Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Direct Service Costs: Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Cost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Critical Illness: A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.Cost Allocation: The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.United StatesMental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.Employer Health Costs: That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Quality-Adjusted Life Years: A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Sick Role: Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Mentally Ill Persons: Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.Great BritainQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Respiratory Tract DiseasesAttitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.EnglandBipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Catastrophic Illness: An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Decision Trees: A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Common Cold: A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Markov Chains: A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Environmental Illness: A polysymptomatic condition believed by clinical ecologists to result from immune dysregulation induced by common foods, allergens, and chemicals, resulting in various physical and mental disorders. The medical community has remained largely skeptical of the existence of this "disease", given the plethora of symptoms attributed to environmental illness, the lack of reproducible laboratory abnormalities, and the use of unproven therapies to treat the condition. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Terminally Ill: Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.CaliforniaCase-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Fees, Pharmaceutical: Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.IndiaFamily: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Persian Gulf Syndrome: Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Critical Care: Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Insurance, Pharmaceutical Services: Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Home Nursing: Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.Disease Management: A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Economics, Medical: Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Patient Admission: The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Episode of Care: An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.Case Management: A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)Social Stigma: A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Fees, Medical: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for medical services.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic: A syndrome characterized by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion; are not relieved by rest; and result in a substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Minor alterations of immune, neuroendocrine, and autonomic function may be associated with this syndrome. There is also considerable overlap between this condition and FIBROMYALGIA. (From Semin Neurol 1998;18(2):237-42; Ann Intern Med 1994 Dec 15;121(12): 953-9)Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Inpatients: Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.WalesHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Economics, Hospital: Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Psychophysiologic Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)Accounting: System of recording financial transactions.Hysteria: Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Euthyroid Sick Syndromes: Conditions of abnormal THYROID HORMONES release in patients with apparently normal THYROID GLAND during severe systemic illness, physical TRAUMA, and psychiatric disturbances. It can be caused by the loss of endogenous hypothalamic input or by exogenous drug effects. The most common abnormality results in low T3 THYROID HORMONE with progressive decrease in THYROXINE; (T4) and TSH. Elevated T4 with normal T3 may be seen in diseases in which THYROXINE-BINDING GLOBULIN synthesis and release are increased.Famous PersonsOutpatients: Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.Mass Behavior: Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.GermanySelf Concept: A person's view of himself.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.ScotlandDengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Heat Exhaustion: A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.Intensive Care: Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Communicable DiseasesLondonHIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Disease: A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Decompression Sickness: A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Child, Hospitalized: Child hospitalized for short term care.

*  .. NY health-care pays $24B a year for ‘preventable’ illnesses to minorities: state official .
for ‘preventable’ illnesses to minorities: state official. By ... and emergency costs for “preventable” illnesses ... of preventable illnesses for blacks and Hispanics alone cost ... Share this:. Facebook Twitter Google Whatsapp Email. NY health-care pays $24B a year for ‘preventable’ illnesses to minorities: state official. email the author. Name required. Email required. New York’s health-care system is paying a staggering $24 billion a year to help cover sky-high hospital and emergency costs for “preventable” illnesses suffered by minority patients, The Post has learned. State Health Commissioner Dr. “Excess rates of preventable illnesses for blacks and Hispanics alone cost New York state $24 billion a year,” Shah said. “Health disparities severely hinder economic development in minority communities and have a negative consequence for the economy at large,” said Shah, adding that the human impact is even more devastating. The Health Department also updated its annual report highligh...
http://nypost.com/2012/07/30/ny-health-care-pays-24b-a-year-for-preventable-illnesses-to-minorities-state-official/
*  3,000 deaths per year from foodborne illness | Management content from Western Farm Press
year from foodborne illness. Management content from Western Farm ... 62; Food poisoning costing Americans $77.7 billion each year ... Food poisoning costing Americans $77.7 billion each year ... 3,000 deaths per year from foodborne illness. Management content from Western Farm Press. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content Western Farm Press. Search:. Advertisement. Home > Management > Food poisoning costing Americans $77.7 billion each year Food poisoning costing Americans $77.7 billion each year Jan 20, 2012 Martha Filipic, Ohio State University. 1 What is in this article?: Food poisoning costing Americans $77.7 billion each year Salmonella costs $11.4 billion yearly. Cost of foodborne illness in the United States is now estimated to be up to $77.7 billion a year. 48 million people in the United States suffer from foodborne illnesses each year, resulting in 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths. Salmonella costs $11.4 billion per year. Salmonella costs $11.4 billion yearly However, norovirus does...
http://westernfarmpress.com/management/food-poisoning-costing-americans-777-billion-each-year?page=2
*  Homelessness Resource Center - Resource Cost Comparison of State Hospital and Community-Based Car
Center - Resource Cost Comparison of State Hospital and ... Us. Search. Cost Comparison of State Hospital and ... recommend. Tags: cost studies |. Financing and ... Homelessness Resource Center - Resource Cost Comparison of State Hospital and Community-Based Care for Seriously Mentally Ill Adults. This study examines the service utilization and cost of treating individuals with serious mental illness in a community-based care system in which the state hospital was replaced with 60 extended acute care beds in general hospitals and 583 residential beds. Method: A pre-post study design was used to determine the utilization and cost differences before and after the state hospital closed for individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who required extended psychiatric hospitalization following an acute care crisis episode in a general hospital. Results: The result of this analysis showed that after the state hospital closed, the direct treatment cost of an episode of care increased from $68,446 to $78,9...
http://homeless.samhsa.gov/Resource/View.aspx?id=19403&newTopic=true
*  .. Tag Archives: New England Journal of Medicine .. Costs of Alzheimer disease
of Medicine. Costs of Alzheimer disease. Costs of ... the annual direct cost for Alzheimer disease in 2010 was $109 ... the US who have the illness. Monetary Costs of Dementia in the ... tag archives new england journal of medicine costs of alzheimer disease costs of alzheimer disease michael hurd and colleagues using data from the health and retirement study reported last week in the new england journal of medicine that the annual direct cost for alzheimer disease in was billion for an estimated million people in the us who have the illness monetary costs of dementia in the united states http www nejm org doi full nejmsa this is a staggering number about as high as the costs for cardiovascular disease and more than of the medicare budget the importance of this study however is not how large the costs are but how much less they are than those estimated by the alzheimerâ s association an even more staggering billion â one of several reasons for the billion difference is that the investigatorsâ estimate ...
http://lonsschneidermd.com/tag/new-england-journal-of-medicine/
*  Heart Bypass Surgery
, 2008. Level of Illness. Minor/Moderate. Major/Extreme. ... Level of Illness: Compared to patients with minor/ ... moderate level of illness, patients with major/extreme level of illness are likely to have more serious...
https://health.utah.gov/myhealthcare/reports/2009/heartUpdate/charges/bypass1.htm
*  Health alert issued for Sam’s Club chicken Caesar salad - News - Holland Sentinel - Holland, MI
Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion . ... on Aug. 4 No illnesses have been linked with this product to ... Health alert issued for Sam s Club chicken Caesar salad - News - Holland Sentinel - Holland, MI. subscribe now. newsletter. classifieds. cars. homes. NEWS NOW. Letter: Angered about another school shooting ... Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion ... College rewind: Hope XC teams run at Louisville; Hope, GVSU golf teams shine ... Letter: Angered about another school shooting ... Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion ... College rewind: Hope XC teams run at Louisville; Hope, GVSU golf teams shine ... Health alert issued for Sam s Club chicken Caesar salad. Holland Sentinel. Writer. Posted Aug. 6, 2014 at 12:52 PM Updated Aug 6, 2014 at 4:11 PM. Posted Aug. 6, 2014 at 12:52 PM Updated Aug 6, 2014 at 4:11 PM Holland, Mich. The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development issued a public health alert Aug. The problem was discovered when routine product ...
http://hollandsentinel.com/article/20140806/NEWS/140809451/10942/LIFESTYLE
*  TV Guide - Miley Cyrus Forced to Postpone More Tour Dates Due to Ongoing Illness - News - Holland S
Due to Ongoing Illness - News - Holland Sentinel - Holland, MI ... Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion . ... Due to Ongoing Illness Miley Cyrus has been forced to postpone ... Bangerz tour due to illness, People reports. The "Wrecking Ball" ... TV Guide - Miley Cyrus Forced to Postpone More Tour Dates Due to Ongoing Illness - News - Holland Sentinel - Holland, MI. newsletter. FEATURED. NEWS NOW. Letter: Angered about another school shooting ... Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion ... College rewind: Hope XC teams run at Louisville; Hope, GVSU golf teams shine ... Letter: Angered about another school shooting ... Missed 2-pt try costs Hope in 21-20 loss to Albion ... College rewind: Hope XC teams run at Louisville; Hope, GVSU golf teams shine ... Miley Cyrus Forced to Postpone More Tour Dates Due to Ongoing Illness Miley Cyrus has been forced to postpone several more dates her on Bangerz tour due to illness, People reports. The "Wrecking Ball" singer was hospitalized on April 15...
http://hollandsentinel.com/article/20140430/NEWS/304309959/10931/ENTERTAINMENT
*  Air Quality Online By AllerAir: CMA Report: Poor Air Quality Killing Canadians
Room: National Illness Costs of Air Pollution , points to ... heart and lung illnesses brought on by breathing polluted air ... Medical , National Illness Costs of Air Pollution , No Breathing ... Air Quality Online By AllerAir: CMA Report: Poor Air Quality Killing Canadians. Air Quality Online By AllerAir. Learn about air quality air purification, chemical exposure and the pollutants that aggravate asthma, allergy and COPD. Thursday, August 14, 2008. CMA Report: Poor Air Quality Killing Canadians. 21,000 Canadians will die from the effects of air pollution. 80% of those who die due to air pollution will be over the age of 65. 25 Canadians under the age of 19 will die from the effects of short-term exposure to air pollution. Their report entitled, No Breathing Room: National Illness Costs of Air Pollution , points to ozone and particulate matter as the two major pollutants that will contribute to these deaths. Combine this CMA announcement, with the air quality buzz that has been generated at this year s ...
http://allerair.blogspot.com/2008/08/cma-report-poor-air-quality-killing.html
*  The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, January 17, 1914, LAST EDITION, Image 4 « Chronicling Amer
st, fined $50 and costs; Disorderly house. Barratt .O'Hara ... The day book. Chicago, Ill. 1911-1917, January 17, 1914, LAST EDITION, Image 4 « Chronicling America « Library of Congress. Search. The Library of Congress. Chronicling America. The day book. January 17, 1914, LAST EDITION. Image 4. Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Back to search results. { title: 'The day book. Chicago, Ill. 1911-1917, January 17, 1914, LAST EDITION, Image 4', download_links: [ { link: 'http://www.loc.gov/rss/ndnp/ndnp.xml', label: 'application/rss+xml', meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed', }, { link: '/lccn/sn83045487/1914-01-17/ed-2/seq-4.jp2', label: 'image/jp2', meta: '', }, { link: '/lccn/sn83045487/1914-01-17/ed-2/seq-4.pdf', label: 'application/pdf', meta: '', }, { link: '/lccn/sn83045487/1914-01-17/ed-2/seq-4/ocr.xml', label: 'applica...
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-01-17/ed-2/seq-4/
*  Home Grown: Alternative Animal Care - Paralysis Ticks
This remedy cost under $20 and the dose is 2 drops every ... the same stores and cost under a dollar. It isn't hard to ... Home Grown: Alternative Animal Care - Paralysis Ticks. Alternative Animal Care - Paralysis Ticks. Everyone kept asking us if we should take him to the vet, but we believed that the homeopathic treatment, combined with the vitamin C, would be successful. We don't have any animals now as we can't where we live, but it is nice to know more natural treatment is available.. 4 October 2011 at 16:10. farmer liz said... Thanks Bel. Do you have any other advice on natural dog care. I'm sure there is a better way, but I don't want to harm my dogs while I'm trying to find it. I have been following your cow advice so far, and read Natural Cattle Care, it was great, I wish there was an equivalent for dogs. 4 October 2011 at 16:37. Oh Bel I am so glad to hear that Rocket was ok. 4 October 2011 at 17:03. Bel said... I have not used this on small animals. 4 October 2011 at 18:48. 4 ...
http://belindamoore.blogspot.com/2011/10/alternative-animal-care-paralysis-ticks.html
*  BMC Health Services Research | Full text | Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs
BMC Health Services Research. Full text. Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs in children -- results from two German birth cohorts, GINIplus and LISAplus. biomedcentral.com/bmchealthservres/article/10.1186/1472/6963/12/344 Bottom,Top BioMed Central. Journals. Gateways. 1.71 Search this journal BioMed Central for. Go. Advanced search Home. Articles. Authors. Reviewers. About this journal. My BMC Health Services Research. Top. Abstract. Background. Methods. Results. Discussion. Conclusions. Competing interests. Authors’ contributions. Authors’ info... Acknowledgements. References. Pre-publication history. BMC Health Services Research Utilization, expenditure, economics and financing systems. Volume 12. Viewing options Abstract. Full text. PDF 322KB. Associated material PubMed record. Article metrics. Open Badges. Readers' comments. Pre-publication history. Related literature Cited by. Google blog search Other articles by authors on Google Scholar. Batscheider A. Zakrzewska S. Heinrich J. Te...
http://biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/12/344/
*  Federal Register | Medicare Program; Hospital Conditions of Participation: Requirements for Approval
Crosswalk of Transplant Center Final Rule, Part 121, OPTN Policies and Bylaws Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate for Submitting Significant Changes to CMS Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Notify Dialysis Facilities of Their Patients' Waiting List Status Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Develop an Agreement Between a Transplant Center and an OPO Concerning Organ Recovery and Organ Allocation Total Burden Hours and Total Cost Estimate for Notifying Patients on a Center's Waiting List of a Transplant Center's Loss of Medicare Approval Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost for a Transplant Center To Apply for Medicare Approval Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost for Transplant Centers Seeking Re-Entry Into the Medicare Program After Loss of Medicare Approval Summary of PRA Requirements for Transplant Centers TCs in the First Year of This Final Rule Total Annual Burden Hours and Total Annual Cost Estimate To Notify Di...
https://federalregister.gov/articles/2007/03/30/07-1435/medicare-program-hospital-conditions-of-participation-requirements-for-approval-and-re-approval-of
*  Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs. Date: June 10, 2009 Source: Emory University Summary: Screening adults for diabetes could result in significant cost-savings for health-care systems compared to the costs of not screening individuals at all. Screening adults for diabetes could result in significant cost-savings for health care systems compared to the costs of not screening individuals at all. "We found that projected health system costs for screening and either treatment would be less than costs for no screening," says Phillips. "Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs." ScienceDaily. Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs. "Routine Diabetes Screenings Could Cut Health-care Costs." ScienceDaily. RELATED TOPICS. Health Medicine. Health Medicine News October 4, 2015. read more. read more. read more. read more. New Information On Type 2 Diabetes Predicting Risk of Non-Familial Breast Cancer Blood Transfusions: ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090607102508.htm
*  Healthcare Transparency Now — household healthcare costs
Healthcare Transparency Now household healthcare costs. household healthcare costs. Aon/Hewitt healthcare costs businesses CDHP comobidities lost work days Compass Healthcare Advisers Connecticut Health Enhancement Plan Connecticut Health Enhancement Program consumer directed health plans cost of medical care cost of medical tests deductible disease management Don Berwick family health insurance HDHPs healthcare healthcare co-pays healthcare competition healthcare costs healthcare cost transparency healthcare price variation healthcare reference pricing health competition high deductibles hospital household healthcare costs Indiana Kaiser Kaiser Employer Health Benefits Survey Massachusetts healthcare reform medical drug costs Mitch Daniels New Hampshire healthcare Nick Vailas obesity and healthcare costs obesity and lost work days Paul Ginsburg Premiums price transparency shopping spending tiered provider networks transparency value based insurance design VBID workers. From Kaiser survey: employers don’t thi...
http://healthcaretransparencynow.com/tag/household-healthcare-costs/
*  Exchanges Will Raise U.S. Health-Care Costs - Bloomberg
Health-Care Costs - Bloomberg. Health-Care Costs. The new health-insurance exchanges will work just fine -- in the sense that all government health-care programs work: Many people will ultimately become dependent on them for coverage. Rather than compete aggressively for customers, insurers can use exchanges to informally divide the market among themselves at high premiums. Only those Americans who don’t get insurance at work and who have income that puts them between 100 percent 138 percent in Medicaid expansion states and 400 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for exchange subsidies. A family of four at 138 percent of the poverty level $32,499 has its premium capped at 3.29 percent of income or $1,071. So, if the cost of a silver plan is $10,000, the subsidy for this family is $8,929. A family at 400 percent of the poverty level $94,200 has to pay up to 9.5 percent of its income for a plan, or $8,949. So the insurer can simply price a silver plan as high as possible, and then adjust the premi...
http://bloomberg.com/news/print/2013-10-06/exchanges-will-raise-u-s-health-care-costs.html
*  Rising Medical Costs In Euros Stock Image - Image: 8829921
 Rising Medical Costs In Euros Stock Image - Image: 8829921. International. Email us. Phone: +1 615-771-5611. Sign up for free or. Username. Password. Sign in. Stock Images. Stock Footage. Free Images. Designers area. Contributors area. Resources. Photo map. Blogs. Prices and download plans. Abstract. Animals. Arts & Architecture. Business. Editorial. Holidays. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Illustrations & Clipart. Web Design Graphics. Technology. Travel. More. Abstract. Animals. 2D 3D Animation. Arts & Architecture. Business. Editorial. Holidays. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Video Production Elements. Technology. Travel. More. Abstract. Animals. Arts & Architecture. Business. Illustrations & Clipart. Industries. IT & C. Nature. Objects. People. Technology. Travel. Web Design Graphics. More. All Content. Photos. Illustrations. Videos. only vector/RAW. Photos, Illustrations. Your download plan was renewed. Congratulations and thank you for your business. Read more. Payment Manag...
http://dreamstime.com/stock-image-rising-medical-costs-euros-image8829921
*  .. A breakdown of healthcare costs… .. Like this:
A New Federal Health Plan…Really. ↓ Jump to Comments A breakdown of healthcare costs… If cost is one of the largest if not the largest issues facing healthcare not to speak of access or quality yet, then that’s where one should start–understanding the cost. Any cost distribution is a snapshot, a point in time view, of the cost picture. We have to look at various snapshots over time to get a better understanding of that issue. There are many ways to draw up a pie chart of cost distribution–by who pays the bill insurer, employer, government, individual, by what the money is spent on interventions, counseling, equipment, hospital room and board, pharmaceuticals, by diagnoses of illness cancer, diabetes, accident, heart disease, by preventative smoking induced, accident induced, stress induced or non-preventative illness, or by a value chain analysis prevention, diagnosis, prep, intervention, rehab. A good data model for healthcare is clearly a major obstacle to really being able to analyze cost. See http://e-pat...
https://understandinghealthcare.wordpress.com/2009/03/31/a-breakdown-of-healthcare-costs/
*  Ask.com - What's Your Question?
Ask.com - What's Your Question. askLogo. Answers. Images. Videos. News. Talk to us. Your input helps us improve Ask.com for the millions of people who use us every day. How would you rate Ask.com. Please provide rating before submitting your feedback. How can we make Ask.com better for you. Please provide feedback before submitting your response. If you'd like a response, please provide your name and email address below. Thanks for the feedback. Related Search. Average Cost to Replace a Roof. Average Cost to Paint a Room. Average Cost of Childbirth. Average Cost of College Education. Average Cost of Living in the United States. Consumer Rating for Replacement Windows. Average Cost to Paint a House. Average Cost of Vinyl Siding a House. Average Cost of Food Per Month. Average Cost of Braces for Teeth. Average Cost of Groceries Per Person. Best Replacement Window. Web Results. The Average Cost of Window Replacement. Probably one of the most repeatedly delayed projects of homeowners, window replacement conju...
http://ask.com/web?q=Average Cost to Replace Windows&oo=2602&o=0&l=dir&qsrc=3139&gc=1&qo=popularsearches
*  Smoking employees cost $6,000 a year more, study finds - Vitals
... Smoking employees cost $6,000 a year more, study finds. A new study calculates that smokers cost their employers $6,000 more a year than nonsmokers. Many studies have shown that smokers cost the health care system more and that they cost health insurers more. Because many companies self-insure meaning they pay for health care costs even if a health insurance company manages the benefits for them that means smokers cost their employers more. But no one study put all these costs together, Berman says. So Berman and colleagues with expertise in economics took a look at as many of the studies as they could find studies on health care costs and so-called presenteeism when people are at work but not putting in full effort. They looked at studies that calculated the cost of taking more sick days, and the cost of smoke breaks, and, finally, the costs of benefits of not having to pay pensions to employees who die prematurely. They looked at the lowest possible costs for people taking smoke breaks just eight minut...
http://vitals.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/06/03/18728224-smoking-employees-cost-6000-a-year-more-study-finds?lite
*  humira cost - MedHelp
... Communities Health Tools Information My MedHelp Login or. Heart Heart Disease. Heart Disease. Humira cost. humira. Any side effects. Read More. Did you realize the cost of humira treatment. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. His insurance will not cover the high cost of Enbrel or Humira. There has got to be insurance that will cover this for him. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. I am on Endocort steroid with a LOT less side effects than prednisone, Pentassa, Depression meds, Trammadol pain, percocet pain, azathioprine 75mg. Read More. THEN i will have to break the cost of all of this to him as well. My concern is what am I going to do now that my husband is retired and my health insurance won't cover the cost. 29, 2009 - Rheumatoid arthritis patients who take the biologic drugs Remicade, Humira, and Enbrel do not appear to have an increased risk for developing cancer in the first few years of use, researchers in Sweden report. The stress of the unrelieved pain and costs and lack of th...
http://healthquestions.medhelp.org/humira-cost
*  Costs of smoking during pregnancy: development of the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable
... Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC software -- Melvin et al. Costs of smoking during pregnancy: development of the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC software Cathy L Melvin a,. Next Section Abstract The development and availability is described of new, user friendly software, the Maternal and Child Health Smoking Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs MCHSAMMEC, that will allow states and other entities to estimate pregnancy related, smoking attributable costs for their population. Next Section Methods MCHSAMMEC, as now constructed, performs a prevalence based analysis of smoking attributable mortality and costs of infant neonatal care. In our estimates of neonatal costs, or SAFs, exposure includes only active maternal smoking throughout pregnancy. IMPACT MEASURES: INFANT MORTALITY Traditionally, derivation of an SAF is based on the following formula, which uses relative risk estimates for smoking related conditio...
http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/9/suppl_3/iii12.long
*  Comparison of Informal Care Time and Costs in Different Age-Related Dementias: A Review : Table 3
comparison of informal care time and costs in different age related dementias a review table table informal time and costs in institutionalized patients disease study x x mild x x moderate x moderate to severe x severe x x total unit costs informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs percent of tc informal care time informal costs x max et al x x x ns x x x ns ns x rice et al ad hux et al x x x ns ns ns ns x schnaider beeri et al x allegri et al ns not specified percent of tc percentage of total costs unit costs valuation of one hour of informal caregiving all costs are in usd informal care time per week informal costs per year unit cost unit cost of one hour of informal care ad alzheimer disease...
http://hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/852368/tab3/
*  Economics - TheBody.com
... . Advertisement. 0 Email. Print-Friendly. Glossary. Economics By Sherry Glied 1998 Standard economic analysis treats illness as imposing two kinds of costs on society: the direct cost of caring for the ill and preventing further illness and the indirect costs of human assets lost through morbidity and mortality. Economic research examines both the magnitude of these costs and their distribution among members of society. These estimates are then used to assess the effects of disease on the vitality of the economy and to measure the cost-effectiveness of programs of disease prevention and treatment. HIV/AIDS infection is a very costly disease in an economic sense. Although the direct costs are similar to those of other serious illnesses, the indirect costs are greater because HIV affects predominantly working-age adults. The high direct and indirect costs suggest that the HIV epidemic may pose a threat to the economic well-being of severely affected regions. The direct costs of illness comprise costs of me...
http://thebody.com/content/art14012.html
*  Introduction to the Costs of Cancer Care
... home navigating cancer care financial considerations introduction to the costs of cancer care printed october from http www cancer net navigating cancer care financial considerations introduction costs cancer care introduction to the costs of cancer care this section has been reviewed and approved by the cancer net editorial board a cancer diagnosis can be expensive it is often a big source of stress and anxiety for people with cancer and their families in addition to treatment costs many people find they have extra unplanned expenses related to their care for some people these additional costs stop them from following or completing their cancer treatment plan this can put their health at risk and may lead to higher costs in the future in this section you will learn how to identify the medical and non medical costs of cancer care talk about managing or lowering these costs with members of your health care team find tools information and resources that will help you better plan costs before during and aft...
http://cancer.net/print/24919
*  Questions tagged with cost - Dogster Answers
... Follow @dogster Follow @dogster Google +1. Dogster. Dogster Obsessions: The Starter Kit for Dogs by Wildebeest. Dogster Obsessions: The Dog Desk Caddy by Vacavaliente. Dog Breeds Puppies Foods Treats. Health Care Behavior Training Dog Grooming. Answers. Community. Answers. See the Dogs. Answers Home Questions tagged with cost - Dogster Answers Find a tag:. He is 7 wks and since I know he will need 3 rounds of parvo-distemper, I'd prefer a low cost ASKED BY Kairi on 12/9/14 TAGGED vaccines, low, cost IN Puppies. 0 ANSWERS. Member Since 11/03/2013. How much does your Great Dane cost monthly. I am a dog groomer and have had lots of experience with large dogs, and ASKED BY Member 1197475 on 11/3/13 TAGGED greatdane, cost, monthlycost, toys, food IN Great Dane. 0 ANSWERS. ASKED BY Kairi on 12/5/12 TAGGED puppy, breeder, sitting, services, low, cost, volunteers IN Bringing Your Pet Home. 0 ANSWERS. Member Since 06/19/2012. I have a 12.5 pound dog what is a cute costume pattern for Halloween. ASKED BY Member 11...
http://dogster.com/answers/tag/cost
*  A/I :: A/I Infrastructure Costs
a i a i infrastructure costs a i about us services help howtos friends donate it en es de fr pt cat my account how much does it costs to keep everything running we thought it fair for the people who support our work with their donations every year to know how much the autistici org inventati org infrastructure costs costs can be split up in two main chapters connectivity costs for each node of the a i infrastructure and maintaining costs covering hardware costs server replacements and only exceptionally travel costs for those who wind up fixing the impeding disaster connectivity per year latitanza euro espatrio euro contumacia euro rivolta euro sommossa euro dissenso euro arbitrio euro evasione euro tunnel vpn other services banking costs per year about euro administration per year domain name registration accounting etc about euro maintanance per year hardware server travel costs legal expenses emergencies about euro total circa euro per year this means that every year we spend more or less euros for the sur...
http://autistici.org/cat/who/costs.html
*  A/I :: A/I Infrastructure Costs
a i a i infrastructure costs a i wer sind wir dienste hilfe howto links spenden it en es de fr pt cat my account how much does it costs to keep everything running we thought it fair for the people who support our work with their donations every year to know how much the autistici org inventati org infrastructure costs costs can be split up in two main chapters connectivity costs for each node of the a i infrastructure and maintaining costs covering hardware costs server replacements and only exceptionally travel costs for those who wind up fixing the impeding disaster connectivity per year latitanza euro espatrio euro contumacia euro rivolta euro sommossa euro dissenso euro arbitrio euro evasione euro tunnel vpn other services banking costs per year about euro administration per year domain name registration accounting etc about euro maintanance per year hardware server travel costs legal expenses emergencies about euro total circa euro per year this means that every year we spend more or less euros for the s...
http://autistici.org/de/who/costs.html
*  .. Smoking, health care costs, and imprisoning drug users because they cost us money to imprison ..
Smoking, health care costs, and imprisoning drug users because they cost us money to imprison October 27, 2011 in Alcohol and other drugs, Health economics. No comments. Earlier this week I posted an article on the Globe’s Economy Lab blog on lifestyle and health care costs. Here’s a little more exposition on a couple of key points, phrased a little more formally. The article is about the extremely common claim that people with healthy lifestyles save the health care system money, basically the argument: `You can kill yourself with cigarettes if you want, but not with my tax dollars.’ I’ll use smoking as my example so I don’t have to keep saying “unhealthy lifestyle,” while recognizing that of course different behaviors will have different effects on health care utilization. There are at least two important objections to that argument. The first is the argument I gave in the Globe: it’s not so obvious that the a given person will consume more health care during their lifetime if they smoke than if they don’t ...
http://chrisauld.com/2011/10/27/smoking-health-care-costs-and-imprisoning-drug-users-because-they-cost-us-money-to-imprison/
*  Repros Therapeutics Inc (RPRX) Cost of Goods Sold
Repros Therapeutics Inc RPRX Cost of Goods Sold. FREE Trial. Ben Graham Net-Net. High Short Interest. Dividend Stocks. Download Financial Data. Download Guru Portfolios. Download Stock PDFs. Download Insider Data. Data Coverage. Complete Stock List. Gurus Portfolios. Market. Market Valuation Economic Data. Buffett Assets Allocation. GuruFocus Research. This feature is only available for Premium Members, please sign up for GuruFocus Premium Membership. 2015 Repros Therapeutics Inc's cost of goods sold for the three months ended in Jun. Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin. Repros Therapeutics Inc's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Jun. Definition Cost of goods sold COGS refers to the Inventory costs of those goods a business has sold during a particular period. Repros Therapeutics Inc Cost of Goods Sold for the trailing twelve months TTM ended in Jun. Explanation Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross M...
http://gurufocus.com/term/COGS/RPRX/Cost+of+Goods+Sold/Repros+Therapeutics%2C+Inc
*  Canon Repair Costs - FM Forums
... Join Upload & Sell. Join Upload & Sell. bigbluebear Offline Upload & Sell : On. p.1 #1 Canon Repair Costs. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." Charge was $219. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." Charge was $269. Jul 11, 2013 at 09:11 PM. p.1 #2 Canon Repair Costs. Canon's description is "out of warranty standard labor charge." $219 plus shipping. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:05 PM. bigbluebear Offline Upload & Sell : On. p.1 #3 Canon Repair Costs. I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than lenses even though the bodies are more expensive. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:08 PM. p.1 #4 Canon Repair Costs. bigbluebear wrote : I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than lenses even though the bodies are more expensive. Jul 12, 2013 at 11:21 PM. p.1 #5 Canon Repair Costs. bigbluebear wrote : I find it interesting that the standard labor charge can be less expensive for bodies than l...
http://fredmiranda.com/forum/topic/1226319
*  Thomas Kratzer is the purchasing manager for the headquarters
... 2nd Grade. 3rd Grade. 4th Grade. 5th Grade. 6th Grade. 7th Grade. 8th Grade. 9th Grade. 10th Grade. 11th Grade. 12th Grade. Thomas Kratzer is the purchasing manager for the headquarters of a large insurance company chain with a central inventory operation. The cost of each unit is $100.00, and the inventory carrying cost is $10.00 per unit per year. The average ordering cost is $30.00 per order. It takes about 5 days for an order to arrive, and demand for 1 week is 120 units this is a corporate operation, there are 250 working days per year. b What is the average inventory if the EOQ is used. c What is the optimal number of orders per year. d What is the optimal number of days in between any two orders. e What is the annual cost of ordering and holding and holding inventory. f What is the total annual inventory cost, including cost of the 6,000 units. b What is the average inventory if the EOQ is used. Average inventory level = Order Quantity/2 = 189.74 /2 = 94.87 Average Inventory level =94.87 units. c ...
http://jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1284985151
*  The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand - American Chemical Society
. The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand - American Chemical Society. Your browser is looking a little out of date... To get the best possible experience using our website, we recommend that you upgrade to latest version of this browser or install another web browser. See our Browser Support/Compatibility page for supported browsers list. Don't show this again. Skip Navigation. Toggle navigation. Links to other American Chemical Society websites:. ACS. Publications. C EN. CAS. . ACS Home. Meetings. Careers. Membership & Networks. Education. Advocacy. Funding & Awards. News. About ACS. You are here:. American Chemical Society. News. Press Pacs. 2011. ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: May 11, 2011. The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: Wed May 11 16:42:03 EDT 2011 The '$1,000 genome' may cost $100,000 to understand. “ The Next Generation in Genome Sequencing ” Chemical & Engineering News. Advances in tec...
http://acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2011/acs-presspac-may-11-2011/the-1000-genome-may-cost-100000-to-understand.html
*  lugged frame material cost?
lugged frame material cost. lugged frame material cost. 02-08-11, 01:09 AM evil lies lugged frame material cost. This is probably a little ambitious for me, but what is the average cost of a simply designed lugged frame not including components. Will this be sufficient for brazing the frame together. Thanks, Brandon 02-08-11, 02:55 AM NoReg Cutting torch is a different animal. A cutting torch has sorta a rose head with a centrally mounted oxygen port such that after the material reaches the melting point the head is switched to oxygen with the fuel essentially being the steel itself. I don't know what a base kit of stuff costs, but you can find kits at Nova. Tube only kits are like 80, you could braze those together. I buy as I go, and don't build with lugs. 02-08-11, 06:44 AM Doug Fattic The students in my framebuilding classes pay on average about $400 for frame materials if they use all investment cast parts and standard True Temper or some other brand of tubing. It is possible to reduce this cost if you l...
http://bikeforums.net/framebuilders/712198-lugged-frame-material-cost-print.html
*  Nonpatentable drugs and the cost of our ignorance - ResearchGate
Furthermore, vari- ous studies12–15 though not all of them 16have indicated that blood concentrations of DHA and other n-3 fatty acids are lower in patients with Alzheimer’s-related dementia. Studies of omega-3 fatty acids would cost a fraction of what is spent on pallia- tive drugs for Alzheimer’s. or its licensors Commentary DOI:10.1503/cmaj.050663 Frédéric Calon Nonpatentable drugs and the cost of our ignorance Page 2 Americans experience osteoporotic fractures each year, with an annual cost of nearly US$14 billion in health care alone ignoring lost income and other indirect costs .25,26A 400-UI vitamin D and 1000-mg calcium supplement, which has been shown to reduce the risk of fracture by at least 15%,27,28costs less than Can$200/patient/yr.29This example, like possibly that of n-3 fatty acids in Alzheimer’s disease, suggests that some perhaps many nonpatentable drugs can reduce phar- macy and other health care costs. DOI:10.1503/cmaj.060484 In the References section on page 484,1 listings 12–18 are out ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/7300072_Nonpatentable_drugs_and_the_cost_of_our_ignorance
*  .. Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost .. Follow Us .. .. Quick Links ..
Home / 2007 / January / Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost. Utilities Manager: Cavitation Is Increasing Your Utility Cost. Most operating facilities in today’s marketplace are aware of the effects that cavitation has on mechanical pump reliability. If, however, we were to look at the total cost of ownership for a cavitating pump, including its reduced efficiency and subsequent higher utility costs, we would see that this daily operating expense mounts up to a huge waste of both energy and money. A specified margin for Net Positive Suction Head Required NPSHR and a range for Suction Specific Speed will be specified in their engineering guides. Keep in mind that the design goal of a pump manufacturer is to design a pump that meets the broadest range of operating conditions possible rather than designing a pump to meet your specific hydraulic needs. A manufacturer’s certified performance curve will list the NPSHR for the pump. Rather, it is the point at which cavitation is significant ...
http://maintenancetechnology.com/2007/01/utilities-manager-cavitation-is-increasing-your-utility-cost/
*  EoP Character Calc Sheet - Google Sheets
... JavaScript isn't enabled in your browser, so this file can't be opened. EoP Character Calc Sheet. The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser. Conditional formatting... Conditional formatting... Accessibility. Still loading... A B C D E F G H I J K L M 1 *** VERY IMPORTANT *** -- Only edit light grey fields with black writing!!!!. 2 http://bit.ly/skMcIX -- Tech Calculator, requires Java FOR NEW PEOPLE: You start with 300 points to spend on hero characters The tables on the left, a flagship Tables on the right and an army Use the Java calculator, it's the easiest thing to use for it, less maths for you to do. Edit the light gray fields with the stats/values you want, the black fields right beside those will tell you how much that will cost, and the blue fields at the bottom give you the total cost of all stats combined. You do need a flagship though. 3 Desired Amount Cost Point Value Amount Notes. Ship Stats Value 1-10 Cost. 4 Health 150 6 1 2...
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/17Z0LxQy5RSynNqEjb-xX7p9NpQprYdi3Pm4bL2MhKPc/edit?authkey=CMORtL0B&hl=en&authkey=CMORtL0B
*  Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review | PhotographyBLOG
Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review. Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD Review March 6, 2014. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD is a telephoto zoom lens for Canon, Nikon and Sony full-frame and APS-C DSLR cameras. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens mounted on a Canon EOS 5D Mk III Build quality is very good, despite Tamron traditionally offering lenses at the cheaper end of the market. The Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens alongside the Canon EOS 5D Mk III Side of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens Front of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens Rear of the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens The zoom ring is generously wide and...
http://photographyblog.com/reviews/tamron_sp_150_600mm_f5_6_3_di_vc_usd_review/
*  Cost Calculator | Can Stop Smoking
cost calculator can stop smoking skip to main content homepage smokeline call free on or chat online days a week am pm site search search home about smokeline why quit smoking getting ready tips help to stop tools they did it local help in this section addiction test cost calculator quit calendar online tools cost calculator do you know how much your smoking habit is costing you use our cost calculator to see how much you ve spent and you ll see just how much you can save how many cigarettes do you smoke a day cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cigarettes cost per packet of cigarettes to to to to to to to to to to at what age did you start smoking less than more than what is your current age more than now you ve seen how much you can save by stopping smoking speak to smokeline today with our help you re more likely to succeed our friendly advisors will help you find the right quit method that s the best match for you health professionals contact us accessibility sitem...
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*  Stratified Automotive Controls
... home return policy faq about us contact us my account dyno results tech articles facebook home home there are no products to list in this category monthly specials for october mazdaspeed cobb ap custom tune usd usd save off focus st cobb accessport v with stratified custom tune usd usd save off focus st cobb accessport v with stratified flash tune usd usd save off focus st garrett atp big turbo custom tune package usd usd save off mazdaspeed garrett atp big turbo custom tune package usd usd save off mazdaspeed cobb ap with stratified flash tune usd usd save off ford fusion cobb accessport v with stratified flash tune usd usd save off synapse dv bypass blow off valve usd usd save off categories mazdaspeed disi focus st fiesta st fusion ecoboost mustang water methanol injection megasquirt plug and play the shop services online tuning tools decals and swag all products currencies us dollar canadian dollar reviews i just ran my rd hpde with the local porsche club my stratified automotive controls all rights ...
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*  Caregiverlist Cost of Senior Care in the U.S.A. - CaregiverList.com
Top 6 Tips for Success as a Ca...
http://caregiverlist.com/CompareCostsofNursingHomes.aspx
*  Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012 – A study of 2011 costs
... TZ Minerals International TZMI is pleased to announce the release of the newly formatted edition of the Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012. In 2011, the industry weighted average R/C ratio has increased to 1.89, the highest ever since TZMI started tracking titanium feedstock industry competitiveness. PRWEB October 07, 2012 TZ Minerals International TZMI is pleased to announce the release of the newly formatted edition of the Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study 2012. This year, TZMI has reformatted the annual Titanium Feedstock Producers Comparative Cost Study to include never before released information and analysis on comparative operating costs in the global titanium feedstock industry. The Study covers in depth analysis of operating costs at 25 titanium feedstock operations throughout the world, with an updated industry cost curve. Mineral production operations Mineral production costs Ilmenite beneficiation costs Total cash costs of production This analysis and i...
http://prweb.com/releases/prweb2012/10/prweb9982976.htm
*  Torches and consumables | Hypertherm
Torches and consumables. Hypertherm. Quick find: select product Handheld and automated air plasma Powermax30 AIR. Duramax series torches. Technology upgrades RT80 torch. Duramax torch upgrades. Genuine Hypertherm Accessories Fiber laser HyIntensity HFL010. HyIntensity HFL015. HyIntensity HFL020. HyIntensity HFL030. Mechanized plasma HyPerformance plasma HPR800XD. HPR400XD. HPR260XD. HPR130XD. Technology upgrades HyPerformance XD. Duramax torch upgrades. Waterjet systems HyPrecision 150D. HyPrecision 100D. HyPrecision 75S. HyPrecision 60S. HyPrecision 50S. HyPrecision 50. HyPrecision 30. HyPrecision 15. Downloads library. Contact us. Xnet access. Login name Password If you do not have a login name, you may register for an account to access Hypertherm's Xnet. Where to buy. Torches and consumables. Hypertherm plasma consumables. Centricut consumables. AccuStream waterjet consumables. Service. Operator and service manuals. Torches and consumables. Where to service. Hypertherm Cutting Institute. Training workshops...
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*  Products - Welding Consumables - Pipe Welding Electrodes
... Enquiry. Contact Us. Sitemap. WELDING CUTTING India. HOME. ABOUT ESAB. Overview. History. Technological Innovations. Brief-Facts. Directors. Management Team. Sustainable Development. Mission. Vision Values. R D and Quality. Career Opportunities. Exports. PRODUCTS. Comparison to Competitive Products. Welding Consumables. Reclamation Consumables. Arc Equipments. Industrial Gas Equipments. Cutting Systems. Welding Automation. SUPPORT. View Warranty Policy. Web Request Form. Service Locator. Troubleshooting / FAQ's. ESAB WELDING INSTITUTE. INVESTOR RELATIONS. Financial Results. Share Holding Pattern. AGM Proceedings. Corporate Governance. Directors. Key Managerial Personnel. Committees. Management. Investor Grievances. Colfax Open offer. Statement of Unclaimed Dividends. Postal Ballot. Policies. SEBI Prevention of Insider Trading Codes. NEWS. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES. Home. Products. Welding Consumables Pipe Welding Electrodes. Products. Comparison to Competitive Products. Welding Consumables. Carbon Steel Elect...
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*  Centricut consumables | Hypertherm
Centricut consumables. Hypertherm. Quick find: select product Handheld and automated air plasma Powermax30 AIR. Powermax45. Powermax65. Powermax85. Powermax105. Powermax125. Duramax series torches. Technology upgrades RT80 torch. Duramax torch upgrades. Powermax1000/1250/1650. Powermax600/800/900. Genuine Hypertherm Accessories Fiber laser HyIntensity HFL010. HyIntensity HFL015. HyIntensity HFL020. HyIntensity HFL030. CO 2 laser LR2075. Mechanized plasma HyPerformance plasma HPR800XD. HPR400XD. HPR260XD. HPR130XD. LongLife air and oxygen plasma MAXPRO200. Technology upgrades HyPerformance XD. Duramax torch upgrades. Powermax1000/1250/1650. Powermax600/800/900. Waterjet systems HyPrecision 150D. HyPrecision 100D. HyPrecision 75S. HyPrecision 60S. HyPrecision 50S. HyPrecision 50. HyPrecision 30. HyPrecision 15. Downloads library. Contact us. Xnet access. Login. Login name Password If you do not have a login name, you may register for an account to access Hypertherm's Xnet. Automated cutting. Genuine Hypertherm ...
http://hypertherm.com/en/Torches_and_consumables/Centricut_consumables/
*  Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia (PDF Download Avail
Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia. Marc Steinberg. Marc Steinberg Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Message author. Remove suggestion. J M Williams. J M Williams. Remove suggestion. Douglas Ziedonis. Douglas Ziedonis University of Massachusetts Medical School Message author. Remove suggestion. Tobacco control. Impact Factor: 5.93. 07/2004; 13 2 :206. Source: PubMed. Download full-text. Full-text DOI:. Available from: Marc Steinberg, Dec 30, 2014. Page 1 Financial implications of cigarette smoking among individuals with schizophrenia Individuals with schizophrenia are more likely to smoke than those with other Axis I disorders1and are 10 times more likely to have ever smoked daily than individuals...
http://researchgate.net/publication/8530399_Financial_implications_of_cigarette_smoking_among_individuals_with_schizophrenia
*  MCH Research Program > Funded Projects > (SDAS) Access, quality and financial implications of the tr
MCH Research Program Funded Projects SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism. Funded Projects SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism SDAS Access, quality and financial implications of the transitions of children with autism Funded Projects Search. Show all types Autism Intervention Research Network AYAH-RN Bridging the Word Gap RN Earmark Grant HCT-RN Home Visiting Research Network MCH Research Network R40 Autism Longitudinal Data Project R40 Autism Multiyear R40 Autism SDAS R40 MCH Policy R40 Multiyear R40 SDAS R62 Home Visiting. Thomas, PhD Research Associate CB:7590 725 Martin L King Jr Blvd Chapel Hill, NC 275997590 Phone: 919 966-3387 Email: kathleen thomas@unc.edu Age Early Childhood 3-5 years Middle Childhood 6-11 years Adolescence 12-18 years Young Adulthood 19-25 years Abstract A growing foundation of evidence indicates that families of children with autism experience problems of access, financial b...
http://mchb.hrsa.gov/research/project_info.asp?ID=190
*  Consumables, Buy Car Consumables, Screws, Connectors | GSF Car Parts
Consumables, Buy Car Consumables, Screws, Connectors. GSF Car Parts. GSF Car Parts Delivery Information. Car Parts. Accessories. Car Battery. Oils. Engine Oil Engine Oil. Filters Air Filter. Oil Filter. Sump Plug Seal. Fuel filter. Headlight Bulb. Brake Light Bulb. Fog Light Bulb. Brake Pad Set. Brake Pad Wear Sensor. Brake Pad Fitting Kit. Timing Belts & Parts Timing Belt. Timing Belt Kit. Timing Belt Tensioner. Lubricants & Fluids Engine Oil. Power Steering Oil. Manual Transmission Oil. Ignition Ignition Cable Kit. Brake Pad Set. Brake Pad Wear Sensor. Brake Pad Fitting Kit. Brake Drums & Shoes Brake Shoe Set. Brake Hose. Other Braking ABS Sensor Ring. Hand Brake Cable. Hand Brake Lever Cover. Hand Brake Warning Switch. Air Conditioning Air Con Expansion valve. Consumables GSF Car Parts supplies a variety of car parts for a huge range of repair and improvement jobs, together with an array of quality consumables which help to carry out these projects. Simply click on the Accessories and Consumables tab above...
http://gsfcarparts.com/accessories-consumables/consumables
*  City Council eAgenda - 05/23/06 - ePacket
Financial Implications: See report Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 4. Financial Implications : None Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 5. Financial Implications: Measure B Paratransit Fund - $182,359 Contact: Stephen Barton, Housing, 981-5400 14. Contract: Street Rehabilitation FY 2006 Phase 3 Project PDF, 274 KB From: City Manager Recommendation: Adopt a Resolution 1 approving plans and specifications for the Street Rehabilitation FY 2006 Phase 3 Project, 06-10125-C; 2 accepting the bid of Gallagher Burk, Inc.; and 3 authorizing the City Manager to execute a contract and any amendments, extensions or other change orders until completion of the project in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, in an amount not to exceed $701,423 for the period of 120 calendar days from June 26, 2006 through October 23, 2006. Financial Implications: General Fund - $20,000 Contact: Linda Maio, Councilmember District 1, 981-7110; Dona Spring, Councilmember, District 4, 981-7140 ; Laurie Capitel...
http://ci.berkeley.ca.us/citycouncil/2006citycouncil/packet/052306/05-23a.htm
*  Product Index
...   . View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Phones & Intercoms. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Product Index. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-1K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-2K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-3K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-4K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-5K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-6K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995-7K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006995K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006996K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006997K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006998K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10006999K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10007000K. Zebra Technologies Consumables 10007003K. Zebra Technologies Consum...
http://securitystoreusa.com/pindex.asp?Page=329
*  .. Obesity Has Financial Implications .. Photos .. Videos .. Big Implications In Dividend Proposal
Health Care. Health Care. get grbj. 40 Under Forty 2014 Meet Grand Rapids Business Journal's 2014 "40 Under Forty" honorees and prepare to be inspired. Home Obesity Has Financial Implications Obesity Has Financial Implications October 12, 2004 By Mark Sanchez. GRAND RAPIDS — In setting out to do something about obesity and the associated high costs, a grassroots coalition in Grand Rapids wants to go well beyond merely promoting healthy lifestyles, good nutrition and wellness. The goal of Project Takeoff's organizers is to reverse the growing overweight and obesity incidence rates locally that not only have implications for the health of people but also financial consequences for everybody. Another 19.6 percent of adults said they were obese, according to a Kent County Healthy Department survey, up from 17 percent in 1993. The obesity incidence rate was higher for African Americans in Kent County — 28.3 percent. Nationally, medical expenditures alone directly related to obesity and being overweight are as high...
http://grbj.com/articles/64381
*  Infrared and CO2 Laser Optics, Mirrors, Cutting Lens, Focus Lens, Nozzles and Consumables. Plasma,
Infrared and CO2 Laser Optics, Mirrors, Cutting Lens, Focus Lens, Nozzles and Consumables. LOM SHIPS WORLDWIDE MATERIALS OPTICAL-SOLAR INFRARED, IMAGING LASER OPTICS LASER NOZZLES CONSUMABLES LASER MEASUREMENT TIG, MIG WELDING AND PLASMA CONSUMABLES. Mirrors, Output Coupler PRs Rear Mirror TRs Replacement Service, Zero Phase Shift Phase Retarder Mirrors Solvent Dispensers, Ultra Lens Wipes Nozzles, Breakaway Bars, Ceramic Nozzle Holders, Locking Nuts, Teflon Covers, Ultra Lenses, Resonator Fold Mirrors and Phase Lock. for technical information on Ultra-Lenses and UltraMaxR mirrors. Ultra-Lenses available for Amada, AdigeSala, Bystronic, Cincinnati, FinnPower, Koike, LaserDyne, LVD, Mazak, Mitsubishi, NTC, Prima, Strippit, Tanaka, Trumpf and more... Mirrors Gold Coated Mirrors Trumpf ® Laser Consumables Resonator Optics. Lowest prices on high performance and reliable gold mirrors for Amada, AdigeSala, Bystronic, Cincinnati, FinnPower, Koike, LaserDyne, LVD, Mazak, Mitsubishi, NTC, Prima, Strippit, Tanaka, Trum...
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*  Life-cycle cost analysis
life cycle cost analysis life cycle cost analysis life cycle cost analysis lcca is a tool to determine the most cost effective option among different competing alternatives to purchase own operate maintain and finally dispose of an object or process when each is equally appropriate to be implemented on technical grounds for example for a highway pavement in addition to the initial construction cost lcca takes into account all the user costs e g reduced capacity at work zones and agency costs related to future activities including future periodic maintenance and rehabilitation all the costs are usually discounted and total to a present day value known as net present value npv this example can be generalized on any type of material product or system in order to perform a lcca scoping is critical what aspects are to be included and what not if the scope becomes too large the tool may become impractical to use and of limited ability to help in decision making and consideration of alternatives if the scope is too ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_cost_analysis
*  Pavement life-cycle cost analysis
... In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation DoT introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional deterministic approach did not consider the variability of inputs. Since 1995, United States Congress has been expressing an interest in LCCA and it is now required for projects exceeding $25 million. The DoT aims at establishing best practices rather than rigid rules for NPV computation. One of the approaches of Net Present Value NPV analysis is to incorporate an inflation premium and a project risk premium into the discount rate i. i = risk free rate + risk premium of the project + risk premium of inflation. Each cash flow CF is represented in nominal dollars. The DoT however stipulates another NPV approach: the premiums must be incorporated in each of the individual projected cash flows. Real dollar CF = nominal dollar CF + risk premium...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavement_life-cycle_cost_analysis
*  Consumables - TheFabricator.com - Page 5
... HOME. Technologies. Aluminum Welding. Arc Welding. Assembly and Joining. Automation and Robotics. Bending. CAD/CAM Software. Consumables. Cutting and Weld Prep. Finishing. Folding Hydroforming. Laser Cutting. Laser Welding. Machining. Materials Handling. Metals/Materials. Oxyfuel Cutting. Plasma Cutting. Power Tools. Punching and Other Holemaking Roll Forming. Safety. Sawing. Shearing. Shop Management. Stamping. Testing and Measuring. Tube and Pipe Fabrication. Tube and Pipe Production. Waterjet Cutting. Industry Directory. Search the Directory. Equipment Buyers Guides. Product Showcase. Glossary. Directory Registration. Publications. FAB 40. Subscriptions. Advanced Search. . Consumables The devil is in the details, especially when it comes to welding processes. This technology area has information on consumables, including cutting tips, electrodes and wire, spatter prevention compounds, temporary purge dams, and welding torch components. Filter Content -- All Content -- Articles Blog Posts Events News P...
http://thefabricator.com/?page=5&category=consumables
*  Eppendorf AG Video Features Dr Andrew Holts Work on Bioactive Leachates From Plastic Consumables
... Post Jobs. News By Subject. Search News. Get Our FREE Industry eNewsletter email:. Eppendorf AG Video Features Dr Andrew Holt 's Work on Bioactive Leachates From Plastic Consumables. Andrew Holt and his group from the University of Alberta, Canada, described how chemicals used as manufacturing additives can substantially inhibit enzymatic assays and binding studies by leaching into samples from plastic consumables. Holt's results clearly show that using pipette tips and microcentrifuge tubes from manufacturers that can confirm the absence of critical production additives leads to experimental results which are much more reliable and reproducible. Eppendorf high quality consumables are manufactured only from virgin polypropylene certified free of plasticizers, biocides or other unwanted additives which could leach into buffers and solvents, leading to false positive or false negative results in bioassays. Our material also complies with the FDA requirements for olefin polymers.' Launched via the Eppendorf...
http://biospace.com/News/eppendorf-ag-video-features-dr-andrew-holts-work/242615
*  A Cost Analysis of Windows Vista Content Protection
... . Free Republic Browse. Search. General/Chat Topics. Post Article. Skip to comments. A Cost Analysis of Windows Vista Content Protection University of Auckland Department of Computer Science 23 December 2006. Peter Gutmann Posted on 12/23/2006 5:51:48 PM PST by. IncPen. Executive Summary Windows Vista includes an extensive reworking of core OS elements in order to provide content protection for so-called premium content, typically HD data from Blu-Ray and HD-DVD sources. Providing this protection incurs considerable costs in terms of system performance, system stability, technical support overhead, and hardware and software cost. These issues affect not only users of Vista but the entire PC industry, since the effects of the protection measures extend to cover all hardware and software that will ever come into contact with Vista, even if it's not used directly with Vista for example hardware in a Macintosh computer or on a Linux server. This document analyses the cost involved in Vista's content protecti...
http://freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1757910/posts?page=42
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011710
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011710. List Price: $99.77 Our Price : $494.86. Product Code: 10011710. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-ULTIMATE 4000T POLYESTER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 3" X 3", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 1880 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Triplett HandHeld Meters 9615. Our Price : $11.10. Add. Dymo Consumables 30333. Our Price : $23.55. Add. Triplett Legacy 3018. Our Price : $168.60. Add. GeoVi...
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*  ASTM A930 - 03 Standard Practice for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Corrugated Metal Pipe Used for Culv
... erts, Storm Sewers, and Other Buried Conduits. Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Standards Products. You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. This document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. Stay on Page Continue to Compass. ASTM A930-03 Standard Practice for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Corrugated Metal Pipe Used for Culverts, Storm Sewers, and Other Buried Conduits SUPERSEDED click for Active standard.   Format Pages Price  . PDF 5 $52.80   ADD TO CART. Active view current version of standard. Other Historical Standards ASTM License Agreement More A05.17 Standards Related Products. 1. Scope 1.1 This practice covers a procedure for using life-cycle cost LCC analysis techniques to evaluate alternative drainage system designs using corrugated metal pipe that satisfies the same functional requirements. 1.2 The LCC technique measures the present value of all relevant costs of installing, operating, and maintaining alternativ...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/A930-03.htm
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 72292
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 72292. Our Price : $162.94. Product Code: 72292. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-SELECT 4000T PAPER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 4" X 4", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 1410 LABELS PER ROLL, NOT PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Dymo Consumables 30346. Our Price : $25.41. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3388. Our Price : $235.56. Add. SATO Accessories 1062. Our Price : $529.48. Add. Datamax-O'Neil Consumables 490...
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*  Consumables
... 3M uses cookies on this site Detailed information on cookies and their use can be found in our Privacy Policy. You can customize the cookie-related settings at any time by clicking on Cookie Preferences in the footer of this page. By clicking "Accept and Proceed" you acknowledge that you agree to the use of cookies on your computer Accept and Proceed. Skip to Primary Navigation Skip to Site Navigation Skip to Main Content All 3M.com Site Map. Search:. United Kingdom Ireland. All Products. Technologies. About 3M. Where To Buy. 3M Food Safety. United Kingdom & Ireland. Products & Services. Health Care. 3M Food Safety. Sample Handling Consumables. 3M Food Safety Product Applications Indicators - 3M™ Petrifilm. Petrifilm™ Plates. Petrifilm™ Plates. Petrifilm™ Plate Reader. Sample Handling. Consumables. Pathogens. Molecular Detection System. Hygiene Monitoring. Clean-Trace™ ATP. Clean-Trace™ Protein. NGi Manual Page. Food Service. Time Temperature Monitoring. Allergen Management. End product sterility. Enviro...
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*  items in store on eBay!
items in store on eBay. Skip to main content eBay Stores. Hi Sign in to bid or buy. Daily Deals. Gift Cards. Sell. Help & Contact. My eBay Expand My eBay. Summary. Bids/Offers. Watch list. Wish list. All lists. Purchase history. Selling. My Collections. Followed searches. Messages. Notification. Bread Crumb Link. Home. eBay Stores. Harris Welding Supplies. MIG Welding Guns. Save this seller. Harris Welding Supplies. Maintained by:. Member id torchking. Feedback Score Of 25514. We carry a full line Lincoln welders and Hypertherm Plasma cutters. We have a full line of welding supplies, safety equipment, welding helmets, goggles, safety clothing, and more. Store search. Enter your search keyword. in titles description. Store categories. Store home Chipping Hammers 10. Cutting and Grinding Wheels 2. Cutting Tips 16. Electrode Holders 5. Engine Driven Welders 17. Environmental Systems 2. Gas Cutting Torches 26. Grinding Shield 2. Ground Clamps 3. Hypertherm Plasma Accessories 14. Hypertherm Plasma Consumables 133....
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*  Welding Consumables – MIG, TIG Welding Consumables & Plasma Cutter Accessories - Eastwood
Welding Consumables – MIG, TIG Welding Consumables Plasma Cutter Accessories - Eastwood. My Cart. Paints Coatings. Shop Floor Coatings. Books DVDs. Welding Fab. MIG Welders. TIG Welders. Plasma Cutters. ARC Gas Welders. Welding Helmets. Bead Roller. Stud Welders. Spot Weld Cutters. Welding Accessories. Books DVDs. Parts Consumables. Replacement Sheet Metal. Fender Roller. Books DVDs. Tools Equipment. Books DVDs. Auto Parts. Select Category: Paints Coatings Welding Fab AutoBody Tools Equipment New Items Hot Deals Clearance. Quality Welding Parts and Accessories Worry not — you'll find your welder parts here for your Eastwood welding equipment. These welding accessories include the replacement welding machine parts you need for our MIG 135 and MIG 175 welders, TIG 200 welders, and our Versa-Cut 40 and Versa-Cut 60 plasma cutters. You'll also find consumables like flux-core wire and solid wire for our MIG welders; tungsten rods for TIG welding carbon steel, stainless steel and aluminum; and TIG wire for steel. B...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011992
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10011992. List Price: $57.46 Our Price : $270.77. Product Code: 10011992. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, POLYPRO 3000T POLYPROPYLENE LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 3" X 5", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 1-ACROSS, 1015 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 1493. Our Price : $6.20. Add. Dymo Consumables 53710. Our Price : $34.09. Add. Magtek MSR 21073104. Our Price : ...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10010056
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10010056. Our Price : $116.91. Product Code: 10010056. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-SELECT 4000D 7.5 MIL PAPER TAG, DIRECT THERMAL, 4" X 3", 1" CORE, 5" OD, SENSING NOTCH, 730 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Triplett HandHeld Meters 3375. Our Price : $63.20. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3251. Our Price : $32.20. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H960XDS-C. Our Pr...
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*  Intermec Consumables E23222
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Intermec Consumables E23222. Our Price : $1,164.21. Product Code: E23222. Qty:. Description. INTERMEC MEDIA, CONSUMABLES, INDELIBLE POLYESTER TAG, THERMAL TRANSFER, 4" X 2", 3" CORE, 8.38" OD, 2823 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 8 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Magtek MSR 21073104. Our Price : $159.96. Add. Dymo Consumables 45019. Our Price : $24.79. Add. EverFocus Video EZVF325NH. Our Price : $419.12. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H...
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*  Shopko expands offering of private brand consumables
... click to print email this close shopko expands offering of private brand consumables by green bay wis shopko has expanded its line of private brand consumable products with the introduction of approximately new items the new products are available in stores now and include primarily health and beauty products and cleaning products we know that our customers are looking for quality and value and shopko brand products consistently deliver on both fronts we test all of our products against the national brand equivalent to assure that our product quality meets or exceeds that of the national brand said tom abbott shopko svp product development general merchandise manager consumables our research has found that shopko brand products are as good as or better than the national brands but at a fraction of the price which is a welcome benefit to our customers in this economy customers appreciate that they are getting the high quality products they desire while enjoying the savings that our private brand offers sh...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 800274-305
zebra technologies consumables nbsp nbsp my account view cart contact us shop brands shop products specials access control audio video burglar alarms intrusion cctv surveillance fire alarms gadgets electronics home automation locks networking ip phones intercoms tools hardware wire cable shop brands dvr cctv cctv shop brands shop brands act tester adt pulse cameras accessories glow in the dark exit signs honeywell ip cameras lynx touch chrome ibt tester lynx touch home shop brands b holdings zebra technologies consumables our price product code qty description zebra consumables z select t paper label thermal transfer x core od labels per roll perforated rolls per case priced per case you may also be interested in bematech kitchen display systems rs our price add ic realtime video cameras icr smoke our price add datamax o neil consumables our price add...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 72284
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 72284. Our Price : $172.24. Product Code: 72284. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-SELECT 4000T PAPER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 3" X 1", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 5180 LABELS PER ROLL, NOT PERFORATED, 6 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... GeoVision Accessories 84-IOB04-100. Our Price : $124.00. Add. Datamax-O'Neil Consumables 490967. Our Price : $124.40. Add....
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*  3M Medical Device & Components : Product Catalog US: Optical Laboratory Consumables
... Skip to Primary Navigation Skip to Site Navigation Skip to Main Content All 3M.com Site Map. Search. United States. All 3M Products. Newsroom. About 3M. 3M Medical Device Components Stick to Skin. Microfluidic Solutions. Optical. About Us. Support. Contact Us. United States. All 3M Products. Medical Device & Components. Products Directory Product Catalog. Medical Device Components. Optical Laboratory Consumables Optical Laboratory Consumables. Search Products. SDS Search. Email Print Share. Close Share Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Digg Stumble Upon Delicious. Reddit Linked In. Email a friend Your Email: Your Name: Friends Email: Message optional Privacy Policy. Narrow by: Edging Yes Categories Optical Laboratory Consumables Product Type Anti-Slip Discs. No selections available. 3M Anti-Slip Discs Newer hydrophobic and super hydrophobic lenses often create real challenges during the edging process. These slippery or "non-stick" surfaces need special considerations. 3M has developed a special anti-sl...
http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/Medical-Devices-WW/Home/Products/Product-Catalog/?N=5005859 6269 5005497&rt=c3
*  Miller ICE-40 C/T Torch Consumables Kit for sale (222940) - Buy at WeldingSuppliesfromIOC.com, based
Miller ICE-40 C/T Torch Consumables Kit for sale 222940 - Buy at WeldingSuppliesfromIOC.com, based in Indianapolis, IN. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Default Store View Mobile Store. Help/FAQ. Compare. My Wishlist. Blog. My Cart 0 - $0.00. View My Cart. My Cart. You have no items in your shopping cart. 866-854-7380. Search. All. All Welding. Cutting & Plasma. Guns & Torches. Accessories. Consumables. Brand. Welding. MIG Welders. TIG Welders. Stick Welders. Engine Drive Welders. Multi Process Welders. Spot Welders. MIG TIG Parts. Cutting Plasma. Welding Cutting Outfits. Cutting Torches. Cutting Accessories. Fittings. Heating. Regulators. Plasma Cutters. Plasma Accessories. Carbon Arc Gouging. Filler Metals. Wire. Stick Electrode. TIG Rod. Guns Torches. Guns. MIG Guns. Spool Guns. Push Pull Guns. Torches. TIG Torches. Cutting Torches. Jackets, Gloves, Aprons, Sleeves. Jackets. Welding Gloves. Sleeve...
http://weldingsuppliesfromioc.com/review/product/list/id/631/brand/brand/miller.html
*  Elemental Analysis Consumables & Accessories | PerkinElmer
Elemental Analysis Consumables & Accessories. PerkinElmer. Certificate of Analysis. Consumables. Reagents. Products. Assays Reagents. Alpha Technology. Clinical Diagnostics Reagents. Clinical MSMS Reagents. Cytogenetic Diagnostic Products. Cytogenetic Research Only Products. In Vivo Imaging Reagents. Maternal Fetal Health Reagents. Newborn Screening Reagents. Consumables & Accessories. Biological Sample Collection. Chromatography Systems. Elemental Analysis. Food Test Kits. Integrated Solutions. Labeling & Detection. Liquid Handling. Live Cell Imaging. Microplates. Molecular Spectrometers. Newborn Screening Systems. Preclinical In Vivo Imaging Accessories. Prenatal Screening Systems. Sample Preparation. Thermal Analysis. Instruments. Automation & Liquid Handling. Chromatography Systems. Elemental Analysis. High Content Screening. In Vivo Imaging & Analysis. Molecular Spectroscopy. Newborn Screening Systems. Plate Instruments. Prenatal Screening Systems. Quantitative Pathology Imaging & Analysis. Scintillation...
http://perkinelmer.com/catalog/category/id/elemental analysis consumables
*  Cost comparison
... - [ Date Index ][ Thread Index ][ Author Index ]. Cost comparison. Subject : Cost comparison From : Estes Wayne-W10191 W10191@xxxxxxxxxxxx Date : Tue, 17 Dec 2002 15:28:50 -0600. Don Woodward wrote: A more apples to apples comparison would be to bundle UniTrac radio tuning and rotor automation at $260 with the G5500 - with UniTrac you don't need Yaesu's GS-232 - so $525 + $260 = $785. Wayne replies: Several "plug and play" rotor control solutions are much cheaper than UniTrac. In Germany, there are the HalloSat and WinRotor32 that both cost less than $100. That is a complete and extremely compact hardware interface with driver software that plugs into a parallel port on your computer, and to the DIN connector on the G-5500. For radio tuning, several satellite tracking programs support Doppler tuning using only a $5 serial cable. I'm using a HalloSat interface that seems to work quite well. The only "problem" is that all the documentation is in German. That's not much of a problem after you've run the aut...
http://amsat.org/amsat/archive/amsat-bb/200212/msg00401.html
*  Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User & Industry - Global Forecast
Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User Industry - Global Forecast to 2018. Home. Categories. About Us. FAQs. Charity. Contact Us. Advanced Search. 1-800-526-8630 U.S. TOLL FREE. 1-917-300-0470 EAST COAST U.S. +353-1-416-8900 REST OF WORLD. HOME. CATEGORIES. ABOUT US. FAQs. CONTACT US. LOGIN / REGISTER. USD $ EUR. GBP. ▼ USD $. USD $. EUR. GBP. 0 CHECKOUT. SEARCH. ADVANCED SEARCH. Price From: EUR 4302 USD 4,650 GBP 3,175. View Pricing You are here:. Home. Categories. Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare. Biotechnology. Chromatography Instrumentation Market by Systems, Consumables, End User Industry - Global Forecast to 2018 ID: 2670161 October 2013 Region: Global 407 Pages Markets and Markets. DESCRIPTION. TABLE OF CONTENTS. SUMMARY. COMPANIES MENTIONED. FORMATS / FAQ. 1 of 5 FEATURED COMPANIES AB Sciex, Llc Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc Jasco, Inc Novasep Holding SAS Perkinelmer, Inc Shimadzu Corporation. MORE. LOGIN FOR FREE SAMPLE. PRINTER FRIENDLY. PRINTABLE PDF BR...
http://researchandmarkets.com/research/7z22jw/chromatography
*  Consumables : Rural King
... Rural King. Careers. Store Locator. FREE SHIPPING* ORDERS $149+ View Details. Items that are oversized, on sale/special price, or liquids/chemicals are excluded from the free shipping promotion. View Current Ad. Customer Service. Rural King Credit Card. Security Privacy. Careers. Return Policy. Store Locator. Your Cart 0. Close Recently added item s You have no items in your shopping cart. Domestics /. Consumables. Consumables Items 1-12 of 34 Show Me. Price. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Low Bed Overbed Table, 13081 $174.99. Add to Cart. Add to Cart. BATHROOM SAFETY SOLUTION $172.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Deluxe, International Grade, Adjustable Length Suction Cup Grab Bars Small, 13063L $178.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, K. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Deluxe, International Grade, Adjustable Length Suction Cup Grab Bars Small, 13063S $162.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, U-Sling for Floor Lifts without Padded Head Support Large, 13225L $161.99. Add to Cart. Drive Medical, Half Length Bed Rail Tool F...
http://ruralking.com/domestics/consumables.html?price=160-180,100-200
*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10004443-6
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10004443-6. Our Price : $359.35. Product Code: 10004443-6. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, ORANGE Z-BAND DIRECT POLYPROPYLENE WRISTBAND, DIRECT THERMAL, 1" X 11", 1" CORE, 5" OD, PERFORATED, 200 WRISTBANDS PER ROLL, 6 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Triplett HandHeld Meters 3251. Our Price : $32.20. Add. Triplett Speciatly Solutions 2010. Our Price : $1,525.20. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H449...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 10000293
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 10000293. Our Price : $144.63. Product Code: 10000293. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-PERFORM 2000D PAPER LABEL, DIRECT THERMAL, 4" X 3", 3" CORE, 8" OD, 2000 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 4 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Intermec Intermec Accessories 761. Our Price : $843.20. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3274. Our Price : $52.04. Add. HID Global Printers 51702. Our Price : $3,470.76. Add. Triplett Tim...
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*  Zebra Technologies Consumables 18943
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Zebra Technologies Consumables 18943. Our Price : $565.54. Product Code: 18943. Qty:. Description. ZEBRA, CONSUMABLES, Z-ULTIMATE 3000T POLYESTER LABEL, THERMAL TRANSFER, 2" X 0.5", 1" CORE, 5" OD, 4550 LABELS PER ROLL, PERFORATED, 8 ROLLS PER CASE, PRICED PER CASE. You may also be interested in... Intermec Intermec Accessories 761. Our Price : $843.20. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3274. Our Price : $52.04. Add. HID Global Printers 51702. Our Price : $3,470.76. Add. Triplett ...
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*  Consumables : Rural King
... JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Rural King. Checkout. Gift Cards. Careers. Store Locator. My Account. ORDER BY PHONE: 1-800-561-1752 7AM - 5PM CST 7 Days a Week. GO. SPECIAL SALES & COUPONS. Subscribe to receive members-only deals in your email. FREE SHIPPING* ORDERS $149+ View Details. Items that are oversized, on sale/special price, or liquids/chemicals are excluded from the free shipping promotion. Click the button for more details. Search:. Search. Trending Now. Current Ad. View Current Ad. Request Current Ad to Be E-Mailed. Help Center. Contact Us. Track Order. Customer Service. Submit Your Rebate. Rural King Credit Card. Security Privacy. Shipping Info. Careers. Return Policy. Store Locator. Your Cart 0. Close Recently added item s You have no items in your shopping cart. Home /. Domestics /. Consumables. Consumables Items 49-60 of 161 Show Me. 12. 24. 36. per page Page:. Previous. 3. 4 5...
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*  Goldendaze-ginnie: The 99% pay the real cost of OVERHEAD …
... Wednesday, February 15, 2012 The 99% pay the real cost of OVERHEAD …. “OVERHEAD is an accounting term that refers to all costs not including or related to direct labor, materials, or administration costs.” definition by Investopedia Well I can understand that and it really doesn’t bother me when it concerns things like the grossly over the top atrium at the Trump Tower in NY City, pictured here. The people that visit there know that everything will cost a fortune and evidently they don’t mind paying it. I doubt if many are part of the 99%. What DOES bother me is when it comes to the medical profession. I went directly from the ER to the operating room and then to a week’s rehab so it was about three weeks before I saw my orthopedic surgeon at his office. The entry alone was as large as a ballroom and the vaulted ceilings rose above a 2nd floor of Staff offices. Why do we need these ornate trappings in our medical offices. Correct me if I’m wrong but I can’t help but think that the major cost of all this ...
http://goldendaze-ginnie.blogspot.com/2012/02/99-pay-real-cost-of-overhead.html
*  Rev Panam Salud Publica vol.10 issue6; Abstract: S1020-4989200100120
Ongoing health management control by cost monitoring through tracer indicators. To determine the operational cost of a hospital's surgical unit, compare those results with standards, and determine the incidence of the costs; to produce an effective methodology for this purpose that can be applied to all kinds of medical units using any low-cost widely available computer database system, with that methodology being utilized for ongoing management control. Of the 817 patients who underwent diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in that unit during the year, we selected the 154 of them who were hospitalized and required surgical or instrumental procedures. Direct and indirect costs were assessed in order to study their contribution to total cost. The largest portion of total cost, both real and standard, was based on the "bed-day" variable. Of this bed-day cost for all tracer events, 51.2% was due to an indirect cost of "social hospitalization" keeping patients hospitalized for such reasons as transportation diffi...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1020-49892001001200006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Product Index
...   . Shop Brands. Shop Products. Access Control. Audio / Video. CCTV / Surveillance. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Product Index. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 8007CAN. ThermaMark Media 8009. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 800999-005R. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 800999-023R. Intermec Intermec Accessories 805-638-001. Intermec Intermec Accessories 805-836-001. Triplett Speciatly Solutions 8050. ThermaMark ThermaMark Item Listing 8060. Star Micronics Consumables 80900300. Citizen Consumables 80910. Star Micronics Consumables 80980630. Star Micronics Consumables 80980981. Star Micronics Consumables 80981611. Hypercom Accessories 810003-007. Hypercom Cables 810162-021. Hypercom Cables 810327-007. Hypercom Cables 810349-001. Hypercom Cables 810371-001. Hypercom Cables 810371-012. Hypercom Cables 810375-001. H...
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*  Citizen Consumables PS428
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > B* Holdings > Citizen Consumables PS428. Our Price : $3.47. Product Code: PS428. Qty:. Description. THERMAMARK, .5" X 31' BLACK RIBBON, 6 PER PACKAGE, PRICED PER RIBBON, FOR CITIZEN IDP3535,3550, CBM750, IR-61B PRINTERS. You may also be interested in... Triplett Legacy 3018. Our Price : $168.60. Add. IMC Accessories 1008103. Our Price : $155.00. Add. Global Technology Systems Batteries H2280S-M. Our Price : $52.70. Add. Triplett HandHeld Meters 3260. Our Price : $116.52. Add. HID Global Pri...
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*  Surplus Welding Supply, America's clearinghouse for manufacturer overruns of welding consumables.
... We are looking to to buy surplus overstock inventories of welding consumables. If you are interested in liquidating your overstock overruns please email your overstock list, or call 1-610-825-1250 and ask for the surplus purchasing manager. SWS is a America's welding consumable clearinghouse that specializes in selling large volume manufacturer closeout, liquidation, overstock and overruns of welding electrodes and wire at great savings. SWS has the products brands you need from an inventory of over 3 million pounds. Current offerings include the following: Thermal Arc 6011 3/32 10,000 lbs Cigweld 7014 3/32 5000 McKay Influx 309LT-1 .045 X 15 # spool 10,000 lbs National Standard Sil Bronze .035 x 30 # spool 10,000 lbs Sandvik 308LSI .045 X 33 # spool 15,000 lbs Aluminum Bronze A1 1/8 x 36" 500 lbs Aluminum Bronze A2 1/8 x 36" 500 lbs Harris 5356 1/16 x 36" 500 lbs 71T-GS 1/16 X spool Air Liquide 71T-1 .052 X 35# spool 20,000 lbs Lincoln 7018 7/32 10,000 lbs Lincoln 9018-B3 3/32 10,000 lbs 8018-B3L 1/8 10...
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*  The real cost of beef-INSIDE Korea JoongAng Daily
... 중앙데일리. 페이스북. 트위터. MSN. 싸이 공감. . URL 줄이기 복사. URL 줄이기 레이어 닫기. dictionary. 프린트 메일로보내기 내블로그에 저장. 복사. URL 줄이기 레이어 닫기. The real cost of beef. Dec 01,2008. Large retail marts began to sell American beef in earnest from last weekend. It was a smooth start, to the extent that 50 tons of U.S. beef was sold on just the first day. In turn, Korean beef cattle and imported beef from Australia have been offered at reduced prices. As a result, customers are enjoying more advantages and a widening range of selection. However, we feel somewhat bitter about the situation when we consider the uproar the nation faced in the spring. The candlelight demonstrations against the resumption of U.S. beef imports showed that many people in this country lack scientific commonsense and chose to believe scurrilous stories instead. The demonstrations that began with a candlelight rally at Cheonggye Stream on May 2 this year were followed by another 100 such protests. The city center was paralyzed every night, and some people even tried ...
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2897964
*  Washing Up Liquid & Tablets | Cleaning Consumables | wilko.com
Washing Up Liquid & Tablets. Cleaning Consumables. wilko.com. Close. Your basket. Adding to Basket. Add to Basket. Garden. Garden. Whether you’re a garden guru or just love to potter, we have everything you need to make the most of your outdoor space this Summer. Shop All Garden. Shop Garden Savings. Shop All Offers. Shop All Collections. Wilko Life Blog. Sheds & Log Cabins. Log Cabins and Summerhouses. Shed & Fence Paint. View All Categories. Greenhouses & Accessories. View All Categories. View All Categories. Tools & Equipment. Hand Tools. Power Tools. Water Butts Accessories. Compost Bins & Incinerators. Gloves & Footwear. View All Categories. Seeds & Bulbs. Flower Seeds. Fruit & Vegetable Seeds. View All Categories. Lawn Food & Seed. View All Categories. Plant Food & Fertilisers. Insecticides & Pest Control. View All Categories. Outdoor Living. Outdoor Furniture. Garden Lighting. View All Categories. View All Categories. Wild Bird & Wildlife. View All Categories. . Home. Home Living. Looking for inspirati...
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*  Multi-Purpose Cleaners | Cleaning Consumables | wilko.com
Multi-Purpose Cleaners. Cleaning Consumables. wilko.com. Close. Your basket. Adding to Basket. Add to Basket. Garden. Garden. Whether you’re a garden guru or just love to potter, we have everything you need to make the most of your outdoor space this Summer. Shop All Garden. Shop Garden Savings. Shop All Offers. Shop All Collections. Wilko Life Blog. Sheds & Log Cabins. Log Cabins and Summerhouses. Shed & Fence Paint. View All Categories. Greenhouses & Accessories. View All Categories. View All Categories. Tools & Equipment. Hand Tools. Power Tools. Water Butts Accessories. Compost Bins & Incinerators. Gloves & Footwear. View All Categories. Seeds & Bulbs. Flower Seeds. Fruit & Vegetable Seeds. View All Categories. Lawn Food & Seed. View All Categories. Plant Food & Fertilisers. Insecticides & Pest Control. View All Categories. Outdoor Living. Outdoor Furniture. Garden Lighting. View All Categories. View All Categories. Wild Bird & Wildlife. View All Categories. . Home. Home Living. Looking for inspiration fo...
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*  Bargain Tools
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*  .. How Much Does Getting a Dog Really Cost? .. .. So a few weeks back we got a pupp
How Much Does Getting a Dog Really Cost. By. savvyscot. So a few weeks back we got a puppy…. It’s a well known fact that children are expensive. From expensive childcare, private schools, food and the latest fashion. Oh yeah and that’s not forgetting the bigger house that you will need to buy and the increased holiday costs from now until… forever. Before I agreed to getting a puppy, I thought clearly about the financial implications and increased costs. So far I have considered the following:. . The Dog Itself – In business speak, the dog is a ‘capital expense’. In other words, this is a one time cost that won’t have to be repeated – Unless a terrible accident occurs and you have to quickly replace it so the kids don’t know. In our case the cost of our. Cocapoo was £650 – quite reasonable according to market rates. If you want a labradoodle or other pedigree breeds, expect to pay upwards of £1000. Food - Like humans, dog need to be fed. While dog food is definitely not as expensive as the human equivalent,...
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*  IHC guides and consumables
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*  Welding consumables from Böhler Welding
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*  Transmission - Midget - MG - Shop by Model
... Our website uses cookies. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Language:. Currency:. ORDERLINE. +44 0 20 8867 2020. Account. Login. My Wish List. Checkout. 0. . Account. Login. My Wish List. Language:. Currency:. Basket. Checkout. Select Model. TR4-6 Sprite & Midget Mini MX-5 MGA MGB MGF T Type Minor Spitfire TR2-4A TR5-6 All Tools All Dynolite Oils. Search site:. Advanced Search. Parts specialist for MG, Triumph, Austin Healey, Jaguar, Classic Mini, Morris Minor, MGF MX5. Shop by Model. Austin Healey Sprite. Sprite Body Chassis. Body Panels. Bodyshells. Body Structure. View all. Books, Manuals DVDs. Books Manuals. CDs DVDs. View all. Brakes. Brake Hydraulics. Front Brakes. Hand Brake. View all. Car Care Consumables. Car Care. Consumables. Lubricants. View all. Cooling System. Cooling Fan Fittings. Radiators Hoses. Tools Consumables. View all. Electrical. Accessories. Battery Cables. Charging System...
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*  Brakes - TR2-4A - Triumph - Shop by Model
... Our website uses cookies. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Language:. Currency:. ORDERLINE. +44 0 20 8867 2020. Account. Login. My Wish List. Checkout. 0. Account. Login. My Wish List. Language:. Currency:. Basket. Checkout. Select Model. TR4-6 Sprite & Midget Mini MX-5 MGA MGB MGF T Type Minor Spitfire TR2-4A TR5-6 All Tools All Dynolite Oils. Search site:. Advanced Search. Parts specialist for MG, Triumph, Austin Healey, Jaguar, Classic Mini, Morris Minor, MGF MX5. Shop by Model. Austin Healey Sprite. Sprite Body Chassis. Body Panels. Bodyshells. Body Structure. View all. Books, Manuals DVDs. Books Manuals. CDs DVDs. View all. Brakes. Brake Hydraulics. Front Brakes. Hand Brake. View all. Car Care Consumables. Car Care. Consumables. Lubricants. View all. Cooling System. Cooling Fan Fittings. Radiators Hoses. Tools Consumables. View all. Electrical. Accessories. Battery Cables. Charging System. ...
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*  BS EN 439:1994
... . 1-800-699-9277. Need Help. Log in or Create Account. Looking for Enterprise Subscriptions. Standards Connect The World. We Connect You To Standards. shop by Publisher. Popular Publishers AGA. API. ASCE. ASHRAE. ASME. ASTM. BSI. CSA. DIN. IEEE. IEC. ISO. NSF. SAE. Browse All. Formats that work Techstreet has more delivery options than any other source. Discover the Difference. Search for. Search . Your shopping cart is empty. Log in or create account. My Account. Order History. My Tracker. My Downloads. My Techpoints. Sign In View Account. Home BS EN 439:1994. BS EN 439:1994. Welding consumables. Shielding gases for arc welding and cutting standard by British-Adopted European Standard, 12/15/1994 This document has been replaced. View the most recent version. View all product details.  Historical  Track It. Language: English Available Formats Options Availability Priced From in USD. Secure PDF. 👥. Immediate download. $54.00. Add to Cart. Printed Edition. Ships in 24-48 hou...
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*  MTA | news | Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program
Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program. MTA Capital Program. MTA Info. Budget Info. Capital Program Info. Making Every Dollar Count in Capital Program. July 20th, 2011 We have announced plans to generate a total of $4 billion in savings for the current five-year Capital Program while maintaining the benefits of a program that protects the safety and reliability of trains and buses, expands the system and creates billions in economy activity across New York State. The savings measures are detailed in a new report, "Making Every Dollar Count: Capital Program". The program included a $2 billion cost reduction that was achieved by reducing rolling stock costs, shifting to a component-based station rehabilitation program, and sharing shop space across agencies. Today's announcement details a series of strategies that will allow us to save an additional $2 billion, reducing the cost of the program to $24.2 billion. Today I'm committing the MTA to doubling the savings we've achieved in our Capital Program to $...
http://mta.info/news/2011/07/20/making-every-dollar-count-capital-program
*  Sugar Tariffs Cost Americans $3.86 Billion in 2011 | www.bullfax.com
Sugar Tariffs Cost Americans $3.86 Billion in 2011. Sugar Tariffs Cost Americans $3.86 Billion in 2011 Sat, 01/28/2012 - 10:35 EDT - Dr. The chart above displays annual refined sugar prices cents per pound using data from the USDA Tables 2 and 5 between 1982 and 2011 for: a the U.S. sugar-using businesses, who have been forced to pay more than twice the world price of sugar on average since 1982 28.6 cents for domestic sugar vs. 14 cents for world sugar, see chart. How much does this trade protection cost Americans. American consumers and businesses consumed 10.18 million metric tons 22.44 billion pounds of sugar last, and therefore every 1 cent increase in sugar prices costs Americans an additional $224.4 million per year in higher prices. produced 7.15 million metric tons 15.76 billion pounds of sugar last year.3. Due to quotas, Americans were only allowed to purchase 3 metric tons 6.67 billion pounds of world sugar, or about 30% of the total sugar consumed. In other words, by forcing Americans to pay 56.22...
http://bullfax.com/?q=node-sugar-tariffs-cost-americans-386-billion-2011
*  .. Baking the Cake after 2015: Do the EFA Goals have the Right Ingredients? .. Share this: .. Rela
← Education in Conflict Emergencies in Light of the Post-2015 MDGS and EFA Agendas. It seems the discourse will now shift from enrolments to quality, and we risk in a few years finding that we are still poking the raw batter, only with a different toothpick. The first education target set by UNESCO in 1961 was for universal primary education in Africa by 1980. Neither is without significant opportunity costs. They are, in other words, poking the batter of the quality education cake. Although the EFA monitoring team and international institutions have constantly emphasized that EFA cannot be summarized by enrolments, it is enrolments and teacher recruitment that have had the primary focus and attention of the goals. We have recently seen a renewal of attention to quality in the EFA discourse, as the evidence has mounted of the ineffectiveness of pushing the enrolment acceleration beyond the capacity of countries to carry it out with any effectiveness in terms of learning. Implementing these metrics effectivel...
https://norrag.wordpress.com/2012/10/15/baking-the-cake-after-2015-do-the-efa-goals-have-the-right-ingredients/
*  2014 Lexus ES300h Review & Ratings | Automotive.com
2014 Lexus ES300h Review & Ratings. Automotive.com. Research A Specific Vehicle Year. Make. Model. Select. Home. Cars. Lexus. ES300h. . 2014 ES300h Base Sedan. Overview Pricing Retail Price. Ownership Costs. Loan Calculator. Certified Cost Analysis. Lease Calculator. Rebates and Incentives. Gallery Exterior Interior Article Photos. Lifestyle 360 View Exterior Colors Reviews Latest News. Consumer Reviews. Compare Most Similar. All Trims. All Models. Specs Specifications. Standard Features. Warranty. Safety This feature is not yet available. Tools. Free Price Quote. Low Rate Financing. Discount Car Insurance. Free Credit Score. 2014 Lexus ES300h Base Sedan MAX MPG 39. SEATS 5. HP/TORQUE 200/N/A. ENGINE 2.5L I4. MSRP $39,500. Get A Dealer Quote Compare Dealer Clearance Prices and SAVE. Tweets by @MyAutomotive. Automotive.com. My Profile Logout. Research Cars. Cars for Sale. Used Cars. Certified Vehicles. Get a Dealer Quote. Car Reviews & News. Car Reviews. Car News. Auto Shows. Features & Advice. Editor'...
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*  2014 Nissan NV2500 Consumer Reviews & Ratings | Automotive.com
2014 Nissan NV2500 Consumer Reviews & Ratings. Automotive.com. Research A Specific Vehicle Year. Cars. Nissan. NV2500. 2014 NV2500 S Cargo Van. Reviews. Consumer Reviews. Overview Pricing Retail Price. Ownership Costs. Loan Calculator. Certified Cost Analysis Lease Calculator. Gallery Exterior Interior Article Photos. Lifestyle 360 View Exterior Colors Reviews Latest News. Consumer Reviews. All Trims. All Models. Specs Specifications. Standard Features. Tools. Free Price Quote. Discount Car Insurance. Free Credit Score. Fast and Free Price Quote 2014 Nissan NV2500 S Cargo Van. Get Quote. 2014 Nissan NV2500 Consumer Reviews S Cargo Van Change Trim S Cargo Van S High Roof Cargo Van SV Cargo Van SV High Roof Cargo Van. 4 available trims. explore trims. Tweets by @MyAutomotive. Automotive.com. Research Cars. Cars for Sale. Used Cars. Certified Vehicles. Get a Dealer Quote. Car Reviews & News. Car Reviews. Car News. Auto Shows. Features & Advice. Car Comparisons. Car Technology Gadgets. Buying Selling a Car. Car M...
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*  QLA Quality Lab Accessories
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*  About Us
... W elcome to Ram Contracting Services Welcome to the future site of Ram Contracting Services Inc. As you can see our site is still under contruction. Please pardon our dust. We are a full service generalcontracting company that specializes in interior and exterior framing and drywall installations. Backed by over 30 years of trade experience in the drywall industry, we are the one stop shop for all your commercial drywall needs. The scope of work that we primarily include in our services are: Specialty General Contracting Services - Residential and Commercial Cold Form Metal Framing Pre-Engineered Metal Trusses Sheathing and insulation Exterior Finishes: Stucco, EIFS, Column Covers, Veneers Interior Metal Framing All Gypsum Finishes Acoustical Ceilings and panels Our work encompasses a wide variety of project types. These projects range from retail, office buildings, theme parks, convention centers, administration buildings, hotels, and the like. Our in house staff is fully qualified for their position wi...
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Pavement life-cycle cost analysis: In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional (deterministic) approach did not consider the variability of inputs.Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) is a statistic used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by the difference in their effect.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Mental disorderPenalized present value: The Penalized Present Value (PPV) is a method of Capital Budgeting under risk developed by Fernando Gómez-Bezares in the 1980s.Sickness behavior: [Ancher 001.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Ancher, Michael], "The Sick Girl", 1882, [[Statens Museum for Kunst.Disease burden: Disease burden is the impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators. It is often quantified in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) or disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), both of which quantify the number of years lost due to disease (YLDs).Non-communicable disease: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Influenza A virus subtype H1N1: Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that was the most common cause of human influenza (flu) in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 outbreak known as the Spanish Flu.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingRabbit feverResource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Lower respiratory tract infection: Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis. Symptoms include shortness of breath, weakness, fever, coughing and fatigue.List of foodborne illness outbreaks: This is a list of foodborne illness outbreaks. A foodborne illness may be from an infectious disease, heavy metals, chemical contamination, or from natural toxins, such as those found in poisonous mushrooms.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.DSM-IV Codes (alphabetical): __FORCETOC__Therapy cap: In 1997 the Balanced Budget Act established annual per-beneficiary Medicare spending limits, or therapy cap, for outpatient therapy services covered under Medicare Part B. Medicare Provisions in Balanced Budget Act of 1997.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Bipolar disorderComorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Carte Jaune: The Carte Jaune or Yellow Card is an international certificate of vaccination (ICV). It is issued by the World Health Organisation.Functional gastrointestinal disorder: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) include a number of separate idiopathic disorders which affect different parts of the gastrointestinal tract and involve visceral hypersensitivity and impaired gastrointestinal motility. Heightened mast cell activation is a common factor among all FGIDs that contributes to visceral hypersensitivity as well as epithelial, neuromuscular, and motility dysfunction.Congenital chloride diarrhea: Congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD, also congenital chloridorrhea or Darrow Gamble syndrome) is a genetic disorder due to an autosomal recessive mutation on chromosome 7. The mutation is in downregulated-in-adenoma (DRA), a gene that encodes a membrane protein of intestinal cells.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Catastrophic illness: A catastrophic illness is a severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery. Examples would include coma, cancer, leukemia, heart attack or stroke.Four Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Recursive partitioning: Recursive partitioning is a statistical method for multivariable analysis. Recursive partitioning creates a decision tree that strives to correctly classify members of the population by splitting it into sub-populations based on several dichotomous independent variables. The process is termed recursive because each sub-population may in turn be split an indefinite number of times until the splitting process terminates after a particular stopping criterion is reached.Halfdan T. MahlerSelf-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Man flu: Man flu is a pejoratively used phrase that refers to the idea that men, when they have a cold, exaggerate and claim they have the flu. Whilst a commonly used phrase in the UK and Ireland, it is referred to in other cultures and there is a continuing discussion over the scientific basis for the phrase.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Global Health Delivery ProjectLucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Vladimir Andreevich Markov: Vladimir Andreevich Markov (; May 8, 1871 – January 18, 1897) was a Russian mathematician, known for proving the Markov brothers' inequality with his older brother Andrey Markov. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 25.Morbidity and mortality conference: Morbidity and mortality}}Federal budget of Russia: The Federal budget of Russia () is the leading element of the Budget system of Russia. The federal budget is a major state financial plan for the fiscal year, which has the force of law after its approval by the Russian parliament and signed into law by the President of Russia.Canadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.Value of control: The value of control is a quantitative measure of the value of controlling the outcome of an uncertainty variable. Decision analysis provides a means for calculating the value of both perfect and imperfect control.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Australian National BL classContraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.San Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.

(1/3131) The economic burden of asthma: direct and indirect costs in Switzerland.

Asthma mortality increased in Switzerland between 1980 and 1994. This study aimed to assess the economic burden of asthma in this country. Chart reviews were conducted for the last five patients seen for asthma in physician practices in 1996 and 1997. Direct expenditures and indirect costs for asthma-related morbidity were determined. A total of 589 patient charts were completely analysed, including 117 children's charts, obtained from 120 office-based physicians. The annual direct medical costs were CHF 1,778 and the mean annual indirect costs were CHF 1,019 per patient for all patients. The total estimated cost of asthma in Switzerland in 1997 was nearly CHF 1,252 million. Direct medical expenditures approached CHF 762 million, or 61% of the total. In 1997, the indirect costs for asthma were estimated to have exceeded CHF 490 million. Of these costs CHF 123 million (25%) was associated with morbidity and nearly CHF 368 million (75%) was associated with looking after asthmatic patients who had to be cared for at home. This study provides evidence that asthma is a major healthcare cost factor in Switzerland, amounting to approximately CHF 1,200 million per year. The data suggest that cost savings can be achieved by improving primary care for asthma in an ambulatory setting.  (+info)

(2/3131) The cost effectiveness of strategies for the treatment of intestinal parasites in immigrants.

BACKGROUND: Currently, more than 600,000 immigrants enter the United States each year from countries where intestinal parasites are endemic. At entry persons with parasitic infections may be asymptomatic, and stool examinations are not a sensitive method of screening for parasitosis. Albendazole is a new, broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug, which was approved recently by the Food and Drug Administration. International trials have shown albendazole to be safe and effective in eradicating many parasites. In the United States there is now disagreement about whether to screen all immigrants for parasites, treat all immigrants presumptively, or do nothing unless they have symptoms. METHODS: We compared the costs and benefits of no preventive intervention (watchful waiting) with those of universal screening or presumptive treatment with 400 mg of albendazole per day for five days. Those at risk were defined as immigrants to the United States from Asia, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Cost effectiveness was expressed both in terms of the cost of treatment per disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) averted (one DALY is defined as the loss of one year of healthy life to disease) and in terms of the cost per hospitalization averted. RESULTS: As compared with watchful waiting, presumptive treatment of all immigrants at risk for parasitosis would avert at least 870 DALYs, prevent at least 33 deaths and 374 hospitalizations, and save at least $4.2 million per year. As compared with watchful waiting, screening would cost $159,236 per DALY averted. CONCLUSIONS: Presumptive administration of albendazole to all immigrants at risk for parasitosis would save lives and money. Universal screening, with treatment of persons with positive stool examinations, would save lives but is less cost effective than presumptive treatment.  (+info)

(3/3131) Morbidity and mortality attributable to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use in Canada.

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated morbidity and mortality attributable to substance abuse in Canada. METHODS: Pooled estimates of relative risk were used to calculate etiologic fractions by age, gender, and province for 91 causes of disease or death attributable to alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs. RESULTS: There were 33,498 deaths and 208,095 hospitalizations attributed to tobacco, 6701 deaths and 86,076 hospitalizations due to alcohol, and 732 deaths and 7095 hospitalizations due to illicit drugs in 1992. CONCLUSIONS: Substance abuse exacts a considerable toll on Canadian society in terms of morbidity and mortality, accounting for 21% of deaths, 23% of years of potential life lost, and 8% of hospitalizations.  (+info)

(4/3131) Ten-year trend in survival and resource utilization at a level I trauma center.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of increasing trauma center experience over time on survival and resource utilization. METHODS: The authors studied a retrospective cohort at a single level I trauma center over a 10-year period, from 1986 to 1995. Patients included all hospital admissions and emergency department deaths. The main outcome measures were the case-fatality rate adjusted for injury severity, hospital length of stay, and costs. RESULTS: A total of 25,979 patients were admitted or died. The number of patients per year increased, from 2063 in 1986 to 3313 in 1995. The proportion of patients transferred from another institution increased from 16.2% to 34.4%. Although mean length of stay declined by 28.4%, from 9.5 to 6.8 days, costs increased by 16.7%, from $14,174 to $16,547. The use of specific radiologic investigations increased; the frequency of operative procedures either remained unchanged (craniotomy, fracture fixation) or decreased (celiotomy). After adjusting for injury severity and demographic factors, the mortality rate decreased over 10 years. The improvement in survival was confined to patients with an injury severity score > or =16. CONCLUSION: Over a 10-year period, the case-fatality rate declined in patients with severe injuries. Overall acute care costs increased, partially because of the increased use of radiologic investigations. Even in otherwise established trauma centers, increasing cumulative experience results in improved survival rates in the most severely injured patients. These data suggest that experience contributes to a decrease in mortality rate after severe trauma and that developing trauma systems should consider this factor and limit the number of designated centers to maximize cumulative experience at individual centers.  (+info)

(5/3131) The cost of obesity in Canada.

BACKGROUND: Almost one-third of adult Canadians are at increased risk of disability, disease and premature death because of being obese. In order to allocate limited health care resources rationally, it is necessary to elucidate the economic burden of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct costs related to the treatment of and research into obesity in Canada in 1997. METHODS: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index of 27 or greater) in Canada was determined using data from the National Population Health Survey, 1994-1995. Ten comorbidities of obesity were identified from the medical literature. A population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated for each comorbidity with data from large cohort studies to determine the extent to which each comorbidity and its management costs were attributable to obesity. The direct cost of each comorbidity was determined using data from the Canadian Institute of Health Information (for direct expenditure categories) and from Health Canada (for the proportion of expenditure category attributable to the comorbidity). This prevalence-based approach identified the direct costs of hospital care, physician services, services of other health professionals, drugs, other health care and health research. For each comorbidity, the cost attributable to obesity was determined by multiplying the PAF by the total direct cost of the comorbidity. The overall impact of obesity was estimated as the sum of the PAF-weighted costs of treating the comorbidities. A sensitivity analysis was completed on both the estimated costs and the PAFs. RESULTS: The total direct cost of obesity in Canada in 1997 was estimated to be over $1.8 billion. This corresponded to 2.4% of the total health care expenditures for all diseases in Canada in 1997. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the total cost could be as high as $3.5 billion or as low as $829.4 million; this corresponded to 4.6% and 1.1% respectively of the total health care expenditures in 1997. When the contributions of the comorbidities to the total cost were considered, the 3 largest contributors were hypertension ($656.6 million), type 2 diabetes mellitus ($423.2 million) and coronary artery disease ($346.0 million). INTERPRETATION: A considerable proportion of health care dollars is devoted to the treatment and management of obesity-related comorbidities in Canada. Further research into the therapeutic benefits and cost-effectiveness of management strategies for obesity is required. It is anticipated that the prevention and treatment of obesity will have major positive effects on the overall cost of health care.  (+info)

(6/3131) Economic burden of blindness in India.

Economic analysis is one way to determine the allocation of scarce resources for health-care programs. The initial step in this process is to estimate in economic terms the burden of diseases and the benefit from interventions for prevention and treatment of these diseases. In this paper, the direct and indirect economic loss due to blindness in India is calculated on the basis of certain assumptions. The cost of treating cataract blindness in India is estimated at current prices. The economic burden of blindness in India for the year 1997 based on our assumptions is Rs. 159 billion (US$ 4.4 billion), and the cumulative loss over lifetime of the blind is Rs. 2,787 billion (US$ 77.4 billion). Childhood blindness accounts for 28.7% of this lifetime loss. The cost of treating all cases of cataract blindness in India is Rs. 5.3 billion (US$ 0.15 billion). Similar estimates for causes of blindness other than cataract have to be made in order to develop a comprehensive approach to deal with blindness in India.  (+info)

(7/3131) The economic value of informal caregiving.

This study explores the current market value of the care provided by unpaid family members and friends to ill and disabled adults. Using large, national data sets we estimate that the national economic value of informal caregiving was $196 billion in 1997. This figure dwarfs national spending for formal home health care ($32 billion) and nursing home care ($83 billion). Estimates for five states also are presented. This study broadens the issue of informal caregiving from the micro level, where individual caregivers attempt to cope with the stresses and responsibilities of caregiving, to the macro level of the health care system, which must find more effective ways to support family caregivers.  (+info)

(8/3131) Willingness to pay: a feasible method for assessing treatment benefits in epilepsy?

Contingent valuation using willingness to pay (WTP) is one of the methods available for assessing the value of a new technology or treatment for a disease in monetary terms. Experience with this method is lacking in epilepsy. The objectives of this study were to assess the acceptability of the WTP method in epilepsy, the level of the responses, and to investigate its validity by comparison with other non-monetary preference measures. Among 397 patients with epilepsy responding to a comprehensive questionnaire, 82 were randomly selected for an interview. They were asked about their WTP for an imaginary new technology which could permanently cure their epilepsy. Fifty-nine patients participated and 57 completed the interview (32 women; mean age 44 years), the majority with well-controlled epilepsy. The patients indicated a median WTP of Norwegian Kroner (NOK) 150,000 (USD 20,000; GBP 11,800), interquartile range NOK 50,000-350,000 (USD 6, 667-46, 667; GBP 3,937-27,559) for this cure. Non-response was low, indicating high acceptability of this method. There was little association between WTP and other preference measures; the Spearman rank correlation coefficient was -0.09 and -0.12 with time trade-off and standard gamble respectively, questioning the validity of this method.  (+info)


How is chronic illness different from acute illness, and what are some examples please?


Are certain illnesses by nature chronic or acute, or by progression, and partake of both labels?

What precisely does it mean diagnostically speaking (in practical terms) to have a chronic or acute illness?

And (BQ) is it possible for one to have chronic health and acute wellness? 

=D

Peace.
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Chronic illnesses are illnesses that last for at least 3 months according to the  U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Acute illnesses are brief, abrupt, and sharp and last less than 3 months according to the same source. 

Chronic diseases can include (but not limited to) Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Coronary Artery Disease, Cancer, Diabetes, Multiple Sclerosis, Huntington's, Crohn's Disease, and Lyme Disease. 

Acute diseases include Strep, Influenza, bronchitis, appendicitis, meningitis, chlamydia, Malaria, and most other infectious diseases. 

Certain illnesses (such as Lyme Disease) may either be acute or chronic, it depends on the immune system of the host and the time of infection. 

Diagnostically speaking, a chronic illness is often serious and usually takes longer to find and diagnose. There is often no cure for a chronic disease. Acute diseases are fast and have noticeable symptoms (bleeding, pain, nausea etc.) and are often curable. 

Chronic health is possible and acute illness is also possible.

Best of wishes,
Andrew G.


How much does accutane cost, and is it hard to find a dermatologist?


Does anyone know how much it costs to get Accutane? Mind you I don't have any insurance and am living on my own. I go to school part time and work part time. I was wondering if I might be able to afford it.

For those of you who have insurance, how much does the insurance company pay, and how much do you pay? Should I look into getting an insurance provider or would it cost about the same if I were to pay out of pocket?

Also, is it hard to find a dermatologist? How does one go about finding one? Maybe the dermatologist can help me find an insurance carrier that would help with the costs.

And are there other costs for being on this medicine? I'm pretty sure the visits to the dermatologist will cost money, and the cost of gas for getting to and from the office. Anything else?

Thanks for all your help.
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Accutane cost alot.  Determatologist are not hard to find and or not that expensive.  You may not even Accutane, that's only for people with severe acne and who have tried everything else.


What's the cost to have all four wisdom teeth pulled without insurance?


Also what is the cost for stuff like anesthesia, painkillers, and any other expenses I have to make? Actually what are the expenses for this whole oredeal? And how much do they cost?
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I work at an insurance company where I process estimates for wisdom tooth extractions every day.  If they are impacted, it will cost more, about $350/tooth. If they are not impacted they may cost about $75-$100 less, depending on your dentist.  Anaesethia may cost up to $450, but that depends on how long you will be out for.  The procedure usually takes about 2 hours if all 4 are removed.  Some dentists also charge for the intervenous injection (about $40) and if they are an oral surgeon they can charge facility fees, which can be as much as the anaesthesia. Most people's total estimate comes to somewhere in between $1200-$1800.  
I hope this helps! I just had mine out last month, its not as bad as you might think!


How much does it cost to surgically remove a pilonidal cyst?


How much does it cost to surgically remove a pilonidal cyst?
The surgeon has to apply local Anastassia. It can be removed at the doctors office..
Anyone can give me an approximate cost? I do not have insurance.
Thank you very much. God bless!
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I have a child who had this and I did not know it.  Well a couple of years later I finally took him to the doctor and the cyst had grown so much that he had to go to outpatient surgery to have it removed. I thought it was only going to cost $5000, more like $12,000. so if yours is still small enough it would be better for you to have it out now if the doctor can do it in his office.  Tell the doctor that you do not have insurance and work out a payment plan if you have to, but definitely get it removed now while it's small.  My child ended up with 126 stitches on the back side, and you know where it is, so needless to say, my child did not sit well for 2 months.

edit:  you can email me if you have any questions about what we went through.


How much does it cost to remove a pilonidal cyst?


How much does it cost to surgically remove a pilonidal cyst?
The surgeon has to apply local Anastassia. It can be removed at the doctors office..
Anyone can give me an approximate cost? I do not have insurance.
Thank you very much. God bless!
Yes i am serious!
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Cysts are caused by a poor diet; therefore, if you want to remove it at zero cost and improve your health, begin to eat a nutrional diet.  Fruits and veggies will do the trick.  Stay away from the fried foods my friend, they will kill you.


How much would this tatoo cost and how long would it take?


How much would this tatoo cost and how long would it take?
How much do you think this tatoo would cost? It would be a small seven letter tatoo going across my wrist using old english font and plain black ink? How Much would you expect that to cost Including tips and how long would it roughly take? Thanks in advance.
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Depends on how big and detailed you want the letters to be, if the letters are more then 3 inches in size then you may be charged per letter. If it's a smaller tattoo then some shops charge minimums between $50-$80. 
You don't have to tip unless you had a really good experience. About 10-15 percent of the total cost would be appropriate.
You may want to take your ideas to a few tattoo shops in your area and see if any one can give you an estimate. Also have a look through portfolios and see if any one is experienced in doing script tattoos.


How much would it cost to have a dermetologist remove a mole?


how much would it cost to have a mole removed? and can I use a medical care? and i would like a recommendation for a good dermetologist? Thank you.
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It depends on how they remove them.  I do not think it would cost that much.  I think the last one I had removed was maybe $100.  Insurance usually covers it


How much does it cost to have a urologist rinse out your bladder?


How much does it cost to have a urologist rinse out your bladder?  If someone is a cash customer (no insurance), what would the bill be?
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rinse it out? They don't do this just for the fun of it. There has to be a reason. How much it cost depends on the doctor and hospital it is done at.