Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Theory of Mind: The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Tic Disorders: Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Borderline Personality Disorder: A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Nootropic Agents: Drugs used to specifically facilitate learning or memory, particularly to prevent the cognitive deficits associated with dementias. These drugs act by a variety of mechanisms. While no potent nootropic drugs have yet been accepted for general use, several are being actively investigated.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Movement Disorders: Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Lymphoproliferative Disorders: Disorders characterized by proliferation of lymphoid tissue, general or unspecified.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Mild Cognitive Impairment: A prodromal phase of cognitive decline that may precede the emergence of ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementias. It may include impairment of cognition, such as impairments in language, visuospatial awareness, ATTENTION and MEMORY.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Mental Status Schedule: Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Tool Use Behavior: Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Impulse Control Disorders: Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Schizotypal Personality Disorder: A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.Personal Construct Theory: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Dysthymic Disorder: Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)Myeloproliferative Disorders: Conditions which cause proliferation of hemopoietically active tissue or of tissue which has embryonic hemopoietic potential. They all involve dysregulation of multipotent MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS, most often caused by a mutation in the JAK2 PROTEIN TYROSINE KINASE.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Dissociative Disorders: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.Neuroimaging: Non-invasive methods of visualizing the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the brain, by various imaging modalities.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Recognition (Psychology): The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Conversion Disorder: A disorder whose predominant feature is a loss or alteration in physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder but that is actually a direct expression of a psychological conflict or need.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.): A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Association: A functional relationship between psychological phenomena of such nature that the presence of one tends to evoke the other; also, the process by which such a relationship is established.Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Crows: Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.United StatesMotor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Communication Disorders: Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Catechol O-Methyltransferase: Enzyme that catalyzes the movement of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionone to a catechol or a catecholamine.Agoraphobia: Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Psychomotor Disorders: Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Asperger Syndrome: A disorder beginning in childhood whose essential features are persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These symptoms may limit or impair everyday functioning. (From DSM-5)Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Perceptual Disorders: Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.Delusions: A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates.Psychological Theory: Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.Dementia, Vascular: An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Central Nervous System Stimulants: A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.Indans: Aryl CYCLOPENTANES that are a reduced (protonated) form of INDENES.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Neurodegenerative Diseases: Hereditary and sporadic conditions which are characterized by progressive nervous system dysfunction. These disorders are often associated with atrophy of the affected central or peripheral nervous system structures.Affective Disorders, Psychotic: Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Functional Neuroimaging: Methods for visualizing REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW, metabolic, electrical, or other physiological activities in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM using various imaging modalities.Apolipoprotein E4: A major and the second most common isoform of apolipoprotein E. In humans, Apo E4 differs from APOLIPOPROTEIN E3 at only one residue 112 (cysteine is replaced by arginine), and exhibits a lower resistance to denaturation and greater propensity to form folded intermediates. Apo E4 is a risk factor for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Inhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Awareness: The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Auditory Perceptual Disorders: Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.Methylphenidate: A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER in children and for NARCOLEPSY. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The d-isomer of this drug is referred to as DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Peroxisomal Disorders: A heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic disorders marked by absent or dysfunctional PEROXISOMES. Peroxisomal enzymatic abnormalities may be single or multiple. Biosynthetic peroxisomal pathways are compromised, including the ability to synthesize ether lipids and to oxidize long-chain fatty acid precursors. Diseases in this category include ZELLWEGER SYNDROME; INFANTILE REFSUM DISEASE; rhizomelic chondrodysplasia (CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA, RHIZOMELIC); hyperpipecolic acidemia; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy; and ADRENOLEUKODYSTROPHY (X-linked). Neurologic dysfunction is a prominent feature of most peroxisomal disorders.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale: A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.

*  Long-Term Cognitive Outcome of Delirium in Elderly Hip Surgery Patients - Abstract - Dementia and Ge
Long-Term Cognitive Outcome of Delirium in Elderly Hip ... and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 2008, Vol. 26, No. 1 - ... Login MyKarger Please login with your User ID and Password. Any distribution of online items or the User ID/password to access them online is a violation of the copyright. The regular fee for pay-per-view online access to a single item ranges from USD 28.00 to USD 38.00 depending on the length of the article/chapter and permits 48-hours online access to the selected item. The fee for pay-per-view online book access serial and non-serial books, special/themed/supplement journal issues or Karger ActiveBooks equals the USD price for the same publication in print and permits online access during 24 months to all articles/chapters of the selected title. Access to entire titles is via direct payment only: it is not possible to use your Karger pay-per-view account for pay-per-view online book access. Please address all your queries or problem reports to the Pay-per-View Customer Service at ppv...
http://karger.com/Article/Abstract/140611
*  islamay
up. Recent posts. Cognitive Disorders Following Traumatic Brain ... diseases. More. Cognitive Disorders Following Traumatic Brain ... /11/2015 - 17:54. Cognitive Disorders Following Traumatic Brain ... Cognitive Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury Congestive heart failure Congestive heart failure Congestive Heart Failure Cardiovascular system and Cardiovascular diseases. What are the symptoms of a cognitive disorder. Signs and symptoms worsen. Congestive heart failure. What is heart failure. It does this by increasing the pressure in the heart and blood vessels. coronary artery disease, the arteries that supply blood to the heart narrow and become obstructed;. diabetes, which increases the risk of heart disease of any kind, due to its effect on blood vessels;. Anyone who has any of the following risk factors are more likely to experience heart failure:. If the symptoms and examination does not confirm the presence of heart failure, the medical professional will prescribe additional tests. This...
http://islamay.drupalgardens.com/
*  Appropriate Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Just What Is “Normal”? | Psychiatric Times
Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Just What Is “Normal”. ... : ADHD. Bipolar Disorder. Blogs. Major Depressive Disorder ... Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder ... : ADHD. Bipolar Disorder. Blogs. Major Depressive Disorder ... Appropriate Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Just What Is “Normal”. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Appropriate Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Just What Is “Normal”. Appropriate Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Just What Is “Normal”. Cognitive Disorders, Comorbidity In ...
http://psychiatrictimes.com/cognitive-disorders/appropriate-diagnosis-mild-cognitive-impairment-just-what-“normal”
*  Dependent Personality Disorder
Personality Disorder. Skip to Content. health.am. ... Center Anxiety Disorders. Bipolar disorders. Major Depressive Disorder. Schizophrenia. Substance Abuse & ... Dependent Personality Disorder. Mental Health Center Anxiety Disorders. Bipolar disorders. Schizophrenia. Substance Abuse & Addiction. Personality Disorders. Psychotic Disorders. Sexual and Gender Identity disorders. Sleep disorders. Mood disorders Major Depressive Episode Manic Episode Mixed Episode Hypomanic Episode Bipolar disorders - Bipolar I disorder - Bipolar II Disorder - Cyclothymic Disorder Dysthymic Disorder Mood disorders with known etiology. Psychotic Disorders. Psychotic Disorders - Schizophrenia - Schizoaffective disorder - Schizophreniform Disorder - Delusional Disorder - Brief Psychotic Disorder. Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders - Alcohol-related disorders - CNS Stimulant Use Disorders - Opioid use Disorders - Sedative, Hypnotic, and anxiolytic substance use disorders Substance Abuse - Cannabis and M...
http://health.am/psy/more/dependent_personality_disorder_pro/
*  Patient Benefits of CyberKnife Treatment
's Disease and Cognitive Disorders Aneurysms and ... Cerebrovascular Disorders Brain Tumor Center Cleft and ... Patient Benefits of CyberKnife Treatment. Helpful Links... Helpful Links... Press Center. 2nd Opinion Program Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Disorders Aneurysms and Cerebrovascular Disorders Brain Tumor Center Cleft and Craniofacial Center Concussion Center CyberKnife Center About CyberKnife & Radiosurgery Charitable Giving Conditions Treated with CyberKnife Frequently Asked Questions About CyberKnife Información en Español Our Specialists Patient Benefits of CyberKnife Treatment Referrals for CyberKnife Treatment Treatment Process. Fulton ALS and Neuromuscular Disease Center Imaging & Diagnostic Services Muhammad Ali Parkinson Center Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychology Neurorehabilitative Services Neuroscience Nursing Neurotrauma Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center Pituitary Center Spine Stroke Center. Neurological Services CyberKnife Center. Patient Benefits of CyberKnife Treatment. The flexi...
http://thebarrow.org/Neurological_Services/CyberKnife_Center/204278
*  Your Article was not found - OpenURL - EBSCOhost
And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 2008, vol. 25, issue 3, ... your article was not found openurl ebscohost help title psychotic symptoms in frontotemporal dementia prevalence and review source mendez mf shapira js woods rj licht ea saul re dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders vol issue p issn isbn full text resources located for this citation view article on ebscohost login required view article via crossref top of page ebsco support site privacy policy terms of use copyright ebsco industries inc all rights reserved...
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*  Your Article was not found - OpenURL - EBSCOhost
complaints and cognitive impairment in older people. Source ... And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 2006, vol. 22, issue 5-6 ... your article was not found openurl ebscohost help title subjective memory complaints and cognitive impairment in older people source reid lm maclullich am dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders vol issue p issn isbn full text resources located for this citation view article on ebscohost login required view article via crossref top of page ebsco support site privacy policy terms of use copyright ebsco industries inc all rights reserved...
http://openurl.ebscohost.com/linksvc/select.aspx?genre=article&issn=14208008&title=Dementia And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders&volume=22&issue=5-6&spage=471&atitle=Subjective memory complaints and cognitive impairment in older people.&aulast=Reid LM&date=2006--&isbn=14208008
*  E-Mail This Page - National Cancer Institute
cognitive disorders and delirium pdq send this...
http://cancer.gov/Common/PopUps/Email.aspx?title=Cognitive Disorders and Delirium (PDQ®)&docurl=/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/delirium/Patient/page5&language=en&a=-106Y5235876&b=414e00
*  Rapid Progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimer’s Disease in Subjects with Elevated
from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimer’s Disease in ... and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 2009, Vol. 27, No. 5 - ... eBook Series Collection. eBook Non-Series Collection. Login MyKarger Please login with your User ID and Password. Any distribution of online items or the User ID/password to access them online is a violation of the copyright. The regular fee for pay-per-view online access to a single item ranges from USD 28.00 to USD 38.00 depending on the length of the article/chapter and permits 48-hours online access to the selected item. The fee for pay-per-view online book access serial and non-serial books, special/themed/supplement journal issues or Karger ActiveBooks equals the USD price for the same publication in print and permits online access during 24 months to all articles/chapters of the selected title. Access to entire titles is via direct payment only: it is not possible to use your Karger pay-per-view account for pay-per-view online book access. Please address all your queries or prob...
http://karger.com/Article/Abstract/216841
*  Dyscalculia
syndrome , cognitive disorder , disorientation , ... cerebral cyst , cognitive disorder , concussion. , contusion ... Episodes: 2 bipolar disorder. aphasia. , dyscalculia. More. ... Dyscalculia. Side Effects Home. Dyscalculia. Track Side Effects. Terms. Contact Us. PatientsVille.com Dyscalculia. cerebellar syndrome , cognitive disorder , disorientation , dyscalculia , dysgraphia. computerised tomogram abnormal , confusional state , dyscalculia , dyslexia , dysphagia , fall. halcion Episodes: 7 abnormal behaviour , dyscalculia , electroencephalogram abnormal , kidney infection , overdose , retrograde amnesia , suicide attempt. , dyscalculia , encephalitis herpes , feeling abnormal , irritability , memory impairment , mental impairment. , dyscalculia. burning sensation , dementia alzheimer's type , diabetes mellitus , disorientation , dyscalculia , hypoaesthesia , insomnia , memory impairment. , apraxia , dyscalculia , dysgraphia , dyslexia , encephalopathy , endocarditis. aggression , amnesia , burning ...
http://patientsville.com/symptoms/dyscalculia.htm
*  Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness -- ScienceDaily
... Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness. Patients treated in intensive care units across the globe are entering their medical care with no evidence of cognitive impairment but oftentimes leaving with deficits similar to those seen in patients with traumatic brain injury TBI or mild Alzheimer's disease AD that persists for at least a year, according to a Vanderbilt study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Delirium, a form of acute brain dysfunction common during critical illness, has consistently been shown to be associated with higher mortality, but this large study of medical and surgical ICU patients demonstrates that it is associated with long-term cognitive impairment in ICU survivors as well. Long-Term Cognitive Impairment after Critical Illness. "Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness." ScienceDaily. Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness. "Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness." S...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002185238.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed: sciencedaily/health_medicine/psychology (Psychology Research News -- ScienceDaily)
*  Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Tr
... auma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. Article Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Trauma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. ABSTRACT Within the traumatic brain injury population, outcomes are affected by hypoxic events in the early injury period. We hypothesize that intensive care unit ICU delirium and long-term cognitive impairment LTCI are more likely in patients who have a hypoxic event within the first 48 hours of ICU admission. Hypoxic events in the ICU do not have a direct correlation with ICU delirium or LTCI in the patients with multiple injuries without evidence of intracranial hemorrhage. Page 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Trauma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. We hypothesize that intensive care unit ICU delirium and long-term cognitive impairment LTCI are more likely in patients who have a hypoxic event within the first 48 hours of ICU admission. Pr...
http://researchgate.net/publication/51163186_Does_Hypoxia_Affect_Intensive_Care_Unit_Delirium_or_Long-Term_Cognitive_Impairment_After_Multiple_Trauma_Without_Intracranial_Hemorrhage
*  Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities
... Skip to Content Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities University of Colorado Boulder. Declaration of The Rights of People with Cognitive Disabilities to Technology and Information Access. Cognitive Technology Database. Welcome to the Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities The Institute was established in 2001 by the Board of Regents of the University of Colorado System. Declaration Commentaries Declaration Commentary by Bill Coleman. Bill Coleman has posted the fouteenth in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Peter Blanck has posted the eleventh in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Mary Kay Rizzolo has posted the tenth in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Community News & Events Personalization Computing Project Funding "Disability Innovation Fund-Automated Personalization Computing Project." Funding available from Rehabilitation Services Administration RSA. Technology, Disability & Aging Expo 2015 The Technology, Disability Aging Exp...
http://colemaninstitute.org/
*  Mild Cognitive Impairment at Parkinsons Disease Diagnosis Linked With Higher Risk for Early Demen
... tia Stavanger University Hospital Study. Post Jobs. Jobs. News by Disease. Search News. Mild Cognitive Impairment at Parkinson's Disease Diagnosis Linked With Higher Risk for Early Dementia, Stavanger University Hospital Study. 3/26/2013 7:39:17 AM Mild cognitive impairment at the time of Parkinson disease PD diagnosis appears to be associated with an increased risk for early dementia in a Norwegian study, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Neurology, a JAMA Network publication. Patients with PD have an increased risk for dementia PDD compared with healthy individuals and researchers sought to examine the course of mild cognitive impairment MCI and its progression to dementia in a group of patients with PD. Read at EurekAlert. Read at MedicalXpress. Related News University of Wisconsin Researchers Discover the Brain Origins of Variation in Pathological Anxiety Vitamin D Benefits Breathing In Tuberculosis Patients, Catholic University of Korea Study Night Shifts May be Linked to Increased...
http://biospace.com/News/mild-cognitive-impairment-at-parkinsons-disease/291549/Source=Featured
*  Medical Xpress - cognitive disabilities
... Home cognitive disabilities. News tagged with cognitive disabilities. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. New study on brain exercises for healthy ageing in people with Down syndrome. Researchers specialising in ageing in persons with an intellectual disability at Trinity College Dublin have just begun a new study to examine if cognitive training for adults with Down syndrome can have a protective effect ... May 19, 2015 300 0. Psychology & Psychiatry. Research shows brain differences in children with dyslexia and dysgraphia. University of Washington research shows that using a single category of learning disability to qualify students with written language challenges for special education services is not scientifically supported. Some students ... Apr 28, 2015 27 0. Genetics. Link between autism genes and higher intelligence, study s...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/cognitive disabilities/
*  Smoking, drinking, and incident cognitive impairment: a cohort community based study included in the
... Gospel Oak project -- Cervilla et al. Article. Smoking, drinking, and incident cognitive impairment: a cohort community based study included in the Gospel Oak project J A Cervilla,. Current smoking status predicted cognitive impairment risk ratio RR 3.7; 95% confidence interval 95% CI =1.1–12.3 independently from sex, age, alcohol, occupational class, education, handicap, depression, and baseline cognitive function. Both models were adjusted for age, sex, time 1 OBS score, time 1 depression, occupational class, education, and handicap. After adjusting for age, sex, time 1 OBS score, time 1 depression, occupational class, education, handicap, and either alcohol before the age of 65 model 1 or after the age of 65 model 2, those subjects who were current smokers were at a significantly higher risk of being cognitively impaired than never smokers or ex-smokers. SMOKING AND COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT Current smokers were between 3.6 times model 1 and four times model 2 more likely to be cognitively impaired than ne...
http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/68/5/622.long
*  The influence of latent viral infection on rate cognitive decline over four years
... Login. Home → Research Collections → Epidemiology, Department of SPH → View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. The influence of latent viral infection on rate cognitive decline over four years. Aiello, Allison E.; Haan, M. N.; Moore, K. A.; Blythe, L.; Gonzalez, J. K.; Jagust, W. Aiello, Allison E.; Haan, M. N.; Moore, K. A.; Blythe, L.; Gonzalez, J. K.; Jagust, W. 2006. Citation: Journal of American Geriatrics Society 54:1046-54 http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55418. Handle:. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55418. Show full item record. Download. Name: Aiello A, The ... Size: 116.5KB. Format: PDF. This item appears in the following Collection s. Public Health, School of SPH. Epidemiology, Department of SPH. Search Deep Blue. Search query. Advanced Search. Browse by. Communities Collections. Titles. Authors. Subjects. Date. My Account. Login. Information. About Deep Blue. Help. Contact Us....
http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/55418
*  Mental Status Exam
MMSE - Mini-mental state exam , Mini mental state examination , mini-mental status exam , mini-mental status exam physical finding , Folstein Mini-Mental Status Exam , Mini-Mental Status Exam , mini-mental state examination , mini mental state examination , Mini-mental state examination , MMSE - Mini-mental state examination , Mini-mental state examination assessment scale , Mini Mental State Examination , MMSE. Anatomy Chapter Autonomic Nervous System Disorders Chapter Cardiovascular Medicine Chapter Cerebellar Disorders Chapter Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders Chapter Cognitive Disorders Chapter Cranial Nerve Chapter Demyelinating Disorders Chapter Dermatology Chapter Disability Chapter Examination Chapter General Chapter Geriatric Medicine Chapter Gynecology Chapter Headache Disorders Chapter Hematology and Oncology Chapter Human Immunodeficiency Virus Chapter Infectious Disease Chapter Labs Chapter Level of Consciousness Chapter Mental Health Chapter Motor Disorders Chapter Neonatology Chapter Obstetrics Cha...
http://fpnotebook.com/Neuro/Exam/MntlStsExm.htm
*  .. Cognitive Impairment Following the ICU Experience .. Instructor: TBD
cognitive impairment following the icu experience text increase font size decrease font size print instructor tbd length hours recent reports show that medical and surgical management of acute illnesses can result in new or accelerated cognitive decline in survivors this is most likely to occur in older patients with co morbidities and less reserve but may also be devastating and costly for younger patients unable to return to work critical care healthcare professionals must be concerned not only with hospital survival but also with preservation of survivors cognitive abilities prevention of functional decline and quality of life this program will provide an overview of cognitive impairment that follows hospitalization in an intensive care unit a review of risk factors and strategies for modifying them will review effective treatment after discharge at the end of this program participants will be able to define cognitive impairment identify the risk factors for icu related long term cognitive impairment descr...
http://nursing.unc.edu/ahec-programs/cognitive-impairment-following-the-icu-experience/
*  RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation from Anne Pemberton on 2001-08-30 (w3c-wai-gl
RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation from Anne Pemberton on 2001-08-30 w3c-wai-gl@w3.org from July to September 2001. W3C home. Mailing lists. Public. w3c-wai-gl@w3.org. July to September 2001. RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation. This message : Related messages :. From : Anne Pemberton apembert@. Date : Thu, 30 Aug 2001 18:15:13 -0400 Message-Id : 5.1.0.14.0.20010830173309.00a05880@pop.erols.com. To : Charles F. Munat. chas@., WAI GL. w3c-wai-gl@. Chas, At 11:15 PM 8/29/01 -0700, Charles F. Munat wrote: Anne: I'm not sure that judicious use of graphics will accommodate the folks who need it so much as a comprehensive use of graphics to enhance comprehensibility on we pages .... I think that maybe the problem here is confusion about the meaning of the word judicious. According to my dictionary, it means Having, applying, or showing sound judgment; wise and careful. [Webster's New World, 2nd College Edition] Nowhere in sound judgment, wise, or careful is ...
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-gl/2001JulSep/0877.html
*  global cognitive function
... Home About us Contact. Global Cognitive Function global + cognitive function. Distribution by Scientific Domains. Medical Sciences 100%. Selected Abstracts Serum Calcium and Cognitive Function in Old Age. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 11 2007 Miranda T. Schram PhD OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum calcium is associated with cognitive function in elderly individuals in the general population. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study of two independent, population-based cohorts. SETTING: The Rotterdam Study median follow-up 11 years and the Leiden 85-plus Study median follow-up 5 years. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand nine hundred ninety-four individuals, mean age 71, from the Rotterdam Study and 560 individuals, all aged 85, from the Leiden 85-plus Study. MEASUREMENTS: Global cognitive function was assessed in both cohorts using the Mini-Mental State Examination; attention, psychomotor speed, and memory function were assessed in the Leiden 85-plus Study only. Linear regression and linear mixe...
http://academicconcepts.net/concepts/376/global_cognitive_function.htm
*  Cognitive Disability Complicates Search And Rescue | KUER
Cognitive Disability Complicates Search And Rescue. KUER. skip to main content. Site Menu. DONATE. Menu. News. Religion. Energy Environment. Health Care. Education. Science Technology. Business Labor. Public Safety. Hinckley Forums. RadioWest. VideoWest. Entertainment. KUER Music. Books Beats. Jazz Playlists. Connect. Contact Us. How to Listen. Staff. Volunteer. About KUER. Support. Membership. Business Support. Planned Major Giving. Foundations. Schedule. Events. Community Calendar. Submit a PSA. KUER Events. Travel. Search. Menu. News. Religion. Energy Environment. Health Care. Education. Science Technology. Business Labor. Public Safety. Hinckley Forums. RadioWest. VideoWest. Entertainment. KUER Music. Books Beats. Jazz Playlists. Connect. Contact Us. How to Listen. Staff. Volunteer. About KUER. Support. Membership. Business Support. Planned Major Giving. Foundations. Schedule. Events. Community Calendar. Submit a PSA. KUER Events. Travel. Search. Listen Live. KUER. KUER HD2. KUER HD3. KUER Flash Player. C...
http://kuer.org/post/cognitive-disability-complicates-search-and-rescue
*  Postoperative cognitive dysfunction
... It occurs most commonly in older patients and those with pre-existing cognitive impairment. It may be mediated by the body's inflammatory response to surgery. Epidemiology Causes Footnotes Further reading External links. POCD is common after cardiac surgery, and recent studies have now verified that POCD also exists after major non-cardiac surgery, although at a lower incidence. The risk of POCD increases with age, and the type of surgery is also important because there is a very low incidence associated with minor surgery. POCD is common in adult patients of all ages at hospital discharge after major noncardiac surgery, but only the elderly aged 60 years or older are at significant risk for long-term cognitive problems. Patients with POCD are at an increased risk of death in the first year after surgery. POCD is just as likely to occur after operations under regional anesthesia as under general anesthesia. More likely after major operations than minor operations. People with lower educational level are ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postoperative_cognitive_dysfunction
*  Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk of Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
... DC News Update. Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk of Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease By James P. Meschino, DC, MS The Neuroprotective Effects of Omega-3 Fats: Biological Mechanisms Several recent studies suggest higher intake and blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids may help to reduce the risk of age-related cognitive decline, dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 8-11 The epidemiological and experimental studies suggest omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the risk of cognitive decline. More specifically, the results showed that elderly men who consumed an average of approximately 400 mg per day of omega-3 fatty acids from EPA and DHA had significantly less cognitive decline over the five-year period than did those consuming an average of approximately 20 mg per day of omega-3 fatty acids. 7 Summary A number of epidemiological studies and experimental studies suggest higher intake levels, brain levels and blood levels of EPA and DHA may help preserve cognitive function as we age, and red...
http://dynamicchiropractic.com/mpacms/dc/article.php?id=52256
*  Medical Xpress - cognitive decline
... Home cognitive decline. News tagged with cognitive decline. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics: dementia · older adults · alzheimer s disease · cognitive functioning · brain. Neuroscience. Increased activity in older brains may point to new avenues for treating memory loss. Northwestern Medicine scientists have examined activity in a little-studied part of the brain associated with memory and found for the first time the reason that neurons there become more active in old age, findings that ... Sep 22, 2015 153 0. Alzheimer's disease & dementia. Identifying typical patterns in the progression towards Alzheimer's disease. How the brain progresses from mild cognitive impairment MCI to Alzheimer's-type dementia has been an enigma for the scientific community. However, a recent study by the team of Dr. Sylvie Belleville, PhD, Director of the ... Sep 18, 2...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/cognitive decline/sort/date/all/
*  Study Finds Improved Cognitive Health among Older Americans, February 25, 2008 News Release - Natio
... nal Institutes of Health NIH. Study Finds Improved Cognitive Health among Older Americans Rates of cognitive impairment among older Americans are on the decline, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health NIH comparing the cognitive health of older people in 1993 and 2002. Higher levels of education were associated with better cognitive health. These data suggest that we may be experiencing a shift in the cognitive health of older Americans, said Richard J. The National Institute on Aging NIA, part of the National Institutes of Health NIH, and Harvard University, funded the study conducted by Kenneth M. The data come from the NIA-supported Health and Retirement Study HRS, a national, longitudinal examination of health, retirement and economic conditions of more than 20,000 men and women over 50. The scientists then followed each group for two years to track death rates. They also looked at levels of education, income, and other factors in each group, finding that the 2002 part...
http://nih.gov/news/health/feb2008/nia-25.htm
*  UT College of Liberal Arts
... Search the College of Liberal Arts. GIVE. Academic Units. Graduate Resources. Undergraduate Resources. Courses. Online Courses. Dean's Office. Alumni Giving. Faculty by Department. Staff Faculty Resources. LAITS: IT Facilities. Search the College of Liberal Arts. Academics Students Research Alumni Giving Faculty Staff About. Self-Reported Cognitive Difficulties May Indicate Early Signs of Cerebrovascular Disease, Research Shows. Wed, Oct 5, 2011. AUSTIN, Texas Middle-aged adults at risk for cardiovascular disease CVD can perceive and complain about related cognitive difficulties long before standard neuropsychological screening tools detect any problems, according to a recent study from The University of Texas at Austin. The topic of subjective complaints is widely debated among researchers, some of whom feel very strongly that these complaints relate more to emotional state and personality than to objective functioning, says Andreana Haley, lead author of the study, which was published in the Journal of...
http://utexas.edu/cola/public-affairs/news/4251
*  Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline -- ScienceDaily
... Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline. Date: September 9, 2013 Source: University of California - Davis Health System Summary: The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia. The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia, a study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center has found. University of California - Davis Health System. "Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline." ScienceDaily. University of California - Davis Health System. Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline. Retrieved October 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130909172219.htm University of ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130909172219.htm
*  What Is Impaired Cognition? (with pictures)
What Is Impaired Cognition. wise GEEK clear answers for common questions. What Is Impaired Cognition. Cognitive impairment from aging is usually a precursor to dementia. Cognitive impairment may be managed through the application of therapy in some cases. Medication may be used to treat some cases of impaired cognition. For some people, cognitive impairment is the result of the normal process of aging. wiseGEEK Slideshows These 10 animal facts will amaze you Top 10 amazing movie makeup transformations Top 10 facts about the world Top 10 unbelievable historical concurrencies 10 most extreme places on Earth You won't believe these 10 facts about people Adorable animal families that will make you "aww" Can you see through these real-life optical illusions. Cognition refers to mental processes that involve the use of the brain as part of the daily functions of understanding, reasoning and thinking. A cognitive impairment may be the result of an accident that involves an injury to the brain or it may be the result...
http://wisegeek.com/what-is-impaired-cognition.htm
*  CCR2
'C-C chemokine receptor type 2' 'CCR2' or 'CD192' cluster of differentiation 192 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the 'CCR2' gene. CCR2 is a chemokine receptor. Gene Function Animal studies Clinical significance See also References Further reading External links. This CCR2 gene is located in the chemokine receptor gene cluster region. This gene encodes two isoforms of a receptor for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 CCL2, a chemokine which specifically mediates monocyte chemotaxis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is involved in monocyte infiltration in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis as well as in the inflammatory response against tumors. In an observational study of gene expression in blood leukocytes in humans, Harries 'et al.' found evidence of a relationship between expression of 'CCR2' and cognitive function assessed using the mini-mental state examination, MMSE. 5 Higher 'CCR2' expression was associated with worse performance on the MMSE assessment of cognitive function. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CCR2
*  Plaque in brain could guide treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's
... Plaque in brain could guide treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's Published on March 11, 2014 at 8:06 AM. Brain imaging using radioactive dye can detect early evidence of Alzheimer's disease that may predict future cognitive decline among adults with mild or no cognitive impairment, according to a 36-month follow-up study led by Duke Medicine. The national, multicenter study confirms earlier findings suggesting that identifying silent beta-amyloid plaque build-up in the brain could help guide care and treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's. The current study, which enrolled 152 adults ages 50 and older, was designed to assess whether silent pathological changes in the brain associated with Alzheimer's and detected with positron emission tomography PET can predict cognitive decline. Of the participants, 69 had normal cognitive function at the start of the study, 52 had been recently diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment, and 31 were diagnosed with Al...
http://news-medical.net/news/20140311/Plaque-in-brain-could-guide-treatment-decisions-for-patients-at-risk-for-Alzheimers.aspx
*  Cholesterol Metabolism in the Brain and Dementia - D-Scholarship@Pitt
We examined the relationship between plasma oxysterol metabolites and cerebrovascular disease, amyloid deposition in the brain, and incident cognitive impairment using two longitudinal cohorts of older adults with extensive characterization of cognition and brain structure. Quantitative marker of brain structure were prior to clinical disease using magnetic resonance imaging MRI and positron emission tomography PET .Results: Our review found inconsistent associations between brain-derived plasma oxysterols and AD. Our original research examined the longitudinal association between oxysterols, cognition and brain imaging markers in non-demented older adults. We found higher levels of brain-derived oxysterols were associated with MRI markers of cerebrovascular disease and a greater risk of cognitive impairment over 8 years of follow-up. Brain-derived plasma oxysterols may be an important marker of underlying cerebrovascular disease preceding cognitive impairment and risk for developing cognitive impairment. We ...
http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/6801/
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Neurology | Diabetes, Glucose Control, and 9-Year Cognitive Decline Among Old
Diabetes, Glucose Control, and 9-Year Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults Without Dementia. Article. COMMENT. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Objectives To determine if prevalent and incident diabetes mellitus DM increase risk of cognitive decline and if, among elderly adults with DM, poor glucose control is related to worse cognitive performance. Participants with prevalent DM had lower baseline test scores than participants without DM 3MS: 88.8 vs 90.9; DSST: 32.5 vs 36.3, respectively; t = 6.09; P = .001 for both tests. Compared with those without DM, participants with prevalent DM had slightly lower mean 3MS baseline scores 89.7 vs 90.5; t = 2.5; P = .01 and DSST scores 34.3 vs 35.5; t = 2.24; P = .03 Figure 1. After an average of 9 years, participants with prevalent DM had significantly greater decline on both the 3MS t = 2.66; P = .008 and the DSST t = 3.69; P = .001 compared with those without DM Table 2. Among participants with prevalent DM with an HbA 1c value, at a mean follow-up of 3.5 years, those with a mi...
http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1183076&quizId=3288&atab=7
*  Gallery: The top ingredients for cognitive health
... Your browser is blocking javascript. This might limit your experience on this website. News. Suppliers. Markets. Regulation. People. Sectors. Bakery. Confectionery. Dairy. Healthy Foods. Prepared Foods. Snacks. Greek yogurt. Fancy Food Show. Nutrition Facts. Sugar reduction. Healthy snacking. Food labeling and marketing. Natural claims. Natural sweeteners. Trans- and saturated fats. Food safety. Gluten free. Sodium reduction. GMO Labeling. Health & Wellness. Social Media. Views. Views. Ingredients. Cereals and bakery preparations. Chocolate and confectionery ingredients. Dairy-based ingredients. Fats & oils. Food safety and labeling. Fruit, vegetable, nut ingredients. Health and nutritional ingredients. Proteins, non-dairy. All Products. Multimedia. Free Newsletter. Suppliers Special edition: Cognitive health Gallery: The top ingredients for cognitive health. By Stephen Daniells+ Stephen DANIELLS 24-Jul-2014 2014-07-24T00:00:00Z Last updated on 24-Jul-2014 at 16:11 GMT 2014-07-24T16:11:20Z Memory, attent...
http://mobile.foodnavigator-usa.com/Suppliers2/Gallery-The-top-ingredients-for-cognitive-health
*  Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS | MDA/ALS Newsmagazine
Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS. Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS. Results from a new study suggest that the presence of cognitive impairment in the first 12 months after diagnosis is associated with a more rapid decline in muscle function in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, while absence of early cognitive impairment is associated with slower functional decline. People who have both ALS and FTD are said to have ALS-FTD. Of the 186 people who participated in the study, 22 were found to have ALS-FTD. Data showed that cognitive impairment — particularly difficulties with executive dysfunction — that appeared within the first 12 months after receiving an ALS diagnosis was associated with higher study dropout rates and faster decline in motor progression. Study participants in whom no cognitive abnormality was detected at baseline the first study visit had slower rates of motor decline and a tendency to remain "cognitively intact."...
http://alsn.mda.org/news/study-finds-cognitive-status-predicts-functional-decline-als
*  Obese in Middle Age? You May Suffer Faster Cognitive Decline Later On | TIME.com
Obese in Middle Age. TIME.com. Time.com. Subscribe Newsletters Feedback Privacy Policy Your California Privacy Rights Terms of Use Ad Choices. 2015 Time Inc. Sign In Subscribe. Obese in Middle Age. Maintaining a normal weight in midlife may be a good way to keep your brain healthy as you age. If you re obese in middle age and you have high blood pressure or other metabolic abnormalities — like high blood sugar or low HDL good cholesterol — you may be setting yourself up for faster cognitive decline over time than your normal weight peers, a recent study found. Thirty-one percent of the participants had two or more metabolic abnormalities — including high blood pressure or taking medication for it, low levels of HDL, high blood sugar or taking diabetes medication and high triglycerides or taking cholesterol-lowering drugs. Among the obese participants, 60% were considered metabolically abnormal. Based on the participants test performance, the researchers found that those who were obese and metabolically abnorm...
http://healthland.time.com/2012/08/21/obese-in-middle-age-you-may-suffer-faster-cognitive-decline-later-on/?iid=hl-article-latest
*  Post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment
... 'Post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment' 'PCCI' also known as 'chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction' or 'impairment', 'chemo brain', or 'chemo fog' describes the cognitive impairment that can result from chemotherapy treatment. The clinical relevance of PCCI is significant, considering the increasing number of long-term cancer survivors in the population, many of whom may have been treated with aggressive dosing of chemotherapeutic agents, or with chemotherapy as an adjuvant to other forms of treatment. The importance of hormones, particularly estrogen, on cognitive function is underscored by the presence of cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients before chemotherapy is begun, the similarity of the cognitive impairments to several menopausal symptoms, the increased rate of PCCI in pre-menopausal women, and the fact that the symptoms can frequently be reversed by taking estrogen. Deficits in visuo-spatial, visual-motor, and visual memory functions are among the symptoms seen in post-chemother...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-chemotherapy_cognitive_impairment
*  Canine cognitive dysfunction
... 'Canine Cognitive Dysfunction CCD ' is a disease prevalent in dogs that exhibit symptoms of dementia or Alzheimer's disease shown in humans. As the dog ages, nerve cells die, and cerebrospinal fluid fills the empty space left by the dead nerve cells. 3 Clinical signs Diagnosis Treatment Precautions References. Clinical signs. Dogs with Canine Cognitive Dysfunction may exhibit many symptoms associated senile behavior and dementia. http://www.lapoflove.com/diseases/CognitiveDysfunctionSyndrome.pdf Although some of these symptoms may be attributed to old age itself, when they are exhibited together, there is a higher likelihood of CCD. furniture, corners of rooms Interaction changes – decreased interest in social interaction i.e. Medical diagnoses that may contribute to these symptoms include thyroid disorders, Cushing's disease, diabetes, kidney disease, musculoskeletal disease, cancer, liver problems, and sensory loss. There is no cure for Canine Cognitive Dysfunction, but there are medical aids to help m...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canine_cognitive_dysfunction
*  Psych Central - Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
... Quizzes News Experts Ask the Therapist Blogs Experts Daily News Research Updates World of Psychology Research Resources Find a clinical Trial Resources Forums Support Groups Find Help Ask the Therapist Drugs Medications Find a Therapist Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Take a Quiz Mood Tracker Pro. Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly. The rate of decline was found to be an average of five times higher per year in current smokers than those who never smoked. Among those who never smoked 41 percent, the MMSE score declined .03 points per year. The score for current smokers 22 percent declined .16 points per year, about five times more. Former smokers 37 percent dropped .06 points per year. "On the group level, rates of change are more informative and show that smoking has an impact on cognitive function in the elderly." Greater cognitive decl...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2004-03/aaon-slt031504.html
*  Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp | Senior Solutions - Home
Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp. Senior Solutions - Home. Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp. Published On: Oct 29 2012 09:52:48 AM EDT. By Pure Matters. The team at Rush University Medical Center found that elderly people with the highest levels of social activity -- doing things such as visiting friends, going to parties or attending church -- showed much lower levels of cognitive decline than those who were the least socially active. The study included 1,138 adults, average age 80, who are participants in the ongoing Rush Memory and Aging Project. At the start of the study, none of the participants had any signs of cognitive impairment. They were assessed annually and provided information about their social activities. The study participants were tested for various types of cognitive function, including memory, perceptual speed the ability to quickly and accurately compare things and visuospatial ability the capacity to visually perceive the spatial relationship between objects. Over an aver...
http://clickondetroit.com/lifestyle/seniorsolutions/Socializing-may-keep-elderly-minds-sharp/17174510?view=print
*  Four boxes test
... the four boxes test is a computer based test used to measure reaction times in the test a black circle appears in one of four boxes on the screen and the patient presses the corresponding key on the keyboard as quickly as possible the next circle appears after ms until circles have been exposed the computer measures the time the subject takes to complete the test and the number of errors they make the test has been used to measure long term cognitive dysfunction in elderly people who have undergone an operation when subjects had undergone anesthesia with different drugs and were then tested using the stroop colour and word interference test the digit symbol substitution test and the four boxes test recovery times varied both by anesthetic and by type of test other studies have shown that there is an association between postoperative cognitive dysfunction pocd and impaired performance in the four boxes test but that the test is not a good predictor of pocd references category neuropsychological tests...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_boxes_test
*  Sun Advocate - Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is important to quality of life - July
... 4, 2002. Today is October 6, 2015. Front Page. July 4, 2002. Carbon Senior Scene. Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is importan... Published 4,842 days ago. Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is important to quality of life. Print Page. Email Page. Share. Get Reprints. As brain research advances, experts are finding that some physical and mental changes typically associated with aging may not be normal, but the result of treatable and preventable health conditions. By some estimates, only 30 percent of physical aging can be traced to genes. The rest is up to the individual. According to the AARP Andrus Foundation, developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is as important to a person's quality of life at any age as maintaining good physical health. A series of four booklets, Staying Sharp: Current Advances in Brain Research, provides information and tips based on research. The booklets were derived from public forums conducted in partnership with the Dana Alliance for Brain Init...
http://sunadvocate.com/index.php?tier=1&article_id=1110&poll=267&vote=results&poll=271&vote=results
*  Innomed: AddNeuroMed Study
innomed addneuromed study home contact the innovative medicines initiative scientific aims and objectives of addneuromed the addneuromed objectives are to produce improve experimental models of alzheimer s for biomarker discovery identify a biomarker for alzheimer s disease suitable for diagnosis especially early diagnosis prediction in particular helping to identify those people with mild cognitive impairment at increased risk of developing dementia monitoring disease progression for use in clinical trials and in clinical practice more details public aims and objectives of addneuromed the overall aim of addneuromed is to find a biomarker for alzheimer s disease a biomarker is a test that can be used to help diagnose a condition or to help monitor a condition or response to treatment biomarkers are used in many areas of medicine both in ordinary medical practice and also in research especially in clinical trials more details addneuromed as part of innomed is a precursor of the innovative medicines initiative ...
http://innomed-addneuromed.com/
*  Innomed: AddNeuroMed Study
innomed addneuromed study home contact the innovative medicines initiative scientific aims and objectives of addneuromed the addneuromed objectives are to produce improve experimental models of alzheimer s for biomarker discovery identify a biomarker for alzheimer s disease suitable for diagnosis especially early diagnosis prediction in particular helping to identify those people with mild cognitive impairment at increased risk of developing dementia monitoring disease progression for use in clinical trials and in clinical practice more details public aims and objectives of addneuromed the overall aim of addneuromed is to find a biomarker for alzheimer s disease a biomarker is a test that can be used to help diagnose a condition or to help monitor a condition or response to treatment biomarkers are used in many areas of medicine both in ordinary medical practice and also in research especially in clinical trials more details addneuromed as part of innomed is a precursor of the innovative medicines initiative ...
http://innomed-addneuromed.com/index.cfm?PID=1
*  Frank Dylla | Cognitive Systems
Frank Dylla. Cognitive Systems Site Network: Cognitive Systems. SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition. Universit t Bremen. Site menu: Home News Research Areas Projects Teaching Staff Publications Login. Frank Dylla. About me I am a post-doctoral researcher in the Cognitive Systems Group CoSy, Universit t Bremen and principal investigator of the 'SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition' project R3- Reasoning about Paths, Shapes Configurations. Interests The core of my research deals with qualitative spatial and temporal reasoning QSTR, spatial change, cognitive robotics, reasoning about action and change RAC, cognitive systems, and applied ontologies. Project In my doctoral thesis An Agent Control Perspective on Qualitative Spatial Reasoning - Towards More Intuitive Spatial Agent Development I investigated how qualitative spatial calculi can be applied to model an generate collision avoidance behavior in accordance to the official regulations of the International Maritime Organization IMO. Spatial Cognition. Projects: Cogniti...
http://cosy.informatik.uni-bremen.de/staff/frank-dylla
*  Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. 2013 | cfp.english.upenn.edu
Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. cfp.english.upenn.edu. cfp.english.upenn.edu a service provided by penn english subscribe to CFP. search the archive. categories. african-american. american. bibliography and history of the book. childrens literature. classical studies. cultural studies and historical approaches. ecocriticism and environmental studies. eighteenth century. ethnicity and national identity. gender studies and sexuality. graduate conferences. interdisciplinary. international conferences. journals and collections of essays. modernist studies. popular culture. postcolonial. professional topics. science and culture. twentieth century and beyond. Home Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. full name / name of organization: Mark Osteen / Society for Critical Exchange. contact email: mosteen@loyola.edu. SAMLA 2013. Literature and Cognitive Difference. Accompanying the popular recent attention to autism and neurological disorders has been the publication of...
http://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/node/51066
*  Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities - BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional R
... esearch Online. . BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online. Home. About. Browse by Year. Browse by School. Browse by Person. Browse by Journal. Browse by Types. Login. Create Account. Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities. Karmiloff-Smith, Annette 2012 Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities. Current Opinion in Neurology 25 2, pp. 106-111. ISSN 1350-7540. Full text not available from this repository. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0b013e3283518130. Abstract. Purpose of review: This article identifies an increasing change from rather static approaches to neurodevelopmental disorders and the search for 'intact' and 'impaired' domain-specific modules, to more recent dynamic perspectives that take account of cross-domain interactions and changes over developmental time. Recent findings: Research on Williams syndrome is taken as a model, used to demonstrate the static versus dynamic perspectives, covering new work on social cogniti...
http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/4615/
*  Medical Xpress: The research is in: Physical activity enhances cognition
... The research is in: Physical activity enhances cognition February 17, 2013. Exercise doesn't only strengthen your heart and muscles – it also beefs up your brain. Dozens of studies now show that aerobic exercise can increase the size of critical brain structures and improve cognition in children and older adults. University of Illinois psychology professor Art Kramer, a nationally recognized expert on the role of physical fitness on cognition, will discuss these brain-changing outcomes at a session of the 2013 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston on Feb. 16. Kramer is the director of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the U. of I. "Populations throughout the industrialized world are becoming increasing sedentary as a result of the changing nature of work and leisure activities," Kramer said. "As a result of these societal changes, increases in diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis and some cancers are increasing. Physical a...
http://m.medx.cc/news/2013-02-physical-cognition.html
*  Genes to Cognition Project
... Genes to Cognition G2C is a neuroscience research programme that studies gene s, the brain and behaviour in an integrated manner. It is engaged in a large-scale investigation of the function of molecules found at the synapse. This is mainly focused on proteins that interact with the NMDA receptor, a receptor for the neurotransmitter, glutamate, which is required for processes of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation LTP. One key discovery that led to the G2C project was the characterization of a group of proteins that interact with this receptor, called the "NMDA Receptor Complex NRC " and the observation that dysfunctions of many of these proteins are characteristic of numerous diseases of the nervous system. Proteomic analysis of NMDA receptor-adhesion protein signaling complexes. Nature Neuroscience 3, 661-669 2000 The NRC contains 185 proteins, 48 of which have so far been implicated in 54 human nervous system disorders. Synapse proteomics of multiprotein complexes: en route from genes t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genes_to_Cognition_Project
*  Cognitive skill
... cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human s ability to process to thoughts that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals cognition mainly refers to things like memory the ability to learn new information speech understanding of written material the brain is usually capable of learning new skills in the aforementioned areas typically in early childhood and of developing personal thoughts and beliefs about the world old age and disease may affect cognitive function causing memory loss and trouble thinking of the right words while speaking or writing drawing a blank multiple sclerosis ms for example can eventually cause memory loss an inability to grasp new concepts or information and depleted verbal fluency not all with the condition will experience this side effect and most will retain their general intellect and the ability humans generally have a capacity for cognitive function once born so almost every person is capable of learning or remembering however this is tested usin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_skill
*  How to maintain a healthy brain | SanDiegoUnionTribune.com
How to maintain a healthy brain. SanDiegoUnionTribune.com. Text Alerts. News +. Health. Communities. Chargers. NFL. Chargers stadium. Business +. Real Estate. Small Business. Finance. People. Food / Cooking. Guides. Special Forces. News. Business. News Obituaries. The San Diego Union-Tribune allows marketers to connect directly with the our audience by enabling them to create content and participate in the conversation. An estimated 5.5 million people in the United States have Alzheimer's disease. As baby boomers age, the incidence of Alzheimer's disease will increase dramatically. Diane Darby Beach, MPH, Ed.D, director of education and outreach for Vista Gardens Memory Care Community, explains what people can do to keep their brain functioning properly. Recent research studies show that regular physical exercise three to four times a week may have significantly positive effects on brain function. If one can combine cardio or aerobic exercise with strength and flexibility training, this will provide the great...
http://sandiegouniontribune.com/sponsored/2013/nov/19/vista-gardens-memory-care-healthy-brain-maintain/
*  Category:Symptoms and signs: Cognition, perception, emotional state and behaviour
category symptoms and signs cognition perception emotional state and behaviour category symptoms and signs cognition perception emotional state and behaviour cognition perception emotional state and behaviour symptoms category psychiatric diagnosis category emotion category cognition...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Symptoms_and_signs:_Cognition,_perception,_emotional_state_and_behaviour
*  Jakub Voracek Used To Have Cognitive Abilities, Until Niklas Kronwall Exploded Him
......
http://deadspin.com/5891241/jakub-voracek-used-to-have-cognitive-abilities-until-niklas-kronwall-exploded-him?tag=nhl
*  Bipolar Disorder Symptoms | Bipolar Depression & Bipolar Mania Symptoms
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms. Bipolar Depression & Bipolar Mania Symptoms. Go to Health Care Professional Site. About SEROQUEL XR. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder SEROQUEL XR for Bipolar Disorder. What Is Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms. Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder. Important Information About SEROQUEL XR. Bipolar Disorder. SEROQUEL XR for Bipolar Disorder. What Is Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms. Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms. Bipolar Depressive Symptoms. Bipolar Manic Symptoms. That's because for some patients with bipolar disorder, the depressive symptoms, also called bipolar depression, can be more disabling than the manic symptoms. A manic or hypomanic episode is what separates a diagnosis of depression, also called major depressive disorder, from bipolar disorder. Important Safety Information About SEROQUEL XR. SEROQUEL XR is not approved for treating these patients. H...
http://seroquelxr.com/bipolar-disorder/symptoms.html
*  .. Why Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar Disorder are Commonly Misdiagnosed
Why Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar Disorder are Commonly Misdiagnosed. by. clearviewtreatment. in. BPD Symptoms, Related Conditions. The diagnosis of a personality disorder or mood disorder is made based on a set list of criteria for each disorder, which is found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatry DSM. It is usually clear whether a person has Borderline Personality Disorder BPD or Bipolar Disorder, but due to the similarity in symptoms between the two disorders, misdiagnosis is common. A recent report in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry found that 40 percent of people diagnosed with BPD had been misdiagnosed with Bipolar Disorder. Another study published in the journal determined that people who score positive on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire used to screen for the presence of mood disorders are just as likely to be diagnosed with BPD as Bipolar Disorder. About 24 percent of people who scored positively on the questionnaire were diagnosed as bipolar and about 28 percent as...
http://borderlinepersonalitytreatment.com/borderline-personality-disorder-bipolar-disorder-commonly-misdiagnosed.html
*  Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at RightDiagnosi
DISEASES. VIDEOS. Misdiagnosis Misdiagnosis and Bipolar-like mania symptoms. Bipolar-like mania symptoms Seizures. Bipolar-like mania symptoms AND Seizures: Causes of All Symptoms Bipolar-like mania symptoms OR Seizures: 2280 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms : Causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms: Introduction Seizures : 2274 causes Seizures: Introduction Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Acute depression-like symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Ataxia 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Bipolar-like symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Catatonia 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Chronic bipolar-like mania symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Chronic bipolar-like symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Chronic depression-like symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania symptoms and Seizures and Chronic recurring depression-like symptoms 2 causes Bipolar-like mania sym...
http://symptoms.rightdiagnosis.com/cosymptoms/bipolar-like-mania-symptoms/seizures.htm
*  2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.80 : Bipolar disorder, unspecified
... Home > 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Mental Disorders 290-319 > Other Psychoses 295-299 > Episodic mood disorders 296-. 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.80. Bipolar disorder, unspecified. Short description: Bipolar disorder NOS. More recent version s of ICD-9-CM 296.80 : 2013 2014 2015. Convert to ICD-10-CM : 296.80 converts approximately to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM F31.9 Bipolar disorder, unspecified. Disease Synonyms Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder in full remission Bipolar disorder in partial remission Bipolar disorder in remission Bipolar disorder, full remission Bipolar disorder, in remission Bipolar disorder, mild Bipolar disorder, moderate Bipolar disorder, partial remission Bipolar disorder, severe, w psychosis Bipolar disorder, severe, w psychosis, mood congruent Bipolar disorder, severe, w psychosis, mood incongruent Bipolar disorder, severe, with psychosis Bipolar disorder, severe, without psychosis Bipolar disorder, severe, wo psychosis Mild bipolar disorder Moderate bipolar disorder Severe bip...
http://icd9data.com/2012/Volume1/290-319/295-299/296/296.80.htm
*  My Big Fat Bipolar Disorder
Unique perspective of a women with Bipolar Disorder and a Master's degree in psychology. Posts include summaries of current research, essays on experiencing and managing bipolar disorder and data on mood over time, in relation to medication compliance and other aspects of health. bipolar depression bipolar disorder art bipolar medication hypomania art of manic depression avoid bipolar depression bipolar addiction bipolar anxiety bipolar depression and common cold bipolar disorder and stress bipolar disorder creativity bipolar disorder fitness bipolar disorder fluoxetin bipolar disorder medications bipolar hypomania bipolar medications bipolar meds bipolar substance abuse depression and physical illness hypomania bipolar disorder insomnia and manic depression manic depression medications for bipolar disorder 40 something bipolar female Alcoholism bipolar disorder Bipolar Tweets Tal Ben Shahar Happier Tal Ben Shahar positive psychology Tweets on bipolar disorder accepting criticism accepting criticism in a rela...
http://mybigfatbipolardisorder.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default?alt=rss
*  Hypomania and Mania Symptoms in Bipolar Disorder
... Symptoms. Featured Topics. Second Opinion: Read expert perspectives on popular health topics. WebMD Pain Coach. Taking Medications During Pregnancy. Living Healthy. Featured Topics. Family Pregnancy. Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. Select An Article All Subchapter Articles: Bipolar Symptoms Mania Symptoms Depression Symptoms Bipolar Types Bipolar I Bipolar II Rapid Cycling Mixed Bipolar Cyclothymia Bipolar Spectrum Bipolar Disorder Complications Bipolar Disorder in Pregnancy Bipolar Warning Signs Emergencies Suicide Prevention. Bipolar mania, hypomania, and depression are symptoms of bipolar disorder. The dramatic mood episodes of bipolar disorder do not follow a set pattern -- depression does not always follow mania. However, for someone with bipolar disorder, hypomania can evolve into mania -- or can switch into serious depression. Finding the right bipolar medication can be challenging for you and your doctor. If you have periods of unusually high energy...
http://webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/hypomania-mania-symptoms?src=rsf_full-4249_pub_none_xlnk
*  Bipolar Disorder Signs and Symptoms
... Select An Article All Subchapter Articles: Bipolar Symptoms Mania Symptoms Depression Symptoms Bipolar Types Bipolar I Bipolar II Rapid Cycling Mixed Bipolar Cyclothymia Bipolar Spectrum Bipolar Disorder Complications Bipolar Disorder in Pregnancy Bipolar Warning Signs Emergencies Suicide Prevention. A few facts about bipolar disorder you may not know: As many as 20% of people complaining of depression to their doctor actually have bipolar disorder. Time spent with depression symptoms, meanwhile, outnumbers time spent with hypomanic symptoms by about 35 to one in people with bipolar II disorder. Time spent with depression symptoms also usually outweighs time spent with mania symptoms in bipolar I disorder by about three to one, although the more severe mania in bipolar I generally is easier to identify. Major depressive disorder -- often referred to as unipolar depression -- is different from bipolar disorder II -- also called bipolar depression -- in that unipolar depression has no intervals of hypomani...
http://webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-warning-signs
*  Psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder are effective when used as an adjunct to psychopharm
... acology, and mental health nurses are well placed to integrate them into practice -- Deacon -- Evidence-Based Nursing. Search this site. Current evidence for nursing. Online First. Current issue. About the journal. Submit a paper. Subscribe. Online First. Current issue. Online First. Psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder are effective when used as an adjunct to psychopharmacology, and mental health nurses are well placed to integrate them into practice Maureen Deacon. Professional Development and Allied Health Care, University of Chester, Chester, UK Correspondence to Maureen Deacon Warrington Campus, Crab Lane, Warrington, Cheshire WA2 ODB, UK; m.deacon{at}chester.ac.uk. Disorder-specific psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder – a systematic review of the evidence for mental health nursing practice. Bipolar disorder severely impairs quality of life People diagnosed with bipolar disorder manic-depression experience a varied illness ‘career’ in terms of its level of impact on their quali...
http://ebn.bmj.com/content/early/2010/09/24/ebn1003
*  Bipolar Disorder Test
... Health. Depression. Depression. Symptoms / Diagnosis. An email with a link to: http://depression.about.com/library/quizzes/maniaquiz/blmanic.htm was emailed to: Thanks for sharing About.com with others. Bipolar Disorder Test. Want to test for depression symptoms. About the test: There are only 9 questions in this short mania symptoms test. Answer each one and click the button below to move forward. This test cannot diagnose bipolar disorder. Only a mental health professional can do that. It will, however, tell you if you might be suffering the symptoms of mania, which is an important feature which distinguishes bipolar disorder from depression. More About Mania and Bipolar Disorder: What Is Mania. Mania defined. "Electroboy: A Memoir of Mania" Andy Behrman's shocking story of his experiences with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder or Depression. Could your depression actually be a part of bipolar disorder. What Is Manic Depression. Just what is manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder. What Are M...
http://depression.about.com/library/quizzes/maniaquiz/blmanic.htm
*  Bipolar disorder
"Bipolar disorders". It is divided into bipolar I disorder if there is at least one manic episode and bipolar II disorder if there are at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode. Hypomanic episodes. Depressive episodes. 7 Manic episodes. Hypomanic episodes. There are several common childhood precursors seen in children who later receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder; these disorders include mood abnormalities, full major depressive episodes, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD. Bipolar spectrum disorders BSD include the following four disorders: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder, and bipolar disorder not otherwise specified. These disorders typically involve depressive symptoms or episodes that alternate with elevated mood states or with mixed episodes that feature symptoms of both depressive and elevated mood states. Bipolar I disorder : At least one manic episode is necessary to make the diagnosis;. depressive episodes are common in bipolar di...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorder
*  Bipolar Disorder
... s are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders. Bipolar disorder goes by many names: manic depression, manic-depressive disorder, manic-depressive illness, bipolar mood disorder, and bipolar affective disorder are medical terms for the same condition. Bipolar I Bipolar II Cyclothymic Disorder Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Mental health experts separate the condition into these four types because the symptoms of bipolar disorder show up differently in different people. Recent research suggests that kids and teens with bipolar disorder don't always have the same behavioral patterns that adults with bipolar disorder do. A person with bipolar disorder will go through episodes of mania highs and at other times experience episodes of depression lows. But using alcohol and drugs can have disastrous results for people with bipolar disorder. Because children and teens with bipolar disorder do not usually show the same patterns of behavior as adults who have the condition, a mental h...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=RadyChildrensHospital&lic=102&cat_id=20123&article_set=39877&tracking=T_RelatedArticle
*  Bipolar Disorder
... What Is Bipolar Disorder. What Causes Bipolar Disorder. Living With Bipolar Disorder. What Is Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders. Depressive disorders affect the way a person's brain functions. Bipolar disorder goes by many names: manic depression, manic-depressive disorder, manic-depressive illness, bipolar mood disorder, and bipolar affective disorder are medical terms for the same condition. Continue. Recent research suggests that kids and teens with bipolar disorder don't always have the same behavioral patterns that adults with bipolar disorder do. A person with bipolar disorder will go through episodes of mania highs and at other times experience episodes of depression lows. loss of interest in usual activities prolonged sad or irritable mood loss of energy or fatigue feelings of guilt or worthlessness sleeping too much or inability to sleep drop in grades and inability to concentrate inability to experience pleasure appetite loss o...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=ArkansasChildrens_Hospital&lic=291&cat_id=20123&article_set=39877&ps=204
*  Bipolar Disorder
... What Is Bipolar Disorder. What Causes Bipolar Disorder. Living With Bipolar Disorder. What Is Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders. Depressive disorders affect the way a person's brain functions. Bipolar disorder goes by many names: manic depression, manic-depressive disorder, manic-depressive illness, bipolar mood disorder, and bipolar affective disorder are medical terms for the same condition. Recent research suggests that kids and teens with bipolar disorder don't always have the same behavioral patterns that adults with bipolar disorder do. A person with bipolar disorder will go through episodes of mania highs and at other times experience episodes of depression lows. loss of interest in usual activities prolonged sad or irritable mood loss of energy or fatigue feelings of guilt or worthlessness sleeping too much or inability to sleep drop in grades and inability to concentrate inability to experience pleasure appetite loss or overeati...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=ChildrensPhysicianNetwork&lic=142&cat_id=20123&article_set=39877&tracking=T_RelatedArticle
*  .. Dangerous Myths About The Bipolar Disorder .. A Nice Video About
The Bipolar Disorder is a condition characterized by significant shifts in mood and energy that range from highs of mania to the lows of depression. And there is no cure for it but it can be kept under control and you can have a normal life if you follow a treatment plan. There are certain myths that are dangerous for people with the bipolar disorder because they can lead to discrimination or isolation. Both depression and bipolar disorder are mood disorders but they are different. Bipolar disorder includes depressive episodes but they are combined with manic episodes in an alternating cycle. So, Depression and Bipolar Disorder are two different mood disorders. Also people tend to think mania is safer than depression. During a manic phase, people with bipolar disorder often experience high levels of energy and sometimes they even feel happy. But the euphoria of these manic episodes can lead to poor decisions such as impulsive spending, racing thoughts, sexual indiscretion, aggressive behavior, trouble concent...
http://k-dad.net/
*  ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.7 : Bipolar I disorder, most recent episode (or current) unspe
ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.7 : Bipolar I disorder, most recent episode or current unspecified. Home > 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Mental Disorders 290-319 > Other Psychoses 295-299 > Episodic mood disorders 296- 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.7 Bipolar I disorder, most recent episode or current unspecified 2015. Convert to ICD-10-CM : 296.7 converts approximately to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM F31.9 Bipolar disorder, unspecified Disease Synonyms Bipolar 1 disorder Bipolar 1 disorder, rapid cycling Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder in full remission Bipolar disorder in remission Bipolar I disorder Bipolar I disorder, single manic episode Bipolar I disorder, single manic episode with postpartum onset Mild bipolar disorder Moderate bipolar disorder Organic bipolar disorder Rapid cycling bipolar I disorder Severe bipolar disorder Severe bipolar disorder with psychotic features Severe bipolar disorder with psychotic features, mood-congruent Severe bipolar disorder without psychotic features Severe bipolar I disorder...
http://icd9data.com/2015/Volume1/290-319/295-299/296/296.7.htm
*  .. Cardiovascular Problems in Bipolar Disorder May Begin in Adolescence .. Recent Posts .. Categori
Cardiovascular Problems in Bipolar Disorder May Begin in Adolescence. February 20, 2013 · Posted in Comorbidities, Risk Factors. Adults with bipolar disorder have higher rates of cardiovascular disease and premature death from cardiovascular illness than the general population. At the 2012 meeting of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Benjamin Goldstein presented a poster in which he showed that youth with bipolar disorder may also have abnormal cardiovascular function. This does not happen as readily in patients with mood disorders. In Goldstein’s study, noninvasive ultrasound imaging was used to measure the thickness of the walls of the carotid artery and flow mediated dilation of the artery in adolescents with bipolar disorder and those without the illness. Goldstein found highly abnormal results in 14 adolescents aged 14 to 19 with bipolar disorder compared to controls. He concluded that reducing cardiovascular risk in bipolar disorder is a pressing clinical and public health chall...
http://bipolarnews.org/?p=1481
*  Bipolar I Disorder | Psychiatric Times
Bipolar I Disorder. Psychiatric Times SearchMedica. Bipolar Disorder. Major Depressive Disorder. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Psychiatric Times SearchMedica. Bipolar Disorder. Major Depressive Disorder. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Bipolar I Disorder. Topics ADHD Alzheimer Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Blogs Career Clinical Scales CME Cognitive Disorders Conferences DSM-5 Eating Disorders Forensic Psychiatry Gender Issues Major Depressive Disorder Mood Disorders Neuropsychiatry Panic Disorder PTSD Schizophrenia Sleep Disorders Special Reports Telepsychiatry Trauma And Violence. Bipola...
http://psychiatrictimes.com/bipolar-i-disorder?p_p_id=EXT_4&p_p_action=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view&p_p_col_id=column-3&p_p_col_pos=2&p_p_col_count=6&_EXT_4_struts_action=/articles_display/view&_EXT_4_keywords=&_EXT_4_advancedSearch=false&_EXT_4_andOperator=true&cur=12
*  Serum levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: differen
The aim is to compare cytokine levels in both disorders. METHOD: Twenty euthymic bipolar disorder patients, 53 chronic stabilized schizophrenia patients and 80 healthy controls were recruited. RESULTS: IL-6 levels were increased in schizophrenia patients when compared to controls p 0.0001 and euthymic bipolar disorder patients p 0.0001. IL-6 levels were no different in controls compared to euthymic bipolar disorder patients p = 0.357. IL-10 was lower in controls compared to schizophrenia patients p = 0.001 or to bipolar disorder patients p = 0.004. Gender-based classification did not significantly alter these findings, and no correlation was found between the antipsychotic dose administered and cytokine levels in patients with schizophrenia. Increased anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia suggests different patterns of inflammatory balance between these two disorders. 15 Patients with unipolar depression who are otherwise clinically healthy have been shown to present activated i...
http://scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-44462011005000009&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Managing bipolar disorder in the elderly: defining the role of the newer agents.
Impact Factor: 2.84. Although there is an absence of rigorous, evidence-based information, preliminary data on older adults with bipolar disorder suggest some promising treatment options and important differences in older versus younger patients with bipolar illness. Clinical evidence regarding use of antiepileptic compounds in late-life bipolar disorder is generally compiled from bipolar disorder studies in mixed populations, studies in older adults with seizure disorders, and studies on dementia and psychotic conditions other than bipolar disorder. The atypical antipsychotics have expanded the treatment armamentarium for bipolar disorder in mixed populations and may offer particular promise in management of bipolar illness in older populations as well. Olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, ziprasidone and aripiprazole are atypical antipsychotics that have been approved by the US FDA for the treatment of bipolar disorder; however, there are no published, controlled trials with atypical antipsychotics specific...
http://researchgate.net/publication/8068960_Managing_bipolar_disorder_in_the_elderly_defining_the_role_of_the_newer_agents
*  Bipolar Disorder Treatment - Diseases and Conditions - PDR Health
... Bipolar Disorder Treatment. Bipolar Disorder Treatment. Symptoms. Treatment. Treatment. A person who is experiencing a particularly severe episode of manic-depressive illness should be brought to the hospital immediately to prevent suicide or possible violence to another person. Family and friends must be aware that someone with bipolar disorder may attempt suicide. Bipolar disorder carries a high risk of suicide. People with bipolar disorder are at a high risk for drug and alcohol abuse, as they may attempt to use those substances in an attempt to self-medicate. Learn as much as you can about bipolar disorder. National Depressive and Manic Depressive Association730 Franklin Street, Suite 501Chicago, IL 60610Phone: 312-642-0049; 1-800-826-3632FAX: 312-642-7243http://www.ndmda.org. Sleep disturbances may signal the early phase of a manic or depressive episode. It can also help people recognize early symptoms so that they can seek prompt medical assistance. It is most commonly used for individuals who are ...
http://pdrhealth.com/diseases/bipolar-disorder/treatment
*  Conditions InDepth: Bipolar Disorder - MEDtropolis
Health Library. Health Library. Health Library. Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Screening Reducing Your Risk Talking to Your Doctor Living With Bipolar Disorder Resource Guide. Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, is a treatable condition that typically causes extreme swings in mood, thought, energy, and behavior. The mood swings associated with bipolar disorder are different from the average ups and downs experienced by everybody in life. In severe cases, bipolar disorder can be associated with psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations, delusions, or thought disorganization. However, some people have their first symptoms during childhood, and some develop symptoms late in life. People with bipolar disorder are at increased risk for suicide, substance abuse, and high-risk behaviors such as reckless driving and sexual promiscuity. What are the risk factors for bipolar disorder. What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder. How can I reduce my risk of bipolar disorder. What qu...
http://medtropolis.com/your-health/?/19133/Resource-Guide-for-Bipolar-Disorder~Main-Page
*  History of bipolar disorder
... The word melancholia is derived from 'melas'/μελας, meaning "black", and 'chole'/χολη, meaning "bile" or "gall",. The linguistic origins of mania in relation to bipolar disorder Relationship between mania and melancholia Origin of bipolar disorder as a mental illness Distinction between Manic-depression involving psychotic states, and that which does not involve psychosis. Initial treatment options Progression from manic-depressive "reaction" to manic-depressive "illness" Current classification of bipolar disorder See also References. The linguistic origins of mania in relation to bipolar disorder. Relationship between mania and melancholia. Aretaeus is recognized as having authored most of the surviving texts referring to a unified concept of manic-depressive illness, viewing both melancholia and mania as having a common origin in "black bile" Akiskal 1996; Marneros 2001. Origin of bipolar disorder as a mental illness. Avicenna, a Persian physician and psychological thinker who wrote ' The Canon of Medi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_bipolar_disorder
*  Bipolar disorder. Bipolar davis disorder and bipolar davis disorder with psychological treatment of
Bipolar davis disorder and bipolar davis disorder with psychological treatment of bipolar disorder. Bipolar davis disorder and bipolar davis disorder with psychological treatment of bipolar disorder. Remember that bipolar disorder child home equity loan rate nj & bipolar depression disorder doctor doesnt know living living need tell well well you...that riddell chrome pocket helmet. We can get - bipolar disorder family guide know need survival gauge steel wire bipolar disorder personality symptom; abnormal cell grading malignant melanoma prognosis. Force use bipolar condition disorder more treatment or burner cd download free roxio bipolar disorder schizoaffective type ciara myspace singer. Disable the bipolar disorder symptom and treatment amber rain pic essential psychopharmacology of depression and bipolar disorder zinc bar nyc. bipolar depression disorder doctor doesnt know living living need tell well well you...that. advance bipolar disorder in psychiatry psychiatry review review treatment. advance bipo...
http://evqwt.w.interiowo.pl/bipolar-disorder.html
*  Bipolar disorder Alternative medicine - Mayo Clinic
... The manic episode may be preceded by or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes. Criteria for a manic or hypomanic episode. The DSM-5 has specific criteria for the diagnosis of manic and hypomanic episodes:. Criteria for a major depressive episode. The DSM-5 also lists criteria for diagnosis of a major depressive episode:. Signs and symptoms include:. Children and teens may have distinct major depressive, manic or hypomanic episodes, between which they return to their usual behavior, but that's not always the case. And children who have bipolar disorder are frequently also diagnosed with other mental health conditions. If you have any symptoms of depression or mania, see your doctor or mental health provider. Getting treatment from a mental health provider with experience in bipolar disorder can help you get your symptoms under control. Many people with bipolar disorder don't get the treatment they need. If you have bipolar disorder, you may also have another health condition that's diagnosed ...
http://mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/basics/alternative-medicine/CON-20027544?p=1
*  Bipolar Illness (Manic Depression)
Bipolar Illness Manic Depression. infoplease Atlas. Encyclopedia. Dictionary. Thesaurus. Day in History. Atlas. History. Fifty States. Atlas. History. People People. People Home. Science. History Gov't History Gov't. History Gov't Home. World History. History. Science Health Science Health. Science Health Home. Health. Calendar Holidays Calendar Holidays. Calendar Holidays Home. Bipolar Manic-Depressive Illness Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. Different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. But this disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives. About 5.7 million American adults, or about 2.6 percent of adults in any given year have bipolar disorder. Like diabetes or heart disease, bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that must be carefully managed throughout a person's life. B...
http://infoplease.com/spot/mental3.html
*  Bipolar Disorder Medical Reference
... Sleep Disorders Featured Topics Identifying Bugs and Their Bites. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. Communities: Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. WebMD Pain Coach Track your pain levels, triggers, and treatments. Drugs Supplements. Living Healthy. Oral Care Living Well Women's Health. Family Pregnancy. Children's Health. Featured Topics Know the Signs of Early Pregnancy. WebMD Communities Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. Get Answers WebMD Newsletters Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. Medical Reference Related to Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Get the facts about bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments. Treating Bipolar Depression Learn more from the experts at WebMD about current drug and nondrug treatment options for bipolar disorder. Frequently Asked Questions...
http://webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/medical-reference-index
*  Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder - MEDtropolis
Severe changes in energy and behavior go along with these changes in mood. Without proper treatment, hypomania can become severe mania or can switch to depression. Suicidal Symptoms Some people with bipolar disorder become suicidal. Signs and symptoms that may accompany suicidal feelings include:. As the above list of symptoms illustrate, bipolar disorder can range from mild to severe. If you are feeling depressed, for example, you may have a low mood, feel moderately depressed, or suffer from major depression. In between these changes in mood, you could have periods of normal mood. Bipolar Disorder Type I: Having manic or mixed episodes lasting for at least a week, or Having severe manic symptoms that require emergency care. Bipolar Disorder Type II: Having episodes of depression and then hypomania Not having severe mania or mixed episodes. Bipolar Disorder Type III: Having symptoms that do not meet types I or II Having symptoms that are beyond your normal behavior. Mild Form called cyclothymia : Having epis...
http://medtropolis.com/your-health/?/20294/Reducing-Your-Risk-of-Bipolar-Disorder~Symptoms
*  Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center. At Kendall Regional Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. H2U - health to you. Health Library. Pay Bill Online. Video Library. Psychosis Sometimes, severe episodes of mania or depression include symptoms of psychosis or psychotic symptoms. As the above list of symptoms illustrate, bipolar disorder can range from mild to severe. Bipolar Disorder Type I: Having manic or mixed episodes lasting for at least a week, or Having severe manic symptoms that require emergency care. Bipolar Disorder Type II: Having episodes of depression and then hypomania Not having severe mania or mixed episodes. Bipolar Disorder Type III: Having symptoms that do not meet types I or II Having symptoms that are beyond your normal behavior. One reason is that most patients 60% to 80% who have undiagnosed bipolar disorder seek help from their doctors because of the depressive symptoms. Patients may not share information about their episodes of e...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/20294/Diagnosis-of-Bipolar-Disorder~Symptoms
*  Bipolar Disorder | Second Opinion
Learn More About: Search Health Topics Aging Autoimmune Conditions Bladder and Bowel Health Cancer Caregiving Children s Health Diabetes Heart Disease Prevention Infectious Disease Lung Disease Men s Health Mental Health Pain Sexual Health Neurological Disorders Vaccines, Drugs Medications Women s Health. Other Resources Resources: National Institute of Mental Health NIMH National Alliance on Mental Illness NAMI Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance DBSA. Topics: Mental Health Vaccines, Drugs Medications. Source: Brain and Behavior Research Foundation Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain and behavior disorder characterized by severe shifts in a person's mood and energy, making it difficult for the person to function. What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder. The different types of bipolar disorder are diagnosed based on the pattern and severity of manic and depressive episodes. According to the DSM, there are four basic types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I Disorder is ma...
http://secondopinion-tv.org/episode/bipolar-disorder
*  One man's futile chase for peace inside his head: Scott Baker couldn't defeat bipolar illness - Post
... and Courier. One man's futile chase for peace inside his head: Scott Baker couldn't defeat bipolar illness. Sections. News. Obituaries. Classifieds. Categories Local. Latest News. Clemson. Latest News. Additional Links Gene Sapakoff. Recruiting News. Clemson Blog. South Carolina Blog. Local Politics. State Politics. Federal Politics. Latest News. Latest News. Additional Links Charleston Eating Tour. Latest From Charleston Scene. Categories Health. One man's futile chase for peace inside his head: Scott Baker couldn't defeat bipolar illness. Dottie Pacharis with son Scott Baker in May 2006 when Baker visited shortly after his release from Palmetto Behavioral Health, where he received treatment for severe bipolar disorder. Scott Baker spent years traveling the East Coast, fleeing his severe bipolar demons and the federal agents he thought were trying to kill him. Mother chronicles son's battle Dottie Pacharis chronicles her son Scott's five prolonged episodes battling severe bipolar disorder in her 2011 bo...
http://postandcourier.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130602/PC16/130609880
*  Book:Bipolar Disorder
book bipolar disorder book bipolar disorder saved book title bipolar disorder subtitle cover image the scream jpg cover color black bipolar disorder overview bipolar disorder history history of bipolar disorder emil kraepelin karl leonhard john cade mogens schou frederick k goodwin kay redfield jamison symptoms hallucination delusion emotional dysregulation anhedonia dysphoria suicidal ideation sleep disorder hypersomnia insomnia psychosis anxiety racing thoughts bipolar spectrum bipolar spectrum bipolar i bipolar ii cyclothymia dysthymia major depressive disorder schizoaffective disorder mania mixed state hypomania major depressive episode treatment treatment of bipolar disorder treatment of bipolar disorder mood stabilzers anticonvulsant s carbamazepine gabapentin lamotrigine lamictal oxcarbazepine topiramate valproic acid sodium valproate valproate semisodium lithium pharmacology lithium carbonate lithium citrate lithium sulfate antipsychotic s treatment of bipolar disorder anxiety alprazolam solanax and x...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book:Bipolar_Disorder
*  Bipolar Disorder
... Topic Contents Topic Overview. Top of the page. Bipolar Disorder Skip to the navigation Topic Overview Is this topic for you. What is bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is an illness that causes extreme mood changes from manic episodes of very high energy to the extreme lows of depression. What causes bipolar disorder. The symptoms depend on your mood swings, or "highs" and "lows." During a manic high, you may feel: Very happy, energetic, or on edge. During that time, three or more symptoms of mania, such as needing less sleep or feeling as if your thoughts are racing. With treatment, which includes medicines and counseling, you can feel better. Counseling for you and your family is also an important treatment. What is bipolar disorder. What happens in bipolar disorder. What medicines can I take for a manic episode. Depression: Helping Someone Get Treatment. Symptoms Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings, from feeling overly energetic mania to feeling very sad or having low energy depression. You m...
http://peacehealth.org/medical-topics/content/major/hw148751.html
*  Delano CA Psychiatrist Doctors - Bipolar Disorder: Learn About Symptoms and Treatment Options
... Allergic Skin Disorders. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions. Diseases Conditions. Chronic Pain. Depression. Health Living. Mental Health. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Image Collection categories Allergic Skin Disorders. Bacterial Skin Diseases. Fungal Skin Diseases. Delano Psychiatrist Doctors for Bipolar Disorder Type of Physician: Psychiatrist What is a Psychiatrist. Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder facts Bipolar disorder, also commonly called manic depression, is characterized by mood swings and repeated episodes of depression with at least one episode of mania. 12 Mercy Hospital Of Bakersfield 2215 Truxtun Ave Delano, California 93301 661 632-500. By using the WebMD Provider Directory, you agree to these Terms and Conditions. Suggested Reading on Bipolar Disorder by Our Doctors Related Diseases Conditions 33 articles. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD causes the following symptoms in children: excessive ac...
http://medicinenet.com/bipolar_disorder/delano-ca_city.htm
*  Bipolar Disorder - North Kansas City Hospital, Kansas City, MO
Bipolar Disorder. What is bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is an illness that causes extreme mood changes from manic episodes of very high energy to the extreme lows of depression. What causes bipolar disorder. During that time, three or more symptoms of mania, such as needing less sleep or feeling as if your thoughts are racing. With treatment, which includes medicines and counseling, you can feel better. Counseling for you and your family is also an important treatment. What is bipolar disorder. What happens in bipolar disorder. What medicines can I take for a manic episode. Health Tools Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Depression: Helping Someone Get Treatment. Symptoms Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings, from feeling overly energetic mania to feeling very sad or having low energy depression. You may then go back to feeling normal for a time, or you may go right into a manic high. What Happens With bipolar disorder, you go back and forth bet...
https://nkch.org/patients-visitors/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=hw148751
*  Bipolar Disorder Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Medication, History - MedicineNet
... Pet Health Slideshows. Oral Health Conditions. Chronic Pain. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Men's Health. Mental Health. Health Living. Pet Health Slideshows. Oral Health Conditions. Bipolar disorder, otherwise known as manic depression or bipolar depression, is a relatively common mood disorder that affects about 5.7 million Americans. Characterized by episodes of depression alternating with euphoric manic states, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are varied and often affect an individual's daily functioning and interpersonal relationships. Bipolar disorder symptoms include depression and feelings of hopelessness during the depressive phase of the condition. What differentiates bipolar disorder from major depression is the occurrence of manic episodes, often described as emotional "highs," between the episodes of depression. People with bipolar disorder also may be explosive and irritable during a mood episode. It is possible for someone with bipolar disorder to experience a long-lasting period of unstable...
http://medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=159251
*  Conditions InDepth: Bipolar Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Conditions InDepth: Bipolar Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center. Aventura Hospital & Medical Center. Lawnwood Medical Center & Heart Institute. University Hospital & Medical Center. Westside Regional Medical Center. Find a Doctor. Services. Services Hospital Specialty Services. Pediatric Services. At Kendall Regional Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. We provide healthcare services designed to meet your needs at every stage of your life. Patients & Visitors. Find-a-Physician. H2U - health to you. Health Library. Patient Rights and Responsibilities and Patient Visitation Rights. Pay Bill Online. Pricing Information. Notice of Privacy Practices. Video Library. This section is specifically for healthcare professionals, including physicians, mid-level providers, nurses, and other medical professionals. Find a Doctor. Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Screening Reducing Your Risk Talking to Your Doctor Living With Bipolar Disorder Resource Guide. Bipolar d...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/19133/Other-Treatments-for-Bipolar-Disorder~Main-Page
*  Bipolar Disorder and Suicidal Tendencies
... Log in What is Treato. About Treato. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder and Suicidal Tendencies. Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar disorder or bipolar Affect psychology disorder, historically known as manic–depressive disorder, is a Classific... Common Bipolar Disorder treatments discussed around the web Lithium 37,771. Read more about Bipolar Disorder Show less. Bipolar Disorder and Suicidal Tendencies. Treato found 650 discussions about Suicidal Tendencies and Bipolar Disorder on the web. Symptoms and conditions also mentioned with Bipolar Disorder in patients discussions Depression Anxiety Manic Mania Pain Mental Disorder ADHD Angry Schizophrenia Mood Swings ... Suicidal Tendencies. 4.61% of the posts that mention Suicidal Tendencies also mention Bipolar Disorder 650 posts Suicidal Tendencies. Bipolar Disorder. people have more suicidal tendencies on Paxil especially... Comment. Save. Comment. Save. with atypical psychotic tendencies and suicidal tendencies.... " I'm an 18-year-old female who has been in and ...
http://treato.com/Bipolar Disorder,Suicidal Tendencies/?a=s
*  Bipolar Disorder
... Diabetes Center. Diabetes Center. Diabetes Center. Bipolar Disorder. The Brain and Moods. A person who has bipolar disorder has intense moods that flip-flop back and forth between the low lows of depression and very energetic, high highs, which are called mania. The Brain and Moods Your brain is the control center for all the amazing workings of your body and mind including your moods and behavior. For someone with bipolar disorder, the brain has trouble keeping control of moods. People are more likely to develop bipolar disorder if they have inherited certain genes from parents. People with bipolar disorder may realize their moods are swinging from very high to very low, but they don't know why or when these shifts will occur. Mania and Deep Lows In the high-energy phase of bipolar disorder called mania, or a manic phase, a person might feel unusually positive about things or be very irritable or even enraged which means very angry. The person often will have a lot of extra energy and might believe he o...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=PrimaryChildrensHospital&lic=5&cat_id=20081&article_set=22070&ps=304
*  Pathology and Management of Treatment Resistance in Bipolar Disorder | Psychiatric Times
Pathology and Management of Treatment Resistance in Bipolar Disorder. Psychiatric Times SearchMedica. Bipolar Disorder. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Psychiatric Times SearchMedica. Bipolar Disorder. Browse All Topics All Topics ADHD Bipolar Disorder Blogs Major Depressive Disorder Schizophrenia Suicide Career CME. MAIN MENU Home Topics Schizophrenia Bipolar ADHD Depression Conferences Clinical Scales Classifieds Special Reports Journal Blogs. Pathology and Management of Treatment Resistance in Bipolar Disorder. Pathology and Management of Treatment Resistance in Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorder, Mood Disorders, Bipolar II Disorder, Mania, Major Depressive Disorder, Addiction, Alcohol Abuse By Michael J. While bipolar disorder is diagnosed by the lifetime presence of manic, mixed, or hypomanic...
http://psychiatrictimes.com/articles/pathology-and-management-treatment-resistance-bipolar-disorder
*  Are People With Bipolar Disorder Dangerous? - Bipolar Disorder Center - Everyday Health
Are People With Bipolar Disorder Dangerous. - Bipolar Disorder Center - Everyday Health. Recommended For You. 10 Tips for Coping With Spousal Mood Swings. What to Ask Your Doctor About Bipolar. Treating Bipolar Disorder With Mood Stabilizers. 5 Ways to Face Problems at School. Bipolar Disorder: Video Stories. Search. Home. Health A-Z. Common Conditions. ADD/ADHD. Ankylosing Spondylitis. Atrial Fibrillation. Cancer. COPD. Crohn's Disease. Depression. Digestive Health. Flu. Headache and Migraine. Heart Health. Hepatitis C. Low Testosterone. Multiple Sclerosis. Pain. Psoriasis. Psoriatic Arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis. Senior Health. Sexual Health. Sleep. Type 2 Diabetes. Ulcerative Colitis. All Conditions. Making Sense of Lactose Intolerance. Drugs. Find Review Drugs. Drugs A-Z. Vitamins Supplements. All Drugs. 6 Essential Facts About Aspirin Therapy for Your Heart. Healthy Living. Popular Topics. Alternative Health. Beauty. Better Sex. Columns. Dental Health. Fitness. Kids' Health. Men's Health. S...
http://everydayhealth.com/bipolar-disorder/are-people-with-bipolar-disorder-dangerous.aspx
*  Bipolar Spouse Needs Treatment - Bipolar Disorder Forum - eHealthForum
... Health Forums. Mental Health. Bipolar Disorder Forum Bipolar Spouse Needs Treatment. Must Read. Bipolar disease Do you know what bipolar is exactly. Learn more basics about bipolar disorder here.... Read more. Bipolar Disorder Causes and Risk Factors Can stress put you at risk of developing bipolar disorder. Read here for information on risk factors which increase the likelihood that someone becomes bipolar.... Read more. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms Bipolar is difficult to diagnose as an illness ... but bipolar symptoms are usually accompanied by extreme changes. What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?... Read more. Mental Health Anxiety And Bipolar Anxiety, Stress, Bipolar. Bipolar Disorder Am I Bipolar??. Tests to Diagnosis Bipolar Disorder Am I Bipolar?. My husband was diagnosed as bipolar 10 years ago. Without bipolar meds he has progressively gotten worse with depression, lack of motivation, anger, gambling and drinking and hiding the bottles of alcohol. However, I am hoping he will get treatment e...
http://ehealthforum.com/health/topic61918.html
*  Bipolar Disorder - Facts and Statistics
... Advertisement. Home. About. Donate/Volunteer. Contact. bipolar disorder Facts and Statistics. General bipolar disorder Information. bipolar disorder is a very serious-but highly treatable brain disease. Although there is no cure for bipolar disorder, the treatment success rate with antipsychotic medications and psycho-social therapy can be as high as 60 percent. If the appropriate level of investment is made in biological and genetic brain research, it has been estimated that a cure for bipolar disorder could be found within 10 years by the year 2013. Traditionally, however, bipolar disorder has only received a small fraction of the amount of medical research dollars that go into serious physical non-brain diseases see below - bipolar disorder Research. Already researchers have identified several of the key genes - that when damaged - contribute to bipolar disorder. These genes include the Dysbindin, Neuregulin and G72 genes, but it has been estimated that up to 50 to 100 genes could be involved in bipol...
http://pendulum.org/bpfacts.html
*  I need some help. - Bipolar Disorder Forum - eHealthForum
- Bipolar Disorder Forum - eHealthForum. Sign Up. Mental Health. Bipolar Disorder Forum I need some help. Bipolar Disorder Causes and Risk Factors Can stress put you at risk of developing bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms Bipolar is difficult to diagnose as an illness ... What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?... Bipolar Disorder Need answers.. Bipolar Disorder, need to focus. JessicaCaylee. Did you find this post helpful. You marked this post as helpful. I changed my mind. Did you find this post helpful. You marked this post as helpful. I changed my mind. london2z replied January 2nd, 2011. Did you find this post helpful. You marked this post as helpful. I changed my mind. JessicaCaylee replied January 7th, 2011. Thank you london2z. Did you find this post helpful. You marked this post as helpful. I changed my mind. london2z replied January 7th, 2011. Good luck. Did you find this post helpful. You marked this post as helpful. I changed my mind. JessicaCaylee replied January 7th, 2011. But I am d...
http://ehealthforum.com/health/i-need-some-help-t260936.html
*  Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)
Young Mania Rating Scale YMRS. Young Mania Rating Scale. Tests. Addiction. CAGE Alcohol Questionnaire. CAGE. Internet Addiction Test. ADHD. Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale. Aggression. Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Anxiety. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Item Scale. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Spence Children s Anxiety Scale. Social Phobia Inventory. Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale. Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Autism Spectrum. Autism Spectrum Quotient. Childhood Autism Spectrum Test. Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale. Young Mania Rating Scale. YMRS. Depression. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Geriatric Depression Scale. Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale - 11-Item. Major Depression Inventory. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale. Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Eating Disorders. Binge Eating Scale. Eating Attitudes Test - 26 Item. Personality. Empathy Quotient. This may not be as accurate when self-administered, as people suffering from mania are often unab...
http://psychology-tools.com/young-mania-rating-scale
*  Bipolar Disorder
Lithium. Am J Psychiatry 1992: 149: 867-876. Rapid Cycling is associated with relatively better response to Divalproex and failure to respond to Lithium and, possibly, Carbamazepine. Mixed states are associated with better response to Divalproex Sodium and Carbamazepine, and relatively poorer response to Lithium hence the accurate diagnosis of this condition has clinical relevance. Early onset bipolar disorder is more commonly associated with response to Divalproex and a relative failure of response to Lithium not only because rapid cycling, mixed states and substance use are common in this group but also because adolescents and young adults are less tolerant to the side effects of Lithium. Predictors of Lithium Response Previous good response to lithium, positive family history of bipolar disorder and response to lithium, pure but not severe mania, classical bipolar disorder with an episode sequence of mania-depression-euthymia and adequate serum lithium levels are all associated with good response to lithiu...
http://mentalhealth.com/rx2/bp-can1.html
*  Autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may share common underlying factors, family histories sug
... gest -- ScienceDaily. Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Rocks Show First Photosynthesis That Made Oxygen. Understanding Others' Thoughts Helps Kids to Lie. Extremely Light Storage Device as E-Car Battery. Birds Flew Over the Heads of Dinosaurs. Hog-Nose Rat Discovered. Foot Fossil: Evolutionary Messiness of Walking. Migrating Songbirds Can Be Tricked by Magnets. Fossils Intensify Mystery of Odd Toothy Mammal. Predator Survives, but Ecosystem Crashes. Restoring Vision With Stem Cells. Science News from research organizations. Autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may share common underlying factors, family histories suggest. Date: July 2, 2012 Source: University of North Carolina Health Care Summary: New research points to an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders among individuals whose parents or siblings have been diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Share:. Total shares:. FULL STORY. New research led by Patrick F. Sullivan, MD, ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120702210216.htm
*  Sunrise Manor NV Psychiatrist Doctors - Bipolar Disorder: Learn About Symptoms and Treatment Option
... s. Pet Health Slideshows. Allergic Skin Disorders. Oral Health Conditions. Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – What do you know about CFS. Diseases Conditions. Chronic Pain. Depression. Health Living. Healthy Kids. Men's Health. Mental Health. Health Living. Slideshow Pictures All Slideshows. Pet Health Slideshows. Image Collection categories Allergic Skin Disorders. Oral Health Conditions. Sunrise Manor Psychiatrist Doctors for Bipolar Disorder Type of Physician: Psychiatrist What is a Psychiatrist. Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder facts Bipolar disorder, also commonly called manic depression, is characterized by mood swings and repeated episodes of depression with at least one episode of mania. By using the WebMD Provider Directory, you agree to these Terms and Conditions. Suggested Reading on Bipolar Disorder by Our Doctors Related Diseases Conditions 33 articles. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD causes the following symptoms in children: excessiv...
http://medicinenet.com/bipolar_disorder/sunrise-manor-nv_city.htm

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a short-term decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.Cognitive skill: Cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human’s ability to process to (thoughts) that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals. Cognition mainly refers to things like memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, understanding of written material.Bipolar disorderMental disorderSocial anxiety disorderRepeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).SchizophreniaBrexpiprazoleAdult attention deficit hyperactivity disorderFocus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities: Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of special education. The editors-in-chief are Alisa K.DSM-IV Codes (alphabetical): __FORCETOC__Oneirology: Oneirology (; from Greek [oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία], ["the study of") is the scientific study of [[dream]s. Current research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.Religion and schizophrenia: == Background ==Explicit memory: Explicit memory is the conscious, intentional recollection of previous experiences and information. People use explicit memory throughout the day, such as remembering the time of an appointment or recollecting an event from years ago.Relationship Development Intervention: Relationship Development Intervention (RDI) is a trademarked proprietary treatment program for autism spectrum disorders (ASD), based on the belief that the development of dynamic intelligence is the key to improving the quality of life for individuals with autism. The program's core philosophy is that individuals with autism can participate in authentic emotional relationships if they are exposed to them in a gradual, systematic way.Relationship obsessive–compulsive disorder: In psychology, relationship obsessive–compulsive disorder (ROCD) is a form of obsessive-compulsive disorder focusing on intimate relationships (whether romantic or non-romantic). Such obsessions can become extremely distressing and debilitating, having negative impacts on relationships functioning.Substance-related disorderBehavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function: The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF), developed by Gerard Gioia, Ph.D.Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Claustrophobia: Claustrophobia is the fear of having no escape and being in closed or small space or room It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder and often results in panic attack, and can be the result of many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, and even tight-necked clothing. The onset of claustrophobia has been attributed to many factors, including a reduction in the size of the amygdala, classical conditioning, or a genetic predisposition to fear small spaces.HyperintensityFritz Heider: Fritz Heider (February 19, 1896 – January 2, 1988)American Psychologist., "Fritz Heider (1896 - 1988)".Memory clinic: A memory clinic is a dedicated medical clinic specialising in the assessment and diagnosis of memory disorders. Memory clinics were first seen in the UK in the 1980s, mainly in academic research centres.Gary H. Posner: Gary H. Posner (born c.Tic disorderGirl, Interrupted: Girl, Interrupted is a best-sellingThe Unconfessional Confessionalist, Time Magazine, July 11, 1994 1993 memoir by American author Susanna Kaysen, relating her experiences as a young woman in a psychiatric hospital in the 1960s after being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. The memoir's title is a reference to the Vermeer painting Girl Interrupted at her Music.Emotion and memory: Emotion can have a powerful response on humans and animals. Numerous studies have shown that the most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.Familial British dementia: Familial British dementia is a form of dementia. It was first reported by Cecil Charles Worster-Drought in 1933 and is therefore also known as Worster-Drought syndrome.Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is a worldwide project that provides reliable clinical data for the research of pathology principle, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Multiple research groups contribute their findings of the biological markers to the understanding of the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in the human brain.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Learning Plan: A Learning Plan is a document (possibly an interactive or on-line document) that is used to plan learning, usually over an extended period of time.Coluracetam: Coluracetam (INN) (code name BCI-540; formerly MKC-231) is a nootropic agent of the racetam family. It was initially developed and tested by the Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation for Alzheimer's disease.Evolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.Learning Disability Coalition: The Learning Disability Coalition is a group of fourteen organisations which campaigns to secure better funding for social care for people with learning disabilities in England.Coalition was formed in May 2007.The Movement Disorder SocietyClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Hypervigilance: Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. Hypervigilance is also accompanied by a state of increased anxiety which can cause exhaustion.Lymphoproliferative disordersQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is derived from both the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology and focuses on the alteration of thoughts and actions with the goal of treating various disorders. The cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders emphasizes the minimization of negative thoughts about body image and the act of eating, and attempts to alter negative and harmful behaviors that are involved in and perpetuate eating disorders.Psychiatric assessment: A psychiatric assessment, or psychological screening, is a process of gathering information about a person within a psychiatric (or mental health) service, with the purpose of making a diagnosis. The assessment is usually the first stage of a treatment process, but psychiatric assessments may also be used for various legal purposes.Manas Kumar Mandal: Manas Kumar Mandal, is a scientist and psychologist who is the former director of the Defence Institute of Psychological Research, Delhi, India since January 5, 2004 to February, 2013. Presently he is Chief Controller (Life Sciences), Defence Research and Development Organisation; India.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.History of psychopathy: Psychopathy, from psych (soul or mind) and pathy (suffering or disease), was coined by German psychiatrists in the 19th century and originally just meant what would today be called mental disorder, the study of which is still known as psychopathology. By the turn of the century 'psychopathic inferiority' referred to the type of mental disorder that might now be termed personality disorder, along with a wide variety of other conditions now otherwise classified.Rake angleNested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Motor speech disorders: Motor speech disorders are a class of speech disorder that disturb the body's natural ability to speak. These disturbances vary in their etiology based on the integrity and integration of cognitive, neuromuscular, and musculoskeletal activities.Combat stress reaction: Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war. Also known as "combat fatigue" or "battle neurosis", it has some overlap with the diagnosis of acute stress reaction used in civilian psychiatry.Place cellTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingKleptomaniaDavid Rees Griffiths: David Rees Griffiths (November 6, 1882 – December 17, 1953), also known by his bardic name of Amanwy, was a Welsh poet, and an older brother of politician Jim Griffiths.Atypical antipsychotic: The atypical antipsychotics (AAP; also known as second generation antipsychotics (SGAs)) are a group of antipsychotic drugs (antipsychotic drugs in general are also known as major tranquilisers and neuroleptics, although the latter is usually reserved for the typical antipsychotics) used to treat psychiatric conditions. Some atypical antipsychotics have received regulatory approval (e.The Newtown Neurotics: The Newtown Neurotics (later just The Neurotics) are an English punk rock/post-punk group formed in 1979. They are noted for their openly political music.The Art of Negative Thinking: The Art of Negative Thinking (Norwegian: Kunsten å tenke negativt) is a 2006 Norwegian black comedy film directed and written by Bård Breien. The storyline revolves around a man (played by Fridtjov Såheim) who is adjusting to life in a wheelchair, and the socializing group he is made to join.Gross pathology: Gross pathology refers to macroscopic manifestations of disease in organs, tissues, and body cavities. The term is commonly used by anatomical pathologists to refer to diagnostically useful findings made during the gross examination portion of surgical specimen processing or an autopsy.TBR1: T-box, brain, 1 is a transcription factor protein important in vertebrate embryo development. It is encoded by the TBR1 gene.NeurogeneticsMiddle frontal gyrus: The middle frontal gyrus makes up about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain. (A gyrus is one of the prominent "bumps" or "ridges" on the surface of the human brain.

(1/8507) Cognitive recovery after severe head injury. 3. WAIS verbal and performance IQs as a function of post-traumatic amnesia duration and time from injury.

Two studies are reported are reported in which severely head-injured patients were followed up and Verbal (VIQ) and Performance (PIQ) IQs obtained on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale at four intervals after injury. In the first study 51 patients were systematically followed, and results were based upon serial testing. In the second study results were based on the earliest data available from an additional 98 patients who had not been followed so systematically, in order to introduce a control for the effects of practice. Patients in both studies were categorised into four groups of the severity of head injury based upon duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). In both studies, VIQ level was found to be related to PTA duration at three months after injury, while PIQ was related to PTA duration at both three and six months. No such relationships were found at 12 and 30 months after injury. Results are discussed in the context of previous studies relating the outcome of head injury to the duration of PTA.  (+info)

(2/8507) Efficacy and safety of rivastigmine in patients with Alzheimer's disease: international randomised controlled trial.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of rivastigmine on the core domains of Alzheimer's disease. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, multicentre, double blind, placebo controlled, parallel group trial. Patients received either placebo, 1-4 mg/day (lower dose) rivastigmine, or 6-12 mg/day (higher dose) rivastigmine. Doses were increased in one of two fixed dose ranges (1-4 mg/day or 6-12 mg/day) over the first 12 weeks with a subsequent assessment period of 14 weeks. SETTING: 45 centres in Europe and North America. PARTICIPANTS: 725 patients with mild to moderately severe probable Alzheimer's disease diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, and the criteria of the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association. OUTCOME MEASURES: Cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's disease assessment scale, rating on the clinician interview based impression of change incorporating caregiver information scale, and the progressive deterioration scale. RESULTS: At the end of the study cognitive function had deteriorated among those in the placebo group. Scores on the Alzheimer's disease assessment scale improved in patients in the higher dose group when compared with patients taking placebo (P<0.05). Significantly more patients in the higher dose group had improved by 4 points or more than had improved in the placebo group (24% (57/242) v 16% (39/238)). Global function as rated by the clinician interview scale had significantly improved among those in the higher dose group compared with those taking placebo (P<0.001), and significantly more patients in the higher dose group showed improvement than did in the placebo group (37% (80/219) v 20% (46/230)). Mean scores on the progressive deterioration scale improved from baseline in patients in the higher dose group but fell in the placebo group. Adverse events were predominantly gastrointestinal, of mild to moderate severity, transient, and occurred mainly during escalation of the dose. 23% (55/242) of those in the higher dose group, 7% (18/242) of those in the lower dose group, and 7% (16/239) of those in the placebo group discontinued treatment because of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Rivastigmine is well tolerated and effective. It improves cognition, participation in activities of daily living, and global evaluation ratings in patients with mild to moderately severe Alzheimer's disease. This is the first treatment to show compelling evidence of efficacy in a predominantly European population.  (+info)

(3/8507) The Montefiore community children's project: a controlled study of cognitive and emotional problems of homeless mothers and children.

OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence of emotional, academic, and cognitive impairment in children and mothers living in the community with those living in shelters for the homeless. METHOD: In New York City, 82 homeless mothers and their 102 children, aged 6 to 11, recruited from family shelters were compared to 115 nonhomeless mothers with 176 children recruited from classmates of the homeless children. Assessments included standardized tests and interviews. RESULTS: Mothers in shelters for the homeless showed higher rates of depression and anxiety than did nonhomeless mothers. Boys in homeless shelters showed higher rates of serious emotional and behavioral problems. Both boys and girls in homeless shelters showed more academic problems than did nonhomeless children. CONCLUSION: Study findings suggest a need among homeless children for special attention to academic problems that are not attributable to intellectual deficits in either children or their mothers. Although high rates of emotional and behavioral problems characterized poor children living in both settings, boys in shelters for the homeless may be particularly in need of professional attention.  (+info)

(4/8507) Attention and executive deficits in Alzheimer's disease. A critical review.

In this review we summarize the progress that has been made in the research on attentional and executive deficits in Alzheimer's disease. Like memory, attention is now recognized as consisting of subtypes that differ in their function and anatomical basis. We base our review upon a classification of three subtypes of attention: selective, sustained and divided. This model derives from lesion studies, animal electrophysiological recordings and functional imaging. We examine how these subcomponents of attention can be reconciled with neuropsychological models of attentional control, particularly the Supervisory Attentional System and the Central Executive System of Shallice and Baddeley, respectively. We also discuss the relationship of attention to the concept of executive function. Current evidence suggests that after an initial amnesic stage in Alzheimer's disease, attention is the first non-memory domain to be affected, before deficits in language and visuospatial functions. This is consistent with the possibility that difficulties with activities of daily living, which occur in even mildly demented patients, may be related to attentional deficits. It appears that divided attention and aspects of selective attention, such as set-shifting and response selection, are particularly vulnerable while sustained attention is relatively preserved in the early stages. The phenomenon of cognitive slowing in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing emphasizes the need to discriminate quantitative changes in attention dysfunction from qualitative changes which may be specifically related to the disease process. The neuropathological basis of these attentional deficits remains unsettled, with two competing hypotheses: spread of pathology from the medial temporal to basal forebrain structures versus corticocortical tract disconnection. Finally we discuss the difficulties of comparing evidence across studies and look at the implications for the design of future studies and future directions that may be fruitful in the research on attention in Alzheimer's disease.  (+info)

(5/8507) Does vestibular stimulation activate thalamocortical mechanisms that reintegrate impaired cortical regions?

Caloric stimulation induced a transient reversal of multimodal hemispatial cognitive deficits in an 81-year-old woman with an acute left cerebral hemisphere stroke. The patient had unawareness of her right hand (asomatognosia), right-sided visual unawareness (hemineglect), aphasia and right-sided weakness (hemiplegia) prior to the stimulation. Transient improvements in impaired sensory, motor, linguistic and cognitive function developed within 30 s following application of the caloric stimulus and onset of horizontal nystagmus. The effect persisted for 3 min and ceased completely after 5 min. While several recent reports have described the capacity of caloric stimulation to transiently improve or reverse a wide range of attentional, cognitive and motor impairments, most examples are in right-hemisphere-damaged patients with long-standing brain injury. Typically, patients have been tested several months or years after the onset of the deficit. A possible mechanism for the temporary reintegration of multiple cognitive functions in this patient is discussed.  (+info)

(6/8507) Longer term quality of life and outcome in stroke patients: is the Barthel index alone an adequate measure of outcome?

OBJECTIVES: To consider whether the Barthel Index alone provides sufficient information about the long term outcome of stroke. DESIGN: Cross sectional follow up study with a structured interview questionnaire and measures of impairment, disability, handicap, and general health. The scales used were the hospital anxiety and depression scale, mini mental state examination, Barthel index, modified Rankin scale, London handicap scale, Frenchay activities index, SF36, Nottingham health profile, life satisfaction index, and the caregiver strain index. SETTING: South east London. SUBJECTS: People, and their identified carers, resident in south east London in 1989-90 when they had their first in a life-time stroke aged under 75 years. INTERVENTIONS: Observational study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison and correlation of the individual Barthel index scores with the scores on other outcome measures. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty three (42%) people were known to be alive, of whom 106 (86%) were interviewed. The median age was 71 years (range 34-79). The mean interval between the stroke and follow up was 4.9 years. The rank correlation coefficients between the Barthel and the different dimensions of the SF36 ranged from r = 0.217 (with the role emotional dimension) to r = 0.810 (with the physical functioning dimension); with the Nottingham health profile the range was r = -0.189 (with the sleep dimension, NS) to r = -0.840 (with the physical mobility dimension); with the hospital and anxiety scale depression component the coefficient was r = -0.563, with the life satisfaction index r = 0.361, with the London handicap scale r = 0.726 and with the Frenchay activities index r = 0.826. CONCLUSIONS: The place of the Barthel index as the standard outcome measure for populations of stroke patients is still justified for long term follow up, and may be a proxy for different outcome measures intended for the assessment of other domains.  (+info)

(7/8507) Confusional state in stroke: relation to preexisting dementia, patient characteristics, and outcome.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute confusional state (ACS) is frequent in hospitalized stroke patients. We previously showed that 16% of patients admitted for a stroke have preexisting dementia. The extent to which preexisting cognitive decline is associated with a risk of ACS at the acute stage of stroke remains to be systematically examined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ACS in acute stroke patients, to study the influence of preexisting cognitive decline and other patient characteristics, and to evaluate the influence of ACS on outcome. METHODS: We diagnosed ACS using DSM-IV criteria and the Delirium Rating Scale with a cutoff of 10 in 202 consecutive stroke patients aged 40 years or older (median age, 75 years; range, 42 to 101 years). Cognitive functioning before stroke was assessed with the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly. RESULTS: Forty-nine stroke patients (24.3%; 95% CI, 18.3% to 30.2%) had an ACS during hospitalization. Using logistic regression analysis, we found preexisting cognitive decline (P=0.006) and metabolic or infectious disorders (P=0.008) to be independent predictors of ACS. Functional, but not vital, prognosis was worse in patients with ACS at discharge and 6 months after stroke. CONCLUSIONS: ACS occurs in one fourth of stroke patients older than 40 years. Its occurrence requires inquiry for a preexisting cognitive decline, which usually remains unrecognized in the absence of a systematic evaluation.  (+info)

(8/8507) Cognitive function and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), impairment of cognitive function, i.e. deficits in memory, attention, and visuconstructive abilities are common. We applied different forms of treatment for patients with newly diagnosed OSAS in a randomized study with a one-year follow-up. Patients with BMI > 40 kg/m2 were excluded. After the initial diagnostic work-up, male patients were considered to be candidates for either nasal continuous airway pressure (nCPAP) (27 patients) or surgical treatment (uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with or without mandibular osteotomy) (23 patients). Within the groups, the patients were then randomized to active treatment (nCPAP/surgery) or to conservative management. Cognitive function and severity of OSAS were assessed prior to treatment and 3 and 12 months later. At 12 months, all patients on nCPAP had a normal ODI4 index (< 10), and were significantly less somnolent than their controls; 3/11 of the surgically treated patients had a normal ODI4 index. Daytime somnolence was significantly less severe in the surgically treated patients than in their controls. Cognitive function did not correlate importantly with daytime sleepiness or severity of OSAS; the best Pearson pairwise correlation coefficient was between ODI4 and the Bourdon-Wiersma (r = 0.36). Success in treatment of OSAS did not affect neuropsychological outcome. We concluded that the standard cognitive test battery is insufficiently sensitive to identify positive changes in patients with OSAS, especially among those with a high level of overall mental functioning.  (+info)


How exactly does trauma and depression effect thinking and cognition?


I know that they do affect memory and thinking but i want to know how exactly does it happen. The physiology. 

What happens to so and so part of the brain when one is depressed and has been traumatized. 

Can long-term effects cause difficulty in learning and cognition? 

* Can the ability to mathematically calculate also be hindered by mental trauma (not physical trauma) and depression when the period of time of experiencing them is long? (At least a decade of constant traumas, uncountable instances of PTSD and repeated occurrences of  depression, chronic depression that is)
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I don't know, but that would explain a lot for me


Will you lose cognition if you take antipsychotics like risperdal?


I heard that psychiatric drugs reduce your cognition.
I mean in the long term, even after you stopped?
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Why do people with Personality Disorders are more prone to commit suicide?


Personality Disorders are one of the reasons(along with other mental issues) why people commit suicide.It is clear to me why does Depression or Schizophrenia causes someone to do it,but not clear as to why a Personality Disorder.
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Mood Disorders are basically chemicals messed up in your brain.  Personality Disorders are that person's whole being and how they think and react.  Example: Someone who develops Narsacisstic Personality Disorder are judgmental on looks and how people appear.  They often commit suicide when they realize they can't attain the perfection they want.  It depends on how you're treated in your childhood.  And Personality Disorders cannot be treated with pills.  You have to go through life-changing therapy.


What do anxiety disorders and schizophrenia have in common and how do they differ?


What do anxiety disorders and schizophrenia have in common and how do they differ?
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Anxiety and schizophrenia are two distinct physiological and psychological states of the mind. Anxiety deals with the unpleasant feeling which is often associated with apprehension, uneasiness, worry, or fear. Schizophrenia is much worse because it is already a mental disorder characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact. Light anxiety is experienced by each of us from time to time, while the psychotic disorder schizophrenia is suffered by only a small percent of the world’s population.

Anxiety has physical effects such as headaches, stomachaches, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, fatigue, muscle weakness and tension, or heart palpitations. Emotional effects are also seen within an anxious person, that to include feelings of dread or apprehension, trouble concentrating, feeling jumpy or tense, expecting the worst, restlessness, irritability, watching for of danger, and feelings of having your mind gone blank. Anxiety also causes nightmares, déjà vu and fears. Schizophrenics though are characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior. They are paranoid and are disorganized in speech and thinking associated with significant occupational or social dysfunction.

Both anxiety and schizophrenia may have some relation with what happened in the past or the early environment of the person, which could be a traumatic experience or an intake of inappropriate drug. It could also be because of the risks involved in pregnancy. But only schizophrenia can have the genetic cause, not anxiety.

People who experience anxiety especially those who suffer from a disorder already usually ask if it possible that it will eventually turn into schizophrenia. The answer would be no, because the major cause of schizophrenia is the genetic condition of a person. The likelihood of having this psychotic disorder depends on the family history of the person. Anxiety is the not the cause of schizophrenia, rather, it is more of a behavioral response than a disease. Schizophrenia is biologically caused by overproduction of the neurotransmitter serotonin which causes brain damage to the behavioral and social stimuli of a person.

Anxious people still belongs in our world despite their struggle of constant fear, unlike schizophrenics who seem to have their own world where they talk to imaginary people. They both live in fear, but the schizophrenics are always paranoid that somebody’s reading or manipulating their minds and plotting harm against them. Anxiety does not cause disorganized speech and behavior. Schizophrenics are incomprehensible and even frightening because they intend to hurt the people around them without knowing it. They suffer from psychosis which is schizophrenia’s common condition where mental impairment is marked by delusions, sensory perception disturbances, and hallucinations which result from their inability to separate the real from the unreal experiences. Because of this, schizophrenia causes social anxiety or phobia.

Treatments on both anxiety and schizophrenia are available, but in the case of the latter, only one out of five individuals recover completely from their mental illness. Both could be treated with medications such as anxiety-reducing drugs and antipsychotic drugs. Anxiety can have an easy recovery compared with schizophrenia. The latter usually takes years to fully heal. They are required to be inside a mental institution so as to be observed and evaluated for their progress in behavior. Intake of mental medications on both anxiety and schizophrenia is not an assurance of being healed; sometimes it only makes the condition of the patient much worse. 

It is advisable that if you got friends who suddenly became different with his interactions to other people and he seems to be acting weirder than usual, do not hesitate to seek professional help so that the illness won’t get worse.



Summary:

1. Anxiety is a kind of emotion, while schizophrenia is a mental disorder.

2. Schizophrenia has worse effects on a person than anxiety.

3. Anxiety and schizophrenia can both be caused by past traumatic events and intake of inappropriate drugs, but the latter’s major cause is genetic problem.

4. Anxiety does not lead to schizophrenia, but schizophrenics are always anxious.

5. Schizophrenics do not recognize the difference of the real and the unreal world, while people who suffer from anxiety are far from it.

6. Medications and therapies are available.


What are different disorders that are most common after giving birth at a young age?


What are some of the most common disorders woman can face after giving birth? Anything other than PTSD? And please list some of the names.
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I don't think very many women get PTSD from childbirth...

Postpartum depression, etc. There are also plenty of physical problems. Vaginal tearing, misdelivered placentas, diastasis recti, vaginal fissues, hemorrhoids. There are a lot.


What psychological disorders are better treated through cognitive treatments?


I have to write a paper for class, on psychological disorders and use my preferred method of treatment. However, there are so many different psychological disorders and not enough words in my word limit to give detailed examples of treatment. So I was wondering if anyone knew of any specific psychological disorders that really benefited from using cognitive. behavioral treatments?
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Anxiety disorders are the ones best and most effectively treated through cognitive behavioral therapy. OCD is good with CBT or ERP.


What percentage of people who have had eating disorders regress back to the eating disorder later?


For example some say that 80% of dieters who lose weight gain the weight back within a certain amount of time. Well, how many people who overcome eating disorders regress back?
I tried googling but I couldn't find anything, MISS.
Well you're helpful aren't you.
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You couldn't have googled this?

Edit - You did a pretty bad job of googling then.

Edit - I was just saying, no need to take it personally. If you really need help with this, here's what came up when I searched it. About halfway down it says there's a roughly  50% relapse rate. 

http://www.disordered-eating.co.uk/eating-disorders-statistics/eating-disorders-statistics-us.html


What are some ailments and disorders that involve the human body's nervous system?


I would like to know what disorders/ailments affect the nervous system for a biology project, and I figured this was the best place to go.
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I have autoimmune pernicious anaemia (unable to absorb vitamin B12 in the digestive system) which affects the nervous system as B12 is essential to maintain the myelin sheath around the nerves.  If undiagnosed, it can lead to permanent paralysis, be misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's disease (and cause permanent Alzhemier's disease if not diagnosed in time) and MS and is fatal without treatment. Misdiagnosis is common as lab levels are far too low. I have nerve damage in my finger still from being misdiagnosed. I had to diagnose myself.

Pernicious Anaemia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pernicious_anemia

http://www.drdach.com/B12_Jeffrey_Dach_drdach.html