Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Area Health Education Centers: Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.Personnel Turnover: A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Personnel Loyalty: Dedication or commitment shown by employees to organizations or institutions where they work.Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Appalachian Region: A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.Physician Incentive Plans: Compensatory plans designed to motivate physicians in relation to patient referral, physician recruitment, and efficient use of the health facility.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.LebanonCertification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.United StatesHealth Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.CaliforniaProgram Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Mobile Health Units: Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.