appropriate where the results are to be used internally by those involved in the learning process students, lecturers, learning, learning support etc. Formal or informal Formal assessments are where the students are aware that the task they are doing is for assessment purposes. For summative assessment, formal is most frequent, while for formative and diagnostic assessment, informal is more common. Where there is ...
http://wikieducator.org/Principles_of_assessment
*  Home
Clifton Franklund Professor of Microbiology. Schedule. Education. Interests. Contact Me. Teaching. Scholarship. Lipopolysaccharide. References. I am a professor of Microbiology in the. Ferris State University. I have created this site to provide some additional information about me - my background, teaching load, research projects, and outside interests.​. read more. read more. read more. Teaching. Teaching microbiology is my primary job at Ferris State University. I have taught a variety of courses ranging from freshman-level introductory Biology to graduate-level Research Design and Methods courses. In the laboratory, I am primarily interested in the bacterial physiology and genetics of lipopolysaccharide synthesis with regard to virulence. I have also become interested in the scholarship of teaching, learning, and assessment. Scholarship. Graduate Certificate : I have recently begun a 12-credit online graduate certificate program from James Madison University on assessment in higher education. Laboratory N...
http://franklund-micro.com/
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/academics/academics/undergraduate/the-program/academics/undergraduate/history-summer-course-information/academics/undergraduate/study-abroad/academics/fields-of-study/ancient/introduction/news-and-events/new-books-by-faculty/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/academics/fields-of-study/middle-east/middle-east/message-from-the-chair/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america/latin-america/academics/fields-of-study/china/introduction/academics/fields-of-study/china/introduction/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/academics/fields-of-study/science/current-and-recent-visiting-scholars/people/faculty/faculty-1/academics/graduate/admission-information/admission-information/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/academics/fields-of-study/south-and-southeast-asia/south-and-southeast-asia/people/faculty/faculty-1/faculty-1/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/academics/undergraduate/listserv/people/staff/academics/fields-of-study/people/faculty/faculty-1/academics/undergraduate/the-program/message-from-the-chair/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/copy_of_contact/contact/people/adjuncts-lecturers/academics/undergraduate/study-abroad/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Welcome to UCLA's History Department
... History Writing Center. Graduate Fields of Study. Cross-Field Clusters. Faculty by Field. Faculty serving on doctoral committees may require such courses as they deem necessary for preparation for qualifying examinations. You should select the fields in consultation with your faculty adviser and must receive the Department's approval of all four fields not less than three months before the written qualifying examination is taken. You will need to obtain the "Field Committee Orals" form orals committee from the Graduate Office. A full-time graduate student must begin the written qualifying examinations not later than the end of the ninth quarter of graduate work See Time-to-Degree. The oral examination will cover all four fields and will normally be held after the written examination. In most fields, the oral examination will be held shortly after the written examination or, at the discretion of the doctoral committee, as late as six months after the written examination. The written qualifying examination...
http://history.ucla.edu/people/academics/fields-of-study/africa/ucla-dissertations-in-african-history/academics/fields-of-study/latin-america
*  Pass, Fail or Uncertain? | 2013-01-03 | Quality Magazine
Pass, Fail or Uncertain. Quality Magazine. Apps Blogs NDT Exclusives Quality Exclusives Vision Sensors Channels. Management Measurement NDT Quality 101 Software Test Inspection Vision Sensors Markets. Subscribe. Home Pass, Fail or Uncertain. Pass, Fail or Uncertain. Hill Cox. KEYWORDS calibration services / fixed limit gage / gage / gage maker's tolerance / tolerance. North American tolerances are often so close that even NIST would have trouble making a pass/fail decision when about one third or more of the gage tolerance could be eaten up by measurement uncertainty. Other labs report their readings of size, ignore their uncertainty and base their pass/fail decision on their readings only. Being a simple guy, I prefer to list the nominal values and tolerances if known of our readings and our uncertainty. This way the customer makes the pass/fail decision and that is the way it should be. As I have noted in previous columns, the nominal values and tolerances used by most labs when making their pass/fail ...
http://qualitymag.com/articles/90903-pass-fail-or-uncertain?WT.rss_f=Aerospace&WT.rss_a=Pass, Fail or Uncertain?&WT.rss_ev=a
*  Hudson~Litchfield News 9-23-2011
September 23, 2011 - 7 NH Releases First Results from New Alternate Learning Progressions Assessment. After a three- year process of revising the alternate assessment the NH Department of Education administered the new NH Alternate Learning Progressions NH- ALPs assessment during the 2010- 2011 school year. The NH Alternate Learning Progressions are based on a carefully restructured and accessible set of incremental learning progressions that come directly from the NH Curriculum Framework academic standards for all children in reading, writing, mathematics, and science. The results of the NH-ALPs can help teachers and parents track, year-to-year, how students grow from having the most basic skills to a more complex understanding of how to use words, numbers, and science concepts to communicate their ideas and questions, and to make sense of the world around them. The NH-ALPs is designed to use video evidence collection to document student performance on academic standards in reading, math, and science. The in...
http://content.yudu.com/Library/A1u17y/Hudson~LitchfieldNew/resources/7.htm
*  2013 Summer Events
summer events faculty center for teaching learning search about fctl advisory group vision reports staff contact services instructional design instructional technology small group instructional diagnosis catalog of sessions calendar new faculty new faculty orientation week new faculty transition program resources grants and funding professional development incentives pdi timme travel grant travel block grant focus on student success resources get ideas resources for faculty catalog of sessions facebook on display summer events choose a topic from the menu on the right side of this page summer events summer newsletter creating inclusive campus environments for cross cultural learning and student engagement a summer book discussion faculty learning communities ferrisconnect training focus on student success instructional design walk in hours interdisciplinary innovations learn lab naked presenter new faculty orientation schedule one on one assistance presentationzen proposal for a learning community retention a...
http://ferris.edu/HTMLS/academics/center/events/2013summer/index.htm
*  The Neighborhood Retail Alliance: Pass/Fail
... The Neighborhood Retail Alliance. As the NY Times reports this morning: "New York State education officials, admitting that the state s annual tests were not properly measuring student proficiency, released results Wednesday showing that more than half of New York City students were failing to meet state standards in reading, at a time when Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg boasted that more that more than two-thirds of city s students were reading at grade level.". Leave it to the NY Post to dramatize the abrupt about face: "City test scores for reading and math released today show student proficiency nose-dived after state education officials made the statewide exams harder. Only 42 percent of third-through-eighth graders passed this year s reading exams compared to 69 percent the previous year a 39 percent decline. In math, the decline in students passing was even greater with just 54 percent of students passing this year s test compared to 82 percent last year, a 51 percent drop.". Math proficiency plummete...
http://momandpopnyc.blogspot.com/2010/07/passfail.html
*  Biology Practice Test 9
Free Online CSET Practice Tests. Biology Practice Tests. Question: 1 In which of the following amino acids is hydrogen H present as an R group. Correct Answer: B. Correct Answer: A. Question: 3 Organisms exhibiting high intrinsic growth rates have Short generation time Low carrying capacity No courtship behaviours Long generation time High carrying capacity. Correct Answer: A. Organisms possessing high intrinsic growth rates have short generation time time needed to produce the offspring. Correct Answer: C. For example in Plasmodium schizogony stage occurs in the hepatocytes of liver and RBC’s of humans. Question: 5 The arrangement of teeth on one side of adult human mouth is Premolars, molars, canine, incisors Molars, premolars, canine, incisors Incisors, canine, premolars and molars Canine, incisors, premolars and molars Canine, premolars, molars, incisors. Correct Answer: C. Incisors, canine, premolars and molars Explanation: Humans are of heterodont dentition; that means non similar teeth. Adult humans ha...
http://testpreppractice.net/practice-tests/biology/bio9.html?testname=CSET
*  MDL-30873 quiz: display an overall grade for preview users. · moodle/moodle@ed82e03 · GitHub
... Sign up Sign in. Pricing. Watch. moodle. / moodle. mirrored from git://git.moodle.org/moodle.git. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. Subversion. Browse files MDL-30873 quiz: display an overall grade for preview users. Also, don't display an overall grade unless there is at least one finished attempt. Loading branch information ... commit ed82e0379824d70e20d47461e4490eac988e4be7. 1 parent 929c26c. timhunt authored Dec 22, 2011. Unified. Showing 1 changed file with 11 additions and 2 deletions.     . mod/quiz/view.php. Show notes. View. 13     . mod/quiz/view.php. // Work out the final grade, checking whether it was overridden in the gradebook. - $mygrade = quiz get best grade $quiz, $USER - id ;. $canpreview {. + $mygrade = quiz get best grade $quiz, $USER - id ;. + } else if $lastfinishedattempt {. + // Users who can preview the quiz don't get a proper grade, so work out a. + // pla...
https://github.com/moodle/moodle/commit/ed82e0379824d70e20d47461e4490eac988e4be7
*  Official release
Answers to all toefl essay questions by Руслан Леонтьев 2580 views. Part 1 cambridge preparation to t... 1 The TOEFL R Test Center V.2 : “Final Edition”Version: 2.OPrivate Build: FLD, UESAuthor: Tech. 2 The TOEFL R Test Center V.2: Final EditionThis DVD-ROM is intended to prepare students for the TOEFL® Test of English as aForeign Language test in both its paper and computer formats. It is based on the paperformat first introduced in July 1995 and the computer format first introduced in July 1998.The TOEFL R Test Center V.2: Preparation for the Computer and Paper Test can be usedin a variety of ways, depending on the needs of the user:• It can be used as the primary classroom material in a course emphasizing TOEFL testpreparation.• It can be used as a supplementary resource in a more general English language course.• It can be used as a tool for individualized study by students preparing for the TOEFL testoutside of the ESL classroomWHAT IS IN THE DVD-ROM  Diagnostic Pre-Tests for each section, in both paper...
http://slideshare.net/systemid/official-release
*  Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice - Wiley Online Library
... Skip to Main Content. Log in / Register. Log In. Password. Forgotten Password. Register. Institutional Login. Education. Educational Research Statistics. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice. JOURNAL TOOLS. Get New Content Alerts. JOURNAL MENU. Journal Home. FIND ISSUES. Current Issue. All Issues. FIND ARTICLES. GET ACCESS. Submit an Article. ABOUT THIS JOURNAL. Editorial Board. Permissions. Contact. SPECIAL FEATURES. Wiley Job Network. NCME 75th Anniversary Virtual Issue. Jobs. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice. National Council on Measurement in Education. Edited By: Derek C. Briggs. Online ISSN: 1745-3992. Associated Title s : Journal of Educational Measurement. Recently Published Issues. Current Issue: Fall 2015. Volume 34, Issue 3. Volume 34, Issue 2. Volume 34, Issue 1. Volume 33, Issue 4. Special Issue: The AERA/APA/NCME Standards for Edu... Fall 2014. Volume 33, Issue 3. Access Three Top Articles from EM:IP. Defining and Measuring College and Career Readiness: A Validation Fram...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1745-3992
*  Instructional Technology
... Faculty Center For Teaching Learning. Search. About FCTL Advisory Group Vision Reports Staff Contact. Services Instructional Design Instructional Technology Small Group Instructional Diagnosis Catalog of Sessions. Calendar New Faculty New Faculty Orientation Week New Faculty Transition Program Resources. Grants and Funding Professional Development Incentives PDI Timme Travel Grant Travel Block Grant Focus on Student Success. Resources Get Ideas Resources for Faculty Catalog of Sessions Facebook On Display. Instructional Technology Adobe Connect. Friday, October 26 from 4:00 - 5:00 in FLITE 110. Adobe Connect is the University's web conferencing tool. It can be used to hold virtual meetings with faculty and staff on and off campus or with classes. Sessions can be recorded and archived as well to be shared with users who were unable to make the meeting. Discussions about known limitations, and common challenges will be part of any session. Alternatives will also be discussed. . Atomic Learning. Wednesday, ...
http://ferris.edu/HTMLS/academics/center/events/2012fall/instruction.htm
*  Sciences 9 - Mlle. Jorgensen's Information Portal
If you have not yet made email contact with me this year, or if you have new information for me, please send me a quick email indicating all is good and add any information I really should know about your child to ensure they have the best year possible. Course Outline: Learning is a partnership between me, your child, and yourself. To make this year as successful as possible, please let me know if there is anything I can do to help you out. I will be communicating regularly through email to all parents this year as well as through my website. If you are aware in advance that your child will be absent we can plan together so he/she will not miss any learning opportunities. Students will be assessed according to their understanding of the provincially designated Science 9 Learning Outcomes. See p.30 of the Prescribed Learning Outcomes Major assignments and tests summative assessments will be broken down into learning outcomes which will be assessed on a 4-point scale. 4 - indicates proficient understanding of ...
http://mllejorgensen.weebly.com/sciences-9.html
*  Showcase — Information is Beautiful Awards
showcase information is beautiful awards kantar information is beautiful awards menu home about news awards challenges showcase sponsor twitter facebook pinterest enter the awards register sign in home showcase awards challenges all all longlist shortlist winners gold silver bronze community corporate individual student studio most beautiful all data visualization infographic interactive motion infographic dataviz website free tool all food poisoning human cost all longlist shortlist winners gold silver bronze community corporate individual student studio most beautiful all static interactive napkin kantar information is beautiful awards awards terms conditions website terms and conditions privacy policy home about news awards challenges showcase sponsor email twitter facebook pinterest informationisbeautiful net iib studio information is beautiful...
http://informationisbeautifulawards.com/showcase?acategory=data-journalism&award=2013&page=1&pcategory=silver
*  plus.maths.org
Skip to Navigation. Home Articles News Packages Podcasts Puzzles Reviews Ebooks Login. News from the world of Maths. Maths in a minute: St Paul s dome. September 8, 2011. Read more... September 7, 2011. People as well as animals are born with a sense for numbers. Read more... We ve got a winner. September 2, 2011. We've found our lucky winner of a £50 Amazon voucher, as a reward for doing our Constructing our lives survey. Read more... Students keep falling in love with maths. August 18, 2011. Who said that people don't like maths. Numbers of entries to maths A and AS levels across the UK have again increased this year. The number of students taking maths A level has risen by 7.8% compared to last year and A level further maths entries have risen by 5.2% At AS level maths has seen an increase of 25.3% compared to last year and further maths an increase of 24.7%. The number of students taking A level maths is now higher than it has been for almost two decades. Read more... Want to run a maths masterclass. Augu...
https://plus.maths.org/content/News?page=49&%253Bdestination=News%253Fpage%253D5
*  Stockwatch
... Mobile Old Site Home Daily Products Help Contact Us Your Account System Status Click here for a free 30-day trial subscription to Stockwatch. 01:34:40 EDT Tue 06 Oct 2015. Quotes. Streaming/Mobile. Quick Quotes x20. Symbol Search. Company Search. Market Depth. US Options. Montreal Options. Download Quotes. Short History. Candeal Canadian Bond. Ticker Quick Launch. Excel Webquery. Quotes Help. Charts. 12 Month Chart. Advanced Chart. Live Java Intraday Chart. Live Java Historical Chart. Charts Help. News. News Search. SEDAR Search. SEDAR Alerts. News Help. Indexes. Major Indexes. US incl Dow Jones. NASDAQ. S P CME. CBOE - Chicago Options Ex. PBOT - Phil Ex. TSX - Toronto. TSX-V - TSX Venture. Indexes Help. Portfolio. View Portfolio. Portfolio 1. Portfolio 2. Portfolio 3. Portfolio 4. Portfolio 5. Portfolio 6. Portfolio 7. Portfolio 8. Portfolio 9. Portfolio 10. Value Portfolio. All Portfolios. Portfolio 1. Portfolio 2. Portfolio 3. Portfolio 4. Portfolio 5. Portfolio 6. Portfolio 7. Portfolio 8. Portfolio ...
http://stockwatch.com/News/Item.aspx?bid=Z-C:TTH-1996024&symbol=TTH&news_region=C
*  CBSE Marking Scheme - Class XII Chemistry - CBSE 2013
... Are you an indian student planning on attending college. Our expert counselling can help. Find out how. Hide. Home. Study in India. Study Abroad. Test Prep. Careers. Counselling. Follow. CBSE Exam Results 2013. 132554 Followers - 135 Articles - 2010 Questions and Answers. Home Practice Tests Q A. Articles. News Events About. CBSE Marking Scheme - Class XII Chemistry. by saumil shrivastava. CBSE Question Paper for Chemistry will be of 70 marks and students will have 3 hours to complete the paper. CBSE Board has prescribed certain guidelines according to CBSE marking scheme. The question paper will have no overall choice. However, there will be internal choices in the question paper. The students shall get due credit for precise answers as per CBSE Marking Scheme. The table below gives weightage of topics in CBSE Chemistry Question paper. CBSE Marking Scheme in Detail for Chemistry. Unit. Marks No. of questions. Solid State. 4 2. Solutions. 5 1. Electrochemistry. 5 2. Chemical Kinetics. 5 3. Surface Chemis...
http://cbse.learnhub.com/lesson/19400-cbse-marking-scheme-class-xii-chemistry
*  .. .. Data Collection and Reporting .. mTouch Quiz Populated Fields .. Quiz Results
Data Collection and Reporting. Take the Data Collection and Reporting CNA Quiz Start. Congratulations - you have completed Data Collection and Reporting. mTouch Quiz will automatically populate the fields below. Feel Free to add additional fields for the Quiz Taker to complete using the "Add Fields" options to the right. Score. The number of correct answers. This has the same value as the %%SCORE%% Variable on the Final Screen. Total Questions. The total number of questions. This has the same value as the %%TOTAL%% Variable on the Final Screen. This has the same value as the %%PERCENTAGE%% Variable on the Final Screen. Number of wrong answers. This has the same value as the %%WRONG_ANSWERS%% Variable on the Final Screen. Time Allowed Seconds. Time allowed Requires timer add on. This has the same value as the %%TIME_ALLOWED%% Variable on the Final Screen. Time Used Seconds. Time used Requires timer add on. This has the same value as the %%TIME_USED%% Variable on the Final Screen. C The patient's temperature is...
http://cnathrive.com/data-collection-test/
*  Christophe Beauregard / Palm-DiabetesPilot-1.08 - search.cpan.org
christophe beauregard palm diabetespilot search cpan org home authors recent news mirrors faq feedback in all modules distributions authors permalink christophe beauregard palm diabetespilot palm diabetespilot this release palm diabetespilot sep links cpan testers pass fail na unknown rating reviews license unknown special files changelog makefile pl manifest meta yml readme modules palm diabetespilot handler for diabetes pilot databases documentation diabetes report coldsync conduit to make diabetespilot status reports nbsp uploads distributions modules uploaders hosted by yellowbot...
http://search.cpan.org/~cpb/Palm-DiabetesPilot-1.08/
*  Intersession
... Skip Navigation OU Homepage. Search OU. OU Social Media. The University of Oklahoma. Intersession Home. December Session. August Session. Enroll/Add/Drop. Contact Us. How to Enroll Ozone Desire 2 Learn Back to OU Outreach Home. LOOKING FOR A CHALLENGE A WAY TO EARN CREDIT HOURS. Through Intersession, University Outreach offers a convenient way to obtain college credit through a variety of courses spanning a three to four week period. Our courses compress 16 week courses into a shorter time frame. These intensive, accelerated courses are offered two times per year: December and August. December counts towards Flat-rate tuition August can be used with your banked hours. SAME COST, SAME CLASSES, LESS TIME. Meeting the requirements of Flat Rate Tuition in the Fall OR Using Your Banked Hours In Summer Please contact the Bursar's Office for details. Gaining credit hours to balance your semester work load Free up the majority of your summer for an internship, working or studying abroad. REGISTRATION FOR AUGUST ...
http://ou.edu/outreach/intersession
*  Generalizability theory
... It is used to determine the reliability i.e., reproducibility of measurements under specific conditions. Facets are similar to the “factors” used in analysis of variance, and may include persons, raters, items/forms, time, and settings among other possibilities. These facets are potential sources of error and the purpose of generalizability theory is to quantify the amount of error caused by each facet and interaction of facets. From one rater to a larger number of raters. In most cases, the object of measurement will be the person to whom a number/score is assigned. By employing simulated D studies, it is therefore possible to examine how the generalizability coefficients similar to reliability coefficients in Classical test theory would change under different circumstances, and consequently determine the ideal conditions under which our measurements would be the most reliable. The focus of classical test theory CTT is on determining error of the measurement. Although 'e' could represent many different ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalizability_theory
*  Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown & Sharpe® Coordinate Mea
Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports View Item. Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. dc.date.available 2011-08-01T20:19:55Z. dc.description.abstract In engineering at LANL, everything relies on the quality of a product or process. Currently LANL s main processes for dimensional inspection on hemi-shells are conducted on uniquely designed machines - Sheffield or Shell Measuring Machine SMM. Coordinate Measuring Machines CMM are a staple in the manufacturing engineering realm at LANL. A Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility GR R study is utilized to ensure that the PMM-C LANL currently has in production is measuring correctly by utilizing measured dat...
https://repository.unm.edu/handle/1928/12926?show=full
*  Mplus Discussion >> Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor
Mplus Discussion Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor. Mplus Home. Topics Last Day Last 3 Days Last Week Tree View. Edit Profile. Search Help. Modeling unreliability of a categoric... Mplus Discussion Categorical Data Modeling. Message/Author. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 2:35 am. Hello, I am interested in testing the predictive ability of a categorical diagnosis (i.e., 0 = doesn't have disorder, 1 = has disorder). I would like to incorporate the unreliability of the diagnosis (e.g., inter-rater reliability) into my model. How would I attempt such a thing. Thanks, Jim. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 3:38 am. Almost forgot, let's say that my estimate of the diagnostic category's reliability is in the form of kappa (because that's probably what's available in the literature). Jim. bmuthen posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 1:34 pm. That's a tricky one. You could try to work with a binary latent class v...
http://statmodel.com/cgi-bin/discus/discus.cgi?pg=prev&topic=23&page=748
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);access:(free)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Walker K. A.);pers:(Jones N.);spr:eng&f=&g=&m=10&p=1&d=swepub&s=r&t=v
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(De Maziere M.);spr:eng;pers:(Duchatelet P.);pers:(Murtagh Donal P. 1959);pers:(Senten C.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);spr:eng;pers:(Senten C.);pers:(Dupuy E.);pers:(Mikuteit S.);pers:(Coffey M.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Wolff M.A.);pers:(Tétard C.);spr:eng;pers:(Glatthor N.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing -- ScienceDaily
... Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing. Date: February 24, 2014 Source: International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Summary: Routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry may enhance the detection of ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, new research suggests. The findings of a recent study indicate that routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization FISH and immunohistochemistry IHC may enhance the detection of ALK -positive non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC. As such, the use of FISH or IHC alone would have missed approximately 25% of ALK-positive cases. Most discordant results were FISH-positive/IHC-negative 36 cases ; FISH-negative/IHC-positive results were found in 19 cases, and FISH-noncontributive/IHC-positive results were found in 15 cases. International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. "Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing." ScienceDaily. International Association ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140224124117.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
We have compared the CO partial columns with ground-based measurements using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and millimeter wave radiometry, and the volume mixing ratio profiles with airborne both high-altitude balloon flight and airplane observations. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Between 6 and 30 km, the m...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?r=;pers:(Dupuy E.);lar1:(cth)&d=swepub&q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&f=&g=&t=v
*  1.3.3.26. Scatter Plot
1 Exploratory Data Analysis 1.3. A scatter plot Chambers 1983 reveals relationships or association between two variables. Such relationships manifest themselves by any non-random structure in the plot. Various common types of patterns are demonstrated in the examples. Sample Plot: Linear Relationship Between Variables Y and X. This sample plot reveals a linear relationship between the two variables indicating that a linear regression model might be appropriate. A scatter plot is a plot of the values of Y versus the corresponding values of X : Vertical axis: variable Y --usually the response variable Horizontal axis: variable X --usually some variable we suspect may ber related to the response. Questions Scatter plots can provide answers to the following questions: Are variables X and Y related. Are variables X and Y linearly related. Are variables X and Y non-linearly related. Strong linear positive correlation. Strong linear negative correlation. Exact linear positive correlation. The conditioning plot, also...
http://itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/eda/section3/scatterp.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Vertical profiles of NO2 and NO have been obtained from solar occultation measurements by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment ACE, using an infrared Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS and for NO2 an ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared spectrometer, MAESTRO Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Catoire V.);pers:(Toohey M.);spr:eng;lar1:(cth)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Ongoing reliability test
... the ongoing reliability test ort is a hardware test process usually used in manufacturing to ensure that quality of the products is still of the same specifications as the day it first went to production or general availability the products currently in the manufacturing line are randomly picked every day with a predefined percentage or numbers and then put in a environmental chamber that provides the stress profile of thermal cycling elevated temperature or combined environmental stresses to induce fatigue damage the profile should stimulate the precipitation of latent defects that may be introduced from the manufacturing process but not remove significant life from the product or introduce flaws to risk failure during its intended mission highly accelerated stress test is a ongoing reliability test that uses the empirical operational limits as the reference for the combined vibration thermal cycling and other stress applied to find latent defects quality of the products is then measured with the result...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ongoing_reliability_test
*  Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures - Dhamma Wheel
... Unanswered posts. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures. 43 posts. Posts: 2852. Joined: Sun Mar 01, 2009 11:12 pm. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:05 am Good advice, follow it AND get the vaccination. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Contact:. Contact Ben. Website. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Ben. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:42 am Similar advice has been given out officially here in the UK Ben. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Wed Nov 04, 2009 8:42 pm Sanghamitta wrote: The advice we are giving out in leaflet form at the NHS Trust in which I work covers most of those points Ben. Wed Nov 04, 2009 9:38 pm catmoon wrote: Sanghamitta wrote:...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=31&t=2651&start=0
*  Stochastic measurement procedure
Because of this uncertainty with respect to the future outcome of the measurement process, it is generally impossible to determine the true value of the measurand. Consequently, the measurement process is represented by a variable 'X' which is called a random variable. It is impossible to determine the true value of the measurand by means of the measurement process because of randomness. Such a set constitutes the measurement result and it is called "correct" if it contains the true value of the measurand and wrong if not. A measurement procedure is specified by the measurand given by the deterministic variable 'D', a measurement device that defines the admitted measurement range denoted \mathfrak{D} and the measurement process represented by the random variable 'X', and finally the measurement function C D { \beta } which assigns to each observation \{x\} with respect to the random variable 'X' an measurement result C D { \beta } \{x\}. In traditional metrology, "measurement precision" and "measurement accur...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_measurement_procedure
*  New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores - TopNews - Drivers - TopNews - TruckingInfo.com
... Trucking Info - The web site of Heavy Duty Trucking magazine. Follow Trucking Info on Twitter. Follow Trucking Info on Google +. Fleet Management. Safety. Drivers. Drivers New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores December 09, 2013 SHARING TOOLS. The American Trucking Associations has just issued a white paper on the reliability of scores from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration s Compliance, Safety, Accountability program in evaluating the safety of individual trucking companies. However, data and methodology problems continue to plague the system and the accuracy and reliability of companies scores. In its paper, ATA examined data and research on the connection between CSA scores and crash risk, as well as how problems with the data and methodology produce an imperfect and unreliable measure of a carrier s safety record. It may make sense for FMCSA to use scores in those categories that correlate positively with crash risk to prioritize companies for enforcement review, Graves said. Ac...
http://truckinginfo.com/channel/drivers/news/story/2013/12/new-ata-paper-questions-csa-reliability-scores.aspx

Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingCalibrationBeta encoder: A beta encoder is an analog to digital conversion (A/D) system in which a real number in the unit interval is represented by a finite representation of a sequence in base beta, with beta being a real number between 1 and 2. Beta encoders are an alternative to traditional approaches to pulse code modulation.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Image fusion: In computer vision, Multisensor Image fusion is the process of combining relevant information from two or more images into a single image.Haghighat, M.Volume rendering: 250px|thumb| A volume rendered cadaver head using view-aligned [[texture mapping and diffuse reflection]]Dioxetane: A dioxetane or dioxacyclobutane is an organic compound with formula C2O2H4, whose backbone is a four-membered ring of two oxygen atoms and two carbon atoms. There are two isomers:Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Burst kinetics: Burst kinetics is a form of enzyme kinetics that refers to an initial high velocity of enzymatic turnover when adding enzyme to substrate. This initial period of high velocity product formation is referred to as the "Burst Phase".Superficial velocity: Superficial velocity (or superficial flow velocity), in engineering of multiphase flows and flows in porous media, is a hypothetical (artificial) flow velocity calculated as if the given phase or fluid were the only one flowing or present in a given cross sectional area. Other phases, particles, the skeleton of the porous medium, etc.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Imaging phantom: Phantom}}HyperintensityAortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.Cable fault location: Cable fault location is the process of locating periodic faults, such as insulation faults in underground cables, and is an application of electrical measurement systems. In this process, mobile shock discharge generators are among the devices used.Arteriovenous oxygen difference: The arteriovenous oxygen difference, or a-vO2 diff, is the difference in the oxygen content of the blood between the arterial blood and the venous blood. It is an indication of how much oxygen is removed from the blood in capillaries as the blood circulates in the body.Certified reference materials: Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) are ‘controls’ or standards used to check the quality and metrological traceability of products, to validate analytical measurement methods, or for the calibration of instruments.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Interval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Transpulmonary pressure: Transpulmonary pressure is the difference between the alveolar pressure and the intrapleural pressure in the lungs. During human ventilation, air flows because of pressure gradients.Alkaliphile: Alkaliphiles are a class of extremophilic microbes capable of survival in alkaline (pH roughly 8.5-11) environments, growing optimally around a pH of 10.Spectrofluorometer: A spectrofluorometer is an instrument which takes advantage of fluorescent properties of some compounds in order to provide information regarding their concentration and chemical environment in a sample. A certain excitation wavelength is selected, and the emission is observed either at a single wavelength, or a scan is performed to record the intensity versus wavelength, also called an emission spectra.Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame: Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame is the mechanism by which Mxy, the transverse component of the magnetization vector, exponentially decays towards its equilibrium value of zero, under the influence of a radio frequency (RF) field in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is characterized by the spin–lattice relaxation time constant in the rotating frame, T1ρ.Outline of water: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to water:Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Gauge blockMechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.Fluorescent tag: In molecular biology and biotechnology, a fluorescent tag, also known as a label or probe, is a molecule that is attached chemically to aid in the labeling and detection of a biomolecule such as a protein, antibody, or amino acid. Generally, fluorescent tagging, or labeling, uses a reactive derivative of a fluorescent molecule known as a fluorophore.Permissive temperature: The permissive temperature is the temperature at which a temperature sensitive mutant gene product takes on a normal, functional phenotype.http://www.Bill Parry (mathematician)Mechanical filter: A mechanical filter is a signal processing filter usually used in place of an electronic filter at radio frequencies. Its purpose is the same as that of a normal electronic filter: to pass a range of signal frequencies, but to block others.Abdominal ultrasonographyJakob SegalVon Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Pain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.X-ray scattering techniquesMetrologyDense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a type of atomic emission spectroscopy which uses a highly energetic laser pulse as the excitation source. The laser is focused to form a plasma, which atomizes and excites samples.List of countries by carbon dioxide emissionsQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Cephalogram: A cephalogram is an X-ray of the craniofacial area. A cephalometric analysis could be used as means for measuring growth in children.Feasibility Study (The Outer Limits): "Feasibility Study" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on 11 July 1997, during the third season.Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.A-scan ultrasound biometry: A-scan ultrasound biometry, commonly referred to as an A-scan, is routine type of diagnostic test used in ophthalmology. The A-scan provides data on the length of the eye, which is a major determinant in common sight disorders.Ethernet flow control: Ethernet flow control is a mechanism for temporarily stopping the transmission of data on Ethernet family computer networks. The first flow control mechanism, the PAUSE frame, was defined by the IEEE 802.Analytical quality control: Analytical quality control, commonly shortened to AQC refers to all those processes and procedures designed to ensure that the results of laboratory analysis are consistent, comparable, accurate and within specified limits of precision.analytical quality control (AQC) program to ensure the highest level of confidence in reported data Constituents submitted to the analytical laboratory must be accurately described to avoid faulty interpretations, approximations, or incorrect results.Avo PhotonicsEEGLAB: EEGLAB is a MATLAB toolbox distributed under the free GNU GPL license for processing data from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and other electrophysiological signals. Along with all the basic processing tools, EEGLAB implements independent component analysis (ICA), time/frequency analysis, artifact rejection, and several modes of data visualization.Respirometer: A respirometer is a device used to measure the rate of respiration of a living organism by measuring its rate of exchange of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide. They allow investigation into how factors such as age, chemicals or the effect of light affect the rate of respiration.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Coherence theory: In physics, coherence theory is the study of optical effects arising from partially coherent light and radio sources. Partially coherent sources are sources where the coherence time or coherence length are limited by bandwidth, by thermal noise, or by other effect.AutofluorescenceAngle-resolved low-coherence interferometry: Angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry (a/LCI) is an emerging biomedical imaging technology which uses the properties of scattered light to measure the average size of cell structures, including cell nuclei. The technology shows promise as a clinical tool for in situ detection of dysplatic, or precancerous tissue.Gestational age: Gestational age (or menstrual age) is a measure of the age of a pregnancy where the origin is the woman's last normal menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age as estimated by other methods. Such methods include adding 14 days to a known duration since fertilization (as is possible in in vitro fertilization), or by obstetric ultrasonography.Reference electrode: A reference electrode is an electrode which has a stable and well-known electrode potential. The high stability of the electrode potential is usually reached by employing a redox system with constant (buffered or saturated) concentrations of each participants of the redox reaction.Moens–Korteweg equation: In biomechanics, the Moens–Korteweg equation models the relationship between wave speed or pulse wave velocity (PWV) and the incremental elastic modulus of the arterial wall or its distensibility. The equation was derived independently by Adriaan Isebree Moens and Diederik Korteweg.Journal of Rheology: Journal of Rheology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing original (primary) research on all aspects of rheology, the study of those properties of materials which determine their response to mechanical force. It is published bimonthly by the Society of Rheology through the American Institute of Physics.Mass diffusivity: Diffusivity or diffusion coefficient is a proportionality constant between the molar flux due to molecular diffusion and the gradient in the concentration of the species (or the driving force for diffusion). Diffusivity is encountered in Fick's law and numerous other equations of physical chemistry.Calcium signaling: Calcium ions are important for cellular signalling, as once they enter the cytosol of the cytoplasm they exert allosteric regulatory effects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction resulting from activation of ion channels or as a second messenger caused by indirect signal transduction pathways such as G protein-coupled receptors.Grow lightBeef cattle: Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle is known as beef.Immunoassay: An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule in a solution through the use of an antibody or immunoglobulin. The macromolecule detected by the immunoassay is often referred to as an "analyte" and is in many cases a protein.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.

(1/2809) Mildly dyskaryotic smear results: does it matter what women know?

BACKGROUND: As of 1992, all women in the UK who have a first mildly dyskaryotic cervical smear are placed under surveillance for 6 months rather than being referred for immediate colposcopy. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety and understanding about mild dyskaryotic, and to propose and discuss a method of analysing free text comments written by participants in studies based on structured questionnaires. METHODS: The freely scripted text of 236 women who had completed a questionnaire as part of a randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of an educational package was analysed. Randomization group status was concealed. Texts expressing similar views were grouped together and categorized. A matrix was drawn up to encompass the categories, and the comments were reallocated accordingly. RESULTS: Examination of the free text revealed two dimensions, concern and knowledge. There were no differences with respect to the apparent level of concern between the two randomization groups. However, comments from the intervention group were significantly more likely to have been classified as expressing good or vague knowledge than those from women in the control group. CONCLUSION: Although the educational intervention improved women's knowledge about the meaning of an abnormal smear result, this better knowledge was not correlated with less anxiety about the result. The free text analysis was a useful supplement to the main trial questionnaires. It demonstrated the existence of a range of understanding about cervical dyskaryosis, of anxieties relating to the receipt of such a result and the degree of interest women showed in acquiring further information.  (+info)

(2/2809) Awareness of and attitude of elderly subjects regarding health care and welfare in rapidly ageing population in Japan.

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to obtain information on the degree of knowledge and understanding about the current systems of health care and welfare held by the elderly, in order to achieve comprehensiveness in family practice. METHOD: We conducted a study on the awareness of healthy elderly persons by direct interview. The study was carried out in Kuni Village in a remote mountainous region in Japan, where the elderly population accounts for 24.8% of the total population. The subjects were self-dependent in their daily living activities and were aged 65 years and older. RESULTS: The subjects' knowledge of health care and welfare systems was generally good, and the degree of their utilization of these systems was also good. But 83.3% of those who did not want to utilize the welfare system indicated their preference to depend on their family for support. CONCLUSION: Family physicians must endeavour to offer comprehensive care to their patients by including these systems for rapidly ageing communities.  (+info)

(3/2809) The role of curriculum in influencing students to select generalist training: a 21-year longitudinal study.

To determine if specific curricula or backgrounds influence selection of generalist careers, the curricular choices of graduates of Mount Sinai School of Medicine between 1970 and 1990 were reviewed based on admission category. Students were divided into three groups: Group 1, those who started their first year of training at the School of Medicine; Group 2, those accepted with advanced standing into their third year of training from the Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, a five-year program developed to select and produce students likely to enter primary care fields; and Group 3, those accepted with advanced standing into the third year who spent the first two years at a foreign medical school. All three groups took the identical last two years of clinical training at the School of Medicine. These were no significant differences with respect to initial choice of generalist training programs among all three groups, with 46% of the total cohort selecting generalist training. Of those students who chose generalist programs, 58% in Group 1, 51% in Group 2, and 41% in Group 3 remained in these fields rather than progressing to fellowship training. This difference was significant only with respect to Group 3. However, when an analysis was performed among those students providing only primary care as compared to only specialty care, there were no significant differences. Analysis by gender revealed women to be more likely to select generalist fields and remain in these fields without taking specialty training (P < .0001). Differentiating characteristics with respect to choosing generalist fields were not related to either Part I or Part II scores on National Board Examinations or selection to AOA. However, with respect to those specific specialties considered quite competitive (general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, and ophthalmology), total test scores on Part I and Part II were significantly higher than those of all other students. The analysis indicated that, despite the diverse characteristics of students entering the third year at the School of Medicine, no one group produced a statistically greater proportion of generalists positions than any other, and academic performance while in medical school did not have a significant influence on whether a student entered a generalist field.  (+info)

(4/2809) Evaluation of patients' knowledge about anticoagulant treatment.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a questionnaire to evaluate patients' knowledge of anticoagulation. DESIGN: Anonymous self completed questionnaire study based on hospital anticoagulant guidelines. SETTING: Anticoagulant clinic in a 580 bed district general hospital in London. SUBJECTS: 70 consecutive patients newly referred to the anticoagulant clinic over six months. MAIN MEASURES: Information received by patients on six items of anticoagulation counselling (mode of action of warfarin, adverse effects of over or under anticoagulation, drugs to avoid, action if bleeding or bruising occurs, and alcohol consumption), the source of such information, and patients' knowledge about anticoagulation. RESULTS: Of the recruits, 36 (51%) were male; 38(54%) were aged below 46 years, 22(31%) 46-60, and 10(14%) over 75. 50 (71%) questionnaires were returned. In all, 40 respondents spoke English at home and six another language. Most patients reported being clearly advised on five of the six items, but knowledge about anticoagulation was poor. Few patients could correctly identify adverse conditions associated with poor control of anticoagulation: bleeding was identified by only 30(60%), bruising by 23(56%), and thrombosis by 18(36%). Only 26(52%) patients could identify an excessive level of alcohol consumption, and only seven (14%) could identify three or more self prescribed agents which may interfere with warfarin. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire provided a simple method of determining patients' knowledge of anticoagulation, and its results indicated that this requires improvement. IMPLICATIONS: Patients' responses suggested that advice was not always given by medical staff, and use of counselling checklists is recommended. Reinforcement of advice by non-medical counsellors and with educational guides such as posters or leaflets should be considered. Such initiatives are currently being evaluated in a repeat survey.  (+info)

(5/2809) Is peer tutoring beneficial in the context of school resuscitation training?

First year pupils at a Cardiff comprehensive school were trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 106 by the teacher only and 137 by the teacher assisted by older pupils (peer tutoring). Scores in a multiple choice theory test and in practical skill assessment showed no significant difference between instruction methods, but boys taught by the teacher assisted by older pupils expressed less willingness to resuscitate in an emergency than girls instructed by either method (P < 0.01). Girls had higher scores in the multiple choice paper (P < 0.025) and in the skills assessment (P < 0.01). Those pupils who reported some prior knowledge of resuscitation techniques performed better during skill assessment than novice trainees (P < 0.025).  (+info)

(6/2809) Correlating fibreoptic nasotracheal endoscopy performance and psychomotor aptitude.

We have investigated the correlation between the scores attained on computerized psychometric tests, measuring psychomotor and information processing aptitudes, and learning fibreoptic endoscopy with the videoendoscope. Sixteen anaesthetic trainees performed two adaptive tracking tasks (ADTRACK 2 and ADTRACK 3) and one information management task (MAZE) from the MICROPAT testing system. They then embarked on a standardized fibreoptic training programme during which they performed 15 supervised fibreoptic nasotracheal intubations on anaesthetized oral surgery patients. There was a significant correlation between the means of the 15 endoscopy times and both ADTRACK 2 (r = -0.599, P = 0.014) and ADTRACK 3 (r = -0.589, P = 0.016) scores. The correlation between the means of the 15 endoscopy times and MAZE scores was not significant. The ratios of the mean endoscopy time for the last seven endoscopies to the mean endoscopy time for the first seven endoscopies were not significantly correlated with ADTRACK 2, ADTRACK 3 or MAZE scores. Psychomotor abilities appeared to be determinants of trainees' initial proficiency in endoscopy, but did not appear to be determinants of trainees' rates of progress during early fibreoptic training.  (+info)

(7/2809) The UMDS MSc in general practice: attainment of intended outcomes.

BACKGROUND: The United Medical and Dental School's (UMDS's) MSc in general practice is one of the longest running courses of its kind. Although descriptive accounts of such courses have been published, little is known about their outcomes. AIM: To measure the extent to which graduates feel they have personally achieved 16 intended outcomes derived from the course objectives, and to record current academic activities, particularly teaching and research. METHOD: A postal questionnaire to graduates of the UMDS MSc in General Practice. RESULTS: The response rate was 93%. Of the 71 responders, 23 have gone on to register for or complete other degrees or diplomas. Over two-thirds of responders had an academic commitment following the MSc. Two-thirds were currently engaged in research and over half reported having had work accepted for publication. The majority of graduates confirmed the attainment of all 16 outcomes, although outcomes related to personal achievements were endorsed more strongly than those related to service delivery. CONCLUSION: UMDS graduates are making a significant contribution to their discipline and are unanimous in describing the course as an important event in their personal development. As a result of this study, the course organizers are seeking to increase the links between academic study and everyday practice.  (+info)

(8/2809) Medical education in the USA--adult-friendly?

In the United States of America, the Area Health Education Center (AHEC) system of training residents has allowed high-quality postgraduate education to flourish. This paper describes the evolution of the AHECs in the context of medical education over the past 50 years. The arrangements for programme administration and design, resident assessment and appraisal, training of trainers in educational methods, and the accreditation of training programmes are discussed. The fast-evolving UK postgraduate education scene can learn some useful lessons from the US system.  (+info)


What are educational and fun activities for 20 months old toddler?


My son does not go to a daycare, just stays at home with nanny. He has a lot of toys, loves drawing and coloring but he gets bored easily. Can anyone suggests fun educational activities for him?
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Spend more time with him, rather than leaving him with his nanny.

Maybe that's why he is bored, and plus if you don't talk to your son often, you might be pretty much screwed when he grows up.


What are good educational toys for a 6 month old?


My daughter will be 6 months in December and I want buy my daughter educational toys.  Does anyone have any good recommendations on any?
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Anything that sings, talks, count, lights up, soft teddy bears so they can learn how to be affectionate to and yes baby leap is the best they have more choices.


What are some great educational fun sites for kids 11 years of age?


My son is 11 and is hitting the computer but I monitor a lot of what he views. I'd like to get him to see good educational fun content for kids his age (11). Any recommendations out there?
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my 11-year-old is obsessed with scratch programming:  http://scratch.mit.edu/

another good science/engineering site she likes -- http://pbskids.org/zoom/activities/sci/

brainteaser sites she likes:  http://www.hoagiesgifted.org/brain_teasers.htm
http://kids.niehs.nih.gov/braint.htm#brainindex 
http://www.internet4classrooms.com/brain_teasers.htm

online mastermind -- http://www.web-games-online.com/mastermind/
online boggle -- http://www.games.com/game/boggle/


How is the right measurement for an evening dress?


I'm planning to sell evening dresses online. However I'm still not sure whether the standard measurements I've used so far can fit anyone. Should I make the dresses looser than the standard measurement (about 2-5 cm for example) or just keep it that way?
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Keep the measurements standard. You'll have lots of returns if you change the sizing--even a little. Good luck in your business!! : P


What are the differences between educational goals and objectives?


I am writing a college admission essay, the topic wants me to describe and discuse my educational goals and objectives.  I am a pre-nursing student.
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Educational goals are more long term. That is the end product. The objectives are what you need to achieve along the way in order to reach the educational goal.


How do I go about getting educational rights over my child? Where do I start?


My childs father wants no part in his life, so I want him to sign over all educational and parental rights to me. How do I start the process, is there a website that I can go to? Thanks!
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Contact you rlocal Child and YOuth services, you can look them up on line for your county, just google child and youth and your county.  They will be able to help you and most cases free of charge.


How does the measurement of a blood C peptide level help to determine the type of diabetes?


Occasionally an adult or child is diagnosed with diabetes who does not fit the stereotypical picture of the type of diabetes associated with their age group. How does the measurement of a blood C peptide level help to determine the type of diabetes?
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C-peptide is only released when insulin is produced.  Therefore, if C-peptide is not present, or is in low concentrations, doctors would, very likely, determine that the patient is suffering from type 1 diabetes.  (In type 2 diabetes insulin is still produced, though is not readily used due to insulin resistance.)


What is the measurement of the yeast in a yeast packet?


We can only buy cans of Yeast, packets are not available.  My receipe calls for packets of yeast and I need to know the measurement of a packet of yeast.
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I believe it is slightly less than 1 table spoon but I exchange 1 tablespoon for the packet.  The only possible difference is that the rise might occur slightly faster but not that noticable.