AIDS Serodiagnosis: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.Serologic Tests: Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Syphilis Serodiagnosis: Serologic tests for syphilis.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Antigens, Protozoan: Any part or derivative of any protozoan that elicits immunity; malaria (Plasmodium) and trypanosome antigens are presently the most frequently encountered.Immunoglobulin M: A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.Antibodies, Protozoan: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Lyme Disease: An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.Agglutination Tests: Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Borrelia burgdorferi Group: Gram-negative helical bacteria, in the genus BORRELIA, that are the etiologic agents of LYME DISEASE. The group comprises many specific species including Borrelia afzelii, Borellia garinii, and BORRELIA BURGDORFERI proper. These spirochetes are generally transmitted by several species of ixodid ticks.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Complement Fixation Tests: Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.Hemagglutination Tests: Sensitive tests to measure certain antigens, antibodies, or viruses, using their ability to agglutinate certain erythrocytes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Dourine: A disease of horses and donkeys caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum. The disease occurs in Africa, the Americas, and Asia.Leishmaniasis, Visceral: A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.Leishmania infantum: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). Human infections are confined almost entirely to children. This parasite is commonly seen in dogs, other Canidae, and porcupines with humans considered only an accidental host. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Glanders: A contagious disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA MALLEI and characterized by ulceration of the respiratory mucosa and an eruption of nodules on the skin.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Immunoblotting: Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.Toxoplasmosis: The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.Antibodies, Fungal: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to FUNGAL ANTIGENS.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Gnathostomiasis: Infections with nematodes of the genus GNATHOSTOMA, superfamily THELAZIOIDEA. Gnathostomiasis is a food-borne zoonosis caused by eating undercooked or raw fish or meat.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Fascioliasis: Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic flukes of the genus FASCIOLA, such as FASCIOLA HEPATICA.Clonorchis sinensis: A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Echinococcosis, Pulmonary: Helminth infection of the lung caused by Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis.Clonorchiasis: Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Leptospirosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.Fasciola: A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Fasciolidae. Two species of this genus are F. hepatica and F. gigantica. The parasites are found in the liver and gallbladder and associated ducts in mammals and occasionally man. F. gigantica occurs rarely in man.Antigens, Fungal: Substances of fungal origin that have antigenic activity.Reagins: Antibodies, especially IGE, that bind to tissue of the same species so that ANTIGENS induce release of HISTAMINE and other vasoactive agents. HYPERSENSITIVITY is the clinical manifestation.Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections: Infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges caused by parasites.Taenia solium: Species of tapeworm in the genus TAENIA, that infects swine. It is acquired by humans through the ingestion of cured or undercooked pork.Liver Abscess, Amebic: Single or multiple areas of PUS due to infection by any ameboid protozoa (AMEBIASIS). A common form is caused by the ingestion of ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA.Babesia: A genus of tick-borne protozoan parasites that infests the red blood cells of mammals, including humans. There are many recognized species, and the distribution is world-wide.Latex Fixation Tests: Passive agglutination tests in which antigen is adsorbed onto latex particles which then clump in the presence of antibody specific for the adsorbed antigen. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Burkholderia mallei: A species of gram-negative bacteria parasitic on HORSES and DONKEYS causing GLANDERS, which can be transmitted to humans.Borrelia: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, helical bacteria, various species of which produce RELAPSING FEVER in humans and other animals.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Cysticercus: The larval form of various tapeworms of the genus Taenia.Ehrlichiosis: A tick-borne disease characterized by FEVER; HEADACHE; myalgias; ANOREXIA; and occasionally RASH. It is caused by several bacterial species and can produce disease in DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; HORSES; and humans. The primary species causing human disease are EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS; ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM; and Ehrlichia ewingii.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Toxocariasis: Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man.Reagent Strips: Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Melioidosis: A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.Treponema pallidum: The causative agent of venereal and non-venereal syphilis as well as yaws.Fasciola hepatica: A species of helminth commonly called the sheep liver fluke. It occurs in the biliary passages, liver, and gallbladder during various stages of development. Snails and aquatic vegetation are the intermediate hosts. Occasionally seen in man, it is most common in sheep and cattle.Yaws: A systemic non-venereal infection of the tropics caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM subspecies pertenue.Leptospira: A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.Babesiosis: A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.Ehrlichia chaffeensis: A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the causative agent of human EHRLICHIOSIS. This organism was first discovered at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, when blood samples from suspected human ehrlichiosis patients were studied.Gnathostoma: A genus of parasitic nematodes that occurs in mammals including man. Infection in humans is either by larvae penetrating the skin or by ingestion of uncooked fish.Sparganosis: Infection of animals, including fish and man, with a developmental stage of Diphyllobothrium. This stage has recently been referred to as a plerocercoid but the name sparganum has persisted. Therefore, infection of fish or other animals with the plerocercoid larvae is sparganosis. Fish-eating mammals, including man, are the final hosts.Borrelia burgdorferi: A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.Pythium: A genus of destructive root-parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Pythiaceae, order Peronosporales, commonly found in cultivated soils all over the world. Differentiation of zoospores takes place in a vesicle.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Counterimmunoelectrophoresis: Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.Neurocysticercosis: Infection of the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal structures with the larval forms of the genus TAENIA (primarily T. solium in humans). Lesions formed by the organism are referred to as cysticerci. The infection may be subacute or chronic, and the severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the host immune response and the location and number of lesions. SEIZURES represent the most common clinical manifestation although focal neurologic deficits may occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp46-50)Salmonella paratyphi C: A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is an agent of PARATYPHOID FEVER in Asia, Africa, and southern Europe.Echinococcosis: An infection caused by the infestation of the larval form of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. The liver, lungs, and kidney are the most common areas of infestation.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Convalescence: The period of recovery following an illness.Entamoeba histolytica: A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.Paragonimus: A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Paracoccidioides: A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.Brucella: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes BRUCELLOSIS. Its cells are nonmotile coccobacilli and are animal parasites and pathogens. The bacterium is transmissible to humans through contact with infected dairy products or tissue.Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect: A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Taenia: A genus of large tapeworms.Paracoccidioidomycosis: A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.Toxoplasma: A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.Cysticercosis: Infection with CYSTICERCUS, the larval form of the various tapeworms of the genus Taenia (usually T. solium in man). In humans they penetrate the intestinal wall and invade subcutaneous tissue, brain, eye, muscle, heart, liver, lung, and peritoneum. Brain involvement results in NEUROCYSTICERCOSIS.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Entamoebiasis: Infection with amoebae of the genus ENTAMOEBA. Infection with E. histolytica causes DYSENTERY, AMEBIC and LIVER ABSCESS, AMEBIC.Trichinellosis: An infection with TRICHINELLA. It is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat that is infected with larvae of nematode worms TRICHINELLA genus. All members of the TRICHINELLA genus can infect human in addition to TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, the traditional etiological agent. It is distributed throughout much of the world and is re-emerging in some parts as a public health hazard and a food safety problem.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Echinococcus: A genus of very small TAPEWORMS, in the family Taeniidae. The adult form is found in various CARNIVORA but not humans. The larval form is seen in humans under certain epidemiologic circumstances.Typhoid Fever: An acute systemic febrile infection caused by SALMONELLA TYPHI, a serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA.Treponema Immobilization Test: Syphilis serodiagnosis employing as the antigen Treponema pallidum obtained from rabbit syphilis orchitis. Treponemes are kept alive for a few hours in a special medium. When syphilitic serum and complement are added and incubated, the treponemes are immobilized, i.e., stop moving.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Antibody Specificity: The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.Ehrlichia: Small, often pleomorphic, coccoid to ellipsoidal organisms occurring intracytoplasmically in circulating LYMPHOCYTES. They are the etiologic agents of tick-borne diseases of humans; DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; and HORSES.Immunoconglutinins: Autoantibodies directed against newly-formed EPITOPES created as the COMPLEMENT cascade is activated and the proteins involved change their conformations.Brucellosis: Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Immunoglobulin A: Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.Erythema Chronicum Migrans: A deep type of gyrate erythema that follows a bite by an ixodid tick; it is a stage-1 manifestation of LYME DISEASE. The site of the bite is characterized by a red papule that expands peripherally as a nonscaling, palpable band that clears centrally. This condition is often associated with systemic symptoms such as chills, fever, headache, malaise, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, backache, and stiff neck.Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins: Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Leishmania donovani: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Salmonella typhi: A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is the etiologic agent of TYPHOID FEVER.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Paragonimiasis: Infection with TREMATODA of the genus PARAGONIMUS.Plague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.Immunodiffusion: Technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Echinococcus granulosus: A species of hydatid tapeworm (class CESTODA) in the family Taeniidae, whose adult form infects the DIGESTIVE TRACT of DOGS, other canines, and CATS. The larval form infects SHEEP; PIGS; HORSES; and may infect humans, where it migrates to various organs and forms permanent HYDATID CYSTS.Toxocara canis: A species of parasitic nematode found in the intestine of dogs. Lesions in the brain, liver, eye, kidney, and lung are caused by migrating larvae. In humans, these larvae do not follow normal patterns and may produce visceral larva migrans (LARVA MIGRANS, VISCERAL).Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Pleuropneumonia: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.Actinobacillus Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOBACILLUS.Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests: Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.Glycolipids: Any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues bound by a glycosidic linkage to a hydrophobic moiety such as an acylglycerol (see GLYCERIDES), a sphingoid, a ceramide (CERAMIDES) (N-acylsphingoid) or a prenyl phosphate. (From IUPAC's webpage)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Leishmania: A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.Trichinella spiralis: A parasite of carnivorous mammals that causes TRICHINELLOSIS. It is especially common in rats and in swine fed uncooked garbage. Human infection is initiated by the consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked pork or other meat containing the encysted larvae.First Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Epitopes: Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.Immunodominant Epitopes: Subunits of the antigenic determinant that are most easily recognized by the immune system and thus most influence the specificity of the induced antibody.Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody-Absorption Test: Serologic assay that detects antibodies to Treponema pallidum, the etiologic agent of syphilis. After diluting the patient's serum to remove non-specific antibodies, the serum is mixed on a glass slide with Nichol's strain of Treponema pallidum. An antigen-antibody reaction occurs if the test is positive and the bound antibodies are detected with fluoresceinated antihuman gamma-globulin antibody.Scrub Typhus: An acute infectious disease caused by ORIENTIA TSUTSUGAMUSHI. It is limited to eastern and southeastern Asia, India, northern Australia, and the adjacent islands. Characteristics include the formation of a primary cutaneous lesion at the site of the bite of an infected mite, fever lasting about two weeks, and a maculopapular rash.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Heartwater Disease: A tick-borne septicemic disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by EHRLICHIA RUMINANTIUM.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Ehrlichia ruminantium: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the family ANAPLASMATACEAE, that causes HEARTWATER DISEASE in ruminants.Weil Disease: A severe form of LEPTOSPIROSIS, usually caused by LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS SEROVAR ICTEROHAEMORRHAGIAE and occasionally other serovars. It is transmitted to humans by the rat and is characterized by hemorrhagic and renal symptoms with accompanying JAUNDICE.Leishmaniasis: A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).Helminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Nucleocapsid Proteins: Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Leprosy: A chronic granulomatous infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. The granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves. Two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Flagellin: A protein with a molecular weight of 40,000 isolated from bacterial flagella. At appropriate pH and salt concentration, three flagellin monomers can spontaneously reaggregate to form structures which appear identical to intact flagella.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Antigens, Surface: Antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses. They are usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls and may be isolated.Mycobacterium leprae: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes LEPROSY in man. Its organisms are generally arranged in clumps, rounded masses, or in groups of bacilli side by side.Immune Adherence Reaction: A method for the detection of very small quantities of antibody in which the antigen-antibody-complement complex adheres to indicator cells, usually primate erythrocytes or nonprimate blood platelets. The reaction is dependent on the number of bound C3 molecules on the C3b receptor sites of the indicator cell.Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Leptospira interrogans: A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.Coccidioidomycosis: Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.Flagella: A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Aspergillosis: Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.Whooping Cough: A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.Aspergillus fumigatus: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Protein Array Analysis: Ligand-binding assays that measure protein-protein, protein-small molecule, or protein-nucleic acid interactions using a very large set of capturing molecules, i.e., those attached separately on a solid support, to measure the presence or interaction of target molecules in the sample.Chromatography: Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Epitope Mapping: Methods used for studying the interactions of antibodies with specific regions of protein antigens. Important applications of epitope mapping are found within the area of immunochemistry.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.IndiaLipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Helicobacter Infections: Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.Antigen-Antibody Reactions: The processes triggered by interactions of ANTIBODIES with their ANTIGENS.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Mycobacterium bovis: The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.Baculoviridae: Family of INSECT VIRUSES containing two subfamilies: Eubaculovirinae (occluded baculoviruses) and Nudibaculovirinae (nonoccluded baculoviruses). The Eubaculovirinae, which contain polyhedron-shaped inclusion bodies, have two genera: NUCLEOPOLYHEDROVIRUS and GRANULOVIRUS. Baculovirus vectors are used for expression of foreign genes in insects.Immune Sera: Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.

*  q-more/medicine-products/femoral/
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*  tag-more/biology-technology/sas/
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*  q/segregating/
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*  tag-more/medicine-dictionary/gene/
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*  10 L Pipette Tip (RNase, DNase and pyrogen free)
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*  Accutane
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*  Causes For False Positive HIV Test - The Body
. Causes For False Positive HIV Test - The Body. Skip to main content. Skip page links. TOPICS IN HIV/AIDS. Ask The Experts. Search. Search. Follow Us. Facebook. Twitter. Newsletters. Search. Search. THEBODY.COM. What's New Newsletters Android/iPhone App My Health Tracker Personal Reminder Service HIV Care Professionals The Body en Espanol ASOFinder.com. Ask The Experts. TOPICS IN HIV/AIDS. Treatment. HIV Medications. Hepatitis C Coinfection. GI Issues. Other Side Effects Coinfections. Drug Resistance. Switching Stopping Treatment. Pediatric HIV Treatment. Prevention. HIV/AID Basics. HIV Prevention. HIV Testing. Safer Sex. Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Myths About HIV/AIDS. History of the AIDS Epidemic. Immune System Basics. Helping Friends With HIV/AIDS. Living With HIV. Getting Good Care. Healthy Living With HIV. Arts, Media HIV/AIDS. Diet, Nutrition HIV/AIDS. HIV Stigma. Relationships, Sexuality HIV/AIDS. Vitamins, Minerals Supplements. HIV and Financial Issues. HIV and Legal Issues. Personal Storie...
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*  Chembio Diagnostics (CEMI) Jumps After FDA Clears New Rapid HIV Test | iStockAnalyst.com
Chembio Diagnostics CEMI Jumps After FDA Clears New Rapid HIV Test. Chembio Diagnostics CEMI Jumps After FDA Clears New Rapid HIV Test By: Balachander December 21, 2012 10:15 AM. By Balachander Chembio Diagnostics Inc. health regulators approved its new test to detect HIV-1/2 antibodies in either oral fluid or blood samples. Food and Drug Administration FDA cleared Chembio's Dual Path Platform DPP HIV 1/2 assay, allowing the company to market a point-of-care POC oral fluid rapid diagnostic test. The company believes the new rapid diagnostic test has superior performance compared with the only other oral fluid HIV rapid test on the market. The diagnostic assay, the company said, uses the patented DPP technology for the rapid detection of HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies in all blood matrices and oral fluid. The Chembio DPP HIV 1/2 Assay is a single-use immuno-chromatographic, rapid test for the detection of antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Types 1 and 2 HIV 1/2 in oral fluid, finger-stick whole blood, veno...
http://istockanalyst.com/finance/story/6206797/chembio-diagnostics-cemi-jumps-after-fda-clears-new-rapid-hiv-test
*  Opt-Out HIV Testing: Key Questions on Cost and Implementation - TheBody.com
Cost-Benefit and Legal Questions With Opt-Out HIV Testing. Rationale for Opt-Out HIV Screening and Health System Impact Mascolini: What is the CDC's primary rationale for recommending opt-out HIV testing Table 1 for all adults and adolescents seeking medical care. Key CDC HIV Screening Recommendations for Patients in All Health-Care Settings 1. 5, 6 One of the goals of the National AIDS Strategy 7 is to increase the number of people who are diagnosed and to increase the number of people who are in treatment. We believe expanded opt-out screening in healthcare settings will help detect HIV in people who would otherwise go undiagnosed. Our studies show that seeking out a high-prevalence population for targeted testing is costly in terms of cost per test: You have to spend money to find those people, whereas there is a much smaller incremental cost for general HIV screening in healthcare settings because people are already coming in and seeking care in those settings. "In 2009 a record 82.9 million adults in the...
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*  Do you gain weight with meds?
Do you gain weight with meds. Do you gain weight with meds. Stats Total Posts: 675754 Total Topics: 52429 Online Today: 186 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Author Topic: Do you gain weight with meds. Posts: 15. Do you gain weight with meds. on: November 21, 2011, 03:45:42 PM. Logged POZ since 08 Last Labs- 11-6-14 CD4- 871, UD 6/3/14 CD4- 736, UD 34% 6/25/13 CD4- 1036, UD, 2/4/13, CD4 - 489, UD, 28% Current Meds: Prezista/Epzicom/ Norvir. http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=40802.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=45159.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39722.msg495621;topicseen#msg495621 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=46806.0 http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39414.msg491701#msg491701. Logged Labs: undetectable since 2005 12/13: 634 cdr, 37.3%, 758 cd8, total chol 183, triglycerides 131 8/13: changed to Edurant from Reyataz 12/12: 828 cd4, 34.5%, 1078 cd8, total chol 192, tri 196 12/11: 787 cd4, 37%, 979 cd8. Switched back to Reyataz/Norvir late Feb 2011 2/11: CD4 664 ...
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*  .. Evidence that HIV antibody tests are not specific
you are here home posts tagged antibody evidence that hiv antibody tests are not specific posted in hiv infection april nd using the time of disappearance of maternal antibodies the perth group presents evidence that the hiv antibody tests are not specific for hiv infection www theperthgroup com video rating follow tags antibody evidence specific tests read user s comments...
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*  Quick HIV Test Helps More People Find Out Their Status: Study - TheBody.com
... Back to Web version of article. News Quick HIV Test Helps More People Find Out Their Status: Study June 23, 2006 A 2003 CDC initiative in which the agency distributed nearly 800,000 rapid HIV tests to community groups and prisons helped bring in many more people for testing than usual, a new report said. The findings, published Thursday in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, validate a widely held assumption -- that people are more apt to seek testing if there is a quick and easy method, such as OraSure's saliva test for HIV, CDC said. If the test results are available within a half hour, people are more likely to wait for them than they are to return for results a week or two later, as necessary for conventional blood tests. Studies show nearly one-third of people who undergo conventional HIV testing never return for their results. CDC said at the end of 2003, about one-quarter of the estimated 1 million Americans with HIV had not had their infections diagnosed. "The results suggest that helped s...
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*  HIV Antibody Test: Common Questions | HIV Antibody Test: AIDS Test; AIDS Screen; HIV Serology | Lab
Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript, your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Tests List of all tests and synonyms Test not listed? 5-HIAA 17-Hydroxyprogesterone A/G Ratio A1c Absolute neutrophils ACE Acetaminophen Acetylcholinesterase AChR Antibody ACR ACT ACTH Adenosine Deaminase ADH AFB Testing AFP Maternal AFP Tumor Markers Albumin Aldolase Aldosterone ALK Mutation (Gene Rearrangement) Allergy Blood Testing ALP Alpha-1 Antitrypsin ALT AMA Amikacin Aminoglycoside Antibiotics Ammonia Amniocentesis Amylase ANA ANCA Androstenedione Anti-CCP Anti-DNase B Anti-dsDNA Anti-LKM-1 Anti-Mullerian Hormone Antibody ID, RBC Anticentromere Antibody Antiphospholipids Antithrombin AP...
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*  Should I Get The $250 VIP Serology Test or Wait For The Standardized Test | Page 2 | Phoenix Rising
Should I Get The $250 VIP Serology Test or Wait For The Standardized Test. Page 2. Phoenix Rising ME / CFS Forums. Log in or Sign up. Phoenix Rising ME / CFS Forums Home. Forums. Miscellaneous Resources, Projects, and Archives. Resources, Projects, and Archives. XMRV Archives. XMRV Testing, Treatment and Transmission. Agents for Change: The 10th Invest in ME International ME Conference, 2015 - Part 1. The 10th Invest in ME International ME Conference IIMEC10 was held, as usual, in the Lecture Theatre at 1 Birdcage Walk in Westminster on May 29th, 2015. Discuss the article on the Forums. Should I Get The $250 VIP Serology Test or Wait For The Standardized Test Discussion in ' XMRV Testing, Treatment and Transmission ' started by Lynn, Jul 28, 2010. Page 2 of 2. Prev 1 2. SOC Senior Member. Messages:. 6,918. Likes: 12,602. USA. George said:. Yep that pretty much sums it up nicely. grins And no, they could bite me, I d home school or what ever I had to do untill they come up with a diffrent vaccination schedual ...
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*  ARS | Publication request: A sensitive monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay f
ARS. Publication request: A sensitive monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for chlorpyrifos residue determination ARS : Research. Page Banner. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. ARS Home. About ARS. Contact Us. Search for This. Research. Research Home. National Programs. Research Projects. Scientific Manuscripts. International Programs. Trending Research Topics. Scientific Software/Models. Databases & Datasets. Scientific Collaborations. People Locations. Find a person. Find a location. Find an office at headquarters. Organizational chart. Administrator’s Council. Newsroom. News Home. Latest News. Magazine. Photos. Subscription Lists. Briefing Room. Podcasts. Events. Press Room. Video. Careers. ARS Vacancies at USAJOBS. Careers at ARS Info. Post Doctoral Positions. . Site Map. A-Z Index. Help. . You are here: MID SOUTH AREA Home / BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PESTS RESEARCH / Research / Publication #261864. Related Topics Programs and Projects. Subjects of I...
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*  Unbound MEDLINE : Validation of a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the triggering pro
... teins and peptides for celiac disease: interlaboratory stud. Celiac Disease. Dietary Proteins. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Food Analysis. Food Hypersensitivity. Infant Food. Validation of a new enzyme-lin Unbound MEDLINE. Validation of a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the triggering proteins and peptides for celiac disease: interlaboratory study. Repeatability values within-laboratory variance, expressed as RSD r ranged from 6.2 to 25.7%, while reproducibility values interlaboratory variance, expressed as RSD R, ranged from 10.6 to 45.9%. Source Journal of AOAC International 95:1 pg 206-15 MeSH Allergens Beer Celiac Disease Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Dietary Proteins Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Food Analysis Food Hypersensitivity Gliadin Glutens Humans Indicators and Reagents Infant Infant Food Limit of Detection Peptides Reagent Kits, Diagnostic Reproducibility of Results Pub Type s Journal Article Multicenter Study Research Support, Non-U.S. Related Citations Repo...
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*  7355 - PathScan® Phospho-IκBα (Ser32) Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge
7355 - PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge. Home / Cell Signaling Technology Cell Signaling Technology 7355 PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit. 7355S PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit 1 Kit 96 assays Login or Register. 7355C PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit 1 Kit 96 assays Login or Register. Product Pathways - PathScan ELISA PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7355. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody ELISA Formulated 1 ea Red Lyophilized. Description CST's PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA that detects endogenous levels of Phospho-IκBα Ser32 protein. Specificity / Sensitivity CST's PathScan® Phospho-IκBα Ser32 Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of Phospho-IκBα Ser32 protein. As shown in Figure 1, using this Sandwich ELISA Kit #7355, a significant induction of Phospho-IκBα Ser32 in HeLa cells treated with TNF-α can be dete...
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*  7300 - PathScan® Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705) Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge
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*  CST - PathScan® Phospho-Ret (panTyr) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit
CST - PathScan® Phospho-Ret panTyr Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit. expand collapse. Related Products. Cell Lysis Buffer 10X. PathScan ® Phospho-Ret panTyr Sandwich ELISA Kit. PathScan ® Total Ret Sandwich ELISA Kit. Products. PRINT PathScan ® Phospho-Ret panTyr Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit #12321. TT cells were cultured 85% confluent and lysed with the addition of phosphatase inhibitor to the PathScan ® Sandwich ELISA Cell Lysis Buffer 1X #9803. Gallery: PathScan ® Phospho-Ret panTyr Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit #12321. TT cells were cultured 85% confluent and lysed with the addition of phosphatase inhibitor to the PathScan ® Sandwich ELISA Cell Lysis Buffer 1X #9803. Detection Antibody Diluent 5.5 ml Green. expand collapse. Add 0.5 ml of Detection Antibody Diluent green solution to yield a concentrated stock solution. To make the final working solution, add the full 0.5 ml volume of reconstituted HRP-Linked Antibody to 5.0 ml of HRP Diluent in a clean tube and gently mix. *NOTE : Some Path...
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*  Km(3) Identification by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) as an Internal Control for Km(1) A
Km 3 Identification by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay ELISA as an Internal Control for Km 1 Activity Determined by Inhibition in Dried Bloodstains. Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Journals / Journal of Forensic Sciences. You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. This document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. Stay on Page Continue to Compass. Volume 35, Issue 3 May 1990 Km 3 Identification by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ELISA as an Internal Control for Km 1 Activity Determined by Inhibition in Dried Bloodstains Received 2 May 1989; accepted 21 June 1989 CODEN: JFSOAD   Format Pages Price  . PDF 11 $ 25   ADD TO CART. Abstract A stability study comparing the identification of kappa marker Km 1 , using the classical inhibition of agglutination, and the identification of Km 3 , using an automated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA technique, was done. Based on the results, the quantities of stain required to det...
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*  CST - PathScan® Phospho-FGFR2 (panTyr) Sandwich ELISA Kit
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*  7175 - PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 (Ser217/221) Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge
7175 - PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge. Home / Cell Signaling Technology Cell Signaling Technology 7175 PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit. 7175C PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit 1 Kit 96 assays Login or Register. Product Pathways - PathScan ELISA PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7175. Description CST's PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA that detects endogenous levels of Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 protein. After incubation with cell lysates, total MEK1 protein phospho- and nonphospho- is captured by the coated antibody. Specificity / Sensitivity CST's PathScan® Phospho-MEK1 Ser217/221 Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of phospho-MEK1 protein. A significant induction of MEK1 phosphorylation in PMA-treated NIH/3T3 cells can be detected using this kit, #7175. However, the level of total MEK1 protein detected by ...
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*  7169 - PathScan® Total Survivin Sandwich ELISA Kit - Bioke.com : Sharing Knowledge
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*  Search Results
Journals Biotechnology Research International 1 Clinical and Vaccine Immunology : CVI 1 less. 2 Biradhar, Neelakantam 2 Chandran, Dev 2 Nimmagadda, Sridevi V. Villuppanoor, Srinivasan Alwar Biotechnology Research International 2011;2011:652147. Recombinant Diabody-Based Immunocapture Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Quantification of Rabies Virus Glycoprotein▿. Villuppanoor, Srinivasan Alwar Clinical and Vaccine Immunology : CVI 2010;17 8 :1261-1268. The potency of rabies vaccines, determined using the NIH mouse protection test, can be directly correlated to the amount of rabies virus glycoprotein RV GP present in the vaccine. In an effort to develop a simple and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA using recombinant diabody for quantification of RV GP, the variable heavy VH and light chain VL domains of an RV GP-specific human monoclonal antibody MAb secreted by a human × mouse heterohybridoma human MAb R16E5 was amplified, linked using splicing by overlap extension PCR SOE PCR, and express...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/solr/reg?pageSize=25&term=jtitle_s:("Biotechnol Res Int")&sortby=score desc&filterAuthor=author:("Nimmagadda, Sridevi V.")
*  CST - PathScan® Phospho-Lck (Tyr505) Sandwich ELISA Kit
CST - PathScan® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit. expand collapse. Related Products. Lck 73A5 Rabbit mAb. Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Antibody. Products. PRINT PathScan ® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7941. Treatment of Jurkat cells with H 2 0 2 stimulates phosphorylation of Lck at Tyr505 as detected by the PathScan ® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7941, but does not affect the level of total Lck. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and H 2 0 2 -treated Jurkat cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using PathScan ® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7941 is shown. Gallery: PathScan ® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7941. Treatment of Jurkat cells with H 2 0 2 stimulates phosphorylation of Lck at Tyr505 as detected by the PathScan ® Phospho-Lck Tyr505 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7941, but does not affect the level of total Lck. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and H 2 0 2 -treated Jurkat cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using Pa...
http://cellsignal.com/products/elisa-kits/phospho-lck-tyr505-sandwich-elisa-kit/7941
*  The ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
... Article The ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Eva Engvall. Eva Engvall. The Burnham Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA. Impact Factor: 7.91. DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2014.12.006 3.01 Impact Factor. Since Engvall and Perlmann established ELISA in 1971 Engvall and Perlmann, 1971, it has become one of the most powerful diagnostic tools in medical research and diagnosis. However, this study recommends the Paris method for the detection and reporting of factor H autoantibodies to be used when setting up a factor H autoantibody screen. Luminescent detection of DNA-binding proteins. ABSTRACT: Transcription factors play a central role in cell development, differentiation and growth in biological systems due to their ability to regulate gene expression by binding to specific DNA sequences within the nucleus. There is thus a high demand for convenient high-throughput methodologies able to detect sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins and monitor their DNA-binding activities. Traditional approaches for protein dete...
http://researchgate.net/publication/38030213_The_ELISA_enzyme-linked_immunosorbent_assay
*  CST - PathScan® Phospho-Akt2 (Ser474) Sandwich ELISA Kit
CST - PathScan® Phospho-Akt2 Ser474 Sandwich ELISA Kit. PathScan ® Total Akt2 Sandwich ELISA Kit. Phospho-Akt Ser473 Antibody. PRINT PathScan ® Phospho-Akt2 Ser474 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7048. Figure 1: Treatment of A-673 cells with insulin stimulates phosphorylation of Akt2 at Ser474, detected by PathScan ® Phospho-Akt2 Ser474 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7048, but does not affect levels of total Akt2 protein detected by PathScan ® Total Akt2 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7046. Figure 2: Demonstration of phospho-Akt2 Ser474 sandwich ELISA kit specificity using recombinant phosphorylated Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3 proteins. Phospho-Akt1 Ser473 is detected by PathScan ® Phospho-Akt1 Ser473 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7160 while PathScan ® Phospho-Akt2 Ser474 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7048 measures levels of phospho-Akt2 Ser474. Figure 1: Treatment of A-673 cells with insulin stimulates phosphorylation of Akt2 at Ser474, detected by PathScan ® Phospho-Akt2 Ser474 Sandwich ELISA Kit #7048, but does not affect levels of total Akt2 protein detected by Path...
http://cellsignal.com/products/elisa-kits/phospho-akt2-ser474-sandwich-elisa-kit/7048?N=102262&fromPage=plp
*  Eva Engvall
... Vita Research The award See also References. from the University of Stockholm in 1975. Engvall, Eva, 'ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,' univ., Diss. Engvall was recruited to Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute in La Jolla, California then called La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation. Engvall held joint appointments at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute and as Chairperson of the Department of Developmental Biology at Stockholm University. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA uses antibodies to detect proteins and other different immunogens. The ELISA technique was conceptualized and developed by two Swedish scientists: Peter Perlmann principal investigator and Eva Engvall at Stockholm University. Lequin RM., Enzyme Immunoassay EIA /Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ELISA. 1971 Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA. Quantitative assay of immunoglobulin G. 8 9 :871-4 Perlmann’s further research included cytotoxicity of human lymphocytes Pape GR, Troye M, Axelsson B, Perlmann P. J ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eva_Engvall
*  Detection of wheat contamination in oats by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme-linked immuno
Detection of wheat contamination in oats by polymerase chain reaction PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA - Springer. Detection of wheat contamination in oats by polymerase chain reaction PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA. Affiliated with Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Berne, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland. Affiliated with Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Berne, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland. Affiliated with Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Berne, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland. Affiliated with Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Berne, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland. Wheat prolamin gliadin detection by ELISA showed that 16 of these samples contained less than the detection limit of 0.2 mg gliadin/100 g dry weight; 21 samples co...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002170050281
*  AnaSpec: Promotions from AnaSpec
Custom Peptides Synthesis. GO Catalog Peptides. MOG Peptides. Custom Dye Synthesis. Catalog Dye Products. Synthesis Reagents Resins. Dye-labeled Amino Acids. Custom Antibody Production. Catalog Antibodies. Labeled Secondary Antibodies. Custom Assay Kits. SensoLyte Assay Kits. MOG. Synthesis Reagents Resins. Anti-MOG 35-55 IgG Quantitative ELISA Kits. Now one of the world’s most trusted suppliers of MOG 35-55 peptides is pleased to present our new line of SensoLyte™ Anti - MOG ELISA Kits - the world’s first and only anti-MOG ELISA kits. 3 Autoantibody response to MOG 35-55 has been observed in multiple sclerosis MS patients and MOG 35-55 -induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis EAE mice;4-10 however, the exact pathological role of anti-MOG 35-55 autoantibody is not known and is currently under vigorous investigation. SensoLyte™ Anti - MOG ELISA Kits – World’s First & Only AnaSpec is pleased to announce the release of a family of anti-MOG 35-55 IgG Quantitative ELISA Kits Mouse/rat that will help furt...
http://anaspec.com/products/promotions.asp?id=26&col=1&row=1
*  New Assays for Aβ Oligomers in CSF Claim Femtogram Sensitivity | ALZFORUM
New Assays for Aβ Oligomers in CSF Claim Femtogram Sensitivity. ALZFORUM. Login to My AlzForum. New Assays for Aβ Oligomers in CSF Claim Femtogram Sensitivity. Part 2 of 18: New Assays for Aβ Oligomers in CSF Claim Femtogram Sensitivity. Comments. Follow News Comments. If researchers could quantify the oligomer population in a person, then they might get a solid clue as to the person s Alzheimer s or cognitive impairment status, as well as a measure of whether anti-amyloid therapies are doing any good. One approach is to perform an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA using the same Aβ antibody as both the capture and detection reagent. IBL s kit detects oligomers in the picomolar range, but CSF samples particularly those from healthy people may contain far less than that. Savage and colleagues first tried using 19.3 to capture oligomers in a typical ELISA platform, with a pan-amyloid antibody called 82E1 as the detecting antibody. The assay s sensitivity exceeds that of previously reported CSF oligomer as...
http://alzforum.org/news/conference-coverage/new-assays-av-oligomers-csf-claim-femtogram-sensitivity
*  Developement of monoclonal antibodies for a multiple antigen ELISA to verify safe cooking end-point
... temperature in beef and pork / - OpenThesis. Upload and Search Theses and Dissertations - OpenThesis. Developement of monoclonal antibodies for a multiple antigen ELISA to verify safe cooking end-point temperature in beef and pork /. Four proteins exhibiting different rates of denaturation or precipitation with increasing cooking temperature from 63 to 73°C for beef and 67 to 79°C for pork were selected for developing a ratio model and incorporating the results into a mathematical expression. Monoclonal antibodies Mabs against lactate dehydrogenase isozyme 5 LDH-5, bovine serum albumin BSA, porcine enolase, and bovine myoglobin were developed for use in a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA to simultaneously investigate changes in protein concentration with incremental increases in temperature. Four groups of mice were immunized separately with commercially available or purified protein LDH-5, BSA, enolase, or myoglobin. After reporting ample blood serum titers, spleen cells were harvested a...
http://openthesis.org/documents/Developement-monoclonal-antibodies-multiple-antigen-399178.html
*  ELISPOT
The 'Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSpot' 'ELISPOT' assay is a widely used method for monitoring cellular immune responses in humans and other animals, and has found clinical applications in the diagnosis of Tuberculosis and the monitoring of graft tolerance or rejection in transplant patients. The ELISPOT technique has proven to be among the most useful means available for monitoring Cell-Mediated Immunity, due to its sensitive and accurate detection of rare antigen-specific T cells or B cells and its ability to visualize single positive cells within a population of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells PBMC. 1 for the purpose of detecting antigen-specific Antibody Secreting Cells ASC in a B cell ELISPOT assay, which was a modification of a traditional sandwich ELISA immunoassay. The ELISPOT assay has since been more widely adopted for the identification and enumeration of cytokine -producing cells at the single cell level, but is still used for detection of ASC. In an ELISPOT assay, the membrane surfaces in a 96-well PVD...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELISPOT
*  Q: Software for ELISA plate readers
q software for elisa plate readers q software for elisa plate readers snowtrek snowtrek at aol com sun sep est previous message q software for elisa plate readers next message q software for elisa plate readers messages sorted by the program softmax works well for general elisa purposes previous message q software for elisa plate readers next message q software for elisa plate readers messages sorted by more information about the immuno mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1996-September/008493.html
*  Human Neurotrophin 3 ELISA Kit (ab100615) | Abcam
Human Neurotrophin 3 ELISA Kit ab100615. Abcam. Call 888 77-ABCAM 22226 or contact us Need help. Abcam homepage. All Primary antibodies Secondary antibodies Immunoassay kits and reagents Cell and tissue imaging tools Cellular and biochemical assays Proteins and Peptides Proteomics tools Agonists, activators, antagonists and inhibitors Lysates Multiplex miRNA assays. Products. By product type. Immunoassay kits and reagents. Cellular and biochemical assays. By product type. Multiplex miRNA assays. Cell Biology. Developmental Biology. Neuroscience. Support. Protocols troubleshooting. Check out our protocols Visit protocols and troubleshooting or check them out using the Abcam app for iPhone Protocols and troubleshooting iPhone app. Neuroscience. Neurotrophin-3-Human-ELISA-kit-ab100615.pdf Send me a copy of this email I agree to the terms and conditions. Neuroscience. Growth and Development. Neurotrophin 3 Human ELISA kit ab100615. Customer reviews and FAQs Overview Product name Neurotrophin 3 Human ELISA kit. Te...
http://abcam.com/neurotrophin-3-human-elisa-kit-ab100615.html
*  ELISpot Advantages
... What is ELISA. ELISA Types. Indirect ELISA. Direct ELISA. Sandwich ELISA. Competitive ELISA. ELISpot. ELISpot in Cancer. ELISpot in Drug Discovery. ELISpot Troubleshooting. ELISpot Advantages. ELISpot principle. ELISpot Readers. Infectious Disease. Infectious Disease. Epitope Mapping. ELISA Principle. ELISA Advantages. ELISA Terms. ELISA Reagents. ELISA Detection Strategies. Chromogenic Assay. Chemifluorescent Assay. Chemiluminescent Assay. ELISA History. ELISA Device. ELISA Antibody. Monoclonal Antibody. Mouse Mab. Polyclonal Antibody. Cancer. Virus. By Signaling Pathways. Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway. Non-Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway. EGFR Signaling Pathway. NF-κB Signaling Pathway. Notch Signaling Pathway. p53 Signaling Pathway. TNF Signaling Pathway. VEGF Signaling Pathway. ELISA Antibody Characteristics. Antibody Structure. ELISA Kits. Mouse Rat ELISA Kits. Virus ELISA Kits. ELISA Protocol. Indirect ELISA Protocol. Direct ELISA Protocol. Sandwich ELISA Protocol. Competitive ELISA Protocol. ELI...
http://elisa-antibody.com/ELISA-Introduction/ELISA-types/elispot/elispot-advantages
*  Human TGF beta 1 ELISA Kit (ab100647) | Abcam
Human TGF beta 1 ELISA Kit ab100647. Abcam. Read about our cookie policy. Call 888 77-ABCAM 22226 or contact us Need help. Abcam homepage. All Primary antibodies Secondary antibodies Immunoassay kits and reagents Cell and tissue imaging tools Cellular and biochemical assays Proteins and Peptides Proteomics tools Agonists, activators, antagonists and inhibitors Lysates Multiplex miRNA assays. Immunoassay kits and reagents. Cancer. Metabolism. Stem Cells. Support. Scientific webinars. Cancer. Stem cells. Scientific webinars. Pathways. TGF-beta-1-Human-ELISA-Kit-ab100647.pdf Send me a copy of this email I agree to the terms and conditions. Growth Factors. TGF. TGF beta 1 Human ELISA Kit ab100647. Customer reviews and FAQs Overview Product name TGF beta 1 Human ELISA Kit See all TGF beta 1 kits. Tests 1 x 96 well plate Sample type Cell culture supernatant, Serum, Plasma Assay type Sandwich quantitative. Product overview Abcam s TGF beta 1 TGFB1 Human ELISA Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay kit is designed for the...
http://abcam.com/tgf-beta-1-human-elisa-kit-ab100647.html
*  Human p53 ELISA Kit (ab124533) | Abcam
Human p53 ELISA Kit ab124533. Epigenetics & Nuclear signaling. Cell Cycle. Cell Cycle Inhibitors. p53 Phospho S392 Human ELISA Kit ab124533. Customer reviews and FAQs Overview Product name p53 Phospho S392 Human ELISA Kit See all p53 kits. ab124533 p53 Phospho S392 Human ELISA Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay kit is an in vitro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the accurate quantitative measurement of phosphorylated Ser392 of p53 protein in human cell and tissue lysates. Localized in the nucleus in most cells but found in the cytoplasm in some cells; Nucleus. Localized mainly in the nucleus with minor staining in the cytoplasm; Nucleus. Predominantly nuclear but localizes to the cytoplasm when expressed with isoform 4 and Nucleus. Predominantly nuclear but translocates to the cytoplasm following cell stress. LFS1 MS1002 p53 p53 tumor suppressor P53 HUMAN Phosphoprotein p53 Tp53 Transformation related protein 53 TRP53 Tumor suppressor p53. p53 Phospho S392 Human ELISA Kit images Sandwich ELISA - p53 Phosp...
http://abcam.com/p53-Phospho-S392-Human-ELISA-Kit-ab124533.html
*  Mouse Amphiregulin ELISA Kit (ab100668) | Abcam
Mouse Amphiregulin ELISA Kit ab100668. Abcam. All Primary antibodies Secondary antibodies Immunoassay kits and reagents Cell and tissue imaging tools Cellular and biochemical assays Proteins and Peptides Proteomics tools Agonists, activators, antagonists and inhibitors Lysates Multiplex miRNA assays. Products. By product type. Immunoassay kits and reagents. Cellular and biochemical assays. By product type. Lysates. Multiplex miRNA assays. Cell Biology. Signal Transduction. Stem Cells. Support. Protocols troubleshooting. Biochemical product FAQ. Check out our protocols Visit protocols and troubleshooting or check them out using the Abcam app for iPhone Protocols and troubleshooting iPhone app. Stem cells. Pathways. Amphiregulin-Mouse-ELISA-Kit-ab100668.pdf Send me a copy of this email I agree to the terms and conditions. Signal Transduction. Growth Factors/Hormones. EGF. Amphiregulin Mouse ELISA Kit ab100668. Customer reviews and FAQs Overview Product name Amphiregulin Mouse ELISA Kit See all Amphiregulin kits...
http://abcam.com/amphiregulin-mouse-elisa-kit-ab100668.html
*  PromoKine - Antibodies & ELISA Kits
PromoKine - Antibodies ELISA Kits. Home. Products. Knowledge Base. Downloads. Contact. About Us Login. Print Version. Products Products. Antibodies ELISA Kits. No products in your cart. Cell Analysis. Apoptosis. Fluorescent Labeling. Gene Cloning Expression. Cell Transfection. Antibodies ELISA Kits. Monoclonal Polyclonal Antibodies. Secondary Detection. ELISA Kits. Antigens Cell Lysates. Cytokines Growth Factors. Microbial Detection Elimination. Biochemicals. Stem Cell Research. PromoCell - Cell Culture. Special Offers. New Products. How to place an order. Antibodies ELISA Kits Antibodies have a broad range of applications like the detection of cellular structures as well as the specific identification, localization, and purification of intracellular and extracellular biomolecules such as proteins. They are also essential tools in describing cellular processes and for diagnostic purposes. Consequently, they are important for many research disciplines like apoptosis, signal transduction, neurobiology, virology...
http://promokine.info/products/antibodies-elisa-kits/
*  Capturing the Clone | GEN Magazine Articles | GEN
Market & Tech Analysis. In order to successfully capture all clones, one has to consider the use of a secondary detection antibody possessing a well-balanced reactivity pattern against all antibody isotypes, as addressed in this article. Ten to fourteen days post fusion, the next step in the antibody development process focuses on the screening of established, actively growing parental clones. The primary screening of clones is predominantly conducted by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbant assay ELISA, in which the hybridoma-derived supernatant is screened for specific antibody reactivity against the immunizing analyte absorbed onto the ELISA plate surface. For example, the precise identification of mouse-derived antibodies necessitates that the secondary antibody is capable of unequivocal detection of -IgG1, -IgG2a, -IgG2b, -IgG3, -IgM and -IgA heavy chain isotypes. Similarly this holds true for the identification of analyte-specific rat hybridoma-derived antibodies, in which a well-balanced detection of th...
http://genengnews.com/gen-articles/capturing-the-clone/4523/?kwrd=mAb Production
*  Capturing the Clone | GEN Magazine Articles | GEN
In order to successfully capture all clones, one has to consider the use of a secondary detection antibody possessing a well-balanced reactivity pattern against all antibody isotypes, as addressed in this article. Ten to fourteen days post fusion, the next step in the antibody development process focuses on the screening of established, actively growing parental clones. The primary screening of clones is predominantly conducted by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbant assay ELISA, in which the hybridoma-derived supernatant is screened for specific antibody reactivity against the immunizing analyte absorbed onto the ELISA plate surface. For example, the precise identification of mouse-derived antibodies necessitates that the secondary antibody is capable of unequivocal detection of -IgG1, -IgG2a, -IgG2b, -IgG3, -IgM and -IgA heavy chain isotypes. Similarly this holds true for the identification of analyte-specific rat hybridoma-derived antibodies, in which a well-balanced detection of the -IgG2c isotype among t...
http://genengnews.com/gen-articles/capturing-the-clone/4523/?kwrd=Antibodies
*  Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician
Tips From Other Journals Rapid Influenza Testing in Febrile Infants and Toddlers. AAFP members and paid subscribers: Log in to get free access. All others: Purchase online access. Purchase online access to read the full version of this article. A rapid detection test for influenza virus type A is performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA, which is as specific and sensitive as viral cultures. Sharma and associates studied the effect of the rapid diagnosis of influenza A on the clinical management of febrile infants and toddlers. A retrospective chart review was performed for all children between two and 24 months of age who visited the emergency department with a temperature higher than 39°C 102.2°F and a positive ELISA test for influenza A. The study consisted of reviewing the care received by infants who had a positive test reported before discharge from the emergency department early diagnosis and those whose positive test result was known after discharge late diagnosis. The study group con...
http://aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2374.html
*  confusing lab results
... on: April 09, 2013, 08:17:51 AM. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kalet...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=48161.msg584732
*  2 times positive
14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.0...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=42909.msg534212
*  Evaluation of the Polyclonal ELISA HPV Serology Assay as a B... : Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the performance of the polyclonal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA HPV assay as a measure of HPV exposure and to determine whether alternative cut points would improve the sensitivity/specificity of the ELISA HPV serology assay as a biomarker of HPV exposure. Finally, to investigate whether different serology cut points would alter our previous estimates of enrollment correlates of HPV16/18 seropositivity, 14 we compared multivariate logistic regression models using the current cut points for HPV16 and 18 8 EU/mL and 7 EU/mL, respectively , to the cut point that maximized the sum of sensitivity and specificity. Finally, to investigate whether these new cut points would alter our previous estimates of correlates of HPV16/18 seropositivity, 14 we compared models using the current cut points of 8 and 7 EU/mL to the cut points that maximized combined sensitivity and specificity for HPV16 and 18, respectively Table 3. Finally, using a case definition of HPV DNA-posit...
http://journals.lww.com/stdjournal/Fulltext/2011/10000/Evaluation_of_the_Polyclonal_ELISA_HPV_Serology.20.aspx
*  Mouse (Murine) HA ELISA Kit (ABIN367805)
Mouse Murine HA ELISA Kit ABIN367805. Antibodies. ELISA Kits. Antibodies Primary antibodies Secondary antibodies Kits ELISA Kits Assay Kits Reagents Protein Peptide Lysate Isotype Control Accessory Reagent Suppliers Pathways. Antibodies Primary antibodies Secondary antibodies Kits ELISA Kits Assay Kits Reagents Protein Peptide Lysate Isotype Control Accessory Reagent Suppliers Pathways. Search, Find and Buy Antibodies, ELISA Kits and Proteins. Antibodies. Kits. ELISA Kits. Kits. Hyaluronic Acid HA ELISA Kit. Hyaluronic Acid HA ELISA Kit. Hyaluronic Acid HA. Application. ELISA. Handling. Application Details. back to top. Show Hide. For the quantitative determination of endogenic mouse hyaluronic acid HA concentrations in serum, plasma, tissue homogenates. This assay has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of mouse HA. The supplier is only responsible for the kit itself, but not for the samples consumed during the assay. Owing to the possibility of mismatching between antigens from another ...
http://antibodies-online.com/kit/367805/Hyaluronic Acid HA ELISA/
*  Prostacyclin, Atherothrombosis, and Cardiovascular Disease
Article Prostacyclin, Atherothrombosis, and Cardiovascular Disease. Scott Gleim Yale University Message author. Remove suggestion. Impact Factor: 3.85. Our data also showed that HDL with higher content of S1P upregulated COX-2 expression and PGI-2 release by human vascular endothelial cells, two important athero-protective factors. The protective function of diabetic HDL and S1P was evaluated by measuring cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 expression and prostacyclin I-2 PGI-2 release by human umbilical vein endothelial cells HUVECs using western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA, respectively. The diabetic HDL exerted greater protective effects on inducing COX-2 expression and PGI-2 release by HUVECs than those of control HDL p 0.05, p 0.01, respectively. Conclusions Diabetic HDL carries higher level of S1P compared with normal HDL, which has the potential to contribute to protective effects on endothelial cells by inducing COX-2 expression and PGI-2 release. DOI:10.1186/1475-2840-12-27 4.02 Impact Factor...
http://researchgate.net/publication/6147540_Prostacyclin_Atherothrombosis_and_Cardiovascular_Disease
*  Cheng-bao Lu, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine - Rese
... archGate. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Cheng-bao Lu. Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China. Are you Cheng-bao Lu. Claim your profile. Publications 4 5.23 Total impact Source Available from: onlinelibrary.wiley.com. Article:. Overexpression of Vasostatin-1 Protects Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injuries in Cardiomyocytes Independent of Endothelial Cells. Min Yu. Zheng Wang. Yue Fang. Ming-di Xiao. Zhong-xiang Yuan Cheng-bao Lu. Lei Lin. Di-Cheng Yang. ABSTRACT: Vasostatin-1 VS-1 has been suggested in protecting hypoxia/reoxygenation H/R injuries in isolated hearts. However, the molecular mechanisms remained to be elucidated. Cardiomyocytes were treated with recombinant Ad-VS-1 adenoviral vector before H/R. Cell viability was studied using MTT methods and annexin V-FITC flow cytometry. Intracellular oxidative stress was measu...
http://researchgate.net/researcher/33689148_Cheng-Bao_Lu
*  SLE712 - Laboratory Techniques for Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology Unit details
... Study at Deakin. Find a course. Apply. Fees. Study options and pathways. International students. Get to Deakin. Services and facilities. Alumni Community. News. Giving to Deakin. Contact the Team. Industry community. Community engagement. Employing Deakin students. Using Deakin's facilities. Giving to Deakin. About Deakin. Teaching and Learning@Deakin. Faculties and schools. Administrative divisions. Search. Giving to Deakin. Library. Services and Facilities. Language: English. Select language. English. Future students Course search. Return to previous page SLE712 - Laboratory Techniques for Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology Unit details Year 2016 unit information. Credit point s : 1. Previously coded as: SBB712. EFTSL value: 0.125. Corequisite: SLE010 and one of SBB701, SLE701, SBB702, SLE702, SBB703, SLE703, SBB704, SLE704, SBB705, SLE705, SBB706 or SLE706. Content This practical-based unit provides students with fundamental skills in cellular and molecular biology which are essential for both resea...
http://deakin.edu.au/future-students/courses/unit.php?unit=SLE712&return_to=/future-students/courses/course.php?course=S771&stutype=local&area=BFOS-ENG-TECH
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Figure
... Resolution: standard / high Figure 2. Static compression induces matrix metalloproteinase 2 MMP-2 activation. Immunohistochemical staining using an antibody CA719E3C; Labvision, Fremont, CA, USA that recognizes only the latent MMP-2 zymogen in nonloaded left and loaded right IVDs. These data are unpublished, but presented in a poster. The loss of positive staining from cells of loaded discs coincided with previously observed increases in activation of MMP-2, as determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA. Rastogi et al. Arthritis Research Therapy 2013 15 :R57 doi:10.1186/ar4224 Download authors' original image....
http://arthritis-research.com/content/15/2/R57/figure/F2
*  Elisa Plates
... linda bergelson lbergelson at worldnet att net tue may est previous message miniprep method next message gel retardation messages sorted by tom reid wrote what is the best most cost effective choice for microtiter plates that will be coated with streptavidin for an elisa type assay any suggestions on coating the plates themselves thanks tom reid xenopore corp sells streptavidin coated microwell plates that are very uniform and sensitive they can be reached at xenopore at xenopore com or they are in new jersey previous message miniprep method next message gel retardation messages sorted by more information about the methods mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/methods/1997-May/057421.html
*  One month after HIV diagnosed
Myoho Member. Posts: 33. Logged Infected- 2005 or early 2006; Diagnosed- Jan 28th, 2011; Feb 11- CD4 754 @34%, VL- 39K; July 11- CD4 907@26%, VL-81K; Feb 12- CD4 713 @31%, VL- 41K, Nov 12- CD4- 827@31%. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #21 on: June 02, 2012, 10:48:40 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #22 on: June 02, 2012, 10:53:30 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #23 on: June 02, 2012, 10:55:14 PM. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11....
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=43375.msg538595
*  One month after HIV diagnosed
Myoho Member. Posts: 33. Logged Infected- 2005 or early 2006; Diagnosed- Jan 28th, 2011; Feb 11- CD4 754 @34%, VL- 39K; July 11- CD4 907@26%, VL-81K; Feb 12- CD4 713 @31%, VL- 41K, Nov 12- CD4- 827@31%. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #21 on: June 02, 2012, 10:48:40 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #22 on: June 02, 2012, 10:53:30 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #23 on: June 02, 2012, 10:55:14 PM. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11....
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=43375.msg539606
*  One month after HIV diagnosed
Myoho Member. Posts: 33. Logged Infected- 2005 or early 2006; Diagnosed- Jan 28th, 2011; Feb 11- CD4 754 @34%, VL- 39K; July 11- CD4 907@26%, VL-81K; Feb 12- CD4 713 @31%, VL- 41K, Nov 12- CD4- 827@31%. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11.07.2012 - Started Truvada + Kaletra 04.08.2012 - CD4: 401 VL: 3800 30.09.2012 - CD4: 510 VL: 709 04.01.2013 - CD4: 650 VL: UD. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #21 on: June 02, 2012, 10:48:40 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #22 on: June 02, 2012, 10:53:30 PM. Re: One month after HIV diagnosed Reply #23 on: June 02, 2012, 10:55:14 PM. 14.04.2012 - first positive elisa - UD western blot 30.04.2012 - western blot confirmation positive 03.05.2012 - first lab- CD4: 256 VL: 2.3 M 01.06.2012 - sec lab- CD4: 390 end of ARS 01.07.2012 - third lab- CD4: 388 VL: 150.000 11....
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=43375.msg540535
*  CD4 BioAssay™ ELISA Kit - United States Biological
cd bioassay elisa kit united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home kits and assays kits elisa bioassay cd bioassay elisa kit cd bioassay elisa kit pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications cd bioassay elisa kit is an enzyme linked immunosorbent sandwich assay for detection of human cd catalog c kit components c a microtiter plate x wells c c blocking diluent buffer x ml c e cd ab hrp x vial c g stop solution x ml storage and stability store c a and c d at c store other components at c stable for months for maximum recovery of product centrifuge the original vials after thawing and prior to removing the cap concentration as reported important note this product as suppl...
http://usbio.net/item/C2255-35
*  Mouse/Rat FGF-21 Quantikine ELISA Kit (MF2100): R&D Systems
Mouse/Rat FGF-21 Quantikine ELISA Kit MF2100 : R D Systems. Skip to main content. R D uses cookies to give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use our services, we'll assume that you're happy with this. OK Read More. About Us Contact Us. Account. Quick Order. Items in Cart 0. Products. . Recombinant Proteins Antibodies ELISAs Luminex Assays Proteome Profiler Antibody Arrays Activity Assays Stem Cell Products Cell Culture ELISpots Flow Cytometry Cell Selection/Detection Molecular Biology Tools Small Molecules Peptides Supplemental Reagents Ubiquitin Proteasome System. Services. . Protein Custom Services Antibody Custom Services Assay Custom Services Biomarker Testing Services Bioactivity Testing Services Luminex Assays Custom Development Services Bulk/Custom Formulation Custom Chemistry Custom Compound Libraries Ubiquitin/Proteasome Custom Services. Pathways. . Cancer Development Glycobiology Immunology Neuroscience Proteases Other Enzymes Signal Transduction Stem Cells Ubiquitin, Relate...
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*  BioProduct: Immunology: ELISA: c-Jun Phospho (pT91: 93) ELISA Kit: c-Jun Phospho (pT91/93) ELISA Kit
bioproduct immunology elisa c jun phospho pt elisa kit c jun phospho pt elisa kit biojob bioblog pubalert biotool bioproduct bioforum protocol home bioproduct home add products edit products new products edit profile login sign up search products advanced search bioproduct immunology elisa c jun phospho pt elisa kit previous next product name c jun phospho pt elisa kit product page visit the product product description c jun is a transcription factor that recognizes and binds to the enhancer heptamer motif tga tca c jun forms homodimers and heterodimers with fos and other jun related proteins which together comprise the ap transcription factor that binds tpa response elements tres c jun therefore mediates transcriptional regulation in response to a variety of stimulants c jun is tightly regulated posttranslationally and is phosphorylated in two distinct regions ser and are required to be phosphorylated for efficient transactivation function the kinases responsible for this modification in vivo are the sapk jn...
http://protocol-online.org/bioproduct/Product_listing/c-Jun-Phospho--pT91-93--ELISA-Kit-513.html
*  Tired and exhausted of testing. Need specialist and need an answer - Forum on Choosing Your Meds --
Need specialist and need an answer - Forum on Choosing Your Meds -- TheBody.com. Ask the Experts About. Choosing Your Meds Choosing Your Meds. Ask the Experts > Forum on Choosing Your Meds > Q & A Tired and exhausted of testing. Results were positive Elisa, negative Western Blot. Same results: positive elisa, negative western blot: zero copies of viral load at exactly 3 months. They seem to be completely over looking my multiple negative western blots and zero copy DNA viral load, and treating me like a wait and see case as if I will end up positive by both test---But I know for a fact I dont have it. The ELISA is a screening test that by design will pick up falsely positive results to make sure that no true positive is missed. With negative WBs and PCRs, you're HIV negative. Swollen Glands After Getting A Tattoo Worried I Have HIV Tingling In Fingers After Drinking Water Worried I Have HIV Vaginal Discharge After Licking Anus Worried I Have HIV Bacteria That Causes Hepatitis B Can Keflex Treat Chlamydia. Q&A...
http://thebody.com/Forums/AIDS/Meds/Q217981.html?ic=4003
*  Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me!
Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me. Help. Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me. Stats Total Posts: 675717 Total Topics: 52424 Online Today: 166 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. This is my story: I went to my gynaecologist 7 weeks ago and after the examination I accidentally stucked my hand to a bowl were they kept all the used gynaecological instruments, not needles or sharp objects. My doctor told me that there was no concern but he ordered hiv and hep tests. Other tests were OK but when I heared that my HIV test was negative I found out that the 4th. The another ELISA had also been reactive but the separate antibody, p24-test and Western Blot had been negative. I know that you can get hiv from blood/body fluids to a broken skin so am I at risk now and should I keep testing. The rule is: Positive or reactive ELISA + Negative Western Blot == HIV negative. Scared, I totally agree with Matty that you were not at risk for hiv in this bowl-of-delights incident. scare...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=12964.msg161421
*  Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me!
Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me. Help. Hiv from gynaecological instruments, Please help me. Stats Total Posts: 675714 Total Topics: 52424 Online Today: 166 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. This is my story: I went to my gynaecologist 7 weeks ago and after the examination I accidentally stucked my hand to a bowl were they kept all the used gynaecological instruments, not needles or sharp objects. My doctor told me that there was no concern but he ordered hiv and hep tests. Other tests were OK but when I heared that my HIV test was negative I found out that the 4th. The another ELISA had also been reactive but the separate antibody, p24-test and Western Blot had been negative. I know that you can get hiv from blood/body fluids to a broken skin so am I at risk now and should I keep testing. The rule is: Positive or reactive ELISA + Negative Western Blot == HIV negative. Scared, I totally agree with Matty that you were not at risk for hiv in this bowl-of-delights incident. scare...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=12964.msg161542
*  OncoLink - Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Materials and Methods Patients with measurable and unresectable adenocarcinoma expressing CEA were eligible for the study This was a dose escalation study, with 6 patients receiving 4.5 x 10 6 plaque forming units of viral vaccine, 6 patients receiving 4.5 x 10 7 plaque forming units, and 6 patients receiving 4.5 x 10 8 plaque forming units Vaccination was given intramuscularly every four weeks for three total doses If there was no evidence of disease progression, another series of vaccinations was offered Evaluation of treatment response was determined by measuring the volume of radiologically defined tumor lesions. Patients without change in size or 25% increase in their lesion size were recorded as having stable disease Evidence of grade 3 or greater nonhematologic toxicity was used to stop any further treatment The occurrence of two grade 3 toxicities at a given dose level defined the dose-limiting toxicity Antibody responses against ALVAC were tested using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ELISA The inte...
http://oncolink.org/includes/print_article.cfm?Page=2&id=774&Section=Oncolink_Library&pdf=1
*  ELISA and Immunoassay - BioForum
... Google Sign in options. Remember me This is not recommended for shared computers Sign in anonymously Don't add me to the active users list Privacy Policy. Sign In. Create Account. This forum. Forums. Help Files. BioBlog. BioWiki. Quotes. BioVideo. Protocol Online. Forums. BioBlog. BioWiki. Quotes. Contact Us. BioForum. Protocols and Techniques Forums. Immunology. ELISA and Immunoassay. Javascript Disabled Detected You currently have javascript disabled. Submit your paper to J Biol Methods today. ELISA and Immunoassay. ELISA, RIA,.. Please log in to post a topic. Mark this forum as read. Most Replies. Show answered topics. Show unanswered topics. Show all topics. Show topic type All Topics Open Hot Polls Locked Moved. Sort by Last Post Last Poster Topic Title Topic Starter Topic Started Attachments Replies Views. Time frame From Today Last 5 days Last 7 days Last 10 days Last 15 days Last 20 days Last 25 days Last 30 days Last 60 days Last 90 days Show All Since Last Visit. Remember filters. Topic Started...
http://protocol-online.org/forums/forum/47-elisa-and-immunoassay/?sort_key=last_post&sort_by=Z-A
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Figure
www arthritis research com figure resolution standard high figure adcmv nk induces nk protein in skg mice skg mice were injected intravenously with adcmv nk plaque forming units pfu into the tail vein one day after injection serum and liver were obtained and nk protein levels in the serum a and nk protein expression in the liver b were measured by hepatocyte growth factor hgf enzyme linked immunosorbent assay elisa or immunohistochemistry respectively data in a are represented as the means sd n the arrows in b represent nk protein expression in hepatocytes original magnification tsunemi et al arthritis research therapy r doi ar download authors original image...
http://arthritis-research.com/content/15/4/R75/figure/F1
*  PCR from histology samples
... steve essery steve at sessery freeserve co uk tue feb est previous message peptide elisa next message pcr from histology samples messages sorted by can anyone tell me about the feasibility of sequencing dna from paraffin mounted histology samples any tips or protocols relating to this subject would be greatly appreciated previous message peptide elisa next message pcr from histology samples messages sorted by more information about the immuno mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/2000-February/015398.html
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Figure
... Resolution: standard / high Figure 3. Inhibition curve of chlamydia proliferation by ELISA. The chlamydial antigens in each well along the concentration gradient were assayed by ELISA. Results are the average percent inhibitions of three experiments with duplicate wells for each concentration. ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; NM, nafamostat mesylate. Inman and Chiu Arthritis Research Therapy 2012 14 :R150 doi:10.1186/ar3886 Download authors' original image....
http://arthritis-research.com/content/14/3/R150/figure/F3?highres=y
*  eliza
... vsem vsem compsvc frc mass edu at madmax frc mass edu thu mar est previous message hemopoeitic cytokines next message embola messages sorted by hello i have an interesting question say i have fold serial dilution made of immunized serum ul of each dilution were placed into the elisa plates coated with excess antigen after a primary ab wash and secondary anti serum linked to substrate the result are for bsa and for tcb q were there anti bsa in the immunized blood anti tcb if so what are the titers of the antibodies and the approx concentration any help will be greatly appreciated previous message hemopoeitic cytokines next message embola messages sorted by more information about the immuno mailing list...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1995-March/003288.html
*  A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides
... Add publications. Advanced Home. Publications. A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY. Google Scholar find title. SFX find at UGent. Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146. Cite this. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. Department of Biochemistry. alternative title Simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of P-32-labeled oligonucleotides year 1974 type journalArticle original publication status published subject. journal title. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY Anal. volume 62 issue 2 pages 573 - 583 Web of Science type Article ISSN. 0003-2697 DOI. A1 id 1927146 handle. http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146 date created 2011-10-13 11:16:04 date last changed 2013-01-30 09:44:26. @article{1927146, author = {Volckaert, Guido and Fiers, Walter}, issn = {0003-2697}, journal = {ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY}, language = {eng...
https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1927146
*  ALLDATAdiy.com - 2009 Nissan-Datsun Altima V6-3.5L (VQ35DE) - Pinout Values and Diagnostic Parameter
alldatadiy com nissan datsun altima v l vq de pinout values and diagnostic parameters welcome guest leading source of online diagnostic repair information buy it now help search contact exit your vehicle nissan datsun altima v l vq de vehicle instrument panel gauges and warning indicators audible warning device testing and inspection pinout values and diagnostic parameters pinout values and diagnostic parameters information combination meter bcm body control module reference value terminal layout physical values buy it now help contact exit alldata llc all rights reserved trademarks privacy policy terms and conditions...
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*  Tuberculosis Test Unreliable
... View mobile site. HuffPost's QuickRead... Loading... Afghanistan. iOS app Android app. Desktop Alerts. Log in Create Account. Profile. Settings. Logout. October 4, 2015. Edition: U.S. AR عربي Arabic. AU Australia. BR Brasil. CA Canada. DE Deutschland. ES Espa a. FR France. GR Ελλάδα Greece. IN India. IT Italia. JP 日本 Japan. KR 한국 Korea. MG Maghreb. UK United Kingdom. US United States. . Follow. FRONT PAGE. Politics. Wednesday's Morning Email: Jeb Goes After Trump. Go to Politics. More in Politics. Pollster. Politics Blog. Off The Bus. Election Maps. Trail To The Chief. You might also like. WorldPost. Green. Black Voices. Latino Voices. Gay Voices. Business. These Often-Overlooked Tips Will Revolutionize Your Online Job Hunting. Go to Business. More in Business. Small Biz. Money. You might also like. WorldPost. Tech. Media. Arts. Sports. Weird News. Smarter Ideas. Urban Progress. Entertainment. The Mad-Genius Effect: How 9 Legendary Minds Rate On The Sanity Scale. Go to Enterta...
http://huffingtonpost.com/news/tuberculosis-test-unreliable/
*  DESERT ROSE BAND - ONE STEP FORWARD LYRICS
... Print. Desert Rose Band — One Step Forward lyrics. Send "One Step Forward" Ringtone to Cell Phone. You held me up held me down made me crazy then you brought me around Were my darkness and my light you were my blindness and my sight Were my shelter and my storm made my cold then you made me warm You were my fever and my cure made me doubt and you made me sure One step forward and two step back nobody gets too far like that One step forward and two steps back this kind of dance can never last. You were my hope and my fear you were my laughter and my tear Were my destiny and my faith kept me moving and you made me wait Were my weakness and my power you were the thorn in the flower You were my sunshine and the rain made me feel so good brough so much pain Now one step forward... And we never really meant for each other we were never really meant to last In the years that we danced together each step forward we took two steps back Each step forward we took two steps back Now one step forward... One step forw...
http://lyricsty.com/desert-rose-band-one-step-forward-lyrics.html
*  GNIRS Sensitivity Estimates | Gemini Observatory
GNIRS Sensitivity Estimates. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results Helpdesk Stati...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/?q=sciops&q=node/10545
*  Ultra-sensitive biosensor could detect diseases in their earliest stages
... . Advertisement. Search. more top stories. Microsoft re-ignites the PC wars with Windows 10 Surface Book and Surface Pro 4 Star Wars spaceship soars above other sci-fi film treasures to yield record $450,000 at auction Quantum computing breakthrough: Qubits made from standard silicon transistors iPhone 6s and 6s Plus review: 3D Touch is more than a gimmick, but is it reason to upgrade. Health and Wellbeing Ultra-sensitive biosensor could detect diseases in their earliest stages Darren Quick. May 27, 2012. The new ultra-sensitive biosensor has been demonstrated by detecting very small concentrations of Prostate Specific Antigen pictured Image: EAS via Wikipedia. A new ultra-sensitive test developed by scientists from the Imperial College London and Spain’s University of Vigo has the potential to detect the earliest stages of a disease, thereby giving any treatment the best possible chance of succeeding. The researchers claim their new biosensor test is capable of detecting biomarkers molecules which indic...
http://gizmag.com/ultra-sensitive-biosensor/22703/
*  Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis o
... n autism prevalence - CentAUR. . University of Reading CentAUR: Central Archive at the University of Reading. Accessibility navigation Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis on autism prevalence. Tools Tools Tools. Wordle Link RDF+XML BibTeX RIOXX2 XML RDF+N-Triples JSON Dublin Core Atom Simple Metadata Refer METS HTML Citation with IDs HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core Reference Manager RDF+N3. Charman, T., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Wing, L., Bryson, S., Simonoff, E., Loucas, T. and Baird, G. 2009 Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis on autism prevalence. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38 5. pp. 1234-1238. ISSN 0300-5771 Full text not archived in this repository. To link to this article DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyp256. Item Type: Article. Refereed: Yes. Divisions: Interdisciplinary centres and ...
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/14123/
*  Leukemia other diagnostic studies - wikidoc
... Leukemia other diagnostic studies. Jump to: navigation , search. Leukemia Microchapters. Overview. Historical Perspective. Classification. AML CML ALL CLL HCL. Differentiating Leukemia from other Diseases. Risk Factors. Natural History, Complications and Prognosis. Diagnosis. Staging. History and Symptoms. Physical Examination. Laboratory Findings. Chest X Ray. MRI. Echocardiography or Ultrasound. Other Imaging Findings. Other Diagnostic Studies. Medical Therapy. Primary Prevention. Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy. Case Studies. Case #1. Leukemia other diagnostic studies On the Web. Most recent articles. Most cited articles. Review articles. Images. American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Leukemia other diagnostic studies. All Images X-rays Echo Ultrasound CT Images MRI. Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov. FDA on Leukemia other diagnostic studies. CDC on Leukemia other diagnostic studies. Leukemia other diagnostic studies in the news. Blogs on Leukemia other diagnostic studies /small. Directions to Hosp...
http://wikidoc.org/index.php/Leukemia_other_diagnostic_studies
*  .. Category Archives: Universal Detection Technology UNDT .. Universal Detection Technology (
Category Archives: Universal Detection Technology UNDT. Universal Detection Technology UNDT to Present Radiation Detection Technologies in RISCON Safety and Security Expo in Tokyo October 18, 2011. Universal Detection Technology, a company that engages in the research, development, and marketing of bioterrorism detection devices in the United States, announced that the Company’s management will be showcasing its radiation detection technologies in Tokyo, Japan. UNDT is showcasing its equipment at the RISCON Safety and Security Expo. A recent reported has shown that radiation “hot spots” in Tokyo have levels of radioactive Cesium in some areas equivalent to the levels of contaminated areas around Chernobyl in Ukraine, the site of a disastrous nuclear accident in 1986. The results form these tests have led to a growing group of scientists and local residents demanding increased soil testing and immediate efforts for clean up. “Radioactive substances are entering people’s bodies from the air and from the f...
http://blog.qualitystocks.net/category/universal-detection-technology-udttob/
*  Laboratory Equipment - Physiology Instruments
laboratory equipment physiology instruments view cart items account check out search for products laboratory equipment physiology instruments equipment equipment laboratory glassware plasticware laboratory scales balances magnetic stirrers measurement meters testers microscopes cameras refractometers safety springs scales supplies thermometers tubing physiology instruments sciencelab offers a full line of physiology instruments laboratory equipment and chemicals for any application from clinical to research we also carry a wide range educational products ph meters microscopes thermometers and digital scales bowles stethoscope featured products no wire multi tube racks unbreakable stainless steel ln dewars cleanware stainless steel sponges science information resources safety information shipping returns customer support periodic elements table unit conversion calculator chemical storage recommendations osha lab standards order tracking return a product privacy policy contact us laboratory equipment chemicals ...
http://sciencelab.com/page/S/CTGY/23828
*  Title page for ETD etd-1204102-123159
... Author Aghassi, Arash. Author's Email Address aaghas1@lsu.edu. Title Investigation of Qualitative Methods for Diagnosis of Poor Bit Performance Using Surface Drilling Parameters. Degree Master of Science in Petroleum Engineering M.S.P.E. Department Petroleum Engineering. Advisory Committee Advisor Name Title. Committee Member. Committee Member. Keywords drilling optimization bit performance rop. This study is part of a larger research project to improve that performance entitled "Automated Rig Controls for Improved Drilling Costs." The objective of the project is diagnosis of changes in drill bit performance to provide a logical basis for automating draw works control, maximizing bit performance, and reducing drilling costs. The specific goal of this study is a means to diagnose bit performance, specifically to identify bit balling and lithology changes, using real-time drilling data. The research began by identifying symptoms relating to specific causes of bit performance changes based on previously pub...
http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-1204102-123159/
*  Details - The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels o
... f Cercidium - Biodiversity Heritage Library. Article: The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. MODS. Title http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/27152 The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. Original Publication Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Title The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. Download MODS mods xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink version= 3.0 xmlns:xsi= http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance xmlns= http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 xsi:schemaLocation= http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/v3/mods-3-0.xsd titleInfo title The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium /title /titleInfo name namePart Cozzo, D /namePart /name typeOfResource text /typeOfResource genre authority= marcgt /genre note type= content 34 /note relatedItem type= host ...
http://biodiversitylibrary.org/part/27152
*  SATRO-ECG
... Reference tests Usage Bibliography References External links. Reference tests. The reference tests of the SATRO-ECG method in relation to perfusive scintigraphy SPECT conducted in Military Medical Institute in Warsaw and Medical University of Wroclaw proved the possibility to use this method to detect coronary heart disease CHD. A very high Sensitivity and specificity in detecting this disease were obtained. Sensitivity Se, specificity Sp, predictive value of positive values results PV + and negative values results PV - are presented in the grid below:. Reference tests Se Sp PV + PV -. 'SATRO-ECG – SPECT rest '. 'SATRO-ECG – SPECT exercise '. Comparison of SATRO-ECG results - SPECT exercise for particular parts of the cardiac muscle is presented in the grid below:. 'PV + '. 'PV - '. The results of the tests prove a high correlation the between SATRO-ECG results and SPECT in the case of detection of coronary heart disease CHD. An advantage of this method is a fast and precise analysis of the ECG results i...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SATRO-ECG
*  Diagnostic test
The pre-test probability of a disease The demand of the testee in regard to the post-test probability of disease according with the given test result in order to rule in or out the disease and to accept or reject a particular therapeutic action. In other words, the test result does not change the degree of un certainty of presence or absence of the target disease: the test is useless. It is not because the association between a test result and the presence or absence of the disease is weak that the test is necessarily useless since a high pre-test probability and/or a ‘low’ degree of demanded certainty by tester and/or testee can make a test with a weak relation a modest likelihood ratio to the target disease useful allow to decide to the presence or absence of the target disease given a positive test result despite the weak relationship. On the other hand a test result on a test showing a strong association with the absence or presence of the target disease can be useless because of a ‘low’ pre-test probabil...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnostic_test
*  Pathognomonic
A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means that a particular disease is present beyond any doubt. Practical use Examples See also References External links. A pathognomonic sign or symptom has very high specificity but does not need to have high sensitivity : for example it can sometimes be absent in a certain disease, since the term only implies that, when it is present, the doctor instantly knows the patient's illness. The presence of a pathognomonic finding allows immediate diagnosis, since there are no other conditions in the differential diagnosis. Singular pathognomonic signs are relatively uncommon. Examples of pathognomonic findings include Koplik's spots inside the mouth in measles, the palmar xanthoma ta seen on the hands of people suffering from hyperlipoproteinemia, Negri bodies within brain tissue infected with rabies, or a tetrad of rash, arthralgia, abdominal pain and kidney disease in a child with Henoch-Schönlein purpura. As opposed to symptom s reported subjectively by th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathognomonic
*  [Oral glucocorticoid-induced psychiatric side-effects: Focus on clinical specificities, incidence, r
PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article. A Ricoux. A Ricoux. Remove suggestion. M Guitteny-Collas. M Guitteny-Collas. Remove suggestion. Anne Sauvaget. Anne Sauvaget Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge Message author. Remove suggestion. P Delvot. P Delvot. Remove suggestion. P Pottier. P Pottier. Remove suggestion. M Hamidou. M Hamidou. Remove suggestion. Service de psychiatrie 4, hôpital Saint-Jacques, CHU de Nantes, 85, rue Saint-Jacques, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France. Electronic address:. La Revue de Médecine Interne. Impact Factor: 1.07. 01/2013; Source: PubMed. ABSTRACT Oral glucocorticoids have been used for several decades and psychiatric side-effects may occur. This review will discuss relevant data of the clinical specificities, the incidence, the risk factors for the occurrence of these episodes and the preventive and curative medications of these episodes. We pe...
http://researchgate.net/publication/235395164_Oral_glucocorticoid-induced_psychiatric_side-effects_Focus_on_clinical_specificities_incidence_risk_factors_and_treatment
*  "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay 122939
Analyze This - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay 122939. Australia Canada France United Kingdom United States. Sell your papers. Analytical Essay. Analyze This - A Diagnostic Assessment. "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay by ResearchRiter. "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment. Psychological assessment of the main character in the film "Analyze This." # 122939. APA. This paper presents a diagnostic assessment, treatment plan, and competency-based assessment for a fictional character in the movie "Analyze This". The assessment is based on a detailing and discussion of symptoms in relation to APA diagnostic criteria. The treatment plan provides a set of techniques and measurable goals that address the diagnostic issues. "This paper presents a diagnostic assessment, treatment plan and competency-based assessment for a fictional character in a movie. The conducted assessment is based on a detailing and discussion of symptoms in relation to APA diagnostic criteria. The treatment pl...
http://academon.com/analytical-essay/analyze-this-a-diagnostic-assessment-122939/
*  Assay sensitivity
If a trial intended to demonstrate efficacy by showing superiority of a test intervention to control lacks assay sensitivity, it will fail to show that the test intervention is superior and will fail to lead to a conclusion of efficacy. In contrast, if a trial intended to demonstrate efficacy by showing a test intervention is non-inferior to an active control lacks assay sensitivity, the trial may find an ineffective intervention to be non-inferior and could lead to an erroneous conclusion of efficacy. The chosen margin of inferiority in a non-inferiority trial cannot be larger than the largest effect size which the control intervention reliably and reproducibly demonstrates compared to placebo or no treatment in past superiority trials. For instance, if there is reliable and reproducible evidence from previous superiority trials of an effect size of 10% for a control intervention compared to placebo, an appropriately designed non-inferiorty trial designed to rule out that the test intervention may be as much...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assay_sensitivity
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS Status and Availability Nod and Shuffle Imaging Spectroscopy Overview Long-slit Spectroscopy Multi-Object Spectroscopy Integral Field Spectroscopy ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GMOS-N ITC GMOS-S ITC Sensitivity Table Imaging Sensitivity Table Spectroscopy Atmospheric Differential Refraction Overheads. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction Documents. GNIRS NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints...
http://gemini.edu/node/11673?q=node/10373
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS Status and Availability Nod and Shuffle Imaging Spectroscopy Overview Long-slit Spectroscopy Multi-Object Spectroscopy Integral Field Spectroscopy ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GMOS-N ITC GMOS-S ITC Sensitivity Table Imaging Sensitivity Table Spectroscopy Atmospheric Differential Refraction Overheads. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction Documents. GNIRS NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints...
http://gemini.edu/node/171?q=node/10373
*  Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests -- Jull 5 (3): 68 -- E
Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests -- Jull 5 3 : 68 -- Evidence-Based Nursing. Current issue. Current issue. Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests Andrew Jull , RN, MA. Studies of diagnostic tests and screening tools can be quite difficult to locate. Specialist databases such as the Cochrane Library do not include studies of diagnostic testing, so you do the following search on Medline OVID : *Depression/di *Depressive disorder/di Questionnaires/ 1 OR 2 AND 3 303 articles are identified. Prevalence of depression was 18%. If the first test is negative and the participant does not receive the gold standard test to verify this result, then the study results will be distorted. With respect to screening for depression, Whooley et al found several instruments with similar results, but the simplest instrument was the 2 question instrument. The 2 question case finding instrument correctly identified 94 of these 97 patients 94/97 or 0.9...
http://ebn.bmj.com/content/5/3/68.full?cited-by=yes&legid=ebnurs;5/3/68
*  Melrose-Wakefield Hospital Implements New Diagnostic Tools
Discuss Melrose-Wakefield Hospital Implements New Diagnostic Tools Sun, 04 Oct 2015 11:20:36 +0000...
http://hallmarkhealth.org/feed/com_content/387
*  www.ccforum.com - Table
www ccforum com table table sensitivity specificity positive predictive value and negative predictive value for infection markers in diagnosing bacteremia sensitivity specificity ppv npv crp level wbc count neutrophil count lymphocyte count nlcr sensitivity specificity positive predictive value ppv and negative predictive value npv of the c reactive protein crp level cut off mg l white blood cell wbc count cut off l or l neutrophil count cut off l lymphocyte count cut off l and the neutrophil lymphocyte count ratio nlcr cut off in diagnosing bacteremia de jager et al critical care r doi cc...
http://ccforum.com/content/14/5/R192/table/T4
*  Jemmco LLC, Dyne Pens & Solutions, Silicone Sleeves for Corona Treatment, Laboratory Equipment Suppl
Jemmco LLC, Dyne Pens Solutions, Silicone Sleeves for Corona Treatment, Laboratory Equipment Supplies. Login. search. View Cart. 0 Products By Category. Cleaning Products. Corona Treating Products. Dyne Test Products. Extrusion Products. Recycling Equipment. Hole Punching Perforating. Quality Control Products. Rollers Roller Coverings. Static Elimination Products. Slitter/Winders. Tapes Roller Wraps. Web Cleaning. MSDS Sheets Dyne Solutions. JemmcleanTR. Little Effort Cleaner. EZ-Read Poly Test Pen. Now In: Welcome to Jemmco, LLC. Jemmco is a leading supplier to the extrusion and web converting industries. Our products, JemmTron Corona Treater Roll Coverings, JemmTac Web Cleaning Roller Coverings, JemmTrac Traction Roller Coverings and JemmSil Release Roller Coverings have put us in the forefront of Roller Covering technology. Our line of Dyne Test Products contain the largest variety, including Accu-Flo Felt Tip Dyne Pens, Accu-Flo Jumbo Dyne Markers and EZ-READ PolyTest Dyne Pens, which enables us to be cap...
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*  Likelihood ratios in diagnostic testing
... Calculation Application to medicine Example Estimation of pre- and post-test probability Example. Respectively, they are known as the ' LR+, 'likelihood ratio positive', 'likelihood ratio for positive results' and ' LR–, 'likelihood ratio negative', 'likelihood ratio for negative results'. The positive likelihood ratio is calculated as. or "the probability of a person who has the disease testing positive divided by the probability of a person who does not have the disease testing positive." Here "T+" or "T " denote that the result of the test is positive or negative, respectively. So "true positives" are those that test positive T+ and have the disease D+, and "false positives" are those that test positive T+ but do not have the disease D. 5 : LR- = \frac{1 - \text{sensitivity}}{\text{specificity}}. or "the probability of a person who has the disease testing negative divided by the probability of a person who does not have the disease testing negative.". Pretest odds = Pretest probability / 1 - Pretest p...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Likelihood_ratios_in_diagnostic_testing
*  Indeterminate Result
... HIV Prevention and Testing. Indeterminate Result. HIV Prevention and Testing Am I Infected. Stats Total Posts: 675753 Total Topics: 52429 Online Today: 186 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Logged Infected September s 2012 Seroconverted October 2012 Elisa test- indeterminate 20th November. 2012 Rapid test - Negative 23th November 2012 Elisa test - Positive 10th December 2012 CD4 - 546, 12th Dec 2012 CD4 600+, VL 6702 26th March 2013. The vast majority of people who have actually been infected will seroconvert and test positive by six weeks, with the average time to seroconversion being only 22 days. Even if this incident occurred at the end of September, if you were positive, you most likely would have had a firm positive result by now, not an indeterminate. Only a three month negative test will be conclusive and as I already stated, if you continue to get indeterminate results, your doctor needs to investigate other possible causes. If you get a positive result, you need to know that you w...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=46391.0;prev_next=next
*  Emisson control light on. DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS ADDED (from breakdown people) | Audi-Sport.net
Emisson control light on. Audi-Sport.net. Forums. Search Forums. Recent Posts. Resources. Search Resources. Most Active Authors. Most Active Members. Parts Request. Submit New Parts Request. Events. Upcoming Events. Events Archive. Members. Notable Members. Registered Members. Groups. VCDS Map. The Trading Post. Group Buy / Discount Forum. Classifieds. For Sale/Wanted - Audi Cars. For Sale/Wanted - Audi Parts. For Sale/Wanted - Miscellaneous. For Sale/Wanted - Other Make Cars Parts. Classifieds-Bin. Classifieds Disputes. Password. Likes You've Received. Log Out. Forums. Forums Quick Links. Search Forums. Recent Posts. Posted by Member:. Search this forum only. Recent Posts. Resources. Resources Quick Links. Search Resources. Garage Reviews Quick Links. Most Active Members. Gallery Quick Links. DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS ADDED from breakdown people Discussion in ' Q3, RSQ3 Q5, SQ5 Q7 Forum ' started by quattro25years, Apr 19, 2013. with the engine running it sounds like there is a throbbing noise coming from the exhau...
http://audi-sport.net/xf/threads/emisson-control-light-on-diagnostic-results-added-from-breakdown-people.186687/
*  Sophos Diagnostic Utility (SDU): ダウンロードとインストール方法
Sophos Diagnostic Utility SDU : ダウンロードとインストール方法. Network Protection Enduser Protection Server Protection UTM. Secure Web Gateway. Secure Email Gateway. Server Security. Secure Login Sign In Pick a destination and sign in. Sophos Diagnostic Utility SDU : ダウンロードとインストール方法. 重要: Windows 上でユーティリティを実行する際に次のメッセージが表示された場合: This version of the Sophos Diagnostic Utility is no longer supported.Please download the latest version. Sophos Diagnostic Utility を実行する をご覧ください. 影響を受けるソフォス製品とバージョン Sophos Diagnostic Utility ソフォスのエンドポイント製品に含まれている SDU を見つける Sophos Diagnostic Utility はソフォスのエンドポイントのパッケージの一部としてダウンロードされています. コンピュータで C:\ProgramData\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. コンピュータで C:\Program Files\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. コンピュータで C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. ソフトウェアの配布場所から SDU を直接実行する Sophos Diagnostic Utility は、Endpoint Security and Control バージョン 10 以降の Sophos Update Manager SUM によってダウンロードされる Windows パッケージに含まれています。Sophos D...
https://sophos.com/ja-jp/support/knowledgebase/33533.aspx
*  CHEST Journal | Article
For detecting adrenal and/or liver metastases, the summary NPV of the clinical evaluation was 0.95 95% CI, 0.93 to 0.96, and for detecting bone metastases, it was 0.90 95% CI, 0.86 to 0.93. 5 For studies that included patients with a positive and negative clinical evaluation, the sensitivity, specificity, and PPV of the evaluation for metastatic disease were calculated. With gadolinium, the sensitivity was 1.0, the specificity was 0.91, the PPV was 0.96, and the NPV was 1.0. 68 assessed the ability of the clinical evaluation to detect adrenal and/or liver metastases in 1,201 patients Table 5. 73 assessed the ability of clinical evaluation to detect bone metastases in 633 patients Table 6. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of clinical bone evaluation for detecting bone metastases were 0.87 95% CI, 0.79 to 0.93 and 0.67 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.88, respectively. However, the NPV and PPV of a test are affected by the prevalence of disease. Other studies 11 have demonstrated improved sensitivity and specificity for...
http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleid=1081262
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders. Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops. Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments. Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS. Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results Helpde...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/observing-gemini/partner-subscription/oversubscription-rates?q=node/10509
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders. Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops. Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments. Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS. Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results Helpde...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/observing-gemini/partner-subscription?q=node/10509

Eva Engvall: Eva Engvall, born 1940, is one of the scientists who invented ELISA in 1971.Eva Engvall, The Scientist 1995, 9(18):8Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test: The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (VDRL) is a blood test for syphilis that was developed by the eponymous lab. The VDRL test is used to screen for syphilis (it has high sensitivity), whereas other, more specific tests are used to diagnose the disease.SeroconversionCD4 immunoadhesin: CD4 immunoadhesin is a recombinant fusion protein consisting of a combination of CD4 and the fragment crystallizable region.Lyme disease microbiology: Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is caused by spirochetal bacteria from the genus Borrelia, which has at least 37 known species, 12 of which are Lyme related, and an unknown number of genomic strains. Borrelia species known to cause Lyme disease are collectively known as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.Direct agglutination test: A direct agglutination test (DAT) is any test that uses whole organisms as a means of looking for serum antibodies. The abbreviation, DAT, is most frequently used for the serological test for visceral leishmaniasis.Hemagglutination assay: The hemagglutination assay (or haemagglutination assay; HA) and the hemagglutination inhibition assay (HI) were developed in 1941–42 by American virologist George Hirst as methods for quantitating the relative concentration of viruses, bacteria, or antibodies.Covering sickness: Covering sickness, or dourine (French, from the Arabic darina, meaning mangy (said of a female camel), feminine of darin, meaning dirty), is a disease of horses and other members of the family equidae. The disease is caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum, which belongs to an important genus of parasitic protozoa, and is the only member of the genus that is spread through sexual intercourse.Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis: Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (also known as "Post-kala-azar dermatosis") is a cutaneous condition that is characterized by a macular, depigmented eruption found mainly on the face, arms, and upper part of the trunk. It occurs years(in the Indian variation)or a few months(in the African strain) after the successful treatment of visceral leishmaniasisLeishmania infantum: Leishmania infantum is the causative agent of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the Mediterranean region of the Old World and in Latin America, where it has been called Leishmania chagasi. It is also an unusual cause of cutaneous leishmaniasis, which is normally caused by specific lineages (or zymodemes).GlandersOld German Shepherd Dog: Old German Shepherd Dog () is a controversial predicate for the long-hair variation of the German Shepherd Dog (), which is not a separate breed recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Nonetheless, there are efforts to establish this variety as a separate breed.FasciolosisClonorchis sinensis: Clonorchis sinensis, the Chinese liver fluke, is a human liver fluke in the class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes. This parasite lives in the liver of humans, and is found mainly in the common bile duct and gall bladder, feeding on bile.Stichosome: Stichosome (from Greek stichos (στίχος) = row; soma (σῶµα) = body) is a multicellular organ that is very prominent in some stages of nematodes and consists of a longitudinal series of glandular unicellular cells (stichocytes) arranged in a row along the oesophagus that form the posterior esophageal glands. It opens into the esophageal lumen and apparently functions as a secretory gland and storage organ.Alveolar hydatid diseaseClonorchiasisBioline Reagents: Bioline Reagents is a primary manufacturer and developerBioline: The PCR Company | Company Profile of a wide range of specialised molecular biology products for the life science industry and research markets. It manufactures reagents including ultra-pure nucleotides, DNA polymerases and mixes, DNA markers, competent cells, products for RNA analysis and other general reagents for molecular biology.LeptospirosisFasciola gigantica: Fasciola gigantica is a parasitic flatworm of the class Trematoda, which causes tropical fascioliasis. It is regarded as one of the most important single platyhelminth infections of ruminants in Asia and Africa.Nontreponemal tests for syphilis: Nontreponemal test refers an indirect method of blood test for diagnosis of infection with syphilis. Nontreponemal Tests detect biomarkers that are released during cellular damage that occurs from the syphilis spirochete.Taenia solium: Taenia solium is the pork tapeworm belonging to cyclophyllid cestodes in the family Taeniidae. It is an intestinal zoonotic parasite found throughout the world, and is most prevalent in countries where pork is eaten.Amoebic liver abscessBabesia divergens: Babesia divergens is an intraerythrocytic protozoan parasite, transmitted by the tick Ixodes ricinus. It is the main agent of bovine babesiosis, or "redwater fever", in Europe.Latex fixation test: The latex agglutination method is used clinically in the identification and typing of many important microorganisms. These tests are based on and utilize the patient's antigen-antibody immune response.Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome: Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome is a provisional name for a newly diagnosed immunodeficiency illness. The name is proposed in the first public study to identify the syndrome.Indian Veterinary Research InstituteSuperior ligament of malleus: The Superior ligament of the malleus is a delicate fibrous strand that crosses from the roof of the tympanic cavity to the head of the malleus.Borrelia miyamotoi: Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete bacterium in the genus Borrelia. A zoonotic bacterium, B.Ehrlichiosis ewingii infectionChagas: Time to Treat campaign: The Chagas: Time to Treat Campaign is an international campaign started by the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative to advocate for increased research and development of treatments for Chagas disease. Chagas is a potentially fatal neglected disease that affects between 8 and 13 million people worldwide.Toxocariasis: (ILDS B83.01)Beggin' Strips: Beggin' Strips are a brand of dog treats manufactured and sold in North America by Nestlé Purina PetCare division. Beggin' Strips are designed to resemble strips of bacon.MelioidosisTreponema pallidum particle agglutination assay: The Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (also called TPPA test) is an indirect agglutination assay used for detection and titration of antibodies against the causative agent of syphilis, Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.Fasciola hepatica: Fasciola hepatica, also known as the common liver fluke or sheep liver fluke, is a parasitic trematode (fluke or flatworm, a type of helminth) of the class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes that infects the livers of various mammals, including humans. The disease caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis or fasciolosis, which is a type of helminthiasis and has been classified as a neglected tropical disease.Treponematosis: Treponematosis is a term used to collectively or individually describe any of the diseases caused by the bacterial species Treponema. There are four subspecies described which cause the following diseases:BabesiosisEhrlichia chaffeensis: Ehrlichia chaffeensis is an obligate intracellular gram-negative species of rickettsiales bacteria. It is a zoonotic pathogen transmitted to humans by the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum).Gnathostoma: Not to be confused with Gnathostomata (singular: Gnathostoma), a Vertebrate Superclass.Borrelia burgdorferi: Borrelia burgdorferi is a bacterial species of the spirochete class of the genus Borrelia. B.Pythium oligandrum: Pythium oligandrum is an Oomycete. It is a parasite of many fungi and other oomycetes including Botrytis, Fusarium and Phytophthora.Microneme: Micronemes are cellular organs, or organelles, possessed by Apicomplexa protozoans that are restricted to the apical third of the protozoan body. They are surrounded by a typical unit membrane.Counterimmunoelectrophoresis: A laboratory technique used to evaluate the binding of an antibody to its antigen. Counterimmunoelectrophoresis is similar to immunodiffusion, but with the addition of an applied electrical field across the diffusion medium, usually an agar or polyacrylamide gel.EchinococcosisImmunoperoxidase: Immunoperoxidase is a type of immunostain used in molecular biology, medical research, and clinical diagnostics. In particular, immunoperoxidase reactions refer to a sub-class of immunohistochemical or immunocytochemical procedures in which the antibodies are visualized via a peroxidase-catalyzed reaction.La Convalescence, les SaintesEntamoeba histolytica: Entamoeba histolytica is an anaerobic parasitic protozoan, part of the genus Entamoeba. Predominantly infecting humans and other primates, E.Paragonimus westermani: Paragonimus westermani is the major species of lung fluke to infects humans, causing paragonimiasis. The species sometimes is called the Japanese Lung fluke or Oriental Lung fluke.Depth Charge (horse): Depth Charge (1941–1965) was a Thoroughbred son of Bold Venture who went on to become an outstanding sire of American Quarter Horse racehorses.Simmons Legends: Outstanding Quarter Horse Stallions and Mares p.Taenia crassiceps: Taenia crassiceps is a parasitic organism, and is a member of the Taenia genus. It is a tapeworm.SAG1 protein domain: In molecular biology, the SAG1 protein domain is an example of a group of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked proteins named SRSs (SAG1 related sequence). SAG1 is found on the surface of a protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii.CysticercosisTrypanosoma: Trypanosoma is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Kinetoplastida), a monophyletic group of unicellular parasitic flagellate protozoa. The name is derived from the Greek trypano- (borer) and soma (body) because of their corkscrew-like motion.International Conference on Trichinellosis: The International Commission on Trichinellosis (ICT) was created in 1958 in Budapest and is aiming to exchange information on the biology, the physiopathology, the epidemiology, the immunology, and the clinical aspects of trichinellosis in humans and animals. Prevention is a primary goal (see ICTweb pages).Immunoassay: An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule in a solution through the use of an antibody or immunoglobulin. The macromolecule detected by the immunoassay is often referred to as an "analyte" and is in many cases a protein.Prevalence: Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a population found to have a condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use). It is arrived at by comparing the number of people found to have the condition with the total number of people studied, and is usually expressed as a fraction, as a percentage or as the number of cases per 10,000 or 100,000 people.Echinococcus: The genus Echinococcus includes six parasite species of cyclophyllid tapeworms to date, of the family Taeniidae. Infection with Echinococcus results in hydatid disease, also known as echinococcosis.Widal test: The Widal test, developed in 1896 and named after Georges-Fernand Widal, who introduced it, is a presumptive serological test for enteric fever or undulant fever whereby bacteria causing typhoid fever are mixed with a serum containing specific antibodies obtained from an infected individual. In cases of Salmonella infection, it is a demonstration of the presence of O-soma false-positive result.Coccidiosis: Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of animals caused by coccidian protozoa. The disease spreads from one animal to another by contact with infected feces or ingestion of infected tissue.Ehrlichia ewingii: Ehrlichia ewingii is a species of rickettsiales bacteria.Brucellosis vaccine

(1/692) Human immunodeficiency virus antibody testing by enzyme-linked fluorescent and western blot assays using serum, gingival-crevicular transudate, and urine samples.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible utilization of saliva and urine as alternative samples to serum for the diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. A total of 302 individuals participated in the study: 187 HIV-infected individuals (106 had Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] stage II infection, 19 had CDC stage III infection, and 62 had CDC stage IV infection) and 115 noninfected persons (46 of the noninfected persons were blood donors and 69 belonged to a group at high risk of HIV infection). Paired saliva and urine samples were taken from each of the participants in the study. The presence of HIV-specific antibodies was detected by an enzyme-linked fluorescent assay (ELFA), and the result was confirmed by Western blot analysis (WB). The ELFA with saliva gave maximum sensitivity and specificity values, while ELFA had lower sensitivity (95.2%) and specificity (97. 4%) values for detection of HIV antibody in urine samples. WB with all saliva samples fulfilled the World Health Organization criterion for positivity, while only 96.8% of the urine samples were confirmed to be positive by WB. Among the four reactivity patterns found by WB of these alternative samples, the most frequent included bands against three groups of HIV structural proteins (was ENV, POL, and GAG). The reactivity bands most frequently observed were those for the proteins gp160 and gp120. The least common reactivity band was the band for protein p17. The detection of HIV antibodies in saliva samples by means of ELFA with the possibility of later confirmation by WB makes saliva an alternative to serum for possible use in the diagnosis of infection. In contrast, HIV antibody detection in urine samples by the same methodology (ELFA) could be taken into consideration for use in epidemiological studies.  (+info)

(2/692) Prenatal discussion of HIV testing and maternal HIV testing--14 states, 1996-1997.

In July 1995, the Public Health Service recommended that health-care providers counsel all pregnant women about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and encourage testing for HIV infection and, if indicated, initiate zidovudine therapy. To evaluate compliance with these recommendations, CDC analyzed population-based data on HIV counseling and testing during 1996-1997 from 14 states participating in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). This report presents an analysis of survey data collected from 1996 through 1997; results indicate that HIV counseling and testing of pregnant women were common but varied by state, type of prenatal health-care provider, Medicaid status, and maternal demographic characteristics.  (+info)

(3/692) Universal HIV screening of pregnant women in England: cost effectiveness analysis.

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost effectiveness of universal, voluntary HIV screening of pregnant women in England. DESIGN: Cost effectiveness analysis. Cost estimates of caring for HIV positive children were based on the stage of HIV infection and calculated using data obtained from a London hospital between 1986 and 1996. These were combined with estimates of the health benefits and costs of antenatal screening so that the cost effectiveness of universal, voluntary antenatal screening for HIV infection in England could be estimated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lifetime, direct costs of medical care of childhood HIV infection; life years gained as a result of the screening programme; net cost per life year gained for different pretest counselling costs; and different prevalence rates of pregnant women who were unaware that they were HIV positive. RESULTS: Estimated direct lifetime medical and social care costs of childhood HIV infection were pound178 300 using a 5% discount rate for time preference (1995-6 prices). In high prevalence areas screening pregnant women for HIV is estimated to be a cost effective intervention with a net cost of less than pound4000 for each life year gained. For areas with comparatively low prevalence rates, cost effectiveness could be less than pound20 000 per life year gained, depending on the number of pregnant women who are unaware that they are infected and local screening costs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm recent recommendations that universal, voluntary antenatal HIV screening should be implemented in the London area. Serious consideration of the policy should be given for other areas in England depending on local prevalence and screening costs.  (+info)

(4/692) Name-based reporting of HIV-positive test results as a deterrent to testing.

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated attitudes toward name-based reporting of HIV. METHODS: One hundred thirty high-risk, male repeat testers received information on the public health benefits of name-based reporting and reported their intentions to test. RESULTS: Of the 67 men who were randomly selected and asked their intentions before hearing the benefits, 63% said they would not test if reporting were required. After hearing the benefits, 19% changed their minds (P < .014). Of the 63 men who were asked only after hearing the benefits, 44% would not test. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing name-based reporting without working before-hand to change attitudes could undermine the benefits of both testing and HIV surveillance.  (+info)

(5/692) Anonymous or confidential HIV counseling and voluntary testing in federally funded testing sites--United States, 1995-1997.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and voluntary testing (CT) programs have been an important part of national HIV prevention efforts since the first HIV antibody tests became available in 1985. In 1995, these programs accounted for approximately 15% of annual HIV antibody testing in the United States, excluding testing for blood donation. CT opportunities are offered to persons at risk for HIV infection at approximately 11,000 sites, including dedicated HIV CT sites, sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics, drug-treatment centers, hospitals, and prisons. In 39 states, testing can be obtained anonymously, where persons do not have to give their name to get tested. All states provide confidential testing (by name) and have confidentiality laws and regulations to protect this information. This report compares patterns of anonymous and confidential testing in all federally funded CT programs from 1995 through 1997 and documents the importance of both types of testing opportunities.  (+info)

(6/692) Effects of HIV counseling and testing on sexual risk behavior: a meta-analytic review of published research, 1985-1997.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether HIV counseling and testing leads to reductions in sexual risk behavior. METHODS: The meta-analysis included 27 published studies that provided sexual behavior outcome data, assessed behavior before and after counseling and testing, and provided details sufficient for the calculation of effect sizes. The studies involved 19,597 participants. RESULTS: After counseling and testing, HIV-positive participants and HIV-serodiscordant couples reduced unprotected intercourse and increased condom use more than HIV-negative and untested participants. HIV-negative participants did not modify their behavior more than untested participants. Participants' age, volition for testing, and injection drug use treatment status, as well as the sample seroprevalence and length of the follow-up, explained the variance in results. CONCLUSIONS: HIV counseling and testing appears to provide an effective means of secondary prevention for HIV-positive individuals but, as conducted in the reviewed studies, is not an effective primary prevention strategy for uninfected participants. Theory-driven research with attention given to the context of testing is needed to further explicate the determinants of behavior change resulting from HIV counseling and testing, and the effectiveness of specific counseling approaches.  (+info)

(7/692) Field evaluation of the Determine rapid human immunodeficiency virus diagnostic test in Honduras and the Dominican Republic.

Rapid detection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can result in improved patient care and/or faster implementation of public health preventive measures. A new rapid test, Determine (Abbott, Abbott Park, Ill.), detects HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV-2 antibodies within 15 min by using 50 microl of serum or plasma. No specialized equipment or ancillary supplies are required, and results are read visually. A positive result is noted by the appearance of a red line. An operational control (red line) indicates proper test performance. We evaluated the Determine rapid HIV detection test with a group of well-characterized serum samples (CD4 counts and viral loads were known) and serum samples from HIV-positive individuals at field sites in Honduras and the Dominican Republic. In the field evaluations, the results obtained by the Determine assay were compared to those obtained by local in-country HIV screening procedures. We evaluated serum from 100 HIV-positive patients and 66 HIV-negative patients. All samples gave the expected results. In a companion study, 42 HIV-positive samples from a Miami, Fla., serum bank were tested by the Determine assay. The samples had been characterized in terms of CD4 counts and viral loads. Fifteen patients had CD4 counts <200 cells/mm(3), while 27 patients had CD4 counts >200 cells/mm(3). Viral loads ranged from 630 to 873,746 log(10) copies/ml. All samples from the Miami serum bank were positive by the Determine test. Combined results from the multicenter studies indicated that the correct results were obtained by the Determine assay for 100% (142 of 142) of the HIV-positive serum samples and 100% (66 of 66) of the HIV-negative serum samples. The Determine test was simple to perform and the results were easy to interpret. The Determine test provides a valuable new method for the rapid identification of HIV-positive individuals, especially in developing countries with limited laboratory infrastructures.  (+info)

(8/692) Serological diagnosis of human immuno-deficiency virus in Burkina Faso: reliable, practical strategies using less expensive commercial test kits.

Reported are the results of a cross-sectional survey in Burkina Faso to identify reliable, practical strategies for the serological diagnosis of HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 infections, using less-expensive commercial test kits in various combinations, as an alternative to the conventional Western blot (WB) test, which costs US$ 60. Serum samples, collected from blood donors, patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and pregnant women, were tested between December 1995 and January 1997. Twelve commercial test kits were available: five Mixt enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), three Mixt rapid tests, and four additional tests including monospecific HIV-1 and HIV-2 ELISA. The reference strategy utilized a combination of one ELISA or one rapid test with WB, and was conducted following WHO criteria. A total of 768 serum samples were tested; 35 were indeterminate and excluded from the analysis. Seroprevalence of HIV in the remaining 733 sera was found to be 37.5% (95% confidence interval: 34.0-41.1). All the ELISA tests showed 100% sensitivity, but their specificities ranged from 81.4% to 100%. GLA (Genelavia Mixt) had the highest positive delta value, while ICE HIV-1.0.2 (ICE) produced the most distinct negative results. Among the rapid tests, COM (CombAIDS-RS) achieved 100% sensitivity and SPO (HIV Spot) 100% specificity. Various combinations of commercial tests, according to recommended WHO strategies I, II, III, gave excellent results when ICE was included in the sequence. The best combination of tests for strategy II, which achieved 100% sensitivity and specificity, was to use ICE and COM, the cost of which was US$ 2.10, compared with US$ 55.60 for the corresponding conventional strategy. For strategy III, the best combination, which achieved 100% sensitivity and specificity, was to use ICE, ZYG (Enzygnost Anti HIV-1/HIV-2 Plus) and COM, the cost of which was US$ 2.90 (19.2 times lower than the corresponding strategy requiring WB). No rapid test combination showed 100% sensitivity and specificity. Our results indicate that the serodiagnosis of HIV in Burkina Faso is possible by using reliable, less-expensive strategies which do not require Western blot testing. Moreover, there is a choice of strategies for laboratories working with or without an ELISA chain.  (+info)


How did AIDS start and why did it start in Africa?


In my regional geography book talks about Africa and how AIDS has a huge impact in the region. Though it does not say how it started. So i would like to know: how did it start? Was it ibecause humans had close contact with monkeys or was it bio-testing for companies and countries?
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Well my Troll like friend, when a man and a monkey love eachother very very much they do the happy dance which involves the man to mount the monkeys anal and probe it with his weiner, after this is done he moans in ecstasy and explodes inside the monkeys anus giving eachother AIDS.


Whether the AIDS which is very fast spreading disease can be cured and diagnosed at the initial level?


AIDS is almost incurable disease. Most peoples dies due to diagnosis of the patient at the secondary stage. For prevention of it, use of genuine and reliable condoms and other safety measures has to be taken. If there is proper diagnosis of the probable patient at the initial stage, then he will be cured at the stage before going into the dangerous or secondary level. Also using of reusable syringe through blood donation or curing the disease of the patient, there are more chances of causing AIDS to the patient. So it is always said that "Prevention is Better than Cure". Most peoples move away from AIDS patients due to fear of infection. But it is the wrong way to escape from ourselves. The proper way is to take care of the patient by using good types of handgloves.
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Basically when a person contracted the HIV-AIDS or Retro-Virus, there is NO MORE CHANCE of cure (at the present time).

Common misconception of many people that there is a cure for it when diagnose at early stage. The only available drugs against Retrovirus at this time is only pallative. It means, the medication is only work to retard or slow down the replication and spread of the virus. But there is no way to eliminate it completely.

Another misconception is many people were dying due to HIV-AIDS virus. The real truth was, people infected by retrovirus died not because of the virus perse. They died because secondary to INFECTION of what-so-ever disease.

The primary target of retrovirus is CD4 or helper T-Cell.  CD4 cell is one type of WBC. It is one of the major defense of our body on fighting bacteria and foreign bodies.

Therefore if the retrovirus attack the CD4, the body will be bare defenseless from disease producing microorganism. 

That is the time people become ill and die from the what-so-ever infection.

You are right! PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE. Because there is no CURE yet!

For your info: The Diagnosis and Staging of HIV-AIDS virus is based on the level of CD4 helper T-cell.


What's the difference between hearing aids bought from a doctor as opposed to those bought at about half price?


From an audiologist, I'm told that a prescription hearing aid can run about $2500. I see ads for hearing aids that are programmed based on hearing test results that go for around $1000.  Is there much difference in quality?
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Generally, hearing aids from a doctor are of better quality than those who aren't. The audiologist knows you better than these other people do, and know what is right for you, and what isn't. 

I have my hearing aids from my audiologist, and I have never had any problems with it personally. Even though it's pricier, it's worth it. I don't trust these adverts. Anyway, good luck, and ask your audiologist for more information.


How was HIV/AIDS discovered and when was the first patient was prognosticated?


HIV/AIDS is the disease which is affecting the world so much; especially the African countries. More people are dying each and everyday; a lot of orphans suffering without assistance. We need to join together and fight this disease.
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about 25 years ago. Strange that you ask this question since there was a special covering it on FRONTLINE. You can watch it online here: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/aids/view/

It was called Frontline: The Age of AIDS



First known case of human HIV infection
A blood sample is taken in 1959 from a man living in Leopoldville, Belgian Congo, now Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire). For decades, the sample is stored away in a freezer. In 1998, after sophisticated testing is developed for HIV, the blood sample from 1959 is tested and confirmed as positive for HIV.

taken from same website - there is actually a time line at this link here:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/aids/cron/crontext.html


What are the chances of getting aids from getting Aids blood on a cut?


Lets say that you had a cut arm, the wound was small but open and still bleeding.
Theres a person who has AIDs and for the sake of an easy question also had a cut arm.

If the AIDs persons blood got on the cut what are the chances of the person getting infected?
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Medical people have picked up aids from needle pricks, I would probably say if this has happened to you go quickly to your doc. for antiviral treatments.


Can Aids be transferred by shedding skin from psoriasis?


I wanted to be sure on whether psoriasis is a possible way of spreading aids. I know aids is spread through blood or open cuts and unprotected sex (among other things). I was wondering if someone has psoriasis if those shed cells could transfer or spread the disease? Thanks for your help.
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HIV not AIDS (AIDS is a doctors diagnosis) can be spread by infected blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluid. So, the answer to your question is, No!


What happens to people when they have the AIDS virus? Do they suffer from mental illness?


My Aunt has AIDS and she was recently ammited in the mental hospital. Do people with AIDS develop metal problems? I'm not sure what she is going through because she lives in a different state (Mississippi and I live in Florida). I was never allowed around her after she caught the diease. She caught it from sleeping around(prostituting for crack) but she isn't like that anymore. She changed her ways along time ago. I'm kinda worried. My mom won't tell me why she was amitted.
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HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) can cause memory problems and other problems, depending on the location  that the virus infects in the brain.  The brain is not effected in every person who has HIV.

Mental illness: Your aunt may also be suffering from severe depression or anxiety due to the fact that she has AIDS.

HIV is transmitted by unprotected sex with someone who has HIV, sharing needles for drug use with someone who has HIV, or it can be transmitted from a woman to her child during pregnancy, delivery or breast feeding. 

HIV is NOT transmitted by saliva or casual contact.  You can touch, hug, or even kiss your aunt without risk of transmission.

Your mother may have thought that the disease was transmitted by casual contact, or she may have thought you were too young to deal with it at the time. Other than that, I can not think of any reason your mother would have prevented you from seeing your aunt.


Can aids infected blood enter a dry healing cut?


For aids to spread through blood to blood contact, would both the aids infected person and aids-free person need to be bleeding? Or can aids spread through dry cuts that aren't bleeding? And how likely are you to get aids without doing anything involving dirty needles or having unprotected sex?
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A scab acts as a barrier so most of the time you'd be just fine if you got AIDS infected blood on a scab or healing wound... BUT if there is a crack or opening in the scab you could possibly become infected but chances are low. More of a risk if you had a huge, gaping bleeding wound that came in contact with a large amount of AIDS infected blood.