Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)United StatesEnergy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.JapanRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.TriglyceridesPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Body Fat Distribution: Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Sleep Apnea, Obstructive: A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Polysomnography: Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Glycemic Index: A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Intra-Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Basal Metabolism: Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.Tandem Mass Spectrometry: A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.BrazilAging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Sedentary Lifestyle: Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.FinlandSpectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization: A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Gastric Bypass: Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin: A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Dyslipidemias: Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Bariatric Surgery: Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated: Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Great BritainStatistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.NorwayMenarche: The first MENSTRUAL CYCLE marked by the initiation of MENSTRUATION.Somatotypes: Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)SwedenConfounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Subcutaneous Fat: Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.Gastroplasty: Surgical procedures involving the STOMACH and sometimes the lower ESOPHAGUS to correct anatomical defects, or to treat MORBID OBESITY by reducing the size of the stomach. There are several subtypes of bariatric gastroplasty, such as vertical banded gastroplasty, silicone ring vertical gastroplasty, and horizontal banded gastroplasty.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization: A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of large biomolecules. Analyte molecules are embedded in an excess matrix of small organic molecules that show a high resonant absorption at the laser wavelength used. The matrix absorbs the laser energy, thus inducing a soft disintegration of the sample-matrix mixture into free (gas phase) matrix and analyte molecules and molecular ions. In general, only molecular ions of the analyte molecules are produced, and almost no fragmentation occurs. This makes the method well suited for molecular weight determinations and mixture analysis.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Ankle Brachial Index: Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Uric Acid: An oxidation product, via XANTHINE OXIDASE, of oxypurines such as XANTHINE and HYPOXANTHINE. It is the final oxidation product of purine catabolism in humans and primates, whereas in most other mammals URATE OXIDASE further oxidizes it to ALLANTOIN.Ghrelin: A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.Human Growth Hormone: A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.Prehypertension: Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.CreatinineHeart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.

*  Children's self-control is associated with their body mass index as adults
with their body mass index as adults. Home. Pediatrics. ... with their body mass index as adults August 16, 2012 As ... with having a lower body mass index BMI 30 years later. Between ... Children's self-control is associated with their body mass index as adults. August 16, 2012 Children's self-control is associated with their body mass index as adults August 16, 2012 As adults, we know that self-control and delaying gratification are important for making healthful eating choices, portion control, and maintaining a healthy weight. A new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics finds that delaying gratification longer at 4 years of age is associated with having a lower body mass index BMI 30 years later. According to Tanya R, Schlam, PhD, from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health's Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, "Interventions can improve young children's self-control, which may decrease children's risk of becoming overweight and may have fu...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-08-children-self-control-body-mass-index.html
*  Drinks High in Sodium
Fitness. Body Calculators. Fitness Vacations. Free ... Information Body Fat BMR Calories Burned Glycemic Index ... Weight Glycemic Index GI Food List Satiety Index SI. ... Drinks High in Sodium. Drinks High in Sodium. Click a food item to give a full nutrition breakdown which can be scaled for different amounts of Drinks, from our list of Drinks high in Sodium This page shows the amount of Sodium in Fruit-flavored drink mix, powder, unsweetened through to Cocoa mix, NESTLE, CARNATION Rich Chocolate Hot Cocoa Mix. Drinks High in Sodium - Sodium in Drinks per 100 g. KRAFT, GENERAL FOODS INTERNATIONAL COFFEES Sugar Free Fat Free Low Calorie French Vanilla Cafe Flavored Instant Coffee, with aspartame and acesulfame potassium sweetener, powder - Sodium 929 mg. KRAFT, GENERAL FOODS INTERNATIONAL COFFEES Sugar Free Fat Free Low Calorie Suisse Mocha Flavored Instant Coffee, with aspartame and acesulfame potassium sweetener, powder - Sodium 516 mg....
http://dietandfitnesstoday.com/drinks-high-in-sodium.php
*  Differences in consumption of food items between obese and normal-weight people in India.
between 287 obese body mass index 30 kg/m2 and 1871 ... normalweight body mass index 18.50-22.99 kg/m2 individuals, ... Differences in consumption of food items between obese and normal-weight people in India. Document Detail. Differences in consumption of food items between obese and normal-weight people in India. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 22680313 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. We aimed to assess differences in types and quantities of food items consumed by obese and normal-weight people in India. Food frequency questionnaire data were used to compare the quantities of consumption of 184 food items between 287 obese body mass index 30 kg/m2 and 1871 normalweight body mass index 18.50-22.99 kg/m2 individuals, using t tests and ANCOVAs. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, sex, location and socioeconomic status, obese individuals were found to eat significantly larger quantities of 11 food items compared with normalweight individuals. Consumption of plain milk was higher among normal-weight than among obese indivi...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Differences-in-consumption-food-items/22680313.html
*  Dr. Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools? - News - Rockford Register
Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at ... screened for their body mass index or BMI. This is a measure ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools. - News - Rockford Register Star - Rockford, IL. find n save. newsletter. Midway Village hosts 19th annual Scarecrow Harvest Festival in Rockford ... Nominees wanted for 2015 Excalibur and Excelsior awards ... Midway Village hosts 19th annual Scarecrow Harvest Festival in Rockford ... Nominees wanted for 2015 Excalibur and Excelsior awards ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools. Murray Feingold. Rockford Register Star. Murray Feingold. Posted Nov. 12, 2013 at 2:35 PM Updated Nov 12, 2013 at 2:35 PM. Murray Feingold. Posted Nov. RELATED CONTENT Doctors are told to get serious about obesity. For example, being involved in screening for hearing loss. Parents of children who “failed” their hearing test are inf...
http://rrstar.com/article/20131112/NEWS/131119792/10443/NEWS
*  Dr. Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools? - News - Hannibal Courier -
Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at ... screened for their body mass index or BMI. . In certain ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools. - News - Hannibal Courier - Post - Hannibal, MO - Hannibal, MO. New predictor of health complications can identify high-risk preemies ... MA4 designated a Health Insurance Marketplace Navigator ... New predictor of health complications can identify high-risk preemies ... MA4 designated a Health Insurance Marketplace Navigator ... Murray Feingold: Is body mass index screening necessary at schools. Murray Feingold. Hannibal Courier - Post - Hannibal, MO. Murray Feingold. Posted Nov. 12, 2013 at 2:34 PM Updated Nov 12, 2013 at 2:34 PM. Murray Feingold. Posted Nov. For example, being involved in screening for hearing loss. A much bigger furor has been raised over schoolchildren being screened for their body mass index or BMI. In certain states, parents of ch...
http://hannibal.net/article/20131112/NEWS/131119693/1010/OPINION
*  Cholesterol Screening Shouldn’t Rely on Kids’ Weight --Doctors Lounge
that measuring body fat isn't an effective indicator of ... between body mass index and total and low-density "bad" ... show that "using body mass index to find kids with high ... Cholesterol Screening Shouldn t Rely on Kids Weight --Doctors Lounge. News. Conferences. Medical Reference. Procedures. Pediatrics. Pediatrics. News. Back to Health News Cholesterol Screening Shouldn t Rely on Kids Weight. Guidelines focusing on heavier children may miss the target, study finds. Guidelines focusing on heavier children may miss the target, study finds. cholesterol testing guidelines for children may have to be revised, say researchers who found that measuring body fat isn't an effective indicator of high cholesterol in kids. In 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics AAP issued revised cholesterol screening guidelines that recommended a cholesterol check for children at increased risk of heart disease, mainly those who are overweight or obese. They found that screening all overweight or obese children would ide...
http://doctorslounge.com/index.php/news/hd/3608
*  Title page for ETD etd-05292009-165311
Fatty Acids and Body Mass Index. Degree Master of Science M ... fatty acids body mass index. Date of Defense 2009-05-14. ... obese and recently body mass index BMI has been found to be a ... Title page for ETD etd-05292009-165311. Title page for ETD etd-05292009-165311. Type of Document Master's Thesis. Title Relationship of Maternal Serum Fatty Acids and Body Mass Index. Committee Member. Committee Member. Keywords fatty acids body mass index. Abstract Maternal supply of nutrients is critical for the developing fetus during all stages of gestation. The altered lipid metabolism that is often seen in pregnancies complicated by obesity and insulin resistance may negatively impact maternal supply to the fetus. More women are entering pregnancy overweight or obese and recently body mass index BMI has been found to be a positive predictor for decreased maternal plasma phospholipid concentrations of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids LCPUFA docosahexanoic acid DHA and arachidonic acid ARA. These nutr...
http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-05292009-165311/
*  Rate of gain, obesity factor into increased risk for prostate cancer ...( r risk gained an average o
medical indexing called 'body mass index,' which is a ... -inches tall has a body mass index of 30 and is considered ... incorporation of body mass index at time of diagnosis with ... Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified. Breaking Biology Technology: Technological Advancements in Cellular Research Growing Cell Expansion Market, According to BCC Research 2 Technological Advancements in Cellular Research Growing Cell Expansion Market, According to BCC Research 3 Biohaven and Fox Chase Chemical Diversity Center Announce Strategic Alliance in Early Stage Drug Discovery Research 2 Biohaven and Fox Chase Chemical Diversity Center Announce Strategic Alliance in Early Stage Drug Discovery Research 3 Biohaven and Fox Chase Chemical Diversity Center Announce Strategic Alliance in Early Stage Drug Discovery Research 4 BrainStorm Cell Therapeutics to Present at 2015 Stem Cell Meeting on the...
http://news.bio-medicine.org/biology-news-3/Rate-of-gain--obesity-factor-into-increased-risk-for-prostate-cancer-recurrence-9875-2/
*  Is the new BAI better than the old BMI? - EmaxHealth
with the use of Body Mass Index BMI for measuring obesity ... measure, called the Body Adiposity Index, or BAI, relies on ... 200 years ago. His Body Mass Index also called the 'Quetelet Index' which remains the current “simple” ... Is the new BAI better than the old BMI. - EmaxHealth. Is the new BAI better than the old BMI. The new measure, called the Body Adiposity Index, or BAI, relies on height and hip measurements whereas BMI relies on a ratio of height and weight. BMI is used in many schools to assess at risk children for obesity. It often puts professional athletes in an obese range, as it only measures total weight in relation to height and does not take into account body fat or body fat percentage. So will the new Body Adiposity Index, or BAI, be better. Hip circumference R = 0.602 and height R = −0.524 are strongly correlated with percentage of body fat. Body adiposity index BAI = hip circumference / height 1.5 –18. People who live at higher altitudes – at least 1,500 feet above sea level – are ...
http://emaxhealth.com/1024/new-bai-better-old-bmi
*  Penn News | Penn Study Results Confirm BMI is a Direct Cause of Type 2 Diabetes and High Blood Press
that an increased body mass index BMI raised the risk for both ... that a higher body mass index causes a raised risk of type 2 ... Penn News. Penn Study Results Confirm BMI is a Direct Cause of Type 2 Diabetes and High Blood Pressure. Search News Releases Search Source Sheets Search Penn in the News Search all News Search all of Penn. Penn Study Results Confirm BMI is a Direct Cause of Type 2 Diabetes and High Blood Pressure. Media Contact: Katie Delach. Using new genetic evidence, an international team of scientists led by experts at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia has found that an increased body mass index BMI raised the risk for both type 2 diabetes and higher blood pressure. “Our findings provide solid genetic support indicating that a higher body mass index causes a raised risk of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure,” said the study’s lead author, Michael V. “Now that we know high BMI is indeed a direct cause of type 2 diab...
http://upenn.edu/pennnews/news/penn-study-results-confirm-bmi-direct-cause-type-2-diabetes-and-high-blood-pressure
*  ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes V85.* : Body mass index (bmi)
ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes V85.* : Body mass index bmi. Home > 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Supplementary Classification Of Factors Influencing Health Status And Contact With Health Services V01-V91 > Body Mass Index V85-V85 > Body mass index bmi V85-. The si derived unit of spread rate of a substance by mass, used also as a measure of area density and as a dose calculation unit. The si derived unit of spread rate of a substance by mass, used also as a measure of area density. V85.0 Body Mass Index less than 19, adult convert V85.0 to ICD-10-CM. V85.1 Body Mass Index between 19-24, adult convert V85.1 to ICD-10-CM. V85.21 Body Mass Index 25.0-25.9, adult convert V85.21 to ICD-10-CM. V85.22 Body Mass Index 26.0-26.9, adult convert V85.22 to ICD-10-CM. V85.25 Body Mass Index 29.0-29.9, adult convert V85.25 to ICD-10-CM. V85.30 Body Mass Index 30.0-30.9, adult convert V85.30 to ICD-10-CM. V85.37 Body Mass Index 37.0-37.9, adult convert V85.37 to ICD-10-CM. V85.38 Body Mass Index 38.0-38.9, adult convert V85.38 ...
http://icd9data.com/2015/Volume1/V01-V91/V85-V85/V85/default.htm
*  Body Mass Index, BMI Calculator
... Body Mass Index BMI index calculator Calculate measure of your weight in relation to height. Menstrual Calendar Check your menstrual and ovulation cycle days. Basal Metabolic Rate BMR Calculator Number of calories that you would burn during day. Biorhythms Show yours physical, emotional, and intellectual cycles. Body Fat Calculator Show the body fat percentage. Waist to Hip Ratio WHR Calculator WHR is the ratio of your waist circumference to your hip circumference. Body Mass Index - BMI Body Mass Index Calculator. Body Mass Index Categories. Body Mass Index Formula. Body Mass Index Table. Menstrual / Ovulation Cycle Menstrual / Ovulation Calendar. Menstrual / Ovulation Info. Basal Metabolic Rate BMR + AMR Calculator. Basal Metabolic Rate - BMR. Active Metabolic Rate - AMR. Biorhythm Your Biorhythms. About Biorhythms. Celebrity Biorhythms. Body Fat Body Fat Calculator. Waist to Hip Ratio WHR WHR Calculator. Body Mass Index - BMI index calculator. What is body mass index BMI. Body Mass Index BMI - helps yo...
http://bodycalc.com/body-mass-index/bmi-index-calculator
*  The influence of optimal medical treatment on the ‘obesity paradox’, body mass index and long-te
... rm mortality in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention: a prospective cohort study. Participants From January 2000 to December 2005, 6332 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary artery disease were categorised into underweight body mass index BMI <18.5, normal 18.5–24.9, overweight 25–29.9 and obese >30. Results Optimal medical treatment was more common in obese patients as compared with normal weight patients 85% vs 76%; p<0.001. Patients with a normal BMI are on suboptimal medical treatment when compared with those with a high BMI. In univariate analyses, overweight and obese patients had more favourable long-term outcomes in terms of all-cause death HR: 0.72, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.82 and HR: 0.61, 95% CI 0.51 to 0.74, respectively and cardiac death HR: 0.77, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.94 and HR: 0.73, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.95, respectively. Moreover, when adjusting for baseline characteristics and optimal medication at follow-up, overwei...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3277907/?lang=en-ca
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) | BMI | Assessing Your Weight | Healthy Weight | DNPAO | CDC
Body Mass Index BMI. BMI. Healthy Weight. CDC. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Submit Search The CDC. CDC A-Z Index. CDC A-Z. Submit Search The CDC. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Physical Activity. Healthy Weight. Body Mass Index BMI. About Adult BMI. Adult BMI Calculator. About Child Teen BMI. Child Teen BMI Calculator. Children's BMI Tool for Schools. Healthy Eating for a Healthy Weight. Physical Activity for a Healthy Weight. Body Mass Index BMI. A high BMI can be an indicator of high body fatness. BMI can be used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems but it is not diagnostic of the body fatness or health of an individual. Calculate Your BMI Adult BMI Calculator. Child and Teen BMI Calculator. About BMI for Adults Information about BMI and interpreting this number for adults. About BMI for Children and Teens Information about BMI and interpreting ...
http://cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/
*  Medical Xpress - body mass index(... continued page 2)
Medical Xpress - body mass index ... Home body mass index. News tagged with body mass index. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. Related topics: obesity · physical activity · high blood pressure · type 2 diabetes · women. A high BMI could reduce men's risk of rheumatoid arthritis, but not women's. A high body mass index BMI could reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in men, according to a study published today in Rheumatology. Overweight and Obesity. Sleep affects HOMA-IR in overweight, obese teens. HealthDay —Overweight and obese adolescents have persistently higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance HOMA-IR, with significant contributors including total sleep time and sleep efficiency, according ... The regular physical trauma that appears to put professional football players at risk for degenerative brain disease may also increase their risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease, researchers say. Sep 08, 2015 22 1. Diabetes. More than half of Asian-Americans with diabetes are undiagnosed. More...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/body mass index/page2.html
*  Phys.org - body mass index(... continued page 10)
Phys.org - body mass index ... Home body mass index. News tagged with body mass index. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. obesity · physical activity · high blood pressure · type 2 diabetes · women. The emerging idea that obesity may have an infectious origin gets new support in a cross-sectional study by University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers who found that children exposed to a particular ... Sep 20, 2010 in Health. Sep 17, 2010 in Health. Sep 09, 2010 in Cancer. New analysis of a landmark health survey by the University of Ottawa Heart Institute UOHI shows that 70% of Ontario adults are either overweight or obese, and have a strong prevalence of high blood pressure that could lead ... Sep 09, 2010 in Health. Prior research has shown that alcohol abuse and dependence are typically associated with higher rates of obesity, as evidenced by a high body mass index BMI. Findings from a new study of the relationship between BMI and ... Sep 07, 2010 in Health. Study: Teasing about weight can affect...
http://phys.org/tags/body mass index/page10.html
*  BMI and obesity: Body mass index may not be telling the whole truth - latimes
... Body Mass Index bmi. April 17, 2011. The last census reckoned that a third of American adults were overweight, meaning their BMIs calculated by dividing a person's weight by his height, squared lay between 25 and 30. For The Record Los Angeles Times Wednesday, April 20, 2011 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 4 News Desk 1 inches; 59 words Type of Material: Correction Body mass index: An April 17 article in Section A on the limitations of the body mass index BMI said the BMI was calculated by dividing a person's weight by his height, squared. For The Record Los Angeles Times Sunday, April 24, 2011 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 4 News Desk 1 inches; 59 words Type of Material: Correction Body Mass Index: An April 17 article in Section A on the limitations of the body mass index BMI said the BMI was calculated by dividing a person's weight by his height, squared. The BMI is easy to measure, cheap to compile and track, and simple to convey to patients, said Richard N. One of the most serious blows to th...
http://articles.latimes.com/2011/apr/17/health/la-he-BMI-20110417
*  Asthma and maternal body mass index are related to pediatric body mass index and obesity: results fr
... om the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Skip to Main Content. Toggle navigation. National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging. Search Holdings. Analyze Data Online. Deposit Data. Publications. Help. NIA Supported Studies. NIA Funded Centers. Export Citation Choose one of the links below to export this citation to your own bibliography application. RIS. EndNote XML. Looking for the Full Text. You may be able to obtain the full text of this publication from one of the links below. DOI. WorldCat. Google Scholar. View Record Details Pub. Type Journal Article. Title Asthma and maternal body mass index are related to pediatric body mass index and obesity: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Author s. Epstein, L.H. Wu, Y.W. Paluch, R.A. Cerny, F.J. Dorn, J.P. Journal. Obesity Research. Pub. Date Nov 2000. Volume 8. Issue/No. 8 Pages 575 - 581. ISSN 1071-7323. Related Studies This publication is related to the following dataset s : National Health and ...
http://icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACDA/biblio/resources/9537?prefix=O&collection=DATA&journal[0]=Obesity Research&paging.startRow=1
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Maternal Body Mass Index and the Risk of Fetal Death, Stillbirth, and Infan
Maternal Body Mass Index and the Risk of Fetal Death, Stillbirth, and Infant Death: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Previous Article Next Article. Article. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Data Sources The PubMed and Embase databases were searched from inception to January 23, 2014. The summary RR per 5-unit increase in maternal BMI for fetal death was 1.21 95% CI, 1.09-1.35; I 2 = 77.6%; n = 7 studies ; for stillbirth, 1.24 95% CI, 1.18-1.30; I 2 = 80%; n = 18 studies ; for perinatal death, 1.16 95% CI, 1.00-1.35; I 2 = 93.7%; n = 11 studies ; for neonatal death, 1.15 95% CI, 1.07-1.23; I 2 = 78.5%; n = 12 studies ; and for infant death, 1.18 95% CI, 1.09-1.28; I 2 = 79%; n = 4 studies. Figures in this Article. PubMed and Embase databases were searched from inception 1966 and 1947, respectively to January 23, 2014. View Large | Save Figure | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. View Large | Save Figure | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View ...
https://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1860462
*  Independent Link for Child BMI, Adult Cardio Risk Questioned --Doctors Lounge
... Create Account. Sign In: Author or Forum. Search:. Search Symptoms. News. Journals. Conferences. Opinion. Articles. Forums. Twitter. Home. Q & A. Medical Professional. Author. Member. Medical Reference. Diseases. Symptoms. Labs. Procedures. Drugs. Medical Specialty. Cardiology. Dermatology. Endocrinology. Fertility. Gastroenterology. Gynecology. Hematology. Infections. Nephrology. Neurology. Oncology. Orthopedics. Pediatrics. Pharmacy. Primary Care. Psychiatry. Pulmonology. Rheumatology. Surgery. Urology. More ... Category:. Cardiology. Endocrinology. Family Medicine. Nursing. Pediatrics. Journal. Back to Journal Articles Independent Link for Child BMI, Adult Cardio Risk Questioned. Last Updated: October 26, 2012. In the few studies that adjust for adult body mass index, the effect sizes are attenuated. Share. Comments: 0 Tell-a-Friend. Related. Although the evidence for an association between childhood body mass index and cardiovascular outcomes seems consistent, few studies examine this association ind...
http://doctorslounge.com/index.php/news/pb/33120
*  WHO :: Global Database on Body Mass Index
... Tables. Graphs. Detailed Data. Links. Call for data. About the BMI Database. Background. BMI classification. Methods and standardization. Development of global estimates. Data. Tables. Graphs. Links. Call for data. Background. The WHO Global Database on Body Mass Index BMI was developed as part of WHO's commitment to implementing the recommendations of the WHO Expert Consultation on Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic Geneva, 3-5 June 1997 1, which identified the lack of nationally representative cross-sectional data as an obstacle for facilitating international comparisons of adulthood obesity rates, monitoring the magnitude of the current and future obesity problems, and evaluating the effectiveness of intervention strategies. The Department of Nutrition for Health and Development NHD initially developed the WHO Global Database on BMI to provide a systematic collation of available nationally representative and sub-national adult overweight and obesity data. During the last four years, ...
http://apps.who.int/bmi/index.jsp?introPage=intro_1.html
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts
Body Mass Index BMI Charts. Body. Body Mass Index BMI Charts. For years, doctors have used height and weight measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. Now they have another tool: body mass index BMI. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body fat someone has. Doctors use it to determine how appropriate a child's weight is for a certain height and age. Because what is normal changes with age, doctors must plot children's BMI measurements on standard growth charts rather than using a universal normal range for BMI as is done with adults. BMI is particularly helpful for identifying kids and adolescents who are at risk for becoming significantly overweight as they get older. In older kids and teens, there is a strong connection between BMI and the amount of body fat. So those with high BMI readings and, probably, high levels of fat are most likely to have weight problems when they are older. For example, if a child has a BMI in the 60t...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=Nemours&lic=60&cat_id=189&article_set=22610&ps=104
*  Report Finds Reducing Average Body Mass Index Rates by Five Percent Could Lead... -- WASHINGTON, Fe
7, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ --. 7, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Trust for America's Health TFAH has released a new report, Bending the Obesity Cost Curve, which finds that reducing the average body mass index by just five percent in the United States could lead to more than $29 billion in health care savings in just five years, due to reduced obesity-related costs. View all news by Trust for America's Health. See more news releases in. Visit PR Newswire for Journalists, our free resources for releases, photos and customized feeds. PR Newswire Membership. Fill out a PR Newswire membership form or contact us at 888 776-0942. Learn about PR Newswire services. Request more information about PR Newswire products and services or call us at 888 776-0942. View all news by Auto & Transportation Auto & Transportation Categories Auto & Transportation Overview. View all news by Business Technology Business Technology Categories Business Technology Overview. View all news by General Business General Business Ca...
http://prnewswire.com/news-releases/report-finds-reducing-average-body-mass-index-rates-by-five-percent-could-lead-to-billions-in-health-care-savings-138872659.html
*  Liang: Latent Heterogeneity in Long-Term Trajectories of Body Mass Index in Older Adults
... Overview. Search Projects. Browse Projects. Projects by Country. PSC Small Funds. Search All. U-M Researchers. Off-Campus Researchers. Training Faculty. Pubs. Overview. Search All Pubs. Browse All Pubs. Pubs by Country. Browse PSC Reports. PSC Report Series. PSC in the News. Overview. Small Funds. Alumni Award. Data. Overview. Search. Center Services. Center Overview. Alumni Fund. Freedman Fund. Hermalin Fund. Mueller Fund. Weinberg Fund. PSC at 50. Publications. Search All. Browse All. Country. Browse PSC Pubs. PSC Report Series. PSC In The News. Latent Heterogeneity in Long-Term Trajectories of Body Mass Index in Older Adults Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher Botoseneanu, Anda, and Jersey Liang. "Latent Heterogeneity in Long-Term Trajectories of Body Mass Index in Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Health, 25 2 : 342-363. Objectives: To evaluate latent heterogeneity in long-term trajectories of body weight in older adults. Methods: We analyzed 14-year longitudinal data on 10,314 older adults ...
http://psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/abs/8379
*  JAMA | Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index Among US Children and Adolescents, 199
Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index Among US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2010. Prevalence for 2009-2010 of High Body Mass Index BMI in US Children and Adolescents From 2 Through 19 Years of Age a. In 2009-2010, the prevalence of obesity was 12.1% 95% CI, 9.9%-14.8% among children aged 2 through 5 years, 18.0% 95% CI, 16.3%-19.8% among children aged 6 through 11 years, and 18.4% 95% CI, 15.8%-21.3% among adolescents aged 12 through 19 years Table 2. When combining all survey years together, children aged 2 through 5 years had a lower odds of obesity males: OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.48-0.70; females: OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.51-0.74 compared with adolescents aged 12 through 19 years Table 3 after adjusting for survey period and race/ethnicity. High Weight-for-Recumbent Length in US Infants and Toddlers From Birth to 2 Years of Age Graphic Jump Location. Prevalence of Obesity in US Males and Females Aged 2 Through 19 Years Graphic Jump Location. Table 4 contains trends in mean and median BMI among childr...
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1104932
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Mortality and Cardiac and Vascular Outcomes in Extremely Obese Women
Analyses adjusted for age, smoking, educational achievement, US region, and physical activity levels showed that weight-related risk for all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality, and coronary heart disease incidence did not differ by race/ethnicity. Point estimates of CHD-related mortality among women without CHD at baseline were also highest in women with extreme obesity; CHD-related mortality for overweight women was similar to that of women with normal BMI. At each decade of baseline age, rates of all-cause mortality were higher in the obese vs normal BMI weight categories. Mortality rates were higher among those with CHD risk factors smoking, diabetes, or hypertension at baseline than those without such risk factors, regardless of race/ethnicity. Incidence of Diabetes and Hypertension by Race Among Individuals Who Did Not Report Baseline Diagnoses, by Baseline Body Mass Index Category Graphic Jump Location. Coronary heart disease incidence was strongly related to weight class, regardless of r...
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=211008
*  BMI Formula - BMI Calculator- Why BMI is an Inaccurate Tool?
BMI Formula - BMI Calculator- Why BMI is an Inaccurate Tool. BMI Formula - BMI Calculator- Why BMI is an Inaccurate Tool. Your Exercise Plan. Get Healthy Diet & Exercise Tips on email. please enter a valid email address. Body Mass Index Misleading Tool. For Example: Weight Loss, Diet Plan ... BMI Calculator Why BMI is an Inaccurate Tool. Of late, many people are talking Body Mass Index BMI. Many health websites provide these BMI calculators, and use it to measure your health and fitness level. At Fitho, we believe that this Body Mass Index measurement is a completely inaccurate way to measure your fitness or health levels. What is BMI- Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index BMI was developed somewhere between 1830-1850. If your weight is 81 kg, then your BMI is = 81/3.24 = 25 kg/m2. Calculate your Body Mass Index here. So, how can BMI be an accurate measure of health and fitness level. Recently, the health ministry of India announced that if your BMI is over 23 kg/m2, then you re obese. By the new Indian obestiy no...
http://fitho.in/body-mass-index-misleading-tool/
*  ARS | Publication request: Glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome in Indian women with low and norma
Publication request: Glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome in Indian women with low and normal body mass indices ARS : Research. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Title: Glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome in Indian women with low and normal body mass indices Authors. Submitted to: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Publication Acceptance Date: April 15, 2009 Publication Date: November 13, 2009 Citation: Dwarkanath, P., Kurpad, A.V., Muthayya, S., Thomas, T., Mhaskar, A., Mhaskar, R., Thomas, A., Vaz, M., Jahoor, F. Glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome in Indian women with low and normal body mass indices. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Because amino acids are used to make glucose, underweight pregnant women with low protein stores may be unable to produce enough glucose to meet the demands of the fetus. In this study, we measured the production and utilization of glucose in pregnant Indian women with low and normal body mass indices duri...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=248585
*  FAMILY SYSTEMS VARIABLES AS PREDICTORS OF EATING STYLES AND BODY MASS INDEX - OpenThesis
... Upload and Search Theses and Dissertations - OpenThesis. Login. Create Free Account. . Home. Upload. Search. FAQ. For Universities. For Authors. Help. Details. FAMILY SYSTEMS VARIABLES AS PREDICTORS OF EATING STYLES AND BODY MASS INDEX. by Foy, Martha. Abstract Summary. Obesity is a heterogeneous condition that can seriously impact the degree to which one is healthy and socially accepted. It is generally considered to be greatly influenced by genetic factors. Given that we cannot change our genes, it was the purpose of this study to try to further understand the variables related to obesity that are not genetic. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of certain family systems variables and childhood feeding practices on Body Mass Index BMI. The family variables of interest were intergenerational intimacy, intergenerational differentiation, intergenerational triangulation, spousal intimacy, spousal differentiation, nuclear family triangulation, and the relationship between e...
http://openthesis.org/documents/Family-systems-variables-as-predictors-582887.html
*  Body mass index
... right|thumb|300px|A graph of body mass index as a function of body mass and body height. Category BMI range kg/m 2. Category BMI range kg/m 2. Using body fat percentage s BF%, however, BMI-defined obesity was found in 50% of men and 62% of women. For men with a BMI of 25, about 20% have a body fat percentage below 20% and about 10% have body fat percentage above 30%. BMI is particularly inaccurate for people who are very fit or athletic, as their high muscle mass can classify them in the 'overweight' category by BMI, even though their body fat percentages frequently fall in the 10–15% category, which is below that of a more sedentary person of average build who has a 'normal' BMI number. A study published by ' Journal of the American Medical Association ' 'JAMA' in 2005 showed that 'overweight' people had a death rate similar to 'normal' weight people as defined by BMI, while 'underweight' and 'obese' people had a higher death rate. In an analysis of 40 studies involving 250,000 people, patients with cor...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_mass_index
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts
Body Mass Index BMI Charts. ABOUT BROWARD HEALTH. Home / Kids Health Kids Health. Staying Healthy. Health Problems. Body. Body Mass Index BMI Charts. For years, doctors have used height and weight measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body fat someone has. Doctors use it to determine how appropriate a child's weight is for a certain height and age. Because what is normal changes with age, doctors must plot children's BMI measurements on standard growth charts rather than using a universal normal range for BMI as is done with adults. BMI is particularly helpful for identifying kids and adolescents who are at risk for becoming significantly overweight as they get older. In older kids and teens, there is a strong connection between BMI and the amount of body fat. So those with high BMI readings and, probably, high levels of fat are most likely to have weight problems when they are older. Kids ...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=Chris_Evert_Childrens_Hospital&lic=306&cat_id=162&article_set=22610&tracking=P_RelatedArticle
*  Family & Consumer Science
Intrauterine environmental challenges often result in low birth weight LBW or the condition known as intrauterine growth retardation IUGR. Controllable environmental challenges that contribute to LBW and IUGR are: Lack of prenatal care Late entry into prenatal care Maternal periodontal gum disease Inadequate maternal weight gain during pregnancy Inadequate preconception and/or prenatal maternal nutrition Maternal smoking during pregnancy Exposure to second hand smoke during pregnancy Maternal substance use during pregnancy. Research shows that infants with LBW or IUGR are more likely to develop disease in later life than infants born with normal birth weight. Researchers believe that LBW and IUGR infants have fewer muscle cells at birth; therefore, rapid weight gain during the first year of life can then lead to high proportion of fat to muscle above average body mass. The combination of LBW or IUGR and above average body mass increases the risk for developing many adult diseases. The diseases with the cleare...
http://colostate.edu/Depts/CoopExt/Adams/fcs/adultchildren.htm
*  Your Body Mass Index – know what it is — Human Performance Resource Center
... Search Site. About HPRC Communities Partners Terms of Use HPRC Blog. Sections. Physical Fitness. Environment. Nutrition. Dietary Supplements. Family Relationships. Mind Tactics. Total Force Fitness. HPRC Blog /. Your Body Mass Index – know what it is. Your Body Mass Index – know what it is — published: 02-11-2014. Health information resources,. Healthy Tips,. Heart,. Obesity. You may have heard about the Body Mass Index BMI, but do you really know what it is. BMI is an indicator of body fat for most adults—a screening tool for possible health problems. BMI is calculated using weight and height, and depending on the number, the result is categorized into underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese. The higher the BMI, the higher the risk of certain diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has an adult BMI calculator, child and teen BMI calculator, and information for interpreting the numbers. The appeara...
http://hprc-online.org/blog/blog/the-body-mass-index
*  Maternal predictors of preschool child-eating behaviours, food intake and body mass index : a prospe
maternal predictors of preschool child eating behaviours food intake and body mass index a prospective study dro home library dro home you are not logged in submit research contact dro dro maternal predictors of preschool child eating behaviours food intake and body mass index a prospective study mcphie skye skouteris helen fuller tyszkiewicz matthew mccabe marita ricciardelli lina a milgrom jeanette baur louise a and dell aquila daniela maternal predictors of preschool child eating behaviours food intake and body mass index a prospective study early child development and care vol no special issue parental influences of childhood obesity pp attached files name description mimetype size downloads mcphie maternalpredictors pdf published version application pdf kb title maternal predictors of preschool child eating behaviours food intake and body mass index a prospective stu...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30046059
*  Body Mass Index
... Home. Your Height. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9. feet. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11. inches. Your Weight. pounds. Body Mass Index BMI compares your height with your weight to determine your weight status. EBSCO Information Services's proprietary interactive calculators provide general results based on input provided by the user that is calculated against measurements or formulas considered standard by various government agencies, including the USDA, CDC, and FDA. The inputted information consists only of single values e.g., anthropometric data or activity levels not detailed clinical information, and the results do not indicate or suggest a specific course of action unique to the user. Sources: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Calculate your body mass index. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/bmicalc.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is BMI. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp...
http://calculators.epnet.com/View/Pages/BodyMassIndex.aspx?docid=healthcalculators/idealbodyweight/precalcdoc&token=47cefc54-fdca-4145-a760-902f0a57bf6e&DeliveryContext=healthlibrary&CollectionIID=446&frame=&rooturl=
*  Body Mass Index
... Home. Your Height. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9. feet. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11. inches. Your Weight. pounds. Body Mass Index BMI compares your height with your weight to determine your weight status. EBSCO Information Services's proprietary interactive calculators provide general results based on input provided by the user that is calculated against measurements or formulas considered standard by various government agencies, including the USDA, CDC, and FDA. The inputted information consists only of single values e.g., anthropometric data or activity levels not detailed clinical information, and the results do not indicate or suggest a specific course of action unique to the user. Sources: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Calculate your body mass index. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/bmicalc.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is BMI. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp...
http://calculators.epnet.com/View/Pages/BodyMassIndex.aspx?docid=healthcalculators/idealbodyweight/precalcdoc&token=b696f142-edf4-4d7f-a7ba-dc89ceee0ace&DeliveryContext=healthlibrary&CollectionIID=531&frame=parent
*  Body Mass Index
... Home. Your Height. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9. feet. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11. inches. Your Weight. pounds. Body Mass Index BMI compares your height with your weight to determine your weight status. EBSCO Information Services's proprietary interactive calculators provide general results based on input provided by the user that is calculated against measurements or formulas considered standard by various government agencies, including the USDA, CDC, and FDA. The inputted information consists only of single values e.g., anthropometric data or activity levels not detailed clinical information, and the results do not indicate or suggest a specific course of action unique to the user. Sources: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Calculate your body mass index. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/bmicalc.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is BMI. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp...
http://calculators.epnet.com/View/Pages/BodyMassIndex.aspx?token=034d47b5-b86a-49ba-ae5b-157f3eb79be0&DeliveryContext=healthlibrary&CollectionIID=446&frame=&rooturl=
*  Patient assessment 1 - Calculation of body mass index | Practice | Nursing Times
Patient assessment 1 - Calculation of body mass index. Nursing Times. Nursing Practice. Nursing Times Learning. Nursing Practice. Patient assessment 1 - Calculation of body mass index 19 February, 2008. It discusses the calculation and use of body mass index BMI. To calculate BMI mathematically the patient’s weight Fig 1 is divided by the result of the patient’s height squared Fig 2 as below Fig 3 : Weight kg Height metres2 If BMI is calculated using this approach it is vital to ensure mathematical error does not occur. BMI calculators are usually of a wheel design Fig 4 - the patient’s weight is lined up with the height Fig 5 and the derived value is displayed in a separate window Fig 6. To convert feet/inches to metres First the measurement needs to be converted to inches. For example, if a patient is 6ft 2in: 6 x 12 + 2 = 74in 74 x 2.54 = 187.9cm 187.9 / 100 = 1.88m To convert stones to kilograms First convert stones to pounds whole stones x 14 plus remaining pounds. The procedure Equipment required Ensure...
http://nursingtimes.net/nursing-practice/clinical-zones/nutrition/-patient-assessment-1-calculation-of-body-mass-index/755432.article?blocktitle=Practical-procedures&contentID=8427
*  Body mass index (BMI) calculator - Health Tools - C-Health
body mass index bmi calculator health tools c health body mass index bmi calculator most people know that their weight has a strong effect on their health but not everyone has a clear picture of what is an appropriate weight for them being overweight can increase your risk of a number of illnesses including coronary artery disease high blood pressure diabetes and stroke but there are also hazards involved in being underweight including nutritional deficiency diseases and obsession with weight loss can lead to eating disorders which can be very harmful and even fatal your best weight range is calculated on the basis of your height and weight producing your body mass index bmi a healthy bmi is between and find out what yours is enter your height and weight into the boxes below in metric or imperial and press calculate although the bmi is useful for healthy adults ages to years it does not apply to infants children adolescents pregnant or breastfeeding women endurance athletes highly muscular people or adults ov...
http://chealth.canoe.com/health_tools.asp?t=5&text_id=1855&channel_id=2053&relation_id=107979
*  About Adult BMI | Assessing Your Weight | Healthy Weight | DNPAO | CDC
Healthy Weight. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Overweight and Obesity. Healthy Weight. Body Mass Index BMI. Physical Activity for a Healthy Weight. The Health Effects of Overweight Obesity. Why is BMI used to measure overweight and obesity. In general, BMI is an inexpensive and easy-to-perform method of screening for weight category, for example underweight, normal or healthy weight, overweight, and obesity. Top of Page What are some of the other ways to assess excess body fatness besides BMI. Example: Weight = 68 kg, Height = 165 cm 1.65 m Calculation: 68 ÷ 1.65 2 = 24.98. For adults 20 years old and older, BMI is interpreted using standard weight status categories. The standard weight status categories associated with BMI ranges for adults are shown in the following table. BMI is interpreted differently for children and teens, even though it is calculated using the same formula as adult BMI. The ac...
http://cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html
*  Body mass index (BMI) calculator - Health Tools - C-Health
Body mass index BMI calculator - Health Tools - C-Health. Body mass index BMI calculator. Most people know that their weight has a strong effect on their health. But not everyone has a clear picture of what is an appropriate weight for them. Being overweight can increase your risk of a number of illnesses, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. But there are also hazards involved in being underweight, including nutritional deficiency diseases, and obsession with weight loss can lead to eating disorders, which can be very harmful and even fatal. Your best weight range is calculated on the basis of your height and weight, producing your body mass index BMI. A healthy BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. Find out what yours is - enter your height and weight into the boxes below in metric or imperial and press Calculate. Although the BMI is useful for healthy adults ages 20 to 65 years, it does not apply to infants, children, adolescents, pregnant or breastfeeding women, endurance ...
http://chealth.canoe.com/health_tools.asp?t=5&text_id=1855&channel_id=2113&relation_id=95996
*  Body mass index
Meal Plans. Fitness Videos. Low-Fat Recipes. Meal Plans. Fitness Videos. Low-Fat Recipes. Body mass index BMI , also called the Quetelet Index, is a calculation used to determine an individual’s amount of body fat. It can be applied to groups of people to determine trends or it can be applied to individuals. When applied to individuals, it is only one of several assessments used to determine health risks related to being underweight, overweight, or obese. The formula for calculating the BMI of children is the same as for adults, but the resulting number is interpreted differently. Morbid obesity— A term used to describe individuals 100 lb 45 kg or more than 50% overweight and/or who have a body mass index above 40. In developed countries, a BMI this low in the absence of disease is often an indication anorexia nervosa At the other end of the scale, a BMI of 40 or greater indicates morbid obesity that carries a very high risk of developing obesity-related diseases such as stroke, heart attack, an...
http://diet.com/store/facts/body-mass-index
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts
Body Mass Index BMI Charts. East Tennessee Children's Hospital. East Tennessee Children's Hospital. Body. For years, doctors have used height and weight measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body fat someone has. Doctors use it to determine how appropriate a child's weight is for a certain height and age. Calculating BMI You can use the BMI calculator below to find your child's BMI, but it's also important to have your doctor do regular BMI measurements. Because what is normal changes with age, doctors must plot children's BMI measurements on standard growth charts rather than using a universal normal range for BMI as is done with adults. BMI is particularly helpful for identifying kids and adolescents who are at risk for becoming significantly overweight as they get older. In older kids and teens, there is a strong connection between BMI and the amount of body fat. So those with high BMI r...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?lic=6&dn=EastTennesseeChildrens_Hospital&article_set=22610&cat_id=189
*  Body-mass index doesn't tell full tale of health
... health. Body-mass index doesn't tell full tale of health. Recent studies bring into question the assumption being pleasantly plump can impede a person s overall health. A normal body-mass index is between 18.5 and 25. Another important consideration is whether fat tissue is carried predominantly around the waist instead of the thighs, as this has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We know the body-mass index calculation is not a perfect predictor of health. It doesn’t account for muscle tissue, such that a bodybuilder and a couch potato might have similar body-mass index. Equally, a body-mass index in the healthy range is no assurance of cardiovascular fitness. The majority of those who are considered overweight according to the body-mass index classification still have numbers less than 35. The upshot of the study suggests being slightly overweight with a body-mass index of 25 to 30 may actually increase your longevity. The more controversial aspect relates to the mildly...
http://montrealgazette.com/health/body mass index doesn tell full tale health/8035183/story.html
*  BMI: is the body mass index formula flawed? - Medical News Today
BMI: is the body mass index formula flawed. - Medical News Today. For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. MNT - Hourly Medical News Since 2003. Sign in. News by email. Signing up is FREE, FAST and SIMPLE. Begin by entering your email address below. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Tailored for the health areas that matter to you. Daily or weekly emails with only the content you want. Sign me up. We value your privacy. Learn more about our commitment to protecting your privacy. A - B. Sign up for our newsletter Prefer your news delivered by email. Abortion. Acid Reflux / GERD. Addiction. ADHD / ADD. Aid / Disasters. Alcohol / Illegal Drugs. Allergy. Alternative Medicine Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Irritable-Bowel Syndrome. IT / Internet / E-mail Litigation. Liver Disease / Hepatitis. Lung Cancer. Lupus. Lymphology / Lymphedema. Lymphoma / Leukemia. M - O. Si...
http://medicalnewstoday.com/articles/255712.php
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Internal Medicine | Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Risk of Type 2 Di
Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Patients With Normal or Impaired Glucose Regulation. Previous Article Next Article. Article. ARTICLE INFORMATION. This association was persistent in subjects with 1 both obesity and impaired glucose regulation, 2 either obesity or impaired glucose regulation, and 3 a normal BMI and glucose regulation. Obesity in subjects who reported being inactive and had normal glucose levels was associated with an increased risk of diabetes compared with a normal BMI in subjects who reported being active and had impaired glucose regulation. Figures in this Article. ARTICLE INFORMATION. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. Table 2 shows the single relative risk of type 2 diabetes for different levels of physical activity, BMI, and plasma glucose. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. The positive association between BMI and risk of type 2 diabetes was confirmed in subjects with either nor...
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=216979
*  Body Mass Index - How Reliable?
Body Mass Index - How Reliable. Free Republic Browse. Search. General/Chat Topics. Post Article. Skip to comments. Body Mass Index - How Reliable. N/A. 07/15/13. fwdude Posted on 07/15/2013 9:39:52 AM PDT by. fwdude. In my efforts to be prepared for the civil unrest that is undoubtedly coming, I'm on a mission to get into better shape in my early fifties, and have revisited the health measure called Body Mass Index BMI. Just needing the input from some of you who agree or disagree with this seemingly arbitrary calculation. It seems to be absolutely ridiculous to me in one sense. In my healthiest lean days I was still considered overweight according to the BMI calculation. Now, I'm considered obese, when anyone looking at me would never describe me as such. If I got down just to the high end of the acceptable weight range, I would look like a famine-ravished Ethiopian. The calculation for BMI: BMI = mass lbs /height in. x 703 The interpretation charts follows: BMI below 18.5 is underweight, from 18.5-2...
http://freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/3043196/posts?page=3
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts
Body Mass Index BMI Charts. Cancer Care Center. HIPAA Medical Release Form. Allergy Center. Asthma Center. Cancer Center. Diabetes Center. Flu Center. For years, doctors have used height and weight measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body fat someone has. Doctors use it to determine how appropriate a child's weight is for a certain height and age. Because what is normal changes with age, doctors must plot children's BMI measurements on standard growth charts rather than using a universal normal range for BMI as is done with adults. BMI is particularly helpful for identifying kids and adolescents who are at risk for becoming significantly overweight as they get older. In older kids and teens, there is a strong connection between BMI and the amount of body fat. So those with high BMI readings and, probably, high levels of fat are most likely to have weight problems when they are older. Your...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KosairChildrensHospital&lic=407&cat_id=162&article_set=22610&ps=104
*  Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts
Body Mass Index BMI Charts. Cancer Care Center. HIPAA Medical Release Form. Allergy Center. Asthma Center. Cancer Center. Diabetes Center. Flu Center. For years, doctors have used height and weight measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body fat someone has. Doctors use it to determine how appropriate a child's weight is for a certain height and age. Because what is normal changes with age, doctors must plot children's BMI measurements on standard growth charts rather than using a universal normal range for BMI as is done with adults. BMI is particularly helpful for identifying kids and adolescents who are at risk for becoming significantly overweight as they get older. In older kids and teens, there is a strong connection between BMI and the amount of body fat. So those with high BMI readings and, probably, high levels of fat are most likely to have weight problems when they are older. Your...
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?lic=407&dn=KosairChildrensHospital&article_set=22610&cat_id=189
*  நல்லது நடக்குதுங்கோ
skip to main. skip to sidebar. Monday, October 27, 2008. Posted by. at 6:22 PM. 3 comments:. Links to this post. Thursday, April 17, 2008. Body Mass Index. So, in common terms, overweight refers to an individual with a body mass index or BMI > 25 உடற பர மன Obesity உடல ன அம ப ப த த வ க க னத வ ட அத கம க இர க க ம உடற க ழ ப ப ; கண ப ப ன பட , இர க க வ ண ட ய எட க க 30% அத கம க இர ப பவர கள உடற பர மன கணக க ல obesity மர த த வர கள ச ர க க ன றனர. More commonly, obese refers to any individual with a body mass index or BMI > 30 உத ரணம க, 25 வயத ஆர க க யம ள ள ஆண க க சர சர த னசர வ ழ க க ய ல ஒர ந ள க க 2400 கல ர உணவ த வ , ஒவ வ ர ந ள க க ம அவர 500 கல ர அத கம க உணவ அர ந த ன ல , ச ல ம தங கள ல ய "அத க எட " க ழ வ ற க வந த வ ட வ ர , ஆண ட கள கடப பதற க ள அவர "அத க உடற பர மன " ந ல க க வந த வ ட வ ர , அத த டன த வ ய ல ல த பல ந ய கள ய ம ச ர த த க க ண ட ர ப ப ர. ச ல த டர ப ட ய த ட ப ப கள ----------------------------- http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/nyregion/17calorie.html http://www.obesityinamerica.org/geographic.html http://www.obesit...
http://nallathunadakattum.blogspot.com/
*  Body fat tied to heart risks in normal-weight adults - tidewaterreview.com
... Digital Membership E-Edition Classifieds Automotive Jobs Real Estate Subscriber Services Place an ad. Classifieds Automotive Jobs Real Estate Rentals Place an ad Advertising rate card Digital Membership. Body fat tied to heart risks in normal-weight adults. NEW YORK Reuters Health - New evidence suggests older adults with a healthy weight but high percentage of body fat are at increased risk of heart-related diseases and death. Looking at data on 1,528 people with a normal body mass index BMI - a measure of weight in relation to height - researchers found one in five men and nearly one in three women had a body fat percentage above what is considered healthy. Excess body fat has been linked to a higher risk of diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. The researchers analyzed data from national nutrition surveys, looking specifically at normal-weight adults who were 70 years old, on average. Batsis and his colleagues did not find any differences in how often people with high and normal body fat le...
http://tidewaterreview.com/features/health/sns-rt-us-body-fat-20130926,0,7430897.story
*  Body mass index calculator - CNN.com
body mass index calculator cnn com health main living well diet fitness mental health conditions health a z body mass index calculator story highlights calculating body mass index may highlight possible weight problems bmi is a reliable indicator for body fatness cdc most people who fall in obese range or higher have high body fat next article in health interactive from the blogs controversy commentary and debate sit tight we re getting to the good stuff powered by sphere top news senators troubled after rice meeting bergen senseless benghazi obsession more from health fda halts work at nut plant linked to salmonella what polonium does to the body healthy ways to boost energy more in living well diet fitness mental health conditions...
http://cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/10/14/body.mass.calculator/index.html
*  Ask.com - What's Your Question?
Ask.com - What's Your Question. askLogo. Answers. Images. Videos. News. Talk to us. Your input helps us improve Ask.com for the millions of people who use us every day. How would you rate Ask.com. Please provide rating before submitting your feedback. How can we make Ask.com better for you. Please provide feedback before submitting your response. If you'd like a response, please provide your name and email address below. Thanks for the feedback. Related Search. Ideal Weight Calculator for Teens. Teen Height Weight Calculator. Height Weight Charts for Children. Height Weight Tables. Weight According to Age and Height. Average Teen Weight Chart. Teen Weight Calculator for Free. Average Height and Weight for Teenager. Adolescent Height Weight Calculator. Child Weight Chart. Teenage Diet Plan. Height Weight Age Chart. Web Results. Source. A good way to assess your weight is to calculate your body mass index BMI. BMI takes into account not just your weight, but also your height to indicate body fat. The goal f...
http://ask.com/web?qsrc=6&o=2218&oo=2218&l=dir&gc=1&q=Teen Weight Calculator
*  Is BMI the Best We Can Do? ‹ the 2×2 project
Published on December 26, 2012 by Steve Mooney. Any measure that says that Tom Cruise and Philip Seymour Hoffman share a similar body habitus has to have problems—that’s why body mass index BMI—measured as the mass in kilograms divided by height in meteres squared the most common measure of body habitus used by doctors and public health practitioners, has been receiving a lot of criticism lately. So you might expect doctors to switch to newer measures that separate fat mass from lean mass or that takes body shape into account any day now. Or at least you might expect the World Health Organization to pick a better measure on which to define obesity. Certainly, there are many others which doctors and patients could choose from. But like the good guy in an action movie or the bad guy in a horror movie, BMI refuses to die. Across a sample of over 10,000 employed American adults, we found that BMI was about as good at predicting hypertension, dyslipidemia, and other components of the metabolic syndrome—a precursor...
http://the2x2project.org/measuring-obesity-bmi/
*  Waist size predicts heart-disease death better than weight - CNN.com
Waist size provides a far more accurate way to predict a heart patient's chances of dying at an early age from a heart attack. A high body mass index is associated with a lower risk of dying from heart disease Heart patients with a large waist size were 70 percent more likely to die Genetics plays a very strong role in whether a person gains weight around the waist. Several studies have found that a high body mass index is associated with a lower risk of dying from heart disease and other chronic illnesses -- a mysterious phenomenon that has come to be known as the obesity paradox. Waist size provides a far more accurate way to predict a heart patient's chances of dying at an early age from a heart attack or other causes, the study found. As in previous studies, a high BMI was associated with a lower risk of death. But researchers found that heart patients with a high ratio of waist-to-hip circumference or a large waist size -- greater than 35 inches for women, or 40 inches for men -- were 70 percent more lik...
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/HEALTH/05/02/waist.size.predicts.heart.disease/index.html
*  Why BMI isn't an accurate way of measuring health by Charlotte Morgan
Why BMI isn't an accurate way of measuring health. They're all overweight, according to the Body Mass Index BMI. Both the government and UK doctors advocate the Body Mass Index BMI as the primary tool to assess a person s health. The only addition to the concept came in 1972, in the Journal of Chronic Diseases by Ancel Keys, when it was officially named Body Mass Index, and was declared the best proxy for body fat percentage among ratios of weight and height. Olympics 2012 favourite Usain Bolt 6ft 5, 88kg, on the other hand, has the same healthy BMI as me; but that s because he s crazy tall. Looking at data from 40 studies involving 250,000 people with heart disease, they found that overweight people had fewer heart problems than those with a normal BMI. Instead of BMI, the Body Volume Index BVI, a new measurement devised in 2000 for human obesity, is often used in sports. It looks at where the body mass is located on a body, whereas BMI is based on a measurement of total mass, irrespective of the locatio...
http://lovefood.com/journal/opinions/16985/bmi-not-accurate-way-of-testing-health
*  The Importance Of Body Mass Index
... Tuesday, October 6, 2015. Other Great Sites Privacy Policy/Disclosure Site Map. HippyFitMom Certified Personal Trainer And Fitness Enthusiast. Home About Me Bio. Mission. Blog Beauty. Fitness. Marriage/Relationships. Nutrition. *NEW Beautiful Inspirations Store My Business Contact Me Contact Me. Not All Bodies Are Created Equal. Posted by: Amber, the Hippy Fit Mom. 4 14. 2012 in Daddy's Perspective. 1 Comment. As you can easily see walking down the street, we are all different. We are different weights, heights, body types etc. When people get fixated on the number on the scale and comparing their fitness to those of others they can be fighting a losing battle because of the fact that we are different. What makes one person healthy and fit isn t necessary the same for another. For example, a person who is 5’5” and 115 lbs. would be considered a normal weight but a person who is 5’9” and the same weight would be considered underweight. When calculating our level of health we need to take more into conside...
http://hippyfitmom.com/not-all-bodies-are-created-equal/
*  .. What is my BMI? .. The Importance of Knowing Your Own BMI .. The Importance of Checking Your BMI
You are here: Home » BMI FAQ » What is my BMI. What is my BMI. Your BMI is your body mass index and is a very easy number to find. It requires minimal information from you: your gender, your weight and your height. With that information the BMI Calculator on our home page can give you your personal Body Mass Index instantly. BMI is used by doctors, weight loss specialist and trainers in order to determine whether or not you are at a healthy weight. Because it factors in both your height and weight, it is a much more accurate number than your weight only. Those who are familiar with the use of the BMI will often make recommendations to you based on your number. They may suggest that you need to gain weight, remain stable or quite often lose weight for optimal health. The Importance of Knowing Your Own BMI. Knowing your own BMI is very important because it essentially tells you whether or not you are at a healthy weight. You can easily monitor your own health risks by keeping tabs on your BMI. In fact, by learn...
http://bmicalculator.org/what-is-my-bmi/
*  Diagnosis of Obesity | Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point | Hudson, FL
Diagnosis of Obesity. Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Hospital Leadership. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. 10/01/2015 - Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point Continues Its Tuesday Tutorials Dedicated to Cancer Awareness With “Lung Cancer” by Domenick Sorresso Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point will continue its “Tuesday Tutorials” on October 20 when it will present “Lung Cancer: Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment” at the Rao Musunuru, MD Conference... RMC Bayonet Point @RMCHealth RT @NCIprevention: Tanning indoors is not safer than tanning in the sun. The doctor can often determine if you are obese by looking at your body and assessing the percentage of body fat. Your doctor can often determine if you are overweight or obese by calculating your body mass ...
http://rmchealth.com/hl/?/19891/Risk-Factors-for-Obesity~Diagnosis
*  Diagnosis of Obesity | Oak Hill Hospital | Brooksville, FL
Oak Hill Hospital. Emergency Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Careers. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Health Connections. Emergency Care. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. Oak Hill Hospital 352 596-6632 Hernando 352 628-6441 Citrus 352 596-6632 Hernando 352 628-6441 Citrus. Oak Hill Hospital Symposium – “Everything You Ever Wanted to Ask Your OB/GYN” Oak Hill Hospital continues its very popular Community Education Series with a symposium entitled "Everything You Ever Wanted to Ask Your OB/GYN". Oak Hill Hospital @OakHillHospital RT @CDCTobaccoFree: Children exposed to secondhand smoke breathe the same chemicals that smokers inhale. The doctor can often determine if you are obese by looking at your body and assessing the percentage of body fat. Your doctor can often determine if you are overweight or obes...
http://oakhillhospital.com/hl/?/19891/Other-Treatments-for-Obesity~Diagnosis
*  : Smoking : Disease Proof
... Disease Proof : Disease Proof : Health & Nutrition News & Commentary : Dr. Joel Fuhrman The Official Blog of Joel Fuhrman, M.D. Search This Site. Enter keywords:. Subscribe Add this blog to your feeds or put your e-mail in the box below and hit GO to subscribe by e-mail. Eat Smart Live Happy About. Authors. Contact. Submissions. Success Stories DrFuhrman.com Archives. Home > Smoking > More evidence that drugs are not the answer: obesity negates benefit of LDL lowering Posted on December 15, 2009 by Deana Ferreri, Ph.D. Data collected between 1988 and 2006 and presented at the American Heart Association s annual meeting last month showed modest improvements in two risk factors for cardiovascular disease: the number of Americans who do not smoke increased from 45% to 50%, and the number of Americans who have achieved optimal below 100 mg/dl LDL levels increased from 22% to 28%. But these improvements are counteracted by the rapidly growing prevalence of obesity that has occurred in the same time frame. Ame...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/cat-smoking.html
*  .. How Much Should I Weigh
How much should I weigh for my height ?Â. Determine your suitable weight to height ratio can help you prevent obesity related illness or even future disability later in life. Health professionals recognize that people who are obese and have weight related health issues or a family background of such issues will advantage from weight reduction. Even a small weight loss of ten to twenty pounds will strengthen your general health. When you lose weight, it will reduce cholesterol and blood pressure. It’s very important to know much you should weigh for your height. This will determine your well being. A shorter person will have more trouble if he/she is obese, due to the fact that too much weight can cause the stress on their bones and muscles. You will know how much you should weight for your height if you know your BMI. What is BMI. BMI stands for Body Mass Index, it is a number calculated from a person's weight and height. BMI gives a correct indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen fo...
http://newhealthymind.com/
*  .. Waist Size Predicts Heart-Disease Death Better Than Weight .. RELATED CONDITIONS .. WEEKLY NEWS
Heart Disease Home Heart Disease Journey Perspectives On Heart Disease Risks and Symptoms Heart Tests Heart Attack Coronary Artery Disease Arrhythmia Diet and Exercise Depression and Heart Disease Statins and Other Drugs Heart Surgery. News Headlines. RELATED CONDITIONS. Diabetes Type 2 Obesity Cholesterol Heart Failure Depression Stress Management. WEEKLY NEWSLETTER Free Healthy Living Email Newsletter Get the latest health, fitness, anti-aging, and nutrition news, plus special offers, insights and updates from Health.com. Waist Size Predicts Heart-Disease Death Better Than Weight May 2, 2011. Getty Images. By Anne Harding. MONDAY, May 2, 2011 Health.com — Doctors have long known that obesity increases a person’s risk of heart disease, but in recent years the picture has grown more complicated. Several studies have found that a high body mass index is associated with a lower risk of dying from heart disease and other chronic illnesses—a mysterious phenomenon that has come to be known as the “obesity para...
http://news.health.com/2011/05/02/waist-size-heart-disease/
*  BBC NEWS | UK | England | Suffolk | Obese patients denied operations
BBC NEWS. Obese patients denied operations. RELATED BBC SITES SPORT. Obese patients denied operations. Obese people are to be denied surgery in a bid to cut NHS costs. Obese people are to be denied some surgical procedures in a bid to cut costs in the NHS. Three Suffolk primary care trusts have ruled patients with a body mass index BMI over 30 will not get operations like hip and knee replacements. Under new guidelines surgery will not be performed unless "the patient has a body mass index below 30 and conservative means have failed to alleviate the patient's pain and disability". This level condemns a quarter of the population to misery - there's a huge number of people with a BMI of over 30. Dr David Haslam, National Obesity Forum. To deny someone surgery because they are obese, unless there is a clinical reason, is unfair. The clinical director of the National Obesity Forum, GP Dr David Haslam, said that he was alarmed by the level being set at a body mass index BMI of 30. "This level condemns a quarter of...
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/suffolk/4462310.stm
*  BMI Calculator Female
... The specific formula is Weight in Pounds / Height in Inches x Height in Inches x 703 As an example, the BMI for a 150 lb. woman who stands 5 foot 6 or 66 inches tall is 150 / 66 x 66 x 703 150 / 4356 x 703 .0344 x 703 = BMI of 24.18 To prevent having to remember this formula and having to do the math, there are numerous BMI calculators on the internet for your use. Above this article, you will find a simple to use calculator, just enter your height and weight in the 1st two columns and your BMI will automatically be calculated in the 3rd column. A person can have a high BMI and be in very good shape with low body fat such as a body builder. Normal Weight 18.5 24.9 is considered normal weight. Your risk of contracting diabetes, heart disease and many other medical problems will be less than if you were not in this category. Overweight 25 29.9 If you fall into this category, you could stand to change your eating habits and lose some weight. There is one calculator for both men and women. The main differenc...
http://bmicalculatorfemale1.com/
*  Sick of being Fat
Thread: Sick of being Fat. Regular Member Join Date 4th April, 2014 Posts 68. Rep Power 2. Diet: Slimming World Height: 5ft8in Start Date: 09/04/2014 Start Weight: 21st7lb Current Weight: 21st7lb Goal Weight: 16st0lb. BMI Information: Start BMI: 45.8 Current BMI: 45.8 Goal BMI: 34.1. Statistics: Weight to Lose: 5st7lb % Lost 0%. Sick of being Fat so like many women I have been on many diets over the years and have failed on everyone of them but I am sick of being fat so I am giving it one last ditch attempt before I resort to surgery so I have made an appointment to start lipotrim on Tuesday wish me luck. Regular Member Join Date 1st April, 2014 Posts 14. Rep Power 0. Good luck Hun, hope this diet works for you surgery is a big step but if nothing else works for you I say go for it but you will get plenty of support off ppl on this site it seems great for that. Regular Member Join Date 1st April, 2014 Posts 14. Rep Power 0. Regular Member Join Date 4th April, 2014 Posts 68. Rep Power 2. Diet: Slimming World H...
http://minimins.com/introductions/339021-sick-being-fat.html
*  Body Fat and Body-Mass Index among a Multiethnic Sample of College-Age Men and Women : Table 3
... Table 3: Classification of obesity for Asian-American and US white college age adults using body-mass index and percentage body fat. Classification of. Classification of. obesity in US Whites*. obesity in US Asians**. BMI. BMI. <30.0 kg/m 2 ≥30.0 kg/m 2. <27.5 kg/m 2 ≥27.5 kg/m 2.    . %. %    . %. %. Males.         Males.        .  Percentage <25% 56 71.8 22 28.2  Percentage <25% 85 63.0 50 37.0.  Body fat ≥25% 5 29.4 12 70.6  Body fat ≥25% 3 8.6 32 91.4.  Sensitivity 70.6%.  Sensitivity 91.0%.  Specificity 71.8%.  Specificity 63.0%. Females. Females.  Percentage <30% 89 97.8 2 2.2  Percentage <30% 172 81.1 40 18.9.  Body fat ≥30% 15 50.0 15 50.0  Body fat &#...
http://hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2013/790654/tab3/
*  How can I lose weight when I'm already thin? | ZocDoc Answers
How can I lose weight when I'm already thin. ZocDoc Answers. ZocDoc. Espa ol. Sign In. List your practice. ZocDoc. Labs. Answers. How can I lose weight when I'm already thin. Make an appointment:. Specialty i.e. Dermatologists Choose a Specialty. No Results. Location. Find Doctors. How can I lose weight when I'm already thin. I know i shouldn't be complaining cuz I live a good life and have been blessed with a slim body, but I still feel fat. I would like to lose more weight before the summer starts. whatver works best, you know. Is there a diet I should try. Anyone that says that they are slim, but still feels fat and overweight makes us nervous. Let me explain. When physicians try and decide if one of our patients needs to lose weight, what we look at is the body mass index BMI. This number takes into account both your weight and your height. It is calculated by taking your weight in kilograms divided by your height squared in meters. If you google "BMI calculator", you will find calculators...
https://zocdoc.com/answers/6445/how-can-i-lose-weight-when-im-already-thin
*  www.ijbnpa.org - Table
... Table 2. Cardio-metabolic risk biomarkers according to total sitting time for men and women, n = 16.049 a. Cholesterol mmol/l. Triglycerides mmol/l d. Total sitting time hours/day. Mean b. 95% CI. Mean c. 95% CI. Mean b. 95% CI. Mean c. 95% CI. Men. 6. 5.21. 5.17, 5.24. 4.70. 4.58, 4.82. 1.47. 1.44, 1.49. 1.17. 1.11, 1.25. 6- 10. 5.26. 5.18, 5.35. 4.73. 4.57, 4.90. 1.56. 1.49, 1.64. 1.22. 1.12, 1.33. 10+. 5.42. 5.31, 5.52. 4.86. 4.67, 5.04. 1.64. 1.55, 1.73. 1.23. 1.12, 1.36. P for trend. 0.01. 0.01. 0.01. 0.01. Women. 6. 5.34. 5.32, 5.48. 5.55. 5.41, 5.69. 1.20. 1.18, 1.22. 1.34. 1.25, 1.43. 6- 10. 5.40. 5.33, 5.47. 5.59. 5.40, 5.78. 1.25. 1.20, 1.30. 1.36. 1.24, 1.48. 10+. 5.43. 5.34, 5.54. 5.61. 5.40, 5.83. 1.30. 1.23, 1.37. 1.37. 1.24, 1.52. P for trend. 0.01. 0.05. 0.01. 0.06. Body mass index kg/m 2. Waist circumference cm. Men. 6. 25.9. 25.8, 26.0. 25.8. 25.4, 26.2. 95.4. 95.0, 95.7. 92.9. 91.7, 94.1. 6- 10. 26.0. 25.7, 26.3. 25.9. 25.3, 26.5. 96.3. 95.4, 97.2. 93.8. a Includes the study population...
http://ijbnpa.org/content/11/1/13/table/T2
*  BMI mortality link questioned
... Home. Thought Leaders Series. Insights from Industry Series. MediKnowledge Series. Research White Papers. News Feed. News A-Z. Health A-Z. Drugs A-Z. Clinical Diagnostics. Life Science Laboratory. Consumer Products. About. Meet the Team. Terms and Conditions. Medical News 'Tweets'. LIFE SCIENCES MEDICINE. October 6, 2015. Other search tools: Drugs. Health. News. Newsletters. Contact Us. Advertisement. Trending Stories Brain health: how can you reduce cognitive decline. An interview with Heather Snyder, Ph.D. CHOP scientist says that mitochondria play central role in human evolution, disease. Neuroscientists reveal the brain malady responsible for tinnitus, chronic pain. Study explores relationship between mental health and parenting. EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial demonstrates superiority of Jardiance in T2D patients at risk for CV events. Unique molecule can bind HIV-infected cells to killer T cells. Latest News Vaccination against type 1 diabetes may soon be available to young children. IU-led scientists disco...
http://news-medical.net/news/20130104/BMI-mortality-link-questioned.aspx
*  MySQL :: MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual :: 14.13.3 Implementation Details of Fast Index Creation
... Table of Contents. MySQL 5.7 Manual. MySQL 5.6 Manual. MySQL 5.5 Manual. MySQL 5.1 Manual. MySQL 5.0 Manual. MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual :: 14 The InnoDB Storage Engine :: 14.13 InnoDB Fast Index Creation :: 14.13.3 Implementation Details of Fast Index Creation 14.13.2 Examples of Fast Index Creation 14.13.4 Concurrency Considerations for Fast Index Creation. 14.13 InnoDB Fast Index Creation. 14.13.1 Overview of Fast Index Creation 14.13.2 Examples of Fast Index Creation 14.13.3 Implementation Details of Fast Index Creation 14.13.4 Concurrency Considerations for Fast Index Creation 14.13.5 How Crash Recovery Works with Fast Index Creation 14.13.6 Limitations of Fast Index Creation. 14.13.3 Implementation Details of Fast Index Creation. InnoDB has two types of indexes: the clustered index and secondary indexes. Since the clustered index contains the data values in its B-tree nodes, adding or dropping a clustered index does involve copying the data, and creating a new copy of the table. A secondary index, h...
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/innodb-create-index-implementation.html
*  Cigarette Smoking Before Age 11 In Men Produces Fatter Sons Later In Life
Vitality Under the Hood Innovation The Hill The Grapevine Weird Medicine Conditions. 8 Healthy Vegetarian Recipes That Are Perfect For Fall. Weird Medicine. Healthy Living. Healthy Living. Susan Scutti. Men who started smoking before the age of 11 had sons who, on average, had about 11 to 22 lbs., or more, body fat than their peers by the time they were in their teens. In a recent exploration of transmission down the male line, researchers from the University of Bristol discovered that men who started smoking regularly before the age of 11 had sons who, on average, had 5 to 10 kilograms about 11 to 22 lbs. Specifically, if the father began to smoke during mid-childhood before puberty — the researchers determined this would be before the age of 11 — some health effects would be apparent in their children. For the current study, the researchers used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children’s questionnaire, in particular focusing on smoking and age of beginning the habit for fathers as compa...
http://medicaldaily.com/cigarette-smoking-age-11-men-produces-fatter-sons-later-life-273946
*  Can I gain 5 to 10 pounds without gaining FAT? - Doctors Lounge(TM)
Can I gain 5 to 10 pounds without gaining FAT. - Doctors Lounge TM. Powered by Careerbuilder. News via RSS. Newsletter. News. Primary Care. Membership. The Doctors Lounge - Primary Care Answers The information provided on www.doctorslounge.com is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician. Back to Primary Care Answers List Forum Name: Nutrition & Diet Question: Can I gain 5 to 10 pounds without gaining FAT. sexieshortie - Thu Aug 21, 2003 4:39 am. I have recently missed my period for about 2 1/2 months and the month before I missed it I had it twice. Now I have gone to my doctor and I got blood tests and an EKG test and all were perfect, so he says my period is gone because of my weight and that I seriously need to gain weight. So my question is how can I atleast gain 5 to 10 pounds without gaining FAT. This is my diet: Breakfast: Cornflakes with Skim milk, orange juice Lunch: 2 fruit servings ex:apple and some watermelon Dinner: normal ...
http://doctorslounge.com/primary/forums/backup/topic-509.html
*  .. “Adipex review” .. Share and Enjoy
“Adipex review ”. One of the current weight loss supplements on the market today, Adipex, should only be taken with the advice of a doctor. It is very important to familiarize yourself with this drug, including how to take it and the common side effects, before taking Adipex. Similarly, before using Adipex, the risks need to be weighed against the benefits it may give. It is a decision that should be made by both you and your doctor. It is not recommended to take any diet pill if you do not have a BMI of 27 or more. Click here to calculate your Body Mass Index BMI. Working on the central nervous system, Adipex suppresses your appetite making your body believe that it is not hungry. Adipex needs to be used along with proper diet and a regular exercise program for it to be effective. You will likely still be able to use Adipex even if you have other risk factors associated with obesity like high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes. This drug comes in pill form and should always be taken whole. Side Eff...
http://fitness2k.com/adipex
*  www.lipidworld.com - Table
... Table 1. Clinical and para-clinical characteristics of subjects at the study entrance. Group 1. Test Formula. Placebo Formula. N 5 5 Age years. 43.2 ± 16.1. 44.1 ± 15.6. Body weight kg. 91.8 ± 12.2. 80.9 ± 10.5. Fat mass kg. 17.8 ± 6.4. 18.8 ± 6.1. Body mass index. 28.6 ± 2.5. 26.2 ± 1.9. Plasma triacylglycerol mg/dl. 233 ± 58. 205 ± 55. Plasma cholesterol mg/dl. 181 ± 84. 129 ± 80. 1 no significant differences according to t-test. Beermann et al. Lipids in Health and Disease 2003 2 :10 doi:10.1186/1476-511X-2-10....
http://lipidworld.com/content/2/1/10/table/T1
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... NCCOR External Scientific Panel. Green Health Resources. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Johns Hopkins Global Obesity Prevention Center. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Other Resources. Measures Registry. Measures Registry Resources. Resources from Members Interventions. Case Study: Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Case Study: Green Health. Case Study: Measures Registry. Press 2013 NCCOR-sponsored mobile health boot camp helps generate innovative ways to combat childhood obesity. Article about Measures Registry and Catalogue of Surveillance Systems published. Press 2011 Johns Hopkins Global Center for Childhood Obesity established. National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research launches Measures Registry. National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research launches Surveillance Resource. Press NCCOR-sponsored mobile health boot camp helps generate innovative ways to combat childhood obesity Dec. 4, 2013, NCCOR Watches that track children’s...
http://nccor.org/press/news_articles/news_2013_mhealth
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Green Health. Green Health Resources. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Johns Hopkins Global Obesity Prevention Center. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Evaluation Research Forum. Food Marketing Research Roundtable. Roundtable Photos. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Other Resources. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Feedback. Measures Registry. Measures Registry Resources. Measures Registry Feedback. Resources. NCCOR Resources NCCOR Communications. NCCOR Webinars. Surveillance. Other Resources. Summary Report: Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Annual Report 2014. Annual Report 2013. Annual Report 2012. Annual Report 2011. Case Study: Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Case Study: Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Case Study: Green Health. Case Study: Measures Registry. Case Study: SNAP-Ed Toolkit. Twitter Chats. Resources. NCCOR Resources. Resources from Members. Home Resources Resources. NCCOR Resources T...
http://nccor.org/resources/index
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Green Health. Green Health Resources. Health and the Built Environment. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Roundtable Photos. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Other Resources. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Feedback. Measures Registry. Measures Registry Resources. Registry of Studies. Resources. NCCOR Resources NCCOR Communications. NCCOR Videos. Surveillance. Other Resources. Green Health: Building Sustainable Schools for Healthy Kids. Summary Report: Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Case Study: Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Case Study: Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Case Study: Green Health. Case Study: Measures Registry. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts Read the report and watch videos from a forum exploring insights and possible next steps. NCCOR Overview Booklet Learn about the National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research and its activities. Measur...
http://nccor.org/
*  .. Category Archives: Obesity Research .. The Myth of the Freshman 15 .. Drinking water before mea
Category Archives: Obesity Research. Obesity Research. « Older posts. The Myth of the Freshman 15 By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: August 31, 2015. Category: nutrition, Obesity Research, Peer Reviewed Research, Physical Activity. Leave a comment. Drinking water before meals leads to weight loss By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: August 27, 2015. Category: news, nutrition, Obesity Research, Peer Reviewed Research. Leave a comment. Are adventurous eaters healthier. By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: July 30, 2015. Category: news, nutrition, Obesity Research, Peer Reviewed Research. Leave a comment. Do allergy meds contribute to weight gain. By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: June 30, 2015. Category: Obesity Research. Leave a comment. Do mini-packaged snacks help you eat less junk. By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: May 31, 2015. Category: nutrition, Obesity Research, Peer Reviewed Research. Leave a comment. Why you crave tomato juice on an airplane By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. Posted: May 26, 2015. Catego...
http://blogs.plos.org/blog/category/obesity-research/
*  Potential target for treatment of obesity-related diseases identified -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Potential target for treatment of obesity-related diseases identified. Date: April 16, 2010 Source: Eastern Virginia Medical School Summary: Scientists have identified a specific gene as potential new target for treating obesity-related diseases. Two recent research studies examined the role of a gene called STAT4 in the development of type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related cardiovascular diseases. Eastern Virginia Medical School. "Potential target for treatment of obesity-related diseases identified." ScienceDaily. Eastern Virginia Medical School. Potential target for treatment of obesity-related diseases identified. Retrieved October 4, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100414130834.htm Eastern Virginia Medical School. "Potential target for treatment of obesity-related diseases identified." ScienceDaily. RELATED TOPICS. Health Medicine. Health Medicine News October 4, 2015. read more. read more. read more. read more. read more. New Information ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100414130834.htm
*  Children Obesity
Healthy Living Read More: Children Obesity, Healthy Children, Global Motherhood, Obesity, Childhood Obesity, Health Children, Obesity Children, Children Health, Child Obesity, Healthy Living News. Healthy Living Read More: Childhood Obesity Epidemic, Fitness Kids, Kids Health, Fitness Children, Kids Obesity, Children Fitness, Children Obesity, Healthy Kids, Healthy Children, Obesity, Kids Fitness, Childhood Obesity, Obesity Epidemic, Children Health, Impact Sports, Impact, Healthy Living News. Healthy Living Read More: Americans, Not-for-Profit, Health, Obesity, Government, Children Obesity, America, Health and Fitness, Healthy Living News. Healthy Living Read More: Food as Medicine, Nutrition, Healthy Food, Healthy Foods, Diet and Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyle, Healthy Diet, Obesity Epidemic, Children Obesity, Childhood Obesity, Obesity, Healthy Living News. OWN Read More: Oprah Lisa Ling, Video, Our America, Lisa Ling America, Obesity in Childhood, Children Obesity, Lisa Ling, Own-Video, Childhood Obesity St...
http://huffingtonpost.com/news/children-obesity/
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Current Childhood Obesity Declines. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration. Healthy Food Incentives. USDA has joined the National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research NCCOR, a public-private research collaboration to accelerate progress on preventing and reversing the childhood obesity epidemic. “As a leader in studying the role of foods and nutrition in childhood obesity, USDA can strengthen this collaboration and add valuable knowledge and considerable resources to combat this epidemic,” Vilsack said. In addition to joining NCCOR, other USDA research efforts to reduce childhood obesity include: The National Institute of Food and Agriculture NIFA will fund approximately $25 million in competitive research grants in 2010 that focus on childhood obesity prevention. *** Original Source: http://www.pediatricsupersite.com/view.aspx?rid=60733 top Study: Traffic Patterns Affect Childhood Obesity. 8, 2010, UCLA Newsroom By Sarah Anderson The association between television viewing and childhood obesity ...
http://nccor.org/e-newsletter/enewsletter_2010_march
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Membership Guidelines. Current Childhood Obesity Declines. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration. Engaging Health Care Providers and Systems. Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Green Health. Green Health Resources. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Johns Hopkins Global Obesity Prevention Center. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Farm-to-Fork Workshop on Surveillance of the U.S. Food Marketing Research Roundtable. Roundtable Photos. Healthy Eating Index. Using Photos to Visualize the HEI-2010. HEI Resources. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Other Resources. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Feedback. Measures Registry. Measures Registry Resources. Measures Registry Feedback. Resources. NCCOR Resources NCCOR Communications. NCCOR Webinars. Resources from Members Interventions. Surveillance. Other Resources. Summary Report: Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Annual Report 2014. Annual Report 2013. Annual Report 2012. Annual Report 2011. Case Stu...
http://nccor.org/projects/hei/index
*  Most Obese States
... HuffPost's QuickRead... iOS app Android app. US United States. WorldPost. Black Voices. Gay Voices. WorldPost. Weird News. Comedy. Weird News. Healthy Living Read More: Diabetes States, Video, Blood Pressure States, Least Obese States, Obesity States, Most Obese States, Obese States, Healthy Living News. Healthy Living Read More: Most Obese States in America, Most Obese State in America, Obese States, Slidepollajax, America Obesity Rates, Least Obese States, Most Obese States in the US, Obesity Rates, Obese States in America 2011, Most Obese States, America Obesity, States Obesity, Healthy Living News. An annual report issued late last week took another close look at obesity rates across the United States. Healthy Living Read More: Healthy Living Health News, Mississippi Obesity, Video, Obesity States, Obese States, Obesity Rate, Obesity Rates, Obesity, Most Obese States, Slidepollajax, Healthy Living News. WASHINGTON AP -- Rural Mississippi is the country's fattest state for the seventh year in a row, a...
http://huffingtonpost.com/news/most-obese-states/
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration. Engaging Health Care Providers and Systems. Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Green Health. Green Health Resources. Health and the Built Environment. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Roundtable Photos. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Other Resources. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Feedback. Measures Registry. Measures Registry Resources. Measures Registry Feedback. Registry of Studies. Registry of Studies Feedback. Resources. NCCOR Resources NCCOR Communications. NCCOR Webinars. Surveillance. Other Resources. Summary Report: Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. Case Study: Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Case Study: Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Case Study: Green Health. Case Study: Measures Registry. Case Study: Rapid Response Funding. Case Study: SNAP-Ed Toolkit. From Our Blog Designing the Healthy Communities Study. Projects Food Patterns Equivalents Data...
http://nccor.org/projects/fped/index
*  Texas Obesity Research Center - University of Houston
... UH Home Apply to UH Give to UH Login to AccessUH. UH Home / Texas Obesity Research Center. Texas Obesity Research Center About TORC. Students. Projects and Programs. Publications. Resources. Latest News. Events. Contact Us Texas Obesity Research Center University of Houston 3855 Holman Street, Rm 105H Houston, TX 77204-6015 713 743-1183 713 743-9860 torc@uh.edu. Facebook Twitter Subscribe to the monthly TORC Digest by e-mail. Texas Obesity Research Center Student Opportunities TORC offers opportunities to undergraduate and graduate students who have an interest in obesity and health related research and would like an opportunity to participate in community outreach events. The Texas Obesity Research Center TORC aims to foster and promote innovative, translational, and multidisciplinary research to prevent and control obesity. Backed by leading researchers in their fields and supported by state of the art facilities at the University of Houston, the Texas Obesity Research Center aims to become the...
http://uh.edu/torc/
*  Conferences and Workshops, NHLBI Obesity Research - NHLBI, NIH
... Skip to content past banner and navigation links. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Contact Us. Get Email Alerts. Accessible Search Form Search the NHLBI, use radio buttons below to select whole site or Disease and Conditions Index only. NHLBI Entire Site. NHLBI Entire Site 1. Health Topics 2. News Resources 3. Health Topics. Resources. Contact the Health Information Center. Resources. Funding. Research Resources. What are Clinical Trials. Children & Clinical Studies. NHLBI Trials at NIH Clinical Center Clinical Trial Websites. NHLBI In The News. Email Alerts. Contact Us. Research Resources. NHLBI Obesity Research Conferences and Workshops. Skip left side navigation and go to content NHLBI Obesity Research. Clinical Trials. Conferences Workshops. Conferences and Workshops The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute periodically sponsors meetings on the topic of obesity. Virtual Reality Technologies for Research and Education in Obesity and Diabetes, NHLBI Working Group...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/research/resources/obesity/workshops.htm
*  Kurbo program launched to tackle childhood obesity epidemic using mobile tools
... Published on July 29, 2014 at 8:50 AM. Kurbo Health today announced the launch of Kurbo, the first safe and effective program to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic using mobile tools. Kurbo is based on the Stanford University Lucile Packard Children's Hospital's renowned pediatric obesity program, one of the best programs in the country, with an 80 percent success rate for participants. Related Stories Obese patients with type 2 diabetes should be prioritised for obesity surgery over those without diabetes. AMRA, Pfizer collaborate to assess fat and muscle measurements to predict obesity, diabetes Operating in beta since February, Kurbo's first pilot program users, which included children, ages 8-18 from across the US, reported an 85 percent success rate in reducing their Body Mass Index BMI over the course of ten weeks. With Kurbo, pediatricians can now point parents toward an affordable and safe tool for helping their children reduce their BMI. Healthcare News Tags: Body Mass Index, Body...
http://news-medical.net/news/20140729/Kurbo-program-launched-to-tackle-childhood-obesity-epidemic-using-mobile-tools.aspx
*  Petition · How does bullying obese children address obesity?: Together, we can open up the conversa
... tion about childhood obesity. · Change.org. Petition Closed. Petitioning How does bullying obese children address obesity. How does bullying obese children address obesity?: Together, we can open up the conversation about childhood obesity. Obesitythunderbay Obesitythunderbay Thunder Bay,On, ON. Obesitythunderbay Obesitythunderbay Thunder Bay,On, ON. Obese and overweight children are not the enemy. Kids are dying to be thin.The obesity war is inspiring. Inspiring eating disorders.Look into who is inspiring the obesity war and lets promote childhood obesity peace talks.Please share our vision that includes dignity and respect.Health at every size.www.obesitythunderbay.ning.com. Letter to How does bullying obese children address obesity. I just signed the following petition addressed to: How does bullying obese children address obesity?. ---------------- Together, we can open up the conversation about childhood obesity. Obese and overweight children are not the enemy. Kids are dying to be thin.The obesity w...
https://change.org/p/how-does-bullying-obese-children-address-obesity-together-we-can-open-up-the-conversation-about-childhood-obesity
*  Measuring the obesogenic environment of childhood obesity - White Rose Etheses Online
... Measuring the obesogenic environment of childhood obesity. PhD thesis, University of Leeds. Obesogenic environments are one of the explanations for the rising prevalence. Accordingly this thesis investigates the obesogenic environment factors, as well as obesogenic behaviour factors, associated with the increased prevalence of childhood obesity, using familiar geographical techniques in novel ways. Spatial microsimulation modelling was utilised to give synthetic individual estimates of obesogenic covariates e. g obesogenic environment variables such as socio-economic characteristics and perceived social capital; individuals' behavioural variables such as dietary variables and physical activity levels at the micro level. The relationship between childhood obesity and the obesogenic covariates were considered at the home and school level using a combination of spatial statistical techniques. Spatial microsimulation modelling was shown to be a robust method to estimate obesogenic covariates at th...
http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/358/
*  Ministers 'dithering' on childhood obesity - Home Affairs
Ministers 'dithering' on childhood obesity - Home Affairs. Follow. Home. News. Comment & Analysis. Opinion Formers. Reference. Video. . Westminster. Home Affairs. Foreign Affairs. Economy. Health. Education. Culture, media sport. Environment. Local. Hot Topics. General Election 2015. Election 2015 Results. Home. News. Home Affairs Ministers 'dithering' on childhood obesity. Ministers 'dithering' on childhood obesity. Tweet. MPs warn government must act faster on childhood obesity. Thursday, 25 January 2007 12:00 AM. The government's efforts to tackle childhood obesity have been characterised by "dithering and confusion", MPs have warned today. The public accounts committee says government departments have been "slow to react" to a 2004 target to cut the growth of obesity among the under-11s, and are still confused over who has responsibility for what. Opposition parties demanded the government step up its efforts. However, the Department of Health DoH insisted today's report was based ...
http://politics.co.uk/news/2007/01/25/ministers-dithering-on-childhood-obesity?link=related
*  Michael Ballou, Ph.D. | Obesity Research Cluster Leadership | Obesity Research Cluster | Human Scie
Michael Ballou, Ph.D. Obesity Research Cluster Leadership. Obesity Research Cluster. Human Sciences. TTU. ☰ A-Z Index. Directory. Raiderlink Search Search. Submit. Admissions, Costs Aid Majors Colleges Research. Alumni Community Campus Life Athletics About TTU. About. Majors Departments. Prospective Students. Current Students. Faculty Staff. Alumni. Research. Contact Us. Obesity Research Cluster Home About Us General Information Leadership Faculty Research Areas TTU and HSC Resources Funding Opportunities Conferences Obesity Related Resources Join the Listserv Postdocs Students ORC Annual Meetings Seminar Series Sharepoint Contact Us Contact Us. Naima Moustaid-Moussa, Ph.D. P: 806 742-3068 naima.moustaid-moussa@ttu.edu. Kayla Tindle P: 806 834-5582 kayla.tindle@ttu.edu. Dr. Oak Hee Park P: 806 742-3031 oak-hee.park@ttu.edu. hs.webmaster@ttu.edu. Human Sciences. Obesity Research Cluster. Obesity Research Cluster Leadership. Michael Ballou, Ph.D. - Animal Food Sciences Nutritional Immunology Personal Informatio...
http://depts.ttu.edu/hs/obesityresearch/leadership/ballou-michael.php
*  Fattest states in U.S. by 2030 - Photo 1 - Pictures - CBS News
by 2030 - Photo 1 - Pictures - CBS News. CBS News. Join CBSNews.com. CBSNews.com - Breaking News Video. And the future looks bleak: 13 states could have adult obesity rates above 60 percent, 39 states could have rates above 50 percent, and all 50 states could have rates above 44 percent. Credit: istockphoto 30. Minnesota Current obesity rate: 26 percent. Credit: Wikimedia Commons 29. Maine Current obesity rate: 28 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 55 percent. Credit: Wikimedia Commons 28. Washington Current obesity rate: 27 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 56 percent. Credit: istockphoto 27. Indiana Current obesity rate: 31 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 56 percent. Credit: Wikimedia Commons 26. Wisconsin Current obesity rate: 28 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 56 percent. Credit: Wikimedia Commons 25. Wyoming Current obesity rate: 25 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 57 percent. Credit: Wikimedia Commons 24. Pennsylvania Current obesity rate: 29 percent. Estimated rate by 2030: 57 percent. Credit: istockpho...
http://cbsnews.com/pictures/fattest-states-in-us-by-2030/
*  Pot may treat obesity-related diseases - UPI.com
... Top News. News. World News. Security Industry. Energy Industry. Health. News. Home / Health News Pot may treat obesity-related diseases. LONDON, July 8 UPI -- Although marijuana is best known for bringing on the "munchies," researchers in Britain found two marijuana compounds act together as an appetite suppressant. Like Us on Facebook for more stories from UPI.com. Pot may treat obesity-related diseases. 2 UPI -- An increase in screening for colorectal cancer has resulted in fewer deaths due to the disease, but some doctors have concerns about overtreatment. Reducing helicoptor transport for trauma saved lives, money 2 days ago BALTIMORE, Oct. Cancer drug improves memory in study with rats 2 days ago NEWARK, N.J., Oct. Potential male contraceptive found in study with mice 2 days ago OSAKA, Japan, Oct. Vaccines may decrease stroke risk in sick children 2 days ago MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. Weight-loss surgery may prevent cancer in at-risk obese women 3 days ago CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va., Oct. 1 UPI -- Formula-fed infa...
http://upi.com/Health_News/2012/07/08/Pot-may-treat-obesity-related-diseases/UPI-92681341792271/?spt=mps&or=1
*  Population Studies, NHLBI Obesity Research - NHLBI, NIH
... Skip to content past banner and navigation links. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Contact Us. Get Email Alerts. NHLBI Entire Site. NHLBI Entire Site 1. Health Topics 2. News Resources 3. Health Topics. Resources. Contact the Health Information Center. Resources. Research Resources. What are Clinical Trials. Children & Clinical Studies. NHLBI Trials at NIH Clinical Center Clinical Trial Websites. NHLBI In The News. Email Alerts. Contact Us. Research Resources. NHLBI Obesity Research Population Studies. Skip left side navigation and go to content NHLBI Obesity Research. Clinical Trials. Population Studies. ARRA-Funded Studies. Population Studies NHLBI-funded observational studies collect data on factors associated with the development of overweight and obesity as well as their the relation of overweight and obesity to heart disease and its risk factors, pulmonary diseases, and sleep disorders. The NHLBI also supports investigator-initiated observational studies funded th...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/research/resources/obesity/population/index.htm
*  Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center
... Scientific Advisory Committee. Pilot & Feasibility. Pilot & Feasibility Program. Pilot & Feasibility Investigators. Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center. About BNORC The Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center BNORC, funded by the National Institutes of Health, NIDDK, is a consortium of institutions -- BMC, Tufts Medical Center and the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, the Harvard School of Public Health, and three Harvard Hospitals, the Massachusetts General Hospital MGH, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Our Cores, Pilot and Feasibility Program and annual programs, retreat, seminars and workshops promote inter- and multi-disciplinary research in nutrition and obesity. 2 Contribute to and help coordinate utilization of resources that enrich the education and training of investigators, be they new to the field or established investigators from other fields, in order to promote the conduct of transdisciplinary nutrition and obesity research. Our Cent...
http://bnorc.org/about/
*  Scientists discover epigenetic mechanism that could affect risk of obesity-related disease
... March 12, 2014 Scientists discover epigenetic mechanism that could affect risk of obesity-related disease March 12, 2014 In one of the largest epigenome-wide association studies EWAS to date, published in The Lancet , scientists have identified a new epigenetic mechanism that may play a role in mediating some of the harmful effects of becoming overweight, such as diabetes. "Obesity increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and a host of other problems, but we know little about the mechanisms by which obesity increases such risk. "Epigenetic changes caused by variation in DNA or environmental factors such as diet, stress, and exposure to chemicals can affect the way genes work are turned on and off and may also influence disease susceptibility." In this study, Samani and colleagues looked at epigenetic changes in DNA in relation to body mass index BMI , a widely used measure of obesity. One particular type of epigenetic change, a process known as DNA methylation, was examined. The researchers...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-03-scientists-epigenetic-mechanism-affect-obesity-related.html
*  Category:Obesity incidence maps of the United States - Wikimedia Commons
... Help. Category:Obesity incidence maps of the United States From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to: navigation, search. Media in category "Obesity incidence maps of the United States". The following 42 files are in this category, out of 42 total. BRFSS obesity 1985-200... 233 KB. CDC Overweight and Obe... 365 KB. Obese by state-1990.png 136 KB. Obese by state-1998.png 131 KB. Obese by state-2007.png 135 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 325 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 326 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 326 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 326 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 326 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 326 KB. Obesity and Fast Food... 325 KB. Obesity county level e... 445 KB. Obesity state level es... 567 KB. US Obesity Rates.svg 176 KB. USA Obesity 1985.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1986.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1987.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1988.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1989.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1990.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1991.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1992.svg 90 KB. USA Obesity 1993.svg 90 KB. USA Obesi...
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Obesity_incidence_maps_of_the_United_States
*  Contra Costa Collaborative tackles childhood obesity epidemic :: Press Releases :: Contra Costa Hea
... lth Services. skip to content, health centers and clinics, search, accessibility statement Contra Costa Health Services Newsroom,. News Press Releases Newsletters Alerts Tips Healthy Outlook Podcast Social Media Video. Related Links About Us Publications Health Data Get Ready, Get Healthy. Press Releases Contra Costa Collaborative tackles childhood obesity epidemic. Contra Costa Collaborative tackles childhood obesity epidemic. A Contra Costa collaborative is battling the childhood obesity epidemic in Contra Costa County, where one out of every three low-income preschoolers is overweight or obese. The Healthy and Active Before 5 initiative, a countywide collaborative intended to reduce obesity rates in children up to 5 years old, will recognize community partners and their efforts 11 a.m. As part of the collaborative, 36 projects have been launched to help change policy and increase options for healthy eating and active living for children, according to Dr. Diane Dooley, a pediatrician with Contra Costa H...
http://cchealth.org/press-releases/2009/feb_2009_active_before_five.php
*  NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
... Home. Members. Contact Us. About. Mission. Goals. Membership Guidelines. Strategic Alliances. NCCOR External Scientific Panel. Projects. Current Childhood Obesity Declines. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration. Economics and Obesity. Engaging Health Care Providers and Systems. FLASHE Study. Food Patterns Equivalents Database. Green Health. Green Health Resources. Green Health Glossary. Health and the Built Environment. Healthy Communities Study. Healthy Food Incentives. Johns Hopkins Global Obesity Prevention Center. Lessons Learned from Global Efforts. School Wellness Survey. SNAP-Ed. Youth Energy Expenditure. Past Envision. Evaluation Research Forum. Farm-to-Fork Workshop on Surveillance of the U.S. Food System. Food Marketing Research Roundtable. Roundtable Agenda Presentations. Roundtable Photos. Roundtable Handouts. Healthy Eating Index. Using Photos to Visualize the HEI-2010. HEI Resources. Let's Move. Child Care Checklist. . Tools. Catalogue of Surveillance Systems. Catalogue of Surveillance S...
http://nccor.org/resources/

Classification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Overweight PoochWaterladder pumpWaist-to-height ratio: A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference divided by their height, both measured in the same units. The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Management of obesity: The main treatment for obesity consists of dieting and physical exercise. Diet programs may produce weight loss over the short term, but maintaining this weight loss is frequently difficult and often requires making exercise and a lower calorie diet a permanent part of an individual's lifestyle.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Aortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.Atomic mass: right |thumb|200px|Stylized [[lithium-7 atom: 3 protons, 4 neutrons, & 3 electrons (total electrons are ~1/4300th of the mass of the nucleus). It has a mass of 7.High-intensity interval training: High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is an enhanced form of interval training, an exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods. HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise.HypertensionClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Blood glucose monitoring: Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in the care of diabetes mellitus, a blood glucose test is performed by piercing the skin (typically, on the finger) to draw blood, then applying the blood to a chemically active disposable 'test-strip'.Adipose tissue macrophages: Adipose tissue macrophages (abbr. ATMs) comprise tissue resident macrophages present in adipose tissue.HeartScore: HeartScore is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Outline of diabetes: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes:Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingGlobal Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,List of countries by food energy intake: Food consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets. However the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depending on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, e.Niigata UniversityRestricted isometry property: In linear algebra, the restricted isometry property characterizes matrices which are nearly orthonormal, at least when operating on sparse vectors. The concept was introduced by Emmanuel Candès and Terence TaoE.National Cholesterol Education Program: The National Cholesterol Education Program is a program managed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health. Its goal is to reduce increased cardiovascular disease rates due to hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) in the United States of America.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Lipid droplet: Lipid droplets, also referred to as lipid bodies, oil bodies or adiposomes, are lipid-rich cellular organelles that regulate the storage and hydrolysis of neutral lipids and are found largely in the adipose tissue.Mobilization and cellular uptake of stored fats and triacylglycerol (with Animation) They also serve as a reservoir for cholesterol and acyl-glycerols for membrane formation and maintenance.LeptinInsulin signal transduction pathway and regulation of blood glucose: The insulin transduction pathway is an important biochemical pathway beginning at the cellular level affecting homeostasis. This pathway is also influenced by fed versus fasting states, stress levels, and a variety of other hormones.Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus: A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.2 subunit of the beta cell KATP channel.TriglyceridePrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Adiponectin: Adiponectin (also referred to as GBP-28, apM1, AdipoQ and Acrp30) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the ADIPOQ gene. It is involved in regulating glucose levels as well as fatty acid breakdown.African-American family structure: The family structure of African-Americans has long been a matter of national public policy interest.Moynihan's War on Poverty report A 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known as The Moynihan Report, examined the link between black poverty and family structure.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Dieter Weichert: Dieter Weichert (born 1948) is a German mechanical engineer specialising in solid mechanics and polymer rheology. Since 1995 he is the Director of the Institute for General Mechanics of RWTH Aachen.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Annual Fitness Test: In the British Army, the Annual Fitness Test is designed to assess soldiers' lower and upper body strength and endurance. The test was formally known as the Combat Fitness Test - and is still colloquially known by soldiers as the CFT.Abdominal obesityCholesterolFigure rating scale: The Figure Rating Scale (FRS) also known as the Stunkard Scale is a psychometric measurement developed in 1983 as a tool to determine body dissatisfaction in women and men.Grogan, S.Obstructive sleep apneaBirth weight: Birth weight is the body weight of a baby at its birth.Definitions from Georgia Department of Public Health.

(1/19326) Comparative total mortality in 25 years in Italian and Greek middle aged rural men.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Mortality over 25 years has been low in the Italian and very low in the Greek cohorts of the Seven Countries Study; factors responsible for this particularity were studied in detail. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1712 Italian and 1215 Greek men, aged 40-59 years, cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, representing over 95% of the populations in designated rural areas. DESIGN: Entry (1960-61) data included age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), smoking habits, total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, vital capacity (VC), and forced expiratory volume in 3/4 seconds (FEV); the same data were obtained 10 years later. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed with all causes death in 25 years as end point. MAIN RESULTS: Italian men had higher entry levels of SBP, arm circumference, BMI, and VC; Greek men had higher cholesterol levels, smoking habits, and FEV. Mortality of Italian men was higher throughout; at 25 years cumulative mortality was 48.3% and 35.3% respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke mortality increased fivefold in Italy and 10-fold in Greece between years 10 and 25. The only risk factor with a significantly higher contribution to mortality in Italian men was cholesterol. However, differences in entry SBP (higher in Italy) and FEV (higher in Greece) accounted for, according to the Lee method, 75% of the differential mortality between the two populations. At 10 years increases in SBP, cholesterol, BMI, and decreases in smoking habits, VC, FEV, and arm circumference had occurred (deltas). SBP increased more and FEV and VC decreased more in Italy than in Greece. Deltas, fed stepwise in the original model for the prediction of 10 to 25 years mortality, were significant for SBP, smoking, arm circumference, and VC in Greece, and for SBP and VC in Italy. CONCLUSION: Higher mortality in Italian men is related to stronger positive effects of entry SBP and weaker negative (protective) effects of FEV; in addition 10 year increases in SBP are higher and 10 year decreases in FEV are larger in Italy. Unaccounted factors, however, related to, for example, differences in the diet, may also have contributed to the differential mortality of these two Mediterranean populations.  (+info)

(2/19326) Body mass decrease after initial gain following smoking cessation.

BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is strongly associated with subsequent weight gain, it is not clear whether the initial gain in weight after smoking cessation remains over time. METHOD: Cross-sectional analyses were made, using data from periodic health examinations for workers, on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the length of smoking cessation. In addition, linear regression coefficients of BMI on the length of cessation were estimated according to alcohol intake and sport activity, to examine the modifying effect of these factors on the weight of former smokers. RESULTS: Means of BMI were 23.1 kg/m2, 23.3 kg/m2, 23.6 kg/m2 for light/medium smokers, heavy smokers and never smokers, respectively. Among former smokers who had smoked > or = 25 cigarettes a day, odds ratio (OR) of BMI >25 kg/m2 were 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.05-3.35), 1.32 (95% CI : 0.74-2.34), 0.66 (95% CI: 0.33-1.31) for those with 2-4 years, 5-7 years, and 8-10 years of smoking cessation, respectively. The corresponding OR among those who previously consumed <25 cigarettes a day were 1.06 (95% CI: 0.58-1.94), 1.00 (95% CI: 0.58-1.71), and 1.49 (95% CI: 0.95-2.32). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that although heavy smokers may experience large weight gain and weigh more than never smokers in the few years after smoking cessation, they thereafter lose weight to the never smoker level, while light and moderate smokers gain weight up to the never smoker level without any excess after smoking cessation.  (+info)

(3/19326) Pregnancy, body weight and human immunodeficiency virus infection in African women: a prospective cohort study in Kigali (Rwanda), 1992-1994. Pregnancy and HIV Study Group (EGE).

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and body weight in African women during and after pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was initiated at the Centre Hospitalier de Kigali in July 1992. Every woman seen at the antenatal clinic and with a gestational age of <28 weeks was offered HIV-1 antibody testing. Comparable numbers of HIV-infected (HIV+) and uninfected (HIV-) women were recruited. At inclusion, socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight were recorded; height and weight were measured. Each woman enrolled had a monthly follow-up until 9 months after delivery, with a clinical examination including weighing. Three anthropometric indices were used to answer the study objectives: weight, body mass index (BMI), and pregnancy balance. RESULTS: As of April 1994, 101 HIV+ and 106 HIV- women were followed until 5 months after delivery. Weight and BMI during pregnancy were lower in HIV+ women than in HIV- women. After delivery, weight and BMI gains were significantly lower in HIV+ women. Until 5 months after delivery, the mean weight variation was -2.2 kg (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9 kg) in HIV+ women and +0.2 kg (SD = 6.6 kg) in HIV- women (P = 0.007) in comparison to pre-pregnancy weight. Comparisons of the slopes of the weight curves did not show statistical differences throughout the pregnancy, but it did during the post-partum period (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that HIV infection could impair nutritional status in pregnant women, especially during the post-partum period. Family planning and maternal and child health services including HIV testing and counselling, should consider a nutritional assessment and intervention programme targeted to HIV+ pregnant women.  (+info)

(4/19326) Thiamine deficiency is prevalent in a selected group of urban Indonesian elderly people.

This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females). Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included. The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed. Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement. More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake. Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate. Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation > 25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women. The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men. Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8 % and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively. Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r = 0.176, P = 0.012 and r = 0.77, P = 0.001), respectively. Results of this study suggest that anemia, thiamine and possibly vitamin B-12 deficiency are prevalent in the elderly living in Indonesia. Clearly, micronutrient supplementation may be beneficial for the Indonesian elderly population living in underprivileged areas.  (+info)

(5/19326) Natural sporting ability and predisposition to cardiovascular disorders.

We tested the hypothesis that people with a natural ability in 'power sports' (a presumed marker for predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres) might have increased risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to those with a natural ability in 'endurance sports' (as a marker for predominance of type 1, oxidative muscle fibres). We examined subsequent cardiovascular disorders retrospectively in 231 male former soldiers, aged 34-87 years, who had undergone a course in physical training in the Army School of Physical Training, Aldershot, UK, who assessed themselves as having natural ability in either power (n = 107) or endurance (n = 124) sports. The proportion with CHD, defined as angina and/or coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass graft and/or heart attack was 18.7% in the 'power group' vs. 9.7% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 3.9, p = 0.05). The proportions with CHD and/or risk factors rose to 39.3% in the 'power group' vs. 25.8% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 4.8, p = 0.03). Under logistic regression analysis, compared to the 'endurance group', the 'power group' had 2.2 (95% CI: 1.00-4.63) the risk of developing CHD, and 1.86 (95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 3.25) the risk of developing CHD and/or risk factors. Men with a natural ability in 'power sports' are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders, compared to men with a natural ability in 'endurance sports'. A predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres, presumably of genetic origin, may predispose to cardiovascular disorders.  (+info)

(6/19326) Relation between obesity and breast cancer in young women.

This study was conducted to assess the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer among young women. A case-control study was conducted among women aged 21-45 years living in three counties in Washington State. Cases were women born after 1944 with invasive or in situ breast cancer that was diagnosed between January 1, 1983, and April 30, 1990. Controls were selected using random digit dialing and were frequency-matched to cases on the basis of age and county of residence. Interviews took place between 1986 and 1992. Body size was evaluated using indices from several different time periods. After adjustment for confounders, a decreased risk of breast cancer was found for women in the highest quintile of body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)2) as compared with the lowest quintile (for maximum lifetime body mass index, odds ratio = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.94). Age modified the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer. The odds ratio for women in the highest quintile of maximum body mass index who were aged 21-35 years was 0.29 (95% CI 0.16-0.55), as compared with an odds ratio of 1.5 for women aged 36-45 years (95% CI 0.9-2.5) (p for interaction = 0.003). This study supports prior research showing a decreased risk of breast cancer associated with increased body size among premenopausal or young women. More detailed analysis in this study found a strong effect that was limited to the youngest age group (< or = 35 years).  (+info)

(7/19326) The Sock Test for evaluating activity limitation in patients with musculoskeletal pain.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Assessment within rehabilitation often must reflect patients' perceived functional problems and provide information on whether these problems are caused by impairments of the musculoskeletal system. Such capabilities were examined in a new functional test, the Sock Test, simulating the activity of putting on a sock. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Intertester reliability was examined in 21 patients. Concurrent validity, responsiveness, and predictive validity were examined in a sample of 337 patients and in subgroups of this sample. RESULTS: Intertester reliability was acceptable. Sock Test scores were related to concurrent reports of activity limitation in dressing activities. Scores also reflected questionnaire-derived reports of problems in a broad range of activities of daily living and pain and were responsive to change over time. Increases in age and body mass index increased the likelihood of Sock Test scores indicating activity limitation. Pretest scores were predictive of perceived difficulties in dressing activities after 1 year. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Sock Test scores reflect perceived activity limitations and restrictions of the musculoskeletal system.  (+info)

(8/19326) A pilot study on the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise.

To understand the basic characteristics of the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise and to use it to evaluate the effects on health, we designed a measuring method with a miniature accelerometer and carried out preliminary measurements. Vibration was measured on the chest and abdomen of 6 male subjects who were exposed to pure tones in the frequency range of 20 to 50 Hz, where the method we designed was proved to be sensitive enough to detect vibration on the body surface. The level and rate of increase with frequency of the vibration turned out to be higher on the chest than on the abdomen. This difference was considered to be due to the mechanical structure of the human body. It also turned out that the measured noise-induced vibration negatively correlated with the subject's BMI (Body Mass Index), which suggested that the health effects of low frequency noise depended not only on the mechanical structure but also on the physical constitution of the human body.  (+info)


How can you calculate your body mass index?


My friend keeps complaining about her weight. I know that she is just right but I need a way of proving it. And I herd about body mass index can anyone tell me how it works??
Thnx for any help
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A Body Mass Index Calculator, lol just Google your question.


What is the body mass index and how is it calculated?


I have heard about the body mass index which determines if a person has normal weight or considered as overweight, or obese. I have searched and found confusing information, does anybody what is the formula to find my BMI?
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You can use applications created for this purpose, called BMI calculators. You are only asked your height and weight and they give your result. 

I don't know currently a PC app but if you own a smartphone you can find plenty of them and they are free so they will cost you nothing. 

Personally I use on my iPhone this application which is available free:
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/bmi-calculator+/id498829651?mt=8

For Android there is one similar: 
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.networkpanda.bmicalculator

With them you can also keep a diary for tracking your BMI and weight on a daily basis.


How do you acccurately figure out your resting metabolic rate and body mass index/ body fat %?


I know there are things online that will tell you but I'm sure not everyone of a certain height, weight and age is the same. So how do I find out what my rmr/bmr is and also what my body mass index and body fat % is? Can the doctors tell me? Or should I go to some special place? Thanks.
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The body mass index, I, can be used to determine an individuals risk of heart disease. An index less then 25 i?


The body mass index, I, can be used to determine an individuals risk of heart disease. An index less then 25 indicates a low risk. The body mass index is given by the formula: I= 700w/H^2 where w=weight and H=height in inches. Francis weighs 173 pounds and stands 74 inches tall. What is his BMI? Find an inequality describing all weights W that Francis can have and be in low-risk category.
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BMI: 22.1
Inequality: W < 25 (this is just for heart disease, I don't know if your teacher also wants you to use a BMI chart from online, because you also have to take into consideration that going too far below 25 isn't healthy) 

By the way, what this question is suggesting really isn't true, BMI has no correlation to heart disease.  Bodybuilders are considered overweight by BMI because of their heavy weights from muscle mass, but they are in very good health condition.


Is there a place online where I can find my body mass index thingy?


Well, I wanted to make a diet/exercise plan for myself and I want to find out what my body mass index is. And what my weight and calorie intake should be for my height and age. So does anybody know a site I can go to?
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Try this 
http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/


What is the average height, weight, bra size, body mass index of a 14 year old.?


I am about 4'11, around 109lbs, 34B bra size, and I think a 39% body mass index. This is going to sound weird, but what is the average size of an average girls thighs? My thighs are 19.5 inches around.
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Honestly, during puberty, there's basically no such thing as average. As a 12-year-old girl, I personally shot up to 6'1" (yes, six-foot-one - no typo) and outweighed my much-smaller classmates (male and female) as a result. Your body is going to do some strange things for the next few years and aside from studying the body types of your immediate female relatives, there's not going to be much room for comparison at all. Your peers are also developing at their own rates, so comparing yourself to them is also not going to accomplish much besides potentially make you frustrated.


People say that I am too thin. What can I do to increase my body mass index?


I am very skinny, I want to play volleyball next year, but I don't want to do it if I am too thin. I also do not want to get fat in the process.What sort of things can I do to increase my body mass index healthyly? And , DO YOU THINK THAT GUYS DON'T LIKE SKKINY GIRLS?
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Does your doctor think you're too thin?  If yes, ask to meet with a nutritionist who can guide you to healthy weight gain.

Yes, guys like skinny girls.  They also like fat girls and medium girls.  Sit in the mall some day and just watch the people go by.  You'll see appearance has little to do with attraction.  That's why older people keep saying "just be yourself."  If you're happy with yourself, you're fun to be with and you attract more people to you, including guys.  Don't know why it works, but it does.


My body mass index is 32.8, am I at risk for any health problems in the immediate future?


I'm approximately 6 feet tall and I weigh 242 lbs. I'm 20 yrs old and my body mass index is 32.8 which means I'm clinically obese. I don't feel sick or abnormal or anything but I know that my liver enzyme is really high. I've only been obese for the past maybe 2-3 years.
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Yes but;
You’ve just made the first step in improving your life. Congratulations and good luck.