Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Benzyl Alcohol: A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Polyvinyl Alcohol: A polymer prepared from polyvinyl acetates by replacement of the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. It is used as a pharmaceutic aid and ophthalmic lubricant as well as in the manufacture of surface coatings artificial sponges, cosmetics, and other products.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Binge Drinking: Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.Propanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of PROPANOL (C3H7OH).Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Amino Alcohols: Compounds possessing both a hydroxyl (-OH) and an amino group (-NH2).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.1-Propanol: A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.tert-Butyl AlcoholUniversities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Phenylethyl Alcohol: An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.Aldehyde Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that oxidizes an aldehyde in the presence of NAD+ and water to an acid and NADH. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 1.1.1.70.United StatesPentanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Hexanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Sugar Alcohols: Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.RussiaNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.gamma-Glutamyltransferase: An enzyme, sometimes called GGT, with a key role in the synthesis and degradation of GLUTATHIONE; (GSH, a tripeptide that protects cells from many toxins). It catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl moiety to an acceptor amino acid.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic: Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Psychotherapy, Brief: Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Psychoses, Alcoholic: A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Benzyl CompoundsPrenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Aldehydes: Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group in the form -CHO.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Flushing: A transient reddening of the face that may be due to fever, certain drugs, exertion, stress, or a disease process.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Aldehyde Oxidoreductases: Oxidoreductases that are specific for ALDEHYDES.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Social Conformity: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.1-Butanol: A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.BenzaldehydesPsychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.NAD: A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves as an electron carrier by being alternately oxidized (NAD+) and reduced (NADH). (Dorland, 27th ed)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.KetonesPancreatitis, Alcoholic: Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.EstersInterview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Pharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Social Control, Informal: Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.Cholestanols: Cholestanes substituted in any position with one or more hydroxy groups. They are found in feces and bile. In contrast to bile acids and salts, they are not reabsorbed.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Disulfiram: A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)JapanMass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Republic of BelarusSubstrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.FinlandChi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.CaliforniaCocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Octanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).Catalysis: The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Sugar Alcohol Dehydrogenases: Reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of a hydroxyl group of sugar alcohols to form a keto sugar, aldehyde or lactone. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.; EC 1.1.2. and EC 1.1.99.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.

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heavy alcohol drinking shortens life posted on september ... heavy alcohol use hastens death by up to years ... a history of heavy drinking cuts the life span by up to years ... Heavy Alcohol Drinking Shortens Life. Posted on September 2, 2007 by fredjoiners. Heavy Alcohol Use Hastens Death by Up to 25 Years. Neuropsychiatric patients at great risk. A history of heavy drinking cuts the life span by up to 25 years across all major chronic diseases, Hsiao-ye Yi, Ph.D., reported at the annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism. The effect seems particularly pronounced in women drinkers, who lose their survival advantage over men at an early age, wrote Dr. Yi, an epidemiologist with the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The average years of life lost due to heavy drinking varied by disease, ranging from 25 years for neuropsychiatric conditions to 7 years for malignant neoplasms, and was generally much greater in women than in men. More research at. Clinical Psychiatry N...
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*  Search Results for "Text" "English" "Addresses" "Temperance" "1800-1849"
Addresses 11. Alcohol Drinking -- adverse effects 2. Alcohol Drinking -- prevention control 1. Titles Address ... 1818 Subject s : Alcohol Drinking -- adverse effects Temperance...
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*  Is Soy Sauce Gluten-free? - Celiac.com
List Forbidden List Alcohol Drinks. Blogs. Calendar. Categories ... Is Soy Sauce Gluten-free. - Celiac.com. View Authors Account Login Become Author. Celiac Disease and Gluten-free Diet Information Since 1995. Categories Celiac Disease Gluten-Free Recipes Gluten-Free Bread Recipes Gluten-Free Dessert Recipes: Pastries, Cakes, Cookies, etc. Safe Gluten-Free Food List / Unsafe Foods Ingredients Gluten-Free Cooking Celiac Disease Diagnosis, Testing & Treatment Gluten-Free Diet Miscellaneous Information on Celiac Disease Additional Celiac Disease Concerns Celiac Disease Research Projects, Fundraising, Epidemiology, Etc. Celiac Disease Doctor Listing: Recommended by Celiacs Celiac Disease Kids by Danna Korn Celiac Disease & Gluten-Free Food Tax Deduction Info Celiac Disease & Gluten Intolerance: A Theory of Their Origins Celiac Disease & Gluten Intolerance Research Allergy vs. No popular authors found. Celiac Disease Symptoms. Miscellaneous Information on Celiac Disease. Additional Celiac Disease Concerns. Is S...
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*  The Journal | Police: Watertown man gave girl, 14, alcoholic drink
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*  Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Act As A 'Blood Thinner' -- ScienceDaily
... Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Act As A 'Blood Thinner'. Date: October 14, 2005 Source: Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research Summary: Population studies have shown that moderate drinkers tend to have lower rates of heart disease but higher rates of bleeding-type strokes than abstainers. A study in the October issue of Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research confirms that moderate drinking has effects on blood coagulation -- primarily as a "blood thinner" -- which can have both positive and negative effects. A study in the October issue of Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research confirms that moderate drinking has effects on blood coagulation --primarily as a "blood thinner" -- which can have both positive andnegative effects. Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research. "Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Act As A 'Blood Thinner'." ScienceDaily. Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research. Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Act As A 'Blood Thinner'. Retrieved October 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051013223047.htm
*  Minimum Pricing for Alcohol Would Affect Poorer, High-Risk Drinkers
... About NCADD. Learn About Alcohol. Learn About Drugs. Drugs and Crime. Drugs and Crime. For People In Recovery. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Home : In the News : Minimum Pricing for Alcohol Would Affect Poorer, High-Risk Drinkers. Minimum Pricing for Alcohol Would Affect Poorer, High-Risk Drinkers. Setting a minimum price for alcohol would benefit the health of high-risk drinkers with low incomes but have little effect on moderate drinkers with low incomes, according to a new study. The study results showed that this minimum price would have the greatest impact on the 5 percent of the population who are high-risk drinkers, defined as more than 50 units of alcohol a week for men and more than 35 units a week for women. Three-quarters of the total decrease in alcohol consumption caused by a minimum price would occur among high-risk d...
https://ncadd.org/in-the-news/1013-minimum-pricing-for-alcohol-would-affect-poorer-high-risk-drinkers
*  Intentional Non-Adherence to Medications among HIV Positive Alcohol Drinkers: Prospective Study of I
... nteractive Toxicity Beliefs. Article Intentional Non-Adherence to Medications among HIV Positive Alcohol Drinkers: Prospective Study of Interactive Toxicity Beliefs. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy ART adherence is key to successful treatment of HIV infection and alcohol is a known barrier to adherence. Beyond intoxication, ART adherence is impacted by beliefs that mixing alcohol and medications is toxic. METHODS: People who both receive ART and drink alcohol N = 178 were enrolled in a 12-month prospective cohort study that monitored beliefs about the hazards of mixing ART with alcohol interactive toxicity beliefs, alcohol consumption using electronic daily diaries, ART adherence assessed by both unannounced pill counts and self-report, and chart-abstracted HIV viral load. Interactions Between Alcohol and the Antiretroviral Medications Ritonavir or Efavirenz. This study examined drug interactions between antiretroviral therapies ARTs containing either efavirenz or ritonavir with alcohol. No ef...
http://researchgate.net/publication/232247951_Intentional_Non-Adherence_to_Medications_among_HIV_Positive_Alcohol_Drinkers_Prospective_Study_of_Interactive_Toxicity_Beliefs
*  CDC - Fact Sheets - Alcohol
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http://cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets.htm
*  Excessive Alcohol Consumption Cost U.S. $224B in 2006
Excessive Alcohol Consumption Cost U.S. About NCADD. NCADD Bookstore. Overview. Family Education. Recovery Stories. Learn More.... Learn About Alcohol. Overview. FAQ's / Facts. Alcohol and Crime. Drinking and Driving. Learn More.... Learn About Drugs. Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Recovery Stories. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. Learn More.... For People In Recovery. Overview. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Family Education. Family Disease/ Recovery. Recovery Stories. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Learn More.... Home : In the News : Excessive Alcohol Consumption Cost U.S. Excessive Alcohol Consumption Cost U.S. Report findings: most of the costs were due to binge drinking. The cost of exce...
http://ncadd.org/index.php/in-the-news/312-excessive-alcohol-consumption-cost-us-224b-in-2006-
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*  Smoking increases, while alcohol consumption may decrease risk of ALS
... August 13, 2012 Smoking increases, while alcohol consumption may decrease risk of ALS August 13, 2012 A population-based case-control study of the rare but devastating neurological disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS has shown that the risk of such disease is increased among smokers, as has been shown previously. Forum reviewers thought that this was a well-done and important paper, as it is a population-based analysis, with almost 500 cases of ALS, a very large number of cases for this rare disease. They were especially struck by the magnitude of the difference in risk of ALS between alcohol consumers and never drinkers: the risk among drinkers was about one half that of non-drinkers. The lower risk among drinkers compared with non-drinkers is remarkable" Forum reviewers cautioned that the results of this paper should not be used to prompt people to consume alcohol just to prevent ALS, as it is such a rare disease. Smoking, alcohol consumption, and the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis:A popul...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-08-alcohol-consumption-decrease-als.html
*  .. ALCOHOL ALLERGY? ALCOHOL ALLERGY RASH PICTURES .. ALCOHOL ALLERGY RASH PICTURES .. ALCOHOL ALLE
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https://alcoholallergy.wordpress.com/2012/08/25/alcohol-allergy-rash-pictures/
*  How Alcohol Works - HowStuffWorks
... How Stuff Works Science. Follow us. Adventure Animals Auto Culture Entertainment Health Home Garden Lifestyle Money Science Tech Video Shows Quizzes. Home /. Science /. Physical Science /. Chemistry /. Chemical Compounds. How Alcohol Works by Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. Page. 1. Introduction to How Alcohol Works. 2 What is Alcohol. 3 Ethyl Alcohol. 4 How Alcohol Enters the Body. ­. Alcohol affects brain chemistry. See cocktail pictures. In 1997, Americans drank an average of 2 gallo­ns 7.57 liters of alcohol per person. This translates roughly into one six-pack of beer, two glasses of wine and three or four mixed drinks per week see MMWR: Apparent Per Capita Ethanol Consumption for details. About 35 percent of adults don't consume alcohol, so the numbers are actually higher for those who do -- alcohol is an amazingly popular social phenomenon. If you have ever seen a person who has had too much to drink, you know that alcohol is a drug that has widespread effects on the body, and the effects vary from perso...
http://science.howstuffworks.com/alcohol.htm
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*  Research suggests alcohol consumption helps stave off dementia
However, according to a study published in Age and Ageing by Oxford University Press today, there is evidence that light-to-moderate alcohol consumption may decrease the risk of cognitive decline or dementia. Now researchers have found after analyzing 23 longitudinal studies of subjects aged 65 years and older that the impact of small amounts of alcohol was associated with lower incidence rates of overall dementia and Alzheimer dementia, but not of vascular dementia and cognitive decline. Alcohol consumption information was available for 3,180 subjects: 50.0% were abstinent 24.8% consumed less than one drink 10 grams of alcohol per day 12.8% consumed 10-19 grams of alcohol per day 12.4% consumed 20 or more grams per day A small subgroup of 25 participants fulfilled the criteria of harmful drinking >60 grams of alcohol per day for men, respectively >40 grams for women One man >120 grams of alcohol per day and one woman >80 grams of alcohol per day reported an extremely high consumption of alcohol Among the con...
http://phys.org/news/2011-03-alcohol-consumption-stave-dementia.html
*  The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Glycemic Control Among Patients with Diabetes: The
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http://researchgate.net/publication/5667891_The_Relationship_Between_Alcohol_Consumption_and_Glycemic_Control_Among_Patients_with_Diabetes_The_Kaiser_Permanente_Northern_California_Diabetes_Registry
*  How Alcohol Works - HowStuffWorks
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http://science.howstuffworks.com/alcohol2.htm/printable
*  How Alcohol Works - HowStuffWorks
... Follow us. Adventure Animals Auto Culture Entertainment Health Home Garden Lifestyle Money Science Tech Video Shows Quizzes. How Alcohol Works by Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. Browse the article How Alcohol Works. Introduction to How Alcohol Works ­. Alcohol affects brain chemistry. See cocktail pictures. In 1997, Americans drank an average of 2 gallo­ns 7.57 liters of alcohol per person. This translates roughly into one six-pack of beer, two glasses of wine and three or four mixed drinks per week see MMWR: Apparent Per Capita Ethanol Consumption for details. About 35 percent of adults don't consume alcohol, so the numbers are actually higher for those who do -- alcohol is an amazingly popular social phenomenon. If you have ever seen a person who has had too much to drink, you know that alcohol is a drug that has widespread effects on the body, and the effects vary from person to person. People who drink might be the life of the party or they might become sad and droopy. Their speech may slur and they may hav...
http://howstuffworks.com/alcohol.htm/printable
*  Alcohol Can Boost Aging Bone Health : Discovery News
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http://news.discovery.com/human/health/booze-bone-loss-women-120711.htm
*  Alcohol (disambiguation)
alcohol disambiguation alcohol disambiguation an alcohol is an organic compound in which a hydroxyl functional group is bound to a carbon atom alcohol may also refer to chemicals music other uses see also chemicals ethanol one of several alcohols commonly known as alcohol in everyday life alcoholic beverage sometimes referred to as alcohol any drink containing ethanol denatured alcohol or methylated spirits ethanol that has additives that make it undrinkable rubbing alcohol a solution of denatured or isopropyl alcohol used in medicine alcohol fuel a fuel containing alcohols butyl alcohol or butanol isopropyl alcohol methanol also known as methyl alcohol wood alcohol wood naphtha or wood spirits music alcohol barenaked ladies song a song by barenaked ladies from their album stunt alcohol brad paisley song a song by brad paisley from his album time well wasted alcohol css song a song by css from their album cansei de ser sexy alcohol a song by the butthole surfers from the album independent worm saloon alcohol ...
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http://doctorslounge.com/index.php/news/pb/15772
*  Alcohol Information | Drinking Alcohol | Alcohol Awareness | Information on Alcohol
Alcohol Information _________________________________________________ Alcohol has been used in a number of diverse ways throughout history that can be called "beneficial." It was also recognized many hundreds of years ago, however, that drinking alcohol in an excessive and abusive manner led to a number of unhealthy alcohol side effects such as alcohol-related social as and personal drinking problems. And similar to what happened hundreds of years ago, many of the people in the world's developed nations have become aware of the damaging consequences of chronic, abusive drinking. Why then do so many people in these industrialized nations seem to gamble with their futures by submitted themselves to the deleterious and unhealthy alcohol side effects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism. Alcohol Statistics Unfortunately, many of the dangers associated with drinking alcohol in a chronic and abusive manner do not make a "real" impression on people until they read and "digest" some of the key alcohol abuse and alcoholism...
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*  Offsetting Behaviour: Moderate drinking and health - more evidence
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http://offsettingbehaviour.blogspot.co.nz/2011/09/moderate-drinking-and-health-more.html
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*  .. Health Benefits of Red Wine and Alcohol .. An Updated Twist on the French Paradox: All Beer, Win
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http://aim-digest.com/gateway/pages/moderate/articles/health2.htm
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*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta | Augusta, GA
Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta. Careers. Services. Services Services A-Z. Cancer Care Center. Digestive Disease Center. Stroke Center. Health Information Health Library. For Professionals Careers. Medical Staff Services. Patient Transfer Center. Alcohol Use Disorder Home. Alcohol Use Disorder. AUD; Alcohol Dependence; Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of alcoho...
http://doctors-hospital.net/your-health/condition_detail.dot?id=12069&lang=English&db=hlt&ebscoType=healthlibrary&widgetTitle=EBSCO - Condition Detail (USE)
*  Phys.org - effects of alcohol
... Home effects of alcohol. News tagged with effects of alcohol. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics:. alcohol · alcohol consumption. Answering messages behind the wheel is as dangerous as being twice over the limit. Scientists from various Australian universities in collaboration with the University of Barcelona have compared the effects of mobile use while driving with the effects of alcohol using a simulation. Their experiment demonstrates ... Mar 13, 2013 in Social Sciences. 0 0. New model synapse could shed light on disorders such as epilepsy and anxiety. Phys.org -- A new way to study the role of a critical neurotransmitter in disorders such as epilepsy, anxiety, insomnia, depression, schizophrenia, and alcohol addiction has been developed by a group of scientists led by ... Aug 08, 2012 in Biochemistry. 0 0. Alcohol taxes can reduce death rates amo...
http://phys.org/tags/effects of alcohol/
*  Alcohol Consumption, 2004
... infoplease Atlas. Encyclopedia. Dictionary. Thesaurus. Day in History. Atlas. History. Fifty States. Atlas. History. People People. People Home. Business. Science. History Gov't History Gov't. History Gov't Home. World History. History. Government. Science Health Science Health. Science Health Home. Health. Life Science. Physical Science. Calendar Holidays Calendar Holidays. Calendar Holidays Home. Calendars. Seasons, Months, Days. Holidays. Business Business. Business Home. Business. Drugs Alcohol Alcohol Consumption, 2004 persons 18 years of age and over Both sexes Male Female Drinking status 1. Former drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime and none in the past year. Former infrequent drinkers are former drinkers who had fewer than 12 drinks in any one year. Former regular drinkers are former drinkers who had at least 12 drinks in any one year. Current drinkers had 12 drinks in their lifetime and at least one drink in the past year. Current infrequent drinkers are current drinkers who had fe...
http://infoplease.com/ipa/A0762367.html
*  Drugs and Alcohol Ireland - Damaging effects of alcohol abuse seen by GPs every day. - Drugs and A
... lcohol. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the most relevant experience. Ok Read more. Skip to content. Contact. TUTORIALS. SUBJECTS. PRACTITIONERS. KEY IRISH DATA. REGISTER. Home Damaging effects of alcohol abuse seen by GPs every day. Damaging effects of alcohol abuse seen by GPs every day. URL: http://www.medicalindependent.ie/page.aspx?title=d... Alcohol abuse increases violence in the community and the home and has lead to an unprecedented increase in liver disease here the ICGP has said In a statement supporting the Government's intentions to legislate to reduce the level of alcohol abuse in Ireland, Dr Iain Morrison, of the ICGP said the organisation supports any measures, which may reduce the very high levels of excess alcohol consumption here, and the damage this causes. In terms of our adolescents, Dr Morrison pointed out that binge drinking among Irish 15-16 year-olds is the third highest in Europe, with an average of €20 a week spent by teenagers on alcohol. "We need to remember that al...
http://drugsandalcohol.ie/17381/
*  Alcohol and Weight Affect Women's Risk of Getting and Dying From Liver Disease
... About NCADD. Learn About Alcohol. Learn About Drugs. Drugs and Crime. Drugs and Crime. For People In Recovery. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. Family Disease/ Recovery. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Home : In the News : Alcohol and Weight Affect Women's Risk of Getting and Dying From Liver Disease. Alcohol and Weight Affect Women's Risk of Getting and Dying From Liver Disease. Results of a study were recently released showing the deadly effect that high alcohol intake and excess body weight can have on women's chances of developing and dying from chronic liver disease. For the study, the researchers classed the participants by low or high BMI and low or high alcohol intake. Low alcohol intake was classed as 15 units a week or less, and high as over 15 units a week. In the UK the government advises people should not regularly drink more than the daily unit guideli...
http://ncadd.org/index.php/in-the-news/705-alcohol-and-weight-affect-womens-risk-of-getting-and-dying-from-liver-disease
*  Mixing opiates and alcohol | Addiction Blog
Mixing opiates and alcohol. Addiction Blog. Addiction Blog. alcohol. Drugs. Prescription Drugs. Rehab. Alcohol rehab. Drug rehab. Trusted Helpline Help Available 24/7. 1-800-971-1547 PRIVACY GUARANTEED. Addiction Blog. Alcohol. Alcohol abuse. Mixing opiates and alcohol. Mixing opiates and alcohol Addiction Blog. Mixing heroin and alcohol , or alcohol with prescription opioid drugs like Vicodin, OxyContin or Percocet may sound tempting. But side effects include slowed breathing and respiration. And we invite any questions about mixing an opiate or opioid and alcohol in our comment section at the end. Opiate and alcohol effects Opiates, like alcohol, are central nervous system depressants. While mixing opiates and alcohol seems alluring, you risk negative possible side effects. Dangers of mixing opiate s and alcohol The mixture of opiates and alcohol slows the body down. More specifically, drinking while on opiates slows your heart rate and your breathing. Opiates makes alcohol stronger and more dangerous. Fina...
http://alcohol.addictionblog.org/mixing-opiates-and-alcoholic-drinks/
*  .. Alcohol Use and the Risk of Developing Alzheimer’s Disease .. Suzanne L. Tyas, Ph.D.
Alcohol Use and the Risk of Developing Alzheimer’s Disease. Some of the detrimental effects of heavy alcohol use on brain function are similar to those observed with Alzheimer’s disease AD. The shrinkage of brain tissue seen in Alzheimer’s disease and alcoholism is shown in the figure. EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES OF ALCOHOL USE AND ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE. Many studies have examined the effects of alcohol and alcoholism on cognitive function and the brain. Summary of Major Epidemiologic Studies of Alcohol Use and the Risk of Developing Alzheimer’s Disease AD by Type of Study Design. A summary of 11 of these case-control studies showed that 9 of the studies found no significant relationship between alcohol use and AD, 1 found that alcohol use increased the risk, and 1 found that alcohol use decreased the risk of AD Tyas 1996. Adjusting for smoking status had little effect on the association between alcohol use and AD in the case-control study by Cupples and colleagues 2000. Overall, the results of epidemiologic studies ...
http://dementiatoday.com/alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-developing-alzheimers-disease/
*  Alcohol Consumption and HIV Disease Progression - TheBody.com
... Print-Friendly. Medical News Alcohol Consumption and HIV Disease Progression From CDC National Prevention Information Network. October 9, 2007 The authors prospectively assessed the association between HIV patients' alcohol consumption and laboratory markers of HIV disease progression. Between 1997 and 2003, 595 HIV patients with alcohol problems were recruited, and researchers assessed participants' CD4 cell counts, HIV RNA levels, and alcohol consumption for up to seven years. Among subjects not taking ART, heavy alcohol use was associated with a lower CD4 cell count adjusted mean decrease of 48.6 cells/microliter compared with abstinent subjects; P=0.03 but not with higher log10 HIV RNA. Among subjects taking ART, heavy alcohol consumption was not associated with a lower CD4 cell count or higher log10 HIV RNA. Advertisement "Heavy alcohol consumption has a negative impact on the CD4 cell count in HIV-infected persons not receiving ART," the authors concluded. "In addition to the known deleterious effe...
http://thebody.com/content/art43481.html
*  Alcohol Research & Health, Volume 22 (2), Alcohol and Youth
Alcohol Research Health, Volume 22 2, Alcohol and Youth. Skip to Content. Clinical Trials. Get Updates. Follow Us. Share. Alcohol Your Health. Overview of Alcohol Consumption. Alcohol's Effects on the Body. Alcohol Use Disorder. Fetal Alcohol Exposure. Support Treatment. Alcohol Policy. Special Populations Co-occurring Disorders. Publications & Multimedia. Brochures & Fact Sheets. NIAAA Journal. Alcohol Alert Bulletin. Professional Education Materials. Classroom Resources. Publicaciones en Espa ol. Guidelines Resources. NIAAA Challenge Prize. Grant Funding. Funding Opportunities. News Events. News. Events. NIAAA Spectrum Webzine. Get Updates. About NIAAA. Our Funding. Contact Us. Publications. Alcohol and Youth. Volume 22, Number 2, 1998. This Table of Contents is provided for navigation throughout the Journal and links to articles in PDF format. To view or print the PDF articles, you must have a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader--see PDF Viewing Information. 85 Alcohol Use Among Adolescents. 122 Pharmacotherapy o...
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh22-2/toc22-2.htm
*  Drug & Alcohol Detox Morehead KY - drug detox, Morehead KY alcohol detox, Morehead KY drug addicti
... ons, Morehead KY alcohol addictions, Morehead KY detox, Morehead KY detox centers, Morehead KY rehab. Recovery Resources. KY. Morehead KY ». Drug & Alcohol Detox. Drug Alcohol Detox Morehead KY. Opiate Detox Morehead KY. Substance Abuse Treatment Morehead KY. Drug Detox Centers Morehead KY. Alcohol Detox Centers Morehead KY. Alcohol Detox Centers provide treatment for withdrawal symptoms. At alcohol detox centers, treatment for severe withdrawal symptoms usually includes anti-anxiety drugs known as benzodiazepines. Alcoholic Rehab Morehead KY. A 12 Step Program Can Help Morehead KY. Addiction and Self Recovery Morehead KY. Addictive Nature of Crystal Methamphetamine Morehead KY. Alanon Information Morehead KY. Alcohol Abuse Rehabilitation Morehead KY. Many find that the best treatment comes from rehabilitation centers. Alcohol Abuse Treatment Centers Morehead KY. Alcohol Addiction Treatment Morehead KY. There are programs like Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcohol and Drug Abuse Morehead KY. Alcohol and Drug Deto...
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*  Alcohol Use and Older Adults
... About NCADD. NCADD Bookstore. Recovery Stories. Learn About Alcohol. FAQ's / Facts. Alcohol and Crime. Drinking and Driving. Fetal Alcohol Effects. Learn About Alcohol Curious about what drinking will do to you. Learn About Drugs. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. FAQ's/Facts. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Recovery Stories. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. For People In Recovery. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. FAQ's/Facts. Recovery Stories. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Home : In the News : Alcohol Use and Older Adults. Alcohol Use and Older Adults. Adults of any age can have problems with alcohol. In general, older adults don't drink as much as younger people, but they can still have trouble with drinking. Drinking even a small amount of alcohol can lead to dangerous or even deadly situations. One reason is that older people me...
https://ncadd.org/in-the-news/561-alcohol-use-and-older-adults
*  Alcohols and Ethers
... Naming Alcohols Testing Blood Alcohol Levels Solubilities of Alcohols Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Alcohols Phenols. Boiling Points of Alcohols Alcohols as Acids and Bases Preparation of Alcohols Ethers Alcohols versus Ethers. CH 3 OH. CH 3 CH 2 OH. CH 3 OH. CH 3 CH 2 OH. C 6 H 12 O 6 aq 2 CH 3 CH 2 OH aq + 2 CO 2 g When the alcohol reaches a concentration of 10 to 12% by volume, the yeast cells die. Solubilities of Alcohols As a general rule, polar or ionic substances dissolve in polar solvents; nonpolar substances dissolve in nonpolar solvents. There is no limit on the amount of methanol CH 3 OH and ethanol CH 3 CH 2 OH, for example, that can dissolve in a given quantity of water. CH 3 OH. CH 3 CH 2 OH. CH 3 CH 2 2 OH. CH 3 CH 2 3 OH. CH 3 CH 2 4 OH. CH 3 CH 2 5 OH. CH 3 CH 2 6 OH. CH 3 CH 2 7 OH. CH 3 CH 2 9 OH. insoluble in water. The isopropyl alcohol found in rubbing alcohol is a secondary alcohol, which has two alkyl groups on the carbon atom with the OH substituent R 2 CHOH. Boiling Points of...
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/2organic/alcohols.html
*  Led Alcohol Breath Tester-Buy Cheap Led Alcohol Breath Tester lots from China Led Alcohol Breath Tes
led alcohol breath tester. portable breath alcohol tester. polyethylene alcohol. portable alcohol breath tester. pvc alcohol. portable alcohol detector. puppies breathing. polyviny alcohol. protection alcohol. portable alcohol test. Found 531 Product s for led alcohol breath tester. See led alcohol breath tester Price Trend on Aliexpress.com. US $3.30 / piece. Order: 2 pieces. US $3.83 / piece. Order: 1 piece. good quality Breath. Tester Breathalyzer Flashlight led display alcohol. tester mini keychain alcohol. tester 500X. Place of Origin: CN;GUA ; is customized: Yes ; Brand Name: OEM ; packing: without retail packing ; quality: good quality. US $2.96 / piece. Order: 500 pieces. Brand Name: alcohol tester ; Model Number: led display alcohol tester ; color: black. tester Breathalyzer LED Flashlight Display Alcohol analyzer Keychain car gadget, 10pcs Free shipping. is customized: Yes ; Brand Name: stic ; Model Number: 10009849 ; brand: stic ; label: 10009849 ; weight: 0.1. Place of Origin: CN;GUA ; Brand Name:...
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*  Dave's ESL Cafe's Student Discussion Forums :: View topic - Alcohol, the good poison
... Dave's ESL Cafe's Student Discussion Forums "The Internet's Meeting Place for ESL/EFL Students and Teachers from Around the World!" FAQ. Search. Memberlist. Usergroups. Register. Profile. Log in to check your private messages. Log in. Alcohol, the good poison. Dave's ESL Cafe's Student Discussion Forums Forum Index -> Health and Fitness. View previous topic :: View next topic. Author Message K #3663;`. Joined: 14 Feb 2005 Posts: 3. Posted: Mon Feb 14, 2005 8:00 am Post subject: Alcohol, the good poison. Alcohol, the good poison Since the past until now, many people like to drink alcohol beverage in the party or someone may drink almost everyday, in spite of they know that it’s not good for their health. But do you know that alcohol also has some advantage. Let’s see the disadvantage of alcohol first. Alcohol can make drinkers get drunk and when they get drunk, they can’t control themselves and may cause the accident. Moreover, alcohol is the cause of impotence. I think this is the most disadvantages whic...
http://forums.eslcafe.com/student/viewtopic.php?t=10523&view=next
*  alcohol abuse hair loss - MedHelp
... Heart Disease. Help. Alcohol abuse hair loss. Common Questions and Answers about Alcohol abuse hair loss. alcohol. From my limited reading, these drugs do not have odd effects with alcohol. Read More. Read More. Read More. 5 Alcohol abuse. Read More. Read More. But it has not helped with my weight loss. Read More. Hair loss is unrelated to fatty liver disease for the same reason. Read More. Please help. Read More. Read More. You report being depressed with rapid weight loss, loss of hair and recent loss of menses. Hypothyroidism Wilson's Temperature Syndrome Over exposure to cold weather, frostbite Addison's Disease Anaemia Diabetes Hypoglycemia Drug abuse Alcohol abuse Excessive consumption of certain medications like sedatives or diuretics Side effects of certain medications Surgery or accidents Dysfunction of the hypothalamus Kidney disease/failure Liver disease/failure Hepatitis C Shock, unbearable stress High exposure to carbon monoxide Infection caused by parasites or worms Poisoning by mercury Rea...
http://healthquestions.medhelp.org/alcohol-abuse-hair-loss
*  alcohol - tolerable levels ...
... Custom Search. here search with expressions from this page ... text below will NOT disappear. v May 4, 2015. alcohol - tolerable levels. aha7.com/ppp-en/wyck-alc-bon-en.htm. about:. What is alcohol. 'WYCK What is alcohol?, Ethyl alcohol or ethanol, alcohol - intoxicating - in beer, wine, liquor, alcohol is intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, liquor, Alcohol is produced by fermentation of yeast, Alcohol - produced by fermentation of sugars, Alcohol - produced by fermentation of starches, How does alcohol affect a person. 'WYCK How does alcohol affect a person, Alcohol affects every organ in the body, Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant ... etc. etc. Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations or simply copy paste a whole line into the search field. - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position. alcohol - tolerable levels / free "how to" 'WYCK. What is alcohol. 'WYCK What is alcohol. free "how to" Ethyl alcohol or ethanol free ...
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*  Alcohol Research & Health, Volume 25.4
Alcohol Research Health, Volume 25.4. Skip to Content. Clinical Trials. Get Updates. Follow Us. Share. Alcohol Your Health. Overview of Alcohol Consumption. Alcohol's Effects on the Body. Alcohol Use Disorder. Fetal Alcohol Exposure. Support Treatment. Alcohol Policy. Special Populations Co-occurring Disorders. Publications & Multimedia. Brochures & Fact Sheets. NIAAA Journal. Alcohol Alert Bulletin. Professional Education Materials. Classroom Resources. Publicaciones en Espa ol. Guidelines Resources. NIAAA Challenge Prize. Grant Funding. Funding Opportunities. Application Process. News Events. News. Events. NIAAA Spectrum Webzine. Get Updates. About NIAAA. Our Funding. Contact Us. Publications Alcohol and Disease Interaction Volume 25, Number 4, 2001. If you wish to view or print the journal in PDF format, click on the PDF link you must have a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader--see PDF Viewing Information. 255 Alcohol's Effects on the Risk for Coronary Heart Disease Kenneth J. 263 Alcohol Consumption and the Risk...
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-4/toc25-4.htm
*  Screening and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Care
... About NCADD. NCADD Bookstore. Overview. Recovery Stories. Learn More.... Learn About Alcohol. Overview. FAQ's / Facts. Alcohol and Crime. Learn More.... Learn About Drugs. Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Recovery Stories. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. Learn More.... For People In Recovery. Overview. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Family Disease/ Recovery. Recovery Stories. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Learn More.... Home : In the News : Screening and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Care. Screening and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Care. Excess alcohol consumption is a growing public health problem, causing around 5.3 percent of deaths ...
https://ncadd.org/index.php/in-the-news/582-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-primary-care-
*  Alcohol synonyms
... Login The STANDS4 Network. RHYMES. SYNONYMS. S a c Term. Synonyms Term. Search Term. Synonyms Term. This thesaurus page is about all possible synonyms and similiar words for the term Alcohol. Rate these synonyms: alcohol, alcoholic drink, alcoholic beverage, intoxicant, inebriant noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent Synonyms: alcoholic beverage, alcohol, intoxicant, alcoholic drink, inebriant alcohol noun any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation Synonyms: alcoholic beverage, intoxicant, alcoholic drink, inebriant. Rate these synonyms: alcohol n. Rate these synonyms: List of paraphrases: liquor, booze, alcoholism, drinking, alcohols, alcoholic, drink, alcoholics, ethanol. Visual Synonyms of Alcohol. Translations for Alcohol From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary alkohol Afrikaans. Translation Find a translation for the Alcohol synonym in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 Chinese - Simpli...
http://synonyms.net/synonym/Alcohol
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - JFK Medical Center | Atlantis, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder - JFK Medical Center. Services Medical Services A-Z. At JFK Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Health Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads ...
http://jfkmc.com/your-health/?/12069/Consuming-alcohol
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - JFK Medical Center | Atlantis, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder - JFK Medical Center. Services Medical Services A-Z. At JFK Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Health Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads ...
http://jfkmc.com/your-health/?/12069/Drinking-too-much-alcohol
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Aventura Hospital | Aventura, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder - Aventura Hospital. At Aventura Hospital Medical Center we treat the most important health concerns - yours. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Health Library. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic a...
http://aventurahospital.com/your-health/?/12069/Alcohol-use
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta | Augusta, GA
Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta. Careers. Services. Services Services A-Z. Cancer Care Center. Digestive Disease Center. Stroke Center. Health Information Health Library. For Professionals Careers. Medical Staff Services. Patient Transfer Center. Alcohol Use Disorder Home. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of al...
http://doctors-hospital.net/your-health/?/12069/Chronic--heavy-drinking
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta | Augusta, GA
Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta. Careers. Services. Services Services A-Z. Cancer Care Center. Digestive Disease Center. Stroke Center. Health Information Health Library. For Professionals Careers. Medical Staff Services. Patient Transfer Center. Alcohol Use Disorder Home. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of al...
http://doctors-hospital.net/your-health/?/12069/Chronic-consumption-of-alcohol
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta | Augusta, GA
Alcohol Use Disorder - Doctors Hospital of Augusta. Careers. Services. Services Services A-Z. Cancer Care Center. Digestive Disease Center. Stroke Center. Health Information Health Library. For Professionals Careers. Medical Staff Services. Patient Transfer Center. Alcohol Use Disorder Home. Definition Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention revision. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of al...
http://doctors-hospital.net/your-health/?/12069/Using-alcohol
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center. At Kendall Regional Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. H2U - health to you. Health Library. Pay Bill Online. Video Library. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of alcohol can also cause physical symptoms in people who have developed a physical depe...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/12069/Alcohol-abuse-or-dependence
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder - Kendall Regional Medical Center. At Kendall Regional Medical Center, we treat the most important health concerns - yours. H2U - health to you. Health Library. Pay Bill Online. Video Library. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health problems Problematic alcohol use can lead to tolerance. A sudden withdrawal of alcohol can also cause physical symptoms in people who have developed a physical depe...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/12069/Excessive-use-of-alcohol
*  Even a drink a day boosts cancer death risk, alcohol study finds - Vitals
... Even a drink a day boosts cancer death risk, alcohol study finds By Vitals Thursday Feb 14, 2013 1:02 PM. The first update of alcohol-linked cancer deaths in the U.S. For drinkers, it shows that when it comes to cancer, the less you drink, the better. The study, conducted in conjunction with researchers from the U.S., Canada and France, used recent data and studies on alcohol consumption and cancer mortality to provide a long-delayed update on alcohol-related cancer deaths in America. The researchers determined that alcohol accounted for about 3.5 percent of the more than 577,000 cancer deaths in the U.S. Breast cancer accounted for most alcohol-related cancer deaths in women, about 15 percent of all breast cancer deaths, or some 6,000 cases a year, the study found. The new study focuses solely on alcohol and cancer deaths and doesn t venture into the long-simmering debate about the possible benefits of moderate drinking, added Naimi, who is an expert in the area. But Eric Rimm, an associate professor of...
http://vitals.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/02/14/16963130-even-a-drink-a-day-boosts-cancer-death-risk-alcohol-study-finds?pc=25&sp=25
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - MEDtropolis
Health Library. Health Library. Health Library. Genetic makeup that affects how your body uses alcohol Family members with a history of alcohol misuse Use of alcohol at an early age Use of illicit drugs or non-medical use of prescription drugs Easy access to alcoholic beverages Situations with high peer pressure and/or emotional stress Psychiatric disorders, such as depression or anxiety Smoking. The most common signs and symptoms of AUD include:. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health pro...
http://medtropolis.com/your-health/?/12069/Chronic--heavy-drinking
*  Alcohol Use Disorder - MEDtropolis
Health Library. Health Library. Health Library. Genetic makeup that affects how your body uses alcohol Family members with a history of alcohol misuse Use of alcohol at an early age Use of illicit drugs or non-medical use of prescription drugs Easy access to alcoholic beverages Situations with high peer pressure and/or emotional stress Psychiatric disorders, such as depression or anxiety Smoking. The most common signs and symptoms of AUD include:. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously favored activities in order to drink alcohol or recover from alcohol Alcohol use even if it creates physically unsafe situations or leads to legal trouble Alcohol use that continues even when it causes or worsens health pro...
http://medtropolis.com/your-health/?/12069/Excessive-drinking
*  The Facts About Alcohol and Cholesterol Drugs - PDR Health
... Clinical Trials. Cholesterol Drug Articles The Facts About Alcohol and Cholesterol Drugs. The Facts About Alcohol and Cholesterol Drugs. When it comes to taking medication for lowering cholesterol and preventing heart disease, many people wonder about the effects of alcohol consumption. Here is some information about the benefits and risks of moderate alcohol consumption. Is Alcohol Heart-Healthy. One drink is considered 12 fluid ounces of beer, 5 fluid ounces of wine or 1.5 fluid ounces of liquor. According to the National Institutes of Health NIH, drinking at these levels is typically not associated with health risks and may prevent some forms of heart disease. According to the American Heart Association, some studies have shown that moderate alcohol consumption can increase HDL good cholesterol levels in certain people. Some studies have observed that drinking alcohol in moderation may have some heart-health benefits, particularly with respect to heart disease and the risk of heart attack. People who ...
http://pdrhealth.com/cholesterol/facts-about-alcohol-and-cholesterol-drugs
*  Invited review: a burning issue? adolescent alcohol use in Britain 1970-1991 - ePrints Soton
Invited review: a burning issue. adolescent alcohol use in Britain 1970-1991 - ePrints Soton. Advanced Search University Home. ePrints Soton Policies Latest Additions Download Statistics Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by School. Login. RSS 1.0. RSS 2.0. Atom. Invited review: a burning issue. adolescent alcohol use in Britain 1970-1991. 1992 Invited review: a burning issue. adolescent alcohol use in Britain 1970-1991. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 27, 2, 109-115. Download Full text not available from this repository. Description/Abstract A review is presented of British research related to alcohol use and misuse by adolescents in the period 1970 to 1991. The stability of alcohol use among this age group is emphasised by a succession of studies which indicate the normality of alcohol consumption among its members, most of whom drink in moderation. It is noted that a succession of 'moral panics' amplified in the popular media have led to public concern about an 'epidemic' of alcohol misuse by young people, bu...
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/163701/
*  Alcohol and cardiovascular disease
... 2 However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality. Studies on possible confounding effects. References Further reading External links. The conclusion remained the same in some studies: moderate drinkers are less likely to suffer heart disease. Arthur Klatsky noted that the flaw pointed out by Fillmore existed in one of his early studies of alcohol consumption, but that his later studies illustrating a protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption did not contain this flaw. This question of confusion of abstainers with previously heavy drinkers in epidemiologic studies is overcome with studies showing dose response effects. That is, higher amounts of alcohol consumption seem associated with greater cardiovascular benefit. Studies on possible confounding effects. Some have suggested the cardioprotective effects of alcohol consumption could be explained by c...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_and_cardiovascular_disease
*  Nearly Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Are Current Drinkers
Adults Are Current Drinkers. About NCADD. Learn About Alcohol. Alcohol and Crime. Learn About Drugs. Drugs and Crime. Drugs and Crime. Alcohol Energy Drinks. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. For People In Recovery. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. Family Disease/ Recovery. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Home : In the News : Nearly Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Are Current Drinkers. Adults Are Current Drinkers. adults are current drinkers, according to recently released data from the National Health Interview Survey NHIS. The majority of these current drinkers were infrequent 11 drinks or less in the past year or light 3 drinks or less per week drinkers. Around one-fourth were moderate drinkers and eight percent were heavier drinkers*. More than half of all adults have a family history of alcoholism or problem drinking, and more than 7 m...
http://ncadd.org/index.php/in-the-news/749-nearly-two-thirds-of-us-adults-are-current-drinkers
*  Alcohol and breast cancer
A woman drinking an average of two units of alcohol per day has 8% higher risk of developing breast cancer than a woman who drinks an average of one unit of alcohol per day. A study of more than 1,280,000 middle-aged British women concluded that for every additional drink regularly consumed per day, the incidence of breast cancer increases by 1.1%. ' ' Committee on Carcinogenicity of Chemicals in Food Consumer Products and the Environment COC. 5 A study of 17,647 nurses found that high drinking levels more than doubled risk of breast cancer with 2% increase risk for each additional drink per week consumed. 6 Mechanism In daughters of drinking mothers Moderate drinking Recurrence In men References External links. Susceptibility to the breast cancer risk of alcohol may also be increased by other dietary factors, e.g. This may then affect the developing mammary tissue such that the lifetime risk of breast cancer is raised in their daughters.". Moderate alcohol consumption has also been found to increase the brea...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_and_breast_cancer
*  .. Alcohol Rehab Clinics .. Alcohol Rehab & Addiction Treatment .. We Can Provide Answers About Alc
Alcohol Rehab Clinics If you or someone in your family has an ever increasing alcohol addiction problem,  an alcohol rehab programme may be the only way forward. Finding a successful alcohol withdrawal alcohol rehab program can be a life-saver. Just talking to someone who really understands what you are going through can make a difference. There are many different types of alcohol rehabs. Alcohol Rehab Addiction Treatment. For a complete recovery and withdrawal from alcohol addiction, an alcohol rehabilitation program must address all aspects of the addiction – both physical and mental. It’s vital for both alcohol rehab and full alcohol withdrawal and recovery after rehab that an alcohol rehab centre provides all the tools to help you make the changes necessary to rebuild your life and your relationships. But first and foremost – as with any other form of drug abuse, you have to be ready to make that change in your life. If you need help with an intervention to get a family member ready to go to an alcoho...
http://rehabclinic.org.uk/alcohol-addiction-treatment/alcohol-rehab
*  Psychosocial Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Consumption
... The Stanton Peele Addiction Website. Home. About Stanton. About Stanton Peele. Stanton's Body of Work. Curriculum Vitae. Lectures and Workshops. Accolades & Brickbats. Treatment. Library. Library. Stanton's Body of Work. Stanton's Blog. References Guide. Bookstore. Stanton's Books. Contributions. Contact. Further Reading. In: S. Peele M. Grant Eds., Alcohol and pleasure: A health perspective, Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel, pp. 187-207 Copyright 1999 Stanton Peele. All rights reserved. Psychosocial Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Consumption Alcohol's Role in a Broader Conception of Health and Well-being Archie Brodsky Harvard Medical School Boston, MA Stanton Peele Morristown, NJ. The initial hypothesis and evidence that moderate alcohol consumption reduces the overall mortality rate through its protective effect against cardiovascular disease are now broadly known and accepted see Camargo, 1999; Klatsky, 1999. This evidence continues to accumulate, most recently in a study of nearly a half a million middle-a...
http://peele.net/lib/benefits.html
*  .. Toccoa Long Term Alcohol Rehabs And Recovery Centers Ratings and Reviews .. Top Private Alcohol
Toccoa Long Term Alcohol Rehabs And Recovery Centers Ratings and Reviews AAC's substance abuse and recovery directory of Toccoa private alcohol rehab programs is your trusted resource to find a top private alcohol rehab program provider to find ways to stop being an alcoholic and letting drinking destroy my life, quit being a problem drinker or get related help. Each month thousands use our guide to find local long term alcohol rehabs and recovery centers in Toccoa, Georgia by simply browsing our inpatient alcohol abuse recovery center listings, many of which contain ratings and reviews. Top Private Alcohol Rehab Programs in Toccoa, Georgia:. Toccoa, GA Drug Alcohol Treatment Centers Rehab Programs Toccoa, Georgia drug treatment centers, alcohol rehab programs and dual diagnosis treatment facilities. Toccoa, GA Drug Alcohol Treatment Centers – Addiction ... Treatment Center Directory.com is the premier destination for locating alcohol treatment, drug addiction rehab centers and detox programs in Toccoa, Geo...
http://allaboutcounseling.com/dir/alcohol-rehab-programs/ga/toccoa/
*  Capryl alcohol, CAS Number: 72-69-5
... Enter your search term above and find: CAS Numbers Molecular Formulas Synonyms Sites/Web Search Suppliers Resources. Search for:. Capryl alcohol. IUPAC Name:. octan-1-ol CAS Number:. 72-69-5 Chemical Formula:. C 8 H 18 O. click here for details. WEB SEARCH. MSDS. RESOURCES. SUPPLIERS. previous. next. Synonyms:. 111-87-5, 112615 ALDRICH, 1-Hydroxyoctane, 1-octanol,. Synonyms:. 111-87-5, 112615 ALDRICH, 1-Hydroxyoctane, 1-octanol, 1 Octanol, 1-Octyl alcohol, 1-Oktanol, 220713-26-8, 293245 ALDRICH, 297887 ALDRICH, 360562 SIAL, 442273 SUPELCO, 472328 SIAL, 67700-96-3, 68603-15-6, 72-69-5, 95446 FLUKA, AI3-02169, Alcohol C-8, Alcohol, n-Octyl, Alcohols, C6-12, Alcohols, C8-18 and C18-unsatd., Alfol 8, BOG, c0045, C00756, C8 alcohol, C8-C18 and C18 Unsaturatedalkyl alcohol, C8H18O, Capryl alcohol, caprylic alcohol, Caswell No. 611A, CCRIS 9099, CHEBI:16188, D020003, Dytol M-83, EINECS 203-917-6, EINECS 266-920-1, EPAL 8, EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 079037, Fatty alcohol C8, FEMA No. 2800, FEMA Number 2800, Hep...
http://chemindustry.com/chemicals/027987.html
*  .. Study: Daily Alcohol Drink Shortens Life and Ups Cancer Death Risk .. Post navigation
Study: Daily Alcohol Drink Shortens Life and Ups Cancer Death Risk Posted on. Drinking a couple glasses of wine or any alcohol beverage every day may increase the risk of dying from cancer and shorten your life by almost two decades, suggests a new study. data on cancer mortality and two large surveys on alcohol consumption. The investigators focused their analysis on the seven cancers linked to alcohol consumption: oral cavity and pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colorectum, and female breast cancer. Using two different methods, they estimated that alcohol caused on average 19,500 cancer deaths each year, which accounts for approximately 3.5 percent of all cancer deaths in the U.S. Cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx, larynx, and esophagus were the most common forms of alcohol-attributable cancer deaths for men, accounting for approximately 4,000-8,400 cancer deaths annually. For women, breast cancer was the leading cause of alcohol-attributable cancer deaths, accounting for about 4,700-7,300 deaths ann...
http://blog.aicr.org/2013/02/15/study-daily-alcohol-drink-shortens-life-and-ups-cancer-death-risk/
*  Alcohol Use Disorder | Memorial Hospital | Jacksonville, FL
Alcohol Use Disorder. Memorial Hospital. Jacksonville, FL. Behavioral Health Services. Emergency Care. Memorial Women's Center. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. Classes & Events. H2U - health to you. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Video Library. Hospital Data. Hospital Information. Behavioral Health Services. Emergency Care. Memorial Women's Center. Patients & Visitors. Memorial Hospital @MemorialJax Memorial has received a Gold Plus Award for Get With The Guidelines® - Stroke from @American Heart @American Stroke http://t.co/GcqhXJZoDn. Alcohol use disorder AUD is a spectrum of issues involving problem drinking. Increasing amounts of alcohol that is being consumed Inability to stop or limit drinking despite associated problems Significant amounts of time doing activities to obtain or use alcohol Craving or urge to use alcohol Repeated home, school, or work problems Difficulty in relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers Missing previously fa...
http://memorialhospitaljax.com/hl/?/12069/excessively-drink
*  .. How Does Drinking Alcohol Affect Diabetes .. The Effect of Alcohol on Diabetics in the Fed State
There are several studies done to investigate on the effect of alcohol on the regulation of blood sugar levels in the diabetic patients. Irrespective of the person whether he/she is suffering from type 1diabetes or type 2diabetes, acute alcohol consumption might not bring any clinically important changes in the blood sugar levels. Some studies done in the year 1997 have revealed that single episode alcohol taken along with the meals might show beneficial effect by reducing the blood sugar levels slightly as the diabetics will have comparatively higher blood glucose levels. The research studies have revealed that chronic alcohol consumption in the diabetics who are highly nourished led to their increased blood sugar levels. 1 The blood sugar levels in the fasting state were found to be higher for the drinking type 2 diabetics than the non-drinking diabetics in the first few days of their stay in the hospital. 2 The HbA1c levels were observed to be significantly higher in the drinking type 2 diabetic patients t...
http://diabetestreatmentguide.org/how-does-drinking-alcohol-affect-diabetes/
*  ALCOHOL REPORTS: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Alcohol Consumption and Injury Risk as a F
... unction of Study Design and Recall Period. ALCOHOL REPORTS. An international website dedicated to providing current information on news, reports, publications,and peer-reviewed research articles concerning alcoholism and alcohol-related problems throughout the world. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Alcohol Consumption and Injury Risk as a Function of Study Design and Recall Period. It is well established that alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of injury. This systematic review and meta-analysis addresses important methodological issues commonly encountered in the alcohol and injury field by delineating the effect of study design and alcohol consumption recall period on effect size magnitude and by conducting gender-specific analyses. Case control or case-crossover emergency department ED studies reporting injury risk from alcohol consumption 6 hours before injury were included. The overall odds of injury were 2.799 2.214 to 3.538, p 0.001. For case-crossover studies, the odd...
http://alcoholreports.blogspot.com/2012/09/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis.html
*  .. .. Alcohol Use Assessment .. Health Library .. Your Results .. About Alcohol Use and Abuse .. W
U of U Health Care. U of U Health Care. If you are worried about your drinking, however, this tool will help you find out if you have a problem with alcohol. The following four questions are used by health care providers to screen for alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence. Your answers to these questions suggest that you have a problem with alcohol. You should see your health care provider right away to talk about your answers to these questions. He or she can help you find out whether you have a drinking problem. Your answers to these questions show that you have a problem with alcohol. See your health care provider right away to talk about your answers to these questions. Your answers to these questions suggest that you do not have a problem with alcohol. See your health care provider if your drinking gets you in trouble with your job, family life, health or the law. About Alcohol Use and Abuse. Moderate drinking is no more than two drinks a day for most healthy men. Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a di...
http://healthcare.utah.edu/healthlibrary/related/doc.php?type=42&id=AlcoholUseAssessment
*  Doctors call for change to alcohol advice | NHS Choices | Nursing Times
Nursing Times. Nursing Times Learning. Jobs. The RCP concluded that the current wording of the UK guidelines appears to sanction daily or near daily drinking. To address what it sees as a problematic lack of emphasis on the frequency of drinking, the RCP suggests that the current advice on safe limits for alcohol intake should be stated in terms of weekly alcohol intake rather than daily unit limits, and that two or three days in the week should be completely alcohol free. It recommends that men should not regularly drink more than 3-4 units of alcohol a day, while women should not regularly drink more than 2-3 units. The RCP believes that current government guidelines on alcohol consumption could be improved to better reflect the evidence in a number of areas, such as: overall levels of consumption that are ‘safe’ or within ‘sensible limits’ frequency of alcohol consumption the physiological effects of ageing the balance of the health benefits of alcohol consumption for coronary heart disease against wider a...
http://nursingtimes.net/nursing-practice/clinical-specialisms/substance-misuse/doctors-call-for-change-to-alcohol-advice/5038108.article
*  Abuse, alcohol and neglect are common factors - Drug and Alcohol Information and Support in Ireland
... - Drugs.ie. About drugs Drugs and mental health Drug use factors Drugs and pregnancy Drugs and sport Drugs and the law Hepatitis C Overdose How long do drugs stay in your system. The nature and stages of drug use What are the most commonly used drugs What they are and where they come from. Online drug test Legal and Illegal Highs For parents / carers Don't Lose The Head Effects on the family Why some young people take drugs and others don't How can I prevent my child from becoming involved with drugs. About alcohol What is alcohol. How alcohol affects the body How alcohol affects mood Alcohol and pregnancy Alcohol and the law Drink driving Interactions with other drugs Alcohol and sports performance Fact or myth quiz FAQ. Stages of alcohol use Stages of alcohol use Abstinence Experimentation Low risk drinking Problem drinking Alcohol abuse and misuse Alcohol dependence Changing your drinking. Tips Tools How much am I drinking. Young people and drink Why young people drink What are the signs and effects. ...
http://drugs.ie/news/article/abuse_alcohol_and_neglect_are_common_factors1
*  Alcohol ETG Urine Testing Resources
... . Shopping Cart No items. My Account Sign in. Register. Need Help. Click here or call 1 800-656-0745. DNA & Genetics. Blood Type. DNA & Paternity. Health Risk Substance Abuse. Alcohol. CLIA Waived. Drug. Nicotine/Tobacco. Other Supplies. Schedule a Test. Steroid. Synthetic Drug Tests. Background Screening Health & Wellness. Animal Wellness. Best Sellers. Digital Monitors. Hormone. Nutrition. Supplements. Vitamin. Wellness Disease Detection. Bacteria. Cancer. Cholesterol. Diabetes. Hepatitis C. HIV/STD. Other Diseases. Thyroid TSH. Pregnancy/Fertility. Best Sellers. Ovulation. Pregnancy Health Hazards. Air Quality. Asbestos. Best Sellers. Bio-Contamination. Fungus. Heavy Metals. Household. Lead. Mold. Radiation / UV / Heat. Radon. Water Corporate. Alcohol ETG Urine Testing Resources. Alcoholism is a very serious problem. In the WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004, the World Health Organization WHO estimates that there are about 2 billion people worldwide who consume alcoholic beverages and 76.3 milli...
http://testcountry.com/alcohol_etg_urine_testing_resources.html
*  Does drinking alcohol shrink your brain? - CNN.com
Mixx Facebook Twitter Digg delicious reddit MySpace StumbleUpon. Story Highlights A small decline in brain volume, 2 percent a decade, is a natural part of aging Researchers hoped to find alcohol protected the brain from age-related shrinkage Instead, any level of alcohol consumption led to a decline in brain volume The effect was more pronounced in women than men Next Article in Health. What's good for the heart may hurt the brain, according to a new study of the effects of alcohol. According to the study findings, the more alcohol consumed, the smaller the brain volume. People who drink alcohol -- even the moderate amounts that help prevent heart disease -- have a smaller brain volume than those who do not, according to a study in the Archives of Neurology. Decline in brain volume -- estimated at 2 percent per decade -- is a natural part of aging, says Carol Ann Paul, who conducted the study when she was at the Boston University School of Public Health. She had hoped to find that alcohol might protect again...
http://cnn.com/2008/HEALTH/diet.fitness/10/14/healthmag.alcohol.brain.shrinkage/index.html
*  Alcohol and health
Long-term effects of alcohol consumption include changes in the metabolism of the liver and brain and alcoholism. Short-term effects Long-term effects Cardiovascular disease. Gender differences Alcoholism. Short-term effects. Short-term effects of alcohol. 4 Long-term effects. Long-term effects of alcohol. 6 Health effects associated with large levels of alcohol intake include an increased risk of alcoholism, malnutrition, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver disease and cancer. The study concluded that carriers of one specific variant of this gene A-allele of ADH1B rs1229984, which is associated with lower alcohol consumption, '...had a more favourable cardiovascular profile and a reduced risk of coronary heart disease than those without the genetic variant.' The study's authors extrapolated from this finding to suggest that '...reduction of alcohol consumption, even for light to moderate drinkers, is beneficial to health.'. Having a particular genetic variant A-allele of ADH1B rs1229984 is associated with ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_and_health
*  .. Alcohol .. Navigation .. Upcoming Events
Navigation. Poppers Ecstasy Cocaine Methamphetmine Gamma Hydroxybutyrate GHB Ketamine Hydrocloride Special K Alcohol Anabolic Steroids Marijuana Phencyclidine PCP. Upcoming Events. No events. View Our Event Calendar ». Alcohol. Posted on. April 20, 2011 by. jadmin. What is alcohol?Â. Beverage alcohol is ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, and is a depressant drug. Alcohol is a natural product of fermenting sugars. It is usually made from grains such as hops, barley or rice and/or fruits, but it can also be made from other plants. The concentration of alcohol in drinks varies widely. Wine and beer have between 5% and 15%, while ‘hard’ liquor usually has up to 40%, and sometimes more. What are the effects of drinking alcohol?Â. Low to moderate amounts can produce feelings of relaxation, lower inhibitions, and increased sociability. Larger amounts can cause dizziness, nausea, slurred speech, slower reflexes, sleepiness, bad judgment, dehydration and a hangover the next day. Overdoses can cause loss of motor control, blac...
http://ncsdconnection.com/substance-use/alcohol/
*  alcohol allergy symptoms hives - MedHelp
... Communities Health Tools Information My MedHelp Login or. Help. Alcohol allergy symptoms hives. Common Questions and Answers about Alcohol allergy symptoms hives. alcohol. Read More. None of your symptoms point to an alcohol allergy. Have you seen a doctor for any of these symptoms. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. Any type of alcohol gives me this reaction. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. Read More. Hello, From the symptoms the possibilities of an allergic reaction and hives need to be ruled out. br I don't know if this can help you, but I Have the same problem and I found good information on Milk Allergy on a website named Act Against Allergy, at the address a href= www.actagainstallergy.com www.actagainstallergy. Don't take Benadryl and then drink because that can cause real problems read the Benadryl label. Pepcid AC will not be of much help in reducing or countering the allergic reactions caused by alcohol. Regarding the allergic reaction to alcohol,it is usually not the alcoh...
http://healthquestions.medhelp.org/alcohol-allergy-symptoms-hives
*  Sound Alcohol Testers Promotion-Shop for Promotional Sound Alcohol Testers on Aliexpress.com
... SuperDeals Bestselling. Buyer Protection. Submit a Complaint. Sign in. Join. Sign in. Sign in with. Join Free. My Coupons. My Points. green tea alcohol Promotion. good alcohols Promotion. alcohol tester keychain Promotion. health alcohol Promotion. handles alcohol Promotion. halloween alcohol Promotion. roadway safety Promotion. saliva alcohol test Promotion. rose alcohol Promotion. Promotion. sound alcohol testers Promotion. bahasa Indonesia. Nederlands. tiếng Việt. Superdeals on Brands The Lowest Discounts on Top Brands From 40% off Shop now. Men's Fashion Channel New Summer Fashion Arrival Top buyers choice, Bestselling items Shop now. prev next. sound alcohol testers Products. Ratings. Price Lowest first. Price Highest first. Number of Orders Newest Products Seller's Ratings. US $18.55 / piece. Min. Order: 1 piece. New Arrival Hot Sale Professional Mini Digital Breath Alcohol. Tester Warning Sound. US $6.69 / piece. Min. Order: 1 piece. Tingtop Trading CO Ltd. Tester with Backlight Breathalyzer D...
http://aliexpress.com/promotion/automobiles_sound-alcohol-testers-promotion.html
*  Interaction of Alcohol and Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS Wit
Sponsor: University of California, San Francisco Information provided by Responsible Party : University of California, San Francisco. Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:. Experimental: HIV+, Ritonavir-regimen 10 subjects will be HIV+ and will begin receiving Ritonavir-containing regimen, and their PK interactions with alcohol/placebo will be evaluated. Other Name: grain alcohol Drug: Alcohol placebo Liquid alcohol spritzed on top of juice beverage immediately prior to administration in order to give smell of alcohol, administered once at baseline and again at either 2 or 3 weeks. Experimental: HIV+/HCV+ Co-infected, Ritonavir-regimen 10 subjects will be HIV+/HCV+ co-infected and will begin receiving Ritonavir-containing regimen, and their PK interactions with alcohol/placebo will be evaluated. Other Name: grain alcohol Drug: Alcohol placebo Liquid alcohol spritzed on top of juice beverage immediately prior to administration in order to give smell of alcohol, administe...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00879047
*  Skin Rash When Drinking Alcohol
... RocketSwag.com. Home. Disease Prevention. Drugs Supplements. Diet Nutrition. Fitness. Health Insurance. Law. Medical Malpractice. Skin Rash When Drinking Alcohol. It has been seen that rash can break out after consuming alcohol. This rash is termed as alcohol allergy. This is particularly true for some people who are sensitive to certain types of foods. This is caused by their respective immune system developing intolerance towards certain food components. In case of alcohol, the immune system in some people cannot tolerate certain components in alcohol. This intolerance to the components present in the alcohol leads to skin rash. Alcohol can have many adverse effects like headache, skin rash, nasal congestion and vomiting in people who are highly sensitive. Many times, the body is not able to break down the components present in the alcohol. This is a common and normal phenomenon to show resistance and intolerance towards certain food. This response differs depending on the immune system in the human bo...
http://rocketswag.com/medicine/disease-prevention/skin-diseases/skin-rash/Skin-Rash-When-Drinking-Alcohol.html
*  Section II–Playing It Safe - Alcohol & Alcohol Safety
Section II–Playing It Safe - Alcohol Alcohol Safety. HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide Table of Contents. Section II–Playing It Safe. Previous Topic. Next Topic Alcohol Alcohol Safety Before drinking, think about its possible consequences e.g., academic and health problems, unsafe sex, assault, injury, and even death. These consequences affect the person who drinks as well as other students whether they choose to drink or not and the community as a whole. See “ Effects of Alcohol in your Blood ” below. Effects of Alcohol in Your Blood Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. How drinking affects your body and mind depends upon your blood alcohol concentration BAC. BAC is related to how much alcohol you drink in a given period of time and your body weight. % of Blood Alcohol Concentration BAC. Body Weight Number of Drinks in Two Hours*. lbs 2 4 6 8 10. 120 0.06 0.12 0.19 0.25 0.31. 140 0.05 0.11 0.16 0.21 0.27. 160 0.05 0.09 0.14 0.19 0.23. 180 0.04 0.08 0.13 0.17 0.21. 200 0.04 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.19...
http://southwestern.edu/offices/health/selfcare/alcohol.htm
*  Teen pot, alcohol use on the rise, study shows - Health - Children's health | NBC News
Teen pot, alcohol use on the rise, study shows - Health - Children's health. Video. Nightly News. Meet the Press. msnbc. Health. Children's health on. NBCNews.com. Advertise. Teen pot, alcohol use rising. comments below. Next story in Children's health. Advertise. Alcohol and marijuana use among teens is on the rise, ending a decade-long decline, a study being released Tuesday found. Don't miss these Health stories. Report questioning salt guidelines riles heart experts. The annual survey found the number of teens in grades 9 through 12 who reported drinking alcohol in the last month rose 11 percent last year, with 39 percent — about 6.5 million teens — reporting alcohol use. That's up from 35 percent, or about 5.8 million teens, in 2008. For pot, 25 percent of teens reported smoking marijuana in the last month, up from 19 percent. Until last year, those measures for pot and alcohol use had been on a steady decline since 1998, when use hovered around 50 percent of teens for alcohol and 27 percent for pot. Six...
http://nbcnews.com/id/35651225/ns/health-kids_and_parenting/
*  Printing Counseling Diabetic Patients About Alcohol Use
... Counseling Diabetic Patients About Alcohol Use. How can we provide the best pharmaceutical care when counseling patients about diabetes and alcohol. Before we can provide guidelines for responsible drinking, we must be aware of the specific risks and potential consequences of alcohol use for diabetics. Alcohol and Blood Glucose. Under normal conditions, when blood glucose levels begin to decline, the liver converts stored carbohydrates into glucose for release into the bloodstream. Because alcohol consumption prevents the liver from releasing glucose into the bloodstream, patients who exercise and ingest alcohol increase the risk of hypoglycemia. A single 12-oz beer contains approximately 150 calories, and a single 5- oz glass of wine or a 1.5-oz shot of 80- proof liquor contains about 100 calories. Alcohol and Diabetic Complications. Moderate drinking habits also may elevate blood triglyceride levels, already elevated in most diabetics. Heavy drinking 3 or more drinks per day can worsen diabetic retinop...
http://pharmacytimes.com/print.php?url=/publications/issue/2003/2003-10/2003-10-7443
*  Label calories on alcohol, says Labour MEP / News from the EU / Issue 9, 2013 (22 July) / 2013 / Eur
Label calories on alcohol, says Labour MEP / News from the EU / Issue 9, 2013 22 July / 2013 / Eurocare Newsletter / Media Centre / European Alcohol Policy Alliance - Eurocare. Join Eurocare Who we are What we do Governance Membership Eurocare Secretariat Call for tender. Resources Policy Issues Eurocare Papers and Publications Projects Database Country Profiles. Alcohol News Blog Database of alcohol regulations EU Projects RARHA - Joint Action on Reducing Alcohol Related Harm EWA EU - USA Dialogue PROTECT FASE: Focus on Alcohol Safe Environment VINTAGE AMPHORA PHEPA SMART Pathways for Health. Building Capacity Bridging the Gap AMMIE Let it hAPYN Media Centre Eurocare Newsletter Upcoming Events Previous Eurocare Events Press Releases Blog Contact. European Alcohol Policy Alliance. EU Alcohol Strategy Taxation Minimum Unit Price MUP Marketing Labelling Alcohol and Trade Road Safety Alcohol and Cancer Youth RARHA - Joint Action on Reducing Alcohol Related Harm Let it hAPYN. / Media Centre / Eurocare Newsle... /...
http://eurocare.org/media_centre/eurocare_newsletter/2013/issue_9_2013_22_july/news_from_the_eu/label_calories_on_alcohol_says_labour_mep
*  Surrogate alcohol
... is a term for any substance containing ethanol that is intentionally consumed but is not meant for consumption most people turn to these as a last resort either out of desperation being underaged or being unable to afford consumable alcoholic beverages common surrogate alcohols dangers to health see also references external links common surrogate alcohols image troynoy odekolon jpg many alcoholic liquids contain alcohol but are not meant to be ingested in the same way as alcoholic beverage s typical surrogate alcohols include hand sanitizer mouthwash aftershave or cologne cleaning fluids such as windex extract s charcoal lighter fluid rubbing alcohol windshield washer fluid antifreeze denatured alcohol ethanol rendered unfit to drink by mixing with methanol or bittering agents sterno moonshine and other homemade alcohols including two or more of the above mixed together disinfectant s liquid soap paint dangers to health most surrogate alcohols have very high alcoholic levels some as high as and thus can ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrogate_alcohol
*  Diet and genetics factors in heart risk | SanDiegoUnionTribune.com
Diet and genetics factors in heart risk. Chargers. Chargers stadium. Q: Obviously, what we eat is important to cardiovascular health: a balanced diet in moderate amounts. Dark chocolate is supposed to be “heart healthy” due to an abundance of antioxidant flavonoids, but diet soda has been linked to cardiovascular risk factors like high cholesterol and hypertension. A: The studies and guidelines have been fairly consistent about a “heart-healthy diet” being one that is low in saturated fats, cholesterol and salt. Q: Numerous studies say light-to-moderate alcohol consumption one to two drinks per day appears to improve cardiovascular health. Are we reaching the point where limited alcohol consumption might be officially recommended for cardiovascular risk reduction. However, the adverse risks of even moderate alcohol consumption on a regular basis include high blood pressure, obesity, stroke, congestive heart failure and liver disease. Additionally, with the potential addictive risk of alcohol, it is highly unl...
http://sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2011/mar/29/diet-and-genetics-factors-in-heart-risk/
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Internal Medicine | Alcohol Consumption, Cigarette Smoking, and the Risk of R
Alcohol Consumption, Cigarette Smoking, and the Risk of Recurrent Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis. Using self-reported monthly alcohol consumption during the maximum lifetime drinking period, we classified subjects by drinking status: abstainer, light drinker ≤0.5 drink per day , moderate drinker women, 0.5 to 1 drink per day; men, 0.5 to 2 drinks per day , heavy drinker women, 1 to 5 drinks per day; men, 2 to 5 drinks per day , or very heavy drinker ≥5 drinks per day for both sexes. 23 Drinking categories included abstainers no alcohol use or 20 drinks in a lifetime , light drinkers ≤0.5 drinks per day or ≤3 drinks per week , moderate drinkers 0.5 to 1 drink per day or 4 to 7 drinks per week for women; 0.5 to 2 drinks per day or 4 to 14 drinks per week for men , heavy drinkers 1 to 5 drinks per day or 8 to 34 drinks per week for women; 2 to 5 drinks per day or 15 to 34 drinks per week for men , and very heavy drinkers ≥5 drinks per day or ≥35 drinks per week for both sexes. View Large | Save Table | Download ...
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=773523
*  Alcohol: Is it good or Bad for your health?
Alcohol: Is it good or Bad for your health. Alcohol: Is it good or Bad for your health. For example, expecting mothers have been told to avoid taking alcohol as it might result in either delivering underweight babies, or intoxicated babies. 14 Comments - Leave a comment. 14 Responses to Alcohol: Is it good or Bad for your health. 1:12 pm. 4:48 pm. 7:44 pm. 6:51 pm. 11:02 pm. 5:25 pm. I believe we have so many problems the people should decide to at least close the bars. If bars would close peple might drink at home and at least spend more time with the family. I would like to see the people demand they close all bars for one week and compare accidents and domestic violence with the previous week. Now bar owners would argue this, liquor stores would argue, and people who have no life who go to bars and waste money would argue, but the common person would just have to decide is a person s life better with or without alcohol. 2:59 pm. 2:44 pm. 4:08 pm. Disadvantage: Heart-Health Risk Moderate alcohol consumption...
http://yesiknowthat.com/alcohol/
*  Re: chemist: alcohol? how much? » AMD | Psycho-Babble
Re: chemist: alcohol. how much. » AMD. Psycho-Babble. Psycho-Babble Substance Use. about substance use. Framed This thread. Show all. Post follow-up. Start new thread. List of forums. Search. FAQ. Re: chemist: alcohol. how much. » AMD Posted by chemist on May 6, 2005, at 11:09:49 In reply to Re: chemist: alcohol. how much., posted by AMD on May 5, 2005, at 22:42:59. you had better not be calling me erudite. i have manners...i'll give my two-cents in re: stupor...this is well beyond the lapshade on the head gag and can be mistaken for coma, especially after the walk-into-the-wall and fall number is executed...all the best, chemist. What do you define as stupor. I'm glad to hear the damage is not so extreme, but of course it's still something to be cautious of. Hangovers are definitely not good for concentration. For inducing sleep, however, they do wonders. Thanks for your replies, chemist and Larry. Erudite as usual. amd. Tweet. Thread. chemist: alcohol. how much. AMD 4/30/05 Re: chemist: alcohol. how much. »...
http://dr-bob.org/babble/subs/20050506/msgs/494510.html
*  Alcohol, Drugs and Youth
... About NCADD. Recovery Stories. Learn About Alcohol. Alcohol and Crime. Learn About Alcohol Curious about what drinking will do to you. Learn About Drugs. Drugs and Crime. Family History. Underage and College. Drugs and Crime. Alcohol Energy Drinks. Recovery Stories. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. For People In Recovery. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. For Family & Friends. Recovery Stories. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects the whole family. Home : For Youth : Alcohol, Drugs and Youth. Alcohol, Drugs and Youth. There is no single age group of people more affected by alcohol and drugs than young people. FACT: More than 23 million people over the age of 12 are addicted to alcohol and other drugs affecting millions more people…..parents, family members, friends and neighbors. As a result young people have lots of questions about alcohol and drugs, ...
https://ncadd.org/index.php/for-youth/233-overview
*  Alcohol Consumption and Lupus - Lupus Forum - eHealthForum
... Health Forums. Medical Questions. Conditions and Diseases. Lupus Forum Alcohol Consumption and Lupus. Autoimmune Disorder Basics Learn the basics about autoimmune disorders, including risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options. Autoimmune Disorder Risks Learn about risk factors to developing an autoimmune disorder. Autoimmune Disorder Screening Learn about screening and diagnosis options available for autoimmune disorders.... Conditions and Diseases Sugar Alcohol Sore Eye When Consuming Alcohol Is Alcohol Causing Gastritis and Other A... Lupus alcohol and lupus Alcohol And Lupus Lupus And Alcohol. Alcohol Poisoning Anxiety, Alcohol, Medication. is drinking alcohol a cause for a lupus flare or can a person with lupus drink when they are no longer on anti-alcohol medication such as cellcept. Did you find this post helpful. Lupus Answer A3780. While alcohol does not directly cause lupus to flare-up, it may make your overall condition worse due to the damage alcohol inflicts on the body. Excessive drinki...
http://ehealthforum.com/health/topic130084.html
*  Teens Can Buy Alcohol on eBay, Expose Reveals
... About NCADD. NCADD Bookstore. Overview. Family Education. Recovery Stories. Learn More.... Learn About Alcohol. Overview. FAQ's / Facts. Signs and Symptoms. Alcohol and Crime. Seniors, Vets and Women. Learn About Alcohol Curious about what drinking will do to you. Learn More.... Learn About Drugs. Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Prescription Drugs. Drugs and Crime. Signs and Symptoms. Seniors, Vets and Women. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Stories From Parents. You can be the key to their early recovery. Learn More.... For Youth. Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Drugs and Crime. Recovery Stories. For Youth Think you may have a problem with your drinking or drug use. Learn More.... For People In Recovery. Overview. For People In Recovery Recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction is happening every day for millions of people. Learn More.... Overview. FAQ's/Facts. Signs and Symptoms. Family Education. Family Disease/ Recovery. Recovery Stories. For Family & Friends The disease of alcoholism and drug addiction affects...
http://ncadd.org/index.php/in-the-news/465-teens-can-buy-alcohol-on-ebay-expose-reveals
*  Module5-Diagnosis and Assessment of Alcohol Use Disorders
... The following table Table 1 provides a short list of suggested instruments for assessing alcohol use problems, high-risk situations, personal coping resources, and motivational readiness to change. Assessment Domain: Relapse Risk Situations. Measures of alcohol use problems generally deal with quantity, frequency, and symptoms of alcohol use, as well as social, psychological, and physical consequences related to the drinking behavior. Measures of relapse risk situations and coping abilities i.e., individual's confidence and temptation in handling situations associated with high risk for drinking highlight those areas that pose the greatest threat to sobriety. Furthermore, clients need to have information specifically about themselves and their own drinking problems, not just global truths about alcohol use disorders. Based on the construct alcohol dependence syndrome developed by the World Health Organization WHO, the SCID has served as a mechanism to classify individuals as either alcohol dependent or a...
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Social/Module5Diagnosis&Assessment/Module5.html
*  Alcohol and weight
... 'Alcohol and weight' is a subject relevant to millions of people who like to drink alcoholic beverage s and who also either want to maintain or to lose body weight. It is uncertain whether alcohol leads to increased body weight. Some studies find an increase in body weight, some studies do not, and some find a small decrease among women who begin consuming alcohol. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Some of these studies are very large; one involved nearly 80,000 and another included 140,000 subjects. These findings are inconclusive because alcohol itself contains 7 k calorie s per gram. Other research has found consumption of sugar to decrease as consumption of alcohol increases. Kent Bunting, the research results do not necessarily mean that people who wish to lose weight should continue to consume alcohol because consumption is known to have an enhancing effect on appetite. UNC Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies. Alcoholism and Obesity: Overlapping Brain Pathways. The physiologic commonalities between exces...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_and_weight
*  foodconsumer.org - Experts review and weigh in on cardiovascular benefits of alcohol
... Experts review and weigh in on cardiovascular benefits of alcohol Experts review and weigh in on cardiovascular benefits of alcohol 03/09/2011 22:54:00 admin By Kathleen Blanchard. Researchers have conducted a systematic review of available evidence that does show moderate alcohol intake may lower the chances of developing heart disease. The findings show cardiovascular disease risk is lower among individuals who consume alcohol in moderation, compared to non-drinkers, but panel experts for the review also say it s difficult to make recommendations for drinking for heart disease prevention. The finding, published in the British Medical Journal, determined that one drink of alcohol daily was associated with reduced overall risk of deaths from cardiovascular disease, reduced chances of coronary heart disease and death from existing coronary heart disease, and stroke and dying from stroke. Alcohol in moderation has cholesterol benefits. From the study review, the authors concluded alcohol in moderation may ...
http://foodconsumer.org/newsite/mobile/Nutrition/Food/alcohol_heart_disease_0309110455.html
*  Alcohol Consumption Linked to Higher Cancer Risk
... Follow Us:. . Home. Alcohol Consumption Linked to Higher Cancer Risk Alcohol Consumption Linked to Higher Cancer Risk Posted by Admin on February 28, 2011. While alcohol is commonly used as a social lubricant, recent studies have linked alcohol consumption to aging and also an increased cancer risk. The organic chemical compound acetaldehyde which is responsible for hangovers also represents an increased risk of cancer, particularly to heavy drinkers. This study was published in the Journal Addiction, and was performed by members of the Center for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH in Toronto and the Chemical and Veterinary Investigation Laboratory Karlsruhe in Germany. These researchers found that those who drank heavily surpassed safe levels of acetaldehyde ingestion through alcohol consumption alone. According to Jurgen Rehm, the lead scientist and Head of the Public Health and Regulatory Policies section at CAMH said that, The problem with acetaldehyde has been that, although it has been recognized as ...
http://empowereddoctor.com/alcohol-consumption-linked-to-higher-cancer-risk
*  Dentists 'Should Check For Signs Of Excessive Alcohol Consumption'
... Huffpost UK Lifestyle uk. Follow Newsletters. Get UK LifestyleNewsletters Email address. Enter Email Address. Huffington Post Search. Search The Huffington Post Enter Search Terms. Android app. TV News. Lifestyle. Go to Lifestyle More in Lifestyle. Health. Parents. Dentists should screen patients for signs that they drink too much alcohol, researchers have said. "Excessive alcohol consumption is not only a risk factor for sustaining orofacial injury either through falls, road traffic accidents or interpersonal violence but also implicated in the aetiology of potentially fatal oral disease, including cancers of the mouth, larynx, pharynx and oesophagus." They said patients who drink lots also suffer tooth decay and erosion of the tooth surface. "This provides the primary dental healthcare team with unique opportunities to intervene, particularly as asking patients about their levels of alcohol consumption is a routine component of medical history taking." Jonathan Shepherd, professor of oral and maxillofa...
http://huffingtonpost.co.uk/2012/04/04/dentists-signs-alcohol-consumption_n_1401927.html?ref=uk-health-news
*  .. Alcohol Poisoning .. How Much Is Too Much? .. What Is Alcohol Poisoning? .. Additional Signs to
Learn Treatment Centers Photos Media Questions Answers Resources. Home » Substance Abuse Help » Short and Long Term Effects » Alcohol Poisoning. Additional Signs to Watch For Treatment is necessary as soon as possible after the symptoms of alcohol poisoning are recognized. Treatment for alcohol poisoning is completed at an emergency facility so the medical staff can monitor the patient for additional symptoms and life-threatening conditions. If you would like to learn more about treatments for alcohol poisoning and alcohol addiction, call our hotline at. Alcohol poisoning treatment will be based on how much someone has had to drink. Heavy drinking can also lead to alcohol poisoning, and it is even more likely to cause long-term health problems. If you would like to learn about the potential damage long-term drinking can cause, call our 24-hour hotline at. If you would like to learn more about alcohol poisoning, call our hotline at. Our team is happy to help you understand what treatments are available for tho...
http://projectknow.com/research/alcohol-poisoning/

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Primary alcoholAlcohol dehydrogenaseResearch Society on Alcoholism: The Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) is a learned society of over 1600 active members based in Austin, Texas. Its objective is to advance research on alcoholism and the physiological and cognitive effects of alcohol.Ethanol fuel: Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline.Sterling Clarren: Sterling K. Clarren is one of the world's leading researchers into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), an umbrella term encompassing fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, static encephalopathy:alcohol exposed and penatal alcohol exposed.Blended malt whisky: A blended malt, formerly called a vatted malt, or pure malt, is a blend of different single malt whiskies from different distilleries. These terms are most commonly used in reference to Scotch whisky, or whisky in that style, such as Japanese whisky.Alcohol intoxicationVanillyl alcoholFluorotelomer alcohol: Fluorotelomer alcohols, or FTOHs, are fluorotelomers with an alcohol functional group. They are volatile precursors to perfluorinated carboxylic acids, such as PFOA and PFNA, and other compounds.Polyvinyl alcoholDelirium Tremens (album)Misbehaving Mums To Be: Misbehaving Mums To Be is a BBC Three series following a team of midwives as they take pregnant women who binge drink, chain smoke and overeat and help them get back into shape before they give birth.Hexafluoro-2-propanolDraught beer: Draught beer, also spelt draft, is beer served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can. Canned draught is beer served from a pressurised container featuring a widget.Substance-related disorderQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Imidic acid: In chemistry, an imidic acid is any molecule that contains the -C(=NH)-OH functional group. It is the tautomer of an amide and the isomer of an oxime.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Mycobacterium austroafricanum: Mycobacterium austroafricanum is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium.Antenor Orrego Private UniversityClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain: In molecular biology, prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain is a protein domain found at the C-terminus of prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenases, it adopts a structure consisting of an alpha-beta-alpha-beta(3) core, which mediates dimerisation of the protein.Disinhibition: In psychology, disinhibition is a lack of restraint manifested in disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. Disinhibition affects motor, instinctual, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual aspects with signs and symptoms similar to the diagnostic criteria for mania.Rice wineBenzodiazepine withdrawal syndromeFibroTest: FibroTest, known as FibroSure in the US, is a patented biomarker test that uses the results of six blood serum tests to generate a score that is correlated with the degree of liver damage in people with a variety of liver diseases. FibroTest has the same prognostic value as a liver biopsy.IsobutanolCaffeic acid phenethyl esterLong-chain-aldehyde dehydrogenase: Fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (or Long-chain-aldehyde dehydrogenase) is an aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme that in human is encoded in the ALDH3A2 gene on chromosome 17.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,MapracoratBezitramideAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Tema Motorway: The Tema Motorway is a highway that links Tema to Accra—capital of Ghana. It was the only motorway in Ghana.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.D-arabitol-phosphate dehydrogenase: D-arabitol-phosphate dehydrogenase (, APDH, D-arabitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase, D-arabitol 5-phosphate dehydrogenase) is an enzyme with system name D-arabitol-phosphate:NAD+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionPulse St. Petersburg: Pulse St. Petersburg is a monthly entertainment magazine published in English and Russian.College student alcoholism: The rates of college students binge drinking in the United States have fluctuated for the past years. As high as 40% of college students could now be considered alcoholics as defined by the next edition psychiatry's diagnostic manual but many would have only a mild problem which is intentionally for early treatment.Exercise addiction: An exercise addiction can have harmful consequences although it is not listed as a disorder in the latest revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). This type of addiction can be classified under a behavioral addiction in which a person’s behavior becomes obsessive, compulsive, and/or causes dysfunction in a person's life.Low-dose naltrexone: Low-dose naltrexone (LDN) describes the off-label use of the medication naltrexone at low doses for diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Naltrexone is typically prescribed for opioid dependence or alcohol dependence, as it is a strong opioid antagonist.Liver function tests: LFT}}Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingRobert Randall (advocate): Robert Randall}}Methoxide: Methoxides are organic salts and the simplest alkoxides. Sodium methoxide and potassium methoxide have widespread use, though other metal-cation variants such as lithium methoxide, rubidium methoxide, caesium methoxide, and francium methoxide exist as well.Barratt WaughPrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Energy shot: Energy shots are a specialized kind of energy drink that contain a dose of the stimulant caffeine in a small amount of liquid. Whereas most energy drinks are sold in cans or bottles, energy shots are usually sold in 50ml bottles.Brief psychotherapy: Brief psychotherapy (brief therapy, planned short-term therapy,Bandler, Richard. Time for a Change.List of drug interactions: The following is a list of interactions with various prescription and over-the counter drugs:Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation: Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation (also called the Sharpless bishydroxylation) is the chemical reaction of an alkene with osmium tetroxide in the presence of a chiral quinine ligand to form a vicinal diol.Anti-abortion violence: Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion. Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS): Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome still under research, leading to rapid onset Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or tics in children and adolescents. It may be either connected to Group A streptococcal infections (PANDAS sub-group) or caused by immunologic reactionsKatherine E.ISO 39001: The ISO 39001 "Road Traffic Safety Management" is an ISO standard for a management system (similar to ISO 9000) for road traffic safety. The implementation of the standard is supposed to put the organizations, that provide the system "road traffic", into the position to improve the traffic safety and to reduce by that the number of persons killed or severely injured in road traffic.Dibenzyl ketoneFatty aldehyde: A fatty aldehyde is an aldehyde with a "fatty" aliphatic carbon chain attached that is typically eight carbon or more in length. In contrast, phenolic aldehydes are aromatic.Skyland Trail: Skyland Trail is a private, not-for profit organization in Atlanta, Georgia offering treatment to adults with mental illness. Skyland Trail specializes in treating adults with Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Depression, and Dual Diagnosis.SchizophreniaHarlequin syndrome: Harlequin syndrome is a condition characterized by asymmetric sweating and flushing on the upper thoracic region of the chest, the neck, and the face. It is caused by sustaining an injury to the sympathetic nervous system.Concentration effect: In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. In simple terms, the higher the concentration of gas administered, the faster the alveolar concentration of that gas approaches the inspired concentration.Felony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.

(1/9481) Body mass decrease after initial gain following smoking cessation.

BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is strongly associated with subsequent weight gain, it is not clear whether the initial gain in weight after smoking cessation remains over time. METHOD: Cross-sectional analyses were made, using data from periodic health examinations for workers, on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the length of smoking cessation. In addition, linear regression coefficients of BMI on the length of cessation were estimated according to alcohol intake and sport activity, to examine the modifying effect of these factors on the weight of former smokers. RESULTS: Means of BMI were 23.1 kg/m2, 23.3 kg/m2, 23.6 kg/m2 for light/medium smokers, heavy smokers and never smokers, respectively. Among former smokers who had smoked > or = 25 cigarettes a day, odds ratio (OR) of BMI >25 kg/m2 were 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.05-3.35), 1.32 (95% CI : 0.74-2.34), 0.66 (95% CI: 0.33-1.31) for those with 2-4 years, 5-7 years, and 8-10 years of smoking cessation, respectively. The corresponding OR among those who previously consumed <25 cigarettes a day were 1.06 (95% CI: 0.58-1.94), 1.00 (95% CI: 0.58-1.71), and 1.49 (95% CI: 0.95-2.32). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that although heavy smokers may experience large weight gain and weigh more than never smokers in the few years after smoking cessation, they thereafter lose weight to the never smoker level, while light and moderate smokers gain weight up to the never smoker level without any excess after smoking cessation.  (+info)

(2/9481) Water traffic accidents, drowning and alcohol in Finland, 1969-1995.

OBJECTIVE: To examine age- and sex-specific mortality rates and trends in water traffic accidents (WTA), and their association with alcohol, in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National mortality and population data from Finland, 1969-1995, are used to analyse rates and trends. The mortality rates are calculated on the basis of population, per 100000 inhabitants in each age group (<1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, > or = 65), and analysed by sex and age. The Poisson regression model and chi2 test for trend (EGRET and StatXact softwares) are used to analyse time trends. RESULTS: From 1969 through 1995 there were 3473 (2.7/100000/year; M:F= 20.4:1) WTA-related deaths among Finns of all ages. In 94.7% of the cases the cause of death was drowning. Alcohol intoxication was a contributing cause of death in 63.0% of the fatalities. During the study period the overall WTA mortality rates declined significantly (-4% per year; P < 0.001). This decline was observed in all age groups except > or = 65 year olds. The overall mortality rates in WTA associated with alcohol intoxication (1987-1995) also declined significantly (-6%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In Finland, mortality rates in WTA are exceptionally high. Despite a marked decline in most age groups, the high mortality in WTA nevertheless remains a preventable cause of death. Preventive countermeasures targeted specifically to adult males, to the reduction of alcohol consumption in aquatic settings and to the use of personal safety devices should receive priority.  (+info)

(3/9481) Effect of alcohol abstinence on blood pressure: assessment by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

Several studies have shown that cessation of alcohol drinking reduces blood pressure (BP). However, attempts to reproduce these findings by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) have shown inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of 1 month of proven abstinence from alcohol on the 24-hour BP profile in heavy alcohol drinkers. Forty-two men who were heavy drinkers (>100 g of pure ethanol per day) were consecutively admitted to a general ward for voluntary alcohol detoxification. On the day of admission, they received a total dose of 2 g/kg of ethanol diluted in orange juice in 5 divided doses, and a 24-hour ABPM was performed. A new 24-hour BP monitoring in the same environmental conditions was performed after 1 month of proven alcohol abstinence while the subjects were receiving the same amount of fluid but without the addition of alcohol. After 1 month of proven alcohol abstinence, BP and heart rate (HR) significantly decreased. The reduction was 7.2 mm Hg for 24-hour systolic BP (SBP) (95% CI, 4.5 to 9.9), 6.6 mm Hg for 24-hour diastolic BP (DBP) (95% CI, 4.2 to 9.0), and 7.9 bpm for HR (95% CI, 5.1 to 10.7). The proportion of alcoholic patients considered hypertensive on the basis of 24-hour BP criteria (daytime SBP >/=135 mm Hg or daytime DBP >/=85 mm Hg) fell from 42% during alcohol drinking to 12% after 1 month of complete abstinence. Abstinence did not modify either the long-term BP variability, assessed by SD of 24-hour BP, or its circadian profile. We conclude that abstinence in heavy alcohol drinkers significantly reduces BP assessed by 24-hour ABPM and that this reduction is clinically relevant. These results show that heavy alcohol consumption has an important effect on BP, and thus cessation of alcohol consumption must be recommended as a priority for hypertensive alcohol drinkers.  (+info)

(4/9481) Different factors influencing the expression of Raynaud's phenomenon in men and women.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk profile for Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is different between men and women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 800 women and 725 men participating in the Framingham Offspring Study, the association of age, marital status, smoking, alcohol use, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia with prevalent RP was examined in men and women separately, after adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of RP was 9.6% (n = 77) in women and 5.8% (n = 42) in men. In women, marital status and alcohol use were each associated with prevalent RP (for marital status adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.3, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.4-3.9; for alcohol use OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0-5.2), whereas these factors were not associated with RP in men (marital status OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.6-3.5; alcohol use OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.2-4.4). In men, older age (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.0-5.2) and smoking (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3) were associated with prevalent RP; these factors were not associated with RP in women (older age OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.4-1.6; smoking OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.4-1.1). Diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were not associated with RP in either sex. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that risk factors for RP differ between men and women. Age and smoking were associated with RP in men only, while the associations of marital status and alcohol use with RP were observed in women only. These findings suggest that different mechanisms influence the expression of RP in men and women.  (+info)

(5/9481) Ethanol exposure differentially alters central monoamine neurotransmission in alcohol-preferring versus -nonpreferring rats.

Individual differences in ethanol preference may be linked to differences in the functional activity of forebrain monoamine systems or their sensitivity to modification by ethanol. To test this hypothesis, basal extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in the nucleus accumbens as well as the effects of repeated ethanol pretreatment on the basal release of these transmitters were examined in alcohol-preferring (P), alcohol-nonpreferring (NP), and genetically heterogeneous Wistar rats. All animals received i.p. injections of ethanol (1.0 g/kg) or saline for 5 consecutive days. Fifteen hours after the final pretreatment, basal extracellular concentrations and "in vivo extraction fraction" values for DA and 5-HT were determined by no-net-flux in vivo microdialysis. In ethanol-naive rats, significant line differences were observed with high basal 5-HT release in P rats, low 5-HT release in NP rats, and intermediate 5-HT levels in Wistar rats. No differences among groups were noted in basal DA release. Ethanol pretreatment decreased basal extracellular 5-HT levels in P rats whereas increasing 5-HT efflux was seen in the Wistar and NP lines. In addition, ethanol pretreatment increased extracellular DA concentrations in Wistar and P rats, but not in NP rats. The results confirm a relationship between the functional status of forebrain DA and 5-HT systems and ethanol preference or aversion. Moreover, the data suggest that ethanol exposure can alter basal DA and 5-HT in the nucleus accumbens and that vulnerability to ethanol-induced changes in monoamine neurotransmission may be a factor in genetically determined ethanol preference.  (+info)

(6/9481) Diet and risk of ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity: carbohydrate-fat relationships in rats.

Nutritional status is a primary factor in the effects of xenobiotics and may be an important consideration in development of safety standards and assessment of risk. One important xenobiotic consumed daily by millions of people worldwide is alcohol. Some adverse effects of ethanol, such as alcohol liver disease, have been linked to diet. For example, ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in animal models requires diets that have a high percentage of the total calories as unsaturated fat. However, little attention has been given to the role of carbohydrates (or carbohydrate to fat ratio) in the effects of this important xenobiotic on liver injury. In the present study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (8-10/group) were infused (intragastrically) diets high in unsaturated fat (25 or 45% total calories), sufficient protein (16%) and ethanol (38%) in the presence or absence of adequate carbohydrate (21 or 2.5%) for 42-55 days (d). Animals infused ethanol-containing diets adequate in carbohydrate developed steatosis, but had no other signs of hepatic pathology. However, rats infused with the carbohydrate-deficient diet had a 4-fold increase in serum ALT levels (p < 0.05), an unexpectedly high (34-fold) induction of hepatic microsomal CYP2E1 apoprotein (p < 0.001), and focal necrosis. The strong positive association between low dietary carbohydrate, enhanced CYP2E1 induction and hepatic necrosis suggests that in the presence of low carbohydrate intake, ethanol induction of CYP2E1 is enhanced to levels sufficient to cause necrosis, possibly through reactive oxygen species and other free radicals generated by CYP2E1 metabolism of ethanol and unsaturated fatty acids.  (+info)

(7/9481) Inhibition of advanced glycation endproduct formation by acetaldehyde: role in the cardioprotective effect of ethanol.

Epidemiological studies suggest that there is a beneficial effect of moderate ethanol consumption on the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Ethanol is metabolized to acetaldehyde, a two-carbon carbonyl compound that can react with nucleophiles to form covalent addition products. We have identified a biochemical modification produced by the reaction of acetaldehyde with protein-bound Amadori products. Amadori products typically arise from the nonenzymatic addition of reducing sugars (such as glucose) to protein amino groups and are the precursors to irreversibly bound, crosslinking moieties called advanced glycation endproducts, or AGEs. AGEs accumulate over time on plasma lipoproteins and vascular wall components and play an important role in the development of diabetes- and age-related cardiovascular disease. The attachment of acetaldehyde to a model Amadori product produces a chemically stabilized complex that cannot rearrange and progress to AGE formation. We tested the role of this reaction in preventing AGE formation in vivo by administering ethanol to diabetic rats, which normally exhibit increased AGE formation and high circulating levels of the hemoglobin Amadori product, HbA1c, and the hemoglobin AGE product, Hb-AGE. In this model study, diabetic rats fed an ethanol diet for 4 weeks showed a 52% decrease in Hb-AGE when compared with diabetic controls (P < 0.001). Circulating levels of HbA1c were unaffected by ethanol, pointing to the specificity of the acetaldehyde reaction for the post-Amadori, advanced glycation process. These data suggest a possible mechanism for the so-called "French paradox," (the cardioprotection conferred by moderate ethanol ingestion) and may offer new strategies for inhibiting advanced glycation.  (+info)

(8/9481) A prospective study of cerebrovascular disease in Japanese rural communities, Akabane and Asahi. Part 1: evaluation of risk factors in the occurrence of cerebral hemorrhage and thrombosis.

An epidemiological study of cerebrovascular disease in Akabane and Asahi, Japan, was made. (These cities are located near Nagoy, Japan.) The study population included 4,737 men and women aged 40 to 79 at the time of entry into the study. There were 4,186 persons who were examined and, of these, 264 cases of cerebrovascular attacks were observed between 1964 and 1970. The incidence rate of stroke in those persons not responding to the survey was 15.9 times higher than in those persons examined according to person-year observation in Akabane. The risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage and thrombosis were evaluated by age-adjusted and sex-adjusted relative risks. The predisposing factors to cerebral hemorrhage appeared to be high blood pressure, high left R wave, ST depression, T abnormality, capillary fragility counts, previous medical history of stroke and albuminuria. For cerebral thrombosis, the predisposing factors appeared to be high blood pressure, ST depression and funduscopic sclerotic findings, and those factors assumed to be significant were glycosuria and smoking habits. Ocular funduscopic abnormality was the most prominent risk factor for cerebral thrombosis, while high blood pressure and ECG abnormalities were highly related to cerebral hemorrhage. It was suggested that those subjects with a relatively higher blood pressure may have a higher relative risk of cerebral hemorrhage than those with a lower (normal range) blood pressure. A previous or family history of stroke also appeared significantly related to cerebral hemorrhage.  (+info)


Alcohol drinking?


Last night I drank about3 shots of rum and from the neck up I felt a little feverish but I checked the thermomitor and said normal. Is this normal. What should I feel and what shouldnt i feel when drinking alcohol.  What is normal.
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It is the hangover factor that kicked in you. After drinking much or more our body can take, the body chills and thus the sensation of feeling feverish. It exhibits a false pretense which is "normal" for hangovers. It would "normally" subside an hour or a day after the consumption of alcohol is released or eliminated from your body through perspiration, urination, or defecation.
It is a precipitating factor that your body could not take the burden of the consumption. Please be careful my friend, what you experienced is alcohol intoxication which may lead to an allergic reaction which in turn could lead to asphyxiation, brain and liver or multisystem damage.
As a Friend... My advise... DRINK MODERATELY or none at all. It's your choice, I'm here if you need me.


alcohol drinking?


If you drink 2 drinks and then wait and then drink 2 more drinks and then wait, is that still binge drinking? I want to watch my health at an early age with drinking and be aware of how it affects me. So if I had 2 beers with in an hour and then I wait like an hr or 2 before I have more...then what?
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....ask "how many hours that goes on?" and
....ask " how frequently, drinking occurs at all"
...then if the process is a pattern, and the times are sustained and habitual you can see that pattern....keep a journal 
....the body makes sugar from alcohol, the sugar buzz is addicting, and that is what fuels binge drinking
.....also it is binge drinking that leads to 'long-term' legal problems too, like driving, or accidents, or beligerence (lol) but in time those patterns are noted by the courts too
.....so, if you see 3 hours of 'drinking' or more, more than once a week, you may see a pattern developing
....the only way to break that craving is to "quit drinking", some problem drinkers I know believe that by careful discipline of their intake, they are not having a problem
....they are "managing their addiction to sugar from alcohol" and they are not the brighest bulbs in the light I can see


How long after drinking alcohol is it safe to breast feed?


I'm due Dec. 26th, so (fingers crossed) I'm hoping to be able to drink a little bit on New Years Eve. Just a few glass of champagne, nothing excessive.

I'm planning on breast feeding, but I know alcohol can be transferred through breast milk, so I'm wondering how long after drinking alcohol is it safe to breast feed again?

Thanks in advance for any help!
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You can safely breastfeed after drinking one drink, though I think they recommend wine rather than other types of alcohol. 

If you drink more than that, you should wait 3+ hours until the bulk of the alcohol leaves your system. The problem with that is that with a baby that young, they need to eat more frequently than that. You have the option of pumping ahead of time, but if you introduce a bottle that soon - before the baby has really gotten the knack of breastfeeding - you run a risk of causing nipple confusion and breastfeeding problems later. Until four or five weeks, when it is ok to introduce a bottle, it may not be a good idea to drink so much (i.e., more than a couple drinks in a couple hours) that you can't feed the baby.

Also, if the baby is born on the 26th, your milk supply is not likely to be stable and well-established by New Year's Eve, so you might not be able to pump enough ahead of time or pumping ahead of time could lead to oversupply problems, which are really uncomfortable and definitely not worth a couple of drinks.

Also, I have had a glass of wine on a couple of occasions since my baby was born (11/27) and I notice that it seems to make him fussy when I drink. I think it is harder for him to digest. So even though it is a safe amount, I stopped drinking again until I can introduce a bottle just because I don't like to make him uncomfortable like that.

Good Luck! I hope this helps!


Why does smoking after drinking alcohol or water give it a funny taste lingering in your mouth?


Why does smoking after drinking alcohol or water give it a funny taste lingering in your mouth?
After you smoke say two cigarettes after drinking alcohol or water, you get that unpleasant taste lingering in the back of your mouth and the nostril...I dont get this after drinking fizzy drinks, coffee, cappucino or tea, only after I have drunk water or alcohol. Why does it do this?
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It may be that certain chemicals are water miscible so after drinking then smoking they are better realized then without the drink. Why it happens for only certain drinks is a bit of a mystery. One thought is that other drinks may mask the dissolved flavors more than water or alcohol.


What is the danger in drinking alcohol while on antibiotics?


I am on antibiotics starting today, and tomorrow night there is a party where I wish to drink alcohol. Should I not take the antibiotics tomorrow? What is the risk of drinking alcohol while on antibiotics? Does it just make you more drunk? Or is there something bad that can happen? Please don't just reply with 'don't drink' - I probably won't, but I'm just wondering.
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don't drink the alcohol instead because once you have stopped your antibiotic after you have started it, the antibiotic won't work anymore when you go back to it, which means that you will need a new antibiotic in order to treat whatever it is you need treatment for. If you choose to drink the alcohol while on an antibiotic the alcohol could interfere with the antibiotic and this could possibly reduce the antibiotic's effectiveness. Nothing bad happens to you, it is just that alcohol and antibiotic should not be taken together if you want the antibiotic to work. 


Why does drinking alcohol in the evening give me bad dreams?


Every time I try to drink alcohol at night, even as early as 6 or 7pm, I'll get vivid nightmares. Most people I know say that alcohol relaxes them and helps them sleep better. Why do you think I'm getting this reaction, and is there anything I can do about it? Maybe it is because I'm not a regular drinker (I go out for a drink or two every couple weeks or so), and my body is just not used to it. Would drinking on a more regular basis cut back on this reaction?
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Well, just as a disclaimer, I'm not a doctor, but two things come to mind.

1- You may not be built to digest alcohol. Alcohol is a very volatile product, hard to digest. Some people have the stomach for it, and others don't. So if you're drinking and it causes you to have nightmares, that's probably just your unconscious' way of expressing this is not doing your body any good.

2- Or, on the contrary, maybe you tend to be a light sleeper. Do you have problems with insomnia? Alcohol usually sends people in deeper sleep than they're used to.  So if you're in the habit of waking up several times during the night, it might be a sign you're an anxious sleeper by nature. So that with the alcohol, you continue to sleep when you would normally wake up in the middle of the night and you'r already agitated, hence the bad dreams that then get a chance to fully form.


Is drinking alcohol on successive days a bad idea?


I've been drinking alcohol for successive nights for the last 4 days, nothing much any given night but I've heard alcohol stays in your system for a while so would it be somewhat bad for me to drink again tonight?
By nothing much I mean 6 ciders and 4 smirnoffs spread across 4 days. 

And I'm not an alcoholic, it's a vacation week so I'm kicking back, I probably won't drink for weeks/months after this!
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No, i don't think so :D


What effect does drinking alcohol a few hours after working out have on the body?


If i were to work out during the afternoon, then go out later that night, would drinking alcohol have any extra or unusual effects/ would the normal effects be exaggerated? Also, is there anything (drinking water, etc.) that would help combat these effects if they exist? Thank you!
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It may take longer for your muscles to recover if you drink alcohol after a workout. It can also inhibit fat loss. Drinking water can help, although it wont avoid this altogether as alcohol is a diuretic and dehydrates your body.