No data available that match "Animal Structures"

*  Betaine supplementation for finishing cattle
xmlui.dri2xhtml.structural.head-subtitle. Advanced Search. K- ... of Agriculture → Animal Sciences and Industry → Beef → ... betaine on animal performance and carcass characteristics ... Betaine supplementation for finishing cattle. Betaine supplementation for finishing cattle. xmlui.dri2xhtml.structural.head-subtitle. Advanced Search. K-REx → Academic Colleges and Departments → College of Agriculture → Animal Sciences and Industry → Beef → Cattlemen's Day → Cattlemen's Day, 2000 → View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Betaine supplementation for finishing cattle. Löest, C.A. ; Hunter, R.D. ; Titgemeyer, Evan C. ; Drouillard, James S. Conference paper. Conference: Cattlemen's Day, 2000, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, March 3, 2000. Publisher: Kansas State University. Files in this item. Filename: cattle00pg40-42.pdf. Size: 20.64Kb. Format: application/PDF. View/ Open. Crossbred heifers 756 lb were used to evaluate the ef...
*  [field country official name] | CITES
How CITES works. Structure. Organigramme Conference of the ... Standing Committee Animals Committee Plants Committee CITES ... of procedure. Animals Committee. Documents of meetings ... CITES. Skip to main content. Français Español. Search. Home Discover CITES. What is CITES. How CITES works. Structure. Organigramme Conference of the Parties Standing Committee Animals Committee Plants Committee CITES Secretariat. Overview Annual reports Staff list Organigramme. CITES species Member countries National contacts informations CITES Secretariat. Overview Annual reports Staff list Organigramme Intership. Cooperation and partnerships How is CITES financed. Certificate of Commendation Certificate of Merit. Programmes. Species programmes. ETIS CITES National Ivory Action Plans Trade in live elephants. Sharks and manta rays Falcon Great apes Mahogany Sturgeons ITTO-CITES programme on timber species. CITES and livelihoods CITES Non-detriment findings Economic incentives Electronic commerce Electronic permitting...
*  Crossword puzzle for June 14, 2000
12. A baglike structure in a plant or animal 13. Bobby __, ... Crossword puzzle for June 14, 2000. Crossword puzzle for June 14, 2000. ACROSS 1. Unidentified flying object 4. Shorten 7. The territory occupied by a nation 12. A baglike structure in a plant or animal 13. Bobby , former NHL star 14. Pertaining to the northernmost and southernmost reaches 15. Put to the test 17. The Muse of lyric and love poetry 18. British Air Aces 19. A waterproof raincoat made of rubberized fabric 21. Anger 22. Light Russian pancake 24. An association of criminals 25. An open skin infection 26. Sealed metal food container 27. A ceremonial procession including people marching 29. Inspire with love 31. A recurrent time marked by major holidays 35. Much trodden and worn smooth or bare 37. Related to Hmong in southern China 38. Pop 41. Villain 42. National Labor Relations Board 43. Someone who copies the words or behavior of another 44. Rod 45. Dekalitre 46. A reddish brown dye used esp on hair 48. Sunday 52. Type genus of the...
*  .. A FLORA of Protein Structure to Protein Function .. 2 Responses to “A FLORA of Protein
A FLORA of Protein Structure to Protein Function By Iddo on ... a protein’s structure can tell us a lot about how it ... oxygen in most animals, something that has been known since ... A FLORA of Protein Structure to Protein Function By Iddo on September 3rd, 2009. Proteins are the machinery of life, and they facilitate most of life’s functions. However, it is only when Max Perutz and John Kendrew solved the structure, that the actual mechanism of oxygen binding and release has been elucidated. Since Perutz’s and Kendrew’s discovery in 1949, the structures of some 35,000 proteins have been solved. Her group has recently published a paper in PLoS Computational Biology where they describe an algorithm that can classify engines enzymes: a subgroup of proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. 1 They partitioned all enzymes of known function into functional subgroups, or FSGs. Within an FSG, all proteins have the same function. Two proteins from different FSGs will have different functions. 2 Next, they sel...
*  [field country official name] | CITES
How CITES works. Structure. Organigramme Conference of the ... Standing Committee Animals Committee Plants Committee CITES ... Rules of procedure Animals Committee. Documents of meetings ... CITES. What is CITES. Organigramme Conference of the Parties Standing Committee Animals Committee Plants Committee CITES Secretariat. Overview Annual reports Staff list Organigramme. CITES species Member countries National contacts informations CITES Secretariat. Overview Annual reports Staff list Organigramme Intership Cooperation and partnerships How is CITES financed. Projects ETIS CITES National Ivory Action Plans Trade in live elephants Sharks and manta rays Falcon Great apes Mahogany Sturgeons ITTO-CITES programme on timber species Other issues. CITES and livelihoods CITES Non-detriment findings Economic incentives Electronic commerce Electronic permitting International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime Introduction from the sea National legislation Wildlife trade policy reviews. Documents of meetings M...
*  Beaumont fire rescue responds to structure fire at Idylwood | The Examiner
rescue responds to structure fire at Idylwood. The Examiner. Log ... rescue responds to structure fire at Idylwood Submitted by Erinn ... responded to a structure fire reported at 5335 Idylwood. ... Beaumont fire rescue responds to structure fire at Idylwood. The Examiner. Outdoors Music Entertainment. Dining Guide Out and About Features Photos Features Newsstands. Current Issue. Classic movie night Oct 1st - Classic Movie Night continues at the Jefferson Theatre... Lutcher Theater Oct 1st - The 2015-16 season at Lutcher Theater begins Saturday... Beaumont fire rescue responds to structure fire at Idylwood Submitted by Erinn Callahan on July 9, 2012 - 8:50am. On Sunday July 8, at 10:30 a.m., Beaumont Fire Rescue responded to a structure fire reported at 5335 Idylwood. Firefighters found one room on fire in the home. Firefighters determined that the fire was caused by the washing machine. Quick News: - Beaumont Police Explorers awarded several trophies in Harris County competition. Separate fires battl...
*  Local News | The News-Messenger |
Pages. Local animal shelter gets a $1,000 grant. 7:15 AM, ... as facility and structure, medical, transportation, spay and ... this article Local animal shelter gets a $1,000 grant FREMONT -- ... Local News. The News-Messenger. JOBS. CARS. HOMES. SHOPPING. News. Sports. Life & Events. Traffic. Obituaries. USA Today. LATEST HEADLINES. LATEST HEADLINES Winter hikes dot Ohio's outdoor landscape There's still plenty to do at Ohio State Parks this winter and scenic hikes and excursions are just... OSU basketball fans: The time to panic is now If last week wasn't the time for panic, this week is. LATEST HEADLINES. Locally in Business. Tastefully Local. Fremont Triple Homicide. Search Search in News Archives Local Deals Yellow Pages. Local animal shelter gets a $1,000 grant. 7:15 AM, Oct. Local News. FREMONT -- North Coast Greyhound Connection has received a $1,000 Operation grant from the Pedigree Foundation in partnership with the Petfinder Foundation. North Coast Greyhound Connection...|newswell|text||s&nclick_check=1
*  Grey Owl | CITES
How CITES works. Structure. Organigramme Conference of the ... Standing Committee Animals Committee Plants Committee CITES ... Rules of procedure Animals Committee. Documents of meetings...
*  In Images: 2012 Nikkon Small World Competition Winners
STRANGE NEWS. ANIMALS. HISTORY. HUMAN NATURE. SHOP. TECH ... STRANGE NEWS. ANIMALS. HISTORY. HUMAN NATURE. SHOP. ... captured with the Structured Illumination Microsopy Read More ... in images nikkon small world competition winners follow tech health planet earth space strange news animals history human nature shop tech health planet earth space strange news animals history human nature shop trending wearable tech archaeology military spy tech d printing ouramazingplanet best fitness trackers human origins photos in images nikon small world contest winners by live science staff october am et more albums in photos google earth reveals sprawling geoglyphs in kazakhstan image of the day august gallery leaf living bats stranger on the inside photos of tiny toothy catfish best earth images of the week june venomous fish previous next of holiday lights credit jennifer l peters dr michael r taylor st jude children s research hospital st jude children s research hospital the blood brain barrier in a liv...
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | High Resolution Crystal Structures of the Cerebratulus lacteus Mini-Hb in t
Resolution Crystal Structures of the Cerebratulus lacteus Mini-Hb in ... Function and 3D Structure of the N -Glycans on Glycoproteins. ... Advances in Enzyme Structure and Functional Genomics Previous ... High Resolution Crystal Structures of the Cerebratulus lacteus Mini-Hb in the Unligated and Carbomonoxy States. We present here the high resolution crystal structures of CerHb in the unligated and carbomonoxy states. We show that the overall protein structure in the distal site and in the apolar tunnel is unperturbed by ligand binding; however, the CO and O 2 ligands bind the heme Fe-atom with different orientations, while exploiting very similar H-bonding stabilization schemes within the distal site. Analysis of the electron density map at the distal iron side confirmed the absence of any ligand bound to the heme-Fe 2+ atom Figure 1a. The final model contains 836 protein atoms, corresponding to residues Met 0 to Leu 109 H20, one heme prostetic group, 123 ordered solvent atoms, one glycerol molecule, t...

No data available that match "Animal Structures"

(1/578) IA in Kenyon cells of the mushroom body of honeybees resembles shaker currents: kinetics, modulation by K+, and simulation.

Cultured Kenyon cells from the mushroom body of the honeybee, Apis mellifera, show a voltage-gated, fast transient K+ current that is sensitive to 4-aminopyridine, an A current. The kinetic properties of this A current and its modulation by extracellular K+ ions were investigated in vitro with the whole cell patch-clamp technique. The A current was isolated from other voltage-gated currents either pharmacologically or with suitable voltage-clamp protocols. Hodgkin- and Huxley-style mathematical equations were used for the description of this current and for the simulation of action potentials in a Kenyon cell model. Activation and inactivation of the A current are fast and voltage dependent with time constants of 0.4 +/- 0.1 ms (means +/- SE) at +45 mV and 3.0 +/- 1.6 ms at +45 mV, respectively. The pronounced voltage dependence of the inactivation kinetics indicates that at least a part of this current of the honeybee Kenyon cells is a shaker-like current. Deactivation and recovery from inactivation also show voltage dependency. The time constant of deactivation has a value of 0.4 +/- 0.1 ms at -75 mV. Recovery from inactivation needs a double-exponential function to be fitted adequately; the resulting time constants are 18 +/- 3.1 ms for the fast and 745 +/- 107 ms for the slow process at -75 mV. Half-maximal activation of the A current occurs at -0.7 +/- 2.9 mV, and half-maximal inactivation occurs at -54.7 +/- 2.4 mV. An increase in the extracellular K+ concentration increases the conductance and accelerates the recovery from inactivation of the A current, affecting the slow but not the fast time constant. With respect to these modulations the current under investigation resembles some of the shaker-like currents. The data of the A current were incorporated into a reduced computational model of the voltage-gated currents of Kenyon cells. In addition, the model contained a delayed rectifier K+ current, a Na+ current, and a leakage current. The model is able to generate an action potential on current injection. The model predicts that the A current causes repolarization of the action potential but not a delay in the initiation of the action potential. It further predicts that the activation of the delayed rectifier K+ current is too slow to contribute markedly to repolarization during a single action potential. Because of its fast activation, the A current reduces the amplitude of the net depolarizing current and thus reduces the peak amplitude and the duration of the action potential.  (+info)

(2/578) Interactions between the foot and bud patterning systems in Hydra vulgaris.

In the freshwater coelenterate, hydra, asexual reproduction via budding occurs at the base of the gastric region about two-thirds of the distance from the head to the foot. Developmental gradients of head and foot activation and inhibition originating from these organizing centers have long been assumed to control budding in hydra. Much has been learned over the years about these developmental gradients and axial pattern formation, and in particular, the inhibitory influence of the head on budding is well documented. However, understanding of the role of the foot and potential interactions between the foot, bud, and head patterning systems is lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the foot in the initiation of new axis formation during budding by manipulating the foot and monitoring effects on the onset of first bud evagination and the time necessary to reach the 50% budding point. Several experimental situations were examined: the lower peduncle and foot (PF) were injured or removed, a second PF was laterally grafted onto animals either basally (below the budding zone) or apically (above the budding zone), or both the head and PF were removed simultaneously. When the PF was injured or removed, the onset of first bud evagination was delayed and/or the time until the 50% budding point was reached was longer. The effects were more pronounced when the manipulation was performed closer to the anticipated onset of budding. When PF tissue was doubled, precocious bud evagination was induced, regardless of graft location. Removal of the PF at the same time as decapitation reduced the inductive effect of decapitation on bud evagination. These results are discussed in light of potential signals from the foot or interactions between the foot and head patterning systems that might influence bud axis initiation.  (+info)

(3/578) Olfactory adaptation depends on the Trp Ca2+ channel in Drosophila.

Olfactory adaptation is shown to occur in Drosophila, at both behavioral and physiological levels. In a behavioral paradigm, the extent of adaptation is shown to depend on the dose and duration of the adapting stimulus. Half-maximal adaptation occurred after 15 sec of exposure to an odor, and recovery occurred with a half-time of 1. 5 min, under a set of test conditions. Cross-adaptation was observed among all odor combinations tested, although to a lesser extent than when the same odor was used as both the adapting and the test stimulus. Mutants of the transient receptor potential (Trp) Ca2+ channel were normal in olfactory response, but defective in olfactory adaptation, when measured either behaviorally or in tests of antennal physiology. These results indicate that olfactory response and adaptation can be distinguished. Trp expression was detected in the developing antenna but, surprisingly, not in the mature antenna. These results, together with temperature-shift analysis of a temperature-sensitive trp mutant, provide evidence of a role of Trp in olfactory system development.  (+info)

(4/578) A lobster phospholipase C-beta that associates with G-proteins in response to odorants.

A cDNA clone encoding a protein of 1116 amino acids with significant homology to beta-isoforms of phospholipase C was isolated from lobster olfactory organ cDNA libraries and named lobPLCbeta. This cDNA hybridized predominantly to a 9 kb transcript in RNA from olfactory organ, pereiopod, brain, and eye-eyestalk and to several smaller minor transcripts only in eye-eyestalk. An antiserum raised to the C terminus of lobPLCbeta detected immunoreactivity in a single 130 kDa band in olfactory aesthetasc hairs, olfactory organ, pereiopod, dactyl, and brain. In eye-eyestalk this 130 kDa band was abundant, and minor bands of 100, 79, and 57 kDa also were detected. In cross sections of the aesthetasc hairs, immunoreactivity was detected in the outer dendritic segments of the olfactory receptor neurons, the site of olfactory transduction. A complex odorant caused lobPLCbeta immunoreactivity to increase in membrane fractions and decrease in soluble fractions of homogenates of aesthetasc hairs. The odorant also increased the amount of lobPLCbeta in immunoprecipitates of Galphaq and Gbeta from homogenates of aesthetasc hairs. These results support the conclusion that lobPLCbeta mediates olfactory transduction.  (+info)

(5/578) Differential expression of Tbx4 and Tbx5 in Zebrafish fin buds.

In here we report the identification of two new members of the T-box gene family, zf-tbx5 and zf-tbx4, from the Zebrafish, Danio rerio. The amino acid sequences within the T-box domain share high homology with the mouse, chick, and newt orthologs. Whole mount in situ hybridization revealed specific expression of these genes in the eye and Fin buds. zf-tbx5 expression is restricted to the pectoral Fin bud, whilst zf-tbx4 transcripts are confined in the pelvic Fin bud. These results reveal the conserved expression pattern of Tbx5 and Tbx4 during appendage development in all animal species studied to date.  (+info)

(6/578) Response characteristics of an identified, sexually dimorphic olfactory glomerulus.

Partitioning of synaptic neuropil into glomeruli is a common feature of primary olfactory centers in most animal species. The functional significance of glomeruli, however, is not yet well understood. The present study is part of our effort to test the hypothesis that each glomerulus is a functional unit dedicated to processing information about a particular odorant or attribute of odor molecules and that the glomerular array constitutes a map of "odor space." We investigated the physiological and morphological features of uniglomerular projection neurons (PNs) associated with an identified glomerulus in each antennal lobe of the female sphinx moth, Manduca sexta. This "lateral large female glomerulus" (latLFG) is sexually dimorphic and therefore may play a female-specific role, such as processing of information about one or more odorants important for orientation of a female to host plants for oviposition. Together with the medial LFG (medLFG), the latLFG resides outside the array of spheroidal ordinary glomeruli, near the entrance of the antennal (olfactory) nerve. Each LFG is innervated by four to five PNs. Using intracellular recording and staining, we examined the responses of latLFG-PNs to odorants that represent major classes of volatiles released by host plants of M. sexta. All latLFG-PNs were excited when the ipsilateral antenna was stimulated with low concentrations of the monoterpenoid linalool. Dose-response analysis showed that neither other monoterpenoids nor representatives of other classes of host plant volatiles were similarly stimulatory to latLFG-PNs. These findings are consistent with the idea that each glomerulus has a characteristic, limited molecular receptive range.  (+info)

(7/578) amos, a proneural gene for Drosophila olfactory sense organs that is regulated by lozenge.

In a variety of organisms, early neurogenesis requires the function of basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. For the Drosophila PNS, such transcription factors are encoded by the proneural genes (atonal and the achaete-scute complex, AS-C). We have identified a proneural gene, amos, that has strong similarity with atonal in its bHLH domain. We present evidence that amos is required for olfactory sensilla and is regulated by the prepattern gene lozenge. Between them, amos, atonal, and the AS-C can potentially account for the origin of the entire PNS.  (+info)

(8/578) Essential roles of Drosophila RhoA in the regulation of neuroblast proliferation and dendritic but not axonal morphogenesis.

The pleiotropic functions of small GTPase Rho present a challenge to its genetic analysis in multicellular organisms. We report here the use of the MARCM (mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker) system to analyze the function of RhoA in the developing Drosophila brain. Clones of cells homozygous for null RhoA mutations were specifically labeled in the mushroom body (MB) neurons of mosaic brains. We found that RhoA is required for neuroblast (Nb) proliferation but not for neuronal survival. Surprisingly, RhoA is not required for MB neurons to establish normal axon projections. However, neurons lacking RhoA overextend their dendrites, and expression of activated RhoA causes a reduction of dendritic complexity. Thus, RhoA is an important regulator of dendritic morphogenesis, while distinct mechanisms are used for axonal morphogenesis.  (+info)

What structures help increase the absorption of food in the small intestine? How do they do this?

What structures help increase the absorption of food in the small intestine? How do they do this?

Those structures are called intestinal villi.  To learn more about how they help with food absorption, click the link:

What structures does blood take through the lungs to become oxygenated?

I know that when you eat food, it goes through the digestive tract, dissolves into the blood, but when it goes to the lungs, what structures does it pass through? is it just the alveoli, or bronchi, bronchioles too? The bronchi etc are meant for air. So does the blood just flow around the capillaries in the alveoli and that's how it's oxygenated? And after that lung part, it'll go back to the heart, then be pumped to the body. Correct? (: thanks again!

about it you can get information from here

How important is animal life to you?

Nice Guy Wrote in a previous question: “Matt has basically stated that animals are equally important as humans. I'm sorry, but no animals life has as much importance or relevance as that of a human. For one to think that an animals life is just as important as his own is absurd. Can anyone possibly believe that the life of a pig, cow, or chicken can even compare to the life of a human being?” 
How do you feel about this? Does an animal's interest in living have any weight in our deciding how we treat said animal? How is an animal's interest in continued existence qualitatively any different than our own?
I'm not trying to give Nice Guy a hard time, I just think this is something that should be discussed, and his answer provides a good starting point.
We have some real deep thinkers responding so far.
Beebs' Answer sort of misses the point of this question. But to the point it does adress I could not agree more.
What I would like people to ponder is that animals have the same interest in their continued existence that you do yours. We have no morally relevant reason to respect a human's interest in continued life wile denying to afford animals the same consideration.
@ Niceguy, I wrote you a responce but it is too long to fit here. You can find it here:

Take care

@ Nice guy: I’m fairly disappointed in your last post. If you want to debate these issues then lets go. If not, then don’t pretend to engage in one and then back out mid discussion. You say “I believe my goal of simply reducing animal suffering to a minimum, is simply more realistic than that of abolishing it.” And I give you plenty of reasons (and there are plenty more) as to why that will never happen, which you make no attempt to address. You also say, “And though veganism can perhaps make a very small difference, I don't think it can, will, or ever has lead to any significant noticeable change.” I find this a very curious statement to make seeing as the term “Vegan” has only been around for about seventy years, and the theory of abolition has only been with us for thirty years.  Animal welfare on the other hand has been around for at least two hundred years, or if you consider India then around 2000 would be more accurate...
I fail to see your historical basis for making the claim that Veganism and abolition cannot create change, it has not had the chance to. Finally, a Vegan diet (or very near Vegan diet) can work for everyone. Read the China Study.  Also who are these “credible sources” that claim to be against a Vegan diet? Name names, I’m sure it would be interesting to see just how credible they  really are.
First, in response to your comments regarding the health of Vegans, I used “very near vegan diet” in parentheses after the words “Vegan diet” The near Vegan diet was referring to Dr. Dean Ornish’s early work in reversing heart disease. The “Vegan diet” which appeared out of parentheses referenced all other works by prominent scientists such as, Dr. T Colin Campbell, and Dr. Neal Barnard. Even the American Dietetic Association agrees that a Vegan diet is completely healthy by saying, “Well-planned vegan and other types of vegetarian diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including during pregnancy, lactation, infancy,
childhood and adolescence.”  
Second, with regard to your “intuition” about the animal rights movement, I guess we are just expected to take your opinion because you do not “foresee” a radical change in people’s diet? I think you were right, we are done here in regards to Animal Rights Vs. Animal Welfare.
.  You obviously are ignorant to even the most basic augments from each side, let alone the state of the movement and the struggle that is taking place for the grass-roots sections of the movement to beat back the corporate welfare groups that have done nothing but retard growth. In sum, your information about the healthfulness of Veganism is outdated at best, misinformed at worst, and your “intuition” about the possibilities and direction of the Animal Rights movement is just plain wrong.

I recently saw pictures of a Hurricane Katrina animal rescue.  I saw houses that were destroyed, and next to the house, would be a dog, tied to a steak.... It made me SICK.  Thinking of it now brings up so much anger in me.   What kind of depraved person would do that.  It was not as though there were seconds left, and they were going to be beamed out by Scottie in immediately.  There was a long, slow evacuation process, and they left those animals to slowly die.

If your house is burning down, you try to save your animals.  I will say though, that you save your children first.  But you bring an animal into your house and under your protection, you better care for it.  

I once had to do a report on the Psychology of Slavery for an African American Lit class.  One thing I noticed through my reading was that slaves verbally lost their human status.  They were often called animals.  I decided to do an extensive survey about this, but the only group we verbally do such a thing to today is actual animals.  We call one “pet” so we know to love them.  The other we call “animal” so we can distinguish not to care about them and believe we have a right to torture and kill them.  After the animal is killed, we call it “meat” so we never have to make any mental correlation.

My search was to find where we draw the line as we have done this to groups of people over and over again throughout history.  I am just saying the same mental process people used to go through the African American Holocaust is the same mental process we use to make animal slaughtering ok today.  It is something we click on and off, and the words we use to describe a being have a lot do to with it.

I had many categories in my survey, which I gave to the students in all my classes.
One section was “Animals.”  I had questions such as:
“Would you eat a cow?”, “IF you were starving, would you kill a cow to eat?”
… eat a dog, starving, kill a dog, kill your OWN dog
I even went on to compare animals to people.

I found that many people, in a hypothetical world, would kill a human stranger before killing their own dog... and yet, would eat a dog if they needed food.  Familiarity and how much we are willing to know about an animal has a great deal to do with things.  

Another tool we use is how to condone such behavior is understanding.  Understanding does not mean language, but culture.  If we had not yet discovered the other hemisphere (I’m in the U.S.) and we set on a voyage to France.  We would not be able to understand the language, but the culture would be similar enough to our own that we would consider them *like us* aka, civilized society.

If we went to a place where people lived of the land, half naked or naked, in small tribes (and we had not been exposed to this before) we would label them as *not like us,* uncivilized and animal like.  This is historically accurate, so you know it is true.

We grow up with dogs.  We can tell they understand us; culturally, we have come to understand when they are happy and sad; we have come to know they feel pain, and we feel for that pain.  We know no such things of cows.  

If human culture had made different choices in history and randomly decided to have cows or pigs living in their homes, and decided to eat dogs/wolves, then we would be giving our pet pigs presents on Christmas and have cats and dogs in factory farming without every questioning.  

I am sorry I got so very very off track, I have just put a lot of thought into the value we place on life and its relationship to language and culture.  

To answer your question, I believe life is important, and no living creature deserves to suffer needlessly.  Yes, an antelope is going to suffer when a lioness or what have you kills it, but that death needed to happen.  However, as a human, I suppose I do consider human life more important.  If I was in a hypothetical situation where someone was going to kill me or kill my cat, I would choose my cat (sorry Simone!) But if it was kill me or kill my nephew, I would choose me.  The optimal situation is of course that I save me, my cat and my nephew, but that’s not what hypotheticals are all about.

If the situation was torture however, I would have a difficult time condoning the torture of another at all.

What all this means on the grand scheme of things?  I have no friggen clue.  You wanted discussion, so I rambled my behind off like I have never rambled my behind off before.  
Just email me if you want me to take this long rant off your question.


EDIT: Yes, I believe animals have the same interests in continuing to exist that I do.  I believe they don't want to be tortured, and they don't want to die. (Who would?)  I believe they protect their young; I believe they mourn; I believe they fear; I believe they suffer, and I believe they want.

What animal products are in which types of makeup?

I know that collagen is derived from boiled animal tendons and bones, and that it is used in lipstick. But I need to know what other animal products are used in what kinds of makeup. 
^There's alot of animal ingredients used for makeup in there as well as alternatives to those ingredients.  You can also google it to find more sites that would contain the information that you are looking for. :)

What is the best vegan or non- animal tested shampoo and conditioner?

I have used Treseme and they don't test on animals but they use some animal derived ingredients.  I want to know what the best vegan and /or not animal tested shampoo. Oh and I know Suave is vegan except the fact that it's been tested on animals.

Kiss My Face
I like Big Body Shampoo and Mistreated Conditioner (Whenever conditioner is also good)

There is also Aubrey Organics, Jason,  Nature's Gate, ABBA and Giovanni (I liked this but it gave me too many flyaways, I have very frizzy hair naturally).

What state has the largest animal agriculture?

I have to write an essay about the negative effects of animal agriculture but I have to be specific (geographically).
What state has the largest animal agriculture in the US?

More details about the topic would be great too!
Thank you.
Science & Mathematics > Agriculture

It depends on the type of animal.

According to the Cattle Network, the state with the most cattle ranches is Texas, which has over twice as many head of cattle as number 2- Kansas.

The states which kill the most pigs are Iowa and North Carolina.
North Carolina, Minnesota and California kill the most turkeys.
Alabama, Arkansas and Georgia kill the most chickens.

Is there a website that evaluates or tracks humane animal treatment for animals used for food?

My husband and I enjoy our meat but i am really disturbed at some of the horror stories I have heard or seen about animals being treated terribly if they are going to be used for food. I am backing cage free eggs 100% to make sure that they are not being mistreated. Now I am planning to get a turkey for Thanksgiving and I wanted to find out about the companies/farms that process the animal to make sure I am not supporting harm towards animals.

So basically I am wondering if there is a website that evaluates or digs into companies so I know which products to support or not support?

I appreciate any answers you may have

By killing something you are technically harming it. There is a lot of inaccurate information written on here with regards to farming of animals. Most farmers treat their animals well. By not treating them well, they lessen the price of the end product. That would be bad business. Milking cows are very content in their environment. They are well looked after. If you maltreat a cow she will stop milking due to stress.
I'm not saying there is no cruelty in this world. Heavens above, many humans maltreat other humans, but don't believe everything you read or hear.
I doubt you'll find a true and independent website with regards to your question. 
I was an agricultural student years ago

Is a animal cracker a cracker or a cookie?

Is a animal cracker a cracker or a cookie. I mean look at the fact and the Characteristic.

I believe that the British call cookies "crackers", if I am not mistaken