Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Dyslipidemias: Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)United StatesHomocysteine: A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Diabetic Angiopathies: VASCULAR DISEASES that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.TriglyceridesCardiovascular System: The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.Hyperlipidemias: Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Endothelium, Vascular: Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.Hypercholesterolemia: A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.JapanHypolipidemic Agents: Substances that lower the levels of certain LIPIDS in the BLOOD. They are used to treat HYPERLIPIDEMIAS.Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: A measurement of the thickness of the carotid artery walls. It is measured by B-mode ULTRASONOGRAPHY and is used as a surrogate marker for ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.Cardiovascular Agents: Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Tunica Media: The middle layer of blood vessel walls, composed principally of thin, cylindrical, smooth muscle cells and elastic tissue. It accounts for the bulk of the wall of most arteries. The smooth muscle cells are arranged in circular layers around the vessel, and the thickness of the coat varies with the size of the vessel.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Tunica Intima: The innermost layer of an artery or vein, made up of one layer of endothelial cells and supported by an internal elastic lamina.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Heart Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.Kidney Diseases: Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Hyperhomocysteinemia: Condition in which the plasma levels of homocysteine and related metabolites are elevated (>13.9 µmol/l). Hyperhomocysteinemia can be familial or acquired. Development of the acquired hyperhomocysteinemia is mostly associated with vitamins B and/or folate deficiency (e.g., PERNICIOUS ANEMIA, vitamin malabsorption). Familial hyperhomocysteinemia often results in a more severe elevation of total homocysteine and excretion into the urine, resulting in HOMOCYSTINURIA. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, osteoporotic fractures and complications during pregnancy.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Albuminuria: The presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Fibrinogen: Plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds. Fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements: whereas fibrinogen is cleaved by thrombin to form polypeptides A and B, the proteolytic action of other enzymes yields different fibrinogen degradation products.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Vascular Stiffness: Loss of vascular ELASTICITY due to factors such as AGING; and ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Increased arterial stiffness is one of the RISK FACTORS for many CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Renal Insufficiency, Chronic: Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)SwedenAsian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Anticholesteremic Agents: Substances used to lower plasma CHOLESTEROL levels.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Uric Acid: An oxidation product, via XANTHINE OXIDASE, of oxypurines such as XANTHINE and HYPOXANTHINE. It is the final oxidation product of purine catabolism in humans and primates, whereas in most other mammals URATE OXIDASE further oxidizes it to ALLANTOIN.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)FinlandHeart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Endothelial Cells: Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Aorta: The main trunk of the systemic arteries.Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Nuts: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Glomerular Filtration Rate: The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Diet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Cardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.American Heart Association: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Carotid Artery, Common: The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Particulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Lipoprotein(a): A lipoprotein that resembles the LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS but with an extra protein moiety, APOPROTEIN (A) also known as APOLIPOPROTEIN (A), linked to APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100 on the LDL by one or two disulfide bonds. High plasma level of lipoprotein (a) is associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Estrogen Replacement Therapy: The use of hormonal agents with estrogen-like activity in postmenopausal or other estrogen-deficient women to alleviate effects of hormone deficiency, such as vasomotor symptoms, DYSPAREUNIA, and progressive development of OSTEOPOROSIS. This may also include the use of progestational agents in combination therapy.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated: Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Hypertriglyceridemia: A condition of elevated levels of TRIGLYCERIDES in the blood.Vitamin B Complex: A group of water-soluble vitamins, some of which are COENZYMES.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.North DakotaHypoglycemic Agents: Substances which lower blood glucose levels.Lipoproteins, LDL: A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Inflammation Mediators: The endogenous compounds that mediate inflammation (AUTACOIDS) and related exogenous compounds including the synthetic prostaglandins (PROSTAGLANDINS, SYNTHETIC).Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Pravastatin: An antilipemic fungal metabolite isolated from cultures of Nocardia autotrophica. It acts as a competitive inhibitor of HMG CoA reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES).Vitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Hyperglycemia: Abnormally high BLOOD GLUCOSE level.Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Secondary Prevention: The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease or complications of its therapy.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

*  Does The Atkins Diet Work?
on a right way for disease prevention. Also people at high risk ... illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension and diabete will ... can reduce risk for cardiovascular disease. Does The Atkins Diet Work. Try...
http://free-atkins-diet.com/does-the-Atkins-diet-work.html
*  Search Results for pediatriccardiology Gary Edward Stapleton MD | St. Petersburg General Hospital |
Cardiology Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Diseases ... Oncology Infectious Disease Infectious Diseases Internal Medicine ... Medicine Pulmonary Disease Radiation Oncology Radiology,...
http://stpetegeneral.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=pediatriccardiology&filterPractice=Gary Edward Stapleton MD
*  Zolmitriptan and Alcohol / Food Interactions - Drugs.com
Food Interactions. Disease Interactions 4. 5-HT1 agonists - CAD ... of coronary artery disease CAD. In general, patients with ... agonists unless a cardiovascular evaluation provides satisfactory...
https://drugs.com/food-interactions/zolmitriptan.html
*  Mills Peninsula Medical Center Doctors
Specializing in Cardiovascular Disease Accepting new patients Offers ... Specializing in Cardiovascular Disease Please contact physician's...
http://mills-peninsula.org/providersearch/results.html?zip=Zip&providerType=1&sp=2&so=p_lastName|asc&Ns=p_lastName|0||p_firstName|0&Nu=p_masterId&N=69 482 4294965992 4294965962&vs=results&miles=10&cid=98&Np=2&action=provSearch&Ne=262 223 56 61 62&sitecfg=56
*  New Nasal Spray Approved to Treat Opioid Overdose - MPR
Allergic Disorders Cardiovascular Disease Dermatological Disorders ... Infectious Diseases Metabolic Disorders Musculoskeletal ... Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease In Knee OA, Only One Treatment...
http://empr.com/news/new-nasal-spray-approved-to-treat-opioid-overdose/article/454969/
*  HHMI Scientists Search Results | Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)
Disease Prevention Diseases, Autoimmune 1 Apply Diseases, ... Autoimmune filter. Diseases, Cardiovascular 1 Apply Diseases, ... filter. Diseases, Gastrointestinal 1 Apply Diseases,...
http://hhmi.org/scientists/browse?field_scientist_research_areas%5B0%5D=17589&field_scientist_classification%5B1%5D=17367&items_per_page=24&field_scientist_research_areas[0]=17561
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Effects of Cold Air on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rat
Effects of Cold Air on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rat. MDPI. Open Access Policy. Public Health 2012, 9 7, 2312-2325; doi: 10.3390/ijerph9072312 Article Effects of Cold Air on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rat Bin Luo 1,2,. 2 Key Laboratories of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, 2070 Donggang East Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou 730020, China. Received: 16 May 2012 / Revised: 14 June 2012 / Accepted: 21 June 2012 / Published: 29 June 2012 View Full-Text. No Abstract The purpose of this study is to explore possible potential implications of cold air in cardiovascular disease CVD risk in rats. Healthy Wistar rats were exposed to artificial cold air under laboratory conditions, and their systolic blood pressure, heart rate, vasoconstriction, CVD risk factors, and myocardial damage indicators after cold air exposure were determined and evaluated. Results indicate that: 1 higher levels of S...
http://mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/7/2312
*  Framingham Heart Study 100K Project: Genome-Wide Associations for Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes
... OpenBU Framingham Heart Study 100K Project: Genome-Wide Associations for Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes. OpenBU. Login. Help. OpenBU → School of Medicine → Clinical Science → Department of Medicine → MED: Medicine Papers → View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Framingham Heart Study 100K Project: Genome-Wide Associations for Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes. Larson, Martin G ; Atwood, Larry D ; Benjamin, Emelia J ; Cupples, L Adrienne ; D'Agostino, Ralph B ; Fox, Caroline S ; Govindaraju, Diddahally R ; Guo, Chao-Yu ; Heard-Costa, Nancy L ; Hwang, Shih-Jen ; Murabito, Joanne M ; Newton-Cheh, Christopher ; O'Donnell, Christopher J ; Seshadri, Sudha ; Vasan, Ramachandran S ; Wang, Thomas J ; Wolf, Philip A ; Levy, Daniel. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/2504. Date: 2007-9-19. Citation: Larson, Martin G, Larry D Atwood, Emelia J Benjamin, L Adrienne Cupples, Ralph B D'Agostino, Caroline S Fox, Diddahally R Govindaraju, Chao-Yu Guo, Nancy L He...
https://open.bu.edu/handle/2144/2504
*  Investigation of The Effect of Cenicriviroc (CVC) Plus FTC/TDF on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor
Investigation of The Effect of Cenicriviroc CVC Plus FTC/TDF on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Skip to Main Content. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies:. Advanced Search. Help. Studies by Topic. Glossary. Find Studies. Basic Search. Advanced Search. See Studies by Topic. See Studies on Map. How to Search. How to Use Search Results. How to Find Results of Studies. How to Read a Study Record. About Clinical Studies. Learn About Clinical Studies. Other Sites About Clinical Studies. Glossary of Common Site Terms. Submit Studies. Why Should I Register and Submit Results. FDAAA 801 Requirements. How to Apply for an Account. How to Register Your Study. How to Edit Your Study Record. How to Submit Your Results. Frequently Asked Questions. Support Materials. Training Materials. Resources. Selected Publications. Clinical Alerts and Advisories. RSS Feeds. Trends, Charts, and Maps. Downloading Content...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01474954?order=489
*  Cardiovascular-related Deaths in HIV-infected Patients between 2000 and 2010 - The ANRS EN20 Mort
... alite 2010 Survey. Conference Reports for NATAP. 20th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections Atlanta, GA March 3 - 6, 2013. Cardiovascular-related Deaths in HIV-infected Patients between 2000 and 2010 - The ANRS EN20 Mortalite 2010 Survey. Reported by Jules Levin CROI 2013 Sandrine HENARD 1, Caroline ROUSSILLON 2,3, Fabrice BONNET 2,4, Audrey TAIEB 2,3, Patrice CACOUB 5, Dominique SALMON 6, Eric ROSENTHAL 7, Philippe MORLAT 2,4, Genevieve CHENE 2, 3,4, Thierry MAY 1 and the ANRS EN20 Mortality 2010 Study Group 1 CHU Nancy Brabois, Nancy; 2 Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux; 3 INSERM U897, Bordeaux; 4 CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux; 5 Hopital La Pitie-Salpetriere, Universite Paris 6, Paris; 6 Hopital Cochin, Universite Paris 5, Paris; 7 CHU de Nice, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis from Jules: deaths - AIDS 25%, nonAIDS nonHepatitis cancers 22%, liver disease 10.6%, infection 9.3%, other 19.4%. This result emphasized the need to improve management of HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral tre...
http://natap.org/2013/CROI/croi_68.htm
*  Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults | QUT ePrints
Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults. Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults. 2005 Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults. placebo on the predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease CVD risk in obese people with one or more cardiovascular risk factors treated for 12 months, in conjunction with a fat-reduced, but otherwisead libitum, diet.A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study was performed in conjunction with a fat-reduced diet and physical activity advice for 1 year. age = 52.0 ± 7.5 years, body mass index BMI = 37.6 ± 5.1 kg/m 2 or placebo three times daily n = 89 women, 80 men; age = 52.5 ± 7.4 years, BMI = 38.0 ± 4.9 kg/m 2. Significant reductions in medication use for hypertension and diabetes were observed in the orlistat group, compared to those in placebo, but there were no significant differences in medication use for blood lipids.Orlistat may have reduced CVD risk, as judged by the favourable chan...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/8499/
*  Editorials: Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Do They Add Value to Your Practice? - American Family
Editorials: Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Do They Add Value to Your Practice. Editorials Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Do They Add Value to Your Practice. All others: Purchase online access. Purchase online access to read the full version of this article. LORI MOSCA, M.D., M.P.H., PH.D., Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York Am Fam Physician. Increased levels of homocysteine have been associated with an increased risk of CHD in many epidemiologic studies, but not all. Homocysteine-lowering treatment folic acid plus vitamin B 6 has been shown to decrease the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis, but no major randomized controlled trials with clinical outcomes have been published. 7 Since the government has instituted folic acid fortification of certain food products, population levels of homocysteine have declined and widespread screening or treatment with folic acid supplements except for women of childbearing age may not be necessary. Epidemiologic studies...
http://aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p264.html
*  Health Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Intermediate Markers of C
... ardiovascular Disease: Structured Abstract. Your browser doesn't support JavaScript. Please upgrade to a modern browser or enable JavaScript in your existing browser. Skip Navigation. Search. www.ahrq.gov AHRQ Home Live Site. Archive Home. Site Map. You Are Here:. AHRQ Archive Home. Archived EPC Evidence Reports Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cardiovascular Risk Factors. This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: https://info.ahrq.gov. Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information. Please go to www.ahrq.gov for current information. Full Title: Health Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Intermediate Markers of Cardiovascular Disease March 20...
http://archive.ahrq.gov/clinic/tp/o3cardrisktp.htm
*  2012 Cardiometabolic Health Congress
cardiometabolic health congress published on international diabetes federation http www idf org home cardiometabolic health congress cardiometabolic health congress october to october westin boston waterfront hotel boston ma usa the biggest health problem facing the world today is from the combined impact of obesity diabetes and cardiovascular disease it is critical that physicians and health care providers understand the predictive relationship between metabolic risk factors and cardiovascular disease and employ aggressive intervention strategies to prevent and or delay disease progression for more information please call email info cardiometabolichealth org or visit www cardiometabolichealth org source url http www idf org cardiometabolic health congress links http www idf org cardiometabolic health congress mailto info cardiometabolichealth org http www cardiometabolichealth org...
http://idf.org/print/2012-cardiometabolic-health-congress
*  Inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality : the role of behavioural, physiological and social
... risk factors - DRO. Inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality : the role of behavioural, physiological and social risk factors Beauchamp, Alison, Peeters, Anna, Wolfe, Rory, Turrell, Gavin, Harriss, Linton R., Giles, Graham G., English, Dallas R., McNeil, John, Magliano, Dianna, Harrap, Stephen, Liew, Danny, Hunt, David and Tonkin, Andrew 2010, Inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality : the role of behavioural, physiological and social risk factors , Journal of epidemiology and community health , vol. Inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality : the role of behavioural, physiological and social risk factors. Australia cardiovascular diseases educational status health behavior overweight risk factors smoking. Background While the relationship between socio-economic disadvantage and cardiovascular disease CVD is well established, the role that traditional cardiovascular risk factors play in this association remains unclear. The authors examined the association between education attainm...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30046468
*  Differences in plaque composition, immune activation may explain elevated cardiovascular risk in HIV
... -infected women - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Massachusetts General Hospital. An MGH research team has discovered a possible mechanism behind the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in women infected with HIV, a risk even higher than that of HIV-infected men. Differences in plaque composition, immune activation may explain elevated cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected women. A Massachusetts General Hospital MGH research team has discovered a possible mechanism behind the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in women infected with HIV, a risk even higher than that of HIV-infected men. "Traditional cardiovascular risk factors only account for part of the excess risk, and previous studies from our group have found both increased immune activation and high-risk vulnerable plaque in HIV-infected men, but this is the first to assess these factors in HIV-infected women." The study enrolled 90 participants 60 HIV-infected women and 30 noninfected controls from HIV clinics and community healt...
http://massgeneral.org/doctors/news/pressrelease.aspx?id=1656
*  Patent US20030194812 - Method for identifying risk cardiovascular disease patients - Google Patents
... The invention provides a method for identifying patients with normal NCEP lipid levels who are in need of treatment for cardiovascular disease comprising measuring one or more LDL or HDL particle subclass levels and identifying abnormal LDL or HDL subclass levels. Method for identifying risk cardiovascular disease patients US 20030194812 A1 Abstract The invention provides a method for identifying patients with normal NCEP lipid levels who are in need of treatment for cardiovascular disease comprising measuring one or more LDL or HDL particle subclass levels and identifying abnormal LDL or HDL subclass levels. A method for identifying patients with normal NCEP lipid levels who are in need of treatment for cardiovascular disease comprising measuring one or more LDL or HDL particle subclass levels and identifying abnormal LDL or HDL subclass levels. The method of claim 1 wherein the LDL and HDL subclass are measured by gradient gel electrophoresis. The four variable search of patients with LDLC 130, HDL 40,...
http://google.com/patents/US20030194812?ie=ISO-8859-1
*  Alaska BRFSS: Public Health Regions - 125% FPG - HTML Profiles - Crude Rates
... Region or Theme Selection. Public Health Regions. Chronic Disease - CVD. Select an area profile... Anchorage/Mat-Su Gulf Coast Interior Northern Southeast Southwest. Chronic Disease - CVD. Chronic Disease - CVD. Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: Total Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: =125% FPG Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: 125% FPG Cardiovascular Disease: No: Total Cardiovascular Disease: No: =125% FPG Cardiovascular Disease: No: 125% FPG Heart Attack: Yes: Total Heart Attack: Yes: =125% FPG Heart Attack: Yes: 125% FPG Heart Attack: No: Total Heart Attack: No: =125% FPG Heart Attack: No: 125% FPG Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: Total Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: =125% FPG Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: 125% FPG Coronary Heart Disease: No: Total Coronary Heart Disease: No: =125% FPG Coronary Heart Disease: No: 125% FPG Stroke: Yes: Total Stroke: Yes: =125% FPG Stroke: Yes: 125% FPG Stroke: No: Total Stroke: No: =125% FPG Stroke: No: 125% FPG. Alaska Mean. 3.1. 3.0. 2.9. 2.8. 3.0. 3.0. 3.1. 3.0. 97.2. 97.2. 97.0. 97.1. 9...
http://hss.state.ak.us/instantatlas/brfss/hp/cr/phr_fpg/report_Public_Health_Regions_t10.htm
*  Alaska BRFSS: Public Health Regions - Disability - HTML Profiles - Age-Adjusted Rates
... Region or Theme Selection. Public Health Regions. Chronic Disease - CVD. Select an area profile... Anchorage/Mat-Su Gulf Coast Interior Northern Southeast Southwest. Chronic Disease - CVD. Chronic Disease - CVD. Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: Total Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: Disabled Cardiovascular Disease: Yes: Non-Disabled Cardiovascular Disease: No: Total Cardiovascular Disease: No: Disabled Cardiovascular Disease: No: Non-Disabled Heart Attack: Yes: Total Heart Attack: Yes: Disabled Heart Attack: Yes: Non-Disabled Heart Attack: No: Total Heart Attack: No: Disabled Heart Attack: No: Non-Disabled Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: Total Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: Disabled Coronary Heart Disease: Yes: Non-Disabled Coronary Heart Disease: No: Total Coronary Heart Disease: No: Disabled Coronary Heart Disease: No: Non-Disabled Stroke: Yes: Total Stroke: Yes: Disabled Stroke: Yes: Non-Disabled Stroke: No: Total Stroke: No: Disabled Stroke: No: Non-Disabled. Alaska Mean. 3.6. 3.5. 3.6. 3.7. 3.9. 3.7. 3.6. 3.5. 9...
http://hss.state.ak.us/instantatlas/brfss/hp/aa/phr_dis/report_Public_Health_Regions_t10.htm
*  HeartScore
'HeartScore' is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction. Scientific Background Features Available versions Available formats Additional information External links See also References. HeartScore is the interactive version of SCORE - Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation Estimation of ten-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease in Europe: the SCORE project 'European Heart Journal' 2003;24:987-1003 - a cardiovascular disease risk assessment system initiated by the European Society of Cardiology, using data from 12 European cohort studies N=205,178 covering a wide geographic spread of countries at different levels of cardiovascular risks. HeartScore is one of the tools developed to implement the '2007 European guidelines on CVD prevention in clinical practice'. European Guidelines on CVD Prevention in clinical practice, 'European Journal of Cardiovascular Pre...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HeartScore
*  Depression Leads to Higher Health Care Costs for Women Cardiovascular Patients, National Study Shows
... WHAT : Women with suspected coronary artery disease who suffer from depression have significantly higher health care costs than those who are not depressed, according to findings from the Women s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation WISE , an ongoing, multicenter study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Bairey-Merz serves as director of the Women s Heart Center at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, where she also directs the Preventive and Rehabilitative Cardiac Center at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute. A professor of medicine at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, she holds the Women s Guild Endowed Chair in Women s Health. Seventeen percent to 45 percent of the women in the study met depression criteria. Depression was associated with 15 percent to 53 percent increases in cardiovascular costs over five years. Translated into dollar figures, annual cardiovascular costs were $1,550 to $3,300 higher for depressed women than for those who were not depressed depending on the depression criteria used. RAMIFICATI...
http://cedars-sinai.edu/About-Us/News/News-Releases-2009/DEPRESSION-LEADS-TO-HIGHER-HEALTH-CARE-COSTS-FOR-WOMEN-CARDIOVASCULAR-PATIENTS-NATIONAL-STUDY-SHOWS.aspx
*  myhealthywaist.org - Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches
myhealthywaist.org - Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Evaluating CMR Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches Evaluating CMR. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. One of the first studies was the Framingham Heart Study. It has enabled researchers to identify major CVD r...
http://myhealthywaist.org/evaluating-cmr/assessing-cvd-risk-traditional-approaches/index.html
*  Search of: ("heart diseases" OR "cardiovascular diseases") AND women | Open Studies - List Results -
Search of: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Terms and Conditions. 540 studies found for : heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Subscribe to RSS Create an RSS feed from your search for: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Open Studies Need help. Download Download the search results for: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Download Content: Download All Study Fields as XML Download All Study and Results Fields as XML Download Selected Fields:. Intervention. Rank Status Study 1 Recruiting Identifying Risk for Diabetes and Heart Disease in Women. Conditions: Cardiovascular Disease; Preeclampsia; Hypertension; Post-partum Weight Retention. Interventions: Behavioral: Web-based educational and motivational modules; Behavioral: AHA care guidelines and resources. Interventions: Procedure: Blood test; Genetic: Blood test; Procedure: Ultrasound of neck arteries; Procedure: Saliva test. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Implications for Cardiovascular ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=("heart diseases" OR "cardiovascular diseases") AND women&recr=Open&show_down=Y
*  Search of: ("heart diseases" OR "cardiovascular diseases") AND women | Open Studies - List Results -
Search of: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Terms and Conditions. 540 studies found for : heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Subscribe to RSS Create an RSS feed from your search for: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Open Studies Need help. Download Download the search results for: heart diseases OR cardiovascular diseases AND women. Download Content: Download All Study Fields as XML Download All Study and Results Fields as XML Download Selected Fields:. Intervention. Rank Status Study 1 Recruiting Identifying Risk for Diabetes and Heart Disease in Women. Conditions: Cardiovascular Disease; Preeclampsia; Hypertension; Post-partum Weight Retention. Interventions: Behavioral: Web-based educational and motivational modules; Behavioral: AHA care guidelines and resources. Interventions: Procedure: Blood test; Genetic: Blood test; Procedure: Ultrasound of neck arteries; Procedure: Saliva test. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Implications for Cardiovascular ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/term=("heart diseases" OR "cardiovascular diseases") AND women
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... CMR Short Reviews. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Residual Cardiometabolic Risk of Treated Patients. Effect...
http://myhealthywaist.org/documentation-centre/index.html?no_cache=1&tx_stdoccenter_pi1[mod_type]=3&tx_stdoccenter_pi1[uid]=67
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... CMR Short Reviews. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Residual Cardiometabolic Risk of Treated Patients. Effect...
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*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Disease | Regiona
Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Disease. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services View All Services. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Services View All Services. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth Our Heart Institute proudly offers leading heart and #vascular treatment to fight #heartdisease. Results f...
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*  Important Facts on Cardiovascular Health
... - Live Chat Email Us Or Call Toll free 855-445-9544. My Account. FREE Shipping. Blood Pressure. Cardiovascular. Ortho Molecular Product Information. Cardiovascular Important Facts on Cardiovascular Health. Important Facts on Cardiovascular Health The heart is the main organ to monitor and take good care if one is on a quest of maintaining a healthy cardiovascular. Now there are several guidelines on how to have a healthy cardiovascular. Depression and stress combined with unhealthy diet are the primary things you should avoid if you really want to achieve a perfect cardiovascular health. When you learned and practiced these simple guidelines to maintain a healthy cardiovascular, you can expect a merrier life without worrying a lot on being the next victim of this traitor disease. For more information and great products, check out these pages: Ortho Biotic Capsules, Ortho Digestzyme, and Prolo Max. Thanks very much for such great customer service. Why Choose Us Fast shipping, professional-grade products, ...
http://vitasouth.com/pages/Important-Facts-on-Cardiovascular-Health.html
*  Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease controversy
... Whether saturated fat is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD is a question with numerous controversial views. 1 Although most in the mainstream heart-health, government, and medical communities hold that saturated fat is a risk factor for CVD, some hold contrary beliefs. 2 the American Dietetic Association,. 4 American Heart Association,. advise that saturated fat is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD, and recommend dietary limits on saturated fats as one means of reducing that risk. History Cholesterol and cardiovascular disease. Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease. Cholesterol and cardiovascular disease. He showed that the traditional Javanese diet, very poor in cholesterol and other lipids, was associated with low level of blood cholesterol as well as incidence of the cardiovascular disease, while the prevalence of CVD in Europeans in Java, living on the Western diet, was significantly higher. Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease. Keys postulated a correlation between chole...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturated_fat_and_cardiovascular_disease_controversy
*  2014 Cardiometabolic Health Congress | International Diabetes Federation
. 2014 Cardiometabolic Health Congress. International Diabetes Federation. Skip to main content. Who we are. Mission. Values. Structure. Board. 2013-2015. President. President-Elect. General Assembly. Executive Office. Regions. Africa. About. Activities. Events. Life for a Child. Associations. Regional data. News. Europe. About us. Structure. IDF Europe President. IDF Europe President-Elect. IDF Europe Board. IDF Europe Staff. What we do. Annual Reports. Who we work with. Advocacy. ExPAND. Members. Toolkit. EU Elections 2014. EU Elections Toolkit. Diabetes Pledge. EU Elections Monthly Focus. Policy Issues. EU-funded projects. IDF Advocacy Campaigns. Advocacy and Communications Toolkit. Raising Awareness. Policy Puzzle 4th Edition. Errata - Policy Puzzle 4th edition. World Diabetes Day Campaigns. WDD 2014. WDD 2013. WDD 2012. WDD 2011. WDD 2010. Access to diabetes care in Europe. Sub-regional analysis. Country Profiles. The Policy Puzzle. Country Reports. Partnerships. Members. Member associations. Youth Leade...
http://idf.org/calendar/events/cardiometabolic-health-congress-2014
*  New study to catch cardiovascular disease early | The Indian Express
New study to catch cardiovascular disease early. The Indian Express. Latest News. Entertainment. Good News. Entertainment. Good News. New study to catch cardiovascular disease early. New study to catch cardiovascular disease early In future, cardiovascular disease may be treated before it is even noticed by the patient and has had the chance to cause irreparable damage. Published:March 16, 2014 7:50 pm British researchers are embarking on a new study in collaboration with colleagues from across Europe to identify early signs of physiological change in the body that indicate nascent cardiovascular diseases. The problem with cardiovascular disease is that it often develops unnoticed over years before becoming a serious problem, Doctor Christian Delles of the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, key collaborator on the project which is worth 557,000 pounds the University of Glasgow, said. Despite being the biggest killer in the Western world the individual causes of the various types of CVD: coronar...
http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/new-study-to-catch-cardiovascular-disease-early/
*  Disease Proof : Cardiovascular Disease
Home > Cardiovascular Disease > July 2008 More on Treadmill Stress Tests... Posted on July 31, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Tags: Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Research Print. Share Link. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Healthy Food, Research Print. Share Link. Study: High Apoprotein B Not Good Posted on July 23, 2008 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. The blood risk markers noted above Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Research Print. Share Link. Vytorin, Going Down the Toilet Posted on July 22, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Tags: Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Disease, Hurtful Food, Obesity, Research Print. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Weight Loss Print. My Thoughts on Giving Children Cholesterol Drugs Posted on July 9, 2008 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Healthy Parenting Print. But they do say the first goal should be to lower bad cholesterol levels to less than 160 milligrams or possibly as low as 110 milligrams in childr...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/2008/07/articles/cardiovascular-disease/
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditi...
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*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Epidemiology. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Imaging Techniques. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clusterin...
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*  Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease Non-HCA Employee | Regional Medica
Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. 2 Luis Annoni, MD West Coast Arrhythmia Center 14100 Fivay Rd Suite 310 Hudson, FL 34667 727 862-3202 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiac Electrophysiology Cardiovascular Disease. 14100 Fivay Rd Suite 310 Hudson, FL 34667 727 862-3202 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Interventional Cardiology. 14153 Yosemite Dr Suite 202 Hudson, FL 34667 727 868-5404 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. 14100 Fivay Rd Suite 120 Hudson, FL 34667 727 819-2338 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiac Electrophysiology Cardiovascular Disease. 14153 Yosemite Dr Suite 202 Hudson, FL 34667 727 868-5404 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Interventional Cardiology. 14153 Yosemite Dr Suite 202 Hudson, FL 34667 727 868-5404 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiac Electrophysiology Cardiovascular Disease. S R Musunuru, MD Bayonet Pt / Hudson Cardiology Associates 14100 Fivay Rd Suite...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovasculardiseases&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterHcaEmployed=No
*  Preventing Cardiovascular Disease
... eMedTV Login. eMedTV Home. TOPIC HOME HEALTH CHANNELS HEALTH TOPICS A-Z. Page continues after the advertisement. Preventing Cardiovascular Disease Practicing a healthy lifestyle is an important part of cardiovascular disease prevention. This can involve exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking. A heart-healthy diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and contains decreased amounts of sodium, fat, and cholesterol can also help lower your risk for the condition. Cardiovascular disease is a name used to describe any condition that affects the heart cardio or blood vessels vascular. However, when most people talk about cardiovascular disease prevention, they are talking about preventing stroke and coronary artery disease what most people refer to as just heart disease. Heart disease and stroke are the first and third most common causes of death in the United States, respectively, accounting for about 40 percent of deaths each year. The good news: Research shows that people ...
http://heart-disease.emedtv.com/m/cardiovascular-disease/preventing-cardiovascular-disease.html
*  Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician
... Advertisement. Previous article Next article. Oct 15, 2006 Issue. Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women. FREE PREVIEW. AAFP members and paid subscribers: Log in to get free access. All others: Purchase online access. FREE PREVIEW. Purchase online access to read the full version of this article. SHARONNE N. HAYES, M.D., Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2006 Oct 15;74 8 :1331-1340. Patient information: See related handout on cardiovascular disease in women, written by Sumi Sexton, M.D., associate editor for AFP, and Jill Tremblay, B.S. Related Editorial Abstract. Methods of the AHA Guidelines. Cardiovascular Risk Assessment. Final AHA Recommendations. References. Article Sections Abstract. Methods of the AHA Guidelines. Cardiovascular Risk Assessment. Final AHA Recommendations. References. Cardiovascular disease CVD has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incid...
http://aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html
*  Symposium Highlights Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
... View My Cart. Health. News. Shop Health Concerns. Blood Pressure Vascular Support. Bone Health. Cholesterol Management. Heart Health. Immune Support. Liver Health Detoxification. Men's Health. Kidney Bladder Support. Sports Performance. Thyroid Health. Weight Management. Women's Health. Vitamins Minerals. View All Multivitamins. Vitamin A. Vitamin B. Vitamin C. Vitamin D. Vitamin E. Vitamin K. View All Vitamins. Iron. View All Minerals. Vitamin C. View All Antioxidants. View All Herbs Botanicals. Hormones. Hormone Testing. Whether it is the latest research on how to reduce heart disease, slow the aging process, or prevent brain aging, Life Extension reports it first. The presenters explored the latest research on the prevention and management of cardiovascular disorders using medical therapy, diet, exercise, mind-body medicine, and careful monitoring of risk factors. Symposium director Michael Ozner, MD, medical director of Baptist Health South Florida’s Center for Prevention and Wellness and aut...
http://lifeextension.com/magazine/2008/5/Symposium-Highlights-Cardiovascular-Disease-Prevention/Page-01?source=eNewsLetter2011Wk9-1&key=Archive News&l=0
*  Cardiovascular Disease Statistics - NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
... NewYork-Presbyterian. The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell. Access medical records from your hospital visits online with myNYP.org Find A Doctor. Clinical Services. Health Library. For Patients and Visitors. Request an Appointment. More top doctors than any hospital in the US. Health Library Cardiovascular Disease Statistics Each year, heart disease is at the top of the list of the country's most serious health problems. In fact, statistics show that cardiovascular disease is America's leading health problem, and the leading cause of death. Consider the most recent statistics released by the American Heart Association: Approximately 84 million people in this country suffer from some form of cardiovascular disease, causing about 2,200 deaths a day, averaging one death every 40 seconds. Almost one out of every three deaths results from cardiovascular disease. The direct and indirect costs of cardiovascular disease and stroke are about $315 billion. An estimated 15 million U.S. adults have corona...
http://nyp.org/library/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=85&contentId=P00243&heading=Cardiovascular Disease Statistics
*  Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Predict the Development of Type 2 Diabetes
... Diabetes Care. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Predict the Development of Type 2 Diabetes. Abstract. OBJECTIVE —In a few previous studies, cardiovascular disease CVD risk factors RFs have been shown to predict diabetes. CVD, cardiovascular disease. IRAS, Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Thus, the presence of CVD RFs in combination with insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance IGT, or impaired fasting glucose is likely a marker for greatly increased risk of the onset of type 2 diabetes relative to those with IGT in the absence of CVD RFs. There were 718 individuals 44% with normal glucose tolerance NGT, 537 with type 2 diabetes 33%, and 369 with IGT 23%. Among the 872 participants who had NGT n = 580 or IGT n = 292 at baseline, 143 16% developed type 2 diabetes after 5 years. Of the participants who had NGT at baseline, 46 of 580 8% developed type 2 diabetes, whereas 97 of 292 33% of individuals with IGT developed type 2 diabetes during the same time period. In the models stratified by ...
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/27/9/2234.long
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Events. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Residual Cardiometabolic Risk of Treated Patients. Effects of Weight...
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*  Uncover all risk factors early to prevent cardiovascular disease
... The DO. Patient Care Training Profession Policy Lifestyle Inside the AOA. Heart Health. Uncover all risk factors early to prevent cardiovascular disease. Primary care physicians don t know enough about heart disease and should use more tests to identify potential problems, DOs say. By. Carolyn Schierhorn. Email. Friday, May 2, 2014 Wednesday, Mar. 4, 2015. Facebook. Twitter. LinkedIn. Pinterest. Email. In the United States, 2,150 people die from cardiovascular disease each day, an average of one death every 40 seconds, according to the American Heart Association AHA. Although death rates attributable to cardiovascular disease declined by 31% from 2000 to 2010, far too many women, men and children needlessly die, say heart disease experts Suzanne Steinbaum, DO, and Sam Fillingane, DO. Dr. Steinbaum, a cardiologist, and Dr. Fillingane, a family physician who specializes in cardiovascular risk reduction, have similar missions: to prevent heart disease through early detection of risk factors and aggressive i...
http://thedo.osteopathic.org/2014/05/uncover-all-risk-factors-early-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease/
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Residual Cardiometabolic Risk of Treated Patients. Effects of Weight Loss on...
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*  .. A-Z Health Topics .. Cardiovascular Disease .. Atherosclerosis: At the ‘Heart’ of the
Cardiovascular Disease. Cardiovascular disease CVD occurs when blood flow becomes obstructed. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. Atherosclerosis is a gradual disease process. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. When this occurs, blood cells called platelets are exposed to the contents of the plaque. Blood Clot Blocking Blood Flow. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. Stroke —A stroke occurs when brain cells die because they are not getting enough oxygen via the bloodstream. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. Coronary artery disease CAD Angina —Narrowing of the coronary arteries, which carry blood to the heart muscle, may create a supply and demand problem for the heart. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. Heart attack —Heart attack refers to the death of heart cells due to lack of oxygen. Most heart attacks occur when a large clot forms in a coronary artery, cutting off the flow of blood to the heart. Heart Attack. © 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. Heart failure HF —HF occurs when the heart is unab...
http://sfmc.net/a-z-health-topics/?chunkid=31494&lang=English&db=hlt
*  Disease Proof : Cardiovascular Disease
... Disease Proof : Disease Proof : Health & Nutrition News & Commentary : Dr. Joel Fuhrman The Official Blog of Joel Fuhrman, M.D. Home > Cardiovascular Disease > December 2008 Heart Failure: Eggs Bad, Whole-Grains Better Posted on December 31, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Research, eggs, fruit, grains, heart failure, vegetables Print. Share Link. Belly Fat Linked to Heart Failure Posted on December 23, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Exercise, Research, belly fat, body weight, doctors, heart failure, men Print. Share Link. Vitamins and Selenium Don't Prevent Prostate Cancer Posted on December 16, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Cancer is a disease. A healthy diet is key. Tags: Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Prostate Cancer, Research, Supplements, diet, selenium, vitamin C, vitamin E Print. Share Link. Panic Linked to Heart Disease Posted on December 16, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, R...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/2008/12/articles/cardiovascular-disease/
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Events. Recent Contributions. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and related clustering abnormalities. Targeting Traditional CVD Risk Factors in Patients With Abdominal Obesity. Residual Cardiometabolic Risk of Treated Patie...
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*  Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease New Port Richey | Regional Medical
Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease New Port Richey. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Health Info Health Library. Gopal Chalavarya, MD Florida Cardiology Group 7614 Jacque Rd Suite C New Port Richey, FL 34667 727 862-8383 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Interventional Cardiology. 2 Clifford Colin, MD Dr Clifford Colin MD 6117 Troublecreek Rd New Port Richey, FL 34653 727 845-5707 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. 3 Stephen Goldman, MD Dr Stephen Goldman MD 6633 Forest Ave Suite 302 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 697-2200 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. Parekh, MD 5812 State Road 54 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 845-8593 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. 5 Bhasker Patel, MD Cardiovascular Clinic, Inc 5535 Grand Blvd Suite A New Port Ric...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovasculardiseases&filterCity=New Port Richey&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&page_number=1
*  Medical Xpress - cardiovascular problems
... Home cardiovascular problems. News tagged with cardiovascular problems. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics: heart attack. Sorry, no news articles match your request. Your search criteria may be too narrow. Subscribe to rss feed. Topics. Addiction. Alzheimer's disease & dementia. Arthritis & Rheumatism. Attention deficit disorders. Autism spectrum disorders. Cancer. Cardiology. Dentistry. Diabetes. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Genetics. Health. HIV & AIDS. Immunology. Inflammatory disorders. Medical research. Medications. Neuroscience. Obstetrics & gynaecology. Ophthalmology. Other. Overweight and Obesity. Parkinson's & Movement disorders. Pediatrics. Psychology & Psychiatry. Sleep apnea. Surgery. Conditions. Asthma. Breast cancer. Cardiovascular disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Colon cancer. Coronary artery disease. Dementia. Depres...
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*  World Diabetes Day 2001: diabetes and cardiovascular disease
world diabetes day diabetes and cardiovascular disease published on international diabetes federation http www idf org home world diabetes day diabetes and cardiovascular disease world diabetes day diabetes and cardiovascular disease submitted by admin on tue reducing the burden diabetes and cardiovascular disease was the theme of world diabetes day this year celebrated on november a date that has become central to the whole diabetes world the date was chosen several years ago to commemorate the birth of frederick banting the first who conceived the idea which lead to the discovery of insulin in issue volume issue author pierson anne attachment article en pdf keywords world diabetes day wdd cvd section media and events theme complications cardiovascular disease events awareness world diabetes day source url http www idf org diabetesvoice articles world diabetes day diabetes and cardiovascular disease links http www idf org diabetesvoice articles world diabetes day diabetes and cardiovascular disease http www ...
http://idf.org/print/diabetesvoice/articles/world-diabetes-day-2001-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
*  Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) Follow-Up Study - Wake Forest School o
Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes ACCORD Follow-Up Study - Wake Forest School of Medicine. Wake Forest School of Medicine Careers. myWakeHealth I Want To: Find a Faculty Member Locate a Research Department Find Research Centers & Cores Learn about the Graduate School Get Research Support BRSA Get Research Support Library Support Wake Forest Baptist. Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes ACCORD Follow-Up Study. Short Study Name acronym : ACCORDION Long Name: Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes ACCORD Follow-Up Study Investigators list PI first : William Applegate, MD Funding Agency: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute/National Institute on Aging Funding Dates: 2011 - 2015 Research questions or aims: Does a therapeutic strategy that initially targeted an A1C of 6.0% for a mean of 3.5 years reduce the long-term mean 10 year risk of major CVD events after 6.5 additional years of follow-up compared to a strategy that initially targeted an A1C of between 7 and 7.9%. Doe...
http://wakehealth.edu/Research/Gerontology-and-Geriatrics/Kulynych-Center/ACCORDIAN.htm
*  Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Disease And Cancer Give Clues To New Therapies -- ScienceDaily
... Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Disease And Cancer Give Clues To New Therapies. Date: November 24, 2008 Source: European Science Foundation Summary: Cardiovascular conditions leading to heart attacks and strokes are treated quite separately from common cancers of the prostate, breast or lung, but now turn out to involve some of the same critical mechanisms at the molecular level. Cardiovascular conditions leading to heart attacks and strokes are treated quite separately from common cancers of the prostate, breast or lung, but now turn out to involve some of the same critical mechanisms at the molecular level. This in turn provides clues to more effective therapies for both cancer and cardiovascular diseases, but requires researchers in these distinct fields to come together. "Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Disease And Cancer Give Clues To New Therapies." ScienceDaily. Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Disease And Cancer Give Clues To New Therapies. "Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Disease And Cancer Give Clues To New...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081121081057.htm
*  Medical Xpress - cardiovascular event(... continued page 6)
Medical Xpress - cardiovascular event ... News tagged with cardiovascular event. Related topics: high blood pressure · heart attack. Calcium supplements not associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in women. HealthDay —Carotid artery plaque morphology and composition determined by magnetic resonance imaging MRI may be useful in predicting cardiovascular events, according to research published in the May issue of Radiology. Traditional first-line checks of such heart disease risk factors as cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking habits aren't nearly good enough to identify cardiovascular disease in otherwise healthy, young firefighters, according ... Marijuana use may increase heart complications in young, middle-aged adults. Marijuana use may result in cardiovascular-related complications—even death—among young and middle-aged adults, according to a French study reported in the Journal of the American Heart Association. The blood pressure medication angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors AC...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/cardiovascular event/page6.html
*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Home. About Us. Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Epidemiology. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Imaging Techniques. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and r...
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*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Home. About Us. Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Epidemiology. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Imaging Techniques. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and r...
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*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Home. About Us. Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Epidemiology. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Imaging Techniques. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and r...
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*  myhealthywaist.org - Documentation Centre
... Home. About Us. Events. Editorials. Recent Contributions. CMReJournal. CMR Short Reviews. The Concept of CMR. Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. Definition and History. The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics. Epidemiology. Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue: the Culprit. Intra-abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk. Evaluating CMR. Research and clinical tools to identify individuals with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and quantify their risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease global cardiometabolic risk. Clinical Tools. Imaging Techniques. Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches. Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes/CVD Risk. Assessing Cardiometabolic Risk Managing CMR. Notions and practical tools to better manage the abdominally obese patient with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and r...
http://myhealthywaist.org/documentation-centre/index.html?no_cache=1&tx_stdoccenter_pi1[tags][23]=on
*  Significant differences in CVD risk factors between men and women with type 2 diabetes
... May 15, 2014 Significant differences in CVD risk factors between men and women with type 2 diabetes May 15, 2014. ©2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers Type 2 diabetes greatly increases a person's risk of developing cardiovascular disease CVD. A new study showing that cardiovascular risk factors such as elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels differ significantly between men and women is published in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics DTT, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. Johnson VA Medical Center Charleston, SC, compared three individual CVD risk factors and a "composite control" factor comprised of all three risk factors together among a group of men and women with type 2 diabetes. In the article " Gender Differences in Composite Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes " the authors report significant disparities for blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, and composite control, but not for control of glycosyl...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-05-significant-differences-cvd-factors-men.html
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Gulf Cardiology Associate | Region
Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Gulf Cardiology Associate. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Hurricane Updates. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on Octob...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterPractice=Gulf Cardiology Associate
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease HCA Employee | Regional Medical Ce
Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease HCA Employee. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services View All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services View All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth Our Heart Institute proudly offers lead...
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*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Disease HCA Employee | Regional Medical C
Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Disease HCA Employee. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services View All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services View All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth Our Heart Institute proudly offers lea...
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*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases interventionalcardiology Cardiovascular Disease | Region
Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases interventionalcardiology Cardiovascular Disease. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Heart & Vascular. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Heart & Vascular. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tu...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=interventionalcardiology&filterKeyword=Cardiovascular Diseases&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterSpecialty=interventionalCardiology
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Holiday Non-HCA Employee | Regiona
Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Holiday Non-HCA Employee. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Hurricane Updates. Locations. Mission & Values. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tu...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterCity=Holiday&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterHcaEmployed=No
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases interventionalcardiology Cardiovascular Disease Holiday
... Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=interventionalcardiology&filterCity=Holiday&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterKeyword=Cardiovascular Diseases
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Dr Clifford Colin MD | Regional Me
Search Results for Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Dr Clifford Colin MD. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutori...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterPractice=Dr Clifford Colin MD
*  Framingham Risk Score
Coronary heart disease CHD risk at 10 years in percent can be calculated with the help of the Framingham Risk Score. Individuals with 'low risk' have 10% or less CHD risk at 10 years, with 'intermediate risk' 10-20%, and with 'high risk' 20% or more. If a group of 100 persons all have a 20% ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease it means that we should expect that 20 of these 100 individuals will develop cardiovascular disease coronary heart disease or stroke in the next 10 years and eighty of them will not develop cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years. If they were to take a combination of treatments for example drugs to lower cholesterol levels plus drugs to lower blood pressure that reduced their risk of cardiovascular disease by half it means that 10 of these 100 individuals should be expected to develop cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years and 90 of them should not be expected to develop cardiovascular disease. If that was the case then 10 of these individuals would have avoided cardiovascu...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framingham_Risk_Score
*  Disease Proof : Cardiovascular Disease
In fact, you probably will have high blood pressure if you keep eating lots of salt over the years. Tags: Blood Pressure, Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Debunking Diet Myths, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Osteoporosis, Research Print. Many boast various health claims less sugar, more fiber, low fat, heart healthy you get the picture. He elaborates on this in Eat to Live : The reality is that healthy, nutritious foods are also very rich in fiber and that those foods associated with disease risk are generally fiber-deficient. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Obesity, Research, Weight Loss Print. Seven Secrets of Longevity Posted on February 13, 2007 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. Healthy populations around the world see no heart disease or cancer in their eldest. Seven Secrets of Longevity: In Conclusion Tags: Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food Print. Tags: Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Diabetes, Obesity Print. Okay just diet, so let s l...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/2007/02/articles/cardiovascular-disease/
*  Wiley: Cardiovascular Disease: Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors (The Report of the British
Wiley: Cardiovascular Disease: Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors The Report of the British Nutrition Foundation Task Force - Sara Stanner, British Nutrition Foundation. Cardiovascular Disease: Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors The Report of the British Nutrition Foundation Task Force. Sara Stanner Editor, British Nutrition Foundation. Chapters include coverage of novel lipid factors, vascular function, clotting factors, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress and homocysteine and early origins of adult disease. 1.4 Risk factors for cardiovascular disease. 1.7 Key points. 1.8 Key references. 2.7 Dietary effects on obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and hypertension. 2.11 Key points. 2.12 Key references. 3.9 Key points. 3.10 Recommendations for future research. 3.11 Key references. 4.11 Key points. 4.12 Recommendations for future research. 4.13 Key references. 5.16 Key points. 5.17 Recommendations for future research. 5.18 Key references. 15.1 Priorities for future research: emerging cardiovas...
http://wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405101660.html
*  The Representative Porcine Model for Human Cardiovascular Disease : Figure 5
the representative porcine model for human cardiovascular disease figure a b figure a x rays of longitudinally cut rabbit iliac arteries at days after placement of overlapping zes ses and pes the extent of stent coverage by endothelial cells was greatest with zes with almost complete coverage in the proximal and distal segments and significantly greater coverage in the overlapped segment compared with ses and pes b photomicrographs showing the amount of neointimal thickness at days after placement of endeavor zotarolimus eluting stents zess cypher sirolimus eluting stents sess taxus paclitaxel eluting stents pess and driver bare metal stents bmss in rabbit iliac arteries with ses there were focally uncovered stent struts which were associated with inflammation consisting of heterophils or eosinophils and giant cells adapted from...
http://hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2011/195483/fig5/
*  Disease Proof : Cardiovascular Disease
Home > Cardiovascular Disease > January 2008 The Job, Your Heart, The Strain Posted on January 29, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese Humans are complicated creatures, and our minds have powerful effects on healing and wellness, explains Dr. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Research Print. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Cholesterol, Debunking Diet Myths, Diabetes, Exercise, Healthy Food, Hurtful Food, Obesity, Research, Toxins, Weight Loss Print. Meat and Diet Soda, Bad for the Heart Posted on January 24, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese A guy walks into a fast-food restaurant, orders a double-cheeseburger, chicken nuggets, and, a diet soda. Fuhrman explains: There is a relationship between animal protein and heart disease. That means that as high-nutrient vegetables and high-nutrient fruits increase as a major portion of caloric intake, disease rates fall in a dose-dependent manner the more the diet is comprised of these foods, the better your health will be.7 So, I guess the point to make here is that it s important to remember th...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/2008/01/articles/cardiovascular-disease/
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases | Regional Medical Center Bayone
Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Community Involvement. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?keywords=Cardiovascular Diseases&filterKeyword=Cardiovascular Diseases
*  Phosphatidylcholine and cardiovascular disease - AnabolicMinds.com
... Home. News. Supplement News. Nutrition News. Weight Loss News. Training News. Men's Health News. Contest News. Research News. Forum. Ask A Question. Supplement Forum. Nutrition Forum. Weight Loss Forum. Training Forum. Excerise Science. Main Forum. Supplement Forum. Company Promotions. Supplement Deals. Supplement Companies. Nutrition Forum. Weight Loss Forum. Training Forum. Bodybuilding Forum. General Chat. Stores. 1RM Supplements. Island Supplements. Mind & Muscle. Nutriverse. Nutraplanet. Orbit Supplements. PHW Supplements. Strong Supplements. TF Supplements. TGB Supplements. Photos. Album Gallery. Member Gallery. Picture Gallery. Add Album. Reviews. Close menu. Register. . AnabolicMinds.com. Forum. Supplement Forum. Supplements. Phosphatidylcholine and cardiovascular disease. . Phosphatidylcholine and cardiovascular disease. 04-08-2011, 10:00 AM. broons. Phosphatidylcholine and cardiovascular disease. Common dietary fat and intestinal microbes linked to heart disease. Should supplementation with cho...
http://anabolicminds.com/forum/supplements/172914-phosphatidylcholine-cardiovascular-disease-post2825998.html
*  Cardiovascular Diseases | CK-12 Foundation
Cardiovascular Diseases. CK-12 Foundation meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/". iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-WVB47G" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden" /iframe. Donate. Help. Join. Sign In. Browse. Search. Help. Donate. Join. Sign In. Cardiovascular Diseases. Introduces coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. Life Science. Human Biology. ... ... Featured Content. READ. Cardiovascular Diseases. Introduces the different types of cardiovascular disease. VIDEO. Understanding Heart Disease. Heart disease affects more than 20 million Americans. This video explores the various forms that heart disease can take. 0%. Practice. Practice questions. CK-12 Content. Community Contributed. All Content. Basic. All Levels. Basic. At Grade. Levels are CK-12's student achievement levels. Basic Students matched to this level have a partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficient work. At Grade Profici...
http://ck12.org/life-science/Cardiovascular-Diseases-in-Life-Science/?difficulty=basic&by=community
*  Cardiovascular Disease: What You Should Know - American Family Physician
... Advertisement. Previous article Next article. Oct 15, 2006 Issue. Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit familydoctor.org, the AAFP patient education Web site. Information from Your Family Doctor Cardiovascular Disease: What You Should Know. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Oct 15;74 8 :1342. See related article on cardiovascular disease. What is cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease CVD is when there are changes in your blood vessels. These changes are caused by age and unhealthy habits, like smoking. They also can run in families. Having CVD makes you more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. In the United States, more than 10 times as many women die from CVD as from breast cancer. How can I tell if I have CVD. You may not notice that you have CVD. You are more likely to have it if you: smoke, are ...
http://aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1342.html
*  Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease 34652 Non-HCA Employee | Regional
Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease 34652 Non-HCA Employee. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... Stephen Goldman, MD Dr Stephen Goldman MD 6633 Forest Ave Suite 302 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 697-2200 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. Parekh, MD 5812 State Road 54 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 845-8593 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal...
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*  Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease 34652 | Regional Medical Center Ba
Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease 34652. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info Health Library. RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth Our Heart Institute proudly offers leading heart and #vascular treatment to fight #heartdisease. Stephen Goldman, MD Dr Stephen Goldman MD 6633 Forest Ave Suite 302 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 697-2200 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. Parekh, MD 5812 State Road 54 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 845-8593 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. 3 Bhasker Patel, MD Cardiovascular Clinic, Inc 5535 Grand Blvd Suite A New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 844-3600 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Interventional Cardiology. 4 Christos Pitarys, MD West Florida Cardiology Consultants 6633 Forest Ave Suite 302 New Port R...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?specialty=cardiovasculardiseases&filterSpecialty=cardiovascularDiseases&filterZipCode=34652
*  Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease New Port Richey 34652 | Regional M
Search Results for cardiovasculardiseases Cardiovascular Disease New Port Richey 34652. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info Health Library. RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth Our Heart Institute proudly offers leading heart and #vascular treatment to fight #heartdisease. Stephen Goldman, MD Dr Stephen Goldman MD 6633 Forest Ave Suite 302 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 697-2200 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. Parekh, MD 5812 State Road 54 New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 845-8593 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Internal Medicine. 3 Bhasker Patel, MD Cardiovascular Clinic, Inc 5535 Grand Blvd Suite A New Port Richey, FL 34652 727 844-3600 Map Directions View Physician Profile Cardiovascular Disease Interventional Cardiology. 4 Christos Pitarys, MD West Florida Cardiology Consultants 6633 Forest Ave Suit...
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*  Ditching the diet already? Don’t worry, you have still done your heart some good - Telegraph
Ditching the diet already. Don t worry, you have still done your heart some good - Telegraph. Accessibility links Skip to article. Skip to navigation. Telegraph.co.uk Search - enhanced by OpenText. Tuesday 06 October 2015. Home. Video. News. World. Sport. Finance. Comment. Culture. Travel. Life. Women. Fashion. Luxury. Tech. Cars. Film. TV. Women. Men. GoodLife. Wellbeing. Interiors. Gardening. Food. Pets. Relationships. Expat. Puzzles. Announcements. Events. Diet. Fitness. Mood and mind. Sleep. Health Advice. Doctor's Diary. Graham Norton. Spa Spy. Advertisement. Home. Lifestyle. Wellbeing. Diet. Ditching the diet already. Don t worry, you have still done your heart some good. Dieting at any age has lasting benefits for heart and arteries regardless of whether person later regains lost weight. Researchers examined the impact of lifelong patterns of body mass on cardiovascular risk factors in a group of more than 1,000 British men and women Photo: Alamy. By Daily Telegraph Reporter. 6:10AM BST 21 May 2014. Di...
http://telegraph.co.uk/lifestyle/wellbeing/diet/10845161/Ditching-the-diet-already-Dont-worry-you-have-still-done-your-heart-some-good.html
*  .. What is Cardiovascular Disease?
What is Cardiovascular Disease. What is Cardiovascular Disease. Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases associated with the heart and circulation they are among the most dangerous medical problems the human body can encounter and are the biggest killer throughout most of the world. High blood pressure, coronary heart disease, angina, stroke and arteriosclerosis are all cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular disease is not limited to those over 65 and it’s not just applicable to men. Post menopausal women are in fact in as much danger of suffering from high blood pressure, strokes and a heart attack. A family history of heart disease will also greatly increase the risk of contracting the disease. What is Coronary Heart Disease. Coronary Heart Disease. Coronary heart disease occurs when the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become narrowed by a slow build up of fatty substance in the artery walls. This is called atherosclerosis and the fatty substance is called atheroma. In time...
http://cardiorenew-europe.com/cardiovascular-disease/
*  Prevent Cardiovascular Disease: Have a Healthy Heart
... Learn how you can ward off cardiovascular disease and heart attacks and keep your heart healthy By. But even if you don't smoke and do exercise, it's possible that your risk could still be up as much as 82 percent if both of your parents had heart disease. Dr. Dr. For most women, total cholesterol should be under 200, with LDL levels no higher than 100 and HDL no lower than 50. If blood tests show your cholesterol is high, a change in diet and exercise might help see Step 5 for some suggestions. While doctors used to think that weight training was bad for the heart because it increased blood pressure, research now shows it can actually lower blood pressure when transforming fat into muscle, which burns calories and keeps them from landing on your belly. Agatston also recommends incorporating foods that lower bad cholesterol, like apples, which research suggests may help prevent plaque buildup; oolong tea, which has strong antioxidant properties that can make LDL particles bigger and less likely to enter ...
http://womenshealthmag.com/health/healthy-heart?page=1&cm_mmc=Yahoo_Blog-_-WH-Editor-_-7 Ways To Live Longer-_-Prevent Cardiovascular Disease Have A Healthy Heart
*  Engineering a Loss of Function PCSK9 Mutation to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk
... Home Fund Research Causes FAQ News Blog Newsletter Press Room Resources About Contact. Fight Aging. Engineering a Loss of Function PCSK9 Mutation to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk Permalink. But there are many other possible targets for gene therapies, such as the example here: Individuals with naturally occurring loss-of-function PCSK9 mutations experience reduced blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C levels and protection against cardiovascular disease. The goal of this study was to assess whether genome editing using a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats CRISPR /CRISPR-associated Cas system can efficiently introduce loss-of-function mutations into the endogenous PCSK9 gene in vivo. This resulted in decreased plasma PCSK9 levels, increased hepatic LDL receptor levels, and decreased plasma cholesterol levels by 35%-40% in the blood. Genome editing with the CRISPR-Cas9 system disrupts the Pcsk9 gene in vivo with high efficiency and reduces blood cholesterol levels in m...
https://fightaging.org/archives/2014/06/engineering-a-loss-of-function-pcsk9-mutation-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease-risk.php
*  Cardiovascular Diseases | CK-12 Foundation
Cardiovascular Diseases. CK-12 Foundation meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/". iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-WVB47G" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden" /iframe. Dismiss. See what's new this school year. Donate. Help. Join. Sign In. Groups. Library. Help. Donate. Join. Sign In. Cardiovascular Diseases. Introduces coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. Life Science. Featured Content. Cardiovascular Diseases. Introduces the different types of cardiovascular disease. VIDEO. Understanding Heart Disease. Heart disease affects more than 20 million Americans. This video explores the various forms that heart disease can take. Practice. Practice questions. CK-12 Content. Community Contributed. All Content. At Grade. All Levels. Basic. At Grade. Levels are CK-12's student achievement levels. Basic Students matched to this level have a partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficient work. At ...
http://ck12.org/life-science/Cardiovascular-Diseases-in-Life-Science/?difficulty=at grade&by=community
*  Heart-and-Stroke-Encyclopedia - cardiovascular disease
heart and stroke encyclopedia cardiovascular disease skip to content american heart association learn and live local info languages careers volunteer donate search get your local info find out what is happening at your local american heart area search by state select your language espa ol spanish traditional chinese simplified chinese vietnamese getting healthy conditions healthcare research caregiver educator cpr ecc shop causes advocate giving news heart and stroke encyclopedia knowledge starts here a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z cardiovascular disease cardiovascular diseases is a term that refers to the entire group of heart and blood vessel diseases cardiovascular diseases include heart attack arrhythmias atrial fibrillation and several other conditions related what is cardiovascular disease heart disease top red dress dhhs go red aha national wear red day is a registered trademark this site complies with the honcode standard for trustworthy health information verify here...
http://heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-and-Stroke-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_ContentIndex.jsp?levelSelected=3&title=cardiovascular disease
*  Category:Deaths from cardiovascular disease
category deaths from cardiovascular disease category deaths from cardiovascular disease also called heart disease deaths from cardiovascular disease category cardiovascular diseases category deaths from organ failure cardiovascular disease...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Deaths_from_cardiovascular_disease
*  Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases 34690 | Regional Medical Center
Search Results for Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases 34690. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Heart & Vascular. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. Medical Records. Patient Information. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals For Professionals. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Patient Transfer Center. Community Involvement. Contact Us. Hospital Leadership. Locations. Services. Services View All Services. All Services. Cancer Care. Heart & Vascular. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Medical Records. Patient Information. Pay Bill Online. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. For Professionals. For Professionals Careers. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness ...
http://rmchealth.com/physicians/index.dot?keywords=Cardiovascular Diseases&filterZipCode=34690&filterKeyword=Cardiovascular Diseases
*  .. Researchers test nanoparticle to treat cardiovascular disease in mice .. Rate this: .. Share th
Scientists discover new way to enhance stem cells to stimulate muscle regeneration Back to posting exciting advances on biology and medicine. Researchers test nanoparticle to treat cardiovascular disease in mice Posted by: Derya on: June 5, 2009. Scientists and engineers at UC Santa Barbara and other researchers have developed a nanoparticle that can attack plaque –– a major cause of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis, which was the focus of this study, is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. “The purpose of our grant is to develop targeted nanoparticles that specifically detect atherosclerotic plaques,” said Erkki Ruoslahti, distinguished professor at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research at the University of California, Santa Barbara. “We now have at least one peptide, described in the paper, that is capable of directing nanoparticles to the plaques.”. The micelle has a peptide, a piece of protein, on its surface, and that peptide binds to the surface of the plaque. Auhll Profe...
http://biosingularity.com/2009/06/05/researchers-test-nanoparticle-to-treat-cardiovascular-disease-in-mice/
*  Disease Proof : Cardiovascular Disease
... Disease Proof : Disease Proof : Health & Nutrition News & Commentary : Dr. Joel Fuhrman The Official Blog of Joel Fuhrman, M.D. He talks about it in Disease-Proof Your Child : There is considerable evidence that the lipoprotein abnormalities high LDL and low HDL that are linked to heart attack deaths in adulthood begin to develop in early childhood and that higher cholesterol levels eventually get set by early food habits.1 What we eat during our childhood affects our lifetime cholesterol levels. Not only does the development of coronary atherosclerosis develop in childhood, but earlier development of atherosclerosis and higher serum cholesterol levels in childhood result in a significantly higher risk of premature sudden death relatively early in life. In models with energy adjustment, higher intake of carbohydrates was associated with significant reduction of total mortality, whereas higher intake of protein was associated with nonsignificant increase of total mortality per decile, mortality ratios 0.9...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/2007/05/articles/cardiovascular-disease/
*  Changes in Body Composition, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors, and Eating Behavior after an Inten
changes in body composition cardiovascular disease risk factors and eating behavior after an intensive lifestyle intervention with high volume of physical activity in severely obese subjects a prospective clinical controlled trial figure a b c figure mean x ci scores of eating behavior tfeq at week weeks x six and months followup for differences in changes between ili group and controls for changes within the ili group from weeks x to six months for changes within the ili group from six to months and for changes within the ili group from week to months...
http://hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2013/325464/fig6/
*  Psych Central - World Heart Federation makes global plea to tackle CVD
... Quizzes News Experts Ask the Therapist Blogs Experts Daily News Research Updates World of Psychology Research Resources Find a clinical Trial Resources Forums Support Groups Find Help Ask the Therapist Drugs Medications Find a Therapist Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Take a Quiz Mood Tracker Pro. Home Conditions Quizzes Ask the Therapist Drugs Blogs News Research Resources Find Help Psychotherapy 101 Forums Support Groups Pro. Smith Jr., M.D., former president of the American Heart Association and lead author of the report from the World Heart and Stroke Forum Guidelines Task Force of the World Heart Federation. The task force said CVD risk factors should be the focus for prevention. The task force recommends 10 strategic principles as a template for countries to develop clinical guidelines and programs to meet their needs for CVD prevention: Governments, national societies and foundations should collaborate to develop clinical and public health guidelines for CVD prevention that target risk fac...
http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2004-06/aha-whf062804.html
*  Heart attack rates fall following national smoking bans
... The European Society of Cardiology ESC wishes to stress the positive impact of smoking bans in all European countries that have adopted laws banning tobacco use in public places. “There is a wealth of data linking smoking and cardiovascular disease CVD,” stated Prof David Thomas, of the European Society of Cardiology and a Senior Cardiologist in the Centre Hospitalier Pitié- Salpêtrière in Paris. “Although further studies are needed all over France to confirm the strong decrease in smoking related deaths over time, these statistics show the same tendency professionals have already observed in Italy, Ireland and Scotland when these countries introduced their own bans on tobacco. Passive smoking has been shown to increase the risk of coronary heart disease and the recent smoking ban is obviously having a beneficial effect on both smokers and non-smokers.” The European Society of Cardiology together with other health institutions has continuously informed the public of the overwhelming evidence of the adver...
http://phys.org/news/2008-02-heart-fall-national.html
*  Disease Proof : Health & Nutrition News & Commentary : Dr. Joel Fuhrman : Cardiovascular Disease : D
Posted on December 4, 2013 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. Red meat, gut bacteria and heart disease Posted on April 15, 2013 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. When analyzing the blood levels of carnitine and TMAO in human subjects, they found that the combination of high carnitine and high TMAO was associated with increased likelihood of cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular events heart attack and stroke. 5 Larsson SC, Virtamo J, Wolk A: Red meat consumption and risk of stroke in Swedish men. Salt: another public health hazard Posted on April 3, 2013 by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. High sodium intake is associated with poor health outcomes, including elevated blood pressure, heart attack and stroke even in the absence of high blood pressure, kidney disease, ulcers, gastric cancer, osteoporosis, and autoimmune inflammation. Whelton PK, Appel LJ, Sacco RL, et al: Sodium, blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease: further evidence supporting the American Heart Association sodium reduction recommendations. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/201...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/cat-cardiovascular-disease.html
*  Insufficient Exercise a Barrier to Decreasing CVD Deaths
... PT in Motion Home. APTA Home. About PTiM. Other News & Publications. Product Info. Login | Profile. Archives. Advertise. News. Collections. Friday Focus. Favorite. . Text Size. Home. News & Publications. PT in Motion. News. Insufficient Exercise a Barrier to Decreasing CVD Deaths. Wednesday, December 19, 2012. Insufficient Exercise a Barrier to Decreasing CVD Deaths Poor exercise and eating habits could be the game-changer in the fight against heart disease and stroke deaths, according to the American Heart Association's AHA "Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Update 2013." Between 1999 and 2009, the rate of deaths from cardiovascular disease CVD fell 32.7%, but still accounted for nearly 1 in 3 deaths in the nation. However, according to projections in the 2013 report, heart health may only improve by 6% if current trends continue. The biggest barriers to success are projected increases in obesity and diabetes, and only modest improvements in diet and physical activity. On a positive note, smoking, hi...
http://apta.org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2012/12/19/AHAReport/?blogmonth=1&blogday=29&blogyear=2013&blogid=10737418615
*  Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack | Largo Medical Center | Largo, FL
Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack. Largo Medical Center. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. H2U - health to you. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Information. Patients & Visitors. H2U - health to you. News World Report - Best Hospital Edition Quality standards and exclusive rankings earn Largo Medical Center a spot in the 2015 Best Hospital edition of U.S. Largo Medical Center @LargoMedical RT @tobaccofreefla: Smoking damages nearly every organ in the body. If you do drink alcohol, talk with your doctor to determine how much is healthy for you. Regular aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, using a stationary bike, or treadmill, can help reduce the risk of heart attack by reducing your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Regular exercise will help strengthen the heart muscle, decrease the heart's workload, and lower blood pressure. Since aspirin therapy is not without risk, be sure to cons...
http://largomedical.com/hl/?/19566/Medications-for-Heart-Attack~Reducing-Your-Risk
*  Alcohol and cardiovascular diseases
... redirect alcohol and cardiovascular disease...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_and_cardiovascular_diseases
*  FDA Chantix assessment finds slight heart risk - Print Article - Medical Marketing and Media
... Deborah Weinstein December 13, 2012 FDA Chantix assessment finds slight heart risk Share this article:. facebook. twitter. linkedin. google. Comments. Email. Print. A year after modifying its label to comply with FDA concerns that smoking cessation aid Chantix could increase the risk of heart problems, Pfizer got word that the FDA's deep-dive into Chantix studies shows an elevated – but not statistically significant – risk to heart health. The agency, which released its findings yesterday, looked at major adverse events, including cardiovascular-related death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal stroke. The report comes days after the journal Circulation published a study that found that women smokers increased their risk of sudden cardiac death by 8% every five years they smoked, compared to women who never smoked. This most recent Chantix announcement does not indicate that an additional label change is needed, and SEC filings indicate that 2011 label change has already inflicted damage to the ...
http://mmm-online.com/fda-chantix-assessment-finds-slight-heart-risk/printarticle/272537/
*  WHO | 10 facts on the state of global health
who facts on the state of global health world health organization facts on the state of global health beginning previous next who carlos gaggero previous next cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in the world around in deaths globally are caused by cardiovascular diseases diseases of the heart and blood vessels that can cause heart attacks and stroke at least of premature deaths from cardiovascular diseases could be prevented through a healthy diet regular physical activity and avoiding the use of tobacco who all rights reserved...
http://who.int/features/factfiles/global_burden/facts/en/index3.html
*  Courses Event - 6821 - Risk, Diagnosis and Treatment of CV Disease in Women - September 2010
courses event risk diagnosis and treatment of cv disease in women september continuing medical education to participate in this event read cme information view course materials complete assessment obtain cme credit...
http://texasheart.org/Education/CME/explore/events/eventdetail_6821.cfm
*  News-Medical.Net Cardiovascular Disease News Feed
Latest Cardiovascular Disease News and Research...
http://news-medical.net/tag/feed/Cardiovascular-Disease.aspx
*  UAB - SOM - Division of Cardiovascular Disease
uab som division of cardiovascular disease email this link to a friend close window email to sender your email subject send cancel...
http://uab.edu/medicine/cardiovascular/component/mailto/?tmpl=component&link=56cff76467ffacdcc6f70176fa54dc77fbf637e1
*  Cardiologists near Staten Island, NY - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
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http://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/ny-new-york/staten-island
*  Cardiologists near Arlington Heights, IL - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
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http://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/il-illinois/arlington-heights
*  Cardiologists near Wheat Ridge, CO - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
Treatment Excellence. Hospital-Wide Awards. Treatment Excellence. Hospital-Wide Awards. n=this.uiDialog ;n.eq 0 .focus },_keepFocus:function t {function i {var t=this.document .activeElement,i=this.uiDialog ===t||n.contains this.uiDialog ,t ;i||this._focusTabbable }t.preventDefault ;i.call this ;this._delay i },_createWrapper:function {this.uiDialog=n " " .addClass "ui-dialog ui-widget ui-widget-content ui-corner-all ui-front "+this.options.dialogClass .hide .attr {tabIndex:-1,role:"dialog"} .appendTo this._appendTo ;this._on this.uiDialog,{keydown:function t {if this.options.closeOnEscape&&!t.isDefaultPrevented &&t.keyCode&&t.keyCode===n.ui.keyCode.ESCAPE {t.preventDefault ;this.close t ;return}if t.keyCode===n.ui.keyCode.TAB&&!t.isDefaultPrevented {var i=this.uiDialog.find ":tabbable" ,r=i.filter ":first" ,u=i.filter ":last" ;t.target!==u &&t.target!==this.uiDialog ||t.shiftKey....
https://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/co-colorado/wheat-ridge
*  Cardiologists near Glendale, AZ - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
Treatment Excellence. Hospital-Wide Awards. Treatment Excellence. Hospital-Wide Awards. n=this.uiDialog ;n.eq 0 .focus }, keepFocus:function t {function i {var t=this.document .activeElement,i=this.uiDialog ===t||n.contains this.uiDialog,t ;i||this. focusTabbable }t.preventDefault ;i.call this ;this. delay i }, createWrapper:function {this.uiDialog=n " " .addClass "ui-dialog ui-widget ui-widget-content ui-corner-all ui-front "+this.options.dialogClass .hide .attr {tabIndex:-1,role:"dialog"} .appendTo this. appendTo ;this. on this.uiDialog,{keydown:function t {if this.options.closeOnEscape&&!t.isDefaultPrevented &&t.keyCode&&t.keyCode===n.ui.keyCode.ESCAPE {t.preventDefault ;this.close t ;return}if t.keyCode===n.ui.keyCode.TAB&&!t.isDefaultPrevented {var i=this.uiDialog.find ":tabbable",r=i.filter ":first",u=i.filter ":last" ;t.target!==u &&t.target!==this.uiDialog ||t.shiftKey....
http://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/az-arizona/glendale
*  Cardiologists near Altamonte Springs, FL - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
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http://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/fl-florida/altamonte-springs_2
*  Cardiologists near Staunton, VA - Heart Medicine - Cardiovascular Disease Doctor
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http://healthgrades.com/cardiology-directory/va-virginia/staunton

HeartScore: HeartScore is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.HypertensionBiomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.Aortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.National Cholesterol Education Program: The National Cholesterol Education Program is a program managed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health. Its goal is to reduce increased cardiovascular disease rates due to hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) in the United States of America.Classification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Outline of diabetes: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes:Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus: A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.2 subunit of the beta cell KATP channel.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.CholesterolLipid droplet: Lipid droplets, also referred to as lipid bodies, oil bodies or adiposomes, are lipid-rich cellular organelles that regulate the storage and hydrolysis of neutral lipids and are found largely in the adipose tissue.Mobilization and cellular uptake of stored fats and triacylglycerol (with Animation) They also serve as a reservoir for cholesterol and acyl-glycerols for membrane formation and maintenance.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.List of kanji by stroke count: This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,186 individual kanji listed.Macrovascular disease: Macrovascular disease is a disease of any large (macro) blood vessels in the body. It is a disease of the large blood vessels, including the coronary arteries, the aorta, and the sizable arteries in the brain and in the limbs.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Inflammation: Inflammation (Latin, [is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogen]s, damaged cells, or irritants.TriglycerideNathan W. LevinEndothelial activation: Endothelial activation is a proinflammatory and procoagulant state of the endothelial cells lining the lumen of blood vessels. It is most characterized by an increase in interactions with white blood cells (leukocytes), and it is associated with the early states of atherosclerosis and sepsis, among others.Electrocardiography in myocardial infarctionBlood glucose monitoring: Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in the care of diabetes mellitus, a blood glucose test is performed by piercing the skin (typically, on the finger) to draw blood, then applying the blood to a chemically active disposable 'test-strip'.Niigata UniversityHypolipidemic agent: Hypolipidemic agents, or antihyperlipidemic agents, are a diverse group of pharmaceuticals that are used in the treatment of hyperlipidemias. They are called lipid-lowering drugs.StatinTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingCADgene: CADgene is a database of genes involved in coronary artery disease (CAD) .Mortality rate: Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Calcinosis cutisLidanserin: Lidanserin (INN; ZK-33,839) is a drug which acts as a combined 5-HT2A and α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist. It was developed as an antihypertensive agent but was never marketed.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.High-intensity interval training: High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is an enhanced form of interval training, an exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods. HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise.Carotid ultrasonography: Carotid ultrasonography is an ultrasound-based diagnostic imaging technique to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries, so as to look for blood clots, atherosclerotic plaque buildup, and other blood flow problems.MedlinePlus > Carotid duplex Update Date: 5/12/2009.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Tunica intimaWaist-to-height ratio: A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference divided by their height, both measured in the same units. The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.TroloxNon-communicable disease: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.Endothelial dysfunction: In vascular diseases, endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium (the inner lining of blood vessels) and can be broadly defined as an imbalance between vasodilating and vasoconstricting substances produced by (or acting on) the endothelium. Normal functions of endothelial cells include mediation of coagulation, platelet adhesion, immune function and control of volume and electrolyte content of the intravascular and extravascular spaces.MicroalbuminuriaDietary Supplements (database): The PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset (PMDSS) is a joint project between the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS). PMDSS is designed to help people search for academic journal articles related to dietary supplement literature.FibrinogenDialysis adequacy: In nephrology, dialysis adequacy is the measurement of renal dialysis for the purpose of determining dialysis treatment regime and to better understand the pathophysiology of renal dialysis. It is an area of considerable controversy in nephrology.Arterial stiffness: Arterial stiffness occurs as a consequence of biological aging and arteriosclerosis. Increased arterial stiffness is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke, the two leading causes of death in the developed world.Coronary ischemia: Coronary ischemia is a medical term for not having enough blood through the coronary arteries. Coronary ischemia is linked to heart disease as well as heart attacks.

(1/16417) Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population.

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

(2/16417) Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

(3/16417) Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men.

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

(4/16417) Short stature and cardiovascular disease among men and women from two southeastern New England communities.

BACKGROUND: Short stature has been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), although the reason for the association remains unclear. Data on the relation between stature and stroke is more limited. We examined the association between stature and CHD as well as between stature and stroke in men and women from two communities in southeastern New England. METHODS: Coronary heart disease and stroke events were abstracted from medical records between January 1980 and December 1991. An epidemiological diagnostic algorithm developed to measure CHD was used in the present analysis. Unadjusted relative risks (RR) and RR adjusted for age, smoking status, obesity, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol <0.91 mmol/l, total cholesterol >6.21 mmol/l, hypertension, diabetes, education, and being foreign born were computed by gender-specific height categories separately for men (n = 2826) and women (n = 3741). RESULTS: A graded inverse association between stature and risk of CHD was observed among men which persisted after adjustment for confounders. Men >69.75 inches had an 83% lower risk of CHD compared with men < or = 65 inches. In addition, the tallest men had a 67% decreased risk of stroke compared with the shortest men. No significant relation between stature and CHD or stroke was observed among women. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the hypothesis that stature is inversely related to both risk of CHD and stroke at least among men. Factors which might explain this association remain to be determined.  (+info)

(5/16417) Cardiovascular disease in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: similar rates but different risk factors in the US compared with Europe.

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been linked to renal disease. However, little is known concerning international variation in the correlations with hyperglycaemia and standard CVD risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison was made of prevalence rates and risk factor associations in two large studies of IDDM subjects: the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) and the EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study from 31 centres in Europe. Subgroups of each were chosen to be comparable by age and duration of diabetes. The EDC population comprises 286 men (mean duration 20.1 years) and 281 women (mean duration 19.9 years); EURODIAB 608 men (mean duration 18.1 years) and 607 women (mean duration 18.9 years). The mean age of both populations was 28 years. Cardiovascular disease was defined by a past medical history of myocardial infarction, angina, and/or the Minnesota ECG codes (1.1-1.3, 4.1-4.3, 5.1-5.3, 7.1). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of CVD was similar in the two populations (i.e. men 8.6% versus 8.0%, women 7.4% versus 8.5%, EURODIAB versus EDC respectively), although EDC women had a higher prevalence of angina (3.9% versus 0.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate modelling suggests that glycaemic control (HbA1c) is not related to CVD in men. Age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol predict CVD in EURODIAB, while triglycerides and hypertension predict CVD in EDC. For women in both populations, age and hypertension (or renal disease) are independent predictors. HbA1c is also an independent predictor-inversely in EURODIAB women (P < 0.008) and positively in EDC women (P = 0.03). Renal disease was more strongly linked to CVD in EDC than in EURODIAB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar prevalence of CVD, risk factor associations appear to differ in the two study populations. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) does not show a consistent or strong relationship to CVD.  (+info)

(6/16417) Natural sporting ability and predisposition to cardiovascular disorders.

We tested the hypothesis that people with a natural ability in 'power sports' (a presumed marker for predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres) might have increased risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to those with a natural ability in 'endurance sports' (as a marker for predominance of type 1, oxidative muscle fibres). We examined subsequent cardiovascular disorders retrospectively in 231 male former soldiers, aged 34-87 years, who had undergone a course in physical training in the Army School of Physical Training, Aldershot, UK, who assessed themselves as having natural ability in either power (n = 107) or endurance (n = 124) sports. The proportion with CHD, defined as angina and/or coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass graft and/or heart attack was 18.7% in the 'power group' vs. 9.7% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 3.9, p = 0.05). The proportions with CHD and/or risk factors rose to 39.3% in the 'power group' vs. 25.8% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 4.8, p = 0.03). Under logistic regression analysis, compared to the 'endurance group', the 'power group' had 2.2 (95% CI: 1.00-4.63) the risk of developing CHD, and 1.86 (95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 3.25) the risk of developing CHD and/or risk factors. Men with a natural ability in 'power sports' are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders, compared to men with a natural ability in 'endurance sports'. A predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres, presumably of genetic origin, may predispose to cardiovascular disorders.  (+info)

(7/16417) Hypoalbuminemia increases lysophosphatidylcholine in low-density lipoprotein of normocholesterolemic subjects.

BACKGROUND: A phospholipid, lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), is the major determinant of the atherosclerotic properties of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Under normal circumstances most LPC is bound to albumin. We hypothesized that lipoprotein LPC concentrations are increased in hypoalbuminemic patients with the nephrotic syndrome, irrespective of their lipid levels. To test this hypothesis, we selected nephrotic and control subjects with matched LDL cholesterol levels. METHODS: Lipoproteins and the albumin-rich lipoprotein-deficient fractions were separated by ultracentrifugation and their phospholipid composition was analyzed by thin-layer chromatography. RESULTS: Nephrotic subjects (albumin 23 +/- 2 g/liter and LDL cholesterol 3.1 +/- 0.2 mmol/liter) had a LDL LPC concentration that was increased (P < 0.05) to 66 +/- 7 vs. 35 +/- 6 micromol/liter in matched controls (albumin 42 +/- 5 g/liter and LDL cholesterol 3.1 +/- 0.2 mmol/liter). LPC in very low-density lipoprotein plus intermediate-density lipoprotein (VLDL + IDL) in these subjects was also increased to 33 +/- 7 vs. 9 +/- 2 micromol/liter in controls (P < 0.05). Conversely, LPC was decreased to 19 +/- 4 micromol/liter in the albumin-containing fraction of these hypoalbuminemic patients, as compared to 46 +/- 10 micromol/liter in the controls (P < 0.05). LPC was also low (14 +/- 4 micromol/liter) in the albumin-containing fraction of hypoalbuminemic, hypocholesterolemic patients with nonrenal diseases. In hyperlipidemic nephrotic subjects (albumin 21 +/- 2 g/liter and LDL cholesterol 5.7 +/- 0.5 mmol/liter) the LPC levels in LDL and VLDL + IDL were further increased, to 95 +/- 20 and 56 +/- 23 micromol/liter, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that in the presence of hypoalbuminemia in combination with proteinuria, LPC shifts from albumin to VLDL, IDL and LDL. This effect is independent of hyperlipidemia. Increased LPC in lipoproteins may be an important factor in the disproportionate increase in cardiovascular disease in nephrotic patients with hypoalbuminemia.  (+info)

(8/16417) Effect of MTHFR 677C>T on plasma total homocysteine levels in renal graft recipients.

BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is an established, independent risk factor for vascular disease morbidity and mortality. The 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism C677T has been shown to result in increased total homocysteine concentrations on the basis of low folate levels caused by a decreased enzyme activity. The effect of this polymorphism on total homocysteine and folate plasma levels in renal transplant patients is unknown. METHODS: We screened 636 kidney graft recipients for the presence of the MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism. The major determinants of total homocysteine and folate plasma concentrations of 63 patients, who were identified to be homozygous for this gene polymorphism compared with heterozygotes (N = 63), and patients with wild-type alleles (N = 63), who were matched for sex, age, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and body mass index, were identified by analysis of covariance. The variables included sex, age, GFR, body mass index, time since transplantation, folate and vitamin B12 levels, the use of azathioprine, and the MTHFR genotype. To investigate the impact of the kidney donor MTHFR genotype on total homocysteine and folate plasma concentrations, a similar model was applied in 111 kidney graft recipients with stable graft function, in whom the kidney donor C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism was determined. RESULTS: The allele frequency of the C677T polymorphism in the MTHFR gene was 0.313 in the whole study population [wild-type (CC), 301; heterozygous (CT), 272; and homozygous mutant (TT), 63 patients, respectively] and showed no difference in the patient subgroups with various renal diseases. The MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism significantly influenced total homocysteine and folate plasma concentrations in renal transplant recipients (P = 0.0009 and P = 0.0002, respectively). Furthermore, a significant influence of the GFR (P = 0.0001), folate levels (P = 0.0001), age (P = 0.0001), body mass index (P = 0.0001), gender (P = 0.0005), and vitamin B12 levels (P = 0.004) on total homocysteine concentrations was observed. The donor MTHFR gene polymorphism had no influence on total homocysteine and folate levels. Geometric mean total homocysteine levels in patients homozygous for the mutant MTHFR allele were 18.6 micromol/liter compared with 14.6 micromol/liter and 14.9 micromol/liter in patients heterozygous for the MTHFR gene polymorphism and those with wild-type alleles (P < 0.05 for TT vs. CT and CC). Geometric mean folate levels were lower in CT and TT patients (11.2 and 10.2 nmol/liter) compared with CC patients (13.6 nmol/liter, P < 0.05 vs. CT and TT). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that homozygosity for the C677T polymorphism in the MTHFR gene significantly increases total homocysteine concentrations and lowers folate levels in kidney graft recipients, even in patients with excellent renal function (GFR more than median). These findings have important implications for risk evaluation and vitamin intervention therapy in these patients who carry an increased risk for the development of cardiovascular disease.  (+info)


What are some treatments of cardiovascular diseases?


I'm doing a project for school and I need to know how cardiovascular diseases are treated?
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Cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular diseases refers to the class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins).  While the term technically refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system (as used in MeSH), it is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (arterial disease). These conditions have similar causes, mechanisms, and treatments. In practice, cardiovascular disease is treated by cardiologists, thoracic surgeons, vascular surgeons, neurologists, and interventional radiologists, depending on the organ system that is being treated. There is considerable overlap in the specialties, and it is common for certain procedures to be performed by different types of specialists in the same hospital.


Does diabetes link to cardiovascular disease and should I eat white chocolate?


I have cardiovascular disease and I was reading up on it in my book. I encountered that many things are similar to diabetes, do they link and can I get diabetes? Also my doctor told me that my diet should consist of a moderate amount of dark chocoate, can I eat white/ milk chocolate too?
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dark chocolate is the only chocolate you should eat for your health. try and get 70% or higher cocoa. milk chocolate is better than white chocolate... white chocolate isn't even real chocolate. milk chocolate isn't good for you b/c it is too high in saturated fat and doesn't contain enough antioxidants to be considered good for you. 

yes, diabetes is linked to cardiovascular disease. if you eat crap, and don't exercise, you will probably become diabetic at some point in your life


Can cardiovascular disease, neurological disease lead to diabetes and eventually cause chronic disease?


If this is true, can you give me examples of cardiovascular disease and neurological disease's that do this?
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Usually, it's the other way around. Diabetes can lead to cardiovascular and neurological diseases.
http://www.diabetesmellitus-information.com/diabetes_causes.htm


what are the short and long term affects of cardiovascular disease?


I am doing a school project on cardiovascular disease and I need to know the short and long-term effects. I can't seem to find it on any website, except for Coronary heart disease and Coronary artery disease. I was also wondering if  Coronary heart disease is the same as cardiovascular disease.
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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include:
* Coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle
* Cerebrovascular disease - disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain
* Peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs
* Rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria
* Congenital heart disease - malformations of heart structure existing at birth
* Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots.


How might moderate alcohol consumption reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease?


How might moderate alcohol consumption reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease?


 1. In moderation, the consumption of alcohol lowers LDL and promotes blood clotting.

 2. Taken in moderation, alcohol lowers blood HDL and inhibits blood clotting.

 3. In moderation, the consumption of alcohol raises HDL and inhibits blood clotting.

 4. Taken in moderation, alcohol increases HDL and decreases LDL.

 5. In moderation, the phytochemicals in alcohol reduce blood levels of LDL and triglycerides.
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Red Wine is high in antioxdinants,spirits are full of sugar and increase your heartrate,beer full of carbs and increase your waist size..if you have to have a drink 2 glasses of red.


What age range is most common to get cardiovascular disease?


I'm working on a presentation on cardiovascular disease and I have to pick an age range where I can find lots of information. What age range would be best? I was thinking 40-50?
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Cardiovascular Function and Disease in the Elderly
http://www.galter.northwestern.edu/geriatrics/chapters/cardiovascular_function_disease.cfm


Where i can find medical journals related to cardiovascular disease?


well i haven't find a good site might give a good medical journals and i want 6 cardiovascular diseases?
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Go to the college or university nearest you and search in their medical library.  There are lots!


How has the number of Australians dying of cardiovascular disease changed since the 1920's?


I found out about 36% of deaths are caused by cardiovascular disease but what percent of deaths from cardiovascular disease was there in the 1920's?
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all I know is heart disease kills more people then cancer, sad but true