Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Diflunisal: A salicylate derivative and anti-inflammatory analgesic with actions and side effects similar to those of ASPIRIN.Selenium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of selenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Se atoms with atomic weights 70-73, 75, 79, 81, and 83-85 are radioactive selenium isotopes.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Desert Climate: A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Collagen Type III: A fibrillar collagen consisting of three identical alpha1(III) chains that is widely distributed in many tissues containing COLLAGEN TYPE I. It is particularly abundant in BLOOD VESSELS and may play a role in tissues with elastic characteristics.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Meteorology: The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Organotin Compounds: Organic compounds which contain tin in the molecule. Used widely in industry and agriculture.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Anterior Horn Cells: MOTOR NEURONS in the anterior (ventral) horn of the SPINAL CORD which project to SKELETAL MUSCLES.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Education, Predental: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.El Nino-Southern Oscillation: El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)Hospitals, Teaching: Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.Fissure in Ano: A painful linear ulcer at the margin of the anus. It appears as a crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus and is very painful and difficult to heal. (Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.SOXC Transcription Factors: A subclass of closely-related SOX transcription factors. Members of the group have been found expressed in developing neuronal tissue, LYMPHOCYTES, and during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Hydrology: Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Atlantic OceanAfrica, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Founder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.North AmericaFood Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Reindeer: A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Spectrum Analysis, Raman: Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Abies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.DNA, Z-Form: A left-handed double helix of DNA. Its name derives from its narrow zigzag structure that is the least twisted and thinnest form of DNA. Z-DNA forming regions within the GENOME may play an important role in GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Cerium Isotopes: Stable cerium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cerium, but differ in atomic weight. Ce-136, 138, and 142 are stable cerium isotopes.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Spheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.Oceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.EuropeGreenlandGeological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Apocynaceae: The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.Oxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Uncertainty: The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Platelet Factor 4: A CXC chemokine that is found in the alpha granules of PLATELETS. The protein has a molecular size of 7800 kDa and can occur as a monomer, a dimer or a tetramer depending upon its concentration in solution. Platelet factor 4 has a high affinity for HEPARIN and is often found complexed with GLYCOPROTEINS such as PROTEIN C.Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.DNA, Catenated: CIRCULAR DNA that is interlaced together as links in a chain. It is used as an assay for the activity of DNA TOPOISOMERASES. Catenated DNA is attached loop to loop in contrast to CONCATENATED DNA which is attached end to end.Carbon Cycle: The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.Acrodermatitis: Inflammation involving the skin of the extremities, especially the hands and feet. Several forms are known, some idiopathic and some hereditary. The infantile form is called Gianotti-Crosti syndrome.Airway Remodeling: The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Homoserine O-Succinyltransferase: The first enzyme in the METHIONINE biosynthetic pathway, this enzyme catalyzes the succinylation reaction of L-homoserine to O-succinyl-L-homoserine and COENZYME A using succinyl-CoA.AfricaSafety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Lambdapapillomavirus: A genus of DNA viruses in the family papillomaviridae, causing mucosal and cutaneous lesions in cats and dogs. Canine oral papillomavirus is the type species.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Adaptation, Biological: Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.GeorgiaTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.North SeaIndian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.PiperidonesQuercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Foraminifera: An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Betula: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Larix: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta.Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block: Method of treating pain associated with the sphenopalatine ganglion located in the PTERYGOPALATINE FOSSA, posterior to the middle nasal turbinate. The transnasal approach involves application of suitable local anesthetic to the mucous membrane overlying the ganglion.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Hostility: Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Friction: Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Solar Activity: Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Euphausiacea: An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Bacteriophage P2: A species of temperate bacteriophage in the genus P2-like viruses, family MYOVIRIDAE, which infects E. coli. It consists of linear double-stranded DNA with 19-base sticky ends.Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases: Hereditary inflammation conditions, characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation. Common symptoms include recurrent fever, rash, arthritis, fatigue, and secondary AMYLOIDOSIS. Hereditary autoinflammatory diseases are associated with mutations in genes involved in regulation of normal inflammatory process and are not caused by AUTOANTIBODIES, or antigen specific T-LYMPHOCYTES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Blind Loop Syndrome: A malabsorption syndrome that is associated with a blind loop in the upper SMALL INTESTINE that is characterized by the lack of peristaltic movement, stasis of INTESTINAL CONTENTS, and the overgrowth of BACTERIA. Such bacterial overgrowth interferes with BILE SALTS action, FATTY ACIDS processing, MICROVILLI integrity, and the ABSORPTION of nutrients such as VITAMIN B12 and FOLIC ACID.Biota: The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.Ficusin: A naturally occurring furocoumarin, found in PSORALEA. After photoactivation with UV radiation, it binds DNA via single and double-stranded cross-linking.Hares: The genus Lepus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Hares are born above ground, fully furred, and with their eyes and ears open. In contrast with RABBITS, hares have 24 chromosome pairs.Aglaia: A plant genus of the family MELIACEAE. Members contain lariciresinol, pregnanes, insecticidal rocaglamide derivatives and other compounds.Tidal Waves: Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.Communicable DiseasesWater: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Ericaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Extreme Heat: High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.Curculigo: A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE that contains curculin and cycloartane saponins.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Catalogs, DrugPlanets: Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Juniperus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.Animal DiseasesTic Disorders: Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Bupranolol: An adrenergic-beta-2 antagonist that has been used for cardiac arrhythmia, angina pectoris, hypertension, glaucoma, and as an antithrombotic.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Malta: An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)Language Arts: Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.HIV Antigens: Antigens associated with specific proteins of the human adult T-cell immunodeficiency virus (HIV); also called HTLV-III-associated and lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) antigens.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Spatial Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.Bronchial Hyperreactivity: Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Interneurons: Most generally any NEURONS which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose AXONS remain within a particular brain region in contrast to projection neurons, which have axons projecting to other brain regions.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Gadus morhua: A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Sunlight: Irradiation directly from the sun.Aurintricarboxylic Acid: A dye which inhibits protein biosynthesis at the initial stages. The ammonium salt (aluminon) is a reagent for the colorimetric estimation of aluminum in water, foods, and tissues.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.

*  88 1988 Cadillac Fleetwood A/C Evaporator Core Repair Kit - Climate Control - AC Delco, Four Seasons
Core Repair Kit - Climate Control - AC Delco, Four Seasons - ... Fleetwood. Climate Control. A/C Evaporator Core Repair ... 88 1988 Cadillac Fleetwood A/C Evaporator Core Repair Kit - Climate Control - AC Delco, Four Seasons - PartsGeek. Home Online Catalog Brands Customer Service Track Order View Cart. Search. Search. Make/Model. Search by Make / Model. Choose Year: Choose Make: Choose Model:. Select Year Select Make Select Model. Cadillac. Fleetwood. Climate Control. A/C Evaporator Core Repair Kit. 1988 Cadillac Fleetwood A/C Evaporator Core Repair Kit. Change Part / Category Change Vehicle. Part Name Search. Related Parts. A/C Clutch. A/C Clutch Control Relay Harness Connector. A/C Clutch Cycle Switch. A/C Clutch Cycle Switch Connector. A/C Clutch Relay. A/C Compressor. A/C Compressor Bearing. A/C Compressor Clutch Bearing. A/C Compressor Clutch Hub Shaft Key. A/C Compressor Connector. A/C Compressor Cut-Out Relay. A/C Compressor Cut-Out Switch Harness Connector. A/C Compressor Relief Valve. A/C Comp...
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*  04 2004 Ford E350 Super Duty A/C Compressor Clutch Connector - Climate Control - Motorcraft - PartsG
Clutch Connector - Climate Control - Motorcraft - PartsGeek. Home ... E350 Super Duty. Climate Control. A/C Compressor Clutch ... 04 2004 Ford E350 Super Duty A/C Compressor Clutch Connector - Climate Control - Motorcraft - PartsGeek. Home Online Catalog Brands Customer Service Track Order View Cart. Search. Search. Make/Model. Search by Make / Model. Choose Year: Choose Make: Choose Model:. Select Year Select Make Select Model. Ford. E350 Super Duty. Climate Control. A/C Compressor Clutch Connector. Motorcraft. 2004 Ford E350 Super Duty A/C Compressor Clutch Connector. Change Part / Category Change Vehicle. Part Name Search. Related Parts. A/C Accumulator with Hose Assembly. A/C Clutch. A/C Clutch Cycle Switch Connector. A/C Compressor. A/C Compressor Clutch Coil. A/C Compressor Clutch Connector. A/C Compressor Clutch Hub. A/C Compressor Clutch Pulley. A/C Compressor Clutch Shim. A/C Compressor Cut-Out Relay. A/C Compressor Cut-Out Switch Harness Connector. A/C Compressor Cutoff Switch. A/C Control Relay...
http://partsgeek.com/catalog/2004/ford/e350_super_duty/climate_control/a-fs-c_compressor_clutch_connector.html?brand=motorcraft
*  ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator
GMD Research Plan. Climate Forcing. Ozone Depletion. Baseline ... ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. NOAA Research. Search ESRL: Search. Publications Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division. GMD Home About. About GMD. GMD Research Plan. Staff. Staff by Group. GMD Research Plan. Ozone Depletion. Baseline Air Quality. Central Calibration Laboratory. Greenhouse Gases. Halocarbons and Trace Gases. Ozone and Water Vapor. Solar and Infrared Radiation. Data and Products. Data Search for Data. Data Archive. Measurement Sites. Tools Interactive Data Viewer. Solar Calculator. Products Greenhouse Gas Index. Ozone Depletion Index. GLOBALVIEW. Visualization Ozone and Water Vapor. Radiation. Trace Gases. South Pole Ozone Hole. Barrow, Alaska. South Pole. Publications. South Pole Webcam. Barrow Webcam. Global Monitoring Division Review. Global Monitoring Annual Conference. The 43 rd Global Monitoring Conference was hel...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/data/?parameter_name=O18%2FO16+in+Carbon+Dioxide&frequency=Discrete&site=SCSN21
*  ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator
GMD Research Plan. Climate Forcing. Ozone Depletion. Baseline ... Greenhouse Gases. Halocarbons and Trace Gases. Products Greenhouse Gas Index. CarbonTracker. Trace Gases. Greenhouse Gases 187. Carbon Monoxide 187. Discrete 98 Monthly Averages 89. ABP 2 ALT 2 AMT 1 ASC 2 ASK 2 AZR 2 BAL 2 BAO 1 BHD 2 BKT 2 BME 2 BMW 2 BRW 2 BSC 2 CBA 2 CGO 2 CHR 2 CIB 2 CMO 2 CPT 2 CRZ 2 DRP 2 DSI 2 EIC 2 GMI 2 GOZ 2 HBA 2 HPB 2 HUN 2 ICE 2 ITN 3 IZO 2 KEY 2 KUM 2 KZD 2 KZM 2 LEF 3 LLB 2 LLN 2 LMP 2 MBC 2 MEX 2 MHD 2 MID 2 MKN 2 MLO 2 NAT 2 NMB 2 NWR 2 OXK 2 PAL 2 POC000 2 POCN05 2 POCN10 2 POCN15 2 POCN20 2 POCN25 2 POCN30 2 POCS05 2 POCS10 2 POCS15 2 POCS20 2 POCS25 2 POCS30 2 PSA 2 PTA 2 RPB 2 SCSN03 2 SCSN06 2 SCSN09 2 SCSN12 2 SCSN15 2 SCSN18 2 SCSN21 2 SCT 1 SDZ 2 SEY 2 SGP 2 SHM 2 SMO 2 SNP 1 SPO 2 STM 2 SUM 2 SYO 2 TAP 2 THD 2 USH 2 UTA 2 UUM 2 WBI 1 WGC 1 WIS 2 WKT 1 WLG 2 ZEP 2. Southern Great Plains, Oklahoma, United States SGP Air samples collected in glass flasks. Southern Great Plains, Oklahoma, United State...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/data/index.php?category=Greenhouse+Gases¶meter_name=Carbon+Monoxide&pageID=7
*  ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator
GMD Research Plan. Climate Forcing. Ozone Depletion. Baseline ... ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. Search ESRL: Search. Publications Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division. GMD Home About. About GMD. GMD Research Plan. GMD Research Plan. Ozone Depletion. Baseline Air Quality. Central Calibration Laboratory. Greenhouse Gases. Halocarbons and Trace Gases. Ozone and Water Vapor. Data and Products. Data Search for Data. Data Archive. Measurement Sites. Tools Interactive Data Viewer. Products Greenhouse Gas Index. Ozone Depletion Index. GLOBALVIEW. Visualization Ozone and Water Vapor. Trace Gases. South Pole Ozone Hole. Barrow, Alaska. South Pole. South Pole Webcam. Barrow Webcam. Global Monitoring Division Review. Global Monitoring Annual Conference. The 43 rd Global Monitoring Conference was held May 19-20, 2015 in Boulder. Site Map. ESRL/GMD FTP Data Finder Use this web page to find specific data files ...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/data/index.php?pageID=7¶meter_name=Molecular+Hydrogen&site=CBA
*  ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator
GMD Research Plan. Climate Forcing. Ozone Depletion. Baseline ... ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. NOAA Research. Search ESRL: Search. Publications Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division. GMD Home About. About GMD. GMD Research Plan. Staff. Staff by Group. GMD Research Plan. Ozone Depletion. Central Calibration Laboratory. Greenhouse Gases. Halocarbons and Trace Gases. Ozone and Water Vapor. Data and Products. Data Search for Data. Data Archive. Measurement Sites. Tools Interactive Data Viewer. Solar Calculator. Products Greenhouse Gas Index. Ozone Depletion Index. GLOBALVIEW. Visualization Ozone and Water Vapor. Trace Gases. Aerosols. South Pole Ozone Hole. Barrow, Alaska. South Pole. Publications. South Pole Webcam. Barrow Webcam. Global Monitoring Division Review. Global Monitoring Annual Conference. The 43 rd Global Monitoring Conference was held May 19-20, 2015 in Boulder. Site Map. ESRL/GMD FTP ...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/data/index.php?site=spo¶meter_name=HCFC-142b&frequency=Daily+Averages
*  MDPI | Reprints Order
Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers ... Submit My Manuscript Login Register MDPI Journals A-Z Information & Guidelines For Authors For Reviewers For Editors For Librarians Open Access Policy About Editorial Process Title / Keyword Journal all Actuators Administrative Sciences Aerospace Agriculture Agronomy Algorithms Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Batteries Behavioral Sciences Beverages Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings C Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Data Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fermentation Fibers Fishes Fluids Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Gels Genes Geosciences Geriatrics Healthcare Horticulturae Humanities Hydrology Informatics Information Inorganics Insects...
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*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Effect of Different Parts (Leaf, Stem and Stalk) and Seasons (Summer and Wi
Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers ... IJMS. Free Full-Text. Notes. Next Article in Journal Identification of a Protein with Antioxidant Activity that is Important for the Protection against Beer Ageing. Previous Article in Journal Academic Aspects of Lunar Water Resources and Their Relevance to Lunar Protolife. MDPI. all Actuators Administrative Sciences Aerospace Agriculture Agronomy Algorithms Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Batteries Behavioral Sciences Beverages Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings C Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Data Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fermentation Fibers Fishes Fluids Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Gels Genes Geosciences Geriatrics Health...
http://mdpi.com/1422-0067/12/9/6077/notes
*  Cancers | Free Full-Text | Long Non-Coding RNAs Embedded in the Rb and p53 Pathways | HTML
Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers ... The tumor suppressor pathways p53 and retinoblastoma RB control the DNA damage response. Some of these lncRNAs are induced by DNA damage and inhibit cell cycle progression. The tumor suppressor pathways p53 and retinoblastoma RB control the DNA damage response. Some of these lncRNAs are induced by DNA damage and inhibit cell cycle progression. Some lncRNAs have recently been implicated in regulating the expression of several cell cycle genes, many of which relate to p53 signaling due to the central role of p53 in cell cycle control and apoptosis. In a subsequent study interrogating lncRNA expression in HeLa and CASP3 −/− MCF7 cells following bleomycin- or γ-radiation-induced DNA damage, no significant differences in PANDA expression were observed. Due to the loss of MEG3 expression in pituitary tumors compared to normal tissue, Zhang et al. Ectopic expression of LOC285194 inhibits tumor cell growth whereas silencing LOC285194 increases cell growth in ...
http://mdpi.com/2072-6694/5/4/1655/htm
*  ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator
GMD Research Plan. Climate Forcing. Ozone Depletion. Baseline ... ESRL Global Monitoring Division - FTP Navigator. Data Search for Data. Non-Methane Hydrocarbons 46. n-pentane 46. Flask 46. Discrete 46. Ascension Island, United Kingdom ASC Air samples collected in glass flasks. Terceira Island, Azores, Portugal AZR Air samples collected in glass flasks. Tudor Hill, Bermuda, United Kingdom BMW Air samples collected in glass flasks. Cold Bay, Alaska, United States CBA Air samples collected in glass flasks. Halley Station, Antarctica, United Kingdom HBA Air samples collected in glass flasks. Storhofdi, Vestmannaeyjar, Iceland ICE Air samples collected in glass flasks. Izana, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain IZO Air samples collected in glass flasks. Key Biscayne, Florida, United States KEY Air samples collected in glass flasks. Cape Kumukahi, Hawaii, United States KUM Air samples collected in glass flasks. Park Falls, Wisconsin, United States LEF Air samples collected in glass flasks. Mace Head, County Galway...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/data/?parameter_name=n-pentane&category=Non-Methane+Hydrocarbons&showall=1
*  .. The Climate Adaptation Gap: How to Create a Climate Adaptation Plan .. This article originally
The Climate Adaptation Gap: How to Create a Climate Adaptation Plan by Joyce Coffee on June 14, 2014. Editor’s note: This is the third post in a series on the climate adaptation gap. By Joyce Coffee. In a previous post, I explained how to determine climate-related risks in your supply chains, capital assets and community engagements. extreme heat, extreme precipitation, ecosystem changes, fire, floods, inundation, sea-level rise Prepare an economic risk analysis that adds these risks to your financial modeling for risks avoided. Two that I especially like are: Private Sector Engagement in Adaptation to Climate Change, a report from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready. Establish a cross-function climate-adaptation working group as well as connections with local and regional governments in key geographies in your enterprise, especially operations and supply chain. Consider collaborating with key members of your supply chain, in...
http://climateadaptationexchange.com/the-climate-adaptation-gap-how-to-create-a-climate-adaptation-plan/
*  2009 Significant Climate Anomalies and Events OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Summary Reports. The Leading Edge. Security Reports. OSS Reports. Investigation Reports. Significant Extremes. 2010 Significant Climate Anomalies and Events. 2009 Significant Climate Anomalies and Events. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Bu...
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*  Significant Climate Anomalies and Events OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Summary Reports. The Leading Edge. Security Reports. OSS Reports. Investigation Reports. Significant Extremes. 2010 Significant Climate Anomalies and Events. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observations. Gala...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/economics/tax-100-dividend/projects/environment/global-warming/summary-docs/significant-extremes
*  OSA | Aperture dependence of the mixing efficiency, the signal-to-noise ratio, and the speckle numbe
McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. M Hardesty, “Remote sensing of atmospheric wind velocities using solid-state and CO2 coherent laser systems,” Proc. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate prediction,” Bull. McElroy, “Lidar-measured winds from space: a key component for weather and climate predictio...
https://osapublishing.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-37-15-3143
*  Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
... 140px|right The 'Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Change' — named in honour of George Hadley — is one of the United Kingdom 's leading centres for the study of scientific issues associated with climate change. Foundation Major aims Research projects based on Hadley Centre climate models See also References External links. The Hadley Centre was founded in 1990, having been approved by the then British Prime Minister Mrs Margaret Thatcher and was first named the 'Hadley Centre for Climate Research and Prediction' but subsequently renamed on various occasions. The Centre has several major aims:. To understand physical, chemical and biological processes within the climate system and develop state-of-the-art climate model s which represent them To use climate models to simulate global and regional climate variability and change over the last 100 years and to predict changes over the next 100 years To monitor global and national climate variability and change To attribute recent changes in climate to speci...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadley_Centre_for_Climate_Prediction_and_Research
*  Climate Prediction Center: Outreach
... www.nws.noaa.gov. Home. Site Map. News. Organization. Search. Search the CPC. . About Us Our Mission Who We Are Contact Us CPC Information CPC Web Team. HOME. Outreach. The Climate Prediction Center CPC produces educational materials, press releases, and publications from bulletins to atlases and holds workshops to help people better understand the role of the climate system in our lives and how to use climate forecasts. Educational Materials - The CPC produces educational materials to help people better understand the role of the climate system in our lives and how to use climate forecasts. Climate Glossary - The CPC maintains a climate glossary of frequently used terms in CPC's climate products. Meetings - The CPC holds an annual workshop on the latest advances in climate diagnosis and prediction as well as periodic constituent workshops and meetings. Publications - The CPC publishes various climate advisories, assessments, special summaries, atlases and winter stratospheric ozone bulletins. Press Rele...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/outreach/index.shtml
*  Madeleine Thomson: Climate Information for Malaria Prevention, Control and Elimination | Yale Cli
Madeleine Thomson: Climate Information for Malaria Prevention, Control and Elimination. Yale Climate Energy Institute. Skip to main content. Search form. Main Menu. Sub Menu. About. Funding Policy Contact Affiliates. Yale Climate and Energy Congress Other Student Organizations Administration Other Centers Institutes Departments Schools. People. Steering Committee Faculty Postdoctoral Fellows Former Postdoctoral Fellows Graduate Students Undergraduate Students Staff Contributors. Funding Opportunities. Postdoctoral Fellowships Interdisciplinary Seed Grants Workshops and Forums Student Funding. Student Funding Application. Perspectives News. Perspectives In the News. Penumbra. Adaptation Climate the Social Sciences Climate Change Climate Economics Communicating on Climate Change Mitigation Modeling Climate Policy Law Public Health and Climate Shale Gas Policy Science. Research. YCEI Research Initiatives. Climate System Human Health Initiative Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources Initiative High-Resolution Clima...
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*  Effects of interannual climate variability on tropical tree cover
... Home. Earth. Environment. June 3, 2013 Effects of interannual climate variability on tropical tree cover June 3, 2013 Tree cover in the tropics will likely change in surprising ways as climate change increases the frequency of extreme rainfall events, according to a study by scientists from Wageningen University published today in Nature Climate Change. The study shows that increasing year-to year variability in rainfall is associated to lower tree cover in the moist tropical forests worldwide but it can open windows of opportunity for tree expansion in some tropical drylands. "Understanding how ecosystems respond to climate variability is a priority in a fast changing globe" says Marten Scheffer, who leads the research program on tipping points. " Climate events can open windows of opportunity for abrupt changes in ecosystems. We are starting to glimpse on the complexity of these patterns" says Scheffer. "The overall effects of climate variability are puzzling. On one hand, severe drought can produce ma...
http://phys.org/news/2013-06-effects-interannual-climate-variability-tropical.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. 2 e Role of aerosols in climate system GP. Guiding Principle for informed climate decisions Resources and Tools. - Remove 2 e Role of aerosols in climate system filter 2 e Role of aerosols in climate system. - Remove GP. Guiding Principle for informed climate decisions filter GP. Guiding Principle for informed climate decisions. Learning Activities 1 Apply Learning Activities filter. Multimedia 1 Apply Multimedia filter. Climate System 2 Apply Climate System filter. Energy Use 2 Apply Energy Use filter. Human Responses to Climate 2 Apply Human Responses to Climate filter. Causes of Climate Change 1 Apply Causes of Climate Change filter. Climate Impacts 1 Apply Climate Impacts filter. Middle 6-8 1 Apply Middle 6-8 filter. High School 9-12 2 Apply High School 9-12 filter. College Lower 13-14 2 Apply College Lower 13-14...
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*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 6 d Evidence shows that human-caused global warming have impacted ecosystem resulting in reduced biodiversity and ecological resilience Intermediate 3-5. Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 1 Results for. - Remove 6 d Evidence shows that human-caused global warming have impacted ecosystem resulting in reduced biodiversity and ecological resilience filter 6 d Evidence shows that human-caused global warming have impacted ecosystem...
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*  Climate Prediction Center: ENSO Diagnostic Discussion
... Expert Assessments ENSO Diagnostic Discussion Archive About Us Our Mission Who We Are Contact Us CPC Information CPC Web Team. HOME > Expert Assessments > ENSO Diagnostic Discussion. issued by CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER/NCEP and the International Research Institute for Climate and Society. ENSO-neutral conditions persisted during July 2013, as reflected by near-average sea surface temperatures SSTs across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific and below-average SSTs in the eastern Pacific Fig. 3, due to the persistence of above-average sub-surface temperatures in most of the eastern half of the Pacific Fig. The low-level winds remained near average across the equatorial Pacific, while weak upper-level westerly anomalies persisted in the western Pacific. Collectively, these atmospheric and oceanic conditions reflect ENSO-neutral. Most model forecasts continue to predict ENSO-neutral Ni o-3.4 index between -0.5 o C and 0.5 o C into the Northern Hemisphere spring 2014 Fig. This discussion is a conso...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/enso_disc_aug2013/ensodisc.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
NOAA Climate.gov. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Middle 6-8. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors Aerosols Resources and Tools. - Remove Middle 6-8 filter Middle 6-8. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors filter 5. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors. - Remove Aerosols filter Aerosols. Modeling Earth s Climate. This climate change interactive modeling simulation simulates the interactions among different sets of variables related to climate change. Demos Experiments 2 Apply Demos Experiments filter. Multimedia 2 Apply Multimedia filter. - Remove Climate System filter Climate System. - Remove Atmospheric Composition filter Atmospheric Composition. - Remove Aerosols filter Aerosols. Greenhouse Gases 2 Apply Greenhouse Gases filter. Climate Feedbacks 2 Apply Climate Feedbacks filter. Measuri...
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*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Aerosols College Upper 15-16. Resources and Tools. - Remove Aerosols filter Aerosols. - Remove College Upper 15-16 filter College Upper 15-16. Energy and the Poor - Black Carbon in Developing Nations. C-Learn: the International Climate Change Simulation. Demos Experiments 1 Apply Demos Experiments filter. Learning Activities 1 Apply Learning Activities filter. Multimedia 1 Apply Multimedia filter. - Remove Climate System filter Climate System. - Remove Atmospheric Composition filter Atmospheric Composition. - Remove Aerosols filter Aerosols. Greenhouse Gases 1 Apply Greenhouse Gases filter. Climate Feedbacks 2 Apply Climate Feedbacks filter. Causes of Clim...
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*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. High School 9-12 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow Resources and Tools. - Remove High School 9-12 filter High School 9-12. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow filter 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. The purpose of this activity is to identify global patterns and connections in environmental data contained in the GLOBE Earth Systems Poster, to connect observations made within the Earth Systems Poster to data and information at the National Snow and Ice Data Center, and to understand the connections between solar energy and changes at the poles, including feedback related to albedo. Modeling Earth s Climate. Detecting El Nino in Sea Surface Temperature Data. The Carbon Cycle and its Role in Climate Change. Ocean Currents and Sea Surface Temperature. In this classroom activity, stud...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/high-school-9-12-118/search-climateliteracy/2-physical-processes-earth-are-result-energy-flow-4357?keywords=&page=10
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Causes of Climate Change Aerosols Resources and Tools. - Remove Causes of Climate Change filter Causes of Climate Change. - Remove Aerosols filter Aerosols. global temperature, a global map with temperature anomalies, and an ash plume photograph. This video illustrates how atmospheric particles, or aerosols such as black carbon, sulfates, dust, fog, can affect the energy balance of Earth regionally, and the implications for surface temperature warming and cooling. This video addresses two ways in which black carbon contributes to global warming - when in the atmosphere, it absorbs sunlight and generates heat, warming the air; when deposited on snow and ice, it changes the albedo of the surface. Demos Experiments 1 Apply Demos Experiments filter. Learning Activities 1 Apply Learning Activities filter...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-subjects/causes-climate-change-15/search-subjects/aerosols-8405
*  Past and recent changes in the North Atlantic oscillation - Pinto - 2011 - Wiley Interdisciplinary R
... eviews: Climate Change - Wiley Online Library. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue. Wiley Job Network. Focus Article Past and recent changes in the North Atlantic oscillation. Pinto 1,* and Christoph C. Raible 2,3 Article first published online: 15 DEC 2011 DOI: 10.1002/wcc.150 Copyright 2011 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change Volume 3 , Issue 1 , pages 79 90 , January/February 2012. C 2012 , Past and recent changes in the North Atlantic oscillation. doi: 10.1002/wcc.150. Author Information 1 Institute for Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany 2 Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland 3 Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Switzerland Email: Christoph C. Raible jpinto@meteo.uni-koeln.de * Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Publication History...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.150/abstract?globalMessage=0
*  Welcome to the International Climate Science Coalition Web Site
... Climate for Laypeople HIGH SCHOOL / MIDDLE SCHOOL CLIMATE SCIENCE LESSON PLAN #1. FIXING GOVERNMENT CLIMATE MESSAGING. SENATE CLIMATE HEARINGS. BEST CLIMATE FILM EVER MADE. UNFCCC AND KYOTO PROTOCOL PRIMER. CLIMATE CHANGE 101. TRY THE CLIMATE QUIZ. ICSC DIRECTOR EXPOSES CLIMATE MYTHS. SCIENCE QUESTION #1. . POLITICAL QUESTION #4. SCIENCE QUESTION #2. SCIENCE QUESTION #3. SCIENCE QUESTION #4. SCIENCE QUESTION #5. SCIENCE QUESTION #6. POLITICAL QUESTION #1. POLITICAL QUESTION #2. POLITICAL QUESTION #3. Links. News. test poll. Relevant A Joomla. Template for the Rest of Us. Zovirax cream online, buy Betnovate C online, buy Elidel cream online, buy Emla online. Home. Who We Are. Mission Statement. Core Principles. Donate. Contact us. Speakers. Climate Scientists' Register. WHAT IS ICSC AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT. Click thumbnail image to the right for ICSC video summary. ENDING THE CLIMATE WAR. CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD ICSC FLYER. Click here to make a cheque or wire donation to ICSC use PayPal module far right t...
http://climatescienceinternational.org/media1.php
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. 7 a Sea level rise and resulting impacts is due to melting ice and thermal expansion and increases the risk 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow Resources and Tools. - Remove 7 a Sea level rise and resulting impacts is due to melting ice and thermal expansion and increases the risk filter 7 a Sea level rise and resulting impacts is due to melting ice and thermal expansion and increases the risk. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow filter 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. Global Climate Change and Sea Level Rise. These climate indicators and related resources show global patterns and data that are intuitive and compelling teaching tools. Earth System: Ice and Global Warming. This NASA video discusses the impacts of the sun's energy, Earth's reflectance and greenhouse gases on the Eart...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/7-sea-level-rise-and-resulting-impacts-due-melting-ice-and-thermal-expansion-and-increases-risk-3427/search-climateliteracy/2-physical-processes-earth-are-result-energy-flow-4357?keywords=
*  Methane & Climate OSS Foundation
Methane Climate OSS Foundation. Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observations. Galactic Cosmic Rays. Greenhouse Gases/Effect. Greenland Ice Melt. History of Climate Science. Human Caused Global War...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/methane-hydrate-clathrate
*  Climate Web - Windows to the Universe
... Brought to you by the National Earth Science Teachers Association. Space Weather Multimedia Recent Images Missions Facts News Links. Our Changing Planet Earth System Facts Multimedia Links News Tours. Space Weather News Research Multimedia Postcards Citizen Science Quotations. Paleoclimates Our Changing Planet Effects of Climate Change Polar Regions Climate Events Clouds in Climate Energy Interactive IPCC Slowing Global Warming Climate Models Climate News Games/Activities Multimedia Links Web Seminars Climate Literacy Copenhagen Summit. Special Report on Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States This report, from the U.S. Global Change Research Program, summarizes the science and the impacts of climate change on the United States, now and in the future. Special Report on Climate Change An NSF report on current Earth system science research projects that are attempting to solve the puzzle of climate change. Living in the Greenhouse Explore climate, how Earth’s cycles affect climate, the Greenhous...
https://windows2universe.org/earth/climate/cli_web.html
*  Climate Prediction Center - ENSO Diagnostic Discussion
... EL NIÑO/SOUTHERN OSCILLATION ENSO. CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER/NCEP. Warm episode El Niño conditions prevailed during July, as SST anomalies departures from average remained greater than +1°C throughout the central equatorial Pacific between 170°E and 120°W Fig. Atmospheric indicators of a warm episode El Niño include consistently negative values of the Southern Oscillation Index SOI, since March 2002, and weaker-than-average low-level easterly winds during May-July 2002 throughout the equatorial Pacific. The MJO contributed to a substantial weakening of the low-level easterly winds throughout the equatorial Pacific during July. In addition, the weaker-than-average easterly winds contributed to a deepening of the oceanic thermocline in the central equatorial Pacific, evident by the increase in subsurface temperature anomalies Fig. 3, and an increase in SST anomalies in the central equatorial Pacific Fig. Most coupled model and statistical model forecasts indicate that El Niño conditions are likely to conti...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/enso_disc_aug2002/
*  World Climate Research Programme
The 'World Climate Research Programme' WCRP was established in 1980, under the joint sponsorship of International Council for Science and the World Meteorological Organization, and has also been sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO since 1993. It is a component of the World Climate Programme. The objectives of the programme are to develop the fundamental scientific understanding of the physical climate system and climate processes needed to determine to what extent climate can be predicted and the extent of human influence on climate. The programme encompasses studies of the global atmosphere, ocean s, sea ice, land ice such as glacier s, ice cap s and ice sheet s, and the land surface which together constitute the Earth's physical climate system. WCRP activities address issues of scientific uncertainty in the Earth's climate system including transport and storage of heat by the ocean, the global energy and hydrological cycle, the formation of clouds and their effects on radia...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Climate_Research_Programme
*  NOAA Paleoclimatology Program - Perspective on Abrupt climate Change
... How do scientists study abrupt climate changes of the past. In the 19 th century, humans began to use modern instruments such as thermometers and rain gauges to record weather and climate. To reconstruct variations in the climate system earlier in time, it is necessary to use natural climate recorders, such as ice cores, tree rings, ocean and lake sediments, and corals. Measurements collected from these natural climate archives are called "proxies" because they do not provide a direct measurement of climate, as a thermometer or rain gauge does. Rather, scientists use them to make inferences about past climate changes. The ring width of a tree is an example of a proxy for temperature, or in some cases rainfall, because the thickness of the annual ring is sensitive to the temperature and/or rainfall of that year. The most valuable proxies are those that can provide numerical values of temperature or rainfall amount, along with estimates of their uncertainty. Proxies that cannot be quantified in terms of cl...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/abrupt/story3.html
*  CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models (CM2.X) | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) fo
CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models CM2.X. National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI formerly known as National Climatic Data Center NCDC. National Climatic Data Center. Skip to main content. Skip to site search. Formerly the National Climatic Data Center NCDC. more about NCEI. Home Climate Information Data Access Customer Support Contact About. Search Field:. You are here. Home. Data Access. Model. Datasets CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models CM2.X. CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models CM2.X. A plot of CM2.X data displaying maximum surface air temperatures for Dallas, Texas. These data are from the 20C3M 20th century experiment to understand temperatures during the 20th century. One hundred years of maximum daily temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit are plotted in black. The intense zigzag pattern in the plot shows the annual relative highs and lows for each of the 100 years. Plotted in red is a running 365-day average to help make any tend in the data more visible. This graphic was generated with NOAA'...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/model-data/model-datasets/cm2-global-coupled-climate-models-cm2x
*  Discovering Antarctica - A-level - Regional climate variation and weather
... Discovering Antarctica - A-level section Skip navigation. back to graphics version. A-level home. Ice land and sea. Atmosphere, weather and climate. Key factors behind Antarctica's climate. Regional climate variation and weather. Climate change: past and future. The ozone hole. Ecosystems. Geopolitics. Sustainability. Tourism. Geographical information systems. Glossary. Interactives. Teachers pages. 2:2 Regional climate variation and weather In what ways does the climate vary across Antarctica and why. What weather phenomena occur in different parts of the continent. Warm up There are large variations in climate across the continent owing mainly to differences in latitude, altitude, and distance from the Southern Ocean. The Antarctic climate as a whole can be discussed in terms of three different climate areas: the interior climate, the coastal climate and the climate of the Antarctic Peninsula. Winter at Halley research station where temperatures can drop below -50 C: a bulldozer covered in drifted snow...
http://discoveringantarctica.org.uk/alevel_2_2.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. 2 Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow 5. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors Resources and Tools. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow filter 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors filter 5. Energy decisions are influenced by several factors. Modeling Earth s Climate. This short video from NASA discusses the role that salinity plays in Earth's climate and ocean circulation, focusing on the observations of the Aquarius satellite. This video examines the thawing of permafrost due to changes in climate and shows examples of the impacts that warming temperatures have on permafrost in the Arctic, including the release of the greenhouse gas methane. The Thermohaline Circulation - The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt. Measuring and Modeling Climate 36 Apply ...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/2-physical-processes-earth-are-result-energy-flow-4357/search-climateliteracy/5-energy-decisions-are-influenced-several-factors-4360
*  Global Climate Monitor OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/economy/history/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions
*  Global Climate Monitor OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/economics/tax-100-dividend/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions
*  Global Climate Monitor OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/the-leading-edge/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/
*  .. China’s First UN Climate Conference Explores Urgency, Stirs Fresh Hope For Climate Progress
You are here: Home / Archives for Great Climate Wall of China China’s First UN Climate Conference Explores Urgency, Stirs Fresh Hope For Climate Progress October 4, 2010 by Keith Schneider · Leave a Comment. TIANJIN, China – In a gesture that signaled more urgent engagement to cool the planet, the United Nation’s chief climate negotiator today opened this nation’s first international climate conference by sealing a symbolic Great Climate Wall of China with an ancient proverb. Christiana Figueres, a Costa Rican diplomat and climate expert, who in May was. Filed under Climate Negotiations · Tagged with China, Christiana Figueres, Climate Negotiations, Great Climate Wall of China, Keith Schneider, Tianjin, UNFCCC. 350.org Carbon pollution carbon pollution standard carbon pollution standards China clean air act clean energy climate action climate change climate denier climate legislation Climate Negotiations climate science climate talks coal copenhagen Copenhagen Accord Copenhagen climate talks Durban EP...
http://blog.usclimatenetwork.org/tag/great-climate-wall-of-china/
*  Climate Feedback Loops | NOAA Climate.gov
Climate Feedback Loops. NOAA Climate.gov. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Climate Feedback Loops. Climate Feedback Loops. This is the seventh of nine lessons in the 'Visualizing and Understanding the Science of Climate Change' website. This lesson addresses climate feedback loops and how these loops help drive and regulate Earth's unique climate system. http://www.explainingclimatechange.ca/Climate%20Change/Lessons/Lesson%207/lesson... Teaching Tips. Teaching Tips. The applets run smoothly on Macs and PCs and enhance the final levels of understanding for students. About the Science. Lesson relies on understanding the carbon cycle. Website and lessons were developed by a collaboration of international chemistry and educational...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/climate-feedback-loops
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Global Energy Balance Greenhouse Gases Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. - Remove Global Energy Balance filter Global Energy Balance. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. This NASA video discusses the impacts of the sun's energy, Earth's reflectance and greenhouse gases on the Earth System. Multimedia 1 Apply Multimedia filter. - Remove Climate System filter Climate System. - Remove Atmospheric Composition filter Atmospheric Composition. - ...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-subjects/global-energy-balance-20/search-subjects/greenhouse-gases-8377?keywords=
*  Climate Prediction Center - Outreach: NOAA's 33rd Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop Abstra
climate prediction center outreach noaa s rd climate diagnostics and prediction workshop abstract information www nws noaa gov home site map news organization search search the cpc about us our mission who we are contact us cpc information cpc web team home outreach meetings rd annual climate diagnostics prediction workshop abstracts review of recent climate conditions and forecasts abstract abstract author sharon nicholson abstract title the physical basis for drought in west africa abstract the extreme droughts that plague the west african sahel have long been shown to be strongly linked to atlantic and global sea surface temperatures unfortunately only a handful of studies have attempted to link ssts to the circulation features that directly drive rainfall variability this paper emphasizes that link it examines two types of droughts over west africa one linked to an anomalous displacement of the tropical rainbelt itcz and another linked to changes in its intensity factors are identified that modulate both ...
http://cpc.noaa.gov/products/outreach/workshops/CDPW33/abstracts/snicholson.shtml
*  Climate and Vegetation Research Group: Courses (GG 312 Fall 2002 Chapter 06)
Climate and Vegetation Research Group: Courses GG 312 Fall 2002 Chapter 06. GG 312: Global Climate Change and Environmental Impacts Fall 2002. Chapter 6: Detection of Climate Change and Attribution of Causes 6.1. The Meaning of Detection and Attribution 6.2. Results from IPCC-1995 6.3. Internal Climate Variability 6.4. Climate Forcings and Responses 6.5. Climate Response to Natural Forcings 6.6. Climate Response to Anthropogenic Forcings 6.7. Detection and Attribution Studies 6.8. Conclusions 6.1. The Meaning of Detection and Attribution The response to anthropogenic changes in climate forcing occurs against a backdrop of natural internal and externally-forced climate variability that can occur on similar temporal and spatial scales. Internal climate variability, by which we mean climate variability not forced by external agents, occurs on all timescales from weeks to centuries and millennia. Slow climate components, such as the ocean, have particularly important roles on decadal and century timescales becaus...
http://cybele.bu.edu/courses/gg312fall02/chap06/chap06.html
*  Scientists use rare mineral to correlate past climate events in Europe, Antarctica
... Earth. Earth Sciences. March 21, 2012 Scientists use rare mineral to correlate past climate events in Europe, Antarctica March 21, 2012 The first day of spring brought record high temperatures across the northern part of the United States, while much of the Southwest was digging out from a record-breaking spring snowstorm. A team of scientists led by Syracuse University geochemist Zunli Lu has found a new key in the form of ikaite, a rare mineral that forms in cold waters. Composed of calcium carbonate and water, ikaite crystals can be found off the coasts of Antarctica and Greenland. "Ikaite is an icy version of limestone," say Lu, assistant professor of earth sciences in SU's College of Arts and Sciences. The scientists were particularly interested in crystals found in layers deposited during the "Little Ice Age," approximately 300 to 500 years ago, and during the " Medieval Warm Period ," approximately 500 to 1,000 years ago. Both climate events have been documented in Northern Europe, but studies hav...
http://phys.org/news/2012-03-scientists-rare-mineral-climate-events.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. College Upper 15-16. Human use of energy Greenhouse Gases Resources and Tools. - Remove College Upper 15-16 filter College Upper 15-16. Human use of energy filter 6. Human use of energy. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. Using a mass balance model to understand carbon dioxide and its connection to global warming. The model is then used to estimate future levels of carbon dioxide using different future emission scenarios. Multimedia 3 Apply Multimedia filter. - Remove Climate System filter Climate System. - Remove Atmospheric Composition filter Atmospheric Composition. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. Aerosols 1 Apply Aerosols filter. Carbon Cycle 2 Apply Carbon Cycle filter. Greenhouse Effect 1 Apply Greenhouse Effect filter. Causes of Climate Change 4 Apply Causes...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/college-upper-15-16-120/search-climateliteracy/6-human-use-energy-4361/search-subjects/greenhouse-gases-8377
*  Climate Forcing OSS Foundation
Global Warming. Climate Forcing. Temperature Global. Climate. What We Can Do About Global Warming. The Leading Edge. Climate Forcing. Surface reflectivity albedo Human induced changes in greenhouse gases Atmospheric aerosols volcanic sulfates, industrial output These examples all influence the balance of energy entering and leaving the Earth system. This new steady state is actually a forced steady state as opposed to an unforced steady state, which would be the natural state without the human induced forcing. A number of processes are now contributing to forcing the Earth's climate away from a natural state. The following figure shows changes in climate "forcings" or factors that have contributed to climate change since 1750, before human influences on climate were very significant. The following figures show effective global climate forcings employed in our current global climate simulations e.g., Hansen et al. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/modelforce/ http://climate.nasa.gov/uncertainties/ 2009 http://www.real...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/economy/history/projects/environment/global-warming/radiative-climate-forcing
*  Climate Forcing OSS Foundation
Global Warming. Climate Forcing. Temperature Global. Climate. What We Can Do About Global Warming. The Leading Edge. Climate Forcing. Surface reflectivity albedo Human induced changes in greenhouse gases Atmospheric aerosols volcanic sulfates, industrial output These examples all influence the balance of energy entering and leaving the Earth system. This new steady state is actually a forced steady state as opposed to an unforced steady state, which would be the natural state without the human induced forcing. A number of processes are now contributing to forcing the Earth's climate away from a natural state. The following figure shows changes in climate "forcings" or factors that have contributed to climate change since 1750, before human influences on climate were very significant. The following figures show effective global climate forcings employed in our current global climate simulations e.g., Hansen et al. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/modelforce/ http://climate.nasa.gov/uncertainties/ 2009 http://www.real...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/projects/environment/global-warming/radiative-climate-forcing
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 2 Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow 2 c Greenhouse effect Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 32 Results for. - Remove 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow filter 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. - Remove 2 c Greenhouse effect filter 2 c Greenhouse effect. Fulltext search. Climate: A Balancing Act. In this activity students learn how Earth's energy bala...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/2-physical-processes-earth-are-result-energy-flow-4357/search-climateliteracy/2-c-greenhouse-effect-3405
*  An ecosystem-based hypothesis for climatic effects on surplus pro...: ingentaconnect
... Skip to main content. Toggle navigation. About Contact Help Cart FOLLOW US:. Browse by. Search. Search by. Article title, keywords or abstract Article title Publication title Author. Advanced Search. Browse by: Publication Publisher Subject. Sign-in. Register. Username:. Password:. Remember Login Login reminder. Athens. Shibboleth. Tools. Activate personal subscription. Export options + -. EndNote BibT E X. Linking options + -. ingentaconnect OpenURL. Receive new issue alert Latest TOC RSS Feed Recent Issues RSS Feed. Favourites. Home / Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Volume 62, Number 8. An ecosystem-based hypothesis for climatic effects on surplus production in California sardine Sardinops sagax and environmentally dependent surplus production models. Authors: Jacobson, Larry D; Bograd, Steven J; Parrish, Richard H; Mendelssohn, Roy; Schwing, Franklin B. Source: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Volume 62, Number 8, August 2005, pp. 1782-1796 15 Publisher: NRC Rese...
http://ingentaconnect.com/content/nrc/cjfas/2005/00000062/00000008/art00010
*  Climate Prediction Center - Stratosphere: Winter Bulletins
... NWS/Climate Prediction Center. NWS/Climate Prediction Center. NWS/Climate Prediction Center. NWS/Climate Prediction Center. ABSTRACT An area of extensive ozone depletion was again observed over Antarctica during the Southern Hemisphere winter/spring of 2002, with widespread total ozone anomalies of 30 percent or more below the 1979-1986 base period. The minimum total ozone value of 152 Dobson Units, was observed on 21 October 2002 at the South Pole, when the center of the ozone hole was nearby. Total Ozone Dobson NOAA/SBUV/2. However, in the winter and spring of 2002, average total ozone in the Antarctic region was more than10 percent higher than the long-term average. Maps of monthly average Southern Hemisphere SBUV/2 total ozone for September and October 2002 are shown in Figure 2a, and Figure 3a. The October average total ozone anomalies Figure 3b over the Antarctic region were strongly positive, with maximum anomalies of more than 30 percent higher than the base period. However, for the winter/spring...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/stratosphere/winter_bulletins/sh_02/
*  Climate Prediction Center - Outreach: NOAA's 33rd Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop Abstra
... ct Information. www.nws.noaa.gov. Home. Site Map. News. Organization. Search. Search the CPC. . About Us Our Mission Who We Are Contact Us CPC Information CPC Web Team. HOME. Outreach. Meetings. 33rd Annual Climate Diagnostics & Prediction Workshop. Abstracts. Review of Recent Climate Conditions and Forecasts Abstract. Abstract Author: Sharon Nicholson Abstract Title: The physical basis for drought in West Africa Abstract: The extreme droughts that plague the West African Sahel have long been shown to be strongly linked to Atlantic and global sea-surface temperatures. Unfortunately, only a handful of studies have attempted to link SSTs to the circulation features that directly drive rainfall variability. This paper emphasizes that link. It examines two types of droughts over West Africa, one linked to an anomalous displacement of the tropical rainbelt/ITCZ and another linked to changes in its intensity. Factors are identified that modulate both the latitudinal displacement and the intensity. These factors...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/outreach/workshops/CDPW33/abstracts/snicholson.shtml
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 4 f Evidence is that human impacts are playing an increasing role in climate change College Upper 15-16. Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 6 Results for. - Remove 4 f Evidence is that human impacts are playing an increasing role in climate change filter 4 f Evidence is that human impacts are playing an increasing role in climate change. - Remove College Upper 15-16 filter College Upper 15-16. Fulltext search. In the 70s, they ...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/4-f-evidence-human-impacts-are-playing-increasing-role-climate-change-3433/search-education/college-upper-15-16-120
*  Energy Department Pools Labs to Study Abrupt Climate Change - Yale Climate Connections
... Menu. Yale Climate Connections Listen. Watch. Read. Search. Twitter. Facebook. Youtube Subscribe. Menu Close. Overview. Topics. Sections. Home Feature Articles Audio Video Stations Airing Our Program Letters to the Editor About YCC Contact Us. Arts Economics Ecosystems Energy Faith Ethics Food Agriculture National Security Oceans Polar Ice Policy Public Health Science Sustainability Weather. Analysis Commentary Interview On Journalism Review News Notes. Twitter. Facebook. Youtube Subscribe News Note. Energy Department Pools Labs to Study Abrupt Climate Change Posted on Sep 9, 2008. Tuesday, September 23, 2008 Topics Energy. Rapid shifts in temperatures have altered the global climate repeatedly in Earth history, and some scientists worry that the rapid warming seen in recent decades could trigger such a change now. Still, little is known about what drives these global convulsions in climate, also known as abrupt climate changes. A new project by the U.S. Department of Energy, however, aims to shed some l...
http://yaleclimateconnections.org/2008/09/energy-department-pools-labs-to-study-abrupt-climate-change/
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. GP d Greenhouse gas reduction and carbon dioxide sequestration to mitigate climate change GP g Actions taken by different levels of society can mitigate climate change and increase preparedness for current and future generations Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 11 Results for. - Remove GP d Greenhouse gas reduction and carbon dioxide sequestration to mitigate climate change filter GP d Greenhouse gas reduction and carbon diox...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/gp-d-greenhouse-gas-reduction-and-carbon-dioxide-sequestration-mitigate-climate-change-3412/search-climateliteracy/gp-g-actions-taken-different-levels-society-can-mitigate-climate-change-and-increase-preparedness-3421
*  Linking Population, Ecosystem, Landscape, and Climate Models to Evaluate Climate Adaptation Strategi
Forest Service Home About the Forest Service News Jobs Maps Help Contact Us Search Browse by Subject Research Programs Themes Units Lands Facilities Special Programs Publications & Data Tools & Applications Locations Scientists & Staff About NRS Partnerships NRS News Contact Information Northern Research Station 11 Campus Blvd., Suite 200 Newtown Square, PA 19073 (610) 557-4017 (610) 557-4132 TTY/TDD You are here: NRS Home / Research Programs / Forest Disturbance Processes / Climate Change and Events / Linking Population, Ecosystem, Landscape, and Climate Models to Evaluate Climate Adaptation Strategies Forest Disturbance Processes Linking Population, Ecosystem, Landscape, and Climate Models to Evaluate Climate Adaptation Strategies Research Issue Climate change and forest mortality from disturbance agents such as fire and insects are among the top challenges facing natural resource management. Landscape change will result from interactions among climate change; land use and management; and popula...
http://nrs.fs.fed.us/disturbance/climate_change/climate_adaptation_strategies/
*  Climate Data Links | Open Mind
Climate Data Links. Open Mind. Open Mind. Science, Politics, Life, the Universe, and Everything. Skip to content Home. Climate Data Links. Climate Data Links I usually but not always include links to data on which my posts are based. It occured to me that it would be useful to collect data links in a single location. Therefore this page is a holding area for links to climate data. It s just starting, so at the moment it s not nearly complete, and some of the links below are not yet active. Give it time. Surface temperatures :. NASA GISS NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies NCDC National Climate Data Center HadCRU Hadley Centre/Climate Research Unit ECA European Climate Assessment Dataset Network GHCN version 1, especially for data prior to 1880. GSOD, Global Surface Summary of the Day from NCDC. Satellite-based atmospheric temperature estimates :. RSS Remote Sensing Systems UAH University of Alabama at Huntsville UW-RSS University of Washington/RSS UW-UAH University of Washington/UAH UMD University of Mar...
https://tamino.wordpress.com/climate-data-links/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=5d5a17dad5
*  Topics : Climate Central | Climate Central
Topics : Climate Central. Climate Central. Researching and reporting the science and impacts of climate change. What We Do Climate Central surveys and conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. Our scientists publish and our journalists report on climate science, energy, sea level rise. Read More About Our Expertise Members of the Climate Central staff and board are among the most respected leaders in climate science. Staff members are authorities in communicating climate and weather links, sea level rise, climate. States of Change. Energy. Our Programs Climate Science Energy Climate Matters Sea Level Rise. Topics Basics. All Topics: Climate Statistics, Basics, Causes, Greenhouse Gases, Impacts, Responses, Trends, Projections, Climate, Extremes, Drought, Flooding, Heat, Hurricanes, Wildfires, Carbon Storage, Water, Snow & Ice, Oceans & Coasts, Sea Level, Food & Agriculture, Flora & Fauna, Health, Business, Policy, Energy, Efficiency, Biofuels, Fossil Fuels, Nuclear,...
http://climatecentral.org/topics/basics
*  Probabilistic Climate Prediction | Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences
Probabilistic Climate Prediction. Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences. Study at Cambridge. About the University. Research at Cambridge. Search site. Study at Cambridge. Why Cambridge. Continuing education. Executive and professional education. Courses in education. About the University. How the University and Colleges work. Visiting the University. International Cambridge. News. Giving to Cambridge. Research at Cambridge. Overview A Brief History Governance Fellowships Testimonials Art and Artefacts Isaac Newton Resources Job Vacancies Contact Us How to Find Us Science. Overview Scientific Programmes. Overview Current Programmes Mathematical and Statistical Approaches to Climate Modelling and Prediction. Overview Participants Preprints Seminars Workshops and Other Events. Overview Probabilistic Climate Prediction. Future Programmes Past Programmes Programmes by Year Outreach and Engagement Publications Seminar Archive Call for Proposals Events. Probabilistic Climate Prediction. Isaac Newton Insti...
http://newton.ac.uk/event/clpw02
*  Climate Data Record Program Office for 2011 - Federal Grant
... Climate Data Record Program Office for 2011. The summary for the Climate Data Record Program Office for 2011 grant is detailed below. This summary states who is eligible for the grant, how much grant money will be awarded, current and past deadlines, Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance CFDA numbers, and a sampling of similar government grants. Verify the accuracy of the data FederalGrants.com provides by visiting the webpage noted in the Link to Full Announcement section or by contacting the appropriate person listed as the Grant Announcement Contact. Climate Data Record Program Office for 2011: The Climate Data Record Program CDRP seeks to support the development and stewardship of Climate Data Records CDRs for the atmosphere, cryosphere, oceans, and land surface. The Program follows the National Research Council's 2004 distinction between Fundamental and Thematic Climate Data Records, and is initially focused on Fundamental CDRs and Thematic CDRs related to Earth's water and energy cycles and sea le...
http://federalgrants.com/Climate-Data-Record-Program-Office-for-2011-25457.html
*  Climate Data - the Datahub
... The easy way to get, use and share data. Climate Data. Vostok Ice Core Stable Isotope Data Deuterium Concentrations and Temperature ... A historical temperature reconstruction going back to 420,000 years before present based on Vostok ice core data. Vostok Ice Core CO2 Data. Carbon-dioxide concentration and gas age from the Vostok Ice Cores to 414,000 years before present. More detailed data is available from the web page. Part of the Ice Core... text/plain. Variability Analysis of Surface Climate Observations VASClimO. About data From project webpage: VASClimO was a joint climate research project of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre GPCC at the German Met Service DWD and the... NOAA Global Surface Temperature Anomaly Index. The Global Surface Temperature Anomaly gives the global anomaly either for each year, or for each month. It is based on the GHCN dataset. plain text. JMA Global Surface Temperature Anomaly. Global surface temperature anomalies gridded into a 5x5 degree grid. The 1971 to 200...
http://datahub.io/ru/group/climatedata?tags=climatology&res_format%3DCSV=&tags=country-uk=
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. High School 9-12. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow Interactive Tools Resources and Tools. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. - Remove High School 9-12 filter High School 9-12. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow filter 2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. - Remove Interactive Tools filter Interactive Tools. In a short demonstration, students examine how distilled water i.e., pure water without any dissolved ions or compounds and seawater are affected diffe...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/high-school-9-12-118/search-climateliteracy/2-physical-processes-earth-are-result-energy-flow-4357/search-type/interactive-tools-116
*  Warmer climate doesn’t mean more fertile soils | Management content from Delta Farm Press
Warmer climate doesn’t mean more fertile soils. Management content from Delta Farm Press. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content Delta Farm Press. Home > Management > Warmer climate doesn’t mean more fertile soils Warmer climate doesn’t mean more fertile soils Nov 14, 2012 Brian Wallheimer, Purdue University. 0 Increased temperatures have been expected to speed decomposition of plant materials and the return of nitrogen to soils but microbes responsible for returning nitrogen to soils react differently to a range of climate scenarios. Climate Change ,. Warmer climates won't necessarily speed the return of nitrogen to soils as scientists once thought, according to a Purdue University study. Increased temperatures from climate change have been expected to speed decomposition of plant materials and the return of nitrogen to soils, making the soil more fertile for plants. But Jeff Dukes, an associate professor of forestry and natural resources at Purdue, found that the microbes responsible for returning n...
http://deltafarmpress.com/management/warmer-climate-doesn-t-mean-more-fertile-soils
*  Temperature OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/summary-reports/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/temperature
*  Temperature OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/the-leading-edge/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/temperature
*  World Climate Report » The Cato Climate Ad, Joe Romm, and Swanson&Tsonis
World Climate Report The Cato Climate Ad, Joe Romm, and Swanson Tsonis. World Climate Report. The Web s Longest-Running Climate Change Blog. April 14, 2009 The Cato Climate Ad, Joe Romm, and Swanson Tsonis Filed under: Aerosols, Climate Changes, Climate Forcings, Climate Politics, Temperature History For another look at how the results of the latest work by Kyle Swanson and Anastasios Tsonis—which show, among other things, that the earth’s climate most likely shifted into a state which could result in a slowed rate of global warming lasting for another decade or so—are impacting the processes both scientific and political of climate change, see this piece over at MasterResource.org. No Comments No comments yet. RSS feed for comments on this post. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Pages About Us Staff Categories. Adaptation 73. Animals 36. Plants 34. Agriculture 17. Climate Changes 141. El Nino/La Nina 4. Glaciers/Sea Ice 33. Polar 71. Sea Level Rise 34. Climate Extremes 79. Climate Forcings 56. ...
http://worldclimatereport.com/index.php/2009/04/14/the-cato-climate-ad-joe-romm-and-swansontsonis/
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Sources and Sinks College Upper 15-16. - Remove Sources and Sinks filter Sources and Sinks. - Remove College Upper 15-16 filter College Upper 15-16. Carbon Temperature Model. With this carbon/temperature interactive model, students investigate the role of atmospheric carbon in the greenhouse effect using a relationship between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature. Sediments and the Global Carbon Cycle. A series of activities designed to introduce students to the role of sediments and sedimentary rocks in the global carbon cycle and the use of stable carbon isotopes to reconstruct ancient sedimentary environments. Poker Chip Model: Global Carbon Pools and Fluxes. Learning Activities 3 Apply Learning Activities filter. Demos Experiments 1 Apply Demos Experiments filter. - Remove Carbon Cycle filter Carbon ...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-subjects/sources-and-sinks-8386/search-education/college-upper-15-16-120
*  Climate Prediction Center - Climate Assessment for 1999
... . www.nws.noaa.gov. Site Map News Organization Search. CPC Search. . About Us Our Mission Who We Are Contact Us CPC Information CPC Web Team. Expert Assessments. Climate Assessment. Climate Assessment for 1999 Table of Contents. Table of Contents. 1 Introduction 2. Global Temperatures a. Surface temperature b. Troposphere c. Lower stratosphere 3. The 1998-2000 Pacific cold episode La Niña a. Overview b. Precipitation Impacts c. SSTs and sub-surface ocean structure d. Tropical Convection e. Atmospheric circulation 1 Pacific basin 2 Zonally symmetric streamfunction pattern 4. Regional climate highlights a. North America 1 Heavy wintertime precipitation in the Pacific Northwest 2 The 1999 North Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific hurricane seasons 3 The July September 1999 southwestern United States summer monsoon 4 Drought in the United States b. Africa 1 The 1998 99 southern Africa Rainy Season 2 June September 1999: Western Africa Rainy Season c. Asia 1 Indian Summer Monsoon 2 Central China Rainfall d. So...
http://cpc.noaa.gov/products/assessments/assess_99/toc.html
*  Antarctica OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/summary-reports/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/antarctica
*  Antarctica OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/info_tech/office/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/antarctica
*  Reconstructing past climates | University of Bergen
Jump to navigation UiB Menu Search Education Research International News About UiB Library Contact Global search. Contact EECRG Faculty and staff Associate Members Masters students Visitors For visitors and new staff. Climate-related research. Quantitative reconstructions of past climate change on time scales that are longer than those of instrumental data are important aspects of palaeoclimatology and need to be underpinned by robust numerical methods. Photo: Anne Bjune. There are two strands to our past climate research - palaeoecological reconstructions and developing robust numerical methods for palaeoecology. The basic idea of quantitative climate reconstructions involves transfer or calibration functions. To estimate the past climate variables, the responses of taxa found today are modelled in relation to modern climate variables of interest. This involves compiling a modern “training set” or “calibration set” of taxa preserved in surface sediments with an associated set of modern climatic variables. Th...
http://uib.no/en/rg/EECRG/57143/reconstructing-past-climates
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. High School 9-12 Interactive Tools Resources and Tools. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. - Remove High School 9-12 filter High School 9-12. - Remove Interactive Tools filter Interactive Tools. In a short demonstration, students examine how distilled water i.e., pure water without any dissolved ions or compounds and seawater are affected differently by increasing carbon dioxide in the air. These novel microbes may be useful for the production of cellulosic ethanol. Life Cycle Assessment of Biofuels 101. In this activity, students conduct a life cycle assessment of energy used and produced in ethanol production, and a life cycle as...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/high-school-9-12-118/search-type/interactive-tools-116
*  Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources
... CLEAN Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources. Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources. Climate Literacy Principles showing only Sun is primary energy. Show all Climate Literacy Principles. Energy Literacy Principles showing only Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. Show all Energy Literacy Principles. Refine the Results Resource Type Show all Resource Type Video 6 matches Climate and Energy Topics Climate System 5 matches Includes natural processes within the climate system: orbital patterns, solar radiation, oceans, atmosphere, water cycle, the natural greenhouse effect, carbon cycle, regional climates and differences between climate and weather. Climate Impacts 1 match Includes sea level rise; extreme weather; drought; changes to ecosystems, plants and animals; melting ice and permafrost; ocean warming; impacts to water resources, agriculture, public health and national security. Climate Literacy Principles Show all Climate Literacy Principles Sun is...
http://cleanet.org/clean/educational_resources/index.html?q1=sercvocabs__129:2&q2=sercvocabs__199:5&q3=sercvocabs__180:5
*  Earth's Radiation Budget OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observations. Galactic Cosmic Rays. Greenhouse Gases/Effect. Greenland Ice Melt. History of Climate Science. Human Caused Global Warming. IPCC Reports. Keeling...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/earths-radiation-budget
*  WHO | How climate variability affects health
How climate variability affects health. Data. Countries. Director-General. Director-General Deputy Director-General Assistant Directors-General Director-General's Office Former Directors-General Regional Directors. How climate variability affects health Dr Margaret Chan Director-General of the World Health Organization Address to the Extraordinary Session of the World Meteorological Congress Geneva, Switzerland 29 October 2012. The Global Framework for Climate Services, and the implementation plan you will be discussing during this session, promise to change this situation in exciting ways. The plan focuses on four areas for the application of climate information with the greatest potential for an immediate impact on human lives. Namely: agriculture and food security, disaster risk management, and water. For all of these diseases, stronger climate services in endemic countries can help predict the onset, intensity, and duration of epidemics. Climate variables, including those that influence the availability o...
http://who.int/dg/speeches/2012/climate_20121029/en/
*  Climate Data - the Datahub
... The easy way to get, use and share data. Conjuntos de datos. Climate Data. Conjuntos de datos. Climate Data Online: Provides direct access to historical climate data for specific locations and dates. The Berlin Stratospheric Data Series. About the data Stratospheric Analyses from between 1957 and 2001 by Stratospheric Research Group at the Meteorological Institute, Free University Berlin. British Antarctic Survey BAS - Surface Temperature. About From website: Monthly mean surface temperature data and derived statistics for some Antarctic stations This website will eventually encompass all Antarctic stations with... British Antarctic Survey BAS - Sodar. About Sodar echogrammes from 1991-2007. British Antarctic Survey BAS - Public Met Data. About Variety of public datasets from BAS, including: Historical Meteorological Data Radiosonde data Southern Oscillation Index - SOI Openness... British Antarctic Survey BAS - Ozone Data. About Website says: This page gives information about ozone at Halley, Rothera an...
http://datahub.io/es/group/climatedata?tags%25253Dtemperature%252526tags%25253Dclimate=&res_format=text%2Fplain=&page=3
*  Scientists Tackle Climate Model Mystery | NSF - National Science Foundation
Scientists Tackle Climate Model Mystery. NSF - National Science Foundation. Funding. Search Funding Opportunities. Preparing Proposals. About Funding. Awards. About Awards. Search Awards. Award Statistics Budget Internet Info System. Discoveries. Discoveries Home. Search Discoveries. About Discoveries. News. News Home. Special Reports. Search News. Search Publications. NCSES Publications. Search NCSES. About NSF. About NSF. Contact NSF. Funding. Awards Funding Info Search Funding Opportunities. Recent Funding Opportunities. How to Prepare a Funding Proposal. Grant Proposal Guide. If you don't get the results you expect, that's when you start to ask why, said climate modeler Peter Lawrence from the University of Colorado at Boulder's Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. Working with Tom Chase, a colleague at the institute, the researcher compared climate simulations from the Community Land Model--part of a select group of global models used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cha...
http://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=114910&org=GEO
*  ESRL : PSD : Interpreting Climate Conditions: Assessmen
... ts and Factsheets. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. NOAA Research. Search PSD:. Publications. Skip navigation. Physical Sciences Division. Site navigation: About Overview. Science Reviews. Staff. Visiting ESRL. Contact Points of Contact. Staff List. Research Research Teams. Science Reviews. Publications. Data All. Boulder Weather. Gridded Climate. Cruise Data. Profiler Network Data Image Library. Experimental Forecasts. Experimental Monitoring. Subseasonal Tropical Forecasts. Climate Change Web Portal. News Outreach PSD Research Spotlight Articles. PSD Science Handouts. Education Resources. . Interpreting Climate Conditions Home. State of Climate Reports. Assessments. Publications. What is attribution. Why attribution. How is attribution performed. Climate Assessment Resources FACTS. Interpreting Climate Conditions Assessments and Factsheets. 2014 Seasonal Precipitation Forecasts Over the Missouri River Basin. Full Assessment Report. Summary. Webinar: Climate Change and...
http://esrl.noaa.gov/psd/csi/factsheets/
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 3 e Biosphere drives the global carbon cycle Measuring and Modeling Climate Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 6 Results for. - Remove 3 e Biosphere drives the global carbon cycle filter 3 e Biosphere drives the global carbon cycle. - Remove Measuring and Modeling Climate filter Measuring and Modeling Climate. Fulltext search. As Permafrost Thaws, Scientists Study the Risks. This article and slide show from the New York Times, ...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/3-e-biosphere-drives-global-carbon-cycle-3439/search-subjects/measuring-and-modeling-climate-16
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 6 c Human activities have increased GHG levels and altered global climate patterns Multimedia Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 32 Results for. - Remove 6 c Human activities have increased GHG levels and altered global climate patterns filter 6 c Human activities have increased GHG levels and altered global climate patterns. - Remove Multimedia filter Multimedia. Fulltext search. It s Us. This video segment from 'Earth: The Op...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-climateliteracy/6-c-human-activities-have-increased-ghg-levels-and-altered-global-climate-patterns-3407/search-type/multimedia-3309
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Teaching Climate. Carbon Cycle Interactive Tools Resources and Tools. - Remove Carbon Cycle filter Carbon Cycle. - Remove Interactive Tools filter Interactive Tools. Comparison of the Effects of Increased CO2 in the Air to Seawater and Distilled Water. In a short demonstration, students examine how distilled water i.e., pure water without any dissolved ions or compounds and seawater are affected differently by increasing carbon dioxide in the air. Life Cycle Assessment of Biofuels 101. In this activity, students conduct a life cycle assessment of energy used and produced in ethanol production, and a life cycle assessment of carbon dioxide used and produced in ethanol production. - Remove Interactive Tools filter Interactive Tools. Demos Experiments 4 Apply Demos Experiments filter. - Remove Carbo...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-subjects/carbon-cycle-29/search-type/interactive-tools-116
*  Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources
... CLEAN Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources. Collection of Climate and Energy Educational Resources. Climate Literacy Principles showing only Sun is primary energy. Show all Climate Literacy Principles. Energy Literacy Principles showing only Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow. Show all Energy Literacy Principles. Climate and Energy Topics Climate System 17 matches Includes natural processes within the climate system: orbital patterns, solar radiation, oceans, atmosphere, water cycle, the natural greenhouse effect, carbon cycle, regional climates and differences between climate and weather. Climate Impacts 1 match Includes sea level rise; extreme weather; drought; changes to ecosystems, plants and animals; melting ice and permafrost; ocean warming; impacts to water resources, agriculture, public health and national security. Energy Use 2 matches Sources of energy, usage trends, conservation, policy Grade Level Show all Grade Level Middle 6-8 19 matches Climate Lite...
http://cleanet.org/clean/educational_resources/index.html?q1=sercvocabs__129:2&q2=sercvocabs__199:5&q3=sercvocabs__18:3
*  Space agencies join forces to systematically observe climate variables / Space for our climate / Obs
... erving the Earth / Our Activities / ESA. This website requires javascript to function properly. → European Space Agency. Space for Europe. Space News. Space in Images. Space in Videos. About Us. Welcome to ESA. Director General. For Member State Delegations. Business with ESA. Law at ESA. ESA Exhibitions. ESA Publications. Careers at ESA. Our Activities. Space News. Observing the Earth. Human Spaceflight. Launchers. Navigation. Space Science. Space Engineering Technology. Operations. Telecommunications Integrated Applications. Preparing for the Future. Connect with Us. For Media. Media. ESA TV. Videos for professionals. Photos. For Educators. For Kids. ESA Observing the Earth Space for our climate. About climate change. . Space and Earth Monitoring Land Overview. Rivers & lakes. Volcanoes. Coastal zones. Wetlands & deserts. Oceans Overview. Wind & waves. Ocean colour & algae blooms. Sea Surface Temperature. El Niño. Ice Overview. Ice and climate. Atmosphere Overview. Water vapour & clouds. Aerosols. Ozone...
http://esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Space_for_our_climate/Space_agencies_join_forces_to_systematically_observe_climate_variables
*  World Climate Report » 2005 » May
Models Filed under: Climate Forcings, Climate Models Recently there have been several papers published that have attempted to use the evolution of the earth’s temperature after big volcanic eruptions as a determinate of the earth’s climate sensitivity—that is, how much the average temperature changes with a change in climate forcing i.e. Having a good understanding of the climate sensitivity is key to having a good understanding of future climate change. Filed under: Climate History In light of the general hysteria over global warming, it s nice, once in a while, to be able to couch our current and ongoing climate changes into some larger perspective. For example, let s take one fairly recent climate discovery called the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, or PDO. Filed under: Aerosols, Climate Forcings, Solar That appears to be what is happening, judging from three papers in the May 6 issue of Science. Therefore, the warming observed over the past 20 years must have little to do with changes in greenhouse gases. Fi...
http://worldclimatereport.com/index.php/2005/05/
*  Storms & Trends OSS Foundation
Storms Trends OSS Foundation. Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empiric...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/info_tech/supply-chain/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/storm-trends
*  Cloud-Hopping In The Pacific Improves Climate Predictions
CLIMATE SCIENCE. Cloud-Hopping In The Pacific Improves Climate Predictions Marine stratocumulus cloud decks forming over the ocean. A large part of the uncertainty in climate models today comes from these marine stratocumulus clouds and the south east Pacific region being poorly represented in the models. Unfortunately, the global climate models that are used to predict climate change do not represent these stratocumulus clouds accurately, because scientists have a relatively limited understanding of how these clouds form. This is because the south-east Trade Winds are at their strongest at this time of year and the coastal upwelling is at its greatest Upwelling in the Southeast Pacific The reason that this region can support such extensive and persistent marine stratocumulus cloud-decks is that ocean surface temperatures are colder here than at any other equivalent latitute on the planet. The Effect of Aerosols and Pollution As well as the complex meteorological conditions that create these cloud decks, the ...
http://terradaily.com/reports/Cloud_Hopping_In_The_Pacific_Improves_Climate_Predictions_999.html
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. High School 9-12. 7. Energy affects quality of life Albedo Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 9 Results for. - Remove High School 9-12 filter High School 9-12. - Remove 7. Energy affects quality of life filter 7. Energy affects quality of life. - Remove Albedo filter Albedo. Fulltext search. Colorado and a Warming Planet. This video highlights a variety of current climate change research initiatives from scientists at the Unive...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/high-school-9-12-118/search-climateliteracy/7-energy-affects-quality-life-4362/search-subjects/albedo-8389
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Teaching Climate. College Lower 13-14. Human use of energy Biogeochemical Processes Resources and Tools. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. - Remove College Lower 13-14 filter College Lower 13-14. - Remove 6. Human use of energy filter 6. Human use of energy. - Remove Biogeochemical Processes filter Biogeochemical Processes. Greenhouse Gases: A Closer Look. This lesson covers different aspects of the major greenhouse gases - water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxides and CFCs - including some of the ways in which human activities are affecting the atmospheric concentrations of these key greenhouse gases. This is lesson six in a nine-lesson module about climate change. L...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-education/college-lower-13-14-121/search-climateliteracy/6-human-use-energy-4361/search-subjects/biogeochemical-processes-8407
*  Oceanic Systems OSS Foundation
... Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Personal tools Log in Register. Search Site. only in current section. Advanced Search. Navigation Home. Projects Resources. Services. Our View. About. Navigation. Economy. Education. Energy. Environment. Global Warming. Current Climate Conditions. Antarctica. Arctic/Greenland/Cryosphere. Atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases. Land, Fire Ice. Oceanic Systems. Solar Conditions. Storms Trends. Temperature. Summary Reports. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming. Books. Links. 1958 - Frank Capra warns of Global Warming. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher. 2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel before the US Congress. Atmospheric Aerosols. Antarctic Ice Melt. Antarctic Oscillation AAO. Arctic Ice Melt. Arctic Oscillation AO. Atmospheric Circulation. Arctic/Polar Amplification Effect. Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMO. Atmospheric Composition. Attribution. Climate Models. Climate Feedback/Sensitivity. Climate Forcing. Dansgaard Oeschger Events. Earth's Radiation Budget. Empirical: Modeling v. Observati...
http://ossfoundation.us/projects/economy/history/projects/environment/global-warming/current-climate-conditions/oceans
*  Climate Research Group Home
... Climate Research Group. Personnel. My interests are in oceanic and atmospheric dynamics and their interactions with biogeochemical cycles over a broad range of Earth history. Synthesizing comprehensive earth system models with high-resolution paleoclimatic data is essential to the understanding of past climates, climate change, and the consequences for future climate evolution. studies at the Max-Planck-Institute MPI for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, I worked in the Ocean Group of Ernst Maier-Reimer on an inverse ocean general circulation modelling. Sponsored research at the University of Texas at Arlington focused on applying comprehensive earth system models in the geologic past for example, investigating ocean anoxia at the Permian-Triassic boundary, the hot-house climate during the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum, and rapid climate change during the Younger Dryas. More recently, the climate group at UTA worked also on regional climate change and climate impact on the infrastructure. CV Publicatio...
http://uta.edu/faculty/awinguth/
*  "Strong" Links of Manmade Heat, Rainfall Extremes: Study | Climate Central
Strong Links of Manmade Heat, Rainfall Extremes: Study. Our scientists publish and our journalists report on climate science, energy, sea level rise. Staff members are authorities in communicating climate and weather links, sea level rise, climate. Our Programs Climate Science Energy Climate Matters Sea Level Rise. Strong Links of Manmade Heat, Rainfall Extremes: Study Published: March 27th, 2012. Following on the heels of the March heat wave , which was one of the most remarkable extreme weather events on record in the U.S., are two new scientific papers that discuss the relationship between extreme weather events and global climate change. Sea surface temperatures, along with long-term climate change, can influence temperature and precipitation extremes. The authors, Dim Coumou and Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impacts Research , raise the possibility that complex interactions may influence the magnitude of extremes, causing temperatures during a heat wave, for example, to far outpac...
http://climatecentral.org/blogs/study-finds-strong-evidence-of-manmade-heat-and-rainfall-extremes
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del%5B%5D=hadat&del%5B%5D=iuk&del%5B%5D=raobcore&del%5B%5D=ratpac&del%5B%5D=rich
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=aiguo&del[]=hadcruh&del[]=soc
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=cobe&del[]=ersst
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
BAMS State of the Climate. National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI formerly known as National Climatic Data Center NCDC. National Climatic Data Center. Skip to main content. Skip to site search. Formerly the National Climatic Data Center NCDC. more about NCEI. Home Climate Information Data Access Customer Support Contact About. Search Field:. You are here. Home. Climate Information. Science Papers and Publications BAMS State of the Climate. BAMS State of the Climate. Each year, hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the State of the Climate report published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society BAMS. BAMS is the official periodical of the society, devoted to editorials, topical reports to members, articles, professional and membership news, conference announcements, programs and summaries, book reviews, and society activities. Led by NCEI scientists, the State of the Climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=iuk&del[]=rich&del[]=raobcore
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=mohc&del[]=viktor
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
BAMS State of the Climate. National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI formerly known as National Climatic Data Center NCDC. National Climatic Data Center. Skip to main content. Skip to site search. Formerly the National Climatic Data Center NCDC. more about NCEI. Home Climate Information Data Access Customer Support Contact About. Search Field:. You are here. Home. Climate Information. Science Papers and Publications BAMS State of the Climate. BAMS State of the Climate. Each year, hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the State of the Climate report published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society BAMS. BAMS is the official periodical of the society, devoted to editorials, topical reports to members, articles, professional and membership news, conference announcements, programs and summaries, book reviews, and society activities. Led by NCEI scientists, the State of the Climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=ratpac&del[]=uah&del[]=rss
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=rich&del[]=uah&del[]=ratpac
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=rss&del[]=ratpac&del[]=raobcore
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=star&del[]=rich
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=uah&del[]=hadat&del[]=ratpac
*  BAMS State of the Climate | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as
bams state of the climate national centers for environmental information ncei formerly known as national climatic data center ncdc national climatic data center skip to main content skip to site search formerly the national climatic data center ncdc more about ncei home climate information data access customer support contact about search field you are here home climate information science papers and publications bams state of the climate bams state of the climate each year hundreds of scientists from around the world contribute to the state of the climate report published in the bulletin of the american meteorology society bams bams is the official periodical of the society devoted to editorials topical reports to members articles professional and membership news conference announcements programs and summaries book reviews and society activities led by ncei scientists the state of the climate reports provide detailed updates on global climate indicators notable weather events and other data collected by envi...
http://ncdc.noaa.gov/bams?del[]=uah&del[]=ratpac&del[]=rss
*  Resources and Tools | NOAA Climate.gov
Resources and Tools. NOAA Climate.gov. Skip to main content. Home News Features Maps Data Teaching Climate Supporting Decisions About Contact FAQs Site Map What s New. Reviewed resources for teaching about climate and energy. Climate Systems Causes of Climate Change Measuring Modeling Climate Climate Impacts Human Responses to Climate Nature of Climate Science. Home. Teaching Climate. 54 Greenhouse Gases Resources and Tools. Educational Resources: Search the CLEAN Collection. Find and download scientifically and pedagogically reviewed digital resources for teaching about climate's influence on you and society and your influence on climate. 0 Results for. - Remove 54 filter 54. - Remove Greenhouse Gases filter Greenhouse Gases. Fulltext search. We're sorry your search did not find anything. Please submit your search again or try a new one in the form below. Grade Level. - Any - High School 9-12 see more at this grade level Intermediate 3-5 Middle 6-8 High School 9-12 College Lower 13-14 College Upper 15-16...
https://climate.gov/teaching/resources/search-subjects/melting-ice-and-permafrost-54/search-subjects/greenhouse-gases-8377
*  Zellner, R.: Trace gases in the atmosphere. Chemistry and climatic effects.
zellner r trace gases in the atmosphere chemistry and climatic effects inhalt zielgruppeneinstieg hauptnavigation universit t duisburg essen duepublico zellner r trace gases in the atmosphere chemistry and climatic effects ub duepublico suchergebnisse eintrag nr semesterapparate videos podcasts lehrmaterial dissertationen e publikationen universit tsbibliographie allgemeines suchen publikation melden weitere informationen korb statistiken suchen mein dokumentenkorb infos f r autoren ber duepublico a z english in den korb xml mods bibtex endnote ris isi word bib zellner r trace gases in the atmosphere chemistry and climatic effects in vgb kraftwerkstechnik vgb kraftwerkstech jg nr s issn zeitschriftenaufsatz fach chemie abstract a review with refs on sources of pollutant gases which affect the climate their distribution and their influence on the chem compn of the earth atm the relative contributions from natural and anthropogenic sources are indicated kontakt impressum letzte nderung universit t duisburg esse...
http://duepublico.uni-duisburg-essen.de/servlets/DozBibEntryServlet?mode=show&id=10283
*  Climate Data Records: Maturity Matrix | Climate Etc.
Climate Data Records: Maturity Matrix. Climate Etc. Climate Etc. Climate Data Records: Maturity Matrix Posted on. October 31, 2012. The proposed CDR maturity matrix combines best practices from the scientific community, preservation description information from the archive community, and software best practices from the engineering community into six levels of completeness. At these levels, the product has achieved sufficient maturity in both the science and applications that it may tentatively be used in decision making. 52 responses to Climate Data Records: Maturity Matrix Faustino. October 31, 2012 at 9:34 pm. October 31, 2012 at 10:30 pm. October 31, 2012 at 10:46 pm. October 31, 2012 at 11:15 pm. manacker. November 1, 2012 at 7:31 am. Max. October 31, 2012 at 11:02 pm. October 31, 2012 at 11:09 pm. October 31, 2012 at 11:17 pm. November 1, 2012 at 12:32 am. manacker. November 1, 2012 at 7:11 am. It s time the climate data records are moved from science to engineering best practice. Let s hope that some i...
http://judithcurry.com/2012/10/31/climate-data-records-maturity-matrix/
*  Climate Data - the Datahub
... The easy way to get, use and share data. Dataset. Informazioni. Ricerca Datasets. Home Gruppi. Climate Data. Dataset. Informazioni. Aggiungi un dataset. 6 dataset trovati. Vostok Ice Core Stable Isotope Data Deuterium Concentrations and Temperature ... A historical temperature reconstruction going back to 420,000 years before present based on Vostok ice core data. Climate Research Unit - HadCRUT3. About The datasets have been developed in conjunction with Hadley Centre of the UK Met Office. Hosted by the Climate Research Unit at the University of East Anglia. From... NOAA Global Surface Temperature Anomaly Index. The Global Surface Temperature Anomaly gives the global anomaly either for each year, or for each month. Hemispheric are also available. It is based on the GHCN dataset. plain text. JMA Global Surface Temperature Anomaly. Global surface temperature anomalies gridded into a 5x5 degree grid. The 1971 to 2000 average is used as the climatology normal. GISS Surface Temperature Analysis. A record of ...
http://datahub.io/it/group/climatedata?tags=temperature&tags=science
*  What affects global climate? - Met Office
What affects global climate. - Met Office. Email alerts. Enter email address. Contact us. Search. Weather. Climate. Learning. Research. Products. News. Holiday weather. Out and about. What do we mean by climate. What is climate change. Climate science. Climate news. This website uses cookies. Read about how we use cookies. Weather warnings may have been issued Home. Public. Climate. What do we mean by climate. What affects global climate. What affects global climate. The climate of the Earth depends on how much of the Sun's energy is retained in the land, sea and air - and how the climate system responds to changes. The major potential influences on the heat retained by the Earth include atmospheric composition, solar radiation and volcanic eruptions. However, these factors do not work in isolation. Their effect is played through the world's complicated climate system. The climate system is really a set of interacting cycles: the atmosphere, hydrosphere liquid and vaporised water, cryosphere frozen water, lan...
http://metoffice.gov.uk/climate-guide/climate/what-affects-climate
*  Climate Prediction Center - Seasonal Outlook
climate prediction center seasonal outlook www nws noaa gov site map news organization search cpc search map explanations official fcsts fcst tools about us our mission who we are contact us cpc information cpc web team official day outlooks are issued once each month near mid month at am eastern time please consult the schedule of day outlooks for exact release dates home outlook maps monthly to seasonal outlooks seasonal outlooks climate forecast system cfs tool nov dec jan text format discussions monthly long lead day hawaiian more outlooks mn ond mn ndj mn djf mn jfm mn fma mn mam mn amj mn mjj mn jja mn jas mn aso mn son mn ond mn oct climatological values for ond tools used see discussion for explanation tools discussion updated as new tools are implimented canonical correlatio...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/predictions/long_range/cmp.php?lead=2
*  Climate Prediction Center - Seasonal Outlook
climate prediction center seasonal outlook www nws noaa gov site map news organization search cpc search map explanations official fcsts fcst tools about us our mission who we are contact us cpc information cpc web team official day outlooks are issued once each month near mid month at am eastern time please consult the schedule of day outlooks for exact release dates home outlook maps monthly to seasonal outlooks seasonal outlooks climate forecast system cfs tool dec jan feb text format discussions monthly long lead day hawaiian more outlooks mn ond mn ndj mn djf mn jfm mn fma mn mam mn amj mn mjj mn jja mn jas mn aso mn son mn ond mn oct climatological values for ond tools used see discussion for explanation tools discussion updated as new tools are implimented canonical correlatio...
http://cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/predictions/long_range/cmp.php?lead=3

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightClimate change in the United Kingdom: Climate change in the United Kingdom has been a subject of protests and controversies, and various policies have been developed to mitigate its effects. It is estimated to demand at least 80-85% emission reductions in the EU during 2008-2050 with reductions as soon as technically possible.IPCC Second Assessment Report: The Second Assessment Report (SAR) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), published in 1996, is an assessment of the then available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change. It was superseded by the Third Assessment Report (TAR) in 2001.Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area: Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area (French, Eau Agriculture Et Sante Et Milieu Tropical (E.A.Mawson StationEcosystemStratosphere: The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere. It is stratified in temperature, with warmer layers higher up and cooler layers farther down.Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Citizen Weather Observer Program: The Citizen Weather Observer Program (CWOP) is a network of privately owned electronic weather stations concentrated in the United States but also located in over 150 countries. Network participation allows volunteers with computerized weather stations to send automated surface weather observations to the National Weather Service (NWS) by way of the Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System (MADIS).Meramec Conservation AreaPermissive temperature: The permissive temperature is the temperature at which a temperature sensitive mutant gene product takes on a normal, functional phenotype.http://www.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Anoxic event: Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia develops - euxinia refers to anoxic waters that contain hydrogen sulfide.Dasyochloa: Dasyochloa is a monotypic genus containing the single species Dasyochloa pulchellaGrass Manual Treatment (formerly Erioneuron pulchellum),Mojave Desert Wildflowers, Pam Mackay, 2nd Ed. 2013, p.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseList of glaciers in the Antarctic: A-H: This is a list of glaciers in the Antarctic with a name starting with the letters A–H. This list does not include ice sheets, ice caps or ice fields, such as the Antarctic ice sheet, but includes glacial features that are defined by their flow, rather than general bodies of ice.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Cambrian–Ordovician extinction eventSnow pea: The snow pea (Pisum sativum var. saccharatum) is a legume, more specifically a variety of pea eaten whole in its pod while still unripe.Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.HumidifierQuasiperiodicity: Quasiperiodicity is the property of a system that displays irregular periodicity. Periodic behavior is defined as recurring at regular intervals, such as "every 24 hours".Prayer bump: A zebibah (Arabic زبيبة zabība, "raisin"), also known as a zabiba or zebiba, or browneye, is a mark on the forehead of some Muslims, apparently due to the friction generated by repeated contact of the forehead with the prayer mat during daily prayers.Organotin chemistryAcclimatization: Acclimatization (UK also acclimatisation; US also acclimation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a gradual change in its environment (such as a change in temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions. Acclimation occurs in a short period of time (days to weeks), and within the organism's lifetime (compare to adaptation).Evolution in Variable EnvironmentEnergy policy of Malaysia: The energy policy of Malaysia is determined by the Malaysian Government, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption. The Department of Electricity and Gas Supply acts as the regulator while other players in the energy sector include energy supply and service companies, research and development institutions and consumers.Hopkins syndrome: Hopkins syndrome is a neurological disorder. Its cause has not been established, but its association with asthma exacerbations (usually with a respiratory infection as a trigger) has led to suspicion that the initial viral insult that causes the respiratory infection is also implicated in the subsequent paralysis.Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.Natural Park of El FondoNina ArvesenAnal fissureGlobal Energy and Water Cycle ExperimentTimeline of historic inventionsFlood: A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.MSN Encarta Dictionary.Appropriation (By Any Other Name): June 13, 2005Index of geology articles: This is a list of all articles related to geology that cannot be readily placed on the following subtopic pages:List of geological phenomena: A geological phenomenon is a phenomenon which is explained by or sheds light on the science of geology.Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development: The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development (ENVI) is a standing committee in the Canadian House of Commons.Threshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.Food Race: American environmental author Daniel Quinn coined the term Food Race (by analogy to the Cold War's "nuclear arms race") to describe an understanding of the current overpopulation emergency as a perpetually escalating crisis between growing human population and growing food production, fueled by the latter. Quinn argues that as the worldwide human population increases, the typical international response is to more intensely produce and distribute food to feed these greater numbers of people.Outline of hydrology: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to hydrology:Lists of invasive species: These are lists of invasive species by country or region. A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location, area, or region where it did not previously occur naturally (i.Revegetation: Revegetation is the process of replanting and rebuilding the soil of disturbed land. This may be a natural process produced by plant colonization and succession, or an artificial (manmade) wilderness engineering, accelerated process designed to repair damage to a landscape due to wildfire, mining, flood, or other cause.Chaenocephalus aceratus: Chaenocephalus aceratus, the blackfin icefish, is a species of crocodile icefish known from around Bouvet Island and the northern Antarctic Peninsula where it occurs at depths of . This species grows to a length of TL.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.In Memory of Celtic Frost: In Memory of... Celtic Frost is a Celtic Frost tribute album released in 1996.Natrocarbonatite: Natrocarbonatite is a rare carbonatite lava which erupts from the Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano in Tanzania within the East African Rift of eastern Africa.Bird trapping: Bird trapping techniques to capture wild birds include a wide range of techniques that have their origins in the hunting of birds for food. While hunting for food does not require birds to be caught alive, some trapping techniques capture birds without harming them and are of use in ornithology research.Tadas Karosas: Tadas Karosas (born 1963 in Vilnius) is a businessman, serial entrepreneur, the founder and developer of e-commerce enterprises,the owner of holding company "LTk Capital", the founder and owner of restaurants chain "Čili Holdings".Lake MarathonBreeding for drought stress toleranceAmerican Medical Student AssociationFood desert: A food desert is a geographic area where affordable and nutritious food is difficult to obtain, particularly for those without access to an automobile.USDA Defines Food Deserts | American Nutrition Association Some research links food deserts to diet-related health problems and health disparities in affected populations, but this phenomenon has been disputed.Antelope: An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia. Antelopes comprise a wastebasket taxon (miscellaneous group) within the family Bovidae, encompassing those Old World species that are not cattle, sheep, buffalo, bison, or goats.List of countries by carbon dioxide emissionsMatrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==The White ReindeerWhite band disease: White band disease is a coral disease that affects acroporid corals and is distinguishable by the white band of dead coral tissue that it forms. The disease completely destroys the coral tissue of Caribbean acroporid corals, specifically elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) and staghorn coral (A.Raman microscope: The Raman microscope is a laser-based microscopic device used to perform Raman spectroscopy.Microscopical techniques in the use of the molecular optics laser examiner Raman microprobe, by M.PhytoplanktonPolarized light pollution: Polarization is a property of light waves that describes the orientation of their oscillations. Polarized light pollutionGábor Horváth, György Kriska, Péter Malik, Bruce Robertson.List of Copper Country minesList of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Bodega Marine Reserve: Bodega Marine Reserve is a nature reserve and marine reserve on the coast of northern California, located in the vicinity of the Bodega Marine Laboratory on Bodega Head. It is a unit of the University of California Natural Reserve System, that is administered by the University of California, Davis.History of the New York State College of Forestry: The New York State College of Forestry, the first professional school of forestry in North America, opened its doors at Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York, in the autumn of 1898.http://foresthistory.Deep chlorophyll maximum: A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is not always present--sometimes there is more chlorophyll at the surface than at any greater depth--but it is a common feature of most aquatic ecosystems.Anrep effect: The Anrep effect is an autoregulation method in which myocardial contractility increases with afterload. It was experimentally determined that increasing afterload caused a proportional linear increase in ventricular inotropy.Human impact on the nitrogen cycleCarbon–carbon bond: A carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond between two carbon atoms. The most common form is the single bond: a bond composed of two electrons, one from each of the two atoms.Flightless birdAcoustical oceanography: Acoustical oceanography is the use of underwater sound to study the sea, its boundaries and its contents.Community mental health service: Community mental health services (CMHS), also known as Community Mental Health Teams (CMHT) in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders (mental illness or mental health difficulties) in a domiciliary setting, instead of a psychiatric hospital (asylum). The array of community mental health services vary depending on the country in which the services are provided.GA²LENGreenland Provincial Council: The Greenland Provincial Council () was the provincial government of Greenland between 1950, when it was formed from the union of the earlier North and South Greenland Provincial Councils, and 1 May 1979, when it was replaced by the Greenland Home Rule Government and its Parliament (; ).Weathering: Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters. Weathering occurs in situ, roughly translated to: "with no movement" , and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, snow, wind, waves and gravity and then being transported and deposited in other locations.Veneer (dentistry): In dentistry, a veneer is a layer of material placed over a tooth, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth or to protect the tooth's surface from damage. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain.Acokanthera: Acokanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae. It comprises 5 species and is generally restricted to Africa, although Acokanthera schimperi also occurs in Yemen.THC-O-phosphateMicrobial food web: The microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists (such as ciliates and flagellates).Model risk: In finance, model risk is the risk of loss resulting from using models to make decisions, initially and frequently referring to valuing financial securities. However model risk is more and more prevalent in industries other than financial securities valuation, such as consumer credit score, real-time probability prediction of a fraudulent credit card transaction to the probability of air flight passenger being a terrorist.Maladaptation: A maladaptation () is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful, in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful. All organisms, from bacteria to humans, display maladaptive and adaptive traits.

(1/2516) Climatic and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Four Corners region, United States.

To investigate climatic, spatial, temporal, and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) cases in the Four Corners region, we collected exposure site data for HPS cases that occurred in 1993 to 1995. Cases clustered seasonally and temporally by biome type and geographic location, and exposure sites were most often found in pinyon-juniper woodlands, grasslands, and Great Basin desert scrub lands, at elevations of 1,800 m to 2,500 m. Environmental factors (e.g., the dramatic increase in precipitation associated with the 1992 to 1993 El Nino) may indirectly increase the risk for Sin Nombre virus exposure and therefore may be of value in designing disease prevention campaigns.  (+info)

(2/2516) Potential effects of gas hydrate on human welfare.

For almost 30 years. serious interest has been directed toward natural gas hydrate, a crystalline solid composed of water and methane, as a potential (i) energy resource, (ii) factor in global climate change, and (iii) submarine geohazard. Although each of these issues can affect human welfare, only (iii) is considered to be of immediate importance. Assessments of gas hydrate as an energy resource have often been overly optimistic, based in part on its very high methane content and on its worldwide occurrence in continental margins. Although these attributes are attractive, geologic settings, reservoir properties, and phase-equilibria considerations diminish the energy resource potential of natural gas hydrate. The possible role of gas hydrate in global climate change has been often overstated. Although methane is a "greenhouse" gas in the atmosphere, much methane from dissociated gas hydrate may never reach the atmosphere, but rather may be converted to carbon dioxide and sequestered by the hydrosphere/biosphere before reaching the atmosphere. Thus, methane from gas hydrate may have little opportunity to affect global climate change. However, submarine geohazards (such as sediment instabilities and slope failures on local and regional scales, leading to debris flows, slumps, slides, and possible tsunamis) caused by gas-hydrate dissociation are of immediate and increasing importance as humankind moves to exploit seabed resources in ever-deepening waters of coastal oceans. The vulnerability of gas hydrate to temperature and sea level changes enhances the instability of deep-water oceanic sediments, and thus human activities and installations in this setting can be affected.  (+info)

(3/2516) Environmental variation shapes sexual dimorphism in red deer.

Sexual dimorphism results from dichotomous selection on male and female strategies of growth in relation to reproduction. In polygynous mammals, these strategies reflect sexual selection on males for access to females and competitive selection on females for access to food. Consequently, in such species, males display rapid early growth to large adult size, whereas females invest in condition and early sexual maturity at the expense of size. Hence, the magnitude of adult size dimorphism should be susceptible to divergence of the sexes in response to environmental factors differentially influencing their growth to reproduction. We show that divergent growth of male and female red deer after 32 years of winter warming and 15 years of contemporaneously earlier plant phenology support this prediction. In response to warmer climate during their early development, males grew more rapidly and increased in size, while female size declined. Conversely, females, but not males, responded to earlier plant phenology with increased investment in condition and earlier reproduction. Accordingly, adult size dimorphism increased in relation to warmer climate, whereas it declined in relation to forage quality. Thus, the evolutionary trajectories of growth related to reproduction in the sexes (i) originate from sexual and competitive selection, (ii) produce sexual size dimorphism, and (iii) are molded by environmental variation.  (+info)

(4/2516) Deriving meteorological variables across Africa for the study and control of vector-borne disease: a comparison of remote sensing and spatial interpolation of climate.

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the utility of remote sensing (RS) using meteorological satellites sensors and spatial interpolation (SI) of data from meteorological stations, for the prediction of spatial variation in monthly climate across continental Africa in 1990. Information from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) polar-orbiting meteorological satellites was used to estimate land surface temperature (LST) and atmospheric moisture. Cold cloud duration (CCD) data derived from the High Resolution Radiometer (HRR) on-board the European Meteorological Satellite programme's (EUMETSAT) Meteosat satellite series were also used as a RS proxy measurement of rainfall. Temperature, atmospheric moisture and rainfall surfaces were independently derived from SI of measurements from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) member stations of Africa. These meteorological station data were then used to test the accuracy of each methodology, so that the appropriateness of the two techniques for epidemiological research could be compared. SI was a more accurate predictor of temperature, whereas RS provided a better surrogate for rainfall; both were equally accurate at predicting atmospheric moisture. The implications of these results for mapping short and long-term climate change and hence their potential for the study and control of disease vectors are considered. Taking into account logistic and analytical problems, there were no clear conclusions regarding the optimality of either technique, but there was considerable potential for synergy.  (+info)

(5/2516) Towards a kala azar risk map for Sudan: mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis using digital data of environmental variables.

The need to define the geographical distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis results from its importance as the dominant vector of kala azar (visceral Iceishmaniasis) in Sudan. Recent epidermics of this disease in southern and eastern Sudan caused an estimated 100000 deaths and have renewed the impetus for defining the ecological boundaries of the vector. This information is an essential prerequisite to the production of a risk map for kala azar. This study uses data on the presence and absence of P. orientalis from 44 collecting sites across the central belt of Sudan. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the probability of the presence of P. orientalis at each collecting site as a function of climatic and environmental variables (rainfall; temperature; altitude; soil type and the satellite-derived environmental proxies - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface Temperature). The logistic regression model indicates mean annual maximum daily temperature and soil type as the most important ecological determinants of P. orientalis distribution. An initial risk map was created in a raster-based geographical information system which delineates the area where P. orientalis may occur. This map was then refined using a mask layer indicating the known rainfall-based boundaries of the distribution of Acacia-Balanites woodland - a woodland type known to be associated with the distribution of this vector. The predictive performance of the risk map is discussed.  (+info)

(6/2516) An integrated assessment framework for climate change and infectious diseases.

Many potential human health effects have been hypothesized to result either directly or indirectly from global climate change. Changes in the prevalence and spread of infectious diseases are some of the most widely cited potential effects of climate change, and could have significant consequences for human health as well as economic and societal impacts. These changes in disease incidence would be mediated through biologic, ecologic, sociologic, and epidemiologic processes that interact with each other and which may themselves be influenced by climate change. Although hypothesized infectious disease effects have been widely discussed, there have not yet been thorough quantitative studies addressing the many processes at work. In part this is because of the complexity of the many indirect and feedback interactions or mechanisms that bear on all aspects of the climate issue. It also results from the difficulty of including the multitude of always-changing determinants of these diseases. This paper proposes a framework for an integrated assessment of the impacts of climate change on infectious diseases. The framework allows identification of potentially important indirect interactions or mechanisms, identification of important research gaps, and a means of integrating targeted research from a variety of disciplines into an enhanced understanding of the whole system.  (+info)

(7/2516) Malaria reemergence in the Peruvian Amazon region.

Epidemic malaria has rapidly emerged in Loreto Department, in the Peruvian Amazon region. Peru reports the second highest number of malaria cases in South America (after Brazil), most from Loreto. From 1992 to 1997, malaria increased 50-fold in Loreto but only fourfold in Peru. Plasmodium falciparum infection, which has increased at a faster rate than P. vivax infection in the last 3 years, became the dominant Plasmodium infection in the highest transmission areas in the 1997 rainy season. The vector Anopheles darlingi has also increased during this epidemic in Loreto. Moreover, chloroquine and pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine drug-resistant P. falciparum strains have emerged, which require development of efficacious focal drug treatment schemes.  (+info)

(8/2516) Public health consequences of global climate change in the United States--some regions may suffer disproportionately.

Current risk assessments of the likely regional health impacts of global climate change (GCC) are hindered by two factors. First, dose-response relationships between weather parameters and many of the likely health effects have not been developed, and second, reliable estimates of future regional climates across the United States are still beyond the scope of current modeling efforts. Consequently, probabilistic risk estimates of most of the likely regional health impacts of GCC have such a high degree of uncertainty that their usefulness to health officials dealing with regional issues is very limited. With the numerous pressures on today's health care systems, it is understandable that the possible consequences of GCC have received scant attention from regional health care decision makers. Indeed, the consensus among this community appears to be that any increases in health effects associated with GCC will be easily handled by the current health care system. However, such a position may be naive as the potential exists that an unequal distribution of such effects could overwhelm some regions, whereas others may feel little or no impact. This review of the likely regional impacts of GCC has been structured as a semianalytical look at this issue of distributional effects. Because of the lack of dose-response information and reliable estimates of future regional climates, however, it takes a historical perspective. That is, it assumes that the quality and quantity of health risks a region faces under GCC will be directly related to its recent history of health risks from warm weather/climate-related diseases as well as to the size, characteristics, and distribution of the sensitive subpopulations currently residing within its borders. The approach is semiquantitative; however, it uses national data gathered on a regional level and as such should only be used to generate a hypothesis rather than test it. When applied to the United States, its outcome leads to the hypothesis that if indeed history repeats itself, some states or regions may be more greatly affected by GCC than others, not only because historically they are more prone to summer weather/climate-related diseases, but also because they contain a greater proportion of the sensitive subpopulations in the United States.  (+info)


What is the best vitamin to take in a hot climate place?


I am going to the middle east to work; what is the best vitamin to take in this hot climate country to have extra resistance against heat? I am already 44 years old and sometimes my blood pressure rises.
your info will be greatly appreciated.
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Your body is just going to have to adapt. The people who live in hotter climates use basically the same amounts of everything as everyone else. And even if they didn't, their diet would cover it to be a negatable issue.

But if you're having blood pressure problems, you can use raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar (with the "mother") in therapeutic dosages. This will fix your blood pressure problem in a matter of 3-7 days if you're not eating fast food or heavily processed, fatty foods.

Also, supplementing a healthy diet with sea minerals ("trace minerals") and/or bentonite (taken internally with water) and/or silica/horsetail (herb) supplements will help your body to regulate its temperature more effectively. I've personally noticed my body being more adaptable to the Texas heat over the years, and the only thing I've changed is the inclusion of Utah sea water and bentonite clay. I just add half a pinch of the clay to my large bottle of water, along with two or three drips of the sea water. The taste doesn't change that much, and it's very good for you. Plus, both of those things are fairly cheap -- you'll spend $30-$35 for a bottle of sea water and 2-4 bags of bentonite clay, and you won't run out (using as I do) for around 6 months.

Hope this answer helped!


What clothes do I need for a colder climate?


I currently live in a semi-tropical climate. The temperature gets to about 9C in the winter and sometimes lower. I'm moving to a very cold town in a couple of months that although doesn't get snow, is very very cold. What kind of clothes would I need? I feel like i need a list. 

I'm going to be working in a office (although quite a casual one) and also on a farm so will need an idea for clothes for both.

Any info you can give would be great.
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plenty of dark wash jeans... i don't know why but they are just a necessity for any climate! also, try investing in a good jacket one like this: http://thenorthface.com/opencms/opencms/tnf/gear.jsp?site=NA&model=AN6Z&language=en (if you don't like the fur then you don't have to get it with fur...just a suggestion to make a ski jacket more stylish.)
and a jacket like this: http://shop.nordstrom.com/S/2948868?refsid=201372&refcat=0%7e2376776%7e2378685%7e2380342%7e2377663&SourceID=&SlotID=2&origin=related (or along the lines of that... something stylish and sophisticated.)
and now would be the time to invest in a good pair of gloves. you can buy faux leather ones that are just as warm, or even ones from northface or something that are meant to keep you warm. also, get a cute knit hat. i spend a lot of time in cold weather areas with snow, and the glare can be horrendus. buy a cute pair of shades to wear around. other than that, just make sure you have plenty of long sleeve shirts, sweaters, blouses etc. anything that you would wear in a warmer climate, but with long sleeves. thats how i think of wearing clothes in cold weather.
good luck!


What is the difference when exercising to the body during hot and cold climate?


I want to know what is the difference the body experience if exercise during a hot climate and on a cold climate. which one is better as for increasing body resistance, for burning fat and increasing stamina.
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Heat/Humidity= More sweat, therefore losing any unnecessary and or harmful agents in your body
Cold= Cold so your body would run more. ( to keep it warm. More activity) 
I personally jogged during the summer and winter. In my experience, I lost more weight during the summer than winter. Remember more sweat= more weight loss. It's pretty refreshing to jog in the winter, smelling the crisp cool air. So, i would exercise in hot climates. But then again the body will be more uncomfortable and you may feel little grumpy while exercising.


What kind of climate do the parasites that cause malaria live in?


What kind of climate do the parasites that cause malaria live in?
If I cam correct, it is a tropical or sub-tropic environment right?
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yep your right. thats why there is rarely any cases in the U.S. of people infected with malaria. It is way more common in places such as the amazon.


How has the geography and climate influenced the foods prepared in Italy?


How has the geography and climate influenced the foods prepared in Italy? Has the climate made a difference in Italian food?
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This is a HUGE question to answer... one could write a book on it.

If you leave out geography playing a role in who conquered what parts of the country at what times, that does make it a slightly less lengthy topic. 

For example, in Veneto, they use spices much more than in other parts of Italy because geographically, Venice was a convenient port. Since there was a lot of trading done, they had access to a lot of spices.

Also, because of the gradually sloping hills in Parma, the consistent dry breeze made it an ideal location for curing and aging pork products in preparations such as Prosciutto di Parma.

In the south of Italy, it is very warm. As a result, they perfected their techniques for drying pasta and preserving it rather than making a batch of fresh pasta when it was needed. 

This barely scratches the surface... there are thousands and thousands of directions in which this topic could be taken.


How does Germany's geography, climate, culture and religion affect the food produced?


I know a ton of info on the geography, climate, culture and religion, but how does it affect the food?
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Germany's cold winters and short summers led to many hearty dishes of pork, gravies, breads, potatoes, dumplings, sausages and their beloved "Senf" (mustard-hundreds of varieties of it).

But modern Germany's food transcends her place on the map and her climate, as she has the most cosmopolitan restaurants and most ingenious cooks, followed closely by the Austrians, in all of Europe.


What are ways that a teenage boy in a cold winter climate keep his feet warm while still looking stylish?


I am 15 years old and live in a cold winter climate. My feet and toes especially tend to get very cold when I go out in my regular runners and socks. I would like to possibly buy a pair of boots or find another method  to keep my feet warm. However I would like to still look good. I want to stay away from the big, chunky snow boots suited more to hiking, then to simply walking to and from locations (school, mall, concerts etc.) Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. :)
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double up your socks.  no one has to know.


What to wear if travelling from hot to cold climate?


In a few days i'll be travelling home alone from the middle east to the uk, as it's hot to cold climate, any tips on what to wear, and what to carry in my carry-ons? 

Can't decide between a plain black maxi dress with a sweater, or black leggings and a top and i'll carry a light cardigan?
Thanks!
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you so need wellies, and a rain coat, in the uk - all it is doing is raining. there's been flood's in different places, and also thunder and lightening. i would leave your maxi dress at home. 

make sure you got a brolly, and a waterproof in your carry on's, you will most certainly need it