Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Theory of Mind: The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Nootropic Agents: Drugs used to specifically facilitate learning or memory, particularly to prevent the cognitive deficits associated with dementias. These drugs act by a variety of mechanisms. While no potent nootropic drugs have yet been accepted for general use, several are being actively investigated.Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Mild Cognitive Impairment: A prodromal phase of cognitive decline that may precede the emergence of ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementias. It may include impairment of cognition, such as impairments in language, visuospatial awareness, ATTENTION and MEMORY.Tool Use Behavior: Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Mental Status Schedule: Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Personal Construct Theory: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Crows: Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Recognition (Psychology): The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Association: A functional relationship between psychological phenomena of such nature that the presence of one tends to evoke the other; also, the process by which such a relationship is established.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.): A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Indans: Aryl CYCLOPENTANES that are a reduced (protonated) form of INDENES.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Apolipoprotein E4: A major and the second most common isoform of apolipoprotein E. In humans, Apo E4 differs from APOLIPOPROTEIN E3 at only one residue 112 (cysteine is replaced by arginine), and exhibits a lower resistance to denaturation and greater propensity to form folded intermediates. Apo E4 is a risk factor for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Dementia, Vascular: An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Psychological Theory: Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.Catechol O-Methyltransferase: Enzyme that catalyzes the movement of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionone to a catechol or a catecholamine.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Neuroimaging: Non-invasive methods of visualizing the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the brain, by various imaging modalities.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Amyloid beta-Peptides: Peptides generated from AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDES PRECURSOR. An amyloid fibrillar form of these peptides is the major component of amyloid plaques found in individuals with Alzheimer's disease and in aged individuals with trisomy 21 (DOWN SYNDROME). The peptide is found predominantly in the nervous system, but there have been reports of its presence in non-neural tissue.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Schizophrenia, Paranoid: A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Awareness: The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Trail Making Test: The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Parietal Lobe: Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Biomedical Enhancement: The use of technology-based interventions to improve functional capacities rather than to treat disease.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale: A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Galantamine: A benzazepine derived from norbelladine. It is found in GALANTHUS and other AMARYLLIDACEAE. It is a cholinesterase inhibitor that has been used to reverse the muscular effects of GALLAMINE TRIETHIODIDE and TUBOCURARINE and has been studied as a treatment for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other central nervous system disorders.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Functional Neuroimaging: Methods for visualizing REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW, metabolic, electrical, or other physiological activities in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM using various imaging modalities.Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.Independent Living: A housing and community arrangement that maximizes independence and self-determination.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.ReadingCultural Evolution: The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Repression-Sensitization: Defense mechanisms involving approach and avoidance responses to threatening stimuli. The sensitizing process involves intellectualization in approaching or controlling the stimulus whereas repression involves unconscious denial in avoiding the stimulus.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Histamine H3 Antagonists: Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate HISTAMINE H3 RECEPTORS. They have been used to correct SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and MEMORY DISORDERS.Inhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Phenylcarbamates: Phenyl esters of carbamic acid or of N-substituted carbamic acids. Structures are similar to PHENYLUREA COMPOUNDS with a carbamate in place of the urea.Ethology: The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.Sensory Gating: The ability of the BRAIN to suppress neuronal responses to external sensory inputs, such as auditory and visual stimuli. Sensory filtering (or gating) allows humans to block out irrelevant, meaningless, or redundant stimuli.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Nonverbal Communication: Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Ego: The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.Plaque, Amyloid: Accumulations of extracellularly deposited AMYLOID FIBRILS within tissues.Mathematical Concepts: Numeric or quantitative entities, descriptions, properties, relationships, operations, and events.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Association Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Memantine: AMANTADINE derivative that has some dopaminergic effects. It has been proposed as an antiparkinson agent.Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Brain Waves: Wave-like oscillations of electric potential between parts of the brain recorded by EEG.Reversal Learning: Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).Delusions: A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates.Behavioral Research: Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)Reality Testing: The individual's objective evaluation of the external world and the ability to differentiate adequately between it and the internal world; considered to be a primary ego function.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Prodromal Symptoms: Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.Perceptual Disorders: Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Pan paniscus: The pygmy chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. Its common name is Bonobo, which was once considered a separate genus by some; others considered it a subspecies of PAN TROGLODYTES. Its range is confined to the forests of the central Zaire basin. Despite its name, it is often of equal size to P. troglodytes.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Psychology, Comparative: The branch of psychology concerned with similarities or differences in the behavior of different animal species or of different races or peoples.Performance-Enhancing Substances: Agents that improve the ability to carry out activities such as athletics, mental endurance, work, and resistance to stress. The substances can include PRESCRIPTION DRUGS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS; phytochemicals; and ILLICIT DRUGS.Lewy Body Disease: A neurodegenerative disease characterized by dementia, mild parkinsonism, and fluctuations in attention and alertness. The neuropsychiatric manifestations tend to precede the onset of bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY, and other extrapyramidal signs. DELUSIONS and visual HALLUCINATIONS are relatively frequent in this condition. Histologic examination reveals LEWY BODIES in the CEREBRAL CORTEX and BRAIN STEM. SENILE PLAQUES and other pathologic features characteristic of ALZHEIMER DISEASE may also be present. (From Neurology 1997;48:376-380; Neurology 1996;47:1113-1124)Piperidines: A family of hexahydropyridines.Memory, Long-Term: Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases: Pathological processes or diseases where cerebral MICROVESSELS show abnormalities. They are often associated with aging, hypertension and risk factors for lacunar infarcts (see LACUNAR INFARCTION); LEUKOARAIOSIS; and CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).

*  RoadNarrows Store
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*  Clinical Trial Search Results
http://healthcare.utah.edu/clinicaltrials/search.php?deptID=&divID=&specID=&keyword=Insulin Resistnace
*  .. Autism Awareness Month Apps Discounted / Free – Smart Apps for Kids .. About Carol Leynse Har
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*  Advancing Oncology Nursing Science | ONS
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*  Gut microbe diversity is key in fight against allergies, study suggests
... Gut microbe diversity is key in fight against allergies, study suggests. Your browser is blocking javascript. This might limit your experience on this website. SUBSCRIBE. FREE NEWSLETTER. Breaking News on Supplements & Nutrition - North America EU edition. News Manufacturers Suppliers Research Markets Regulation People VIEWS. Site Archive October 2015 September 2015 Previous months. Trends NY Attorney General actions Going non-GMO GMPs, QA & QC View from the aisles: Retailer news. Outsourcing Adulteration LATAM Product claims. NDI draft guidance Omega-3. Multimedia Videos Audios Galleries Online Events. Health Allergies & intolerances Beauty from within Blood sugar management Bone & joint health Cancer risk reduction Cardiovascular health Cognitive function. Energy Eye health Gut/digestive health Healthy aging Immune support Inflammation Maternal & infant health. Men's health Oral/gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Resources All Products Supplier W...
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*  Screening Labs for New Patients: Are they Useful? | The Carlat Psychiatry Report
http://thecarlatreport.com/article/screening-labs-new-patients-are-they-useful?page=,2,5,1
*  The Latest, Greatest Treatments for PTSD | The Carlat Psychiatry Report
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*  Alcoholism in DSM-IV and DSM-5 | The Carlat Psychiatry Report
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*  .. Treatment Policies ..   .. ..   .. New Horizon Recovery Encinitas – Residential Addi
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*  NextGenLog: "ENERGY: Ford: hydrogen fuel feasible"
... NextGenLog: "ENERGY: Ford: hydrogen fuel feasible". skip to main. skip to sidebar. NextGenLog. Next-Generation Electronics and Related Technology News. ENERGY. WIRELESS. NANOTECH. MEMS. OPTICS. QUANTUM. 3D. CHIPS. ALGORITHMS. Wednesday, December 26, 2007. "ENERGY: Ford: hydrogen fuel feasible". In order for hydrogen-powered automobiles to succeed, the fuel needs to be pumped into tanks as easily as gasoline--and without the threat of Hindenburg-like disasters. Sandia National Laboratories recently suggested an alternative technology for synthesizing carbon-based fuels so that the current U.S. fuel distribution system can be used. Now, Ford Motor Co. has emerged with an autocatalytic reaction scheme involving three hydrides that could someday enable hydrogen to be pumped into tanks as easily as gasoline. Text: http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=205202982. Posted by R. Colin Johnson. at 6:25 AM. Newer Post. Older Post Home. By R. Colin Johnson. Kyoto Prize Fellow. Lastest Book:. Cognitive co...
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*  Frank Dylla | Cognitive Systems
Frank Dylla. Cognitive Systems Site Network: Cognitive Systems. SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition. Universit t Bremen. Site menu: Home News Research Areas Projects Teaching Staff Publications Login. Frank Dylla. About me I am a post-doctoral researcher in the Cognitive Systems Group CoSy, Universit t Bremen and principal investigator of the 'SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition' project R3- Reasoning about Paths, Shapes Configurations. Interests The core of my research deals with qualitative spatial and temporal reasoning QSTR, spatial change, cognitive robotics, reasoning about action and change RAC, cognitive systems, and applied ontologies. Project In my doctoral thesis An Agent Control Perspective on Qualitative Spatial Reasoning - Towards More Intuitive Spatial Agent Development I investigated how qualitative spatial calculi can be applied to model an generate collision avoidance behavior in accordance to the official regulations of the International Maritime Organization IMO. Spatial Cognition. Projects: Cogniti...
http://cosy.informatik.uni-bremen.de/staff/frank-dylla
*  Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. 2013 | cfp.english.upenn.edu
Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. cfp.english.upenn.edu. cfp.english.upenn.edu a service provided by penn english subscribe to CFP. search the archive. categories. african-american. american. bibliography and history of the book. childrens literature. classical studies. cultural studies and historical approaches. ecocriticism and environmental studies. eighteenth century. ethnicity and national identity. gender studies and sexuality. graduate conferences. interdisciplinary. international conferences. journals and collections of essays. modernist studies. popular culture. postcolonial. professional topics. science and culture. twentieth century and beyond. Home Literature and Cognitive Difference: SAMLA Convention, Nov. full name / name of organization: Mark Osteen / Society for Critical Exchange. contact email: mosteen@loyola.edu. SAMLA 2013. Literature and Cognitive Difference. Accompanying the popular recent attention to autism and neurological disorders has been the publication of...
http://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/node/51066
*  Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities - BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional R
... esearch Online. . BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online. Home. About. Browse by Year. Browse by School. Browse by Person. Browse by Journal. Browse by Types. Login. Create Account. Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities. Karmiloff-Smith, Annette 2012 Perspectives on the dynamic development of cognitive capacities. Current Opinion in Neurology 25 2, pp. 106-111. ISSN 1350-7540. Full text not available from this repository. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0b013e3283518130. Abstract. Purpose of review: This article identifies an increasing change from rather static approaches to neurodevelopmental disorders and the search for 'intact' and 'impaired' domain-specific modules, to more recent dynamic perspectives that take account of cross-domain interactions and changes over developmental time. Recent findings: Research on Williams syndrome is taken as a model, used to demonstrate the static versus dynamic perspectives, covering new work on social cogniti...
http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/4615/
*  Medical Xpress: The research is in: Physical activity enhances cognition
... The research is in: Physical activity enhances cognition February 17, 2013. Exercise doesn't only strengthen your heart and muscles – it also beefs up your brain. Dozens of studies now show that aerobic exercise can increase the size of critical brain structures and improve cognition in children and older adults. University of Illinois psychology professor Art Kramer, a nationally recognized expert on the role of physical fitness on cognition, will discuss these brain-changing outcomes at a session of the 2013 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston on Feb. 16. Kramer is the director of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the U. of I. "Populations throughout the industrialized world are becoming increasing sedentary as a result of the changing nature of work and leisure activities," Kramer said. "As a result of these societal changes, increases in diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis and some cancers are increasing. Physical a...
http://m.medx.cc/news/2013-02-physical-cognition.html
*  Genes to Cognition Project
... Genes to Cognition G2C is a neuroscience research programme that studies gene s, the brain and behaviour in an integrated manner. It is engaged in a large-scale investigation of the function of molecules found at the synapse. This is mainly focused on proteins that interact with the NMDA receptor, a receptor for the neurotransmitter, glutamate, which is required for processes of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation LTP. One key discovery that led to the G2C project was the characterization of a group of proteins that interact with this receptor, called the "NMDA Receptor Complex NRC " and the observation that dysfunctions of many of these proteins are characteristic of numerous diseases of the nervous system. Proteomic analysis of NMDA receptor-adhesion protein signaling complexes. Nature Neuroscience 3, 661-669 2000 The NRC contains 185 proteins, 48 of which have so far been implicated in 54 human nervous system disorders. Synapse proteomics of multiprotein complexes: en route from genes t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genes_to_Cognition_Project
*  Cognitive skill
... cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human s ability to process to thoughts that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals cognition mainly refers to things like memory the ability to learn new information speech understanding of written material the brain is usually capable of learning new skills in the aforementioned areas typically in early childhood and of developing personal thoughts and beliefs about the world old age and disease may affect cognitive function causing memory loss and trouble thinking of the right words while speaking or writing drawing a blank multiple sclerosis ms for example can eventually cause memory loss an inability to grasp new concepts or information and depleted verbal fluency not all with the condition will experience this side effect and most will retain their general intellect and the ability humans generally have a capacity for cognitive function once born so almost every person is capable of learning or remembering however this is tested usin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_skill
*  How to maintain a healthy brain | SanDiegoUnionTribune.com
How to maintain a healthy brain. SanDiegoUnionTribune.com. Text Alerts. News +. Health. Communities. Chargers. NFL. Chargers stadium. Business +. Real Estate. Small Business. Finance. People. Food / Cooking. Guides. Special Forces. News. Business. News Obituaries. The San Diego Union-Tribune allows marketers to connect directly with the our audience by enabling them to create content and participate in the conversation. An estimated 5.5 million people in the United States have Alzheimer's disease. As baby boomers age, the incidence of Alzheimer's disease will increase dramatically. Diane Darby Beach, MPH, Ed.D, director of education and outreach for Vista Gardens Memory Care Community, explains what people can do to keep their brain functioning properly. Recent research studies show that regular physical exercise three to four times a week may have significantly positive effects on brain function. If one can combine cardio or aerobic exercise with strength and flexibility training, this will provide the great...
http://sandiegouniontribune.com/sponsored/2013/nov/19/vista-gardens-memory-care-healthy-brain-maintain/
*  Category:Symptoms and signs: Cognition, perception, emotional state and behaviour
category symptoms and signs cognition perception emotional state and behaviour category symptoms and signs cognition perception emotional state and behaviour cognition perception emotional state and behaviour symptoms category psychiatric diagnosis category emotion category cognition...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Symptoms_and_signs:_Cognition,_perception,_emotional_state_and_behaviour
*  Jakub Voracek Used To Have Cognitive Abilities, Until Niklas Kronwall Exploded Him
......
http://deadspin.com/5891241/jakub-voracek-used-to-have-cognitive-abilities-until-niklas-kronwall-exploded-him?tag=nhl
*  Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness -- ScienceDaily
... Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness. Patients treated in intensive care units across the globe are entering their medical care with no evidence of cognitive impairment but oftentimes leaving with deficits similar to those seen in patients with traumatic brain injury TBI or mild Alzheimer's disease AD that persists for at least a year, according to a Vanderbilt study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Delirium, a form of acute brain dysfunction common during critical illness, has consistently been shown to be associated with higher mortality, but this large study of medical and surgical ICU patients demonstrates that it is associated with long-term cognitive impairment in ICU survivors as well. Long-Term Cognitive Impairment after Critical Illness. "Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness." ScienceDaily. Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness. "Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness." S...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002185238.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed: sciencedaily/health_medicine/psychology (Psychology Research News -- ScienceDaily)
*  Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Tr
... auma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. Article Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Trauma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. ABSTRACT Within the traumatic brain injury population, outcomes are affected by hypoxic events in the early injury period. We hypothesize that intensive care unit ICU delirium and long-term cognitive impairment LTCI are more likely in patients who have a hypoxic event within the first 48 hours of ICU admission. Hypoxic events in the ICU do not have a direct correlation with ICU delirium or LTCI in the patients with multiple injuries without evidence of intracranial hemorrhage. Page 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Does Hypoxia Affect Intensive Care Unit Delirium or Long-Term Cognitive Impairment After Multiple Trauma Without Intracranial Hemorrhage. We hypothesize that intensive care unit ICU delirium and long-term cognitive impairment LTCI are more likely in patients who have a hypoxic event within the first 48 hours of ICU admission. Pr...
http://researchgate.net/publication/51163186_Does_Hypoxia_Affect_Intensive_Care_Unit_Delirium_or_Long-Term_Cognitive_Impairment_After_Multiple_Trauma_Without_Intracranial_Hemorrhage
*  Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities
... Skip to Content Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities University of Colorado Boulder. Declaration of The Rights of People with Cognitive Disabilities to Technology and Information Access. Cognitive Technology Database. Welcome to the Coleman Institute for Cognitive Disabilities The Institute was established in 2001 by the Board of Regents of the University of Colorado System. Declaration Commentaries Declaration Commentary by Bill Coleman. Bill Coleman has posted the fouteenth in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Peter Blanck has posted the eleventh in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Mary Kay Rizzolo has posted the tenth in an ongoing series of commentaries on The Declaration. Community News & Events Personalization Computing Project Funding "Disability Innovation Fund-Automated Personalization Computing Project." Funding available from Rehabilitation Services Administration RSA. Technology, Disability & Aging Expo 2015 The Technology, Disability Aging Exp...
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*  Mild Cognitive Impairment at Parkinsons Disease Diagnosis Linked With Higher Risk for Early Demen
... tia Stavanger University Hospital Study. Post Jobs. Jobs. News by Disease. Search News. Mild Cognitive Impairment at Parkinson's Disease Diagnosis Linked With Higher Risk for Early Dementia, Stavanger University Hospital Study. 3/26/2013 7:39:17 AM Mild cognitive impairment at the time of Parkinson disease PD diagnosis appears to be associated with an increased risk for early dementia in a Norwegian study, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Neurology, a JAMA Network publication. Patients with PD have an increased risk for dementia PDD compared with healthy individuals and researchers sought to examine the course of mild cognitive impairment MCI and its progression to dementia in a group of patients with PD. Read at EurekAlert. Read at MedicalXpress. Related News University of Wisconsin Researchers Discover the Brain Origins of Variation in Pathological Anxiety Vitamin D Benefits Breathing In Tuberculosis Patients, Catholic University of Korea Study Night Shifts May be Linked to Increased...
http://biospace.com/News/mild-cognitive-impairment-at-parkinsons-disease/291549/Source=Featured
*  Medical Xpress - cognitive disabilities
... Home cognitive disabilities. News tagged with cognitive disabilities. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. New study on brain exercises for healthy ageing in people with Down syndrome. Researchers specialising in ageing in persons with an intellectual disability at Trinity College Dublin have just begun a new study to examine if cognitive training for adults with Down syndrome can have a protective effect ... May 19, 2015 300 0. Psychology & Psychiatry. Research shows brain differences in children with dyslexia and dysgraphia. University of Washington research shows that using a single category of learning disability to qualify students with written language challenges for special education services is not scientifically supported. Some students ... Apr 28, 2015 27 0. Genetics. Link between autism genes and higher intelligence, study s...
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*  Smoking, drinking, and incident cognitive impairment: a cohort community based study included in the
... Gospel Oak project -- Cervilla et al. Article. Smoking, drinking, and incident cognitive impairment: a cohort community based study included in the Gospel Oak project J A Cervilla,. Current smoking status predicted cognitive impairment risk ratio RR 3.7; 95% confidence interval 95% CI =1.1–12.3 independently from sex, age, alcohol, occupational class, education, handicap, depression, and baseline cognitive function. Both models were adjusted for age, sex, time 1 OBS score, time 1 depression, occupational class, education, and handicap. After adjusting for age, sex, time 1 OBS score, time 1 depression, occupational class, education, handicap, and either alcohol before the age of 65 model 1 or after the age of 65 model 2, those subjects who were current smokers were at a significantly higher risk of being cognitively impaired than never smokers or ex-smokers. SMOKING AND COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT Current smokers were between 3.6 times model 1 and four times model 2 more likely to be cognitively impaired than ne...
http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/68/5/622.long
*  The influence of latent viral infection on rate cognitive decline over four years
... Login. Home → Research Collections → Epidemiology, Department of SPH → View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. The influence of latent viral infection on rate cognitive decline over four years. Aiello, Allison E.; Haan, M. N.; Moore, K. A.; Blythe, L.; Gonzalez, J. K.; Jagust, W. Aiello, Allison E.; Haan, M. N.; Moore, K. A.; Blythe, L.; Gonzalez, J. K.; Jagust, W. 2006. Citation: Journal of American Geriatrics Society 54:1046-54 http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55418. Handle:. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55418. Show full item record. Download. Name: Aiello A, The ... Size: 116.5KB. Format: PDF. This item appears in the following Collection s. Public Health, School of SPH. Epidemiology, Department of SPH. Search Deep Blue. Search query. Advanced Search. Browse by. Communities Collections. Titles. Authors. Subjects. Date. My Account. Login. Information. About Deep Blue. Help. Contact Us....
http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/55418
*  Mental Status Exam
MMSE - Mini-mental state exam , Mini mental state examination , mini-mental status exam , mini-mental status exam physical finding , Folstein Mini-Mental Status Exam , Mini-Mental Status Exam , mini-mental state examination , mini mental state examination , Mini-mental state examination , MMSE - Mini-mental state examination , Mini-mental state examination assessment scale , Mini Mental State Examination , MMSE. Anatomy Chapter Autonomic Nervous System Disorders Chapter Cardiovascular Medicine Chapter Cerebellar Disorders Chapter Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders Chapter Cognitive Disorders Chapter Cranial Nerve Chapter Demyelinating Disorders Chapter Dermatology Chapter Disability Chapter Examination Chapter General Chapter Geriatric Medicine Chapter Gynecology Chapter Headache Disorders Chapter Hematology and Oncology Chapter Human Immunodeficiency Virus Chapter Infectious Disease Chapter Labs Chapter Level of Consciousness Chapter Mental Health Chapter Motor Disorders Chapter Neonatology Chapter Obstetrics Cha...
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*  .. Cognitive Impairment Following the ICU Experience .. Instructor: TBD
cognitive impairment following the icu experience text increase font size decrease font size print instructor tbd length hours recent reports show that medical and surgical management of acute illnesses can result in new or accelerated cognitive decline in survivors this is most likely to occur in older patients with co morbidities and less reserve but may also be devastating and costly for younger patients unable to return to work critical care healthcare professionals must be concerned not only with hospital survival but also with preservation of survivors cognitive abilities prevention of functional decline and quality of life this program will provide an overview of cognitive impairment that follows hospitalization in an intensive care unit a review of risk factors and strategies for modifying them will review effective treatment after discharge at the end of this program participants will be able to define cognitive impairment identify the risk factors for icu related long term cognitive impairment descr...
http://nursing.unc.edu/ahec-programs/cognitive-impairment-following-the-icu-experience/
*  RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation from Anne Pemberton on 2001-08-30 (w3c-wai-gl
RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation from Anne Pemberton on 2001-08-30 w3c-wai-gl@w3.org from July to September 2001. W3C home. Mailing lists. Public. w3c-wai-gl@w3.org. July to September 2001. RE: Mail order catalogues was Re: Cognition Simulation. This message : Related messages :. From : Anne Pemberton apembert@. Date : Thu, 30 Aug 2001 18:15:13 -0400 Message-Id : 5.1.0.14.0.20010830173309.00a05880@pop.erols.com. To : Charles F. Munat. chas@., WAI GL. w3c-wai-gl@. Chas, At 11:15 PM 8/29/01 -0700, Charles F. Munat wrote: Anne: I'm not sure that judicious use of graphics will accommodate the folks who need it so much as a comprehensive use of graphics to enhance comprehensibility on we pages .... I think that maybe the problem here is confusion about the meaning of the word judicious. According to my dictionary, it means Having, applying, or showing sound judgment; wise and careful. [Webster's New World, 2nd College Edition] Nowhere in sound judgment, wise, or careful is ...
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-gl/2001JulSep/0877.html
*  global cognitive function
... Home About us Contact. Global Cognitive Function global + cognitive function. Distribution by Scientific Domains. Medical Sciences 100%. Selected Abstracts Serum Calcium and Cognitive Function in Old Age. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 11 2007 Miranda T. Schram PhD OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum calcium is associated with cognitive function in elderly individuals in the general population. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study of two independent, population-based cohorts. SETTING: The Rotterdam Study median follow-up 11 years and the Leiden 85-plus Study median follow-up 5 years. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand nine hundred ninety-four individuals, mean age 71, from the Rotterdam Study and 560 individuals, all aged 85, from the Leiden 85-plus Study. MEASUREMENTS: Global cognitive function was assessed in both cohorts using the Mini-Mental State Examination; attention, psychomotor speed, and memory function were assessed in the Leiden 85-plus Study only. Linear regression and linear mixe...
http://academicconcepts.net/concepts/376/global_cognitive_function.htm
*  Cognitive Disability Complicates Search And Rescue | KUER
Cognitive Disability Complicates Search And Rescue. KUER. skip to main content. Site Menu. DONATE. Menu. News. Religion. Energy Environment. Health Care. Education. Science Technology. Business Labor. Public Safety. Hinckley Forums. RadioWest. VideoWest. Entertainment. KUER Music. Books Beats. Jazz Playlists. Connect. Contact Us. How to Listen. Staff. Volunteer. About KUER. Support. Membership. Business Support. Planned Major Giving. Foundations. Schedule. Events. Community Calendar. Submit a PSA. KUER Events. Travel. Search. Menu. News. Religion. Energy Environment. Health Care. Education. Science Technology. Business Labor. Public Safety. Hinckley Forums. RadioWest. VideoWest. Entertainment. KUER Music. Books Beats. Jazz Playlists. Connect. Contact Us. How to Listen. Staff. Volunteer. About KUER. Support. Membership. Business Support. Planned Major Giving. Foundations. Schedule. Events. Community Calendar. Submit a PSA. KUER Events. Travel. Search. Listen Live. KUER. KUER HD2. KUER HD3. KUER Flash Player. C...
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*  Postoperative cognitive dysfunction
... It occurs most commonly in older patients and those with pre-existing cognitive impairment. It may be mediated by the body's inflammatory response to surgery. Epidemiology Causes Footnotes Further reading External links. POCD is common after cardiac surgery, and recent studies have now verified that POCD also exists after major non-cardiac surgery, although at a lower incidence. The risk of POCD increases with age, and the type of surgery is also important because there is a very low incidence associated with minor surgery. POCD is common in adult patients of all ages at hospital discharge after major noncardiac surgery, but only the elderly aged 60 years or older are at significant risk for long-term cognitive problems. Patients with POCD are at an increased risk of death in the first year after surgery. POCD is just as likely to occur after operations under regional anesthesia as under general anesthesia. More likely after major operations than minor operations. People with lower educational level are ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postoperative_cognitive_dysfunction
*  Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk of Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
... DC News Update. Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk of Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease By James P. Meschino, DC, MS The Neuroprotective Effects of Omega-3 Fats: Biological Mechanisms Several recent studies suggest higher intake and blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids may help to reduce the risk of age-related cognitive decline, dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 8-11 The epidemiological and experimental studies suggest omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the risk of cognitive decline. More specifically, the results showed that elderly men who consumed an average of approximately 400 mg per day of omega-3 fatty acids from EPA and DHA had significantly less cognitive decline over the five-year period than did those consuming an average of approximately 20 mg per day of omega-3 fatty acids. 7 Summary A number of epidemiological studies and experimental studies suggest higher intake levels, brain levels and blood levels of EPA and DHA may help preserve cognitive function as we age, and red...
http://dynamicchiropractic.com/mpacms/dc/article.php?id=52256
*  Medical Xpress - cognitive decline
... Home cognitive decline. News tagged with cognitive decline. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics: dementia · older adults · alzheimer s disease · cognitive functioning · brain. Neuroscience. Increased activity in older brains may point to new avenues for treating memory loss. Northwestern Medicine scientists have examined activity in a little-studied part of the brain associated with memory and found for the first time the reason that neurons there become more active in old age, findings that ... Sep 22, 2015 153 0. Alzheimer's disease & dementia. Identifying typical patterns in the progression towards Alzheimer's disease. How the brain progresses from mild cognitive impairment MCI to Alzheimer's-type dementia has been an enigma for the scientific community. However, a recent study by the team of Dr. Sylvie Belleville, PhD, Director of the ... Sep 18, 2...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/cognitive decline/sort/date/all/
*  Study Finds Improved Cognitive Health among Older Americans, February 25, 2008 News Release - Natio
... nal Institutes of Health NIH. Study Finds Improved Cognitive Health among Older Americans Rates of cognitive impairment among older Americans are on the decline, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health NIH comparing the cognitive health of older people in 1993 and 2002. Higher levels of education were associated with better cognitive health. These data suggest that we may be experiencing a shift in the cognitive health of older Americans, said Richard J. The National Institute on Aging NIA, part of the National Institutes of Health NIH, and Harvard University, funded the study conducted by Kenneth M. The data come from the NIA-supported Health and Retirement Study HRS, a national, longitudinal examination of health, retirement and economic conditions of more than 20,000 men and women over 50. The scientists then followed each group for two years to track death rates. They also looked at levels of education, income, and other factors in each group, finding that the 2002 part...
http://nih.gov/news/health/feb2008/nia-25.htm
*  UT College of Liberal Arts
... Search the College of Liberal Arts. GIVE. Academic Units. Graduate Resources. Undergraduate Resources. Courses. Online Courses. Dean's Office. Alumni Giving. Faculty by Department. Staff Faculty Resources. LAITS: IT Facilities. Search the College of Liberal Arts. Academics Students Research Alumni Giving Faculty Staff About. Self-Reported Cognitive Difficulties May Indicate Early Signs of Cerebrovascular Disease, Research Shows. Wed, Oct 5, 2011. AUSTIN, Texas Middle-aged adults at risk for cardiovascular disease CVD can perceive and complain about related cognitive difficulties long before standard neuropsychological screening tools detect any problems, according to a recent study from The University of Texas at Austin. The topic of subjective complaints is widely debated among researchers, some of whom feel very strongly that these complaints relate more to emotional state and personality than to objective functioning, says Andreana Haley, lead author of the study, which was published in the Journal of...
http://utexas.edu/cola/public-affairs/news/4251
*  Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline -- ScienceDaily
... Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline. Date: September 9, 2013 Source: University of California - Davis Health System Summary: The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia. The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia, a study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center has found. University of California - Davis Health System. "Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline." ScienceDaily. University of California - Davis Health System. Brain circuitry loss may be an early sign of cognitive decline. Retrieved October 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130909172219.htm University of ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130909172219.htm
*  What Is Impaired Cognition? (with pictures)
What Is Impaired Cognition. wise GEEK clear answers for common questions. What Is Impaired Cognition. Cognitive impairment from aging is usually a precursor to dementia. Cognitive impairment may be managed through the application of therapy in some cases. Medication may be used to treat some cases of impaired cognition. For some people, cognitive impairment is the result of the normal process of aging. wiseGEEK Slideshows These 10 animal facts will amaze you Top 10 amazing movie makeup transformations Top 10 facts about the world Top 10 unbelievable historical concurrencies 10 most extreme places on Earth You won't believe these 10 facts about people Adorable animal families that will make you "aww" Can you see through these real-life optical illusions. Cognition refers to mental processes that involve the use of the brain as part of the daily functions of understanding, reasoning and thinking. A cognitive impairment may be the result of an accident that involves an injury to the brain or it may be the result...
http://wisegeek.com/what-is-impaired-cognition.htm
*  CCR2
'C-C chemokine receptor type 2' 'CCR2' or 'CD192' cluster of differentiation 192 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the 'CCR2' gene. CCR2 is a chemokine receptor. Gene Function Animal studies Clinical significance See also References Further reading External links. This CCR2 gene is located in the chemokine receptor gene cluster region. This gene encodes two isoforms of a receptor for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 CCL2, a chemokine which specifically mediates monocyte chemotaxis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is involved in monocyte infiltration in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis as well as in the inflammatory response against tumors. In an observational study of gene expression in blood leukocytes in humans, Harries 'et al.' found evidence of a relationship between expression of 'CCR2' and cognitive function assessed using the mini-mental state examination, MMSE. 5 Higher 'CCR2' expression was associated with worse performance on the MMSE assessment of cognitive function. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CCR2
*  Plaque in brain could guide treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's
... Plaque in brain could guide treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's Published on March 11, 2014 at 8:06 AM. Brain imaging using radioactive dye can detect early evidence of Alzheimer's disease that may predict future cognitive decline among adults with mild or no cognitive impairment, according to a 36-month follow-up study led by Duke Medicine. The national, multicenter study confirms earlier findings suggesting that identifying silent beta-amyloid plaque build-up in the brain could help guide care and treatment decisions for patients at risk for Alzheimer's. The current study, which enrolled 152 adults ages 50 and older, was designed to assess whether silent pathological changes in the brain associated with Alzheimer's and detected with positron emission tomography PET can predict cognitive decline. Of the participants, 69 had normal cognitive function at the start of the study, 52 had been recently diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment, and 31 were diagnosed with Al...
http://news-medical.net/news/20140311/Plaque-in-brain-could-guide-treatment-decisions-for-patients-at-risk-for-Alzheimers.aspx
*  Cholesterol Metabolism in the Brain and Dementia - D-Scholarship@Pitt
We examined the relationship between plasma oxysterol metabolites and cerebrovascular disease, amyloid deposition in the brain, and incident cognitive impairment using two longitudinal cohorts of older adults with extensive characterization of cognition and brain structure. Quantitative marker of brain structure were prior to clinical disease using magnetic resonance imaging MRI and positron emission tomography PET .Results: Our review found inconsistent associations between brain-derived plasma oxysterols and AD. Our original research examined the longitudinal association between oxysterols, cognition and brain imaging markers in non-demented older adults. We found higher levels of brain-derived oxysterols were associated with MRI markers of cerebrovascular disease and a greater risk of cognitive impairment over 8 years of follow-up. Brain-derived plasma oxysterols may be an important marker of underlying cerebrovascular disease preceding cognitive impairment and risk for developing cognitive impairment. We ...
http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/6801/
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Neurology | Diabetes, Glucose Control, and 9-Year Cognitive Decline Among Old
Diabetes, Glucose Control, and 9-Year Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults Without Dementia. Article. COMMENT. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Objectives To determine if prevalent and incident diabetes mellitus DM increase risk of cognitive decline and if, among elderly adults with DM, poor glucose control is related to worse cognitive performance. Participants with prevalent DM had lower baseline test scores than participants without DM 3MS: 88.8 vs 90.9; DSST: 32.5 vs 36.3, respectively; t = 6.09; P = .001 for both tests. Compared with those without DM, participants with prevalent DM had slightly lower mean 3MS baseline scores 89.7 vs 90.5; t = 2.5; P = .01 and DSST scores 34.3 vs 35.5; t = 2.24; P = .03 Figure 1. After an average of 9 years, participants with prevalent DM had significantly greater decline on both the 3MS t = 2.66; P = .008 and the DSST t = 3.69; P = .001 compared with those without DM Table 2. Among participants with prevalent DM with an HbA 1c value, at a mean follow-up of 3.5 years, those with a mi...
http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1183076&quizId=3288&atab=7
*  Gallery: The top ingredients for cognitive health
... Your browser is blocking javascript. This might limit your experience on this website. News. Suppliers. Markets. Regulation. People. Sectors. Bakery. Confectionery. Dairy. Healthy Foods. Prepared Foods. Snacks. Greek yogurt. Fancy Food Show. Nutrition Facts. Sugar reduction. Healthy snacking. Food labeling and marketing. Natural claims. Natural sweeteners. Trans- and saturated fats. Food safety. Gluten free. Sodium reduction. GMO Labeling. Health & Wellness. Social Media. Views. Views. Ingredients. Cereals and bakery preparations. Chocolate and confectionery ingredients. Dairy-based ingredients. Fats & oils. Food safety and labeling. Fruit, vegetable, nut ingredients. Health and nutritional ingredients. Proteins, non-dairy. All Products. Multimedia. Free Newsletter. Suppliers Special edition: Cognitive health Gallery: The top ingredients for cognitive health. By Stephen Daniells+ Stephen DANIELLS 24-Jul-2014 2014-07-24T00:00:00Z Last updated on 24-Jul-2014 at 16:11 GMT 2014-07-24T16:11:20Z Memory, attent...
http://mobile.foodnavigator-usa.com/Suppliers2/Gallery-The-top-ingredients-for-cognitive-health
*  Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS | MDA/ALS Newsmagazine
Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS. Study Finds that Cognitive Status Predicts Functional Decline in ALS. Results from a new study suggest that the presence of cognitive impairment in the first 12 months after diagnosis is associated with a more rapid decline in muscle function in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, while absence of early cognitive impairment is associated with slower functional decline. People who have both ALS and FTD are said to have ALS-FTD. Of the 186 people who participated in the study, 22 were found to have ALS-FTD. Data showed that cognitive impairment — particularly difficulties with executive dysfunction — that appeared within the first 12 months after receiving an ALS diagnosis was associated with higher study dropout rates and faster decline in motor progression. Study participants in whom no cognitive abnormality was detected at baseline the first study visit had slower rates of motor decline and a tendency to remain "cognitively intact."...
http://alsn.mda.org/news/study-finds-cognitive-status-predicts-functional-decline-als
*  Obese in Middle Age? You May Suffer Faster Cognitive Decline Later On | TIME.com
Obese in Middle Age. TIME.com. Time.com. Subscribe Newsletters Feedback Privacy Policy Your California Privacy Rights Terms of Use Ad Choices. 2015 Time Inc. Sign In Subscribe. Obese in Middle Age. Maintaining a normal weight in midlife may be a good way to keep your brain healthy as you age. If you re obese in middle age and you have high blood pressure or other metabolic abnormalities — like high blood sugar or low HDL good cholesterol — you may be setting yourself up for faster cognitive decline over time than your normal weight peers, a recent study found. Thirty-one percent of the participants had two or more metabolic abnormalities — including high blood pressure or taking medication for it, low levels of HDL, high blood sugar or taking diabetes medication and high triglycerides or taking cholesterol-lowering drugs. Among the obese participants, 60% were considered metabolically abnormal. Based on the participants test performance, the researchers found that those who were obese and metabolically abnorm...
http://healthland.time.com/2012/08/21/obese-in-middle-age-you-may-suffer-faster-cognitive-decline-later-on/?iid=hl-article-latest
*  Post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment
... 'Post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment' 'PCCI' also known as 'chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction' or 'impairment', 'chemo brain', or 'chemo fog' describes the cognitive impairment that can result from chemotherapy treatment. The clinical relevance of PCCI is significant, considering the increasing number of long-term cancer survivors in the population, many of whom may have been treated with aggressive dosing of chemotherapeutic agents, or with chemotherapy as an adjuvant to other forms of treatment. The importance of hormones, particularly estrogen, on cognitive function is underscored by the presence of cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients before chemotherapy is begun, the similarity of the cognitive impairments to several menopausal symptoms, the increased rate of PCCI in pre-menopausal women, and the fact that the symptoms can frequently be reversed by taking estrogen. Deficits in visuo-spatial, visual-motor, and visual memory functions are among the symptoms seen in post-chemother...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-chemotherapy_cognitive_impairment
*  Canine cognitive dysfunction
... 'Canine Cognitive Dysfunction CCD ' is a disease prevalent in dogs that exhibit symptoms of dementia or Alzheimer's disease shown in humans. As the dog ages, nerve cells die, and cerebrospinal fluid fills the empty space left by the dead nerve cells. 3 Clinical signs Diagnosis Treatment Precautions References. Clinical signs. Dogs with Canine Cognitive Dysfunction may exhibit many symptoms associated senile behavior and dementia. http://www.lapoflove.com/diseases/CognitiveDysfunctionSyndrome.pdf Although some of these symptoms may be attributed to old age itself, when they are exhibited together, there is a higher likelihood of CCD. furniture, corners of rooms Interaction changes – decreased interest in social interaction i.e. Medical diagnoses that may contribute to these symptoms include thyroid disorders, Cushing's disease, diabetes, kidney disease, musculoskeletal disease, cancer, liver problems, and sensory loss. There is no cure for Canine Cognitive Dysfunction, but there are medical aids to help m...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canine_cognitive_dysfunction
*  Psych Central - Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
... Quizzes News Experts Ask the Therapist Blogs Experts Daily News Research Updates World of Psychology Research Resources Find a clinical Trial Resources Forums Support Groups Find Help Ask the Therapist Drugs Medications Find a Therapist Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Take a Quiz Mood Tracker Pro. Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly. The rate of decline was found to be an average of five times higher per year in current smokers than those who never smoked. Among those who never smoked 41 percent, the MMSE score declined .03 points per year. The score for current smokers 22 percent declined .16 points per year, about five times more. Former smokers 37 percent dropped .06 points per year. "On the group level, rates of change are more informative and show that smoking has an impact on cognitive function in the elderly." Greater cognitive decl...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2004-03/aaon-slt031504.html
*  Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp | Senior Solutions - Home
Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp. Senior Solutions - Home. Socializing may keep elderly minds sharp. Published On: Oct 29 2012 09:52:48 AM EDT. By Pure Matters. The team at Rush University Medical Center found that elderly people with the highest levels of social activity -- doing things such as visiting friends, going to parties or attending church -- showed much lower levels of cognitive decline than those who were the least socially active. The study included 1,138 adults, average age 80, who are participants in the ongoing Rush Memory and Aging Project. At the start of the study, none of the participants had any signs of cognitive impairment. They were assessed annually and provided information about their social activities. The study participants were tested for various types of cognitive function, including memory, perceptual speed the ability to quickly and accurately compare things and visuospatial ability the capacity to visually perceive the spatial relationship between objects. Over an aver...
http://clickondetroit.com/lifestyle/seniorsolutions/Socializing-may-keep-elderly-minds-sharp/17174510?view=print
*  Four boxes test
... the four boxes test is a computer based test used to measure reaction times in the test a black circle appears in one of four boxes on the screen and the patient presses the corresponding key on the keyboard as quickly as possible the next circle appears after ms until circles have been exposed the computer measures the time the subject takes to complete the test and the number of errors they make the test has been used to measure long term cognitive dysfunction in elderly people who have undergone an operation when subjects had undergone anesthesia with different drugs and were then tested using the stroop colour and word interference test the digit symbol substitution test and the four boxes test recovery times varied both by anesthetic and by type of test other studies have shown that there is an association between postoperative cognitive dysfunction pocd and impaired performance in the four boxes test but that the test is not a good predictor of pocd references category neuropsychological tests...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_boxes_test
*  Sun Advocate - Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is important to quality of life - July
... 4, 2002. Today is October 6, 2015. Front Page. July 4, 2002. Carbon Senior Scene. Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is importan... Published 4,842 days ago. Developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is important to quality of life. Print Page. Email Page. Share. Get Reprints. As brain research advances, experts are finding that some physical and mental changes typically associated with aging may not be normal, but the result of treatable and preventable health conditions. By some estimates, only 30 percent of physical aging can be traced to genes. The rest is up to the individual. According to the AARP Andrus Foundation, developing and maintaining "cognitive health" is as important to a person's quality of life at any age as maintaining good physical health. A series of four booklets, Staying Sharp: Current Advances in Brain Research, provides information and tips based on research. The booklets were derived from public forums conducted in partnership with the Dana Alliance for Brain Init...
http://sunadvocate.com/index.php?tier=1&article_id=1110&poll=267&vote=results&poll=271&vote=results
*  Innomed: AddNeuroMed Study
innomed addneuromed study home contact the innovative medicines initiative scientific aims and objectives of addneuromed the addneuromed objectives are to produce improve experimental models of alzheimer s for biomarker discovery identify a biomarker for alzheimer s disease suitable for diagnosis especially early diagnosis prediction in particular helping to identify those people with mild cognitive impairment at increased risk of developing dementia monitoring disease progression for use in clinical trials and in clinical practice more details public aims and objectives of addneuromed the overall aim of addneuromed is to find a biomarker for alzheimer s disease a biomarker is a test that can be used to help diagnose a condition or to help monitor a condition or response to treatment biomarkers are used in many areas of medicine both in ordinary medical practice and also in research especially in clinical trials more details addneuromed as part of innomed is a precursor of the innovative medicines initiative ...
http://innomed-addneuromed.com/
*  Innomed: AddNeuroMed Study
innomed addneuromed study home contact the innovative medicines initiative scientific aims and objectives of addneuromed the addneuromed objectives are to produce improve experimental models of alzheimer s for biomarker discovery identify a biomarker for alzheimer s disease suitable for diagnosis especially early diagnosis prediction in particular helping to identify those people with mild cognitive impairment at increased risk of developing dementia monitoring disease progression for use in clinical trials and in clinical practice more details public aims and objectives of addneuromed the overall aim of addneuromed is to find a biomarker for alzheimer s disease a biomarker is a test that can be used to help diagnose a condition or to help monitor a condition or response to treatment biomarkers are used in many areas of medicine both in ordinary medical practice and also in research especially in clinical trials more details addneuromed as part of innomed is a precursor of the innovative medicines initiative ...
http://innomed-addneuromed.com/index.cfm?PID=1
*  Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance - Peter Arnett - Oxford University Pres
... s. Journals. Oxford Medicine Online AMA Manual of Style Online Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford Bibliographies Online University Press Scholarship Online Oxford Dictionaries. Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance Edited by Peter Arnett National Academy of Neuropsychology: Series on Evidence-Based Practices. Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance Edited by Peter Arnett National Academy of Neuropsychology: Series on Evidence-Based Practices. Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance Edited by Peter Arnett National Academy of Neuropsychology: Series on Evidence-Based Practices. Arnett, PhD Department of Psychology Penn State University State College, PA Michael R. Dennis Combs, PhD Department of Psychology and Counseling University of Texas Tyler, TX John DeLuca, PhD University of Medicine and Rehabilitation New Jersey Medical School Newark, NJ Jake Epker, PhD Mobile, AL Eduardo Estevis, MA University of Tulsa Tulsa, OK Bruce Hermann, PhD Department of ...
https://global.oup.com/academic/product/secondary-influences-on-neuropsychological-test-performance-9780199838615?cc=us&lang=en&sortField=1&start=160&resultsPerPage=20&prevNumResPerPage=20&tab=overview
*  Benton Visual Retention Test
... Purpose: Designed to assess visual perception, visual memory, and visuoconstructive abilities. Population: Ages 8 and over. Score: Difference between error score and correct score. Time: Not reported. Author: Arthur Benton. Description: The Benton Revised Visual Retention Test is a widely used instrument that assesses visual perception, visual memory, and visuoconstructive abilities. Because it measures perception of spatial relations and memory for newly learned material, it is used in clinical diagnosis of brain damage and dysfunction in children and adults, as well as in research. The Benton, as it is usually called, has three alternate forms, each of which consists of ten designs. In addition, there are four possible modes of administration. The examiner compares the examinee’s obtained scores with the expected scores found in the norm tables. When examining the difference between these scores for the number correct, the wider the discrepancy in favor of the expected score, the more probable it is th...
http://cps.nova.edu/~cpphelp/BVRT.html
*  Dysexecutive syndrome
... "Frontal amnesia and the dysexecutive syndrome." 'Brain and Cognition, 7', 212-230. to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, abstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control. The syndrome was once known as frontal lobe syndrome, however dysexecutive syndrome is preferred because it emphasizes the functional pattern of deficits the symptoms over the location of the syndrome in the frontal lobe, which is often not the only area affected. "The behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome BADS in schizophrenia and its relation to functional outcomes." 'Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 17', 192-205. Behavioural symptoms. Causes Comorbid disorders with DES Assessment of dysexecutive syndrome The behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome. Individuals with DES will have very poor working memory and short term memory due to executive dysfunction. Behavioural symptoms. Perseveration is also often seen in patients with DES. Stuck-in-set persevera...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dysexecutive_syndrome
*  Wikipedia:School and university projects/Psyc3330 w11/Group01 - Dysexecutive syndrome
Frontal amnesia and the dysexecutive syndrome. to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, abstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control. The syndrome was once known as frontal lobe syndrome, however dysexecutive syndrome is preferred because it emphasizes the functional pattern of deficits the symptoms over the location of the syndrome in the frontal lobe, which is often not the only area affected Katz, N., Tadmor, I., Felzen, B., & Hartman-Maeir, A. The behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome BADS in schizophrenia and its relation to functional outcomes. Behavioural Symptoms. Causes Comorbid Disorders with DES Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome. Individuals with DES will have very poor working memory and short term memory due to executive dysfunction. Behavioural Symptoms. Perseveration is also often seen in patients with DES. Stuck-in-set perseveration is most often seen in dysexecutive s...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:School_and_university_projects/Psyc3330_w11/Group01_-_Dysexecutive_syndrome
*  Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status
... the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in it consists of ten subtests which give five scores one for each of the five domains tested immediate memory visuospatial constructional language attention delayed memory there is no assessment of executive function category fluency and motor responses it takes about half an hour to administer it was originally introduced in the screening for dementia but has also found application in other situations such as hepatic encephalopathy references category neuropsychology category neuropsychological tests...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Repeatable_Battery_for_the_Assessment_of_Neuropsychological_Status
*  Rey–Osterrieth complex figure
... The 'Rey–Osterrieth complex figure test' 'ROCF' is a neuropsychological assessment in which examinees are asked to reproduce a complicated line drawing, first by copying it freehand recognition, and then drawing from memory recall. Many different cognitive abilities are needed for a correct performance, and the test therefore permits the evaluation of different functions, such as visuospatial abilities, memory, attention, planning, and working memory executive functions. First proposed by Swiss psychologist André Rey in 1941 and further standardized by Paul-Alexandre Osterrieth in 1944, it is frequently used to further explain any secondary effect of brain injury in neurological patients, to test for the presence of dementia, or to study the degree of cognitive development in children. 'Immediate recall:' After a short delay, the examinee is asked to reproduce the figure from memory. Examinees are not told beforehand that they will be asked to draw the figure from memory; the Immediate and Delayed Recall...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rey–Osterrieth_complex_figure
*  Holdings: Neuropsychological assessment /
... Skip to content. Toggle navigation. FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY. Book Bag 0. My Account. Contact Us. VU Home. Log Out. My Account Contact Us VU Home. FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY Combined Results. Books Media. Articles more. Library Catalog -- Books Media -- Title -- Journal Title -- Author -- Subject -- Call Number -- ISBN/ISSN -- Tag -- Articles more -- Title -- Author -- Subject Library Website -- Guides -- Question Center Digital Library Community Bibliography. Find. Home Search. Guides Help. Main navigation. Advanced Search. Browse. Course Reserves. Search History. New Items. Borrow from Other Libraries. Neuropsychological assessment... Holdings. Cite this. Text this. Email this. Export Record. Export to RefWorks. Export to EndNoteWeb. Export to EndNote. Save to List. Add to Book Bag. Remove from Book Bag. . Saved in:. Neuropsychological assessment / Other Authors:. Lezak, Muriel Deutsch. Format:. Book. Language: English. Published:. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press,. c2004. Subjects:. Neuropsycho...
https://library.villanova.edu/Find/Record/648413
*  Memory function in cardiac arrest survivors and patients with myocardial infarction
... UJDigispace Repository Memory function in cardiac arrest survivors and patients with myocardial infarction. UJDigispace Home → Theses and Dissertations → Department of Psychology ETDs → View Item. Memory function in cardiac arrest survivors and patients with myocardial infarction. Given that anoxia has more serious neuropsychological ramifications than hypoxia, it was hypothesized that the cardiac arrest group would perform poorer than the myocardial infarction group in visuo-spatial and auditory-verbal recall and recognition memory. The mean age for the cardiac arrest group and myocardial infarction group was 59.47 years SD = 9.24 and 58.87 years SD = 7.22, respectively. There was no significant difference on the BDI, and both groups were moderately depressed, the cardiac arrest BDI: mean score = 17.07, SD = 16.97 and myocardial infarction BDI: mean score = 18.33, SD = 18.35. The neuropsychological test battery comprised: Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test RAVLT, Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure Test ...
https://ujdigispace.uj.ac.za/handle/10210/1416
*  Cognitive Rehabilitation Protocol in HIV/AIDS outpatients with ANI and MND: results and clinical
... applicability. Cognitive Rehabilitation Protocol in HIV/AIDS outpatients with ANI and MND: results and clinical applicability. of Psychology, University of Turin, 3* Infectious Diseases Unit University of Turin ABSTRACT Background By reason of proven effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in individuals with acquired brain damage, in our study we applied this method to HIV/AIDS patients with ANI or MND to improve their cognitive functioning. 30 HAND patients 21 males, 9 female; median age 50 yrs, median CD4 count 595/ l, CDC disease stage was: 3 A, 13 B, 14 C, all patients HIV-RNA undetectable were included in the study and divided into 2 groups: the experimental group treatment N=15, group A, and the control group no-treatment N=15, group B. The project provided 5 steps: NC screening with MMSE and IHDS; NP test T0 ; NP treatment for group A, standard of care for controls gr. B ;; NP Re-test for both groups T1 ; follow-up at 3 months after treatment for group A T2. The rehabilitation has provided for ...
http://natap.org/2013/CROI/croi_182.htm
*  Benton County, WA Air Quality | Homefacts
Benton County, WA Air Quality. Homefacts. Area Overview. Real Estate. Offenders. Schools Crime Stats. Unemployment. Environment Hazards. More ▼. Get more facts about Benton County Properties. Benton County Earthquake Report. Benton County Tornado Report. Benton County Radon Report. Benton County Air Quality Report. Benton County Weather Report. Benton County UV Index Report. Benton County Hospitals. Benton County Drug Labs Report. Benton County Fire Stations. Benton County Police Stations. Benton County Demographics. Benton County Politics Report. Benton County Building Permits Report. Benton County Nursing Homes. Benton County Colleges. Benton County Airports. Benton County Libraries. Benton County Cemeteries. Benton County Religion Report. Benton County FCC Towers. Benton County Banks. Benton County Hurricanes. Benton County Environment Hazards. Interactive Map in Beta. Interactive Map in Beta. Air Quality Washington Benton County. Benton County, WA Air Quality Information. 2015 Air Quality 2014 Air ...
http://homefacts.com/airquality/Washington/Benton-County.html
*  Neuropsychological Tests - Concord Hospital - Concord, NH
... Classes Events. Neuropsychological Tests. Neuropsychological Tests Skip to the navigation Test Overview Neuropsychological testing can help your doctor find out how a problem with your brain is affecting your ability to reason, concentrate, solve problems, or remember. Doctors use a wide variety of tests for neuropsychological testing. Why It Is Done This testing gives your doctor an overall picture of how well your brain works. Your doctor may recommend this testing if: You have a disease that can affect the brain, such as: Alzheimer's disease or other dementia. How To Prepare Talk to your doctor about any concerns you have regarding the need for the test, its risks, how it will be done, or what the results will mean. Risks Your doctor may not be able to find the cause of your symptoms, because some problems are hard to diagnose. Results Test results give your doctor an overall picture of how well you are able to think, reason, and remember. You don't make your best effort to do well on the tests. Anoth...
http://concordhospital.org/wellness-resources/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=abk8683
*  7503 Hwy 411, Benton, TN 37307 - Movoto
... Homes. Benton homes for sale. Benton new homes. Benton off-market homes. Agents. For agents Become a partner agent. Call our toll-free Customer Support Line at 888-766-8686. Movoto Real Estate. 7503 Hwy 411 Benton, TN 37307. Phone. Or Call Toll-Free 888-766-8686 Privacy Policy Terms of Use Go. Active Homes for Sale Nearby 7503 Hwy 411, Benton. Single Family House Re/Max Real Estate Professiona. Single Family House Grandview Realty. 148 Tree Frog Ln, Benton, TN. Single Family House Sonlight Realty. Single Family House Garren Realty. 116 Tree Frog Ln, Benton, TN. Get a Free Valuation from a Local Movoto Agent Name:. Phone: Why is my phone number required. Your phone number is only shared with your Movoto Agent. Or Call Toll-Free 888-766-8686 Privacy Policy Terms of Use Request Info. 208 Charles Eaves Ln, Benton, TN 4 Beds, 2 Baths, $239,000. 607 Etowah Rd, Benton, TN 3 Beds, 2 Baths, $164,900. 821 Parksville Rd, Benton, TN 3 Beds, 3 Baths, $659,900. 148 Tree Frog Ln, Benton, TN 3 Beds, 2 Baths, $339,900. 1...
http://movoto.com/benton-tn/7503-hwy-411-benton-tn-37307-572_811667/
*  Neuropsychological outcomes of standard risk and high risk patients treated for acute lymphoblastic
... leukemia on Dana-Farber ALL consortium protocol 95-01 at 5 years post-diagnosis. BioMedSearch. Home. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Neuropsychological outcomes of standard risk and high risk patients treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia on Dana-Farber ALL consortium protocol 95-01 at 5 years post-diagnosis. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 21721112 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. BACKGROUND: Children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia ALL as High Risk HR patients may be more vulnerable to neurocognitive late effects because of the greater intensity of their therapy. We compared neuropsychological outcomes in children treated for Standard Risk SR or HR ALL on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute DFCI Consortium ALL Protocol 95-01. We also evaluated their performance relative to normative expectations. PROCEDURE: Between 1996 and 2000, 498 children with newly diagnosed ALL were treated on Protocol 95-01, 298 of whom were eligible for neu...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Neuropsychological-outcomes-standard-risk-high/21721112.html
*  JENNIFER JAIE MANLY
Publications Reading level attenuates differences in neuropsychological test performance between African American and White elders Jennifer J Manly Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer s Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:341-8. 2006 Cognitive decline and literacy among ethnically diverse elders Jennifer J Manly Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer s Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 18:213-7. 2005 Acculturation, reading level, and neuropsychological test performance among African American elders Jennifer J Manly Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer s Disease and the Aging Brain, Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA Appl Neuropsychol 11:37-46. Cognitive decline and literacy among ethnically di...
http://labome.org/expert/usa/columbia/manly/jennifer-jaie-manly-292978.html
*  Alison Cernich
Publications Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics sports medicine battery Alison Cernich Baltimore Veteran s Affairs Medical Center, BT 116 MH, 10 N Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S101-14. 2010 Assessment of co-occurring disorders in veterans diagnosed with traumatic brain injury Alison N Cernich Department of Veteran s Affairs Office of Rehabilitation Services, Washington, District of Columbia, USA J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:253-60. 2012 Sources of error in computerized neuropsychological assessment Alison N Cernich Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S39-48. 2013 Assessing change with the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics ANAM : issues and challenges Tresa Roebuck-Spencer National Rehabilitation Hospital, 102 Irving Street, NW, Washington, DC 20010, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S79-87. Detail Information Publications 10 Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics sports me...
http://labome.org/expert/usa/cernich/alison-cernich-997497.html
*  Joseph Bleiberg
2004 Automated neuropsychiatric measurements of information processing in fibromyalgia Brian Walitt Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Washington, DC 20010, USA Rheumatol Int 28:561-6. 2008 Assessing change with the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics ANAM : issues and challenges Tresa Roebuck-Spencer National Rehabilitation Hospital, 102 Irving Street, NW, Washington, DC 20010, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S79-87. 2006 Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics sports medicine battery Alison Cernich Baltimore Veteran s Affairs Medical Center, BT 116 MH, 10 N Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S101-14. 2007 Sources of error in computerized neuropsychological assessment Alison N Cernich Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:S39-48. Automated neuropsychiatric measurements of information processing in fibromyalgia Brian Walitt Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Washingt...
http://labome.org/expert/usa/bleiberg/joseph-bleiberg-379553.html
*  Neuropsychological Tests - Lawrence Memorial Hospital
... Skip to Content 785 505-5000. Search Site. About. News. Events. Quality. Endowment. LMH WellCare. Main Navigation Find a Provider. Find a Location. Care Treatment. Cardiology. Endocrinology. Lawrence Vein Center. Neurology. Oncology. Orthopedics. Palliative Care. Pharmacy. Primary Care. Pulmonology. Services Directory. Surgery. Therapy Services. Women's Health. Wound Healing Center. Patients Visitors. Quality Matters. Pay Your Bill Online. Financial Assistance. Cheer Cards. Forms Policies. Patient Handbook. My Patient Portal. DAISY Award for Extraordinary Nurses. Contact Us. Send a Compliment. Wellness Resources. Classes and Events. Health Library. Wellcare. Healthcare Professionals. Careers. Nurses. Physician Opportunities. Pharmacy Department. You are here: Home. Wellness Resources. Health Library. Neuropsychological Tests. Health Library. Neuropsychological Tests Skip to the navigation Test Overview Neuropsychological testing can help your doctor find out how a problem with your brain is affecting...
http://lmh.org/wellness/health-library/document-viewer/?id=abk8683
*  Judgment of Line Orientation
... 'Judgment of Line Orientation' JLO is a standardized test of visuospatial skills commonly associated with functioning of the parietal lobe in the right hemisphere. 1 The test measures a person's ability to match the angle and orientation of lines in space. 2 Subjects are asked to match two angled lines to a set of 11 lines that are arranged in a semicircle and separated 18 degrees from each other. 3 The complete test has 30 items, but short forms have also been created. There is normative data available for ages 7-96. 4 In 1994, Arthur L. Benton developed the test from his study of the effects of a right hemisphere lesion on spatial skills. 5 Clinical performances Neurological disorders. Psychiatric disorders. Procedure Scoring. See also References. Clinical performances. In a study measuring JLO scores and on-road performance, JLO was correlated with better backing-up scores. 6 Neurological disorders. Patients with the following disorders often fail the JLO test:. Dementia William's syndrome. 7. Neurofi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judgment_of_Line_Orientation
*  Analysis of "task-positive" and "task-negative" functional networks during the performance of the Sy
Analysis of task-positive and task-negative functional networks during the performance of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test in patients at presentation with clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis. BioMedSearch. Home. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Analysis of "task-positive" and "task-negative" functional networks during the performance of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test in patients at presentation with clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 23288324 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. An abnormal pattern of brain activations has been shown in patients with multiple sclerosis during the performance of several cognitive tasks. The aim of this study is to investigate abnormalities of the patterns of activation/deactivation in the functional networks related to "task-positive" and "task-negative" events during the execution of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test SDMT in pat...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Analysis-task-positive-negative-functional/23288324.html
*  3967 Hwy 5, Benton, AR 72019 - Movoto
... Benton homes for sale. Benton new homes. Benton off-market homes. Agents. Call our toll-free Customer Support Line at 888-766-8686. Movoto Real Estate. 3967 Hwy 5 Benton, AR 72019. Beds. Baths. Phone. Or Call Toll-Free 888-766-8686 Privacy Policy Terms of Use Go. Active Homes for Sale Nearby 3967 Hwy 5, Benton., Benton, AR. $189,900 2 bedrooms / 2 bathrooms / 1,598 Sq. Single Family House Truman Ball and Associates. $209,300 3 bedrooms / 2 bathrooms / 1,610 Sq. Single Family House Truman Ball and Associates. $231,900 3 bedrooms / 2 bathrooms / 1,784 Sq. Single Family House Truman Ball and Associates. $239,500 3 bedrooms / 2 bathrooms / 1,859 Sq. Single Family House Truman Ball and Associates. $564,900 3 bedrooms / 3.5 bathrooms / 4,157 Sq. $274,900 4 bedrooms / 2 bathrooms / 2,808 Sq. Get a Free Valuation from a Local Movoto Agent Name:. Phone: Why is my phone number required. Your phone number is only shared with your Movoto Agent. Or Call Toll-Free 888-766-8686 Privacy Policy Terms of Use Request Info....
http://movoto.com/benton-ar/3967-hwy-5-benton-ar-72019-920_10379605/
*  Webtype > Fonts > Benton Modern Display Bold Italic Web Font
Webtype Fonts Benton Modern Display Bold Italic Web Font. It seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. Webtype works best with JavaScript enabled. Email:. Password:. Remember Me or Register Forgot password. close. Better fonts for better websites. 0 items Sign in. Introduction Fonts Tools Blog Gallery Support Your Account go. Benton Modern Display Family. Add to Favorites. Add to Cart. The Benton Modern series by Font Bureau started with the design of text styles for the Boston Globe and the Detroit Free Press. Form and proportions were inspired by Morris Fuller Benton’s Century Expanded, drawn for ATF around 1900, faithfully reviving this epoch-making magazine and newspaper face. The italic was based on Century Schoolbook. Benton Modern Display was prepared by Dyana Weissman and Richard Lipton in 36 styles of different width and weight, offering many options for distinct and flexible typography on the web. The family is made for compact headlines and splendidly large display typog...
http://webtype.com/font/benton-modern-display-bold-italic/
*  The Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities
neuropsychological deficits: include difficulties with tactile and visual perception, psychomotor coordination, tactile and visual attention, nonverbal memory, reasoning, executive functions, and specific aspects of speech and language. These primary neuropsychological deficits include tactile perception, visual perception, and motor coordination. In turn, these secondary deficits lead to tertiary deficits, particularly in nonverbal memory, abstract reasoning, executive functions, and specific aspects of speech and language. academic deficits : Deficits in math calculations, mathematical reasoning, reading comprehension, specific aspects of written language, and handwriting. social-emotional/adaptational deficits :Social deficits include problems with social perception and social interaction. Children with NVLD present with a wide range of visual-spatial, visual motor, sensory, and motor deficits. These strengths include simple motor skills, auditory perception, simple auditory attention, and rote memory for ...
http://bafree.net/arabneuropsych/nonverbal_learningdysability.htm
*  Cognitive Exercise and Its Role in Cognitive Function in Older Adults - ResearchGate
CT programs adhering to this definition have been studied across the age and clinical spectrum, from healthy older adults to those with preclinical dementia or mild cognitive impairment MCI to those diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease AD. However, the paucity of randomized controlled trials makes it difficult to make Curr Psychiatry Rep 2010 12:20–2721 Page 3 Table 1 Cognitive training characteristics and cognitive outcomes in randomized controlled trials of healthy older adults and those with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease Study Sample size, n Cognitive training Control condition Duration,min/wk Total sessions, n Follow-up, mo Primary cognitive outcome measures Generalization outcome measures Scogin and Bienias 27 healthy older adults Memory strategy training by completion ofa 92-page manual No contact NR NR 36 Cognitive specific: immediate and delayed recall of 20 nouns, 15 names and faces, 15 shopping items; Benton Visual Retention Test; Digit Span Test Metamemory Questionnaire, Self-Rati...
http://researchgate.net/publication/43349441_Cognitive_exercise_and_its_role_in_cognitive_function_in_older_adults
*  Das–Naglieri cognitive assessment system
... The 'Das–Naglieri cognitive assessment system' CAS test is an individually administered test of cognitive functioning for children and adolescents ranging from 5 through 17 years of age that was designed to assess the planning, attention, simultaneous and successive cognitive processes as described in the. History The CAS battery Planning Scale. Attention Scale. Simultaneous Scale. 1979 Das, J. Simultaneous and successive cognitive processes. CAS is based on the planning, attention-arousal, simultaneous and successive PASS cognitive processing theory or the PASS Theory of Intelligence, a modern theory within the information-processing framework Das, Naglieri & Kirby, 1994 Das, J. Assessment of cognitive processes. Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. K-ABC has used several references to the early research of Das and his colleagues Das, Kirby & Jarman,1979 on simultaneous and successive processing, a precursor to PASS theory. verbal, as in Simultaneous Verbal, and Word-series, see next section but the...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Das–Naglieri_cognitive_assessment_system
*  Functional Behavioral Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Second Edition ... - Ennio Cipani PhD, K
... even M. Schock MA, BCBA - Google Books. books.google.com - As a teaching and instructional guide, Functional Behavior Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment is a first-rate resource for students and young professionals new to the field of ABA or looking to expand their knowledge and practice competencies.--New England Psychologist the practicing... Functional Behavioral Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Second Edition : A Complete System for Education and Mental Health Settings. Ennio Cipani PhD, Keven M. Schock MA, BCBA Springer Publishing Company, Nov 20, 2010 - Psychology - 340 pages 0 Reviews https://books.google.com/books/about/Functional Behavioral Assessment Diagnos.html?id=w8PCY7QV-BoC. Provides a methodology for functional behavioral assessment, including indirect as well as direct measurement techniques such as analogue and in-situ methods Includes innovative recommendations for conducting descriptive and trigger analyses and discusses how to use them in assessment and treatment evaluation Pre...
https://books.google.com/books?id=w8PCY7QV-BoC&q=Premack contingency&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&hl=en
*  Minocycline for HIV+ Cognitive Impairment in Uganda - Study Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Uganda Neuropsychological Test Battery Summary measure U NP Sum is the average z-scores of the 9 neurupsychological tests:Grooved Pegboard Dominant Hand,Grooved Pegboard Non-dominant Hand,Color Trail1,Color Trail2,Symbol Digit,WHO/UCLA Verbal Learning Test Trial 5,WHO/UCLA Verbal Learning Test Delayed Recall,Digit Span-Forward,Digit Span-Backward Since the score depends on age and education levels, the raw score was standardized as follows: Zx = x x / x where Zx is the age and education adjusted z-score, x is the raw score, and x and x are the age and education stratified norms. Since the score depends on age and education levels, the raw score was standardized as follows: Zx = x x / x where Zx is the age and education adjusted z-score, x is the raw score, and x and x are the age and education stratified norms. Since the score depends on age and education levels, the raw score was standardized as follows: Zx = x x / x where Zx is the age and education adjusted z-score, x is the raw score, and x and x are the ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/results/NCT00855062?sect=X156&view=results
*  AC Motor Speed Controller
... Home. Circuits. This AC motor speed controller can handle most universal type brushed AC motors and other loads up to about 250W. Note that the circuit can only control brushed AC motors. R7 1 60K Ohm 1/4W Resistor. R8 1 3K Linear Taper Trim Pot. R9 1 5K Linear Taper Pot. R10 1 4.7K Linear Taper Trim Pot. R12 1 100 Ohm 1/4W Resistor. R13 1 47 Ohm 1W Resistor See Notes. TR1 1 TRIAC See Notes. Most generic TRIACs with ratings to support your load will work fine in this circuit. R13 must be chosen to match the load. Related Circuits. Air Flow Detector, Wire Loop Alarm, Simple Two Speed Contactor DC Motor Controller, 7 Segment LED Counter, Simple Lie Detector, Low Voltage Alarm, Video Stabilizer/MacroVision Removal, Pulse Width Modulation DC Motor Control, Simple Polarity Tester, Pine Racecar Victory Judge, Rain Detector, Time Delay Relay, Time Delay Relay II, Stepper Motor Controller, Touch Switch, Video Activated Relay, Digital Keypad Combination Lock, AC Motor Speed Controller, Simple Servo Controller, Wa...
http://aaroncake.net/circuits/acmotcon.asp
*  is there much performance difference between a 2.2 gig P4 and a 1.8 gig Celeron? | Velocity Reviews
is there much performance difference between a 2.2 gig P4 and a 1.8 gig Celeron. Velocity Reviews. Velocity Reviews Home. Forums. Computer Information. is there much performance difference between a 2.2 gig P4 and a 1.8 gig Celeron. It had a Celeron 1.8 gig CPU, 256mb ram will be upgraded ,LAN,32mb video, 40gig HD, pci slots, etc.. I could have bought a Netvista with a P4 2.2 gig CPU for the same price as the Celeron. Could I upgrade the Celeron to a P4 CPU. ----== Posted via Newsfeeds.Com - Unlimited-Unrestricted-Secure Usenet News==---- http://www.newsfeeds.com The #1 Newsgroup Service in the World. Does the shipping cost more than the computer. In any event for what you use your computer for increasing the RAM would be the wisest move to boost performance. babaloo, Mar 9, 2007. Does the shipping cost more than the computer. In any event for what you use your computer for increasing the RAM would be the wisest move to boost performance. The PC is $65, so $90 total for a IBM Netvista with 1.8 gog Celeron CPU...
http://velocityreviews.com/threads/is-there-much-performance-difference-between-a-2-2-gig-p4-and-a-1-8-gig-celeron.482669/
*  Increase Stepper Motor Speed - Page 2
Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #15 Feb 03, 2012, 03:38 am. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #16 Feb 03, 2012, 03:41 am. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #17 Feb 03, 2012, 03:42 am. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #18 Feb 03, 2012, 03:51 am. // the previous reading from the analog input int previous = 0; void setup { // set the speed of the motor to 30 RPMs stepper.setSpeed 30 ; } void loop { // get the sensor value int val = analogRead 0 ; // move a number of steps equal to the change in the // sensor reading stepper.step val - previous ; // remember the previous value of the sensor previous = val; } there it is I told you I am simple the error code it gives me is stepper was not declared in this scope motorknob.cpp: in function void loop etc. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #19 Feb 03, 2012, 04:02 am. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #20 Feb 03, 2012, 04:14 am. Re: Increase Stepper Motor Speed #21 Feb 03, 2012, 04:30 am. // change this to the number of steps on your motor #define dirPin 10 #define stepPi...
http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=80767.msg676329
*  Gollin figure test
... multiple issues the gollin figure test is a psychological test used to assess someone s implicit and explicit memory subjects are shown a series of drawings in a sequence from least to most clear and asked to identify the image the object cannot possibly be identified in the first sketch and most people must see several of the panels before they can identify it on a retention test some time later however subjects identify the image sooner than they did on the first test indicating some form of memory for the image amnesia c subjects also show improvement on this test even though they do not recall taking the test before b kolb i q wishaw an introduction to brain and behaviour nd ed references category psychological testing...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gollin_figure_test
*  Digit Cancellation Test
... a neuropsychological test used in the diagnosis of alzheimer s disease the subject gets one of more digits s he has to cross out from a list of numbers the resulting score consists of the correctly crossed out numbers minus the incorrectly crossed out numbers references category neuropsychological tests...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digit_Cancellation_Test
*  CAS Latency 9 vs 10 vs 11 Help - AnandTech Forums
... AnandTech Forums. CAS Latency 9 vs 10 vs 11 Help. Forums. Software. *nix Software. Forum Issues. Technical Forum Issues. 04-07-2012, 01:01 PM # 1. hardoc Junior Member. Join Date: Apr 2012 Posts: 2. Sapphire 7850 2gb memory 3. I want to have 16gb memory... What does matter is that I see that if I go wit the 2x8 the CAS latency is 10 or 11 vs the 9 on the 4x4 sticks... in the grand scheme of things, would I notice any performance difference between 4 sticks of CAS 9 vs 2 sticks 2x8 of CAS 10 or 11. hardoc. View Public Profile. Find More Posts by hardoc. 04-07-2012, 01:11 PM # 2. dma0991 Platinum Member. Join Date: Mar 2011 Posts: 2,723. Quote: Originally Posted by hardoc. in the grand scheme of things, would I notice any performance difference between 4 sticks of CAS 9 vs 2 sticks 2x8 of CAS 10 or 11. Because Quote: Originally Posted by hardoc. and Quote: Originally Posted by hardoc. dma0991. View Public Profile. Find More Posts by dma0991. 04-07-2012, 01:45 PM # 3. DigDog Diamond Member. You may not post...
http://forums.anandtech.com/showthread.php?t=2237788
*  Memory - Psychology Wiki
... articles on memory. “ Assessment. Biopsychology. Comparative. Baddeley's Model of Working Memory Baddeley's model of working memory Barnes maze Binding problem Bistability Body memory C. Cadherin–catenin complex in learning and memory Calendrical calculators CCK receptor Cellular memory Challenger disaster Childhood amnesia Childhood memory Chunking Clive Wearing Cognitive contiguity Cognitive development in memory Collective memory Conceptual priming Cue-dependent forgetting Cues D. F False memory False memory syndrome False Memory Syndrome Foundation Flashbulb memory Folic acid Forgetfulness Forgetting Forgetting curve Forgetting rate Free recall Fuzzy- trace theory of memory G. L Limbic system List of memory journals Long-term memory Long-term potentiation Lost in the mall technique M. Memorization Memory and aging Memory and smell Memory clinic Memory consolidation Memory decay Memory development Memory distrust syndrome Memory inhibition Memory loss Memory RNA Memory span Memory trace Memory ...
http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Memory?oldid=81575
*  Memory - Everything2.com
... You are now little more than a husk of a person experiencing your whole life over again, and soon you will be less than that. Short Term Memory : Short term memory is very similar to sensory memory in that its capacity is very limit ed by both the amount of information that can be held in it and also the duration that information can be held. In order to illustrate the capacity of short term memory, try the following. This is because these stimuli were stored in short term memory, which has a capacity of between 7 and 9 pieces of information for the average person. Phonological short term memory : This is a type of short term memory that relies strongly on long term memory. Subvocal articulation s can also be used when information is transferred from short term memory to long term memory. Long Term Memory : Long term memory holds information that is stored on a semi-permanent basis. Researchers argue that there can be strong connections between short term and long term memory. Retrograde Amnesia : This c...
http://everything2.com/title/Memory?showwidget=showCs1307192
*  Introduction to memory - Psychology Wiki
Edit this Page. Edit. Classic editor. Cognitive Psychology : Attention · Decision making · Learning · Judgement · Memory · Motivation · Perception · Reasoning · Thinking - Cognitive processes Cognition - Outline Index. A basic and generally accepted classification of memory is based on the duration of memory retention, and identifies three distinct types of memory: sensory memory , short-term memory , and long-term memory. Long-term memory can be divided into declarative explicit and procedural implicit memories. In contrast, procedural memory or implicit memory is not based on the conscious recall of information, but on implicit learning. Learning and memory are attributed to changes in neuronal synapses , thought to be mediated by long-term potentiation and long-term depression. Aging and memory Alzheimers Amnesia Attention versus memory in prefrontal cortex Cellular memory Cues Cued recall Dementia Educational psychology Emotion and memory Evolution of memory False Memory Forgetting curve Genetic memory He...
http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Introduction_to_memory
*  Book:Memory
book memory book memory saved book title memory subtitle cover image memory gif cover color white memory overview memory processes storage recall memory consolidation memory inhibition forgetting curve research methods used to study memory indirect tests of memory context dependent memory neuroanatomy of memory exceptional memory types working memory short term memory long term memory autobiographical memory declarative memory episodic memory semantic memory sensory memory disorders and biases memory disorder source monitoring error cryptomnesia amnesia childhood amnesia transient global amnesia selective memory loss effects of stress on memory effects of alcohol on memory memory and aging applications and controversies memory improvement memory and social interactions flashbulb memory false memory syndrome sleep and memory emotion and memory involuntary memory flashbacks traumatic memories category wikipedia books on psychology...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book:Memory
*  Mental Health - The Wonders of Memory Improvement Techniques
... Memory Improvement. Restaurant Reviews. Mental Health - The Wonders of Memory Improvement Techniques Author Zizzur Staff. Published on July 7, 2011 - 5:29 pm 3013 views 431 words. Memory is a brain function that entails the storage of information gathered all throughout life. The brain functions related to memory vary from person to person and that is why some are categorized as gifted as opposed to feeble-minded, and with the vast majority having a normal memory. The two major brain functions are the short term memory STM and the long term memory LTM. Even the small details of information are remembered once they made it to the LTM. The information in the working or active memory STM are forgotten once they are used. If it is so desired to improve one’s memory and recall, there are certain memory improvement techniques that are available. 1 For auditory individuals or those who learn faster by listening, a good approach to memorization is by recording the information and listening to it. Different peopl...
http://zizzur.com/viewarticle.php?id=186
*  Types of Memory Improvement Vitamins
... Memory Improvement. Restaurant Nutrition. Vitamins. Weight Loss & Diets. Weight Loss > Cardio. Weight Loss > HCG. Weight Loss > Shakes. Product Reviews. Restaurant Reviews. Types of Memory Improvement Vitamins Author Zizzur Staff. Published on July 7, 2011 - 5:29 pm 3115 views 359 words. People can benefit from three types of memory improvement vitamins which can be taken every day as a supplement. Read the following description about three memory improvement vitamins to enlighten you: Antioxidants. Highly-rated memory improvement vitamins are Vitamins C, E, including beta carotene. The relationship between memory and antioxidants is significant since brain neurons can be affected by free radicals. Taking antioxidants as memory improvement vitamins are recommended. These food sources are natural sources of both antioxidants and Vitamin B that can do wonders to enhance your memory. Although these fatty acids are definitely not vitamins, it is worth mentioning them since they play a big role in improving m...
http://zizzur.com/viewarticle.php?id=188
*  Team isolates nerve cells involved in storing long term memory and gene proteins associated with the
... m. February 10, 2012 Team isolates nerve cells involved in storing long term memory and gene proteins associated with them February 10, 2012 by Bob Yirka report. Image: Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1212735. Medical Xpress -- A research team in Taiwan has succeeded in isolating two nerve cells in fruit fly brains that are believed to be the major players in allowing for the formation of long term memories. Because of this, researchers quite often study fruit fly brains. To study long term memory in fruit flies, the team used a small enclosure divided into regions, or wings. Movie: Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1212735 Then, to find out which part of the brain was used to store those memories, the team used a tiny heating device that allowed them to selectively warm parts of the brain, which in turn prevent the kinds of proteins from synthesizing in neurons that are known to be needed to store long term memories. This allowed them to follow protein growth in the fruit fly brains over time. When they applied...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-02-team-isolates-nerve-cells-involved.html
*  Useful Memory Improvement Tips
... Memory Improvement. Restaurant Nutrition. Stress Management. Vitamins. Weight Loss > Cardio. Weight Loss > HCG. Weight Loss > Shakes. Product Reviews. Restaurant Reviews. Useful Memory Improvement Tips Author Zizzur Staff. Published on July 7, 2011 - 5:34 pm 3444 views 376 words. Memory improvement tips can be very useful when you have the need to remember a number of things consistently. Similar to keeping a healthy and energetic body, the brain has to be exercised and fed with good food for it to be in good shape. These are some effective memory improvement tips: Put your mind to it when learning something new. Try to find out what learning techniques are effective to you. Furthermore, a good diet that is coupled with brain food can help your brain retain more information. Having a stressful lifestyle counteracts any memory improvement you are trying to do, try to be as stress free as possible for your brain to function more efficiently. Stress-free mind would gather and store more details efficiently,...
http://zizzur.com/viewarticle.php?id=189
*  Explicit memory
... Remembering a specific driving lesson is an example of explicit memory, while improved driving skill as a result of the lesson is an example of implicit memory. Types Encoding and retrieval Neural structures involved Traumatic brain injury and explicit memory Memory loss and explicit memory References. 3 ' Autobiographical memory ' is a memory system consisting of episodes recollected from an individual's life, based on a combination of episodic personal experiences and specific objects, people and events experienced at particular time and place and semantic general knowledge and facts about the world memory. In a study where subjects were asked to perform a cued recall task participants with a high working memory did better than participants with a low working memory when the conditions were maintained. 7 Neural structures involved. Several neural structures are proposed to be involved in explicit memory. Most are in the temporal lobe or closely related to it, such as the amygdala, the hippocampus, the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explicit_memory
*  Effective Program Verification for Relaxed Memory Models - Microsoft Research
... Our research Connections Careers About us. Microsoft Translator. All Downloads Events Groups News People Projects Publications Videos. Effective Program Verification for Relaxed Memory Models Sebastian Burckhardt and Madanlal Musuvathi January 2008. Abstract Program verification for relaxed memory models is challenging. The additional nondeterminism introduced by the memory model relaxation makes existing verification methods ineffective. This paper proposes a new verification technique for the most common memory model relaxation, store buffers. Crucial to this technique is the observation that all programmers, including those who use low-lock techniques for performance, expect their programs to be sequentially consistent. We first present a monitor algorithm that can detect the presence of program executions that are not sequentially consistent due to store buffers while only exploring sequentially consistent executions. Then, we combine this monitor with a stateless model checker that verifies that eve...
http://research.microsoft.com/apps/pubs/default.aspx?id=70536
*  Memory Improvement - with a Mix of Delta Binaural Isochronic Tones: Three-in-One Legendary, Complete
... Hypnotherapy Session Audiobook. Memory Improvement - with a Mix of Delta Binaural Isochronic Tones: Three-in-One Legendary, Complete Hypnotherapy Session Written by:. Memory Improvement with Delta, Binaural and Isochronic background music tones: Randy Charach's Memory Improvement self-hypnosis recording. Memory Improvement with Three Brainwave Music Recordings: Alpha, Theta, Delta -for Three Different Sessions Memory Improvement with Three Brainwave Music Recordings: Alpha, Theta, Delta -for Three Different Sessions ORIGINAL 1 hr and 59 mins By Randy Charach, Sunny Oye. View full details > Memory Improvement -with Three Brainwave Music Recordings -Alpha, Theta, Delta -for Three Different Sessions Some people seem to have memory like the proverbial elephant - they never forget anything - whilst others can't even recall things they did the other day. Be Psychic - with a Mix of Delta, Binaural, and Isochronic Tones: Three-in-One Legendary, Complete Hypnotherapy Session Be Psychic - with a Mix of Delta, Bina...
http://audible.com/pd/Self-Development/Memory-Improvement-with-a-Mix-of-Delta-Binaural-Isochronic-Tones-Audiobook/B00DV4C5WS
*  Procedural memory
... is memory for the performance of particular types of action procedural memory guides the processes we perform and most frequently resides below the level of conscious awareness when needed procedural memories are automatically retrieved and utilized for the execution of the integrated procedures involved in both cognitive and motor skills from tying shoes to flying an airplane to reading procedural memories are accessed and used without the need for conscious control or attention procedural memory is a type of long term memory and more specifically a type of implicit memory procedural memory is created through procedural learning or repeating a complex activity over and over again until all of the relevant neural systems work together to automatically produce the activity implicit procedural learning is essential for the development of any motor skill or cognitive activity history acquisition of skill cognitive phase associative phase autonomous phase alternative view the predictive cycle tests pursuit r...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procedural_memory
*  Memory Vendors Launch New Quad-Channel Kits for Intel's X79 Platform - HardwareZone.com.sg
... AV Peripherals and Systems. AV Systems. Memory. Price Guide Tech Show Portal. Memory. Memory Guide. Memory Vendors Launch New Quad-Channel Kits for Intel's X79 Platform By Joy Hou on 15 Nov 2011, 8:00pm. Page 1 of 4 - Memory Vendors Launch Their New Memory Kits Page 2 of 4 - Patriot Memory Launches Division 4 Quad-Channel Kits Page 3 of 4 - Kingston Launches New HyperX Genesis Kits Page 4 of 4 - Mach Xtreme Unveils Quad-Channel DDR3 Memory Kits Page 1 of 4 - Memory Vendors Launch Their New Memory Kits. Memory Vendors Launch Their New Memory Kits In order to support the new Intel Sandy Bridge-E based quad-channel memory processors like the Core i7-3960X Extreme Edition, memory vendors such as Patriot Memory, Kingston, and Mach Xtreme are launching their new memory kits. Page 1 of 4 - Memory Vendors Launch Their New Memory Kits Page 2 of 4 - Patriot Memory Launches Division 4 Quad-Channel Kits Page 3 of 4 - Kingston Launches New HyperX Genesis Kits Page 4 of 4 - Mach Xtreme Unveils Quad-Channel DDR3 Memory...
http://hardwarezone.com.sg/product-news-memory-vendors-launch-new-quad-channel-kits-intels-x79-platform
*  Patente US7107415 - Posted write buffers and methods of posting write requests in memory modules - G
Cesionario original Micron Technology, Inc. a posted write buffer coupled to the link interface and the memory device interface, the posted write buffer being operable to store write memory requests and to subsequently transmit the write memory requests to the memory device interface; and. a read request path operable to transmit read memory requests from the link interface to the memory device interface and to transmit read data from the memory device interface to the link interface; and. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A memory module that may be used in a computer system includes a memory hub coupled to a plurality of memory devices The memory hub includes a link interface receiving memory requests for access to at least one of the memory devices, and a memory device interface coupled to the memory devices. The memory hub also includes a posted write buffer coupled to the link interface and the memory device interface. A read request path in the memory hub, which may include a memory sequencer, couples read memor...
http://google.es/patents/US7107415?dq=flatulence
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Cognitive skill: Cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human’s ability to process to (thoughts) that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals. Cognition mainly refers to things like memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, understanding of written material.Postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a short-term decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).Explicit memory: Explicit memory is the conscious, intentional recollection of previous experiences and information. People use explicit memory throughout the day, such as remembering the time of an appointment or recollecting an event from years ago.Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function: The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF), developed by Gerard Gioia, Ph.D.Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Fritz Heider: Fritz Heider (February 19, 1896 – January 2, 1988)American Psychologist., "Fritz Heider (1896 - 1988)".Religion and schizophrenia: == Background ==Gary H. Posner: Gary H. Posner (born c.Familial British dementia: Familial British dementia is a form of dementia. It was first reported by Cecil Charles Worster-Drought in 1933 and is therefore also known as Worster-Drought syndrome.HyperintensityAlzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is a worldwide project that provides reliable clinical data for the research of pathology principle, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Multiple research groups contribute their findings of the biological markers to the understanding of the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in the human brain.Learning Plan: A Learning Plan is a document (possibly an interactive or on-line document) that is used to plan learning, usually over an extended period of time.Coluracetam: Coluracetam (INN) (code name BCI-540; formerly MKC-231) is a nootropic agent of the racetam family. It was initially developed and tested by the Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation for Alzheimer's disease.Memory clinic: A memory clinic is a dedicated medical clinic specialising in the assessment and diagnosis of memory disorders. Memory clinics were first seen in the UK in the 1980s, mainly in academic research centres.Evolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Emotion and memory: Emotion can have a powerful response on humans and animals. Numerous studies have shown that the most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.Rake angleManas Kumar Mandal: Manas Kumar Mandal, is a scientist and psychologist who is the former director of the Defence Institute of Psychological Research, Delhi, India since January 5, 2004 to February, 2013. Presently he is Chief Controller (Life Sciences), Defence Research and Development Organisation; India.Psychiatric assessment: A psychiatric assessment, or psychological screening, is a process of gathering information about a person within a psychiatric (or mental health) service, with the purpose of making a diagnosis. The assessment is usually the first stage of a treatment process, but psychiatric assessments may also be used for various legal purposes.NeurogeneticsDavid Rees Griffiths: David Rees Griffiths (November 6, 1882 – December 17, 1953), also known by his bardic name of Amanwy, was a Welsh poet, and an older brother of politician Jim Griffiths.Daniel Kane (linguist): Daniel Kane is an Australian linguist, one of the world's foremost authorities on the extinct Jurchen and Khitan languages and their scripts.Place cellMartha Foote Crow: Martha Emily Foote Crow (1854 - January 1, 1924) was an educator and writer. Born in Sackets Harbor, New York,KM.David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences: Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (CBCS) was established in year 2002 as an initiative of the University Grants Commission (India) and was set us as a Centre of Excellence.The Art of Negative Thinking: The Art of Negative Thinking (Norwegian: Kunsten å tenke negativt) is a 2006 Norwegian black comedy film directed and written by Bård Breien. The storyline revolves around a man (played by Fridtjov Såheim) who is adjusting to life in a wheelchair, and the socializing group he is made to join.Simulation theory of empathy: Simulation theory of empathy is a theory that holds that humans anticipate and make sense of the behavior of others by activating mental processes that, if carried into action, would produce similar behavior. This includes intentional behavior as well as the expression of emotions.Patent encumbrance of large automotive NiMH batteriesAdaptive comparative judgement: Adaptive Comparative Judgement is a technique borrowed from psychophysics which is able to generate reliable results for educational assessment - as such it is an alternative to traditional exam script marking. In the approach judges are presented with pairs of student work and are then asked to choose which is better, one or the other.TBR1: T-box, brain, 1 is a transcription factor protein important in vertebrate embryo development. It is encoded by the TBR1 gene.Middle frontal gyrus: The middle frontal gyrus makes up about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain. (A gyrus is one of the prominent "bumps" or "ridges" on the surface of the human brain.DonepezilSpaced retrieval: Spaced retrieval, also known as expanded retrieval or uniform retrieval, is a learning technique, which requires users to rehearse information to be learned at different and increasing spaced intervals of time or a set uniform amount of time.Haslam, C.Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale: The Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale (BADLS) is a 20-item questionnaire designed to measure the ability of someone with dementia to carry out daily activities such as dressing, preparing food and using transport.DSM-IV Codes (alphabetical): __FORCETOC__Bicameralism (psychology): Bicameralism (the philosophy of "two-chamberedness") is a hypothesis in psychology that argues that the human mind once assumed a state in which cognitive functions were divided between one part of the brain which appears to be "speaking", and a second part which listens and obeys—a bicameral mind. The term was coined by Julian Jaynes, who presented the idea in his 1976 book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, wherein he made the case that a bicameral mentality came to be the normal and ubiquitous state of the human mind until as recently as 3000 years ago.Image fusion: In computer vision, Multisensor Image fusion is the process of combining relevant information from two or more images into a single image.Haghighat, M.Emotional responsivity: Emotional responsivity refers to the ability to acknowledge an affective stimuli by exhibiting emotion. Any response, whether it is appropriate or not, would showcase the presence of this phenomena.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Curiosity: Curiosity (from Latin curiosus "careful, diligent, curious," akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in human and animal species. Curiosity is heavily associated with all aspects of human development, in which derives the process of learning and desire to acquire knowledge and skill.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Print permanence: Print permanence refers to the longevity of printed material, especially photographs, and preservation issues. Over time, the optical density, color balance, lustre, and other qualities of a print will degrade.Hypervigilance: Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. Hypervigilance is also accompanied by a state of increased anxiety which can cause exhaustion.Regularized canonical correlation analysis: Regularized canonical correlation analysis is a way of using ridge regression to solve the singularity problem in the cross-covariance matrices of canonical correlation analysis. By converting \operatorname{cov}(X, X) and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) into \operatorname{cov}(X, X) + \lambda I_X and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) + \lambda I_Y, it ensures that the above matrices will have reliable inverses.Homeostatic plasticity: In neuroscience, homeostatic plasticity refers to the capacity of neurons to regulate their own excitability relative to network activity, a compensatory adjustment that occurs over the timescale of days. Synaptic scaling has been proposed as a potential mechanism of homeostatic plasticity.Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities: Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of special education. The editors-in-chief are Alisa K.Senile plaquesCognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is derived from both the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology and focuses on the alteration of thoughts and actions with the goal of treating various disorders. The cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders emphasizes the minimization of negative thoughts about body image and the act of eating, and attempts to alter negative and harmful behaviors that are involved in and perpetuate eating disorders.Paranoid anxiety: Paranoid anxiety is a term used in object relations theory, particularity in discussions about the Paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions. The term was frequently used by Melanie Klein, especially to refer to a pre-depressive and persecutory sense of anxiety characterised by the psychological splitting of objects.Testicular atrophy: Testicular atrophy is a medical condition in which the male reproductive organs (the testes, which in humans are located in the scrotum) diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function. This does not refer to temporary changes, such as those brought on by cold.

(1/9619) Frontal cognitive impairments and saccadic deficits in low-dose MPTP-treated monkeys.

There is considerable overlap between the cognitive deficits observed in humans with frontal lobe damage and those described in patients with Parkinson's disease. Similar frontal impairments have been found in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) primate model of Parkinsonism. Here we provide quantitative documentation of the cognitive, oculomotor, and skeletomotor dysfunctions of monkeys trained on a frontal task and treated with low-doses (LD) of MPTP. Two rhesus monkeys were trained to perform a spatial delayed-response task with frequent alternations between two behavioral modes (GO and NO-GO). After control recordings, the monkeys were treated with one placebo and successive LD MPTP courses. Monkey C developed motor Parkinsonian signs after a fourth course of medium-dose (MD) MPTP and later was treated with combined dopaminergic therapy (CDoT). There were no gross motor changes after the LD MPTP courses, and the average movement time (MT) did not increase. However, reaction time (RT) increased significantly. Both RT and MT were further increased in the symptomatic state, under CDoT. Self-initiated saccades became hypometric after LD MPTP treatments and their frequency decreased. Visually triggered saccades were affected to a lesser extent by the LD MPTP treatments. All saccadic parameters declined further in the symptomatic state and improved partially during CDoT. The number of GO mode (no-response, location, and early release) errors increased after MPTP treatment. The monkeys made more perseverative errors while switching from the GO to the NO-GO mode. Saccadic eye movement patterns suggest that frontal deficits were involved in most observed errors. CDoT had a differential effect on the behavioral errors. It decreased omission errors but did not improve location errors or perseverative errors. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry showed moderate ( approximately 70-80%) reduction in the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta after MPTP treatment. These results show that cognitive and motor disorders can be dissociated in the LD MPTP model and that cognitive and oculomotor impairments develop before the onset of skeletal motor symptoms. The behavioral and saccadic deficits probably result from the marked reduction of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. We suggest that these behavioral changes result from modified neuronal activity in the frontal cortex.  (+info)

(2/9619) Non-motor associative learning in patients with isolated degenerative cerebellar disease.

In recent decades it has become clear that the cerebellum is involved in associative motor learning, but its exact role in motor learning as such is still controversial. Recently, a contribution of the cerebellum to different cognitive abilities has also been considered, but it remains unclear whether the cerebellum contributes to cognitive associative learning. We compared nine patients with an isolated cerebellar degenerative disease in a cognitive associative learning task with 10 controls. Patients and controls were matched for age, sex, handedness, level of education, intelligence and capabilities of visual memory. The subjects were asked to learn the association between six pairs of colours and numerals by trial and error. Additionally, a simple reaction time and a visual scanning test were conducted in order to control for the influence of motor performance deficits in cerebellar patients. In comparison with the controls, it took the patients significantly longer to learn the correct associations between colours and numerals, and they were impaired in recognizing them later on. Two patients showed no associative learning effect at all. Neither the simple reaction time nor the visual scanning time correlated substantially with the results of associative learning. Therefore, motor-associated disabilities are unlikely to be the reason for the learning deficit in cerebellar patients. Our results suggest that the cerebellum might contribute to motor-independent processes that are generally involved in associative learning.  (+info)

(3/9619) The neuropsychopharmacology of phencyclidine: from NMDA receptor hypofunction to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia.

Administration of noncompetitive NMDA/glutamate receptor antagonists, such as phencyclidine (PCP) and ketamine, to humans induces a broad range of schizophrenic-like symptomatology, findings that have contributed to a hypoglutamatergic hypothesis of schizophrenia. Moreover, a history of experimental investigations of the effects of these drugs in animals suggests that NMDA receptor antagonists may model some behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia in nonhuman subjects. In this review, the usefulness of PCP administration as a potential animal model of schizophrenia is considered. To support the contention that NMDA receptor antagonist administration represents a viable model of schizophrenia, the behavioral and neurobiological effects of these drugs are discussed, especially with regard to differing profiles following single-dose and long-term exposure. The neurochemical effects of NMDA receptor antagonist administration are argued to support a neurobiological hypothesis of schizophrenia, which includes pathophysiology within several neurotransmitter systems, manifested in behavioral pathology. Future directions for the application of NMDA receptor antagonist models of schizophrenia to preclinical and pathophysiological research are offered.  (+info)

(4/9619) Effect of iron-, iodine-, and beta-carotene-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children: a randomized controlled trial.

BACKGROUND: Deficiencies of iron, iodine, and vitamin A are prevalent worldwide and can affect the mental development and learning ability of schoolchildren. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of micronutrient-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children. DESIGN: Micronutrient status was assessed in 115 children aged 6-11 y before and after consumption of biscuits (fortified with iron, iodine, and beta-carotene) for 43 wk over a 12-mo period and was compared with that in a control group (n = 113) who consumed nonfortified biscuits. Cognitive function, growth, and morbidity were assessed as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: There was a significant between-group treatment effect on serum retinol, serum ferritin, serum iron, transferrin saturation, and urinary iodine (P <0.0001) and in hemoglobin and hematocrit (P <0.05). The prevalence of low serum retinol concentrations (<0.70 micromol/L) decreased from 39.1% to 12.2%, of low serum ferritin concentrations (<20 microg/L) from 27.8% to 13.9%, of anemia (hemoglobin <120 g/L) from 29.6% to 15.6%, and of low urinary iodine concentrations (<100 microg/L) from 97.5% to 5.4%. There was a significant between-group treatment effect (P <0.05) in cognitive function with the digit span forward task (short-term memory). Fewer school days were missed in the intervention than in the control group because of respiratory- (P = 0.097) and diarrhea-related (P = 0.013) illnesses. The intervention had no effect on anthropometric status [corrected]. CONCLUSIONS: Fortified biscuits resulted in a significant improvement in the micronutrient status of primary school children from a poor rural community and also appeared to have a favorable effect on morbidity and cognitive function [corrected].  (+info)

(5/9619) Cognitive outcome after unilateral pallidal stimulation in Parkinson's disease.

OBJECTIVES: Chronic high frequency electrostimulation of the globus pallidus internus mimics pallidotomy and improves clinical symptoms in Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive consequences of unilateral deep brain stimulation. METHODS: Twenty non-demented patients with Parkinson's disease (age range 38-70 years) were neuropsychologically assessed 2 months before and 3 months after unilateral pallidal stimulation. The cognitive assessment included measures of memory, spatial behaviour, and executive and psychomotor function. In addition to group analysis of cognitive change, a cognitive impairment index (CII) was calculated for each individual patient representing the percentage of cognitive measures that fell more than 1 SD below the mean of a corresponding normative sample. RESULTS: Neurological assessment with the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale disclosed a significant postoperative reduction in average clinical Parkinson's disease symptomatology (p<0.001). Repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (using right/left side of stimulation as a between subjects factor) showed no significant postoperative change in cognitive performance for the total patient group (main effect of operation). The side of stimulation did not show a significant differential effect on cognitive performance (main effect of lateralisation). There was no significant operation by lateralisation interaction effect. Although the patients experienced significant motor symptom relief after pallidal stimulation, they remained mildly depressed after surgery. Analysis of the individual CII changes showed a postoperative cognitive decline in 30% of the patients. These patients were significantly older and took higher preoperative doses of levodopa than patients showing no change or a postoperative cognitive improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Left or right pallidal stimulation for the relief of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease seems relatively safe, although older patients and patients needing high preoperative doses of levodopa seem to be more vulnerable for cognitive decline after deep brain stimulation.  (+info)

(6/9619) Dissociable deficits in the decision-making cognition of chronic amphetamine abusers, opiate abusers, patients with focal damage to prefrontal cortex, and tryptophan-depleted normal volunteers: evidence for monoaminergic mechanisms.

We used a novel computerized decision-making task to compare the decision-making behavior of chronic amphetamine abusers, chronic opiate abusers, and patients with focal lesions of orbital prefrontal cortex (PFC) or dorsolateral/medial PFC. We also assessed the effects of reducing central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) activity using a tryptophan-depleting amino acid drink in normal volunteers. Chronic amphetamine abusers showed suboptimal decisions (correlated with years of abuse), and deliberated for significantly longer before making their choices. The opiate abusers exhibited only the second of these behavioral changes. Importantly, both sub-optimal choices and increased deliberation times were evident in the patients with damage to orbitofrontal PFC but not other sectors of PFC. Qualitatively, the performance of the subjects with lowered plasma tryptophan was similar to that associated with amphetamine abuse, consistent with recent reports of depleted 5-HT in the orbital regions of PFC of methamphetamine abusers. Overall, these data suggest that chronic amphetamine abusers show similar decision-making deficits to those seen after focal damage to orbitofrontal PFC. These deficits may reflect altered neuromodulation of the orbitofrontal PFC and interconnected limbic-striatal systems by both the ascending 5-HT and mesocortical dopamine (DA) projections.  (+info)

(7/9619) The neural consequences of conflict between intention and the senses.

Normal sensorimotor states involve integration of intention, action and sensory feedback. An example is the congruence between motor intention and sensory experience (both proprioceptive and visual) when we move a limb through space. Such goal-directed action necessitates a mechanism that monitors sensorimotor inputs to ensure that motor outputs are congruent with current intentions. Monitoring in this sense is usually implicit and automatic but becomes conscious whenever there is a mismatch between expected and realized sensorimotor states. To investigate how the latter type of monitoring is achieved we conducted three fully factorial functional neuroimaging experiments using PET measures of relative regional cerebral blood flow with healthy volunteers. In the first experiment subjects were asked to perform Luria's bimanual co-ordination task which involves either in-phase (conditions 1 and 3) or out-of-phase (conditions 2 and 4) bimanual movements (factor one), while looking towards their left hand. In half of the conditions (conditions 3 and 4) a mirror was used that altered visual feedback (factor two) by replacing their left hand with the mirror image of their right hand. Hence (in the critical condition 4) subjects saw in-phase movements despite performing out-of-phase movements. This mismatch between intention, proprioception and visual feedback engendered cognitive conflict. The main effect of out-of-phase movements was associated with increased neural activity in posterior parietal cortex (PPC) bilaterally [Brodmann area (BA) 40, extending into BA 7] and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) bilaterally (BA 9/46). The main effect of the mirror showed increased neural activity in right DLPFC (BA 9/ 46) and right superior PPC (BA 7) only. Analysis of the critical interaction revealed that the mismatch condition led to a specific activation in the right DLPFC alone (BA 9/46). Study 2, using an identical experimental set-up but manipulating visual feedback from the right hand (instead of the left), subsequently demonstrated that this right DLPFC activation was independent of the hand attended. Finally, study 3 removed the motor intentional component by moving the subjects' hand passively, thus engendering a mismatch between proprioception and vision only. Activation in the right lateral prefrontal cortex was now more ventral than in studies 1 or 2 (BA 44/45). A direct comparison of studies 1 and 3 (which both manipulated visual feedback from the left hand) confirmed that a ventral right lateral prefrontal region is primarily activated by discrepancies between signals from sensory systems, while a more dorsal area in right lateral prefrontal cortex is activated when actions must be maintained in the face of a conflict between intention and sensory outcome.  (+info)

(8/9619) Optical imaging of functional domains in the cortex of the awake and behaving monkey.

As demonstrated by anatomical and physiological studies, the cerebral cortex consists of groups of cortical modules, each comprising populations of neurons with similar functional properties. This functional modularity exists in both sensory and association neocortices. However, the role of such cortical modules in perceptual and cognitive behavior is unknown. To aid in the examination of this issue we have applied the high spatial resolution optical imaging methodology to the study of awake, behaving animals. In this paper, we report the optical imaging of orientation domains and blob structures, approximately 100-200 micrometer in size, in visual cortex of the awake and behaving monkey. By overcoming the spatial limitations of other existing imaging methods, optical imaging will permit the study of a wide variety of cortical functions at the columnar level, including motor and cognitive functions traditionally studied with positron-emission tomography or functional MRI techniques.  (+info)


How exactly does trauma and depression effect thinking and cognition?


I know that they do affect memory and thinking but i want to know how exactly does it happen. The physiology. 

What happens to so and so part of the brain when one is depressed and has been traumatized. 

Can long-term effects cause difficulty in learning and cognition? 

* Can the ability to mathematically calculate also be hindered by mental trauma (not physical trauma) and depression when the period of time of experiencing them is long? (At least a decade of constant traumas, uncountable instances of PTSD and repeated occurrences of  depression, chronic depression that is)
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I don't know, but that would explain a lot for me


Do people who suffer impaired cognition as a result of a brain tumor recover their faculties once it's treated?


Just wondering. If someone had impaired concentration / cognition / memory as a result of a brain tumor, do they recover their faculties once it has been treated?
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Some make a full recovery. Some will always have deficits. I have recovered a lot in the last year after having had surgery and treatment over 3 years ago. I will always have mild deficits I think. I'll take what I can get.


Will you lose cognition if you take antipsychotics like risperdal?


I heard that psychiatric drugs reduce your cognition.
I mean in the long term, even after you stopped?
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Is there any book that can improve/shape up my cognition?


I read some books about cognitive therapy and I find it is very useful. It helps me a lot. I read David Burns' book. Is there any other book that can improve my cognition?
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Recent studies have shown that brains develop in the state of chaos. Here is a book that will lead you to all that you need for a solid development of clarity and cognition. 
From Chaos to Harmony by Micheal Laitman
http://www.kabbalah.info/eng/content/view/full/59150


Anyone know what kind of effects ginko biloba will have on your memory and cognition?


Anyone know what kind of effects ginko biloba will have on your memory and cognition? I am just curious, Just bought some i am not sure if it is working or not
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There are lots of vitamins and supplements on the market that can help with memory. The most basic would be a good Vitamin-B Complex, which is pretty cheap and you can find them anywhere. Also, if you're taking a multivitamin, they come with a full assortment of B Vitamins (if you are not already on a multivitamin, that would be a good place to start). Also, fish oils. These can be found in liquid or capsule form. I prefer the capsules as they are easier to take and do not smell. You can find them at health food stores. 

Beyond that, you can look into specific individual ingredients like Ginkgo or Ginseng or Vinpocetine. These products can be found on their own at health food stores, or inside 'brain products' or 'mental supplements'. Below is a list of the most popular / best-reviewed products for memory, attention, and focus:

http://focusfast.com/ 
http://www.focusfactor.com/ 
http://www.vivimind.com/


What in your terms, are the characteristics of feminine beauty?


I am studying for my psychology exam, and doing the Anorexia section on social cognition. Wanted to know what peoples opinions are.

If you think 'size zero' is the true figure then please state it and why you think so. 

Would appreciate appropriate 'nice' comments.

Thank you.
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Size zero is just weird, personally I like girls with nice hips and a good size body, yeah thin is nice but that's not all to a girl. A personality is a big factor to me, if she can't have a good laugh or just kinda kid around then I guess that she's not really acting herself, and obviously not someone I would enjoy spending my time with.


What are the benefits of playing bingo on a psychiatric floor?


I know group activities will help the patients socialize and practice interaction. Will the numbers help their cognition? What other benefits are there?
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In the UK at least, social activities groups on wards on purely for that purpose-socialising.  They are also to keep the patients occupied in between therapy and meetings with doctors and nurses.  Stays in hospitals should be therapeutic and that is the main goal, but at the same time they should not be like a punishment.

Activities like bingo can help patients to stay alert as they have to look out for their numbers.  Its better than just lying in bed all day or sitting in the smoking room and disengaging which is what so many mental health in-patients do the majority of their day.  Bingo will also make the person motivated and enthusiastic to win which are feelings they may not be experiencing in the middle of a mental health crisis-especially if there are good prizes!!


How does youth autism spectrum disorder relate to growth and development?


How does the effectiveness of medications and behavior treatment relate to words like growth and development, social, cognition, aggression, etc?  I cannot think of a relation and was wondering if someone could give me some ideas.

That would be greatly appreciated!!
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So much would depend on the treatment and possibly the coexisting conditions.  For example a child with autism and/or Fragile X with severe ADHD symptoms may need to be on ADHD meds which could diminish their appetite, they might be small in size. 

Now a person who might be on some meds such as Seroquel, Risperdal, or Abilify might (or might not) have excessive weight gain. (I say might not because my son's been on Abilify since 2003 and yes he did have an initial increase of weight but it leveled off - mostly because of how we controlled his diet, allowing for frequent snacks but not those high in calories and limiting portion size.)

One must also consider sensory needs, some children are very oral and the act/process of chewing might be a activity that helps them be calm. 

Now I'm not really sure what you're looking for but in another venue, thinking of a recent clinical trail of a new med, STX209, one of the statistically significant results of the med was improved sociability, this improvement can enable the individual to more actively participate in their environment (school, home) or community.