Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Chromosomes: In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Hybrid Cells: Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Chromosome Banding: Staining of bands, or chromosome segments, allowing the precise identification of individual chromosomes or parts of chromosomes. Applications include the determination of chromosome rearrangements in malformation syndromes and cancer, the chemistry of chromosome segments, chromosome changes during evolution, and, in conjunction with cell hybridization studies, chromosome mapping.X Chromosome: The female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in human and other male-heterogametic species.Chromosome Aberrations: Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.Sex Chromosomes: The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1: A specific pair of human chromosomes in group A (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 1-3) of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human: Very long DNA molecules and associated proteins, HISTONES, and non-histone chromosomal proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE). Normally 46 chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes are found in the nucleus of human cells. They carry the hereditary information of the individual.Chromosome Segregation: The orderly segregation of CHROMOSOMES during MEIOSIS or MITOSIS.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Physical Chromosome Mapping: Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17: A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6: A specific pair GROUP C CHROMSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Chromosome Deletion: Actual loss of portion of a chromosome.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21: A specific pair of GROUP G CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Fungal: Structures within the nucleus of fungal cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Chromosomes, Human, 6-12 and X: The medium-sized, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group C in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 and the X chromosome.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2: A specific pair of human chromosomes in group A (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 1-3) of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Mammalian: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of MAMMALS.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16: A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22: A specific pair of GROUP G CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13: A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosome Pairing: The alignment of CHROMOSOMES at homologous sequences.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4: A specific pair of GROUP B CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19: A specific pair of GROUP F CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Chromosome Disorders: Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5: One of the two pairs of human chromosomes in the group B class (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 4-5).Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12: A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, X: The human female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in humans.Chromosome Painting: A technique for visualizing CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS using fluorescently labeled DNA probes which are hybridized to chromosomal DNA. Multiple fluorochromes may be attached to the probes. Upon hybridization, this produces a multicolored, or painted, effect with a unique color at each site of hybridization. This technique may also be used to identify cross-species homology by labeling probes from one species for hybridization with chromosomes from another species.Chromosomes, Human, 1-3: The large, metacentric human chromosomes, called group A in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 1, 2, and 3.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15: A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Karyotyping: Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence: A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast: Chromosomes in which fragments of exogenous DNA ranging in length up to several hundred kilobase pairs have been cloned into yeast through ligation to vector sequences. These artificial chromosomes are used extensively in molecular biology for the construction of comprehensive genomic libraries of higher organisms.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14: A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18: A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20: A specific pair of GROUP F CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Chromosomes, Human, 16-18: The short, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group E in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 16, 17, and 18.Chromosomes, Human, 13-15: The medium-sized, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group D in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 13, 14, and 15.Chromosome Breakage: A type of chromosomal aberration involving DNA BREAKS. Chromosome breakage can result in CHROMOSOMAL TRANSLOCATION; CHROMOSOME INVERSION; or SEQUENCE DELETION.Chromosomes, Human, 21-22 and Y: The short, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group G in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 21 and 22 and the Y chromosome.Ring Chromosomes: Aberrant chromosomes with no ends, i.e., circular.Chromosome Inversion: An aberration in which a chromosomal segment is deleted and reinserted in the same place but turned 180 degrees from its original orientation, so that the gene sequence for the segment is reversed with respect to that of the rest of the chromosome.Chromosome Positioning: The mechanisms of eukaryotic CELLS that place or keep the CHROMOSOMES in a particular SUBNUCLEAR SPACE.Chromosomes, Human, 4-5: The large, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group B in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 4 and 5.Centromere: The clear constricted portion of the chromosome at which the chromatids are joined and by which the chromosome is attached to the spindle during cell division.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.X Chromosome Inactivation: A dosage compensation process occurring at an early embryonic stage in mammalian development whereby, at random, one X CHROMOSOME of the pair is repressed in the somatic cells of females.Translocation, Genetic: A type of chromosome aberration characterized by CHROMOSOME BREAKAGE and transfer of the broken-off portion to another location, often to a different chromosome.Chromosomes, Insect: Structures within the CELL NUCLEUS of insect cells containing DNA.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Meiosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Lod Score: The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for "logarithmic odds."Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Chromosome Structures: Structures which are contained in or part of CHROMOSOMES.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Chromosomes, Human, 19-20: The short, metacentric human chromosomes, called group F in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 19 and 20.Metaphase: The phase of cell nucleus division following PROMETAPHASE, in which the CHROMOSOMES line up across the equatorial plane of the SPINDLE APPARATUS prior to separation.Aneuploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).Mitosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Peptide Mapping: Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Epitope Mapping: Methods used for studying the interactions of antibodies with specific regions of protein antigens. Important applications of epitope mapping are found within the area of immunochemistry.Contig Mapping: Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Trisomy: The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.Blotting, Southern: A method (first developed by E.M. Southern) for detection of DNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Chromosome Walking: A technique with which an unknown region of a chromosome can be explored. It is generally used to isolate a locus of interest for which no probe is available but that is known to be linked to a gene which has been identified and cloned. A fragment containing a known gene is selected and used as a probe to identify other overlapping fragments which contain the same gene. The nucleotide sequences of these fragments can then be characterized. This process continues for the length of the chromosome.Nondisjunction, Genetic: The failure of homologous CHROMOSOMES or CHROMATIDS to segregate during MITOSIS or MEIOSIS with the result that one daughter cell has both of a pair of parental chromosomes or chromatids and the other has none.Telomere: A terminal section of a chromosome which has a specialized structure and which is involved in chromosomal replication and stability. Its length is believed to be a few hundred base pairs.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Kinetochores: Large multiprotein complexes that bind the centromeres of the chromosomes to the microtubules of the mitotic spindle during metaphase in the cell cycle.Chromosomes, Artificial, Human: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny human cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.DNA Probes: Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone: Nucleoproteins, which in contrast to HISTONES, are acid insoluble. They are involved in chromosomal functions; e.g. they bind selectively to DNA, stimulate transcription resulting in tissue-specific RNA synthesis and undergo specific changes in response to various hormones or phytomitogens.Radiation Hybrid Mapping: A method for ordering genetic loci along CHROMOSOMES. The method involves fusing irradiated donor cells with host cells from another species. Following cell fusion, fragments of DNA from the irradiated cells become integrated into the chromosomes of the host cells. Molecular probing of DNA obtained from the fused cells is used to determine if two or more genetic loci are located within the same fragment of donor cell DNA.Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).Sequence Tagged Sites: Short tracts of DNA sequence that are used as landmarks in GENOME mapping. In most instances, 200 to 500 base pairs of sequence define a Sequence Tagged Site (STS) that is operationally unique in the human genome (i.e., can be specifically detected by the polymerase chain reaction in the presence of all other genomic sequences). The overwhelming advantage of STSs over mapping landmarks defined in other ways is that the means of testing for the presence of a particular STS can be completely described as information in a database.Chromosome Fragility: Susceptibility of chromosomes to breakage leading to translocation; CHROMOSOME INVERSION; SEQUENCE DELETION; or other CHROMOSOME BREAKAGE related aberrations.DNA, Satellite: Highly repetitive DNA sequences found in HETEROCHROMATIN, mainly near centromeres. They are composed of simple sequences (very short) (see MINISATELLITE REPEATS) repeated in tandem many times to form large blocks of sequence. Additionally, following the accumulation of mutations, these blocks of repeats have been repeated in tandem themselves. The degree of repetition is on the order of 1000 to 10 million at each locus. Loci are few, usually one or two per chromosome. They were called satellites since in density gradients, they often sediment as distinct, satellite bands separate from the bulk of genomic DNA owing to a distinct BASE COMPOSITION.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Spindle Apparatus: A microtubule structure that forms during CELL DIVISION. It consists of two SPINDLE POLES, and sets of MICROTUBULES that may include the astral microtubules, the polar microtubules, and the kinetochore microtubules.Chromosomal Instability: An increased tendency to acquire CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS when various processes involved in chromosome replication, repair, or segregation are dysfunctional.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Chromosome Duplication: An aberration in which an extra chromosome or a chromosomal segment is made.Body Surface Potential Mapping: Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Cosmids: Plasmids containing at least one cos (cohesive-end site) of PHAGE LAMBDA. They are used as cloning vehicles.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Diploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Abnormalities, MultipleGenes, Recessive: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.Homozygote: An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Polyploidy: The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Mosaicism: The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Chromatids: Either of the two longitudinally adjacent threads formed when a eukaryotic chromosome replicates prior to mitosis. The chromatids are held together at the centromere. Sister chromatids are derived from the same chromosome. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.DNA Replication: The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.Gene Dosage: The number of copies of a given gene present in the cell of an organism. An increase in gene dosage (by GENE DUPLICATION for example) can result in higher levels of gene product formation. GENE DOSAGE COMPENSATION mechanisms result in adjustments to the level GENE EXPRESSION when there are changes or differences in gene dosage.Loss of Heterozygosity: The loss of one allele at a specific locus, caused by a deletion mutation; or loss of a chromosome from a chromosome pair, resulting in abnormal HEMIZYGOSITY. It is detected when heterozygous markers for a locus appear monomorphic because one of the ALLELES was deleted.Polytene Chromosomes: Extra large CHROMOSOMES, each consisting of many identical copies of a chromosome lying next to each other in parallel.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Genes, Dominant: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.Nuclear Proteins: Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Epicardial Mapping: Recording the locations and measurements of electrical activity in the EPICARDIUM by placing electrodes on the surface of the heart to analyze the patterns of activation and to locate arrhythmogenic sites.Cell Cycle Proteins: Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Interphase: The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).Cytogenetics: A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the CHROMOSOMES, and location of the GENES on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the CELL CYCLE.Cytogenetic Analysis: Examination of CHROMOSOMES to diagnose, classify, screen for, or manage genetic diseases and abnormalities. Following preparation of the sample, KARYOTYPING is performed and/or the specific chromosomes are analyzed.Chromatin: The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Gene Rearrangement: The ordered rearrangement of gene regions by DNA recombination such as that which occurs normally during development.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Prophase: The first phase of cell nucleus division, in which the CHROMOSOMES become visible, the CELL NUCLEUS starts to lose its identity, the SPINDLE APPARATUS appears, and the CENTRIOLES migrate toward opposite poles.Karyotype: The full set of CHROMOSOMES presented as a systematized array of METAPHASE chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single CELL NUCLEUS arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the CENTROMERE. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Chromosome Fragile Sites: Specific loci that show up during KARYOTYPING as a gap (an uncondensed stretch in closer views) on a CHROMATID arm after culturing cells under specific conditions. These sites are associated with an increase in CHROMOSOME FRAGILITY. They are classified as common or rare, and by the specific culture conditions under which they develop. Fragile site loci are named by the letters "FRA" followed by a designation for the specific chromosome, and a letter which refers to which fragile site of that chromosome (e.g. FRAXA refers to fragile site A on the X chromosome. It is a rare, folic acid-sensitive fragile site associated with FRAGILE X SYNDROME.)Monosomy: The condition in which one chromosome of a pair is missing. In a normally diploid cell it is represented symbolically as 2N-1.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Genes, X-Linked: Genes that are located on the X CHROMOSOME.Sex Chromosome Disorders: Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal sex chromosome constitution (SEX CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS), in which there is extra or missing sex chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment).Chromosome Breakpoints: The locations in specific DNA sequences where CHROMOSOME BREAKS have occurred.Spermatocytes: Male germ cells derived from SPERMATOGONIA. The euploid primary spermatocytes undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to the haploid secondary spermatocytes which in turn give rise to SPERMATIDS.Haploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented once. Symbol: N.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Ploidies: The degree of replication of the chromosome set in the karyotype.

*  Contains the keyword Chromosome Mapping | BCM-HGSC
the keyword Chromosome Mapping. BCM-HGSC. Skip to Content. ... Contains the keyword Chromosome Mapping. BCM-HGSC. Home BCM About Us. Faculty Projects. Human Cancer Genomics. The Cancer Genome Atlas Project TCGA Intracranial germ cell tumors Pancreaticobiliary and duodenal tumors Polycythemia vera Human Genomics. Genomic Variation Charcot-Marie-Tooth Project CHARGE Consortium Human Genome Project Ion Channel Project Medical Re-sequencing SNP Discovery Non-Human Arthropods. Asian long-horned beetle Bark scorpion Bed bug Brown marmorated stink bug Brown recluse spider Bull-headed dung beetle Caddisfly Colorado potato beetle Common house spider Emerald ash borer Eurytemora affinis German cockroach Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter Hackberry petiole gall psyllid Hrabe s jumping bristletail Hyalella azteca Mayfly Mediterranean fruit fly Milkweed bug Parasitic wasp: T. abietinus Scarce Chaser Sheep blowfly Silvestri s Northern Forcepstail Turnip sawfly Velvet worm Water strider Western black widow spider Western flower...
https://hgsc.bcm.edu/biblio/keyword/121?page=1
*  Flashcards - Bio CH 13 chromosomes/mapping/genetics
- Bio CH 13 chromosomes/mapping/genetics. Bio CH 13 chromosomes/mapping/genetics. Card Set Information ... tjtolman. Bio CH 13 chromosomes/mapping/genetics. Bio. human genetics...
https://freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=140271
*  INTEGRATING THE GENETIC AND PHYSICAL CHROMOSOME MAPS OF BRASSICA OLERACEA VAR. ALBOGLABRA
AND PHYSICAL CHROMOSOME MAPS OF BRASSICA OLERACEA VAR. ... AND PHYSICAL CHROMOSOME MAPS OF BRASSICA OLERACEA VAR. ... , meiosis, physical mapping, repetitive sequences, unique sequences...
http://actahort.org/books/539/539_8.htm
*  The origin of human chromosome 2 analyzed by comparative chromosome mapping with a DNA microlibrary
The origin of human chromosome 2 analyzed by comparative chromosome mapping with a DNA microlibrary. Evangelische ... The origin of human chromosome 2 analyzed by comparative chromosome mapping with a DNA microlibrary. In: Chromosome...
https://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/9398/
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Cricetus | Read by QxMD
-comparative-chromosome-map-of-cricetus-cricetus-and-peromyscus ... Comparative Chromosome Map of Cricetus cricetus and Peromyscus...
https://readbyqxmd.com/keyword/48106
*  Chromosome map definition | Drugs.com
Chromosome map definition. Drugs.com. Skip to Content ... Medical Dictionary. Chromosome map. Print. Medical Term: chromosome map. Definition: a systematic, semiabstract...
https://drugs.com/dict/chromosome-map.html
*  Restriction-enzyme definition
technology and for chromosome mapping restriction enzyme noun...
http://definithing.com/define-dictionary/restriction-enzyme/
*  .. Characterization and Functions of Imprinted Genes on Proximal Chromosome 7
characterization and functions of imprinted genes on proximal chromosome azim surani wellcome crc institute university of cambridge three imprinted genes have so far been identified on proximal chromosome peg was the first gene to be identified which encodes a c h type zinc finger protein and it exhibits paternal allele specific expression we also recently detected another novel paternally expressed gene oat which maps at bp upstream of peg and that is transcribed in the opposite direction to peg in addition a kruppel type zinc finger gene zim has also been reported within kb downstream of peg but this gene shows expression of the maternal allele only expression patterns of all these three genes are dissimilar which suggests that their expression is regulated by distinct gene specific control elements we are investigating the organization and mechanism of imprinting of these genes and their functions during development and in adults peg is the most extensively studied gene so far ...
http://geneimprint.com/utilities/abstract-ajax.php?page=1999-dublin&id=1156794575&height=500&width=680
*  High-Resolution Mutation Mapping Reveals Parallel Experimental Evolution in Yeast
... . . . High-Resolution Mutation Mapping Reveals Parallel Experimental Evolution in Yeast. DSpace/Manakin Repository. DASH Home. Faculty of Arts and Sciences. FAS Scholarly Articles View Item. Login. High-Resolution Mutation Mapping Reveals Parallel Experimental Evolution in Yeast. Download Full Text. Citable link to this page. . . Title:. High-Resolution Mutation Mapping Reveals Parallel Experimental Evolution in Yeast. Author:. Segrè, Ayellet V ; Leu, Jun-Yi ; Murray, Andrew W. Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors. Citation:. Segrè, Ayellet V., Andrew W. Murray, and Jun-Yi Leu. 2006. High-resolution mutation mapping reveals parallel experimental evolution in yeast. PLoS Biology 4 8 : e256. Full Text Related Files:. 1514788.pdf 967.2Kb; PDF. Abstract:. Understanding the genetic basis of evolutionary adaptation is limited by our ability to efficiently identify the genomic locations of adaptive mutations. Here we describe a method that can quickly and precisely map the genetic ...
http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/4455977
*  Chromosome regions
... image frame diagram of a duplicated and condensed metaphase eukaryotic chromosome chromatid one of the two identical parts of the chromosome after s phase centromere the point where the two chromatids touch and where the microtubules attach short arm p long arm q several chromosome regions have been defined by convenience in order to talk about gene loci most important is the distinction between chromosome region p and chromosome region q these are virtual regions that exist in all chromosome s during cell division the molecules that compose chromosomes dna and protein s suffer a condensation process called the chromatin condensation that forms a compact and small complex called a chromatid the complexes containing the duplicated dna molecules the sister chromatids are attached to each other by the centromere the centromere divides each chromosome into two regions the smaller one which is the p region and the bigger one the q region the sister chromatids will be distributed to each daughter cell at the e...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_regions
*  References
Mammalian Genome 2: 106-109. See also MGI. See also MGI. See also PubMed. Genome 1: 206-210. See also MGI. L., and Katz, D., eds. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ USA. See also PubMed. K., eds. Sinauer New York , pp. Review: PCR analysis of DNA sequences in single cells: Single sperm gene mapping and genetic disease diagnosis. Genomics 8: 415-419. See also PubMed. See also MGI. Nature Genetics 6: 363-368. See also MGI. Gene trees and the origins of inbred strains of mice. Science 254: 554-558. See also MGI. Mouse Genome 88: 7-8. Genetics by gel electrophoresis: the impact of pulsed field gel electrophoresis on mammalian genetics. Mapping genes in the mouse using single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of recombinant inbred strains and interspecific crosses. Most classical Mus musculus domesticus laboratory mouse strains carry a Mus musculus musculus Y chromosome. Development and applications of a molecular genetic linkage map of the mouse genome. The generation of a library of PCR-analyzed m...
http://informatics.jax.org/silverbook/references.shtml
*  MGI 6.0 - Marker Mapping Data Query Results (Summary)
MGI 6.0 - Marker Mapping Data Query Results Summary. Genes Markers Query. Batch Query. Mouse Genome Browser. Mammalian Phenotype MP Browser. Human Disease OMIM Browser. Gene Expression Data Query. GO Browser. Genes Markers Query. Batch Query. Mouse Genome Browser. Batch Query. Reference Query. Gene Expression Literature Query. GO Browser. Human Disease OMIM Browser. Mammalian Phenotype MP Browser. Batch Query. Mouse Genome Browser. All MGI Reports. Batch Query. Gene Expression. Phenotypes Mutants Community Resources. Experiment Type = CROSS Experiment Chr Cross Type Mapping Panel Reference CROSS 6 Backcross J:40150 Forbes CA, Genomics 1997 May 1;41 3 :406-13 CROSS 6 Backcross J:40150 Forbes CA, Genomics 1997 May 1;41 3 :406-13 2 matching items displayed Experiment Type = IN SITU Experiment Chr Band Reference IN SITU 6 F1-G3 J:1697 Hilliker C, Mamm Genome 1992;3 8 :469-71 IN SITU 6 F1-G3 J:1697 Hilliker C, Mamm Genome 1992;3 8 :469-71 IN SITU 6 telomeric region J:1697 Hilliker C, Mamm Genome 1992;3 8 :469-71 I...
http://informatics.jax.org/searches/mapdata_report_by_marker.cgi?86511
*  High-resolution mapping of the 3D organization of chromosomes - CNRS Web site - CNRS
... Skip to content. skip to menu. Search Search. You are here: CNRS. Media. Paris, 20 January 2012 High-resolution mapping of the 3D organization of chromosomes In collaboration with researchers from the Weizmann Institute in Israel, a team from the Institut de Génétique Humaine CNRS has, for the first time, revealed the detailed three-dimensional architecture of chromosomes 1 : Giacomo Cavalli and his colleagues have achieved high-resolution 2 mapping of the different contacts that exist within and between chromosomes. They performed this feat using a new very high-throughput technique improved by the Montpellier team. This major research work should shed new light on the impact of 3D chromosome organization on genome 3 expression and on the onset of diseases such as cancer. It is published in the online version of the journal Cell of 19 January 2012. Researchers had suspected for years: individuals are more than the sum of their genes and therefore the architecture of their chromosomes could also be a key...
http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/1963.htm?theme1=7&debut=8
*  Psych Central - Scientists analyze chromosomes 2 and 4
... Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. NHGRI-supported researchers discover largest 'gene deserts'; find new clues to ancestral chromosome fusion event. The sequencing work on the chromosomes was carried out as part of the Human Genome Project at Washington University; Broad Institute of MIT, Cambridge, Mass.; Stanford DNA Sequencing and Technology Development Center, Stanford, Calif.; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, England; National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Genoscope, Evry, France; Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; University of Washington Multimegabase Sequencing Center, Seattle; U.S. The new analysis confirmed the existence of 1,346 protein-coding genes on chromosome 2 and 796 protein-coding genes on chromosome 4. As part of their examination of chromosome 4, the researchers found what are believed to be the largest "gene deserts" yet discovered in the human genome sequence. These r...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2005-04/nhgr-sac040605.html
*  Happy mapping
... in genetics happy mapping first proposed by paul h dear and peter r cook in is a method used to study the linkage between two or more dna sequences according to the it is mapping based on the analysis of approximately haploid dna samples using the polymerase chain reaction in genomics happy mapping can be applied to assess the synteny and orientation of various dna sequences across a particular genome the generation of a genomic map as with linkage mapping happy mapping relies on the differential probability of two or more dna sequences being separated in genetic mapping the probability of a recombination event between two genetic loci on the same chromosome is directly proportional to the distance between them happy mapping replaces recombination with fragmentation instead of relying on recombination to separate genetic loci the entire genome is fragmented for example by radiation or mechanical shearing if the dna is broken on a random basis the longer the distance between two dna sequences the higher t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_mapping
*  Mapping proteins on chromosome 19 -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Rocks Show First Photosynthesis That Made Oxygen. Understanding Others' Thoughts Helps Kids to Lie. Extremely Light Storage Device as E-Car Battery. Birds Flew Over the Heads of Dinosaurs. Hog-Nose Rat Discovered. Foot Fossil: Evolutionary Messiness of Walking. Migrating Songbirds Can Be Tricked by Magnets. Fossils Intensify Mystery of Odd Toothy Mammal. Predator Survives, but Ecosystem Crashes. Restoring Vision With Stem Cells. Science News from research organizations. Mapping proteins on chromosome 19. Date: February 3, 2011 Source: Lund University Summary: Today, we know what all the genes on a person's 46 chromosomes look like, but it is only by studying the gene coding information linked to different proteins that we can gain knowledge that can lead to new drug developments. Researchers at one university have now taken on responsibility for coordinating the mapping of all the proteins of chromosome 19. Share:. Tota...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110203081453.htm
*  JCVI: Chromosomal Distribution of 320 Genes from a Brain CDNA Library
jcvi chromosomal distribution of genes from a brain cdna library home about research sustainable lab publications education giving press careers contact listing about publications citation polymeropoulos m h xiao h sikela j m adams m venter j c merril c r chromosomal distribution of genes from a brain cdna library nat genet aug pubmed citation abstract we have determined the chromosomal assignment of brain expressed genes by studying the segregation of polymerase chain reaction pcr products in human rodent somatic cell hybrids and by genetically mapping polymorphic cdnas using the ceph centre d etude du polymophisme humaine reference pedigrees and database these mapped genes can function as markers on the physical map of the human genome as well as serve as candidate disease gene loci distribution of these genes to the human chromosomes correlates well with the gc content of the chromosomes however the distribution of these genes does not correlate well with the cytogenetic length of each chromosome back to l...
http://jcvi.org/cms/publications/listing/abstract/article/chromosomal-distribution-of-320-genes-from-a-brain-cdna-library/
*  ING1
ing ing inhibitor of growth protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ing gene function location on chromosome interactions references further reading external links function this gene encodes a tumor suppressor protein that can induce cell growth arrest and apoptosis the encoded protein is a nuclear protein that physically interacts with the tumor suppressor protein tp and is a component of the p signaling pathway reduced expression and rearrangement of this gene have been detected in various cancers multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported location on chromosome ing is located near the following genes on chromosome carkd carbohydrate kinase domain containing protein unknown function col a a subunit of type iv collagen rab potential regulator of connexin trafficking cars mitochondrial cystienyl trna synthetase interactions ing has been shown to interact with creb binding protein dmap hdac p pcna sap sin a smarca and smarcc references further...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ING1
*  Origins Map on Forge Island
... Search Older Posts on This Forum: Posts on Current Forum. View Thread. Origins Map on Forge Island. DOWNLOAD MAP HERE https://www.halowaypoint.com/en-us/players/sespider/halo4/fileshare #!/?section=GameMap&SearchDate=7&SortBy=2&view-select=Tile&startIndex=0&details=9e1ce458-54af-46ba-98a8-9552ef8decfb No images yet so I've substituted the images for this post. Map Name: Origins Layout This is a simple layout and VERY easy to navigate for Halo Vets. For every structure is based off of a classic structure/area from the Original Halo. http://hce.halomaps.org/images/files/lg/ACF330.jpg 2 The Reds get the Beach structure and the Covie Sniper Tower. http://cdn2.planetminecraft.com/files/resource media/screenshot/1239/2012-09-26 164529 3694760.jpg http://images.mocpages.com/user images/16468/1233808905m SPLASH.jpg 3 No spawns have been made for Gold and Purple bases yet. Purple base is the side structure also found on the Instillation 04 map. This structure can be seen at the bottom of this image: http://downlo...
http://carnage.bungie.org/haloforum/halo.forum.pl?read=1178162
*  Genatlas sheet
... selected genatlas references source genecards ncbi gene ensembl hgnc unigene nucleotide omim ucsc home page flash gene symbol krt p contributors npt updated hgnc name keratin pseudogene hgnc id flash gene dna rna expression protein disorder animal cell models location p physical location dna type pseudogene mapping cloned y linked n status provisional rna transcripts type expression protein associated disorders animal cell models...
http://genatlas.medecine.univ-paris5.fr/fiche.php?symbol=KRT18P40
*  Esri Mapping Center - Ask a Cartographer
... Ask A Cartographer Data Frame coordinate system different from data projection March 23 2009. 1 comment Categories: ArcGIS Methods, Map Elements I'm starting a new mapping project using our corporate data stored in UTM projection. The data frame for the map series will have a UTM projection but the data frame boundary will be geographical i.e., a 2-degree lat/lon system. Mapping Center Answer: What you're looking for is a grid we loosely shortened our internal term of "Map Grid" for the user interface for your data frame. In the help we called these reference systems*. There are three kinds of grids or reference systems: 1. Graticule what you're asking for, which displays latitude and longitude coordinates. 2 Measured Grid, which displays the coordinates of a coordinate system that you choose could be UTM, or here in the U.S., State Plane. To add a grid to your data frame, open the data frame's properties and click on the Grids tab. Click the New Grid button to launch the wizard default option; if you've...
http://mappingcenter.esri.com/index.cfm?fa=ask.answers&q=676
*  SPDYE1
spdye spdye multiple issues speedy homolog e xenopus laevis is a protein that in humans is encoded by the spdye gene function this gene is located at chromosome p which is close to the williams beuren syndrome chromosome region q evidence data start transcript exon combination af al rnaseq introns single sample supports all introns ers evidence data end references further reading category genes on human chromosome...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPDYE1
*  MiR-212
mir mir multiple issues mir is a short non coding rna molecule microrna s function to regulate the expression levels of other genes by several mechanisms generally reducing protein levels through the cleavage of mrna s or the repression of their translation several targets for mir have been described including mediators of neurological development synaptic transmission inflammation and angiogenesis the rna molecule mir arises from the mir cluster located in the intron of a non coding gene on mouse chromosome heart pathology research in germany has found that mir and mir can inhibit cardiac pathology in rodents references category rna...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MiR-212
*  WSMethod
... All Classes. DETAIL: FIELD. Interface WSMethod. Method Summary. WSEndpoint. getEndpoint. java.util.Map java.lang.String,. Gets the map of WebParameter for the webserice method represented by instance of this type. invoke java.lang.Object args, WiseMapper mapper. Invokes this method with the provided arguments applying provided mapper. void setEndpoint WSEndpoint endpoint. Method Detail. InvocationResult invoke java.lang.Object args, WiseMapper mapper throws InvocationException , java.lang.IllegalArgumentException, MappingException. Invokes this method with the provided arguments applying provided mapper. Parameters: args - the arguments to call operation. It could be a generic Object to be passed to provided mapper. If mapper is null args must be a Map. This Map have to contain entries for all needed parameters, keys have to reflect operation parameter name as defined in wsdl. Keys which names are not defined in wsdls will be simply ignored. Implementation will take care values nullability will reflect "...
http://docs.jboss.org/wise/0.9/apiDocs/org/jboss/wise/core/client/WSMethod.html
*  #22799 y[1] w[67c23]; Mi{ET1}Liprin-gamma[MB00440]
y w mi et liprin gamma home browse search order fees accounts fly food supplies import permits bloomington stock report stock number plain text genotype y w mi et liprin gamma genotype with flybase links y w c mi et liprin γ mb chromosome s affected insertion chromosome s breakpoints or insertion site d r r ti date added to collection donor gene disruption project donor s source hugo j bellen comments flanking sequences map nucleotides apart but both ends show canonical minos sequences g d p may be segregating cyo k c flybase id fbst date report created top home...
http://flystocks.bio.indiana.edu/Reports/22799.html
*  RALGPS1
ralgps ralgps ral gef with ph domain and sh binding motif is a protein in humans that is encoded by the ralgps gene in chromosome references further reading category genes on human chromosome category human proteins...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RALGPS1
*  Functional neurological mapping
... redirect neuroimaging...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_neurological_mapping
*  Chromosome conformation capture
... 'Chromosome conformation capture',. 1 or '3C', is a high-throughput molecular biology technique used to analyze the organization of chromosomes in a cell's natural state. Studying the structural properties and spatial organization of chromosomes is important for the understanding and evaluation of the regulation of gene expression, DNA replication and repair, and recombination. One example of chromosomal interactions influencing gene expression is a chromosomal region which can fold in order to bring an enhancer and associated transcription factor s within close proximity of a gene, as was first shown in the beta-globin locus. Several techniques have been developed from 3C to increase the throughput of quantifying a chromosome’s interactions with other chromosomes and with proteins. 1 3C and ChIP version of 3C ChIP-loop assay, 2 4C and ChIP version of 4C enhanced 4C, 3 5C and 3D assays and 4 Genome conformation capture GCC related Hi-C, ChIP version of GCC as 6C. Chromosome Conformation Capture 3C Circul...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_conformation_capture
*  Meaning of Acrocentric Chromosome
... Meanings. Crossword. Category. Calendar. More. All words A to Z. All sources. Popular Words. Webster's dictionary. News -------------. Enzyklo DE. Encyclo NL. . Search. acrocentric chromosome - a chromosome with the centromere near one end so that one chromosomal arm is short and one is long. Found on http://www.webdictionary.co.uk/definition.php?query=acrocentric%20chromosom. Acrocentric chromosome Acrocentric chromosome: A chromosome one of the microscopically visible carriers of the genetic material DNA with its centromere the 'waist' of the chromosome located quite near one end of the chromosome. The 'acro-' in acrocentric comes from the Greek 'akron' meaning 'the end.' Humans have 5 pairs of acrocentric chromosomes. Down syndrome tri... Found on http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2123. acrocentric chromosome A chromosome with the centromere placed very close to one end so that the short arm is very small, often with a satellite. ... 05 Mar 2000 ... Found on http://www.mondofacto....
http://encyclo.co.uk/meaning-of-Acrocentric Chromosome
*  Premature chromosome condensation
... pcc occurs in eukaryotic organisms when mitotic cells fuse with interphase cells chromatin a substance that contains genetic material such as dna is normally found in a loose bundle inside a cell s nucleus during the prophase of mitosis the chromatin in a cell compacts to form condensed chromosome s this condensation is required in order for the cell to divide properly while mitotic cells have condensed chromosomes interphase cells do not pcc results when an interphase cell fuses with a mitotic cell causing the interphase cell to produce condensed chromosomes prematurely the appearance of a prematurely condensed chromosome depends on the stage that the interphase cell was in chromosomes that are condensed during the g phase are usually long and have a single strand while chromosomes condensed during the s phase appear crushed condensation during the g phase yields long chromosomes with two chromatid s references category chromosomes category mitosis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premature_chromosome_condensation
*  Chromosomes ( Read ) | Biology | CK-12 Foundation
Chromosomes. Practice Chromosomes Practice. Cell Biology. Chromosomes. Chromosomes, like those shown here, must form prior to cell division, to ensure that each daughter cell receives a complete set of genetic material. Chromosomes In eukaryotic cells, the nucleus divides before the cell itself divides. The process in which the nucleus divides is called mitosis. Before mitosis occurs, a cell’s DNA is replicated. This is necessary so that each daughter cell will have a complete copy of the genetic material from the parent cell. How is the replicated DNA sorted and separated so that each daughter cell gets a complete set of the genetic material. Chromosomes are coiled structures made of DNA and proteins. Chromosomes are the form of the genetic material of a cell during cell division. Instead, it exists as a grainy material called chromatin. The vocabulary of DNA: chromosomes, chromatids, chromatin, transcription, translation, and replication is discussed at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9HPNwXd9fk 18:23. They...
http://ck12.org/biology/Chromosomes/lesson/Chromosomes/r25/
*  Chromosome - Biology-Online Dictionary
... Join for Free. Login. Welcome to Biology Online. Login. Remember me. Answers to all your biology questions Home. Blog. Forum. Dictionary. Articles. Tutorials. Books. Directory. Share. Search. Quick links: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9 OTHER View. View source. History. Chromosome Definition. noun, plural: chromosomes. A structure within the cell that bears the genetic material as a threadlike linear strand of DNA bonded to various proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells , or as a circular strand of DNA or RNA in some viruses in the cytoplasm of prokaryotes and in the mitochondrion and chloroplast of certain eukaryotes. In eukaryotes , the chromosomes appear as threadlike strand that condense into thicker structures and aligns on the metaphase plate during mitosis. Humans normally have 23 pairs of chromosomes, each with a characteristic length and banding pattern. Chromosomes occur in pairs in most somatic cells since one member of each pair comes from the mother and the other...
http://biology-online.org/dictionary/Chromosome
*  Eukaryotic chromosome structure
... 'Eukaryotic chromosome structure' refers to the levels of packaging from the raw DNA molecules to the chromosomal structures seen during metaphase in mitosis or meiosis. Compared to prokaryotic chromosomes, eukaryotic chromosomes are much larger in size and are linear chromosomes. 1 Eukaryotic chromosomes are also stored in the nucleus of the cell, while chromosomes of prokaryotic cells are not stored in a nucleus. Scientists also discovered plant and animal cells have a central compartment called the nucleus. Each chromosome consists enormously long linear DNA molecule associated with proteins that fold and pack the fine thread of DNA into a more compact structure. About 147 base pairs of DNA coil around 1 octamer, and ~20 base pair s are sequestered by the addition of the linker histone H1, and various length of "linker" DNA ~0-100 bp separate the nucleosomes. The double helix was discovered in 1953 by James Watson and Francis Crick. But it was up to Watson and Crick to put all of those findings togeth...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eukaryotic_chromosome_structure
*  Phys.org - chromosomes(... continued page 8)
Phys.org - chromosomes ... Home chromosomes. genes · genome · cells · dna · cell division. Nov 07, 2013 in Biotechnology. Using three dimensional modeling techniques, advanced computer simulation and next generation sequencing technology, faculty at the University of Massachusetts Medical School UMMS and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ... Nov 07, 2013 in Cell & Microbiology. Oct 29, 2013 in Biotechnology. Cohesins are protein complexes that join the two copies of each chromosome—called sister chromatids—to ensure that they are shared fairly between the daughter cells during cell division. Oct 18, 2013 in Cell & Microbiology. Oct 01, 2013 in Cell & Microbiology. Sep 27, 2013 in Cell & Microbiology. Sep 25, 2013 in Biotechnology. Sep 25, 2013 in Cell & Microbiology. Sep 23, 2013 in Biotechnology. Origins of genomic 'dark matter' discovered. This "dark matter"—called non-coding RNA—does not contain the blueprint for making proteins ... Sep 18, 2013 in Biotechnology. A chromosome is an organized struct...
http://phys.org/tags/chromosomes/page8.html
*  Chromomere
... a chromomere also known as an idiomere is one of the serially aligned beads or granules of a eukaryotic chromosome resulting from local coiling of a continuous dna thread in areas of chromatin with the absence of transcription condensing of dna and protein complexes will result in the formation of chromomeres it is visible on a chromosome during the prophase of meiosis and mitosis giant banded polytene chromosomes resulting from the replication of the chromosomes and the synapsis of homologs without cell division is a process called endomitosis these chromosomes consist of more than copies of the same chromatid that are aligned and produce alternating dark and light bands when stained the dark bands are the chromomere the chromomeres are present during leptotene phase of prophase i during meiosis during zygotene phase of prophase i the chromomeres of homologs align with each other to form homologous rough pairing homology searching these chromomeres helps provide a unique identity for each homologous pai...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromomere
*  Recently Active 'chromosome' Questions - Biology Stack Exchange
Recently Active 'chromosome' Questions - Biology Stack Exchange. Tagged Questions info newest frequent votes active unanswered. 4 votes. 3 answers. 1k views. evolution genetics chromosome modified 2 days ago. 3 3 votes. 21 views. homework molecular-genetics chromosome answered Sep 7 at 0:49. 0 answers. 24 views. chromosome polyploidy modified Sep 3 at 19:25. 0 votes. 21 views. Whole Genome Sequencing and B Chromosomes Do whole genome sequencing techniques detect B chromosomes if such chromosomes are present. dna-sequencing chromosome answered Aug 31 at 18:40. 3 answers. 35 views. dna-sequencing chromosome answered Aug 31 at 17:41. 0 answers. 54 views. dna-sequencing chromosome modified Aug 31 at 11:31. 38 votes. 4 answers. 4k views. evolution embryology chromosome polyploidy modified Aug 31 at 1:11. 0 votes. 0 answers. 41 views. 11 votes. 4 answers. 213 views. genetics molecular-genetics chromosome cytogenetics modified Aug 18 at 14:42. genetics cell-biology human-genetics chromosome human-genome modi...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/tagged/chromosome?sort=active
*  evolution - Is there an advantage to linear chromosomes? - Biology Stack Exchange
evolution - Is there an advantage to linear chromosomes. - Biology Stack Exchange. Biology Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Biology Questions. Sign up. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. Is there an advantage to linear chromosomes. Because of this, eukaryotes have a telomere to cap off their chromosomes. However, multi-cellular organisms evolved from single-cell eukaryotes. However, single cell eukaryotes say yeast still have linear chromosomes with telomere caps. What advantage did linear chromosomes provide single-cell eukaryotes to offset the extra investment in reparing the telomere. Related questions. What is the advantage of circular DNA in bacteria. evolution dna cell-biology senescence chromosome share. : MCM Sep 7 '12 at 2:33. Artem Kaznatcheev Sep 7 '12 at 2:51. Condensing a linear genome isn't hard on the actual DNA so much ...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/3455/is-there-an-advantage-to-linear-chromosomes
*  Anti -SMC2 (SMC Protein 2, Structural Maintenance Of Chromosomes Protein 2, Chromosome-associated Pr
anti smc smc protein structural maintenance of chromosomes protein chromosome associated protein e hcap e xcap e homolog smc cape smc l pro united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home antibodies antibodies cell division cycle cdc anti smc smc protein structural maintenance of chromosomes protein chromosome associated protein e hcap e xcap e homolog smc cape smc l pro anti smc smc protein structural maintenance of chromosomes protein chromosome associated protein e hcap e xcap e homolog smc cape smc l pro pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications clone host grade applications polyclonal rabbit affinity purified b catalog s m applications suitable for use in western bl...
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*  Chromosomes | CK-12 Foundation
Chromosomes. CK-12 Foundation meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/". Help. Join. Sign In. Help. Join. Sign In. Chromosomes. Chromosomes are complex assemblies of protein and DNA and are challenging to replicate properly. Biology. Cell Biology. READ. Chromosomes. An introduction to chromosomes. VIDEO. Chromosomes. A brief introductory video to chromosomes. Practice. Practice questions. CK-12 Content. All Content. At Grade. All Levels. At Grade. Levels are CK-12's student achievement levels. Basic Students matched to this level have a partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficient work. At Grade Proficient Students matched to this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real-world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to subject matter. Advanced Students matched to this level are ready for material that requires superior performance and mastery. Read. Vide...
http://ck12.org/biology/Chromosomes/
*  Chromosome disease
... redirect chromosome abnormality...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_disease
*  MOPED
Organism: Human Mouse Worm Yeast. ---Select A Chromosome--- Human chromosome-1 Human chromosome-2 Human chromosome-3 Human chromosome-4 Human chromosome-5 Human chromosome-6 Human chromosome-7 Human chromosome-8 Human chromosome-9 Human chromosome-10 Human chromosome-11 Human chromosome-12 Human chromosome-13 Human chromosome-14 Human chromosome-15 Human chromosome-16 Human chromosome-17 Human chromosome-18 Human chromosome-19 Human chromosome-20 Human chromosome-21 Human chromosome-22 Human chromosome-MT Human chromosome-X Human chromosome-Y Mouse chromosome-1 Mouse chromosome-2 Mouse chromosome-3 Mouse chromosome-4 Mouse chromosome-5 Mouse chromosome-6 Mouse chromosome-7 Mouse chromosome-8 Mouse chromosome-9 Mouse chromosome-10 Mouse chromosome-11 Mouse chromosome-12 Mouse chromosome-13 Mouse chromosome-14 Mouse chromosome-15 Mouse chromosome-16 Mouse chromosome-17 Mouse chromosome-18 Mouse chromosome-19 Mouse chromosome-MT Mouse chromosome-X Mouse chromosome-Y Worm chromosome-I Worm chromosome-II Worm chro...
https://proteinspire.org/MOPED/mopedviews/proteinExpressionDatabase.jsf?organismId=Human&geneId=ZNF469
*  MOPED
Organism: Human Mouse Worm Yeast. ---Select A Chromosome--- Human chromosome-1 Human chromosome-2 Human chromosome-3 Human chromosome-4 Human chromosome-5 Human chromosome-6 Human chromosome-7 Human chromosome-8 Human chromosome-9 Human chromosome-10 Human chromosome-11 Human chromosome-12 Human chromosome-13 Human chromosome-14 Human chromosome-15 Human chromosome-16 Human chromosome-17 Human chromosome-18 Human chromosome-19 Human chromosome-20 Human chromosome-21 Human chromosome-22 Human chromosome-MT Human chromosome-X Human chromosome-Y Mouse chromosome-1 Mouse chromosome-2 Mouse chromosome-3 Mouse chromosome-4 Mouse chromosome-5 Mouse chromosome-6 Mouse chromosome-7 Mouse chromosome-8 Mouse chromosome-9 Mouse chromosome-10 Mouse chromosome-11 Mouse chromosome-12 Mouse chromosome-13 Mouse chromosome-14 Mouse chromosome-15 Mouse chromosome-16 Mouse chromosome-17 Mouse chromosome-18 Mouse chromosome-19 Mouse chromosome-MT Mouse chromosome-X Mouse chromosome-Y Worm chromosome-I Worm chromosome-II Worm chro...
https://proteinspire.org/MOPED/mopedviews/proteinExpressionDatabase.jsf?organismId=Human&geneId=PRICKLE1
*  MOPED
---Select A Chromosome--- Human chromosome-1 Human chromosome-2 Human chromosome-3 Human chromosome-4 Human chromosome-5 Human chromosome-6 Human chromosome-7 Human chromosome-8 Human chromosome-9 Human chromosome-10 Human chromosome-11 Human chromosome-12 Human chromosome-13 Human chromosome-14 Human chromosome-15 Human chromosome-16 Human chromosome-17 Human chromosome-18 Human chromosome-19 Human chromosome-20 Human chromosome-21 Human chromosome-22 Human chromosome-MT Human chromosome-X Human chromosome-Y Mouse chromosome-1 Mouse chromosome-2 Mouse chromosome-3 Mouse chromosome-4 Mouse chromosome-5 Mouse chromosome-6 Mouse chromosome-7 Mouse chromosome-8 Mouse chromosome-9 Mouse chromosome-10 Mouse chromosome-11 Mouse chromosome-12 Mouse chromosome-13 Mouse chromosome-14 Mouse chromosome-15 Mouse chromosome-16 Mouse chromosome-17 Mouse chromosome-18 Mouse chromosome-19 Mouse chromosome-MT Mouse chromosome-X Mouse chromosome-Y Worm chromosome-I Worm chromosome-II Worm chromosome-III Worm chromosome-IV Worm...
https://proteinspire.org/MOPED/mopedviews/proteinExpressionDatabase.jsf?organismId=Human&geneId=KIAA1279
*  Cybrid formation in mouse L cells: the influence of cytoplast-to-cell ratio.
... BioMedSearch. Advanced Search. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Cybrid formation in mouse L cells: the influence of cytoplast-to-cell ratio. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 605388 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. The frequency of cybrid colony formation was measured in fusions between enucleated chloramphenicol CAP -resistant mouse cells and CAP-sensitive mouse cells in varying ratios. By labeling the CAP-resistant cytoplasts with polystyrene beads and then performing the same fusions with CAP-sensitive cells, the frequency of cybrid fusions could be measured. Comparison of the frequency of viable cybrids cybrid colonies with the frequency of cybrid fusions showed that, with increasing fusion ratios of cytoplasts to cells, the proportion of cells fused to cytoplasts increased. Further, the viability of cybrid fusions increased from about 1 in 500 to nearly 1 in 60 over the range of cytoplast-to-cell ratios studied. 7191858 - Construction of viable mouse-human hybrid cells by nuclear transplantation. 2339...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Cybrid-formation-in-mouse-L/605388.html
*  CP 55,940
cp cp drugbox iupac name methyloctan yl phenol image cp d skeletal svg width px tradename legal status routes of administration metabolism elimination half life excretion cas number pubchem chembl ref chembl smiles o c c cc c c c c cccccc c c o ccco cc c h o molecular weight g mol cp is a cannabinoid which mimics the effects of naturally occurring thc one of the psychoactive compounds found in cannabis cp was created by pfizer in but was never marketed it is currently used to study the endocannabinoid system some effects that have been noted are a greatly decreased rates of lever pressing in exposed mice and a greater reaction to opiates in exposed mice a study found that cp can upregulate ht a receptors in mice cp is times more potent than δ thc and fully antagonized by rimonabant sr a cp is considered a full agonist at both cb and cb receptors and has k i values of nm and nm respectively but is an antagonist at gpr the putative cb receptor cp showed protective effects on rat brain mitochondria upon paraquat...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP_55,940
*  Cytoplasmic hybrid
... "Cybrid". Cybrid??. Image:Xenopus-Nucleocytoplasmic-Hybrid.ogv. A ' cytoplasm ic hybrid ' or 'cybrid', a portmanteau of the two words is a eukaryotic cell line produced by the fusion of a whole cell with a cytoplast. Cytoplasts are enucleated cells. This enucleation can be effected by simultaneous application of centrifugal force and treatment of the cell with an agent that disrupts the cytoskeleton. A special case of cybrid formation involves the use of 'rho-zero' cells as the whole cell partner in the fusion. Rho-zero cells are cells which have been depleted of their own mitochondrial DNA by prolonged incubation with ethidium bromide, a chemical which inhibits mitochondrial DNA replication. The rho-zero cells do retain mitochondria and can grow in rich culture medium with certain supplements. They do retain their own nuclear genome. A cybrid is then a hybrid cell which mixes the nuclear genes from one cell with the mitochondrial genes from another cell. Using this powerful tool, it makes it possible to...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cytoplasmic_hybrid
*  Ford Fusion Hybrid for sale: Clearfield, UT - Cars.com Listings
... Find a Dealer. Review a Dealer. Advanced Search Favorites: Saved Cars 0 Saved Searches 0. Ford Fusion Hybrids for sale 35 matches near Clearfield, UT. Cars Dealers. Your Search Make Ford. Model Fusion Hybrid. Save Search Clear all. Base 5. Titanium 8. Get a fair-price estimate Find certified dealers nearby Read expert advice. Red, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# C00047. Silver, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# C00035. Oxford White, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 1904M. Black, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# C00259. White, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 61138. Blue, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# C00120. Silver, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# TFFUSION121. White, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, S...
http://cars.com/for-sale/ford/fusion-hybrid/ut/clearfield/
*  Ford Fusion Hybrid for sale: Powell, OH - Cars.com Listings
... Find a Dealer. Review a Dealer. Advanced Search Favorites: Saved Cars 0 Saved Searches 0. Ford Fusion Hybrids for sale 109 matches near Powell, OH. Cars Dealers. Your Search Make Ford. Model Fusion Hybrid. Save Search Clear all. Special Offers. Cash Back 41. Special Financing 44. Titanium 32. Get a fair-price estimate Find certified dealers nearby Read expert advice. 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# R155828. Tuxedo Black, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# R252047. Tuxedo Black, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# R142945. 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# R192149. 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# R178729. Tuxedo Black, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 150473. Tuxedo Black Metallic, 4 door, FWD, Sedan, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# ER360024. Tuxedo Black, 4 d...
http://cars.com/for-sale/ford/fusion-hybrid/oh/powell/
*  .. hybrid cars NewsAll News .. Car Comparisons .. Top Video Pick .. Most Fuel Effici
Mazda. Share this Article Tweet. Continue Reading... Share this Article Tweet. Continue Reading... Share this Article Tweet. Continue Reading... Filed under: BMW Featured Articles Hybrids Luxury Cars Tags: BMW, bmw i8, hybrid cars, i8, Luxury Cars. Filed under: Featured Articles Hybrids Japanese Toyota Tags: 2015 toyota prius, 2016 toyota prius, hybrid cars, Hybrids, prius, Toyota. Filed under: Hatchbacks Hybrids Japanese Mazda Sedans Tags: 2013 tokyo motor show, hybrid, hybrid cars, hybrid mazda3, hybrid sedans, Hybrids, Mazda, mazda axela, mazda axela hybrid, mazda3, mazda3 hybrid, tokyo motor show. Filed under: Featured Articles Hybrids Japanese Mazda Sedans Tags: hybrid, hybrid cars, hybrid mazda3, hybrid sedans, Hybrids, Mazda, mazda axela, mazda axela hybrid, mazda3, mazda3 hybrid. Filed under: Exotics Featured Articles Ferrari Hybrids Tags: Exotics, ferrari 458 hybrid, ferrari hybrids, hybrid cars, italian cars. Filed under: Aston Martin British Featured Articles Hybrids Luxury Cars Race Cars Sedans Ta...
http://autoguide.com/auto-news/tag/hybrid-cars
*  AT&T Intros MicroCell Femtocell Device::Brought to you by TechWeb
AT T Intros MicroCell Femtocell Device::Brought to you by TechWeb. AT&T Intros MicroCell Femtocell Device. Mar 26, 2010 05:03 AM EDT. Read the Original Article at http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224200443. AT&T's 3G MicroCell femtocell will be available in some markets next month as the telecom provider moves to free up spectrum space. The $150 device could be particularly helpful for iPhone users, many of whom have been plagued by dropped calls caused by AT&T's often congested network. Developed in collaboration with Cisco, the MicroCell seeks to route wireless phone calls and data across a home network. Users must have a wired broadband connection to use the femtocell. AT&T's MicroCell -- and femtocells from other companies -- have been cited by the FCC as an important antidote to the looming spectrum crisis that is growing as more and more smartphones absorb more spectrum. AT&T, which has an exclusive deal with Apple to market the iPhone, has seen much of its network become ...
http://techweb.com/taxonomy/index/printarticle/id/224200443
*  .. Thread: Bad Hybrid .. Bad Hybrid .. Facebook Activity .. Pos
. Register. Help. Remember Me. Home. Forum. General Hybrid Topics. Announcements Events. Bad Hybrid. Forum Today's Posts. FAQ. Calendar. Community Member List. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. What's New. Advanced Search. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Results 1 to 1 of 1. Thread: Bad Hybrid. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version. Email this Page…. Subscribe to this Thread…. Display. Linear Mode. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. 05-07-2012 12:15 AM. #1. . mb555. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Junior Member. Join Date May 2012 Posts 0. Bad Hybrid For anyone who's ever gotten upset with their hybrid http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQyn0gYuHoM. Reply With Quote. + Reply to Thread. Quick Navigation. An...
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*  .. Thread: Name 5 cheap Hybrid cars. .. Name 5 cheap Hybrid cars. ..
Register. Help. Forum. Driving, Maintenance Safety Issues for All Hybrids. Name 5 cheap Hybrid cars. Forum Today's Posts. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. + Reply to Thread. Thread: Name 5 cheap Hybrid cars. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Sep 2008 Posts 0. Name 5 cheap Hybrid cars. what's your top 5 cheapest hybrid cars. Reply With Quote. Remove Advertisements HybridCars.com. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Oct 2008 Posts 0. I is hard to tell the cheap I is hard to tell the cheap hybrid cars as the prices varies depends upon the quality.Toyota prius CR is the best i know now. Reply With Quote. Guest Hybrid cars are generally Hybrid cars are generally expensive. Reply With Quote. + Reply to Thread. Driving, Maintenance Safety Issues for All Hybrids. Private Messages. Search Forums. Forums Home Forums HybridCars.com News And U...
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*  .. Thread: Hybrid - worth owning if drive 95% highway? .. Hybrid - worth owning i
. Register. Help. Remember Me. Home. Forum. General Hybrid Topics. Fuel Efficiency Emissions. Hybrid - worth owning if drive 95% highway. Forum Today's Posts. FAQ. Calendar. Community Member List. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. What's New. Advanced Search. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Results 1 to 5 of 5. Thread: Hybrid - worth owning if drive 95% highway. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version. Email this Page…. Subscribe to this Thread…. Display. Switch to Linear Mode. Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. Hybrid View. 01-22-2008 10:06 PM. #1. . aegeorge. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Junior Member. Join Date Jan 2008 Posts 0. Hybrid - worth owning if drive 95% highway. I am thinking about a hybrid car, ei...
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*  .. Thread: hybrid vans .. I tried a hybrid van from .. Facebook Activity ..
Register. Forum. General Hybrid Topics. Carmakers, Market Fleets. hybrid vans. Forum Today's Posts. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Jump to page:. Thread: hybrid vans. Thread Tools. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Join Date Apr 2011 Posts 0. I tried a hybrid van from I tried a hybrid van from Toyota, but it wasn't as I expected. Instead I drove a lot of Conversion Vans while I was working and I liked how they work. When I will have the chance I will buy one for my big family. Reply With Quote. + Reply to Thread. Jump to page:. Carmakers, Market Fleets. Private Messages. Search Forums. Forums Home Forums HybridCars.com News And Updates Hybrid Cars News. Hybrid Cars General Discussion New Member Introductions. General D...
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*  Compare 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid LX 4dr Sedan vs. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco Premium Audio 4dr Sedan
... Login. New Cars. New Cars Hub. Compare. For Sale Hub. Cars for Sale. Rebates & Incentives. News & Reviews. News & Reviews Hub. Autoblog Reviews. News by Make. News by Category. Login. 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid LX 4dr Sedan. 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid vs 2013 Chevrolet Malibu vs Competitors Choose between two and five cars to see how they compare on price, features, and performance. TOP Competitors for 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid Add All to Compare. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco Premium Audio 4d... Remove 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid SE 4dr Front-wheel D... Remove 2013 Toyota Camry Hybrid LE 4dr Sedan Add to Compare. Add a Vehicle. 2013 Kia Optima Hybr... LX 4dr Sedan EX 4dr Sedan. Eco Premium Audio 4dr Sedan Eco 4dr Sedan 1LS 4dr Sedan 1LT 4dr Sedan 2LT 4dr Sedan 1LZ 4dr Sedan 3LT 4dr Sedan 2LZ 4dr Sedan. 2013 Ford Fusion Hyb... SE 4dr Front-wheel Drive Sedan Titanium 4dr Front-wheel Drive Sedan. 4th Vehicle. Add Vehicle 5th Vehicle. Add Vehicle 6th Vehicle. Add Vehicle 7th Vehicle. Add Vehicle 8th Vehicle. Add Vehicle 9th V...
http://autoblog.com/cars-compare?v1=USC30KIC141A0&v2=USC30CHC111B0&v3=USC30FOC271A0&type=top
*  Hybrid cars UK - UK guide to hybrid vehicles 2015
Hybrid cars UK - UK guide to hybrid vehicles 2015. Top 10s Top 10 Green Cars 2015 Top 10 Best MPG Cars Top 10 Low Emission Cars Top 10 Band A Tax Cars Top 10 Eco-friendly Cars Top 10 C-Charge Exempt Top 10 Economical Cars. Electric Cars Battery Electric Plug-in Hybrid Zap-Map EV Charging Hydrogen Fuel Cell EV Classifieds. Tools Calculators Car Tax Calculator Company Car Tax Calc Car Comparison Tool Fuel Cost Calculator MPG Calculator. Costs Tax Car Tax VED Company Car Tax Congestion Charge Fuel Duty Car Leasing Insurance. More NGC Rating NGC Awards 2014 NGC Approved Whole Life Costs Car Emissions New cars 2015 Car Clubs. hybrid-cars. Hybrid cars. Overview Buying guide Hybrid search Hybrid tax Technology Hybrid reviews Latest news. Since the launch of the iconic Toyota Prius back in 2000, petrol hybrid sales have gone from strength to strength to the extent that hybrid cars are now commonplace on UK roads. Next Green Car’s microsite provides an overview of the key topics around petrol and diesel hybrid car...
http://nextgreencar.com/hybrid-cars/
*  .. Thread: Hybrid not engaging when A/C is on .. Hybrid not engaging when A/C is
. Register. Help. Remember Me. Home. Forum. Hybrid Cars By Manufacturer. Ford. Ford Escape Hybrid Mercury Mariner Hybrid. Hybrid not engaging when A/C is on. Forum Today's Posts. FAQ. Calendar. Community Member List. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. What's New. Advanced Search. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Results 1 to 2 of 2. Thread: Hybrid not engaging when A/C is on. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version. Email this Page…. Subscribe to this Thread…. Display. Switch to Linear Mode. Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. Hybrid View. 11-17-2011 04:29 AM. #1. . rdague. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Junior Member. Join Date Nov 2011 Posts 0. Hybrid not engaging when A/C is on Just looking for any suggestions an...
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*  .. Thread: Good Price for 09 Civic Hybrid??? .. Good Price for 09 Civic Hybrid???
. Register. Help. Remember Me. Home. Forum. Hybrid Cars By Manufacturer. Honda. Honda Civic Hybrid. Good Price for 09 Civic Hybrid??. Forum Today's Posts. FAQ. Calendar. Community Member List. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. What's New. Advanced Search. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Results 1 to 2 of 2. Thread: Good Price for 09 Civic Hybrid??. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version. Email this Page…. Subscribe to this Thread…. Display. Linear Mode. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. 07-08-2009 05:43 PM. #1. . wrldtrvlr. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Junior Member. Join Date Jun 2009 Posts 0. Good Price for 09 Civic Hybrid??. Hey all, I am curious if what I paid is considered a good price compared...
http://hybridcars.com/forums/showthread.php?100895-Good-Price-for-09-Civic-Hybrid&p=126534
*  LE Genetics Online Review
The following diagram represents part of what process. This process, which results in the production of organisms that are genetically alike, is known as. D DNA production. The diagram below represents the organization of genetic information within a cell nucleus. Which is a technique of genetic research in which genetic information is transferred from cells of one organism to cells of another organism. Restriction enzymes are then used to cut the DNA of the plasmid at designated places in the nucleotide sequence. This section of human DNA is then placed into the space in the cut DNA of the bacterial plasmid. The human DNA codes for the synthesis of a product such as human growth hormone. The spliced bacterial DNA, which now contains a piece of human DNA, is referred to as a hybrid. How do genetic engineers remove sections from human DNA for splicing into bacterial DNA. Explain why it is not necessary to continue splicing the gene for human growth hormone into E. For many years, humans have used a variety of ...
http://lpscience.fatcow.com/jwanamaker/le_revtests/le_genetics_review.htm
*  .. Thread: Photovoltiac Requirements for Plug In Hybrids? .. Photovoltiac Require
. Register. Help. Remember Me. Home. Forum. General Hybrid Topics. Plugin Hybrids and Vehicle-to-Grid V2G. Photovoltiac Requirements for Plug In Hybrids. Forum Today's Posts. FAQ. Calendar. Community Member List. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Quick Links View Forum Leaders. What's New. Advanced Search. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. + Reply to Thread. Results 1 to 1 of 1. Thread: Photovoltiac Requirements for Plug In Hybrids. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version. Email this Page…. Subscribe to this Thread…. Display. Linear Mode. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Switch to Threaded Mode. 06-09-2010 02:46 AM. #1. . Cyparo. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Junior Member. Join Date Jun 2010 Posts 0. Photovoltiac Requirements for Plug In Hybrids. Was planning on purchasing a ...
http://hybridcars.com/forums/showthread.php?101084-EV-drivers-to-help-plan-charging-network-for-Madison-Wisconsin&goto=nextoldest
*  .. Thread: Hybrid Minivan US Availability? .. Hybrid Minivan US Availability?
Hybrid Cars General Discussion. Future Models Features. Concept Hybrids. Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Forum Today's Posts. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. + Reply to Thread. Thread: Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Reply With Quote. Remove Advertisements HybridCars.com. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Reply With Quote. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Reply With Quote. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Maybe the oil companies will buy the car companies, they fed the monster, now live with it forever. Reply With Quote. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. Our family requirements are for a hybrid minivan with 4WD. Why can't Toyota or Honda deliver what the market wants. You go the the hydrogen station and have this hydrogen powder put into your gas tank. Reply With Quote. Guest Hybrid Minivan US Availability. I wonder if instead of or until a hybrid minivan, Toyota might consider following Honda's lead and put the cylinder shut-down technology that Honda h...
http://hybridcars.com/forums/showthread.php?98851-Hybrid-Minivan-US-Availability&p=115957&viewfull=1
*  Ford Escape Hybrid for sale: Wernersville, PA - Cars.com Listings
... Find Cars for Sale. Find a Dealer. Review a Dealer. My Cars.com Listing. Service & Repair. Advanced Search Favorites: Saved Cars 0 Saved Searches 0. Ford Escape Hybrids for sale 17 matches near Wernersville, PA. Cars Dealers. Your Search Make Ford. Model Escape Hybrid. Save Search Clear all. Dealer 16. Dealer Ratings. Get a fair-price estimate Find certified dealers nearby Read expert advice. Tungsten Gray Metallic, 4 door, 4WD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.3L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 380. Brilliant Silver Metallic, 4 door, FWD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.5L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# B25706. Light Ice Blue Clearcoat Metallic, 4 door, FWD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.5L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 15D177A. Light Ice Blue Metallic, 4 door, 4WD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.3L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# U6870. Newly Listed White, 4 door, 4WD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.3L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 16634. Redfire, 4 door, FWD, SUV, Automatic CVT, 2.3L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# FL28666A. Light Ice Blue Me...
http://cars.com/for-sale/ford/escape-hybrid/pa/wernersville/
*  Ford C-Max Hybrid for sale: Crane, MO - Cars.com Listings
... Find a Dealer. Ford C-Max Hybrids for sale 18 matches near Crane, MO. Cars Dealers. Your Search Make Ford. Model C-Max Hybrid. Save Search Clear all. Special Offers. Special Financing 9. Photos. Has Photos 11. Ruby Red Metallic Tinted Clearcoat, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# FL109429. Ruby Red Metallic Tinted Clearcoat, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# FL117864. Ruby Red Tinted, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# QC56016. White Platinum Tri-Coat Metallic, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 23701. White, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# FL155884. 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 90625. White, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L I4 16V MPFI DOHC Hybrid, Stock# 90585. Ruby Red Tinted Clearcoat Metallic, 4 door, FWD, Hatchback, Automatic CVT, 2.0L ...
http://cars.com/for-sale/ford/c-max-hybrid/mo/crane/
*  HybriCell
... 'HybriCell' is a therapeutic vaccine developed by Brazilian immunologist Jose Alexandre Barbuto. The treatment, which inhibits the division of cancer cells, is aimed at patients in later stages of kidney cancer or melanoma. The vaccine works by extracting certain leukocyte s from the patient's blood and merging them with cancer cells, enabling the body to recognize and attack other similar cancer cells. 1 In studies conducted in 2001 and 2003, 80% of test subjects showed improvement without harmful side effects. 2 Though test groups were relatively small, the results of the studies show evidence that the drug is effective. 3 Procedure Clinical trials References Further reading. Procedure. To create the vaccine, blood is drawn from the patient and monocyte s specific to the patient are separated from the blood via apheresis. The dendritic cells are then fused with tumor cells through electrofusion, creating a "hybrid cell" of tumor and dendritic cells. These hybrid cells are then injected back into the pa...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HybriCell
*  .. Hybrid Cars Forum : Hybrid Car Forums .. HybridCars.com News And Updates Last Post
Forum. Forum Today's Posts. Forum Actions Mark Forums Read. Hybrid Cars Forum : Hybrid Car Forums Welcome to the Hybrid Cars Forum : Hybrid Car Forums. HybridCars.com News And Updates Last Post. Hybrid Cars News. Forum Actions:. Forum Statistics:. Threads: 21 Posts: 46 Last Post: Film HD: \"Watch Movies... View Profile. View Forum Posts. 08-31-2015, 06:28 PM. Hybrid Cars General Discussion Last Post. General Discussion about Hybrid Vehicles. New Member Introductions 41 Viewing Are you new to the Hybrid Cars forums. Forum Actions:. Forum Statistics:. Threads: 58 Posts: 66 Last Post: Fans of cyrus blonde pixie. View Profile. View Forum Posts. 10-03-2015, 12:18 PM. Forum Actions:. Forum Statistics:. Threads: 66 Posts: 79 Last Post: best featured smatphone... View Profile. View Forum Posts. Forum Actions:. Forum Statistics:. Threads: 9 Posts: 29 Last Post: C-Max Energi k/wh usage. View Profile. View Forum Posts. 07-14-2015, 10:49 PM. Forum Actions:. Forum Statistics:. Threads: 79 Posts: 1,201 Last Post: Aluminum ...
http://hybridcars.com/forums/
*  .. Thread: Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid? .. Sutpid Question #108: Conv
Technology. Batteries Gas-Electric Technology. Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. + Reply to Thread. Thread: Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. Switch to Hybrid Mode. Guest Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. Reply With Quote. Remove Advertisements HybridCars.com. Guest Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. Reply With Quote. Guest Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. The systems doesnt need batteries but if you want to be able to use your vehicle in all electric mode some batteries and control circuits and it may be possible. Reply With Quote. Guest Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. Reply With Quote. Guest Sutpid Question #108: Convert to hybrid. I have been considering designing and building a hybrid myself. Also, a gas engine is very efficient if run at a high constant RPM while an electic motor is very efficient at lower rpm. Also, if you added a charging capability to the battery system, you wouldn't need the gas engine except on long trips when your batteries completely dis...
http://hybridcars.com/forums/showthread.php?98891-Sutpid-Question-108-Convert-to-hybrid&p=113859&viewfull=1
*  .. The Fourth Kind: Alien Abductions .. Post navigation .. Social .. Recent Posts .. Blogroll .. L
The Fourth Kind: Alien Abductions September 4, 2009 September 4, 2009. /. lamarzulli. The fourth kind is certainly not the first movie that will explore the phenomena of alien abductions. We have a host of them that have preceded this one. Fire in the Sky, which recounts the events that happened to Travis Walton is one that comes to mind. Travis was gone for three days after he was taken into a ship. At the time of his abduction he was out cutting wood with a about five friends, all of whom witnessed the abduction. Of course the town was skeptical and many thought it was a hoax, but the guys who witnessed what happened, as well as Travis never backed down from their story. Then we have the television mini-series, Taken. This is a 20 hour marathon that traces the abduction phenomena and subsequent breeding program in which the end justifies the means. Entire families are ruined in a complex plot, of murder, intrigue, betrayal and manipulation by the aliens, all to produce an alien/human hybrid that has amazing...
https://lamarzulli.wordpress.com/2009/09/04/the-fourth-kind-alien-abductions/
*  Who all's going to the Hybrid Showdown? - Starboard Forums
Who all's going to the Hybrid Showdown. - Starboard Forums. Starboard Forums. Free Forum. Who all's going to the Hybrid Showdown. Register FAQ Members List Social Groups Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read. Thread Tools Display Modes. 19th September 2006, 11:51 PM # 1. jtw New Member. Join Date: Sep 2006 Posts: 5. Who all's going to the Hybrid Showdown. Who all #39;s going to the Hybrid Showdown in Ft. Our overweight Houston supertanker group will only have 3 weeks to practice on the gear we #39;ll be racing on, and we #39;re limited to the 8.5 because this event is also Prodigy Nationals. jtw. View Public Profile. Find More Posts by jtw. James Member. RE: Who all's going to the Hybrid Showdown. Hopefully there will be a variety of hybrids there, and the question of which is best for recreational racing will be answered. I #39;m considering switching from formula to hybrid or longboard for less demanding racing, so I #39;m interested in hearing how those racing classes are doing. Ja...
http://star-board.com/forum/showthread.php?t=194&goto=nextnewest
*  two hybrid
... gaussmue at molbio mu luebeck de gaussmue at molbio mu luebeck de wed apr est next message two hybrid messages sorted by hi does in the two hybrid system the yeast strain egy or modify the lex or ha fused proteins by glycosylation and if so can this be affected somehow has it been described whether more or less glycosylated proteins differ in the interaction in this system thank you for the answer verena next message two hybrid messages sorted by more information about the yeast mailing list...
http://bio.net/hypermail/yeast/1998-April/007807.html
*  Driving McLaren's World-Changing 916 Horsepower Super Hybrid
Driving McLaren's World-Changing 916 Horsepower Super Hybrid....
http://drive.jalopnik.com/its-in-a-completely-different-league-even-from-a-918-1526325713
*  Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites.: Micro Four Thirds Talk Forum: Digital Photography
... Review. Reviews. Sample Images. Videos. Lenses. Forums. Forum index. Micro Four Thirds Talk Change forum Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Shop cameras lenses ▾. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. jericho77. Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Aug 5, 2013. Reply to thread Reply with quote. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Posted by When Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. jericho77. Aug 5, 2013. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Aug 5, 2013 3. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Aug 5, 2013. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Aug 5, 2013. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. jericho77. Aug 5, 2013. Aug 5, 2013. jericho77. Aug 5, 2013. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. jericho77. Aug 5, 2013. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Aug 5, 2013 1. Re: Panasonic 14mm F2.5 review data at various sites. Alumna Gorp. Aug 5, 2013. ...
http://dpreview.com/forums/post/51930238
*  The genetic basis of a plant-insect coevolutionary key innovation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA (PDF Downl
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA PDF Download Available. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. © 2007 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA www.pnas.org?cgi?doi?10.1073?pnas.0706229104PNAS. fossil calibrated, Bayesian relaxed molecular clock estimation of the Pierinae–Coliadinae divergence. Fossil and molecular data agree that the Brassicales appeared by 90 to 85 Mya, which is much earlier than the parallel evolution of glucosinolates in the Euphorbiaceae 58 Mya 28. In this article, we directly address the timing of the appearance of the glucosinolate-feeding Pierinae, using several independent molecular datasets and various calibration methods to generate a robust estimate of when Pieridae evolved relative to their Brassicales host plants. Pieridae-specific temporal reconstruction used a Bayesian relaxed molecular clock method on EF-1. Current and expected diversity, and divergence estimates for the Coliadinae and Pierinae subfamilies of Pieridae. However, there are significantly more species of Pierinae than expected, eve...
http://researchgate.net/publication/5771953_The_genetic_basis_of_a_plant-insect_coevolutionary_key_innovation._Proc_Natl_Acad_Sci_USA
*  Mystery of bacterial growth and resistance solved: Findings shed light on how bacteria form protecti
... ve biofilms -- ScienceDaily. Your source for the latest research news. Mystery of bacterial growth and resistance solved: Findings shed light on how bacteria form protective biofilms. Date: April 26, 2012 Source: The Scripps Research Institute Summary: Scientists have unraveled a complex chemical pathway that enables bacteria to form clusters called biofilms. Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have unraveled a complex chemical pathway that enables bacteria to form clusters called biofilms. Past research had also revealed that nitric oxide is involved in influencing bacterial biofilm formation. Nitric Oxide Modulates Bacterial Biofilm Formation through a Multicomponent Cyclic-di-GMP Signaling Network. The Scripps Research Institute. "Mystery of bacterial growth and resistance solved: Findings shed light on how bacteria form protective biofilms." ScienceDaily. The Scripps Research Institute. Mystery of bacterial growth and resistance solved: Findings shed light on how bacteria form protective biof...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120426135128.htm
*  Mankin Lab - Publications
Browse by year: 2014    2013    2012    2011    2010    2009    2008    2007    2006    2005    2004    2003    2002    2001    2000    1999    1998    1997    1996    1995   . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111, 9804-9809. 2014 The general mode of translation inhibition by macrolide antibiotics Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111, 15958–15963. Top. Top. Top. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108, 5931-5932. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108, 10496-10501. Vázquez-Laslop, N., Ramu, H., Mankin, A. 2011 Nascent peptide in the ribosome exit tunnel affects functional properties of the A-Site of the peptidyl transferase center Mol Cell 41, 321-330. Top. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107, 1983-1988. A., Xiong, L., Mankin, A. H D 2010 Structures of the Escherichia coli ribosome with antibiotics bound near the peptidyl transferase center explain spectra of drug action Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107, 17152-...
http://mankinlab.cpb.uic.edu/cgi-bin/publication.cgi
*  GO:1900911 regulation of olefin biosynthetic process
... Services. Research. Training. Industry. About us. QuickGO A fast browser for Gene Ontology terms and annotations. EBI Databases QuickGO GO:1900911 regulation of olefin biosynthetic process. Search for terms by keyword or ID: apoptosis GO:0006915 Search for proteins by name or accession: tropomyosin P06727. Web Services. Dataset. Term Basket. Term Information ID GO:1900911. Name regulation of olefin biosynthetic process. Ontology Biological Process. Definition Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of olefin biosynthetic process. GONUTS GO:1900911 Wiki Page. Synonyms. Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details. Type Synonym. exact regulation of olefin synthesis. exact regulation of olefin biosynthesis. exact regulation of olefin formation. exact regulation of olefin anabolism. Ancestor Chart This chart is interactive; ...
http://ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/GTerm?id=GO:1900911
*  Albums by Smokey Robinson : Rhapsody
... JavaScript is disabled in your browser settings. rhapsody.com requires JavaScript. Cancel. Free trial. x Music. Apps Devices. Pricing. Sign up. Company Info. Careers. Press Media. Partners. Account. Customer Support. Redeem Coupon. Buy a Gift. 2015 Rhapsody International Inc. ×. Rhapsody App for. Rhapsody International, Inc. Get app. Have the app. Music Apps Devices Pricing Listen Now Try Rhapsody. Sign In. Home. / Music. / Soul/R B. / Motown. / Smokey Robinson. / Facebook. Twitter. Albums by Smokey Robinson. Main Releases. Play. Smokey & Friends. Smokey Robinson. Play. Be Near Me. Smokey Robinson. Play. The Motown Years Live. Smokey Robinson. Play. Ev'ry Man Should Know. Smokey Robinson. Play. The Solo Anthology. Smokey Robinson. Play. The Stripped Mixes. Smokey Robinson. Play. Time Flies When You're Having Fun. Smokey Robinson. Play. Love Songs. Smokey Robinson. Play. Timeless Love. Smokey Robinson. Play. The Definitive Collection. Smokey Robinson. Play. 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection....
http://rhapsody.com/artist/smokey-robinson/albums
*  Robinson News | News | News Releases | Robinson Memorial Hospital
-Any- Foundation News Robinson News. Foundation Awards Scholarships Benefitting Employees September 25, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the awarding of 9 scholarships to employees of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Rob... Robinson wins NorthCoast 99 Award 12 years in a row September 4, 2014 Robinson Memorial Hospital again has been named as one of the best 99 places to work in Northeast Ohio by the Employers Resource Council. Osteoporosis event to celebrate healthy aging month September 4, 2014 During Robinson Memorial Hospital’s celebration of healthy aging month, there will be a program on Osteoporosis on Wednesday, September 10 from 6 ... Foundation Awards Student Scholarships July 10, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the award of seven scholarships to children of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Robi... Robinson Wound Care Center Joins Healogics, Inc. to Raise Awareness of Chronic Wounds May 29, 2014 The Robinson Wound Care Center at ...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/main/news-releases/451.aspx?email=1
*  Robinson News | News | News Releases | Robinson Memorial Hospital
-Any- Foundation News Robinson News. Foundation Awards Scholarships Benefitting Employees September 25, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the awarding of 9 scholarships to employees of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Rob... Robinson wins NorthCoast 99 Award 12 years in a row September 4, 2014 Robinson Memorial Hospital again has been named as one of the best 99 places to work in Northeast Ohio by the Employers Resource Council. Osteoporosis event to celebrate healthy aging month September 4, 2014 During Robinson Memorial Hospital’s celebration of healthy aging month, there will be a program on Osteoporosis on Wednesday, September 10 from 6 ... Foundation Awards Student Scholarships July 10, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the award of seven scholarships to children of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Robi... Robinson Wound Care Center Joins Healogics, Inc. to Raise Awareness of Chronic Wounds May 29, 2014 The Robinson Wound Care Center at ...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/main/news-releases/fuchs_appointed_as_general_counsel_16.aspx
*  Robinson News | News | News Releases | Robinson Memorial Hospital
-Any- Foundation News Robinson News. Foundation Awards Scholarships Benefitting Employees September 25, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the awarding of 9 scholarships to employees of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Rob... Robinson wins NorthCoast 99 Award 12 years in a row September 4, 2014 Robinson Memorial Hospital again has been named as one of the best 99 places to work in Northeast Ohio by the Employers Resource Council. Osteoporosis event to celebrate healthy aging month September 4, 2014 During Robinson Memorial Hospital’s celebration of healthy aging month, there will be a program on Osteoporosis on Wednesday, September 10 from 6 ... Foundation Awards Student Scholarships July 10, 2014 The Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation is pleased to announce the award of seven scholarships to children of Robinson Memorial Hospital and Robi... Robinson Wound Care Center Joins Healogics, Inc. to Raise Awareness of Chronic Wounds May 29, 2014 The Robinson Wound Care Center at ...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/main/news-releases/robinson_memorial_presents_poster_at_the_apic_annu_494.aspx?email=1
*  Robinson Health Center at Aurora | Robinson Memorial Hospital
robinson health center at aurora robinson memorial hospital about us foundation volunteer speaker s bureau press room contact us patients visitors medical services nursing find a doctor locations careers patient portal home locations robinson health center at aurora robinson health center at aurora walden place aurora ohio the robinson health center at aurora offers expert physicians personalized care and the latest in medical technology in one convenient location services and physician practices aurora primary care diagnostic x ray and laboratory services northeast ohio ob gyn robinson rehab center and sport clinic directions view larger map your name your email recipient email your comments word verification visitors patient portal key phone numbers visiting hours wheelchair assistance wi fi at robinson memorial hospital locations robinson memorial hospital robinson medical arts building robinson professional center robinson health center at aurora robinson health center at brimfield robinson health center ...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/Main/Aurora.aspx?email=1
*  Home | Robinson Memorial Hospital
Robinson Memorial Hospital. ABOUT US FOUNDATION VOLUNTEER SPEAKER'S BUREAU PRESS ROOM CONTACT US. Patients Visitors. Medical Services. Nursing. Find a Doctor. Locations. Careers. Patient Portal. Classes Events. Holiday Journeys - Grief Support. Mon, Oct 5, 2015. 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM. Holiday Journeys - Grief Support. Mon, Oct 5, 2015. 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM. Ostomy Support Group. Mon, Oct 5, 2015. 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM. Diabetes Support Group. Tue, Oct 6, 2015. 5:00 PM - 6:00 PM. Tue, Oct 6, 2015. 5:00 PM - 6:30 PM. Robinson In The News Robinson Memorial Hospital is now UH Portage Medical Center. Robinson Health System becomes part of University Hospitals on June 1. Robinson Memorial hosts 21st Annual Nursing Research Day. Robinson Memorial Hospital Foundation Hosts 2015 Robinson Society and Heritage Society Distinguished Giving Recognition. Doctors Receiving Top Scores in Patient Satisfaction Congratulations to the following doctors who rank in the 90th percentile on the Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Jessica ...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/Main/Home.aspx
*  Rehabilitation | Robinson Memorial Hospital
Rehabilitation. Robinson Memorial Hospital. ABOUT US FOUNDATION VOLUNTEER SPEAKER'S BUREAU PRESS ROOM CONTACT US. Patients Visitors. Medical Services. Locations. Patient Portal. Medical Services. Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation. The Robinson Rehab Center and Sport Clinic works to rehabilitate each patient to his or her maximum potential and works to provide the patient with the necessary skills to maintain his or her progress. Ongoing communication between the patient, therapist and referring physician is the foundation of the center's rehabilitation programs. View Aquatic Classes. Team of Professionals Each therapist strives to stay on top of the latest technology and treatments and passes this knowledge along to patients. All Robinson Rehab Center and Sport Clinic professionals are licensed or certified by the State of Ohio. The center provides:. Aquatic aerobics, aquatic exercise and water arthritis classes in Ravenna. Locations: Robinson Medical Arts Building. 6847 North Chestnut Street Ravenna, Ohio 44266...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/main/rehabilitation.aspx
*  Shamim Patel - UK address and phone number - 192.com
... People. All People Businesses Places Electoral Roll Directors. Make sure the biggest decision you'll make is also the best. People. AZ-People. Surname - Patel. Your results for Shamim Patel. Filter Search. Search by name and/or location using the search form at the top of the page. Get access to likely ages Find old friends and family Double check names of spouses and children Trace your family tree Find out who your neighbours are Verify people are who they say they are. Make sure the biggest decision you'll make is also the best. Find out more. previous. 110 Results for Shamim Patel. Looking for Shamim Patel. Below are the results from the UK Electoral Roll and Company Director data. You can narrow your search by adding a location above if you wish. Name Address Other Occupants Electoral Roll Director Info Length of Occupancy Neighbours Property Price. 1 Shamim Patel. Age Guide: 40-44. Reading, Berkshire, RG2 Full Address. View. 2 Shamim R Patel. Age Guide: 30-34. Leicester, Leicestershire, LE5 Full Ad...
http://192.com/atoz/people/patel/shamim/
*  Phillip Phillips News, Pictures, and Videos | TMZ.com
Home Celebs Phillip Phillips Phillip Phillips. Idol Managers Claim John Mayer's ex-manager plotted to jack "American Idol" champ Phillip Phillips out from under his contract with the show -- according to a new lawsuit, but the bigger news is Phil is a READ MORE > - 9/21/2015 2:51 PM PDT. Phillip Phillips I Want to be Gone, Gone, Gone From My Idol Contract Phillip Phillips says "American Idol" producers are ruining his career ... American Idol Winner Phillip Phillips Mother Popped for DUI Phillip Phillips' mother Sheryl Phillips -- who appeared on several episodes of "American Idol" during Phillip's championship run last season -- was arrested for DUI earlier today, TMZ has READ MORE > - 964 days ago. Phillip Phillips I LOVE MY FAMILY But ... READ MORE > - 1064 days ago. Phillip Phillips Family Idol Champ s Forcing Us To Sell Pawn Shop Phillip Phillips' family says the singer left them high and dry after winning "American Idol" -- refusing to help them out financially -- and now, they've been forced to sell th...
http://tmz.com/person/phillip-phillips/?adid=cr_featured_saga_13
*  Shadowing | Robinson Memorial Hospital
Shadowing. Robinson Memorial Hospital. ABOUT US FOUNDATION VOLUNTEER SPEAKER'S BUREAU PRESS ROOM CONTACT US. Patients Visitors. Medical Services. Nursing. Find a Doctor. Locations. Careers. Patient Portal. Home. Volunteer. Shadowing. Shadowing. Robinson Memorial Hospital offers several types of opportunities for short-term observational learning experiences for high school, college and adult students pursuing healthcare careers. The process to apply for a shadow experience depends on the age of the applicant. Note: Robinson Memorial Hospital has a mandatory flu vaccination policy for all employees, volunteers, contracted workers and shadow students. Students wanting to shadow at Robinson Memorial must provide proof of receiving a flu vaccine during current flu season - either by a receipt showing the student's name and detail of service from the provider, an insurance benefits explanation or detailed note from a physician. Students can bring their vaccine documentation the morning of their assigned shadow exp...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/Main/Shadowing.aspx
*  [Haskell-cafe] System.Random.Shuffle fix
System.Random.Shuffle fix. System.Random.Shuffle fix friggin friggin frigginfriggins at gmail.com. Previous message: A small display problem using Helium Next message: System.Random.Shuffle fix Messages sorted by:. I was looking for a shuffling algorithm to shuffle mp3-playlists so was very happy to see System.Random.Shuffle: http://hackage.haskell.org/cgi-bin/hackage-scripts/package/random-shuffle-0.0.2 However I get errors,non-exhaustive patterns in function shufleTree or extractTree depending how I call it. Errors are at the bottom. I fixed it but I don't have the math skills to see if I perhaps broke it statistically ... Here is my fix, someone don't remember who, helped me a little : http://hpaste.org/fastcgi/hpaste.fcgi/view?id=2789#a2789 the shuffle at the end is with the fix. *Freet S.shuffle Loading package syb ... linking ... Loading package base-3.0.3.0 ... linking ... Loading package old-locale-1.0.0.1 ... linking ... Loading package old-time-1.0.0.1 ... linking ... Loading package random-1.0.0.1 ...
https://mail.haskell.org/pipermail/haskell-cafe/2009-March/058399.html
*  OriGene - LRRC2 (NM 024512) cDNA Clone
OriGene - LRRC2 NM 024512 cDNA Clone. cDNA Clones TrueORF cDNA Clones H/M/R Viral ORF Clones Destination Vector TrueClone Human TrueClone Mouse Organelle Marker Plasmids MicroRNA Tools Mutant and Variant Clones Plasmid Purification Kits Transfection Reagents Gene Synthesis Service. Home TrueClone LRRC2 Clone. LRRC2 NM 024512 Human cDNA Clone. SC310473 LRRC2 untagged -Human leucine rich repeat containing 2 LRRC2, NM 024512.2, 10ug $680 3 weeks. Reference Data RefSeq: NM 024512.2, NP 078788. Synonyms : leucine-rich repeat-containing 2; leucine rich repeat containing 2. More TrueClone Citations >>. LRRC2 Mouse Clones SKU Description Amount Price Shipping. MC211501 Lrrc2 untagged - Mouse leucine rich repeat containing 2 Lrrc2, 10ug 10 ug $380 3 weeks. MR216368 Lrrc2 Myc-DDK-tagged - Mouse leucine rich repeat containing 2 Lrrc2 10 ug $380 Next day. MG216368 Lrrc2 GFP-tagged - Mouse leucine rich repeat containing 2 Lrrc2, 10ug 10 ug $420 3 weeks. MR216368L1 Lenti ORF clone of Lrrc2 Myc-DDK-tagged - Mouse leucine ri...
http://origene.com/cdna/trueclone/accession/NM_024512/SC310473.aspx
*  JUST LIKE A WOMAN LYRICS - BOB DYLAN
just like a woman lyrics bob dylan sing lyrics bob dylan biography bob dylan albums bob dylan lyrics bob dylan just like a woman lyrics last updated pm sponsored links nobody feels any pain tonight as i stand inside the rain ev rybody knows that baby s got new clothes but lately i see her ribbons and her bows have fallen from her curls she takes just like a woman yes she does she makes love just like a woman yes she does and she aches just like a woman but she breaks just like a little girl queen mary she s my friend yes i believe i ll go see her again nobody has to guess that baby can t be blessed till she finally sees that she s like all the rest with her fog her amphetamine and her pearls she takes just like a woman yes she does she makes love just like a woman yes she does and she aches just like a woman but she breaks just like a little girl it s was raining from the first and i was dying there of thirst so i came in here and your long time curse hurts but what s worse is this pain in here i can t stay i...
http://sing365.com/music/Lyric.nsf/Just-Like-A-Woman-lyrics-Bob-Dylan/659E935998737E48482569690029ABC7
*  Gary Phillips eBooks | epub and pdf downloads | eBookMall
Gary Phillips eBooks. epub and pdf downloads. eBookMall. Search. Sponsored link: What is YOUR Secret Talent. - Take a Free Personality test. Gary Phillips eBooks Epub and PDF format. Gary Phillips eBooks. eBooks found: 15 Occupied Earth: Stories of Aliens, Resistance and Survival at all Costs. Richard Brewer. Gary Phillips Polis Books, October 2015. ISBN: 9781940610528 Format: ePub. List Price: $ 9.99 Our price: $ 7.99. Violent Spring. Gary Phillips mysteriouspress.com, June 2014. ISBN: 9781784087968 Format: ePub. List Price: $ 13.11 Our price: $ 9.99. Perdition, U.S.A. Gary Phillips mysteriouspress.com, June 2014. ISBN: 9781784087975 Format: ePub. List Price: $ 13.11 Our price: $ 9.99. Bad Night Is Falling. Gary Phillips mysteriouspress.com, June 2014. ISBN: 9781784087982 Format: ePub. List Price: $ 13.11 Our price: $ 9.99. Only the Wicked. Gary Phillips mysteriouspress.com, June 2014. ISBN: 9781784087951 Format: ePub. List Price: $ 13.11 Our price: $ 9.99. The Extractors. Gary Phillips Stark Raving Group, M...
http://ebookmall.com/author/gary-phillips
*  "Beyond Stroke" Support Group | Events | Calendar of Events | Robinson Memorial Hospital
beyond stroke support group events calendar of events robinson memorial hospital about us foundation volunteer speaker s bureau press room contact us patients visitors medical services nursing find a doctor locations careers patient portal beyond stroke support group calendar view back to previous page support groups tuesday october pm pm description stroke survivors and caregivers will benefit from information presented by a variety of speakers as well as from sharing and support of their peers for information call jan bahle at location robinson medical arts building rmab n chestnut st ravenna ohio contact healtheducation rmh org phone visitors patient portal key phone numbers visiting hours wheelchair assistance wi fi at robinson memorial hospital locations robinson memorial hospital robinson medical arts building robinson professional center robinson health center at aurora robinson hea...
http://robinsonmemorial.org/Main/Calendar/659.aspx
*  Deposition of Bobby Phillips States That Erwin Cain Sold Cocaine
... Home About Stories. Featured. BOR Featured. User Stories. Deposition of Bobby Phillips States That Erwin Cain Sold Cocaine. Deposition of Bobby Phillips States That Erwin Cain Sold Cocaine 3. By Burnt Orange Report. on October 19, 2010. Bobby Phillips, Jr. Phillips states that he met Erwin Cain in October of 1977, when he was engaged to Erwin's sister, Gloria Cain. Attorney : Did you ever see Mr. Erwin Cain sell drugs. Phillips : Yeah, I've seen him deliver to his brother-in-law, to his brother, and to other people that came by the house when he was there. Attorney : Do you know where Thomas Cain, Jr. Attorney: which brother would that be. Phillips : Erwin. Attorney: Just to clarify, and let me repeat it's your statement that you have seen, in the past, a man you can identify as Erwin Cain use marijuana. Phillips : Yes. Attorney: Have you, and is it your statement also that you have seen him sell marijuana to someone. Phillips : Yeah. Phillips : It was usually just we used to go over to his h...
http://burntorangereport.com/diary/10880/deposition-of-bobby-phillips-states-that-erwin-cain-sold-cocaine
*  Anthony Robinson | dafont.com
Anthony Robinson. dafont.com. English. Fran ais. Espa ol. Deutsch. Italiano. Portugu s Login. Register. Themes New fonts Authors Top Forum FAQ Submit a font Tools. 4 matching requests on the forum Anthony Robinson 1. 2 3. Anthony Robinson. View profile Send a private message http://www.redbubble.com/people/anfa/portfolio 58 fonts - 4,331,510 downloads 2,129 yesterday. Preview. Fonts 10 20 50 100. Show variants. Size Tiny Small Medium Large Sort by Name Popularity Newer first. More options. Only as. Public domain / GPL / OFL. 100% Free. Free for personal use. Donationware. Shareware. Demo. Unknown Only fonts with. Accents. Euro. Newcastle by Anthony Robinson. in Fancy. Decorative 15,200 downloads 4 yesterday. 100% Free - 2 font files Download Donate to author. Static Buzz by Anthony Robinson. in Fancy. Distorted 104,264 downloads 4 yesterday. 100% Free Download Donate to author. Lasso Of Truth by Anthony Robinson. in Gothic. Modern 5,855 downloads 4 yesterday. 100% Free Download Donate to author. Punched by An...
http://dafont.com/anthony-robinson.d2796?page=3
*  Anthony Robinson | dafont.com
Anthony Robinson. dafont.com. English. Fran ais. Espa ol. Deutsch. Italiano. Portugu s Login. Register. Themes New fonts Authors Top Forum FAQ Submit a font Tools. 4 matching requests on the forum Anthony Robinson 1. 2 3. Anthony Robinson. View profile Send a private message http://www.redbubble.com/people/anfa/portfolio 58 fonts - 4,333,980 downloads 2,470 yesterday. Preview. Fonts 10 20 50 100. Show variants. Size Tiny Small Medium Large Sort by Name Popularity Newer first Reinitialize More options. Only as. Public domain / GPL / OFL. 100% Free. Free for personal use. Donationware. Shareware. Demo. Unknown Only fonts with. Accents. Euro. First by Anthony Robinson. in Techno. Sci-fi 12,112 downloads 3 yesterday. 100% Free Download Donate to author. Newcastle by Anthony Robinson. in Fancy. Decorative 15,203 downloads 3 yesterday. 100% Free - 2 font files Download Donate to author. New York Punk by Anthony Robinson. in Fancy. Destroy 20,765 downloads 3 yesterday. 100% Free Download Donate to author. Lasso Of T...
http://dafont.com/anthony-robinson.d2796?page=5&text=AUBURN
*  Phillip Phillips Ringtones Free Download - Ringtone Maker Audiko
... Sublime, Kendrick Lamar, DevilDriver, K. Michelle, Five Finger Death Punch. Mobile apps. Login. JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use Audiko in standard view. A B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. 0...9. Thousands of ringtones on Audiko.net. Here is a chance to download a free Phillip Phillips ringtones for your iPhone or mobile. Specify your favorite line from your favorite award-winning track - Beggin, Get Up Get Down, Unpack Your Heart, or any other track. You may download your ringtone both in the MP3 and m4a formats, supported by both mobile phones and iPhones. Just select a track, and choose free Phillip Phillips ringtones download option. Download Phillip Phillips Ringtones. Top free ringtones. Name. Gone, Gone, Gone. Home. Raging Fire. Alive Again. Face. Get Up Get Down. Searchlight. Volcano. U Got It Bad. We've Got Tonight. Albums. Behind the Light Deluxe Version. Phillip Phillips. Weve Got Tonight American Idol Performance Single. Phillip Phil...
http://audiko.net/ringtone/phillip-phillips
*  Coles Phillips
... 'Clarence Coles Phillips' October 1880June 13, 1927 was an American artist and illustrator who signed his early works 'C. Coles Phillips', but after 1911 worked under the abbreviated name, 'Coles Phillips'. He is known for his stylish images of women and a signature use of negative space in the paintings he created for advertisements and the covers of popular magazines. Early life Career Personal life Notes References External links. Early life. ' ' Michael Schau, Watson-Guptill, 1975, p. Image:Coles Phillips2 Life.jpg The work of Phillips quickly became popular with the 'Life' readers. Schau & Phillips 1975, p. Phillips' use of negative space allowed the viewer to "fill-in" the image; it also reduced printing costs for the magazine, as "the novelty of the technique and the striking design qualities masked the fact that 'Life' was getting by with single color or two-color covers in a day when full-color covers were de rigueur for the better magazines". Phillips worked in watercolor and always painted fro...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coles_Phillips
*  Phillip Phillips News, Pictures, and Videos | TMZ.com
Idol Managers Claim John Mayer's ex-manager plotted to jack "American Idol" champ Phillip Phillips out from under his contract with the show -- according to a new lawsuit, but the bigger news is Phil is a READ MORE > - 9/21/2015 2:51 PM PDT. Phillip Phillips I Want to be Gone, Gone, Gone From My Idol Contract Phillip Phillips says "American Idol" producers are ruining his career ... American Idol Winner Phillip Phillips Mother Popped for DUI Phillip Phillips' mother Sheryl Phillips -- who appeared on several episodes of "American Idol" during Phillip's championship run last season -- was arrested for DUI earlier today, TMZ has READ MORE > - 963 days ago. READ MORE > - 1063 days ago. Phillip Phillips Family Idol Champ s Forcing Us To Sell Pawn Shop Phillip Phillips' family says the singer left them high and dry after winning "American Idol" -- refusing to help them out financially -- and now, they've been forced to sell their cherished READ MORE > - 1066 days ago. Phillip Phillips Crooks Smash In Pawn Shop, St...
http://tmz.com/person/phillip-phillips/?adid=cr_featured_saga_14
*  HERBICIDE-TOLERANT PLANTS - BASF AGROCHEMICAL PRODUCTS.B.V.
In addition, enzymes of this embodiment will also comprise one or more of a leucine, threonine, a valine, or alanine at position 1,781 Am, a glycine at position l,785 Am, a proline at position l,786 Am, an asparagine at position 1,811 Am, a proline at position l,824 Am, a cysteine or glycine at position l,999 Am, a cysteine or arginine at position 2,027 ' Am, a glycine at position 2,039 Am, an asparagine at position 2,041 Am, a phenylalanine, isoleucine or leucine at position 2,049 Am, a valine at position 2,059 Am, a leucine at position 2,074 Am, a leucine, isoleucine, methionine or additional valine at position 2,075 Am, a glycine or threonine at position 2,078 Am, a phenylalanine at position 2,079 Am, a glutamic acid at position 2,080 Am, a deletion at position 2,080 Am, a deletion at position 2,081 Am, an arginine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, glycine, histidine, lysine, leucine, serine, threonine, or valine at position 2,088 Am, a glutamic acid at position 2,095 Am, an alanine or serine at position 2,096 A...
http://sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Herbicide-tolerant-plants/WO2011028836.html
*  Bimolecular fluorescence complementation
This was achieved by dissecting GFP into C- and N-terminal GFP fragments. In addition, this study was the first report of an ' in vivo ' technique, now known as the bimolecular fluorescence complementation BiFC assay, to provide insight into the structural basis of protein complex formation through detection of fluorescence caused by the assembly of fluorescent reporter protein fragments tethered to interacting proteins. Generally, YFP is recommended to serve as the reporter protein, cleaved at residue 155 N-terminal consisting of residues 1–154 and C-terminal consisting of residues 155–238 or residue 173 in particular, as these sets of fragments are highly efficient in their complementation when fused to many interacting proteins and they produce low levels fluorescence when fused to non-interacting proteins. It is suggested that each target protein is fused to both the N- and C-terminal fragments of the fluorescent reporter protein in turn, and that the fragments are fused at each of the N- and C-terminal e...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bimolecular_fluorescence_complementation
*  Candice Olson Family Spaces ISBN 9781118276679 PDF epub | Candice Olson ebook | eBookMall
Candice Olson Family Spaces ISBN 9781118276679 PDF epub. Candice Olson ebook. eBookMall. Candice Olson Family Spaces. Candice Olson. Design : Interior Decorating. Digital Book format: ePub Adobe DRM. Buy ePub. List price: $ 19.99 Our price: $ 16.99. Popular TV star Candice Olson shows you how to create your dream family room Everybody wants their home's main living space to meet the needs of the whole family—and look great doing it. Chock full of tips and ideas, Candice Olson Family Spaces features hundreds of full-color, before-and-after photos of Candice's stunning family room makeovers. Explains how good design accommodates all members of the family and their daily activities Designs offer functionality, durability, and comfort without sacrificing style As a busy mother of two, Candice brings valuable insight to what a family really needs from the spaces they share Redecorating—or even just dreaming about decorating—can transform one's outlook on life, and Candice Olson Family Spaces is the catalyst to get...
http://ebookmall.com/ebook/candice-olson-family-spaces/candice-olson/9781118276679
*  Abner Phillips (1737-1813), p.2
Abner Phillips - Surry County, NC There were Phillips in Surry County, NC as early as 1771, according to tax lists. Lewis' Dist.: Abner PHILLIPS, 400 acres, 1 white poll. LEWIS to Abner PHILLIPS, 300 acres on north side of Yadkin River, east side Turkey Creek, for 75. LEWIS to Abner PHILLIPS, 100 acres on north side of Yadkin River at Turkey Creek, for 75. Phillips Dist.: Abner PHILLIPS, 400 acres, 2 white polls. 1790 Census, Surry Co., NC, p.186: ABNER PHILLIPS 3 white males under 16 2 white males over 16 3 white females no slaves Note: Abner's sons Cornelius PHILLIPS and Ephraim PHILLIPS are also listed in the 1790 Census of Surry Co., NC, p.183. 1800 Census, Surry Co., NC: ABNER PHILLIPS. 1810 Census, Surry Co., NC, p.193: ABNER PHILLIPS. In the name of God Amen this tenth day of November in year of our lord 1812 I ABNER PHILLIPS of Surry County State of North Carolina being sick and weak in Body but in perfect mind memory thanks be given to God For the Same Calling unto mind the mortality of my bo...
http://moonzstuff.com/phillips/abner1737_p2.html

Chromosome regionsPremature chromosome condensation: Premature chromosome condensation (PCC) occurs in eukaryotic organisms when mitotic cells fuse with interphase cells. Chromatin, a substance that contains genetic material such as DNA, is normally found in a loose bundle inside a cell's nucleus.Circular bacterial chromosome: A circular bacterial chromosome is a bacterial chromosome in the form of a molecule of circular DNA. Unlike the linear DNA of most eukaryotes, typical bacterial chromosomes are circular.CP 55,940Coles PhillipsSymmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Genetic linkage: Genetic linkage is the tendency of alleles that are located close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction. Genes whose loci are nearer to each other are less likely to be separated onto different chromatids during chromosomal crossover, and are therefore said to be genetically linked.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.Ligation-independent cloning: Ligation-independent cloning (LIC) is a form of molecular cloning that is able to be performed without the use of restriction endonucleases or DNA ligase. This allows genes that have restriction sites to be cloned without worry of chopping up the insert.Smith–Fineman–Myers syndrome: Smith–Fineman–Myers syndrome (SFMS1), also called X-linked mental retardation-hypotonic facies syndrome 1 (MRXHF1), Carpenter–Waziri syndrome, Chudley–Lowry syndrome, SFMS, Holmes–Gang syndrome and Juberg–Marsidi syndrome (JMS), is a rare X-linked recessive congenital disorder that causes birth defects. This syndrome was named after 3 men, Richard D.Genetic imbalance: Genetic imbalance is to describe situation when the genome of a cell or organism has more copies of some genes than other genes due to chromosomal rearrangements or aneuploidy.Immortal DNA strand hypothesis: The immortal DNA strand hypothesis was proposed in 1975 by John Cairns as a mechanism for adult stem cells to minimize mutations in their genomes.Cairns, J.Transient neonatal diabetes mellitusRing chromosome: A ring chromosome is a chromosome whose arms have fused together to form a ring. Ring chromosomes were first discovered by Lilian Vaughan Morgan in 1926.John Payne ToddCentromereOncogene: An oncogene is a gene that has the potential to cause cancer.Wilbur, Beth, editor.Recombination (cosmology): In cosmology, recombination refers to the epoch at which charged electrons and protons first became bound to form electrically neutral hydrogen atoms.Note that the term recombination is a misnomer, considering that it represents the first time that electrically neutral hydrogen formed.Microsatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Silent mutation: Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent mutations can occur in non-coding regions (outside of genes or within introns), or they may occur within exons.Pedigree chart: A pedigree chart is a diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next,pedigree chart Genealogy Glossary - About.com, a part of The New York Times Company.Phenotype microarray: The phenotype microarray approach is a technology for high-throughput phenotyping of cells.Metaphase: Metaphase (from the Greek μετά, "adjacent" and φάσις, "stage") is a stage of mitosis in the eukaryotic cell cycle in which chromosomes are at their second-most condensed and coiled stage (they are at their most condensed in anaphase. These chromosomes, carrying genetic information, align in the equator of the cell before being separated into each of the two daughter cells.Bookmarking: Bookmarking (also "gene bookmarking" or "mitotic bookmarking") refers to a potential mechanism of transmission of gene expression programs through cell division.Infinite alleles model: The infinite alleles model is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutations. The Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura and American geneticist James F.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).DNA condensation: DNA condensation refers to the process of compacting DNA molecules in vitro or in vivo. Mechanistic details of DNA packing are essential for its functioning in the process of gene regulation in living systems.Epitope mapping: Epitope mapping is the process of experimentally identifying the binding sites, or ‘epitopes’, of antibodies on their target antigens. Identification and characterization of the binding sites of antibodies can aid in the discovery and development of new therapeutics, vaccines, and diagnostics.Trisomy 9Ogre (2008 film): Ogre is a 2008 American television horror film directed by Steven R. Monroe.Telomere: A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration or from fusion with neighboring chromosomes. Its name is derived from the Greek nouns telos (τέλος) 'end' and merοs (μέρος, root: μερ-) 'part.Kinetochore: The kinetochore is the protein structure on chromatids where the spindle fibers attach during cell division to pull sister chromatids apart.Thermal cycler

(1/29088) Mapping of the homothallic genes, HM alpha and HMa, in Saccharomyces yeasts.

Two of the three homothallic genes, HM alpha and HMa, showed direct linkage to the mating-type locus at approximately 73 and 98 strans (57 and 65 centimorgans [cM], respectively, whereas, the other, HO, showed no linkage to 25 standard markers distributed over 17 chromosomes including the mating-type locus. To determine whether the HM alpha and HMa loci located on the left or right side of the mating-type locus, equations for three factor analysis of three linked genes were derived. Tetrad data were collected and were compared with expected values by chi 2 statistics. Calculations indicated that the HM alpha gene is probably located on the right arm at 95 strans (65 cM) from the centromere and the HMa locus at approximately 90 strans (64 cM) on the left arm of chromosome III.  (+info)

(2/29088) The cardiac homeobox gene Csx/Nkx2.5 lies genetically upstream of multiple genes essential for heart development.

Csx/Nkx2.5 is a vertebrate homeobox gene with a sequence homology to the Drosophila tinman, which is required for the dorsal mesoderm specification. Recently, heterozygous mutations of this gene were found to cause human congenital heart disease (Schott, J.-J., Benson, D. W., Basson, C. T., Pease, W., Silberbach, G. M., Moak, J. P., Maron, B. J., Seidman, C. E. and Seidman, J. G. (1998) Science 281, 108-111). To investigate the functions of Csx/Nkx2.5 in cardiac and extracardiac development in the vertebrate, we have generated and analyzed mutant mice completely null for Csx/Nkx2.5. Homozygous null embryos showed arrest of cardiac development after looping and poor development of blood vessels. Moreover, there were severe defects in vascular formation and hematopoiesis in the mutant yolk sac. Interestingly, TUNEL staining and PCNA staining showed neither enhanced apoptosis nor reduced cell proliferation in the mutant myocardium. In situ hybridization studies demonstrated that, among 20 candidate genes examined, expression of ANF, BNP, MLC2V, N-myc, MEF2C, HAND1 and Msx2 was disturbed in the mutant heart. Moreover, in the heart of adult chimeric mice generated from Csx/Nkx2.5 null ES cells, there were almost no ES cell-derived cardiac myocytes, while there were substantial contributions of Csx /Nkx2.5-deficient cells in other organs. Whole-mount &bgr;-gal staining of chimeric embryos showed that more than 20% contribution of Csx/Nkx2. 5-deficient cells in the heart arrested cardiac development. These results indicate that (1) the complete null mutation of Csx/Nkx2.5 did not abolish initial heart looping, (2) there was no enhanced apoptosis or defective cell cycle entry in Csx/Nkx2.5 null cardiac myocytes, (3) Csx/Nkx2.5 regulates expression of several essential transcription factors in the developing heart, (4) Csx/Nkx2.5 is required for later differentiation of cardiac myocytes, (5) Csx/Nkx2. 5 null cells exert dominant interfering effects on cardiac development, and (6) there were severe defects in yolk sac angiogenesis and hematopoiesis in the Csx/Nkx2.5 null embryos.  (+info)

(3/29088) Identification of sonic hedgehog as a candidate gene responsible for the polydactylous mouse mutant Sasquatch.

The mouse mutants of the hemimelia-luxate group (lx, lu, lst, Dh, Xt, and the more recently identified Hx, Xpl and Rim4; [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]) have in common preaxial polydactyly and longbone abnormalities. Associated with the duplication of digits are changes in the regulation of development of the anterior limb bud resulting in ectopic expression of signalling components such as Sonic hedgehog (Shh) and fibroblast growth factor-4 (Fgf4), but little is known about the molecular causes of this misregulation. We generated, by a transgene insertion event, a new member of this group of mutants, Sasquatch (Ssq), which disrupted aspects of both anteroposterior (AP) and dorsoventral (DV) patterning. The mutant displayed preaxial polydactyly in the hindlimbs of heterozygous embryos, and in both hindlimbs and forelimbs of homozygotes. The Shh, Fgf4, Fgf8, Hoxd12 and Hoxd13 genes were all ectopically expressed in the anterior region of affected limb buds. The insertion site was found to lie close to the Shh locus. Furthermore, expression from the transgene reporter has come under the control of a regulatory element that directs a pattern mirroring the endogenous expression pattern of Shh in limbs. In abnormal limbs, both Shh and the reporter were ectopically induced in the anterior region, whereas in normal limbs the reporter and Shh were restricted to the zone of polarising activity (ZPA). These data strongly suggest that Ssq is caused by direct interference with the cis regulation of the Shh gene.  (+info)

(4/29088) Superimposed histologic and genetic mapping of chromosome 9 in progression of human urinary bladder neoplasia: implications for a genetic model of multistep urothelial carcinogenesis and early detection of urinary bladder cancer.

The evolution of alterations on chromosome 9, including the putative tumor suppressor genes mapped to the 9p21-22 region (the MTS genes), was studied in relation to the progression of human urinary bladder neoplasia by using whole organ superimposed histologic and genetic mapping in cystectomy specimens and was verified in urinary bladder tumors of various pathogenetic subsets with longterm follow-up. The applicability of chromosome 9 allelic losses as non-invasive markers of urothelial neoplasia was tested on voided urine and/or bladder washings of patients with urinary bladder cancer. Although sequential multiple hits in the MTS locus were documented in the development of intraurothelial precursor lesions, the MTS genes do not seem to represent a major target for p21-23 deletions in bladder cancer. Two additional tumor suppressor genes involved in bladder neoplasia located distally and proximally to the MTS locus within p22-23 and p11-13 regions respectively were identified. Several distinct putative tumor suppressor gene loci within the q12-13, q21-22, and q34 regions were identified on the q arm. In particular, the pericentromeric q12-13 area may contain the critical tumor suppressor gene or genes for the development of early urothelial neoplasia. Allelic losses of chromosome 9 were associated with expansion of the abnormal urothelial clone which frequently involved large areas of urinary bladder mucosa. These losses could be found in a high proportion of urothelial tumors and in voided urine or bladder washing samples of nearly all patients with urinary bladder carcinoma.  (+info)

(5/29088) TIF1gamma, a novel member of the transcriptional intermediary factor 1 family.

We report the cloning and characterization of a novel member of the Transcriptional Intermediary Factor 1 (TIF1) gene family, human TIF1gamma. Similar to TIF1alpha and TIF1beta, the structure of TIF1beta is characterized by multiple domains: RING finger, B boxes, Coiled coil, PHD/TTC, and bromodomain. Although structurally related to TIF1alpha and TIF1beta, TIF1gamma presents several functional differences. In contrast to TIF1alpha, but like TIF1beta, TIF1 does not interact with nuclear receptors in yeast two-hybrid or GST pull-down assays and does not interfere with retinoic acid response in transfected mammalian cells. Whereas TIF1alpha and TIF1beta were previously found to interact with the KRAB silencing domain of KOX1 and with the HP1alpha, MODI (HP1beta) and MOD2 (HP1gamma) heterochromatinic proteins, suggesting that they may participate in a complex involved in heterochromatin-induced gene repression, TIF1gamma does not interact with either the KRAB domain of KOX1 or the HP1 proteins. Nevertheless, TIF1gamma, like TIF1alpha and TIF1beta, exhibits a strong silencing activity when tethered to a promoter. Since deletion of a novel motif unique to the three TIF1 proteins, called TIF1 signature sequence (TSS), abrogates transcriptional repression by TIF1gamma, this motif likely participates in TIF1 dependent repression.  (+info)

(6/29088) Substrate specificities of SR proteins in constitutive splicing are determined by their RNA recognition motifs and composite pre-mRNA exonic elements.

We report striking differences in the substrate specificities of two human SR proteins, SF2/ASF and SC35, in constitutive splicing. beta-Globin pre-mRNA (exons 1 and 2) is spliced indiscriminately with either SR protein. Human immunodeficiency virus tat pre-mRNA (exons 2 and 3) and immunoglobulin mu-chain (IgM) pre-mRNA (exons C3 and C4) are preferentially spliced with SF2/ASF and SC35, respectively. Using in vitro splicing with mutated or chimeric derivatives of the tat and IgM pre-mRNAs, we defined specific combinations of segments in the downstream exons, which mediate either positive or negative effects to confer SR protein specificity. A series of recombinant chimeric proteins consisting of domains of SF2/ASF and SC35 in various combinations was used to localize trans-acting domains responsible for substrate specificity. The RS domains of SF2/ASF and SC35 can be exchanged without effect on substrate specificity. The RNA recognition motifs (RRMs) of SF2/ASF are active only in the context of a two-RRM structure, and RRM2 has a dominant role in substrate specificity. In contrast, the single RRM of SC35 can function alone, but its substrate specificity can be influenced by the presence of an additional RRM. The RRMs behave as modules that, when present in different combinations, can have positive, neutral, or negative effects on splicing, depending upon the specific substrate. We conclude that SR protein-specific recognition of specific positive and negative pre-mRNA exonic elements via one or more RRMs is a crucial determinant of the substrate specificity of SR proteins in constitutive splicing.  (+info)

(7/29088) Pseudouridine mapping in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae spliceosomal U small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) reveals that pseudouridine synthase pus1p exhibits a dual substrate specificity for U2 snRNA and tRNA.

Pseudouridine (Psi) residues were localized in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae spliceosomal U small nuclear RNAs (UsnRNAs) by using the chemical mapping method. In contrast to vertebrate UsnRNAs, S. cerevisiae UsnRNAs contain only a few Psi residues, which are located in segments involved in intermolecular RNA-RNA or RNA-protein interactions. At these positions, UsnRNAs are universally modified. When yeast mutants disrupted for one of the several pseudouridine synthase genes (PUS1, PUS2, PUS3, and PUS4) or depleted in rRNA-pseudouridine synthase Cbf5p were tested for UsnRNA Psi content, only the loss of the Pus1p activity was found to affect Psi formation in spliceosomal UsnRNAs. Indeed, Psi44 formation in U2 snRNA was abolished. By using purified Pus1p enzyme and in vitro-produced U2 snRNA, Pus1p is shown here to catalyze Psi44 formation in the S. cerevisiae U2 snRNA. Thus, Pus1p is the first UsnRNA pseudouridine synthase characterized so far which exhibits a dual substrate specificity, acting on both tRNAs and U2 snRNA. As depletion of rRNA-pseudouridine synthase Cbf5p had no effect on UsnRNA Psi content, formation of Psi residues in S. cerevisiae UsnRNAs is not dependent on the Cbf5p-snoRNA guided mechanism.  (+info)

(8/29088) Mammalian staufen is a double-stranded-RNA- and tubulin-binding protein which localizes to the rough endoplasmic reticulum.

Staufen (Stau) is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein involved in mRNA transport and localization in Drosophila. To understand the molecular mechanisms of mRNA transport in mammals, we cloned human (hStau) and mouse (mStau) staufen cDNAs. In humans, four transcripts arise by differential splicing of the Stau gene and code for two proteins with different N-terminal extremities. In vitro, hStau and mStau bind dsRNA via each of two full-length dsRNA-binding domains and tubulin via a region similar to the microtubule-binding domain of MAP-1B, suggesting that Stau cross-links cytoskeletal and RNA components. Immunofluorescent double labeling of transfected mammalian cells revealed that Stau is localized to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), implicating this RNA-binding protein in mRNA targeting to the RER, perhaps via a multistep process involving microtubules. These results are the first demonstration of the association of an RNA-binding protein in addition to ribosomal proteins, with the RER, implicating this class of proteins in the transport of RNA to its site of translation.  (+info)


What chromosome has been determined to carry the gene for Marfan syndrome?


The answer is probably on a "Human Chromosome Map".

I'm looking for more than just chromosome 15.

Thanks a lot!
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"Marfan syndrome has been linked to a defect in the FBN1 gene on chromosome 15,[6] which encodes a glycoprotein called fibrillin-1. Fibrillin is essential for the formation of the elastic fibers found in connective tissue, as it provides the scaffolding for tropoelastin.[3] Elastic fibers are found throughout the body but are particularly abundant in the aorta, ligaments and the ciliary zonules of the eye, consequently these areas are among the worst affected. Without the structural support provided by fibrillin many connective tissues are weakened, which can have severe consequences for support and stability."


How do the genes on chromosome 17 relate to cancer?


How do the genes on chromosome 17 (Death Chromosome)  relate to cancer?
----------

Changes in chromosome 17 have been identified in several types of human cancer. These genetic changes are somatic, which means they are acquired during a person's lifetime and are present only in certain cells. A particular chromosomal abnormality called an isochromosome 17q occurs frequently in some cancers. This abnormal version of chromosome 17 has two long (q) arms instead of one long arm and one short (p) arm. As a result, the chromosome has an extra copy of some genes and is missing copies of other genes.

An isochromosome 17q is commonly found in a cancer of blood-forming tissue called chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It also has been identified in certain solid tumors, including a type of brain tumor called a medulloblastoma and tumors of the brain and spinal cord known as primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Although an isochromosome 17q probably plays a role in both the development and progression of these cancers, the specific genetic changes related to cancer growth are unknown.


Are there any Genetic Disorder associated with having an extra twenty-second chromosome?


I don't want any smart ass comments. I know that an extra Twenty-first chromosome causes down syndrome, and an extra X chromosome in a male causes Klinefelter's Syndrome, but are there any effect of having an extra twenty-second chromosome, besides infertility. I was just wondering this out of curiosity.
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I have an extra 21 chromosome and that means I have Robertsonian translocation...this is the gene 4 down syndrome but i do not have it i jus carry the gene 4 it...i have a 7 1/2 yr old daughter who i passed this on to and we have no mental or medical problems...its just an extra gene


Is Down Syndrome considered a disorder that is a result of an alternation in chromosome number?


I know it is a trisomy on chromosome #21 so i think it is but i just want to be sure. Thanks!
----------

"Down syndrome is set of mental and physical symptoms that result from having an extra copy of chromosome 21."

You are absolutely correct.  

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/downsyndrome.html


Where can I find an image mapping graphic of food?


I am looking for a How-To image mapping graphic to use in a Website development class project.
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you can look 4 it at the library or you can look it up on the inter net either on yahoo or google or any website and i would prefer google and press images andtype in what your looking 4


What are your concerns regarding genetic mapping? How would it impact your personal life?


I'd like to know your view regarding genetic mapping of the human genome. Some issues are insurance, philisophical; religious; quality of life; and funding to name a few. Please be genuine with your input. I already have a list of pros/cons in each but to top it off I think getting input from others here would make it interesting.
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no impact. I am who I am. Sum of my facts...


If the Y chromosome swims faster, does that mean that the chances of having a boy is slightly higher?


It's been known that the Y chromosome swims faster than the X chromosome, thus getting to the egg first. So is it more like 60% of conceiving a boy and 40% conceiving a girl? Or is it always 50-50 chance no matter what?
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You also have to factor in when ovulation occured and when you had sex...not to mention the pH of the woman's body.  Y chromosomes swim faster but X chromosomes live longer in the body.  So...if you want a boy, your best chance is to have sex on the day of ovulation.


What chromosome is the genetic disorder Myofibrillar Myopathy on?


My father's mother has the disease, and I'm trying to figure out if it was passed to my Dad, my brother, and I. What chromosome is it on? Any other information is welcome, and if you know of a site where I can talk to a geneticist or other expert, please give me a link. Thanks!
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It is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, which mean your dad has a 50% chance to inherit it, and you have a 25% chance.  As you dad gets older and lives through some of his risk, those chances go down.  I great resource for genetic disorders is genetests.com.  It can be hard to navigate if you're not used to it, so here's a link for you: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=gene&part=mfm
Without knowing more details, or what you do/don't understand, I can't give more info right now.  If you have specific questions, feel free to email me.