Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic: Techniques for standardizing and expediting taxonomic identification or classification of organisms that are based on deciphering the sequence of one or a few regions of DNA known as the "DNA barcode".Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Biota: The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Mediterranean SeaFood Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Amphibians: VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Netherlands Antilles: Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)Ecological and Environmental Processes: Ecosystem and environmental activities, functions, or events.Madagascar: One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.New Caledonia: A group of islands in Melanesia constituting a French overseas territory. The group includes New Caledonia (the main island), Ile des Pins, Loyalty Island, and several other islet groups. The capital is Noumea. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1774 and visited by various navigators, explorers, and traders from 1792 to 1840. Occupied by the French in 1853, it was set up as a penal colony 1864-94. In 1946 it was made a French overseas territory. It was named by Captain Cook with the 5th and 6th century A.D. Latin name for Scotland, Caledonia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p830 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)PanamaPonds: Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Hygiene Hypothesis: The theory that infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms, and parasites are normal stimulants for the maturation of the immune system toward a balanced immune response. The theory predicts that lack of such stimulation leads to allergies and AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Climatic Processes: Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.Wilderness: Environment un-modified by human activity. Areas in which natural processes operate without human interference.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.South AmericaNatural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Nature: The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Islands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Indian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.MuseumsPhytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Amphipoda: An order of mostly marine CRUSTACEA containing more than 5500 species in over 100 families. Like ISOPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Isopoda, they possess thoracic gills and their bodies are laterally compressed.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.FiresCosta RicaPlant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.ParaguayBeetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Oceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Estuaries: A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/estuaries/estuaries01_whatis.html)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Reptiles: Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.Pacific OceanBrazilGeologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Desert Climate: A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Crustacea: A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).Remote Sensing Technology: Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.Eichhornia: A plant genus of the family PONTEDERIACEAE that is used as a biological filter for treating wastewater.Seaweed: Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.Atlantic OceanCivilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Caves: Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Raptors: BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Vertebrates: Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Earth Sciences: Fields of science encompassing studies and research from the disciplines of PHYSICS; CHEMISTRY; BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; and MATHEMATICS; that are related to the planet EARTH. Subfields include atmospheric chemistry; CLIMATOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GEOGRAPHY; GEOLOGY; geophysics; METEOROLOGY; OCEANOGRAPHY; PALEONTOLOGY; mineralogy; and seismology.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Plant Dispersal: The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Microclimate: The climate of a very small area.Metagenomics: The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.Rotifera: A class of minute animals of the phylum Aschelminthes.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)RNA, Ribosomal, 18S: Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Plankton: Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.Lichens: Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.EcuadorCarbon Sequestration: Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.SikkimInternational Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Kelp: Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Solar Energy: Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.North AmericaInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.EuropeCaribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Argentina

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and animals / - Biodiversity Heritage Library. BHL works best with ... JavaScript enabled Biodiversity Heritage Library About Help Feedback ... Title http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/54284 The ... Title http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/54284 The feeding of crops and stock : an introduction to the science of the nutrition of plants and animals / By Hall, Daniel, Sir, 1864-1942. 1912 Subjects Agricultural chemistry , Animal nutrition , Fertilizers , Nutrition , Plants , Soils. Title The feeding of crops and stock : an introduction to the science of the nutrition of plants and animals / By Hall, Daniel, Sir, 1864-1942. Subjects Agricultural chemistry , Animal nutrition , Fertilizers , Nutrition , Plants , Soils Language English Identifiers: OCLC: 29918806 DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.54284 Find in a local library. Download MODS mods xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink version= 3.0 xmlns:xsi= http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance xmlns= http://www.loc.gov/mo...
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*  Our Work | Earthjustice
and Ensuring Biodiversity. Wild Lands. Preserving Our Last Wild ... Earthjustice. Wildlife. Protecting Arctic Wildlife. Stopping Oil and Gas Drilling. Healthy Communities. Clean Air. Defending Impacted Communities. Clean Water. Defending Our Right to Clean Water. Pesticides and Toxic Chemicals. Climate and Energy. Climate Change. Oil and Gas Drilling. Stopping Fracking. Coal. Clean Energy. Clean Air. Earthjustice is the premiere nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a stable climate. Earthjustice is the premier nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a healthy climate. Earthjustice uses the law to preserve a rich, sustainable and diverse natural heritage for current and future generations. Focus Areas. ...
http://earthjustice.org/our_work/victory?page=7&selectname=%2Fabout%2Foffices%2Fnortheast
*  Our Work | Earthjustice
and Ensuring Biodiversity. Wild Lands. Preserving Our Last Wild ... Earthjustice. Wildlife. The Arctic. Protecting Arctic Wildlife. Stopping Oil and Gas Drilling. Healthy Communities. Clean Air. Defending Impacted Communities. Clean Water. Defending Our Right to Clean Water. Pesticides and Toxic Chemicals. Climate and Energy. Climate Change. Oil and Gas Drilling. Stopping Fracking. Coal. Clean Energy. Clean Air. Earthjustice is the premiere nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a stable climate. Earthjustice is the premier nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a healthy climate. Earthjustice uses the law to preserve a rich, sustainable and diverse natural heritage for current and future generations. F...
http://earthjustice.org/our_work/cases/2007/page.jsp?page=10&itemID=30966374
*  DIY Cocoa and Shea Butter Deodorant | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
we do. Preserve biodiversity. Educate. International events. Hot ... Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food. Our network. Our network. Terra Madre network. What we do. What we do. Preserve biodiversity. Hot topics. Get involved. Get involved. Be a responsible consumer. Photo galleries. DIY Cocoa and Shea Butter Deodorant Italy - 06 Feb 13 A recipe to create your own deodorant, free from antiperspirants or synthetic aromas. All you need is a handful of ingredients, a stove, a fridge and a few cooking utensils. Ingredients: 3 tbsp shea butter 3 tbsp bicarbonate of soda 2 tbsp b cornstarch 2 tbsp cocoa butter 2 vitamina E capsules 2 drops essential oil of your choice Method Combine all ingredients except vitamin capsules and essential oils into a saucepan. Heat all ingredients over medium heat. Once combine into a paste, turn off the heat and transfer to a small bowl. Add oil from vitamin E capsules and the essential oil and mix together into a smooth creamy paste. To apply, take a small coin s...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/164286/diy-cocoa-and-shea-butter-deodorant-/q=D9E18D
*  Our Work | Earthjustice
and Ensuring Biodiversity. Wild Lands. Preserving Our Last Wild ... Earthjustice. Wildlife. Protecting Arctic Wildlife. Stopping Oil and Gas Drilling. Healthy Communities. Clean Air. Defending Impacted Communities. Clean Water. Defending Our Right to Clean Water. Pesticides and Toxic Chemicals. Climate and Energy. Climate Change. Oil and Gas Drilling. Stopping Fracking. Coal. Clean Energy. Clean Air. Earthjustice is the premiere nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a stable climate. Earthjustice is the premier nonprofit environmental law organization. We wield the power of law and the strength of partnership to preserve the wild, to fight for healthy communities and to advance clean energy to promote a healthy climate. Earthjustice uses the law to preserve a rich, sustainable and diverse natural heritage for current and future generations. Focus Areas. ...
http://earthjustice.org/our_work/victory/unanimous-ruling-goes-against-duke-power.html?page=26&selectname=/about/offices/california
*  Gal-Thumbnails - Eleocarpus ganitrus
Programs. Biodiversity in the Tropics: Costa Rica ... Skip to content 3. Turn on more accessible mode Turn off more accessible mode Skip Ribbon Commands Skip to main content. EXTENSION. INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS. Botany and Plant Pathology Gal-Thumbnails : Eleocarpus ganitrus. Purdue Botany and Plant Pathology Facebook page. Purdue Botany and Plant Pathology Twitter feeds. Undergraduate Programs Graduate Programs Undergraduate Summer Research Internship Program Scholarships & Fellowships Commencement ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Research. Faculty Research Profiles Undergraduate Opportunities Undergraduate Summer Research Internship Program AG RESEARCH AT PURDUE Extension. Extension Programs Extension Personnel Extension Publications County Educator Programs Plant & Pest Diagnostic Lab Purdue Pesticide Programs Weed Science PURDUE EXTENSION International Programs. Undergraduate Admissions Graduate Admissions. Undergraduate Programs Graduate Programs Information for Parents Plan to Visit Us Current Students. MyPurdue Purdu...
https://www2.ag.purdue.edu/btny/GalThumbnails/Forms/DispForm.aspx?ID=50
*  A Case for Taste | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
we do. Preserve biodiversity. Educate. International events. Hot ... Our network. Our network. Yet junk has become the norm as relatively few Americans have ever experienced the fabulous flavors of fresh, seasonal and local food. The low cost and convenience myth of fast food spread by the processed food industry has resulted in the loss of the true values of food in American. The pleasure of taste is why we eat, dine and celebrate the joy of food and the culture that surrounds it. The taste of delicious food lingers on the palate long after the taste buds have been excited, much like a bell resonates for several moments after it is struck. The flavorful sensations of good food can actually take away your breath, cause you to pause, put down your fork and become momentarily lost in infinite pleasures of taste. Thus, the taste of fresh and delicious food can actually slow down the rate of eating, which in turn allows neural signals of satiety to reach the brain and reduce the amount of food eaten. But, wh...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/168273/a-case-for-taste-/q=8B9160
*  Biodiversity Studies | Harvard Forest
Biodiversity Studies. Harvard Forest. Harvard University. Research Topics Conducting Research Our Funding Researcher Profiles Site and Facilities LTER Current Research. Publications. Policy Conservation. News Events. Events In the Media Featured Projects Arts @ Harvard Forest Past News Highlights. You are here Home » Research » Research Topics » Major Research Topics ». Major Research Topics Biodiversity Studies. Conservation and Management. Forest-Atmosphere Exchange. Historical and Retrospective Studies. Invasive Plants, Pests and Pathogens. Physiological Ecology, Population Dynamics, and Species Interactions. Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics. Want to do research at Harvard Forest. Biodiversity Studies. Detailed inventories of species diversity at the Harvard Forest provide core data to guide studies of physiological ecology, population dynamics, and community ecology. Species inventories also provide benchmarks for determining the impacts of climate change on distributions of and interactions among speci...
http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/major-research-topics/major-research-topics/biodiversity-studies
*  Arctic Biodiversity Assessment report to be launched at the IPY Oslo Science Conference | GRID-Ar
Arctic Biodiversity Assessment report to be launched at the IPY Oslo Science Conference. GRID-Arendal - Activities - Polar - News. Activities. News. Polar home. Projects & Activities. News. GRID Polar Division News. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment report to be launched at the IPY Oslo Science Conference. The Arctic Biodiversity Assessment report will be launched at the largest ever gathering of polar scientists in Oslo, at the International Polar Year Science Conference. http://www.arcticbiodiversity.is. The report will be launched at a side event June 10, 2010 at 17:00 at the Norway Convention Centre Oslo Room A1-1. The report launch will be opened by Mark Marissink the Swedish National Representative to the CAFF Working Group. There will then be a panel discussion with participants coming from a variety of disciplines who will discuss arctic biodiversity and the changes now underway. About the report:. Changes in Arctic Biodiversity have global repercussions and are further creating challenges for people liv...
http://grida.no/polar/news/4262.aspx?p=8
*  Biodiversity in Biological News
... Home. Biology. Medicine. Technology. Products. News. Definition. Dictionary. Movies. Links. Tags. Search. RSS Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary. Biodiversity in Biological News. Academy Library accepted to prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library ... has been accepted as a member of the prestigious biodiversity Heritage Library. The BHL is a group of 12 ... to digitizing the published literature on biodiversity in order to preserve it and to make it more ... and 14 million pages of scientific information on biodiversity have been scanned. The project features works ... A big lesson from the reef ... Great Barrier Reef is that we have to protect its biodiversity because biodiversity in turn protects us. That's the message from ... ecological collapse. "In other words, high biodiversity is nature's insurance policy." "But it is also ... Fertiliza...
http://bio-medicine.org/q-more/biology-news/biodiversity/
*  Ecology and Biodiversity - Universiteit Utrecht
... Skip to main content. hamburger. Nederlands. Ecology and Biodiversity. Home About us Research Education Publications Prince Bernhard Chair Contact. UU.nl / Research / Ecology and Biodiversity. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We investigate the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Understanding and predicting biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in a changing world. The Ecology Biodiversity Group investigates the mechanisms that regulate biodiversity and allow for the maintenance of ecosystem functioning in our changing world. We seek to obtain process-based, mechanistic understanding of communi...
http://uu.nl/en/research/ecology-and-biodiversity
*  Rio+20 : Harmonizing Global Biodiversity Modelling (HarmBio)
Rio+20 : Harmonizing Global Biodiversity Modelling HarmBio. Rio+20 Voluntary Commitments. Harmonizing Global Biodiversity Modelling HarmBio. UNEP,WCMC Universit Paris-Sud Laboratoire ESE Sofia University State University for Library Science and Information Technologies University of Copenhagen, Denmark Univ. J Fourier, France Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Senckenberg Gesellschaft fur Naturforschung, Germany University of Macedonia Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Trinity College Dublin The Israel Nature & Parks Authority Universit di Roma La Sapienza, Italy PBL-Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Netherlands University of Bergen, Norway Universidade de Lisboa Geological Institute of Romania University of Bucharest University in Belgrade Slovenian Forestry Institute National Museum of Natural Sciences, Spain Imperial College London, UK CSIRO Yale University University of British Columbia. The main objective of the HarmBio partnership is the harmonization of current models and datasets ...
http://uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&type=1006&menu=153&nr=492
*  The selection of biodiversity indicators for business landholdings - Aston Research Explorer
... Skip to content. main University navigation. local section navigation. search Site A-Z. Contact us. Directions. Main University navigation links. Home. Study at Aston. About Aston. Departments. Birmingham. Research. Business Services. News Events. Login. Create Account. Aston Research Explorer. Hildreth, James 2012. The selection of biodiversity indicators for business landholdings. PhD thesis, Aston University. Preview. PDF Studentthesis-2012.pdf 1400Kb. Abstract Businesses are seen as the next stage in delivering biodiversity improvements linked to local and UK Biodiversity Action Plans. Global discussion of biodiversity continues to grow, with the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, updates to the Convention on Biological Diversity and The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity being published during the time of this project. These publications and others detail the importance of biodiversity protection and also the lack of strategies to deliver this at an operational level. Pressure on UK landholding ...
http://eprints.aston.ac.uk/17473/
*  Ecosystems and Biodiversity | UNDP
Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Office. Office. Office. Office. Featured Publications Combating Poaching and Wildlife Trafficking - A priority for UNDP 02 Mar 2015 Biodiversity for Sustainable Development: Delivering Results for Asia and the Pacific 14 Oct 2014. Biodiversity for Sustainable Development: Delivering Results for Asia and the Pacific Oct 14, 2014 This book is both a celebration of biodiversity work in the Asia-Pacific region and a cautionary account of what is happening to the ecosystems that support millions of lives and livelihoods in the region. Measuring Impacts of Sustainable Land Management Jul 11, 2011 The GEF-funded project Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System (KM:Land), developed a suite of global and project-level indicators to measure global environmental benefits and local livelihood benefits. UNDP's Work on Biodiversity Management Feb 1, 2010 The brochure outlines UNDP's work on biodiversity management through two Signature P...
http://undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/ecosystems_and_biodiversity/
*  Alliance for Zero Extinction
... formed in and launched globally in the alliance for zero extinction aze comprises non governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinction s by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be endangered or critically endangered under international union for conservation of nature iucn criteria only exist at one location on earth zero extinction home zero extinction home n p n d web july aze members work to rebuild populations of endangered and critically endangered species through efforts to eliminate human threats such as commercial exploitation disease and the introduction of invasive species aze provides expertise on biodiversity goals for the convention on biological diversity cbd and assists party nations in integrating protection of aze sites and species into national biodiversity strategies and action plans nbsap ainsworth david alliance for zero extinction and the convention on biological diversity join forces june convention on biological di...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alliance_for_Zero_Extinction
*  Biodiversity
... Publications. United Nations Environment Programme environment for development. Climate Change. Disasters & Conflicts. Ecosystem Management. Environmental Governance. Resource Efficiency. Environment Under Review. DEWA Division of Early Warning and Assessment. DEWA-Division of Early Warning and Assessment. Assessments » Biodiversity. Home Assessments Early Warning Capacity Development Products and Services Regional Activities Partnerships and Networks UNEP Live Contacts. BIODIVERSITY. The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre UNEP-WCMC is a collaboration between the United Nations Environment Programme and WCMC 2000, a UK-based charity. UNEP-WCMC is UNEP s specialist biodiversity assessment arm, and the Centre for UNEP s collaboration with WCMC 2000. UNEP-WCMC's mission is to evaluate and highlight the many values of biodiversity and put authoritative biodiversity knowledge at the centre of decision-making. Below are various tools, datasets, publications and scientific journals related to biodiversit...
http://unep.org/dewa/Assessments/Biodiversity/tabid/7001/Default.aspx
*  Welcome to Biodiversity.fi | Biodiversity.fi
Welcome to Biodiversity.fi. Biodiversity.fi. Suomeksi biodiversity.fi. Home. About. News. What is Biodiversity.fi. Administration and updates. Expert groups. Indicators. DPSIR. Overall development. Habitats. Forests. Mires. Baltic Sea. Inland waters. Farmlands. Alpine habitats. Urban areas. Shores. Rocky and esker habitats. Climate change. Alien species. Biodiversity. Partners. Links. Feedback. Welcome to Biodiversity.fi On these pages you can find a wealth of research based information on the state and development of nature in Finland. Biodiversity.fi includes more than 110 indicators reflecting the state and development of various components of biological diversity as well as factors driving changes in Finland's nature. Biodiversity.fi is financed by the Ministry of Environment and it has been developed in close cooperation. by Finnish environmental research organisations and non-governmental organisations. On the left-hand side you can find a link to Finnish ecosystem service indicators which are currently...
http://biodiversity.fi/en/home
*  Canterbury Biodiversity
... Please upgrade your web browser now. Internet Explorer 6 is no longer supported. Related websites. Metro Info. Civil Defence. Publications Library. Quick Answers. A-Z Index. Glossary. Sitemap. Skip to Main Content. My Services Login All Publications Quick Answers News & Notices. Advanced Search. Advice Info. Services. Our Responsibilities. News Notices. Get Involved. About Us. Home. Advice Info. Canterbury Biodiversity. North - West gales/Canterbury More Info. Area: Canterbury Region. Additional Info: This was posted @ 10am Tuesday the 6th of October. The Met Service are predicting Northwest gales for today and tomorrow. The gales are expected to become severe about the 'High Country' Wednesday morning and then spread to the 'Plains' during the afternoon before easing in the evening. Damaging gusts of 140 km/hour or possibly more in places are expected. This will be removed on Thursday morning. Your Home. Your School. Your Business. Your Air. Your Land. Your Water. Resource Consents. Recreation Parks. Em...
http://ecan.govt.nz/advice/biodiversity/pages/default.aspx
*  About Biodiversity
... Biodiversity. About Biodiversity. Biological diversity - or biodiversity - is the term given to the variety of life on Earth and the natural patterns it forms. These extinctions are irreversible and, given our dependence on food crops, medicines and other biological resources, pose a threat to our own well-being. An historic set of agreements was signed at the Earth Summit, including two binding agreements, the Convention on Climate Change, which targets industrial and other emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, and the Convention on Biological Diversity, the first global agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The conservation of biodiversity Sustainable use of the components of biodiversity Sharing the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way. Identifying and monitoring the important components of biological diversity that need to be conserved and used sustainably Establishing protected...
https://cbd.int/2010/biodiversity/?tab=1
*  Biodiversity Offsets: : Voluntary and Compliance Regimes
... B B Campaign. About us. Advisory Board. Press contact. Join the Campaign. Past activities. Workshops Forums. Regional Forums. Landscape Auctions. Biodiversity Summit. Contact. What is Biodiversity. The Challenge. The Value / TEEB. Biodiversity Management. Explore. Monitoring and Reporting. Biodiversity indicators. The Business Case. The Opportunities. The Risks. Food and Agriculture. Automotive Sector. Tourism and Leisure. Cosmetics and Pharmaceutical. Extractive Industry. Legal Framework. European Legislation. German Legislation. Activities Network. Biodiversity Check. Food Industry Biodiversity. Tourism Biodiversity. Greening of Company Premises. Natural Capital Accounting. Community Network. Governmental Organisations / Public Bodies. Companies and Business Associations. Non-Governmental Organisations. Case Studies. Biodiversity Management. News. Newsletter. Photos Videos. B B Initiatives. European National Initiatives. Global Initiatives. Latest News Kering releases its first group-wide Environmental...
http://business-biodiversity.eu/default.asp?Menue=8&News=1087
*  Biodiversity | OSGATA
Why Organic Seed. Seed News Protecting Organic Seed Integrity. On September 2, 2015 / Biodiversity, Events, National Heirloom Expo, OSGATA, Seed News / Leave a comment. Back to Top Comment Window Extended on Proposed EPA Rule on Pesticides On July 15, 2015 / Action Alert, Agricultural Policy, Bees, Biodiversity, EPA, Neonics, Pesticides, Pollinators, Seed News / Leave a comment. Back to Top 10 Reasons to Opt for Organic Seed On July 2, 2015 / Bees, Biodiversity, GE Contamination, Neonics, Organic Plant Breeding, Organic Seed Production, Pollinators, Seed News / Leave a comment. Back to Top OSGATA Tells EPA to Protect Pollinators from Pesticide Exposure On June 30, 2015 / Agricultural Policy, Bees, Biodiversity, EPA, Neonics, Pesticides, Pollinators, Seed News, Treated Seed / Leave a comment. Back to Top Organic Farmers Protect Pollinators On June 18, 2015 / Bees, Biodiversity, Organic Farming, OSGATA Members, Pollinators, Seed News / Leave a comment. Back to Top Turns Out, The Future of Food Lies in These Old...
http://osgata.org/category/biodiversity/
*  Biodiversity & Ecology - AIMS
Biodiversity Ecology - AIMS. Skip to Content. About AIMS. Corporate Profile. Working at AIMS. Partnerships. Access to AIMS Info. Contact Us. Biodiversity Ecology. Climate Change. Marine Microbes. Monitoring. Water Quality. Activities. Research partnerships. Staff. Data. Media. Latest releases. Latest news. Featured Content. Marine Backgrounders. Publications. Biodiversity Ecology / Diverse coral assemblages in south Scott Reef Lagoon, Northwest Shelf. Biodiversity and ecology. Biodiversity describes the variety of life found in the environment, from genes to ecosystems. Australia's tropical oceans contain some of the most iconic and diverse marine habitats and organisms on Earth. These organisms range from corals and fish to microbes, whose importance in regulating the global climate is only beginning to be understood. These highly diverse marine ecosystems are also subject to natural and human-induced stresses, which now threaten many habitats and organisms. Our research aims to understand and protect Austra...
http://aims.gov.au/docs/research/biodiversity-ecology/biodiversity-ecology.html
*  Does Conserving Top Predators Protect Biodiversity? - Conservation
Does Conserving Top Predators Protect Biodiversity. - Conservation. Classroom Resources. Energy Conservation. Contact Contact Us. Classroom Resources. Energy Conservation. Contact Contact Us. Does Conserving Top Predators Protect Biodiversity. Does Conserving Top Predators Protect Biodiversity. Protecting charismatic top predators is a common strategy for conserving biodiversity, but does it really work. Sites where raptors breed have the greatest diversity of birds, butterflies, and trees. This is one of the few quantitative studies on whether protecting top predators is a valid approach to conservation. The researchers compared biodiversity at four types of sites in the Italian Alps: raptor breeding sites, similar sites where raptors did not breed, breeding sites of birds that are not top predators and are generalists, and breeding sites of birds that are not top predators and have specialized ecological requirements. The researchers found that the top predator breeding sites had the greatest abundance and ...
http://conservationmagazine.org/2008/07/does-conserving-top-predators-protect-biodiversity/
*  The Little Biodiversity Finance Book - 3rd edition
... Language: DE ES. B B Campaign. Supporters. About us. Advisory Board. Press contact. Join the Campaign. Past activities. Workshops Forums. Regional Forums. Landscape Auctions. Biodiversity Summit. Contact. Knowledge. What is Biodiversity. The Challenge. The Value / TEEB. Biodiversity Management. Explore. Analyse. Act. Monitoring and Reporting. Biodiversity indicators. The Business Case. The Opportunities. The Risks. Industries. Food and Agriculture. Automotive Sector. Tourism and Leisure. Communities. Cosmetics and Pharmaceutical. Extractive Industry. Legal Framework. European Legislation. International Conventions. German Legislation. Activities Network. Biodiversity Check. Food Industry Biodiversity. Tourism Biodiversity. Greening of Company Premises. Natural Capital Accounting. Community Network. Advocates. Governmental Organisations / Public Bodies. Companies and Business Associations. Non-Governmental Organisations. Experts. Discussion. Case Studies. Awareness Education. Conservation Use. Biodiversit...
http://business-biodiversity.eu/default.asp?Menue=186&News=902
*  IUCN - About biodiversity
... IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature. About IUCN. What is IUCN. IUCN Awards. World Conservation Congress. Nature-based solutions. Ecosystems. Forest Conservation. Global Policy. Social Policy. Species. Water. Biodiversity. About biodiversity. IUCN solutions. West Asia. News. All news by date. Central America. West and Central Africa. West Asia. Global Policy. Social policy. Species. Water. IUCN at international events. Biological diversity - or biodiversity - is a term we use to describe the variety of life on Earth. It refers to the wide variety of ecosystems and living organisms: animals, plants, their habitats and their genes. Its innumerable plants, animals and microbes physically and chemically unite the atmosphere the mixture of gases around the Earth, geosphere the solid part of the Earth, and hydrosphere the Earth's water, ice and water vapour into one environmental system which makes it possible for millions of species, including people, to exist. Biodiversity glossary Biodiv...
http://francois.simard@iucn.org/what/biodiversity/about/
*  DMOZ - Science: Environment: Biodiversity: Conservation
... Follow @dmoz. about dmoz. dmoz blog. suggest URL. update listing. become an editor. report abuse/spam. help. the entire directory. only in Biodiversity/Conservation. Description. Top. : Science : Environment : Biodiversity. : Conservation 385. . Birds 47. Fish 27. Invertebrates 4. Mammals 143. Plants 24. Reptiles and Amphibians 20. Captive Breeding 10. Ecology 8. Genetic Biodiversity 3. Sustainability 14. . Regions 38. Trade in Wildlife and Plants @ 10. . See also:. Science: Environment: Biodiversity: Organizations 18. Society: Issues: Environment: Conservation and Endangered Species 272. Society: Organizations: Animal Welfare: Rescues and Shelters 1,515. This category in other languages:. Deutsch 38. IUCN - The world conservation union, whose mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Prov...
http://dmoz.org/Science/Environment/Biodiversity/Conservation/
*  Economics of biodiversity
... Image:The biodiversity of the Masai Mara nature reserve in Kenya is a tourist attraction There have been a number of economic arguments advanced regarding evaluation of the benefits of biodiversity. Food Biological pest control. Food. Biodiversity and food. Biodiversity provides high variety of food: crops, livestock, forestry, and fish are important food source of human species. However, the number of species have been domesticated and cultivated are small if comparing with the number of species existing. Wild species and varieties can supply genes for improving domesticated species by improving their yield, disease resistance, tolerance and vigor; this can increase the profit of farming. Biological pest control. Biological pest control. The control species can be used to protect the crops against pest s and weed s. The economic loss due to the loss of crops/food can be reduced with the use of the control species. Also, the population of disease vectors for example, mosquito es and the invasive species ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economics_of_biodiversity
*  Environment assessments under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act
... Environment assessments Fuel quality National Waste Policy Ozone and Synthetic Greenhouse Gases Heritage Land Marine National parks Sustainable communities Science and research Water Portfolio websites A Cleaner Environment Grants Funding Permits Assessments Legislation About us. Environment assessments Fuel quality National Waste Policy Ozone and Synthetic Greenhouse Gases Heritage. Assessment and approval process Key assessments Strategic assessments Fisheries assessments Bilateral agreements Conservation agreements National Waste Policy Ozone Fuel quality Hazardous waste Chemicals management Biotechnology Air quality Used oil recycling Environment protection publications and resources Heritage Land Marine National parks Sustainable communities Science and research Water A Cleaner Environment Climate change. Environment assessments Under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, environment assessments are undertaken to enable environment and heritage protection and biodiversit...
http://environment.gov.au/protection/environment-assessments
*  Biodiversity and food
... Biodiversity provides high variety of food: crops, livestock, forestry, and fish, which are important food source of human species. A wide range of species provides many thousands of food products, such as, fruit s, vegetable s, nut s, meat, and food additives in form of food colouring s, flavouring s and preseratives, through agriculture and from the harvest of natural populations. Productivity Tomato. Barley. Maintenance of Food Production New Crops and Biodiversity See also References External links. However, diverse natural populations have been providing food and other products for much longer. High Biodiversity can maximize the production levels, which is sustained through beneficial impact of ecosystem services for agricultural, modified and natural ecosystems. O Wilson, editor. National Academy Press. Barley. Wilson, Editor. National Academy Press. Host resistance gene, Xa21,from ' Oryza longistaminata ' is integrated into the genome of ' Oryza sativa ' for the board range resistance of rice blig...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biodiversity_and_food
*  Agricultural Biodiversity
... List of Parties. Decisions. Global Biodiversity Outlook GBO 4. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing. Conference of the Parties COP. Working Group on Protected Areas. Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Implementation. United Nations Decade on Biodiversity 2011-2020. Mechanisms for Implementation. National Biodiversity Strategies Action Plans. National Reports. Financial Resources Mechanism. LifeWeb for Financing Protected Areas. Clearing-House Mechanism CHM. Biodiversity-related Conventions. Japan Biodiversity Fund. Cartagena Protocol. The Cartagena Protocol. Key Protocol Issues. Liability and Redress. Risk Assessment. Parties. List of Parties. National Contacts. National Reports. Status of Contributions. COP-MOP Governing Body. COP-MOP Bureau. COP-MOP Meetings. COP-MOP Decisions. Meetings and Documents. Notifications. Reports of the Executive Secretary. Resources. The Biosafety Clearing-House. A video on the Cartagena Protocol....
https://cbd.int/agro/default.shtml
*  Scientists Launch The International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) To Raise Awareness Of Biodi
Scientists Launch The International Biodiversity Observation Year IBOY To Raise Awareness Of Biodiversity -- ScienceDaily. Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Ancient Ocean Alga Was Pre-Set for Life On Land. Volcanic Eruptions Affect Flow of Major Rivers. Ocean Bacteria: Millions of Tons of Hydrocarbons. How the Brain Recognizes Objects. Chernobyl: The Animals Have Returned. Illegal Trade Puts Cacti On Most Threatened List. World's Largest Atom Smashers: Smallest Droplets. Crucial Hurdle Overcome in Quantum Computing. Your Visual Cortex Is Making Decisions. Anorexia Nervosa and Gut Bacteria Linked: Study. Science News from research organizations. Scientists Launch The International Biodiversity Observation Year IBOY To Raise Awareness Of Biodiversity. Date: January 3, 2001 Source: International Biodiversity Observation Year Summary: Limited awareness of biodiversity and its connections to our lives undermines the ability of public and policymakers to make deci...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/01/010103072716.htm
*  Backyard Biodiversity May Stem Allergies
... About Microbiology. Login. Join. Submit GO. All Content News Video Images Resources My Collections Submissions Tags. Search. MicrobeWorld. Home. News. Video. Images. Resources. MicrobeWorld App. Microbes After Hours. Click for more " Microbes After Hours " videos. Join MicrobeWorld. Subscribe via Email. Featured Image. Featured Video. Supporters. Home. Backyard Biodiversity May Stem Allergies. Backyard Biodiversity May Stem Allergies. submitted by garthh. on May 08, 2012. Share this page:. Tags:. allergies, allergy, development, microbes, study. Source:. news.discovery.com. A decline in the variety of life — including the plants and animals that live around us, as well as the microbes on our bodies — may play a role in the rapid rise in allergies and asthma, indicates new research. The study focused on a predisposition for allergies among 118 Finnish teenagers, finding links between a healthy immune system the body's system for fighting disease, growing up in more natural environments and the presence of...
http://microbeworld.org/component/jlibrary/?view=article&id=8759
*  Studies Affirm Value of Biodiversity in Meeting Human Needs | Worldwatch Institute
Studies Affirm Value of Biodiversity in Meeting Human Needs. Worldwatch Institute. Skip to Main Content Area. October 6, 2015. Updated:. 1 min 33 sec ago. Shopping cart There are no products in your shopping cart. 0 Items Total: $0.00. View cart 0 Checkout Log In. Signup. Email: *. First Name: *. Last Name: *. Programs. Climate Energy Food Agriculture Environment Society. Blogs Media Bookstore Vital Signs Online. Energy Transportation Environment Climate Food Agriculture Global Economy Resources Population Society All Trends. Press About Us Donate. Studies Affirm Value of Biodiversity in Meeting Human Needs. The twin goals of meeting humanitarian needs and conserving plant and animal species don t necessarily have to conflict, according to two studies released at the eighth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Curitiba, Brazil, in late March. While even environmentalists have felt uncomfortable giving support to biodiversity over poverty alleviation effor...
http://worldwatch.org/node/3964
*  Amphibian study shows how biodiversity can protect against disease
... Frog image Courtesy of Shutterstock The richer the assortment of amphibian species living in a pond, the more protection that community of frogs, toads and salamanders has against a parasitic infection that can cause severe deformities, including the growth of extra legs, according to a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder. For example, a larger number of mammal species in an area may curb cases of Lyme disease, while a larger number of bird species may slow the spread of West Nile virus. Johnson and his team visited hundreds of ponds in California, recording the types of amphibians living there as well as the number of snails infected by the pathogen Ribeiroia ondatrae. Greater biodiversity reduced the number of successful amphibian infections and the number of deformed frogs. The reason for the decline in parasitic infections as biodiversity increases is likely related to the fact that ponds add amphibian species in a predictable pattern, with the first species to appear being the most prone...
http://labspaces.net/126789/Amphibian_study_shows_how_biodiversity_can_protect_against_disease
*  Indicator species
... An 'indicator species' is any biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment. For an example, a species may delineate an ecoregion or indicate an environmental condition such as a disease outbreak, pollution, species competition or climate change. Indicator species can be among the most sensitive species in a region, and sometimes act as an early warning to monitoring biologists. Animal species have been used for indicators for decades to collect information about the many regions. Vertebrate are used as population trends and habitat for other species. 1 Species identification is very important for the conservation of biodiversity. Approximately 1.9 million species have been identified, but there are 3 to 100 million species. Some of them haven’t been studied. There are new species every year that are unknown and are still being discovered each year. 2 Indicator species serve as measured environmental conditions. bioindicator. Indicator species are also known as sentinel org...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indicator_species
*  Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre - ZooBorns
... Home. Books. Facebook. Instagram. YouTube. Subscribe. . Home Books Facebook Instagram YouTube Subscribe. Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre. Up Close and Personal with a Pygmy Hippo June 11, 2010 The Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre was established in 1979 as a satellite of South Africa's National Zoo to promote conservation, research and education in support of native African species. Located roughly halfway between Pretoria and the famous Kruger National Park, Mokopane is part zoo, part breeding facility and part open range where a variety of African species interact in a natural environment. These camera phone pictures were taken specially for ZooBorns and feature Mokopane's newest little pygmy hippo, born May 28th. Photo credits: Mark Howitt / National Zoological Gardens of South Africa. Continue reading "Up Close and Personal with a Pygmy Hippo" in Hippo, Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre, Pygmy Hippo, South Africa National Zoo. Permalink. Comments 6. Search. Submit....
http://zooborns.com/zooborns/mokopane-biodiversity-conservation-centre/
*  Biodiversity | EcoWalktheTalk
PEOPLE Behaviour Change Afforestation Biodiversity Sustainable Agriculture Animations and Movies Communities and Governance Sustainable Manufacturing Recycling/Waste Management Climate Change. EVENTS/CAMPAIGNS Sanitation Green Festivals Ethical Jewellery/Fashion Plastics Behaviour Change Health Green Cities Food/Meat Reduction Green Meetings Green Travel/Tourism Sustainable Agriculture Wildlife Green Action Nature Education/trips Biodiversity Water/Marine Life Climate Change. REPORTS Chemicals Health Biodiversity Water/Marine Life Agriculture. Genetically Modified/Engineered Food Organic Farming Palm Oil Climate Change Behaviour Change/Activism Growth/Sustainable Development. INSIGHTS Chemicals Health Green Lists Green Buildings Green Tourism Human wellbeing Pollution Plastic Green Economics Carbon Footprint Green Activism Green Festivals/Events Waste Management Gardening Behaviour Change Greenwashing Green Design/Architecture Sustainable Development Government Policy Green Cities/Communities Green Education ...
http://ecowalkthetalk.com/blog/category/eco-moviesvideos/biodiversity-eco-moviesvideos/
*  Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD)
local initiatives for biodiversity research and development li bird local initiatives for biodiversity research and development li bird local initiatives for biodiversity research and development li bird is a non governmental organization ngo established in in nepal it capitalizes on local initiatives for sustainable management of renewable natural resource s and helps improve the livelihoods of resource poor and marginalized people li bird has contributed to the development of approaches for participatory research and development and has generated impacts that have enhanced the livelihoods of resource poor farmers through technological and policy changes li bird has strengthened techniqiues of participatory plant breeding ppb and participatory variety selection pvs for crop improvement and community based biodiversity management li bird is recognised as a centre of excellence for its contribution in shaping national policy and for developing good practices for conservation of agricultural biodiversity on far...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_Initiatives_for_Biodiversity,_Research_and_Development_(LI-BIRD)
*  Divers willingness to pay for biodiversity could help conservation efforts -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Ancient Ocean Alga Was Pre-Set for Life On Land. Volcanic Eruptions Affect Flow of Major Rivers. Ocean Bacteria: Millions of Tons of Hydrocarbons. How the Brain Recognizes Objects. Chernobyl: The Animals Have Returned. Illegal Trade Puts Cacti On Most Threatened List. World's Largest Atom Smashers: Smallest Droplets. Crucial Hurdle Overcome in Quantum Computing. Your Visual Cortex Is Making Decisions. Anorexia Nervosa and Gut Bacteria Linked: Study. Science News from research organizations. Divers willingness to pay for biodiversity could help conservation efforts. Date: August 20, 2013 Source: American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Summary: New research shows divers were willing to pay to improve the reef's attributes and were able to differentiate and rank their preferences of biodiversity, numbers of fish and corals, coral species richness, fish species richness, coral size, coral abundance, and fish...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130820094645.htm
*  Biodiversity for Local Livelihoods
... . ar. en. es. fr. ru. zh. ja. العربية. English. Espa ol. Fran ais. Русский. 中文. 日本語. Sign up for an account. Sign In. CBD. UN. Welcome. About. Celebrations. Partners. Resources. Participate. Introduction. Introduction. Welcome. What's New. Celebrations. Calendar. By Countries. Success Stories. Biodiversity for Local Livelihoods. Partners. Become a Partner. Resources. Logo. Printed Materials. Multimedia. Exhibitions. More info. CHM Websites. Participate. Contact Us. Map. Calendar. Introduction. Messages. Biodiversity. Worldwide. By Countries. Calendar. Success Stories. Biodiversity and Local Livelihoods. Partners. Become a Partner. Resources. Logo. Printed Materials. Multimedia. Exhibitions. CHM Websites. Participate. Contact Us. Map of Case Studies on Biodiversity and Local Livelihoods. View corresponding list. View whole world. List of Case Studies on Biodiversity and Local Livelihoods View map. 59 record s found 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Amani Nature Reserve United Republic of Tanzania. The East Usam...
https://cbd.int/2010/livelihoods/default.shtml
*  .. Study finds that as biodiversity declines, overall plant growth is stunted .. Post navigation
Climate Change, Earth, Ecocide, Forests, Loss of Biodiversity, Science. Study finds that as biodiversity declines, overall plant growth is stunted. By Jeremy Hance / Mongabay. For decades scientists have been warning that if global society continues with “business-as-usual” practices the result will be a mass extinction of the world’s species, an extinction event some researchers say is already underway. Now a new study in Nature finds that loss of plant biodiversity could cripple overall plant growth. plant growth, and decomposition are impacted by biodiversity loss in a wide-variety of ecosystems. If up to 20 percent of the world’s plant species are lost, the impact on growth will be “negligible” says the study. However if 21-40 percent of the world’s plants vanish, primary production would be hit to the tune of 5-10 percent, and if half the world’s plant species vanish, primary production will fall by 13 percent. “Our analyses suggest that biodiversity loss in the 21st century could rank among the major dr...
http://dgrnewsservice.org/2012/05/02/study-finds-that-as-biodiversity-declines-overall-plant-growth-is-stunted/
*  UConn Advance - July 21, 2008 - Kids learn about biodiversity in new summer science module
... Kids learn about biodiversity in new summer science module by Sherry Fisher - July 21, 2008. We want to see how many different species we can find, says Cheri Collins, one of the leaders of a new biodiversity module offered through the Kids are Scientists Too K.A.S.T. summer program. The weeklong field program, Amazing Biodiversity, was sponsored by the Connecticut State Museum of Natural History, the Center for Conservation and Biodiversity, and the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. program made sense, says Collins, program and collection manager at the Connecticut State Museum of Natural History and Connecticut Archaeology Center. Collins says one of the goals of the module is to help youngsters understand how the health of their environment promotes and maintaines their personal health through biodiversity. On another day, the group looked into the biodiversity within the ecology and evolutionary biology department s research collections. Another morning s activity included investigating...
http://advance.uconn.edu/2008/080721/08072112.htm
*  Explosion in marine biodiversity explained by climate change - CNRS Web site - CNRS
... Skip to content. skip to menu. Search Search. You are here: CNRS. Media. Paris, July 25, 2008 Explosion in marine biodiversity explained by climate change A global change in climate could explain the explosion in marine biodiversity that took place 460 million years ago. Researchers from Lyon 1 and Canberra 2 Australia have found evidence of a progressive ocean cooling of about 15°C over a period of 40 million years during the Ordovician 3. Until now, this geologic period had been associated with a “super greenhouse effect” on our planet. The results from this study were published in the July 25, 2008 issue of the journal Science. Conodont. SEM image showing the mouthpart of this primitive eel-shaped marine vertebrate. Arlette Armand – Scanning Electron Microscope image from Laboratoire PaléoEnvironnements et PaléobioSphère. The researchers found that marine water at the beginning of the Ordovician 480 million years ago was very warm around 45°C, too warm for complex living organisms to develop. The temp...
http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/1279.htm
*  Biodiversity Loss—It Will Make You Sick | GRID-Arendal - News - Press releases
Singapore/Nairobi, 24 April A new generation of antibiotics, new treatments for thinning bone disease and kidney failure, and new cancer treatments may all stand to be lost unless the world acts to reverse the present alarming rate of biodiversity loss a new landmark book says. Sustaining Life, the work of more than 100 experts and published by Oxford University Press, has been supported by UNEP; the Secretariat of the CBD; the UN Development Programme UNDP and IUCN. At the heart of the book is a chapter dedicated to exploring seven threatened groups of organisms valuable to medicine, including amphibians, bears, cone snails, sharks, nonhuman primates, gymnosperms, and horseshoe crabs that underscore what may be lost to human health when species go extinct. Other cells in the blood of horseshoe crabs can, for example, detect the presence of key bacteria in the spinal fluid of people suspected of having cerebral meningitis. The related resources can be accessed at www.unep.org The Convention on Biological Dive...
http://grida.no/news/press/1461.aspx?p=2
*  Save our Food Biodiversity | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Save our Food Biodiversity. Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food. Languages. Italiano. Fran ais. Espa ol. Deutsch. Portugu s. 日本語. Press. Leader area. Contact us. JOIN US. DONATE. GET THE NEWSLETTER. Home. About us. About us. Our philosophy. Our history. Our structure. Where we are. FAQs. Our network. Our network. Network of members. Terra Madre network. Slow Food Youth Network. University of Gastronomic Sciences. Indigenous Terra Madre Network. What we do. What we do. Preserve biodiversity. Educate. International events. Hot topics. Get involved. Get involved. Become a member. Donate. Save a product. Be a responsible consumer. Resources. Slow Food Foundation publications. Photo galleries. Videos. Slow Food Companion. Slow Food Almanac. Bite Size Slow Food. Archive. prev. next. Save our Food Biodiversity Italy - 09 Aug 13 If biodiversity disappears, what will happen to our food. Biodiversity is our insurance policy for the future, allowing plants and animals to adapt to cli...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/189111/save-our-food-biodiversity/q=24D1D1
*  Save our Food Biodiversity | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Save our Food Biodiversity. Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food. Languages. Italiano. Fran ais. Espa ol. Deutsch. Portugu s. 日本語. Press. Leader area. Contact us. JOIN US. DONATE. GET THE NEWSLETTER. Home. About us. About us. Our philosophy. Our history. Our structure. Where we are. FAQs. Our network. Our network. Network of members. Terra Madre network. Slow Food Youth Network. University of Gastronomic Sciences. Indigenous Terra Madre Network. What we do. What we do. Preserve biodiversity. Educate. International events. Hot topics. Get involved. Get involved. Become a member. Donate. Save a product. Be a responsible consumer. Resources. Slow Food Foundation publications. Photo galleries. Videos. Slow Food Companion. Slow Food Almanac. Bite Size Slow Food. Archive. prev. next. Save our Food Biodiversity Italy - 09 Aug 13 If biodiversity disappears, what will happen to our food. Biodiversity is our insurance policy for the future, allowing plants and animals to adapt to cli...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/189111/save-our-food-biodiversity/q=E839B0
*  Talking Allergies • View topic - Declining biodiversity could be contributing
Talking Allergies View topic - Declining biodiversity could be contributing. You are viewing Allergic Living Canada. Switch to United States. Talking Allergies. FAQ. Search Login. Register It is currently Wed Oct 07, 2015 4:56 am. Home. Magazine. Subscribe. Food Allergy. Celiac. Pollen. Asthma. Healthy Home. School. Recipes. View unanswered posts. View active topics Board index. The living part. Allergies in the News All times are UTC - 4 hours. Declining biodiversity could be contributing Moderator: Susan . Page 1 of 1. Print view Previous topic. Next topic. Author Message mgreenspan Post subject: Declining biodiversity could be contributing Posted: Wed May 09, 2012 8:19 am. Joined: Thu Dec 20, 2007 7:23 pm Posts: 860 Location: Kingston Declining biodiversity could be contributing to the rise of asthma and allergies Quote: new study from Finland shows that lower biodiversity may be contributing to the rise of asthma, allergies and other inflammatory diseases among people living in cities. The study found th...
http://allergicliving.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=35&t=7518&view=next
*  .. Category Archives: Provocations, Thoughts and Big Ideas .. Biodiversity – there is no weal
Category Archives: Provocations, Thoughts and Big Ideas. How the world might be a more sustainable and equitable home for us all. Post navigation. ← Older posts. Biodiversity – there is no wealth but life. Posted on. 30/09/2015. by. Dominic Tantram. Reply. Share. Why we need a world with more life in it now. “ I tore myself away from the safe comfort of certainties through my love for truth — and truth rewarded me. “. — Simone de Beauvoir. The good news is that there is probably more biodiversity types of life on earth than we currently know or even imagine. The bad news is we are killing it off very fast. What is biodiversity. The term biodiversity a contraction of ‘biological diversity’ was coined in 1985 and popularised by biologist Edward Wilson in 1988 in his book of the same name. Given that the term is only 25 years old, it has gained remarkable traction in everyday life. Together with Natural Capital, biodiversity is one of the current buzz words in corporate sustainability. Businesses activ...
http://terrafiniti.com/blog/category/big-ideas/
*  Untitled Document
M arine E cology and C limate C h A nge Group. Welcome to MECCA Group. Led by Rui Rosa, the MECCA Group seeks to understand how future environmental changes affect marine biodiversity specially cephalopod molluscs. Future changes in ocean's chemistry, temperature and oxygen levels hypoxia are predicted to dictate deleterious physiological responses at organism-level, and drive, at community-level, profound impacts on diversity and biogeography. We have been investigating how these climate-related variables may interfere with critical biological processes, including acid-base regulation, energy metabolism, growth potential and calcification processes in coastal marine species. Concomitantly, our research team is also studying bathymetric and global-scale patterns of marine biodiversity and their causes. In fact, broad-scale species richness gradients are among the most prevalent patterns in the planet, but understanding the causes is one of the greatest contemporary challenges for ecologists. Marine biodiversi...
http://webpages.fc.ul.pt/~rarosa/
*  10 Fast Facts About Biodiversity - alive
... Your complete source for natural health and wellness. Food. Recipes. Family. Children. Lifestyle. Living. Beauty. Fitness. Health. Menu. Your complete source for natural health and wellness. Menu. Home. Food Recipes. Family Children. Lifestyle Living. Beauty. Fitness. Health. 10 Fast Facts About Biodiversity. Updated On May 22, 2012. How much do you know about biodiversity and how it affects us. This biodiversity primer will have you sounding like a whiz in no time. How many varieties of apples can you name perhaps a handful. What about broccoli. If you re like most of us, you may not be able to name a single variety. This shows just how far food biodiversity is from most of our radars. Today is the United Nations-proclaimed International Day for Biological Diversity. If you re thinking What is biodiversity, and why should I care. don t worry these 10 fast facts will have you sounding like a whiz at your next social gathering or dinner table discussion. Although tens of thousands of plant species can be ...
http://alive.com/lifestyle/10-fast-facts-about-biodiversity/
*  .. What is biodiversity? .. Find .. Connect .. Categories .. Tags
What is biodiversity. Biodiversity is the totality of genes, species and ecosystems in a region. Biodiversity can be divided into three hierarchical categories – genes, species and ecosystems – that describe different aspects of living systems and that scientists measure in different ways, namely:. For genetic diversity means the variation of genes within species. Species Diversity. For species diversity means the variety of species in a region. The number of species in a region – their “wealth” in kind – is a measure often used, but a more accurate measure, the “taxonomic diversity takes into account the close relationship between species and others. For example, an island where there are two species of birds and a species of lizard has greater taxonomic diversity than an island where there are three species of birds but no lizards. The diversity of ecosystems is more difficult to measure than species or genetic diversity because the “boundaries” of communities – associations of species – and ecosystems are ...
http://australianscience.com.au/what-is-biodiversity/
*  The Amazon may have the Andes to thank for biodiversity - OnToplist.com
... The Amazon may have the Andes to thank for biodiversity. The Amazon may have the Andes to thank for biodiversity. Blog Directory. Arts Humanities. Business Economy. Computers Internet. Education. Games. Music. News Media. Science. Shopping. Society Culture. Sports Recreation. Browse Blog Directory Artists. Design. Performing Arts. Visual Arts. Employment Work. Finance Investment. Marketing Advertising. Money. Organizations. Real Estate. Shopping Services. Games. Internet. Web Design. Web-2.0. Distance Learning. Higher Education. Jobs Careers. Humor. Movies Film. Music. Theater. TV Shows. Diet Nutrition. Diseases. Animals Nature. Books. Newspaper. Radio. Television. Artists. Events. Countries. Geography. Biology. Earth Geography. Books. http://www.ifrog.us http://www.ifrog.us/news/tree-frogs-moving-into-cities/ http://www.ifrog.us/news/fighting-massive-declines-in-frog-populations-with-bacteria-and-fungicides-. The Amazon may have the Andes to thank for biodiversity Posted on Nov 12 2010 at 11:46:53 AM in...
http://ontoplist.com/articles/the-amazon-may-have-the-andes-to-thank-for-biodiversity_4cdd7d8d1a274/
*  .. Forests Can Protect Humans from Disease .. Post navigation .. Share this: .. Like this:
Forests Can Protect Humans from Disease. Posted by johnrupe on 13 December 2010, 7:20 am. Here’s one more benefit of National Forests which needs to be considered in forest planning: protection from infectious human diseases. A group of scientists published a study  earlier this month in the Nature journal, citing mounting evidence that biodiversity loss frequently increases infectious disease transmission. One of the primary authors, Felicia Keesing from Bard College, explained the general pattern to Science Daily: “biodiversity loss tends to increase pathogen transmission across a wide range of infectious disease systems.” Keesing has been following the ecology of Lyme disease in northeastern forests for several years, and she said that evidence is mounting about biodiversity and disease. For instance, an opossum can serve as a biological buffer between the Lyme bacterium and humans by picking and killing off ticks. Opossums are poor hosts for ticks, but mice are good hosts. As biodiversity is lost...
http://forestpolicypub.com/2010/12/13/forests-can-protect-humans-from-disease/
*  Myanmar - Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association (BANCA) | BirdLife
Myanmar - Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association BANCA. Asia. About BirdLife Asia. BirdLife Partners - Asia. Forests of Hope - Asia. Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas IBA - Asia. Migratory Birds and Flyways - Asia. Preventing Extinctions - Asia. Policy Development Work in Asia. Flyways in Asia. Preventing Extinctions – Giant Ibis and White-shouldered Ibis. Myanmar - Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association BANCA. Myanmar - Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association BANCA BirdLife Affiliate. New hope for Vietnam’s forests Wed, 11/03/2015 - 10:51 The survival of North-Central Vietnam’s lowland forests have been boosted thanks to an innovative new agreement that aims to see such forests protected. Inspiring hope through Ecosystem Restoration Thu, 20/11/2014 - 13:48 The IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas WCPA named three conservation leaders from Indonesia, all involved at some point with BirdLife's Partner Buru. Number of vulture deaths per meal reduced by a two thirds since d...
http://birdlife.org/asia/partners/myanmar-biodiversity-and-nature-conservation-association-banca
*  Climate change to worsen diarrhoea in Africa
... The Convention. About the Convention. List of Parties. Decisions. Global Biodiversity Outlook GBO 3. Convention Protocols. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing. Conference of the Parties COP. Working Group on the Review of Implementation WGRI. Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol ICNP. Working Group on Article 8 j. Working Group on Protected Areas. Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Implementation. Mechanisms for Implementation. National Biodiversity Strategies Action Plans. National Reports. Financial Resources Mechanism. LifeWeb for Financing Protected Areas. Clearing-House Mechanism CHM. Cooperation Partnerships. South-South Cooperation. Consortium of Scientific Partners. Biodiversity-related Conventions. Japan Biodiversity Fund. Cartagena Protocol. The Cartagena Protocol. About the Protocol. Text of the Cartagena Protocol. Key Protocol Issues. Assessment and Review. Liability and Redress. Risk Assessment. Par...
https://cbd.int/kb/record/newsHeadlines/93011
*  Welcome to the Frontpage
ORGANOGRAM. STAFF. RTI. DOWNLOADS. GALLERY. Photo Gallery. ACTIVITIES. CITIZEN CHARTER. Citizen Charter - Malayalam. Citizen Charter - English. PUBLICATIONS. BOOKS/JOURNALS. DOCUMENTARY DVD ROMs. FREE e-NEWSLETTER. KSBB. Biodiversity Awards. Opportunities. Biodiversity Club. KERALA. Kerala at a glance. Physiography of Kerala. Biodiversity of Kerala. Threatened taxa of Kerala. Minor Fruits in Kerala. Expert Committee Report on HLWG. Biodiversity Panels. Biodiversity Brochures. Biological diversity or biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on earth. Biodiversity is expressed at three levels on earth; genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. Its direct and indirect services are crucial for the sustenance of life on this planet. Biodiversity ensure food, fuel, shelter, medicines and other resources which are vital for our survival. Most of the crops pests are controlled by a variety of other organisms, including insects, birds and fungi; which are certainly superior natura...
http://keralabiodiversity.org/
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=4097EF
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=414EC4
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=CDA960
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=01C239
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=0CC551
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=1ADF4E
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=42C251
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=4D2F48
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=5D9F25
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=71D92A
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=7A03BF
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=90E7A1
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=93CE9E
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=95F17F
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=A09D8B
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=A6771A
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=A677D0
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=B0A463
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=B0E241
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=BF9A77
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=D55276
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=D56CB0
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=D734B6
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=D9E1EA
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=E1ABBA
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=E4FA85
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=E839A2
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=E839E8
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=F56EC7
*  Why Biodiversity Matters | Slow Food International - Good, Clean and Fair food.
Our network. Our network. In your mind you may see a landscape with rows of different veggies, various fruit trees, and maybe a few cows or goats nibbling at the grass. The reality today is very different. Over the past hundred years, the variety of seeds planted has dwindled from hundreds to just a handful. Large commercial farms that focus on specific animals or plants to maximize yields and profits have caused the variety in our food supply to plummet. Today the human race relies on just three cereals - rice, wheat and corn - to provide for 60% of our caloric needs. In less than 100 years, we have lost three quarters of vegetable, fruit and legume varieties and a thousand breeds. Along with these plants and animals, we have lost hundreds of breads, cheeses, meats. Well, we need biodiversity to grow food, or in other words, to survive. When there are many types of corn in a field, some may be resistant to the disease. Food security depends on resilient, diverse crops and animals being able to overcome disea...
http://slowfood.com/international/slow-stories/184942/why-biodiversity-matters/q=F933ED
*  Biodiversity | TED.com
Biodiversity. TED.com. You have JavaScript disabled. For the best experience, please turn JavaScript on. Here's how. Navigation TED. 1. Log in Sign up. Skip to content. Watch. TED Talks Browse the library of TED talks and speakers. Playlists 100+ collections of TED Talks, for curious minds. TED-Ed videos Watch, share and create lessons with TED-Ed. TEDx Talks Talks from independently organized local events. Surprise Me The easy option. Let us choose for you. Discover. Topics Explore TED offerings by topic. Ideas Blog Outbound Our daily coverage of the world of ideas. TED Books Short books to feed your craving for ideas. TED Studies Curated course material for educators and life long learners. Newsletter Inspiration delivered straight to your inbox. Attend. Conferences Take part in our events: TED, TEDGlobal, TEDActive and more. TEDx events Find and attend local, independently organized events. TED Live Experience the conferences from home. Participate. Discuss Join an online conversation. Organize a local TED...
http://ted.com/topics/biodiversity
*  Nutritional biodiversity
... is a diet that focuses on the diversity of an organism s nutritional consumption or intake some believe this diversity directly relates to the overall health and vitality of the organism human or animal although traditional diets emphasize a sufficient intake of fruit and vegetable s they do not emphasize the range or variety of this intake nutritional biodiversity encourages the consumption of about different green vegetables over a period of a fortnight rather than the same green vegetable every day for that same period this extends to all types of fruit s and vegetable s different fruits and vegetables provide different vitamin s and mineral s and in differing quantities and it is this diversity that is essential to ensure that all nutritional needs are met it does not require one to consume all types but to at least have sufficient variety or diversity to reasonably allow for most vitamins and minerals to be consumed in the book back from the brink an example is used of the various bloodlines of race...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutritional_biodiversity
*  Items where Programme is "CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity > BD03 The Genetic Bas
Items where Programme is "CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications Biodiversity BD03 The Genetic Basis of Ecological Function BD03.1 Molecular ecology" - NERC Open Research Archive. nerc.ac.uk. Items where Programme is "CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications Biodiversity BD03 The Genetic Basis of Ecological Function BD03.1 Molecular ecology". Export as ASCII Citation BibTeX Dublin Core EP3 XML EndNote HTML Citation JSON METS Multiline CSV Object IDs OpenURL ContextObject RDF+N-Triples RDF+N3 RDF+XML RefWorks Refer Reference Manager. NERC Programmes 16. CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications 16. Biodiversity 16. BD03 The Genetic Basis of Ecological Function 16 BD03.1 Molecular ecology 16. ; Griffiths, Robert I. ; van der Heijden, Marcel ; van der Putten, Wim. 2007 Meeting Report: ALTER-Net Workshop about the “Application of Molecular Techniques to Study Biodiversity, Structure and Function of Planktonic Communities in Lakes” at Blanes, Spain, February 15-16, 2007. Griffiths, Robert I. ; Manefield, Mike ; Whiteley, And...
http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/view/programme/BD03=2E1.html
*  Mission 2015: Benefits of Biodiversity to Biomes
... Benefits of Biodiversity. Air Pollution. Aquatic Pollution. Air Pollution. Benefits Benefits. Benefits to Humans. Taiga/Boreal Forest The trees of the taiga ecosystems include spruce, pine, cedar, and fir; they provide food for other organisms in the ecosystem in addition to protection, shelter, and breeding grounds for bird species. Temperate Rainforest Temperate rainforests provide resources for growing human populations. Much of the food that humans eat is grown in temperate rainforests and healthy forests also provide clean air and water. Freshwater Freshwater ecosystems serve as a source of freshwater for humans. As a result, freshwater biomes have high endemism and high species richness. Temperate Deciduous Forest Temperate deciduous biomes have the most human inhabitants and are thus primarily used as living space. The rich soil of the deciduous forests makes provides optimal agricultural area that humans often utilize. The health of temperate deciduous forests is an indicator of the health of the...
http://web.mit.edu/12.000/www/m2015/2015/benefits.html
*  Protected Matters Search Tool - EPBC Act - Home Page
... Menu Home Topics A Cleaner Environment Grants Funding Permits Assessments Legislation About us. Clean Air Clean Land Clean Water National Heritage Biodiversity. Threatened species ecological communities Invasive species Wildlife trade Biodiversity conservation Climate Change. Environment assessments Fuel quality National Waste Policy Ozone and Synthetic Greenhouse Gases Heritage. Sustainable population Measuring sustainability Government sustainability Sustainable regional development Science and research. Australian Biological Resources Study National Environmental Science Programme State of the Environment reporting Supervising Scientist Water. The Basin Plan Commonwealth Environmental Water Office Rural water Water quality Portfolio websites. A Cleaner Environment Grants Funding Permits Assessments Legislation About us. Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Protected Matters Search Tool About us. Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Exemptions EPBC Act...
http://environment.gov.au/epbc/protected-matters-search-tool
*  .. Biodiversity Vital To Streams As Extinctions Rise
Streams contain a variety of types of algae that remove pollutants from the water. This microscope image shows several species of algae similar to those used in the University of Michigan biodiversity study. Photo: Reuters/Danuta Bennett/University of Michigan As Earth enters a period of mass extinction, a study released on Wednesday offers a new reason to preserve biodiversity: it's an effective, natural pollution scrubber in streams. The latest study, published in the journal Nature, shows how this works, demonstrating that streams that contain more species have better water quality than streams that have fewer. have the tangential benefit of cleaning up our water for us, said Bradley Cardinale, the study's author. One implication of the study is, if we let nature do its thing, we don't have to run around creating very expensive water treatment plants all over the planet, Cardinale, of the University of Michigan, said by telephone. MINI-STREAMS AND HUNGRY ALGAE To reach his conclusions, Cardinale set up 150...
http://planetark.org/wen/61705
*  Biodiversity Protects Against Disease, Scientists Find - ScienceBlog.com
... About. Our Bloggers. Request a Blog. Topics. Brain Behavior. Earth, Energy Environment. Health. Life Non-humans. Physics Mathematics. Space. Technology. Get Science Blog by Email. Shop. Select Page. Biodiversity Protects Against Disease, Scientists Find Feb 15, 2013. Earth, Energy Environment, Health, Life Non-humans, Uncategorized. The richer the assortment of amphibian species in a pond, the more protection that community of frogs, toads and salamanders has against a parasitic infection that can cause severe deformities, including the growth of extra legs. The findings, published in a paper in this week s issue of the journal Nature, support the idea that greater biodiversity in large-scale ecosystems, such as forests or grasslands, may also provide greater protection against diseases, including those that affect humans. A larger number of mammal species in an area may curb cases of Lyme disease, while a larger number of bird species may slow the spread of West Nile virus. How biodiversity affects the ...
http://scienceblog.com/60205/biodiversity-protects-against-disease-scientists-find/
*  JNCC UK Biodiversity Statistics
... UK Protected Sites. Your browser does not support javascript or you have javascript disabled in your browser settings Home > Evidence > Surveillance Monitoring Assessment Reports Research Data sources Surveillance Monitoring Terrestrial Strategy Marine Strategy Wider Strategies Surveillance Applications Surveillance Schemes Protected sites monitoring Earth Observation Publications catalogue. These represent a variety of species and habitats, including monitoring of the UK protected areas network, and come together to construct an up-to-date overview of current status and ongoing trends of UK biodiversity. Breeding birds Breeding seabirds Wintering waterbirds 6 yearly site trends / site alerts from the Wetland Birds Survey Mammal trends Trends in UK bat species Butterfly abundances Protected sites extent and condition. The Breeding Bird Survey BBS is the main scheme for monitoring population changes for common breeding birds in the UK. NGC data provides important background information on the distribution...
http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5902
*  Council seeks Application's for Biodiversity Fund
... Kaipara District Council 24 Hours 0800 727 059 Office opening hours: 8.00am to 4.30pm Monday to Friday. MCWWS Extension Project - Home Page MCWWS Extension Project Open Day 4th April 2015. A-Z of Documents. Your Council Your District. Community Planning. Open Newsletters to the community. Newspaper Columns Council Business Audit and Risk Committee Agendas. Audit and Risk Committee Minutes. Council Agendas. Council Minutes. Taharoa Domain Governance Committee Agendas. Taharoa Domain Governance Committee Minutes. Raupo Drainage Committee Minutes. Mangawhai Endowment Lands Account Committee Agenda. Mangawhai Endowment Lands Account Committee Minutes. Harding Park Standing Committee and Pou Tu o Te Rangi Joint Management Committee Agendas. Harding Park Standing Committee and Pou Tu o Te Rangi Joint Management Committee Minutes. Mangawhai Community Park Governance Committee Agendas. Mangawhai Community Park Governance Committee Minutes Public Notices. Rates. Archived. Council hours. Service and Info Building ...
http://kaipara.govt.nz/Your Council/News/News Archive/Council seeks Applications for Biodiversity Fund.html
*  .. Increasing Biodiversity & Bird Life .. Increasing Biodiversity & Bird Life
increasing biodiversity bird life increasing biodiversity bird life if you want a diversity of insects and birds in your garden you cannot use chemicals herbicides and pesticides as your garden becomes more diverse insect numbers will be controlled by their predators in your garden creating a balanced garden with a canopy of trees a middle storey of large shrubs and an under storey with thickets of small shrubs ground covers grasses and wildflowers will help attract the greatest number of birds in this way you provide birds with food shelter and nesting sites a large dead tree trunk or group of logs creates an eye catching feature in the garden as well as habitat and a refuge for small animals such as lizards and insects fairy wren can help you grow a range of indigenous or native plant varieties that will suit your area attract a wide range of native bird species and encourage biodiversity in your garden...
http://fairywren.com.au/?page_id=35
*  Rare biosphere
... changes in the biodiversity of an ecosystem whether marine or terrestrial may affect its efficiency and function gitay et al disruption due to climate change or other anthropogenic perturbations can result in decreased productivity and in some cases lead to disruptions in global biogeochemical cycles the possible ramifications of changes in ecosystem biodiversity are not well characterized or understood and it may be possible that disruption up to a point will have little to no effect given the redundancy within an ecosystem this is particularly troubling in the context of microbial ecosystems the dynamics of microbial ecosystems are tightly coupled to biogeochemical processes and any perturbation within this system in particular could result in dramatic changes kirchman for example the microbial loop within the marine context is responsible for the decomposition of organics and recycling of nutrients back into the ecosystem this allows for other organisms such as phytoplankton to reuse essential nutrien...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rare_biosphere
*  Deep-sea species' loss could lead to oceans' collapse, study suggests
... Home. December 27, 2007 Deep-sea species' loss could lead to oceans' collapse, study suggests December 27, 2007 The loss of deep-sea species poses a severe threat to the future of the oceans, suggests a new report publishing early online on December 27th and in the January 8th issue of Current Biology, a publication of Cell Press. In a global-scale study, the researchers found some of the first evidence that the health of the deep sea, as measured by the rate of critical ecosystem processes, increases exponentially with the diversity of species living there. “For the first time, we have demonstrated that deep-sea ecosystem functioning is closely dependent upon the number of species inhabiting the ocean floor,” said Roberto Danovaro of the Polytechnic University of Marche, in Italy. “This shows that we need to preserve biodiversity, and especially deep-sea biodiversity, because otherwise the negative consequences could be unprecedented. We must care about species that are far from us and invisible.” Ecosy...
http://phys.org/news/2007-12-deep-sea-species-loss-oceans-collapse.html
*  Country
Implementation. National Biodiversity Strategies Action Plans. 2 3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies. Mainstreaming Groundwater Considerations into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin International Waters 2007-07-03 2011-12-31 Under Implementation 1,000,000 USD 2,890,800 USD. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project NTEAP, Phase II International Waters 2007-09-05 2009-12-31 Project Completion 6,700,000 USD 71,990,000 USD. Assessment of Capacity Building Needs and Country Specific Priorities in Biodiversity Management and Conservation in Sudan Biodiversity 2001-05-11. National Biodiversity Planning to Support the implementation of the CBD 2011-2020 Strategic Plan in Sudan Biodiversity 2012-07-11. Conservation and Management of Habitats and Species, and Sustainable Community Use of Biodiversity in Dinder National Park Biodiversity 1998-06-25 2004-07-01 Project Closure 750,000 USD 1,100,000 USD. National Biodiversity Strategies, Acti...
https://cbd.int/protected/implementation/actionplans/country/?country=sd
*  Threats to Biodiversity?
Threats to Biodiversity. Home. Biodiversity. In the Mitchell Lab. More about the lab. Scientific Method. For Teachers. Citations. Why is the recent decline in biodiversity all over the news. If you want to know more about the issues below click on the title to go directly to the source. Under the Sea; Coral Reefs in Peril Coral reefs have been dying for years due to fishing damage, pollution from farm runoff, reckless tourism and shore development. Now global warming is accelerating the decline. Eastern Cougar Declared Extinct by US Government Habitat fragmentation contributed greatly to the delcine of these big cats. They are now officially extinct. Experts are hopeful that western cougar may migrate east and fill their eastern cousin's niche. Multitude of Species Face Peril From Warming Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley have found that current extinction rates are much higher than normal. They warn that if the trend continues unchanged the earth could face another mass extinction in the n...
http://unc.edu/depts/our/hhmi/hhmi-ft_learning_modules/2011/diseaseecologymodule/index.html
*  Discover Life -- GBIF658767722
discover life gbif information on record gbif global biodiversity information facility database global biodiversity information facility these data were accessed through the gbif data portal on data providers retain all rights to data see dataset link below for terms of use id parent gbif data provider usda ars bee biology and systematics laboratory dataset bee biology and systematics laboratory catalog number bbsl name dufourea desertorum author timberlake kingdom animalia family halictidae genus dufourea latitude longitude map decimal latitude longitude country usa state or province california county inyo collector m andres k receveur k keen c schultz t l griswold locality boundary canyon chloride city turnoff date collected yyyy mm dd basis of record preservedspecimen determined by t l griswold record created yyyy mm dd record modified yyyy mm dd for more details see gbif portal or gbif webservice click here to report possible errors or send feedback about the above data to provider discover life search la...
http://discoverlife.org/mp/20l?id=GBIF658767722
*  The Mathematics of Biodiversity | The n-Category Café
The Mathematics of Biodiversity. The n-Category Café. The n-Category Café. A group blog on math, physics and philosophy. Skip to the Main Content. Enough, already. Skip to the content. Note: These pages make extensive use of the latest XHTML and CSS Standards. They ought to look great in any standards-compliant modern browser. Unfortunately, they will probably look horrible in older browsers, like Netscape 4.x and IE 4.x. Moreover, many posts use MathML, which is, currently only supported in Mozilla. My best suggestion and you will thank me when surfing an ever-increasing number of sites on the web which have been crafted to use the new standards is to upgrade to the latest version of your browser. If that's not possible, consider moving to the Standards-compliant and open-source Mozilla browser. « PSSL 93 trip report. Main Quivering with Excitement » April 26, 2012 The Mathematics of Biodiversity Posted by Tom Leinster. Interested in biological diversity. Want to know more about how diver...
https://golem.ph.utexas.edu/category/2012/04/the_mathematics_of_biodiversit.html
*  Biocultural heritage: from concept to practice. New policy instruments for times of uncertaint
Biocultural heritage: from concept to practice. List of Parties. Decisions. Global Biodiversity Outlook GBO 3. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Conference of the Parties COP. Working Group on Article 8 j. Working Group on Protected Areas. National Biodiversity Strategies Action Plans. National Reports. Biodiversity-related Conventions. Cartagena Protocol. The Cartagena Protocol. Key Protocol Issues. Liability and Redress. Parties. List of Parties. National Reports. COP-MOP Bureau. COP-MOP Meetings. COP-MOP Decisions. Meetings and Documents. Notifications. Search the BIRC. Protocols and decisions. Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress. Nagoya Protocol. Related Information Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices - Article 8 j. New policy instruments for times of uncertainty and change Organizer International Institute for Environment and Development Date and Time 1 January 0001 0:0 - 0:0 Meeting Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biolo...
https://cbd.int/kb/record/sideEvent/2752?RecordType=sideEvent&Event=COP-11
*  Livestock genetic diversity
... Biodiversity relevance: the indicator refers to one of the three components of biodiversity, i.e. Spatial coverage of data: data are provided by National Focal points on Animal genetic resources, as part of the general reporting to FAO on the State of the World of Animal genetic resources. Indicator definition The present indicator shows the share of breeding female population between introduced and native breed species namely, cattle and sheep per country, as a proxy to assess the genetic diversity of these species. Considering the share of native breeds populations within each country highlights the national responsibility for conservation of the related breeds. The indicator shows the share of breeding female population between introduced and native breeds for cattle and sheep per country. Related policy documents 2010 biodiversity target 2010 biodiversity target 'to significantly reduce the rate of biodiversity decline by 2010'. For the purpose of the indicator, national focal points on Animal geneti...
http://eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/livestock-genetic-diversity
*  Recent Articles | Biodiversity, Microbiology And Immunology | The Scientist Magazine®
Recent Articles. Biodiversity, Microbiology And Immunology. The Scientist Magazine. The Scientist Sign In or Register. Advertisement. PerkinElmer. The Scientist. tags: biodiversity x. microbiology x. immunology x. The Scientist biodiversity, microbiology and immunology. Most Recent Microbiome Meals By Rina Shaikh-Lesko. October 1, 2015. Researchers identify a handful of genes that help bacteria in the mouse gut adapt to dietary changes. 0 Comments. Gut Bacteria Linked to Asthma Risk By Jef Akst. October 1, 2015. Four types of gut bacteria found in babies stool may help researchers predict the future development of asthma. 0 Comments. Cultural Riches By Anna Azvolinsky. October 1, 2015. Researchers devise new techniques to facilitate growing bacteria collected from the environment. 0 Comments. Lost Colonies By Anna Azvolinsky. October 1, 2015. Next-generation sequencing has identified scores of new microorganisms, but getting even abundant bacterial species to grow in the lab has proven challenging. 0 Comments...
http://the-scientist.com/?articles.list/categoryNo/2625/category/The-Scientist/tagNo/167,10,12/tags/biodiversity,microbiology,immunology/
*  Slideshows Articles - Best Places to Work, conservation and biodiversity | The Scientist Magazine®
Slideshows Articles - Best Places to Work, conservation and biodiversity. The Scientist Magazine. Advertisement. The Scientist. Multimedia. Slideshows. tags: Best Places to Work x. conservation x. biodiversity x. Slideshows Best Places to Work, conservation and biodiversity. Most Recent Hunker Bunker By Jef Akst. BPTW: By The Numbers By The Scientist Staff. June 1, 2013. Take a closer look at some of the statistics generated by The Scientist 's Best Place to Work Industry 2013 survey. 0 Comments. Best Places to Work Postdocs 2013: The Charts By The Scientist Staff. April 3, 2013. See the data from our 2013 survey of postdocs. 0 Comments. 3 Comments. Best in Academia, 2012 By The Scientist Staff. Topping this year’s survey of academic researchers is the J. June 9, 2012. 0 Comments. Best in Industry, 2012 By The Scientist Staff. June 1, 2012. Whether working for a pharmaceutical giant or a biotech start-up with a unique vision, researchers who responded to this year s Best Places to Work in Industry surve...
http://the-scientist.com/?articles.list/categoryNo/2930/category/Slideshows/tagNo/541,162,167/tags/Best-Places-to-Work,conservation,biodiversity/
*  .. Rare today, gone tomorrow?
← Art of Uncertainty A natural arkive →. Special attention has been given to understanding the vulnerability of particular species and functions within ecosystems. But how exactly does one go about identifying which species are vulnerable to climate change, and how is that vulnerability defined. While the importance of species diversity on ecosystems has been relatively well studied, the roles that individual, rare species play are less certain. Mouillot et al ., present a stark finding: many critical ecosystem functions are supported by relatively rare species. Rather than the quantity of biodiversity, it is the quality of that biodiversity that matters in maintaining an ecosystem, and many of the key species have highly specialised roles with little redundancy. A few months back, I was privileged to see American architect-cum-memorial maker-cum artist, Maya Lin, speak at the Tate Modern. Best known for her elegant and powerful Vietnam War Memorial, she spoke most passionately about what she calls her ‘las...
http://blogs.plos.org/attheinterface/2013/08/09/rare-today-gone-tomorrow/

Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Meramec Conservation AreaEcosystemPeat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area: Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area (French, Eau Agriculture Et Sante Et Milieu Tropical (E.A.Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Cambrian–Ordovician extinction eventHistory of the New York State College of Forestry: The New York State College of Forestry, the first professional school of forestry in North America, opened its doors at Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York, in the autumn of 1898.http://foresthistory.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Anoxic event: Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia develops - euxinia refers to anoxic waters that contain hydrogen sulfide.Spatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.Bodega Marine Reserve: Bodega Marine Reserve is a nature reserve and marine reserve on the coast of northern California, located in the vicinity of the Bodega Marine Laboratory on Bodega Head. It is a unit of the University of California Natural Reserve System, that is administered by the University of California, Davis.WebAIMThreshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.Enneanectes: Enneanectes is a genus of triplefin fish in the family Tripterygiidae.Evolution in Variable EnvironmentBranching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Climate change in the United Kingdom: Climate change in the United Kingdom has been a subject of protests and controversies, and various policies have been developed to mitigate its effects. It is estimated to demand at least 80-85% emission reductions in the EU during 2008-2050 with reductions as soon as technically possible.BrachiopodAppropriation (By Any Other Name): June 13, 2005Bird trapping: Bird trapping techniques to capture wild birds include a wide range of techniques that have their origins in the hunting of birds for food. While hunting for food does not require birds to be caught alive, some trapping techniques capture birds without harming them and are of use in ornithology research.Glossary of scientific names: A glossary of the meaning of scientific names of living things, viruses and prions .Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Baltic sculpin: The Baltic sculpinBaltic sculpin (Cottus microstomus) at EOL (Cottus microstomus) is a species of sculpin, a European freshwater fish in the Cottidae family. It is widespread in the Dniester drainage (Black Sea basin), Odra and Vistula drainages (southern Baltic basin), most likely extending further east to Gulf of Finland.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightLists of invasive species: These are lists of invasive species by country or region. A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location, area, or region where it did not previously occur naturally (i.List of drainage basins by area: The list of drainage basins by area identifies basins (also known as watersheds or catchments), sorted by area, which drain to oceans, mediterranean seas, rivers, lakes and other water bodies. All basins larger than are included as well as selected smaller basins.Microbial food web: The microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists (such as ciliates and flagellates).List of geological phenomena: A geological phenomenon is a phenomenon which is explained by or sheds light on the science of geology.California coastal salt marsh: California's coastal salt marsh is a wetland plant community that occurs sporadically along the Pacific Coast from Humboldt Bay to San Diego. This salt marsh type is found in bays, harbors, inlets, and other protected areas subject to tidal flooding.Deep chlorophyll maximum: A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is not always present--sometimes there is more chlorophyll at the surface than at any greater depth--but it is a common feature of most aquatic ecosystems.Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Mark IV AmphibianSustainable Fisheries Act of 1996: The Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996 is an amendment to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, a law governing the management of marine fisheries in the United States. Another major amendment to this legislation was later made under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006.Transport in the Netherlands Antilles: This article lists forms of Transport in the Netherlands Antilles.Clean Water State Revolving Fund: The Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) is a self-perpetuating loan assistance authority for water quality improvement projects in the United States. The fund is administered by the Environmental Protection Agency and state agencies.Transport in Madagascar: == Railways ==Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Index of soil-related articles: This is an index of articles relating to soil.Demographics of New Caledonia: Demographics of New Caledonia.Roberto Arias: Roberto Emilio Arias (1918 – 1989), known as "Tito", was a Panamanian international lawyer, diplomat and journalist who was the husband of Dame Margot Fonteyn. Arias was from a prominent Panamanian political family, whose members had reached the Presidency four times; amongst them, his own father, Harmodio Arias.Log pond: A log pond is a small natural lake or reservoir used for storage of wooden logs in readiness for milling at a sawmill. Although some mill ponds served this purpose for water powered sawmills, steam-powered sawmills used log ponds for transportation of logs near the mill; and did not require the elevation drop of watermill reservoirs.Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossil: Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossils (LOEMs) are microscopic acritarchs, usually over 100 μm in diameter, which are common in sediments of the Ediacaran period, . They largely disappear from the Ediacaran fossil record before , roughly coeval with the origin of the Ediacara biota.IPCC Second Assessment Report: The Second Assessment Report (SAR) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), published in 1996, is an assessment of the then available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change. It was superseded by the Third Assessment Report (TAR) in 2001.Revegetation: Revegetation is the process of replanting and rebuilding the soil of disturbed land. This may be a natural process produced by plant colonization and succession, or an artificial (manmade) wilderness engineering, accelerated process designed to repair damage to a landscape due to wildfire, mining, flood, or other cause.Hygiene hypothesis: In medicine, the hygiene hypothesis is a hypothesis that states that a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms (such as the gut flora or probiotics), and parasites increases susceptibility to allergic diseases by suppressing the natural development of the immune system. In particular, the lack of exposure is thought to lead to defects in the establishment of immune tolerance.Eutrophication: Eutrophication (Greek: eutrophia—healthy, adequate nutrition, development; ) or more precisely hypertrophication, is the ecosystem's response to the addition of artificial or natural nutrients, mainly phosphates, through detergents, fertilizers, or sewage, to an aquatic system.Schindler, David and Vallentyne, John R.White band disease: White band disease is a coral disease that affects acroporid corals and is distinguishable by the white band of dead coral tissue that it forms. The disease completely destroys the coral tissue of Caribbean acroporid corals, specifically elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) and staghorn coral (A.Energy policy of Malaysia: The energy policy of Malaysia is determined by the Malaysian Government, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption. The Department of Electricity and Gas Supply acts as the regulator while other players in the energy sector include energy supply and service companies, research and development institutions and consumers.Paddock: A paddock has two primary meanings in different parts of the English-speaking world. In Canada, the USA and UK, a paddock is a small enclosure used to keep horses.Natural Park of El FondoClimate change feedback: Climate change feedback is important in the understanding of global warming because feedback processes may amplify or diminish the effect of each climate forcing, and so play an important part in determining the climate sensitivity and future climate state. Feedback in general is the process in which changing one quantity changes a second quantity, and the change in the second quantity in turn changes the first.Bruneau – Jarbidge Rivers WildernessDNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Utiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.St. Herman's Blue Hole National Park: St. Herman's Blue Hole National Park is a national park located just off the Hummingbird Highway in Cayo District of Belize, near Belmopan, the capital city.Social determinants of obesity: While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they cannot explain the current dramatic increase seen within specific countries or globally. It is accepted that calorie consumption in excess of calorie expenditure leads to obesity, however what has caused shifts in these two factors on a global scale is much debated.Buckhorn Island State ParkPyrites Island: Pyrites Island () is the largest of three small islands lying northeast of Gam Point and forming the east side of Esther Harbor, off the north coast of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands. In 1913–14, the rocky extremity of Gam Point and the adjoining islands to the northwest and southeast were named Esther, Pyritis (sic) or Pyritic Islands by Scottish geologist David Ferguson, who reported they were composed of pyrites and vein quartz.Oxymonad: The Oxymonads are a group of flagellated protozoa found exclusively in the intestines of termites and other wood-eating insects. Along with the similar parabasalid flagellates, they harbor the symbiotic bacteria that are responsible for breaking down cellulose.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Genetic variation: right|thumbAfrican coral reefs: African coral reefs are coral reefs mainly found along the south and east coasts of Africa. The east coast corals extend from the Red Sea to Madagascar in the south, and are an important resource for the fishersmen of Kenya, Tanzania and Madagascar.South Brother (Chagos Bank): South Brother, also known as Île du Sud, is a 23 ha coral island on the Great Chagos Bank atoll of the Chagos Archipelago in the British Indian Ocean Territory. It is one of the three islands in the Three Brothers group on the western side of the atoll, and forms part of the Chagos Archipelago strict nature reserve.Chaenocephalus aceratus: Chaenocephalus aceratus, the blackfin icefish, is a species of crocodile icefish known from around Bouvet Island and the northern Antarctic Peninsula where it occurs at depths of . This species grows to a length of TL.Respiratory system of gastropods: The respiratory system of gastropods varies greatly in form. These variations were once used as a basis for dividing the group into subclasses.Cold Lake Museums: The Cold Lake Museums are four museums that are located on the old facility of 42 Radar Squadron on the north edge of Cold Lake South. The museums included are the Cold Lake Air Force Museum, as well as the Oil and Gas, Heritage and Aboriginal Museums.PhytoplanktonUnited States–Thailand Free Trade Agreement: President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra announced the intention to negotiate a US-Thailand free trade agreement on October 19, 2003 during President Bush's state visit to Thailand on the event of the APEC Leaders' meeting in Bangkok.Hydraulic action: Hydraulic action is erosion that occurs when the motion of water against a rock surface produces mechanical weathering. Most generally, it is the ability of moving water (flowing or waves) to dislodge and transport rock particles.Talitrus saltatorMonarch Butterfly Biosphere ReserveNational Fire Academy: The National Fire Academy (NFA)National Fire Academy Mission Accessed: 6/12/2012 is one of two schools in the United States operated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) at the National Emergency Training Center (NETC) in Emmitsburg, Maryland. Operated and governed by the United States Fire Administration (USFA) as part of the U.Juan Rafael Mora PorrasVilla Elisa, Paraguay: Villa Elisa is a city in the Central Department of Paraguay on the outskirts of Asuncion. It was the only colony that was inhabited by Swedish people in Paraguay and today is one of the most important and active cities that are part of the Metropolitan Area of the capital.Adalia bipunctata: Adalia bipunctata, commonly known as the two-spot ladybird, two-spotted ladybug or two-spotted lady beetle, is a carnivorous beetle of the family Coccinellidae that is found throughout the holarctic region. It is very common in western and central Europe.Acoustical oceanography: Acoustical oceanography is the use of underwater sound to study the sea, its boundaries and its contents.Rogerstown Estuary: Rogerstown Estuary (Irish: Inbhear Bhaile Roiséir) is an estuary in Ireland. It is situated just north of the Donabate-Portrane peninsula, and also south of Rush, on Ireland's east coast about north of Dublin.Exogenous bacteria: Exogenous bacteria are microorganisms introduced to closed biological systems from the external world. They exist in aquatic and terrestrial environments, as well as the atmosphere.TuataraEcosystem of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre: The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG) is the largest contiguous ecosystem on earth. In oceanography, a subtropical gyre is a ring-like system of ocean currents rotating clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere caused by the Coriolis Effect.University of CampinasNankai Trough gas hydrate site: Nankai Methane Hydrate Site (or Japanese Methane Hydrate R&D Program at Nankai, Nankai Trough Methane Hydrate Site) is located in the Nankai Trough, Japan.

(1/4478) Environmental occurrence, analysis, and toxicology of toxaphene compounds.

Toxaphene production, in quantities similar to those of polychlorinated biphenyls, has resulted in high toxaphene levels in fish from the Great Lakes and in Arctic marine mammals (up to 10 and 16 microg g-1 lipid). Because of the large variabiliity in total toxaphene data, few reliable conclusions can be drawn about trends or geographic differences in toxaphene concentrations. New developments in mass spectrometric detection using either negative chemical ionization or electron impact modes as well as in multidimensional gas chromatography recently have led researchers to suggest congener-specific approaches. Recently, several nomenclature systems have been developed for toxaphene compounds. Although all systems have specific advantages and limitations, it is suggested that an international body such as the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry make an attempt to obtain uniformity in the literature. Toxicologic information on individual chlorobornanes is scarce, but some reports have recently appeared. Neurotoxic effects of toxaphene exposure such as those on behavior and learning have been reported. Technical toxaphene and some individual congeners were found to be weakly estrogenic in in vitro test systems; no evidence for endocrine effects in vivo has been reported. In vitro studies show technical toxaphene and toxaphene congeners to be mutagenic. However, in vivo studies have not shown genotoxicity; therefore, a nongenotoxic mechanism is proposed. Nevertheless, toxaphene is believed to present a potential carcinogenic risk to humans. Until now, only Germany has established a legal tolerance level for toxaphene--0.1 mg kg-1 wet weight for fish.  (+info)

(2/4478) Richness of Colchic vegetation: comparison between refugia of south-western and East Asia.

BACKGROUND: The Colchis is one of the species-rich refugia and a centre of biological diversity in western Eurasia. We analysed patterns of richness, endemism and invasions in relation to taxonomy (family membership), life form, certain habitats in the Colchis, and compared them to patterns found for Japan. RESULTS: We found that in the Colchis perennials are significantly over-represented in endemic species, and that they typically occur on limestone soils and in alpine tall herbaceous vegetation. The Asteraceae produce significantly large number of both endemic and alien species, whereas the Poaceae are over-represented in alien species but under-represented in endemics. Likewise, the Apiaceae are over-represented in endemics, whereas the Euphorbiaceae are over-represented in alien species. Similar patterns have been found in Yakushima, Japan. The Morisita-Horn index of similarity between these two sites was 0.83 (based on family size). Although the flora of Adjara comprised of fewer families than the flora of Yakushima, the largest families are richer in species in the flora of Adjara than in the flora of Yakushima. CONCLUSIONS: Floristic analysis of refugia of western Eurasia and their comparison with geographically distant areas can provide useful data for plant ecological and evolutionary studies. Potentially, such studies can produce testable hypotheses on plant migrations and on their historical geography. For example, the data presented in this study indicate that more severe conditions in the Pleistocene and geographical isolation of the Colchis may be responsible for the higher relative importance of adaptive radiation in the shaping of its modern flora.  (+info)

(3/4478) Patterns in abundance and diversity of faecally dispersed parasites of tiger in Tadoba National Park, central India.

BACKGROUND: Importance of parasites in ecological and evolutionary interactions is being increasingly recognized. However, ecological data on parasites of important host species is still scanty. We analyze the patterns seen in the faecal parasites of tigers in the Tadoba National Park, India, and speculate on the factors and processes shaping the parasite community and the possible implications for tiger ecology. RESULTS: The prevalence and intensities were high and the parasite community was dominated by indirect life cycle parasites. Across all genera of parasites variance scaled with the square of the mean and there was a significant positive correlation between prevalence and abundance. There was no significant association between different types of parasites. CONCLUSIONS: The 70 samples analyzed formed 14 distinct clusters. If we assume each of the clusters to represent individual tigers that were sampled repeatedly and that resident tigers are more likely to be sampled repeatedly, the presumed transient tigers had significantly greater parasite loads than the presumed resident ones.  (+info)

(4/4478) The diversity of microorganisms associated with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants.

BACKGROUND: Molecular biological techniques are dramatically changing our view of microbial diversity in almost any environment that has so far been investigated. This study presents a systematic survey of the microbial diversity associated with a population of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants. In contrast to previous studies on social insects, which targeted specific groups of symbionts occurring in the gut (termites, Tetraponera ants) or in specialised cells (Camponotus ants) the objective of our present study was to do a total screening of all possible micro-organisms that can be found inside the bodies of these leafcutter ants. RESULTS: We amplified, cloned and sequenced SSU rRNA encoding gene fragments from 9 microbial groups known to have insect-associated representatives, and show that: (1) representatives of 5 out of 9 tested groups are present, (2) mostly several strains per group are present, adding up to a total of 33 different taxa. We present the microbial taxa associated with Acromymex ants in a phylogenetic context (using sequences from GenBank) to assess and illustrate to which known microorganisms they are closely related. The observed microbial diversity is discussed in the light of present knowledge on the evolutionary history of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants and their known mutualistic and parasitic symbionts. CONCLUSIONS: The major merits of the screening approach documented here is its high sensitivity and specificity, which allowed us to identify several microorganisms that are promising candidates for further study of their interactions with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants or their gardens.  (+info)

(5/4478) A new neuroprotective pinusolide derivative from the leaves of Biota orientalis.

A new pinusolide derivative, 15-methoxypinusolidic acid (1), and another new isopimarane diterpene, ent-isopimara-15-en-3 alpha,8 alpha-diol (2) with three known diterpenes, lambertianic acid (3), isopimara-8(9),15-dien-18-oic acid (4) and isopimara-7(8),15-dien-3 beta,18-diol (5) were isolated from the 90% MeOH fraction of Biota orientalis (L.) ENDL. (Cupressaceae) leaves. Chemical structures of 1-5 were elucidated by analyses of their spectral data, including the two-dimensional (2D) NMR technique. Compound 1 showed significant protective activity against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultures of rat cortical cells.  (+info)

(6/4478) Biodiversity of nematode assemblages from the region of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, an area of commercial mining interest.

BACKGROUND: The possibility for commercial mining of deep-sea manganese nodules is currently under exploration in the abyssal Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Nematodes have potential for biomonitoring of the impact of commercial activity but the natural biodiversity is unknown. We investigate the feasibility of nematodes as biomonitoring organisms and give information about their natural biodiversity. RESULTS: The taxonomic composition (at family to genus level) of the nematode fauna in the abyssal Pacific is similar, but not identical to, the North Atlantic. Given the immature state of marine nematode taxonomy, it is not possible to comment on the commonality or otherwise of species between oceans. The between basin differences do not appear to be directly linked to current ecological factors. The abyssal Pacific region (including the Fracture Zone) could be divided into two biodiversity subregions that conform to variations in the linked factors of flux to the benthos and of sedimentary characteristics. Richer biodiversity is associated with areas of known phytodetritus input and higher organic-carbon flux. Despite high reported sample diversity, estimated regional diversity is less than 400 species. CONCLUSION: The estimated regional diversity of the CCFZ is a tractable figure for biomonitoring of commercial activities in this region using marine nematodes, despite the immature taxonomy (i.e. most marine species have not been described) of the group. However, nematode ecology is in dire need of further study.  (+info)

(7/4478) Complexity in natural microbial ecosystems: the Guerrero Negro experience.

The goal of this project is to describe and understand the organismal composition, structure, and physiology of microbial ecosystems from hypersaline environments. One collection of such ecosystems occurs at North America's largest saltworks, the Exportadora de Sal, in Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur. There, seawater flows through a series of evaporative basins with an increase in salinity until saturation is reached and halite crystallization begins. Several of these ponds are lined with thick (10 cm) microbial mats that have received some biological study. To determine the nature and extent of diversity of the microbial organisms that constitute these ecosystems, we are conducting a phylogenetic analysis using molecular approaches, based on cloning and sequencing of small subunit (SSU) rRNA genes (16S for Bacteria and Archaea, 18S for Eukarya). In addition, we report preliminary results on the microbial composition of a laminated community that occurs in a crystallized gypsum-halite matrix in near-saturated salt water. Exposure of the interior of these large (kilogram) wet, endoevaporite crystals reveals a multitude of colors: layers of yellow, green, pink, and purple microbiota. To date, analyses of these two environments indicate the ubiquitous dominance of uncultured organisms of phylogenetic kinds not generally thought to be associated with hypersaline environments.  (+info)

(8/4478) Viral influence on aquatic bacterial communities.

Bacterial viruses, or bacteriophages, have numerous roles in marine systems. Although they are now considered important agents of mortality of bacteria, a second possible role of regulating bacterial community composition is less well known. The effect on community composition derives from the presumed species-specificity and density-dependence of infection. Although models have described the "kill the winner" hypothesis of such control, there are few observational or experimental demonstrations of this effect in complex natural communities. We report here on some experiments that demonstrate that viruses can influence community composition in natural marine communities. Although the effect is subtle over the time frame suitable for field experiments (days), the cumulative effect over months or years would be substantial. Other virus roles, such as in genetic exchange or microbial evolution, have the potential to be extremely important, but we know very little about them.  (+info)


Many worldwide organizations are actively working to stop the loss of animal & plant species around the world.?


.... Why is it so necessary to maintain biodiversity within the biosphere?
Please star! I need this for science!
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It is because some animals or almost all are dependent on each other, what someone said..food chain, if one lifeform goes extinct than this could cause some serious damage to animals that live off whatever lifeform it is


Articles on Plants as Pharmaceuticals?


I desperately need articles, and only articles, on pharmaceutical plants and their relation to biodiversity. Please give me links for good sites that provide articles.
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Try searching ezine articles on the topic you mentioned on Google,Yahoo or Bing or better still create a twitter account and follow some pharmacists (around five(5) to ten(10) in number) and ask them for articles.


How often is the pesticide needed to be sprayed against the mosquitoes in Singapore?


How often is the pesticide needed to be sprayed against the mosquitoes in Singapore? Please provide citations as well. Thank you a lot!
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Pesticide spraying causes damage to the environment and biodiversity. Children may be affected also as incidence of autism, brain damage, cancers. Mosquitoes are easily controlled by removing breeding sources.


How does being vegetarian myself actually help the environment or animals?


I already am a vegetarian because I don't want to be a part of the animal cruelty and environmental damage involved, so no need to try to "convert" me or anything, but am I actively CHANGING anything? How is me personally being a vegetarian helping? Thanks for your answers(: 

P.S., if you say anything about killing cows for meat being an effective means of stopping methane gas, you're fucking retarded.
But are the factory farms actually paying attention to the demand of meat?
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Okay, so how about if you don't eat meat then the deforestation of rainforests and savannah's will be less than if you did (and yes, I know it'd take a lot of us to achieve this) as they wouldn't be destroyed to make more room for grazing cattle. If they aren't destroyed then the build-up of greenhouse gases will be less and we get to survive as a species a bit longer.

As most crops are grown as fodder for livestock and they are usually sprayed with pesticide and fertilised to promote more growth then having less demand for livestock means that less fodder has to be grown, meaning less environmental damage in the shape of effluence in rivers, but there will be more biodiversity as insects and field animals would thrive.

By not eating meat then that means less road traffic as less animals will be being transported to slaughterhouses. And you might save the odd human life as well.


Teens: Why do you love your country?


Hi,

I am South African. I love my country because it is arguably the most diverse nation on earth and is very rich in terms of biodiversity.

What is it about your country that you admire?

Looking foward to reading some great answers.

All answers appreciated.

Thanks.
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I actually sort of despise the U.S. (Long story, and I have valid reasons) But I do appreciate living here. It is a very vast nation, and it is different all over. The people here are very diverse as well. I do like American food as well. This country's motto is more or less "You can do what you set your mind to" Which is great for people which high ambitions. The government also helps pay for my university, which I am grateful for. With a U.S. passport I can go to most countries without a visa, and I'm pretty sure that emigrating out wouldn't be that difficult. I would rather live in Mexico, but that's another topic.


How does eating less meat help the environment?


I have read somewhere there are many ways to go green, one of them is to eat less meat and eat more vegetable. My question is how does eating less meat would make the planet greener??
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18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions come from livestock (more than from transportation). 
70 percent of previously forested land in the Amazon was cleared to pasture cattle. 
Two-thirds (64 percent) of anthropogenic ammonia emissions, which contribute significantly to acid rain and acidification of ecosystems, come from cattle. 
The livestock sector accounts for over 8 percent of global human water use, while 64 percent of the world’s population will live in water-stressed areas by 2025. 
The world’s largest source of water pollution is believed to be the livestock sector. 
In the United States, livestock are responsible for a third of the loads of nitrogen and phosphorus into freshwater resources. 
Livestock account for about 20 percent of the total terrestrial animal biomass, and the 30 percent of the earth’s land surface that they now pre-empt was once habitat for wildlife, in an era of unprecedented threats to biodiversity. 
These problems will only get worse as meat production is expected to double by 2050.


Why is it not morally permissible to eat meat?


I have to write a paper for an ethics class on why it is not morally permissible to eat meat, and i dont really know a lot of reasons.. can anyone help me?
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You need to construct your argument based on ethical objections, rather than knee jerk reactions such as "Animals are cute and fluffy" (though none of the veggies on here have done that, Michael H I applaud your answer).  I would say that you need to look at the wider picture of environmental damage and world hunger.  In order to feed herds of cows, for example, the rainforest in certain areas is being destroyed.  Farmers in this country are importing food from these areas, perpetuating the destruction.  It is a terrible waste of fertile land the following information is from the vegan society website at http://www.vegansociety.com and you'll find plenty of extra reasons there:

A report commissioned by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the World Bank concluded that factory farming, "acts directly on land, water, air and biodiversity through the emission of animal waste, use of fossil fuels and substitution of animal genetic resources. In addition, it affects the global land base indirectly through its effect on the arable land needed to satisfy its feed concentrate requirements. Ammonia emissions from manure storage and application lead to localized acid rain and ailing forests." 

So, basically, as humans living in an age where global warming and climate change are at the top of everyone's agenda, we have a moral obligation to reduce our impact on the environment and one of the ways we can do this is by not consuming any animal products.  It's not the only way, but it is one way.

I would also argue that there are religious ethics involved, particularly from a christian perspective, but this would take too long to explain right now, it's all in a very good book called "After Noah".

Hope this helps.


what can GAD or generalized anxiety disorder lead to if not treated?


I would like to know what GAD or generalized anxiety disorder lead to if not treated in a timely manner. In other words what are the consequences of leaving it untreated and what are some of the natural remedies for GAD. I would be greatly helpful for any advice or suggestions..
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The first thing you need to realize is that the so called disorder, "GAD" is a totally made up term to describe some symptoms that have no scientific basis or physical testing that can be done. Some of the symptoms are merely nutritional deficiencies and/or toxic overload due to a bad diet or some other form of pollution to your body like antibiotics and vaccines, primarily. Here's a video describing how all this so called "Disorder" garbage got started and how drug companies have capitalized on this and expanded their markets to sell drugs to the tune of $80 billion dollars a year more revenue.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fduMpYhv1…

Psychiatrists used to be called QUACKS and for good reason. Now medical doctors have jumped into the fray because the temptation to make profits was just too much to pass up.

Doctors are NOT trained in nutrition and in fact, generally give very bad advice to patients when making nutritional recommendations. The USDA food pyramid was bought and paid for by BIG food industry giants and if you turn it upside down, you will have a much better idea of what to put in your mouth. Over 53% of ALL Americans are now chronically ill, 80% overweight, and 30% OBESE with 25% of children under the age of 4 OBESE, yet we consume 70% of all the drugs made in the world. We now rank 12th for longevity and have only increased our life expectancy about 2 years if you look at the number of 65 year olds today with the ones living in the early 1900's and exclude the babies that died in the early 1900's due to bad sanitation, poor hygiene, and poor living conditions.

Large corporations, like Monsanto, have set out to destroy our biodiversity with genetic engineering that is failing everywhere in the world and making Americans very sick with diseases not even named yet. Processed food is the primary cause of heart disease and many other degenerative diseases and giving people like yourself the symptoms of these so called disorders. Time to stop listening to the so called "Food experts" on Yahoo that are nothing more than "Hired guns" of the food industry all dressed up to loo credible, but just selling products and information that is very poor advice.

High fructose corn syrup is processed in the liver just like alcohol, but unlike alcohol that can be metabolized by the brain, HFCS cannot. So you get fatty liver just like an alcoholic without the buzz. 43% and 10% sugar is what Enfamil baby formula is made of! So when you feed an infant that garbage, they are getting the booby prize, fatty livers and no wonder OBESITY is rampant.

The drugs people take for the so called "GAD" are nothing more than treating the symptoms, not curing anything. Changing your diet, eliminating toxins, and getting on a good exercise program will cure your symptoms and you can actually become healthy as a result, instead of becoming a drug addict and feeding the economic giant and contributing to making America unhealthy.

In regard to GAD (lol what a joke), a good exercise program will do more for you than any drug ever can.  Eliminating toxins is very important.  Get the book called "Nourishing traditions" by Sally Fallon & Mary G. Enig, Ph.D. to start your education.

good luck to you