Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Twins, Dizygotic: Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Twins, Monozygotic: Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Inheritance Patterns: The different ways GENES and their ALLELES interact during the transmission of genetic traits that effect the outcome of GENE EXPRESSION.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Principal Component Analysis: Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Monte Carlo Method: In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Epistasis, Genetic: A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Sample Size: The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Biometry: The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Multifactorial Inheritance: A phenotypic outcome (physical characteristic or disease predisposition) that is determined by more than one gene. Polygenic refers to those determined by many genes, while oligogenic refers to those determined by a few genes.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Gene-Environment Interaction: The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Twin Studies as Topic: Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Mathematical Computing: Computer-assisted interpretation and analysis of various mathematical functions related to a particular problem.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Genetic Heterogeneity: The presence of apparently similar characters for which the genetic evidence indicates that different genes or different genetic mechanisms are involved in different pedigrees. In clinical settings genetic heterogeneity refers to the presence of a variety of genetic defects which cause the same disease, often due to mutations at different loci on the same gene, a finding common to many human diseases including ALZHEIMER DISEASE; CYSTIC FIBROSIS; LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE DEFICIENCY, FAMILIAL; and POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES. (Rieger, et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Genetic Pleiotropy: A phenomenon in which multiple and diverse phenotypic outcomes are influenced by a single gene (or single gene product.)Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.Doppler Effect: Changes in the observed frequency of waves (as sound, light, or radio waves) due to the relative motion of source and observer. The effect was named for the 19th century Austrian physicist Johann Christian Doppler.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Signal-To-Noise Ratio: The comparison of the quantity of meaningful data to the irrelevant or incorrect data.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Orthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Heredity: The transmission of traits encoded in GENES from parent to offspring.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Lod Score: The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for "logarithmic odds."Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.Genetic Drift: The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Genetics, Behavioral: The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Population: The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.United StatesPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Ulna: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Markov Chains: A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Statistical Distributions: The complete summaries of the frequencies of the values or categories of a measurement made on a group of items, a population, or other collection of data. The distribution tells either how many or what proportion of the group was found to have each value (or each range of values) out of all the possible values that the quantitative measure can have.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Fingers: Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Genes, Dominant: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Hand Strength: Force exerted when gripping or grasping.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Biostatistics: The application of STATISTICS to biological systems and organisms involving the retrieval or collection, analysis, reduction, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data.Nuclear Family: A family composed of spouses and their children.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Numerical Analysis, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.Genetic Association Studies: The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Weights and Measures: Measuring and weighing systems and processes.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.

*  BioSpace - Principal Component Analysis of the Cytokine and Chemokine Response to Human Traumatic
Principal Component Analysis of the Cytokine and Chemokine Response ... Principal Component Analysis of the Cytokine and Chemokine Response ... of statistical co-variance in levels of these mediators. Here we ... BioSpace - Principal Component Analysis of the Cytokine and Chemokine Response to Human Traumatic Brain Injury. Login. Post Jobs. Job Seeker:. Login. News. Jobs. Career Resources. Career Fairs. Events. Company Profiles. Search Life Sciences Jobs. Search Job Title Only. Radius: Miles. PLoS By Category. Recent PLoS Articles. Critical Care and Emergency Medicine - Immunology - Mathematics - Neurological Disorders - Neuroscience - Physiology - Surgery. Principal Component Analysis of the Cytokine and Chemokine Response to Human Traumatic Brain Injury Published: Friday, June 22, 2012 Author: Adel Helmy et al. by Adel Helmy, Chrystalina A. Antoniades, Mathew R. Hutchinson There is a growing realisation that neuro-inflammation plays a fundamental role in the pathology of Traumatic Brain Injury TBI. Thi...
http://biospace.com/PLos_Article.aspx?id=17019
*  Browsing Education by Subject "Analysis of Variance"
by Subject "Analysis of Variance". Toggle navigation. ... by Subject "Analysis of Variance". 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J ... browsing education by subject analysis of variance toggle navigation login toggle navigation browsing education by subject soar home education browsing education by subject soar home education browsing education by subject javascript is disabled for your browser some features of this site may not work without it browsing education by subject analysis of variance a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z go sort by title issue date submit date order ascending descending results update now showing items of title issue date submit date ascending descending effect of beta hydroxy beta methylbutyrate on the onset of blood lactate accumulation and v o peak in end...
http://soar.wichita.edu/handle/10057/15/browse?value=Analysis of Variance&type=subject
*  ACP - Abstract - Statistical analysis of water vapour and ozone in the UT/LS observed during SPURT a
- Statistical analysis of water vapour and ozone in the UT/LS ... Statistical analysis of water vapour and ozone in the UT/LS ... A statistical analysis for the comparability of water H 2 O...
http://atmos-chem-phys.net/8/6603/2008/acp-8-6603-2008.html
*  PPT - Practical Applications of Statistical Methods in the Clinical Laboratory PowerPoint Presentati
data permit paired analysis, the paired t test is much more ... type of statistical analysis called analysis of variance ANOVA. ... linear regression analysis can compensate for non-constant variance among y measurements. The most common...
http://slideserve.com/JasminFlorian/practical-applications-of-statistical-methods-in-the-clinical-laboratory
*  Re: st: factor analysis - interpreting the results, inclusion of dp vari
Re: st: factor analysis - interpreting the results, inclusion ... Re: st: factor analysis - interpreting the results, inclusion ... Re: st: factor analysis - interpreting the results, inclusion...
http://stata.com/statalist/archive/2007-08/msg00437.html
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Psychiatry | Hormonal and Subjective Responses to Intravenous m-Chlorophenylp
repeated-measures analysis of variance was done for each of the ... a repeated-measures analysis of variance was done on these net ... A repeated-measures analysis of variance using these net change ... Hormonal and Subjective Responses to Intravenous m-Chlorophenylpiperazine in Women With Seasonal Affective Disorder. Previous Article Next Article. Article. ABSTRACT ABSTRACT. COMMENT. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Results On the basis of net responses to m -chlorophenylpiperazine placebo effects subtracted from drug effects , patients with SAD exhibited blunted prolactin responses and less sadness than normal controls in response to the drug. Figures in this Article. To test for possible order effects, a second repeated-measures analysis of variance was done for each of the hormonal variables with both group and drug day m -chlorophenylpiperazine on day 1 or day 2 as between-subject factors. For normally distributed variables, a repeated-measures analysis of variance was done on these net change scores with group a...
http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=191334
*  DAKOTA
... the design analysis kit for optimization and terascale ... interface between analysis codes and iterative systems analysis ... s and sensitivity variance analysis with design of experiments and ... dakota dakota the design analysis kit for optimization and terascale applications dakota is a software toolkit developed by engineers at sandia national laboratories to provide a flexible extensible interface between analysis codes and iterative systems analysis methods dakota contains optimization algorithm s using gradient and nongradient based methods parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods uncertainty quantification with sampling reliability and stochastic finite element method s and sensitivity variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study capabilities external links category software category algorithms category united states government stubs...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DAKOTA
*  Alucinaciones auditivas en pacientes psicóticos: Características fenomenológicas y correlatos bio
the factorial analysis four factors that explained 62% of the variance were obtained. The cluster analysis divides patients with auditory ... 4 The dimensional analysis of auditory hallucinations relates...
http://roderic.uv.es/handle/10550/15632
*  Multivariate Analysis of Soil-Vegetation Interrelationships in a South-Southern Secondary Forest of
Multivariate Analysis of Soil-Vegetation Interrelationships ... Multivariate Analysis of Soil-Vegetation Interrelationships ... components analysis identified seven basic sets of soil-...
http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ijb/article/view/10202
*  Laboratory Accreditation for Diacetyl Analysis
for Diacetyl Analysis. Skip to Main Content. Press Room. ... Petitions Standards Variances Roles. Occupational Safety Health ... process. The variance process. Search for Cal/OSHA...
http://dir.ca.gov/OSHSB/Laboratory_accreditation_for_diacetyl_analysis.html
*  ONE WAY ANOVA | Many PPT
ONE WAY ANOVA. Many PPT. Many PPT. RSS Feed. Home. 25. Dec/11. ONE WAY ANOVA. by admin under Uncategorized. Tweet. One-Way Analysis of Variance ANOVA One-Way ANOVA. Unlike the t-test, the ANOVA can look at levels or subgroups of IV’s; The t-test can only test if an IV is there or not, not differences between. http://www.personal.kent.edu/~mtmoore1/Quant2OneWayANOVA.ppt. Preview. Download. Filesize: 5041 KB. format : .PPT. One-way ANOVA Analysis of Variance XVI summary.1way fit1 ANOVA Table: Df Sum Squares Mean Square F-statistic p-value. Between Groups 2 1787.90127 893. http://course1.winona.edu/bdeppa/Stat%2520305/JMP%2520Tutorials/Anova%2520Biometry.ppt. Preview. Download. Filesize: 5055 KB. format : .PPT. One-Way ANOVA One-Way ANOVA. The one-way analysis of variance is used to test the claim that three or more population means are equal; This is an extension of the two. http://people.richland.edu/james/ictcm/2004/oneway.ppt. Preview. Download. Filesize: 5069 KB. format : .PPT. One-Way ANOVA Four Methods of...
http://manyppt.com/12/ONE-WAY-ANOVA.html
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Figure
www arthritis research com figure resolution standard high figure change in the subscale scores of the impact of event scale revised a intrusion repeated measures analysis of covariance ancova revealed significant main effects of time course f p and group f p on change in the impact of event scale revised ies r score however there was no significant interaction between time course and group on change in the ies r score f p b avoidance repeated measures ancova revealed significant main effects of time course f p and group f p on change in the ies r score however there was no significant interaction between time course and group on change in the ies r score f p c hyperarousal repeated measures ancova revealed main effects of time course as trend level f p and significant main effects of group f p on change in the ies r score however there was no significant interaction between time course and group on change in the ies r score f p usui et al arthritis research therapy r doi ar download authors original image...
http://arthritis-research.com/content/15/5/R130/figure/F3
*  elementary number theory - Proof involving Legendre Symbol - Mathematics Stack Exchange
... Mathematics. Mathematics Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Mathematics Questions. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. Proof involving Legendre Symbol. I’m having a really difficult time with the following proof involving the Legendre symbol: Show that $\left \dfrac{3}{p}\right = 1$ iff $p \equiv \pm 1 \pmod{12}$. elementary-number-theory share. asked Mar 27 '13 at 10:56. See math.stackexchange.com/questions/342406/. So in this case if $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$, then $ 3/p =1$, and if $p\equiv 2\pmod{3}$, then $ 3/p =-1$. If $p\equiv 3\pmod{4}$, then $ 3/p =- p/3 $. We conclude as above that if $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$ then $ 3/p =-1$, and if $p\equiv 2\pmod{3}$ then $ 3/p =1$. For example, we got that $ 3/p =1$ when $p\equiv 1\pmod{4}$ and $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$, and also when $p\equiv 3\pmod{4}$ and $p\equiv 2\pmod{3}$. ...
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/342684/proof-involving-legendre-symbol
*  elementary number theory - Legendre Symbol - Mathematics Stack Exchange
... Mathematics Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Mathematics Questions. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. Legendre Symbol. I have a question about Legendre symbol. Show that the Legendre symbol verifies: $$\sum {m=0} {p-1} \left \frac{am+b}{p}\right =0.$$ I know that $\displaystyle\sum {m=0} {p-1} \left \frac{m}{p}\right =0$, but how do I connect this with the previous formula. elementary-number-theory legendre-symbol share. Show that as $m$ ranges from $0$ to $p-1$, $am$ ranges over all residue classes modulo $p$, and hence $am+b$ ranges over all residue classes modulo $p$. To allow the question to be marked as answered, then: Show that as $m$ ranges from $0$ to $p−1$, $am$ ranges over all residue classes modulo $p$, and hence $am+b$ ranges over all residue classes modulo $p$. Sign up or log in Sign up using...
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/26212/legendre-symbol
*  elementary number theory - confusion on legendre symbol - Mathematics Stack Exchange
... chat blog. Mathematics. Mathematics Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. help. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Mathematics Questions. Ask Question. Sign up. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. confusion on legendre symbol. up vote 3 down vote favorite 1. i know that $\left \frac{1}{2}\right =1$ since $1 2\equiv 1 \pmod2$ now since $3\equiv 1\pmod2$ we should have $\left \frac{3}{2}\right =\left \frac{1}{2}\right =1$ but on Maple i get that $\left \frac{3}{2}\right =-1$ why. elementary-number-theory share. joriki 117k. asked Mar 2 '12 at 9:01. joriki Mar 2 '12 at 9:17. up vote 3 down vote accepted. The Legendre symbol, the Jacobi symbol and the Kronecker symbol are successive generalizations that all share the same notation. The first two are usually only defined for odd lower arguments primes in the first case, whereas the Kronecker symbol is...
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/115624/confusion-on-legendre-symbol
*  8. Matrix Algebra and Multiple Regression
... 8 Matrix Algebra and Multiple Regression. You are visitor number. since 17 October 1995. Updated notes. Estimating the residual variance for OLS. Posted 8 March 1999. Our discussion on page 200 of the variance-covariance matrix for the ordinary least squares OLS estimators Equation 8.33b neglicted to mention how to estimate sigma 2 e, the residual variance. Equation 8.33b gives the variance-covariance matrix for the vector b of OLS estimators as Var b = X T X -1 sigma 2 e We can estimate sigma 2 e from the residual sums of squares, RSS = y - Xb T y - Xb If the model estimates p parameters, then the estimate of sigma 2 e is simply RSS/ N-p where N is the number of data points. Thus, Var b = X T X -1 y - Xb T y - Xb / N-p. Programs. Volume One Chapters ---. 1 An Overview of Quantitative Genetics 2. Properties of Distributions 3. Covariance, Regression, and Correlation 4. Properties of Single Loci 5. Components of Genetic Variation 6. Components of Environmental Variation 7. Resemblance Between Relatives 8....
http://nitro.biosci.arizona.edu/zbook/volume_1/chapters/vol1_08.html
*  Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública - Genetic epidemiology: an expanding scientific discipline
ABSTRACT Genetic epidemiology is a relatively new discipline that studies the interaction between genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of human diseases. Although expressions such as epidemiologic genetics 2 and clinical population-based genetics 3 had already been coined, Morton and Chung 4 were forerunners in associating the term genetic epidemiology with the discipline that strives to control and prevent illness by identifying the role of genetic factors, in interaction with environmental factors, in the etiology of human disease 5. The goals of genetic epidemiology contrast with those of traditional epidemiology and population genetics. Finally, genetic epidemiology studies the way environmental risk factors interact with the genetic makeup of a given population. Family recurrence studies A fundamental aspect of genetic epidemiology is the study of aggregation or recurrence of certain diseases in given families. Although the comparison of family members of patients and of controls may be cons...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49891998000300006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Limited genetic diversity of the Tasmanian Tiger sheds light on species’ geographic isolation | Th
Limited genetic diversity of the Tasmanian Tiger sheds light on species’ geographic isolation. The Melbourne Newsroom. Search form Search. The Melbourne Newsroom. MEDIA RELEASES UP CLOSE VISIONS VOICE STUDIO. Department of Defense funds Australian research into inflammatory bowel disease. Loneliness, severe mental illness behind frequent calls to crisis helplines. University of Melbourne remains #1 in Australia. Close Ocean scientists look into the past to predict Australia’s climate future. Doctors reduce risk-taking behaviour in teens and young people. Leading University of Melbourne researchers honoured by NHMRC. More media releases. Weeds girdle the globe: The marauding march of invasive plant species. Superdiversity: Policy challenges in an age of unprecedented migration. Wild and domestic: A cultural history of human-animal relations. Close Innovation with purpose: Organizations creating and delivering social value. Disciples of the interdisciplinary: Researchers crossing boundaries to unleash creativit...
http://newsroom.melbourne.edu/news/n-794
*  Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. | Br
Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications Distribution and Medical Impact of Loss-of-Function Variants in the Finnish Founder Population. Recent Broad Publications A non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism associated with multiple sclerosis risk affects the EVI5 interactome. Read More / View Supplemental Materials An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Somatic mutation in single human neu...
http://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad5949
*  evolution - Features in individuals causing high population variation - Biology Stack Exchange
... Biology. Biology Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Biology Questions. Sign up. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. Features in individuals causing high population variation. As I understand it, a population with high variation is something sought after, since it makes the population better equipped to face a dynamic environment. Then, I guess features in an individual which causes it's population's variation to be high, should be selected for high mutation rate, other features.. With genetic difference within reason, perhaps a norm for a proffered genetic difference between individuals. evolution share. edited Jun 19 '12 at 7:58. Assuming a population lives in a highly dynamic environment and mutation is the only source introducing variation. Some in the population has genes that code for a slow mutation rate and the others have has gen...
http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/2678/features-in-individuals-causing-high-population-variation
*  Genetic variation
... right|thumb thumb|Darwin's finches or Galapagos finches. 2011 : Genetics of populations. F 1999 : The genetics of human populations. 1970 : Populations, species, and evolution – An abridgment of Animal species and evolution. 1970 : Genetics of the evolutionary process. Genetic variation among individuals within a population can be identified at a variety of levels. It is possible to identify genetic variation from observations of phenotypic variation in either quantitative traits traits that vary continuously and are coded for by many genes, e.g., leg length in dogs or discrete traits traits that fall into discrete categories and are coded for by one or a few genes e.g., white, pink, red petal color in certain flowers. Genetic variation will result in phenotypic variation if variation in the order of nucleotides in the DNA sequence results in a difference in the order of amino acid s in proteins coded by that DNA sequence, and if the resultant differences in amino acid sequence influence the shape, and t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_variation
*  PLOS Genetics: Lessons from Model Organisms: Phenotypic Robustness and Missing Heritability in Compl
... ex Disease. PLOS Genetics. Other Article Types. Manuscript Review and Publication. Editorial and Peer Review Process. Reviewer Guidelines. Article-Level Metrics. View. Sum of PLOS and PubMed Central page views and downloads. Open Access Review. Lessons from Model Organisms: Phenotypic Robustness and Missing Heritability in Complex Disease. Published: November 15, 2012 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041. Article. In diverse model organisms, phenotypic robustness differs among individuals, and those with decreased robustness show increased penetrance of mutations and express previously cryptic genetic variation. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041 Editor: Susan M. The funders had no role in the preparation of the article. By their nature, rare variants are difficult to detect and to associate with phenotype using statistics. An alternative view posits that cryptic genetic variation accounts for a substantial fraction of disease-associated risk. In contrast, in individuals with decreased overall phenotypic robus...
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1003041
*  How illness-linked genetic variation affects neurons in the developing brain - Medical News Today
... . For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. MNT - Hourly Medical News Since 2003. Sign in. News by email. Signing up is FREE, FAST and SIMPLE. Begin by entering your email address below. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Tailored for the health areas that matter to you. Daily or weekly emails with only the content you want. Sign me up. We value your privacy. Learn more about our commitment to protecting your privacy. A - B. Sign up for our newsletter Prefer your news delivered by email. Abortion. Acid Reflux / GERD. Addiction. ADHD / ADD. Aid / Disasters. Alcohol / Illegal Drugs. Allergy. Alternative Medicine Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Irritable-Bowel Syndrome. IT / Internet / E-mail Litigation. Liver Disease / Hepatitis. Lung Cancer. Lupus. Lymphology / Lymphedema. Lymphoma / Leukemia. M - O. Sign up for our newsletter Prefer your news delivered by emai...
http://medicalnewstoday.com/releases/281179.php
*  Exit Survey
Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. A Apply the concepts of health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. B Effectively provide nursing care to patients in all stages of health and wellness. E Apply concepts of human diversity and global health care in nursing practice. E Apply concepts of human divers...
https://surveymonkey.com/r/?sm=xQkE+lZNTQMoMM165yakCg==
*  Medical Xpress - genetic variation
... Home genetic variation. News tagged with genetic variation. 1 week. 1 week. 1 week. Related topics: genes · genome · nature genetics · human genetics · gene variant. Neuroscience. Genetics. Genetic variants associated with major depressive disorder have been identified. Medical Xpress —A very large team of researchers made up mostly of members in China and calling itself the CONVERGE consortium, has identified two genetic variants that appear to be associated with major depressive disorder ... Overweight and Obesity. Largest ever genome-wide study strengthens genetic link to obesity. Their findings, part of the largest genome-wide ... Genetics. Thousands of never-before-seen human genome variations uncovered. Thousands of never-before-seen genetic variants in the human genome have been uncovered using a new genome sequencing technology. Genetics. GIANT study reveals giant number of genes linked to height. The study, ... Genetics. Genetics. Common gene variants account for most genetic risk for autism. Mo...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/genetic variation/sort/rank/all/
*  Conservation and the Genetics of Populations 2nd Edition | 9780470671450 | eCampus.com
Conservation and the Genetics of Populations 2nd Edition. Waits, Estimation of effective population size in Yellowstone grizzly bears, 134 8 Natural selection, 136 8.1 Fitness, 138 8.2 Single locus with two alleles, 138 8.3 Multiple alleles, 144 8.4 Frequency-dependent selection, 147 8.5 Natural selection in small populations, 149 8.6 Natural selection and conservation, 151 Guest Box 8: Paul A. Tucker, Genetic population structure and conservation of fisher in western North America, 185 10 Multiple loci, 187 10.1 Gametic disequilibrium, 188 10.2 Small population size, 192 10.3 Natural selection, 192 10.4 Population subdivision, 196 10.5 Hybridization, 196 10.6 Estimation of gametic disequilibrium, 199 10.7 Multiple loci and conservation, 200 Guest Box 10: Robin S. Waples, Estimation of effective population size using gametic disequilibrium, 203 11 Quantitative genetics, 205 11.1 Heritability, 206 11.2 Selection on quantitative traits, 212 11.3 Finding genes underlying quantitative traits, 217 11.4 Loss of qua...
http://ecampus.com/conservation-genetics-populations-2nd/bk/9780470671450
*  Contrasting patterns of transposable-element insertion polymorphism and nucleotide diversity in auto
BioMedSearch Home Advanced Search Tools Search Tutorial Login | Create Free Account Document Detail Contrasting patterns of transposable-element insertion polymorphism and nucleotide diversity in autotetraploid and allotetraploid Arabidopsis species. MedLine Citation: PMID: 18493073 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE Abstract/OtherAbstract: It has been hypothesized that polyploidy permits the proliferation of transposable elements, due to both the masking of deleterious recessive mutations and the breakdown of host silencing mechanisms. We investigated the patterns of insertion polymorphism of an Ac-like transposable element and nucleotide diversity at 18 gene fragments in the allotetraploid Arabidopsis suecica and the autotetraploid A. arenosa. All identified insertions were fixed in A. suecica, and many were clearly inherited from the parental species A. thaliana or A. arenosa. These results are inconsistent with a rapid increase in transposition associated with hybrid breakdown but support the evidence from nucleo...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Contrasting-patterns-transposable-element-insertion/18493073.html
*  Deciphering molecular circuits from genetic variation underlying transcriptional responsiveness to s
... timuli. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications Deciphering molecular circuits from genetic variation underlying transcriptional responsiveness to stimuli. Recent Broad Publications Inherited CHST11/MIR3922 deletion is associated with a novel recessive syndrome presenting with skeletal malformation and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Ferritinophagy via NCOA4 is required for erythropoiesis and is regulated by iron dependent HERC2-mediated proteolysis. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Orthogonal g...
http://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad4694
*  Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammator... : Annals of Surgery
... Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. Annals of Surgery Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammator... A A You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you... If you have access to this article through your institution, you can view this article in. Annals of Surgery: June 2013 - Volume 257 - Issue 6 - p 1096–1102 doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318275b7e5 Original Articles. Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammatory Pathway Genes Among Patients With Resected and Unresected Pancreatic Cancer Reid-Lombardo, Kaye M. Export. Source Survival Is Associated With Genetic Variation in Inflammatory Pathway Genes Among Patients With Resected and Unresected Pancreatic Cancer Annals of Surgery. Email to a Colleague. Login Login with your LWW Journals username and password...
http://journals.lww.com/annalsofsurgery/Abstract/2013/06000/Survival_Is_Associated_With_Genetic_Variation_in.17.aspx
*  .. Tag: children .. Maternal Connections .. SNPwatch: Genetic Variations May Impact Risk of Hearin
Tag: children. May 7, 2014. Maternal Connections 7 comments Published by 23andMe under 23andMe Research. It’s no surprise that we inherit almost all of our traits from our parents, but 23andMe researchers found that more of those traits come from our mothers than our fathers. So as we near Mother’s Day we thought we’d highlight some of these findings and give you a few more reasons to thank your mom. It ... Read more. Tags: children, dimples, Family Inheritance, fathers, inherited traits, maternal line, mother's day, parents, photic sneeze, research, traits. November 10, 2009. SNPwatch: Genetic Variations May Impact Risk of Hearing Loss in Children Receiving Common Chemotherapy Drug 0 comments Published by ErinC under SNPWatch. Cisplatin, a cancer chemotherapy drug first approved by the FDA in 1978, revolutionized the treatment of many types of cancer. Despite its effectiveness, in many cases doctors are forced to reduce the drug's dose, or abandon it altogether, due to serious side effects on patients...
http://blog.23andme.com/tag/children/
*  Genetic distance
... is a measure of the genetic divergence between species or between populations within a species populations with many similar alleles have small genetic distances this indicates that they are closely related and have a recent common ancestor genetic distance is useful for reconstructing the history of populations for example evidence from genetic distance suggests that african and eurasian people diverged about years ago genetic distance is also used for understanding the origin of biodiversity for example the genetic distances between different breeds of domesticated animals are often investigated in order to determine which breeds should be protected to maintain genetic diversity ruane j a critical review of the value of genetic distance studies in conservation of animal genetic resources journal of animal breeding and genetics chicago biological foundation measures of genetic distance reynolds weir and cockerham s genetic distance in this measure was published by john reynolds b s weir and c clark cock...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_distance
*  LabName:Alcazar - OpenWetWare
... LabName:Alcazar From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 18:09, 21 December 2013 view source Ruben Alcazar Talk. Revision as of 18:16, 21 December 2013 view source Ruben Alcazar Talk. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 6. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 6. br. br. - 'Plant-Environment Interactions' br br. + 'Plant-Environment Interactions' br. + font face= calibri style= color:#C0C0C0 font size= 4. + br. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 4. font face= calibri style= color:#000000 font size= 4. br. br. 'Advance in Knowledge. 'Advance in Knowledge. - We're interested in genetics of natural variation, population genetics and molecular biology. We're currently studying immune receptor gene variation and its involvement in the evolvement of incompatibilities between wild populations, from a molecular and evolutionary perspective. + We're interested in genetics of natural variation, population genetics and molec...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=LabName:Alcazar&diff=762495&oldid=762494
*  Researchers link 11 genetic variations to type 2 diabetes
... April 1, 2008 Researchers link 11 genetic variations to type 2 diabetes April 1, 2008 Mathematicians at Michigan Technological University have developed powerful new tools for winnowing out the genes behind some of humanity’s most intractable diseases. With another, they have isolated 11 variations within genes—called single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs or “snips”—associated with type 2 diabetes. “With chronic, complex diseases like Parkinson’s, diabetes and ALS, multiple genes are involved,” said Qiuying Sha, an assistant professor of mathematical sciences. With complex inherited conditions, including type 2 diabetes, single genes may precipitate the disease on their own, while other genes cause disease when they act together. To test their model on real data, Sha’s team analyzed genes from over 1,000 people in the United Kingdom, half with type 2 diabetes and half without. But getting the genetic data to work on is not. Sep 19, 2015. Sep 16, 2015. Sep 15, 2015. Sep 05, 2015. Sep 03, 2015. More from M...
http://phys.org/news/2008-04-link-genetic-variations-diabetes.html
*  additive genetic variance definition
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http://groups.molbiosci.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-A/additive_genetic_variance.html
*  .. Category: Health and Traits .. It’s Not Genes or Environment, It’s Genes AND Environm
It’s Not Genes or Environment, It’s Genes AND Environment 0 comments Published by ErinC under Health and Traits. Tags: disease risk, environment, risk assessment. SNPwatch: Researchers Find First SNPs Linked To Common Type of Leukemia 1 comment Published by ErinC under Health and Traits, SNPWatch. SNPwatch gives you the latest news about research linking various traits and conditions to individual genetic variations. These studies are exciting because they offer a glimpse into how genetics may affect our bodies and health; but in most cases, more work is needed before this research can provide ... SNPwatch gives you the latest news about research linking various traits and conditions to individual genetic variations. These studies are exciting because they offer a glimpse into how genetics may affect our bodies and health; but in most cases, more work is needed before this research can provide ... SNPwatch: Too Short, Too Fast – A Genetic Variation Associated with Telomere Length 2 comments Published by...
http://blog.23andme.com/category/health-traits/page/18/
*  www.genomebiology.com - Table 1
www genomebiology com table table genetic diversity in continental groups and populations nind s sp θ π π h π hap het tajima s d p continent india africa europe east asia population brahmin gih irula mala madiga yadava lwk yri ceu tsi chb chd jpt nind number of individuals s number of segregating sites sp number of private segregating sites θ estimated theta n e u from s π nucleotide diversity h observed heterozygosity hap het averaged haplotype diversity over ten kb windows tajima s d tajima s d p p value for tajima s d test confidence intervals of θ and π are shown in parentheses xing et al genome biology r doi gb r...
http://genomebiology.com/2010/11/11/R113/table/T1
*  The Firing Line Forums - View Single Post - Arisaka 99
the firing line forums view single post arisaka thread arisaka view single post february am tikirocker senior member join date may location nsw australia posts might as well bung mine up series type kokura australian battle capture bring back mum is intact has bipod aa sights cleaning rod and dust cover bolt is a mismatch but that s normal for a battle capture bring back since bolts went in one pile and rifles in another bore is excellent and bayonet is a rare variant type kokura i ve keept mine in the exact condition she was found in ww time capsule tiki the lee enfield forums http www surplusrifleforum com viewforum php f surplus rifle forums http www surplusrifleforum com index php last edited by tikirocker february at am tikirocker view public profile find more posts by tikirocker page generated in seconds with queries...
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*  Cannon Quotes and Sound Bites Full List - Hark
... Hark - Movie Quotes and Sound Clips Politics. Sign Up / In. Sign Up / In. Join Hark Join, share and upload sound bites and be the first to get latest sound bites. Sign Up Sign In. Cannon Quotes and Sound Clips. Cannon 10.5 mm 5 shots. Cannon field howitzer 15.5 mm 3 shots. shots. Cannon 40 mm 7 shots. Anti-tank missile AT4 3 shots. removes shots of cannon 2 x near. Anti-aircraft cannon small. Anti-aircraft cannon small. Shots: Cannon 2 x removes+ near. Anti-aircraft cannon small. Anti-aircraft cannon small. Cannon close to guns of a tank shots and elements and remote. Cannon shot from a tank with explosions 4 x armed forces war. Cannon shot of the artillery 3 x armed forces war. Cannon shot of the artillery partly be correct with remote explosions armed forces war. Cannon shots of a small cannon 5. Cannon shots armed forces war. Rapid fire cannon or heavy machine-gun armed forces war. Shots of heavily remote on the outside small cannon. Cannon shot removes 4 x shots of fight. Anti-aircraft cannon. Cannon...
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*  New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs | Hoards Dairyman
New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs. New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs. New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding. What is the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding. Why does the Council need a new agreement with USDA. Thus, this action would encourage cooperation among producers and their organizations that are providing the data and allow the opportunity for the industry to grow the genetic evaluation database, improve its quality and ultimately increase the effectiveness of genomic evaluations. Why should registered and commercial breeders of Holsteins and Jerseys support an industry working together to insure a national dairy database. Providing the opportunity for protection to Holstein Association USA and American Jersey Cattle Association members and other industry participants who provided data to develop this database from being exploited by breeders in other countries who have not provided any value to t...
http://hoards.com/IB_CDCB-FAQs?mini=calendar/2012-11
*  Genetic Evaluation Maternal Line Program Overview
... print. close. Genetic Evaluation Maternal Line Program Overview. Rodger Johnson, Rodney Goodwin and David Boyd. Sat, 2000-04-01 12:00. In response to pork producers needs for comprehensive evaluation of sow productivity, the National Pork Producers Council NPPC and allied industries recently concluded the most complete maternal line genetic evaluation program ever undertaken in the U.S.The project, funded by the National Pork Board, evaluated lifetime productivity of six genetic lines, represented by 3,559 females through four. In response to pork producers needs for comprehensive evaluation of sow productivity, the National Pork Producers Council NPPC and allied industries recently concluded the most complete maternal line genetic evaluation program ever undertaken in the U.S. The project, funded by the National Pork Board, evaluated lifetime productivity of six genetic lines, represented by 3,559 females through four parities. Growth, carcass, meat quality and eating quality traits were also measured o...
http://nationalhogfarmer.com/print/mag/farming_genetic_evaluation_maternal
*  19 | June | 2007 | The Beef Blog
19. June. 2007. The Beef Blog. The Beef Blog. This blog was created by the Purdue Beef Team as an educational forum for beef producers and Extension educators. It includes timely news, issues, and management tips that have the potential to affect the beef business and decision-making process. Opinions expressed in the news clips do not necessarily represent those of Purdue University or the beef industry. Skip to content Home. About. Daily Archives: June 19, 2007 Older posts. MARC Releases 2007 Across-Breed EPD Calculations Posted on. June 19, 2007. Comments Off on MARC Releases 2007 Across-Breed EPD Calculations. MARC Releases 2007 Across-Breed EPD Calculations. U.S. Meat Animal Research Center. USDA s Meat Animal Research Center MARC has released its table of adjustment factors to be used to estimate across-breed expected progeny differences AB-EPDs for 16 breeds click on table icon below. Using the table values, bulls of different breeds can be compared on the same EPD scale by adding the appropriate adjus...
https://purduephil.wordpress.com/2007/06/19/
*  Red Angus Bulls | Breeding Bulls for Sale | Texas Red Angus
Red Angus Bulls. Breeding Bulls for Sale. Texas Red Angus. Home TR Herd Sires Private Treaty Sales Photo Gallery Breeding Bulls Sale Heifers Happy Customers. Texas Red Angus Breeding Bulls For Sale. Registered Red Angus bulls are offered through private treaty sale at Trinity River Land Cattle Company. Produced using proven genetics, the breeding bulls for sale can add performance and profitability to your commercial cattle herd, and will fit well into a crossbreeding program. Our Texas Red Angus bulls range from 14 months to 2-year-olds. They are structurally sound and physically fit, and are ultrasound tested at 12-14 months of age. They also have complete breeding soundness exams, including semen testing. Registration numbers with detailed information such as progeny averages, Expected Progeny Differences EPDs, performance data, and pedigree is available on each of our breeding bulls for sale. If you want to know which of our Red Angus bulls will best meet your specific requirements, or you plan to crossbr...
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*  .. NickCannonMariahCarey .. Nick Cannon Masturbates to Mariah Carey’s Music .. Nick Cannon Health
NickCannonMariahCarey NickCannonMariahCarey. Nick Cannon Masturbates to Mariah Carey’s Music. In a recent interview with Howard Stern, Nick Cannon confessed to pleasuring himself to Mariah Carey 's music. Category: Busted, R B Tags: Mariah Carey, Nick Cannon, Nick Cannon Mariah Carey, Nick Cannon masturbating, NickCannon, NickCannonMariahCarey, NickCannonMariahMasturbate, NickCannonMasturbate, NickCannonMasturbates, NickCannonMasturbating. Nick Cannon Health Documentary: Struggles Revealed in ‘Ncredible Health Hustle’ — Video. As reported by AOL Music, after months of health scares, operations and a life-changing diagnosis, Nick Cannon has released the first episode of a new documentary series, " Ncredible Health Hustle ... Category: Hip-Hop Tags: mariah carey nick cannon, MariahCareyNickCannon, Ncredible Health Hustle, NcredibleHealthHustle, Nick Cannon, nick cannon health, nick cannon hospital, nick cannon kidney failure, nick cannon kidneys, Nick Cannon Mariah Carey, nick cannon Ncredible Health Hustle, ni...
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*  Acceptable Breeding Practice - Chazhound Dog Forum
... Dog Forum. Dog Pictures. Chazhound Dog Forum Dog Discussions and Dog Talk Forums The Breeding Ground. Acceptable Breeding Practice. User Name. Remember Me. Password. Register. FAQ. Calendar. Mark Forums Read. Chat Room. Page 1 of 6. 1. 2 3. Last. Thread Tools. Display Modes. # 1. 03-14-2011, 12:26 AM. Michiyo-Fir. Top Dog. Join Date: Nov 2010. Posts: 2,491. Acceptable Breeding Practice. For you, what is considered acceptable breeding practice and good breeding practice. I've recently noticed some breeders or what a lot of people consider to be good to great dogs do several things. 1 Breed a bitch up to 5 times 2. Breed 5-6 litters in some years 3. Breed back to back heats not all time time, usually just 2 litters on back to back heats, I've never seen 3 4. Breed 7-8 yr old bitches. Are these practices considered to be acceptable by your standards on breeders that you think are reputable/good. If not, what are your accepted limits for the 4 items points shown above. . Michiyo-Fir. View P...
http://chazhound.com/forums/showthread.php?t=130776
*  Cannon Jobs, Employment in Rochester, NY | Indeed.com
Cannon Jobs, Employment in Rochester, NY. Find Jobs. Cannon jobs in Rochester, NY. Exact location only within 5 miles within 10 miles within 15 miles within 25 miles within 50 miles within 100 miles. Company: cannon jobs nationwide. Jobs 1 to 10 of 51. Cannon Industries, Inc. 23 days ago - save job - email - more... View all Cannon Industries jobs in Rochester, NY - Rochester jobs. Salary Search: Powder Coater salaries in Rochester, NY. Learn more about working at Cannon Industries. Related forums: Rochester, New York - -. Cannon Industries, Inc. 23 days ago - save job - email - more... View all Cannon Industries jobs in Rochester, NY - Rochester jobs. Salary Search: Brake Press Set salaries in Rochester, NY. Learn more about working at Cannon Industries. Related forums: Rochester, New York - -. Cannon Industries, Inc. 23 days ago - save job - email - more... View all Cannon Industries jobs in Rochester, NY - Rochester jobs. Salary Search: Laser Operator salaries in Rochester, NY. Learn more about working at ...
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*  Dog Breeding - 11 - Video
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*  Breeding of Animals - News - Science - The New York Times
... Search. Times Topics. Breeding of Animals. Search. Search NYTimes.com. Real Estate. News about Breeding of Animals, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. {"type":"article","show header text":true,"header":"ARTICLES ABOUT BREEDING OF ANIMALS","query":" nytddes = \"Breeding of Animals\" ","search query":" nytddes:\"Breeding of Animals\" ","num search articles":"10","show summary":true,"show byline":true,"show pub date":true,"hide thumbnails":false,"show kicker":false,"show title":false,"show related topics":true,"show rad links":true,"show subtopics":true,"exclude topics":"BREEDING OF ANIMALS","more on header":"MORE ON BREEDING OF ANIMALS AND:","alternate index subidx":"","show thumbnails":true}. MORE ON BREEDING OF ANIMALS AND: Monkeys and Apes, Bronx Zoo Wildlife Conservation Park, Breeding of Animals, Love Emotion, Zoos, Safina, Carl. MORE ON BREEDING OF ANIMALS AND: Horse Racing, Vanderbilt, Alfred Gwynne, Whitney, John Hay, Halls of Fame, Breeding of Animals. MORE...
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*  Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon: Canon PowerShot Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review
... Reviews. Sample Images. Videos. Cameras. Forums. Challenges. Forum index. Canon PowerShot Talk Change forum Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon Started Feb 7, 2013. Shop cameras lenses ▾. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Gear list. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon In reply to PC Wheeler, Feb 7, 2013. PC Wheeler wrote: gail wrote: Double barreled cannon, said to be the only one in the world. -- hide signature -- My Pbase Galleries ~ http://www.pbase.com/gailb/ My Canon S100 Blog: http://www.digicamhelp.com/topics/camera-logs/canon-s100/. gail's gear list: gail's gear list Canon PowerShot SD700 IS. Canon PowerShot S90. Canon PowerShot S100. Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200. Reply Reply with quote. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Posted by When Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. gail. Feb 7, 2013. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. Feb 7, 2013. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. gail. Feb 7, 2013. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. Feb 7, 2013....
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*  New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs | Hoards Dairyman
New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs. Hoards Dairyman. Skip to Navigation. New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding FAQs. New Agreement between USDA and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding. Frequently Asked Questions FAQ - 02/06/12. These frequently asked questions can be downloaded in pdf form here. A letter to from the President and CEO of Select Sires on this topic can be downloaded in pdf form here. The Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding embarked on an investigation in 2009 to understand how new technologies would change the future of dairy cattle management and genetics. Its goal is to continue to keep the U.S. as the leader in dairy cattle management and genetics and that our nation’s genetic evaluations remain to be the gold standard in the world. What is the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding. The Council was formed in the 1980’s to maintain communications among the A.I. companies, purebred breeders and the dairy records organizations. It wor...
http://hoards.com/IB_CDCB-FAQs?mini=calendar/2012-10
*  Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon: Canon PowerShot Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review
... Reviews. Sample Images. Videos. Cameras. Forums. Forum index. Canon PowerShot Talk Change forum Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon Started Feb 7, 2013. Shop cameras lenses ▾. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Gear list. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon In reply to VisionLight, Feb 7, 2013. -- hide signature -- My Pbase Galleries ~ http://www.pbase.com/gailb/ My Canon S100 Blog: http://www.digicamhelp.com/topics/camera-logs/canon-s100/. gail's gear list: gail's gear list Canon PowerShot SD700 IS. Canon PowerShot S90. Canon PowerShot S100. Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200. Reply Reply with quote. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Posted by When Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. gail. Feb 7, 2013. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. gail. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. gail. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Cannon New. Feb 7, 2013. Re: Doubled barreled Canon, err Ca...
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*  Breeding Your Mother - Web Directory
... Submit a Link Suggest a Category About Home. Breeding Your Mother. Home > Breeding Your Mother. Breeding Your Dog - www.k9web.com Should I Breed My Dog. You may be wondering whether or not you should breed your dog. http://www.k9web.com/dog-faqs/breeding.html Breeding & Care Of Your Pregnant Dog - 2nd Chance Explains breeding and care of the pregnant dog ... http://www.2ndchance.info/pregnantdog.htm Breeding mother to son. I'm not sure if this http://www.dogforums.com/general-dog-forum/36287-breeding-mother-son.html Breeding Rabbits for Meat - Mother Earth News The Guide to Raising and Breeding Rabbits for Meat Raising rabbits is one of the simplest things you can do on your homestead. http://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/breeding-rabbits-zmaz70mazglo.aspx Breeding Rabbits - DebMark Definitions. http://www.debmark.com/rabbits/breeding.htm A Guide to Breeding Your Dog - American Kennel Club A Guide to Breeding Your Dog 2 of 21 ©2007 American Kennel Club A Guide To Breeding Your Dog 1 ...
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*  Breeding
... 'Breeding' is the reproduction that is producing of offspring, usually animals or plants:. Breeding in the wild, the natural process of reproduction in the animal kingdom Animal husbandry, through selected specimens such as dogs, horses, and rabbits Plant breeding, through selected specimens such as trees. 'Breeding' may also refer to:. Science Biology. People Media Locations Pornography See also. Science. In physics and technology, 'breeding' refers to the way in which certain materials can be treated in a breeder reactor to become fissile material. Biology. Breeding back, a breeding effort to re-assemble extinct breed genes Breeding pair, bonded animals who cooperate to produce offspring Breeding program, a planned breeding of animals or plants Breeding season, the period during each year when a species reproduces Captive breeding, raising plants or animals in zoos or other controlled conditions Cooperative breeding, the raising of the young using non-parental care givers Crop breeding in Nepal Crossbr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breeding
*  .. Arizona air base on lockdown .. Air Force cuts some training flights in new plan .. Cannon to ho
Filed Under: Cannon Connections Tagged With: air, base, cannon, cuts, flights, force, new, plan, training. By Airman 1st Class Alexxis Pons Abascal: 27th SOW Public Affairs Air Commandos at Cannon Air Force Base invite the local community to attend the 27th Special Operations Wing’s second annual Open House on Sept. Filed Under: Cannon Connections Tagged With: 27th, air, cannon, commandos, community, force, invite, local, open, wing. 9 at Cannon Air force Base. Filed Under: News Tagged With: air, assessment, base, cannon, environmental, latn, low, press, review, training. By Airman 1st Class Jette Carr: 27th SOW Public Affairs Clovis resident 11-year-old Armin Kronback Jr. Filed Under: Cannon Connections Tagged With: air, appreciates, cannon, clovis, disease, kronback, leukemia, operations, special, squadron. Stephanie Strine: 27th SOW Public Affairs The Clovis community will recognize Cannon Air Force Base’s airmen and families 11 a.m. Filed Under: Cannon Connections Tagged With: air, appreciation, base, can...
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*  Nick Cannon News, Memes, GIFs and Viral Video | Cambio
Nick Cannon News, Memes, GIFs and Viral Video. Cambio. Skip to main content. Cambio For Girls. #BUILTBYGIRLS. News. Sections. Beauty. Inspiration. Fashion. College. Tech. Movies. Music. TV. Photos. Videos. Popular. Viral Video. Cambio News. North West. One Direction. Kendall Jenner. Built By Girls. Viral. Justin Bieber. Selfies. Selena Gomez. Ed Sheeran. Kim Kardashian. Scott Disick. Fashion. Jennifer Lawrence. Kylie Jenner. Tech. Demi Lovato. Business. Khloe Kardashian. Celebs. Col. #BBG. Celebspiration. Nick Cannon. Email This. Nick Cannon Hospitalized, Shares Selfie from Hospital Bed. Mariah Carey and Nick Cannon Reunite for Easter With Their Kids. Report: Nick Cannon Is Dating Model Jessica White. Is Nick Cannon Playing Tupac Shakur in a New Movie. The 5 Most Shocking Celebrity Break-Ups of 2014. Nick Cannon Confirms Mariah Carey Split: "We'll Forever Be Family". Nick Cannon Covers Up His "Mariah" Back Tattoo. Here's How Much Mariah Carey Cared About Nick Cannon's Love-Filled Twitter Rant. Report: Nick Ca...
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*  Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future | Hoards Dairyman
Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Hoards Dairyman. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Department of Agriculture USDA Animal Research Service ARS, coupled with a massive database developed through the selfless cooperation from members of the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding CDCB. CDCB members include National Dairy Herd Information Association, National Association of Animal Breeders and Purebred Dairy Cattle Association. dairy producers that CDCB formed a Dairy Data Working Group DDWG. This group included 10 representatives from five different dairy segments breed associations, artificial insemination, dairy records providers, dairy records processing centers and university research who worked to evaluate the data demands of genomics and their effect on data flow for the CDCB member cooperator database. In May 2011, a CDCB Business Plan Working Group BPWG was appointed to develop a business plan for ...
http://hoards.com/IB_CDCB-USDA
*  Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future | Hoards Dairyman
Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Hoards Dairyman. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding is working for the future. Department of Agriculture USDA Animal Research Service ARS, coupled with a massive database developed through the selfless cooperation from members of the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding CDCB. CDCB members include National Dairy Herd Information Association, National Association of Animal Breeders and Purebred Dairy Cattle Association. dairy producers that CDCB formed a Dairy Data Working Group DDWG. This group included 10 representatives from five different dairy segments breed associations, artificial insemination, dairy records providers, dairy records processing centers and university research who worked to evaluate the data demands of genomics and their effect on data flow for the CDCB member cooperator database. In May 2011, a CDCB Business Plan Working Group BPWG was appointed to develop a business plan for ...
http://hoards.com/IB_CDCB-USDA?mini=calendar/2012-10
*  ARS | Publication request: Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound
Publication request: Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound and genomic indicators ARS : Research. International Programs. ARS National Programs. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Title: Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound and genomic indicators Authors. Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Publication Acceptance Date: October 29, 2009 Publication Date: November 6, 2009 Citation: Macneil, M.D., Nkrumah, J.D., Woodward, B.W., and Northcutt, S. Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound and genomic indicators. Journal of Animal Science. These results are being used by commercial providers of national and international genetic evaluations of beef cattle, companies that produce marker panels, seedstock producers, and ultimately commercial beef producers as they seek to better meet consumer expectations. Technical Abstract: Objectives were to estimate genetic ...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=238998
*  VP's Bee Breeding Program
... About VP. Breeding Program. VP's Bee Breeding Program. Artificial Insemination at VP. VSH Breeder Queens. Production Queens. VP's Bee. Breeding Program. Breeding Goals To produce queens resistant to Varroa and Tracheal mites that are hardy and robust; to select for high build-up potential, superior honey production, over-Wintering ability, and gentleness. To provide mite resistant and productive breeding stock to our customers; to help them to produce mite resistant bees. By testing their stocks and then using the most suitable in carefully planned crosses, we continue to have positive results for Varroa resistance, honey production and overall hardiness. Breeding Design Our breeding program incorporates many of the fundamentals of the classic closed population breeding design for honey bees Page-Laidlaw. Example: for Almond Pollination breeders, more emphasis is placed on brood production and feed efficiency; for honey producers who over-Winter colonies in the North, their breeders would be selected to ...
http://vpqueenbees.com/vp-breeding-program/vp-bee-breeding
*  Selective breeding, cloning and GM | Biotech Learning Hub
Selective breeding, cloning and GM. Biotech Learning Hub. Go to www.sciencelearn.org.nz Skip to page content. Login. Email:. Password:. Forgotten password. Register. Register. Glossary. Help. Search: Search within: Search this section. Advanced Search. Site navigation. Home. Focus Stories. Themes. Thinking Tools. News and Events. NZ Biotech. My Biotech. Easy care sheep In this Story. Information sheets. Easy care sheep traits. Breeding easy care sheep. New Zealand sheep farming: changing influences. The need for easy care sheep. Finding easy care sheep traits. . Teaching Ideas Unit plans Ethics in sheep breeding. Worksheets Student activity: Easy care sheep traits – three-level reading guide. Student activity: Selective sheep breeding noisy round robin and PMI. Multimedia Galleries Images. Video Clips. Other resources Easy care sheep: useful links. My Biotech Login. Email. Password. Register Forgotten password. Help. You are here:. Home. Focus Stories. Easy care sheep. Video Clips. Selective breeding, cloning...
http://biotechlearn.org.nz/focus_stories/easy_care_sheep/video_clips/selective_breeding_cloning_and_gm
*  MSc Scholarships in Animal Breeding and Genetics
... Graduate Scholarships » International Scholarships » International Students Scholarships. MSc Scholarships in Animal Breeding and Genetics: EU-funded MSc Scholarships in Animal Breeding and Genetics are available for third country nationals participating in the Masters Course. The European Master in Animal Breeding and Genetics course EM-ABG is open to well motivated students who have completed BSc or equivalent degree in Animal Science or related fields and good knowledge in English. EM-ABG aims at building capacities in the fields of animal breeding and genomics to meet the following challenges in developed and developing countries: increase of livestock and fish production, while preserving the quality of the products and the welfare of animals; preservation of natural resources, especially biodiversity, which become scarcer and scarcer; development of sustainable animal breeding programmes that contribute to improved livelihood of farmers and efficient food chains; development of sustainable breeding...
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*  Dex :: Weavile :: PKMN.NET
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*  Urban Dictionary: cannon
... Vote Favorites Store. English. Dutch. English. A version of cannons, also large breasts, fat tits, a big rack, bodacious ta-tas, you get my drift... Random Word. 20 Words related to cannon. cannons. penis. tits. sex. ass. breasts. cannonball. pistol. cannon. meaning that it is 'of the story' or something that could/did ACTUALLY happen in a story, used by fans and fanfictioners. Izzi: Gosh, Marrie, you really like the Harry and Ginny pairing for Harry Potter ... Marrie: Yeah, but it's totally cannon. McGee and Abby are such a cute couple. Jen: I know, Abby totally kissed McGee's head!. by Guy McCracken April 27, 2009. 2 cannon. In Philadelphia this term is used to describe a violent or reckless person. That youngan is a cannon. December 23, 2006. 3 cannon. Possibly: a a cigar because one end burns like the fuse on a cannon b a blunt cigar filled with weed because after you smoke it you're head is going to explode. c any form of firework d a penis, cause after you suck it, it explodes i...
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*  Gourami Information: Types, Care and Breeding | All Aquarium Info - Where to buy Garra Rufa, Doctor
Gourami Information: Types, Care and Breeding. Gourami Information: Types, Care and Breeding. Posted in: gourami breeding, gourami care, gourami dwarf, gourami information, gourami tankmates, gourami types. Types of Gouramis. breeding garra rufa. tiger fish care. Tropical Fish Compatibility Chart Breeding Show Quality Guppies How To Breed Bettas / Siamese Fighting Fish How To Set Up A Tropical Fish Tank Livebearer Types and Information Common Fish Keeping Myths Rescue Solutions for Fish Emergency Freshwater Fish Diseases and Treatment Caring For Fish Fry: Feeding, and Survival Pictures Of Goldfish Varieties Breeding Aquarium Fish: Tips/ Tanks and Fry How To Set Up A ColdWater / Goldfish Tank What To Do With Injured Fish Including Causes How To Clean and Maintain Your Fish Tank How Many Fish Will My Aquarium Hold. Angelfish Care, Tankmates, and Breeding Arowana Dragonfish Feeding and Breeding Barb Care, Types and Breeding Catfish Care and Types Cichlid Types and Breeding Corydoras Care, Feeding, and Breeding D...
http://allaquariuminfo.com/2011/11/gourami-information-types-care-and.html
*  Great White Dragon Review | Dragon City Breeding Guide
Dragon City Breeding Guide. Dragon City Breeding Guide. Dragon City Breeds A breeding guide for the dragons from Dragon City. Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds So now, im gonna show you the formula for the dragons from the monstrous collection First we g... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds Today im gonna show you the Breeding Formula for the dragons from the Legendary Collection&qu... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds Today im gonna show you the Breeding Formula for the dragons from the Heavy Metal Collection&q... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds Today im gonna do a review for the Great White Dragon You can get this dragon by breeding Terra a... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds Today im gonna show you the Breeding Formula for the dragons from the Bizarre Collection"... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds Im back, today im gonna show you the formula for the dragons from the Scary Collection ... Hey guys welcome to Dragon City Breeds So today im gonna show you the breeding for...
http://dragoncitybreeds.blogspot.com/2013/05/great-white-dragon-review.html
*  Man Hub ™ - Free Gay breeding Movies
Man Hub - Free Gay breeding Movies. Manhub the new gay tube. Search. Upload. Create Account. Sign in. Home. Videos. Categories. Tags. Photos. Premium HD. Premium LIVE Cams 56. Find Local Guys. Go Premium. breeding videos. About 2256 results. 04:04. Breeding a Cute Punk Rocker After Oral Sex. by pornprom on Jul 11, 2012. 14,758 views and 12 likes. 05:43. Three cute guys BREEDING in front of cam. by Hammerboys on Jul 10, 2012. 27,637 views and 9 likes. 13:14. 18 year old friends breeding in bedroom. by erosslive on Aug 15, 2012. 54,606 views and 79 likes. 05:42. 18 y/o guys breeding and cumming everywhere. by JackBlack on Oct 10, 2012. 85,983 views and 62 likes. 15:21. Breeding Butt Holes and Planting Seed. by Wandan on Oct 20, 2012. 936,225 views and 219 likes. An Amateur Pakistani Couple Breeding on Cam. by zuroali88 on Nov 01, 2012. 70,205 views and 34 likes. Bareback Latino Men Breeding in Bedroom. by rawpapi on Nov 27, 2012. 16,234 views and 8 likes. Unbelievably Charming Latin Beauties Breeding. by eugene...
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*  Create a forum Berzerk Breeding
... forum otion.com. Home. Search : berzerk breeding. Selection of forum otion.com forums for : berzerk breeding. Discover a selection of top forums berzerk breeding on the internet. Come to share your passion on forums berzerk breeding and meet other fans of berzerk breeding. Then, why don't you create your own forum of berzerk breeding. BreederZOO support forum. Find help and support for managing your BreederZOO Pro or Server Dog breeding software database. breederzoo, support, help. Circle Rockin J Reptiles Sale and Info. This forum was created to answer questions about reptiles...breeding, care, housing and SALES. We are currently breeding Leopard Geckos and Jackson Chameleons. This forum is administered by numerous f. circle, rockin, reptiles, sale, info, this, forum, created, answer, questions, about, #breeding, care, housing, sales., currently, leopard, geckos. Moon-Wolves. This forum is for people who want to come together and make Moon-wolves possible. moon-wolves, wowlf, howrse, forum, wolves, wolf...
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*  Jobs at Cannon Hygiene | JobHits.co.uk
Jobs at Cannon Hygiene. JobHits.co.uk. Search Jobs Browse Jobs About Us Saved Jobs. Post your CV Job Search Engine - JobHits UK Keywords: Job Title or Skills. Location: City or County optional. Search tips. Jobs at Cannon Hygiene. Jobs 1 to 10 of 20 0.066 seconds. Show Filters. Get email alerts with latest jobs for Jobs at Cannon Hygiene. Email new jobs to. Everyday. Twice a week. Once a week. You can cancel email alerts at anytime. Sort by: relevance - date. Cleaning Operative Cannon Hygiene - Inverness UK. Service Centre Cleaner Cannon Hygiene provides a range of services designed to support business and facilities with washroom supplies, equipment and services. T From JobCentre Plus - 7 months ago - save this job -. more... Job Summary: Cleaning Operative job in Perth at Cannon Hygiene. Related searches. Jobs at Cannon Hygiene. Cleaning Operative jobs in Perth View all: Cleaning Operative jobs. Jobs at Perth. Driver Cannon Hygiene - Batley UK. Hygiene Technician Cannon Hygiene provides a range of services ...
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*  Urban Dictionary: cannon
2 cannon. In Philadelphia this term is used to describe a violent or reckless person. That youngan is a cannon. cannons. sex. ass. cannonball. pistol. cannon. meaning that it is 'of the story' or something that could/did ACTUALLY happen in a story, used by fans and fanfictioners. Izzi: Gosh, Marrie, you really like the Harry and Ginny pairing for Harry Potter ... Marrie: Yeah, but it's totally cannon. McGee and Abby are such a cute couple. Dan: And it's cannon, have you seen the latest NCIS episode. 3 cannon. Possibly: a a cigar because one end burns like the fuse on a cannon b a blunt cigar filled with weed because after you smoke it you're head is going to explode. c any form of firework d a penis, cause after you suck it, it explodes in your face e a person, because they could blow you to bits in some way pwn you f the muscles usually arm of a person, because cannons are just bigger guns g a firearm, preferablly the one you use to kill the person using this ambigous word in front of you...
http://bn.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=cannon&defid=2161100
*  Urban Dictionary: cannon
cannon. meaning that it is 'of the story' or something that could/did ACTUALLY happen in a story, used by fans and fanfictioners. Izzi: Gosh, Marrie, you really like the Harry and Ginny pairing for Harry Potter ... Marrie: Yeah, but it's totally cannon. Dan: And it's cannon, have you seen the latest NCIS episode. cannons. sex. ass. cannonball. 2 cannon. In Philadelphia this term is used to describe a violent or reckless person. That youngan is a cannon. 3 cannon. Possibly: a a cigar because one end burns like the fuse on a cannon b a blunt cigar filled with weed because after you smoke it you're head is going to explode. c any form of firework d a penis, cause after you suck it, it explodes in your face e a person, because they could blow you to bits in some way pwn you f the muscles usually arm of a person, because cannons are just bigger guns g a firearm, preferablly the one you use to kill the person using this ambigous word in front of you. Don't use this word, people will have no ...
http://sv.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=cannon
*  Breeding program
... a breeding program is the planned breeding of a group of animal s or plant s usually involving at least several individuals and extending over several generation s there are a couple of breeding methods such as artificial which is man made and natural it occurs on its own which is very rare according to the dutch state secretary of economic affairs the delivery of young animals is important for the natural behavior of the mother the herd and is desirable from a veterinary perspective breeding programs are commonly employed in several fields where humans wish to change the characteristics of their animals offspring through careful selection of breeding partners dog and cat fanciers may coordinate a breeding program to raise the probability of an animal s litter producing a championship caliber animal horse breeders try to produce fast racehorse s through breeding programs conservationists use breeding programs to try to help the recovery of endangered species by preserving the existing gene pool and preve...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breeding_program
*  POINTING LAB PUPS*** REPEAT BREEDING*** - Ad #68191
... POINTING LAB PUPS*** REPEAT BREEDING***. Hunting Dog Supplies. Dogtra. Dog Collars Dog Training Collars. Leather Dog Collars. Electronic Collars. Bird Launchers. Training Bumpers Dokken Dead Fowl Trainers. Dog Training Kits. Training Supplies Dog Whistles. Dog Vests. Bird Supplies. Dog Supplies. Dog Crates Plastic Dog Crates. Wire Dog Crates. Metal Dog Crates. Hearing Protection Electronic Hearing Protection. Shooting Supplies Shooting Glasses. Shooting Vests. Shooting Jackets. Shooting Bags. Shooting Accessories. Goose Hunting Equipment Goose Calls. Goose Hunting Blinds. Books & DVD's Hunting Dog Training Books. Hunting Dog Training DVD's. Hunting Dog Training Videos. Featured Areas We offer hundreds of articles and videos on how to training your hunting dog for the upcoming season. Hunting Dog Training. Retriever Training. Pointing Dog Training. Hunting Dog Articles. Hunting Dog Videos. Bird Hunting. Upland Bird Hunting. Hunting Dogs For Sale. Videos. Advertising. Advertising on GundogsOnline.com. Manu...
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*  D M Collins
Publications New tuberculosis vaccines based on attenuated strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex D M Collins AgResearch, Wallaceville Animal Research Centre, Upper Hutt, New Zealand Immunol Cell Biol 78:342-8. 2000 In search of tuberculosis virulence genes D M Collins AgResearch, Wallaceville Animal Research Centre, Upper Hutt, New Zealand Trends Microbiol 4:426-30. 2002 Antisense RNA to ahpC, an oxidative stress defence gene involved in isoniazid resistance, indicates that AhpC of Mycobacterium bovis has virulence properties T Wilson Wallaceville Animal Research Centre, Upper Hutt, New Zealand Microbiology 144:2687-95. 1998 The efficacy of live tuberculosis vaccines after presensitization with Mycobacterium avium G W de Lisle AgResearch, Wallaceville Animal Research Centre, PO Box 40 063, Upper Hutt, New Zealand Tuberculosis Edinb 85:73-9. In search of tuberculosis virulence genes D M Collins AgResearch, Wallaceville Animal Research Centre, Upper Hutt, New Zealand Trends Microbiol 4:426-30. Antis...
http://labome.org/expert/new/ruakura/collins/d-m-collins-730889.html
*  Reproduction Cannons For Sale, free PDF download
... PDF Search Engine. PDF Search. Reproduction Cannons For Sale RBG Cannons The Admiral Nelson Signaling Cannon … this cannon is an exact reproduction of the personal saluting cannons presented by Admiral Nelson to his new captains when they assumed command of their ships. www.rbgcannons.com admiral, cannon, nelson, captains, assumed. Propane Cannons Propane Cannons I spoke today with C. Frensch, Ltd., Post Office Box 476, 4774 Hinan Drive, Beamsville, Ontario, Canada L0R 1B0, a company which manufactures Propane Cannons of which there only appear to be one or two. raceadmin.ussailing.org propane, cannons, canada, ontario, manufactures. customer needs the very best and most authentic reproduc-when a customer needs the very best and most authentic reproduc-when a customer needs the very best and most authentic reproduc-when a customer needs the very best and most authentic reproduction of a Civil War Field Cannon, Steen Cannons ... www.steencannons.com authentic, needs, customer, reproduc, steen. 4 Rank afte...
http://printfu.org/reproduction cannons for sale
*  .. Category Archives: ASPCA .. Article paints a picture of reality for bad breeding practices .. P
Category Archives: ASPCA. Post navigation ← Older posts. Article paints a picture of reality for bad breeding practices Posted on. February 11, 2015. by. jtgrady. 15 We’re seeing a positive trend in the spreading of information about breeding practices and how they are impacting the health and welfare of dogs. The latest entry is from Sara Boboltz of the Huffington Post. It is well worth the read. She goes into everything from line breeding inbreeding to the horrible breeding that has deformed the English Bulldog, leading to the risk of breathing problems. And Boboltz these dogs can’t swim and the puppies have to be delivered by delivered by cesarian section. Dr. Louise Murray, vice president of the ASPCA Animal Hospital, is quoted as saying the dog breeds we see today are “human constructs,” meaning they are on the unnatural side. I’ve called it forced evolution. Check out the article and the comment section. PACK MENTALITY BLOG: Compassion - teamed with Science and Logic Share this:. Share. Email Facebook P...
http://tomgradyonline.com/wordpress/category/aspca/
*  Biological Ramblings: Cannon Netting*
... skip to main. skip to sidebar. Wednesday, July 21, 2010. Cannon Netting*. One of the only ways to catch large numbers of shorebirds away from the breeding grounds is to use cannon nets. Cannon nets are exactly what they sound like. They are nets that are propelled by small cannons. While I was in Chile, I learned the basics of cannon netting, and in the process, realized that it is difficult, and whether or not a firing is successful depends a lot on luck. Cannon netting requires a bit of reconnaissance work, namely to figure out where the high tide roost sites for the target birds are. Once that key piece of information is acquired, the team can then proceed to set the net up the next day. Now, because birds are caught on their roost site, it is necessary to set the net up well before high tide, which often means setting it up at low tide, when the birds are dispersed, so that we have enough time to hide before birds are considering roosting. Step 1: So, the first step of cannon netting is to set the ne...
http://slybird.blogspot.com/2010/07/cannon-netting.html
*  MH sired Chocolates Repeat breeding - Ad #30988
... MH sired Chocolates Repeat breeding. Hunting Dog Supplies. Dogtra. Dog Collars Dog Training Collars. Dog Tracking Collars. Beeper Collars. Leather Dog Collars. Bird Launchers. Training Bumpers Dokken Dead Fowl Trainers. Training Supplies Dog Whistles. Dog Vests. Bird Supplies. Dog Supplies. Dog Grooming Supplies. Dog Crates Plastic Dog Crates. Wire Dog Crates. Metal Dog Crates. Hearing Protection Electronic Hearing Protection. Shooting Supplies Shooting Glasses. Shooting Vests. Goose Hunting Equipment Goose Calls. Goose Decoys. Goose Hunting Blinds. Books & DVD's Hunting Dog Training Books. Hunting Dog Training DVD's. Hunting Dog Training Videos. Featured Areas We offer hundreds of articles and videos on how to training your hunting dog for the upcoming season. Hunting Dog Training. Hunting Dog Articles. Hunting Dog Videos. Bird Hunting. Upland Bird Hunting. Hunting Dogs For Sale. Videos. Advertising. Advertising on GundogsOnline.com. Manufacturers, Guides / Outfitters We offer businesses a chance to adv...
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*  Selective breeding
2 History Animal breeding Plant breeding Selective breeding in aquaculture Quality traits in aquaculture. Shellfish response to selection. Image:Three generations of West Highland Terrier.JPG Animals with homogeneous appearance, behavior, and other characteristics are known as particular breeds, and they are bred through culling animals with particular traits and selecting for further breeding those with other traits. Plant breeding. Plant breeding. Selective breeding in aquaculture. Selective breeding in aquaculture holds high potential for the genetic improvement of fish and shellfish. This was evident in selective breeding programs for growth rate, which resulted in slow growth and high mortality. Quality traits in aquaculture. Aquaculture species are reared for particular traits such as growth rate, survival rate, meat quality, resistance to diseases, age at sexual maturation, fecundity, shell traits like shell size, shell colour, etc. Selected fish had a twice better growth rate, a 40% higher feed intake...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_breeding
*  Irish Cannon Gets Ready4War with Get Diesel! - AnabolicMinds.com
Irish Cannon Gets Ready4War with Get Diesel. Nutrition News. Forum. Nutrition Forum. Main Forum. Nutrition Forum. Forum. Irish Cannon Gets Ready4War with Get Diesel. Irish Cannon Gets Ready4War with Get Diesel. 02-01-2008, 06:42 PM. Irish Cannon. Irish Cannon Gets Ready4War with Get Diesel. First off, I wanted to say thank you to Chuck Diesel at Get Diesel for letting me test out the new R4W. I recieved my samples of the new formula of Ready 4 War by Get Diesel, today. I had a hard time getting down my post workout meal, but I'm still not sure if R4W was the culprit in that. Better than any other pre-workout product I have tried. 02-01-2008, 07:46 PM. Chuck Diesel. GET DIESEL NUTRITION. GETDIESEL.COM CLICK HERE FOR THE HARDEST TEST BOOSTER ON EARTH: DTP V2. Like us on Facebook: GET DIESEL Facebook Page. Irish Cannon. Originally Posted by Chuck Diesel. I've gotten pretty used to yohimbene over time. Chuck Diesel. it could be because u don't normally take pre-workout products. I might pm you to do more research...
http://anabolicminds.com/forum/supplement-reviews-logs/85027-irish-cannon-gets-post1196089.html
*  Urban Dictionary: cannon
... słownik A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z # najnowsze. gra ulubione Store. Cart. Polish. Arabic. Azerbaijani. Bengali. Bulgarian. Chinese. Czech. Danish. Dutch. English. Filipino. French. German. Greek. Hebrew. Hungarian. Indonesian. Italian. Japanese. Korean. Norwegian. Polish. Portuguese. Romanian. Russian. Serbian. Spanish. Swedish. Thai. Turkish. Ukrainian. Vietnamese. Help translate. 15. cannons. a person whose guns have outgrown the word 'gun', and become known as cannons. andy: get a load of the guns on mr d steve: those arent guns, those are fkn CANNONS. dodane przez holmesinho styczeń 22, 2007. 19 12. 16. Cannon. To Cannon or the practice of Cannoning is associated with the specific and highly regarded skill of hitting or cannoning a ball, while running at full speed. The ball would preferably be moving at a rate of knots at the time, however in exceptional cases Alex, free kick, Chelsea vs Liverpool a static ball is allowed. The Cannon is a underused art in most profes...
http://pl.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=cannon&page=3
*  Urban Dictionary: cannon
... 词典 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z # 最新. 游戏 最爱 Store. Cart. Chinese. Arabic. Azerbaijani. Bengali. Bulgarian. Chinese. Czech. Danish. Dutch. English. Filipino. French. German. Greek. Hebrew. Hungarian. Indonesian. Italian. Japanese. Korean. Norwegian. Polish. Portuguese. Romanian. Russian. Serbian. Spanish. Swedish. Thai. Turkish. Ukrainian. Vietnamese. Help translate. Top Definition. cannon. meaning that it is 'of the story' or something that could/did ACTUALLY happen in a story, used by fans and fanfictioners. Izzi: Gosh, Marrie, you really like the Harry and Ginny pairing for Harry Potter ... Marrie: Yeah, but it's totally cannon. Izzi: I know, I read the seventh book Jen: OMG. McGee and Abby are such a cute couple. Dan: And it's cannon, have you seen the latest NCIS episode. Jen: I know, Abby totally kissed McGee's head!. 作者 Guy McCracken 2009年4月27日. 451 183. Add your own. 随机词条. 20 Words related to cannon. cannons. gun. penis. tits. boobs. canon. sex. ass. dick...
http://zh.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=cannon
*  Urban Dictionary: fart cannon
... 7 fart cannon. a very large exhaust pipe attached to a car that was built for a much smaller pipe, named because of the sound it makes, which is similar to when you fart through a very hight quality microphone used by chavs uk and ricers us. me: take off that freaking fart cannon its gonna wake up the entire street. 20 Words related to fart cannon. fart. fart can. fart pipe. pussy tubes. fart cannon. An enlarged exhaust pipe that people sometimes add to their cars. The result is a fart -like sound from the engine. Some fart cans are just for show -- they only make noise, and don't make the car any faster. 2 fart cannon. A disproportionately large muffler or exhaust pipe, mounted on an automobile with a small displacement engine. Named for the flatulence like sound the vehicle's exhaust makes. A six inch fart cannon attached to a 1 inch tailpipe. 3 fart cannon. a large N-1 style muffler usually attached to import cars. manufacturers usually claim it adds power to cars, however it may adversely aff...
http://fr.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=fart cannon&defid=3124371
*  Establishment and development of a seabird colony : long-term trends in phenology, breeding success,
... recruitment, breeding density and demography - DRO. Contact DRO. Establishment and development of a seabird colony : long-term trends in phenology, breeding success, recruitment, breeding density and demography Pyk, T. I 2012, Establishment and development of a seabird colony : long-term trends in phenology, breeding success, recruitment, breeding density and demography , Journal of ornithology , vol. Establishment and development of a seabird colony : long-term trends in phenology, breeding success, recruitment, breeding density and demography. Journal of ornithology. Australasian Gannet breeding success demography phenology recruitment seabird colony. Few studies document long-term colony-level metrics from colony establishment to maturity equilibrium and few test predictions of general models of colony development. We describe long-term trends in a colony of Australasian Gannets Morus serrator which has been monitored from an early stage in its development. At least 184 14 % of fledged offspring retur...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30049598
*  Competition Stats - FOX SPORTS PULSE
... Support Passport. Support Sign out. Oakleigh Cannons. Club Home. Fixtures. Results. Ladders. Team Stats. Season Fixture. Players. FFV - Metropolitan. Men's Victorian Premier League. Oakleigh Cannons FC. Oakleigh Cannons. Statistics for Oakleigh Cannons playing in Men's Victorian Premier League Under 21s. Player Name Team Name. Statistics for Oakleigh Cannons playing in Men's Victorian Premier League Under 21s. Player Name Team Name. Statistics for Oakleigh Cannons playing in Men's Victorian Premier League. Player Name Team Name M Last GOALS RC YC. Alexander Connell. Oakleigh Cannons. 9 2013-09-22. Alexander Smith. Oakleigh Cannons. 12. 2013-08-30. 1 Andrew Mullett. Oakleigh Cannons. 9 2013-09-22. Aristidis Drakos. Oakleigh Cannons. 12. 2013-07-12. 1 Casper Andersen. Oakleigh Cannons. 18. 2013-09-22. 1 4 Damir Prodanovic. Oakleigh Cannons. 5 2013-08-25. Daniel Dols. Oakleigh Cannons. 1 2013-09-22. Dusan Bosnjak. Oakleigh Cannons. 20. 2013-09-22. 13. 1 Edmon Benjamin. Oakleigh Cannons. 1 2013-04-07. Ethan ...
http://foxsportspulse.com/team_info.cgi?c=1-8746-124330-244225-16640098&a=STATS
*  Prepuberal Heifers as Oocyte Donors in Cattle Breeding Programs | SBIR.gov
Prepuberal Heifers as Oocyte Donors in Cattle Breeding Programs. SBIR.gov. Skip to main content. Toggle navigation. Search form. Login. Email Subscription. Share. Contact. Search. sba. Home About. SBIR. The SBIR Program SBIR Mission and Program Goals SBIR Participation Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business SBIR Policy Directive SBIR/STTR Inter-agency Policy Committee: Fueling Small Business Innovation Reports Annual Report Transmittal Letters STTR. The STTR Program STTR Mission and Program Goals STTR Participating Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business STTR Policy Directive Tibbetts Awards and Hall of Fame. Recognizing Excellence SBIR Hall of Fame Tibbetts Awards Roland Tibbetts SBIR Tibbetts Award Eligibility Selection Process Recent Awards Award Ceremonies FAST Partnership Program. Purpose Guidelines FAST Partnership Awards Program Announcements Congressional History Leadership. Javier Saade John Williams Birth History of SBIR Program Fundin...
https://sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/336930
*  Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding Charts New Course for the Future | Hoards Dairyman
Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding Charts New Course for the Future. Hoards Dairyman. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding Charts New Course for the Future. Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding Charts New Course for the Future. dairy industry, CDCB’s plan will uphold the U.S. Meeting discussions centered on the proposed Business Plan and Cooperative Agreement, which had previously been available to the industry for comment. The proposed Business Plan and industry comments were presented to CDCB for discussion. The Council’s directors authorized Chair Ole Meland to work with USDA-ARS on the final version and sign the Cooperative Agreement as ARS has indicated they are intending to do before the end of December 2012. CDCB also considered proposed changes to the organization’s bylaws, which will enable CDCB to move forward on the new course. Each sector association will have three voting directors and allied industry may have up to two non-voting directors. A mechanism for allied industry to move to voting status will be ...
http://hoards.com/IB_CDCB-business-plan?mini=calendar%2F2014-03
*  Drought increases importance of selection decisions | Hoards Dairyman
Drought increases importance of selection decisions. Hoards Dairyman. Skip to Navigation. Drought increases importance of selection decisions. Drought increases importance of selection decisions. High feed costs make every animal count. This summer’s extensive drought has left feed supplies tight and costs high — making efficient management of herd inventory more important than ever for beef and dairy producers. One way producers can identify the cattle in their herd with the greatest short- and long-term profit potential is through the use of genomics. Investing in genetically superior animals, selecting for economically relevant traits and not investing valuable resources in cattle that don’t possess the genetic capacity to contribute to herd profitability are all important steps to help manage feed costs and assure genetic progress for future profitability. “Producers who can find solutions to the current short forage and grain supply and increasing feed costs will be the ones who prosper in the future,” s...
http://hoards.com/IB_Pfizer-drought-genomics?mini=calendar/2013-08
*  Dog genome researchers track paw prints of selective breeding -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Dog genome researchers track paw prints of selective breeding. Date: January 19, 2010 Source: University of Washington Summary: Researchers gave identified 155 regions on the dog genome that appear to have been influenced by selective breeding. Researchers have identified 155 regions on the canine genome that appear to have been influenced by selective breeding. "This research has shown that artificial selection in dogs has acted on many of the same genes as natural selection in humans, and that many of these genes are regulators of gene activity," said Dr. The researchers also said that a better understanding of artificial selection in dogs may reveal the molecular mechanisms of rapid, short-term evolution. "Dog genome researchers track paw prints of selective breeding." ScienceDaily. Dog genome researchers track paw prints of selective breeding. "Dog genome researchers track paw prints of selective breeding." ScienceDaily. RELATED TOPICS. Dogs Evolutionary Biol...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100113172357.htm
*  How to Make Vortex Cannons
... Login. Login. Sign Up. How to Make Vortex Cannons by Kipkay. Intro: How to Make Vortex Cannons Here are two Instructables in one. Shoot rings of smoke across a room with the Tub Thumping Cannon and the Barking Tube Cannon. You will need a fog machine to generate the rings for both of these projects. 2 Step 2: Build it... 1 Using the box cutter, cut out a 6" hole in the bottom of the trash can. You should get a nice ring of smoke that shoots across ... 4 Step 4: The Barking Tube Cannon This Vortex Cannon uses sound waves to generate the smoke rings. 5 Step 5: Build it 1. Here are two Instructables in one. Shoot rings of smoke across a room with the Tub Thumping Cannon and the Barking Tube Cannon. Step 1: Tub Thumping Cannon. You will need a fog machine to generate the rings for both of these projects. put a small speaker in bottom of coke can - add flour to coke can - speaker vibration will cause flour to disburse and then cannon will fire it out - if you pot a candle in front of cannon, the cannon will n...
http://instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Vortex-Cannons/
*  Herefords Australia | Performance Cattle | Superior Beef > Home
Herefords Australia. Herefords Australia Board. Progeny Test Project. First Cohort Sire List. Second Cohort Sire List. Third Cohort Sire List. Fourth Cohort Sire List. EU Beef Market. 07.01.2016 Herefords Australia National Youth Heifer Show - Hosted by Herefords Northern NSW Youth. 27.01.2016 Glenellerslie Hereford Poll Hereford Stud Field Day Beef Week. 28.01.2016 Centennial Herefords Beef Week Field Day. 30.01.2016 Glendan Park Herefords Beef Week Field Day. 01.02.2016 Warringa Herefords Beef Week Field Day. 03.02.2016 Melville Park Herefords Melville Poll Herefords Beef Week Field Day. 09.02.2016 Morganvale Herefords Beef Week Field Day. Cross Breeding A Hereford bull over Angus cows produces the coveted Black Baldie, one of the most superior cross bred beef animals on the market. Progeny Test Project The Herefords Australia Progeny Test Project is a large scale sire progeny testing project for Hereford cattle. The Progeny Test Project is conducted by Herefords Australia with funding assistance from the M...
http://herefordsaustralia.com.au/
*  Plant Breeding and Genetics, PBG - NAFA
... Joint FAO/IAEA Programme - NAFA. Plant Breeding. Insect Pest Control. Mutation Breeding. Plant Breeding and Genetics. The Plant Breeding and Genetics Section assists FAO and IAEA Member States in the implementation of innovative and effective plant breeding programmes using radiation induced mutation, mutation detection and pre-breeding technologies. This is done through research and development R&D, capacity development, policy advice, technology transfer and technical support and assistance via Coordinated Research Projects CRPs and Technical Cooperation Projects TCPs. The wide use of mutation induction for crop improvement is documented in the FAO/IAEA Mutant Variety Database, which includes more than 3200 officially released mutant varieties from 214 different plant species in more than 60 countries throughout the world. The released sorghum mutant varieties have a big potential to increase marginal land productivity, improve soil fertility, stimulate sustainable agriculture development, promote econ...
http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/pbg/index.html
*  Online Reports Username and Password. Irish Cattle Breeding Federation (ICBF)
Online Reports Username and Password. Irish Cattle Breeding Federation ICBF. You are looking at the old ICBF web site You will now be redirected to the correct site. Alternatively, go to http://www.icbf.com. Irish Cattle Breeding Federation. Striving to achieve the greatest possible genetic improvement in the national cattle herd for the benefit of Irish farmers, the dairy and beef industries and members. Learn more about ICBF. Home. Services. News Publications. About ICBF. Username and Password Herd owners: Your username is your Herd Designator IE number and your password is a 6 digit number. This password is provided with most ICBF mailings. e.g. Milk Recording, EBI etc. If you cannot find your password or have any other problems, please Email Support. You can also text the word PASS to 51101 to receive your password. NOTE: Your mobile number needs to be stored on our database for this system to work. By using this site, you have agreed to accept ICBF's Terms and Conditions Irish Cattle Breeding Federation ...
http://icbf.ie/namepassword.php
*  2005 Beef Improvement Federation Annual Meeting : Symposium Papers
... Cow Herd Efficiency Committee Discussion in this committee meeting focuses on high altitude disease, evaluation of adaptability, and the role of cow efficiency in beef production. Moderator: Mark Enns, Colorado State University Click here for proceedings. Genetic Prediction Committee Across-breed EPD updates, feed efficiency EPDs, genetic evaluation of embryo transfer ET animals, and using DNA parentage testing in genetic evaluation are topics of discussion in this committee. Feed Efficiency EPD Proceeding Paper Across-breed EPD updates Proceeding Paper. Making the Web Equal Profit: Surfing for Genetics Dorian Garrick and Mark Enns, both of Colorado State University, explore the current and future role of the Internet in sire selection. The Total Package, An Example from the Dairy Industry: The Net Merit Index Paul VanRaden, USDA-ARS, reviews the Net Merit Index used by dairy producers. Multi-Breed Evaluation: Progress and Potential John Pollak, Cornell University, discusses the models for multiple breed...
http://bifconference.com/bif2005/symposiumpapers.html
*  2012 Miss American Angus Crowned | BEEF Magazine [primary-term] press release archives
2012 Miss American Angus Crowned. BEEF Magazine press release archives. . ' } //-->. About Us Contact Us Digital Editions Subscribe Advertise RSS Briefing Room. Skip to Navigation Skip to Content BEEF Magazine. Search:. Register Log In. Display name or email address: *. Password: *. Remember me. Forgot Your Password. close. Beef Quality. Cattle Handling Animal Welfare Beef Quality Marketing/Product Promotion Beef Demand. Business. Estate Planning Industry Structure Management Pasture/Land Values People Products Disaster. Sectors. Seedstock Cow-Calf Stocker/Backgrounders Feedlots Processors Retail Foreign Trade Allied Industry. Health. Calving Weaning Vaccination Parasites Biosecurity BEEF Vet. Markets. Cattle Prices Grain Prices Marketing. Pasture Range. Grazing Systems Pasture Health. Government. Regulation Environment Ethanol. Nutrition. Feeding Systems Supplements Feed. Genetics. Breeding Systems Selection Tools. Advertisement. Home > 2012 Miss American Angus Crowned 2012 Miss American Angus Crowned No...
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*  OCZ Achieves Performance Record Live At Computex - HardwareZone.com
... Malaysia. Global. News. Corporate News. SME News Product Guide. Apps and Software. AV Peripherals and Systems ▶. AV Systems. Casings and Coolers ▶. Casings. Coolers. Desktop Systems. Digital Cameras. Graphics Cards. Input Devices. Mobile Phones. Monitors. Motherboard. Networking. Notebooks. Power Supply Units. Printers ▶. Inkjet Printers. Laser Printers. Storage ▶. External Storage. Hard Disk Drives. Optical Drives. Solid State Drives. Tablets. Televisions. Wearables HWZ TV. Articles. Tech Guides Reviews. Blogs. News. SME News. News. OCZ Achieves Performance Record Live At Computex. OCZ Achieves Performance Record Live At Computex. New OCZ Z-Drive R4 PCIe SSD in Single Platform Server by Colfax International Maximizes Storage Performance on Current and Next Generation 4K Based File Systems. TAIPEI, Taiwan - OCZ announces the company has set a new benchmark of 1 million 4K write IOPS with a Z-Drive R4 equipped 3U Colfax International Server based on a Supermicro platform, which...
http://hardwarezone.com/tech-news-ocz-achieves-performance-record-live-computex
*  Breeding in Biological News
Home Biology Medicine Technology Products News Definition Dictionary Movies Links Tags Search RSS Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary Breeding in Biological News Mary had a lot of lambs: Researchers identify way to accelerate sheep breeding ... validated the gene's relationship with aseasonal breeding by observing that trait in the flock. The ... may be an accurate indicator for the phenotype of breeding out of season, though it's uncertain whether the ... the gene's ability to indicate for aseasonal breeding each time the allele is bred into a new sheep ... Biologists rediscover endangered frog population ... along with the San Diego Zoo's first successful breeding of the frog in captivity, and successful efforts ... scientists have had great difficulty breeding frogs in captivity," said Jeff Lemm, an animal ... The one frog to mature is thriving. The...
http://bio-medicine.org/q-more/biology-news/Breeding/
*  breeding dogs - Lulu.com
... Cart. Search Results: 'breeding dogs'. 5 stars 4 stars or better 3 stars or better 2 stars or better 1 star or better. 589 results for "breeding dogs". More Detail. Breeding dogs is something that requires a lot of hard work, and something that requires a lifetime commitment on your part. Therefore, if you are going to be breeding dogs, there should be some major aspects of your life that revolve around dogs. CROATIAN DOG BREEDS - Standards- ISTRIAN SHORT-HAIRED SCENT HOUND ISTRIAN WIRE-HAIRED SCENT HOUND SCENT HOUND FROM THE SAVE VALLEY BOSNIAN AND HERZEGOVINIAN CROATIAN SHEPHERD DOG - ... CROATIAN DOG BREEDS - Standards- ISTRIAN SHORT-HAIRED SCENT HOUND ISTRIAN WIRE-HAIRED SCENT HOUND SCENT HOUND FROM THE SAVE VALLEY BOSNIAN AND HERZEGOVINIAN CROATIAN SHEPHERD DOG - ... who love dogs and love breeding them can make a living out of their passion. This book covers several aspects of dog breeding such as: - Different Dog Breeding Methods - Placing Pups In Their New Homes - A Challenging Venture - Caring F...
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*  Considering Breeding Next Year
... Horse Forums. Horses. The Horse Forum. Horse Breeding. Considering Breeding Next Year. User Name. Password. Register Horses FAQ Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read. Considering Breeding Next Year This is a discussion on Considering Breeding Next Year within the Horse Breeding forums, part of the Horse Breeds, Breeding, and Genetics category Horses breeding. LinkBack Thread Tools. ArabianGirl27. User. Horses. Foal. Considering Breeding Next Year I am considering breeding my mare about this time next year. what costs will come into account after breeding. User. Horses. Just like anything else with horses, you will get a lot of different opinions about what is necessary for a pregnant mare. We typically don't feed much grain/hard feed, but we did slowly increase her grain to double during the last 3 months. User. Horses. I've always heard you should have at least $5000 in the bank, not including your stud fee, before considering breeding. User. Horses. I would second seriously considering the hea...
http://horseforum.com/horse-breeding/considering-breeding-next-year-183097/
*  Berry L. Cannon
... Cannon other names = Berry Louis Cannon image = Berry Cannon SEALAB.jpg image size = 175 caption = Berry L. birth place =. death date = 'Berry Louis Cannon' March 22, 1935 – February 17, 1969. was an American aquanaut who served on the SEALAB II and III projects of the U.S. Navy. Cannon died of carbon dioxide poisoning while attempting to repair SEALAB III. It was later found that his diving rig's baralyme canister, which should have absorbed the carbon dioxide Cannon exhaled, was empty. 4 Early life and education SEALAB II SEALAB III Aftermath Personal life References Bibliography External links. SEALAB II. SEALAB III. right|thumb|200px|SEALAB III In 1969, Cannon was assigned to Team One for the SEALAB III project, which would take place off San Clemente Island. Barth, Richard Blackburn and John Reaves. On February 16, 1969, the SEALAB III habitat sprang a leak. Cannon, Barth, Blackburn and Reaves were twice sent down to SEALAB in the Personnel Transfer Capsule PTC in an attempt to repair the problem. H...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berry_L._Cannon
*  Re: Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear??: Nikon FX SLR (DF, D1-D4, D600-D800) Talk Forum:
Re: Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear??: Nikon FX SLR DF, D1-D4, D600-D800 Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review. Reviews. Buying Guide. Videos. Cameras. Lenses. Forums. Galleries. Challenges. Forum index. Nikon FX SLR DF, D1-D4, D600-D800 Talk Change forum Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear?. Shop cameras lenses ▾. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. zsedcft. Re: Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear?. In reply to SiPat, Jul 19, 2012. I was told that all new Nikon & Canon stuff went back to the manufacturers as Jacobs just couldn't pay for the stock. The only new stock they have is Sony and Lumix Panasonic?. Nice prices on the NEX-5 & NEX-7 with kit lenses. Reply Reply with quote. Forum Parent First Previous Next Next unread. Posted by When Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear?. Jul 18, 2012. Re: Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear?. Jul 18, 2012. Re: Jacobs uk website has no Nikon or cannon gear?. Jul 18, 2012. Re: Jacobs uk website has no ...
http://dpreview.com/forums/post/42063353
*  Urban Dictionary: fart cannon
7 fart cannon. a very large exhaust pipe attached to a car that was built for a much smaller pipe, named because of the sound it makes, which is similar to when you fart through a very hight quality microphone used by chavs uk and ricers us. 20 Words related to fart cannon. fart. honda. fart can. toyota. fart pipe. fast and the furious. pussy tubes. fart cannon. An enlarged exhaust pipe that people sometimes add to their cars. The result is a fart -like sound from the engine. Some fart cans are just for show -- they only make noise, and don't make the car any faster. 2 fart cannon. A disproportionately large muffler or exhaust pipe, mounted on an automobile with a small displacement engine. Named for the flatulence like sound the vehicle's exhaust makes. A six inch fart cannon attached to a 1 inch tailpipe. 3 fart cannon. a large N-1 style muffler usually attached to import cars. manufacturers usually claim it adds power to cars, however it may adversely affect performance of a car due to lack of nece...
http://ja.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=fart cannon&defid=3124371

Genetic variation: right|thumbPlant breedingInverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Phenotype microarray: The phenotype microarray approach is a technology for high-throughput phenotyping of cells.Evolution in Variable EnvironmentHeritability: Heritability is a statistic used in breeding and genetics works that estimates how much variation in a phenotypic trait in a population is due to genetic variation among individuals in that population. It is calculated with the following equation (for broad-sense heritability): H^2 = VG/VP.Interval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Monochorionic twinsDecoding methods: In coding theory, decoding is the process of translating received messages into codewords of a given code. There have been many common methods of mapping messages to codewords.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Selection (relational algebra): In relational algebra, a selection (sometimes called a restriction to avoid confusion with SQL's use of SELECT) is a unary operation written asPanmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.Uniparental inheritance: Uniparental inheritance is a non-mendelian form of inheritance that consists of the transmission of genotypes from one parental type to all progeny. That is, all the genes in offspring will originate from only the mother or only the father.Inbreeding depression: Inbreeding depression is the reduced biological fitness in a given population as a result of inbreeding, or breeding of related individuals. Population biological fitness refers to its ability to survive and reproduce itself.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.RV coefficient: In statistics, the RV coefficientHyperparameter: In Bayesian statistics, a hyperparameter is a parameter of a prior distribution; the term is used to distinguish them from parameters of the model for the underlying system under analysis.Monte Carlo methods for option pricing: In mathematical finance, a Monte Carlo option model uses Monte Carlo methods Although the term 'Monte Carlo method' was coined by Stanislaw Ulam in the 1940s, some trace such methods to the 18th century French naturalist Buffon, and a question he asked about the results of dropping a needle randomly on a striped floor or table. See Buffon's needle.Regularized canonical correlation analysis: Regularized canonical correlation analysis is a way of using ridge regression to solve the singularity problem in the cross-covariance matrices of canonical correlation analysis. By converting \operatorname{cov}(X, X) and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) into \operatorname{cov}(X, X) + \lambda I_X and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) + \lambda I_Y, it ensures that the above matrices will have reliable inverses.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Twin reversed arterial perfusionGenetic linkage: Genetic linkage is the tendency of alleles that are located close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction. Genes whose loci are nearer to each other are less likely to be separated onto different chromatids during chromosomal crossover, and are therefore said to be genetically linked.Infinite alleles model: The infinite alleles model is a mathematical model for calculating genetic mutations. The Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura and American geneticist James F.Chromosome regionsDavid Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.The Otwell Twins: The Otwell Twins are an American singing duo made up of identical twin brothers Roger and David, born August 2, 1956, in Tulia, Texas. They are best known as members of The Lawrence Welk Show from 1977-1982.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Beef cattle: Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle is known as beef.WGAViewer: WGAViewer is a bioinformatics software tool which is designed to visualize, annotate, and help interpret the results generated from a genome wide association study (GWAS). Alongside the P values of association, WGAViewer allows a researcher to visualize and consider other supporting evidence, such as the genomic context of the SNP, linkage disequilibrium (LD) with ungenotyped SNPs, gene expression database, and the evidence from other GWAS projects, when determining the potential importance of an individual SNP.A-scan ultrasound biometry: A-scan ultrasound biometry, commonly referred to as an A-scan, is routine type of diagnostic test used in ophthalmology. The A-scan provides data on the length of the eye, which is a major determinant in common sight disorders.Image fusion: In computer vision, Multisensor Image fusion is the process of combining relevant information from two or more images into a single image.Haghighat, M.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Population stratification: Population stratification is the presence of a systematic difference in allele frequencies between subpopulations in a population possibly due to different ancestry, especially in the context of association studies. Population stratification is also referred to as population structure, in this context.Bill Parry (mathematician)The Unscrambler: The Unscrambler® X is a commercial software product for multivariate data analysis, used for calibration of multivariate data which is often in the application of analytical data such as near infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, and development of predictive models for use in real-time spectroscopic analysis of materials. The software was originally developed in 1986 by Harald MartensHarald Martens, Terje Karstang, Tormod Næs (1987) Improved selectivity in spectroscopy by multivariate calibration Journal of Chemometrics 1(4):201-219 and later by CAMO Software.Negative probability: The probability of the outcome of an experiment is never negative, but quasiprobability distributions can be defined that allow a negative probability for some events. These distributions may apply to unobservable events or conditional probabilities.Information bias (epidemiology): Information bias}}Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).HyperintensityMicrosatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Mechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Genetic heterogeneity: Genetic heterogeneity is a phenomenon in which a single phenotype or genetic disorder may be caused by any one of a multiple number of alleles or non-allele (locus) mutations.Turnpenny and Ellard, Emery's Elements of Medical Genetics, 13th Edition.Doob decomposition theorem: In the theory of stochastic processes in discrete time, a part of the mathematical theory of probability, the Doob decomposition theorem gives a unique decomposition of every adapted and integrable stochastic process as the sum of a martingale and a predictable process (or "drift") starting at zero. The theorem was proved by and is named for Joseph L.Reproductive toxicity: Reproductive toxicity is a hazard associated with some chemical substances, that they will interfere in some way with normal reproduction; such substances are called reprotoxic. It includes adverse effects on sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as developmental toxicity in the offspring.Interbreeding of dingoes with other domestic dogs: The interbreeding of dingoes with other domestic dogs is an ongoing process affecting the population of free ranging domestic dogs in Australia. The current population of free ranging domestic dogs in Australia is now probably higher than in the past.Pleiotropy (drugs): In pharmacology, pleiotropy refers to a drug's actions, usually unanticipated, other than those for which the agent was specifically developed. It may include adverse effects which are detrimental ones, but is often used to denote additional beneficial effects.Gene signature: A gene signature is a group of genes in a cell whose combined expression patternItadani H, Mizuarai S, Kotani H. Can systems biology understand pathway activation?Pedigree chart: A pedigree chart is a diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next,pedigree chart Genealogy Glossary - About.com, a part of The New York Times Company.Threshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.Deep litter: Deep litter is an animal housing system, based on the repeated spreading of straw or sawdust material in indoor booths. An initial layer of litter is spread for the animals to use for bedding material and to defecate in, and as the litter is soiled, new layers of litter are continuously added by the farmer.BrittlenessCellular microarray: A cellular microarray is a laboratory tool that allows for the multiplex interrogation of living cells on the surface of a solid support. The support, sometimes called a "chip", is spotted with varying materials, such as antibodies, proteins, or lipids, which can interact with the cells, leading to their capture on specific spots.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:STO-nG basis sets: STO-nG basis sets are minimal basis sets, where n primitive Gaussian orbitals are fitted to a single Slater-type orbital (STO). n originally took the values 2 - 6.Factorial moment: In probability theory, the factorial moment is a mathematical quantity defined as the expectation or average of the falling factorial of a random variable. Factorial moments are useful for studying non-negative integer-valued random variables.Blueshift: A blueshift is any decrease in wavelength, with a corresponding increase in frequency, of an electromagnetic wave; the opposite effect is referred to as redshift. In visible light, this shifts the color from the red end of the spectrum to the blue end.Gene polymorphism

(1/37255) Comparative total mortality in 25 years in Italian and Greek middle aged rural men.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Mortality over 25 years has been low in the Italian and very low in the Greek cohorts of the Seven Countries Study; factors responsible for this particularity were studied in detail. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1712 Italian and 1215 Greek men, aged 40-59 years, cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, representing over 95% of the populations in designated rural areas. DESIGN: Entry (1960-61) data included age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), smoking habits, total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, vital capacity (VC), and forced expiratory volume in 3/4 seconds (FEV); the same data were obtained 10 years later. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed with all causes death in 25 years as end point. MAIN RESULTS: Italian men had higher entry levels of SBP, arm circumference, BMI, and VC; Greek men had higher cholesterol levels, smoking habits, and FEV. Mortality of Italian men was higher throughout; at 25 years cumulative mortality was 48.3% and 35.3% respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke mortality increased fivefold in Italy and 10-fold in Greece between years 10 and 25. The only risk factor with a significantly higher contribution to mortality in Italian men was cholesterol. However, differences in entry SBP (higher in Italy) and FEV (higher in Greece) accounted for, according to the Lee method, 75% of the differential mortality between the two populations. At 10 years increases in SBP, cholesterol, BMI, and decreases in smoking habits, VC, FEV, and arm circumference had occurred (deltas). SBP increased more and FEV and VC decreased more in Italy than in Greece. Deltas, fed stepwise in the original model for the prediction of 10 to 25 years mortality, were significant for SBP, smoking, arm circumference, and VC in Greece, and for SBP and VC in Italy. CONCLUSION: Higher mortality in Italian men is related to stronger positive effects of entry SBP and weaker negative (protective) effects of FEV; in addition 10 year increases in SBP are higher and 10 year decreases in FEV are larger in Italy. Unaccounted factors, however, related to, for example, differences in the diet, may also have contributed to the differential mortality of these two Mediterranean populations.  (+info)

(2/37255) Activity-dependent metaplasticity of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic transmission in the lamprey spinal cord locomotor network.

Paired intracellular recordings have been used to examine the activity-dependent plasticity and neuromodulator-induced metaplasticity of synaptic inputs from identified inhibitory and excitatory interneurons in the lamprey spinal cord. Trains of spikes at 5-20 Hz were used to mimic the frequency of spiking that occurs in network interneurons during NMDA or brainstem-evoked locomotor activity. Inputs from inhibitory and excitatory interneurons exhibited similar activity-dependent changes, with synaptic depression developing during the spike train. The level of depression reached was greater with lower stimulation frequencies. Significant activity-dependent depression of inputs from excitatory interneurons and inhibitory crossed caudal interneurons, which are central elements in the patterning of network activity, usually developed between the fifth and tenth spikes in the train. Because these interneurons typically fire bursts of up to five spikes during locomotor activity, this activity-dependent plasticity will presumably not contribute to the patterning of network activity. However, in the presence of the neuromodulators substance P and 5-HT, significant activity-dependent metaplasticity of these inputs developed over the first five spikes in the train. Substance P induced significant activity-dependent depression of inhibitory but potentiation of excitatory interneuron inputs, whereas 5-HT induced significant activity-dependent potentiation of both inhibitory and excitatory interneuron inputs. Because these metaplastic effects are consistent with the substance P and 5-HT-induced modulation of the network output, activity-dependent metaplasticity could be a potential mechanism underlying the coordination and modulation of rhythmic network activity.  (+info)

(3/37255) The significance of non-significance.

We discuss the implications of empirical results that are statistically non-significant. Figures illustrate the interrelations among effect size, sample sizes and their dispersion, and the power of the experiment. All calculations (detailed in Appendix) are based on actual noncentral t-distributions, with no simplifying mathematical or statistical assumptions, and the contribution of each tail is determined separately. We emphasize the importance of reporting, wherever possible, the a priori power of a study so that the reader can see what the chances were of rejecting a null hypothesis that was false. As a practical alternative, we propose that non-significant inference be qualified by an estimate of the sample size that would be required in a subsequent experiment in order to attain an acceptable level of power under the assumption that the observed effect size in the sample is the same as the true effect size in the population; appropriate plots are provided for a power of 0.8. We also point out that successive outcomes of independent experiments each of which may not be statistically significant on its own, can be easily combined to give an overall p value that often turns out to be significant. And finally, in the event that the p value is high and the power sufficient, a non-significant result may stand and be published as such.  (+info)

(4/37255) Capture-recapture models including covariate effects.

Capture-recapture methods are used to estimate the incidence of a disease, using a multiple-source registry. Usually, log-linear methods are used to estimate population size, assuming that not all sources of notification are dependent. Where there are categorical covariates, a stratified analysis can be performed. The multinomial logit model has occasionally been used. In this paper, the authors compare log-linear and logit models with and without covariates, and use simulated data to compare estimates from different models. The crude estimate of population size is biased when the sources are not independent. Analyses adjusting for covariates produce less biased estimates. In the absence of covariates, or where all covariates are categorical, the log-linear model and the logit model are equivalent. The log-linear model cannot include continuous variables. To minimize potential bias in estimating incidence, covariates should be included in the design and analysis of multiple-source disease registries.  (+info)

(5/37255) Effect of coronary occlusion on left ventricular function with and without collateral supply during beating heart coronary artery surgery.

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of coronary occlusion and collateral supply on left ventricular (LV) function during beating heart coronary artery surgery. DESIGN: Prospective intraoperative study, performed at baseline, during wall stabilisation, coronary artery occlusion, and 2 and 10 minutes after reperfusion. Transoesophageal M mode echocardiograms, simultaneous high fidelity LV pressure, and thermodilution cardiac output were measured. LV anterior wall thickening, thinning velocities, thickening fraction, regional work, and power production were derived. Asynchrony during the isovolumic periods was quantified as cycle efficiency. SETTING: Tertiary referral cardiac centre. PATIENTS: 14 patients with stable angina, mean (SD) age 62 (7) years, undergoing left anterior descending artery grafting using the "Octopus" device. RESULTS: Collaterals were absent in nine patients and present in five. Epicardial stabilisation did not affect LV function. Results are expressed as mean (SD). Coronary occlusion (15.6 (2) minutes) depressed anterior wall thickening (1.4 (0.6) v 2.6 (0.6) cm/s) and thinning velocities (1.4 (0.5) v 3.0 (0.6) cm/s), regional work (2.2 (0.8) v 4.6 (0.6) mJ/cm2), and power (21 (4) v 33 (5) mW/cm2) in patients without collaterals (p < 0.05 for all), but only wall thinning (3.5 (0.5) v 4.8 (0.5) cm/s, p < 0.05) in patients with collaterals. All returned to baseline within 10 minutes of reperfusion. Cycle efficiency and regional work were impaired at baseline and fell during occlusion, regardless of collaterals. Within 10 minutes of reperfusion both had increased above baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary occlusion for up to 15 minutes during beating heart coronary artery surgery depressed standard measurements of systolic and diastolic anterior wall function in patients without collaterals, but only those of diastolic function in patients with collaterals. Regional synchrony decreased in both groups. All disturbances regressed within 10 minutes of reperfusion.  (+info)

(6/37255) Acquisition of nicotine discrimination and discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine in rats chronically exposed to caffeine.

Caffeine and nicotine are the main psychoactive ingredients of coffee and tobacco, with a high frequency of concurrent use in humans. This study examined the effects of chronic caffeine exposure on 1) rates of acquisition of a nicotine discrimination (0.1 or 0.4 mg/kg, s.c., training doses) and 2) the pharmacological characteristics of the established nicotine discrimination in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Once rats learned to lever-press reliably under a fixed ratio of 10 schedule for food pellets, they were randomly divided into two groups; 12 animals were maintained continuously on caffeine added to the drinking water (3 mg/ml) and another 12 control rats continued to drink tap water. In each group of water- and caffeine-drinking rats, there were six rats trained to discriminate 0.1 mg/kg of nicotine from saline and six rats trained to discriminate 0.4 mg/kg of nicotine from saline. Regardless of the training dose of nicotine, both water- and caffeine-drinking groups required a comparable number of training sessions to attain reliable stimulus control, although there was a trend for a slower acquisition in the caffeine-drinking group trained with 0.1 mg/kg of nicotine. Tests for generalization to different doses of nicotine revealed no significant differences in potency of nicotine between water- and caffeine-drinking groups. The nicotinic-receptor antagonist mecamylamine blocked the discriminative effects of 0.1 and 0.4 mg/kg nicotine with comparable potency and efficacy in water- and caffeine-drinking groups. There was a dose-related generalization to both the 0.1 and 0.4 mg/kg nicotine cue (maximum average of 51-83%) in water-drinking rats after i.p. treatment with d-amphetamine, cocaine, the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor GBR-12909, apomorphine, and the selective dopamine D1 receptor agonist SKF-82958, but not in caffeine-drinking rats (0-22%). There was no generalization to the nicotine cues after i.p. treatment with caffeine or the selective D2 (NPA) and D3 (PD 128,907) dopamine-receptor agonists in water- and caffeine-drinking rats. The dopamine-release inhibitor CGS 10746B reduced the discriminative effects of 0.4 mg/kg nicotine in water-drinking rats, but not in caffeine-drinking rats. There was no evidence of development of tolerance or sensitization to nicotine's effects throughout the study. In conclusion, chronic caffeine exposure (average, 135 mg/kg/day) did not affect the rate of acquisition of the nicotine discrimination, but it did reduce the dopaminergic component of the nicotine-discriminative cue. The reduction of the dopaminergic component of the nicotine cue was permanent, as this effect was still evident after the caffeine solution was replaced with water in caffeine-drinking rats. That nicotine could reliably serve as a discriminative stimulus in the absence of the dopaminergic component of its discriminative cue may differentiate nicotine from "classical dopaminergic" drugs of abuse such as cocaine and amphetamine.  (+info)

(7/37255) Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing.

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis.  (+info)

(8/37255) Racial differences in the outcome of left ventricular dysfunction.

BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that black patients with congestive heart failure have a higher mortality rate than whites with the same condition. This finding has been attributed to differences in the severity, causes, and management of heart failure, the prevalence of coexisting conditions, and socioeconomic factors. Although these factors probably account for some of the higher mortality due to congestive heart failure among blacks, we hypothesized that racial differences in the natural history of left ventricular dysfunction might also have a role. METHODS: Using data from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention and treatment trials, in which all patients received standardized therapy and follow-up, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the outcomes of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction among black and white participants. The mean (+/-SD) follow-up was 34.2+/-14.0 months in the prevention trial and 32.3+/-14.8 months in the treatment trial among the black and white participants. RESULTS: The overall mortality rates in the prevention trial were 8.1 per 100 person-years for blacks and 5.1 per 100 person years for whites. In the treatment trial, the rates were 16.7 per 100 person-years and 13.4 per 100 person-years, respectively. After adjustment for age, coexisting conditions, severity and causes of heart failure, and use of medications, blacks had a higher risk of death from all causes in both the SOLVD prevention trial (relative risk, 1.36; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.74; P=0.02) and the treatment trial (relative risk, 1.25; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.50; P=0.02). In both trials blacks were also at higher risk for death due to pump failure and for the combined end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for heart failure, our two predefined indicators of the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Blacks with mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction appear to be at higher risk for progression of heart failure and death from any cause than similarly treated whites. These results suggest that there may be racial differences in the outcome of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.  (+info)


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?
I've had this sort of problem before (though rarely); that is, finding basic info on something as ubiquitous as drained ground beef. But go ahead and google for nutritional analysis "drained ground beef". 9 entries! It's insane! 
So does anyone know what it is?
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The USDA does wonderful things and this is no exception:
http://www.fns.usda.gov/fdd/facts/schfacts/intro-schoolfacts.htm


How should I go about getting a semen analysis?


My wife and I have been trying for a pregnancy for a year now.  I want to have a semen analysis done to help shed some light on why we haven't been successful.  Should I talk to my doctor about this or do I need to go to a special clinic?
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You can go a number of places for a semen analysis. Since you and your wife have been trying to conceive for over a year, you should make an appointment for the both of you with a Fertility Specialist. He/She will do a semen analysis for you along with other tests on you and your spouse. This is the route that I would recommend.

If you do not want to pay the money to see a specialist, you can speak with your regular doctor, see a urologist or go to a free clinic. Each should be able to help you.

Good Luck.


How long does it take to get results from a semen analysis?


My husband had to do a semen analysis and I was wondering if anyone knows how long it takes to get the results back.  He did it two days ago.
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He should be able to call and get the results now.  They have to do the analysis almost immediately while the sperm are still alive and "fresh".  Some places only call if the results are abnormal, some wait until the two of you come in together on your next visit.  But they should have the results by now and he should be able to call and get them today.


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?
I've had this sort of problem before (though rarely); that is, finding basic info on something as ubiquitous as drained ground beef. But go ahead and google for nutritional analysis "drained ground beef". 9 entries! It's insane! 
So does anyone know what it is?
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If you take the nutritional facts of bologna beef you could say that 15%ground beef contains:

15% protein
81% fats
4% carbs


http://www.nutritiondata.com/facts-C00001-01c20LN.html ... this is for 14%


What are the complete components that make up a feed analysis?


In a typical animal feed analysis, protein, fat, ash, moisture, calcium, phosphorous and fibre percentages are usual given on the manufacturers packaging. However, these don't make up 100% of the feed, only around 65%, so what is the remaining 35% made up of?

NB: I've included water in 'moisture'. Scientific answers only please, references preferred.

Thanks!
Thanks, the analysis is based on dry, adult, complete dog food such as Bakers complete or Wagg
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You don't say what kind of feed. Ruminants or carnivores such as mink? In a ruminants feed there are mant different ways to measure the content e.g. wet or dry analysis, which will affect the final numbers. most comapnies will not include things like Insoluble Crude Protein which is protein that has been rendered unavailable to the animal due to overheating during processing etc.


How can i get blood drawn for a nutritional analysis without a doctor's order?


I am currently seeing a nutritionist , who wants me to get a nutritional analysis done.  I have the kit with vials and instructions to send in the test.  I am having a difficult time finding a nurse and/or phlebotionist to draw the blood without a doctors order.  In the state of Illinois a nutritionist is not considered a doctor.  Is there an online doctor that can order my blood drawn?  Any information will be greatly appreciated.  Thank You!!!
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You can't by law. If you come across a facility that actually draws blood with a needle without being properly certified or under a medical physician then you better run the other direction. They do, do blood stains but those are generally done by finger pricks and sometimes the patient or client does that themselves. Naturopathic physicians or counselors or Nutritionists can lead you in that direction. 

For starters don't over analyze what you are missing. Try detoxing by eliminating all inappropriate foods. Then start out right by eating fruits and veggies and then low fat proteins such as fat and chicken. It's common sense. Then follow with a multivitamin. People can try every technique possible to short cut for a healthy body, but it will always come down to proper eating.


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?
I've had this sort of problem before (though rarely); that is, finding basic info on something as ubiquitous as drained ground beef. But go ahead and google for nutritional analysis "drained ground beef". 9 entries! It's insane! 
So does anyone know what it is?
----------

Eat only when u r hungry.

Eat nourishing food with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables being part of it. Chew each morsel at least 32 times. This will activate signal to the brain as soon as u have had enough. Besides this change in eating style, take regular light exercises and brisk walks every day. U will be able to gain/shed all extra weight gracefully and in a reasonable time span. No food or drink in between the food and not more than three meals a day, unless u r diabetic.


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?


What is the nutritional analysis for 15% drained ground beef?
I've had this sort of problem before (though rarely); that is, finding basic info on something as ubiquitous as drained ground beef. But go ahead and google for nutritional analysis "drained ground beef". 9 entries! It's insane! 
So does anyone know what it is?
----------

What for do u want to load urself with statistical info?

Eat only when u r hungry.

Eat nourishing food with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables being part of it. Chew each morsel at least 32 times. This will activate signal to the brain as soon as u have had enough. Besides this change in eating style, take regular light exercises and brisk walks every day. U will be able to gain/shed all extra weight gracefully and in a reasonable time span. No food or drink in between the food and not more than three meals a day, unless u r diabetic.