Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Murine Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in mice infected with mouse leukemia viruses (MuLV). The syndrome shows striking similarities with human AIDS and is characterized by lymphadenopathy, profound immunosuppression, enhanced susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and B-cell lymphomas.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.HIV-1: The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Simian immunodeficiency virus: Species of the genus LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate immunodeficiency viruses (IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES, PRIMATE), that induces acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in monkeys and apes (SAIDS). The genetic organization of SIV is virtually identical to HIV.HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2.AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs naturally in macaques infected with SRV serotypes, experimentally in monkeys inoculated with SRV or MASON-PFIZER MONKEY VIRUS; (MPMV), or in monkeys infected with SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.AIDS-Related Complex: A prodromal phase of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Laboratory criteria separating AIDS-related complex (ARC) from AIDS include elevated or hyperactive B-cell humoral immune responses, compared to depressed or normal antibody reactivity in AIDS; follicular or mixed hyperplasia in ARC lymph nodes, leading to lymphocyte degeneration and depletion more typical of AIDS; evolving succession of histopathological lesions such as localization of Kaposi's sarcoma, signaling the transition to the full-blown AIDS.Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes: Syndromes in which there is a deficiency or defect in the mechanisms of immunity, either cellular or humoral.Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline: A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.Homosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.Severe Combined Immunodeficiency: Group of rare congenital disorders characterized by impairment of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leukopenia, and low or absent antibody levels. It is inherited as an X-linked or autosomal recessive defect. Mutations occurring in many different genes cause human Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID).HIV Seropositivity: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).Zidovudine: A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by an azido group. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA during reverse transcription. It improves immunologic function, partially reverses the HIV-induced neurological dysfunction, and improves certain other clinical abnormalities associated with AIDS. Its principal toxic effect is dose-dependent suppression of bone marrow, resulting in anemia and leukopenia.Anti-HIV Agents: Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.Common Variable Immunodeficiency: Heterogeneous group of immunodeficiency syndromes characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia of most isotypes, variable B-cell defects, and the presence of recurrent bacterial infections.CD4 Lymphocyte Count: The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.Pneumonia, Pneumocystis: A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.HIV Antibodies: Antibodies reactive with HIV ANTIGENS.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Lymphoma, AIDS-Related: B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the TAT GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.HIV Antigens: Antigens associated with specific proteins of the human adult T-cell immunodeficiency virus (HIV); also called HTLV-III-associated and lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) antigens.Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active: Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.HIV-2: An HIV species related to HIV-1 but carrying different antigenic components and with differing nucleic acid composition. It shares serologic reactivity and sequence homology with the simian Lentivirus SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and infects only T4-lymphocytes expressing the CD4 phenotypic marker.Deltaretrovirus: A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B- or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.HIV Envelope Protein gp120: External envelope protein of the human immunodeficiency virus which is encoded by the HIV env gene. It has a molecular weight of 120 kDa and contains numerous glycosylation sites. Gp120 binds to cells expressing CD4 cell-surface antigens, most notably T4-lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages. Gp120 has been shown to interfere with the normal function of CD4 and is at least partly responsible for the cytopathic effect of HIV.Sarcoma, Kaposi: A multicentric, malignant neoplastic vascular proliferation characterized by the development of bluish-red cutaneous nodules, usually on the lower extremities, most often on the toes or feet, and slowly increasing in size and number and spreading to more proximal areas. The tumors have endothelium-lined channels and vascular spaces admixed with variably sized aggregates of spindle-shaped cells, and often remain confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue, but widespread visceral involvement may occur. Kaposi's sarcoma occurs spontaneously in Jewish and Italian males in Europe and the United States. An aggressive variant in young children is endemic in some areas of Africa. A third form occurs in about 0.04% of kidney transplant patients. There is also a high incidence in AIDS patients. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, pp2105-7) HHV-8 is the suspected cause.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.HIV Core Protein p24: A major core protein of the human immunodeficiency virus encoded by the HIV gag gene. HIV-seropositive individuals mount a significant immune response to p24 and thus detection of antibodies to p24 is one basis for determining HIV infection by ELISA and Western blot assays. The protein is also being investigated as a potential HIV immunogen in vaccines.Gene Products, gag: Proteins coded by the retroviral gag gene. The products are usually synthesized as protein precursors or POLYPROTEINS, which are then cleaved by viral proteases to yield the final products. Many of the final products are associated with the nucleoprotein core of the virion. gag is short for group-specific antigen.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Viral Load: The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.Cytomegalovirus Retinitis: Infection of the retina by cytomegalovirus characterized by retinal necrosis, hemorrhage, vessel sheathing, and retinal edema. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a major opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and can cause blindness.Opportunistic Infections: An infection caused by an organism which becomes pathogenic under certain conditions, e.g., during immunosuppression.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Antigens, CD4: 55-kDa antigens found on HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHOCYTES and on a variety of other immune cell types. CD4 antigens are members of the immunoglobulin supergene family and are implicated as associative recognition elements in MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX class II-restricted immune responses. On T-lymphocytes they define the helper/inducer subset. CD4 antigens also serve as INTERLEUKIN-15 receptors and bind to the HIV receptors, binding directly to the HIV ENVELOPE PROTEIN GP120.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors: Inhibitors of reverse transcriptase (RNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE), an enzyme that synthesizes DNA on an RNA template.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Retroviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the RETROVIRIDAE.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral: Infections of the BRAIN caused by the protozoan TOXOPLASMA gondii that primarily arise in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES (see also AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS). The infection may involve the brain diffusely or form discrete abscesses. Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp41-3)Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.HIV Reverse Transcriptase: A reverse transcriptase encoded by the POL GENE of HIV. It is a heterodimer of 66 kDa and 51 kDa subunits that are derived from a common precursor protein. The heterodimer also includes an RNAse H activity (RIBONUCLEASE H, HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS) that plays an essential role the viral replication process.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Gene Products, env: Retroviral proteins, often glycosylated, coded by the envelope (env) gene. They are usually synthesized as protein precursors (POLYPROTEINS) and later cleaved into the final viral envelope glycoproteins by a viral protease.nef Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the NEF GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Retroviridae Proteins: Proteins from the family Retroviridae. The most frequently encountered member of this family is the Rous sarcoma virus protein.Lymphatic Diseases: Diseases of LYMPH; LYMPH NODES; or LYMPHATIC VESSELS.HIV Seronegativity: Immune status consisting of non-production of HIV antibodies, as determined by various serological tests.AIDS Serodiagnosis: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.Didanosine: A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.Antiviral Agents: Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.gag Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the GAG GENE of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.AIDS Dementia Complex: A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)HIV Seroprevalence: Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).Receptors, CCR5: CCR receptors with specificity for CHEMOKINE CCL3; CHEMOKINE CCL4; and CHEMOKINE CCL5. They are expressed at high levels in T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; MACROPHAGES; MAST CELLS; and NK CELLS. The CCR5 receptor is used by the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS to infect cells.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.HIV Protease Inhibitors: Inhibitors of HIV PROTEASE, an enzyme required for production of proteins needed for viral assembly.RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase: An enzyme that synthesizes DNA on an RNA template. It is encoded by the pol gene of retroviruses and by certain retrovirus-like elements. EC 2.7.7.49.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.HIV Long Terminal Repeat: Regulatory sequences important for viral replication that are located on each end of the HIV genome. The LTR includes the HIV ENHANCER, promoter, and other sequences. Specific regions in the LTR include the negative regulatory element (NRE), NF-kappa B binding sites , Sp1 binding sites, TATA BOX, and trans-acting responsive element (TAR). The binding of both cellular and viral proteins to these regions regulates HIV transcription.Pentamidine: Antiprotozoal agent effective in trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and some fungal infections; used in treatment of PNEUMOCYSTIS pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. It may cause diabetes mellitus, central nervous system damage, and other toxic effects.rev Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the REV GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.United StatesGene Products, tat: Trans-acting transcription factors produced by retroviruses such as HIV. They are nuclear proteins whose expression is required for viral replication. The tat protein stimulates LONG TERMINAL REPEAT-driven RNA synthesis for both viral regulatory and viral structural proteins. tat stands for trans-activation of transcription.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Hemophilia A: The classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII. It is an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.Immunocompromised Host: A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.Proviruses: Duplex DNA sequences in eukaryotic chromosomes, corresponding to the genome of a virus, that are transmitted from one cell generation to the next without causing lysis of the host. Proviruses are often associated with neoplastic cell transformation and are key features of retrovirus biology.Zalcitabine: A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication at low concentrations, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase. Its principal toxic side effect is axonal degeneration resulting in peripheral neuropathy.Nephrotic Syndrome: A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection: A nontuberculous infection when occurring in humans. It is characterized by pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis in children, and systemic disease in AIDS patients. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection of birds and swine results in tuberculosis.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.HIV Envelope Protein gp41: Transmembrane envelope protein of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS which is encoded by the HIV env gene. It has a molecular weight of 41,000 and is glycosylated. The N-terminal part of gp41 is thought to be involved in CELL FUSION with the CD4 ANTIGENS of T4 LYMPHOCYTES, leading to syncytial formation. Gp41 is one of the most common HIV antigens detected by IMMUNOBLOTTING.Contraceptive Devices, Male: Contraceptive devices used by males.Genes, env: DNA sequences that form the coding region for the viral envelope (env) proteins in retroviruses. The env genes contain a cis-acting RNA target sequence for the rev protein (= GENE PRODUCTS, REV), termed the rev-responsive element (RRE).Leukocyte Count: The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.Leukocytes, Mononuclear: Mature LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES transported by the blood to the body's extravascular space. They are morphologically distinguishable from mature granulocytic leukocytes by their large, non-lobed nuclei and lack of coarse, heavily stained cytoplasmic granules.Sjogren's Syndrome: Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Histoplasmosis: Infection resulting from inhalation or ingestion of spores of the fungus of the genus HISTOPLASMA, species H. capsulatum. It is worldwide in distribution and particularly common in the midwestern United States. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins: Proteins synthesized by HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES such as the HIV-1 and HIV-2.HIV Protease: Enzyme of the human immunodeficiency virus that is required for post-translational cleavage of gag and gag-pol precursor polyproteins into functional products needed for viral assembly. HIV protease is an aspartic protease encoded by the amino terminus of the pol gene.CD4-CD8 Ratio: Ratio of T-LYMPHOCYTES that express the CD4 ANTIGEN to those that express the CD8 ANTIGEN. This value is commonly assessed in the diagnosis and staging of diseases affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM including HIV INFECTIONS.Gene Products, nef: Products of the retroviral NEF GENE. They play a role as accessory proteins that influence the rate of viral infectivity and the destruction of the host immune system. nef gene products were originally found as factors that trans-suppress viral replication and function as negative regulators of transcription. nef stands for negative factor.vpr Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the VPR GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Mycobacterium avium Complex: A complex that includes several strains of M. avium. M. intracellulare is not easily distinguished from M. avium and therefore is included in the complex. These organisms are most frequently found in pulmonary secretions from persons with a tuberculous-like mycobacteriosis. Strains of this complex have also been associated with childhood lymphadenitis and AIDS; M. avium alone causes tuberculosis in a variety of birds and other animals, including pigs.Cytomegalovirus Infections: Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.HIV Envelope Protein gp160: An envelope protein of the human immunodeficiency virus that is encoded by the HIV env gene. It has a molecular weight of 160,000 kDa and contains numerous glycosylation sites. It serves as a precursor for both the HIV ENVELOPE PROTEIN GP120 and the HIV ENVELOPE PROTEIN GP41.Macaca: A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.Job Syndrome: Primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. Most cases are sporadic. Of the rare familial forms, the dominantly inherited subtype has additional connective tissue, dental and skeletal involvement that the recessive type does not share.Lymphocytes: White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the ENV GENE of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Lymphocyte Activation: Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.Genes, gag: DNA sequences that form the coding region for proteins associated with the viral core in retroviruses. gag is short for group-specific antigen.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Pneumocystis: A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination: This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.Immunodeficiency Virus, Bovine: The type species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus bovine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, BOVINE), found in cattle and causing lymphadenopathy, LYMPHOCYTOSIS, central nervous system lesions, progressive weakness, and emaciation. It has immunological cross-reactivity with other lentiviruses including HIV.Foscarnet: An antiviral agent used in the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Foscarnet also shows activity against human herpesviruses and HIV.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Viremia: The presence of viruses in the blood.CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.Lentivirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.HIV Wasting Syndrome: Involuntary weight loss of greater than 10 percent associated with intermittent or constant fever and chronic diarrhea or fatigue for more than 30 days in the absence of a defined cause other than HIV infection. A constant feature is major muscle wasting with scattered myofiber degeneration. A variety of etiologies, which vary among patients, contributes to this syndrome. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 13th ed, p1611).Receptors, CXCR4: CXCR receptors with specificity for CXCL12 CHEMOKINE. The receptors may play a role in HEMATOPOIESIS regulation and can also function as coreceptors for the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Candidiasis, Oral: Infection of the mucous membranes of the mouth by a fungus of the genus CANDIDA. (Dorland, 27th ed)Turner Syndrome: A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Macaca nemestrina: A species of the genus MACACA which inhabits Malaya, Sumatra, and Borneo. It is one of the most arboreal species of Macaca. The tail is short and untwisted.AIDS Arteritis, Central Nervous System: Inflammation of ARTERIES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that occurs in patients with ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME or AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS.Virion: The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.Gene Products, rev: Trans-acting nuclear proteins whose functional expression are required for retroviral replication. Specifically, the rev gene products are required for processing and translation of the gag and env mRNAs, and thus rev regulates the expression of the viral structural proteins. rev can also regulate viral regulatory proteins. A cis-acting antirepression sequence (CAR) in env, also known as the rev-responsive element (RRE), is responsive to the rev gene product. rev is short for regulator of virion.Retinitis: Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).Anti-Retroviral Agents: Agents used to treat RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.Viral Envelope Proteins: Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.Inosine Pranobex: An alkylamino-alcohol complex of inosine used in the treatment of a variety of viral infections. Unlike other antiviral agents, it acts by modifying or stimulating cell-mediated immune processes rather than acting on the virus directly.Leukemia Virus, Murine: Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS, containing many well-defined strains, producing leukemia in mice. Disease is commonly induced by injecting filtrates of propagable tumors into newborn mice.Retroviruses, Simian: Classes of retroviruses for which monkeys or apes are hosts. Those isolated from the West African green monkey and the Asian rhesus macaque monkey are of particular interest because of their similarities to viruses causing cancer and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans.Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.vif Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Proteins encoded by the VIF GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.San FranciscoInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Meningitis, Cryptococcal: Meningeal inflammation produced by CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANS, an encapsulated yeast that tends to infect individuals with ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and other immunocompromised states. The organism enters the body through the respiratory tract, but symptomatic infections are usually limited to the lungs and nervous system. The organism may also produce parenchymal brain lesions (torulomas). Clinically, the course is subacute and may feature HEADACHE; NAUSEA; PHOTOPHOBIA; focal neurologic deficits; SEIZURES; cranial neuropathies; and HYDROCEPHALUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp721-2)Mycobacterium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Abnormalities, MultiplePregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Aortic Arch Syndromes: Conditions resulting from abnormalities in the arteries branching from the ASCENDING AORTA, the curved portion of the aorta. These syndromes are results of occlusion or abnormal blood flow to the head-neck or arm region leading to neurological defects and weakness in an arm. These syndromes are associated with vascular malformations; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; TRAUMA; and blood clots.Toxoplasmosis: The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.Monocytes: Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.Myelodysplastic Syndromes: Clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages. They predominantly affect patients over 60, are considered preleukemic conditions, and have high probability of transformation into ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Receptors, HIV: Cellular receptors that bind the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS. Included are CD4 ANTIGENS, found on T4 lymphocytes, and monocytes/macrophages, which bind to the HIV ENVELOPE PROTEIN GP120.Monkey Diseases: Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).Macrophages: The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)Spermatocidal Agents: Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.B-Lymphocytes: Lymphoid cells concerned with humoral immunity. They are short-lived cells resembling bursa-derived lymphocytes of birds in their production of immunoglobulin upon appropriate stimulation.Mycobacterium avium: A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.Genes, nef: DNA sequences that form the coding region for a protein that down-regulates the expression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). nef is short for negative factor.Gene Products, vpr: Trans-acting proteins which accelerate retroviral virus replication. The vpr proteins act in trans to increase the levels of specified proteins. vpr is short for viral protein R, where R is undefined.Cryptococcosis: Infection with a fungus of the species CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANS.HIV Long-Term Survivors: Persons who have experienced prolonged survival of HIV infection. This includes the full spectrum of untreated, HIV-infected long-term asymptomatics to those with AIDS who have survived due to successful treatment.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Ganciclovir: An ACYCLOVIR analog that is a potent inhibitor of the Herpesvirus family including cytomegalovirus. Ganciclovir is used to treat complications from AIDS-associated cytomegalovirus infections.Genes, tat: DNA sequences that form the coding region for the protein responsible for trans-activation of transcription (tat) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).Cushing Syndrome: A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excess levels of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) or other GLUCOCORTICOIDS from endogenous or exogenous sources. It is characterized by upper body OBESITY; OSTEOPOROSIS; HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; HIRSUTISM; AMENORRHEA; and excess body fluid. Endogenous Cushing syndrome or spontaneous hypercortisolism is divided into two groups, those due to an excess of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN and those that are ACTH-independent.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Drug Resistance, Viral: The ability of viruses to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents or antiviral agents. This resistance is acquired through gene mutation.T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer: Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Sex Counseling: Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.New York CityGerstmann Syndrome: A disorder of cognition characterized by the tetrad of finger agnosia, dysgraphia, DYSCALCULIA, and right-left disorientation. The syndrome may be developmental or acquired. Acquired Gerstmann syndrome is associated with lesions in the dominant (usually left) PARIETAL LOBE which involve the angular gyrus or subjacent white matter. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p457)Retroviridae: Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.SAIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines designed to prevent SAIDS; (SIMIAN ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME); and containing inactivated SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS or type D retroviruses or some of their component antigens.DiGeorge Syndrome: Congenital syndrome characterized by a wide spectrum of characteristics including the absence of the THYMUS and PARATHYROID GLANDS resulting in T-cell immunodeficiency, HYPOCALCEMIA, defects in the outflow tract of the heart, and craniofacial anomalies.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Agammaglobulinemia: An immunologic deficiency state characterized by an extremely low level of generally all classes of gamma-globulin in the blood.Dapsone: A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)Haiti: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)Leukemia Virus, Feline: A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia, lymphosarcoma, immune deficiency, or other degenerative diseases in cats. Several cellular oncogenes confer on FeLV the ability to induce sarcomas (see also SARCOMA VIRUSES, FELINE).Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Acute Coronary Syndrome: An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Giant Cells: Multinucleated masses produced by the fusion of many cells; often associated with viral infections. In AIDS, they are induced when the envelope glycoprotein of the HIV virus binds to the CD4 antigen of uninfected neighboring T4 cells. The resulting syncytium leads to cell death and thus may account for the cytopathic effect of the virus.Hypergammaglobulinemia: An excess of GAMMA-GLOBULINS in the serum due to chronic infections or PARAPROTEINEMIAS.Virus Integration: Insertion of viral DNA into host-cell DNA. This includes integration of phage DNA into bacterial DNA; (LYSOGENY); to form a PROPHAGE or integration of retroviral DNA into cellular DNA to form a PROVIRUS.Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Type 1: An X-linked hyper-IgM immunodeficiency subtype resulting from mutation in the gene encoding CD40 LIGAND.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genes, rev: DNA sequences that form the coding region for a protein that regulates the expression of the viral structural and regulatory proteins in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). rev is short for regulator of virion.

*  Alcohol Consumption Linked To HIV Disease Progression, Study Shows | Health...
How Does Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Affect the Human Body. Gum Clinics Are the Place for Accurate HIV Testing. ... HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that is transmitted through sexual contact with infected person, through infected ...
http://healthwatchcenter.com/2007/08/alcohol-consumption-linked-to-hiv-disease-progression-study-shows/
*  Does HIV status affect the aetiology, bacterial resistance patterns and...
Mootsikapun P (2007) Bacteremia in adult patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the northeast of Thailand. ... Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International ... Deen J, von Seidlein L, Andersen F, Elle N, White NJ, Lubell Y (2012) Community-acquired bacterial bloodstream infections in ... M. A. M. Huson, S. M. Stolp, T. van der Poll, M. P. Grobusch, Community-Acquired Bacterial Bloodstream Infections in HIV- ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tmi.12060/full?globalMessage=0
*  DIVERTICULA OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT* | Annals of Internal Medicine |...
Aphthous Ulceration of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Patients with the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Annals of ...
http://annals.org/aim/article/674940/diverticula-gastrointestinal-tract
*  Ethiopia | WHO | Regional Office for Africa
The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It can take 10-15 years for an HIV- ... The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their ...
http://afro.who.int/countries/ethiopia
*  Why You Need an HIV Test - ABC News
It may take five to 10 years after infection with HIV virus for them to progress to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). ... But once these individuals develop AIDS, they are faced with a syndrome characterized by a severely weakened immune system and ... For more than 1 million people in the United States, however, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -- the virus that causes ...
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/AIDS/story?id=3647075&page=1
*  My approach to superficial inflammatory dermatoses | Journal of Clinical...
Kory WP, Rico MJ, Gould E, et al. Dermatopathologic findings in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. South Med J ... Rico MJ, Kory WP, Gould EW, et al. Interface dermatitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Acad ... Cohen PR, Kurzrock R. Sweet's syndrome revisited: a review of disease concept. Int J Dermatol2003;42:761-78. ... Smith KJ, Skelton H. Histopathologic features seen in Gianotti-Crosti syndrome secondary to Epstein-Barr virus. J Am Acad ...
http://jcp.bmj.com/content/58/12/1233
*  Blood
Infection with the virus can result in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), leaving the body prone to infections and ... Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks certain types of white blood cells (lymphocytes) that work to fight infection. ... Anemia due to chronic disease. People with chronic diseases (such as cancer or human immunodeficiency virus infection [HIV]) ...
http://kidshealth.org/Nemours/en/teens/blood.html
*  Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2009 January 9
:Category:AIDS-related deaths in Australia → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Australia :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Brazil → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Brazil :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Canada → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Canada :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Denmark → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Denmark :Category:AIDS-related deaths in France → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in France :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Germany → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Germany :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Ghana → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Ghana :Category:AIDS-related deaths in Ireland → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in Ireland :Category:AIDS-related deaths in the Republic of Ireland → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in the Republic of Ireland alternatively :Category:Disease-related deaths in the Republic of Ireland. :Category:AIDS-related deaths in the United States → :Category:Infectious disease deaths in the United States ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Categories_for_discussion/Log/2009_January_9
*  Browsing School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics by Subject
... . Browsing School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics by Subject. UKZN ResearchSpace. Login. University of KwaZulu-Natal ResearchSpace. →. College of Humanities. →. School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics. → Browsing School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics by Subject. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Browsing School of Religion, Philosophy and Classics by Subject. 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. Or enter first few letters:. Order: ascending descending Results: 5 10 20 40 60 80 100. Now showing items 35-54 of 1636. Previous Page. Next Page. Subject. AIDS Disease --KwaZulu-Natal--KwaZulu-Natal Midlands. Aids Disease --KwaZulu-Natal--Northdale--Religious aspects. AIDS Disease --KwaZulu-Natal--Pietermaritzburg. AIDS Disease --KwaZulu-Natal--Prevention. AIDS Disease --KwaZulu-Natal--Religious aspects. AIDS Disease --KwaZulu-Natal. AIDS Disease --Moral and ethical aspects. AIDS Disease ...
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*  Search of: "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome" - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
5874 studies found for : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Modify this search. Subscribe to RSS Create an RSS feed from your search for: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Need help. Download Download the search results for: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome 5874 records Need help. Conditions: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Virus; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Virus; AIDS Virus; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Human Immunodeficiency Viruses. Conditions: HIV; HIV Infections; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Interventions: Drug: TAF; Drug: Placebo to match TAF; Drug: E/C/F/TAF; Drug: Pre-existing ARV regimen; Drug: ATV. Conditions: HIV-1; HIV Infections; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Interventions: Drug: E/C/F/TAF; Drug: DRV; Drug: Pre-existing ARV regimen. 4 Active, not recruiting A Commitment Device for Medication Adherence Among HIV ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond="Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome"&show_down=Y
*  Articles by Adaora A. Adimora, MD, MPH : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. eTOC. About the Journal. Open Access. Rights and Permissions. Adimora, Adaora A. MD, MPH. Articles by Adaora A. Adimora, MD, MPH. Add to My Favorites Email to Colleague Export to Citation Manager. Title Citation Abstract. Characteristics of Multiple and Concurrent Partnerships Among Women At High Risk for HIV Infection. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Free Access. Abstract Abstract PDF + Favorites Request Permissions. Abstract:. Go to Full Text of this Article. Preventing HIV Infection in Women. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Free Access. Abstract Abstract PDF + ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/author.aspx?firstName=Adaora&middleName=A.&lastName=Adimora
*  History of Traumatic Abuse and HIV Risk Behaviorsin Severely Mentally Ill Substance Abusing Adults -
... Springer. History of Traumatic Abuse and HIV Risk Behaviorsin Severely Mentally Ill Substance Abusing Adults. Affiliated with AIDS Prevention Program, Florida International University Florida International University, College of Health and Urban Affairs, Stempel School of Public Health AIDS Prevention Program. Affiliated with AIDS Prevention Program, Florida International University. Affiliated with AIDS Prevention Program, Florida International University. Affiliated with AIDS Prevention Program, Florida International University. Affiliated with University of Washington. Kalichman. Affiliated with University of Connecticut. Among the most consistent factors linked to HIV risk in non-SMIA populations is a history of emotional, physical, or sexual abuse. Share Share this content on Facebook Share this content on Twitter Share this content on LinkedIn. Child Abuse Negl. Self-reported childhood sexual and physical abuse and adult HIV-risk behaviors and heavy drinking. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. CrossRef. ...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10896-005-9012-0
*  Wholesale Just Cause Aids Awareness Bracelet (SKU 673384) DollarDays
Wholesale Just Cause Aids Awareness Bracelet SKU 673384 DollarDays. Add to cart results appear here. Close View Cart. Questions. Email or Call us at 877-837-9569. Speed Buy. About Us. Sign Up / Log In. Contact Us. Halloween Store. Shop by Department. Apparel and Accessories. Accessories - Fashion Clothing Footwear. Bath, Body and Wellness. Baby Care Bath and Body Cosmetics Fragrances Health and Wellness. Entertainment and Gift. Electronics Media Gift Baskets Supplies Licensed Team Products Sports Outdoors State and Regional Souvenirs Toys Games. General Merchandise. As Seen on TV Automotive Cleaning Supplies Custom Imprinting Pallet Assortment Store Fixtures. Holiday, Seasonal and Party. Holiday Seasonal Party Supplies Religious Stationery Gift Wrap. Home Essentials and Decor. Candles Home Fragrance Food Pantry Furniture Home Decor Housewares Lawn Garden Pet Supplies Tools and Hardware. Office and School. Arts Crafts Backpacks Books Calendars Office School Supplies. What's Selling Now. Backpacks. Back to ...
https://dollardays.com/i673384-wholesale-just-cause-aids-awareness-bracelet.html
*  Health
... Abstracts: The role of hormone replacement therapy in the risk for breast cancer and total mortality in women with a family history of breast cancer. A new role to reduce the incidence of health care-associated infection. Abstracts: The role of nurses in blood services and donor session. Abstracts: The role of nurses in blood services and donor session. Abstracts: The role of prevention in health reform. Reducing health care costs by reducing the need and demand for medical services. Abstracts: The role of reconstruction in breast cancer. Diversity matters: unique populations of women and breast cancer screening. Abstracts: The role of secretory immunity in hepatitis A virus infection. Abstracts: The role of the physician and the medical profession in the prevention of international torture and in the treatment of its survivors. Primary care providers' responsiveness to health-risk behaviors reported by adolescent patients. Abstracts: The role of vertical transmission and health care-related factors in ...
http://faqs.org/abstracts/Health/p-253-Abstracts.html
*  Rare and Manuscript Collections Archival Guides
... home search browse help full text file size k bytes add this to my bookbag search within this finding aid title page summary information collection scope and content note subject terms access and use contents list online container list not yet available subject terms subjects names new york state college of agriculture and life sciences brooks david m burnell seth chang karin p dunleavy justin garcia robert gaver chasen glickman gregory goldstaub family goldstaub mark d goldstaub sylvia gonzalez vinas vanessa guiahi maryam huang harry jeyapalan menaka kim mi hwa lippincott jeanne longacker jennifer luria andrew madison andrea mallozzi jessica montenegro karla padilla olivia pagay anjali patross lindsay romero adam sheckels emily wagner meghan walsh kathryn wohlschlegel lori yang victor zarzecki kari subjects aids disease patients aids disease patients care washington d c aids disease patients employment united states aids disease patients family relationships aids disease patients family relationships ...
http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/f/findaid/findaid-idx?c=rmc;cc=rmc;rgn=Entire20%Finding20%Aid;view=reslist;subview=standard;didno=RMA03017.xml;focusrgn=controlaccess;byte=113445795
*  Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) / Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) | Health Informat
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS / Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS / Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV What is HIV. In adults and adolescents, HIV is most commonly spread by sexual contact with an infected partner. The following are the means by which the HIV virus is spread: vertical transmission HIV can be spread to babies born to, or breastfed by, mothers infected with the virus. sexual contact In adults and adolescents, HIV is spread most commonly by sexual contact with an infected partner. AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV, which kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. HIV is spread most commonly by sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood, especially by sharing needles, syringes, or drug ...
http://medcentral.org/Main/StaywellProducts/Acquired-Immune-Deficiency-Syndrome-AIDS-Human-Imm-6437.aspx
*  Quilt display, candlelight vigil to mark AIDS Awareness Week
... STANFORD - A quilt panel display, candlelight march, lectures and dance performance are among the free public programs planned to mark AIDS Awareness Week at Stanford University, March 1-7. Organized by students in the AIDS Awareness Coalition at Stanford, the week aims to raise awareness about AIDS and HIV disease prevention, peer health education, treatment, activism and volunteer opportunities. The Stanford quilt panel - which eventually will be sent to the Names Project AIDS Memorial Quilt - will be sewn in White Plaza Feb. March 1-5 at the AIDS Awareness Week table in White Plaza. The candlelight march and service in memory of those who have died of AIDS and HIV disease will begin at 6:45 p.m. At 8 p.m., the vigil will proceed to White Plaza, where Cleve Jones, founder of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt, is scheduled to speak. Ira Green, associate director of the AIDS Program at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, and Dr. Carol Kemper, associate director of the AIDS Program at Santa Clara ...
http://news.stanford.edu/pr/93/930218Arc3398.html
*  .. HIV-AIDS .. A Dispatch from the International AIDS Conference .. Connect with us! .. Categories
HIV-AIDS. A Dispatch from the International AIDS Conference. Today’s guest blog is from Nancy Bernstine, executive director of the National AIDS Housing Coalition. This convening  of 20,000 people from across the world gave us an opportunity to explore the global dimensions of housing for people with HIV-AIDS. The National AIDS Housing Coalition NAHC and our Canadian partners, the Ontario HIV Treatment Network OHTN, are pleased to have sponsored an affiliated independent event, the International Leadership Summit on Housing on July 21 at the World Bank’s Preston Auditorium. Housing remains the most critical need of people with HIV-AIDS living in the United States. Research on housing and people living with HIV-AIDS much of which has been presented through the Housing and HIV-AIDS Research Summit series documents improved health care outcomes for people with HIV-AIDS who are challenged by poverty, homelessness and stigma. Research also has shown that housing assistance can be a cost-effective health ...
http://blog.endhomelessness.org/category/hiv-aids/
*  Grade 4 Events Are as Important as AIDS Events in the Era of... : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immun
: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. A A JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 1 December 2003 - Volume 34 - Issue 4 - pp 379-386 Clinical Science. The most common grade 4 events were liver related 148 patients, 2.6 per 100 person-years. Conclusions: Grade 4 events are as important as AIDS events in the era of HAART. Article Outline Incidence of Clinical Events by Baseline CD4 + Cell Count The numbers of patients and rates per 100 person-years of risk for AIDS, grade 4 events, and death are summarized in Table 2. Influence of human immunodeficiency virus infection on the course of hepatitis C virus infection: a meta-analysis. Association between insulin resistance and hepatitis C virus chronic infection in HIV-hepatitis C virus-coinfected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy. Hepatotoxicity associated with antiretroviral therapy in ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2003/12010/Grade_4_Events_Are_as_Important_as_AIDS_Events_in.4.aspx
*  The economic impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Z... : AIDS
The economic impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Z... Top Cited Articles. The economic impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Z... These costs include salaries paid to teachers absent as a result of HIV-associated illness 71%, additional training of teachers to cope with AIDS-related attrition 22% and funeral costs contractually met by the MoE 7%. Back to Top. Back to Top. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the teaching population, as estimated by the Ed-SIDA model, allows the identification of three sources of cost faced by the MoE/BESSIP: i additional training of teachers to cope with AIDS-related attrition, ii salaries paid to teachers absent with HIV-associated illness, and iii funeral costs contractually met by the MoE Table 1. where X g,a t, Y g,a t and N g,a t are the number of HIV negative, positive and total number of teachers respectively for gender g and age a at time t ; R g,a t is the number of teachers recruited and C g,a t the number of teachers leaving the profession respectively at ...
http://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/Fulltext/2003/05020/The_economic_impact_of_HIV_AIDS_on_the_education.13.aspx
*  Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
... redirect hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acquired_immune_deficiency_syndrome_or_acquired_immunodeficiency_syndrome
*  Articles by Mark J. Shelton : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. Current Issue. Contributor Index. Shelton, Mark J. Articles by Mark J. Shelton. Actions. Add to My ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/author.aspx?firstName=Mark&middleName=J.&lastName=Shelton
*  Articles by Eva P. Muro, BPharm, MSc : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. eTOC. All Issues Current Issue. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. For Authors. About the Journal. Open Access. Subscription Services. Rights and Permissions. Current Issue. Muro, Eva P. BPharm, MSc. Articles by Eva P. Muro, BPharm, MSc. Actions. Add to My Favorites Email to Colleague Export to Citation Manager. View. Title Citation Abstract. Intrapartum Single-Dose Carbamazepine Reduces Nevirapine Levels Faster and May Decrease Resistance After a Single Dose of Nevirapine for Perinatal HIV Prevention. Muro, Eva P.; Fillekes, Quirine; ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/author.aspx?firstName=Eva&middleName=P.&lastName=Muro
*  Articles by Grace M. Aldrovandi, MD : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. Current Issue. Contributor Index. Aldrovandi, Grace M. MD. Articles by Grace M. Aldrovandi, MD. Actions. ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/author.aspx?firstName=Grace&middleName=M.&lastName=Aldrovandi
*  I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED
... stevie Member. I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED on: September 02, 2007, 05:31:11 PM. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED Reply #1 on: September 02, 2007, 06:13:41 PM. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED Reply #2 on: September 02, 2007, 08:00:19 PM. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED Reply #3 on: September 02, 2007, 08:05:35 PM. http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=40802.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=45159.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39722.msg495621;topicseen#msg495621 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=46806.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39414.msg491701#msg491701. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED Reply #4 on: September 03, 2007, 08:37:45 AM. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST TIME IN 13 YEARS AND I FEEL SCARED Reply #5 on: September 03, 2007, 12:07:49 PM. Re: I HAVE AIDS DIAGNOSIS FOR FIRST ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=15219.msg192654
*  Gator Blood Destroys Deadly Superbugs, HIV Virus that Causes AIDS.
... Register. Forum. Forum Actions. Mark Forums Read. Quick Links. View Site Leaders. Forum. General. General Discussion. Gator Blood Destroys Deadly Superbugs, HIV Virus that Causes AIDS. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. Thread: Gator Blood Destroys Deadly Superbugs, HIV Virus that Causes AIDS. Gator Blood Destroys Deadly Superbugs, HIV Virus that Causes AIDS. megimoo. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. An Adversary of Linda #'s. Join Date Aug 2005 Posts 22,891. 07-01-2008, 05:30 PM. Alligator blood could provide a powerful new source of antibiotics for fighting deadly superbugs and other infections. Their previous research also suggests that blood proteins may help fight HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. CLibertarian. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Private Message. Senior Member. Join Date May 2008 Location IN Posts 236. 07-01-2008, 05:35 PM. ...
http://conservativeunderground.com/forum505/showthread.php?1369-Gator-Blood-Destroys-Deadly-Superbugs-HIV-Virus-that-Causes-AIDS&p=15115&viewfull=1
*  C105 Glycosylation in HIV Transmission. : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. April 2013 - Volume 62 - Issue. C105 Glycosylation in HIV Transmission. Previous Abstract. ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Abstract/2013/04001/C105_Glycosylation_in_HIV_Transmission_.32.aspx
*  Bollywood Actresses to Perform at AIDS Awareness Concert in Bombay - TheBody.com
... . Advertisement. 0 Email. Print-Friendly. Glossary. Prevention/Epidemiology Bollywood Actresses to Perform at AIDS Awareness Concert in Bombay From CDC National Prevention Information Network. November 11, 2005 On Saturday, several prominent Indian actresses, Celina Jaitely and Yana Gupta, and singers, Shaan and Kunal Ganjawala, will perform at an AIDS awareness concert in Bombay. MTV, the event's sponsor, said the concert aims to promote responsibility among young people and educate them about steps they can take to avoid contracting HIV. Its theme, "Stand Up, Speak Up," stresses the empowerment of women. India's HIV-positive population, 5.13 million people, is second in size only to South Africa's. Back to other news for November 11, 2005. Adapted from: Associated Press 11.10.2005 Illinois: Man Alive Health Summit Pap Test Warning in Ad Campaign May Mislead. 0 Email. Print-Friendly. Glossary. This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC ...
http://thebody.com/content/art24785.html
*  Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome
human immunodeficiency virus acquired immune deficiency syndrome human immunodeficiency virus acquired immune deficiency syndrome redirect hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_immunodeficiency_virus/acquired_immune_deficiency_syndrome
*  Articles by Francesca Conradie, MBBCh : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. Current Issue. Contributor Index. Conradie, Francesca MBBCh. Articles by Francesca Conradie, MBBCh. ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/author.aspx?firstName=Francesca&lastName=Conradie
*  AIDs group attacks STDs through Girl Talk | New Pittsburgh Courier
AIDs group attacks STDs through Girl Talk. Metro AIDs group attacks STDs through Girl Talk. AIDs group attacks STDs through Girl Talk Comments: 0. “We also offer testing at these parties at an anonymous location away from the party and meet them at another anonymous location to give them results.”. Over the last few years, the Black community has been the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. According to AVERT’s website, an international HIV and AIDS charity, “Blacks/African Americans in America accounted for half of all new HIV diagnoses and just under half of new AIDS diagnoses in 2009.”. The Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control and Prevention website, www.cdc.gov, reports that in 2009 there were more than 21,600 diagnoses of HIV and more than 16,700 of AIDS diagnoses among Blacks in the country, while Whites were more than 11,800 for HIV diagnoses and more than 9,400 for AIDS. Blacks ages 15-19 accounted for more than 2,000 of the HIV diagnoses and more than 450 of the AIDS ...
http://newpittsburghcourieronline.com/2011/07/01/aids-group-attacks-stds-through-girl-talk/
*  ABSTRACT INDEX* : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
... . Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. iPad App. Home. April 2012 - Volume 59 - Issue. ABSTRACT INDEX*. Previous Article. Next Article. Text ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2012/04001/Abstract_Index_.14.aspx
*  Use of Antiretroviral Drugs to Prevent HIV-1 Transmission Th... : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immun
: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Back to Top. Back to Top. Preliminary results from a randomized controlled trial in Malawi showed that among infants whose mothers had not received intrapartum antiretrovirals, the transmission rate was 22% at 6 weeks for infants who received single-dose NVP given soon after birth compared with 14% for those who received single-dose NVP plus ZDV given twice a day for 1 week. All pregnant women will receive HAART from 34–36 weeks of pregnancy, during delivery, and for 6 months while breast-feeding. All women will receive single-dose NVP intrapartum and 1 week of ZDV/3TC postpartum and their newborns will receive single-dose NVP and 1 week of ZDV/3TC postpartum. Article Outline Treatment Interruption Trials utilizing maternal HAART plan to interrupt therapy after 6 months of breast-feeding among mothers who do not require this treatment of their ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2004/02010/Use_of_Antiretroviral_Drugs_to_Prevent_HIV_1.13.aspx
*  Browsing Caprisa (Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa) by Subject "AIDS (Disea
Browsing Caprisa Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa by Subject "AIDS Disease in women--Prevention.". Browsing Caprisa Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa by Subject "AIDS Disease in women--Prevention.". UKZN ResearchSpace. Caprisa Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa. → Browsing Caprisa Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa by Subject. Browsing Caprisa Centre for the Aids programme of research in South Africa by Subject "AIDS Disease in women--Prevention.". Author: Abdool Karim, Salim Safurdeen.; Kashuba, Angela D. M.; Werner, Lise.; Abdool Karim, Quarraisha. Author: Ramsuran, Veron.; Kulkarni, Hemant.; He, Weijing.; Mlisana, Koleka.; Wright, Edwina J.; Werner, Lise.; Castiblanco, John.; Dhanda, Rahul.; Le, Tuan.; Dolan, Matthew J.; Guan, Weihua.; Weiss, Robin A.; Clark, Robert A.; Abdool Karim, Salim Safurdeen.; Ahuja, Sunil K.; Ndung'u, Thumbi. Effectiveness and safety of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide, for ...
http://researchspace.ukzn.ac.za/xmlui/handle/10413/7813/browse?value=AIDS (Disease) in women--Prevention.&type=subject
*  Secret AIDS deaths
... by Anonymous. reply 216. by Anonymous. reply 1. by Anonymous. reply 3. by Anonymous. reply 4. by Anonymous. reply 5. I can confirm Raul Julia and Henry Mancini. by Anonymous. reply 8. by Anonymous. reply 9. by Anonymous. reply 10. by Anonymous. reply 11. Raul Julia's food poisoning death always sounded suspicious. by Anonymous. reply 13. by Anonymous. reply 14. by Anonymous. reply 15. by Anonymous. reply 16. by Anonymous. reply 18. by Anonymous. reply 22. by Anonymous. reply 23. by Anonymous. reply 24. HIs symptoms didn't match, and he died at a time when therapies were available. HIs symptoms didn't match, and he died at a time when therapies were available. Arthur Ash was not a secret aids death, of course, but there were rumors the cause was a secret. To the Al Sharpton posters: This doesn't have anything to do with AIDS per se, but a very close male friend who formerly moonlighted at a venue in Chicago where Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton held "inspirational" cultural presentations in the early 80's ...
https://datalounge.com/thread/12705697-secret-aids-deaths
*  HIV-AIDS Testing Markets
... Loading... Please wait... My Account. Order Status. Wish Lists. View Cart. Sign in or Create an account. Search. Advanced Search. Search Tips. Home. Our Customers. The Value of Medical Market Research. Ask the Expert. Conferences. Contact Us. Categories All Reports. All Sector Snapshots. Biotechnology. Conferences. Healthcare. Life Sciences. Other. Pharmaceuticals. Report Bundles. New Reports. In Vitro Diagnostic Testing World Markets $4,500.00. Choose Options. Molecular Diagnostics in Infectious Disease Testing $3,850.00. Choose Options. Bioseparation Systems for Global Biopharmaceutical Markets $3,400.00. Choose Options. Biologics and Biosimilars World Markets $3,400.00. Choose Options. Microarray Markets $3,400.00. Choose Options. Home. All Reports HIV-AIDS Testing Markets Home. Healthcare. Infectious Diseases HIV-AIDS Testing Markets Home. Healthcare. Diagnostic Testing HIV-AIDS Testing Markets. HIV-AIDS Testing Markets. Click to enlarge. RRP:. Price: $3,400.00. Publication Date: October 2012; ...
http://trimarkpublications.com/products/hiv-aids-testing-markets/
*  Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome
adult onset immunodeficiency syndrome adult onset immunodeficiency syndrome adult onset immunodeficiency syndrome is a provisional name for a newly diagnosed immunodeficiency illness the name is proposed in the first public study to identify the syndrome it appears to be chronic and non contagious affecting mainly people of asian descent aged around cases first started appearing in primarily in thailand and taiwan signs and symptoms metabolic function cause society and culture references signs and symptoms at least one physician associates the symptom s with tuberculosis some lethal overwhelming infection s are reported aggravating people who already suffer other conditions such as hiv aids metabolic function an elevated concentration of autoantibodies that block interferon gamma was detected in most patients cause little is publicly known about the underlying factors causing the disease genetic factors are suspected but the disease does not appear to ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adult-onset_immunodeficiency_syndrome
*  Neutrophil immunodeficiency syndrome
... is a condition caused by mutations in the rac gene see also immunodeficiency with hyper igm list of cutaneous conditions chronic granulomatous disease references category noninfectious immunodeficiency related cutaneous conditions category congenital defects of phagocyte number function or both
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrophil_immunodeficiency_syndrome
*  Potential new class of AR & AIDS treatment
Potential new class of AR AIDS treatment. POZ 100. ABOUT HIV/AIDS. What is HIV/AIDS. TREATMENT. Newsfeed Treatment News POZ Exclusives Opinion Criminalization News Conference Coverage Global News World AIDS Day RSS Feeds. POZ Community Forums. Main Forums. Living With HIV. Potential new class of AR AIDS treatment. Main Forums. Stats Total Posts: 675715 Total Topics: 52424 Online Today: 166 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Welcome to the POZ/AIDSmeds Community Forums, a round-the-clock discussion area for people with HIV/AIDS, their friends/family/caregivers, and others concerned about HIV/AIDS. Click here for posting guidelines pertaining to all other POZ/AIDSmeds community forums. Author Topic: Potential new class of AR AIDS treatment Read 2151 times. Posts: 97. Potential new class of AR AIDS treatment on: June 07, 2006, 10:13:05 PM. 1, is the first in a new class of anti-retrovirals termed maturation inhibitors that disrupt viral maturation, the last step in the virus life-cycle. We defined ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=562.msg5404
*  .. Topic: AIDS awareness .. AIDS Day 2011: America Works Helps AIDS Victims Re-enter The Work
Topic: AIDS awareness. AIDS Day 2011 : America Works Helps AIDS Victims Re-enter The Work Force. 4 years ago by Meredith Lepore No Comments ». Share a Tip. Earlier this week we discussed the notion that the stigma surrounding AIDS and HIV in the workplace still very much exists on a global level despite the progress we have made with this devastating disease. The majority of people infected with HIV/AIDS are between the ages of 20 to 45 and are employed, many by small and mid-sized businesses. But what about the people that don’t have jobs. For the people that had to stop working because of AIDS or haven’t been in the workforce for a variety of other reasons but have HIV or AIDS sometimes need help getting jobs and for this programs like America Works are absolutely vital. More ». AIDS Day 2011 : The Impact Of AIDS On African Business Is Devastating. 4 years ago by Meredith Lepore No Comments ». Share a Tip. We recently talked about dealing with AIDS and HIV in the workplace but what about the actual ...
http://thegrindstone.com/tag/aids-awareness/
*  Differences Between Women and Men in Adverse Events and CD4+... : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immun
... e Deficiency Syndromes. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Differences Between Women and Men in Adverse Events and CD4+... A A JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: August 1, 2000 CLINICAL SCIENCE: PDF Only. Differences Between Women and Men in Adverse Events and CD4+ Responses to Nucleoside Analogue Therapy for HIV Infection. Objective: To prospectively examine differences in baseline characteristics and study outcomes between HIV-infected women and men during a clinical trial of nucleoside analogue therapy. Results: The study included 438 women and 2029 men. The suggestion of a gender difference in response to ZDV monotherapy by ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Abstract/2000/08010/Differences_Between_Women_and_Men_in_Adverse.3.aspx
*  AIDS amendments of 1988
Subtitle B: Health Services. Subtitle B: Health Services. 'Part A - Formula Grants to States for Home and Community-Based Health Services' ::* Establishment of program :::* Allotments for states ::* Purpose of grants :::* 'Eligible Individual' - an individual infected with the etiologic agent for the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome being medically dependent or chronically dependent. 'Part C - Counseling and Testing' ::* Grants for anonymous testing ::* Requirement of provision for certain counseling services :::* Counseling before testing :::* Counseling of individuals with negative test results :::* Counseling of individuals with positive test results :::* Rule of construction with respect to counseling without testing ::* Prevention demonstration projects for individuals with positive test results. Clearinghouse - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is to establish a clearinghouse for the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome information which shall be made available to ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_amendments_of_1988
*  Poor CD4 Responders Have Almost Doubled Risk of Non-AIDS Disease
... XIX International AIDS Conference July 22-27, 2012 Washington, DC. Poor CD4 Responders Have Almost Doubled Risk of Non-AIDS Disease. XIX International AIDS Conference, July 22-27, 2012, Washington, DC Mark Mascolini Adults who reach an undetectable viral load with their first antiretroviral combination but fail to boost their CD4 count above 200 within 15 months had almost a doubled risk of serious non-AIDS diseases in a 1228-person analysis of the Italian MASTER Cohort. For example, a prior MASTER Cohort analysis of 751 people starting ART with a CD4 count below 200 figured that every 10-fold higher CD4 count during follow-up halved the risk of a new AIDS disease or death hazard ratio 0.51, 95% confidence interval 0.41 to 0.64, P < 0.001. Patients stopped contributing to the analysis if they stopped ART, had a viral load above 50 copies for 180 days or more, or died because of AIDS. The researchers defined CD4 nonresponse as a count below 200 after 15 months of treatment. After 1 year of treatment the ...
http://natap.org/2012/IAS/IAS_10.htm
*  Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare
Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #1 on: January 04, 2012, 01:09:58 AM. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #2 on: January 04, 2012, 01:54:02 AM. Logged Infected- 2005 or early 2006; Diagnosed- Jan 28th, 2011; Feb 11- CD4 754 @34%, VL- 39K; July 11- CD4 907@26%, VL-81K; Feb 12- CD4 713 @31%, VL- 41K, Nov 12- CD4- 827@31%. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #3 on: January 04, 2012, 03:09:18 AM. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #4 on: January 04, 2012, 03:18:18 AM. Logged Infected- 2005 or early 2006; Diagnosed- Jan 28th, 2011; Feb 11- CD4 754 @34%, VL- 39K; July 11- CD4 907@26%, VL-81K; Feb 12- CD4 713 @31%, VL- 41K, Nov 12- CD4- 827@31%. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #5 on: January 04, 2012, 03:45:08 AM. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #6 on: January 04, 2012, 08:07:56 AM. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply #7 on: January 04, 2012, 08:42:17 AM. Re: Ron Paul's Views On AIDS And Healthcare Reply ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=41325.0
*  What links here - Law Delta
what links here law delta pages that link to laws title health subtitle d prevention control and reports of diseases from chapter acquired immune deficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus infection texas from law delta whatlinkshere backlink jump to navigation search what links here page namespace all main talk user user talk law delta law delta talk file file talk mediawiki mediawiki talk template template talk help help talk category category talk poll poll talk thread thread talk summary summary talk laws laws talk law law talk law poll law poll talk bills bills talk bill bill talk bill poll bill poll talk filters hide transclusions hide links hide redirects no pages link to laws title health subtitle d prevention control and reports of diseases from chapter acquired immune deficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus infection texas retrieved from http lawdelta org world special whatlinkshere laws title health subtitle d prevention control and ...
http://lawdelta.org/world/Special:WhatLinksHere/Laws:Title_2._Health._Subtitle_D._Prevention,_Control,_And_Reports_Of_Diseases_from_Chapter_85._Acquired_Immune_Deficiency_Syndrome_And_Human_Immunodeficiency_Virus_Infection_(Texas)
*  Testing Yourself for HIV-1, the Virus that Causes AIDS - TheBody.com
... For more information on the HIV test kits approved by FDA, see " Licensed/Approved HIV, HTLV and Hepatitis Tests ." However, there is one HIV-1 Home Collection Test System that is currently approved by the FDA in which a sample for testing is collected in the privacy of your home and then sent to a laboratory for analysis. All HIV home sample collection kits approved to date by FDA require laboratory analysis and provide counseling for the consumer. The dried blood spots are mailed to a laboratory with a confidential and anonymous personal identification number PIN , and analyzed by trained clinicians in a certified medical laboratory using the same procedures that are used for samples taken in a doctor's office. Q How reliable are the unapproved HIV home test kits. Q How reliable are approved HIV test systems. Counseling, which uses both printed material, and telephone interaction, not only provides the user with an interpretation of what positive or negative results really mean, but provides ...
http://thebody.com/content/art13931.html?ts=pf
*  "AIDS Treatment News" online * New Issue #302 (searchable/indexed)
aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed carlton hogan carlton at walleye ccbr umn edu wed sep est previous message aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed next message aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed messages sorted by in article learn at tench microbiol washington edu jerry learn learn at u washington edu wrote chemists who criticize the virology and immunology by the way what has mullis done lately besides creating a totally data free model of aids pathogenesis i did a check of medline this morning and the only thing that i can find since from him is the above mentioned paper a hypothetical disease of the immune system that may bear some relation to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome genetica yeah that s the data free model i referred to his immune network overload theory a good armchair quarter back think piece but not credible as an alternative explanation of aids etiology ...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1998-September/012976.html
*  Getting AIDS diagnosis after 1 year of infection?
Getting AIDS diagnosis after 1 year of infection. ABOUT HIV/AIDS. What is HIV/AIDS. Getting AIDS diagnosis after 1 year of infection. Author Topic: Getting AIDS diagnosis after 1 year of infection. Getting AIDS diagnosis after 1 year of infection. on: June 21, 2007, 01:57:06 PM. He also mentioned very few people get below the 200 CD4 count in less than 2 years. He was almost certain that since I tested negative a year prior my numbers would look ok. He continued to say that perhaps my body prior to HIV infection already had low numbers of CD4 counts. 10/31/07 CD4-265 VL- undetectable 2/6/08 CD4- 401 VL- undetectable 5/7/08 CD4- 705 VL- undetectable 6/4/08 CD4- 775 VL- undetectable 8/6/08 CD4- 805 VL- undetectable 11/13/08 CD4- 774 VL--undetectable 2/4/09 CD4- 484 VL- 18,000 2 months off meds 3/3/09---Starting Back on Meds--- 4/27/09 CD4- 664 VL-- undetectable 6/17/09 CD4- 438 VL- 439 8/09 CD4- 404 VL- 1,600 01-22-10-- CD4- 525 VL- 59,000 Cherish the simple things life has to offer The Royal Blog. On november ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=13319.0;prev_next=prev
*  Severe mixed immunodeficiency syndrome
... redirect severe combined immunodeficiency category noninfectious immunodeficiency related cutaneous conditions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severe_mixed_immunodeficiency_syndrome
*  18%
ABOUT HIV/AIDS. What is HIV/AIDS. POZ Community Forums. October 03, 2015, 11:36:03 PM. Stats Total Posts: 675704 Total Topics: 52421 Online Today: 186 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Elephant Member. Posts: 37. 18% on: April 10, 2009, 01:39:00 PM. My numbers are : Component Your Value Standard Range T HELPER CELLS TOT 475 - CUMM % HELPER T CELLS 18% 29-61 % VL = 27,000 And the other test showed I m not resistant to any medications. I don t think the 18% is so good. Logged. My numbers are : Component Your Value Standard Range T HELPER CELLS TOT 475 - CUMM % HELPER T CELLS 18% 29-61 % VL = 27,000 And the other test showed I m not resistant to any medications. For the record, if you drop below 14%., you are officially considered to have an AIDS diagnosis - but that doesn t mean you get sick necessarily, not with 475 absolute CD4. Logged ...................VL.....CD4.....% ----------------------------------------- 08/10-- ...... 14% = officially considered to have an AIDS diagnosis That is ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=26624.msg331904
*  E-Resources: more descriptions (UC Irvine Libraries)
E-Resources: more descriptions UC Irvine Libraries. Back. Title:. AIDSearch 1980-present. Description: AIDSearch is a combination of three database files MEDLINE AIDS/HIV Subset, AIDSTRIALS & AIDSDRUGS providing information about Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS and related topics. AIDSDRUGS is a dictionary of chemical and biological agents currently being evaluated in the AIDS clinical trials covered in companion AIDSTRIALS database. MEDLINE AIDS/HIV Subset includes citations from journal articles, government reports, letters, technical reports, meeting abstracts/papers, monographs, special publications, theses, books and audiovisuals covering research, clinical aspects and health policy issues related to AIDS. AIDSTRIALS includes information about the clinical trials of substances being tested for use against AIDS, HIV infection, and AIDS-related opportunistic diseases --NISC product factsheet. Subject: HIV -- Indexes; HIV -- Abstracts; Acquired ...
http://lib.uci.edu/research/more_info.php?bib=b3133041
*  Examining the molecular genetics of HTLV-I with an infectious molecular clone of the virus and permi
... ssive cell culture systems. Examining the molecular genetics of HTLV-I with an infectious molecular clone of the virus and permissive cell culture systems Article Abstract: Several cell culture techniques are described that would allow the genetic characterization of the HTLV-I virus. Author: Waters, David, Derse, David, Mikovits, Judy, Brining, Susan, Ruscetti, Francis Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology Subject: Health ISSN: 1077-9450 Year: 1996. Comment about this article or add new information about this topic: Public Comment:  50-4000 characters. Maternal vitamin A deficiency and child growth failure during human immunodeficiency virus infection Article Abstract: Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy could affect the growth of the baby. Author: Semba, Richard D., Chiphangwi, John D., Miotti, Paolo, Hoover, Donald, Henderson, Robin, Dallabetta, Gina, Yang, Li-Ping ...
http://readabstracts.com/Health/Examining-the-molecular-genetics-of-HTLV-I-with-an-infectious-molecular-clone-of-the-virus-and-permi.html
*  AIDS Patients Face Downside of Living Longer (effects of AIDS drugs "worse than having AIDS")
AIDS Patients Face Downside of Living Longer effects of AIDS drugs worse than having AIDS. Free Republic Browse. Search. News/Activism Topics. Post Article. Skip to comments. AIDS Patients Face Downside of Living Longer effects of AIDS drugs worse than having AIDS. New York Times January 6, 2008. JANE GROSS Posted on 01/15/2008 6:18:55 AM PST by. GodGunsGuts. Those explanations do not satisfy Larry Kramer, founder of several AIDS advocacy groups. Mr. Kramer, 73 and a long-term survivor, said he had always suspected it was only a matter of time before stuff like this happened given the potency of the antiretroviral drugs. How long will the human body be able to tolerate that constant bombardment. he asked. Well, we are now seeing that many bodies can t. Once again, just as we thought we were out of the woods, sort of, we have good reason again to be really scared. Excerpt Read more at nytimes.com ... TOPICS:. Culture/Society ; Government ; News/Current Events ; Philosophy KEYWORDS:. aids ; drugs ; duesberg ; ...
http://freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1954000/posts?page=82
*  "AIDS Treatment News" online * New Issue #302 (searchable/indexed)
AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed Carlton Hogan carlton at walleye.ccbr.umn.edu. Thu Oct 22 11:29:02 EST 1998. Previous message: AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. Next message: AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. Messages sorted by:. In article 362e66ea.1314511186 at netnews.worldnet.att.net, johnburgin at worldnet.att.net wrote: On 21 Oct 1998 16:41:33 GMT, carlton at walleye.ccbr.umn.edu Carlton Hogan wrote: In article 362dd6f4.1277652441 at netnews.worldnet.att.net, johnburgin at worldnet.att.net wrote: On 16 Oct 1998 17:27:18 GMT, carlton at walleye.ccbr.umn.edu Carlton Hogan wrote: In article 3623d68e.622091374 at netnews.worldnet.att.net, johnburgin at worldnet.att.net wrote: was so poisonous, or caused AIDS, how could pairing the same dose. with another nuke *improve* clinical outcome. Beats me, maybe some kind of reductionist synergism, like mixing two ...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1998-October/013282.html
*  AIDS prevention pill study halted; no benefit seen
... Medicine Health. HIV & AIDS. April 18, 2011 AIDS prevention pill study halted; no benefit seen April 18, 2011 By MARILYNN MARCHIONE, AP Medical Writer Researchers are stopping a study that tests a daily pill to prevent infection with the AIDS virus in thousands of African women because partial results show no signs that the drug is doing any good. Women taking Truvada true-VAH'-duh, made by Gilead Sciences Inc., are just as likely to get HIV as other women who have been given dummy pills, an interim analysis of the study found. Even if the study were to continue, it would not be able to determine whether the pills help prevent infection, since the results are even this far along, researchers said. As of last week, 56 new HIV infections had occurred, half in each group. The study was sponsored by the U.S. Gilead provided the drugs for the study. It's a combination of two drugs, tenofovir and emtricitabine, or FTC, made by California-based Gilead Sciences Inc. A similar effect was seen in the study of ...
http://phys.org/news/2011-04-aids-pill-halted-benefit.html
*  "AIDS Treatment News" online * New Issue #302 (searchable/indexed)
aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed johnburgin at worldnet att net johnburgin at worldnet att net wed oct est previous message aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed next message aids treatment news online new issue searchable indexed messages sorted by on oct gmt carlton at walleye ccbr umn edu carlton hogan wrote in article d e at netnews worldnet att net johnburgin at worldnet att net wrote was so poisonous or caused aids how could pairing the same dose with another nuke improve clinical outcome beats me maybe some kind of reductionist synergism like mixing two highly toxic poisons sodium with chlorine to make table salt you have aspired to your loftiest apex of genius yet please provide any plausible chemical reaction through which this could occur na cl nacl ...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1998-October/013256.html
*  "AIDS Treatment News" online * New Issue #302 (searchable/indexed)
AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed johnburgin at worldnet.att.net johnburgin at worldnet.att.net. Previous message: AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. Next message: AIDS Treatment News online * New Issue #302 searchable/indexed. Messages sorted by:. On 30 Oct 98 08:06:30 EDT, holzmr01 at mcrcr6.med.nyu.edu ROBERT S. HOLZMAN wrote: In article 3638fa0f.261497980 at netnews.worldnet.att.net, johnburgin at worldnet.att.net writes: On 28 Oct 98 19:22:36 EDT, holzmr01 at mcrcr6.med.nyu.edu ROBERT S. HOLZMAN wrote: In article 36364960.85168152 at netnews.worldnet.att.net, johnburgin at worldnet.att.net writes: On 27 Oct 1998 17:49:13 GMT, carlton at walleye.ccbr.umn.edu Carlton Hogan wrote: You are a silly and amazingly ignorant man. Again, are these non-neutralizing antibodies in the latter case or neutralizing antibodies in the first case. In any event, before you and your pathologist/biologist ...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1998-October/013382.html
*  Moment of Science: A conversation with a virologist.
Bialy. 3 Why is the incidence of HIV in the US population constant over 20+ years US Centers for Disease Control HIV/AIDS Surveillance, Year -end editions since 1984 if the virus and disease are new and epidemic. Regardless of the cause, HIV or not, AIDS is clearly a new epidemic syndrome and so it doesn't really matter whether it follows Farr's Law i.e. If a virus doesn't kill cells in vitro, doesn't that mean that it could not possibly cause disease. Why is the incidence of HIV in the US population constant over 20+ years US Centers for Disease Control HIV/AIDS Surveillance, Year -end editions since 1984 if the virus and disease are new and epidemic. That AIDS regardless of its cause is not an epidemic disease?" Oh, no, not that. " Perhaps if you read the text you quoted you will see that the author is saying that he finds arguing with deniers of reality of any kind to be tiresome. Yes, Chimps can be infected with HIV but the disease does not progress to an AIDS-like disease in them the same way it ...
http://momentofscience.blogspot.com/2006/07/conversation-with-virologist.html
*  AIDS (Disease) in literature
AIDS Disease in literature. FAST Linked Data. Search FAST Linked Data. Select Keyword Index: All Headings Topical Headings Geographic Headings Event Headings Personal Name Headings Corporate Name Headings Uniform Title Headings Chronological Headings Form or Genre Headings LC Source Headings. AIDS Disease in literature. Information about the Resource. Schema.org Name s :. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/794007. Identifier:. AIDS Disease in literature. Is In SKOS Scheme:. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/ontology/1.0/#fast. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/ontology/1.0/#facet-Topical. Information about the Resource Source. Document:. in Dataset: FAST. Primary Topic: http://id.worldcat.org/fast/794007. Format: application/rdf+xml. Date Modified: 2004-10-24T19:32:36.0. Cataloged by agency: OCoLC Transcribed by agency: OCoLC. Title: FAST Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Data. License:. Title: Open Data Commons Attribution License ODC-By v1.0. Comment: This is OCLC's "local copy" of the ODC-By license. Open Data ...
http://experimental.worldcat.org/fast/794007/
*  Related changes - Law Delta
related changes law delta changes related to law title health subtitle d prevention control and reports of diseases from chapter acquired immune deficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus infection texas from law delta recentchangeslinked backlink jump to navigation search this is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page or to members of a specified category pages on your watchlist are bold recent changes options show last changes in last days hide minor edits show bots hide anonymous users hide logged in users hide my edits show new changes starting from october namespace all main talk user user talk law delta law delta talk file file talk mediawiki mediawiki talk template template talk help help talk category category talk poll poll talk thread thread talk summary summary talk laws laws talk law law talk law poll law poll talk bills bills talk bill bill talk bill poll bill poll talk invert selection page name show changes to pages linked to the ...
http://lawdelta.org/world/Special:RecentChangesLinked/Law:Title_2._Health._Subtitle_D._Prevention,_Control,_And_Reports_Of_Diseases_from_Chapter_85._Acquired_Immune_Deficiency_Syndrome_And_Human_Immunodeficiency_Virus_Infection_(Texas)
*  HIV & AIDS Information :: News - News by topic
HIV AIDS Information :: News - News by topic. Hepatitis C. Hepatitis B. Search through all our worldwide HIV and AIDS news and features, using the topics below to filter your results by subjects including HIV treatment, transmission and prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections.
http://aidsmap.com/news/News-by-topic/Hepatitis-C-treatment/cat/1632/page/1404239/?Type=1721
*  HIV & AIDS Information :: News - News by topic
HIV AIDS Information :: News - News by topic. News. News feeds. Search through all our worldwide HIV and AIDS news and features, using the topics below to filter your results by subjects including HIV treatment, transmission and prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections.
http://aidsmap.com/news/News-by-topic/HIV-treatment-in-children/cat/1661/page/1404239/
*  HIV & AIDS Information :: News - News by topic
HIV AIDS Information :: News - News by topic. Search through all our worldwide HIV and AIDS news and features, using the topics below to filter your results by subjects including HIV treatment, transmission and prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections.
http://aidsmap.com/news/News-by-topic/Migrants/cat/1731/page/1404239/
*  HIV & AIDS Information :: News - News by topic
HIV AIDS Information :: News - News by topic. Search through all our worldwide HIV and AIDS news and features, using the topics below to filter your results by subjects including HIV treatment, transmission and prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections.
http://aidsmap.com/news/News-by-topic/Support-for-families-and-children/cat/1662/page/1404239/?paging=0|10
*  AIDS (Disease)
aids disease aids disease redirect hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_(Disease)
*  Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome acquired immunodeficiency syndrome redirect hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acquired_immunodeficiency_syndrome
*  Virus (2007 film)
virus film virus film virus is a malayalam language indian feature film directed by shankar starring abhinay sajitha beti and shankar himself the film was critically acclaimed and had a premiere held at thiruvananthapuram kalabhavan theatre synopsis cast snippets references synopsis virus is the story of lovers abhinay and sajitha beti both working in a software firm one day sajitha beti disappears from abhinay s life shankar brother of the sajitha helps the lovers to reunite in spite of sajitha beti s dreaded disease which was kept hidden from abhinay the film shows the life after for aids patients and gives the message that society should be kind to aids patients and consider them as normal humans the film travels in documentary mode sometimes as it concentrates on aids disease itself cast shankar abhinay sajitha beti noble moockan r gowthaman sreeraj k roshni snippets virus was released in the us references category films category s malayalam language films category hiv aids in film category indian films
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus_(2007_film)
*  HIV and AIDS
... kevin simcox simcox at osu edu thu jun est previous message need info next message hiv and aids messages sorted by hi does anyone happen to know of a reference which describes experimental data demonstrating that the hiv virus causes the aids disease complex thanks kevin simcox previous message need info next message hiv and aids messages sorted by more information about the bioforum mailing list
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/bioforum/1996-June/020133.html
*  Current Trends Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Update -
- United States
http://cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00000097.htm
*  HIV & AIDS Information :: News - News by topic
Search through all our worldwide HIV and AIDS news and features, using the topics below to filter your results by subjects including HIV treatment, transmission and prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections.
http://aidsmap.com/news/News-by-topic/Families-and-children/cat/1482/page/1404239/?paging=43|10
*  File:AIDS index case graph.svg
file aids index case graph svg file aids index case graph svg summary licensing references auerbach dm darrow ww jaffe hw curran jw cluster of cases of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients linked by sexual contact am j med pmid
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AIDS_index_case_graph.svg
*  AIDS 2.0
aids aids redirect adult onset immunodeficiency syndrome
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_2.0
*  AIDS test
... redirect diagnosis of hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_test
*  AIDS testing
... redirect diagnosis of hiv aids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_testing
*  GRID (disease)
grid disease grid disease redirect gay related immune deficiency
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GRID_(disease)
*  Plastic Pipes - Global Strategic Business Report
Home Categories About Us FAQs Charity Contact Us Advanced Search 1-800-526-8630 U.S. (TOLL FREE) 1-917-300-0470 EAST COAST U.S. +353-1-416-8900 REST OF WORLD HOME CATEGORIES ABOUT US FAQs CONTACT US LOGIN / REGISTER USD ($) EUR (€) GBP (£) ▼ USD ($) USD ($) EUR (€) GBP (£) 0 CHECKOUT SEARCH ADVANCED SEARCH Price From: EUR 4557 USD 4,950 GBP 3,368 View Pricing You are here: Home > Categories > Manufacturing and Construction > Process and Materials > Plastics Plastic Pipes - Global Strategic Business Report ID: 344064 July 2014 Region: Global 453 Pages Global Industry Analysts, Inc DESCRIPTION TABLE OF CONTENTS FORMATS / FAQ 1 of 3 PRINTER FRIENDLY PRINTABLE PDF BROCHURE SEND TO A FRIEND This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Plastic Pipes in Million Meters by the following Product Segments: Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes, Polyethylene (PE) Pipes, Polypropylene (PP) Pipes, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, ...
http://researchandmarkets.com/reports/344064/plastic_pipes_global_strategic_business_report
*  Arti Gaur
... add/edit. You are here: Scientific Experts USA. Dartmouth Medical School Gaur Arti Gaur. Research Topics initiator codon murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome gag gene products t lymphocyte epitopes glioblastoma viral gene expression regulation murine leukemia virus open reading frames immunodominant epitopes protein biosynthesis brain neoplasms micrornas cell adhesion cell movement cytotoxic t lymphocytes cell proliferation inbred c57bl mice animal disease models reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction defective viruses immunologic cytotoxicity helper viruses mink cell focus inducing viruses dna sequence analysis gene expression profiling cluster analysis neoplasms up regulation tumor suppressor genes tumor cell line. Genomes and Genes MIR21. products. Species human. Arti Gaur Summary Affiliation: Dartmouth Medical School Country: USA. Publications Role of a cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte epitope-defined, alternative gag open reading frame in the pathogenesis of a murine ...
http://labome.org/expert/usa/dartmouth/gaur/arti-gaur-236492.html
*  .. Sissy maid stories .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
You are here: Home / Sissy maid stories Sissy maid stories Here you can find many sissy maid stories. Most are erotic, with a bit of forced feminization to them. There can be several different ways the sissy becomes a maid in these sissy stories. In some the wife tricks, forces or prods her husband into becoming her own sissy maid. In others a guy is blackmailed or not given any other choice but to become a sissy maid. Still others have the guy magically transformed into a pretty maid. Most of these sissy stories have strong sexual and erotic tones to them, as the sissy becomes submissive and trained to obey her master. Often the maid has to date guys or perform for her masters friends. Below you can find some great sissy maid stories, written by several different authors. There are many more to choose from, simply check out all the sissy maid stories here and read to your hearts content. Forced to be a sissy maid. Erotic forced sissy maid story by Author Jo Santana. Total surrender An erotic sissy maid ...
http://feminizedsissystories.com/sissy-maid-stories/
*  Goldsmith Maid
... 'Goldsmith Maid' 1857 September 23, 1885 was a prominent Standardbred racemare in the 1870s that was called the "Queen of the Trotters" and had a harness racing career that spanned 13 years. Her last race was won at the age of 20 against a much younger horse named Rarus. Pedigree and early life Racing record Retirement and death References. Pedigree and early life. Goldsmith Maid was originally named Maid and was foaled in the spring of 1857 at the Deckertown, New Jersey farm of John B. Decker in turn sold Maid to William Tompkins, a harness racer, a few days later for $400 while en route to his home in Newburgh, New York. Goldsmith changed the horse's name to Goldsmith Maid and put her under the training of William Bodine. Racing record. Image:Goldsmith Maid beating Judge Fullerton on July 16, 1874 in East Saginaw, Michigan where she ran one mile in 2 minutes 16 seconds. She trotted her first race in August 1865 and won several local races. Goldsmith, believing that the 11-year-old mare was nearing the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldsmith_Maid
*  femdom. Male maids - Lulu.com
... Close. Support. Cart. Close. Close. Close. Close. Search Results: 'femdom. Male maids'. Games. Search. Title. Ratings. 5 stars 4 stars or better 3 stars or better 2 stars or better 1 star or better. Published this week Published this month Published this year. Search by Title or Creator. 70 results for "femdom. Male maids". Two novelettes of 170 pages, both looking at the humiliation of males by, in the first, a self made millionairess in Whom the Gods Would Destroy. Pleasure: stepmum has him do chores, landlady picks up where she left off, has him uniformed as Jane; loses job becomes family maid-slave, works as cleaner, prostituted, hormones help figure, owner s boss buys her, to lived caged; as others there. Maid For The Family: Victorian, feckless younger son caught in maid s rooms at school, in uniform, doing chores; forced into role at family home. Maid For The Boss: businessman loses control of company to wife, to be maid to lover/new partner. Maid For The Kitchen: dress shop owner has man home ...
http://lulu.com/shop/search.ep?keyWords=femdom. Male maids
*  CriticalDance Forum • View topic - The Maids - Theatrehaus Stuttgart
CriticalDance Forum View topic - The Maids - Theatrehaus Stuttgart. public forum. home forum magazine gallery links about faq courtesy. Login. Register FAQ. Search. It is currently Mon Oct 05, 2015 11:36 pm. View unanswered posts. View active topics Board index. Our Archives. UK performance: July 2001-February 2004 All times are UTC - 7 hours. The Maids - Theatrehaus Stuttgart Moderators: LMCtech, Stuart Sweeney, Joanne, Emma Pegler. Page 1 of 1. Previous topic. Next topic. Author Message Joanne Post subject: The Maids - Theatrehaus Stuttgart Posted: Mon Nov 17, 2003 2:26 am. Joined: Tue Sep 05, 2000 11:01 pm Posts: 3129 Location: Guildford, Surrey, UK Article from The Times. Quote: ONE OF THE most erotically charged moments on a British stage this year is a nicotine fix. It happens in Yoshi Oida’s adaptation of Jean Genet’s 1946 play The Maids, a Theaterhaus Stuttgart production playing at London’s Barbican Centre from tonight. MORE. Top. Joanne Post subject: Re: The Maids - Theatrehaus Stuttgart Posted: ...
http://ballet-dance.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=16122&view=next
*  Laura Crystal - Arrogant Maid lost the Bet » РџРѕСЂРЅРѕ видео xxx +18
Laura Crystal - Arrogant Maid lost the Bet Порно видео xxx +18. Порно видео xxx +18 Laura Crystal - Arrogant Maid lost the Bet Laura Crystal - Arrogant Maid lost the Bet. Сведения о ролике Создан: 2014 Категории Жанра: Anal Sex, Brunette, Teen, Cumshot, Interracial, Blowjob Хронометраж: 23mn 22s Технические данные Качество видео: HD 720p Формат файла: MPEG-4 Параметры Видео: Advanced Video Codec 1280x720 4000 Kbps 25.00 fps Параметры Аудио: Advanced Audio Codec stereo 44.1 KHz 128 Kbps Файл весит: 691 Mb. Скачать Laura Crystal - Arrogant Maid lost the Bet: Download. Laura Crystal, Jenny Simmons - Double Anal DAP Orgy With 3 Guys SZ882 2015/HD. Laura Orsolya - Maid For Titty Fuck 2015/SD. Mea Melone, Laura Crystal - Mea Melone and Laura Crystal hardcore anal 4some gorgeous sluts got DAPed SZ827 2015/SD. Mea Melone, Laura Crystal - Crystal Hardcore Anal 4Some ...
http://gulyai.ru/xxx/351063-laura-crystal-arrogant-maid-lost-the-bet.html
*  6 Best House Cleaning Services - Porterville CA | Maid Service
6 Best House Cleaning Services - Porterville CA. Cleaning Services. Cleaning Maid Services. Cleaning Services. Get more from HomeAdvisor Find the best pros for your projects Get home maintenance recommendations Write reviews for your favorite pros. Recent Job Requests for Cleaning & Maid Services Contractors in Porterville, CA. Project: Clean Building Interior Janitorial Service - For Business Location: Porterville, CA. : Business Desired Completion Date : Timing is flexible Request Stage : Ready to Hire Comment: needs cleaning. Date: 04/2015 System Location : Garage Want Disinfectant Fog : Yes Type of system : Dryer vent Number of vents : 1 Desired Completion Date : Timing is flexible Request Stage : Ready to Hire Comment: dryer vent needs to be cleaned. Project: Clean Building Interior Janitorial Service - For Business Location: Porterville, CA. Project: Clean Heating & Cooling Air Ducts & Vents Location: Porterville, CA. Date: 12/2014 Number of stories in house : One story Why Gutters Need Cleaning : ...
http://homeadvisor.com/c.Cleaning-Maid-Services.Porterville.CA.-12014.html
*  The Images of Haruhi Suzumiya (Requests for wallpapers, screen caps, artwork, etc.) - Page 45 - Ani
- Page 45 - AnimeSuki Forum. AnimeSuki Forums Register Forum Rules FAQ Members List Social Groups Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read. AnimeSuki Forum. If you create a temporary account, please contact us right away via Forum Support, and send us any information you can about your original account, such as the account name and any email address that may have been associated with it. 2006-06-20, 19:45 Link # 881. Join Date: Jun 2006. View Public Profile. Visit Truth-kun's homepage. Find More Posts by Truth-kun. 2006-06-20, 20:19 Link # 882. Join Date: Jun 2006 Age: 26. Quote: Originally Posted by Animexcel lol yeah i posted that one, whatever happened to the AN forums anyway. View Public Profile. Find More Posts by Kiomi. 2006-06-20, 20:33 Link # 883. Join Date: Jun 2006. View Public Profile. Send a private message to Animexcel. Find More Posts by Animexcel. 2006-06-20, 20:35 Link # 884. Join Date: Jun 2006. View Public Profile. Visit Truth-kun's homepage. Find More Posts by Truth-kun. 2006-06-20, 20:51 ...
http://forums.animesuki.com/showthread.php?p=596703
*  Home Maid Simple: 5 minutes alone, what will your children do?
Home Maid Simple: 5 minutes alone, what will your children do. Thursday, August 11, 2011. 5 minutes alone, what will your children do. That was not fun to clean up. We emptied her room. Princess C on the other hand, was more a joiner, so her consequence this time, was to sit in her room until the mess was cleaned, and Princess V's room was emptied. Princess R is too small to understand fully, so her consequence was being blocked from the "fun room" while mommy was "having fun" cleaning it. at 4:41 PM. August 11, 2011 at 4:46 PM OH MY!!!. Reply Delete. August 11, 2011 at 10:27 PM Oh No. Angie Reply Delete. August 12, 2011 at 5:46 PM Ack!!. Reply Delete. August 16, 2011 at 6:48 PM OH WOW. I don't know what to say...just WOW. Reply Delete. July 21, 2013 at 7:32 AM Oh my, I feel for you. Sam Reply Delete. Search Home Maid Simple. div align="center"> a href="http://www.homemaidsimple.com" title="Home Maid Simple" img src="http://i1192.photobucket.com/albums/aa339/HomeMaidSimple/blog-button.jpg" alt="Home Maid ...
http://homemaidsimple.com/2011/08/5-minutes-alone-what-will-your-children.html
*  OurStage Magazine | nicki minaj maid
OurStage Magazine. nicki minaj maid. OurStage. Magazine. Buzz Feed. Ben Gibbard and Zooey Deschanel split. After a mere two years of marriage, indie rock power couple Ben Gibbard and Zooey Deschanel announced their separation this week. Their rep says the split is mutual and amicable. The next album with Death Cab For Cutie will surely be filled with poignant songs of heartache, making it sound like, well, every other Death Cab album in existence. Woman claims Justin Bieber is her baby daddy. Justin Bieber got slapped this week ¦ by the law. The mother, twenty-year-old Mariah Yeater, says she was asked by Bieber s bodyguard to join the singer backstage after a concert in LA. A spokesperson for the pop star told Us Weekly, It s sad that someone would fabricate, malicious, defamatory AND demonstrably false claims. You know what else is sad. But then again, this maybe-baby-daddy is still just a baby himself. Nicki Minaj and maid get into brawl. The details are still fuzzy, but reports say that Nicki Minaj got ...
http://blog.ourstage.com/tag/nicki-minaj-maid/
*  Borak BORAK
... Hi,and hello, welcome to my blog.I start this blog with a cold,as the name suggest pengeritiktetap.blogspot.com, permanent critic, nya owang putih expect to read about my critic and my blabbering about almost anything. For the past week I made three trips to the clinic, started with my child eczema, then my maid gastric and the last and most recent visit was me...* sniff sniff*. Each time the clinic was packed, but most of the time,majority of the crowd was family members of the sick, I suppose its for moral support, but don't they know that clinic is the best place to get infection. On my first visit there was this young mother,bringing in her daughter who is about eight months old,she was sitting beside me so I cannot help but heard her asking her maid about her daughter's condition, how many times she vomited,what she had before she vomit,what time she started vomiting, bla bla bla. During my latest visit, there was this one big family came in with one sick boy about one year old, the mom was trying ...
http://pengeritiktetap.blogspot.com/
*  Laura Bush Was "The Old Maid Of Midland"
Laura Bush Was The Old Maid Of Midland.
http://jezebel.com/5531065/laura-bush-was-the-old-maid-of-midland?tag=oprah
*  The experiences of people with dual sensory impairment attending rare syndrome clinics - Universi
... ty of Birmingham. Browser does not support script. Browser does not support script. University of Birmingham. Home > Research > Research activity > Visual Impairment Centre for Teaching and Research > Research > The experiences of people with dual sensory impairment attending rare syndrome clinics. The experiences of people with dual sensory impairment attending rare syndrome clinics In 'Research' Research. Contact Liz Ellis Email: l.ellis.2@bham.ac.uk Tel: 0121 414 4392. Researchers in DISN Liz Ellis and Liz Hodges are conducting research on the experiences of people who have a dual sensory impairment deafblind people and attend specialist clinics for people with rare syndromes. The needs of people with a dual sensory impairment deafblind people are unique in terms of communication, getting around, and accessing information. Consequently this research looks at the experiences of deafblind people, as told to us in their own words, as they talk about attending ...
http://birmingham.ac.uk/research/activity/education/victar/research/deafblind-attending-rare-syndrome-clinics.aspx
*  Turcot Syndrome | Cancer.Net
Turcot Syndrome. Cancer.Net. Jump to navigation ASCO Conquer Cancer Foundation Journal of Clinical Oncology Journal of Oncology Practice ASCO University Donate. eNEWS SIGNUP. f. t. y g. m Menu. H Types of Cancer Navigating Cancer Care Coping With Cancer Research and Advocacy Survivorship Blog About Us. You are here Home. Types of Cancer. Turcot Syndrome. Request Permissions. Print to PDF. Turcot Syndrome Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 11/2014. What is Turcot syndrome. Turcot syndrome is a condition in which cells become abnormal and form masses called polyps. A polyp is benign, meaning noncancerous, but can eventually turn malignant. If a polyp becomes malignant, meaning cancerous, it can spread to other parts of the body. Turcot syndrome is rare and is considered to be an alternative form of two more common syndromes associated with polyp formations: Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis FAP. People with Turcot syndrome ...
http://cancer.net/cancer-types/turcot-syndrome
*  Russell-Silver syndromeRussell-Silver syndrome
 Russell-Silver syndrome. Russell-Silver syndrome. Services. Health Tools. Classes & Events. Contact Us History Mission Locations & Directions Quality Reports Annual Reports Honors & Awards Community Health Needs Assessment Newsroom Brain & Spine Cancer Heart Maternity Orthopedics Pulmonary Sleep Medicine Urgent Care Women's Services All Services Locations & Directions Find a Physician Tour St. Spirit of Women Health Information & Tools Clinical Trials Health Risk Assessments Employer Programs - Passport to Wellness Classes & Events Spirit of Women Giving Opportunities Volunteer For Physicians Remote Access Medical Residency Information Pharmacy Residency Information Physician CPOE Training. Russell-Silver syndrome Definition Russell-Silver syndrome is a disorder present at birth involving poor growth. Alternative Names Silver-Russell syndrome; Silver syndrome Causes Up to 1 in 10 children with this syndrome have a problem involving chromosome 7. Other ...
http://stlukes-stl.com/health-content/pediatric/1/001209.htm
*  Smith–Fineman–Myers syndrome
... 'Smith–Fineman–Myers syndrome' SFMS1, also called 'X-linked mental retardation-hypotonic facies syndrome 1' MRXHF1, 'Carpenter–Waziri syndrome', 'Chudley–Lowry syndrome', 'SFMS', 'Holmes–Gang syndrome' and 'Juberg–Marsidi syndrome' JMS, is a rare X-linked recessive. Genetics Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Cases References. Image:X-linked recessive.svg 'SFMS' is an X-linked disease by chromosome Xq13. X-linked diseases map to the human X chromosome because this syndrome is an X chromosome linked females who have two chromosomes are not affected but because males only have one X chromosome, they are more likely to be affected and show the full clinical symptoms. Since females have two X chromosomes, the effect of one X chromosome is recessive and the second chromosome masks the affected chromosome. Affected fathers can never pass this X-linked disease to their sons but affected fathers can pass the X-linked gene to their daughters who has a 50% ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smith–Fineman–Myers_syndrome
*  Reading Zoophilia Syndrome Hentai - 1: Zoophilia Syndrome [END] - Page 35 hentai manga online at Hen
Reading Zoophilia Syndrome Hentai - 1: Zoophilia Syndrome - Page 35 hentai manga online at Hentai2Read. Zoophilia Syndrome. Chapter 1: Zoophilia Syndrome. Zoophilia Syndrome - Chapter 1: Zoophilia Syndrome 0 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. Hentai2R > Zoophilia Syndrome > Zoophilia Syndrome. Chapter 1 - Zoophilia Syndrome. This image is resized to a smaller version. You may click on the image to view the full size. Chapter 1 - Zoophilia Syndrome. Turn off the lights. Tips : You are reading Zoophilia Syndrome hentai manga, please read Zoophilia Syndrome: Chapter 1 english scan online from left to right. keyboard keys or click on the Zoophilia Syndrome image to browse between Zoophilia Syndrome: Chapter 1 pages. Tags : read Zoophilia Syndrome online,Zoophilia Syndrome 1 HQ,Zoophilia Syndrome 1 scan,Zoophilia Syndrome 1,Zoophilia Syndrome,Zoophilia Syndrome 1 rapidshare,read ...
http://hentai2read.com/zoophilia_syndrome/1/35/
*  Aarskog–Scott syndrome
... Name = Aarskog–Scott syndrome. MeshID = }} 'Aarskog–Scott syndrome' is a rare disease inherited as autosomal dominant or X-linked and characterized by short stature, facial abnormalities, skeletal and genital anomalies. The Aarskog–Scott syndrome AAS is also known as the 'Aarskog syndrome', 'faciodigitogenital syndrome', 'shawl scrotum syndrome' and 'faciogenital dysplasia'. The Aarskog–Scott syndrome is a disorder with short stature, hypertelorism, downslanting palpebral fissure s, anteverted nostrils, joint laxity, shawl scrotum, and mental retardation. mild to moderate short stature evident by 1–3 years of age delayed adolescent growth spurt. rounded face widow's peak hairline wide-set eyes hypertelorism droopy eyelids blepharoptosis downslanting eye slits palpebral fissure s small nose with nostrils tipped forward anteverted underdeveloped mid-portion of the face maxilla wide groove above the upper lip broad philtrum crease below the lower lip delayed ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aarskog–Scott_syndrome
*  'Exploding head syndrome': Real but overlooked sleep disorder -- ScienceDaily
... Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Rocks Show First Photosynthesis That Made Oxygen. Understanding Others' Thoughts Helps Kids to Lie. Extremely Light Storage Device as E-Car Battery. Birds Flew Over the Heads of Dinosaurs. Hog-Nose Rat Discovered. Foot Fossil: Evolutionary Messiness of Walking. Migrating Songbirds Can Be Tricked by Magnets. Fossils Intensify Mystery of Odd Toothy Mammal. Predator Survives, but Ecosystem Crashes. Restoring Vision With Stem Cells. Science News from research organizations. 'Exploding head syndrome': Real but overlooked sleep disorder. Date: May 6, 2014 Source: Washington State University Summary: It sounds like a phrase from Urban Dictionary, or the title of an animated gif, but a researcher says 'exploding head syndrome' is an authentic and largely overlooked phenomenon that warrants a deeper look. People with the syndrome typically perceive abrupt, loud noises door slams, fireworks, gunshots as they ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140506161302.htm
*  Simpson–Golabi–Behmel syndrome
... Name = Simpson–Golabi–Behmel syndrome. eMedicineTopic = }} 'Simpson–Golabi–Behmel syndrome' SGBS, also called 'Bulldog syndrome', 'Sara Agers syndrome', 'Golabi–Rosen syndrome', 'Simpson dysmorphia syndrome' SDYS or 'X-linked dysplasia gigantism syndrome' DGSX, is a rare inherited congenital disorder that can cause craniofacial, skeletal, cardiac, and renal abnormalities. There are two types of SGBS, each found on a different gene:. ' GPC3 '. SGBS is also considered to be an overgrowth syndrome OGS. There are five different types of tumors that patients with SGBS might develop, all intra-abdominal: Wilms tumor, Hepatoblastoma, Hepatocarcinoma, Gonadoblastoma, and Neuroblastoma. 1 Causes Genetics Possible symptoms and associated conditions Detection and diagnosis Treatment and management Additional information References External links. 4 Also, some patients diagnosed with SGBS do not have any GPC3 or GPC4 deletions or mutations. Family members who ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simpson–Golabi–Behmel_syndrome
*  Re: 'Norepinephrine Syndrome' The Cause of my Anxiety » garyengelm | Psycho-Babble
Re: 'Norepinephrine Syndrome' The Cause of my Anxiety » garyengelm. Psycho-Babble. Psycho-Babble Medication. about biological treatments. Framed This thread. Show all. Post follow-up. Start new thread. List of forums. Search. FAQ. Re: 'Norepinephrine Syndrome' The Cause of my Anxiety » garyengelm Posted by KarenRB53 on March 1, 2011, at 19:40:02 In reply to 'Norepinephrine Syndrome' The Cause of my Anxiety, posted by garyengelm on January 22, 2008, at 15:02:51. What is Norepinephrine Syndrome. I found a brief description about the syndrome on the net and pasted it below. For the last 5 years, I have been on Serzone 150mg twice daily. My brother passed away a year ago this past December. All of a sudden, I developed what I thought was Generalized Anxiety Disorder. My doctors increased my Serzone all the way up to 450mg. I just seemed to get worse and worse as the months went by. I am a Registered Nurse x 14 years. I tried several times to introduce an SSRI, but every time I ...
http://dr-bob.org/babble/20110220/msgs/979991.html

Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome: Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome is a provisional name for a newly diagnosed immunodeficiency illness. The name is proposed in the first public study to identify the syndrome.Malformative syndrome: A malformative syndrome (or malformation syndrome) is a recognizable pattern of congenital anomalies that are known or thought to be causally related (VIIth International Congress on Human Genetics).Vpx: Vpx is a virion-associated protein encoded by human immunodeficiency virus type 2 HIV-2 and most simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains, but that is absent from HIV-1. It is similar in structure to the protein Vpr that is carried by SIV and HIV-2 as well as HIV-1.Management of HIV/AIDS: The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection. There are several classes of antiretroviral agents that act on different stages of the HIV life-cycle.Natural transfer: The natural transfer (hypothesis or theory), in reference to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, states that humans first received HIV by contact with primates, presumably from a fight with a Chimpanzee during hunting or consumption of primate meat, and became contaminated with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). According to the 'Hunter Theory', the virus was transmitted from a chimpanzee to a human when a bushmeat hunter was bitten or cut while hunting or butchering an animal.European Society for Primary Immunodeficiencies: The European Society for Primary Immunodeficiencies (ESID) is a Europe-wide medical association for healthcare professionals and researchers who deal with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID).Prescott Townsend: Prescott Townsend (June 24, 1894 – May 23, 1973) was an American gay rights activist.Reticular dysgenesisHIV-positive people: HIV-positive people are people who have the human immunodeficiency virus HIV, the agent of the currently incurable disease AIDS.Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections: The Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) is an annual scientific meeting devoted to the understanding, prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and the opportunistic infections associated with AIDS. Thousands of leading researchers and clinicians from around the world convene in a different location in North America each year for the Conference.AIDS-related lymphoma: AIDS-related lymphoma describes lymphomas occurring in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Coles PhillipsEnvelope glycoprotein GP120: Envelope glycoprotein GP120 (or gp120) is a glycoprotein exposed on the surface of the HIV envelope. The 120 in its name comes from its molecular weight of 120 kDa.Kaposi's sarcomaStatnamic load test: The Statnamic load test is a type of test for assessing the load carrying capacity of deep foundations which is faster and less expensive than the static load test. The Statnamic test was conceived in 1985, with the first prototype tests carried out in 1988 through collaboration between Berminghammer Foundation Equipment of Canada and TNO Building Research of the Netherlands (Middendorp et al.Cytomegalovirus retinitisNational Down Syndrome SocietyKeliximabNational Cholesterol Education Program: The National Cholesterol Education Program is a program managed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health. Its goal is to reduce increased cardiovascular disease rates due to hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) in the United States of America.Discovery and development of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors: Discovery and development of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs and NtRTIs) began in the 1980s when the AIDS epidemic hit Western societies. NRTIs inhibit the reverse transcriptase (RT), an enzyme that controls the replication of the genetic material of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.PMHC cellular microarray: PMHC cellular microarrays are a type of cellular microarray that has been spotted with pMHC complexes peptide-MHC class I or peptide-MHC class II.Protein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.Silent mutation: Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent mutations can occur in non-coding regions (outside of genes or within introns), or they may occur within exons.Dermatopathic lymphadenopathyDidanosineAntiviral drug: Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections. Like antibiotics for bacteria, specific antivirals are used for specific viruses.Thermal cyclerCognitive effects of HIVCCR5 receptor antagonist: CCR5 receptor antagonists are a class of small molecules that antagonize the CCR5 receptor. The C-C motif chemokine receptor CCR5 is involved in the process by which HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, enters cells.Gross examinationProtease inhibitor (pharmacology): Protease inhibitors (PIs) are a class of antiviral drugs that are widely used to treat HIV/AIDS and hepatitis caused by hepatitis C virus. Protease inhibitors prevent viral replication by selectively binding to viral proteases (e.HIV Vaccine Trials Network: The HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) is a non-profit organization which connects physicians and scientists with activists and community educators for the purpose of conducting clinical trials seeking a safe and effective HIV vaccine. Collaboratively, research professionals and laypeople review potential vaccines for safety, immune response, and efficacy.PentamidineList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.HaemophiliaZalcitabineCongenital nephrotic syndromeTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingPresumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome: Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) is a syndrome affecting the eye, which is characterized by peripheral atrophic chorioretinal scars, atrophy or scarring adjacent to the optic disc and maculopathy.Plaque reduction neutralization test: The Plaque reduction neutralization test is used to quantify the titre of neutralising antibody for a virus.Nef (protein): coordinates.Tumor progression: Tumor progression is the third and last phase in tumor development. This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the tumor cells.

(1/6107) Dysregulated production of interleukin-8 in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) production in vivo was monitored in four study groups: normal blood donors, patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, and dually infected (HIV/TB) patients. We show that whereas there was evidence of detectable levels of cell-associated IL-8 (mRNA and protein) in peripheral cells of healthy individuals, this was largely lost in the disease states studied. Coupled with this finding was significantly increased circulating levels of IL-8 in HIV-1-infected individuals with or without concomitant pulmonary TB (P < 0.001). On the other hand, the capacity of peripheral mononuclear cells to produce IL-8 spontaneously ex vivo was enhanced in HIV-1 and TB patients (P < 0.05) and many of the HIV/TB group, but their corresponding capacities to respond to various stimuli, in particular phytohemagglutinin, were significantly diminished compared to those of normal donors (P < 0.05). Circulating levels of IL-8 in a group of HIV/TB patients were significantly positively correlated with the percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in the peripheral circulation (r = 0.65; P = 0.01), the proportions of IL-8 receptor A (IL-8RA)-expressing (r = 0.86; P < 0.01) and IL-8RB-expressing (r = 0.77; P < 0.01) PMN, and the capacity of PMN to migrate in response to IL-8 as chemoattractant (r = 0.68; P < 0. 01). IL-8RB fluorescence intensity, however, was negatively correlated with plasma IL-8 levels (r = -0.73; P < 0.01). Our results suggest that altered regulation of IL-8 in HIV-1 may have important implications for antimicrobial defenses and for normal immune processes.  (+info)

(2/6107) Incidence and duration of hospitalizations among persons with AIDS: an event history approach.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze hospitalization patterns of persons with AIDS (PWAs) in a multi-state/multi-episode continuous time duration framework. DATA SOURCES: PWAs on Medicaid identified through a match between the state's AIDS Registry and Medicaid eligibility files; hospital admission and discharge dates identified through Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Using a Weibull event history framework, we model the hazard of transition between hospitalized and community spells, incorporating the competing risk of death in each of these states. Simulations are used to translate these parameters into readily interpretable estimates of length of stay, the probability that a hospitalization will end in death, and the probability that a nonhospitalized person will be hospitalized within 90 days. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariate analyses, participation in a Medicaid waiver program offering case management and home care was associated with hospital stays 1.3 days shorter than for nonparticipants. African American race and Hispanic ethnicity were associated with hospital stays 1.2 days and 1.0 day longer than for non-Hispanic whites; African Americans also experienced more frequent hospital admissions. Residents of the high-HIV-prevalence area of the state had more frequent admissions and stays two days longer than those residing elsewhere in the state. Older PWAs experienced less frequent hospital admissions but longer stays, with hospitalizations of 55-year-olds lasting 8.25 days longer than those of 25-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Much socioeconomic and geographic variability exists both in the incidence and in the duration of hospitalization among persons with AIDS in New Jersey. Event history analysis provides a useful statistical framework for analysis of these variations, deals appropriately with data in which duration of observation varies from individual to individual, and permits the competing risk of death to be incorporated into the model. Transition models of this type have broad applicability in modeling the risk and duration of hospitalization in chronic illnesses.  (+info)

(3/6107) Relative rates of AIDS among racial/ethnic groups by exposure categories.

The relative rates of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were calculated among racial/ethnic populations using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)/Surveillance reports assuming that racial/ethnic distributions reflect that of the US Census Data from 1990. For comparison, a rate of 1 was assigned to whites in each calculation. The overall relative rates were whites--1, African Americans--4.7, Hispanics--3, Asian/Pacific Islanders--0.4, and Native Americans--0.5. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome surveillance data show higher rates of AIDS for African Americans and Hispanics compared with whites, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans. The relative rates for African Americans and Hispanics compared with whites were highest for injecting drug users, heterosexual contact, and pediatric patients. These results led us to explore possible explanations for increased AIDS reporting in African Americans and Hispanics. We then explored available national datasets regarding those variables. The analyses indicate that variables such as access and receptivity to HIV prevention and treatment efforts, race/ethnicity, sexual behaviors, sexually transmitted diseases, socioeconomic status, and substance abuse interact in a complex fashion to influence HIV transmission and progression to AIDS in affected communities.  (+info)

(4/6107) Outcome and predictors of failure of highly active antiretroviral therapy: one-year follow-up of a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected persons.

The outcome and predictors of virologic treatment failure of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were determined for 271 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected protease inhibitor-naive persons. During a follow-up of 48 weeks after the initiation of HAART, 6.3% of patients experienced at least one new AIDS-defining event, and 3.0% died. Virologic treatment failure occurred in 40% (indinavir, 27%; ritonavir, 30%; saquinavir, 59%; ritonavir plus saquinavir, 32%; chi2, P=.001). Risk factors for treatment failure were baseline plasma HIV-1 RNA (odds ratio [OR], 1.70 per log10 copies increase in plasma HIV-1 RNA), baseline CD4 cell count (OR, 1. 35 per 100 CD4 cells/mm3 decrease), and use of saquinavir versus other protease inhibitors (OR, 3.21). During the first year of treatment, 53% of all patients changed (part of) their original HAART regimen at least once. This was significantly more frequent for regimens containing saquinavir (62%; 27% for virologic failure) or ritonavir (64%; 55% for intolerance) as single protease inhibitor.  (+info)

(5/6107) Characterization of viral dynamics in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy: relationships to host factors, cellular restoration, and virologic end points.

Biphasic plasma viral decays were modeled in 48 patients treated with ritonavir, zidovudine, and lamivudine. Estimated first- and second-phase decay rates were d1 as 0.47/day and d2 as 0.04/day. Interpatient differences in both decay rates were significant. The d1 was directly correlated with baseline CD4+, CD4+CD28+, and CD8+CD28+ T lymphocyte counts (P<.05) and inversely correlated with baseline virus load (P=.044) and the magnitude of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte recovery (P<.01). The d2 was directly correlated with baseline percentage of CD8+ T lymphocytes (P=.023), the CD8+CD38+ cell number (P=.024), and the level of IgG that binds to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 gp120 (P=.02). Viral decay rates were not predictive of treatment failure or durability of viral suppression. These exploratory findings are consistent with a model in which immunologic factors contribute to elimination of HIV-infected cells and suggest a dynamic interplay between regulation of HIV expression and lymphocyte activation and recovery.  (+info)

(6/6107) Proliferative responses to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 peptides in HIV-1-infected individuals immunized with HIV-1 rgp120 or rgp160 compared with nonimmunized and uninfected controls.

The proliferative responses to a series of peptides constituting the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 sequence were evaluated in 19 HIV-1-infected rgp160 vaccine recipients, 17 HIV-1-infected rgp120 vaccine recipients, 15 HIV-1-infected placebo recipients, and 18 HIV-1-uninfected controls. Many regions of the gp120 molecule were found to contribute proliferative epitopes, although there were clearly regions of relative dominance and silence. Vaccine recipients tended to have broader, more robust, and more frequent peptide recognition than the placebo recipients. Despite the considerable variability in the pattern of peptide recognition among individuals, there was a striking similarity between the rgp160 and rgp120 vaccinee groups as a whole. Low-risk HIV-1-uninfected individuals may react to a few peptides within the gp120 sequence as well, despite a lack of significant response to the whole gp120 protein.  (+info)

(7/6107) No evidence for an effect of the CCR5 delta32/+ and CCR2b 64I/+ mutations on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 disease progression among HIV-1-infected injecting drug users.

The relationship between CCR5 and CCR2b genotypes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 disease progression was studied among the 108 seroconverters of the Amsterdam cohort of injecting drug users (IDUs). In contrast to earlier studies among homosexual men, no effect on disease progression of the CCR5 Delta32/+ and the CCR2b 64I/+ genotypes was found, when progression to AIDS, death, or a CD4 cell count <200/microL was compared by a Cox proportional hazards model. Furthermore, CD4 cell decline (by a regression model for repeated measurements) and virus load in the first 3 years after seroconversion did not differ between the CCR5 and CCR2b wild type and heterozygous genotypes. A nested matched case-control study also revealed no significant effect of the CCR5 and CCR2b mutations. Immunologic differences between IDUs and homosexual men may account for the observed lack of effect. Alternatively, difference in transmission route or characteristics of the HIV-1 variants that circulate in IDUs could also explain this phenomenon.  (+info)

(8/6107) A randomized trial of high- versus low-dose subcutaneous interleukin-2 outpatient therapy for early human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.

Forty-nine outpatients infected with human immunodeficiency virus with baseline CD4 cell counts >/=500/mm3, who were on stable antiretroviral therapy, were randomized to receive 5-day cycles of either low-dose (1.5 million IU [MIU] twice a day) or high-dose (7.5 MIU twice a day) subcutaneous (sc) interleukin (IL)-2 every 4 or every 8 weeks. High-dose recipients experienced mean slopes of +116.1 cells/month and +2.7 %/month in CD4 cells and percents, respectively, whereas low-dose recipients displayed mean slopes of +26.7 and +1.3% in the same parameters. At month 6, high-dose recipients achieved a 94.8% increase in mean CD4 cells over baseline compared with a 19.0% increase in low-dose recipients. While high-dose recipients encountered more constitutional side effects, these were generally not dose-limiting. High-dose scIL-2 therapy in outpatients with early HIV-1 infection was well tolerated and induced dramatic, sustained rises in CD4 cells.  (+info)



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