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*  TPS – English – Ideas, Formulas and Forms for a new Culture/Civilization
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No data available that match "Culture"



(1/2237) Non-epileptic attack disorder (NEAD): a comprehensive review.

Non-epileptic attack disorder (NEAD) represents a well-recognized clinical problem with a reported incidence among individuals with a diagnosis of intractable epilepsy as high as 36%. A failure to identify this disorder may lead to certain risks for the patient including polypharmacy, anticonvulsant toxicity, hazardous intervention, social and economic demands and a lack of recognition or neglect of any underlying psychological distress. This review provides a description of NEAD in an historic and societal context and discusses the variety of terminology which has been applied to this psychophysiological phenomenon. Epidemiology and associated methodological limitations; and diagnostic and classification issues related to NEAD in comparison to epilepsy are considered. The problems of failure to recognize NEAD in comparison to epilepsy are considered. The problems of failure to recognize NEAD are outlined, and theoretical and empirical aetiological issues are discussed.  (+info)

(2/2237) Oligomycin induces a decrease in the cellular content of a pathogenic mutation in the human mitochondrial ATPase 6 gene.

A T --> G mutation at position 8993 in human mitochondrial DNA is associated with the syndrome neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa and with a maternally inherited form of Leigh's syndrome. The mutation substitutes an arginine for a leucine at amino acid position 156 in ATPase 6, a component of the F0 portion of the mitochondrial ATP synthase complex. Fibroblasts harboring high levels of the T8993G mutation have decreased ATP synthesis activity, but do not display any growth defect under standard culture conditions. Combining the notions that cells with respiratory chain defects grow poorly in medium containing galactose as the major carbon source, and that resistance to oligomycin, a mitochondrial inhibitor, is associated with mutations in the ATPase 6 gene in the same transmembrane domain where the T8993G amino acid substitution is located, we created selective culture conditions using galactose and oligomycin that elicited a pathological phenotype in T8993G cells and that allowed for the rapid selection of wild-type over T8993G mutant cells. We then generated cytoplasmic hybrid clones containing heteroplasmic levels of the T8993G mutation, and showed that selection in galactose-oligomycin caused a significant increase in the fraction of wild-type molecules (from 16 to 28%) in these cells.  (+info)

(3/2237) Environment, development and health: ideological metaphors of post-traditional societies?

Environment and health have become nearly interchangeable concepts in post-traditional societies. We are able to observe almost an obsession with them, as if individual changes in ways of life--important for the individual and significant for the culture though they may be--possessed the power to overthrow a system of economic relations that aims at growth in numerical terms rather than at development, enabling society to sustain its specific modes of private and public interaction.  (+info)

(4/2237) Fish and mammals in the economy of an ancient Peruvian kingdom.

Fish and mammal bones from the coastal site of Cerro Azul, Peru shed light on economic specialization just before the Inca conquest of A. D. 1470. The site devoted itself to procuring anchovies and sardines in quantity for shipment to agricultural communities. These small fish were dried, stored, and eventually transported inland via caravans of pack llamas. Cerro Azul itself did not raise llamas but obtained charqui (or dried meat) as well as occasional whole adult animals from the caravans. Guinea pigs were locally raised. Some 20 species of larger fish were caught by using nets; the more prestigious varieties of these show up mainly in residential compounds occupied by elite families.  (+info)

(5/2237) Folkecology and commons management in the Maya Lowlands.

Three groups living off the same rainforest habitat manifest strikingly distinct behaviors, cognitions, and social relationships relative to the forest. Only the area's last native Maya reveal systematic awareness of ecological complexity involving animals, plants, and people and practices clearly favoring forest regeneration. Spanish-speaking immigrants prove closer to native Maya in thought, action, and social networking than do immigrant Maya. There is no overriding "local," "Indian," or "immigrant" relationship to the environment. Results indicate that exclusive concern with rational self-interest and institutional constraints do not sufficiently account for commons behavior and that cultural patterning of cognition and access to relevant information are significant predictors. Unlike traditional accounts of relations between culture, cognition, and behavior, the models offered are not synthetic interpretations of people's thoughts and behaviors but are emergent cultural patterns derived statistically from measurements of individual cognitions and behaviors.  (+info)

(6/2237) 'Fatalism', accident causation and prevention: issues for health promotion from an exploratory study in a Yoruba town, Nigeria.

As countries experience the 'epidemiological transition' with a relative decline in infectious diseases, accident rates tend to increase, particularly road traffic accidents. The health promotion interventions intended to prevent or minimize the consequences of accidents have been developed in predominantly Western, industrialized countries. Although some of these solutions have been applied with success to less developed countries, there are also good reasons why such solutions are ineffective when tried in a different context. Health promotion as developed in the West has a particular ideological bias, being framed within a secular, individualist and rationalist culture. Different cosmologies exist outside this culture, often described as 'fatalist' by Western commentators and as obstructing change. Changing these cosmologies or worldviews may not fit with the ethic of paying due respect to the cultural traditions of the 'target group'. Health promotion is therefore faced with a dilemma. In addition to different worldviews, the different levels of development also mean that solutions formulated in richer countries do not suit poorer countries. This paper uses a small exploratory study in a Yoruba town in Nigeria to examine these points. Interviews with key informants were held in March 1994 in Igbo-Ora and data were extracted from hospital records. Levels of accidents from available records are noted and people's ideas about accident prevention are discussed. Recommendations as to the way forward are then proposed.  (+info)

(7/2237) Protective truthfulness: the Chinese way of safeguarding patients in informed treatment decisions.

The first part of this paper examines the practice of informed treatment decisions in the protective medical system in China today. The second part examines how health care professionals in China perceive and carry out their responsibilities when relaying information to vulnerable patients, based on the findings of an empirical study that I had undertaken to examine the moral experience of nurses in practice situations. In the Chinese medical ethics tradition, refinement [jing] in skills and sincerity [cheng] in relating to patients are two cardinal virtues that health care professionals are required to possess. This notion of absolute sincerity carries a strong sense of parental protectiveness. The empirical findings reveal that most nurses are ambivalent about telling the truth to patients. Truth-telling would become an insincere act if a patient were to lose hope and confidence in life after learning of his or her disease. In this system of protective medical care, it is arguable as to whose interests are being protected: the patient, the family or the hospital. I would suggest that the interests of the hospital and the family members who legitimately represent the patient's interests are being honoured, but at the expense of the patient's right to know.  (+info)

(8/2237) The recognition, assessment and management of dementing disorders: conclusions from the Canadian Consensus Conference on Dementia.

OBJECTIVE: To develop evidence based consensus statements on which to build clinical practice guidelines for primary care physicians toward the recognition, assessment and management of dementing disorders and to disseminate and evaluate the impact of these statements and guidelines built on these statements. OPTIONS: Structured approach to assessment, including recommended laboratory tests, choices for neuroimaging and referral, management of complications (especially behavioural problems and depression) and use of cognitive enhancing agents. POTENTIAL OUTCOMES: Consistent and improved clinical care of persons with dementia; cost containment by more selective use of laboratory investigations; neuroimaging and referrals; and appropriate use of cognitive enhancing agents. EVIDENCE: Authors of each background paper were entrusted to perform a literature search, discover additional relevant material, including references cited in retrieved articles, consult with other experts in the field and then synthesize information. Standard rules of evidence were applied. Based on this evidence, consensus statements were developed by a group of experts, guided by a steering committee of 8 individuals, from the areas of Neurology, Geriatric Medicine, Psychiatry, Family Medicine, Preventive Health Care and Health Care Systems. VALUES: Recommendations have been developed with particular attention to the context of primary care, and are intended to support family physicians in their ongoing assessment and care of patients with dementia. BENEFITS HARM AND COSTS: Potential for improved clinical care of people with dementia. A dissemination and evaluation strategy will attempt to measure the impact of the recommendations. RECOMMENDATIONS: Forty-eight recommendations are offered that address the following aspects of dementia care: early recognition; importance of careful history and examination in making a positive diagnosis; essential laboratory tests; rules for neuroimaging and referral; disclosure of diagnosis; importance of monitoring and providing support to caregivers; cultural aspects; detection and treatment of depression; observation and management of behavioural disturbances; detection and reporting of unsafe motor vehicle driving; genetic factors and opportunities for preventing dementia; pharmacological treatment with particular emphasis on cognitive enhancing agents. VALIDATION: Four other sets of consensus statement or guidelines have been published recently. These recommendations are generally congruent with our own consensus statements. The consensus statements have been endorsed by relevant bodies in Canada.  (+info)


How might culture contribute to the definition of pathology and mental illness?


How might culture contribute to the definition of pathology and mental illness? Any details at all would be great. thanks
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Well it's the forced society and culture that we live in that deem the different or depressed mentally I'll. On the island of the insane you're the one hospitalized or maybe even enlightened O.o... I bet that place is paradise.

Some people just can't handle being stuck in the daily pre determined events of our culture. Many end up searching for something they never find and start to Create delusions and negative thoughts, some of these people fall over the edge. The other few find a way to overcome and live by they're own standards happy and free. But the majority are just stuck and don't know it... Sad. 

I know my information is useless but I thought I'd give my two cents without explaining myself further. 

Good luck


What foods are important to the Italian culture?


1. What foods are important to the Italian Culture?
2. What foods are avoided by the Italian Culture?
3. Do Italian's have specific food practices? For example, How does religion affect what you eat?
4. What are your holiday foods?
5. Is food stored or served differently? Are there a lot of fast food restaurants in Italy? And are they used frequently?
6. What else is unique about the Italian culture in relation to food that was not addressed above?

I need someone who is Italian that can answer these questions, it is for a class in which we are to explore other cultures.
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Here are some tips about the Italy food culture and dining with Italian:

    * Nobody eats until everyone is seated, unless the person who is serving insists.

    * Salad is usually eaten last

    * There will 99% of the time be two or more courses: pasta and a meat or fish dish and vegetables, followed by breads, cold meats and fruits.

    * Different courses are always served on clean crockery. Italians, unlike Americans, English, Australians etc. don't put different courses all together on the same dish.

    * There is usually a fruit and or a cheese at the end of a meal

    * You don't drink milk with your meal, unless you are a child.

    * There is almost always red wine at the luch/dinner table.

    * No grated cheese on a pasta dish with sea food!

    * Fork is in the left hand, knife in right and you don't switch after cutting something.

    * You don't hold the fork like a baseball bat.

    * Television is off when eating

    * No bread is eaten with the pasta, and if you absolutely have to clean your plate with bread then break off a piece of bread and stab it with your fork and use the fork to wipe the plate.

    * And break off pieces of bread by hand and put them in your mouth, don't bring the whole piece to your mouth to bite off a piece.

Spiacente me nessun italiano
GH***************************************


Is a viral culture only perform if you have a outbrake to test for hsv-2?


Or can they also use the viral culture testing just by swabbing the genital area? Does it still give an accurate result if you are positive or negative on hsv-2?
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A culture would be taken by swabbing the genitals to test for HSV2  when you have an out break. It does give you an accurate result for HSV2. I was diagnosed this way. If there is no out break then you would have to have a blood test done with in 2-4 months after having sexual contact with some one who had herpes.


Why would a Urologist start a patient on a Quinolone without having sensitivities to a urine culture?


The patient had a Foley catheter in place for one week. After it was removed a urine culture revealed a gram positive organism growing. The lab technician did not do a 'sensitivity' to see what antibiotic the organism was sensitive to.
When questioned as to  why not, he said, "The Doctor should know what antibiotic to order for the gram positive organism". The patient was taking the quinolone for months because the Urologist said the he had a prostatitis and needed to be on it for a long time. The patient suffered with burning upon urination for a long time. I think the organism was NEVER sensitive to the quinolone. When a sensitivity was finally done after several months, the organism was not sensitive to ANY quinolone. Why did the patient have to suffer for so long?
----------

Firstly, I am sorry that your doctor let you down. 
Now,I agree with the lab tech above, they are not the ones who decide what tests get done. Although,I will say as a nurse, if a culture comes back positive for bacteria noted; the lab, at the hospital in the town I work in, keeps the specimen for 24 hours. And if for some reason I forgot to check run a C&S if positive, they will usually call the MD's nurse or myself and varify order to run. Of course, even if the nurse and lab have all the information for the doctor, he can still refuse to change what antibiotic therapy(ABT) you are on. 
As for quinolones ie cipro, levaquin, tequin etc; this group is usually a good first choice for urinary tract infections, but because of the over use of this group of ABT, bacterial resistant has increased to it. My only other thought here is the prostatitis, which simply put is the inflammation of the prostate. This can be from various causes, one of which is bacterial infection. Was it confirmed in the beginning that the prostatitis was caused by bacteria, and was an anti-inflammatory medication; ibuprofen, aspirin,etc; started?
Basicly, the doctor did not follow the rule us nurses have to. We are hammer to think about what any prudent nurse would do in any given situation. Any prudent MD would have had the C&S run again after UA came back positive. And even if pt had not had foley cath. MD should have had another Urinalysis run in two weeks because most ABT regimes are not longer than this and high risk of resistence development.


How much does a medical culture of a wound cost?


I had a wound culture done to find out what type of bacteria was growing in a sore. The hospital is charging me $350.00 for this test. I need to know what the normal cost of this type of test is.
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40- 60 USD is a typical charge for a wound culture.  You should complain.


How do you start a yeast culture?


I am really into making bread and my mother-in-law just told me about this yeast culture thing.  She said that in Germany some people have had a culture for like 100 years.  I would like to start one of these but I don't know how.  Can anyone who's made one successfully give me any tips or maybe even tell me exactly how to do it?
Does it have to be sourdough?
----------

Google Sour Dough Starter.

There are many many recipes for sour dough starter.    I can only recommend NOT to follow a recipe for sour dough starter that uses commercial yeast.    It kind of defeats the point of growing wild yeast when you are using commercial yeast to start the process.    Grape skins are one of the better sources for culturing wild yeast.

Keep in mind that keeping a sour dough starter alive is a long term committment.   It needs to be fed on a daily or every other day basis


How much do you agree that in order to experience another culture one must eat their exotic cuisine?


In order to experience a different culture in another country, one must consume their cuisine.

How much do you agree?  In terms of percent.
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As part of your total experience of another culture, yes I agree 100% that tasting its cuisine is definitely part of it and especially if you have the chance of eating authentic ethnic food while traveling through that country. It's also one easy way of being accepted by the locals and as a great conversation starter or as a means to pick up some of that language. I can't stand tourists who either pack their own food in their luggage, only order room service & Western food, or fly hundreds of miles just to eat at the nearest McDonald's or KFC!

But it doesn't mean you necessarily need to eat their really exotic stuff. Well, sometimes you might need to at least sample it and not make a face, in order not to offend your host. But there's no need to actively seek out Fear Factor style creepy-crawlies or other acquired tastes, as there are plenty of pretty mild (by comparison) stuff in any country that is delicious enough to occupy all your time (and stomach). Just determine your own comfort level and be adventurous within a reasonable boundary. And be happy, since eating should be pleasure not a pain (including stomach aches).


Would a bacterial std show up if a doctor was doing a urine culture for another reason?


Like if someone had a uti and got a culture done, could stds show up?

I don't need lectures about being tested by the way, I already do. I just wondered if this would happen, cause it seems to make sense. If not, why?
----------

STD's will not show up on a standard urine culture.  This is because a urine culture looks for usual run-of-the-mill bacteria such as E Coli and most STD's are either
a) a virus which won't grow on a bacterial culture (e.g. HPV, HIV) or
b) a non-run-of-the-mill bacteria that has special growth requirements such as gonorrhea or syphilis (and hence won't grow in a standard bacterial culture) or
c) a non-run-of-the-mill bacteria that's very difficult to grow in any conditions such as chlamydia.

Trichomonas is sometimes detected incidentally when the urine is examined under the microscope - sometimes the doctor will order microscopic examination along with the urine culture and the trichomonas will be discovered that way.  It's a very poor test for detecting trichomonas, however; if it's found via urine microscopy it's basically blind luck.

Urine can be sent for a non-culture test to detect gonorrhea and chlamydia.  This is a test that relies on amplification of DNA rather than a culture.  It's quite effective and has potential to replace the old swab method.  It's not a culture test, however.